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Healthy CitiesLokhaze AliVisiting FacultyNICE, SCEE, NUST
Thought Of The DayHealthy Cities 2
What is a Healthy City?• A healthy city is onethat is continuallycreating and improvingthose physical and socialenvironmen...
The Healthy Cities Program• A long-term internationaldevelopment initiative• Place health high on the agendasof decision m...
Examples of Implementation• Starting in 1986, the first HealthyCities programs were launched indeveloped countries (i.e.Ca...
Evaluation• increasing understanding ofhealth and environment linkages• creation of intersectoralpartnerships to ensure as...
Some key findings from ananalysis of active living in cities• active living as an importantissue for urban planning• impro...
Public Health Engineers• Engineers need to understand the political, social and economiccontext of the countries in which ...
Challenges of 21st Century1. Making public health engineering workglobally2.6 billion people do not have access to „improv...
Access to Improved SanitationHealthy Cities 10
Challenges of 21st Century3. Changing the perception of human wastedisposal from individual responsibility topublic health...
Challenges of 21st Century5. Sustaining public health infrastructureand water resourcesdevelop innovations to respond to i...
Healthy Cities 13
Milan‟s Bosco Verticale• Milan is one of the most pollutedcities in Europe• Bosco Verticale (VerticalForest)• metropolitan...
Masdar CityHealthy Cities 15
Mission• To create a prototypical and sustainablecity where residents and commuters livethe highest quality of life with t...
Goals• To be a benchmark for other cities• To show people to live sustainably• To show businesses how to operatesustainabl...
Sustainability Metrics• Zero Carbon• Zero Waste• High Quality of LifeDESIGN PRINCIPLES• Achieve one planet living principl...
Key FeaturesTransportation• Deploy an integratedtransportation system utilizingpersonal rapid transit systemwhich, togethe...
Key FeaturesWaste• Provide an environment that enablesa zero waste lifestyle through thereduction, reuse, recycling, andre...
PlanningImprove Microclimate using• Well distributed green spaces• Continuous garden arteries• Maximized street shading• T...
BalochistanHealthy Cities 22
Assignment No. 1Ideas for creating a shared vision forhealthy active city1. Look into the futureIt is 20 years from nowour...
Thank YouEmail: lokhaze@hotmail.comCell: 0345-5077775Healthy Cities 24
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Healthy Cities

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Transcript of "Healthy Cities"

  1. 1. Healthy CitiesLokhaze AliVisiting FacultyNICE, SCEE, NUST
  2. 2. Thought Of The DayHealthy Cities 2
  3. 3. What is a Healthy City?• A healthy city is onethat is continuallycreating and improvingthose physical and socialenvironments andexpanding thosecommunity resourceswhich enable people tomutually support eachother in performing allthe functions of life anddeveloping to theirmaximum potential.• A healthy city is anactive cityA healthy city is not one thathas achieved a particularhealth status. Rather, it is acity that is conscious of healthand striving to improve itHealthy Cities 3
  4. 4. The Healthy Cities Program• A long-term internationaldevelopment initiative• Place health high on the agendasof decision makers• To promote comprehensive localstrategies for health protectionand sustainable developmentA Healthy City aims to:• create a health-supportiveenvironment,• achieve a good quality of life,• provide basic sanitation &hygiene needs,• supply access to health care.Healthy Cities 4
  5. 5. Examples of Implementation• Starting in 1986, the first HealthyCities programs were launched indeveloped countries (i.e.Canada, USA, Australia, manyEuropean nations).• Around 1994, developing countriesused the resources andimplementation strategies of initialsuccesses to begin their ownprograms.• Implementation strategies are quiteindividual by city, though they followthe basic idea of involving manycommunity members, variousstakeholders, and commitments ofmunicipal officials to achievewidespread mobilization andefficiency.• Today, thousands of cities worldwideare part of the Healthy Citiesnetwork and exist in all WHOregions in more than 1,000 citiesworldwide.Healthy Cities 5
  6. 6. Evaluation• increasing understanding ofhealth and environment linkages• creation of intersectoralpartnerships to ensure asustainable, widespread program• the commitment of localcommunity members;• a clear vision;• the ownership of policies;• a wide array of stakeholders;• a process for institutionalizingthe program.Healthy Cities 6
  7. 7. Some key findings from ananalysis of active living in cities• active living as an importantissue for urban planning• improving visual appeal• creating a more sustainabletransport system• reducing inequality in publichealth• promote walking and cycling• prevent obesity among adultsand children• initiate disease preventionprogramsHealthy Cities 7
  8. 8. Public Health Engineers• Engineers need to understand the political, social and economiccontext of the countries in which they work to deliver public healthinfrastructure successfully.• Urban sanitation infrastructure needs to be prioritized, particularly forinformal settlements.• Decentralized sanitation facilities which do not require centralgovernment funds can improve the local public health involvement.• Public health engineers should monitor air, water and land pollutioncaused by improper waste disposal.• Engineers will need to develop innovations to respond to increasingwater reuse and sustain the water infrastructure.• Public health infrastructure needs to be resilient to the consequencesof climate change.• Planning and policy decisions for different public health sectors needto be coordinated rather than operating separately.Healthy Cities 8
