INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT Microsoft’s marketing tagline describes SharePoint 2010 as the ―Business Collaboration Platform for the Enterprise and the Web‖ and explains that it will: Connect and empower people Cut costs with a uniﬁed infrastructure Rapidly respond to business needs
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Web Platform At its core, SharePoint is a web application- a really large and full - featured web application, but still a web application. Because of its broad feature set and ﬂexible implementation options, it can and should be considered to fulﬁll several roles in a consolidated web strategy for any organization. ― sites ‖ are used by SharePoint as containers for ― lists ‖ and ― libraries, ‖ which in turn contain data and documents.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Web Platform users may wonder how the storage of documents and ﬁles in SharePoint is any different than what users get out of a ﬁle share today. The differences are in the features built on top of the site, list, and library concepts and increased availability of content being stored on a web server over a ﬁle server.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint Capabilities Beyond the File Share
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint Capabilities Beyond the File Share
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint Capabilities Beyond the File Share For users, this means there is a server somewhere with SharePoint installed on it and they will be accessing it primarily with a web browser. For administrators, SharePoint relies on Microsoft Windows Server 2008 and IIS as well as other core technologies on the server. This means administrators will need to understand concepts of the server OS, of web - based applications, and of basic networking, as well as how SharePoint uses the database and more. This is covered in more detail in the next chapter. Developers and designers need to know that SharePoint is an ASP.NET application that conforms to many of the web standards in use today.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT Microsoft’s Web Platform SharePoint as the Collaboration Platform SharePoint is a platform not only for its own family of products, but for many other Microsoft and partner products as well. Within the SharePoint family of products, SharePoint Foundation is the core platform for all the other SharePoint, Search Server, and FAST server products. Team Collaboration A team site is a SharePoint website used by a group of people, sometimes a department that is aligned with the hierarchy in an organization. When users create a team site, they have a number of tools available, including group announcements, a team calendar, useful links, and containers for documents and ﬁles. These are just a few examples Announcements For example: ― A new team member is starting today, ‖ ― There is a new policy in place, ‖ or ― There are donuts in the break room. ‖ These messages were previously distributed by e - mail.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT Microsoft’s Web Platform Team Collaboration Team calendars are useful resources even with enterprise - level tools like Exchange in the same environment. In fact, they actually strengthen each other. SharePoint provides yet another option for managing links that ﬁts right into a site, while also offering advantages of sorting, ﬁltering, and notiﬁcations that are part of the core platform.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT Microsoft’s Web Platform Document Collaboration The ﬁrst topics to consider when discussing collaboration are the availability of and access to the document or ﬁle that is being worked on. SharePoint sites provide a common repository to access. SharePoint has the ﬂexibility to implement a wide variety of security models and schemes, even down to the individual item if needed. SharePoint has the capability to track document versions, both major and minor. Libraries can be conﬁgured to require users to check documents in and out when making changes to content in order to enforce versioning and manage changes cleanly.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT Microsoft’s Web Platform Document Workspaces This is a speciﬁc type of site where a single document is the center of attention. Document workspace might be used when a number of users are working on a larger, more complex document over a span of time. Some examples might include a technical or operations manual or an employee handbook. Meeting Collaboration Meeting workspaces are sites that can be used to coordinate and communicate meeting details. When a meeting is created, the list of attendees is determined at the same time. Invited attendees are automatically granted access to the site, with a link that allows them to view, add, and edit content. Users are all granted access to add agenda items or upload documents and materials that will be used at the meeting. When the meeting is over, tasks have already been assigned and notes have been taken that are available for future reference.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Search Provider Search is all about the ― ﬁndability ‖ of content.On portals and collaboration sites alike,there is a search control at the top of thepage almost all the time. The scope of theinformation being searched may changedepending on where you navigate, but forthe most part search is available throughoutthe environment.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Search Provider Search is all about the ― ﬁndability ‖ of content.Customization is something done usingSharePoint Designer, Visual Studio, oranother tool. Search results can bemodiﬁed in all kinds of ways and some ofthe conﬁguration can be done right in thebrowser using XSLT manipulation. Anumber of Web Parts and other ways totweak the results to ﬁt an organization’sneeds also exist.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Search Provider Search is all about the ― ﬁndability ‖ of content.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Search Provider Search is all about the ― ﬁndability ‖ of content. Finally, SharePoint can only read ﬁles it can understand. By default this means any Microsoft - based document or generic document types. Adobe PDFs and other ﬁle types are not supported by default. Additional tools or ― IFilters ‖ can be installed to give SharePoint the ability to read the additional content. One last note regarding the reading of content: SharePoint does not have OCR capabilities at this time. If it reads a PDF image ﬁle as opposed to a PDF text - based document, it will not be able to read the image.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Presentation Layer External Data The Business Data Catalog (BDC) can create connections to external data, for both reading and writing as necessary. External Lists can be used to display data directly from tables outside SharePoint as if they were lists in SharePoint. Internal Data The presentation of data that exists inside SharePoint is primarily done using list views and other Web Parts. Making data inside SharePoint available for systems outside SharePoint is made possible with SharePoint services.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Presentation Layer Solutions Business Intelligence (BI) can mean a lot of different things to different people, but generally it includes the display of business information in meaningful ways. BI tools like connectible controls and key performance indicators (KPIs) make interpreting large amounts of data much more efﬁcient. With data surfaced in SharePoint, data sets can be ﬁltered, sorted, and searched easily. KPIs can be put in place to make data discovery easier. For example, when looking at something like a table of sales ﬁgures by product, visual cues can be conﬁgured to highlight sales numbers: $100,000 of sales for a product per month might be a favorable ﬁgure and be displayed as green; $80,000 to $99,999 might be at the warning level and be displayed as yellow; below $80,000 might be cause for concern and be displayed as red.
