The Malaysian Economy in Figures 2013

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This slide will show to public what is the plan toward to Malaysian economic figure in 2013. The detail information about every sector and sub-sector also will showed in this slide to everybody know the real figure of Malaysian economic flow.

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The Malaysian Economy in Figures 2013

  1. 1. The Malaysian Economy in Figures 2013 Prepared by Economic Planning Unit, Prime Minister's Department Phone : 03-8872 3333 Price : RM3.00 Fax : 03-8888 3798
  2. 2. Background on Malaysia o Malaysia covers an area of about 330,803 square kilometers, consisting of states in Peninsular Malaysia, namely Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Penang, Selangor, Terengganu and the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya; Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo and the Federal Territory of Labuan off Sabah. Malaysia lies entirely in the equatorial zone and the average daily temperature throughout Malaysia varies from 21C to 32C. o Malaysia is a multi-ethnic country. The principal ethnic groups are Malay, Chinese and Indian. Other significant groups are the indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak, including Kadazan Dusun, Bajau, Murut, Iban, Bidayuh and Melanau. o Malaysia practises a system of Parliamentary democracy with constitutional monarchy. It has three branches of government, namely the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. o The Malaysian Parliament is made up of the His Majesty Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Senate (upper house) with 70 members and the House of Representatives (lower house) with 222 members. Out of the 70 senators, 44 are appointed by the His Majesty Yang di-Pertuan Agong while 26 are elected by the State legislatures. The general election for the 222 members of the lower house must be held every five years. ii
  3. 3. MALAYSIA : BASIC STATISTICS 2011 Population (million) Labour force (million) Employment (million) Unemployment rate (%) Nominal GDP (RM billion) Nominal GNI (RM billion) Real GDP growth rate (%) Per capita income RM Per capita income US$ Per capita income PPP(US$) Inflation (% p.a) Merchandise exports (RM billion) Merchandise imports (RM billion) Current account of BOP (% of GNI) Exchange rate (RM/US$) Notes: (e) Estimate (f) n.a (not avaialble) Forecast 2012 29.0 12.6 12.3 3.1 884.5 862.6 5.1 29,783 9,733 15,190 3.2 699.6 548.0 11.9 3.06 29.3 12.9 12.5 3.2 941.2 905.2 5.6 30,859 9,991 15,676 1.6 703.2 577.6 6.3 3.09 * Data for Jan-July 2013 2013 (e) MALAYSIA 29.7 13.2 12.8 3.1 1008.2 981.0 5.0~6.0 33,010 10,687 16,499 2.0~3.0 713.1 610.8 4.4 3.09 * iii
  4. 4. THE MALAYSIAN ECONOMY IN FIGURES as at September 2013 Table of Contents Page Page 1. KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Gross Domestic Product ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 4.1.2 Current Expenditure …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Gross National Income ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 4.1.3 Development Expenditure ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Balance of Payments ……………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 1 4.1.4 Overall Surplus/Deficit …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Federal Government Accounts …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 4.1.5 Sources of Finance (net) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Price Indices ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 2 Unemployment ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 4.2 Consolidated Public Sector Finance …………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Exchange Rates ……………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 2 4.2.1 General Government …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Money and Banking ………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 2 4.2.2 NFPEs Surplus/ Deficit ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 4.2.3 Total Public Sector Current Surplus/Deficit ……………………………………………………………………..…… 12 AREA, POPULATION AND LABOUR FORCE 4.2.4 Development Expenditure ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 4.2.5 Overall Surplus/Deficit …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Area …………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 4 4.2.6 External Debt …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Population ……………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 4 Population Age Structure ……………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 4 5. BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Population by Ethnic Group ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Labour Force …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 5.1 Goods (net) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Employment ……………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 6 5.2 Services (net) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 5.3 Income (net)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 5.4 Current Transfers ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 5.5 Current Account Balance (net) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Supply ………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………….…… 7 5.6 Capital & Financial Account Balance (net) 15 Demand …………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 7 5.7 Overall Balance ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Savings and Investment Gap ………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 8 Major Products ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8 6. BURSA MALAYSIA Manufacturing Production Index ………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 10 Distributive Trade …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 6.1 Composite Index ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 6.2 Market Valuation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTS 6.3 Selected World Stock Market Indices ………………………………………………………………………………..… 17 6.4 New Listing ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Federal Government Finance ……………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 12 6.5 Listed Companies ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Total Revenue ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 6.6 Turnover ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4. 4.1 4.1.1 iv
  5. 5. Page Page 7. APPROVED INVESTMENT PROJECTS 7.1 7.2 7.3 Approved Investment Projects …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 11.3 Poverty …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34 Foreign Investment In Approved Projects ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 11.4 Female-Related Information …………………………………………………………………………………………… 34 Proposed Capital Investments In Approved Projects …………….……………………………………………………………………………… 20 12. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON EXTERNAL SECTOR 12.1 Real Gross Domestic Product ………………………………………………………………………………………… 35 Exports ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 12.2 Consumer Price Index ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36 Imports ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 12.3 Structure of Output ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37 Direction of Exports ……………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 22 12.4 Structure of Demand …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38 Sources of Imports ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 12.5 Current Account of Balance of Payments ……………………………………………………………………….…… 39 Trade Prices and Terms of Trade ………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 12.6 Savings and Investment 40 Trade Balance by Main Trading Partners ……………………………….....……………………………………………………………………………… Resource Flows …………………………………………………………………………..…… 24 12.7 Government, Debt and 42 Tourists Arrivals by Region ……………………………….....……………………………………………………………………………… 26 12.8 Population, Urbanisation and Population Density …………………………………………………………..………… 43 12.9 Structure of Employment ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 44 PRIVATIZATION 12.10 Quality of Life …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45 12.11 GNI Per Capita ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46 Privatization Achievement …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27 12.12 Information Age ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47 12.13 Science & Technology ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48 ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE 12.14 The Knowledge-based Economy Development Index (KDI) ………………………………………………………… 49 8. 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 9. 9.1 10. 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 11. 11.1 11.2 Primary Commercial Energy - Final Demand ……………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 28 13. MALAYSIA'S COMPETITIVENESS POSITION …………………………………………….……………………… 50 Electricity - Demand and Supply …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 Roads by Surface Type ………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 30 14. INVESTORS' GUIDE Railway Statistics …………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 30 14.1 Income Tax Rate ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 Air Traffic Statistics ………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… 30 14.2 Promotion of Investment Act …………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 Port Statistics ………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 30 14.3 Income Tax Act ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 14.4 Others …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 QUALITY OF LIFE 15. FOREIGN EXCHANGE ADMINISTRATION POLICIES Indices of Area and the MQLI ……………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………… Rules Applicable to Residents ………………………………………………… 31 15.1 Foreign Exchange Administration 52 Selected Social Indicators …………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………… 32 15.2 Foreign Exchange Administration Rules Applicable to Non-Residents ……………………..……………………… 56 v
