Opening thoughtsWhen does the Jesusstory happen?When are the gospelswritten?So, from what perspective do all of the gospel writerswrite? They have the “whole story”, in a way. The key to this story is called the PASCHAL MYSTERY.
The Paschal MysteryPaschal = related to _______ (Heb. _______ = pesach)Comes from the death and resurrection of Jesustaking place within the context of the JewishPassover feast What does the Passover feast celebrate? Any allegorical sense here?
Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld (1794-1872)
The phases of the Paschal Mystery PASSION DEATH Passion Death Resurrection Ascension ASCENSION RESURRECTION
Take a couple minutes… The Paschal business is clear enough, butWhy do we call it the Paschal Mystery? What is a mystery? Why can we call this Jesus event a mystery?
Why “mystery”?Characterize a mystery Can we ever come to understanding something that is mysterious?Limits of our understandingOur growth as humans coming to understand howGod has worked through history, through Jesus, andin our lives
So how do we celebrate the PM? Luke 22:14-19:14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table.15 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.” 17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. 18 For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”
SacramentsSacrament = Ln. ___________ (a noun) from Ln._______ (a verb) which means _________ ?Ln. _________ = Gk. _________ (“mystery”)So we can celebrate the PM- better, we can celebratethe entire life, death, and resurrection of Jesus-through ______________.
SacramentalityWhat is sacramentality?A sacrament is _____________.Where, then, do we see the mystery of God? Jesuits say that you can find God in all things. Gerard Manley Hopkins, SJ, said: “The world is charged with the grandeur of God.”So… what things are sacramental?
Everything is sacramentalRemember Genesis 1 and 2 Who created creation?Everything is imbued with God’scare and creativity!Do we think this way? What in the world is good? What in the world is not good/evil?
Remember Genesis 1:31“Godsaw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.” Do you always remember the message of Genesis 1:31? Do you see as God sees? (Remember, too: Hagar and God.)
Back to the sacraments What sacraments do Catholics participate in?1. __________2. __________ Sacraments of3. __________ Initiation4. __________ Vocation5. __________ Healing6. __________7. __________
Why take part in these sacraments? Why be baptized? Why participate in the Eucharist? Remember… Exodus: Hebrew Bible:: Paschal Mystery: New Testament What might make the sacraments more meaningful to for you?
BaptismThe sine qua non of Christian (ritual/sacramental) life.Think of the label “Christian”. If baptism makes you aChristian, then what is baptism doing to you?Why do we baptize?Dunking/sprinkling Dying (think: drowning) Rising to new life
The Baptism of ChristVerrocchio/Leonardo (1472)
Romans 6:3-11 3Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into ChristJesus were baptized into his death? 4 We were therefore buried withhim through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raisedfrom the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a newlife. 5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainlyalso be united with him in a resurrection like his. 6 For we know that our oldself was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done awaywith, that we should no longer be slaves to sin— 7 because anyone who hasdied has been set free from sin. 8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him.9 For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, he cannot dieagain; death no longer has mastery over him. 10 The death he died, he died tosin once for all; but the life he lives, he lives to God. 11 In the same way, count yourselves dead to sin but alive to God inChrist Jesus.
The BIG question…So do you think that someone who believes that he orshe is living a Christian life but who has not beenbaptized should be called a Christian?
EucharistCenterpiece of routine Christian practice (liturgy). What makes a mass a mass?Jesus’ own recommendationBreaking and sharing of bread; sharing of wine = sharing of what?Matthew 26:27-2827Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.What has Jesus done for humanity?What does this imagery make you think of?
The Last SupperLeonardo (1495)
Four-fold presence of Christ in the EucharistCatholics believes Christ is present in four ways during thecelebration of the Eucharist.What are those four ways?All of these things can be said to be __________. Why?Catechism 1324: “The Eucharist is the source and summit ofthe Christian life.”
Liturgy Liturgy is … ? Liturgy = Gk. _______ = “working publicly” Christian liturgy is public and participatoryWhat do you think about Christian liturgy?
Sacrosanctum Concilium Constitution of the Sacred Liturgy Vatican II; Paul VI; December 1963 Goals: “To impart… vigor; to adapt… to needs; to foster… union; and to strengthen…the household of the Church.” (1) “The liturgy is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed.” (10)
Section 7“To accomplish so great a work, Christ is always present in His Church, especially in her liturgical celebrations. He is present in the sacrifice of the Mass, not only in the person of His minister, ‘the same now offering, through the ministry of priests, who formerly offered himself on the cross’ , but especially under the Eucharistic species. By His power He is present in the sacraments, so that when a man baptizes it is really Christ Himself who baptizes. He is present in His word, since it is He Himself who speaks when the holy scriptures are read in the Church. He is present, lastly, when the Church prays and sings, for He promised: ‘Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them’ (Mt 18:20).”
Section 8“In the earthly liturgy we take part in a foretaste of that heavenly liturgy which is celebrated in the holy city of Jerusalem toward which we journey as pilgrims, where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God, a minister of the holies and of the true tabernacle; we sing a hymn to the Lords glory with all the warriors of the heavenly army; venerating the memory of the saints, we hope for some part and fellowship with them; we eagerly await the Saviour, Our Lord Jesus Christ, until He, our life, shall appear and we too will appear with Him in glory.”
Section 9“The sacred liturgy does not exhaust the entire activity of the Church. Before men can come to the liturgy they must be called to faith and to conversion: ‘How then are they to call upon him in whom they have not yet believed? But how are they to believe him whom they have not heard? And how are they to hear if no one preaches? And how are men to preach unless they be sent?’ (Rom 10:14-15).”
Section 10“Nevertheless the liturgy is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed; at the same time it is the font from which all her power flows. For the aim and object of apostolic works is that all who are made sons of God by faith and baptism should come together to praise God in the midst of His Church, to take part in the sacrifice, and to eat the Lords supper.”
“Final” thoughts…Getting very deep… Don’t be scared! YOU HAVE DIED! But the sacraments (namely, baptism) allow you access to a community that believes that we live a new life though Jesus’ actions! Our new life is something different than our old life. In other words, being a Christian means something. (DUH! moment: being a Christian is something different than NOT being a Christian.) What does our new life demand of us? What might we look to as a model of how to live this new life?