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  • 1. NEXUS NEW TIMES MAGAZINE Volume 12, Number 5 AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 UK/Europe edition Website: http://www.nexusmagazine.comLETTERS TO THE EDITOR.............................................4 DOES SOUND CREATE CROP CIRCLES?....................49 Comments from readers on NEXUS-related topics. By Freddy Silva. Trilling sounds have often beenGLOBAL NEWS.............................................................6 recorded in connection with crop circle creation, This issue includes news of a leaked British Cabinet and experiments with plants and sound have paper that confirms the UK was committed to a US- produced similar effects in the laboratory. led invasion of Iraq in April 2002, and a rundown UFOs ON CAPITOL HILL—Part 1..............................55 on the real G8 agenda behind debt relief. By Robert Stanley. Exactly 50 years after UFOsBREAKING THE SILENCE: BILDERBERG EXPOSED...1 1 buzzed Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, in July By Daniel Estulin. Secret discussions at this years 1952, gravity-defying objects penetrated restricted Bilderberg meeting have, as usual, set the agenda airspace and even landed on the Capitol Building. for running markets and wars in the year ahead. THE TWILIGHT ZONE................................................61 Among the proposals on their wish list are a UN- This issue our focus is on mass UFO sightings in imposed oil tax and a peacebuilding commission. Mexico, a mysterious black triangular craft withDOWN ON THE FARM—Part 2.................................19 English wording on its underside, and a new spirit of By ETC Group. Gene technology is problematic disclosure from the Brazilian Air Force. enough, but now nanotech research ventures and REVIEWS—Books........................................................65 food corporations are putting nanoparticles into "The Secret Teachings of Plants" by Stephen Harrod Buhner food and cosmetics as well as packaging. "The Calcium Bomb" by Douglas Mulhall and Katja HansenTHE NANOBACTERIA LINK TO HEART DISEASE.......27 "Big Oil and Their Bankers..." by Dean Henderson "Pyramid of Fire" by John Major Jenkins and Martin Matz By Douglas Mulhall. Nanobacteria have been "The Cost of a Discovery" by Loïc Le Ribault found at the core of the calcification thats "The Brother of Jesus and the Lost Teachings..." by Jeffrey J. Bütz common to medical conditions like heart disease "The True Meaning of the Da Vinci Code" by Robert Pope and arthritis, but now a simple treatment is having "Mystery of the Two Jesus Children" by B. Nesfield-Cookson success at reversing these infections and symptoms. "UFO Crash in Brazil" by Dr Roger K. Leir "Welcome to the Dance: Caffeine Allergy..." by Ruth WhalenALZHEIMERS DISEASE: THE ALUMINIUM LINK......33 "Powerdown" by Richard Heinberg By Harold D. Foster. Some people have a genetic "Coconut Cures" by Bruce Fife, ND predi sposi tion for Alzheim ers disease, but "Forbidden History" edited by J. Douglas Kenyon environmental factors that increase aluminium "Collapse" by Jared Diamond levels and leach magnesium and calcium are likely REVIEWS—DVDs........................................................72 to be responsible for the rise of this illness. "The Charlie Hall Story" by Paola L. Harris and David CooteBRITAINS SECRET WAR IN ANTARCTICA—Part 1....39 "Circle Speak" from New Land Films "Stairways to Heaven" from Awaken Productions By James Roberts. At the end of World War II, Britain sent a covert mission to Antarctica to seek REVIEWS—Music........................................................73 out and destroy a subterranean Nazi haven. "Echu Mingua" by Miguel "Angá" Díaz "Spirit of Havana" by KargoSCIENCE NEWS..........................................................45 "Dakshina" by Deva Premal This issue we feature articles from David Talbott that "Divine Devotion" by Sacred Earth counter the myth of the Sun as a nuclear furnace "Tantra of Sound Harmonizer" by Jonathan & Andi Goldman and promote the plasma glow discharge model. NEXUS BOOKS, VIDEOS, ADS, SUBS...................80–88AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 1
  • 2. EditorialNEXUS MAGAZINE Volume 12, Number 5 AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 A s I write this editorial, the news of the London bombings is now two days old and already speculation is rampant on the internet about just who is responsible for these heinous crimes. I note from my recent bout of net-surfing that there seems to be a PUBLISHED BY growing willingness by many people to accept that most terrorists and terrorist incidents NEXUS Magazine Pty Ltd, ABN 80 003 611 434 are state sponsored. It seems that more and more people are prepared to accept that such EDITOR acts are designed to bring about more social control—in other words, used to manipulate Duncan M. Roads the masses into compliance and fear. Indeed, managing your own enemy is acknowledged CO-EDITOR by many historians as the oldest trick in the book! Catherine Simons In my travels and research I have spoken to, and read the testimonies of, several former ASSISTANT EDITOR/SUB-EDITOR "spooks" and Special Forces members. In each case, the person involved was instructed Ruth Parnell to participate in acts of terrorism—often against innocent civilians, as it turned out. EDITORS ASSISTANT Former Israeli Intelligence officers have gone public with their concerns that Israeli- Jenny Hawke infiltrated/controlled terrorist cells have organised many attacks upon Israeli citizens, UK OFFICE ADMINISTRATION Marcus Allen purely to justify retaliatory "incursions". (Whoever invented that word? Sounds like a CONTRIBUTORS THIS ISSUE cross between an excursion and an invasion!) Daniel Estulin; ETC Group; Douglas Mulhall; I have spoken to British Intelligence officers who know of bombings blamed on the Harold D. Foster, PhD; James Roberts; IRA but which were conducted by UK Special Forces and killed British citizens. And David Talbott; Freddy Silva; Robert Stanley according to some reports going around the internet, the Spanish secret police were CARTOONS responsible for the 2004 Madrid bombings. Phil Somerville Meanwhile, about 10 days ago, as many as 40 UFOs hovered over Mexico City, the COVER GRAPHIC worlds largest metropolis, at around 10 am, in broad daylight. They were videotaped, John Cook, jscook@ozemail.com.au photographed and witnessed by thousands who came to a standstill to watch the half-hour PRINTING display—but there was not a word about this spectacular event from the media networks Goodhed Print Group, Bicester, Oxon., UK outside Mexico and South America. As you will read in Twilight Zone in this issue, the DISTRIBUTION Brazilian Air Force, presumably with the blessing of the government, has come out and Seymours, London, UK said that UFOs are real. Moreover, it has begun the process of disclosure, starting with UK OFFICE - 55 Queens Rd, East Grinstead, allowing key civilian UFO researchers to have access to its files. West Sussex, RH19 1BG. Ph: 01342 322854; Fax: 01342 324574 There are some great articles again in this issue. Wait till you read about Britains secret e-mail address: nexus@ukoffice.u-net.com war in Antarctica. Hidden Nazi bases in the Antarctic, strange tunnels, weird Polar Men Website: www.nexusmagazine.com and exotic technology—and it all seems to be genuine! EUROPE OFFICE - PO Box 48, 1600 AA Im also really excited about the article on the link between nanobacteria, calcification Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. and heart disease. When you read this, youll find a heap of your brain cells popping as Ph: +31 (0)228 324076; Fax: +31 (0)228 312081 they draw connections to many articles and reviews in NEXUS! e-mail address: nexus@fsf.nl The report on the secret Bilderberg meeting in May is also pretty wild. Talk about HEAD OFFICE - Articles, Reviews, etc. being on the receiving end of some very interesting leaks from within the elite enclave! PO Box 30, Mapleton, Qld 4560, Australia. You can see that some decisions have already been implemented since the meeting. Ph: +61 7 5442 9280; Fax: +61 7 5442 9381 e-mail address: editor@nexusmagazine.com Im also pleased to present research material compiled by Freddy Silva about how crop ITALY OFFICE - c/- Avalon Edizioni, Piazza circle formation may be related to sound. If you place sand or fine crystalline powder Mazzini 52, 35137 Padova, Italy evenly on a circular drum-skin surface and connect that surface to a source of sound vibra- Ph/Fax: +39 (0)49 912 6006 tion, the results can be visually spectacular. Certain sounds will consistently produce spe- e-mail address: info@nexusitalia.com cific patterns, some of which look exactly like Egyptian hieroglyphs and others that look USA OFFICE – just like some of the "unexplained" crop circles. (Aussie readers should note that Freddy PO Box 1248, Walterboro, SC 29488 Tel: +1 843 549 5985; Fax: +1 877 349 1928 is making a presentation at our Conference in Brisbane on 23–25 September.) Email: nexususa@earthlink.net There have been some new developments regarding foreign-language editions of NEXUS. The good news is that there is now a Romanian edition and there will soon be STATEMENT OF PURPOSE an edition published in German. The bad news is that the publisher wed lined up for ourNEXUS recognises that humanity is undergoing a new Spanish edition has vanished after having received numerous death threats; he ismassive transformation. With this in mind, NEXUSseeks to provide hard-to-get information so as to believed to be dead. I dont consider his disappearance to be due to any NEXUS connec-assist people through these changes. NEXUS is not tion, as he was already a high-profile activist from the film and publishing sectors wholinked to any religious, philosophical or political used his resources to protest against the Spanish Governments support of the US-led inva-ideology or organisation. sion of Iraq. (When I asked who was threatening him, he replied that it was Opus Dei!) PERMISSION-TO-REPRODUCE POLICY Im pleased to report that the NEXUS Conference in Amsterdam in May was a greatWhile reproduction and dissemination of the infor-mation in NEXUS is actively encouraged, anyone success; also, that plans for our Conference in Brisbane in September are complete andcaught making a buck out of it, without our express details are up on our website. I hope to catch up with some of you there.permission, will be in trouble when we catch them! Duncan WARRANTY AND INDEMNITYAdvertisers upon and by lodging material with the Publisher for publication or authorising or approving of the publication of any material INDEMNIFY thePublisher and its servants and agents against all liability claims or proceedings whatsoever arising from the publication and without limiting the generality of theforegoing to indemnify each of them in relation to defamation, slander of title, breach of copyright, infringement of trademarks or names of publication titles, unfaircompetition or trade practices, royalties or violation of rights or privacy AND WARRANT that the material complies with all relevant laws and regulations and thatits publication will not give rise to any rights against or liabilities in the Publisher, its servants or agents and in particular that nothing therein is capable of beingmisleading or deceptive or otherwise in breach of the Part V of the Trade Practices Act 1974. All expressions of opinion are published on the basis that they arenot to be regarded as expressing the opinion of the Publisher or its servants or agents. Editorial advice is not specific and readers are advised to seek professionalhelp for individual problems. The publisher reserves the right to refuse any advertising material for any reason. © NEXUS New Times 20052 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 3. 23rd—24th—25th September 2005 The Chifley at Lennons, Queen St., Brisbane Sponsored by: Bionic Products —manufacturer of the Elanra Therapeutic Ioniser Co-sponsors: Wellness Products (www.wellness.com.au); BioCompatible Dentistry(www.bcd.com.au); Robinvale Wines; OxyRich; Spectrum Therapies; New Dawn Magazine * Exopolitics & UFO/ET Disclosure • Alfred Lambremont Webre (Canada)— Activist against the weaponisation of space and advocate for Exopolitics (the politics of * Dental Dangers & Solutions ET/UFO official contact). * Our Expanding Earth • Freddy Silva (USA)—Author/researcher into the links between sound * Tibetan Buddhisms Bloody History waves and crop circles. • Kris Millegan (USA)— Activist, researcher and author into CIA drug * The Electrical Nature of our Cosmos running, secret societies and geopolitical conspiracies. * Vaccination Dangers • Michael Horn (USA)— Author and researcher on the new Billy Meier * Mind Power & Hypnosis material. • Shé DMontford (Australia)— Author and researcher on the hidden * Secret Societies & Rigged Elections history of Buddhism. * Crop Circles – the latest • Martin St James (Australia)— Internationally famous stage hypnotist will present info on how you can tap into your own mind power. * Earth Resonance & Mind Control • Robert Gammal (Australia)— Respected specialist in dental dangers, * Star Children Among Us? i.e. fluoride, fillings and more. * Covert Agenda to Weaponise Space • Mary Rodwell (Australia)— Researcher into the growing number of gifted children with memories of ET contact or origins. * The Henoch Prophecies • Graeme Sait (Australia)— Expert in all areas of alternative agriculture, * The Billy Meier ET Case continues... soil mineralisation, etc. * Vedic Maths & Sacred Geometry • James Maxlow (Australia)— Highly regarded researcher into the expanding Earth hypothesis. * Agricultural Health • Viera Scheibner (Australia)— Author and researcher of vaccination * Big Brother on the Internet myths and truths. • The Internet Security Team— The latest and greatest on internet security use and abuse. • Wal Thornhill (Australia)— Internationally acclaimed researcher of TICKETS (prices include GST, and the electrical nature of the Sun, planets, stars, comets and more. morning + afternoon teas each day)-------------------------------------------------------------------FRIDAY 23RD 9AM - 9.30PM - $120.00SAT 24TH 9AM - 9.30PM - $120.00 For more info, see pages 47-50:SUN 25TH 9AM - 6.00PM - $100.00 (S PECIAL - ALL THREE DAYS - $300.00) NEXUS MAGAZINE BUFFET LUNCH COSTS $20 PER PERSON PER DAY------------------------------------------------------------------- Tel: 07 5442 9280; Fax: 07 5442 9381 www.nexusmagazine.com See Registration Form on page 49
  • 4. Letters to the Editor ...Doctor Who, Whistleblower There are many people here in to light. Just in case: I know that to die slowly in ignorance. Hello Duncan: Thanks for the United States who feel highly American troops walk through a There needs to be a class-actionkeeping up the good work on one uncomfortable, to say the least, gauntlet of vaccinations, leaving lawsuit on behalf of the families ofof the few "honest" news with the current ruling administra- them perhaps a quart heavier and these soldiers, as well as of all thepublications. t i o n . The average American I throwing up by the time they get to unwitting employees of Here is something that may inter- encounter today feels we no longer the end of it. I have heard first- Halliburton/KBR in Iraq. The useest you. Just recently on BBC1 in have "a government of the people, hand accounts of this. Such clus- of DU weapons constitutes a warthe UK, a new series of D o c t o r for the people and by the people", tering of vaccinations flies in the crime that will last for many gener-W h o has been broadcast after but a government of, for and by the face of standard medicine. The ations. Fyi, I am not a doctor ormany years absence. There have r i c h . Many persons who were troops are indeed shot with a range scientist; I am just a citizen.only been several episodes so far, originally persuaded by the elec- of experimental vaccines, many of Yours sincerely,which have had terrific viewing tion campaigns and the candidates which contain mercury. Suzanne Powell, Houston, Texas,figures. Two of these episodes have changed their viewpoints, and The so-called "American Patriot USA(perhaps more) have almost rightfully so. Act" contains a rider that absolves [Dear Suzanne: Thanks for yourwhistleblower-like qualities. Yes, there are many who I sup- the medical establishment and the comments; also see Dr Doug In one episode, aliens have taken pose fit into the cliché you have pharma companies of all liability Rokkes article, "The Scourge ofthe place of the Prime Minister and applied, but please do not lump all stemming from harmful effects of Depleted Uranium" in 10/04. Ed.]other ministers (wearing a skin US citizens into that category. vaccinations.over their own form to pretend to Frankly, if American TV program- One thing I did not see was any ming is indicative of the values of reference to "depleted uranium" The Coming Dimensional Shiftbe human) and are trying to getEarth involved in a war, using American society at large, our (DU) weapons. Many tons of the Dear Duncan: Thanks onceweapons of mass destruction as the society is in deep trouble. Y e t stuff has been dumped on Iraq by again for another interesting andexcuse. They say the Earth can be also there are many whose per- American missiles and mortars in informative issue of NEXUS [vol.attacked in 45 seconds! The aliens spective comes from deep within both Gulf wars. The uranium dust 12, no. 4].are only out for profit. War on their hearts, from the core of their has worked its way into the After reading Will Harts articleIraq being paralleled? spirituality, who know t h a t t o groundwater supply. DU dust on the base-13 theory of the In another episode, a giant evil continue on the present course will spread by these weapons is so fine Mayan calendar, it immediatelyalien has been controlling lead to nothing but disaster. that the gas masks issued to the struck me that this vitalhumankind for the last hundred So please present your editorials troops cannot screen it out. information has been suppressedyears by "chipping" them and feed- in a manner that reflects that here The women in Iraq, Kuwait, and "demonised" (unlucky 13, etc.)ing them lies and propaganda dis- in America, as well as in all Afghanistan and other surrounding by the elite rulers/religions ofguised as news from a satellite nations and societies, there are regions are increasingly giving Western society to such an extentbroadcasting station. The Doctor people who face the world with birth to babies that no longer that the whole world calendar and,notes that the whole human race is love, openness and honesty, just as resemble human beings, and the consequently, everyones lives areenslaved yet has no idea! there are those who face the world same is happening to American governed by our dysfunctional and These two episodes struck me with deceit, dishonesty and a need soldiers. arbitrary "linear" calendar.like a sledgehammer. It is very to dominate and control. There are now over 500,000 per- Our Western calendar does notunlike the BBC to broadcast such In my travels to well over 40 manently disabled American sol- record or predict important cyclicNEXUS-like material, albeit in countries, I have found by and diers due to multiple cancers in events in our solar system, like thedisguised form. I do recommend large the majority of the popula- each person created by DU Mayan cycles culminating in thewatching this new Doctor Who tion in any given country was by weapons dust from the first Gulf alignment of our solar system withseries if it comes your way, as the no means a reflection of a control- War alone. the galactic centre in 2012 and thebrief descriptions I give dont do ling and dominating government of The US has already used over a subsequent dimensional changejustice to the whistleblower feel- the country. Election results can million troops on the ground in coming.ing that so pervades. and often have been highly manip- Iraq and Afghanistan since the I feel that the suppression of the Happy day, ulated by those who stand to gain. inception of their so-called "war on importance of the number 13 in Kevin D., UK Again, thanks for your fine publi- terrorism". our lives has been a deliberate and cation; its become my favourite When a veteran checks into the purposeful action by our "elite" [Dear Kevin: Ive been a D r reading in the past two years. Veterans Administration Hospital governments/rulers, who are inWho fan for decades, and the plot And thank you for taking the time here in Houston, the first thing he turn "possessed" or "mind con-lines of this new series are just to read this communication. or she is asked is what war they trolled" by negative reptilian enti-great. I have also been amazed at Gary L., Wabash, Indiana, USA served in; if it is either one of the ties, both here and from the lowersome of the plots used in the last Gulf wars or Afghanistan, the vet- fourth dimension. This subterfugeseries of Stargate. Ed.] [Dear Gary: You should have erans are immediately taken to a has been in place for so long that seen the editorial BEFORE Ruth people do not even think to ques- got to it! Youre right, though; I different part of the hospital.Concerned Americans Again, I have been told first-hand tion our awkward and clumsy should not generalise. Ed.] Western calendar. First, I want to thank you for one accounts of this.of the finest and most informative Both American and British sol- More importantly, because thepublications available today, much Depleted Uranium Crimes diers are coming home from whole world is running on thismore so in that it doesnt require a I read with great interest David Bosnia and surrounding regions in dysfunctional calendar, our aware-professional degree to read and Guyatts wonderful article on Gulf the former Republic of Yugoslavia ness and understanding of theseinterpret. War Syndrome on NEXUS with all the same troubles, usually immensely important cyclic events I do feel resentment at your Magazines website [published in beginning with their kidneys shut- is "lost", and therefore people areeditorial in vol. 12, no. 3: " a vol. 4, no. 5]. I am so glad when ting down. Neither of these mili- unable to prepare themselves men-population that largely seems to people point out the many things tary establishments is making any tally, emotionally and spirituallycare only about what is on their you have. It is dated 1997, so I attempt to decontaminate the for the upcoming dimensionalpropaganda-filled TVs". realise new information has come troops, who are simply sent home shift.4 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 5. ... more Letters to the Editor NB: Please keep letters to approx. 150 to 250 words in length. Ed. They then have a lesser chance to wrong hands, would we end up species, two reptile-like species, come hundreds if not thousands ofsurvive the shift and transcend the with a world controlled by a few one bird-like species, one Tibetan Buddhists instigated andthird dimension, where the nega- immortal politicians and heads of amphibian-like species, one insect- carried out such a bloodbath?"tive reptilian entities wish to keep ugly multinationals (think George like species and one amoeba-like Well, the short answer is that theyus for their own selfish purposes, W. Bush, John Howard, Monsanto species. were not Buddhists in any realto feed off our emotions of anger and McDonalds)? Their existence, if the reports can sense, any more than the Croatianand fear. Yolande Manson, AMD, ND, be believed, may relate to the Catholic priests who, crucifix in I hope there is still enough time Radiance Ayurveda Health Centre, occurrence and position of hand, led the massacre of thou-before 2012 for thinking people to Hamilton, New Zealand, different-sized gas planets in their sands of Orthodox Serbs werewake up to the importance of the www.radianceayurveda.co.nz solar systems. Christians.number 13 in our creation and to If extraterrestrial species are Dr DMontford says, "I wanted tothe solar cycles which nurture and chemically similar to those on this believe that Shakyumani Buddha,support all life. Classifications of ET Species the year after his enlightenment... planet, and with a similar genetic Best wishes, Dear Duncan: Dr Valery code, the primary difference publicly debated the virtues of the Uvarovs excellent article, "An between ourselves and species Kalachakra Tantra with the King Max C., Darwin, Northern Alien Detour", in the last editionTerritory, Australia from other Earth-like planets may of Shambhallah", and later notes (June–July 2005, 12/04) was of simply be the size and position of that "...a Brahmin boy, Tsi-lu-pa great interest to me because the giant gaseous Jupiter-like planets, was teaching the Kalachakra as aThe Search for Eternal Life extraterrestrials, described as over 150 of which have now been Hindu instrument in India AD Hi! Im writing in response to "bags" or as a "mass", sound very discovered around nearby stars, 996".the article by Andrew Sokar on the like a species that was last encoun- varying their evolutionary history. Dr DMontford is rightly object-Gilgamesh Project [12/04]. tered and described 47 years ago, Thank you for continuing to keep ing to being misled. However, it is I found it shocking—although not as far as I have records, on 20 us informed on so many fascinat- important to note that she was mis-at all surprising—to hear a first- December 1958 at Domesten, ing and vital matters. led about Tibetan Buddhism. Herhand account of being ostracised by Kristianstad, Sweden, by Stig remarks do not apply to the major Rydberg and Hans Gustafsson. Highest regards,the medical community. And I mainstream traditions ofcongratulate Andrew on standing In A Biological Guide to Gary Opit, Mullumbimby, NSW, Australia, garyopit@bigpond.com Theravada and Mahayana, butup for his beliefs and his rights and Extraterrestrials: A Classification rather to the Kalachakra Tantracontinuing in his efforts for the Based on Contact Accounts, which first taught by a Hindu boy moreimprovement of mankind through I presented at the Third Australian The Buddha and Nonviolence than 1,500 years after the Buddhasdisease prevention. UFO Conference, Brisbane, Dear Editor: I particularly wel- death. I just have a comment on the Queensland, on 15 June 2003 and come the article, "Unveiling That "Shakyamuni Buddha, the"search for eternal life". What is published in the Proceedings of Bloody Buddhism" [12/04], as we year after his enlightenment...pub-the point? Its one thing to try and that conference (as well as on the live in an age with heinous deeds licly debated the Kalachakrahelp people be healthy and happy Jeff Rense website on 13 of staggering dimensions that are Tantra with the King ofright into their old age, but why try September 2003 and in the often very effectively covered up. Shambhallah" is an entirely mythi-to cheat death (and life)? research journals A u s t r a l i a n However, I have just one reserva- cal tradition and is recognised as It may be true that certain organ- U F O l o g i s t, UFO Research a n d tion; that is, that the article would such by scholars who have devotedisms can live eternally, but we are UFO Quest ), I identified this be better entitled "Unveiling their lives to the rigorous study/human for a reason and our lives species as Blob Amoebagigas Bloody Buddhism". The reason I editing of Buddhist scriptures.on this planet have a much deeper deformis (shapeless giant amoeba); have this reservation is that there is The Buddha never taught themeaning than the superficiality of kingdom Animalides; phylum, not one reference that can be found Tantra and, in fact, it is widelythe body. It is my belief that we class, order and family not yet within any of the Buddhas 5,000+ believed that the adoption ofare already immortal, being in pos- classifiable. discourses which could be inter- mantric [sic] practices with theirsession of the immortal and incor- This is a giant, one-metre-tall, preted as justifying killing. condoning of orgies and drug-ruptible Soul. intelligent, amoeba-like exotic In fact, "not to kill" is the very taking were the main reason for The body is just a transitory species, blue-grey in colour with first precept! Indeed, the Buddha Buddhism dying out in India.object in our possession for a short two black dot-like eyes and filled absolutely ruled out returning evil Not only did the Buddhatime while we complete one stage with what looks like blood for evil; revenge was vehemently proscribe the use of mind-alteringof our journey on this three- corpuscles. rejected, no matter how justified it drugs but he also warned thatdimensional Planet Earth. This species does not possess might seem. sexual explorations as a means of There is no need to place so limbs, and it moves by bouncing. Now, if one carefully searches spiritual growth were highlymuch importance on this one life The outer surface has a powerful the Bible, especially the Old dangerous, saying "those whoand body—we are much "bigger" suction-like ability which it uses to Testament, one can find passages know stand in fear of suchand "older" than that. The body grasp objects. A distinctive odour which approve of killing. Even in practices", which is surelywas meant to die; we should not is noticeable and has been the New Testament, Saint Mark confirmed by Dr DMontfordsfear death as it allows us to transi- described as a combination of exhorts us not to allow a witch to timely article.tion further on our journey and into ether and burnt sausage meat. live (and by this, I dont mean to Readers may well wonder aboutother realms. Technology includes a disc-shaped suggest that Christians nowadays what the Buddha himself taught, And from a purely practical craft 3.5 metres across and one support murder, etc.). and in this regard I can be ofstandpoint: what will we do after metre high, resting on a tripod. The important point here, assistance. Just contact TS atone generation has used the From eyewitness reports, the however, is that, in the case of the theravadasociety2000@yahoo.immortality pill, cheated death and descriptions of highly intelligent Buddhas many discourses, it is not com or write to us for ourlearned to live forever? extraterrestrial species visiting our possible to find even one passage information pack. The planet would be overpopu- planet include 15 humanoid condoning killing, period. T. A. Burgess, Secretary,lated almost instantly; and should species, including three Greys, two The reader, of course, will be Theravada Society, RMB 213B, Stthe pill and its secrets get into the additional exotic mammal-like fully justified in asking, " H o w Arnaud, Victoria 3478, AustraliaAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 5
