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OHSAS - An Overview by Mukesh Bhalse
 

OHSAS - An Overview by Mukesh Bhalse

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An introduction to OH&S Management System

An introduction to OH&S Management System

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    OHSAS - An Overview by Mukesh Bhalse OHSAS - An Overview by Mukesh Bhalse Presentation Transcript

    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series OHSAS 18001:2007 An Overview By Mukesh Bhalse
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Brief of ISO & Its Documentation • What is ISO? • What ISO Standard’s we are certified to? • ISO 9001:2008 (QMS) • ISO14001:2004 (EMS) • ISO/TS 16949:2009 (QMS)
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Protecting Health and the Environment is Everyone’s Job,
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What is OHSAS • OHSAS stands for Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. OHSAS 18001 is a consensus standard developed in 1999 by an independent group of national standards bodies and certification bodies (registrars) for occupational health and safety (OH&S) management systems created to enable organizations to control occupational health and safety risks and to improve performances.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What is OHSAS • OHSAS 18001 is designed to place a proactive and preventative emphasis on risk control factors by identifying and assessing the likelihood of hazards in the workplace. OHSAS 18001 can be implemented by organizations of all sizes and in any industry.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What is OHSAS • When an organization conforms to OHSAS 18001, it ensures that all people directly or indirectly involved with the company are exposed to a minimum number of risks. A third party certification ensures that effective steps have been put in place to avoid accidents and unsafe situations.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 • OHSAS 18001(Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series) o published in April 1999 o specifies requirements of a OH&S MS o designed to be applicable to • all types and sizes of companies • diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions. • Not mandatory, Voluntary basis
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 • Certification against OHSAS is aimed at the way a company has o knowledge of ... o and control over ... all relevant risks resulting from normal operations and abnormal situations.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 • Growing demand for a management system based standard for OH&S • stand alone management system or integrated with either their ISO 14001 or ISO 9001 management system.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 • OHSAS 18001 structure - six sections: • General Requirements • OH&S Policy • Planning • Implementation and Operation • Checking and Corrective Action • Management Review
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 OHSAS (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series) 18001 • OHSAS 18001: Specifications for OH&S Management Systems • OHSAS 18002: Guidance for OH&S Management Systems • OHSAS 18003: Criteria for auditors of OH&S Management Systems
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR WHY WAS OHSAS DEVELOPED? • In response to urgent customer demand for a recognizable occupational health and safety management system standard • Need for health and safety management system that could be audited and certified
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What is Occupational Health & Safety? Conditions and factors that affect, or could affect the health and safety of employees or other workers (Including temporary workers and contract personnel), visitors, or any other person in the workplace.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Compatibility of OHSAS with ISO 9001& ISO 14001: • OHSAS 18001 is structured the same way as ISO 14001, the environmental management system standard, and has essentially the same elements. It was specifically developed to be compatible with ISO 9001, the quality management system standard, and ISO 14001 to allow companies to develop and register integrated quality, environmental and occupational safety and health management systems.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Compatibility of OHSAS with ISO 9001& ISO 14001: Many companies find they need to address health and safety elements as they implement ISO 14001 management systems because of the strong interconnection between environmental and safety and health programs in areas such as emergency planning and risk assessment. ISO 14001+OHSAS18001=EHS, ISO9001+ISO14001+OHSAS18001=IMS
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Benefits of OHSAS Certification: Organizations that have implemented a system to improve the management of health and safety practices have reported improved employee safety awareness, fewer accidents and reduced costs.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR History of OHSAS 1996 - BSI 8800 Guidelines for the OHSMS by BIS (Non auditable & Non Certifiable) 1999 - OHSAS 18001: 1999 BSI introduced the first OHSAS standard (Auditable & Certifiable); the specification outlines the prerequisites for any occupational health and safety management system, which aids an institution to control risks to enhance performance. 2007 - Updated to better align with ISO 14001, Health is a focus.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR EVOLUTION OF THE OHSAS 18000 SERIES 1992 British Health & Safety Commission publishes management of health and safety at work 1993 British Health and Safety Executive publishes HS(G)65, successful health and safety management 1996 British standard BS 8800 launched, used as model OHSMS 1999 OHSAS 18001 Specification published based on BS8800 2000 OHSAS 18002 Guidelines published to assist in the implementation of OHSAS 18001 2007 OHSAS 18001:1999 updated to OHSAS 18001:2007
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Who developed it? Thirteen certification bodies (Registrars) from around the world assisted in development of this series Spain, Malaysia, United Kingdom and several other European standards organizations
