Present status & problems of feed industry in PAKISTAN

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  • 1. PROBLEMS OF FEED INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN Submitted to: Dr I B Marghazani Submitted by: Muhammad Asif 2k8-vas-32 DVM 9th semester 5th professional LUAWMS Othal balochistan
  • 2. BACKGROUND Pakistan is an agricultural country. Livestock is an important sector of Pakistan’s economy. At present livestock is contributing about 55.1% of the agriculture sector. It contribute 11.6% 0f total GDP. Net foreign exchange from livestock in 2012-2013 is 196.8 billion which is 21% of total export.
  • 3. BACKGROUND • The role of livestock in rural life can be acknowledge by the figure that 30-35 billion rural population earn 30-40% 0f their income from live stock. The production of our animals is low because of feed deficiency and some other factors. Our animals are deficient in following nutrients.
  • 4. BACKGROUND TDN CP 24% 29.4% NEUTRIENT DEFICIENCY
  • 5. MAJOR FEED RESOURSES OF PAKISTAN • Major feed resources of Pakistan are as follows. Crop residue is = 46% • Grazing = 27 % • Cultivated folder =19 • Cereal legume grains and byproducts • Seed cakes, meals, animal protein=2%
  • 6. Present status of Pakistan Feed Industry • A feed accounts for 70 % of total investment made on animals • So balanced feed use increase production and is use full economically • Proper processing and effective use decreases cost of feed • Recent studies show that there are 215 feed mills in Pakistan few produce compound feed.
  • 7. Present status of Pakistan Feed Industry •CROP RESIDUES IN PAKISTAN 40 billion tons of crop residues are produced in Pakistan. 22% is contributed by wheat & 53% by rice. There are 915 grain mills in Pakistan with 77275 MT milling capacity per day. In recent years the export of rice has reduced which has positively effect the Pakistan feed industry.
  • 8. Present status of Pakistan Feed Industry • Animal feed industry and milling units are working bellow 70% of there installed capacity. De to lack of different facilities like storage and to high moisture content the agricultural products are susceptible to insect damage self oxidation and fermentation. Poor grading storage and transfer and improper feed milling and mixing result in the poor quality feed.
  • 9. Present status of Pakistan Feed Industry • It is necessity of situation to invest in this industry to produce quality of feeds for our livestock. Analysis show that animal feed industry is showing improvement it depends on economical and political situation of country. Sales of grain milling industry are being affected by the exports. Therefore feed mill regulate their production schedule according to the demand in markit.
  • 10. Present status of Pakistan Feed Industry • In last decades the controlled shade have increased poultry birds population so there is the need of poultry feed production.
  • 11. WHER FEED MILLS AND GRAIN MILLS ARE LOCATED….?? • Animal feed segments is dispersed in punjab and sindh. Grain milling units are located all over Pakistan. Due to highly laborious and manual nature of work the business owners hire skilled as well as none skilled labor. Feed mills are located near animals and polury farm sites mainly in punjab and sindh.
  • 12. FINANCIAL SYSTEM • Most business runs on partnership basis percentage is 56%. Owner of feed mills are unaware of small and medium enterprise. But due to government efforts some industrialists are showing awareness and availing loan facilities from banks. Many business owners in this industry meet their needs by loan from banks.
  • 13. PRICING POLICY • The business have no control on the pricing policy for their export the prices are set by government which are lower than the coast incurred by mills. According to latest updates Pakistan feed industry is a competitive industry competing for at least 20 products.
  • 14. PRODUCTS FO GRAIN MILLS • Following are the main products by grain mills. Wheat bran rice bran rice polish flour porridge
  • 15. PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL FEED MILLS • Animal feed cakes (cotton seed cackes) Meals (fish meals) Concentrates (energy concentrates) Urea molasses block And various feeding substances for feeding of animals.
  • 16. PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN FEED INDUSTRY • Pakistan feed industry hasn’t developed to a good industry it is facing problems. Inability to assemble and deploy intellectual and economical resources. Less vision for growth. Limited knowledge of business requirements. Restricted funds.
  • 17. PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN FEED INDUSTRY • Less technology based equipment usage Lack of government focus. No foreign investment. High taxation.
  • 18. REFRENCES • International finance corporation and state bank report. Economic survey of Pakistan. Googal.com
  • 19. THE END THANKS