  • 6. PATENTS GAGGED FOR "three-year, multimillion-dollar NATIONAL SECURITY alliance" with Cadbury SchweppesS ecrecy orders can be slapped on private inventions in 13 ofthe 26 member countries of Americas Beverages, which pro- duces sweetened soft drinks that are implicated in the epidemic ofNATO, as well as in Australia obesity and diabetes in the Unitedand New Zealand. And the States. Its parent company,trend, from US figures at least, Cadbury Schweppes, is the third-appears to be upwards. In the largest soft-drink manufacturer inUSA, 4,885 secrecy orders are the world, after Coca-Cola andnow in place compared with PepsiCo.4,741 in 2001. "Saying that sugar has nothing to In the UK, of the 30,000 patent do with diabetes is like saying thatapplications sent to the UK tobacco has nothing to do withPatent Office (UKPO) in Cardiff emphysema," said Gary Ruskin,every year, 600 to 1,500 are executive director of Commercialpulled aside for closer scrutiny Alert.by military experts. "We dont "The American Diabetesreveal how many of those we Association has been so corruptedprohibit from dissemination," that they have sunk to thesays Patent Office information mentality of tobacco scientists whoofficer Jeremy Philpott. denied the link between tobaccoHowever, on the orders of the Ministry of AMERICAN DIABETES and lung cancer."Defence, the UKPO declassifies about 100 ASSOCIATION "BOUGHT OFF"? (Source: Corporate Crime Reporter presspatents each year—typically a decade ortwo after they were filed. The US Invention Secrecy Act of 1951 A fter the American Diabetes Association received a large gift from a major manufacturer of sugar-sweetened release, 16 May 2005, http://www.corporate - crimereporter.com/diabetes051605.htm)says that whenever the "publication or dis- beverages, its top medical official is SHOCK WAVES STIMULATEclosure of the invention by the granting of claiming that sugar has nothing to do with BONE GROWTHa patent would be detrimental to thenational security, the Commissioner ofPatents shall order that the invention be diabetes. In an interview published on 16 May in Corporate Crime Reporter, Richard Kahn, B lasting bones with shock waves sounds like a bad idea, but it turns out that it stimulates bone growth. The non-kept secret". The UK Patents Act of 2004 the chief scientific and medical officer invasive technique might help treat frac-runs along similar lines. with the American Diabetes Association, tures that refuse to heal and perhaps even In both cases, penalties for infringement said: "What is the evidence that sugar reduce the need for hip replacements byinclude two years imprisonment and/or itself has anything to do with diabetes? encouraging ageing joints to regenerate.heavy fines. There is no evidence." Shock waves—single, high-pressure(Source: New Scientist, 9 July 2005) On 21 April, the ADA announced a pulses—have long been used to break up kidney stones. They travel through soft tissue without causing damage but release their energy when they hit a hard sub- stance such as bone. Doctors noticed decades ago that people who had multiple treatments for kidney stones grew extra bone on the pelvis, even though later studies showed the waves do not damage these bones. Now Joerg Hausdorfs team at Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany, has studied the effect of shock waves on bone cells. The pulses stimulate production of an important bone growth factor, bFGH, Hausdorf told a meeting of the US and Canadian acoustical societies in Vancouver this week. He thinks shock waves activate the same growth mechanisms as stretching and FIRST PICTURES FROM THE pressure. SURFACE OF THE MOON TITAN (Source: New Scientist, 21 May 2005)6 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 7. ... GL BAL NEWS ...TIME TRAVELLERS COULD NEVER The briefing paper, for participants at a March 2003. ALTER THE PAST meeting of Blairs inner circle on 23 July The briefing paper is certain to add toT he laws of physics seem to permit time travel and, with it, paradoxical situa-tions such as the possibility that people 2002, said that since regime change was illegal it was "necessary to create the conditions" which would make it legal. the pressure, particularly on the American president, because of the damaging revela- tion that Bush and Blair agreed on regimecould go back in time to prevent their own This was required because, even if min- change in April 2002 and then looked for abirth. But it turns out that such paradoxes isters decided Britain should not take part way to justify it.may be ruled out by the weirdness inherent in an invasion, the American military (Source: The Sunday Times, UK, 12 Junein the laws of quantum physics. would be using British bases. This would 2005, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/ Some solutions to the equations of automatically make Britain complicit in 0,,2087-1650822,00.html)Einsteins general theory of relativity lead any illegal US action.to situations in which space-time curves "US plans assume, as a minimum, the AUSTRALIAS "DUST AGE"back on itself, theoretically allowing trav-ellers to loop back in time and meetyounger versions of themselves. use of British bases in Cyprus and Diego Garcia," the briefing paper warned. This meant that issues of legality "would arise A ustralia is in the grip of a "dust age", a five-year-long spell in which the winds have swept tens of megatonnes of Because such time travel sets up para- virtually whatever option ministers choose topsoil from the face of the continent.doxes, many researchers suspect that some with regard to UK participation". "Dust is a measure of the care we arephysical constraints must make time travel Those present at the meeting included: taking of Australia, just as the sediment inimpossible. Tony Blair; Geoff Hoon, then defence sec- a river reveals how you are looking after Now, physicists Daniel Greenberger of retary; Jack Straw, the foreign secretary; its catchment," says Professor Grantthe City University of New York and Karl and Sir Richard Dearlove, then chief of McTainsh, who heads the dust researchSvozil of the Vienna University of MI6. The full minutes of the meeting were team in the Desert Knowledge CooperativeTechnology in Austria have shown that the published in May in the Sunday Times. Research Centre (CRC).most basic features of quantum theory may The document said the only way the "Up till 2001, we thought we were get-ensure that time travellers could never alter allies could justify military action was to ting better at it, based on the previous 40the past, even if they were able to go back place Saddam Hussein in a position where years data. Then a major dust era erupted,in time. he ignored or rejected a United Nations from 2002 to 2004, which still persists in Quantum theory allows time travel ultimatum ordering him to cooperate with New South Wales and parts of northernbecause nothing prevents the waves from the weapons inspectors. But it warned this South Australia and western Queensland."going back in time. When Greenberger would be difficult. A single giant dust storm took 4.85 mil-and Svozil analysed what happens when "It is just possible that an ultimatum lion tonnes of soil, Prof. McTainsh andthese component waves flow into the past, could be cast in terms which Saddam colleague Dr John Leys calculated. In thethey found that the paradoxes implied by would reject," the document says. But if same year, 20 other events took over a mil-Einsteins equations never arise. Waves he accepted it and did not attack the allies, lion tonnes apiece. Accentuating the con-that travel back in time interfere destruc- they would be "most unlikely" to obtain tinents violent contrasts, they recentlytively, thus preventing anything from hap- the legal justification they needed. observed a huge dust plume rising rightpening differently from that which has The attack on Iraq finally began in alongside a flooding creek.already taken place. "If you travel into the past, quantummechanically, you would only see thosealternatives consistent with the world youleft behind you," says Greenberger.(Source: New Scientist, 18 June 2005) UK MINISTERS TOLD OF NEED FOR IRAQ WAR "EXCUSE"U K ministers were warned in July 2002 that Britain was committed to takingpart in an American-led invasion of Iraqand they had no choice but to find a way ofmaking it legal. The so-called Downing Street memo(often shortened to "the DSM" on web-sites) is a leaked Cabinet Office briefingpaper, which states that Prime MinisterTony Blair had already agreed to back mil-itary action to get rid of Saddam Hussein "This week I finish off a magazine campaign positioning Nuclearat a summit at the Texas ranch of US Power as the new green energy. Next week I start work on some TVPresident George W. Bush three months spots raising awareness of Whaling as an oceanic decongestant."earlier.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 7
  • 8. ... GL BAL NEWS ... The DustWatch network was established 171 Codex countries in attendance, adopted The writing off of debt, which occupiedin 2002 in NSW by Dr Leys from the NSW the guidelines by consensus method. so many front pages, is itself hedgedDepartment of Infrastructure, Planning and Although the guidelines are not in them- around with similar conditions and requestsNatural Resources and Professor McTainsh selves restricting supplement sales, they do before countries will be allowed to benefit.from Griffith University in Queensland. prohibit making information available It is linked to the HIPC (highly indebted Since 2002, the team has charted 15 about diseases and nutrition, and they call poor countries) initiative, a form of debtevents which exceeded safe health limits for future dosage restrictions to be set after relief that has been tied to privatisationfor breathability. And all of the events scientific evaluation of the safety of nutri- schemes controlled by the IMF and Worldspeak of lost topsoil, lost nutrients, and the ents contained in pills and capsules. Bank.land being stripped away and sometimes Consumer representatives who attended The G7 statement makes it clear thatgone for good. the meeting are concerned that the guide- only those countries that are "on track with In bad events, the plumes extend far lines, in conjunction with the European their programmes of repayment obligationsacross the ocean, stretching halfway to Unions Directive on Food Supplements, and adjusting their gross assistance flowsSouth America and Africa, besides dyeing may be a first step towards heavy controls by the amount forgiven" will be covered bythe New Zealand snows pink. In such on nutrition that would favour the pharma- the write-off—in other words, only thoseevents, Prof. McTainsh says, cubic kilome- ceutical approach to disease over active, countries that have adjusted theirtres of Australias soil is lost—far more consumer-driven prevention. economies in favour of repayment.than is exported by our rivers as sediment. (Sources: Press releases, 4 July 2005, What is more, any further grants of aid(Source: CSIRO media release, 6 July 2005, http://www.newmediaexplorer.org/ are conditional on those countries move-http://www.desertknowledge.com.au/crc) sepp/2005/07/04/codex_alimentarius_ ment towards "good governance, account- adopts_vitamin_guidelines.htm; ability and transparency". The World CODEX COMMISSION ADOPTS http://ahha.org/millerpressrelease705.htm) Bank, under Iraq war architect Paul TOUGH VITAMIN GUIDELINES Wolfowitz, will decide what amounts to THE AGENDA BEHIND DEBTI n its 28th session in Rome on 4 July, the planets supreme food regulator has given RELIEF FOR POOR NATIONS "good governance". This kind of sleight of hand—to controla nod to industry in approving guidelinesfor food supplements over the strenuousopposition of consumer representatives. T he statement that was released on 10 June, following the G7 finance minis- ters meeting, has been generally received through the appearance of altruism—is only possible under a modern democracy, with a media so well trained in self- The full Commission of Codex by the Western media as heralding some censorship that it can be trusted not to pokeAlimentarius adopted in final form the kind of new dawn for poor countries. around in the more unpleasant corners ofCodex Guidelines for Vitamin and Mineral Taking a closer look, however, reveals such statements.Food Supplements. This is the Step 8 the statement to be very much about the Constant references were made to theadoption, the final stage of adoption for the breaking down of barriers to "free" trade "G8 debt deal" and even the "G8 financeinternational Codex guidelines. The Codex and corporate control of countries services ministers". In truth, there were only sevenVitamin and Mineral Food Supplements and resources—or "the elimination of ministers at that meeting.guidelines are now official and no longer in impediments to private investment, both Russia, although allowed into aspects ofdraft form. domestic and foreign", as the ministerial the G8 summit in view of its large reserves The Commission, with over 85 of the statement put it. of oil, gas and nuclear weapons, is not con- sidered to be an important enough player, economically speaking, to come to G7 finance meetings. The dressing up of World Trade Organization measures under the cloak of humanitarianism and international aid is perhaps the most successful aspect of the G8 summits spin offensive. (Source: Corporate Watch , 17 June 2005, available at http://www.corporatewatch. org.uk/?lid=1807; read the G7 statement at http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/finance/fm050611 _dev.htm) US DRIVERS LICENCES TO BECOME NATIONAL ID CARDS T he "Real ID" bill that President Bush signed into law on 11 May will turn state-issued US drivers licences into national ID cards. Real ID, which was slipped into an emer- gency appropriations bill, stipulates that by8 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 9. ... GL BAL NEWS ...2008 all drivers licences or equivalent ID US MILITARY SPENDING TO EXCEED REST OF WORLD COMBINED!must include a machine-readable name, adigitised photograph, address, social secu-rity number, a digitised birth certificate and I t is expected that next year the United States will spend more on its defence and security than the rest of the world combined will spend on theirs. In 2004, massive US spending on the war on terrorism pushed global military expenditure abovesignature. It was passed in the Senate on US$1 trillion—the sixth successive year in which the total has risen, according to the10 May without a word of debate. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). If you dont have an ID card you wont World military expenditure rose 5% to US$1.04 trillion, still 6% below a Coldbe allowed onto planes, trains or buses or War peak in 1987–88 but up sharply since 1998, the Swedish Government–fundedinto government buildings. institute said in its latest yearbook. The Department of Homeland Security is US military spending accounted for nearly half the global figure for 2004, risingto decide what reading technology will be 12% last year to $455 billion, the institute said. That was more than the combinedused. One possibility is RFID tags that can total of the 32 next most powerful nations, SIPRI said. The figure was set to rise stillbe read from a few metres away without further to $502 billion in 2010.your ever realising. The top five countries by military spending—the United States, Britain, France,(Source: New Scientist, 21 May 2005) Japan and China—spent nearly two-thirds of the world total last year according to the institute, which monitors officially reported military spending for 159 countries.NORTH ATLANTIC FOOD CHAIN Meanwhile, in May, a US Senate committee approved the US$441.6 billion DRAMATICALLY ALTERED defence bill for fiscal year 2006. This includes the Department of Defense budget and funding for nuclear weapons activity of the Department of Energy. It does notR esearchers who looked at data over a 40-year period have found that thefood chain in the North Atlantic has been include other items such as money for the Afghanistan and Iraq wars ($49.1 billion for fiscal year 2006) or Homeland Security funding ($41.1 billion for fiscal yearsignificantly altered with the disappearance 2006).of large species, such as cod, a finding Top military spenders for 2004 $US billionsnever seen before. 1. United States 455.3 Ken Frank, a scientist who co-authored a 2. United Kingdom 47.4recent report in Science magazine, said the 3. France 46.2findings provide an unsettling picture of 4. Japan 42.4the marine environment on the Eastern 5. China 35.4Scotian Shelf. 6. Germany 33.9 He said the virtual disappearance of cod 7. Italy 27.8and other large species, such as haddock, 8. Russia 19.4flounder and hake, led to what he calls a 9. Saudi Arabia 19.3cascade effect. That is, large predators 10. South Korea 15.5 11. India 15.1declined dramatically, but the fish they 12. Israel 10.7preyed on were allowed to thrive and even- 13. Canada 10.6tually underwent a population explosion. 14. Turkey 10.1 Cod, which used to sit on the top of the 15. Australia 10.1food chain, has now been replaced bysmaller fish. That also trickled down to the To put military spending in another perspective, it is worth having a look at a recentlowest members of the marine food year (1998) of global expenditure priorities:chain—zooplankton and algae—which are Global Expenditure $US billionsbeing depleted at a faster rate because more Basic education for everyone in the world 6and more fish are feeding on them. That Cosmetics in the United States 8has also raised the fear that the smaller fish Water and sanitation for everyone in the world 9species could diminish the nutrients they United Nations and all its agencies 10rely on. Ice cream in Europe 11 "Their levels have now decreased Reproductive health for all women in the world 12because theyre being eaten heavily by the Perfumes in Europe and the United States 12 Basic health and nutrition for everyone in the world 13exploding group," said Ken Frank, who Pet foods in Europe and the United States 17works for the Department of Fisheries and Business entertainment in Japan 35Oceans at the Bedford Institute of Cigarettes in Europe 50Oceanography in Nova Scotia, Canada. Alcoholic drinks in Europe 105 "It was always known that when you Narcotic drugs in the world 400deplete a predator, its prey will increase. Military spending in the world 780But it was never suspected that this would It would seem ironic that the world spends more on things to destroy each other (mili-cascade or extend all the way down to the tary) and to destroy ourselves (drugs, alcohol and cigarettes) than on anything else.base of the food chain."(Source: The Globe and Mail , Toronto, (Sources: http://www.dawn.com/2005/06/08/int14.htm; http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/archives/Canada, 9 June 2005) 001658.php; http://www.janes.com/defence/news/jdi/jdi050504_1_n.shtml; http://www.wjla.com/ headlines/0505/228369.html; http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/ArmsTrade/Spending.asp)AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 9
  • 10. 10 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 11. Bilderbergs Plans for the World T he Bilderberg groups secret annual meeting determines many of the headlines and news developments that you will read about in the coming months. But the Establishment media completely black out any news of it and remain strangely reluctant to lift the curtain hiding this major event. A number of high-ranking When presidents, members of the press who attend the annual meeting are sworn to secrecy, and news edi- tors are held responsible if any of their journalists "inadvertently" report on what takes prime ministers, place. Yet few have ever heard of this exclusive and secretive group of the worlds most powerful financiers, industrialists and political figures. bankers and Although the Bilderberg group has lost some of its past lustre, on 5 to 8 May 2005 it generals rub met at Rottach-Egern (in Munich, Germany) under its usual secrecy that makes a freema- sonry lodge look like a playgroup. Staff at the hotel were photographed and put through shoulders with special clearance. From porters to senior managers, the employees were warned (under the threat of never working in their country again) about the consequences of revealing European royalty at any details of the guests to the press. The discussions that the Bilderbergers engaged in this year and the consensus they the annual secret reached—deciding how the world should deal with European–American relations, the Middle East powder keg, the Iraq war, the global economy and how to stave off war in Bilderberg meeting, Iran—will influence the course of Western civilisation and the future of the entire planet. Ironically, they met behind closed doors, protected by a phalanx of armed guards. they discuss the After three straight years of open hostility and tension amongst the European, British business of running and American Bilderbergers, caused by the war in Iraq, the aura of complete congeniality amongst them has returned. Bilderbergers have reaffirmed and remain united in their markets and wars long-term goal to strengthen the role the United Nations plays in regulating global con- flicts and relations. without being However, it is important to understand that the Americans are no more the "Hawks" than the European Bilderbergers are the "Doves". Europeans joined in supporting the accountable to the 1991 invasion of Iraq by US President George Bush Senior, celebrating (in the words of notable Bilderberg hunter Jim Tucker) the end of "Americas Vietnam syndrome". public. Europeans also supported former US President Bill Clintons invasion of Yugoslavia, bringing NATO into the operation. UN Global Oil Tax and Peacebuilding Proposals A much discussed subject in 2005 at Rottach-Egern was the concept of imposing a UN tax on people worldwide through a direct tax on oil at the well-head. This, in fact, sets a precedent. If enacted, it would be the first time that a non-governmental agency (read the United Nations) directly benefited from a tax on citizens of free and enslaved nations. by Daniel Estulin The Bilderberg proposal calls for a tiny UN levy at the outset, which the consumer would © May–June 2005 hardly notice. Jim Tucker, formerly of the court-killed Spotlight magazine, wrote in the American Email: Free Press (14–21 June 2004) that: "...establishing the principle that the UN can directly d.estulin@ctconsultoria.com tax citizens of the world is important to Bilderberg. It is another giant step toward world government. Bilderbergers know that publicly promoting a UN tax on all people on Earth The full text of this article is at: would meet with outrage. But they are patient; it [Bilderberg] first proposed a direct http://www.onlinejournal.com world tax years ago and celebrates the fact that it is now in the public dialogue with little public attention or concern." Bilderberg wants "tax harmonisation" so that high-tax countries can compete with moreAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 11
  • 12. tax-friendly nations—including the United States—for foreign informal discussion of timing for a vote in the United Nations oninvestment. They would "harmonise" taxes by forcing the rate in establishing a direct global tax by imposing a 10-cents-a-barrelthe US and other countries to rise so that socialist Swedens 58- levy on oil at the well-head. This is important to the Bilderbergper-cent level would be "competitive". goal of establishing the UN as a formal world government. Such According to sources, an unidentified guest at the conference a direct tax on individuals is symbolically important. Bilderbergsasked how global taxation can be sold to the American public. global tax proposal has been pending before the UN for threeOne European Union commissioner suggested using as the batter- years but the issue has been blacked out by the Bilderberg-ing ram the rhetoric of helping countries build peaceful, stable controlled US media."societies once conflict subsides. Someone asked for the timing of Mark R. Warner, governor of Virginia and a first-timethe appeal. A former commissioner mentioned that the best time Bilderberg invitee, expressed concern about how much additionalto ask for cash is once the conflict subsides and the world is sub- financial responsibility the United States would take on as ajected to brutal images of destruction. result. At this point, José M. DurãoA Norwegian Bilderberger disagreed. Barroso, president of the EuropeanWhat looked to be Björn T. Commission, expressed a view heldGrydeland, Norways ambassador to by many within Bilderberg that thethe European Union, said that, on the United States does not provide a faircontrary, its much easier to get world share of economic aid to poor coun-attention and money for a region According to sources within tries. My sources confirm Jimwhen a conflict rages. Bilderberg, the status of NGOs Tuckers report that "Kissinger and This was confirmed a posteriori David Rockefeller, among otherwhen Denmarks foreign minister Per would be elevated even Americans, beamed and noddedStig Moller, during a debate in the further in the future. approval".United Nations on 26 May, stated on Although the US pays more into thethe record that "[i]f the international foreign-aid piggy bank than any coun-community is not able to act swiftly, try in the world, the Bilderbergers andthe fragile peace is at risk, with loss the United Nations are poised toof more lives as a consequence". demand much more funding from it toDenmark holds the EU presidency until meet the Peacebuilding proposal.1 July 2005, when it will be replaced by the UK. [Thechangeover took place just before we went to press. Ed.] NGOs and the Global Neighbourhood Bilderbergers are planning to use what they nominated as a UN The rise of the NGOs (non-governmental organisations) is aPeacebuilding Commission, apparently to help win the peace in development that former US President Clinton suddenly (one daypost-conflict countries, as one of the tools in secretly imposing the after it was discussed at Rottach-Egern) suggested to be amongUN tax on an unsuspecting world population. "the most remarkable things that have happened since the fall of Jim Tucker said as much in his Bilderberg report in the the Berlin Wall". Ironically, Clintons statement was picked up byAmerican Free Press (23 May) when he wrote: "There was some the Wall Street Journal, a paper represented at the Bilderberg meetings by its vice-president, Robert L. Bartley, until his death in December 2003, and its editorial page editor, Paul Gigot. The Bilderbergers have been vigorously debating, for the first time, whether to have unelected, self-appointed environmental activists given positions of governmental authority on the governing board of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)—the agency which con- trols the use of the atmosphere, outer space, the oceans and, for all practical purposes, biodiversity. This invita- tion for "civil society" to participate in global governance is described as "expanding democracy". According to sources within Bilderberg, the status of NGOs would be elevated even further in the future. NGO activity would include agitating at the local level, lobby- ing at the national level and producing studies to justify global taxation through UN organisations such as Global Plan, one of Bilderbergs pet projects for over a decade. The strategy to advance the global governance agenda specifically includes programs to discredit individuals and organisations that generate "internal political pressure" or "populist action" that fails to support the new global ethic. The ultimate objective, according to sources, is to sup- press democracy. If the plan proceeds, UNEP, along with all the environ- mental treaties under its jurisdiction, would ultimately be governed by a special body of environmental activists,12 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 13. chosen only from accredited NGOs appointed by delegates to the of a British Bilderberger, do not do the right thing, meaning giveGeneral Assembly who are themselves appointed by the President up voluntarily their independence for the "greater good" of aof the United States, who himself is controlled by the European federal super-state!Rockefeller–Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)–Bilderberg A German Bilderberger insider said that Frances "Yes" vote isinterlocking leadership. in trouble because of the "outsourcing of jobs". "Jobs in Germany This new mechanism would provide a direct route from the and France are going to Asia and Latvia [to take advantage oflocal, "on-the-ground", NGO affiliates of national and cheap labour]." Latvia is one of the former Soviet republics thatinternational NGOs to the highest levels of global governance. have been admitted to the European Union, bringing the totalFor example, the Greater Yellowstone Coalition, a group of membership to 25 nations. A German politician wondered outaffiliated NGOs, recently petitioned the World Heritage loud how Tony Blair will go about convincing Britons to embraceCommittee of UNESCO asking for intervention in the plans of a the European Constitution when, due to the outsourcing of jobs,private company to mine gold on private land near Yellowstone both Germany and France are suffering 10 per cent unemploy-Park. The UNESCO committee did intervene, and immediately ment while Britain is doing well economically.listed Yellowstone as a "World Heritage Site in Danger". Underthe terms of the World Heritage Convention, The Neo-conservative Lobbythe United States is required to protect the In full force was that faction: the so-park, even beyond the borders of the park called "neo-conservatives", who haveand onto private lands if necessary. determined that Israels security should The ideas being discussed, if implemented, come at the expense of the safety of thewould bring all the people of the world into a The ideas being United States and be central to all USglobal neighbourhood, managed by a world-wide bureaucracy under the direct authority discussed, if foreign policy decisions. Most notable among them is Richard N.of a minute handful of appointed individuals implemented, would Perle, who was investigated by the FBI forand policed by thousands of individuals, paidby accredited NGOs, and all certified to sup- bring all the people of conducting espionage on behalf of Israel. Perle played a critical role in pushing theport a belief system that to many people is the world into a United States into the war against Iraq. Onunbelievable and unacceptable. 