  6. 6. 1. KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2009 Unit 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2010 2011 2012(p) RM bil % p.a. 2013(f) RM bil % p.a. RM bil % p.a. RM bil % p.a. RM bil % p.a. Gross Domestic Product (in 2005 constant prices) Agriculture, forestry & fishing Mining Manufacturing Construction Services 629.9 -1.5 676.7 7.4 711.4 5.1 751.5 5.6 789.9 5.0~6.0 50.1 66.4 152.1 19.3 335.0 0.1 -6.5 -9.0 6.2 2.9 51.3 66.2 170.3 21.5 359.8 2.4 -0.3 11.9 11.4 7.4 54.3 62.6 178.2 22.5 385.2 5.8 -5.5 4.7 4.7 7.0 54.8 63.4 186.7 26.5 410.0 1.0 1.4 4.8 18.1 6.4 56.9 66.4 195.9 29.3 431.2 4.0 5.0 4.9 15.9 5.5 Gross National Income (in 2005 constant prices) Private consumption Private investment Public consumption Public investment Exports of goods & services Imports of goods & services Per capita GNI (current) 607.9 0.4 635.7 4.6 666.9 4.9 693.1 3.9 739.7 6.7 309.2 73.2 78.7 68.4 615.0 505.9 24,879 7,059 0.6 -7.4 4.9 2.9 -10.9 -12.7 330.4 86.7 81.4 71.7 683.4 585.0 26,969 8,372 6.9 18.4 3.4 4.9 11.1 15.6 352.9 95.8 94.2 72.4 714.8 621.0 29,783 9,733 6.8 10.5 15.8 1.0 4.6 6.1 380.0 116.9 99.1 84.9 714.1 650.0 30,856 9,990 7.7 21.9 5.1 17.1 -0.1 4.7 408.1 135.6 103.9 90.9 722.5 672.0 32,954 10,734 7.4 16.0 4.9 7.1 1.2 3.4 Balance of Payments Goods (net) Services (net) Primary income (net) Current account balance Capital account Financial account Overall balance Central Bank international reserves Months of retained imports Federal Government Accounts Revenue Operating expenditure Development expenditure (net) Overall balance Notes : Sources : (p) Preliminary (f) RM US$ % of GNI 20.1 0.6 -2.0 15.8 0.0 -11.5 2.0 47.4 140.4 4.2 -14.2 110.7 -0.1 -80.2 13.8 331.3 9.7 158,640.2 157,067.0 48,996.6 -47,423.3 % of GDP 22.3 22.0 6.9 -6.7 Forecast Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Finance, Department of Statistics and Bank Negara Malaysia 136.8 -1.4 -26.3 87.2 -0.1 -20.0 -2.6 328.6 8.6 159,652.5 151,632.6 51,295.6 -43,275.7 % of GNI 17.7 -0.2 -3.4 11.3 0.0 -2.6 -0.3 42.6 % of GDP 20.0 19.0 6.4 -5.4 151.6 -6.3 -21.8 102.4 -0.1 23.3 94.7 423.3 9.6 185,420.4 182,593.3 45,334.3 -42,508.7 % of GNI 17.6 -0.7 -2.5 11.9 -0.01 2.7 11.0 49.1 % of GDP 21.0 20.6 5.1 -4.8 125.6 -14.0 -36.0 57.3 0.2 -23.0 3.9 427.2 9.5 207,911.0 205,537.0 44,326.5 -41,950.7 % of GNI 13.9 -1.5 -3.7 6.3 0.01 -2.49 0.43 47.26 % of GDP 22.1 21.8 4.7 -4.4 102.3 -12.7 -27.2 42.7 n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a % of GNI 10.4 -1.3 -2.8 4.4 n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a 208,649.0 201,917.0 46,725.9 -39,994.0 % of GDP 20.7 20.0 4.6 -4.0
  7. 7. Unit 1.5 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Price Indices Consumer Price Index (CPI)1/ % p.a. 5.4 0.6 1.7 3.2 1.6 1.2 a/ Producer Price Index (PPI)2/ % p.a. 10.2 -7.3 5.6 8.9 0.1 -2.5 b/ 1.6 Unemployment % of labour force 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.1 1.7 Exchange Rates (average for period) RM / US$ RM / 100Yen RM / S$ RM / Pound Sterling 3.333 3.238 2.355 6.156 3.525 3.772 2.424 5.510 3.221 3.672 2.362 4.980 3.060 3.840 2.433 4.904 3.089 3.872 2.472 4.895 3.077 3.229 2.475 4.749 b/ 183.0 903.4 931.9 200.9 989.3 1,017.3 224.4 1,060.2 1,086.1 258.2 1,214.9 1,240.9 287.1 1,330.8 1,350.3 298.8 1,404.0 1,420.6 c/ 972.3 726.5 2.2 1,062.9 783.5 1.8 1,137.9 883.3 2.3 1,298.9 1,003.5 1.8 1,408.3 1,108.0 1.4 1,469.6 1,164.2 1.3 c/ 3.60 3.13 1.42 6.70 3.39 2.24 2.08 0.94 5.62 2.05 2.72 2.50 0.94 6.02 2.60 3.20 2.91 1.08 6.45 2.92 3.15 2.98 1.04 6.53 3.04 3.11 2.97 0.85 6.62 2.99 1.8 Money and Banking Money supply M1 Money supply M2 Money supply M3 RM bil RM bil RM bil Banking System Total deposits RM bil Total loans 3/ RM bil Ratio of net impaired loans to net total loans (%) % of total loans Interest rates 3-month interbank 3-month fixed deposit Savings deposit Base lending rate 3-month Treasury Bills Notes : a/ Data for Jan-June 2013 1/ at at at at at end-period end-period end-period end-period end-period (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) Data bas ed on 2010 bas e year 2/ Avg. Avg. Avg. Avg. Avg. Data bas ed on 2005 bas e year 3/ b/ Data as for Jan-June 2013 c/ Data as at June 2013 Sub-total m ay not neces s arily add up to grand total due to rounding. With effect from April 2006, folowing reclas s ifications under the Financial Ins titutions Statis tical Sys tem (FISS), loans /financing by econom ic s ector/indus try encom pas s non-hous ehold cus tom ers while loans by purpos e encom pas s loans to all cus tom ers . Therefore, a loan to a non-hous ehold cus tom er will be reflected in both econom ic s ector/indus try and purpos e. Loans by s ector (econom ic/indus try+hous ehold s ector) = Loans by purpos e (total loans ) 2 f/ b/ b/ b/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/
  8. 8. MOVEMENT OF EXCHANGE RATES AGAINST THE RINGGIT 1985-2013 GDP, CPI AND PPI, 1985-2013 (Annual Growth Rate) Percentage (%) Value Per RM 12.0 0.0 '85 '88 '91 '94 '97 '00 '03 '06 '09 '12 10.0 0.2 8.0 6.0 0.4 4.0 0.6 2.0 0.0 '85 '88 '91 '94 '97 '00 '03 '06 '09 '12 0.8 -2.0 1.0 -4.0 1.2 -8.0 GDP Data for 2013 is forecast Consumer Price Index* Pound Sterling (STG) US Dollar (US$) Singapore Dollar (S$) -6.0 Japanese Yen (¥100) Producer Price Index* * Data for 2013 refers to Jan-May 2013 * Data for 2013 up to 31h July 2013 @ 3.00 pm 3
  9. 9. 2. AREA, POPULATION AND LABOUR FORCE 2.1 Area Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia Sabah & Labuan Sarawak Sq. Km. 330,803 2.2 132,631 Population Age Structure 73,722 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 10.9 13.8 18.1 23.5 24.0 24.5 25.0 25.5 26.0 26.5 27.1 27.6 28.1 28.6 29.0 29.3 29.7 2.4 2.4 3.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 41.7 54.9 71.1 72.6 74.2 75.7 86.4 87.6 88.7 89.8 Growth % p.a. Density 124,450 per sq. km. 31.3 1980 % of Total mil Unit Number (Mid-year)1/mil 1970 2.3 Population Malaysia mil 2.7 1990 % of Total mil 2000 % of Total mil 2006 % of Total mil 2.0 2007 % of Total mil 2.0 77.2 78.7 2008 % of Total mil 1.9 80.3 81.8 2009 % of Total mil 1.8 83.3 84.9 2010 % of Total mil 2011 % of Total mil 2012 % of Total mil 2013 % of Total mil 1991-2013 Average % of Growth Total (%) Age group 0 - 14 4.8 44.5 5.5 39.3 6.8 37.4 8.0 34.1 8.0 30.1 8.0 29.4 7.9 28.7 7.9 28.0 7.8 27.2 7.8 26.9 7.8 26.4 7.7 26.1 0.6 15 - 64 5.7 52.2 7.8 56.5 10.7 58.9 14.6 61.9 17.3 65.3 17.8 65.9 18.4 66.5 18.9 67.1 19.3 68.1 19.7 68.0 20.0 68.3 20.4 68.4 2.8 65 & above 0.4 3.3 0.5 3.5 5.1 1.5 5.3 1.6 5.5 4.0 10.9 100.0 13.9 100.0 29.0 100.0 29.3 100.0 29.7 100.0 2.2 TOTAL 0.7 3.6 18.1 100.0 0.9 4.0 23.5 100.0 1.2 4.6 26.6 100.0 1.3 4.7 27.1 100.0 1.3 4.8 27.6 100.0 1.4 4.9 28.1 100.0 1.4 4.7 28.6 100.0 1.5 Note : 1/ Data for 2011 and 2012 are different from Basic Statistics table due to differences in foreign workers estimates SourcesDepartment of Statistics : 4
  10. 10. Unit 2.4 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Population by Ethnic Group Malaysian Citizens 25,848 26,264 26,618 26,974 27,336 16,943 17,293 17,677 17,962 18,251 18,546 '000 13,772 14,032 14,322 14,546 14,772 15,003 Other Bumiputera '000 3,172 3,262 3,355 3,417 3,479 3,543 Chinese '000 6,315 6,373 6,430 6,475 6,517 6,559 Indian '000 1,884 1,905 1,925 1,943 1,960 1,977 Others '000 281 278 232 239 246 253 Non-Malaysian Citizens '000 2,145 2,233 2,325 2,346 2,363 2,379 TOTAL1/ Source 25,423 '000 Malay Notes '000 Bumiputera '000 27,568 28,082 28,589 28,964 29,337 29,715 1/ : Data for 2012 and 2013 are different from Basic Statistics table sue to differences in foreign workers estimates : Department of Statistics 5
  11. 11. Unit 2.5 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012(p) 2013(e) '000 11,968 12,083 12,361 12,646 12,924 13,195 % 62.7 63.0 62.8 64.4 65.5 66.2 % 79.0 78.9 79.5 79.7 80.5 80.7 % 45.7 46.4 46.8 47.9 49.5 51.1 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.1 Labour Force Labour force Labour Force Participation Rate: Total 1/ Male 2/ Female 3/ Unemployment Rate Employment Total 2.6 % of labour force '000 11,959 12,256 12,533 12,788 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.3 11.1 10.8 % of total 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 Manufacturing % of total 28.8 27.6 28.3 28.6 29.0 29.4 Construction % of total 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 Services : 11,641 % of total Mining Notes 11,577 Agriculture % of total 52.2 53.5 53.3 53.5 53.4 53.3 (p) Prelim inary (e) Es tim ates 1/ Total num ber of people econom ically active as a percentage of total num ber in the working age population of 15 to 64 years 2/ Total num ber of people econom ically active as a percentage of total num ber of m ales in the working age population 3/ Total num ber of people econom ically active as a percentage of total num ber of fem ales in the working age population Sources : Econom ic Planning Unit and Departm ent of Statis tics 6
  12. 12. 3. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 2009 RM bil 3.1 % growth RM bil 2012(p) 2011 % growth RM bil % growth RM bil 2013(f) % growth RM bil % growth Supply (at constant 2005 prices) Agriculture, forestry & fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Construction Services Electricity, gas & water Transport, storage & communications Wholesale & retail trade, accommodation & restaurant Finance & insurance, real estate & business services Government services Other services Plus : Import duties GDP at purchasers' value 3.2 2010 50.1 66.4 152.1 19.3 335.0 16.2 45.5 103.4 90.7 46.1 33.0 7.0 629.9 0.1 -6.5 -9.0 6.2 2.9 2.0 1.3 2.1 4.1 3.4 3.8 -7.1 -1.5 51.3 66.2 170.3 21.5 359.8 17.5 49.3 111.8 98.0 48.9 34.4 7.7 676.7 2.4 -0.3 11.9 11.4 7.4 7.7 8.4 8.1 8.0 5.9 4.4 9.6 7.4 54.3 62.6 178.2 22.5 385.2 18.1 52.5 119.5 104.1 54.9 36.1 8.7 711.4 5.8 -5.5 4.7 4.7 7.0 3.4 6.5 6.9 6.3 12.3 4.9 13.0 5.1 54.8 63.4 186.7 26.5 410.0 18.9 56.2 125.3 112.0 60.1 37.5 10.0 751.5 1.0 1.4 4.8 18.1 6.4 4.3 7.1 4.9 7.6 9.5 3.9 15.6 5.6 56.9 4.0 66.4 5.0 195.9 4.9 29.3 15.9 431.2 5.5 19.6 4.6 59.4 6.2 131.7 5.2 118.8 6.4 63.4 5.6 38.3 2.4 10.1 1.7 789.9 5.0~6.0 382.4 309.2 73.2 147.0 78.7 68.4 615.0 505.9 607.9 -1.1 0.6 -7.4 4.0 4.9 2.9 -10.9 -12.7 0.4 417.1 330.4 86.7 153.1 81.4 71.7 683.4 585.0 635.7 9.1 6.9 18.4 4.1 3.4 4.9 11.1 15.6 4.6 448.7 352.9 95.8 166.7 94.2 72.4 714.8 621.0 666.9 7.6 6.8 10.5 8.9 15.8 1.0 4.6 6.1 4.9 496.8 380.0 116.9 183.9 99.1 84.9 714.1 650.0 693.1 10.7 7.7 21.9 10.3 5.1 17.1 -0.1 4.7 3.9 543.7 408.1 135.6 194.7 103.9 90.8 722.5 672.0 749.6 Demand (at constant 2005 prices) Private expenditure Consumption Investment Public expenditure Consumption Investment Exports of goods and services Imports of goods and services GNI at purchasers' value : (p) 9.4 7.4 16.1 5.8 4.8 7.0 1.2 3.4 8.2 (e) Notes Preliminary Forecast Sources : Ministry of Finance and Department of Statistics 7
  13. 13. 2009 Unit 3.3 RM bil 2010 % growth RM bil 2012(p) 2011 % growth RM bil % growth RM bil 2013 (f) % growth RM bil % growth Savings and Investment Gap Savings : RM billion (current prices) % of GNI 1/ Investment : RM billion (current prices) % of GNI current prices 237.9 34.0 127.1 18.2 -23.0 110.7 15.8 14.7 308.3 35.8 12.9 299.9 33.1 -2.7 321.1 32.7 8.1 185.7 24.1 46.1 205.8 23.9 10.8 242.6 26.8 17.8 281.5 28.7 16.0 87.1 11.3 102.5 11.9 57.3 6.3 39.7 4.0 Major Products Rubber Crude palm oil Sawlogs Tin Crude oil & condensates Natural gas Notes 272.9 35.4 current prices Resource Balance % of GNI 3.4 -19.8 : (p) Preliminary (f) (b) '000 tonnes '000 tonnes '000 cu.m 2/ '000 tonnes '000 bpd 3/ mmscfd 4/ 857 17,565 18,325 2,412 659 5,806 -20.1 -1.0 -8.8 -7.4 -4.2 -1.4 939 16,994 17,805 2,668 638 5,930 9.6 -3.3 -2.8 10.6 -3.1 2.1 996 18,912 16,000 3,344 570 5,935 6.1 11.3 -10.1 25.3 -10.7 0.1 923 18,782 15,435 3,725 582 5,895 -7.4 -0.7 -3.5 11.4 2.1 -0.7 394 8,391 1,976 1271.0 583 6,353 -13.9 7.4 -11.2 5.3 -1.0 7.5 (d) (d) (a) (b) (c) (c) Forecast (a) as at February 2013 1/ Including change in stock 2/ Cubic metres 3/ Barrels per day 4/ Million standard cubic feet per day as at April 2013 (c) as at May 2013 (d) as at June 2013 Sources : Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Finance, Department of Statistics and Bank Negara Malaysia 8
