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Order

  1. 1. GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AbstractMALAYALAM SCRIPT-ADOPTION OF NEW SCRIPT FOR USE-ORDERS ISSUED EDUCATION ‘P’ DEPARTMENTG. O. (P) 37/71/Edn. Dated, Trivandrum, 23rd March 1971.Read: G.O. (P) 329/68/Edn.dated 11-7-1968 ORDER The question of reducing the unwieldy number of alphabets and signs inMalayalam which consume much time and labour in the process of printing andtypewriting, has been under consideration of Government for some time. In 1967Government appointed a Committee with Shri Soornad P. N. Kunjan pillai, Editor,Malayalam Lexicon as convener to advise them on the question of reformation ofMalayalam script. The committee in its report has made recommendations to reduce 75%of the total number of existing characters in printing and typewriting. The reformedMalayalam script recommended by the above Committee was revised with slightmodifications by another committee appointed in 1969 to expedite the adoption of thenew script for use. The recommendations of the above two committees in the matter ofreformation of the Malayalam script are in brief as follows: i. D, Du, E, d F¶nhbpsS am{XIÄ hyRvP§fn n¶pw hnSphn¡pI ii. {]Nmcw Ipdª Iq«£c§Ä N{µ¡e D]tbmKn¨v ]ncn¨v FgpXpI.2. In January 1971 a conference of Managing Editors of important newspapers in the State was convened to discuss the question of adoption of the new Malayalam script for use. The conference has recommended that the reformed script as revised by the committee might be adopted for use with effect from 15th April 1971 (Vishu Day).3. Government have considered the question in detail and are pleased to accept the reformed Malayalam script as revised by the Committee for use. The new script will be adopted for all official purposes with effect from 15th April 1971 (Vishu Day). A booklet “en]n]cnjvIcWw” containing the details of the new script accepted by Government is appended to this G.O.4. All newspapers and periodicals in Malayalam are requested to co-operate with Government in the implementation of the scheme and to adopt the new script from the stipulated date.
