Crop Protection in the face of Hydrocarbon eating GMOs like Synthia and its Mutants

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The paper argues for protected cultivation for the meeting the challenges that could emerge with the arrival of GMOs like Synthia or its mutants through rain in India. The authors argue that India should prepare for contingencies by 2015 considering the ocean currents. Not being alarmist about the predictions, Center for Agriculture and Rural Development is seeking feedback from the experts on the paper and proposing alternative agriculture structures and mediums including multi story green house designs..

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Crop Protection in the face of Hydrocarbon eating GMOs like Synthia and its Mutants

  1. 1. Crop Protection In The Face Of Hydrocarbon Eating GMOs Like Synthia – Part IY. Mohamadi Begum1, M. Mukhtar Alam2, Murtaza Hasan3, M. A. Maluk Mohamed4,Mohideen Ibramsha11. Professor Information Technology, MAMCE, Trichy; 2. Executive Director, CARD,New Delhi; 3. Senior Scientist, Center for Protected Cultivation Technology, IARI, NewDelhi; and 4. Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, MAMCE, Trichy.Abstract: Plankton is found in ocean. We find plankton in inland water pools also. Thisis because plankton is carried by the water vapor that forms the cloud; the cloud is carriedinland by wind; and the plankton reaches inland through rain. Microbes also travel fromone place to another through rain and wind. A manmade artificial life was injected intothe Gulf of Mexico to clean the BP oil spill. This artificial life and / or its mutatedcousins have appeared inland in USA. In contrast to the life-giving nature of planktonthis artificial life seems to be life threatening. Genetically modified grains seem to havethe new microbes. Pregnant livestock fed with GMO have aborted in large numbers. Weinfer from the above that food grown open to the atmosphere risks carrying themicrobiological contamination and thus might become unfit to consume by mankind andlivestock. Because of these recent developments we need to grow our food in fieldsprotected from rain. Greenhouses protect the plants from rain; as also kitchen gardensthat are encouraged in the West. Hydroponics and Aeroponics also are protected formsare agriculture. It is suggested that India moves from open to sky agriculture to protectedagriculture.Hydrocarbon eating microbe: On 31stMay 2007, J. Craig Venter Institute Inc.,Rockville, MD – 20850, USA was granted patent number 20070122826. This patentidentified the minimum set of genes required to support life in an organization. To this setof genes any functional genes could be added to produce life of choice.We have no information about when J. Craig Venter Institute Inc., produced the firstartificial life. We are given the following:http://worldvisionportal.org/wvpforum/viewtopic.php?t=1031&f=52===JCVI and Synthetic Genome founder Craig Venter foretold of - and spoke openly of - justsuch an application on May 15, 2010 during the public announcement of what the press isnow calling Synthia. He was referring to a Synthia based synthetic bacterial cell thatwould consume hydrocarbons more efficiently than any known natural micro-organism.===It is believed that the above microorganism cleaned the Gulf of Mexico and eliminatedthe massive oil spill. As evidence, we present the following:http://coto2.wordpress.com/2011/01/21/bp-genetically-modifying-gulf-of-mexico/===
  2. 2. In September 2010, reporter Stephen Fry of the UK’s BBC was granted a video interview withMike Utsler, the Chief Operating Officer of BP’s Gulf Coast Restoration. Here’s what Mr.Utsler publicly admitted on camera:“There is a new form of microbiology that is attacking this (oil) plume and using it as a foodsource”.”You can view him saying this on our YouTube Channel 1or on our Gulf Blue Plague 2internetblog at BP Admits Using Synthetic Microbes in Gulf of Mexico. 3This 17 second video snippet istaken from a November 7, 2010 broadcast entitled Has the Oil Really Gone? which is availablefor viewing at BBC TWO.* 4Note how Utsler is cut off by his own people at BP immediatelyafter stating this and the interview was abruptly ended.* It appears that the BBC has now restricted this video so that it can no longer be viewed from withinthe US.===Synthia was successful in changing the spilled oil into a form that rests on the floor of theGulf of Mexico. There were negative developments due to this use of an artificial life toclean the oil spill.Aliens: The famous scientist Stephen Hawking warned about aliens during the last weekof April, 2010.http://news.sky.com/home/strange-news/article/15619548===Sunday April 25, 2010In a new documentary for the Discovery Channel, 5the theoretical physicist warns againstmaking contact with any extra-terrestrials."I imagine they might exist in massive ships, having used up all the resources from theirhome planet.1http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XuDO0l8K90I2http://blueplague.org/3http://worldvisionportal.org/wordpress/index.php/2010/12/bp-admits-using-synthetic-microbes-in-gulf-of-mexico/4http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00vy7f9#broadcasts5http://dsc.discovery.com/tv/stephen-hawking/