27 March 2003, he was forced to resign global neighbourhood, from the Pentagons Defense Policy BoardA Lesson for Tony Blair managed by a after it was learned hed been advising Bilderbergers are celebrating the Goldman Sachs International, an habit-result they wanted: the return of a worldwide bureaucracy ual Bilderberg attendee, on how itmuch humbled Tony Blair to 10 under the direct might profit from the war in Iraq.Downing Street, with a much reduced Another neo-conservative figure onparliamentary majority. authority of a minute hand was Michael A. Ledeen, an European Bilderbergers are still handful of appointed "intellectuals intellectual". Ledeenangry at him for supporting Americas serves for the American Enterprisewar in Iraq. While teaching Blair a use- individuals... Institute (AEI), a think-tank founded inful lesson in international politics, 1943 and with which Richard Perle hasBilderbergers feel he is a far safer can- long been associated. AEI and thedidate to continue on the path of Brookings Institution operate a JointEuropean integration than his conserva- Center for Regulatory Studies (JCRS),tive rival, Michael Howard. the purpose being to hold lawmakers and regulators "accountable for theirThe EU Referendum in France decisions by providing thoughtful, objective analyses of existing The first day of secret meetings at Bilderberg 2005 was domi- regulatory programs and new regulatory proposals". The JCRSnated by talk of the European Union referendum in France and pushes for cost-benefit analysis of regulations, which fits withwhether President Chirac could persuade France to vote "Yes" on AEIs (and the Bilderbergers) ultimate goal of deregulation.29 May. A "Yes" vote, according to sources within Bilderberg, These neo-conservatives were also joined this year atwould put a lot of pressure on Tony Blair to finally deliver Britain Bilderberg by a handful of other former top Washington policy-into the waiting arms of the New World Order through its own makers and publicists known for their sympathies for Israel,referendum on the treaty, scheduled for 2006. Matthias Nass, including: Richard N. Haass, former State Department officialDeputy Editor of Die Zeit, wondered out loud that a "No" vote in and president of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR); RichardFrance could undoubtedly cause political turmoil in Europe and Holbrooke, former assistant secretary of state and "father" of theovershadow Britains six-month EU presidency starting on 1 July. Dayton Accord; Dennis Ross, of the pro-Israel Washington Bilderbergers hope that Blair and Chirac, whose at times open Institute for Near East Policy, effectively an offshoot of theanimosity has spilled into the public arena on more than one occa- American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) and thesion, can work together for mutual benefit and political survival. Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA); and PaulAnother European Bilderberger added that both leaders must put Wolfowitz, the newly elected World Bank president.behind them as quickly as possible all past disputes on such topicsas Iraq, the liberalisation of Europes economy and the future of American Criminals: Public Policy in Privatethe budget rebate that Britain receives from the EU, and work In the United States, the Logan Act states explicitly that it istowards complete European integration—which could disintegrate against the law for federal officials to attend secret meetings withif Frances often "hard-headed and obstinate people", in the words private citizens to develop public policies.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 13
  • 14. Although Bilderberg 2005 was missing one of its luminaries— During cocktails one afternoon, a European Bilderberger notedUS State Department official John Bolton, who was testifying that there is no plausible alternative to hydrocarbon energy. Onebefore the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations—the US American insider stated that currently the world uses betweenGovernment was well represented in Rottach-Egern by: Allan E. four and six barrels of oil for every new barrel it finds, and thatHubbard, Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and the prospects for a short-term breakthrough are slim at best. Thisdirector of the National Economic Council; William Luti, Deputy confirms a public statement made in 2003 by IHS Energy, theUnder-Secretary of Defense; James Wolfensohn, outgoing presi- worlds most respected consulting firm cataloguing oil reservesdent of the World Bank; and Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of and discoveries, that for the first time since the 1920s there wasState, an ideologue of the Iraq war and incoming president of the not a single discovery of an oil field in excess of 500 millionWorld Bank. By attending the Bilderberg 2005 meeting, these barrels.people broke United States federal law. One invitee asked for an estimate of the worlds accessible con- ventional oil supply. The amount was quoted at approximatelyJournalistic Whores one trillion barrels. As a side note of interest, the planet con- Bilderberg, at one time or another, has had representatives of all sumes a billion (1,000,000,000) barrels of oil every 11.5 days.major US and European newspapers and network news outlets Another Bilderberger asked about the hydrogen alternative to oil.attend. High-ranking membes of the inadequately named "inter- The US Government official agreed gloomily that hydrogens sal-national free press" attend on their vation of the worlds imminent energysolemn promise to report nothing. This crisis is a fantasy.is how Bilderberg keeps its news black- At the 2005 Bilderberg conference,out virtually complete in the United Bilderberg, at one time the oil industry was represented by:States and Europe. John Browne, chief executive officer of This years invitees included: or another, has had BP; Sir John Kerr, director of RoyalNicolas Beytout, editor-in-chief of Le representatives of all major Dutch/Shell; Peter D. Sutherland,Figaro; Oscar Bronner, publisher and chairman of BP; and Jeroen van dereditor of Der Standard ; Donald US and European Veer, chairman of the committee ofGraham, chairman of the WashingtonPost; Matthias Nass, deputy editor of newspapers and network managing directors at Royal Dutch/ Shell. (Queen Beatrix of TheDie Zeit; Norman Pearlstine, editor-in- news outlets attend. Netherlands, Royal Dutch/Shellschief of Time; J. Robert S. Prichard, principal shareholder, is a fully fledgedpresident and CEO of Torstar Media member of the Bilderbergers. HerGroup (Toronto Star); Cüneyt Ulsevere, father, Prince Bernhard, was one of thecolumnist for Hürriyet; John Vinocur, senior correspondent for founders of the group back in 1954.)the International Herald Tribune; Martin Wolf, associate editor of It should be noted that in late 2003, oil and gas giant Royalthe Financial Times ; Fareed Zakaria, editor of N e w s w e e k Dutch/Shell announced it had overstated its reserves by as muchInternational; Klaus Zumwinkel, chairman of Deutsche Post; and as 20 per cent; in early 2004 it reduced its estimated oil and gasJohn Micklethwait, US editor of The Economist and Adrian reserves by about 4.5 billion barrels, but in October had to applyWooldridge, Washington correspondent for The Economist . an additional cut of 1.15 billion barrels in reserve estimates. InMicklethwait and Wooldridge acted as the meetings rapporteurs. fact, Shells three cuts in reserve estimates prompted the resigna- tion of its co-chairman. The Los Angeles Times (18 JanuaryDeclining Energy Reserves and Economic Downturn 2005) reported: "For petroleum firms, reserves amount to nothing Of course, discussion at Bilderberg 2005 turned to oil. An less than the value of the company."American Bilderberger expressed concern over the sky-rocketing At Rottach-Egern in May 2005, the industrys top executivesoil price. One oil industry insider at the meeting remarked that tried to figure out how to keep the truth about diminishing oilgrowth is not possible without energy, and that according to all reserves from reaching the public. Public knowledge of theindicators the worlds energy supply is coming to an end much diminishing reserves directly translates into lower share pricesfaster than the world leaders have anticipated. which could destroy financial markets, leading to a collapse of the According to sources, Bilderbergers estimate the extractable world economy.worlds oil supply will last a maximum of 35 years under current An American Bilderberger wondered what it would take for theeconomic development and population. However, one of the rep- oil price to go back to US$25 a barrel. Another Americanresentatives of an oil cartel remarked that they must factor into the Bilderberger, believed to be Allan Hubbard, laconically stated thatequation the population explosion and economic growth as well the general public does not realise that the price for cheap oil canas demand for oil in China and India. Under the revised condi- be the bursting of the debt bubble. Cheap oil slows economictions, there is apparently only enough oil to last for 20 years. No growth because it depresses commodity prices and reduces worldoil spells the end of the worlds financial system—which has liquidity.already been acknowledged by the Wall Street Journal and the There is a strong indication, based on the information reportedFinancial Times, two newspapers that are regularly represented at from the Bilderberg 2005 meeting in Rottach-Egern, that the USthe annual Bilderberg conference. The conclusion: expect a Federal Reserve is extremely concerned about the debt bubble.severe downturn in the worlds economy over the next two years One American Bilderberger reported that if the price of oil wereas Bilderbergers try to safeguard the remaining oil supply by tak- to go down to its previous low of $25 a barrel, the debt-drivening money out of peoples hands. In a recession or, at worst, a asset bubble would explode. Martin S. Feldstein, president of thedepression, the population will be forced to dramatically cut down National Bureau of Economic Research, added that $50 a barreltheir spending habits, thus ensuring a longer supply of oil to the involves greater cash flow.worlds rich as they try to figure out what to do. According to publicly available information, the United States14 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 15. consumes daily approximately 20 million barrels of oil out of a acquiring more purchasing power, and the industrialised world istotal world consumption of 84 million barrels. At $50 a barrel, gaining a foothold in their domestic economies by targeting themthe aggregate oil bill for the US comes to $1 billion a day, $365 for cheap exports.billion a year, about 3 per cent of 2004 US gross domestic product Further discussion on China was led off with a series of(GDP). About 60 per cent of US consumption is imported at a rhetorical questions from the speaker. Is China really abusing itscost of $600 million a day, or $219 billion a year. competitive advantage, or is it being victimised by the US and the A short, stout man asked if the surging oil price would influ- EU? Is a trade war imminent? Should China revalue the yuan (itsence economic growth. Someone sitting in the front row noted currency), and, if so, how should it do this?that higher energy prices do not take money out of the economy; An American Bilderberger noted that China in 2005 is one ofthey merely shift profit allocation from one business sector to the leading world economic powers whose actions influence theanother. After further discussion, a US General commented that world economy. Another American, believed to be but not posi-war spending helps jump-start the economy, noting that the trick tively identified as Michael Ledeen of the American Enterpriseto keeping the opposition at bay is to limit collateral damage to Institute, said that if China doesnt revalue the yuan it would causeforeign soil. the entire world trade system to go out of whack. Someone men- A British Bilderberger noted that oil at $120 a barrel would tioned that the current situation could be dangerous for thegreatly benefit Britain and the United States, Chinese economy due to the creation of excessbut Russia and China would be the biggest liquidity.winners. An expert in international relations Elena Nemirovskaya, founder of theand policy studies noted that for the Chinese Moscow School of Political Studies, askedthis would be a real bonanza. The Chinese what would happen if the yuan were allowedimport energy not for domestic consumption to float freely. An economist responded thatbut, instead, to fuel its growing cheap this could bring about serious consequences toexports—a cost that would be duly passed on A British the worlds financial markets. Chinas foreignto foreign buyers. A European banker pointed Bilderberger noted exchange reserves are to a large extent madeout that Russia could effectively devalue the up of US Treasury bills. An appreciation ofdollar by re-denominating its energy trade that oil at $120 a the yuan would cause its dollar reserves towith Europe from dollars into euros, forcing barrel would greatly depreciate.Europes central banks to rebalance their A German Bilderberger pointed out that thisforeign exchange reserves in favour of the benefit Britain and could force the Federal Reserve to have toeuro. Jean-Claude Trichet, Governor of the USA, but raise interest rates, thus causing the cur-the European Central Bank, was present rent housing boom in the US to come to aduring the debate. Russia and China screeching halt. An oversized Dutchman would be the biggest pointed out that the InternationalGlobalised Trading and the Rift Monetary Fund needs to play an activewith China winners. role in helping the yuan. European and American Bilderbergers, "Is there a real danger, then," asked anrealising the most urgent of needs to Italian Bilderberger, "of this disputeexpand into developing markets in order deteriorating into an all-out trade war?"to help sustain the illusion of endless "Not likely," according to an unidentifiedgrowth, have agreed to name Pascal blond man from Scandinavia, believed toLamy, a French socialist and fanatical be a Swede, "because China has totallysupporter of a European super-state, as integrated itself into the marketthe next World Trade Organization economy."(WTO) president. It should be remembered that Washington gave An American Bilderberger and a member of the USconditional support to Lamys nomination in exchange for Government noted that all the posturing is part of the act to keepEuropean support of Paul Wolfowitz as head of the World Bank. the voters back home happy. According to insider sources within the Bilderbergers, Lamy Chinas moves into the Mekong region did not go unnoticed atwas chosen to help steer the global trading system through a time the conference. William J. Luti, US Deputy Under-Secretary ofof rising protectionist sentiment in rich countries such as France Defense for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, explained thatand Germany, both reeling from high unemployment and reticent Chinas rapid expansion into the Mekong region, comprisingto accept increasingly muscular demands for market access from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, could threatenemerging economies. Third World States, for example, are insist- US interests in the area. Such moves by China would give it aning on cuts to EU and US farm subsidies. The WTO liberalisation enhanced role in South-East Asia.drive collapsed in acrimony in Seattle in 1999 and again in Over the last several years, China has invested heavily inCancún in 2003. transport infrastructure development linking Chinas southwestern The Bilderbergers have secretly agreed on the need to force the Yunan province and the Mekong region.poor countries into a globalised market for cheap goods while A European Bilderberger pointed out that China is heavilysimultaneously forcing the poor into becoming customers. The dependent on oil imports. Someone asked for a figure. A tall,current rift with China is a good example, as the Chinese have lanky man with glasses, believed to be Jeroen van der Veer,flooded Western countries with cheap goods, amongst them tex- Chairman of Royal Dutch Shell, responded that some 40 per centtiles, driving down prices. As a trade-off, the Bilderbergers have of Chinas supply is imported. In fact, Chinas move into theentered into an emerging market ripe and vulnerable to superior Mekong region is the result of acute awareness that the countrysWestern know-how. Similar developing countries are slowly energy supplies are vulnerable to interference. Overall, 32 perAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 15
  • 16. cent of energy supplies, Chinas lifeblood, passes through the nar- eyeballs in the Iraq quagmire, the United States military is waryrow and easily blocked Strait of Malacca. of any new adventures in hostile terrain against a much healthier enemy, both better prepared and organised.Indonesia–Malaysia Stand-off A Swiss Bilderberger asked if a hypothetical attack on Iran A political and military confrontation between Indonesia and would involve a pre-emptive strike against its nuclear sites.Malaysia in the oil-rich Sulawesi Sea (both claim territorial right Richard Haass replied that such an attack would prove to beto the area of Ambalat) was the topic of much animated counterproductive because Tehrans counterattack options coulddiscussion among several American and European Bilderbergers range from "unleashing terrorism and promoting instability induring Friday afternoon cocktails. An American Bilderberger Iraq, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia, to triggering oil pricewaving his cigar suggested using the United Nations to "further a increases that could trigger a global economic crisis". Duringpeace policy in the region". dinner, according to several sources, Richard Perle criticised In fact, Bilderbergers at the lounge table all agreed that such a Haasss position and explained his opposition to his view.conflict might well give them an excuse to garrison the disputed A woman believed to be Heather Munroe-Blum, Vice-area with UN "Peacekeepers" and thus ensure their ultimate con- Chancellor of McGill University, Quebec, Canada, asked atrol over the exploitation of this treasure, meaning untapped oil rhetorical question about what would happen if Iran were toreserves. continue building its nuclear arsenal. Haass replied that in this scenario, the United States would have noNobel Peace Prize Pressure choice but to grant Iran the same status as it The appearance at Bilderberg 2005 of does to Pakistan and India.Nobel Peace Prize Committee Secretary Geir A political and A US General commented that theLundestad was considered likely to mean, China–Iran–Russia alliance is changing the military confrontation geopolitical situation in the area.according to sources familiar with the discus-sion, a full court press by the American, between Indonesia Rapprochement between Russia and China isBritish and Israeli delegation to the Nobel viewed by the Bilderbergers as a significantcommittee to prevent the Israeli nuclear tech- and Malaysia in the event not to be taken lightly, even though it hasnician Mordechai Vanunu from winning the oil-rich Sulawesi Sea received little media attention in the West.coveted award. Vanunu spent 18 years in an Israeli was the topic of much wherein, according to sources, thewas cited A secret US Government report Chineseprison—eleven and a half of them in solitary animated discussion have spent upwards of several billion dollars inconfinement—for providing evidence of acquiring Russias latest and mostIsraels nuclear arsenal to the London among several sophisticated weapons technology.Sunday Times newspaper in October American and Someone pointed out that the1986. Should Vanunu win the Nobel for Sino–Russian alliance is not limited topeace, it would bring uncomfortable European military trade and that the non-militaryattention to the Israeli nuclear arsenal, Bilderbergers during exchange of goods has grown 100 perespecially in the face of growing evi- cent since the beginning of the Bushdence that Israel and the United States Friday afternoon presidency.are about to punish Iran for trying to cocktails. A delegate at the conference, believeddevelop its own nuclear weapons. but not positively identified by Secret Strong pressure was applied on Service sources to be Anatoly Sharansky,Lundestad not to choose Hans Blix, the a former Israeli Minister for JerusalemUN weapons inspector in Iraq, nor and Diaspora Affairs, stated categoricallyMohamed El Baradei, director-general of during Friday night cocktails that thethe International Atomic Energy Agency, whom President Bush counterweight to the Moscow–Beijing–Tehran axis is thehad tried to remove for not being tough enough on Iran. US–Israel–Turkey alliance. A financial expert from a European Some of this years other nominees are US President George W. nation intervened by stating that Russia is much better off finan-Bush and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair for supposedly protect- cially today than four years ago because tax revenue generated bying world peace; the European Union; French President Jacques fuel and arms production and exports as a result of heavy empha-Chirac, the main culprit for the "No" vote on the European sis on military production has financed strong growth of wagesConstitution; former Czech President Václav Havel; the now- and pension incomes, boosting private consumption.deceased Pope John Paul II; Cuban dissident Oswaldo Payá; and A German Bilderberger pointedly asked Richard Perle if theUS Senator Richard Lugar and former senator Sam Nunn for their "war on terrorism" will intensify over the second term of the BushCooperative Threat Reduction Program, which is intended to dis- presidency. Perle reportedly gave no reply but screwed up hismantle nuclear weapons left over from the Soviet Union. face and looked away. The feeling of "enough is enough" wasnt limited to theThe Iran–Russia–China Alliance European Bilderbergers, wary of Bushs delirious, Hitler-like According to reports, a French Bilderberger pointedly asked proclamations of regime changes worldwide. BilderbergHenry Kissinger if the US Governments sabre-rattling against luminary Richard Haass pointedly told Richard Perle duringIran means the beginning of new hostilities. Richard Haass, CFR Saturday night cocktails that the Bush Administration hasPresident, after asking for his turn to speak, dismissed the notion overestimated its ability to change the world. Haass, according toof an Iran invasion as unrealistic due to the sheer physical size of several sources at the conference, is reported to have stated thatthe country and its population size, not to mention the billions ofdollars involved in getting the operation off the ground. Up to the Continued on page 7416 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
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  • 18. 18 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 19. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD CHAIN NANO-FOOD AND NUTRITION, OR "NANOTECH FOR TUMMIES" A handful of food and nutrition products containing invisible nano-scale additives are already commercially available. Hundreds of companies are conducting research and development (R&D) on the use of nanotech to engineer, process, package and deliver food and nutrients to our shopping baskets and our plates. Among them are giant food and beverage corporations as well as tiny nanotech start-ups. According to Jozef Kokini, the director of the Center for Advanced Food Technology at Corporations Rutgers University (New Jersey, USA), "every major food corporation has a program in worldwide are nanotech or is looking to develop one". 153 A 2004 report produced by Helmut Kaiser Consultancy, "Nanotechnology in Food and Food Processing Industry Worldwide", pre- engaged in dicts that the nano-food market will surge from US$2.6 billion today to $7 billion in 2006 and to $20.4 billion in 2010.154 In addition to a handful of "nano-food" products that are nanotechnology already on the market, over 135 applications of nanotechnology in food industries (pri- marily nutrition and cosmetics) are in various stages of development.155 research to put According to Helmut Kaiser, more than 200 companies worldwide are engaged in nanotech R&D related to food. Among the 20 most active companies are five that rank nanoparticles into among the worlds 10 largest food and beverage corporations, Australias leading food corporation and Japans largest seafood producer and processed food manufacturer. (See the food we eat, the annex 1.) cosmetics we use Despite the obvious enthusiasm for nano-scale science and its applications to food engineering and processing, the food and beverage industry is generally conservative and and the packaging cautious when talking about the future of nanotech and food. Most industry representatives interviewed by ETC Group declined to provide specific details about the level of funding that contains them. and industry partners. We spoke to scientists at giant food and beverage corporations (Kraft and Nestlé) as well as university researchers and representatives from small nanotech start-ups (often one and the same). After witnessing widespread rejection of genetically modified foods, the food industry may be especially skittish about owning up to R&D on "atomically modified" food products. "The food industry is more traditional than other sectors like IBM [where nanotechnology can be applied]," explains Gustavo Larsen, a professor of chemical Part 2 of 2 engineering and a former consultant to Kraft. 156 "My take is that there are good opportunities and its often more feasible to realise these opportunities [in the food sector]. You can make nanoparticles and use them in foods—you dont have to assemble them first." 157 When asked what he believes will be the first products of nanotech R&D related to food, Larsen said that consumers are likely to see packaging composed of nano-scale materials before novel food products. "I think the packaging is a safer bet," said Larsen. by ETC Group Molecular Food Manufacturing Some people claim that in the future, molecular engineering will enable us to "grow" © November 2004 unlimited quantities of food without soil, seed, farms or farmers—and that it will wipe out 431 Gilmour Street, Second Floor, global hunger in the process. Consider the following views: Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 0R5 • "Nanomachines could create unlimited amounts of food by synthesis at the atomic Telephone: +1 (613) 241 2267 level, which would eradicate hunger." – Carmen I. Moraru, professor of food science, Fax: +1 (613) 241 2506 Cornell University (USA), on nanotechs potential impact on food science158 Email: etc@etcgroup.org • "Molecular biosynthesis and robotic replenishment may allow quick replacement of Website: http://www.etcgroup.org production, so we wouldnt have to depend on centralized systems to grow and deliver our food. In the first, primitive stages of molecular assembly, wed build packagedAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 19