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint as a Development Platform Out-of-the-box solutions are developed with no code, site, and list templates and sometimes with a little ingenuity. In many cases, list and library functionality meets users ’ needs. Many simple CRUD (create, read, update, and delete) solutions can be built without any code at all. Finally, when the standard features don’t cut it and SharePoint Designer’s capabilities still arent enough, Visual Studio 2010 is available to ﬁll the gap. Developers are able to extend SharePoint directly with .NET and SharePoint - speciﬁc application programming interfaces (APIs).
INTRODUCING SHAREPOINT SharePoint for Social Networking Finding and connecting with the people you need when you need them contributes directly to productivity. If you already know whom you want to contact, SharePoint’s integration with Ofﬁce Communication Server (OCS) shows availability and contact information wherever that person’s name is displayed in SharePoint. If they ’ re online, they can be contacted via OCS instant messenger or by calling them right in the SharePoint interface. New to the SharePoint platform in 2010 is the ability for users to tag, rate, and comment on content.
CORE SHAREPOINT Sites and Webs Users commonly use the term ― website ‖ to refer to containers or groups of content on the Web — either intranets or the Internet. In SharePoint we have a few terms along those same lines. The highest level object of this type is called a site collection.Webs are very similar to site collections, butare a little less robust. Security groups set up ata web level are visible and accessiblethroughout the parent site collection and othersibling webs.
CORE SHAREPOINT Lists and Libraries Lists are the heavy lifters of SharePoint. They contain all sorts of content and data and are the structure on top of which many of the features and functionality of SharePoint are built. In many ways analogous to spreadsheets or database tables, lists contain ― items ‖ where Excel and databases have ― rows. ‖ SharePoint libraries are specialized lists where the item is a ﬁle that has been uploaded to SharePoint. Lists and libraries both use columns in much the same way as spreadsheets and tables do, though you will also hear terms like ―metadata‖, ‖properties‖ and ―ﬁelds‖. SharePoint and Ofﬁce 2010 gives users the ability to co-author documents, adding and changing things at the same time.
CORE SHAREPOINT Views Views are another powerful feature of lists. Views deﬁne what information from the list is displayed, which columns are displayed and in what order, what items are displayed and in what order, and how a list of items is sorted, ﬁltered, or grouped together. Views are important and powerful because of what they offer the user. When looking at a document library, users may prefer to see a listing of documents by name in alphabetical order. They may also prefer to see a listing that shows the most recently updated documents ﬁrst. Or they may prefer to look only at documents that they themselves have created or edited. All of these options and more are available and easy to navigate. Default views are available for all lists, but users with the appropriate security level are also able to customize existing views or create new views as needed.
CORE SHAREPOINT The RibbonWhat you can’t immediately see in Figures are that options in the Ribbon become active and disabled based on the context —what the users are doing at any given moment as well as by what their security settings allow them to do.
CORE SHAREPOINT Properties and Metadata Lists and items are the core objects managed inside SharePoint. Much of the value in these lists is in the additional properties that capture more data about the item, allow the lists to be sorted and ﬁltered, and enable the item to be discovered via searches. With SharePoint 2010 the core ﬁelds are ﬁlename, created by (user), created date, modiﬁed by (user), and modiﬁed date. Users with the appropriate permissions can add more columns as needed. A Category ﬁeld might be added to more easily organize links or documents. A Review Date might be added to documents in a library. Content types are a collection of ﬁelds and functionality that allows users to build and manage groups of columns so they can be implemented consistently as a group of columns.