  2. 2. ii5. The Superintendent of Government Presses is requested to take necessary steps for implementing the above orders in time. The Government Gazette and other Government publications will be printed in the new script from the above date.6. The Director of Public Relations is requested to give wide publicity to the scheme and to publish an advertisement in all news-papers about the programme for the change over of the script.7. Government advertisements from 15-4-1971 will be in the new script. As far as possible, advertisements will be given in stereo-blocks. By order of the Governor, PADMA RAMACHANDRAN, Education Secretary.To All Heads of Departments and Officers. The Superintendent of Government Presses. The Secretary, Kerala Public Service Commission (with C.L.) The Registrar, High Court (with C.L.) The Registrar, University of Kerala. The Registrar, University of Calicut. The Director of Public Relations. The Gazette. The Editors of all newspapers and periodicals. All members of Script Reformation Committee. All Departments of Secretariat.
  3. 3. en]n]cnjvIcWw © tIcfkÀ¡mÀ 1971
  4. 4. `mjm`nhr²nsb klmbn¡p¶ LSI§fn Xosc A{][maÃm¯ØmamWv en]nIÄ¡pffXv. EPphpw efnXhpamb en]nk{¼Zmbw `mjssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xp kpKaam¡p¶p. `mcXob`mjIÄ¡p sshhn[ywndª en]nk{¼ZmbamWv nehnencn¡p¶Xv. `mcXob`mjIfpsSen]nk{¼Zmbw GIoIcn¡pI F¶ {]ivw Ct¸mÄkPohaÃmXmbn¯oÀ¶ncn¡p¶Xv Cu sshhn[yw aqeapff {]bmk§ÄhyàambXpsIm−mbncn¡Ww. tdma³ en]n kzoIcn¡pIbmhpw CuGIoIcW¯nv ]änb amÀ¤w F¶v nÀt±in¡s¸«ncp¶p. ]t£ AXv`qcn]£wt]À¡pw kzoImcyambnÃ. aebmf `mjbpsS en]nk{¼Zmbw k¦oÀ®amb H¶mWv.hyRvP§tfmSp kzc§Ä tNÀ¡pt¼mgpw, Iq«£c§Äkrãn¡pt¼mgpw, NnÃpIÄ tNÀs¯gpXpt¼mgpw aäpw {]tXyI en]nIÄkrjvSn¨XmWv Cu k¦oÀ®Xbv¡p ImcWw. aebmf en]nIfpsS F®wC¡mcW¯m {IamXoXambn hÀ²n¡bpw sNbvXncp¶p. FÃmwssIsIm−v FgpXnh¶Ime¯v Cu k¦oÀ®X sIm−pff {]bmkwA{Xt¯mfw Ap`hs¸«ncp¶nÃ. F¶m A¨Snb{´¯nsâbpwssS¸vssdädnsâbpw BhnÀ`mht¯msS Cu en]nk{¼Zmbw sIm−pffhnjaXIÄ IqSpXembn Ap`hs¸«p. aebmf¯nv C¶pw shSn¸mbnssS¸v sN¿m³ DXIp¶ Hcp Iot_mÀUv cq]s¸Sp¯mmbn«nsænÂAXnsâ apJyImcWw en]nk{¼Zmb¯nse Cu k¦oÀ®X Xs¶bmWv.en]n]cnjvIcW kwcw`§Ä aebmfen]n ]cnjvIcn¡p¶Xnpff bXv§Ä A§n§v Bcw`n¨n«vIptd¡meambn. kz´ambn CXnte¡v DÂkmln¡pIbpw, ]co£W§fpw{]bXv§fpw S¯pIbpw sNbvX ]{X§Ä¡pw ssS¸v nÀ½mXm¡Ä¡pwkzm`mhnIambpw Ah ^e{]m]vXnbnse¯n¡m³ IgnªnÃ. Kh¬saâvap³ssI FSp¯p S¸m¡m¯ ]cnjvImc§Ä¡v kmÀÆ{XnIambAwKoImcw tSm³ hnjahpap−v. 1967 AhkmamWv kwØmKh¬saâv en]n]cnjvIcW¯nmhiyamb S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨pXpS§nbXv. ChbpsS {]mcw`w F¶ nebn en]n]cnjvIcWhnjb¯n XmÂ]cyhpw, AXnmhiyamb nÀt±i§Ä kaÀ¸n¡m³Ignhpw Dff GXmpw {]apJ DtZymKØmptZymKسamcpsS Hcpkt½fw tNÀ¶p. ]{Xm[n]³amcpw, ssS¸vssdänwKv A¨Sn XpS§nbcwK§fnse hnZKv²³amcpw, hnZym`ymk {]hÀ¯Icpw aäpw ]s¦Sp¯{]kvXpX tbmK¯n h¨v en]n ]cnjvIcWw kw_Ôn¨v Hcp ]²XnX¿mdm¡n Kh¬saânte¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ Hcp I½nän cq]oIcn¡Wsa¶vXocpamn¨p. A[nIw XmaknbmsXXs¶ I½nän cq]oIcn¡pIbpwsNbvXp.
