Animal nutrition lab database for formers livestock rearers

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  • 1. ANIMAL NUTRITION LAB DATABASE FOR FORMERS LIVESTOCK REARERS AND ORGANIZATIONS PREPAIRED BY: MUHAMMAD ASIF E-mail: vetmuhammadasif89@yahoo.com CONTECT #:+92 03215735601 LASBELA UNIVERSTY OF AGRICULTURE WATER AND MARINE SCIENCES UTHAL, BALOCHISTAN
  • 2. QUESTION Why animal nutrition lab is necessary for farm animals….? NUTRITION LAB is necessary for more healthy, balanced productive and economical feed formulation which helps for increasing productivity/output in terms of meat, milk, wool, etc.
  • 3. What we should feed? Anything that can increase productivity. In other words we need to match the requirements of animals from available feed recourses.
  • 4. What make a feed better then the other? It is difficult to answer. But possible guesses could be: Due to protein? Due to energy? Due to minerals? Due to vitamins?
  • 5. How we can formulate a better productive and economical feed? Through proximate analysis, which we can perform in an animal nutrition lab.
  • 6. What is proximate analysis? This refers to the determination of the major constituents of feed and it is used to assess if a feed is within its normal compositional parameters or somehow been adulterated. This method partitioned nutrients in feed in to 6 components: Dry matter (moisture), ash, crude protein, ether extract, crude fiber and NFE.
  • 7. How we can perform proximate analysis ? We use functional animal nutrition lab for this evaluation.
  • 8. LAY OUT PLANE FOR ANIMAL NUTRITION LAB
  • 9. REQUIRMENTS OF ANIMAL NUTRITION LAB FOR PROXIMATE ANALYSIS Dry Matter: • • • • • • • Spitula China dish Electric Balance Weighing Balance Hot Air Oven Desiccators Ether Extract • • • • • • • • Filter paper Weighing Balnce Soxhelt Beaker Soxhelt Apparatus Thymbol Rubber Band + Plastic covering n-Hexane/ Ether Hot air oven • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Crude Protein Digestion mixture Copper Sulfate Ferrous sulfate Potassium Sulfate Kjeldhal Flask Concentrated sulfuric acid Heater, exhaust (Complete Assembly) 250 ml Volumetric flask Boric acid NaOH Weighing balance Beakers 10 ml pipettes Kjeldhal Apparatus 100ml Flasks Methyl red Ethyl alcohol Boric acid Burette 1N sulfuric aicd vial (Merks)
  • 10. REQUIRMENTS OF ANIMAL NUTRITION LAB FOR PROXIMATE ANALYSIS Crude Fiber • • • • • • • • • • Fat free sample Fiber Distillation Apparatus Sulfuric acid Sodium Hydroxide China dishes Hot air oven Weighing balance Muffle Furnace Crude Fiber Beakers Pipettes Line Water Distillation Apparatus • • Silage pH pH meter (Digital) Shaker n Cloth • • • • • • • • • • Acid detergent Fiber Decaline (Decathydronaphthalene) Acetone n-Hexane CTAB (Cetyl Trimethyleamoniulm Bromide) Sulfuric acid Cinctured Crucible # 4 Neutral detergent Fiber Calcium Determination Phosphorus Determination Aflatoxin Determination • • • • • • Ash Weighing Balance Gas Burner Muffle Furnace Crucible Desiccators Weighing Balance