  14. 14. STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION, 1980-2013 (% of GDP) GDP, CONSUMPTION AND INVESTMENT, 1985-2013 (Annual Growth Rate) Percentage (%) 12.0 Percentage (%) 40.0 10.0 30.0 8.0 Percentage (%) 100 20.0 80 60 6.0 10.0 4.0 0.0 2.0 40 -10.0 -2.0 20 -20.0 0.0 0 -4.0 -6.0 -40.0 -8.0 -50.0 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 -30.0 Agriculture '85 '88 '91 '94 '97 '00 '03 '06 09 12 21.0 16.3 Mining 12.1 Manufacturing 17.2 24.6 30.9 24.2 25.2 Construction Services GDP Total Consumption 2.7 7.9 7.6 7.6 7.63 7.2 9.4 10.6 10.5 9.8 8.8 8.4 3.5 8.6 3.9 3.1 3.2 43.1 46.8 49.3 53.2 53.2 8.4 25.1 24.9 24.8 3.2 3.5 3.7 54.1 54.6 54.6 Total Investment Data for 2013 is forecast 1/: Excludes import duties Data for 2012 is preliminary & 2013 is forecast 9
  15. 15. 2010 2011 2012* Selected Industries Index % growth Index % growth Index Manufacturing Production Index 1/ (2005 =100) 112.2 11.1 117.2 4.5 123.1 5.0 Export-Oriented Industries Electronic and electrical products Chemicals & chemical products Petroleum products 2/ Textiles & wearing apparel footwear Wood & wood products Rubber products Off-estate processing Paper products 107.1 97.7 117.9 113.7 83.8 84.9 150.2 110.0 125.8 9.7 17.4 11.5 -2.4 4.2 11.7 20.8 -2.3 10.4 110.8 94.2 128.3 120.7 92.5 79.9 171.0 119.6 140.4 3.4 -3.6 8.8 6.2 10.4 -5.9 13.9 8.7 11.6 115.2 96.3 139.0 125.9 85.7 85.7 176.2 119.6 135.8 3.9 2.2 8.4 4.3 -7.4 7.2 3.0 0.0 -3.3 Domestic-Oriented Industries 132.5 15.6 143.3 8.2 155.2 8.3 Non-metallic mineral products Fabricated metal products Basic iron & steel and non-ferrous metal Transport equipment Food products Beverages Tobacco products Others 3.5 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION INDEX 2009-2012 % growth 121.7 166.3 110.9 132.3 133.8 150.4 88.2 115.4 22.6 15.0 21.1 29.7 3.1 31.4 0.9 -10.6 148.0 205.9 112.4 126.7 140.1 163.0 98.6 114.0 21.6 23.8 1.4 -4.3 4.7 8.4 11.8 -1.2 155.4 242.8 105.9 144.3 152.3 158.0 109.0 112.7 5.0 18.0 -5.8 13.9 8.7 -3.0 10.6 -1.1 % Annual change 18.0 16.0 14.0 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2010 Total Notes : 1/ 2011 Export-oriented 2012 Domestic-oriented The manufacturing sector includes 102 industries out of the 194 industries, which accounted for 89.7% of the value of gross output and 86.1% of the value add in the 2005 census 2/ Includes natural gas Sources :Bank Negara Malaysia *Jan-July2012 10
  16. 16. 2008 RM mil 3.6 % growth 2009 2010 2011 2012 RM mil % growth RM mil % growth RM mil % growth RM mil % growth Distributive Trade Wholesale Value of sales Number of workers ('000) Salaries & wages 332,442 386 8,607 21.7 0.8 21.7 308,082 389 9,261 -7.3 0.8 7.6 339,761 388 9,915 10.3 -0.3 7.1 412,622 388 12,014 21.4 0.0 21.2 429,205 393 12,621 4.0 1.2 5.1 Retail Value of sales Number of workers ('000) Salaries & wages 205,358 836 10,040 22.9 13.6 12.7 216,821 862 11,017 5.6 3.1 9.7 239,396 909 11,964 10.4 5.5 8.6 264,933 924 16,470 10.7 1.7 37.7 284,269 939 17,855 7.3 1.6 8.4 Motor Vehicles Value of sales Number of workers ('000) Salaries & wages 100,469 235 3,757 19.9 12.0 28.0 97,450 239 4,019 -3.0 1.7 7.0 108,010 241 4,206 10.8 0.8 4.7 115,910 236 4,781 7.3 -2.1 13.7 122,944 237 5,148 6.1 0.5 7.7 Total Value of sales Number of workers ('000) Salaries & wages Sales per worker (RM) Salaries & wages per worker (RM) 638,269 1,457 22,404 437,834 15,368 21.8 9.7 18.5 11.0 7.9 622,353 1,490 24,297 417,616 16,304 -2.5 2.3 8.4 -4.6 6.1 687,167 1,538 26,085 446,802 16,961 10.4 3.2 7.4 7.0 4.0 793,465 1,548 33,265 521,777 21,497 15.5 0.6 27.5 14.8 26.7 836,418 1,569 35,624 533,226 22,711 5.4 1.4 7.1 4.0 5.6 Notes : The data for the period 2005-2010 are from the Census of Distributive Trade 2009 : Starting 2011, Distributive Trade is based on Classification of MSIC 2008 Sources : Economic Planning Unit and Department of Statistics 11
  17. 17. 4. PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTS Unit 4.1 4.1.1 Total revenue 4.1.2 Operating Expenditure Emoluments Pension and gratuities Debt Service Charges Supplies and services Subsidies Asset acquisition Other expenditure 4.1.3 Development Expenditure (Gross) Economic services Social services Security General administration Overall Surplus/Deficit 4.1.5 Notes : 2010 2011 2012(p) 2013(f) 158.6 22.3 49.4 17.7 32.0 0.8 100.0 157.1 22.0 27.2 6.5 9.1 16.8 13.0 1.6 25.9 100.0 49.5 6.9 53.4 35.1 8.0 3.5 100.0 -47.4 -6.7 159.7 20.0 49.5 19.1 30.6 0.8 100.0 151.6 19.0 30.8 7.6 10.3 15.7 15.2 1.2 19.1 100.0 52.8 6.6 49.5 39.4 7.5 3.6 100.0 -43.3 -5.4 185.4 21.0 55.1 17.6 26.7 0.6 100.0 182.6 20.6 27.5 7.4 9.7 15.9 19.9 1.5 18.2 100.0 46.4 5.2 60.7 27.2 9.8 2.3 100.0 -42.5 -4.8 207.9 22.1 56.2 16.7 26.4 0.7 100.0 205.5 21.8 29.2 6.8 9.5 15.6 21.4 0.9 16.6 100.0 46.9 5.0 61.7 26.4 9.4 2.5 100.0 -42.0 -4.5 208.6 20.7 58.4 17.8 23.2 0.6 100.0 201.9 20.0 29.0 6.7 11.0 16.7 18.6 0.5 17.4 100.0 47.8 4.7 62.9 23.3 9.6 4.2 100.0 -40.0 -4.0 56.9 -6.3 -3.2 36.5 3.7 3.2 45.1 0.6 -3.1 43.3 -0.5 -0.5 40.5 -0.4 -0.1 Federal Government Finance Direct taxes Indirect taxes Non-tax revenue Non-revenue receipts 4.1.4 2009 Sources of Finance (net) Domestic borrowing External borrowing Change in assets : 1/ RM bil % of GDP % of total % of total % of total % of total RM bil % of GDP % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total RM bil % of GDP % of total % of total % of total % of total RM bil % of GDP Unit 2010 170.6 -37.7 -5.3 127.2 161.4 167.1 197.2 -40.0 -35.8 -5.0 -4.0 185.9 223.8 -37.9 -4.0 180.4 220.6 -40.2 -4.0 RM bil % of GDP 98.4 13.8 123.2 106.9 15.5 12.1 105.7 11.2 129.5 12.8 RM bil % of GDP 60.7 8.5 71.1 8.0 67.8 7.2 89.3 8.8 4.2.4 Development Expenditure RM bil % of GDP 112.2 15.7 103.0 101.8 12.9 11.5 163.9 17.4 151.9 15.1 4.2.5 Overall Surplus/Deficit RM bil % of GDP -51.5 -7.2 -19.8 -2.5 -96.1 -10.2 -62.6 -6.2 4.2 Consolidated Public Sector Finance 4.2.1 General Government Revenue RM bil Operating expenditure RM bil Current deficit RM bil % of GDP 4.2.2 Non-Financial Public Enterprises(NFPEs) Surplus/Deficit 4.2.3 Total Public Sector Current Surplus/Deficit 4.2.6 RM bil RM bil RM bil Preminilary (f) Forecast % of exports of goods and services External Debt** Debt service ratio 1/ Total debt Medium and long term debt % RM bil RM bil 6.5 232.7 155.3 83.2 10.4 2011 2012(p) 2013(f) 2009 -30.7 -3.5 7.6 10.3 227.1 257.4 147.7 153.5 10.2 252.8 159.8 - (p) Sources : Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Finance and Bank Negara Malaysia * Data for 2013 is based on ER 2012/2013 and BNM Annual Report 2012 12
  18. 18. COMPONENTS OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OPERATING EXPENDITURE, 1990-2013 (Share to Total) FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE 1985-2013 RM billion 210 Percentage (%) 190 100 170 90 150 80 130 110 70 90 60 70 50 50 40 30 30 10 -10 20 -30 10 -50 0 -70 '90 '85 '88 '91 '94 '97 '00 '03 '06 '09 Overall Balance Operating Expenditure Development Expenditure Total Revenue Data for 2012 is preliminary & 2013 is forecast '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '12 Emoluments Debt service charges Supplies & services Others Data for 2012 is preliminary & 2013 is forecast Pension & gratuities Grants & transfers Subsidies 13
  19. 19. MALAYSIAN TAX STRUCTURE 1990-2013 SOURCES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE 1990-2013 RM billion % Growth 35.0 200.0 30.0 100.0 80.0 20.0 60.0 15.0 40.0 10.0 100.0 Other Direct Taxes Petroleum Income Tax Individual Income Tax Company Income Tax 120.0 25.0 150.0 DIRECT TAXES RM billion 20.0 5.0 0.0 '90 '95 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 0.0 -5.0 50.0 -10.0 -15.0 0.0 -20.0 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 Non - Tax Revenue Indirect Taxes Direct Taxes Total Revenue (% growth) (RHS) Data for 2012 is preliminary & 2013 is forecast INDIRECT TAXES RM billion 40.0 Other Indirect Taxes Sales Tax Import Duties & Surtax Services Tax Excise Duties Export Duties 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 '90 '95 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 Data for 2012 is preliminary & 2013 is forecast 14
  20. 20. 5. BALANCE OF PAYMENTS 2009 ITEM 2010 RM billion 5.1 Goods (net) Exports Imports 5.2 Services (net) Transportation Travel Other Business Services Government Goods and Services n.i.e. 5.3 Primary Income (net) 5.4 Secondary Income 5.5 Current Account Balance (net) 5.6 Capital & Financial Account Balance Balance (net) Capital Account Financial Account Direct investment Portfolio investment Financial Derivatives Other investment 5.7 Overall balance Central Bank international reserves (net) Months of Retained Imports Notes Sources : (e) Preliminary (f) Forecast % of GNI 140.4 552.9 412.6 4.2 -15.8 32.2 -11.6 -0.6 -14.2 -19.6 110.7 -0.1 -80.2 -22.3 -1.8 2.4 -58.4 13.8 331.3 9.7 2011 RM billion % of GNI 20.1 79.1 59.1 0.6 -2.3 4.6 -1.7 -0.1 -2.0 -2.8 15.8 136.8 641.1 504.4 -1.4 -22.4 31.6 -10.1 -0.5 -26.3 -21.8 87.2 0.0 -11.5 -3.2 -0.3 0.3 -8.4 2.0 47.4 -0.1 -20.0 -14.0 48.5 -0.7 -53.7 -2.6 328.6 8.6 2012 RM billion % of GNI 17.7 83.2 65.4 -0.2 -2.9 4.1 -1.3 -0.1 -3.4 -2.8 11.3 151.6 699.6 548.0 -6.3 -25.0 29.0 -9.8 -0.5 -21.8 -21.0 102.4 0.0 -2.6 -1.8 6.3 -0.1 -7.0 -0.3 42.6 -0.1 23.3 -9.3 26.1 -0.1 6.5 94.7 423.3 9.6 (p) 2013 (f) RM billion % of GNI RM billion % of GNI 17.6 81.1 63.5 -0.7 -2.9 3.4 -1.1 -0.1 -2.5 -2.4 11.9 125.6 703.2 577.5 -14.0 -28.0 26.9 -12.5 -0.4 -36.0 -18.2 57.3 13.9 77.7 63.8 -1.5 -3.1 3.0 -1.4 0.0 -4.0 -2.0 6.3 102.3 713.1 610.8 -12.7 -28.8 25.3 -8.7 -0.6 -27.2 -19.6 42.7 10.4 72.7 62.3 -1.3 -2.9 2.6 -0.9 -0.1 -2.8 -2.0 4.4 0.0 2.7 -1.1 3.0 0.0 0.8 11.0 49.1 0.2 -23.0 -21.7 58.4 1.0 -60.6 3.9 427.0 9.5 0.0 -2.5 -2.4 6.5 0.1 -6.7 0.4 47.2 n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a. (not available) : Economic Planning Unit, Department of Statistics, Bank Negara Malaysia and Ministry of Finance 15
  21. 21. BALANCE OF PAYMENTS 2005-2012 RM billion BALANCE ON SERVICES AND INCOME 2005-2012 40.0 RM billion 200 30.0 20.0 150 10.0 100 0.0 50 -10.0 0 -20.0 -50 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 -30.0 -100 -40.0 -150 Current Account Goods Financial Account Data for 2012 is preliminary Overall Balance Services & Primary Income 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Transportation Travel Government Goods & Services n.i.e Other Business Services Primary Income Data for 2012 is preliminary 16
