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Jordan youth survey mar 2013 eng
 

Jordan youth survey mar 2013 eng

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    Jordan youth survey mar 2013 eng Jordan youth survey mar 2013 eng Presentation Transcript

    • Jordan Youth SurveyUniversities,CommunityCollegesandHighSchoolsMarch 20131
    • Sampleand fieldwork• The Asian Football Development Project, commissioned‘Strategies Policy Research’ to design, coordinate andanalyze this survey. Fieldwork, data entry and analysiswas conducted by Accurate Opinion for PublicOpinion Measurement Co.• Fieldwork was conducted between 8 and 14 December2012, at select Jordanian universities, communitycolleges and high schools, throughout the Kingdom,among students ages 19-24 & 15-18 respectively.• The margin of error for the survey does not exceed + 2.5percent with a confidence level of 95 percent.• Figures in charts and tables may not add to 100 percentdue to rounding. 2
    • Sampleand fieldwork• The fieldwork was conducted between 8 and 14December 2012, at select Jordanian universities,community colleges and high schools, throughout theKingdom, among students ages 19-24 & 15-18respectively:• 381 university students or 34.7%• 363 community college students 33.1%• 354 high school students 32.2%• 10th grade 117, 11th 126, Tawjeehi 111• 497 males or 45.3%• 601 females or 54.7%3
    • MeasuringWellbeing• 18% of youth sample are very happy, 44% are happy.• Almost one third or 31% don’t think or realize that everything intheir life is as it should be or there is a need that is not satisfied or itis simply the lack of knowledge of what makes one happy orunhappy.• 7% are unhappy and believe that their life is not at all what it shouldbe.18%44%31%4% 3%Feel GoodVery HappyHappyNeither NorUnhappyVery UnhappyBase 10984
    • MeasuringWellbeingAlmost half of the youth under study determine safety relationshipslike family and friends as sources of happiness and who seem tooccupy the largest space in the life.28%20%18%15%9%4%1%6%0% 20% 40%Study ProblemsMaterial DifficultiesDifficult RelationshipsFamily ProblemsDiscontentmentTransportPolitical ConditionsOtherUnhappiness27%20%13%7%12%9%4%3%5%0% 20% 40%Family/ParentsFriends/RelationshipsUniversity/CollegeSchoolMaterial WellbeingContentmentReligiosityGood HealthOtherHappinessMultiple replies open-ended5
    • MeasuringWellbeing27%15%14%10%7%6%5%2%8%7%0% 20% 40%Study and Educational ProblemsTransport & TrafficFamily ProblemsDifficult RelationshipsDifficult Material ConditionsBehavior & OutlooksWaking Up EarlyEmotional ProblemsOtherNoneDaily StressMultiple replies open-endedAlmost one quarter of university and college students haveproblems with family and difficulties in engaging with peers andfriends, lacking probably the necessary life skills.6
    • 22%12%14%10%15%8%3%16%0% 20% 40%Curriculum & Teaching MethodsSchool Management & TeachersTeacher -Student RelationsStudent-Student RelationsLack of Discipline & ChaosFacilitiesOtherNoneDaily StressMeasuringWellbeingAlmost half of high-school students have grievances withregards to curriculum, teaching methods and teaching staff thatcause them daily stress.7
    • MeasuringEducation& AcademicChoices72%54%65%57% 53% 52%24% 30% 26%28%45%32%41% 46% 48%75%70% 74%1% 3% 2% 1% 1%0%20%40%60%80%100%PersonalDesireParentsDesireEase ofFinding a JobGood Pay Social Status GraduationMarkCost of Study FamilyBusinessEasySpecializationYes No Not SureThe question here is whether academic choice motivations isoverwhelming or distracting university and college student choicesfrom ‘real’ personal choices.8Base 744
    • 50%21%12%8%2%2%2%2%2%0% 20% 40% 60%Personal DesireGraduation MarkParents DesireEase of Finding a JobGood PaySocial StatusCost of StudyEasy SpecializationOtherSingle Most Important Choice MotivationBase 744While one in two university/community college students mention‘personal desire’ as the one single academic choice motivation,however other influencers play an equally important role.9MeasuringEducation& AcademicChoices