  3. 3. The documentary, which begins on May 9, explores the British scientists vision of theuniverse.While most aliens were in all probability simple organisms such as microbes, ProfessorHawking said it would only take a few intelligent ones to spell disaster for humans."To my mathematical brain, the numbers alone make thinking about aliens perfectlyrational," he explained."The real challenge is to work out what aliens might actually be like."===There were many reactions to the above statement by Prof. Stephen Hawking. Thefollowing is worth recording:http://articles.latimes.com/2010/may/07/science/la-sci-hawking-aliens-20100508===The Journal of Cosmology compiled responses from a dozen scientists and has publishedthem …B.G. Sidharth at the B.M. Birla Science Centre in India, took a more low-tech view ofalien invasions. They argued that the threat would come not from green people withfancy tasers, but pathogenic microbes that could infect life on Earth.===Do we have any group on earth on the verge of using up all the resources and looking forways to prolong their way of life? We do: the petroleum lobby!http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peak_oil===Peak oil is the point in time when the maximum rate of petroleum extraction is reached,after which the rate of production is expected to enter terminal decline.Optimistic estimations of peak production forecast the global decline will begin after2020, and assume major investments in alternatives will occur before a crisis, withoutrequiring major changes in the lifestyle of heavily oil-consuming nations.===Synthia is a boon to the oil producers. Instead of destroying the spilled oil, Synthiaconverts it into a paste that settles at the bottom. We expect that soon there would betechnological advances to collect the paste and to extract the oil. Synthia’s real benefit isin her use in conversion of agricultural waste to the paste from which oil could beextracted. Thus, in our opinion, Synthia has assured those nations of the West heavilydependent on the availability of petroleum that they could continue their current lifestyles. Unfortunately instead of testing Synthia on agricultural waste collected in plasticcontainers the test was done in the Gulf of Mexico with very negative impact onmankind.
  4. 4. Gulf of Mexico affecting US inland: Here we report from one web page regardingillness attributed to Corexit that was sprayed in Gulf of Mexico during 2010.http://georgemcclure.net/chronolog-gm.BP.illness.html===26 apr - 12 Imix (Crocagator), New Era, New Cycle - 26 apr 2012 - CorexitPoisoning Is BackArose with severely swollen prefrontal sinuses, swollen ear canals, ongoing itchiness topof head, general fatigue / tiredness, eyes tired and droopy; "worn out" feeling.Midafternoon the eyes changed to slightly puffy and hurting like when you clean thecommode with clorox bleach, and the irritation spread into my bronchii where I can notclear the irritation and my voice is negatively impacted - you cant clear your throat oryour voice box.All are undeniably the syndromatic symptoms of Corexit. A large storm front came infrom the south last night (directly from the Gulf of Mexico). Little rain, but black coverand swampy thick moist air. The itchiness is spreading over my shoulders and arms now.Theyre spraying Corexit dispersant again.01 may 2012We need doctors who are willing to do their jobs and take into account (1) fluorideheavy metal poisons in the water (2) Fukishama radiation (3) chemtrail heavy metalpoisoning and (4) Corexit dispersant in the atmosphere from the Gulf of Mexico. Allthese poisons are making people sick, reducing their resistance, exacerbating otherconditions and illnesses, and killing them.The rash on my left hand has bubbled (1cm x 6cm) and is noticeable to others. So far Iveresisted scratching it.===It is our understanding that the perception of the above person as spraying of Corexit isdue to the permanent presence of Synthia and / or her mutated cousins in the Gulf ofMexico that get carried inland by weather.The capital of the State of Tennessee, Nashville is about 441 miles north of Pensacola,Florida situated on the Gulf of Mexico.Here is a report on crop damage due to the treatment of the oil spill in the Gulf ofMexico.http://blog.sfgate.com/ybenjamin/2010/06/27/updated-bp-oil-spill-corexit-dispersants-suspected-in-widespread-crop-damage/===UPDATED POST: August 10, 2010Lab toxicology tests (flask tests) that are the whole foundation of Corexit’s approvalneglect one variable that organisms encounter out on the ocean’s surface – sunlight.Transparent organisms such as planktons and crustaceans called copepods react to