  9. 9. Challenges of 21st Century1. Making public health engineering workglobally2.6 billion people do not have access to „improvedsanitation‟2. Delivering public health infrastructure toinformal settlementsThis sanitation infrastructure challenge is at itsbreaking point, with the number of people living inthese settlements likely to rise from one-sixth ofthe world‟s population currently to one-third by 2030Healthy Cities 9
  10. 10. Access to Improved SanitationHealthy Cities 10
  11. 11. Challenges of 21st Century3. Changing the perception of human wastedisposal from individual responsibility topublic health policy„On-site‟ toilet facilities are seen by city authorities as anindividual responsibilityinstalling pay-to-use toilets4. Facing the diverse hazards in theenvironmentassess hazards and pollutants in all environmentalcompartments, air, water and landalert for these new hazardsmonitoring programs and new technology to safeguard thequality of the environmentHealthy Cities 11
  12. 12. Challenges of 21st Century5. Sustaining public health infrastructureand water resourcesdevelop innovations to respond to increasing water reuse6. Preparing for climate changeRising sea levels, flooding, extreme weather, drought andmany other climate incidents can have devastating effects in eventhe most developed countries7. Coordinating public health engineeringtasks and sectors as a coherentenvironmental systemHealthy Cities 12
  13. 13. Healthy Cities 13
  14. 14. Milan‟s Bosco Verticale• Milan is one of the most pollutedcities in Europe• Bosco Verticale (VerticalForest)• metropolitan reforestation• two residential towers of 110and 76 meters height• host 900 trees (each measuring3, 6 or 9 m tall)• On flat land, each BoscoVerticale equals, in amount oftrees, an area equal to 10.000sqm of forest.• Plant irrigation through thefiltering and reuse of the greywaters produced by the buildingHealthy Cities 14
  15. 15. Masdar CityHealthy Cities 15
  16. 16. Mission• To create a prototypical and sustainablecity where residents and commuters livethe highest quality of life with thelowest environmental footprintHealthy Cities 16
  17. 17. Goals• To be a benchmark for other cities• To show people to live sustainably• To show businesses how to operatesustainably• To attract innovation and investment• To be a city where businesses want tocome and people want to liveHealthy Cities 17
  18. 18. Sustainability Metrics• Zero Carbon• Zero Waste• High Quality of LifeDESIGN PRINCIPLES• Achieve one planet living principles• Emulate traditional Arabic city designs• Realize highest levels of resource efficiency• Improve quality of life in a city (carfree, convenient, compact, safe)• Maximize the benefits of sustainable technologiesthrough an integrated planning and design approachHealthy Cities 18
  19. 19. Key FeaturesTransportation• Deploy an integratedtransportation system utilizingpersonal rapid transit systemwhich, together with pedestrianand public transit methods, willmove people, goods, andemergency services in a multi-level, barrier-free environment.• Build a city where people can liveand work without the need forpersonal vehicle.• Create the World‟s first carbon-neutral and emission-free large-scale transportation system.Energy• Achieve Carbon Neutrality fromday one with a target of ZeroCarbon• Exceed world class standardsfor energy efficiency• Lead the World with thedemonstration of technology toreduce energy consumption• Supply 100% of energy needsusing state-of-the-artrenewable energy technologies(e.g., photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, waste to energy)• Supply renewable energy to thegrid to provide regional carbonreduction benefits.Healthy Cities 19
  20. 20. Key FeaturesWaste• Provide an environment that enablesa zero waste lifestyle through thereduction, reuse, recycling, andrecovery of waste materials• Promote behaviors that achieve azero waste lifestyle• Maximize the elimination of wastewith the ultimate goal of zero wasteto landfills• Stimulate local and regional marketsfor material reuse and the provisionof recycled feedstock for industry:cradle-to-cradle flow of materials• Utilize organic and residual wastefor energy production and compost• Target 90% waste diversion fromlandfills during construction.Water• Reduce domestic water consumptionto 80 liters per capita per daycompared to 120 to 180 liters percapita per day for other highperforming systems.• Utilize a broad array of water usereduction technologies including highefficiency appliances, grey and blackwater recycling, landscaping with lowwater use native plants, seawatergreenhouses, des catchers, andrainwater recovery.• Minimize the need for desalinationas a source of water• Maximize use of local waterresourcesHealthy Cities 20
  21. 21. PlanningImprove Microclimate using• Well distributed green spaces• Continuous garden arteries• Maximized street shading• Traditional wind towersEnhance mobility and access using• Personal Rapid Transit PRT system• Future local and regional mass transportation systemconnections• Dynamic spine organizationIntegrate services and functions (housing, retail, civic, educationaland workplace)• Digital facilities and municipal services management• Regional resource management (waste, water, energy andtransportation)Healthy Cities 21
  22. 22. BalochistanHealthy Cities 22
  23. 23. Assignment No. 1Ideas for creating a shared vision forhealthy active city1. Look into the futureIt is 20 years from nowour city has just won a nationalaward for being ahealthy, active cityOrImagine you are in a hot-airballoon 15 years from nowOur city is known to be an idealplace for active living by all2. Describe what you see.Observe the total scene.Check out modes of transport.Draw what you see or write itdown in short descriptivesentences.3. Look backwards.“If this were the future, andthis vision has happened, whatwas done?”“How did we get this outcome?”Healthy Cities 23
  24. 24. Thank YouEmail: lokhaze@hotmail.comCell: 0345-5077775Healthy Cities 24
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