CORE SHAREPOINT Web Parts Web Parts are the building blocks of SharePoint pages. They can be as simple as an image Web Part, or as complex as any custom application. Within SharePoint, among the most common examples are list - view Web Parts. These are exactly what they sound like — views of SharePoint lists. As soon as a list is created, a list - view Web Part is available to place on a page and conﬁgure to meet the user’s needs.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Foundation 2010 SharePoint Foundation (SPF) is the entry point product for SharePoint and is available to licensed users of Windows Server 2008 at no additional charge. Foundation contains the core functionality that is used in all SharePoint products, including sites, lists and libraries, granular security, metadata, and alerts.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Server 2010: Intranet When organizations need more advanced features for their internal portal or collaboration environment, the next step after SharePoint Foundation is SharePoint Server 2010. Standard Enterprise Content Management (ECM): The content management features provide an industry standard framework for separation of content from branding and the underlying infrastructure. This allows content managers to provide content in the areas they are supposed to, while keeping them from working in areas they shouldn’t, all without having to worry about styles and formatting. Managed metadata: SharePoint Server 2010 introduces a centrally managed metadata store and framework that can deploy consistent taxonomy across the farm. Tags, notes, and ratings: In addition to the organization - deﬁned taxonomy, SharePoint also introduces tags, notes, and ratings that allow for user - deﬁned ― folksonomy ‖ tags and terminology as well as the ability to collect and act on feedback from users.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Server 2010: Intranet When organizations need more advanced features for their internal portal or collaboration environment, the next step after SharePoint Foundation is SharePoint Server 2010. Standard Proﬁles and My Site: SharePoint enables organizations to build user proﬁles that can drive personalization features as well as user directory content. Search: Search capabilities take a big step forward from the basic capabilities of SharePoint Foundation, allowing for conﬁguration and customization of the search results as well as surfacing people results based on user proﬁle information. Long overdue and highly anticipated wildcard search and phonetic search functionality are also introduced. The search scope is also wider, allowing searches across site collections.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Server 2010: Intranet Enterprise The most notable features that the enterprise level provides are these additional service offerings: InfoPath Services: These allow digital forms to be created and served up via the server rather than having to load a client application. Excel Services and PowerPivot: These publish and manipulate Excel data and make data available as a source for other applications. PerformancePoint: This service provides professional business intelligence capabilities, Web Parts, scorecards, and dashboards. Access Services: These import and publish Access databases in the SharePoint farm, bringing data into a centrally managed and supportable environment. Visio Services: These allow users to view, edit, and embed Visio content in other SharePoint applications. FAST search: The additional capabilities of FAST search include thumbnails, previews, and conﬁgurable relevance.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Server 2010: Internet/Extranet Licensing for external - facing solutions is also different than internal - facing solutions because users can be anonymous; there are no Client Access Licenses. What is also important to understand is that external - facing licenses cannot be used for employees. Standard SharePoint Server 2010 Standard for the Internet/extranet has the same capabilities as the Standard CAL for the intranet. Speciﬁcally for the external - facing farm, the Standard license supports only a single domain (for example, www.something.com ) and related sub - domains (for example, http://my.something.com ). Enterprise SharePoint Server 2010 Enterprise for the Internet/extranet has the same capabilities as the Enterprise CAL for the intranet.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS Search Server 2010 The only differences between Search Server 2010 and Search Server Express 2010 are the licensing model and scaling limitations. Microsoft Search Server 2010 Express The Search Server Express license is free but allows for only a single server, with no redundancy or scaling capabilities, and it is limited in the content it can crawl: When using SQL Server Express, search will crawl approximately 300,000 items. When using SQL Server, search will crawl approximately 10 million items. Microsoft Search Server 2010 The crawling limitation is raised to approximately 100 million items and multiple servers can be deployed for both scaling and redundancy. The crawling and query roles can also be separated to different servers, allowing crawling activities to continue without affecting the performance of users’ search queries.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS Search Server 2010 The only differences between Search Server 2010 and Search Server Express 2010 are the licensing model and scaling limitations. FAST Search FAST Search Server 2010 adds new elements and depth to the SharePoint search capabilities. Where SharePoint Search returns search results based on keyword searches, FAST does additional processing on the content and allows for more context - sensitive content. From an end – user perspective, one of the most obvious and exciting features of FAST is the search results preview feature that displays the actual document or ﬁle right in the search results page. FAST Search Server for SharePoint (Intranet) The service also provides a framework for search - based customizations and functionality. FAST Search Server for SharePoint Internet Sites (FSIS) Similar to the intranet functionality, FSIS is licensed for public - facing solutions based on the SharePoint platform.
SHAREPOINT 2010 EDITIONS SharePoint Designer 2010 It allows for more customization than the user interface of SharePoint alone, but doesn’t offer as many capabilities as Visual Studio. Likely users of SPD will include power users, designers (branding), and developers. SharePoint Workspace 2010 SharePoint Workspace is the latest iteration of the product formerly known as Microsoft Ofﬁce Groove. Workspace is both a client and peer-to-peer application that allows users to take SharePoint site content ofﬂine, make changes while ofﬂine, and then synchronize with the SharePoint server at a later time. Workspace also allows for sharing of content between Workspace clients.
Thanks Prepared by : Muhammad Alaa Eng.Muhammad_alaa@yahoo.com