  • 20. greenhouses, radically different from those today, that would with growing meat by "marinating" fish myoblast (muscle) cellsallow local or individualized production by millions who know in liquid nutrients to encourage the cells to divide and multiply onnothing about farming… At the next stage of molecular their own. The first goal is to keep astronauts in space from goingmanufacturing, food synthesis could occur directly, without hungry.161growing crops or livestock." – Douglas Mulhall, Our MolecularFuture (Prometheus Books, 2002) Packaging • "Why cant human beings imitate natures methodology? Today, food packaging and monitoring are a major focus ofInstead of harvesting grain and cattle for carbohydrates and pro- food industry related nanotech R&D. Packaging that incorporatestein, nanomachines (nanobots) could assemble the desired steak nanomaterials can be "smart", which means that it can respond toor flour from carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms present in the environmental conditions or repair itself or alert a consumer toair as water and carbon dioxide. Nanobots present in foods could contamination and/or the presence of pathogens.circulate through the blood system, cleaning out fat deposits and According to industry analysts, the current US market forkilling pathogens." – Dr Marvin J. Rudolph, director, DuPont "active, controlled and smart" packaging for foods and beveragesFood Industry Solutions, in F o o d is an estimated $38 billion—and willTechnology, January 2004 surpass $54 billion by 2008.167 Producing food by molecular The following examples illustratem a n u f a c t u r i n g 1 5 9 is the most nano-scale applications for food andambitious goal of nanotech—and the beverage packaging:least likely to materialise any time • Chemical giant Bayer produces asoon. To those who have followed At the next stage of molecular transparent plastic film (calledthe biotech debate over the past two manufacturing, food synthesis Durethan) containing nanoparticlesdecades, enthusiastic claims that a of clay. The nanoparticles arenew technology will feed hungry could occur directly, without dispersed throughout the plastic andpeople is a tired and empty refrain. growing crops or livestock. are able to block oxygen, carbonNano-optimists see the future dioxide and moisture from reachingthrough the biotech industrys rose- fresh meats or other foods. 168 The(and green-) coloured glasses: now nanoclay also makes the plasticits nanotech, they claim, that will lighter, stronger and more heat-eradicate hunger by increasing resistant.agricultural yields, enhancing the • Until recently, industrys quest tonutritional content of food and eliminating the risk of food package beer in plastic bottles (for cheaper transport) was unsuc-allergens.160 cessful because of spoilage and flavour problems. Today, ETC Group concludes that present-day "nanotech for tummies" Nanocor, a subsidiary of Amcol International Corp., is producingis following the same trajectory as other nano-scale R&D, with the nanocomposites for use in plastic beer bottles that give the brew aearliest applications in the area of "smart" materials and sensors. six-month shelf life. 169 By embedding nanocrystals in plastic,More revolutionary applications, such as the atomic modification researchers have created a molecular barrier that helps prevent theof food, are perhaps more distant. But its worth noting that a few escape of oxygen. Nanocor and Southern Clay Products are nowambitious scientists are trying to create food in the lab. working on a plastic beer bottle that may increase shelf life to 18 Tissue engineers at Touro College (New York City) and at the months.170Medical University of South Carolina (USA) are experimenting • Kodak, best known for producing camera film, is using nanotech to develop antimicrobial packaging for food products that will be commercially available in 2005. Kodak is also developing other "active packaging" which absorbs oxygen, thereby keeping food fresh.171 • Scientists at Kraft as well as at Rutgers University and the University of Connecticut are working on nanoparticle films and other packaging with embedded sensors that will detect food pathogens. Called "electronic tongue" technology, the sensors can detect substances in parts per trillion and would trigger a colour change in the packaging to alert the consumer if a food has become contaminated or if it has begun to spoil.172 • Researchers in The Netherlands are going one step further to develop intelli- gent packaging that will release a preserv- ative if the food within begins to spoil. This "release on command" preservative "Here, take one of our promotional DVDs." packaging is operated by means of a20 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 21. bioswitch developed through nanotechnology.173 even after a product leaves the supermarket. • Developing small sensors to detect food-borne pathogens will Privacy advocates are concerned that marketers will have evennot just extend the reach of industrial agriculture and large-scale greater access to data on consumer behaviour. They want the tagsfood processing. In the view of the US military, its a national to be disabled at the cash register (what is known as "tag killing")security priority. 174 With present technologies, testing for to ensure that personal data wont be obtained and stored. Wal-microbial food contamination takes two to seven days and the Mart in the US and Tesco in the UK have already tested RFid tag-sensors that have been developed to date are too big to be ging on some products in some stores.178transported easily. 175 Several groups of researchers in the US are developing • Nanobarcodesbiosensors that can detect pathogens quickly and easily, reasoning A "nanobarcode" is an alternative tagging or monitoring devicethat "super-sensors" would play a crucial role in the event of a that works more like the UPC code, but on the nano-scale. Oneterrorist attack on the food supply. With US Department of type of nanobarcode—developed by Nanoplex Technologies—isAgriculture (USDA) and National Science Foundation (NSF) a nanoparticle consisting of metallic stripes, where variations infunding, researchers at Purdue University are the striping provide the method of encodingworking to produce a hand-held sensor information.179capable of detecting specific bacteria Nanoplex changes the length and width ofinstantaneously from any sample. Theyve the particles and the number, width and com-created a start-up company called position of each stripe to make billions andBioVitesse.176 billions of variations. So far theyve put bar- While devices capable of detecting food- codes into ink, fabric, clothing, paper, explo-borne pathogens could be useful in sives and on jewellery. The codes can be readmonitoring the food supply, sensors and A "nanobarcode" using a hand-held optical reader or a micro-smart packaging will not address the root scope that measures the difference in reflec-problems inherent in industrial food is an alternative tivity of the metallic stripes. Silver and goldproduction that result in contaminated foods: tagging or reflect light in different ways, for example,faster meat (dis)assembly lines, increased and it is the patterns of reflection that givemechanisation, a shrinking labour force of monitoring device each particle its unique code. In addition tolow-wage workers, fewer inspectors, the that works more like gold and silver, Nanoplex makes codeslack of corporate and government out of platinum, palladium, nickel andaccountability and the great distances a barcode, but on cobalt.between food producers, processors and the nano-scale. Nanoplex also produces "Senser"consumers. (Silicon Enhanced Nanoparticles for Just as it has become the consumers Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering)responsibility to make sure meat has tags—50-nanometre metal nanoparticlesbeen cooked long enough to ensure that that exhibit unique codes similar topathogens have been killed, consumers nanobarcodes. Senser tags can also bewill soon be expected to act as their own incorporated into packaging and read bymeat inspectors so that industry can an automated reader up to a metre away,continue to trim safety overhead costs allowing items to be read at a checkoutand increase profits. like RFID tags or covertly at ports.180 The tagging of food packages willTagging and Monitoring: mean that food can be monitored from farm to fork—during• Radio Frequency ID (RFid) Tags processing, while in transit, in restaurants or on supermarket An RFid tag is a small, wireless, integrated circuit (IC) chip shelves and, eventually, even after the consumer buys it. Coupledwith a radio circuit and an identification code embedded in it. with nanosensors, those same packages can be monitored forThe advantages of the RFid tag over other scannable tags—such pathogens, temperature changes, leakages, etcetera.as the UPC barcodes pasted on most consumer products today—are that the RFid tag is small enough to be embedded in the prod- Nano-food: Whats Cooking? 181uct itself, not just on its package, it can hold much more informa- In 1999, Kraft Foods, the $34 billion Altria (formerly known astion, can be scanned at a distance (and through materials, such as Philip-Morris) subsidiary, established the industrys first nan-boxes or other packaging) and many tags can be scanned at the otechnology food laboratory. The next year, Kraft launched thesame time. NanoteK consortium, enveloping 15 universities and public RFid tags are already being used for livestock tracking, research labs from around the globe. 182 None of the scientistsattached to the ear or injected into the animal. The entire chip can involved in the consortium is a food scientist by training; rather,be about the size of a dust mote—closer to micro-scale than nano- theyre a mix of molecular chemists, material scientists, engineersscale, though incorporating nano-scale components. Developers and physicists.183of the technology envision a world where they can "identify any Looking at food from an engineering perspective is nothingobject anywhere automatically".177 new. For the last three decades, scientists have introduced genes RFid tags could be used on food packaging to perform from one species of plant or animal into another using geneticrelatively straightforward tasks, such as allowing cashiers in modification (GM) technologies; but at least for a thousand yearssupermarkets to tally all of a customers purchases at once or before that, people introduced specially formulated additives toalerting consumers if products have reached their expiration dates. food to impart new flavours, textures, colours or other qualities.RFid tags are controversial because they can transmit information Nano-scale technologies will take food engineering "down" to aAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 21
  • 22. new level, with the potential to change dramatically the way food the bloodstream and further to the liver and other organs asis produced, grown, processed, packaged, transported and even individual molecules. 190 In other words, by the time it enters theeaten. bloodstream, all food is nano-scale—whether it started out as a slice of tomato or a glass of lemonade containing BASFs• Nano-scale food additives synthetic lycopene. (Perhaps because of health concerns related In fact, the products of nanotechnology have already begun to to nanoparticles, Dr Gans emphasised that the synthetic lycopene"appear" in food (though they are too small to be seen—and con- handled by BASF employees and supplied to their customers wassumers would have no way of knowing, since there is no require- not in the form of nanoparticles; at that stage, he said, the particlesment for labelling and no size-specific regulation). have clumped together in aggregates of micron-level size, which BASF, for example, produces a nano-scale version of will partially dissolve in the final product. Ultimately, thecarotenoids, a class of food additives that imparts an orange consumers digestive enzymes bring the particles back down tocolour and that occurs naturally in carrots and tomatoes. Some the nano-scale.)types of carotenoids are antioxidants and can be converted to vita- While the explanation that all food is nano-scale by the time itmin A in the body. BASF sells its nano-scale synthetic reaches the bloodstream makes sense a priori, it is important tocarotenoids to major food and beverage companies worldwide for note that BASF conducted toxicological testing of its lycopeneuse in lemonades, fruit juices and margarines.184 Nano-scale for- not because it was a nano-scale formulation but because it wasmulation makes them more easily absorbed by produced through chemical synthesis (ratherthe body but also increases shelf life. BASFs than derived from lycopene-containing fruitscarotenoid sales are US$210 million annually. and vegetables). Had synthetic lycopeneThis figure includes both nano-scale and other already been vetted as a food ingredient,carotenoids.185 The products of BASF would not have been compelled by In 2002, BASF submitted a GRAS regulators to test the safety of a nano-scale(Generally Recognized as Safe) notice to nanotechnology version.inform the FDA of its sale of a syntheticcarotenoid called lycopene (which occurs have already begun This is what makes the prospect of adding nanoparticles to foods—in the absence ofnaturally in tomatoes) as a food additive. to "appear" in food specific regulatory attention paid to size—BASFs synthetic lycopene is formulated atthe nano-scale. 186 According to BASF, the (though they are too alarming: what nano-scale substances are in the pipeline that have already been approvedquestion of specialised testing for small to be seen— as food additives at larger scales but maynanoparticulated lycopene was not raised and now be formulated at the nano-scale withwas not required because "BASF and consumers altered properties and unknowndemonstrated safety in a variety would have no way consequences? Of particular concernof...toxicological evaluations". 187 The would be nano-scale formulations ofFDA accepted BASFs notice without of knowing, substances that do not already occurquestion.188 since there is no naturally in food. In a telephone interview, RobertMartin of the FDA confirmed that size requirement for • Titanium Dioxide and Siliconwas not taken into account in the review labelling...). Dioxide Coatingsof BASFs synthetic lycopene, and he Take titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) as anexplained further that "size per se" is example: TiO2 was approved as a food"not a major consideration" in regulatory colour additive by the US FDA in 1966,review but would be addressed "on a with the only stipulation being "not tocase-by-case basis" if there appeared to exceed 1% by weight".191 (Micron-sizedbe implications for health and safety.189 TiO2 imparts a bright white colour and Is it safe to add nanoparticles to foods? The short answer to the is added to icings on cookies and cakes). The FDA has alsoquestion is, "No one knows for sure". The issue has yet to be con- approved TiO2 as a "food contact substance"—meaning that if itfronted head on by either regulators or the scientific community. comes into contact with food when it is incorporated into packag- ETC Group has identified only a handful of nano-scale food ing, it wont cause harm. TiO 2 has been used as a colourantadditives on the market today, but we cant be certain how (white) in paper used for food packaging.192widespread their use is since there are no requirements that they With advances in nanotech techniques, TiO 2 can now bebe labelled as such. Just as in other regulatory arenas such as formulated at the nano-scale. The quantum property changes thatcosmetics and chemicals, the question of safety has not been take place with the reduction in size offer advantages for certainapproached from the perspective of size. So far, manufacturers applications. But some of nano-scale TiO2 s property changes—have been the only ones to consider size—primarily in terms of such as increased chemical reactivity—have caused concern inthe market advantages that extremely small size offers (e.g., a applications where the nano-scale substance comes into intimatedecrease in size increases bioavailability in foods and increases contact with the human body, (e.g., as an ingredient intransparency in cosmetics). cosmetics).193 Nano-scale TiO 2 particles are no longer white (they In the case of additives that also occur naturally in foods, it is are transparent), but they still block ultraviolet (UV) light in thenot clear what the nano-specific safety issues are. Discussing way their larger siblings do. Transparent, nano-scale TiO2 is nownano-scale lycopene, for example, Dr Gerhard Gans of BASF being used in clear plastic food wraps for UV protection.explained that once the synthetic, nano-scale lycopene reaches the Because TiO2 has already been approved as a food colour addi-gut, it behaves in exactly the same way the lycopene in a tomato tive and as a food contact substance, its nano-scale use in foodsbehaves: it is broken down by digestive enzymes and taken into does not require additional toxicity testing. And the per-cent-by-22 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 23. weight limits set back in the 1960s arent necessarily relevant to our lemonade—the nutrient must go to the right place in the bodytodays nano-scale formulations, since tiny amounts can produce and it must be active when it gets there.197large effects. Controlling and engineering nutrient delivery is a challenge, Silicon dioxide (SiO 2), also known as silica, is another example and its mastery will be enormously profitable. According toof an FDA-approved food additive that doesnt occur naturally in industry analysts, in the US alone the market for functional foodsfoods. Silica is a common substance in nature—beach sand and containing medically beneficial nutrients—worth $23 billion inquartz are almost-pure forms of crystalline silica.194 2003—will exceed $40 billion in 2008.198 In addition to a crystalline form, silica occurs naturally in an In December 2000, ETC Group reported on the biotech indus-amorphous form, e.g., diatomaceous earth, and it is this form of trys quest to develop a new generation of biotech products, genet-silica that is produced synthetically and is an FDA-approved food ically modified "nutraceuticals" and functional foods that seek toingredient as an anti-caking agent. 195 (Amorphous silica is also deliver clear (or at least perceived) consumer benefits.199 Taintedknown as "fumed" silica.) The regulation states that the silica by the wider controversy over GM crops, however, the GMcontent must be less than two per cent of the weight of the food. nutraceutical products have been largely stuck in the pipeline.Food-grade fumed silica with particle sizes in the nanometre Will nanotech deliver where biotech has failed?range are commercially available.196 Again, it is not clear what Like the pharmaceutical, agrochemical and cosmetics giants,food products contain synthetic nano-scale silica as there are no food and beverage companies are also experimenting with the uselabelling requirements. of nanocapsules to deliver active ingredients. One way to Mars, Inc., one of the worlds largest private food corporations, preserve an active component is by putting it in a protectivewas issued US Patent No. 5,741,505 in 1998 on "edible products "envelope". The envelope can be engineered to dissolve, or thehaving inorganic coatings". The coatings create a barrier to active ingredient can be made to diffuse through the envelopeprevent oxygen or moisture from reaching the product under the triggered by the right stimulus.coating, thereby increasing shelf life. There are already several hundred The patent claims the invention types of "microcapsules" being usedwill keep hard candy from getting as food additives in the US alone, 200sticky, cookies from getting stale, Like the pharmaceutical, some to achieve the controlledcereals from becoming soggy in agrochemical and cosmetics release of active ingredients. Georgemilk, etc. The coatings can be made Weston Foods of Australia, forfrom various chemical compounds, giants, food and beverage example, sells a version of its popularof which SiO 2 and TiO 2 a r e Tip Top bread, known as "Tip Top-specifically mentioned. According to companies are also up", which contains microcapsules ofthe inventors, the coating should be experimenting with the use of tuna fish oil high in omega-3 fattyextremely thin because of regulatory acids. Because the tuna oil isrequirements and because of texture nanocapsules to deliver contained in a microcapsule, theand "mouth feel" considerations. active ingredients. consumer doesnt taste the fish oil, The patent states that the ideal which is released in digestion once itcoating would be somewhere has reached the stomach. The samebetween 0.5 nm and 20 nm thick. technology is also being employed inWhile the coating could be made of any inorganic material, the yoghurts and baby foods. Companies large (Unilever, Kraft) andinventors state that it is preferable to use a substance that has small (see below) are now developing "nanocapsules":already been GRAS-certified by the FDA, such as SiO2 and TiO 2. • Researchers at Hebrew University in Jerusalem have created aThe patent application describes an example of their invention, in start-up company called Nutralease. Theyve applied for awhich they coated M&Ms, Twix and Skittles brand candies with patent201 on a nano-scale self-assembled structure that can carryan inorganic nanofilm. active components into and through the human body. According ETC Group is not in the position to assess the safety of nano- to the companys patent application, their "nanovehicle" can bescale food additives. We want to highlight the regulatory diluted in either oil or water without affecting its activevacuum, where size does not matter and nano-scale formulations ingredient. The companys nanovehicles are already on thedo not trigger any special regulatory scrutiny. Its a kind of market in a cholesterol-reducing canola oil.202 Nutralease has just"particle nepotism" that could have dangerous consequences: if signed a deal with an Israeli meat company that wants to inject aBig Brother passes the safety test, Little Brother doesnt even have little health into its hot dogs, and another deal with an ice creamto take the exam. manufacturer is in the works.203 • Royal BodyCare, a company based in Texas (USA), hasSpecial Delivery created what it calls "nanoceuticals" (and has applied for a The food industry aims to engineer food so that it is more trademark on the name) using a different kind of envelope to"functional"—meaning more nutritious (or perceived to be) or deliver "powerful, tiny mineral clusters that are believed toserving some other purpose beyond its biological purpose of pro- increase the absorption of nutrients into our cells".204 Royalviding energy through calorie consumption. BodyCare puts these nanoceutical particles into its line of Many companies believe that nano-scale technologies will help "SuperFoods" nutritional supplements.in this quest, and so they are focusing on "delivery". Most of us • BioDelivery Sciences International (BDSI) has developed anddont think very much about delivery when it comes to food patented "nanocochleates"—coiled nano-scale particles (as small(unless were waiting for a pizza to arrive from across town): we as 50 nm in diameter) derived from soy (not genetically modified,bite, chew, swallow and our digestive tracts take care of the rest. they emphasise!) and calcium that can carry and deliver pharma-But in order to benefit from delivery—whether its the vitamin C ceutical compounds as well as nutrients such as vitamins,from an apple weve just bitten into or the synthetic lycopene in lycopenes and omega fatty acids directly to cells. The companyAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 23
  • 24. claims that its nanocochleates can deliver omega-3 fatty acids to intercellular delivery systems that penetrate the skin and thencakes, muffins, pasta, soups and cookies without altering the pro- release vitamin E. According to LOréal: "Given that the inter-ducts taste or odour. 205 No products containing the nanocochleate stices of the outer layer of skin measure about 100 nanometres,delivery system are currently on the market, but the company nanovectors offer the best solution to the problem of transportingactively seeks to license its technology. and concentrating active ingredients in the skin."213 "We have some [food] companies that are clearly enthusiastic," Cosmetics containing invisible nanoparticles have not escapedsaid Raphael Mannino, chief scientific officer of BDSI. 206 notice in recent European reports on potential risks associatedMannino told ETC Group that it is not yet clear what regulatory with manufactured nanoparticles. A Royal Society (UK) reporthurdles his companys nano-scale nutrient delivery system would released in July 2004 notes the dearth of toxicological data onneed to clear before commercialisation. "Nobody is really sure manufactured nanoparticles. 214 Because these are used in someyet," said Mannino. Before it becomes a commercial reality, 207 cosmetics and sunscreens, the report recommends that furtherBDSI must achieve large-scale manufacture of the nanoen- studies be done into skin penetration by manufactured nanoparti-cochleation technology. Under the most optimistic scenario, cles and that toxicological studies conducted by industry beMannino said that "we could be in food in one year". placed in the public domain—no doubt causing some wrinkles for • With funding from the USDA, LNK Chemsolutions is LOréal.developing nano-scale capsules of edible polymers to prevent the Food and cosmetics companies are now collaborating toflavour and aroma of food molecules from degrading. The goal is develop "cosmetic nutritional supplements". LOréal and Nestléto increase the shelf life of sensitive food products, but the recently formed Laboratoires Innéov, a 50/50 joint venture.company declines to reveal which ones. 208 LNK Chemsolutions Innéovs first product, called "Innéov Firmness", containswas founded by Dr Gustavo Larsen, a professor of chemical lycopene. The supplement is taken orally and is marketed toengineering at the University of Nebraska. women over forty who are concerned about lost skin elasticity.64 • Other companies are working on using nano-scale technolo- Shortly after Nestlé cemented its collaboration with LOréal,gies to create "interactive foods" that operate using "on-demand" Procter & Gamble and Olay announced they would be creatingdelivery. The idea is that the con- two lines of nutritional supplementssumer will be able to choose—based together—one for "Beauty" and oneon her individual aesthetics, nutri- for "Wellness".216tional needs or flavour preferences of While these particular supplementsthe moment—which components Eating is just one way to deliver are not advertised as using nano-scalewill be activated and then deliveredand which wont be. active ingredients. Paris-based technologies, it is difficult to be sure since there are no labelling Krafts NanoteK consortium scien- LOréal, the worlds leading requirements. In any case, the foodtists are developing nanocapsules and cosmetic alliances illustrate thewhose walls burst at different cosmetics firm, already markets tendency to blur boundaries betweenmicrowave frequencies so the con- skin care products containing food, medicine and cosmetics, a trendsumer can "switch on" new tastes or that nanotech will likely accelerate. ∞colours. Countless nanocapsules nano-scale particles.would remain dormant and only the Authors Note:desired ones would be called into ETC Group gratefully acknowledgesaction. Kraft is also working on sen- financial support of the Internationalsors that will be able to detect an indi- Development Research Centre,viduals nutritional deficiencies and then respond with smart foods Canada, for our research on nano-scale technologies. We arethat release molecules of the needed nutrients.209 grateful for additional support from SwedBio (Sweden), the CS Early next year, food scientists will meet to discuss nano-scale Fund (USA), the Educational Foundation of America (USA), theand micro-scale approaches for controlled release and nutrient JMG Foundation (UK) and the Lillian Goldman Charitable Trustabsorption in foods—at the first International Symposium on the (USA). The views expressed in this document, however, are"Delivery of Functionality in Complex Food Systems: Physically those of the ETC Group.Inspired Approaches from Nano-scale to Micro-scale", at theNestlé Research Centre in Lausanne, Switzerland.210 About the Author: In addition to aiding nutrient delivery, nanoparticles may be ETC Group (formerly RAFI) is an action group on erosion, tech-used in foods to alter other properties. For example, margarine, nology and concentration. Publications, including the full text,ice cream, butter and mayonnaise all belong to a class of foods recommendations and annexes of Down on the Farm: Theknown as "colloids", where small particles are dispersed in some Impact of Nano-scale Technologies on Food and Agriculture,other medium—liquid, gas or solid. Unilever, Nestlé and others can be downloaded free of charge from the website,are conducting research and already hold patents on new ways to http://www.etcgroup.org, and are available in hardcopy from:make colloids using nanoparticles that will extend shelf life, ETC Group, 431 Gilmour Street, Second Floor, Ottawa, ON,prolong flavour sensation in the mouth, alter texture and improve Canada K2P 0R5, telephone +1 (613) 241 2267, fax +1 (613) 241stability. (See annex 2.) 2506, email etc@etcgroup.org.• Nutricosmetics Editors Note: Eating is just one way to deliver active ingredients. Paris-based Due to a lack of space, we have not published the relevant andLOréal, the worlds leading cosmetics firm, already markets skin extensive footnotes. Instead, we encourage readers to obtain acare products containing nano-scale particles. 211 (Nestlé holds a copy of the full report from http://www.etcgroup.org and use it49% stake in LOréal. 212) The companys "nanosomes" are tiny to generate debate within the community.24 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
