GIS for Participation:
The UK context – successes and challenges…




         Steve Cinderby
What is GIS-P?
• Used for creating dialogue between local
  stakeholder, planners, modellers and policy makers
  – to impr...
Salford Case Study




    steve.cinderby@sei.se
What do the
          communities know…?
           •   Residents fear of crime in
               secluded areas
         ...
GIS for Participation
    • Conventional focus group – with
      participatory mapping activities
    • Good for creating...
Rapid Appraisal Participatory GIS
• Development of GIS-P
• In-situ, multi-temporal GIS-P
• Good for accessing ‘hard-to-rea...
Same space differing views…




         steve.cinderby@sei.se
Same space differing views…
            II




         steve.cinderby@sei.se
Generating options for the future…




        steve.cinderby@sei.se
What do people want to see happen?
Business-as-usual




                           Pedestrian priority




•   GIS and
  ...
Challenges: Participation or consultation?
                Whose analysis and use?

•How to get real participation on UK
p...
Challenges for UK Environmental GIS-P

                               • Does a common viewpoint
                          ...
Thank You – Any Questions…?




                                              “Mapmaking and maps are a
                  ...
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Steve Cinderby (SEI - York) Mapping For Sustainable Communities 170608

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Steve Cinderby\'s presentation in Mapping for Sustainable Communities, UCL, 17th June \'08

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Steve Cinderby (SEI - York) Mapping For Sustainable Communities 170608

  1. 1. GIS for Participation: The UK context – successes and challenges… Steve Cinderby
  2. 2. What is GIS-P? • Used for creating dialogue between local stakeholder, planners, modellers and policy makers – to improve decision outcomes High Level of public involvement in spatial analysis Powderhorn Park Neighbourhood Association (Casey & Pederson, 2002) Participatory GIS South PPGIS of Market Foundation (Parker & Pascavl, 2002) Internet GIS Virtual Slaithwaite (Kingston, 2002) GIS-P Air Quality GIS-P (Yearley, 2002) Low Low High Level of local knowledge incorporated in database steve.cinderby@sei.se
  3. 3. Salford Case Study steve.cinderby@sei.se
  4. 4. What do the communities know…? • Residents fear of crime in secluded areas • Fear of crime does not match reported crime pattern steve.cinderby@sei.se
  5. 5. GIS for Participation • Conventional focus group – with participatory mapping activities • Good for creating discussion and dialogue • Use of GIS facilitated by researchers • GIS functionality employed to store, analyse and visualise community spatial knowledge • Outputs comparable with results from environmental models steve.cinderby@sei.se
  6. 6. Rapid Appraisal Participatory GIS • Development of GIS-P • In-situ, multi-temporal GIS-P • Good for accessing ‘hard-to-reach’ groups • Allows rapid scoping of local knowledge, concerns and possible solutions • Less control and discussion than GIS-P steve.cinderby@sei.se
  7. 7. Same space differing views… steve.cinderby@sei.se
  8. 8. Same space differing views… II steve.cinderby@sei.se
  9. 9. Generating options for the future… steve.cinderby@sei.se
  10. 10. What do people want to see happen? Business-as-usual Pedestrian priority • GIS and visualisation used to aid participation • Help the community communicate their viewpoint steve.cinderby@sei.se
  11. 11. Challenges: Participation or consultation? Whose analysis and use? •How to get real participation on UK planning and environment issues – not just consultation? •Participation overload – one community map – many applications… steve.cinderby@sei.se
  12. 12. Challenges for UK Environmental GIS-P • Does a common viewpoint acquired through living in the same space really make a community? •How should we deal with different communities understanding of the same issues for decision making and policy setting? (local residents, special interest groups, scientific experts) steve.cinderby@sei.se
  13. 13. Thank You – Any Questions…? “Mapmaking and maps are a means and not an end” Rambaldi, Chambers, Fox and McCall (2006) • Thanks to co-authors and collaborators: John Forrester, Steve Yearley, Laura Potts, Steve Shaw, Peter Schofield, Peter Bailey, Erik Willis, Paul Rosen, Anne Owen, Carolyn Snell, Xiaojun Wang, Phil Bradley, Harry May, Menna Jones, Annemarieke de Bruin • Thanks to the research funders: Sida, ESRC, EPSRC • Thanks to the participating communities steve.cinderby@sei.se

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