  22. 22. 6. BURSA MALAYSIA 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 6.1 Composite Index 1/ 876.8 1,272.8 1,518.9 1,530.7 1,689.0 1,769.2 6.2 Market Valuation (RM billion) 663.8 999.5 1,275.3 1,284.5 1,465.7 1,611.8 6.3 Selected World Stock Market Indices Dow Jones, New York Nikkei, Tokyo Hang Seng, Hong Kong 8,776.4 8,859.6 14,387.5 10,428.0 10,546.4 21,872.5 11,577.5 10,228.9 23,035.4 12,217.6 8,455.4 18,434.4 13,090.8 8,839.9 19,482.6 15,115.6 13,774.5 22,392.2 7 8 12 - 23 - 17 - 14 - 8 23 2 14 6 29 11 28 3 17 634 221 844 - 844 - 822 - 809 - 800 - 122 977 116 960 113 957 119 941 112 921 (a) 110 910 6.4 New Listings Main Market (Main Board)2/ Second Board 3/ ACE Market (Mesdaq Market) Total 6.5 4/ 5 Listed Companies Main Market (Main Board)2/ Second Board 3/ ACE Market (Mesdaq Market) Total Notes : 5 - 4/ Table 7.4- new ls itings - IPOs (including REITs ). (a) Data as at end May 2013 1/ Main Board was renam ed as Main Market effective 3 Augus t 2009 3/ Second Board was m erged into Main Market effective 3 Augus t 2009 4/ Souce FTSE Burs a Malays ia KLCI s tarting from 6 July 2009 2/ Mes daq was renam ed as ACE Market effective 3 Augus t 2009 : Burs a Malays ia 17
  23. 23. 2008 Volume (bil units) 6.6 Volume (bil units) 2010 Value ( RM bil) Volume (bil units) 2011 Value ( RM bil) Volume (bil units) 2013(a) 2012 Value ( RM bil) Volume (bil units) Value ( RM bil) Volume (bil units) Value ( RM bil) Turnovera/ : Consumer Products Industrial Products Construction Trading/Services Technology Finance Hotels Properties Plantation Mining b/ Trusts /REITs Infrastructure Project Companies Closed End Fund Exchange Traded Fund SPACc/ Loans BondIslamic TSRd/ / Warrant Trading of Rights Call Warrants Board / STRCWARR Grand Total Notes: 2009 Value ( RM bil) 4.51 23.41 14.38 40.60 9.85 11.00 0.85 12.88 7.80 0.01 0.53 12.28 25.93 30.26 110.03 3.92 60.73 0.48 12.02 39.35 0.01 0.54 12.31 49.30 16.07 78.50 20.79 17.49 1.28 29.62 6.08 0.01 0.80 14.90 37.31 22.52 108.74 7.04 56.90 0.47 19.49 21.62 0.01 0.82 14.25 48.29 15.40 68.55 23.10 16.85 1.15 31.40 5.82 0.13 1.43 18.16 56.86 27.19 132.97 13.14 81.03 0.54 20.74 24.24 0.18 1.53 19.36 57.85 13.52 93.40 42.21 20.95 0.63 34.27 7.47 0.02 1.49 21.34 61.50 25.15 155.06 9.18 92.15 0.34 31.39 23.90 0.03 1.70 22.87 54.73 8.31 97.04 67.77 13.54 0.31 19.53 5.94 0.01 2.84 24.71 45.88 14.29 164.29 14.94 75.10 0.24 18.72 25.40 0.01 3.80 6.21 22.75 5.84 41.29 23.82 7.01 0.22 12.40 1.93 0.01 1.15 9.56 16.18 10.45 80.57 4.38 44.72 0.50 14.87 7.84 0.02 1.96 3.39 0.03 0.14 10.64 0.05 0.18 5.65 0.02 0.08 10.34 0.03 0.07 5.54 0.02 0.26 8.19 0.05 0.28 2.09 8.95 0.97 2.02 3.09 0.33 3.88 - 1.42 - 3.66 - 1.81 - 3.98 0.02 0.29 1.89 2.19 - 9.30 0.05 0.29 0.90 0.61 - * * * * * * * * * * * * 5.44 0.03 0.15 1.99 2.16 * * 13.63 0.06 0.16 2.12 0.57 * * 2.40 0.01 0.09 2.28 0.35 0.00 * * 7.76 0.03 0.10 0.97 0.11 0.16 * * 13.11 1.25 6.18 1.10 17.40 3.45 29.68 5.27 30.87 4.35 4.35 0.44 154.48 313.09 248.06 302.79 253.25 390.36 329.23 438.17 333.52 408.26 132.14 200.60 Table 7.6- Figures are inclusive of Direct Business @ / YTD data up to end March 2013 a/ Main Market and ACE Market (Main Board, Second Board and Mesdaq Market ) b / Real Estate Investment Trust c/ Special Purpose Acquisition Company d/ Transferable Subsription Rights * Source Warrants and Trading of Rights counters are grouped according to the sector as per the respective mother counter. : Bursa Malaysia 18
  24. 24. 7. APPROVED INVESTMENT PROJECTS Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (a) 7.1 Approved Investment Projects Number of projects approved Potential employment Total proposed capital investment Domestic Foreign '000s RM mil % of total % of total 919 101 62,785 26.6 73.4 766 64 32,637 32.1 67.9 910 97 47,177 38.4 61.6 846 101 56,087 39.1 60.9 7.2 Foreign Investment in Approved Projects (by Selected Countries) Australia France Germany Japan Singapore Taiwan United Kingdom USA Others % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total 28.4 0.5 9.6 12.1 4.3 2.0 1.8 18.8 22.3 1.5 0.1 1.9 31.8 9.0 3.2 1.5 10.6 40.4 0.2 0.7 6.7 13.9 7.4 3.5 1.2 40.4 26.0 0.9 0.5 5.7 29.6 7.3 4.1 0.7 7.4 44.0 0.4 6.9 3.3 13.4 10.6 0.8 2.9 1.4 60.3 1.2 0.1 0.9 20.2 4.8 0.5 0.0 30.1 42.2 46,099 22,145 29,057 34,149 20,845 8,385 TOTAL (a) Note : Source RM mil 804 144 77 17 41,052 11,739 49.2 28.6 50.8 71.4 : Malaysian Investment Development Authority Data from January- March 2013 19
  25. 25. Unit 7.3 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN APPROVED MANUFACTURING SECTOR PROJECTS 1985- MARCH 2012 Proposed Capital Investment in Approved Projects (by Selected Industry) Food manufacturing % of total 4.4 6.0 5.2 6.6 8.3 0.3 Textiles & textile products % of total 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.1 Wood & wood products % of total 1.5 1.0 0.6 1.8 1.0 0.3 Paper, printing & publishing % of total 1.5 1.5 0.6 1.0 2.1 0.9 Chemicals & chemical products % of total 4.2 25.7 6.0 8.8 15.7 1.1 Petroleum & petrochemical products % of total 4.4 3.6 12.2 4.8 14.7 % of total 1.1 0.7 1.9 1.1 3.3 1.1 Plastic products % of total 1.0 2.4 1.7 1.2 2.7 0.9 Non-metallic mineral products % of total 2.0 19.7 6.8 4.6 1.5 Number of Projects 1600 20.1 Rubber products Investment (RM billion) 70 1.7 Basic metal products % of total 41.0 7.9 11.1 17.7 9.2 29.2 Fabricated metal products % of total 1.7 4.2 5.4 2.5 3.0 2.5 Machinery & equipment % of total 2.0 3.8 4.1 1.3 4.5 % of total 28.3 14.5 28.2 35.8 9.7 27.6 Transport equipment % of total 4.6 4.3 7.5 10.7 19.0 % of total 1.5 3.7 7.4 1.6 4.1 4.1 1000 40 800 30 600 20 400 8.9 Others 1200 50 1.2 Electronics & electrical products 1400 60 10 200 0 0 '85 '87 '89 '91 '93 '95 '97 '99 '01 '03 '05 '07 '09 '11 '13 Foreign Investment Domestic Investment Number of Projects TOTAL Source : Malaysian Investment Development Authority RM mil 62,785 32,637 47,177 56,087 41,052 11,739 20
  26. 26. 8. EXTERNAL SECTOR Unit 8.1 Exports Total exports Annual growth Major primary commodities Rubber Palm oil Sawlogs & sawn timber Crude petroleum & refined petroleum products Manufacturing products Annual growth Electrical & electronic products Chemical & chemical products Manufactures of metal Optical & scientific equipment 8.2 Notes Imports1/ Total imports Annual growth Consumption goods Intermediate goods Capital goods Others Imports for re-exports : (p) Preliminary 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 RM bil % 663.0 9.7 552.5 -16.7 638.8 15.6 697.9 9.2 702.2 0.6 RM bil RM bil RM bil RM bil 8.1 49.7 5.9 76.1 4.5 38.4 5.1 47.6 9.2 47.7 5.4 59.7 13.5 64.7 5.2 70.0 7.9 56.1 4.9 83.6 RM bil % RM bil RM bil RM bil RM bil 463.7 1.9 255.6 40.3 19.4 15.0 413.0 -10.9 230.1 32.9 14.5 13.3 461.0 11.6 249.9 40.7 18.4 18.3 471.0 2.2 237.3 47.2 21.5 18.8 470.4 -0.1 231.2 46.4 20.1 22.9 RM bil % RM bil RM bil RM bil RM bil RM bil 521.6 3.5 32.2 378.9 68.6 20.0 21.8 434.9 -16.4 31.5 297.5 65.3 13.5 27.1 528.8 21.7 34.5 365.7 73.8 19.2 35.7 573.6 8.5 41.0 385.7 80.2 21.1 45.6 (p) 607.4 5.9 45.8 372.7 96.6 26.5 65.8 1/ Based on Broad Economic Categories (BEC) Sources : Department of Statistics and Bank Negara Malaysia 21
  27. 27. Unit 8.3 8.4 8.5 Notes 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012(p) Direction of Exports USA Singapore North East Asia 1/ ASEAN 2/ Japan China % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total 12.5 14.6 14.9 11.0 10.7 9.6 11.0 13.9 15.0 11.8 9.7 12.2 9.5 13.3 15.6 12.0 10.5 12.5 8.3 12.6 16.0 12.0 11.7 13.1 8.7 13.6 15.6 13.2 11.8 12.6 Sources of Imports North East Asia 1/ Japan ASEAN 2/ USA China Singapore % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total % of total 14.2 12.5 13.3 10.8 12.9 11.0 13.3 12.5 14.2 11.2 14.0 11.4 14.0 12.6 15.8 10.6 12.6 11.4 13.1 11.4 15.0 9.7 13.2 12.8 12.5 10.3 14.8 8.1 15.1 13.3 Trade Prices and Terms of Trade Export Price Index Import Price Index Terms of Trade index (2005=100) index (2005=100) index (2005=100) 124.6 104.6 119.1 119.3 114.2 104.5 125.3 117.7 106.5 130.0 122.0 106.6 136.2 128.7 105.8 : (p) Preliminary 1/ Exclude Japan and China. 2/ ASEAN-10 exclude Singapore Sources : Department of Statistics and Bank Negara Malaysia 22
  28. 28. DIVERSIFICATION OF EXPORTS, 1991 & 2012 (% of Total) Manufactured (67.0) Manufactured (63.8) Oil & gas (14.3) Forestry (8.1) Tin (0.7) Palm Oil (5.9) Oil & Others gas Rubber (4.3) (12.5) (2.8) 1991 RM94.50 billion Forestry (0.7) Tin (0.4) Palm Oil (8.0) Rubber Others (1.1) (10.4) 2012 RM702.2 billion 23
  29. 29. IMPORTS BY BROAD ECONOMIC CATEGORIES, 1991 & 2012 (% of Total ) Intermediate goods Intermediate goods (61.4) (64.7) Capital goods (19.2) Others (4.1) Imports for Consumption Capital re-exports goods goods (5.0) (7.0) (15.9) 1991 RM100.8 billion Others (4.4) Consumption Imports for goods re-exports (7.5) 2012 (10.8) RM607.6 billion 24
  30. 30. 8.6 Trade Balance by Main Trading Partners (RM billion) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Country Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance Exports Imports Balance North America United States Canada 85.92 82.70 3.22 59.39 56.13 3.26 26.53 26.57 -0.04 63.58 60.81 2.76 51.11 48.83 2.27 12.47 11.98 0.49 64.08 60.95 3.13 59.12 56.26 2.86 4.96 4.69 0.27 60.43 57.65 2.78 58.21 55.41 2.80 2.22 2.25 -0.02 63.72 60.79 2.93 51.97 49.09 2.87 11.75 11.70 0.05 EU France Germany Netherlands United Kingdom 54.61 6.36 15.35 23.44 9.46 41.30 7.55 22.45 3.68 7.62 13.31 -1.19 -7.10 19.76 1.84 45.91 5.45 14.85 18.52 7.08 34.99 7.06 18.41 3.52 6.00 10.92 -1.61 -3.56 15.00 1.09 51.87 7.11 17.35 20.22 7.19 36.81 6.26 21.33 3.40 5.83 15.06 0.85 -3.99 16.82 1.37 52.96 8.07 18.46 19.28 7.16 41.24 9.51 21.98 3.61 6.14 11.72 -1.45 -3.52 15.67 1.02 46.88 5.46 16.02 18.59 6.81 48.08 13.03 23.21 5.01 6.83 -1.20 -7.57 -7.19 13.58 -0.02 ASEAN Brunei Indonesia Philippines Singapore Thailand 160.56 1.50 20.70 9.71 97.02 31.63 117.66 0.33 24.18 6.94 57.06 29.15 42.90 1.17 -3.48 2.77 39.96 2.48 132.57 1.56 17.24 6.96 77.01 29.81 102.91 0.23 23.02 4.01 49.36 26.30 29.66 1.33 -5.78 2.95 27.65 3.51 148.89 1.45 18.09 9.97 85.25 34.14 134.10 0.15 29.39 11.31 60.28 32.97 14.79 1.29 -11.30 -1.34 24.98 1.16 157.39 1.67 20.84 10.94 88.19 35.74 148.22 0.15 35.11 4.78 73.70 34.48 9.16 1.52 -14.27 6.16 14.49 1.26 173.42 2.14 27.62 10.48 95.48 37.71 152.86 0.16 31.11 4.80 80.48 36.31 20.56 1.98 -3.49 5.67 15.01 1.40 Far East Japan China 134.13 70.69 63.44 131.73 64.88 66.85 2.40 5.81 -3.41 120.70 53.35 67.36 115.34 54.32 61.03 5.36 -0.97 6.33 146.87 66.76 80.10 132.96 66.53 66.43 13.90 0.23 13.67 172.92 81.37 91.55 141.07 65.36 75.71 31.85 16.01 15.84 171.68 82.93 88.75 154.25 62.39 91.86 17.43 20.54 -3.12 72.04 28.21 26.96 16.87 10.76 24.36 62.85 13.53 24.23 25.09 8.58 11.72 9.19 14.68 2.73 -8.22 2.18 12.64 63.95 29.11 20.32 14.52 8.54 20.19 49.41 10.81 20.13 18.47 10.46 9.48 14.54 18.30 0.19 -3.95 -1.92 10.71 76.95 32.41 24.33 20.21 11.06 24.02 65.20 12.68 28.69 23.83 14.68 10.19 11.75 19.73 -4.36 -3.62 -3.62 13.83 80.73 31.25 26.25 23.23 12.01 25.68 64.00 13.60 23.27 27.13 16.10 12.81 16.73 17.65 2.98 -3.91 -4.09 12.87 77.19 30.07 25.30 21.82 11.48 29.10 63.21 13.32 24.67 25.22 19.72 14.62 13.98 16.75 0.63 -3.40 -8.24 14.49 663.01 519.80 143.21 552.52 434.67 117.85 638.82 528.83 109.99 697.86 573.63 124.23 702.19 607.36 94.83 NIEs Hong Kong, China Korea, Republic of Taiwan, China Central & South America Australia TOTAL (including others) Note : (p) Preliminary Sources : Department of Statistics and Bank Negara Malaysia 25