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  • 27. M illions of seriously ill patients are unaware that heart disease is being measur- ably reversed with an approach pioneered by researchers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and in Finland, aided by Mayo Clinic and Washington Hospital Center findings. This approach is now pre- Nanoparticles are scribed by hundreds of doctors for thousands of patients. A similar approach has been implicated in the developed with prostate disease at the renowned Cleveland Clinic in Florida. According to doctors, both approaches are practical options for those whose other medicines and surgery harmful have failed. So why arent other desperately ill patients whose treatments dont work being told about it? calcification thats In July 2004, the medical journal Pathophysiology published a peer-reviewed research paper with the innocuous title "Calcification in coronary artery disease can be reversed by common to many EDTA–tetracycline long-term chemotherapy".1 In plain terms, it meant that hardening of the arteries was being reversed. Not only were rock-hard calcium deposits being reduced, illnesses. but chest pains were being resolved in most patients and bad cholesterol levels were being cut beyond what other medicines had achieved. The findings were important for patients whose other drugs and surgery werent working, i.e., the "cardiac cripples", whose numbers A simple treatment are in the millions and whose doctors have told them there is nothing more to be done. They were the ones who responded most favourably to the new approach. is now reversing the Then, in February 2005, a paper published in the prestigious Journal of Urology by researchers from the Cleveland Clinic, one of the leading urology hospitals in America, symptoms, reported "significant improvement" in chronic prostatitis—a growing problem for millions of men—again, where other approaches had failed.2 especially in heart The studies, although otherwise separate, had a compelling link. They used a cocktail of well-known, inexpensive medicines that have been around for half a century but were never disease, so why before used in this combination. Both reports urged more studies to confirm their conclu- sions, and emphasised that not every patient experienced a reversal; only a majority did. arent the health Nonetheless, the results were encouraging. Chronic diseases that had befuddled modern authorities telling medicine were being reversed. To put a human face on this, take the case reported by Dr Manjit Bajwa of McLean, patients and doctors Virginia, who did not participate in the clinical studies but whose experience with one patient paralleled study results. Dr Bajwa reported in a testimonial of 5 May 2005: about it? "Two years ago I had a patient with severe coronary artery disease with a 75–85% block- age in left coronary and two other arteries. Open heart surgery was recommended as stents could not be put in. The patient was told he would probably die within two weeks if surgery was not performed. "He declined surgery and instead chose chelation. [Authors note: chelation in this case is an intravenous form of heavy metal removal.] After twenty-five treatments of chelation, his angina worsened [authors emphasis]. With [his] heart calcium score of 2600, I started the by Douglas Mulhall nanobacteria protocol. Within two to three weeks his angina abated. He was able to return © May–July 2005 to all his normal activities and exercises in two months. "Nanobacteria protocol helped this patient measurably, when other treatments had failed. Email: info@calcify.com I am quite impressed with his results. With heart calcium scores of 750 or more, nothing Website: http://www.calcify.com else seems to work." Based on the book The Calcium Bomb Bajwa and her patient are far from alone. In Santa Monica, California, general by Douglas Mulhall and Katja Hansen practitioner Dr Douglas Hopper said he recorded impressive results with a diabetic patient (The Writers Collective, 2005) when he used the treatment to help her recover from congestive heart failure. Hopper then put his patient on the same treatment used in the clinical study: a regimen of tetracycline,AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 27
  • 28. EDTA and nutraceuticals,3 administered by the patient at home. colleagues are calcified. At least three sitting US women governorsNote that this was not intravenous chelation, which has been have had it in breast cancer as well. And they are not alone. Mediabroadly analysed and critiqued, but, instead, a mix of oral and types who cover politics or poke fun at it havent escaped. Larrysuppository treatments. King and David Letterman are both calcified, as are many ageing In Toledo, Ohio, cardiologist Dr James C. Roberts, who pioneered news anchors. A much younger CBS Early Show co-host, Reneearly patient treatment with this approach, has on his website case Syler, has it too.histories from dozens of patients who have shown remarkable As we learn more about it, calcification is competing to be theimprovement. In Tampa, Florida, cardiologist Dr Benedict leading medical disorder. Although it is nowhere on the "LeadingManiscalco, who supervised the clinical study [Pathophysiology Causes of Death" list, it contributes to most diseases that kill us,study, referenced previous page], reports that patients who stayed on including heart disease, diabetes and cancer. The numbers arethe treatment after the study was completed showed dramatic staggering. For the 60 million Americans who have heart disease,reductions in their heart disease symptoms. There are many more most have calcification. Of the millions of women who developexamples. breast or ovarian cancer or who have breast implants, calcification Normally results such as these, when reinforced by clinical is a warning. Men with prostate disease often have it, as do kidney-studies, however preliminary, would be cause for loud celebration. stone sufferers. Athletes with stress injuries like bone spurs andIf the findings had been reported by a major pharmaceuticals tendonitis get it frequently.company, they could have easily made the Most of us dont know the pervasiveness offront pages of medical news services because, calcification because it has a different name inuntil then, no one had reported reversing the many diseases, and here are just a few: dentalsymptoms of such diseases to such an extent. pulp stones, hardening of the arteries, kidneyMore encouraging still, because the medicines stones, pitchers elbow, bone spurs, microcalci-have been around for many years and their fication in breast cancer and "brain sand".side effects are minimal and well known, the Unsuspecting patients arent the only ones innew approach is already available across the As we learn more the dark. Many doctors are unaware of newUSA and used with thousands of patients. about it, calcification studies that show calcification is toxic, causingThat leaves thousands more doctors with acute inflammation, rapid cell division andmillions more patients who might benefit right is competing to be joint destruction. Oddly, these nasty effects arenow. On top of that, a blood test based on the the leading medical well known to specialists who study calcifica-new approach has been used to identify heart tion in arthritis, but awareness of them hasntdisease early in patients who show no outward disorder. translated very well to the cardiovascular com-symptoms. munity, with the result that calcification is still Why, then, has the response from gov- misperceived by many as an innocenternment authorities, medical associa- For the 60 million bystander instead of an inflammatorytions and health experts been cavernoussilence? Americans who have devil. The double-think about calcification is To understand this requires looking at heart disease, most illustrated by how it is treated in breasta scourge that has been with us for mil- have calcification. cancer. When microcalcification islennia, and which science has been at a detected in the breast with routine scans,loss to explain until now. It is known as it is a warning sign for cancer and thecalcification. deposits are biopsied for malignancies. This was the case, for example, withCALCIFICATION Connecticut Governor Jody Rell in early Calcification is a rock-hard mix of the 2005. Doctors found cancer in themost plentiful minerals in the body: calcium deposits in her breast beforecalcium and phosphorus. Normally this scans detected a tumour. This let themcalcium phosphate mix is essential for surgically remove it before it spread tobuilding bones and teeth. But as we age, and sometimes when we her lymph nodes.are still young, some of it goes haywire, stiffening arteries, roughing That typifies one perverse advantage of calcification: it helpsup skin, destroying teeth, blocking kidneys and salting cancers. doctors pre-empt more serious disease. In some ways, it is a canary The arithmetic is frighteningly easy. Calcification doubles in the in the mine of the body. And yet, if cancer is not found in calciumbody about every three or four years. We can have it as teenagers deposits, these are often declared as "benign" and patients are toldand not notice, although it mysteriously accelerates in some there is nothing to worry about.athletes. Then as we age and also live longer, it becomes so The same thing goes for heart disease. Coronary artery calcifica-endemic that most people over seventy have it. tion is seen as an excellent predictor of the illness. Tens of billions For decades, calcification has been growing imperceptibly in tens of dollars are spent every year on scanning technology to identifyof millions of baby boomers. Politicians and pundits are among the the telltale thin white lines that betray its presence. Yet most doc-high-profile victims of this slow-motion explosion that is ripping tors see calcification in the arteries as something that comes alongapart healthcare with skyrocketing treatment costs. In December later once the disease takes hold, despite evidence that calcium2004, doctors diagnosed US President George W. Bush with one of phosphate crystals generate the same type of inflammation that,the more commonly known forms: coronary artery calcification. according to cardiologists, plays a big role in heart attacks.Former President Clinton required emergency surgery because Incredibly, with all the advanced detection techniques, there hasdoctors missed much of his calcification when they used older tests been no way to find calcium deposits where they get started in theto track it. Vice President Dick Cheney and many of his Senate billions of capillaries in the human body—so, without being able to28 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 29. see the starting point, doctors often conclude that what they dont • And if the approach continues to reverse coronary artery dis-see isnt there. But make no mistake: calcification is there, and it is ease, it will cut down on expensive surgical procedures that are thea medical disorder. It was registered in 1990 as a disorder under financial mainstay of hospitals.the International Classification of Diseases list of the World Health Thats not to say surgeons dont want to get rid of calcification.Organization and was adopted by WHO member states as of 1994 New stents that go into arteries are specially coated with time-(see http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/). release drugs that seem to ward off calcification. But that only hap- When well established, calcification stares defiantly at pens where the stent is located, not in the other 99.999 per cent ofradiologists every day from X-rays as it multiplies incessantly. the arteries.There has been no proof of where it comes from, and there is no Also, the EDTA–tetracycline–nutraceutical combo that hasknown way to prevent it or sustainably get rid of it without demonstrated such promise is not the only treatment shown to work.removing it surgically. Due to its gestation period of years before it A group of drugs known as bisphosphonates, used for example totriggers real trouble, it has just begun sucking the life out of baby treat osteoporosis, has been shown to be effective in the lab againstboomers and their healthcare budgets. some calcification. But bisphosphonates can have nasty side effects, Among its more exotic effects, it threatens space exploration especially with the type of regular application that seems to be nec-when it disables astronauts with unexpected kidney calcification essary to reverse heart disease in seriously ill patients. Due to theseand it is a budget-breaker for pro- risks, the only present approach thatsport-team owners who lose athletes to seems to be safe and effective in revers-its ravages. At the more mundane ing heart disease is the one that uses thelevel, it complicates root canals and it EDTA–tetracycline–nutraceutical mix.disrupts the lives of otherwise healthyyoung people when it strikes as kidney It all comes down to a Critics claim the reason why the treatment isnt adopted more broadlystones. Worst of all, it infiltrates sub-microscopic blood particle has nothing to do with money butplaque in heart disease and stroke and instead with science. They sayit plugs bypasses and stents used to fix known as a nanobacterium, researchers cant show how theour internal plumbing. discovered in 1988 by Finnish treatment works. The US National Library ofMedicine holds thousands of research researcher Dr Olavi Kajander. NANOBACTERIA DISCOVEREDdocuments referencing calcification, IN OUR BLOODand various medical journals cover it It all comes down to a sub-in depth. GE Healthcare, Toshiba, microscopic blood particle known as aPhilips and Siemens sell thousands of nanobacterium, discovered in 1988 bymachines for detecting it. Finnish researcher Dr Olavi Kajander at Scripps Research Institute in California.TREATMENT A THREAT TO PHARMCO PROFITS The particle has a special habit no other blood particle has been But with all this money being thrown at calcification, there has known to possess: it forms a rock-hard calcium phosphate shellbeen virtually no success at finding the cause. So when researchers that is chemically identical to the stuff found in hardening of thesuch as those at Mayo Clinic and NASA find something that seems arteries, prostate disease, kidney disease, periodontal disease andto cause it, and clinical studies show that a new approach seems to breast cancer. The problem is, the particle is so small that it appar-get rid of it, youd think that most of the medical establishment ently cant accommodate nucleic acid strings that, according towould be rapt with attention, right? Wrong. commonly accepted wisdom, would let it replicate on its own and Only a few small studies have been co-financed by the National be alive. So scientists are stumped over how it manages to self-Institutes of Health (NIH) to look into this, and neither has to do replicate.with the treatment. The only thing the Food and Drug For 15 years, microbiologist Dr Neva Ciftcioglu (pronouncedAdministration (FDA) seems to have done is to make rumblings "shift-show-lew") has been peering with an electron microscope atabout whether the treatment is legitimate, although the active this blood particle that critics say doesnt live. But according toingredients—tetracycline and EDTA—have been FDA approved NASA colleagues and Mayo Clinic researchers, the question offor other uses for decades. So far, no government agency has made whether it lives is less important than what it does. Despite or per-public note of the peer-reviewed studies that many physicians say haps due to its tiny size and genetic elusiveness, this speck may beare so promising. the Rosetta stone for a calcified language found in most diseases on According to doctors familiar with the approach, here are a few the Leading Causes of Death list.reasons why the treatment has not been given the attention that it Like her science, Ciftcioglus life is full of unusual turns. Being aseems to merit... woman microbiologist from Turkey speaks volumes. Throw into • The most perturbing for patients: the treatment is relatively that her once-fluent Finnish, a position at NASA and professorshipsinexpensive and produces poor profits compared to other drugs. It on both sides of the Atlantic, and youve got a determined characteris exponentially cheaper than open heart surgery. Because it does struggling with a stubborn scientific cryptogram.not have to be taken for life at full dose—as is the case with most Ciftcioglus work with nanobacteria began when her PhDother heart drugs—it does not provide the steady cash flow that scholarship took her to the University of Kuopio in Finland, whereother medicines do. alongside her once mentor, biochemist Olavi Kajander, she • Although the treatment is initially used alongside other developed the antibodies necessary to find the particle in the humanmedicines as a precaution to make sure patients dont switch body. A decade later, her work caught the eye of NASA chiefprematurely and suffer problems, evidence suggests that the new scientist Dr David McKay and she ended up at the Johnson Spaceapproach might replace more profitable blood thinners and anti- Center in Houston, gathering science awards that testify to herinflammatories that are staples of the pharmaceuticals industry. success.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 29
  • 30. Now Ciftcioglu and long-time collaborator Kajander, who information-processing systems and simplicity of Nanoarchaeumsdiscovered the nanoscopic artifact, stand at the eye of a growing metabolism suggests "an unanticipated world of organisms to bestorm. They and their colleagues are garnering praise and scorn discovered". In other words, it might be the tip of a nano-lifeberg.because they claim to have evidence for why most of us are literally Stetters finding gave ammunition to scientists such as Nevapetrified by the time we die. More profoundly, their work may Ciftcioglu who say they have found other extremophiles, includinginfluence how new life is found on Earth and other planets. human nanobacteria, that cannot have their nucleic acids detected with standard PCR amplification.SELF-REPLICATING NANOPARTICLES One of the differences between Stetters N. equitans and the An intense dispute has raged for years that connects how we look nanobacteria found by Ciftcioglu and Kajanders team is thatfor infection in the body with how we look for bio-kingdoms on Nanoarchaeae need another organism to replicate, whereas at leastEarth and throughout the universe. Researchers have long sought some nanobacteria seem to replicate by themselves. Another differ-terrestrial extremophiles that tell them what might survive on Mars, ence is that Nanoarchaeae are slightly wider: 400 nanometres com-while others doubt the wisdom of looking for life on Mars at all. pared to 100–250 for nanobacteria. The greater size allows forThe mystery remains: what is the most effective way to find novel what conventional wisdom says is the smallest allowable space fororganisms? life-replicating ribosomes. Until recently, every life-form was found to have a particular Which leads to the question: how do nanobacteria copyRNA sequence that can be amplified using a technique known as themselves? Evidence for self-replicating nanoparticles has beenPolymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Nucleic acid sub-sequences around for years in everything from oil wells to heart disease, butnamed 16S rRNA have been universally found in life-forms. By failure to sequence them using regular PCR led some to dismissmaking primers against these sub-sequences, scientists amplify the them as contamination or mistakes. However, researchers haveDNA that codes for the 16S rRNAs. Resulting PCR products, found characteristics that make the particles hard to explain away.when sequenced, can characterise a They replicate on their own, so are notlife-form. viruses. They resist high-level radiation, One high-powered group persuaded which suggests they are not bacteria.NASA with a "Dont fix it if it aint They respond well to light, where non-broke" line and lobbied successfully to living crystals dont. So if they arentuse the same method employed for In 2004, researchers reported viruses, regular bacteria or crystals,years: get a piece of RNA and amplify what are they?it. The group—led by scientists such finding nanobacteria in Some supporters of standardised 16Sas Dr Gary Ruvkun at the Department everything from heart disease rRNA tests are quick to discountof Genetics in Massachusetts General nanobacteria. Thats not surprising. If aHospital, Boston, and advised by to cancer and kidney stones. novel nucleic sequence holds true withluminaries such as Dr Norman Pace at other extremophiles as with N. equitans,the University of Colorado—got then a machine that searches for lifemoney from NASA to build a "PCR using standard PCR tests might missmachine" that would automatically them and be obsolete. Conscious ofseek such clues in harsh environments this, the PCR machine team has saidsuch as those found on Mars. that as part of their work, they plan to "search for the boundaries" of Other scientists known as astrobiologists say the PCR machine the 16S sequences, but what exactly that means and how they planapproach is a waste of money because such amplification shows to overcome the problem hasnt been set out yet.only part of the picture—not what nature might have done on other Reputations, money and perhaps the foundations of life ride onplanets or, for that matter, in extreme Earthly environments. the 16S rRNA dispute. Resolving it may determine who gets However, their argument always suffered from lack of evi- money to find the next great biological kingdom.dence—that is, until 2003 when scientists associated with the SanDiego–based Diversa Corporation and advised by Professor Karl NANOBACTERIAL INFECTIONStetter, of the University of Regensburg, Germany, published the How relevant is the outcome for human welfare? In 2004,genome of an extremophile known as Nanoarchaeum equitans, researchers reported finding nanobacteria in everything from heartwhich Stetters team had discovered in Icelandic volcanic vents. disease to cancer and kidney stones. Medical researchers reported N. equitans was special because it had the smallest known to the American Heart Associations Scientific Sessions 2004 that agenome found so far, but it also had another intriguing trait. With test for nanobacteria is an accurate predictor of heart disease risk.Nanoarchaeae, the particular 16S rRNA sequence found in other But the work that these researchers say may already have savedlife-forms wasnt in the place that it was expected to be and did not lives has been ridiculed by critics who claim that such nanobesrespond to conventional PCR tests. The 16S rRNA sequence was dont exist, which in turn has made funding for basic research harddifferent in areas addressed by the PCR primers and did not to get.amplify. Stetter noted that the so-called universal probes that work Who is right? One well-respected astrobiologist observer quali-with humans, animals, plants, eukaryotes, bacteria and archaeae did fied the struggle this way: "Unless we declare [the nano-organismnot work in this organism. scientists] incompetent, then the info they have gathered is rather How, then, was the discovery made if the organism couldnt be compelling that something interesting is going on."sequenced in that way? Stetter had found that the organisms Thats why a few intrepid investors have plopped US$7 millionsequence where the traditional "universal" primers are located was and counting into a Tampa biotech start-up devoted exclusively toabnormal. This finding let him use other means to sequence the Ciftcioglu and Kajanders discoveries about the calcifying particle.gene. In reporting their discovery in the Proceedings of the For the big pharmaceuticals companies thats pocket change, but forNational Academy of Sciences,4 the Stetter team observed that the these entrepreneurs its a pocketful of faith thats been keeping them30 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 31. on edge for years. And its starting to show some results, as ignore the pathogen and its treatment. This is especially perplexingpublished research from NASA, Mayo and various universities because scientists involved in the discoveries work at some of theindicates. Moreover, despite its relative financial insignificance, highest level institutions in America, including NASA, Mayothis venture may end up wagging the dog due to a long-overdue Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, Washington Hospital Center and manyparadigm shift in, of all things, the space program. others, and are not only respected in their field but are also award After decades of resistance, NASA—provoked by successful winners. Other centres of excellence internationally, such asupstart private projects such as the X Prize, which led to the first University Hospital in Vienna, have also isolated the pathogen andprivate foray into space—is now collaborating with fledgling observed it in diseases such as ovarian cancer.companies, instead of just corporate behemoths, on intractable For decades, scientists have shown that disease can be caused byproblems: in this case, why perfectly healthy astronauts come down contaminants that are not "alive" and cannot replicate on their own.with kidney and other calcifying disorders. The result: in March Environmental toxins, many viruses and, most recently, particles2005, NASAs Johnson Space Center put the finishing touches on a known as p r i o n s have all been shown as players in diseasetightly secured lab aimed at decoding nanobacteria found at the processes, although they cannot self-replicate.core of kidney stones. After some serious growing pains, the lab is So it seems unusual that nanobacteria would be discounted justfinally beginning to look into what Ciftcioglu and Kajander began because no one has yet shown how they multiply. Which takes usexamining so many years ago: the genetic content of nanobacteria. to the question of where nanobacteria might come from.Meanwhile, Ciftcioglu and others havepublished results showing that nanobacteria NANOBACTERIA-CONTAMINATEDmultiply five times faster in weightlessness VACCINESthan in Earth gravity,5 which may explain why When Dr Olavi Kajander discoveredcalcification shows up so suddenly in space. nanobacteria in 1988, he was not looking for But while researchers argue over what this disease at all. He was looking for what wasnanobacterium is and how it multiplies, doctors killing the cells that are used to develop vac-are finding that, when they treat it with a med- When Dr Olavi cines. Labs everywhere have a vexing andical cocktail, their patients improve. expensive problem with these widely used cell Nor is it unusual that doctors are succeeding Kajander discovered cultures: they stop reproducing or die after abefore science figures out why. Antibiotics nanobacteria in 1988, few generations and have to be thrown out.were used successfully against bacteria long Kajander surmised that something invisiblebefore scientists deciphered DNA. Doctors he was not looking for was killing them; and when he incubatedstopped infecting patients by washing theirhands long before they were able to iden- disease at all. He was supposedly under special conditions, he got a month sterile samples for more than atify all the viruses and bacteria that they looking for what was milky biofilm. That biofilm containedinadvertently transported from patient topatient. killing the cells that particles that he later named nanobacteria, unaware at the time that Most recently, a vaccine that prevents are used to develop some of their characteristics made themcervical cancer has been put on the quite distinct from bacteria.market. It apparently works by targeting vaccines. The serum that Kajander used to growthe human papilloma virus. Problem is, the nanobacteria came from the blood ofresearchers cant show exactly how the cow foetuses. Serum from the UK espe-virus causes cancer; they can only show cially was full of nanobacteria, but athat when it is stopped, the cancer doesnt much later study also concluded theyoccur. But that hasnt prevented the drug were present in some cow herds in thefrom being patented and put on the eastern US. In other words, nanobacteriamarket. The history of medicine is full of are in cows, and cow blood is used tosuch examples where patients improve develop many vaccines. Kajanderwith treatments whose mechanisms arent fully understood at the emphasises that this should not stop people from using vaccines,start. because the immediate risk from diseases that the vaccines are The idea that infection could be at the heart of chronic illness is intended to prevent is relatively higher than the calcification risk inintriguing because it has been around for more than a century but the short term. Nonetheless, the potentially explosive implicationsonly now is regaining favour due to discoveries of, for example, a of contaminated vaccines and cow by-products would be clear tovaccine that prevents cervical cancer (as mentioned above). The everyone at government agencies who has examined the issue.resulting debates over infection in chronic disease have a novel In that context, a series of hotly disputed discussions went backtwist because they are driven by new diagnostic technologies that and forth between Kajander and Ciftcioglu and disease preventiongive researchers the molecular accuracy required to confirm older agencies. And it certainly wasnt a secret because the Medicaltheories about infection. On one hand, clinical results suggest Letter on the CDC & FDA (10 June 2001) published an article enti-antibiotics alone do not prevent the rate of heart attacks among tled "Nanobacteria Are Present In Vaccines; But Any Health Riskscoronary patients. On the other, discoveries that infection is Remain Unknown", explaining that nanobacteria had been discov-responsible for most stomach ulcers and some cancers support the ered in some polio vaccines.long-held idea that the same might be true in heart disease, if only The minutes of a subsequent meeting of the FDA Center forscience could find the right infection and get rid of it. Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) advisory committee in Some say that nanobacteria may be one such infection. Yet sci- November 2002 reveal an extraordinary decision by the committeeentists inability to fully explain the genetics of nanobacteria is members: they elected n o t to investigate the potentialbeing used by high-ranking medical authorities as an excuse to contamination. According to the minutes they based their decisionAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 31