    • One in two university/community college student are satisfiedwith academic choice, however only one in five is satisfied withenvironment.52%37%5%6%Academic SatisfactionVery Satisfied Somewhat Satisfied Little Satisfied Not at All Satisfied22%41%18%19%University/College Environment10MeasuringEducation& Academic SatisfactionBase 744
    • While one in two university/college students expect the most importantproblem to face after graduating is finding a job, the perception is thatthe most important criteria for finding a job in the public sector is acombination of ‘unequal opportunity’ such as wasta, tribal origin,influence and wealth .21%26%18% 17%9%2% 3%0%20%40%Merit Wasta Tribal Origin Influence Wealth Other NotSure/DKPublic Sector Jobs11MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction
    • While one in two university/college students expect the most importantproblem to face after graduating is finding a job, the perception is thatthe most important criteria for finding a job in the private sector is acombination of ‘unequal opportunity’ such as wasta, tribal origin,influence and wealth .12MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction27%25%9% 9%17%2%4%0%20%40%Merit Wasta Tribal Origin Influence Wealth Other Not Sure/DKPrivate Sector Jobs
    • For high-school students the issues are different at an importantjuncture in their academic or career life when they make theirchoices as early as the 10th grade.• Only 2% of students in 10th grade have opted for vocational trainingwhile 98% opted for an academic path.• As many as 87% of high-school students said they needed academiccounseling.33%26%22%9% 9%0%20%40%FamilyMembersFather Mother Teacher FriendAcademic Counseling13MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction
    • Similar to university and college students, only one in four of high-school students said they were very satisfied with schoolenvironment, while only one third are very satisfied with teachingmethods.24%52%16%8%Satisfaction with School EnvironmentVery Satsfied Somewhat Satisfied Little Satisfied Not at All Satisfied33%54%9%19%Satisfaction with Teaching Methods14MeasuringEducation& Academic SatisfactionBase 354
    • 15MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction79% 71% 61%50%63% 53%40%20% 25%32%40%31%31%35%3% 3% 6% 9% 5% 12% 22%1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 3%0%20%40%60%80%100%TeachersTreat Us withRespectTeachersAlways OfferHelpTeachers AreModels forDedicationTeachersMethodsEncourageLearningTeachersEncourageDebateTeacherEncourageCreativeThinkingTeachersPursue RoteLearningHigh school - Engagement with TeachersAgree Somewhat Agree Do Not Agree Not At All
    • • 73% of high-school students consider the teacher to be a rolemodel• for treating them fairly and with respect, 26%,• for being there to help in study and life matters, 19%,• for his teaching method, 19%,• for his personality and good manners 16%,• for being a good listener, 3%,• for being successful in life, 3%• and finally for his religiosity, 2%among other traits.• Teachers seem to be regarded as role models for their goodqualities as teachers but not for their achievements or success inlife.16MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction
    • • However, 41% (47% boys and 37% girls) have full trust in theirteachers, 52% to some extent and 7% to little extent or have nortrust at all.• 37% say they confide in them with very personal matters (40%boys and 35% girls) .• And only 9% seek their advise for career or academiccounseling.The relationship with teachers as the findings exhibit is at best aconfused and contradictory one.17MeasuringEducation& Academic Satisfaction
    • MeasuringEngagementOne in four university students approves of political engagementon campus.Similarly, only one in four credits student councils with thecapability of offering solutions to students problems.26%71%3%Approve Political Engagement on CampusYes No Not Sure/ Dont Know26%64%10%Student Councils Can Solve Problems18Base 381