  31. 31. MALAYSIA’S EXPORTS BY DESTINATION, 1991 & 2012 EU 14.8% North America 17.7% MALAYSIA’S IMPORTS BY ORIGIN, 1991 & 2012 Brunei 1.2% Indonesia 5.0% Rest of the North America World 16.2% 12.0% Philippines 3.3% Brunei 0.02% Indonesia 6.9% EU 13.7% Philippines 2.5% Thailand 10.9% Rest of the World 10.1% ASEAN 29.3% Thailand 12.2% ASEAN 19.9% Singapore 79.6% NIEs 10.2% NIEs 10.5% Far East 17.6% Rest of the World 19.5% 1991 RM94.5 billion North America 9.1% Far East 28.0% 1991 RM100.8 billion Philippines 5.6% Others1/ 9.0% EU 8.9% Singapore 78.4% Indonesia 14.7% North America 8.6% Rest of the World 16.9% EU 10.8% Others1/ 10.1% Thailand 21.4% Indonesia 18.3% Thailand 20.0% ASEAN 28.0% NIEs 11.3% Far East 24.4% 1/ ASEAN 26.8% Singapore 50.7% Far East 25.4% 2012 RM702.2 billion Include Brunei, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia Singapore 47.4% NIEs 10.4% 1/ 2012 RM607.4 billion Include Brunei, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia 25
  32. 32. 8.7 TOURIST ARRIVALS 2000-2012 Tourist Arrivals by Region 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Region '000 % of Total ASIA ASEAN Eastern Asia Southern Asia Western Asia Central Asia '000 % of Total '000 % of Total '000 % of Total '000 % of Total 19.13 16.57 1.84 0.55 0.17 0.00 86.8 75.1 8.3 2.5 0.8 0.0 20.92 18.29 1.84 0.59 0.20 0.00 88.5 77.4 7.8 2.5 0.8 0.0 21.88 18.94 2.02 0.69 0.23 0.00 89.0 77.0 8.2 2.8 0.9 0.0 22.30 18.89 2.13 0.97 0.29 0.02 90.3 76.4 8.6 3.9 1.2 0.1 22.73 18.81 2.56 1.04 0.30 0.02 90.8 75.2 10.2 4.2 1.2 0.1 AMERICA Caribbean Central America Nothern America Southern America 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 1.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 1.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 1.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0 OCEANIA 0.48 2.2 0.60 2.5 0.65 2.6 0.64 2.6 0.57 2.3 EUROPE Eastern Europe Nothern Europe Southern Europe Western Europe 0.89 0.04 0.49 0.05 0.31 4.0 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.4 1.02 0.04 0.55 0.05 0.38 4.3 0.2 2.3 0.2 1.6 1.03 0.03 0.55 0.06 0.39 4.2 0.1 2.2 0.2 1.6 1.01 0.04 0.52 0.06 0.39 4.1 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.6 1.03 0.05 0.52 0.07 0.40 4.1 0.2 2.1 0.3 1.6 AFRICA 0.03 0.1 0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 0.05 0.2 0.04 0.1 OTHERS 1.22 5.5 0.76 3.2 0.68 2.8 0.40 1.6 0.32 1.3 TOTAL Source : Ministry of Tourism 22.05 100.0 23.64 100.0 24.59 100.0 24.71 100.0 25.03 100.0 (‘000) 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 Others America & Europe East Asia ASEAN 26
  33. 33. 9. PRIVATISATION 9.1 Privatisation Achievement Total Projects Privatised: Existing projects New projects Jobs eliminated from Government payroll 1983 - 2012 592 542 50 Operating Expenditure (RM bil) Proceeds from Sales of Government Equity and Assets (RM mil) Market Capitalisation as at 31 December 2011 (RM bil) % of total Bursa Malaysia Capitalisation Construction 22.0% Transport, Storage & Comunications 13.0% Agriculture & forestry 5.4% Electricity, Gas & Water 7.6% 113,487 Manufacturing 11.8% Savings: Capital expenditure (RM bil) SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATIZED PROJECTS, 1983-2012 (% of Total ) 174.6 9.25 6,483.8 Mining & Quarrying 3.4% Other Services 9.0% 234.0 Wholesale & Retail Trade, Hotel & Restaurant Finance, Real 10.0% Estate & Government Bussiness Services Services 8.3% 9.5% 15.97% Total Projects: 592 Source : Public -Private Partnership Unit, Prime Minister's Department 28
  34. 34. 10. ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE 2007 PJ¹/ 2008 % of Total PJ¹/ 2009 % of Total PJ¹/ 2010 % of Total PJ¹/ 2012 (p) 2011 % of Total PJ¹/ % of Total PJ¹/ 2013 % of Total PJ¹/ % of Total 10.1 Primary Commercial Energy Final Demand Final Demand By Source : Petroleum products 1,039.8 56.1 1,023.0 54.5 1,010.2 59.1 1,021.0 58.8 1,001.9 55.0 1,032.2 54.4 1,063.3 53.9 Electricity 321.5 17.4 334.1 17.8 346.7 20.3 376.3 21.7 386.6 21.2 414.2 21.8 443.7 22.5 Natural gas 433.9 23.4 449.8 23.9 284.5 16.6 261.7 15.1 358.9 19.7 371.4 19.6 384.3 19.5 Coal & coke 56.9 3.1 71.7 3.8 67.5 4.0 76.4 4.4 73.6 4.0 78.0 4.1 82.8 4.2 1,852.1 100.0 1,878.7 100.0 1,708.9 100.0 1,735.4 100.0 1,821.0 100.0 1,895.8 100.0 1,974.1 100.0 TOTAL 2007 10.2 Electricity - Demand and Supply 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(f) 2/ Peak demand (Megawatt) 15,172 15,540 15,943 16,900 17,483 18,026 19,589 Installed capacity (Megawatt) 21,559 21,637 24,015 24,375 24,379 25,035 26,055 42.1 39.2 50.6 44.2 39.4 38.9 33.0 Reserve margin (%) Notes : (p) 1/ Preliminary (f) Forecast Joule is the unit of energy used to establish the equivalent physical heat content of each energy form, where 1 petajoule (PJ) = 1015 joules 2/ Assumptions for 2012 and 2013: a. Petroleum products will grow at 3.02% p.a. b. Electricity will grow at 7.13% p.a. c. Natural gas will grow at 3.48% p.a. d. Coal and coke will grow at 6.04% p.a. Sources :Economic Planning Unit, Green Technology and Water, Energy Commission, Tenaga Nasional Berhad, Sabah Electricity Sdn Bhd & Sarawak Energy Berhad 29
  35. 35. GENERATION MIX OF ELECTRICITY, 1995-2013 (% of Total) Others 2.2 Hydro 6.2 Gas 72.5 Coal 16.5 Others 1.5 Hydro 11.3 Oil 4.1 Gas 66.5 Renewable 1.5 2003 (83, 300 GWH) Hydro 10.6 Gas 45.3 Coal 38.5 Coal 9.7 Oil 11.0 1995 (41, 813 GWH) Sources: Tenaga Nasional Berhad ,Sabah Electricity Sdn. Bhd. and Sarawak Energy Berhad Oil 5.4 2013 (131,850 GWH) 29
  36. 36. Unit 10.3 10.4 Roads by Surface Type Paved Unpaved TOTAL 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(f) 73,419 18,593 92,011 99,999 24,653 124,653 111,377 25,842 137,219 127,517 29,650 157,167 142,938 39,690 182,628 n.a. n.a. n.a. 10.2 100.1 347.2 4,824 334,099 11.7 95.0 345.3 5,231 328,888 11.6 96.0 360.9 5,432 326,503 10.1 97.5 379.2 5914 313,113 10.3 119.3 402.0 7640 445,680 39.5 591.6 1,888.6 (a) 34.4 32.8 67.2 15.2 14.8 30 (a) 168,328 72,437 718,628 297,337 886,956 369774 (a) Railway Statistics Inter-city daily ridership KTM Komuter daily ridership Light Rail daily ridership Total freight traffic Container handling 10.5 km km km 2008 '000s '000s '000s '000 tonnes TEU's* million million million 27.5 21.4 48.9 29.1 23.5 52.6 31.1 28.0 59.1 33.2 29.9 63.1 Domestic International TOTAL (including transit) Notes (a) Air Traffic Statistics No. of Passengers Domestic International TOTAL (including transit) Cargo Handled 10.6 (a) tonnes tonnes tonnes 160,770 776,116 936,886 144,735 664,888 809,623 172,496 754,918 927,414 168,378 736,899 905,277 33.8 30.1 74.9 259.6 398.4 25.6 25.6 70.0 250.8 372.0 27.9 34.6 76.4 291.5 430.4 24.7 32.0 78.7 328.5 463.9 Port Statistics Composition of Cargo Throughput General cargo Dry bulk cargo Liquid bulk cargo Containerized cargo TOTAL : (f) : (f) Forecas t n.a. (not available) mil tonnes mil tonnes mil tonnes mil tonnes/TEU's* mil tonnes * Twenty-foot Equivalent units (m illion) 25.6 34.1 76.1 334.3 470.1 (a) (a) (a) (a) 28.3 52.1 81.4 372.0 533.8 ** Total exclude containerized cargo Data as at Jan-May 2013 Sources : Econom ic Planning Unit, Departm ent of Statis tics , Minis try of Trans port, Minis try of Works , Malays ian Com m unications and Multim edia Com m is s ion and Malays ia Airports Holdings Berhad 31
  37. 37. 11. QUALITY OF LIFE Index 2005 2010 2011 % Change (2000-2011) 11.1 Area Indices and the Malaysian Quality of Life Index (MQLI) Education 106.0 120.4 117.0 17.0 Transport & Communication 115.2 120.3 128.4 28.4 Housing 108.0 115.7 114.8 14.8 Culture and Leisure 104.5 113.5 113.2 102.3 113.3 115.3 15.3 Public Safety 109.0 110.8 113.7 106.9 110.5 111.6 11.6 96.8 110.1 114.0 14.0 Environment 105.3 106.6 107.6 7.6 Working Life 101.2 104.6 108.2 97.2 104.6 100.7 0.7 111.9 113.5 13.5 Working Life 8.2 104.8 Income & Distribution 115.3 13.7 Health Culture & Leisure 113.2 13.2 Income & Distribution INDICES OF AREA 2000, 2005 AND 2011 Social Participation Family Life MQLI Note : Economic Planning Unit Transport & Communication Public Safety 113.7 128.4 Social Participation 114.0 Health 111.6 Family Life 100.7 Education 117.0 Environment Housing 114.8 107.6 2000 2005 2010 2011 : 2000 is used as the base year Source 108.2 32
  38. 38. 11.2 Selected Social Indicators Unit Indicators Trade disputes Working days lost Strike Number of workers involved in strike Industrial and commuting accidents 2008 number number of days number number number '000 267 273 2 170 54.1 Private motorcars and motorcycles Telephone fixed lines Cellular phones Broadband subsribers 1/ Total road mileage Total railway tracks Average daily newspaper circulation Doctor-population ratio Crude birth rate Crude death rate Infant mortality rate Maternal mortality rate Life expectancy at birth male female Beds in hospitals 2/ Notes per per per per km km per persons per 1,000 population per 1,000 population per 1,000 live births per 100,000 live births : (p) 1/ Prelim inary (e) Es tim ates 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 population population population household 1,000 population years years number 2010 2011 2012 330 1,139 4 393 55.2 344 181 2 71 57.6 311 0 0 0 59.9 324 0 0 0 61.6 1,080.2 153 989 211 92,011 2,266 136.8 955.5 151 1,054 317 124,653 2,266 127.3 1,083.3 154 1,192 556 137,219 2,603 126.5 1,097 18.4 4.7 6.2 27.3 914 18.5 4.8 6.9 27.0 859 17.2 4.8 6.8 27.3 71.6 76.4 38,004 2009 71.6 76.5 38,057 71.7 p 76.8 p 37,793 1,137.0 143 1,277 623 157,167 2,603 120.7 791 17.1 p 4.6 6.9 n.a. 72.0 e 77.1 e 38,394 1,237.8 133 n.a n.a 182,628 2,603 n.a n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 72.3 e 77.2 e n.a. n.a (not available) Data for broadband s tarts from 2006. Non- private hous ehold s ubs criptions and public WiFis ubs criptions are not taken into account. 2/ Include governm ent hos pitals and s pecial m edical ins titutions Sources : Econom ic PlanningUnit, Departm ent of Statis tics , , Minis try of Works , Minis try of Health, Minis try of Trans port, Indus trialRelations Departm ent, Malays ian Com m unications & Multim edia Com m is s ion Econom ic Planning Unit, Departm ent of Statis tics Minis try of Works , Minis try of Health, Minis try of Trans port, Indus trial Relations Departm ent, Malays ian Com m unications & Multim edia Com m is s ion and National Regis tration Departm ent, Social Security Organization 33