  5. 5. ultraviolet light from the sun. The reaction promotes photochemical degradation ofaromatic compounds from oil that the creatures have absorbed or swallowed. Thedegradation results in oxidized molecules that are more toxic than the original oilcompounds.In tests to observe this photo-enhanced toxicity, aquatic toxicologist Carys L.Mitchelmore of the University of Maryland’s Center for Environmental Science saidresearchers have found that the toxicity under natural light can be up to 50,000 timesgreater than the toxicity seen in a lab. Neglecting real-world conditions, laboratoryexperiments could underestimate dispersed oil’s toxicity.… Collateral damage now appears to include agricultural damage way inland Mississippi.A mysterious “disease” has caused widespread damage to plants from weeds to farmedorganic and conventionally grown crops. There is very strong suspicion that ocean windshave blown Corexit aerosol plumes or droplets and that dispersants have caused theunexplained widespread damage or “disease”.Remember acid rain? Now it seems we could have toxic dispersant rain.===http://www.examiner.com/article/bp-gulf-oil-corexit-killer-bacteria-causing-dolphin-die-off-can-infect-humans===October 29, 2011Dolphin are more like humans than any other marine mammal. "What happens to dolphinhappens to humans,"Marine Biologist Mobi Solangi from The Institute for MarineMammals has stated. "The dolphins are the canary in the mine."… A former research report showed that unborn babies exposed to Gulf of Mexicoswater, beaches, air, land or seafood may be at higher risk hearts malformed before birthand having lifelong congenital heart disease, a study that also shed more light on sharpincreases in both Gulf miscarriages and Gulf dead baby dolphins.===Would the crops under rain carrying microbiological contaminants have them in thefood? The answer is an emphatic yes. The photosynthesis releases oxygen from the watertaken by the roots. Transpiration releases CO2 possibly by extracting oxygen from waterand using up the hydrogen in growth. There is no study showing that the plants store thehydrogen and oxygen taken from the water to make water again that is found in the crops.The only water that is found in the edible crop of the plants has by necessity has to be thewater absorbed by the roots. If the water that reaches the roots contain microbiologicalcontaminants, naturally the water found in the produce also would contain the samemicrobiological contaminants.The following report establishes the above conclusion.http://farmandranchfreedom.org/Huber-European-letter===
  6. 6. March 2011The scientific data on this newly recognized organism is being prepared for formalpublication.I wrote the letter to Secretary Vilsack for a very simple reason: we are experiencing alarge number of problems in production agriculture in the U.S. that appear to beintensified and sometimes directly related to genetically engineered (GMO) crops, and/orthe products they were engineered to tolerate – especially those related to glyphosate (theactive chemical in Roundup® herbicide and generic versions of this herbicide). We havewitnessed a deterioration in the plant health of corn, soybean, wheat and other cropsrecently with unexplained epidemics of sudden death syndrome of soybean (SDS), Goss’wilt of corn, and take-all of small grain crops the last two years. At the same time, therehas been an increasing frequency of previously unexplained animal (cattle, pig, horse,poultry) infertility and spontaneous abortions.… A diverse set of researchers working on this problem have contributed various piecesof the puzzle, which together presents the following disturbing scenario:Unique Physical PropertiesThis previously unknown organism is only visible under an electron microscope(36,000X), with an approximate size range equal to a medium size virus. It is able toreproduce and appears to be a micro-fungal-like organism. If so, it would be the first suchmicro-fungus ever identified. There is strong evidence that this infectious agent promotesdiseases of both plants and mammals, which is very rare.Pathogen Location and ConcentrationIt is found in high concentrations in Roundup Ready soybean meal and corn, distillersmeal, fermentation feed products, pig stomach contents, and pig and cattle placentas.Linked with Outbreaks of Plant DiseaseThe organism is prolific in plants infected with two pervasive diseases that are drivingdown yields and farmer income—sudden death syndrome (SDS) in soy, and Goss’ wilt incorn. The pathogen is also found in the fungal causative agent of SDS (Fusarium solanifsp glycines).Implicated in Animal Reproductive FailureLaboratory tests have confirmed the presence of this organism in a wide variety oflivestock that have experienced spontaneous abortions and infertility. Preliminary resultsfrom ongoing research have also been able to reproduce abortions in a clinical setting.The pathogen may explain the escalating frequency of infertility and spontaneousabortions over the past few years in US cattle, dairy, swine, and horse operations. Theseinclude recent reports of infertility rates in dairy heifers of over 20%, and spontaneousabortions in cattle as high as 45%.
