WHAT IS CYBER CRIME ? Computer crime or cybercrime is a form of crime where the Internet or computers are used as a medium to commit crime.
SOME THOUGHTS ABOUT CYBER CRIME "The modern thief can steal more with a computer than with a gun. Tomorrow's terrorist may be able to do more damage with a keyboard than with a bomb".– National Research Council, "Computers at Risk", 1991.
TYPES OF CYBER CRIME Cyber crimes can be basically divided into 3 major categories:1. Cybercrimes against persons.2. Cybercrimes against property.3. Cybercrimes against government.
1.AGAINST PERSON This committed against persons include various harassment of any one with the use of a computer such as e-mail. Eg:-The Melissa virus first appeared on the internet in March of 1999. It spread rapidly throughout computer systems in the United States and Europe. It is estimated that the virus caused 80 million dollars in damages to computers worldwide.
1. AGAINST PERSON Cyber harassment is a distinct Cybercrime. Harassment can be sexual, racial, religious, or other. Persons perpetuating such harassment are also guilty of cybercrimes. Cyber harassment as a crime also brings us to another related area of violation of privacy of citizens. No one likes any other person invading the invaluable and extremely touchy area of his or her own privacy which the medium of internet grants to the citizen.
2.AGAINST PROPERTY The second category of Cyber-crimes is that of Cybercrimes against all forms of property. These crimes include computer vandalism (destruction of others' property), transmission of harmful programmes. Eg : A Mumbai-based upstart engineering company lost a say and much money in the business when the rival company, an industry major, stole the technical database from their computers with the help of a corporate cyber spy.
3.AGAINST GOVERNMENT This crime manifests itself into terrorism when an individual "cracks" into a government or military maintained website. Eg:-Lashker-e-Toibais collecting contributions online from its sympathisers all over the world. During the investigation of the Red Fort shootout in Dec. 2000, the accused Ashfaq Ahmed of this terrorist group revealed that the militants are making extensive use of the internet to communicate with the operatives and the sympathisers and also using the medium for intra-bank transfer of funds".
Why learn about CYBER CRIME ? Because – Everybody is using COMPUTERS. Terrorist targeted the teenagers. Conventional crimes like Forgery,, extortion,, kidnapping are being committed with the help off computers. New generation is growing up with computers MOST IMPORTANT - Monetary transactions are moving on to the INTERNET.
IN SHORT COMPUTER CRIME is any crime where – Computer is a target. Computer is a tool of crime Computer is incidental to crime
VICTIMS Desperados and greedy people Unskilled & Inexperienced Unlucky people
HACKING Hacking in simple terms means illegal intrusion into a computer system without the permission of the computer owner/user.
VIRUSDISSEMINATION • Malicious software that attaches itself to other software. Eg:- (virus,, worms,, Trojan Horse,, Time bomb, Logic Bomb,, Rabbit and Bacterium are the malicious software)
SOFTWARE PRIVACY Theft of software through the illegal copying of genuine programs or the counterfeiting and distribution of products intended to pass for the original. Retail revenue losses worldwide are ever increasing due to this crimeCan be done in various ways Eg:-End user copying, Hard disk loading, Counterfeiting, Illegal downloads from the internet etc.
INTERNET RELAY CHAT Internet Relay Chat (IRC) servers have chat rooms in which people from anywhere the world can come together and chat with each other. Criminals use it for meeting co-conspirators. Hackers use it for discussing their exploits / sharing the techniques. Cyber Stalking - In order to harass a woman her telephone number is given to others as if she wants to befriend males
CYBER DEFAMATION The Criminal sends emails containingdefamatory matters to all concerned off the victim or post the defamatory matters on a website.. Eg:-(disgruntled employee may do this againstboss,, ex-boys friend against girl,, divorcedhusband against wife etc.)
CONCLUSION Present time- -We are always suffering from these type of problems. So , now we should think about that how we can use our most valuable resources.