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Selection of fabrics

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  • 1. Keypoints in selection of infant clothes are. Comfort, ease of care, warmth, and cleanliness. Easy to put on, should not have any harm effect Soft & pliable Provide ventilation Simple & well made Knit garments stretch with body movement & are east to put on the infant & more comfortable Opening either in front or back(no fancy buttons) Drawstring necklines not recommended Rate of physical growth is rapid, extra seam allowance & hems
  • 2.  Gowns and wrappers Shirts(soft cotton shirts of any type depending on weather) Diapers(should preferably have many layers) Slips Sweaters and hoods/Caps/bonnet-Slightly bigger than shirts or gowns Booties & shoes Bibs(absorbent & multilayered) Lap pads Baby blankets Crib sheet Towels & washed cloth
  • 3.  Baby needs clothes for protection Best garment-overalls(long or full length, provide protection in knee area) Reinforcement in knee area of the pant legs can provide greater durability. Fasteners on the crotch of the overall save time when diaper has to be changed. Garments of firmly woven knitted fabric with appropriate seam finishes give good service for rough wear & launderings. For cold weather, mittens & hoods are necessary(light weight, wind resistant & washable fabric). Soft soled shoes may be needed if protection from cold is needed. Shoes should be ½ inch longer than toe & stocking should be ½ inch longer than foot. Training pants are often worn in which the central area is reinforced 3-5 times to improve the absorbency. Training pants are made of two-way stretch fabrics that fit snugly at the hip.
  • 4.  Fabric for garments should be absorbent. Durable fabrics that can withstand friction especially in the knee area should be used. Garments with adjustable strap are more suitable. Long & loose dresses are not recommended as the child can get entangled & hurt.
  • 5.  Provision for maximum freedom as the child is engaged is activities. Overalls are preferred with wide shoulder straps. Straps should be adjustable with provision for growth. They should preferably have openings throughout crotch area. The principal clothing concern in the toddler age is the selection of shoes. Flexible soled shoes with rough soles should be used& shoe should be ½ inch longer than big toe & 1/4rth inch wider than foot. Shoe area should be sturdy, flexible & wide enough because entire body weight rests on them. Shoes should fit snugly at the heel. The shoe should be sturdy with sole which is ½ inch thick & heel is ¼ -3 inch high.
  • 6.  Clothes should help develop self reliance, social skills & interaction with peers. Should be easy to clean, durable, convinient for frequent toileting, adjustable to rapidly growing body & attractive in design & fabric.Fitting: Should fit close to body, free from ornamentation & danglings. Drawstrings in neck or waist or in caps/hoods should be avoided. Loose fitting shoulders should be preferred. Adequate room in crotch area.Quality: Should be light in weight with warmth & protection. Color, design & texture of fabric should be suitable for age & size of child. Sturdy, soft & easy care fabrics with firm close weave are preferred. Underclothes should be loosely woven or knitted.
  • 7. Suitable fabric: Should be preshrunken, soft, absorbent & comfortable.Design: Principles of design followed, simplicity, adequate allowance for self help, ease of care & comfort.Allowance for growth: Allowance in height/length-deep hems, tucks at bottom & trousers with wide cuffs. Overalls with adjustable long straps. Yoke with crosswise tucks. Garments should be reinforced at places of greater wear i, e knees, underarms & crotch area.
  • 8. Self help features- Long openings which are easily reachable. Large buttons/fastners are easier than small buttons. Ample armholes, sleeves & necklines. One piece garment is easier to put on than 2 piece. Front should be easily distinguishable than back. Mittens are easier to put on than gloves. Collarless dresses, shirts are easier to handle than the ones with collar. Avoid belts.Ease of care- Easy to maintain Simpler styles that can withstand frequent launderings. Cheap buttons, poorly made buttonholes, poor stitching, inadequate seam allowance, hooks or snap buttons which are not securely fastened, decorations which are difficult to iron, poorly constructed openings should be avoided. No sharp or pointed edges, well finished seams.
  • 9. Safety: Appropriate fabric Natural fibers like cotton for summers & cotswool for winter Avoid loose fitting garments Too many ruffles, loose fitting sleeves, flared skirts should be avoided.Comfort features: Fabric should be soft & absorbent. Correct size garments Broad straps Light weight, smooth textures Seasonally appropriate clothing Shoes & clothing of correct size
  • 10.  This period is very active, clothing plays an important role in social development too, as definite ideas about clothing, likes & dislikes are developing during this period. This is an age when belonging to a group, & wearing what the group wears is very important. Durable clothing must be provided that will withstand the strains of vigorous exercise. Dresses & shirts should have adequate fullness across the back; pleats at the centre back or yokes with fullness will provide arm movement without tearing the garment. Dresses that hang from shoulders provide more freedom than fitted dresses. The armhole of shirts & dresses should be atleast one inch below the armpit for comfort.
  • 11.  The qualities in clothes that are most important to teen agers are fit & style. Construction is not often considered. Two piece outfits are preferred. Teen agers create new styles. This group has created & popularized new styles. Many fashion designers get ideas for their new designs from observing youth.