    • MeasuringEngagementOne in four university students approves of political engagementon campus.Similarly, only one in four credits student councils with thecapability of offering solutions to students problems.26%71%3%Approve Political Engagementon CampusYes No Not Sure/ Dont Know34%10%7%2%34%3%8%1%0% 20% 40% 60%Universities are for StudyIgnorance & Lack of PoliticalCultureNo Interest in PoliticsOf No ValueProblems, Discrimination andViolenceFear of Arrest or RepercussionsOtherNot SureOpposing Political Engagement at Universities19Base 381
    • MeasuringEngagement• 8% ever took part in a campus fight• Motives for taking part: 32% solidarity with friends; 30% tribalmotives; 13% ‘girls’ and 11% intolerance & discrimination…29%23%16% 15%3% 3%10%0%20%40%Girls & GenderRelationsTribalism Lack ofAwarenessRacism &IntoleranceFree TimebetweenCoursesDiscriminationbetweenStudentsOtherReasons For Campus Violence20
    • MeasuringEngagement36%14% 14%5% 4% 5% 5%2%9%5%0%20%40%RaiseAwarenessStudentDismissalHarsherPunishmentGenderSegregationAbolishExceptionsFill Idleness IncreaseSecurityNoSolutionsOther Dont KnowSolutions to Campus Violence• 69% approve of temporary dismissal from university as adisciplinary action but 65% doubt enforcement,• 42% approve of final dismissal but 67% doubt enforcement• 70% approve of forcing violating students to volunteer for NGOsbut again 69% doubt that it would be enforced.21Base 381
    • MeasuringCareer Aspirationsand OutlooksIn the event students would graduate and cannot find a job in theirspecialization after a period of time, would they accept any jobopportunity whatsoever until such time that an opportunity in theirspecialization presents itself? And what would be an acceptable pay?59%26%13%3%Job Opportunities AcceptanceAccept Any Job Until I Get a Job in My SpecializationAccept with Specific BenefitsRather Stay JoblessNot Sure3%55%25%4%13%0%20%40%60%> JOD 250 250 - 499 500 - 749 750 - 999 1000>Level of Pay Acceptance22Base 1098Base 280
    • Job appreciation73%49%46% 45%42%31% 30%27% 26%20% 19% 19% 17%0%20%40%60%80%Air Steward Factory Worker FastfoodDelivery DriverTaxi Driver Valet ParkingDriverHotelHousekeepingStaffConstructionWorkerBus Driver Waiter Messenger Gas StationWorkerJanitor Car WasherWork Value & PerceptionsMALE University StudentsYes replies23MeasuringCareer Aspirationsand OutlooksBase 334
    • Job appreciation47%36%33%28% 28%26% 25% 25%23%20% 19% 18% 17% 17% 17%15%3%0%20%40%60%FactoryWorkerCarpenter Car Mechanic Farmer Painter HotelHousekeepingStaffCook Messenger ConstructionWorkerButcher Tiler Gas StationWorkerJanitor Car Washer Waiter Plasterer BarmanWork Value & PerceptionsMALE High-School StudentsYes replies24MeasuringCareer Aspirationsand OutlooksBase 163
    • Job appreciation56%48%34%26% 25% 24%9%5%2%0%20%40%60%Public SectorSecretaryPrivate SectorSecretaryAirStewardessSaleswoman Nanny HotelReceptionistFactorySeamstressWaitress CleanerWork Value & PerceptionsALL FEMALE StudentsYes replies25MeasuringCareer Aspirationsand OutlooksBase 601
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeYouth under study fill their free time in pursuing various types ofactivities, there is the question of vulnerability however, as well asthe need to promote social cohesion, acceptance and life skillsthrough more sports and volunteering.88% 83%79% 79%73%52% 51%43%35%24%0%20%40%60%80%100%BrowseInternetMusic TV Chat/SocialMediaEmails Video Games Sports Read Books Read Blogs VolunteeringLeisure and Free Time26Base 1098
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeYouth under study fill their free time in pursuing various types ofactivities46%9% 8% 7% 7% 5% 5% 5% 3%6%0%20%40%60%Footbal Jogging Walking Basketball Fitness MMA Swimming Tennis Volleyball OtherSportsBase 56327
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeYouth under study fill their free time in pursuing various types ofactivities30%22%10% 9% 8%4% 4% 4%6%0%20%40%Drama Films Sports Culture Video Clips Documentary Religious News/Politics OtherWatching TVBase 87128
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeYouth under study fill their free time in pursuing various types ofactivities33%28%14%12%10%4%0%20%40%Wrong Notionof VolunteeringHelping Others Charity &VolunteerSocietiesCollectDonationsCleaningCampaignsOtherVolunteeringBase 26629