  7. 7. For example, 450 of 1,000 pregnant heifers fed wheatlege experienced spontaneousabortions. Over the same period, another 1,000 heifers from the same herd that wereraised on hay had no abortions. High concentrations of the pathogen were confirmed onthe wheatlage, which likely had been under weed management using glyphosate.===Let us consider -- There is strong evidence that this infectious agent promotes diseases ofboth plants and mammals, which is very rare. As Synthia eats hydrocarbons it couldconsume both plants and mammals. We suspect that the infectious agent is a mutatedcousin of Synthia retaining some properties of Synthia. It is possible that the mutatedcousin does eat the hydrocarbons but does not replicate itself as Synthia does. If Synthiais the infectious agent it would consume all the plant and all the mammal infected andreduce them to a paste. Hence we suspect that the infectious agent is a mutated cousin ofSynthia.As and when the rains in India start carrying Synthia and / or her mutated agents our foodwould become poison for our livestock and ourselves. We need to protect ourselves.There are two possibilities:1. Organic farming: Since the infectious agent is not found in the hay fed to 1000heifers did not have any abortion, we conclude that organic farming seems tooffer protection from Synthia and / or her mutated agents. We must recognize thepossibility that the beneficial organisms in the organic fertilizer that nullified thecurrent infectious agent might not work against other genetically engineeredagent. Such a possibility leads to the next suggestion.2. Reverse Osmosis purified water for crops: Reverse Osmosis is expected to filterout all impurities including any microbiological contamination. Thus developingprotected agriculture using Reverse Osmosis purified water assures ‘FoodSecurity.’We need to popularize protected agriculture so that Indians have safe food as and whenSynthia and / or her mutated cousins reach India. It is important to record that theWestern population is aware of protected agriculture like ‘kitchen garden’,‘Hydroponics’, and ‘Aeroponics.’When would the artificial life reach India? India needs to switch to protectedagriculture to avoid microbiological contamination. We need have the technologies toproduce all our food through protected cultivation before the window of opportunitycloses. With emphasis on the new life form introduced into the Gulf of Mexico duringJuly 2010 what is the window of opportunity?The artificial life – Synthia – and the naturally occurring microbes affected by mutationwith Synthia would remain forever in the Gulf of Mexico. Giving the benefit of doubt tothe designers of Synthia, let us say that Synthia would self destruct after the lapse of aspecified time. After the lapse of that specified time, whatever that time might be, themutated microbes that were native to the Gulf of Mexico would remain forever in theGulf of Mexico.
