Production Technology of Avocado in Pakistan
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Production Technology of Avocado in Pakistan

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Avocado is a nutritious fruit. But awareness about it in Pakistan is not significant. Actually many people think that it does not grow in Pakistan. So here is the file comprising basic information ...

Avocado is a nutritious fruit. But awareness about it in Pakistan is not significant. Actually many people think that it does not grow in Pakistan. So here is the file comprising basic information about the production technology.

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    but still where exactly is it sold here in karachi?
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Production Technology of Avocado in Pakistan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Production Technology of Avocado in Pakistan By Muhammed Safeer Abbas Jafrey BAGF10E141 (3rd F) University College of Agriculture University of Sargodha Pakistan
  • 2. Introduction The pulpy fruit tree of tropical America. It is about the size and shape of a large pear; called also avocado pear, alligator pear.
  • 3. Botanical Introduction Scientific Classification Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Angiosperms Class: Magnoliids Order: Laurales Family: Lauraceae Genus: Persea Species: P. americana Binomial name: Persea americana
  • 4. English & Local Name What would be the name of Avocado in Urdu?
  • 5. Local Name of Avocado English Name: Avocado or alligator pear Urdu Name: Magar Nashpati
  • 6. Origin of Avocado P. americana, or the avocado, originated in the state of Puebla, Mexico.
  • 7. When? Where? & How? Avocado Cultivated in Pakistan?
  • 8. Production Technology of Avocado in Pakistan Location: Chhara pani (Marree) Varieties are grown: 1-California 2-Seloan Climate:   This subtropical species needs a climate without frost and not too much wind. The plantlets of Avocado should be protected from frost for 3 years. Soil: Don’t required specific type of soil but the drainage system of soil should be best.
  • 9. Time of Plantation 1. California is planted in Zaed Khareef season and give fruit in August. 2. Seloan is planted in Khareef season and give fruit in Octuber/November.
  • 10. Propagation While an avocado propagated by seed, the offspring is unlikely to resemble the parent cultivar in fruit quality. Thus, commercial orchards are planted using grafting and budding methods.
  • 11. Establishment of a garden Plant x Plant distance = 9 meters and it is planted in to the pit of 1x1 diameter
  • 12. Irrigation In the first 3 years irrigation should be given carefully In summer season irrigation should be given after 10 days. In winter irrigation should be applied after 20 days. Also the amount of raining should be kept under consideration.
  • 13. Fertilizer Application A mature plant requires 60kg FYM every year in January. Chemical fertilizers can be applied according to need.
  • 14. Protection from Animals We have to provide protection from animals to the Avocado plant and fruit.
  • 15.   Harvest and post-harvest The avocado fruit does not ripen on the tree, but will fall off or be picked in a hard, "green" state, then it will ripen quickly on the ground.
  • 16. Avocado at the Dining Table Avocado Salad Milkshake Avocado+Lime
  • 17. Nutritional Facts Avocados provide nearly 20 essential nutrients, including fiber, potassium, Vitamin E, B-vitamins and folic acid. They also act as a "nutrient booster" by enabling the body to absorb more fat-soluble nutrients, such as alpha and beta-carotene, in foods that are eaten with the fruit.
  • 18. Avocado Seed,Flower, Fruit And Tree Physiology