  • 32. on a lone experiment, suggesting that what Kajander had found was Researchers like Ciftcioglu and Kajander, along with cardiologistsa contaminant often found in lab experiments and nothing new. In like Benedict Maniscalco plus experienced general practitionersother words, they maintained that Kajander had made a mistake. such as Douglas Hopper, profess frustration that so many patients But one of the glaring problems with the NIH-funded experiment and their doctors are not being given the information that could helpperformed around late 1999 or early 2000, as shown in the them, especially in last-ditch situations. Meanwhile, calcificationpublished paper about the results,6 is that it did not use a control continues its relentless march in millions, and the human andsample that could have been provided by Kajander. In other words, financial costs are mounting.the experiment never examined the particle that Kajander haddiscovered, but instead relied on growing the particle independently POSTSCRIPTwithout knowing if it was the same one Kajander was referring to. In May 2005, Dr Olavi Kajander delivered a sobering message toMoreover, the experiment was never repeated a joint meeting of the US FDA and theafter the preliminary finding. On that very European Medicines Agency on viral safety when he presented new evidence to supportslim basis, according to the CBER committee In other words, something first published in 1997: that vac-minutes, the whole issue of nanobacteria wasdismissed as a potential contamination issue nanobacteria are in cines are contaminated with nanobacteria. Since 1999, government agencies have donefor the time being. Since then, papers havebeen published showing that nanobacteria cows, and cow blood virtually nothing to investigate the claim, duehave been grown in labs around the world and is used to develop largely to that NIH experiment which failed to use particles discovered by Kajander as controlthat patients began to improve when thepathogen was targeted in disease. many vaccines. samples; so now that the vaccine contamina- tion has been officially reported to authorities,Nonetheless, neither the FDA nor NIH has the question is: what will be done?indicated much readiness to re-investigate the Then on 24 June 2005, a "smoking gun" wasvaccine contamination issue or the nanobacteria treatment. announced about calcium deposits in heart disease. British What might be the price for this delay in researching researchers published proof in the leading medical journalnanobacteria? Annually, millions of heart disease patients go Circulation Research7 that calcium phosphate crystals cause inflam-through agony or die because drugs and surgery prescribed for them mation in the arteries. Inflammation is a leading cause of hearthavent worked. For this last-ditch group, the choices are simple: attacks, but until now most cardiologists have believed calcificationtry something new or die. to be an innocent bystander in the inflammatory process. Because The question that the NIH and FDA may one day face is: when of that, calcium deposits were never targeted with treatment. Ifsuch promising early evidence was being reported and so many true, the British discovery would force a re-evaluation of the wholepatients had exhausted their other options, why were doctors not medical approach, not only to inflammation but also to the founda-advised of this new possibility so that they could at least tell tions of heart disease, looking at calcification as a prime culprit.patients and make some informed decisions? ∞About the Author: Center for Responsible Nanotechnology bromelain, trypsin, CoQ10, grapeseed extract,Douglas Mulhall is a leading nanotechnol- and the Acceleration Studies Foundation. hawthorn berry, papain), 5 cm3 taken orally He has given invited lectures to organisa- every evening; (2) tetracycline HCl, 500 mgogy journalist who appears often on tions such as the National Research taken orally every evening; (3) EDTA, 1500 mgnationally syndicated talk shows in the US. taken in a rectal suppository base every evening.As managing director of the Hamburg Council, the US EPA and the Institute of According to the representatives of the companyEnvironmental Institute, he co-developed Medicine. that sells the nutraceutical/EDTA combo, themethods now used by government agen- treatment works this way: the nutraceuticals Editors Note:cies to measure environmental impacts. boost the immune system, accelerate EDTAHis book Our Molecular Future This article is based on material in the book action and reduce inflammation; the EDTA The Calcium Bomb: The Nanobacteria strips off the calcium phosphate shell; and the(Prometheus Books, 2002) describes how Link to Heart Disease & Cancer, by tetracycline eradicates the nanobacteria. Theto use nanotechnology as a defence Douglas Mulhall and Katja Hansen (The tetracycline is also a chelator on its own andagainst tsunamis and other natural disaster Writers Collective, 2005; see review this helps remove the calcium phosphate.risks. His disease prevention experience issue), which was selected as a Finalist for 4. Waters, Elizabeth et al., "The Genome ofcomes from pioneering water purification the 2004 Book of the Year Award for Nanoarchaeum equitans: Insights into earlytechnologies in China and South America. Health by Foreword Magazine. For more archaeal evolution and derived parasitism", Mr Mulhalls communications back- information, visit http://www.calcify.com. PNAS 100(22):12984-12988, October 28, 2003.ground began with a Bachelor of 5. Ciftcioglu et al., "A potential cause for kidneyJournalism (Hons.), progressed to (award- Endnotes stone formation during space flights: Enhancedwinning) documentary film making, then 1. Maniscalco et al., "Calcification in Coronary growth of nanobacteria in microgravity", Kidneydiversified into management when he co- Artery Disease can be Reversed by International 67:1-9, 2005.founded the first commercial TV network EDTA–Tetracycline Long-term Chemotherapy", 6. Cisar, John O. et al., "An alternative interpre-in the Republic of Ukraine. He has written Pathophysiology, July 28, 2004. tation of nanobacteria-induced biomineraliza-articles for US media such as News Day, 2. Shoskes, Daniel A., Kim D. Thomas and tion", PNAS 97(21):11511-11515, October 10,The Futurist and The National Post as well Eyda Gomez, "Anti-nanobacterial therapy for 2000. men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain 7. Nadra, Imad et al., "Proinflammatoryas for publications in Germany and Brazil. syndrome and prostatic stones: Preliminary Activation of Macrophages by Basic CalciumHe contributed to the first Financial Times Experience", J. Urology, February 2005. Phosphate Crystals via Protein Kinase C and(UK) book on green business opportunities 3. The ingredients are described in The Calcium MAP Kinase Pathways – A Vicious Cycle ofand has also written and edited a range of Bomb, p. 94; they are: (1) nutraceutical powder Inflammation and Arterial Calcification?",technology training books. Douglas (vitamins C and B6, niacin, folic acid, selenium, Circulation Research 96(12):1248-1256, JuneMulhall sits on the advisory boards of the EDTA, L-arginine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, 24, 2005.32 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 33. Lear: Does any here know me? This is not Lear. Does Lear walk thus, speak thus? Where are his eyes? Either his notion weakens, his discernings Are lethargied – Ha! Waking? Tis not so. Who is it that can tell me who I am? Alzheimers disease Fool: Lears shadow. is on the rise in William Shakespeare, King Lear many regions of the THE COSTS OF LONGEVITY L ife expectancies have risen dramatically over the past century. As a world due to consequence, in both the developing and developed world, the number of elderly has undergone an unprecedented increase, with the proportion of the very old in environmental the population doubling in one generation. Globally, in 1950 there were 214 million people aged 60 or over; by 2025 there probably will be one billion, a more than factors, but by fourfold increase. 1 Although, of course, there are major advantages associated with this increasing trend, there are also serious costs. Not only are more people surviving into old age and therefore increasing their chances of developing dementia, but those who do so are living magnesium and longer after its onset. Gruenberg2 termed this paradox the "failure of success" because it was a major problem calcium intake and that was largely attributable to progress in medical care. As he and his colleagues pointed out, "the old mans friend, pneumonia, is dead—a victim of medical progress". 3 While reducing aluminium this is an oversimplification, pneumonia is certainly less common than it used to be, as are many other diseases that were previously fatal to the elderly. As a consequence, 5–6 per absorption the cent of the USA population now has Alzheimers disease or related dementia, some 4.5 million Americans. This figure is expected to rise to 14 million by 2050.4 disease can be Of course, dementia is not limited to the USA. For example, it has been estimated that, prevented and its as of the year 2000, approximately eight million people in the European Union Member States had Alzheimers disease. Since this disorder accounts for some 50 per cent of all symptoms reversed. dementia in people over sixty-five, total estimates for dementia in Europe are closer to 16 million. As in the USA, the population of Europe is ageing rapidly and the number of senile dementia cases increasing dramatically. 5 Clearly, in the Western world, dementia is not a rare problem. Indeed, Katzman and colleagues6 have argued that, in those aged over seventy-five, new cases of dementia occur as frequently as myocardial infarction and twice as often as stroke. Despite considerable hype from the pharmaceutical industry, there has been little real progress in either the prevention or the treatment of Alzheimers disease. The estimated US$100 billion costs associated with the disease in the USA produce no cures and, if any- by Harold D. Foster, PhD © 2005 thing, by extending the life expectancy of the demented merely exacerbate the problem. Professor, Department of Geography The health bill for "warehousing" 4.5 million Alzheimers patients in the USA is roughly University of Victoria equivalent to the cost of running 500 moderate-sized universities, providing higher educa- PO Box 3050 tion to some seven million students. The reader can decide which would be the better use Victoria, BC, V8W 3P5, Canada for their taxes. Email: hfoster@mail.geog.uvic.ca GENETIC PREDISPOSITION Website: http://www.hdfoster.com Alzheimers disease is named after Dr Alois Alzheimer, the first doctor to identify a patient (Auguste D.) suffering from this disorder, and then only after her death. What wasAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 33
  • 34. it about Auguste D.s brain samples that Alzheimer found so of some 650,000, discovered only one Alzheimers case in over astriking and unusual? He noticed something in the slides that was decade. In contrast, in the worst-affected Norwegian municipali-extremely rare: gum-like clumps outside some cells and ties during the period 1974–1983, the median annual age-adjustedabnormal collections of proteins inside others; that is, plaques and Alzheimers disease mortality rates were between 44 and 55 pertangles respectively. A fresh look at the recently rediscovered 100,000 for males and between 87 and 109 per 100,000 forAuguste D. slides confirms Alzheimers claims. Her cortex females.16 These figures suggest that Alzheimers disease is atdisplayed what are now accepted as the classic pathological signs least 1,000 times more common in the municipalities along theof the disease named after him: amyloid plaques and south and southeastern coasts of Norway than in Maracaibo,neurofibrillary tangles. Indeed, neurofibrillary tangles were Venezuela. Even within Norway itself, Alzheimers mortality wasdescribed for the first time ever in this brain.7 higher by a factor of 15 in some municipalities than in others dur- It is now well known that such plaques and tangles are formed ing this period.by the deposition of abnormal proteins, especially beta-amyloid Studies of temporal change in dementia incidence are expensiveand tau. The risk of developing Alzheimers disease, therefore, and complex and involve extensive fieldwork. As a result, they arerises and falls with the ability to prevent the formation and depo- rare. The best study probably comes from Lundy, Sweden,17 wheresition of such proteins. This ability is, in part, genetic. The the entire population was medically examined several timesapolipoprotein (APO) E4 allele plays a key role in promoting between 1947 and 1972. Interestingly, all levels of dementia wereAlzheimers disease because of the inefficiency with which those found to have decreased by the end of the period. This seemspossessing this genetic aberration can unusual, since more recent studies conductedremove brain beta-amyloid and tau.8 in the United States,18 England,19 Australia,20 Genetically, however, there is more to Canada21 and Norway 22 all suggest thatAlzheimers disease than the APO E4 gene. Alzheimers disease is becoming increasinglyTo date, four genes have been identified as common.playing a role in either early- or late-onset The great bulk of Two recent research projects have demon-Alzheimers disease: beta-amyloid precursor strated that migration greatly influences theprotein, presenilin-1, presenilin-2, and evidence from prevalence rates of dementia. Graves andapolipoprotein E genes. 9 Workers have numerous...studies co-workers23 established that, in the Japaneselinked most of these variants to familial Americans of King County, Washingtonearly-onset Alzheimers, but the APO E4 therefore supports a State, dementia was more common than inallele is a relatively common risk factor for strong link between Japan. In addition, the distribution of sub-developing late-onset Alzheimers disease.10 types of dementia in Japanese AmericansConsiderable progress has been made in aluminium was found to be much more like that ofinterpreting the significance of such geneticvariants. consumption, North American and European Caucasians than of Japanese residing in their To illustrate, mutations in the especially monomeric homeland. As a result, Alzheimerspresenilin-1 gene seem associated withincreased super-oxide production and aluminium from disease was more common and vascu- lar dementia less prevalent in Japanesegreater vulnerability to amyloid beta drinking water, and an Americans than might have beenpeptide toxicity. 1 1 I n t e r e s t i n g l y , elevated incidence of expected. A similar study conducted inmutations in the presenilin genes, Indianapolis and Ibadan, Nigeria, bywhich are linked to more than 40 per Alzheimers disease. Hendrie and co-workers 24 establishedcent of all familial Alzheimers cases, that Alzheimers disease was more thancause enhanced production of an twice as common in Africanabnormal form of beta-amyloid Americans than in Nigerian Yoruba ofprecursor protein. 1 2 This protein is the same gender and age ranges.longer than normal, aggregates more In summary, globally and regionallyrapidly, kills neurons in culture more Alzheimers disease does not have aeffectively and precipitates random, relatively uniform spatialpreferentially to form amyloid plaques. The same elongated pattern. It appears to be increasing faster than the population isprotein also is produced as a result of mutations in the gene ageing and its incidence and prevalence are greatly affected byencoding beta-amyloid precursor protein. migration. In short, it shows none of the expected geographical characteristics of a primarily genetic disease.ENVIRONMENTAL VARIATIONS There must be far more to Alzheimers disease, however, than KEY RISK FACTORSjust genetics. There is no doubt the environment plays a key role In their book G e n o m e, Bishop and Waldholz 2 5 argue that:in this illness. Multi-infarct dementia is common in Japan but "...aberrant genes do not, in and of themselves, cause disease. ByAlzheimers disease incidence seems to be much lower than in and large their impact on an individuals health is minimal untilEurope.13 This is unlikely to be due to racial variables because, in the person is plunged into a harmful environment." The signifi-China, vascular dementia predominates in Beijing and cance of an aberrant gene therefore depends upon location andAlzheimers disease in Shanghai.14 lifestyle; that is, on geography. At the regional scale, spatial variations in the incidence and The preceding review of the literature establishes that theprevalence of Alzheimers disease are far greater. Two hospital- "harmful environments" that increase the significance ofbased studies15 involving brain autopsies of every patient dying inheritance of the APO E4 gene and other Alzheimers-relatedwith dementia in Maracaibo, Venezuela, a city with a population genetic aberrations have two very important characteristics. They34 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 35. display very clear spatial variations, and appear to be increasing Looking for a link between Alzheimers disease and totalquite rapidly in number. There is extensive evidence to suggest drinking water aluminium may be too simplistic. In 2000,that such environments are areas where drinking water is high in Gauthier and co-workers 33 described a case control study in whichdissolved aluminium [aluminum] (especially in its monomeric the chemical characteristics of the water historically drunk by 58form) together with depressed levels of magnesium and calcium. elderly Alzheimers patients were compared with those of potableThis water is also typically low in silicic acid. These conditions water used by age- and gender-matched non-demented controls.occur where low-alkalinity surface waters have very little ability This was conducted in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region ofto buffer the impacts of acid rain, one of which is increased Quebec. Aluminium (Al) specification was assessed usingaluminium solubility. 26 In such low-alkalinity, high-acid-rain standard analytical protocols. Long-term drinking water exposureregions, rising levels of dissolved aluminium, found in both soil (from 1945 to the onset of Alzheimers disease) was estimated forwater and run-off, are resulting in widespread ecological damage. total aluminium, total dissolved aluminium, monomeric organicIt appears that this element is also the dominant environmental and inorganic aluminium, polymeric aluminium and five otherrisk factor in Alzheimers disease. species of this metal. While there was no obvious relationship Clear evidence was provided in 1988 that excess aluminium in between total aluminium in potable water and Alzheimerspotable water can affect memory. An accident at a water supply disease, after adjustment for educational level, family cases of theplant at Camelford in Cornwall, England, resulted in water that disorder and the APO E4 allele, exposure to monomericcontained enormously elevated levels of aluminium sulphate aluminium clearly was associated with this form of dementiabeing drunk by the local population. (odds ratio 2.67).Memory loss was an extremely The importance of monomeric (singlecommon complaint amongst those molecule) aluminium has been con-unfortunate enough to use such firmed again by a more recent studycontaminated water.27 conducted by Prolo and colleagues34 in Significant evidence of the link northwest Italy, where the drinkingbetween dementia and aluminium also The negative impact of water contained between 5 mcg andcomes from McLachlans Ontario aluminium, however, appears 1,220 mcg per litre of total aluminium.study involving 668 autopsy-verified Levels of monomeric aluminium (theAlzheimers brains. 28 These demon- to be mitigated by silicic acid, type of this element most easily able tostrated that the risk of developing calcium and magnesium. enter human cells) ranged from 5 mcgAlzheimers disease had been about to 300 mcg per litre. These researchers2.5 times greater in individuals from from the University of California atcommunities that drank water that Los Angeles established thatcontained more than 100 mcg per litre Alzheimers disease was most commonof aluminium than it had been in those where drinking water levels offrom areas where the potable water had monomeric aluminium were highest.contained less than this level of aluminium. McLachlans results They also discovered that monomeric aluminium interfered withwere even more spectacular for those who had drunk water that cell function in cultures, accelerating cell death especially in thecontained 175 mcg per litre of aluminium. Depending on how presence of beta-amyloid protein.those patients were grouped, the odds ratio of developing The great bulk of evidence from numerous geographical andAlzheimers disease varied from 6.7 to 8.14; that is, their brains epidemiological studies, therefore, supports a strong link betweenwere some 7–8 times more likely to show the characteristic signs aluminium consumption, especially monomeric aluminium fromof Alzheimers disease if such patients had normally consumed drinking water, and an elevated incidence of Alzheimers disease.water that was very high in aluminium. The negative impact of aluminium, however, appears to be miti- Several authors have attempted to quantify the strength of the gated by silicic acid, calcium and magnesium, especially inassociation between Alzheimers disease and aluminium. Forbes potable water with a pH of between 7.85 and 8.05. Acidic drink-and McLachlan, 2 9 for example, studied this link in the very ing water that is high in aluminium and lacking in silicic acid, cal-elderly, those aged eighty-five years or more. They discovered cium and magnesium seems to be particularly dangerous.that, after controlling for six other factors such as fluoride, silicic Fluoride is a well-established antagonist of aluminium and mayacid, iron, pH and turbidity, those living in districts that supplied also protect against Alzheimers disease when the water pH isdrinking water that contained more than 250 mcg of aluminium high; but unfortunately, elevated water fluoride levels are knownper litre were almost 10 times more likely to develop Alzheimers to cause other health problems.disease. This confirmed an earlier Ontario longitudinal study 30which established that men aged seventy-five years and older, HOW ALUMINIUM CAUSES ALZHEIMERS DISEASEwho were drinking water containing at least 0.0847 mg per litre of If aluminium causes Alzheimers disease, how does it triggeraluminium, were 1.72 times as likely to show impaired mental this form of dementia? It seems that individuals who inherit thefunctioning. Similarly, after statistical control for five other APO E4 gene(s) are less capable than the general population ofvariables, Alzheimers mortality displayed an odds ratio of 3.54 removing the beta-amyloid and tau brain proteins that form thefor those who had drunk water that contained at least 0.336 mg bulk of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. As a result,per litre of aluminium.31 such people are at higher risk of developing Alzheimers disease A more recent eight-year longitudinal study involved 3,777 in regions that promote the deposition of beta-amyloid and tau.people aged sixty-five years and older who lived in southwest Such "harmful environments" are those in which the potable waterFrance in 1988–1989. It confirmed that double the risk of devel- is acidic, high in monomeric aluminium and lacks silicic acid, cal-oping Alzheimers disease occurred in those who drank water with cium and magnesium. Under such circumstances, aluminium canan aluminium concentration greater than 0.1 mg per litre.32 enter the brain and impair the enzyme choline acetyltransferase,AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 35