  8. 8. Our window of opportunity is until the mutated microbes or Synthia start appearing inour rains in India. It would not be unreasonable to assume that once the microbes reachthe waters surrounding India, the microbes would appear in our rains too. The ArabianSea, Bay of Bengal and the Laccadive Sea surround the Indian Peninsula.A hat dropped in the ocean at a particular place need not be recovered from the sameplace. This is because the sea currents carry the hat to a different place.6Like the hat, themicrobiological contamination also gets carried away by the sea currents. With respect tothe microbiological contaminants, upwelling and downwelling facilitates thecontaminants to become part of the evaporation and get carried away by the clouds.7Sucha cloud when it rains gives the contamination with the rain water. A video uploaded onJune 16, 2011 claims that the microbiological contamination due to Synthia has reachedthe US mid West.8Since Synthia was introduced into the Gulf of Mexico during July2010, we see that the rain has carried the microbiological contamination inside the US by900 miles or so. We have to plan to move to protected agriculture within one year ofSynthia reaching Indian shores.A new microbe is found in the area near Arctic in the North Atlantic Ocean that seems tofeast on iron.9There are 5 spiral ocean currents called gyres.10These are: North Atlantic, South Atlantic,North Pacific, South Pacific, and Indian Ocean gyres. There is one gyre that circulatesaround Antarctica.6http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/ocean-current.htm7http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/ocean-current1.htm8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6G5lx_pU409http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101210-new-species-bacteria-metal-titanic-wreck-science/===Published December 10, 2010A new species of bacteria has been discovered on the sunken hull of theTitanic—and it may bespeeding up the decay of the historic wreck, new research reports.===The research is reported at http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/content/60/12/2768.abstract?sid=9b80a4b1-73da-4931-adef-b8377423d08710http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/ocean-current2.htm
  9. 9. Circular wind patterns create five major gyres at the oceans surface.Photo courtesy NOAAThe microbiological contamination in the Gulf of Mexico could be picked up by theNorth Atlantic gyre and transferred to the South Atlantic gyre in one year. During thenext year the South Atlantic gyre transfers the microbiological contamination to the gyrecirculating around Antarctica. During the subsequent year the Indian Ocean gyre picks upthe microbiological contamination from the Antarctica gyre. During the 4thyear theIndian Ocean gyre transfers the microbiological contamination to the Arabian sea, Bay ofBengal, and Laccadive sea. Hence during the 5thyear after the introduction of Synthia inthe Gulf of Mexico, the rain in India might carry Synthia and / or the mutant cousins ofSynthia. On the basis of the above analysis, the microbiological contamination caused bySynthia is expected to reach India by July 2015. Of course it might reach earlier throughtravelers who have fallen sick in the adjoining lands of those seas contaminated. Thustravelers from USA who had visited the states bordering the Gulf of Mexico might carrythe viruses from July 2010 itself. However such contamination through travelers is notexpected to affect the rains in India.11Hence we plan for pervasive protected agriculturefrom July 2015.11We are given to understand that the new life needs salt to grow or replicate. Normally Indian waters donot contain salt (NaCl) and thus we are not in danger from viruses carried by the travelers.http://worldvisionportal.org/wvpforum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=1068&p=2604&hilit=walking+dead#p2604===Syntholeispirea Gulfmexicana (SG). Bacteria (domain); Proteobacteria(phylum); Gammaproteobacteria (class); Oceanospirillales (order). A novel syntheticgenome hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacterium currently introduced into the Gulf ofMexico.If any U.S. professional scientist would have the courage to verify what’s presented here,they’d plainly see that SG bacteria are psychrophilic, aerobic, and Gram-negative with polarflagella; they won’t grow or replicate in the absence of NaCl (salt);===
  10. 10. Due to global warming, it is possible that the gyre circulating around Antarctica mightcease. Even if it happens, we can not assume that we are safe. The Indian Ocean mightreceive the microbiological contaminants from the South Atlantic gyre through the waterssouth of Africa. We are not in a position to estimate the time the contaminants would taketo reach the Indian Ocean in the absence of the gyre circulating around Antarctica. It issafer to prepare the protected agriculture and reap higher yield in food productionassuming the worst case, rather than ignoring the possibility of the rain carrying Synthiaand / or her mutated cousins and suffer widespread illness and excessive debts to assurethe health of the Indian population as we would be compelled to import food.Salt is sprayed on the highways in the West during winter to melt the snow and keep theroads non-slippery.12Thus the new life form that enters the inland water in the Westgrows and multiplies as the inland water has the salt dissolved in water due to runofffrom the highways using salt to melt the snow.Conclusion: We need to develop pervasive protected agriculture before July 2015. Someapproaches are identified. The details would be given in a follow up article in the nextissue.12http://chemistry.about.com/cs/howthingswork/a/aa120703a.htm===When you add salt to water, you introduce dissolved foreign particles into the water. Thefreezing point of water becomes lower as more particles are added until the point where thesalt stops dissolving. For a solution of table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) in water, thistemperature is -21°C (-6°F) under controlled lab conditions. In the real world, on a realsidewalk, sodium chloride can melt ice only down to about -9°C (15°F).===

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