  39. 39. 2012(p) Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 % % 92.1 92.9 92.7 93.3 93.1 93.7 93.9 94.5 94.1 94.6 % % % total ('000) Indicators Literacy rate 15 years and above 10 years and above Enrolment primary school 1/ lower secondary school upper secondary school2/ tertiary 3/ Pupil-teacher ratio primary : secondary secondary 94.0 86.3 77.7 94.3 86.5 77.3 94.2 86.8 77.2 94.4 86.1 77.8 824.0 913.6 989.3 968.9 94.5 86.2 78.0 610.2 pupils pupils 4/ Electricity coverage : rural housing units Water coverage 2/ : total population served Low Cost House & Flat completed Air quality Water quality 6/ Forested land Marriages Divorces Average household size 2/ number Crimes 7/ Road accidents (Fatality Index) Notes number number number Membership in residents’ associations : 1/ % of population % number % of stations with API < 51 % of clean rivers % of total land per 1,000 population per 10,000 vehicles Excluding pre-s chool enrolm ent in prim ary s chools (p) Prelim inary 14.2 13.9 13.3 13.7 13.0 13.4 8/ 12.6 13.1 12.3 13.1 91.7 92.3 95.9 94.1 10,553 72.0 53.0 55.3 92.5 94.8 13,310 81.0 51.4 54.8 93.9 93.6 19,171 76.0 57.7 55.4 94.4 4,839 72.0 59.3 54.6 94.5 5,153 74.0 58.3 n.a. 194,240 26,432 4.4 196,093 31,624 4.4 197,279 32,539 4.4 207,553 33,788 4.4 214,155 37,282 n.a. 3,245 7.7 3.63 3,604 3,846 7.5 3.55 6.2 3.40 4,025 5.5 3.21 4,542 n.a. 3.05 n.a. (not available) Excluding Form 6 enrolm ent in s econdary s chools 3/ Data for lower and upper secondary enrolment are only MOE schools because data from private schools are not significant by levels of education. 4/ 5/ 6/ 7/ Excluding pre-univers ity (e.g. m atriculation, pre-diplom a and certificate) enrolm ent Beginning 2008, electricity coverage is bas ed on National Key Res ult Area (NKRA) lab Beginning from 2000, water coverage is pres ented by the percentage of population Beginning from 2006, data is upon rivers ins tead of rivers -bas ins previous ly 8/ Data bas ed on violent crim e and property crim e Beginning 2010, the percentage of electricity coverage is adjus ted bas ed on the 2010 Population and Hous ing Cens us 9/ Sources : Econom ic Planning Unit, Departm ent of Statis tics , Minis try of Works , Minis try of Education, Minis try of Higher Education, National Regis tration Departm ent, Departm ent of Is lam ic Developm ent Malays ia Royal Malays ian Police, Road Safety Departm ent Malays ia, Minis try of Natural Res ources and Environm ent, National Water Services Com m is s ion and Regis trar of Society 34
  40. 40. 11.3 Poverty 1/ Unit 11.4 2004 2007 2008 2009 2012 % of households % of households % of households 8.5 14.8 3.3 6.0 13.5 2.3 5.7 11.9 2.5 3.6 7.1 2.0 3.8 7.7 2.0 3.8 8.4 1.7 1.7 3.4 1.0 % of households % of households % of households 1.9 3.6 0.5 1.0 2.6 0.3 1.2 2.9 0.4 0.7 1.4 0.3 0.8 1.8 0.3 0.7 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.1 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 % % % % % % % % % 49.7 35.6 35.6 3.4 45.8 48.6 36.1 36.0 3.4 46.4 48.6 35.8 35.7 3.7 45.7 48.5 36.2 36.2 3.8 46.4 48.5 35.3 35.2 3.6 46.8 48.5 35.9 35.8 3.3 47.9 48.6 36.4 36.4 3.2 49.5 48.6 50.0 61.4 48.6 49.7 61.7 48.6 49.9 61.7 48.5 49.8 56.2 48.5 49.8 56.4 48.6 49.9 55.4 48.6 49.8 58.2 14.2 13.4 13.5 14.0 14.4 16.5 13.6 Female-Related Information Female population Female labour force Total female employed Female unemployment rate Female labour force participation rate 2/ Female primary schools enrolment Female secondary schools enrolment Female university enrolment Female members in Parliament 3/ Notes 2002 Unit Incidence of poverty : overall rural urban Incidence of hardcore poverty : overall rural urban 1999 : 1/ Based on Household Income Survey which is done once in 2 years Excluding Form 6 enrolment in secondary schools Including the Senate : Economic Planning Unit, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education : 2/ : 3/ Sources 35
  41. 41. 12. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON Country REAL GDP GROWTH 1990-2012 (f) 2010 2011 2012 -0.6 -3.5 5.2 3.0 4.0 1.6 3.2 1.2 3.5 1.2 -5.1 -5.5 -4.0 -3.1 4.0 4.7 1.8 2.4 3.1 -0.6 0.9 1.8 0.9 2.0 0.2 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.7 1.9 2.7 -0.7 7.6 8.5 6.4 4.0 5.1 1.8 5.3 3.2 -2.5 0.3 -0.8 -1.8 6.8 6.3 14.8 10.8 4.9 3.6 5.2 4.1 1.4 2.0 1.3 1.3 3.0 2.8 2.0 3.0 Brunei Indonesia Malaysia -1.8 4.6 -1.5 2.6 6.2 7.4 2.2 6.5 5.1 1.3 6.2 5.6 1.2 6.3 5.0~6.0 -4.0 Philippines Thailand Vietnam 12.1 2009 1.1 -2.3 5.3 7.6 7.8 6.8 3.9 0.1 5.9 6.6 6.4 5.0 6.0 5.9 5.2 -8.0 9.2 5.0 10.4 11.2 9.3 7.7 7.8 4.0 8.0 5.7 2013 Real Gross Domestic Product (% Annual Growth) World Advanced Economies Germany Japan United Kingdom United States Emerging & Developing Countries NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Singapore Taiwan, China 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 ASEAN China India Annual Growth (%) 4.0 2.0 0.0 -2.0 -6.0 '90 '92 '94 Malaysia '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 Developing Countries '08 '10 '12 World : (f) Forecast Notes Sources :: Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Finance and IMF World Economic Outlook April 2013 Data for 2011 is preliminary & 2012 is forecast 36
  42. 42. Country 12.2 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (f) 0.1 1.5 2.7 2.0 1.7 0.2 -1.3 2.1 -0.3 1.2 -0.7 3.3 1.6 2.5 -0.3 4.5 3.1 2.1 0.0 2.8 2.1 1.6 0.1 2.7 1.8 5.1 6.0 7.2 5.9 5.9 20 0.6 0.6 2.8 -0.9 2.3 2.8 2.9 1.0 5.3 5.2 4.0 1.4 4.1 4.6 2.2 1.9 3.5 4.0 2.4 2.0 15 1.0 4.8 0.6 0.4 5.1 1.7 2.0 5.4 3.2 0.5 4.3 1.6 1.5 5.6 2.0~3.0 5 4.2 -0.9 6.7 3.8 3.3 9.2 4.7 3.8 18.7 3.1 3.0 9.1 3.1 3.0 8.8 0 -0.7 10.9 3.3 12.0 5.4 8.9 2.6 9.3 3.0 10.8 INFLATION RATE 1990-2013 Consumer Price Index (% Annual Growth) Advanced Economies Germany Japan United Kingdom1/ USA Developing Countries NIEs Hong Kong SAR Singapore Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Percentage change (%) 25 10 ASEAN 6 Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Vietnam China India Notes : (f) 1/ Forecast Based on Eurostat's harmonized index of consumer prices Sources :: Economic Planning Unit and IMF World Economic Outlook April 2013 '90 '95 '96 '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 Malaysia Advanced Economies Developing Countries Data for 2013 is forecast 37
  43. 43. Country 12.3 Year GDP (US$ billion) Value Added as percent of GDP (% ) Agriculture Industry 1/ Services Structure of Output Selected Developed Countries Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 3,397.0 5,962.2 2,435.0 15,684.8 1 1 1 1 31 30 22 19 68 68 77 80 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Singapore Taiwan, China Republic of Korea 2012 2012 2012 2012 263.0 276.5 474.0 1,129.6 0 0 2 3 7 27 29 39 93 73 69 58 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia2/ Philippines Thailand 2012 2012 2012 2012 878.0 242.5 250.3 365.6 14 7 12 8 47 38 31 47 39 55 57 44 China India Notes 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 8,227.1 1,856.0 10 14 45 27 45 59 : 1/ Includes mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas and water Adjusted for Import Duties 2/ Sources : Economic Planning Unit and IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 38
  44. 44. Percentage of GDP (% ) Country 12.4 Year Household Consumption Expenditure Government Consumption Expenditure 2012 2012 2012 2012 57.6 60.9 65.8 70.9 19.5 20.5 22.1 16.5 17.6 21.1 14.2 15.8 41.4 13.4 19.2 9.9 2012 2012 9.1 9.7 12.4 15.8 26.3 24.1 19.5 26.7 187.6 147.7 63.6 48.5 Gross Fixed Capital Formation Exports of Goods Structure of Demand Selected Developed Countries Germany Japan United Kingdom USA NIEs Hong Kong SAR Singapore Taiwan, China Republic of Korea ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 2012 2012 2012 2012 54.6 66.1 74.1 55.4 8.9 24.5 10.4 13.6 33.2 26.8 19.4 28.6 21.4 95.0 * 20.8 62.8 China India Note 2012 65.0 39.2 60.3 53.5 2012 2012 34.9 56.9 13.5 11.8 45.1 29.9 24.9 15.8 : * Exports of goods & s evices * Estim ate Sources : Econom ic Planning Unit and IMD World Com petitivenes s Yearbook 2013 39
  45. 45. 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (f) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (f) 12.5 Current Account of Balance of Payments (US$ billion) Advanced Economies Other Emerging Market & Developing Countries Exports (f.o.b.) 7,745.9 9,145.1 10,633.1 10,466.6 10,899.1 Exports (f.o.b.) 4,638.0 5,917.3 7,381.2 7,644.3 8,006.4 Imports (f.o.b.) 8,102.7 9,618.8 11,313.1 11,145.4 11,558.9 Imports (f.o.b.) 4,134.7 5,228.5 6,432.7 6,707.1 7,185.0 -356.8 -473.6 -680.0 -678.9 -659.8 503.6 688.8 948.5 937.2 821.3 415.4 481.9 578.9 593.8 683.5 -210.5 -212.6 -283.1 -348.4 -361.3 58.6 8.2 -101.1 -85.1 23.7 225.5 351.1 407.9 400.3 300.1 -338.1 -368.3 -384.1 -373.3 -373.8 -54.0 -9.0 -77.3 -58.1 -50.0 Trade balance Services (net) Balance on goods and services Income (net) Current transfers (net) Current account balance Developing Asia Trade balance Services (net) Balance on goods and services 293.1 476.3 665.4 588.8 460.0 -272.0 -411.7 -451.2 -453.1 -449.3 Current transfers (net) 247.8 270.3 272.6 258.7 285.6 Current account balance 268.9 334.9 486.8 394.4 296.3 Income (net) Malaysia 1/ 2/ 3/ Exports (f.o.b.) 1,944.9 2,542.1 3,078.7 3,246.5 3,493.6 Exports (f.o.b.) 156.9 199.0 228.6 227.6 229.3 Imports (f.o.b.) 1,726.2 2,347.9 2,924.9 3,095.4 3,365.3 Imports (f.o.b.) 117.1 156.6 179.1 187.0 196.4 218.7 194.2 135.9 151.1 128.3 39.8 42.5 49.5 40.7 32.9 -9.0 -13.6 -22.4 -50.1 -42.2 1.2 -0.4 -2.0 -4.5 -4.1 Trade balance Services (net) Balance on goods and services Trade balance Services (net) Balance on goods and services 180.6 113.5 101.0 86.1 38.6 42.0 47.5 36.1 28.8 -48.4 -91.3 -79.5 -106.7 -96.7 Primary Income (net) -4.0 -8.2 -7.1 -11.7 -8.7 Current transfers (net) 126.8 142.7 144.7 136.0 155.6 Secondary Income (net) -5.6 -6.8 -6.9 -5.9 -6.3 Current account balance Notes 209.7 Income (net) 288.1 232.0 178.8 130.4 145.0 Current account balance 31.4 27.1 33.5 18.6 13.7 : (f) Forecast : 1/ Sources Data for 2013 is estimate 2/Data for 2013 is based on average period of Jan-May 2013 exchange rate, USD1=RM3.10 3/Data for 2013 is based on exchange rate, USD1=RM3.10 : Department of Statistics, Bank Negara Malaysia and IMF World Economic Outlook April 2013, Table B 40
  46. 46. 2008 2010 2011 2012 2013(e) World Savings Investment 24.2 23.9 21.9 21.8 23.3 23.0 23.8 23.4 23.9 23.6 24.4 24.2 Advanced Economies Savings Investment Resource Balance 19.9 21.1 -0.8 17.2 17.8 0.1 18.2 18.5 0.0 18.3 18.8 -0.2 18.4 18.8 -0.2 18.7 19.0 0.1 Developing Asia Savings Investment Resource Balance 44.6 38.7 4.1 45.7 41.9 2.7 44.8 42.3 1.9 43.6 41.9 1.0 43.0 41.9 0.8 43.2 42.1 0.6 Malaysia (as % of GNI) Savings 39.7 34.0 35.4 35.8 33.1 32.7 Investment¹/ Resource Balance 12.6 2009 22.1 17.6 18.2 15.8 24.1 11.3 23.9 11.9 26.8 6.3 28.7 4.0 Savings and Investment (as % of GDP) : (f) 1/ Notes : Forecast Including change in stock Sources : Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Finance and IMF World Economic Outlook April 2013 41
  47. 47. Collected 12.7 Total Government Budget Expenditure (% of GDP) Central Government Surplus/Deficit (% of GDP) Year Government Tax Revenue1 Country General Direct Investment Foreign Debt Flows Inward (% of GDP) (% of GDP) (US$ billion) Government, Debt and Resource Flows Selected Developed Countries Australia Germany United Kingdom USA 24.8 37.1 35.5 25.0 36.4 45.0 48.5 41.6 -2.7 0.2 -6.3 -8.5 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 66.0 27.2 55.6 205.8 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore 2012 2012 2012 2012 14.2 25.9 12.9 13.8 18.7 21.7 19.1 14.5 0.1 2.0 -1.7 1.1 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 74.6 4.8 3.2 56.7 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 2012 2012 2012 2012 11.8 25.4 12.4 19.1 18.8 29.6 16.8 20.2 -2.3 -4.3 -2.3 -2.8 8.0 1.9 18.6 0.5 19.9 4.4 2.0 7.8 China India Notes Sources : 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 19.0 16.2 23.1 28.7 -2.2 -5.1 0.1 1.8 2/ 271.7 22.8 : 1/ Data for 2011 2/ Data for Jan-June 2012 n.a. (not available) *Data is revis ed es tim ate : Economic Planning Unit, Department of Statis tics and IMD World Competitivenes s Yearbook 2013 42