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Elements of OHSAS 18001 OHSAS 18001 standard has a number of requirements that include the following: • OH&S policy • Planning for Hazard Identification • Implementation & Operation • Checking and Corrective Actions • Risk Assessment & Risk Control
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Elements of OHSAS 18001 • Legal & Other Requirements • Continual Improvement • Objectives • OH&S Management Programs • Training • Management Review
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What was it based upon? • BS8800:1996 Guide to occupational health and safety management systems • DNV Standard for Certification of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems(OHSMS):1997 • Technical Report NPR 5001:1997 Guide to an occupational health and safety management system • Draft LRQA SMS 8800 Health & safety management systems assessment criteria • SGS & ISMOL ISA 2000:1997 Requirements for Safety and Health Management Systems
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR What was it based upon? • BVQI Safety Certification : Occupational Safety and Health Management Standard • Draft AS/NZ 4801 Occupational health and safety management systems Specification with guidance for use • Draft BSI PAS 088 Occupational health and safety management systems • UNE 81900 series of pre-standards on the Prevention of occupational risks • Draft NSAI SR 320 Recommendation for an Occupational Health and Safety (OH and S) Management System
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Who recognizes it? It is a challenge to create an effective (and flexible enough to become universally accepted) tool that covers employees interests efficiently. Although the International Standards Organization (ISO) does not consider OHSAS 18001 an official ISO standard, it is recognized across the globe by several industries, which insist on this certification. Many employees are being exposed to a number of harmful by-products of modern day industrialization. Hence, health and safety management is on the forefront of all policy- making tools to safeguard workers well-being and security.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Importance of OHSAS 18001 • Less number of accidents • Reduced downtime • Less revenue loss due to disrupted production • Employee satisfaction.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.1 General requirements Defines the OHSMS and the scope of the OHSMS within the organization 4.2 OH&S Policy Creation of an OH&S policy 4.3.1 Hazard identification, Risk Assessment and Determining Controls Procedure for the on-going identification of hazards, assessments of risks and determination of the necessary controls.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements Procedure for describing how legal information is identified and accessed (Main legislation being Factories Act and MP Factories Rules). 4.3.3 Objectives and Programs Outlines the importance of a process to manage OH&S programs with objectives & targets which are consistent with the policy determined in Sec 4.2.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility, Accountability and Authority • Top management needs to take ultimate responsibility for health and safety. This requirement defines relevant management, accountability, structure, roles, responsibilities, authorities and includes the appointment of an OH&S management representative 4.4.2 Competence, Training, and Awareness Ensures that persons performing tasks are competent and trained to do them
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.4.3 Communication, Participation and Consultation Outlines required procedures for internal & external communications. • 4.4.4 Documentation OHSMS documentation requirements in electronic or paper form 4.4.5 Control of Documents Explains the requirement to control documents so that current versions are distributed and available at points of use and obsolete versions are removed from the system.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.4.6 Operational Control Identifies critical functions associated with the identified hazards where controls are necessary. • 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response Process required for identifying & responding to emergencies. 4.5.1 Performance Measurement and Monitoring Measures data for action and describes the plan to monitor and measure OH&S performance on a regular basis.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance Procedure(s) required for scheduled evaluations of compliance. The organization will need to keep records of these periodic evaluations. 4.5.3 Incident Investigation, Non- conformances, Corrective & Preventive Action Procedures for investigating incidents and acting on health and safety non-conformances. Corrective and Preventive actions must be taken.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.5.4 Control of Records Records necessary to demonstrate conformity to the requirements of the OHSMS must be controlled 4.5.5 Internal Audit Procedure to conduct the audits of the OHSMS at planned intervals to ensure that the system complies with planned arrangements
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR Clause wise OHSAS requirements • 4.6 Management Review Top Management must review of the OHSMS at planned intervals to ensure that the system continues to be suitable, adequate and effective.
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 • H&S costs facing organizations include but are not limited to: o investigation time, o wages paid for lost time, o training replacements, o extra supervisory and clerical time, o decreased output of worker upon return o the loss of business and goodwill
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR OHSAS 18001 Benefits of Registration: • potential reduction in the number of accidents • potential reduction in downtime and associated costs • demonstration of legal and regulatory compliance • demonstration of commitment to stakeholders • demonstration of innovative, forward thinking approach • increased access to new customers and business • better management of risks, now and in the future • potential reduced public liability insurance costs
    • Mukesh Bhalse, Manager ISO & MR 3636 THANK YOU