  5. 5. 2 kwØm¯v aebmfw `cW`mjbpw, D¶XhnZym`ymk¯npffam[yahpw Bbns¡m−ncn¡p¶XnmÂ, `mjbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pwhnImk¯npw klmbIamwhn[w en]nIÄ ]cnjvIcn¡Wsa¶mbncp¶pXocpamn¡s¸«Xv. aebmfw A¨Snbpw aebmfw ssS¸vssdänwKpwk{¼Zmb§Ä eLqIcnt¡−Xnsâ BhiyIXbpw {]tXyIw]cnKWn¡s¸«p. F¶m qäm−pIfmbn D]tbmKn¨phcp¶`mjmen]nIfn s]mSp¶s kaqeamb amäw hcp¯pI P§Ä¡v{]bmkw krãn¡psa¶ hkvXpX IW¡nseSp¯psIm−v Ignbp¶{XIqSpX {]tbmPw kn²n¡p¶ eLphmb t`ZKXnIÄ am{Xtahcpt¯−XpÅq F¶ A`n{]mbamWv Kh¬saâv {]ISn¸n¨Xv. Cue£y§Ä ap³nÀ¯n Bhiyamb NÀ¨Ifpw ]T§fpw S¯nbtijw,en]n]cnjvIcWI½nän Kh¬saânte¡v bYmImew dnt¸mÀ«vkaÀ¸n¡pIbp−mbn. Kh¬saâv I½nänbpsS ip]mÀiIÄ s]mXphnÂkzoIcn¡pIbpw AXpkcn¨v Bhiyamb D¯chpIÄ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ct¸mÄ aebmf¯n Aªqdne[nIw en]nIÄ nehnep−v.C¶s¯ coXn¡p `mj ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xnv A{Xbpw en]nIÄBhiyhpamWv. en]nIfpsS Cu B[nIyw A¨Snbnepw ssS¸vssdänwKnepwnch[n hnjaXIÄ krãn¡p¶p−v. AXnm en]nIfpsS F®w{]mtbmKnIamwhn[w F{Xt¯mfw Ipdbv¡mw F¶Xmbncp¶p I½nänbpsSapJy Nn´mhnjbw. ]pXnb en]nIÄ BhnjvIcn¨v S¸n hcp¯pIZpjvIcambXnm nehnepff en]nk{¼Zmbw Xs¶ ]cnjvIcn¨veLqIcn¡mmWv I½nän nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶Xv. hyRvP§tfmSv kzc§ÄtNÀ¶p−mIp¶ A£c§fptSbpw Iq«£c§fptSbpw F®wIpdbv¡pIbmbncp¶p CXnte¡pff {]mtbmKnI amÀ¤w.en]n]cnjvIcWkanXnbpsS nÀt±i§Ä1 D, Du, E F¶o kzc§Ä hyRvP§tfmSp tNcpt¼mÄ {]tXyI en]nIÄXs¶ cq]saSp¡p¶ C¶s¯ coXn¡p]Icw Ahbv¡v {]tXyI Nn GÀs¸Sp¯pI. A, B, C, Cu, F, G, sF, H, Hm, Hu F¶o kzc§Ä¡v GXp hyRvPt¯mSpw tNÀ¡mhp¶ {]tXyI Nn Ds−¶ hkvXpX ChnsS HmÀ½nt¡−Xp−v. D, Du, E F¶o kzc§fpsS Imcy¯nepw B k{¼Zmbw GÀs¸Sp¯nbm H«[nIw en]nIÄ Ipdbv¡m³ Ignbpw. CXnte¡v ‘D’ F¶Xnv ‘p’ F¶ NnÓhpw ‘Du’ hnv ‘q’ F¶ NnÓhpw BWv nÀt±in¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xv. EImc¯nv Ct¸mÄ hyRvPt¯mSp tNÀ¶phcp¶ NnÓwXs¶ thÀs]Sp¯n Ipd¨p hyXykvXXtbmsS ‘r’ F¶ NnÓam¡nbm aXnbmhpw. DZm :--þ Ip, Iq, Ir; Xp, Xq, Xr CXymZn.