  48. 48. Country 12.8 Surface Area ('000 km²) (2012) Population (million) (2012) Population Density (per km²) (2010) Urban Population as % of Total Population (2012) Population Under 15 years as % of Total Population (2012) Population, Urbanisation and Population Density Selected Developed Countries Australia Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 7,741.0 357.0 378.0 244.0 9,832.0 22.7 82.0 127.5 62.9 314.3 2.9 234.6 349.7 257.2 33.8 89.4 74.1 91.9 79.7 82.6 18.9 13.2 12.9 17.5 19.5 1.0 100.0 36.0 1.0 7.2 50.0 23.3 5.3 6,782.9 508.9 645.3 7,252.4 100.0 83.5 70.0 100.0 11.4 15.1 14.6 16.4 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Vietnam 1,905.0 331.0 300.0 513.0 331.1 247.2 29.3 94.9 66.5 89.7 132.4 83.6 312.8 135.3 280.3 45.0 73.5 67.0 34.4 31.7 26.4 29.9 32.7 19.1 23.2 China India 9,600.0 3,287.0 1,354.0 1,232.4 143.4 411.9 51.9 31.6 15.9 29.9 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore Note : 1 Data in 2010 Sources : Economic Planning Unit, World Bank World Development Report 2012, IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013, Human Development Report 2012 and World Bank World Development Indicator and Global Development Finance (as of 8 Apr. 2013) 43
  49. 49. Country 12.9 Year Employment by Sector (% of Total Employment) Total Employment (million) Agriculture Industry 1/ Services Structure of Employment Selected Developed Countries Australia Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 11.5 41.6 62.7 29.4 142.5 2.8 1.6 3.8 1.2 1.5 20.8 24.7 25.0 18.9 17.3 76.4 73.7 71.1 79.9 81.2 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore 2012 2012 2012 2012 3.7 24.7 10.9 3.4 0.1 6.2 5.0 0.0 11.5 24.2 36.2 29.8 88.4 69.6 58.8 70.2 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 2012 2012 2012 2012 110.8 12.5 37.6 38.9 35.1 11.1 32.2 39.6 21.7 36.2 15.3 20.9 43.2 52.7 52.5 39.5 China India 2012 2012 767.0 38.1 2/ 27.8 2/ 34.1 2/ 472.0 47.3 2/ 21.4 2/ 31.3 2/ Note : 1/ Sources : Economic Planning Unit and IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 Includes manufacturing, mining, electricity, construction, gas and water for other countries 2/ Data for 2010 44
  50. 50. Life Expectancy at birth Under Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births) Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000 population) Dependency Ratio <15, >65 Internet Users (No. of internet users per 1,000 people) Computers per capita (No. of computers per 1,000 people) Adult Literacy Rate (% age 15 & above) Pupil-Teacher Ratio in Education (Primary Education) (%) Mobile Telephone Subscribers No. of Subscribers (per 1,000 inhabitants) 2012 2012 2010 2012 2012 2012 2010 2012 2012 Selected Developed Country Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 80.6 83.6 80.3 78.8 4.0 3.0 5.0 8.0 8.3 8.5 13.0 14.0 51.3 59.0 52.5 49.6 832 857 838 858 917 809 926 1031 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 12.7 17.8 17.5 13.6 1,323 1,050 1,308 927 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore 83.0 80.7 79.2 81.2 n.a. 5.0 5.0 3.0 12.5 9.4 n.a. 9.3 33.5 36.8 35 35.7 857 844 782 865 923 877 709 892 n.a. 98.3 97.9 95.6 14.8 20.9 15.3 19.3 2,147 1,085 1,241 1,502 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 69.8 74.5 69.0 74.3 32.0 6.91/ 25.0 12.0 18.2 17.21/ 25.1 12.1 47.3 46.4 59.2 40.3 58 367.0 105 150 16.7 92.2 93.6 1/ 95.4 94.1 93.0 16.0 13.0 31.4 16.0 19.9 1,031 1,270 993 1,116 23.0 225 732 190 369 701 15.0 61.0 12.1 22.2 36.0 53.8 359 169 156 57 94.3 62.8 17.7 33.5 732 720 Country 12.10 Quality of Life Vietnam China India Notes: 1/ 2012 estimates 73.7 65.8 2/ data as at 2006 3/ Data as at 2007 3/ 11.7 4/ Data as at 2008 182 n.a. (not available) Sources: Department of Statistics, World Development Report 2013, IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 and World bank World Development Indicator 45
  51. 51. Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Selected Developed Countries Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 39,440 37,650 44,490 46,910 42,470 37,840 45,700 47,890 42,540 37,580 41,220 45,950 43,280 42,050 38,430 47,360 44,270 44,900 37,840 48,620 44,230 45,130 37,840 48,550 44,010 47,870 38,250 50,120 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Singapore 12.11 2007 32,020 21,140 33,760 33,860 21,430 35,750 32,210 19,650 36,030 33,430 19,720 39,410 36,010 20,870 42,930 35,710 20,870 45,690 36,560 22,670 47,210 1,600 7,003 1,510 3,200 790 2,480 950 1,950 8,129 1,770 3,640 920 3,040 1,030 2,160 7,059 1,870 3,730 1,030 3,620 1,150 2,500 8,372 2,060 4,150 1,160 4,240 1,260 2,940 9,733 2,210 4,440 1,270 4,940 1,410 2,930 9,991 2,200 4,620 1,270 4,940 1,450 3,420 10,687 2,470 5,210 1,400 5,740 1,530 GNI Per Capita (US$) ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Vietnam China India Sources : Economic Planning Unit and World Bank World Development Indicator (as at 10 July 2013) 46
  52. 52. Information Technology Broadband Subscribers Cyber Security Fixed Telephone Investment in Telecommunications Internet Bandwith 2013 2011 2013 2011 2011 2011 Mobile Phone Costs (prepaid mobile cellular tariffsUS$ per minute local call, off-net (peak))) 2011 (per 1,000 inhabitants) (% of GDP) (per internet user (kbps)) 7.7 7.6 8.1 6.2 6.9 5.4 0.50 0.23 0.24 5.8 5.6 468 630 511 533 466 0.37 2 n.a. 50.40 74.79 23.11 166.07 47.17 0.83 0.21 1.13 0.40 0.27 61.9 41.7 26.6 20.8 20.0 1 Skills Country 12.12 (per 1,000 inhabitants) Fixed Broadband Tariff (residential), per month (US$) 2010 Information Age Selected Developed Countries Australia Germany Japan United Kingdom USA NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore 1 2 318.0 358.8 237.5 256.6 6.5 5.4 7.2 7.1 610 609 727 389 0.46 0.62 0.34 n.a. 1,046.33 17.17 34.59 343.73 0.01 0.24 0.32 0.06 21.2 27.1 11.2 28.1 6.8 8.0 8.1 6.7 11.2 74.1 19.1 52.8 5.1 7.2 4.8 4.9 159 147 37 96 0.46 1.02 0.58 0.39 7.20 10.65 12.36 24.63 0.21 0.12 0.17 0.05 22.2 21.6 23.1 21.0 China India Source 8.5 8.1 8.1 8.2 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Note: 7.7 8.6 244.5 344.5 273.3 327.4 274.5 7.5 8.5 116.1 11.0 5.2 4.8 212 26 1.11 5.21 2.69 6.32 0.04 0.02 18.6 6.0 IMD Survey Data presented are for two years preceeding the given year(s). Thus, 2011 data may be noted in a colummn that should present 2009, and similarly 2010 for 2008, and so on : IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 47
  53. 53. Country 12.13 Development & Funding for Total Business High High - Technology Intellectual Application of Technological Expenditure Expenditure Technology Exports Property Technology Development on R&D on R&D Exports (% of Manufactured Rights Supported1 (Sufficient)1 (% of GDP) (% of GDP) (US$ million) Exports) Enforced1 2013 2013 2011 2011 2011 2011 2013 Science & Technology Selected Developed Countries Australia Germany Japan United Kingdom USA 1.3 1.9 2.5 1.1 1.9 4,411 183,371 126,478 68,937 145,273 13.0 15.0 17.5 21.3 18.1 7.9 8.6 7.8 7.8 8.4 7.4 6.1 7.1 8.0 6.8 5.1 7.2 7.4 0.7 3.7 3.0 2.2 0.3 2.8 2.2 1.4 805 122,021 79,368 126,435 13.7 25.7 46.4 45.2 7.0 5.2 7.1 8.0 5.9 7.8 6.0 5.9 5.5 7.4 4.9 5.3 0.0 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.1 5,728 61,127 12,949 33,265 8.3 43.4 46.4 20.7 4.8 6.9 4.2 4.4 China India 1 2.3 2.8 3.3 1.8 2.8 ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Note: 5.5 6.2 6.4 5.8 7.6 NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore Source: 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.8 7.6 5.2 6.0 4.7 5.4 1.8 0.9 1.4 0.3 457,107 12,871 25.8 6.9 4.5 5.1 IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 IMD Survey 48
  54. 54. 12.14 World Competitiveness Ranking Economic Performance Countries/Rank 2012 Government Efficiency 2013 2012 Business Efficiency 2013 2012 2013 Infrastructure 2012 WORLD COMPETITIVENESS SCOREBOARD, 2012 and 2013 Ranking for 2012 in brackets OVERALL 2013 2012 2013 (Rank/59) (Rank/60) (Rank/59) (Rank/60) (Rank/59) (Rank/60) (Rank/59) (Rank/60) (Rank/59) (Rank/60) USA Singapore Sweden Switzerland Canada Australia Germany Denmark Norway Netherlands Finland MALAYSIA China United Kingdom New Zealand Korea Ireland Japan Thailand India Indonesia Philippines Hong Kong Taiwan, China Note: Source: 1 9 17 7 12 23 5 31 16 8 40 10 3 19 41 27 37 24 15 21 32 42 4 13 1 13 18 10 11 23 6 35 12 17 48 7 3 15 40 20 26 25 9 27 33 31 8 16 22 2 8 4 9 14 19 11 6 15 12 13 34 23 10 25 20 48 26 42 28 32 1 5 25 3 7 4 9 13 19 11 6 14 12 15 41 24 10 20 17 45 22 46 26 31 2 8 11 2 5 7 9 13 17 15 8 14 16 6 32 22 28 25 10 33 23 24 35 26 1 4 1 8 3 6 7 17 15 11 5 14 20 4 25 23 27 34 13 21 18 32 31 19 2 10 1 8 3 2 6 19 7 4 9 11 5 26 29 15 24 20 22 17 49 53 56 55 18 12 1 12 2 3 6 20 7 4 11 9 5 25 26 15 24 19 22 10 48 54 56 57 21 16 2 4 5 3 6 15 9 13 8 11 17 14 23 18 24 22 20 27 30 35 42 43 1 7 The World Competitiveness Ranking series analyse and rank how nations and enterprises manage the totality of their competencies to achieve increased prosperity. The components above provide ranking based on the knowledge components. For Malaysia's purpose, the comparison is made with relative to 21 other countries, which are mainly developed countries for four components namely the basic infrastructure, technological infrastructure, scientific infrastructure and educational. IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 1 5 4 2 7 16 9 12 6 14 20 15 21 18 25 22 17 24 27 40 39 38 3 11 USA 1 (2) Singapore 5 (4) Sweden 4 (5) Switzerland 2 (3) Canada 7 (6) Australia 16 (15) Germany 9 (9) Denmark 12 (13) Norway 6 (8) Netherlands 14 (11) Finland 20 (17) MALAYSIA 15 (14) China 21 (23) United Kingdom 18 (18) New Zealand 25 (24) Korea 22 (22) Ireland 20 (17) Japan 24 (27) Thailand 27 (30) India 40 (35) Indonesia 39 (42) Philippines 38 (43) 100.00 89.857 90.53 93.36 89.13 80.51 86.20 83.51 89.59 83.16 78.19 83.15 77.04 79.15 73.94 75.17 79.59 74.53 72.97 2012 59.89 2013 61.81 63.15 49
  55. 55. Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Germany 90,509 79,585 81,750 86,953 81,634 Japan United Kingdom USA 13.15 76,849 89,905 98,131 80,798 75,116 101,920 87,277 77,294 105,422 93,972 82,801 107,915 95,091 82,764 110,092 60,891 60,138 63,941 67,136 71,711 39,446 37,714 61,627 35,332 36,869 59,242 42,597 40,998 71,702 46,045 43,591 80,478 45,769 43,643 82,355 4,981 20,797 2,152 17,938 6,530 21,971 7,722 25,592 7,924 4,882 7,371 4,538 6,988 5,235 8,383 6,043 8,986 6,652 9,388 5,588 2,512 14,538 6,295 2,731 19,396 6,391 3,473 17,187 9,550 3,823 25,265 10,726 3,932 23,295 Overall Productivity (US$) Selected Developed Countries Selected Emerging and Developing Economies NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand China India Brazil : Notes Overall Productivity= GDP per pers on em ployed, US$ Sources :IMD World Com petitivenes s Yearbook 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009 50