  • 36. creating an acetylcholine deficiency. A shortage of acetylcholine Sarin and colleagues 38 were able to show, however, that this metalencourages the growth of senile plaques. Similarly, aluminium had inhibited three membrane-bound enzymes: specificallyinterferes with the enzymes calcium/calmodulin kinase II and Na+K+ ATPase, acetylcholinesterase and, most interestingly, thealkaline phosphatase, promoting the formation of neurofibrillary myelin-specific enzyme 2,3-cyclic nucleotide phosphohydrolase.tangles. Plaques and tangles created in this manner are the hall- This inhibition causes a rapid thinning of the myelin sheath inmarks of Alzheimers disease. Such relationships, therefore, both rats 3 9 and mice, 4 0 and it can alter its composition byexplain why this form of dementia is most common in regions of increasing galactolipids and so make myelin more prone tohigh water acidity, in those members of the population that carry oxidation.41, 42 It does not seem much of a step to suggest thatthe APO E4 isoform. these destructive processes probably lie behind the There is, however, more to Alzheimers disease than plaques demyelinisation and associated retrogenesis seen in Alzheimersand tangles. David Shenk, 3 5 in his interesting book T h e patients.Forgetting, describes Alzheimers disease as "death by a thousand Beyond this, aluminium also inhibits the enzyme phospholipasesubtractions". The scientific evidence appears to support this A2, probably causing brain membrane dysfunctions, and seems tocharacterisation. In 1980, for example, Barry Reisberg, 36, 37 a cause depression of antioxidant status by reducing levels of brainneurologist from New York University, established the presence glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase. As aof an inverse relationship between the progressive stages of result, the lipid peroxidation of cell membranes by free radicals isAlzheimers disease and those of infant and accelerated.43childhood development. He demonstrated The biochemical evidence therefore isthat as the symptoms of this form of senile very good in that in individuals who have adementia worsen, the patient begins to lose depressed calcium and magnesium intakeabilities in cognition, coordination, combined with abnormally high aluminiumbehaviour, language and feeding, in the absorption, some enzymatic processes arereverse order in which they were acquired in inhibited. This inhibition is most likely tothe early years of life. In the final stage of occur in enzymes that have aluminiumthe disorder, the patient becomes infant-like Exposure to acidic antagonists, such as calcium, magnesium andand can no longer walk, sit up without water that contains iron, as co-factors. It is not surprising, then,assistance, smile or hold up their head. that since the end result of such enzyme inhi-Reisberg called this process of a thousand elevated aluminium bition is Alzheimers disease, patients withsubtractions "retrogenesis", meaning "backto birth". and depressed this form of dementia experience a wide variety of biochemical abnormalities, 11 of Although retrogenesis is not a perfect calcium, magnesium which are discussed in some detail inreversal, neurological tests do showthat, as Alzheimers disease progresses, and silicic acid levels the authors book, What Really Causes Alzheimers Disease.44 This is why nothere is an almost precise inverse rela- appears to promote drug will ever prevent or reverse thistionship in neurologic reflexes, brain form of dementia, unless it preventsglucose metabolism and EEG activity. Alzheimers disease. aluminium absorption by the body.45As the disorder worsens, all these abili-ties decline. Such evidence led AVOIDING ALZHEIMERSReisberg to present a picture of the DISEASEbrain as a giant ball of string wound up Reducing Social Riskin infancy and childhood but unwound Exposure to acidic water that con-by Alzheimers disease. From birth and tains elevated aluminium and depressedthroughout childhood and beyond, the calcium, magnesium and silicic acidball grows rapidly, but in Alzheimers it levels appears to promote Alzheimersis unravelled in reverse, slowly but disease.surely reducing the ability of the brain to function. One might naively expect that it would be a relatively simple In Alzheimers disease, brain damage appears to begin in the matter to pass legislation reducing levels of aluminium in, andmost recently and least myelinated area of the brain, specifically promoting the addition of calcium, magnesium and perhaps silicicin the hippocampus. As a consequence, the first symptoms of acid to, drinking water. Not only do governments show littledeveloping Alzheimers are losses of recent memories. From the interest in increasing the magnesium content of drinking water,hippocampus, demyelinisation begins to impact on the frontal cor- they routinely allow the use of aluminium sulphate as a flocculanttex, adversely affecting concentration, abstract thought and plan- by water treatment plants. This practice reduces the amount ofning ability. This reverse myelinisation relentlessly continues, sediment in the water supply but greatly increases levels ofunwinding the "ball of string" in a very predictable manner until dissolved aluminium, especially if the water is acidic.46 Clearly,the primary motor area is finally affected and the late-stage aluminium sulphate must be replaced by alternatives.Alzheimers patient is again infantile, unable to speak, sit up unas- The Western diet promotes Alzheimers disease in three distinctsisted or hold up their own head. ways. First, it tends to be deficient in calcium and magnesium,47 Interestingly, aluminium is known to damage myelin in making those who eat it very susceptible to aluminium toxicity.numerous ways. Animal experiments clearly demonstrate that Second, many foods are canned, wrapped and/or cooked inaluminium can alter the nature of myelin, accelerate its oxidation aluminium. The more acidic the food, the more easily it appearsrates and promote its rapid loss from the hippocampus and spinal to dissolve this metal. Third, maltol is added to many processedcord. Exactly how these procedures occur is uncertain. In a study foods in an attempt to "improve" flavour. 4 8 Maltol greatlyof brains from monkeys chronically administered aluminium, increases aluminiums ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and36 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 37. interfere with brain enzymes. Indeed, when researchers want to calcium.56, 57 Pumpkin seeds, almonds, Brazil nuts and wholegrainstudy a rabbit whose brain has been badly damaged by brown rice are good sources of magnesium. 5 8 C e r t a i nAlzheimers-like plaques and tangles, they feed maltol to it. 49 supplements, especially mineral ascorbates, provide high levels ofThere is no logical reason why maltol should be allowed to be both calcium and magnesium. Alacer Corporation of Foothillroutinely added to hot chocolate, beer, some commercially baked Ranch, California, a company with which I have no financialgoods and many other products. associations, provides excellent mineral ascorbate products. One tablet of Super-Gram II, for example, contains four per cent of theReducing Personal Risk calcium and eight per cent of the magnesium recommended daily For most of those reading this article, the average day will allowance. EmerGen-C is a fizzing drink mix that is pleasant tobegin with a shower. If the water used is acidic and deficient in take when added to water. It provides 1,000 mg of vitamin C andcalcium and magnesium, it is possible that it will be a source of 32 mineral complexes, including calcium and magnesium.aluminium that enters the body through the pores and nose. This Alacers products were used in the Joint Russian Committee onexposure to aluminium is most likely if the water supplier uses World Health research projects that produced a marked reversal ofaluminium sulphate as a flocculant to remove sediment. Once memory loss in the elderly.59, 60, 61 ∞dried off, most readers will smear their bodies with a layer of alu-minium provided by antiperspirants and About the Author:deodorants.50 How much of this aluminium Harold D. Foster, PhD, was born and educatedpasses through the skin into the body is in England. He specialised in geology andunclear, but McGrath51 has argued that under- geography, earning a BSc in 1964 fromarm shaving and frequent use of antiperspi- University College London and a PhD in 1968rants and deodorants seem linked to an early It is not surprising, from London University. A Canadian by choice, he has been a faculty member in theage of breast cancer diagnosis. British researchers 52, 53 provided evidence to then, that since the Department of Geography, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, since 1967.support the feasibility of McGraths hypothe- end result of such A tenured professor, Dr Foster has authoredsis, reporting traces of parabens in every tis-sue sample taken from 20 different breast enzyme inhibition is or edited some 245 publications, the majority of which focus on reducing disaster losses ortumours. Parabens are chemicals used in Alzheimers disease, identifying the causes of chronic disease ordeodorants and other cosmetics that can longevity. He has published hypotheses on themimic oestrogen. The hormone oestro- patients with this origins of numerous diseases includinggen is known to encourage breast tumour form of dementia myocardial infarction, SIDS, cancer, dia-growth. Clearly, parabens can enter the betes, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosisbody from deodorants and it is possible experience a wide (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases,that aluminium can do the same. variety of biochemical stroke and AIDS.Deodorants with a herbal base do notusually contain these toxins. abnormalities... His numerous books include: Disaster Planning: The Preservation of Life and Then comes breakfast. Tea, coffee and P r o p e r t y (Springer Verlag, New York,hot chocolate are usually made with 1980); Reducing Cancer Mortality: Awater from the tap. It is important not to Geographical Perspective ( W e s t e r nuse soft, acidic water which is likely to Geographical Press, Victoria, 1986); Thecontain monomeric aluminium. Most Ozymandias Principles : Thirty-onewater supply companies will provide Strategies for Surviving Changechemical analyses, allowing the assessment of the aluminium, (Southdowne Press, Victoria, Canada,calcium and magnesium content of their product. If not, private 1997); What Really Causes AIDS (Trafford Publishing, Victoria,companies can conduct such analyses relatively cheaply. If colas 2002; reviewed in N E X U S 10/05), What Really Causes Schizophrenia (Trafford, 2003; reviewed in 11/02); and Whator fruit juices are drunk, they are likely to have come from cans. Really Causes Alzheimers Disease (Trafford, 2004; reviewed inThese are typically made of aluminium. The longer the drink has 12/03).been in the can, the higher the aluminium levels in it are likely to Dr Foster is Associate Editor of the Journal of Orthomolecularbe. In addition to any aluminium it contains, hot chocolate is 54 Medicine, and was named Orthomolecular Doctor of the Yearlikely to be "enhanced" with maltol, so increasing the likelihood (2004–2005) by The International Society for Orthomolecularthat this metal will reach the brain. Similarly, tea brewed in Medicine. He is a member of the board of the Internationalacidic water or flavoured with lemon juice contains significantly Schizophrenia Foundation and is also a member of the Sciencehigher levels of bioavailable aluminium than normal, because the Advisory Panel for the Healthy Water Association.metal contained in the leaves is more soluble in water with a low Every day, Dr Foster makes a point of taking at least the recom-pH.55 mended daily allowance of the known essential nutrients. He is After breakfast comes lunch, dinner and a variety of snacks. also currently pursuing offers for his suggested nutrient mixture to be produced for use in clinical trials with AIDS patients.Junk food, because it is so heavily processed, is usually a very For a more detailed rés umé, visit Dr Fosters website,poor source of minerals, including calcium and magnesium. The http://www.hdfoster.com. Copies of several of his books can beaverage British and North American diet contains less than half freely downloaded from his website.the calcium and magnesium required to avoid the associateddeficiency illnesses, including Alzheimers disease. Editors Note: The best way to address this problem is to eat many of the Due to space constraints we are not able to reprint Dr Fosters end-mineral-enriched foods such as salmon, sardines, broccoli, notes accompanying this article; however, these can be accessedspinach and bok choy, for example, which are all high in via his website, http://www.hdfoster.com.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 37
  • 38. 38 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 39. Introduction I n 1938, Nazi Germany sent an expedition to Antarctica with a mission to investigate sites for a possible base and to make formal claims in the name of the Third Reich. To prepare them for their mission, they invited the great polar explorer Richard E. Byrd to lecture them on what to expect. The following year, a month after hostilities At the end of World had commenced in Europe, the Germans returned to Neuschwabenland to finish what had been started, with many suggesting that a base was being constructed. War II, Britain sent Nine years later, Richard E. Byrd, who by now had become an Admiral in the United States Navy, was sent to Antarctica with the largest task force ever assembled for a polar a covert mission to mission. In Admiral Byrds own words, the mission (code-named H i g h j u m p) was "primarily of a military nature".1 Many claim that the task force was sent to eradicate a investigate secret Nazi base in Queen Maud Land, which the Nazis had renamed Neuschwabenland and which had never been explored as profoundly as the rest of the Antarctic. But, and anomalous activities the big but is, the fact that Admiral Byrd spoke of "flying objects that could fly from pole near its secret base to pole at incredible speeds"2 and with well-documented German activity before, during and in the immediate aftermath of World War II, one cant help but wonder whether there at Maudheim in is some truth in the Nazi Antarctica myth. Even so, could Operation Highjump and Byrds quotes have overshadowed the truth about British excursions in Antarctica by way of eastern Antarctica misinformation, bringing attention to his mission and, by doing so, making sure that history only remembered one mysterious Antarctic mission? and to seek out and When the Antarctica mystery is mentioned, Britain is never given more than a footnote. That fact is surprising in itself, especially as British forces were active in Antarctica destroy a throughout the war and quite possibly took the initiative in dealing with the Antarctic Nazi threat a whole 12 months before Operation Highjump was initiated. subterranean Nazi Britains activities on Antarctica, though less documented and more clandestine, are just haven. as intriguing as the supposed much-vaunted Operation Highjump. Unfortunately for Britain, though victorious in the War, it was bankrupted and humiliated by the two new superpowers. But Britain was in a position to regain some pride and surreptitiously upset its supposed allies with the final, decisive battle against the surviving Nazis: a battle that would never be recorded in the history books; a battle that would make its claims on the continent more legitimate; but, most importantly, a battle that ended the war that it had been compelled to wage. Part 1 of 2 Antarctic Postage Stamps: Claim or Commemoration? On 1 February 1946, a set of postage stamps was released with His Majestys royal approval. The stamps caused international outrage and brought on a diplomatic crisis for a war-weary Great Britain. The offending eight postage stamps commemorated Britains claim to the Falkland Islands Dependencies, but one of them also depicted a territorial map of Antarctica that completely overlooked Chiles and most of Argentinas claims on the continent. Now why would Britain, when the world economy was in such dire straits, by James Robert © 2005 bring about an international crisis over an area of the world that appeared on the surface to be totally devoid of life? Email: Many historians claim that Britains postwar interest arose because, with Britain in dire james-robert@hotmail.co.uk need of materials, Antarctica was deemed as the solution; the stamps were a way of mak- ing Britains claim valid. That assertion, however partially true, does not explain why British forces, as part of Operation Taberlan, were on the continent throughout and in the immediate aftermath of the War.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 39
  • 40. Operation Taberlan was activated as a measure of monitoring was warned that my posting in Palestine would continueGerman activities on the Antarctic continent. The known British indefinitely. I saw many of my fellow soldiers die. Thankfully, Ibases were mainly on the Antarctic Peninsula, in places such as received an order at the beginning of October 1945 to report to myPort Lockroy and Hope Bay, and on the islands surrounding the commanding officer, as I had been selected for a mission so secretpeninsula, such as the secret bases on Deception and Wiencke that none of my senior officers knew why I had been requested toIslands—though some were set up on the continent. The most go to Gibraltar. I was not told why I had to report, but I went,secret of all has not, and more than likely never will be, disclosed. hopeful that I would soon be discharged into Civvy Street. HowThe base at Maudheim, near the Mühlig-Hoffmann Mountain wrong I was: I would be spending another Christmas on a warRange in Queen Maud Land or, alternatively, Neuschwabenland, footing.was so secret that it was never given a name or even a grid refer- Once I arrived on Gibraltar I was secreted away by a Major andence on official maps. informed that I would be sent to the Falkland Islands Could the stamps have been released to commemorate a suc- Dependencies for further briefing and that I would be joined bycessful mission in Queen Maud Land? The facts and rumours, as several other soldiers from other elite British forces. The mysterywell as a story dispensed by a thickened as we were all flownwartime SAS officer, may shed to the Falklands under completesome light on the many myster- silence. We were ordered to noties of the Antarctic arena—a even speculate about why wefront that has been kept secret had been selected and where wefor 60 years—and on a hostile were going.encounter that will never be Upon reaching the desolatedivulged to the public. and forbidding Falkland Islands, Britain has suppressed so we were introduced to the offi-many wartime events in the cer who was leading the expedi-name of national security that tion and a Norwegian who hadnow, even 60 years on, many served in the Norwegianpeople are still none the wiser Resistance, an expert in winterabout the secrets of the war— warfare who was going to befrom Rudolph Hess to the training us for the mission thatpeace parties, to the even more we had no inkling about.sinister happenings including The Falklands is now consid-Britains knowledge of the Nazi ered the best-kept secret in theextermination camps, the Irish British Army, and being postedRepublican Armys flirtation there normally meant an easywith Nazis, and the lesser few years; however, things wereknown secrets such as SS con- different in the 1940s—evencentration camps on British soil more so for those who had beenon Alderney in the Channel selected with me.Islands. With just those few We were forced to undertakelisted, a pattern of suppression a gruelling months trainingis emerging—and on some, a where we were prepared fortotal denial is normally forth- cold-weather warfare. Fromcoming. Antarctica is no being plunged into the icyexception. Atlantic to facing the elements With the passing of time, all in a tent on South Georgia, thethose who served in the Neuschwabenland campaign are no training was arduous and there seemed little sense in the madnesslonger with us. The last survivor gave me the following account that we were forced to undertake. However, after the monthsof the forgotten battle. I hasten to add that the story was told on training we were briefed by a Major and a scientist, and as thetwo separate occasions, 10 years apart, and there was not one dis- mission was relayed to us we all realised that there would be littlecrepancy in either account. chance of us all returning, especially if the suspicions proved [Editors note: We have deleted opening and closing quotation correct.marks in the next section for ease of reading.] We were informed that we were to investigate "anomalous" activities around the Mühlig-Hoffmann Mountains from theThe Neuschwabenland Campaign British base in Maudheim. Antarctica, so we were told, wasW hen Victory in Europe was announced, my unit was resting in a cave in the former Yugoslavia. I was thankful that theWar had finally ended, though with war still being waged in the "Britains secret war". We were then briefed on British activities in the South Pole during the war. We sat intrigued as to what was being divulged; none of us hadPacific and tensions rising in Palestine, we were warned that our heard anything so fascinating or frightening. It was not commonwar could continue. knowledge that the Nazis had been to Antarctica in 1938 and Thankfully, I was spared from participating in the war against 1939, and even less known was the fact that Britain began to setJapan—but alas, I was posted to Palestine where the influx of up secret bases around Antarctica in response. The one we wereJews, allied with a rise in Zionist terrorism, was causing anguish to visit, Maudheim, was the biggest and most important as well asnot only to the inhabitants of Palestine but also to the British forces the most clandestine Antarctic base of them all. The reason for itsthat were sent to stem the Jewish influx and quell the uprisings. I importance was the fact that it was within 200 miles of where the40 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 41. Nazis had supposedly built their Antarctic base. We had to operate under complete radio silence. We were alone, We sat there stunned, but still the mystery deepened. We were with no back-up and no chance of retreat if our worst fears weretold about German activity in the Southern Ocean around confirmed.Antarctica. We were also informed that an inestimable number of We approached the base wary of what was awaiting us, butU-boats were missing and unaccounted for; but worse, some of when we got there the base appeared devoid of life, a ghost town.those that had surrendered months after the War had ended fuelled Instantly, our suspicions were roused, but, just like all the previ-even more speculation. ous campaigns I had fought during the War, we had a job to do British forces had captured three of the biggest names in the and so our personal fears could not shroud our judgement.Nazi party—Hess, Himmler and Dönitz—and with their captures As we split up to search the base, a trip wire was detonated andBritain was given information that was not going to be shared a siren sounded, destroying the silence and startling the wholewith Russia or the United States. That information compelled force. A shout was soon heard, demanding us to identify our-Britain to act alone, and we were spearheading that operation. selves, but the voice could not be targeted. With our guns raised We were told in no specific terms what was expected of us and the Major introduced us to the voice, and then, thankfully, thewhat Britain expected us to find on Antarctica. Britain had more voice was given a body. The voice belonged to a lone survivor,than a strong suspicion that the Germans had and what he divulged made us more anxiousbuilt a secret base and had spirited many of and had us wishing that there were morethe unaccounted Nazis away from the tur- troops amongst our ranks.moil in Europe. The lone survivor claimed that in Bunker Still, more and more revelations wereforthcoming. The summer before, we were "We were informed One was the other survivor from the "tunnel" trip, along with one of the mysterious Polartold, the original scientists and commandos that we were to Men that we had heard on the recordedhad found an "ancient tunnel". Underorders, the force went through the tunnel but investigate anomalous broadcast. from the survivor, Bunker One objections Despite obstructions andonly two returned before the Antarctic activities around the was ordered to be opened. The survivor hadwinter set in. During the winter months, the Mühlig-Hoffmann to be held back and his fear and anguishtwo survivors made absurd claims over the panicked us instantly, and none of us wantedradio about "Polar Men, ancient tunnels and Mountains from the to be the one to enter the bunker.Nazis". Radio contact was finally lost in Fortunately, I was not selected to enter;July 1945, and ominously for our British base in that honour was bestowed on themission, going into the unknown, the Maudheim. youngest member of our unit. He pro-last broadcast brought us all further ceeded inside, hesitating slightly as heanxiety as we listened to the fear in the struggled with the door. Once inside, avoice: "...the Polar Men have found "Antarctica, so we silence descended across the base, fol-us!" was screamed before contact was lowed moments later by two gunshots.lost. were told, was The door was opened and the Polar After the radio broadcast was played, Britains secret war." Man dashed to freedom. None of uswe were then given a rousing speech was expecting what we saw, and thefrom the Major who would be leading Polar Man had fled into the surround-the expedition to investigate what had ing terrain so quick that only a fewhappened. "We are to go to the base at token shots were fired.Maudheim, find the tunnel, investigate Out of fear and awe at what we hadthe enigma of the Polar Men and the seen, we all decided to go into theNazis and do what we can to make sure the Nazi threat is bunker. Go in we did, and two bodies were found. The soldierdestroyed." who had pulled the short straw was found with his throat ripped When asked for questions, we all had so many, and thankfully out, and, more heinous, the survivor had been stripped to thethe answers were honest and direct. We were informed that bones.evasive action was being taken because Britain was well aware of What we had witnessed demanded answers; and with our abjectUS and USSR intentions in mounting their own expeditions, and anger at seeing one of our unit die within hours of our landing onBritain did not want to risk the chance that the US or the USSR the continent, our anger was taken out on the lone survivor whowould discover the base and gain further Nazi technology. Both had warned us against opening Bunker One.countries had a technological advantage over Britain because of The whole unit listened categorically to the Majors questions,the scientists, equipment and research both countries had but it was the answers that were to provoke the most intrigue.recovered. Nevertheless, Britain wanted to be the nation to The first question that needed answering was just what had hap-destroy the menace because Britain viewed Antarctica as under pened to the other survivor, and how he had become trapped inthe British Empires jurisdiction, and if the Nazis were there it was the bunker with that Polar Man. However, the lone survivor pre-their duty and their desire to eradicate them first and thus deny ferred to start from the beginning, from when they had first foundboth the USA and the USSR the propaganda value of fighting the the "tunnel". Whilst he narrated what had happened, the scientistlast battle of World War II. who had accompanied us scribbled down everything divulged. We were flown to the pre-designated drop-off point which was It transpired that the area near the tunnel was one of20 miles from the Maudheim base; snow tractors had already been Antarcticas unique dry valleys, and that was how they manageddespatched and were awaiting our arrival. After parachuting into to find the tunnel with such ease. Every one of the 30 personnelthe icy wilderness, full of fear and trepidation, we reached the at the Maudheim base was ordered to investigate and, if possible,snow tractors and from that moment on we were on a war footing. find out exactly where the tunnel led.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 41