  6. 6. 32 ap¼n tc^w (À) tNcp¶ Iq«£c§Ä Ct¸mÄ c−pXc¯n FgpXmdp−v DZm:-þ , AÀ¡³. , ]mÀ¯ew. , tÀ¨. CXn BZys¯ coXn (‘ ’NnÓw apIfn CSp¶ coXn) Dt]£n¡mhp¶XmWv. AXnp ]Icw FÃmbnS¯pw ‘À’ F¶ NnÃv ap³]n FgpXpI F¶p hyhØ sNbvXm aXnbmIpw. hmÀ¯, ]mÀ¡pI F¶n§s.3 `mjbnse Iq«£c§fn ¡, ¦, §, ¨, ©, ª, «, −, ®, ¯, ´, ¶, ¸, ¼, ½, ¿, Ã, Æ F¶nh Xn aebmf]Z§fn kmÀÆ{XnIambn hcp¶hbmWv. Ch Ct¸mgs¯t¸mse nenÀ¯msa¶v I½nän ip]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶p. aäpff Iq«£c§Ä Gdnb]¦pw kwkvIrX¯nÂn¶pw kzoIcn¨n«pffhbmWv. Ahsb N{µ¡ebn«v thÀXncn¨pw AÃmsX H¶n¨ptNÀ¯pw FgpXp¶ coXnIÄ Ct¸mÄ nehnep−v. DZm:-þ IvXþà, ivNþÝ Chbn N{µ¡ebn«v thÀXncns¨gpXp¶ BZys¯ coXn am{Xw nenÀ¯pI F¶XmWv I½nänbpsS ip]mÀi.4 bv, cv, ev, hv F¶o a[ya§Ä tNÀ¶phcp¶ Iq«£c§Ä Ct¸mÄ ]e{]Imc¯n FgpXp¶p−v. bv, hv F¶nh tNcpt¼mÄ {]tXyI Nn sImSp¯v thÀXncns¨gpXpIbmWv ]Xnhv. Iy, Xy, Iz, Xz F¶n§s. “cv” AYhm “dv” F¶ hyRvPw tNcp¶ Iq«£c¯n “{” F¶ {]tXyI NnÓw ÂIn {], {I, {X F¶n§s FgpXmsa¶ I½nän nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶p. “ev” AYhm “fv” tNcp¶nS¯v N{µ¡ebn«v thÀXncnt¨m Ct¸mgs¯t¸mse {]tXyI A£camtbm (¢, ¹ F¶n§s) FgpXmsa¶mWv I½nänbpsS ip]mÀi. NnÃpIÄ (¬, ³, À, Â, Ä) Ct¸mgs¯t¸mse nenÀ¯msa¶v I½nän ip]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶p. FgpXp¶Xnv Ct¸mgs¯ en]nk{¼Zmbw Xs¶ XpSÀ¶psIm−v ssS¸vssdänwKnepw A¨Snbnepw ]pXnb k{¼Zmbw kzoIcn¨m aXnbmIpsa¶pw I½nän ip]mÀi sNbvXn«p−v. nehnepff Aªqdne[nIw en]nIfn `qcn]£hpw Cu nÀt±i§Ä kzoIcn¨p S¸m¡p¶ ]£w IpdhpsN¿mhp¶XmWv. A¨Snbnepw ssS¸vssdänwKnepw en]nIfpsS B[nIywaqew C¶p`hs¸Sp¶ {]bmkw At¸mÄ KWyamb tXmXn IpdbpIbpw sN¿pw. C¶s¯ en]nk{¼Zmb¯n kzoIcn¡p¶Xnv {]bmkap−mhnÃ.
  7. 7. 4 Cu nÀt±i§fn NnesX¦nepw C¶v ]e A¨Snime¡mcpw,]{XØm]§fpw S¸n hcp¯nbn«pffhbmWv. aäp NnesXms¡]co£Whnt[bam¡nbn«p−v. C¶p Cu hnjb¯n XmÂ]cyapff]ecpw ]e coXnbn ]co£n¨ptm¡p¶ en]n]cnjvIcWwimkv{XobmSnØm¯n GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xnpw Cu ip]mÀiIÄ¡pIgnbpw en]n]cnjvIcWkanXnbpsS ip]mÀiIÄ Apkcn¨v ]een]nIÄ¡pw kapNnXamb ap{ZWamXrIIÄ cq]s¸Spt¯−XmWv.A¨Snbnepw ssS¸vssdänwKnepw C¯cw amXrIIÄ D−m¡m³Bhiyamb S]SnIÄ Kh¬saâv kzoIcn¨phcp¶p−v. ]cnjvIcn¨en]nIÄ¡v GIoIrXamb It¼mknwKvtIkv S¸nÂhcp¯p¶Xnmhiyamb S]SnIfpw kzoIcn¨phcp¶p. aebmfw {IampKXambn tIcf¯nsâ HutZymKnI `mjbmbnamdns¡m−ncn¡pIbmWv. ]e L«§fnembn S¸n hcp¯p¶ Cuamäw ]qÀ¯nbmIpt¼mtg¡v ]pXnb en]nk{¼Zmb¯nsâ D]tbmKwkmÀÆ{XnIambn¯otc−XmhiyamWv. F¦nÂam{Xta HutZymKnIambFÃm Bhiy§Ä¡pw aebmf`mjsb kpKaamwhn[w D]tbmKn¡m³Ignbq. AXnm ]pXnb en]nIÄ ntXym]tbmK¯nem¡n¯oÀ¡m³`mjm`namnIÄ ]cn{iant¡−nbncn¡p¶p.
  8. 8. 5 Cn nehn hcp¶ en]nIÄkzc§Ä apXembh hyRvP§Ä A B I J K L M C D N O P Q R F G S T U V W H E X Y Z [ s t ] ^ _ ` a n o b c e h m w i j k l y z f g d u v p q NnÃpIÄ { r x ¬ ³ À Â Ä Iq«£c§Ä ¡ ¦ § ¨ © ª « − ® ¯ ´ ¶ ¸ ¼ ½ ¿ Ã Æ É Ç Ë ¾ » ¹ ¥ ¢ [sam¯w 90 en]nIÄ]

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