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeYouth under study fill their free time in pursuing various types ofactivities29%22%20%12%6% 5% 6%0%20%40%Literature &PoetryGeneralKnowledgeReligious Do NotRememberBiography Romance Text BooksReadingBase 46930
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free Time• Football remains one of the favorite sports news of whichyouth closely follow.• 32% mentioned football, 11% basketball, 10% tennis, 6%MMA, 6% swimming, 4% volleyball, 2% car racing and 2%running races among other. However 15% of females and5% of males do not follow up any kind of sports.• When probed, however, to mention the single most favoritesport football scored a mention of 66% , followed by MMA at6%, swimming at 6% and basketball at 5% and tennis at 4%.• 70% say sports facilities are not sufficient or available in theirtown or city.• Only 35% believe that the Youth Higher Council and othersports organizations support Jordanian sport and 26% sayJordanian sport is being supported sufficiently by the privatesector.•31
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeFollowing up on sports through various media46%54%OnlineYESNO37%63%PrintYESNO7%93%RadioYESNO95%5%TVYESNO5%95%MagazinesYESNORadio: Rotana FM 24%, Amman 20%, Hala 11%, Fann 7%, Hayat 6%, Ammen 6%, Sawt el Karak 6%,Sawt el Balad 6%Print media: Rai Riyadi 42%, Dustour Riyadi 27%, Al Ghad Tahaddi 25%, Arab el Yawm 5%TV: Al Jazeerah 52%, Jordan 16%, Abu Dhabi 7%, MBC 6%E-sites: Koora 43%, Jazeerah 11%, FB/Twitter 9%, Google 7%, YouTube 4%32
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free Time• 6% of youth under study are members in any sports clubs inJordan.• 30% attended a live sports event in a stadium or sports hallduring the last 12 months (overwhelmingly male).21% 20%13% 12%7% 7% 5% 3% 3%10%0%20%40%No time No Interest Not Worth It ParentsObjectNo StadiumNearNotAppropriatefor GirlsTraditions Congestion Rowdyism OtherReasons for Not Attending Sports Events (70%)33Base 766
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimeHowever, there are constraints for females going to stadiums.23%16% 14%10%8% 7% 6% 5% 3%10%0%20%40%Traditions MaleBeahviour /HarassmentParentsDisapproveMixedGenderRowdyism BoysEvent Girls DontLike SportsCongestion /DisturbancesNo PlaceAssigned forFemalesOtherConstraints for Females Not to Attend Sports Events34
    • MeasuringLeisure& Free TimePerceptions of Sports & Outlooks• 82% agree that sports promotes competition, brings peopletogether and strengthens cohesion• 83% agree that sports strengthens relations between peoples andcultures• 79% agree that sports could influence the public in such fashion thataffects social cohesion and fabric• 94% agree that irrespective of emotional outbreak and sportsfanaticism, sports should remain protected from divisions, politicsand exploitation• 80% agree that sports negatively influences society because offootball riots• 96% agree that the solution to football riots is by enforcing rules andregulations upon rioters35
    • MeasuringReferencesand Relationships83% of youth have someone they confide in and is gender specific…32%27%14%9%6% 5%3% 2% 2% 2%0%20%40%MaleFriendFemaleFriendMother Sister Cousin Brother Father Lover Husband/ FianceeOtherPerson Youth Confides In36Base 1098
    • MeasuringReferencesand Relationships94% of youth have someone they enjoy the company of and is alsogender specific…40%36%3% 4%8%2%1% 2% 2% 2%0%20%40%MaleFirendFemaleFriendMother Sister Cousin Brother Father Lover Husband/ FianceeOtherPerson Youth Enjoys the Company OfBase 1098 37
    • 16%10%27%8% 7% 5%17%1% 1%3% 0.2% 2%0%20%40%MaleFriendFemaleFriendMother Sister Cousin Brother Father Lover Husband/ FianceeTeacher Sheikh /ImamOtherPerson Youth Seek Advice and Guidance FromBase 1098MeasuringReferencesand Relationships90% of youth have someone they seek advice, and guidance from…38
    • MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsMale youth relationship with father…69%13%6%3%2%1%6%Male Relationship with FatherA relationship of understanding mostoften’A ‘relationship of respect whichhowever lacks affection and warmthA ‘relationship that lacksunderstanding’A relationship based on fear andblind abeyance‘There is no relationship to start with’A relationship that is problematic atbest’Father is dead…39Base 497
    • MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsYouth relationship with male peers…55%20%6%2%1%16%Relationship with Male PeersA relationship of understanding mostoften’A ‘relationship of respect whichhowever lacks affection and warmthA ‘relationship that lacksunderstanding’A relationship based on mistrust andsuspicionA relationship that is problematic atbest’‘There is no relationship to start with’Base 907 Overwhelmingly female replies40
    • 57%19%4%3%1%14%Relationship with Female PeersA relationship of understanding mostoften’A ‘relationship of respect whichhowever lacks affection and warmthA ‘relationship that lacksunderstanding’A relationship based on mistrust andsuspicionA relationship that is problematic atbest’‘There is no relationship to start with’MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsYouth relationship with female peers…Overwhelmingly male replies41Base 842
    • MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsYouth relationships with family…Male and female youth hardly discuss with fathers emotional matters, malestend not discuss politics with mothers, both males and much less femalesopen up to brothers on emotional or political matters, and finally males arequite reserved from talking with sisters in emotional, political or economicmatters.I discuss with my… Father Mother Brother SisterMatters relating tostudies 58%70%64M/76F*46%34M/15F53%40M/64FMatters relating toemotional relationships16%20 M/12F49%45M/52F23%34M/15F42%24M/58FMatters relating topolitics58%55M/61F40%30M/50F33%29M/37F27%15M/37FMatters relating tofamily finances 72%72%65M/78F45%41%28M/51FMatters relating toreligion 76% 85% 59%63%58M/67F42*Male/Female Replies
    • MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsYouth and importance of relationships…This shows clearly how much importance the youth attach tofamily, friends and safety and secure relationships. Politics plays aminor role in the life of youth while the importance of religion isprobably an indicator of identity more than religious attachment.Issues by level ofimportance …VeryImportantImportantSomewhatImportantNotImportantNot at AllImportantFamily 92% 6% 2% *% *%Friends 66 27 6 1 *Free time/leisure39 33 17 9 2Politics 13 19 22 29 16Work 68 26 3 2 1Religion 87 12 1 * *Service to others 54 33 10 2 143
    • MeasuringReferencesand RelationshipsYouth and role models…Youth, overwhelmingly identify father, mother or members of family as rolemodels in their life, with friend, lecturer/teacher trailing behind.Interestingly, while religion constitutes the most important factor in their life,next to family, clergy and religious figures are hardly role models nor as wehave seen earlier a source of guidance or inspiration.33%23%10%8%4% 2%7% 6%2% 3% 4%0%20%40%Father Mother FamilyMemberBrother Sister Parents Lecturer /TeacherFriends Clergy /ReligiousFigureNone OtherRole Models44
    • MeasuringWelfare, Self and OutlooksYouth, self and society…Always Sometimes Never Not SureI feel tranquil and safe 52% 44% 4% *%I feel alienated from my environment 10 47 42 -I feel alienated from my family 7 31 63 -I feel alienated from my father[males only]9 25 59 *I feel alienated from what’shappening in my country9 41 48 1I feel at odds with others 6 49 45 -I feel distressed and bored 21 66 14 -I am optimistic about my future ingeneral55 38 7 *45
    • MeasuringWelfare, Self and OutlooksYouth, self and society…How do I honestly feel about myself… %I am a person that is easily swayed by others 14I am an emotional person and get quickly agitated 33I have a point of view on many issues and I can defend it 26I have no point of view on many issues and I don’t care to have any 1I learnt to think logically away from blindly imitating others 22I just argue for the sake of argument and to attract attention 3Not sure 1One in two can fend for themselves in terms of having the rightattitude, self-esteem and purpose.Another half has also the right attitude to judge oneself with all thelimitations and acknowledgement of own personal deficits.46
