robotics > robot > robota (forced labor)
Robotics and Robots
Isaac Asimov (1941) Karel Capek (1920)
Technology –deals with A man-made machine
the design, construction that copies the actions of creature
and operation of robots
It can work in hazardous/dangerous environment.
To perform repetitive task.
Laws of Robotics
1: A robot may not injure a human being or, through
inaction, allow a human being to come to harm;
2: A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings
except where such orders would conflict with the First
3: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such
protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law;
The Zeroth Law: A robot may not harm humanity, or, by
inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.”
Requirements for Robotics
Knowledge in softwares
Design and image processing etc
Implementation of proper knowledge
Tasks of a Robot:
Tasks which are:
chemical spill cleanup
Boring and repetitive
Welding car frames
part pick and place
High precision or high speed
Future Prospects of Robotics
2015-2020 - Every South Korean and many European households will have a robot.
(The Ministry of Information and Communication (South Korea), 2007)
2018 - Robots will routinely carry out surgery. (South Korea government 2007)
2022 - Intelligent robots that sense their environment, make decisions, and learn are
used in 30% of households and organizations (TechCast)
2030 - Robots capable of performing at human level at most manual jobs (Marshall
2034 - Robots (home automation systems) performing most household tasks. (Helen
Greiner, Chairman of iRobot)
2050 - Robot "brains" based on computers that execute 100 trillion instructions per
second will start rivaling human intelligence.
2015 - One third of US fighting strength will be composed of robots. (US
Department of Defense, 2006)
2035 - First completely autonomous robot soldiers in operation. (US Department of
Developments related to robotics from the Japan NISTEP 2030 report :
2014-2015 — Agricultural robots (AgRobots).
2014-2017 — Robots that care for the elderly
2017 — Medical robots performing low-invasive surgery
2017-2019 — Household robots with full use.
2019-2021 — Nanorobots