  56. 56. Country (e ) 2009 2010 2011 Germany 41.3 38.5 44.7 45.0 44.8 Japan United Kingdom USA 13.16 2008 37.3 39.1 47.8 33.0 40.6 53.3 34.4 43.0 54.7 34.2 43.5 55.5 34.8 42.6 55.2 36.1 37.1 40.0 41.5 43.1 25.3 29.7 36.4 24.8 34.5 37.4 25.5 37.8 44.6 26.3 38.6 45.8 26.6 37.8 46.6 4.1 16.5 4.2 17.2 4.4 18.6 4.6 19.7 5.1 4.2 6.8 4.4 6.5 4.8 7.1 5.1 7.1 4.9 7.1 4.7 3.3 11.0 5.5 3.8 12.9 5.8 4.2 11.9 7.3 4.5 12.6 8.0 4.5 12.9 2012 Labour Productivity (US$) Selected Developed Countries Selected Emerging and Developing Economies NIEs Hong Kong SAR Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand China India Brazil Notes : Labour Productivity= GDP (PPP) per pers on em ployed per hour, US$ Sources :: IMD World Com petitvenes s Yearbook 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009 51
  57. 57. 2009 2010 2011 2012 Country Industry* Agriculture Industry* 84,601 70,709 86,480 126,671 68,929 70,017 70,880 99,129 29,771 23,736 68,134 81,229 86,948 67,545 96,536 134,348 73,814 67,789 70,450 98,721 32,763 22,318 87,225 72,412 93,446 74,005 87,732 140,467 71,698 69,627 74,684 99,305 46,168 19,676 45,169 78,996 96,412 81,690 87,366 120,178 72,596 65,970 74,171 105,441 47,182 24,906 45,882 84,104 NIEs Hong Kong SAR 55,473 91,816 34,054 53,907 91,322 50,461 91,322 100,009 43,537 58,687 104,061 72,496 Republic of Korea Taiwan, China Singapore 13.17 Services 66,462 59,655 63,584 57,771 83,428 84,833 21,252 21,009 - 73,487 68,393 85,866 57,118 89,239 96,300 23,293 23,456 - 57,118 89,239 96,300 51,071 93,924 99,379 25,808 27,221 - 99,261 63,946 84,942 51,402 94,140 99,016 25,781 29,857 - 22,671 36,924 18,165 31,814 18,196 10,812 22,134 8,102 38,557 9,646 15,469 12,323 14,385 26,944 3,485 19,360 3,998 3,235 2,913 2,945 7,323 22,997 40,676 20,229 36,271 19,410 10,972 21,404 8,388 41,466 10,263 16,042 14,817 15,749 26,030 3,776 19,448 4,057 3,334 3,166 3,635 6,671 8,388 41,466 10,263 16,042 14,817 15,749 26,030 8,819 43,373 11,021 16,832 16,607 15,806 26,139 4,134 21,039 4,002 3,424 3,714 3,648 6,699 23,314 9,614 4,420 22,450 37,151 23,344 11,666 30,974 12,031 18,480 17,942 21,323 26,417 4,081 3,443 4,263 2,744 8,575 Productivity by Sector (PPP) (US$) Germany Japan United Kingdom USA Services Agriculture Industry* Services Agriculture Industry* Services Agriculture Selected Emerging and Developing Economies ASEAN Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand China India Brazil Note : *Includes mining, construction, electricity, gas and water Productivity in Agricultural (PPP) = Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in agriculture, US$ Productivity in Industry(PPP) = Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in industry, US$ Productivity in Services (PPP) = Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in services, US$ Sources IMD World Competitveness Yearbook 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010 52
  58. 58. 13. MALAYSIA’S COMPETITIVENESS POSITION Ranking 0 3 10 20 15 14 12 13 3 11 18 24 25 30 30 29 40 36 38 50 54 60 60 70 IMD World Competitive ness Yearbook 2013 World Bank Doing Business 2013 WEF Global Competitive ness Report 2013-2014 WEF Global Information Technology Report 2013 EIU EReadiness 2010 TI Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 AT Kearney Global Retail Developmen t Index 2013 AT Kearney Global Services Location 2011 Current Year 15 12 24 Previous Year 14 18 25 30 36 54 13 3 29 38 60 11 3 53
  59. 59. 14. INVESTOR’S GUIDE 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 Income Tax Rate • Individual 0-26% • Corporate 25% Promotion of Investment Act,1986 Incentives available are Pioneer Status (PS), Investment Tax Allowance (ITA), , Double Deduction on Expenses for Promotion of Exports, Incentive for Forest Plantation Project, Incentive for Storage, Treatment and Disposal of Toxic and Hazardous Waste, Incentive for Waste Recycling Activities, Incentive for Conservation of Energy, Incentive for Utilising Biomass as a New Energy Source, Incentive for Companies Providing Cold Chain Facilities and Services for Food Products and Incentives for Manufacturing Related Services. Income Tax Act, 1967 Exemption of income: The quantum of tax exemption varies. These activities are as follows: i. Approved Service Project, Operational Headquarters, Venture Capital Companies, Tour Operators, Promotion of International Conference & Trade Exhibitions, Promotion of Exports, Usage of IT to Improve Business & Management Process. ii. Investment Allowance iii. Reinvestment Allowance iv. Double Deduction: Research & Development, Approved Training Institutions & Freight Charges, Export Credit Insurance Premiums, Overseas Promotion, Promotion of Malaysian Brand Name v. Deduction vi. Industrial Building Allowance vii. Accelerated Capital Allowance viii. Allowance for Capital Expenditure on Approved Agricultural Projects Others Customs Act 1967, Sales Tax Act 1972, Excise Act 1976, Free Zone Act 1990 & Labuan Offshore Business Activity Act (LOBATA) 1990. Source: MIDA 15. FOREIGN EXCHANGE ADMINISTRATION POLICIES  Malaysia continues to maintain a liberal foreign exchange administration (FEA) policy which is mainly prudential measures to support the overall macroeconomic objective of maintaining monetary and financial stability while safeguarding the balance of payments position. The FEA policies have been progressively liberalised to enhance competitiveness of the economy and to achieve greater efficiency in the conduct of trade and investments. Source: MIDA 54
  60. 60. 15.1 Foreign Exchange Administration Rules Applicable to Residents  Foreign currency assets include:  Residents:  Citizens of Malaysia (excluding persons who have obtained permanent status of a territory outside Malaysia and are residing abroad);  Non-citizens who have obtained permanent resident status in Malaysia and are ordinarily residing in Malaysia;  Body corporates incorporated or established or registered with or approved by an authority in Malaysia;  Unincorporated bodies registered with or approved by any authority in Malaysia  The Government or any State Government; or  Any other person as may be specified by the Controller of Foreign Exchange to be a resident  Ringgit assets include:  Ringgit-denominated securities including bills of exchange, private debt securities, Cagamas bonds or notes, Malaysian Government Securities, Treasury Bills, shares and warrants;  Derivatives traded on Bursa Malaysia and over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives (excluding OTC derivatives and structured products which tantamount to lending or borrowing of ringgit between residents and non-residents);  Fixed deposits and negotiable instruments of deposits denominated in ringgit;  Immovable properties in Malaysia; or  Other fixed assets in Malaysia Source: BNM  Foreign currency securities;  Foreign currency loans;  Foreign currency deposits;  All approved foreign currency-denominated products offered by licensed onshore banks, licensed International Islamic Banks, Bursa Malaysia and any resident permitted by the Controller of Foreign Exchange; and  Exchange-traded foreign currency-denominated derivatives (other than currency contracts) transacted via resident futures brokers  Credit facilities refer to advances, loans, trade financing facilities, hire purchase, factoring facilities with recourse, financial leasing facilities, guarantees for payment of goods, redeemable preference shares or similar facilities in whatever name or form, except:  Trade credit terms extended by suppliers for all types of goods and services;  Forward foreign exchange contracts other than a contract that involves the swapping of existing ringgit or foreign currency debt obligation into another foreign currency debt obligation;  Performance guarantees and financial guarantees;  One personal housing loan and one vehicle loan obtained from residents;  Credit card and charge card facilities;  Operational leasing facilities; and  Factoring facilities without recourse Source: BNM 55
  61. 61. INVESTMENTS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY ASSETS BY RESIDENTS The current limits for investment in foreign currency assets are applicable only to residents that have domestic ringgit borrowing and are converting ringgit into foreign currency to invest in foreign currency assets. • Investment in foreign currency assets • No limit for residents without domestic ringgit borrowing, using own ringgit or foreign currency funds • Residents with domestic ringgit borrowing are allowed to invest as follows: Resident individuals  Free to invest:  with own existing foreign currency funds;  up to the full amount of permitted foreign currency credit facilities; or  up to RM1 million in aggregate per calendar year if funded from conversion of ringgit Resident companies  Free to invest:  with own foreign currency funds, including proceeds from the initial public offering (IPO) on foreign stock exchanges and permitted foreign currency credit facilities;  proceeds of the IPO on Main Market of Bursa Malaysia; or  up to RM50 million in aggregate on corporate group basis per calendar year from conversion of ringgit other than proceeds from the IPO Source: BNM 56
  62. 62.  Investment in foreign currency assets by resident institutional investors  Unit trust management companies  Fund management companies  Insurers and takaful operators  Unit trust management companies  Free to invest the proceeds arising from:  ringgit or foreign currency-denominated Islamic funds;  foreign currency-denominated conventional funds;  ringgit-denominated conventional funds attributed to residents without domestic ringgit credit facilities or non-residents;  ringgit-denominated conventional funds of up to 50% of Net Assets Value (NAV) attributed to residents with domestic ringgit credit facilities.  Fund management companies:  Free to invest  ringgit or foreign currency-denominated funds mandated to be invested in Shariah-compliant assets;  foreign currency-denominated funds mandated to be invested in non Shariah-compliant assets;  ringgit funds mandated to be invested in non Shariah-compliant assets managed for residents without domestic ringgit credit facilities or non-residents; or  up to 50% of ringgit funds mandated to be invested in non Shariah-compliant assets managed for residents with domestic ringgit credit facilities Source: BNM 57
  63. 63.  Insurers & takaful operators, including international currency business unit of takaful operators & international takaful operators:  Free to invest  the proceeds arising from foreign currency investment-linked funds offered to residents and nonresidents;  the proceeds arising from ringgit investment-linked funds offered to residents without domestic ringgit credit facilities or non-residents;  up to 50% of the NAV of ringgit investment-linked funds offered to residents with domestic ringgit credit facilities;  up to 10% of total assets for insurers; or  up to 5% of total assets for takaful operators • Divestment /income from investment in foreign currency assets  Free to repatriate and convert divestment proceeds or income from investment in foreign currency assets into ringgit with licensed onshore banks  Free to retain divestment proceeds or income from investment in foreign currency assets in foreign currency accounts Source: BNM 58

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