    • Youth, self and society…The good news is that the majority of youth under study have no problemwith anyone becoming their neighbor, however, a small minority has aproblem with people who belong to other religions, expatriatelabour/emigrants, those who are not from their origin and finally withthose who are from a different race.72%9%8%8%3%Level of AcceptanceNo problem with anyonebecoming neighborProblem with people whobelong to other religionsProblem with expatriatelabour/emigrantsProblem with those who arenot from same originProblem with people from adifferent race47MeasuringWelfare, Self and Outlooks
    • MeasuringWelfare, Self and OutlooksYouth, self and society…Morally NotAcceptableMorallyAcceptableDependsOn CaseHonour Killings 81% 5% 14%Beating children at school 82 6 12Beating children at home 84 4 12Beating wife 93 1 6Beating sister 91 2 7Beating women in general 93 1 6Attacking teachers at schools 92 3 5Attacking university lecturers 94 2 5Attacking civil servants 95 1 4Attacking doctors & medical staff 95 1 448
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityYES … %I believe there are rifts between rich and poor 68I believe there are rifts between Christians and Muslims 38I believe there are rifts between East Bank Jordanians andJordanians of Palestinian origin58I believe there are rifts between residents of Amman Westand Amman East38I believe there are rifts between Amman residents and theresidents of the Governorates53Rifts are perceived to exist between rich and poor, Christians andMuslims, EastBank Jordanians and Jordanians of Palestinian origin,Amman West and East and Amman and the Governorates.49
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityRespondents were probed about their sense of belonging.They feel a sense of belonging to tribe, clan and family, first, Jordansecond and Governorate of origin third.Citizenship, identity and society45%10%44%Sense of BelongingTribe, family andclan - FIRSTGovernorate -THIRDJordan - SECOND50Base 1098
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityCitizenship, identity and society57%30%12%Sense of identityI am a MuslimfirstI am a JordanianfirstI am an ArabfirstBase 109851
    • MeasuringSocial Rifts and Identity2%5%18%42%32%0% 20% 40% 60%Desperate, angry and lost patience withlife as it isNot satisfied with life as it isNeither nor satisfiedSatisfiedVery satisfied with life in Jordan as it isLife satisfactionCitizenship, identity and life in Jordan52Base 1098
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityCitizenship, identity and pride in country71%26%1%1%1%Very proud to beJordanianProud to beJordanianNot proudNot sure/DontknowNot JordanianBase 109853
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityCitizenship, identity and pride in country15%12% 10% 10%8% 5% 5% 4% 3%7%21%0%20%40%Jordan Saudi UAE US Palestine Japan Turkey Britain Germany None OtherA country that is near to what one wishes for and emulates54Base 1098
    • Measuring Social Rifts and IdentityMost important goal in life41%15% 12% 8%5% 5% 3%11%0%25%50%AcademicachievmentPreofessionallydustinguishedMarriage andfamilyFinding a job Materialwellbeing andsocial statusSuccess andhappinesAnentrepreneurOther55Base 1098
    • JordanYouthSurveyProject ManagementAsian Football Development ProjectPO Box 3366 Amman 11181 JordanContact: Merissa KhurmaAFDP Board MemberCell: +962 798 228 811Email: merissakhurma@gmail.comwww.weareasia.com56Public Policy Research. Social MarketingPO Box 811 580 Amman 11181 JordanContact: Muin A Khoury+ 962 777 750750Email: strategies@strategies.jomuinkhoury@yahoo.comProject Design, Coordination and AnalysisPO Box 963440 Amman- JordanTel: +962 777 621547Fax: +962 6 5159801Email: AccurateOpinion@gmail.comFieldwork, Data Entry & Analysis