  • 42. They followed the tunnel for miles, and eventually they came to On hearing that, the Major issued the battle cry, and guard dutya vast underground cavern that was abnormally warm; some of was set up whilst the Major and the scientist discussed, in private,the scientists believed that it was warmed geothermally. In the just what we were to do next, even though it was obvious to thehuge cavern were underground lakes; however, the mystery deep- rest of us.ened, as the cavern was lit artificially. The cavern proved so The next morning we were ordered to "investigate the tunnel",extensive that they had to split up, and that was when the real dis- and for the next 48 hours we made our way steadily to the dry val-coveries were made. ley and the supposed "ancient tunnel". Upon arriving in the dry The Nazis had constructed a huge base into the caverns and had valley we were all amazed, for we had been told that Antarcticaeven built docks for U-boats, and one was identified supposedly. was completely ice-bound and yet here we were in a valley thatStill, the deeper they travelled, the more strange visions they were reminded me of being back in the North African Sahara. Wegreeted with. The survivor reported that "hangars for strange were forbidden from even approaching the tunnel until the tempo-planes and excavations galore" had been documented. rary base camp had been erected; and whilst the men constructed However, their presence had not gone unnoticed: the two the base, the scientist and Major investigated the tunnel.survivors at the Maudheim base witnessed their comrades get After a few hours, they returned to the now complete camp tocaptured and executed one by one. After witnessing only six of chronicle what they had seen and what our next plan of action wasthe executions, they fled to the tunnel, lest to be. The tunnel was not an ancient pas-they be caught, with the aim to block up the sageway at all, claimed the scientist,tunnel—though "it was too late; the Polar although the Major added that the walls wereMen were coming", claimed the survivor. made of smooth granite and looked infinite. With enemy forces hot on their tail, they We were informed that we would be able tohad no choice but to try to get back to the make our own minds up after we had restedbase so that they could inform and warn their "The cavern proved for the night.superiors about what they had uncovered. Sleeping in Antarctica during the summerThey managed to get back to the base, but, so extensive that they months was difficult with perpetual daylightwith winter approaching and little chance of had to split up, and that covering the continent; but that night, sleeprescue, they believed it was their duty to was even more difficult to come by with allmake sure the secret Nazi base was reported; was when the real the thoughts running through each of ourand so they split up, each taking a wirelessand waiting in separate bunkers. One of the discoveries were made. when, about whatwe would encounter just minds or where, we would find and thesurvivors tempted one of the Polar Men The Nazis had Polar Man again.into the bunker in the hope that theydbelieve only one had survived. The constructed a huge Just before we were assigned our times for guard duty, we were informedplan worked, but to the detriment of his base into the caverns that we would be following the tunnellife and to the radio. Unfortunately, thebrave soul in Bunker One had the only and had even built all the way—"...to the Führer, if needs be".fully operational wireless radio, which docks for U-boats..." That night our fears were confirmed,was destroyed in the fracas. The other as the Polar Man did indeed return.survivor had no option but to sit, wait However, this time no more casualtiesand try to avoid going stir crazy. occurred [on our side], but the Polar The mystery of who or what the Man was slain as he was lured to thePolar Men were was explained, not camp. The scientist decided that thesatisfactorily but explained Polar Man was "human" but, it seemed,nonetheless, as a product of Nazi had been able to produce more hair andscience; and the enigma of how the withstand the cold far more effectively.Nazis were getting power was also explained, albeit not in The corpse, after a brief post-mortem, was stored in a body bag,scientific terms. The power that the Nazis were utilising was by and with the cold could be preserved until a more meticulous dis-volcanic activity, which gave them heat for steam and also helped section could occur.produce electricity, but the Nazis had also mastered an unknown The next morning it was decided that two would remain at theenergy source because the survivor claimed: "...after what I tunnels entrance with the corpse, the tractors, the equipment but,witnessed, the amount of electricity needed is more than could be more fundamentally, the radio. The Major, leading the expedi-produced, in my opinion, by steam". tion, needed the Norwegian for his expertise and also the scientist; The scientist amongst the party dismissed most of what was the survivor, too, was critical for the missions success. The restdivulged, and rebuked the survivor for his lack of scientific edu- of us wanted to join them. I was selected with the other jubilantcation and implied that his revelations "could not possibly be four who would be undertaking one of the most exciting and pos-true". Though the scientist dismissed the survivors claims, the sibly one of the most important expeditions in human history.Major didnt. He wanted to know more about the enemy that we The two who were kept behind were disappointed, but theirwere facing, but, more fundamentally, just what the Polar Man roles were just as vital to the missions success as the nine whowas going to do next. The answer from the survivor did nothing would be traversing into the unknown.to comfort us and provoked the scientist to announce that the sur- As the nine of us prepared to enter the tunnel, we made surevivor was "certifiable". Disconcerted is too weak a word to that we took enough ammunition and explosives to wage a smalldescribe how we felt when the survivor replied to the Majors war and hopefully destroy the base in its entirety, for that was ourquestions about the escaped Polar Mans intentions: "He will mission: not to salvage, but to destroy.wait, watch and wonder just how different we taste." We walked into the darkness, and thankfully after four hours of42 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 43. walking we began to see some light in the far distance. However, were forbidden to reveal what we had seen, heard or even encoun-the light was still another hour away; and as each of us battled tered.with our minds questions of what we would uncover, we inched The tunnel was explained away as nothing more than a freak offorward. nature; "glacial erosion" was the scientists specific term. The Eventually we reached the vast cavern that was artificially lit. "Polar Men" were nothing more than "unkempt soldiers that hadWe were then led to where the survivors had witnessed the gone crazy"; the fact that they were German was never submittedexecutions. The survivor stated it was as covert as one could into the report, and any notion of the mission going public waspossibly have wished for. firmly rebutted. The mission would never be made official, As we looked over the entire cavern network, we were over- though certain elements of the mission were to be leaked to thewhelmed by the numbers of personnel scurrying about like ants, Russians and the Americans.but what was impressive was the huge constructions that were So my last Christmas of World War II was spent on thebeing built. From what we were witnessing, the Nazis, it Antarctic continent in 1945, fighting the same Nazis that I hadappeared, had been on Antarctica a long time. The scientist jotted fought against every Christmas since 1940. What was worse wasdown everything he could, drew dia- the fact that the expedition was nevergrams and took rock samples as well given any recognition, nor the sur-as the odd photograph. The Major, on vivors any credit. Instead, the Britishthe other hand, was more interested in survivors were de-mobbed from thehow the base was to be destroyed with- "The mission would never be forces, whilst the scientist and hisout being caught by the Nazis present. report would soon disappear, the mis- After two days of vigilant reconnais - made official, though certain sion never to be known about exceptsance, the scientist and Major decided elements of the mission were by the select few.on the targets for the mines. The That mission never made the historymines were to be placed all around the to be leaked to the Russians books, but the return mission inroof of the cavern, with other targetson the to-do list such as the generator and the Americans." February 1950, conducted by a joint British–Swedish–Norwegian expedi-and the petrol dumps and, if possible tion that lasted till January 1952, did.and attainable, the ammunition dumps. The main purpose of the expedition Throughout the day, mines were laid was to verify and investigate some ofand more photos were taken; and with the findings of the 1938–39 Nazithe odds of not being detected looking good, a hostage was taken, expeditions to Neuschwabenland.as well as proof of the Nazi base, the "Polar Man" and Five years after our mission, Maudheim and Neuschwabenlandphotographs of new, and quite advanced, Nazi technology. were revisited, and that expedition had everything to do with the When the mission to place the mines that would destroy the Neuschwabenland campaign, but, more importantly, with what webase had been accomplished, as well as substantial proof of the had destroyed. For the intermediate years between the missions,base gathered, we headed towards the tunnel—but, alas, we were the Royal Air Force continuously flew flights overspotted, and more of the Polar Men and a troop of Nazis gave Neuschwabenland. The RAFs official reason for their extensivechase. Upon reaching the tunnel, we needed to put an obstacle in flights was that they were searching for suitable places to set upthe way to slow down our enemy long enough for the mines to base camps. However, one cant help but wonder.3detonate. Some mines were placed at the entrance to the tunnel, [The SAS officers account ends here. Ed.]and when the explosions were heard we werehopeful that not just the base had been compre-hensively destroyed but so, too, the enemyforces giving chase. We were wrong. The mines did indeed close the tunnel, but, forthose Nazis and Polar Men behind, the chase wasstill on. In a fighting retreat, only three of the 10escaped the tunnel: the Norwegian, the scientistand myself. The rest had fallen gallantly inmaking sure that some of the party survived. Upon reaching the safety of the dry valley,enough mines were laid to close the tunnel per-manently. After the mines were detonated, therewas no evidence of any tunnel ever existing. Suspiciously, very little of the evidenceunearthed remained. Whether it had been lostaccidentally or purposely, it mattered littlebecause the scientist had already made his and,ultimately, the missions own conclusions. The camp was disbanded and we returned tothe Maudheim base where we were evacuatedand flown back to the safety of the FalklandIslands Dependencies. Upon reaching SouthGeorgia, we were issued with a directive that we "Apparently its run by stupid adults."AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 43
  • 44. How Britain Gained the "Knowledge" most ideally placed of all the Allies to deal with a Nazi haven. It My U-boat men, six years of U-boat warfare lie behind us. would have been the best informed about the missing U-boats due You have fought like lions. A crushing superiority has com - to its southern hemisphere territories and an empire that, though pressed us into a narrow area. The continuation of the strug - crumbling, was still the largest the world had ever seen. gle is impossible from the bases that remain. U-boat men, Intelligence soon substantiated the suspicions with the unbroken in your war-like courage, you are laying down your interrogations of the captains of both the U-977 and U-530. arms after a heroic fight which knows no equal. In reverent Captain Wilhelm Bernhard, commanding the U-530, claimed memory we think of our comrades who have sealed their loy - that under Operation Valkyrie-2 his U-boat set off to the Antarctic alty to the Führer and Fatherland with their death. on 13 April 1945. Under interrogation he divulged just what the Comrades, maintain in the future your U-boat spirit with mission had involved. Supposedly, 16 crew members had landed which you have fought at sea, bravely and unflinchingly, dur - on the Antarctic shore and deposited numerous boxes that were ing the long welfare of our Fatherland. Long live Germany! apparently documents and relics from the Third Reich. Heinz Your Grand Admiral. Scheffer, captain of the U-977, also claimed that his U-boat had – Grand Admiral Dönitz, 4 May 1945, spirited relics away from the Reich. However, less plausible is ordering his U-boats to start their return journey.the theory that the U-boat delivered the remains of Hitler and Eva Braun to the South Pole, and other theories that the Holy Grail With 16 German U-boats sunk in the South Atlantic area and the Spear of Destiny were also taken to the Antarctic onlybetween October 1942 and September 1944, and with most of cloud the truth.those sunk engaged in covert activities, Britain had long since What does help substantiate their story is the little-known factbeen aware of Neuschwabenland being a possible base, but it was (which P r a v d a reported on 16 January 2003) that, in 1983,not until after the war in Europe had Special Services seized a confidentialended that the world awoke to the letter that Captain Scheffer wrote topossibility. Captain Bernhard, and in the letter On 18 July 1945, newspapers Another mystery that has never Scheffer pleads to Bernhard not toaround the world focused their head- publish his memoirs in too profoundlines on Antarctica. The New York been solved is that of the cargo a detail and, in fact, states his intentT i m e s stated "Antarctic Haven of mercury contained inside for the world not to know the truth:Reported", whilst others claimed that "We all made an oath to keep the"Hitler had been at the South Pole".4 U-859 which was sunk in 1944 secret; we did nothing wrong: weThese headlines which shook the by the British Royal Navy just obeyed orders and fought for ourworld were based, in part, on fact. loved Germany and its survival.The news reports and events happen- submarine HMS Trenchant in the Please think again; isnt it better toing in South America made the worldsit up and take notice, not least the Java Sea, so far from home with picture everything as a fable? What results do you plan to achieve withmilitary forces of the United States such an anomalous cargo... your revelations? Think about it,and Great Britain. please."7 On 10 June 1945, an unmarked Another mystery that has neverGerman U-boat surrendered to the been solved is that of the cargo ofArgentine Navy; no further details were released. The where- mercury contained inside U-859 which was sunk on 23 Septemberabouts of at least a hundred other U-boats were still a mystery, as 1944 by the British Royal Navy submarine HMS Trenchant in therenowned historian Basil Liddell Hart noted: "During the early Strait of Malacca in the Java Sea, so far from home with such anmonths of 1945 the size of the U-boat fleet was still increasing... anomalous cargo—a cargo that could be utilised as a fuel source.In March, the U-boat fleet reached its peak strength of 463 The survivors divulged to their British captors what they had been[emphasis added]."5 carrying, and that information would have definitely raised eye- The mystery deepened when, on 10 July 1945, the German brows when their find was relayed to British Intelligence.U-530 surrendered at Mar del Plata, Argentina, and it only took The case of U-859 was not an isolated one. Many German U-eight days for the world to know. However, the U-boat mystery boats were active throughout the world; many supplied thedid not end with U-530; just over a month later, on 17 August Japanese throughout the war and, strangely, even after the1945, U-977 also surrendered at Mar del Plata. Even more curi- German capitulation. In July 1945, an unmarked German U-boat,ous was the fact that the same month, U-465 was scuttled off supposedly part of a secret convoy, delivered a new invention toPatagonia. Japanese research and development units. The Japanese con- Only three months after the Kreigsmarines U-boats strength structed and activated the device. The device soared into the skyhad peaked, the first of the unaccounted-for U-boats appeared. where, however inauspiciously, it burst into flames. It was neverUnfavourably though, historians tend to gloss over the enigma of dared to be built again.the missing U-boats and Hart also offers no explanation other than The British Navy, having already retrieved many of the U-boatsto explain the 362 known U-boats fate: "After Germany surren- that had surrendered in Norway, was well aware that many moredered in May, 159 U-boats surrendered but a further 203 were had fled, especially if the tale reported in the Latin Americanscuttled by their crews. That was characteristic of the U-boat press about a German U-boat convoy totally annihilating thecrews stubborn pride and unshakeable morale."6 British destroyers that engaged the convoy is to be believed. On 2 With so many U-boats missing—a minimum of 40 were May 1945, El Mercurio and Der Weg claimed that the final navalestimated missing at the end of the War—and with Britain still battle of World War II between the Kreigsmarine and the Royalpossessing one of the worlds largest navies and strategicallybased territories in the Falklands and Antarctica, Britain was the Continued on page 7744 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 45. SCIENCE described a "nuclear furnace" responsible case the electric repulsion between two THE ELECTRIC SUN & THE MYTH OF THE NUCLEAR FURNACE for igniting stars. And for decades now, cos- protons or like charges. Once protons are by David Talbott mologists, astronomers and astrophysicists fused, they could be held together by the © 2005 Thunderbolts.info have accepted the basic concept as fact. In strong nuclear force, but that force the early formulations of this "standard dominates only at short distances. ToW hat is the source of the Suns lightmodel" of star formation, it was said that the achieve fusion, it would be necessary for and heat? Throughout history, gravitational force within a primordial cloud protons to cross the barrier of the repulsive people have proposed answers to leads to its progressive compression into a electric force, which is sufficient to keep thethis question that have always reflected "circumstellar disc", as the outer material in protons apart forever. But Eddingtonshuman experience. The Sun was a shining the cloud "falls" inward and gravity gives successors accomplished the impossible bygod, or a "spark" cast off in the creation. birth to a star-sized sphere whose core tem- something called "quantum tunnelling",Later it was a pile of burning sticks or coal.perature continues to rise under increasing enabling an extremely small percentage of By the 19th century, astronomers had pressures. Collisions of atoms within the protons simply to "appear" inside the barrierbecome accustomed to thinking that gravity core eventually become so energetic that at any particular time.was the dominant force in the heavens. So electrons are stripped from their nuclei, It is ironic that the early objections to thethey began to conjecture that the energy of leaving free electrons and hydrogen protons fusion model of the Sun focused on thethe Sun might be due to "gravitational (a plasma, as we now understand it). In stars powerful electric force. This was longcollapse", a compression of before the arrival of the Spacesolar gases by gravity. This Age, with its discovery that thesimple hypothesis, its charged particles of plasma per-proponents claimed, could meate interplanetary and inter-provide the required energy stellar space, and long before anyoutput for a few tens of systematic investigations of plas-millions of years. However, ma and electricity in space.by the late 19th century, Advocates of the "nucleargeologists were confident that furnace" model made a series ofEarth was much older than the fundamental assumptionsastronomers model would common to astronomy longallow, and the conflict between before the emergence of aastronomy and geology nuclear model of the Sun. Thecontinued for several decades. credibility of these assumptions Then, in 1920, the British was not an issue to them. Theyastronomer Sir Arthur assumed that diffuse clouds ofEddington combined the prin- gas in space would collapseciple of gravitational collapse gravitationally into star-sizedwith an exciting new principle bodies. They assumed that thein the physical sciences: Suns mass could be calculatednuclear fusion. He proposed simply from the orbital motionsthat at the core of the Sun, of the planets. They assumedpressures and temperatures that Newtonian calculations ofinduced a nuclear reaction fus- Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO mass, coupled with standard gasing hydrogen into helium. laws, enabled them to determine In 1939, two astrophysicists, roughly comparable to our Sun, with envi- the pressure and temperature of the SunsSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and Hans sioned core temperatures less than 15 core. The pioneers of the nuclear furnaceBethe, working independently, began to million Kelvin, the nuclear reaction begins model also followed another assumptionquantify the gravitational collapse and when hydrogen protons are joined or stuck common to astronomy in their time: thatnuclear fusion hypothesis. Bethe described together in the "proton-proton fusion" of the Sun and planets are electrically neutral.the results of his calculations in a brief hydrogen into helium. They gave no consideration to the role ofpaper entitled "Energy Production in Stars", Critics, however, pointed out that the electricity and no consideration to the rolepublished in 1939. temperatures given by standard gas laws are of the magnetic fields that electric currents The model that followed the work of not sufficient to provoke nuclear fusion. generate.Eddington, Chandrasekhar and Bethe They cited the "Coulomb barrier", in this Are the assumptions made in the firstAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 45
  • 46. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCEhalf of the 20th century still warranted after THE ELECTRIC GLOW OF A growing group of independentdecades of space exploration? Those THE SUN researchers, however, insists that theproposing an electrical perspective, based by David Talbott popular idea is incorrect. Theseon more recent data, insist that the earlier © 2005 Thunderbolts.info researchers say that the Sun is electric. Itconjectures are not only unwarranted butdiscredited by direct observation and mea-surement. They emphasise that every fea- A little known fact: popular ideas about the Sun have not fared well under the tests of a scientific theory. The formulators is a glow discharge fed by galactic currents. And they emphasise that the fusion model anticipated none of theture of the Sun, as we now observe it, of the standard Sun model worked with milestone discoveries about the Sun, whiledefies both the gravitational assumptions gravity, gas laws and nuclear fusion. But the electric model predicts and explains theand the standard gas laws relating to pres- closer observation of the Sun has shown very observations that posed the greatestsure, density, temperature and relative that electrical and magnetic properties quandaries for solar investigation.motions of gases. The deepest observable dominate solar behaviour. More than 60 years ago, Dr Charles E. R.surface of the Sun yields a temperature of For centuries, the nature of the Suns Bruce, of the Electrical Researchabout 6,000 degrees Kelvin. As we peer radiance remained a mystery to Association in England, offered a new per-into the darker interior of sunspots we see astronomers. The Sun is the only object in spective on the Sun. An electricalcooler regions, not hotter. But moving out- the solar system that produces its own visi- researcher, astronomer and expert on theward to the bottom of the corona, the tem- ble light. All others reflect the light of the effects of lightning, Bruce proposed inperature jumps spectacularly to almost two Sun. What unique trait of the Sun enables 1944 that the Suns "photosphere has themillion degrees. Thus, the superheated it to shine upon the other objects in the appearance, the temperature and the spec-shell of the Suns corona reverses the solar system? trum of an electric arc; it has arc character-expected temperature gradient predicted by Today, astronomers assure us that the istics because it is an electric arc, or a largemodels of internal heating. most fundamental question has now been number of arcs in parallel". This discharge It seems that the Sun does not even answered. The Sun is a thermonuclear characteristic, he claimed, "accounts for the"respect" gravity. The mass of charged furnace. The ball of gas is so large that observed granulation of the solar surface".particles—expelled by the Sun as the solar astronomers envision pressures and Bruces model, however, was based on awind—continues to accelerate beyond densities within its core sufficient to conventional understanding of atmosphericMercury, Venus and Earth. Solar promi- generate temperatures of about 16 million lightning, allowing him to envision thenences and coronal mass ejections do not K, producing a continuous "controlled" "electric" Sun without reference to externalobey gravity, either. Nor does sunspot nuclear reaction. electric fields.migration. Nor does the movement of the Most astronomers and astrophysicistsatmosphere, since the upper layers rotate investigating the Sun are so convinced of Plasma Glow Dischargefaster than the lower—reversing the situa- the fusion model that only the rarest among Years later, a brilliant engineer, Ralphtion predicted by theory—while the equato- them will countenance challenges to the Juergens, inspired by Bruces work, addedrial atmosphere completes its rotation more underlying idea. Standard textbooks and a revolutionary possibility. In a series ofrapidly than the atmosphere at higher lati- institutional research, complemented by a articles beginning in 1972, Juergens sug-tudes—another reversal of predicted chorus of scientific and popular media, gested that the Sun is not an electricallymotions. If the Suns atmosphere were sub- "ratify" the fusion model of the Sun year isolated body in space but the most posi-ject only to gravity and the hot surface, it after year by ignoring evidence to the tively charged object in the solar system,should be only a few thousand kilometres contrary. the centre of a radial electric field. Thisthick instead of the hundred thousand kilo-metres or more that we measure. Even the shape of the Sun defies theexpectations of theory. The revolving Sunshould be an oblate sphere. But it is virtu-ally a perfect sphere, as if gravity and iner-tia have been overruled by something else. For the electrical theorists, the "some-thing else" should be obvious from thedominant, observed features of the Sun (incontrast to things assumed but never seen). The anomalies facing the standard modelof the Sun are predictable features of aglow discharge. Refer to Pictures of theDay at http://www.thunderbolts.info..[Note: This article, dated 27 May 2005, iscopyright © 2005 Thunderbolts.info. Thefull text of this article, with text links, canbe viewed at http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050517fusion.htm.]46 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 47. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCEfield, he said, lies within a larger galactic planets. In the lexicon of astronomy, this is upward, the temperature then rises steadilyfield. With this hypothesis, Juergens the "heliopause". In electrical terms, it is to about 20,000 degrees K at the top of thebecame the first to make the theoretical the cellular sheath or "double layer" chromosphere, some 2,200 kilometresleap to an external power source of the separating the plasma cell that surrounds (1,200 miles) above the Suns surface.Sun. the Sun ("heliosphere") from the Here it abruptly jumps hundreds of thou- Juergens proposed that the Sun is the enveloping galactic plasma. sands of degrees, then continues slowly ris-focus of a "coronal glow discharge" fed by In an electric universe, such cellular ing, eventually reaching two milliongalactic currents. To avoid misunderstand- forms are expected between regions of dis- degrees in the corona. Even at a distanceing of this concept, it is essential that we similar plasma properties. According to of one or two solar diameters, ionised oxy-distinguish the complex electrodynamic the glow discharge model of the Sun, gen atoms reach a temperature of 200 mil-glow discharge model of the Sun from a almost the entire voltage difference lion degrees!simple electrostatic model that can be easily between the Sun and its galactic environ- In other words the "reverse temperaturedismissed. ment occurs across the thin boundary gradient", while meeting the tests of the Throughout most of the volume of a sheath of the heliopause. glow discharge model, contradicts everyglow discharge, the plasma is nearly original expectation of the fusion model.neutral with almost equal numbers of But this is only the first of manyprotons and electrons. In this view, enigmas and contradictions facing thethe charge differential at the Earths fusion hypothesis. As astronomerdistance from the Sun is smaller than Juergens suggested that the Sun Fred Hoyle pointed out years ago,our present ability to measure— with the strong gravity and the mereperhaps one or two electrons per is not an electrically isolated 5,800-degree temperature at the sur-cubic metre. body in space but the most face, the Suns atmosphere should be But the charge density is far higher only a few thousand kilometres thick,closer to the Sun, and at the solar positively charged object in the according to the "gas laws" that astro-corona and surface the electric field solar system, the centre of a physicists typically apply to suchis of sufficient strength to generate bodies. Instead, the atmosphere bal-all of the energetic phenomena we radial electric field. loons out to 100,000 kilometres,observe. This field, he said, lies within a where it heats up to a million degrees Today, the electric theorists or more. From there, particles accel-Wallace Thornhill and Donald Scott larger galactic field. erate out among the planets in defi-urge a critical comparison of the ance of gravity. Thus the planets,fusion model and the electrical Earth included, could be said to orbitmodel. Given what we now know inside the Suns diffuse atmosphere.about the Sun, which model meets the tests Inside the heliopause there is a weak but The discovery that blasts of particlesof unity, coherence, simplicity and constant radial electrical field centred on escape the Sun at an estimated 400–700predictability? Why did so many the Sun. A weak electric field, immeasur- kilometres per second came as an uncom-discoveries surprise investigators and even able locally with todays instruments but fortable surprise for advocates of thecontradict the expectations of the fusion cumulative across the vast volume of space nuclear-powered model. Certainly, themodel? Is there any fundamental feature of within the heliosphere, is sufficient to "pressure" of sunlight cannot explain thethe Sun that contradicts the glow discharge power the solar discharge. acceleration of the solar "wind". In anhypothesis? The visible component of a coronal glow electrically neutral, gravity-driven uni- Our closer looks at the Sun have revealed discharge occurs above the anode, often in verse, particles are not hot enough tothe pervasive influence of magnetic fields, layers. The Suns red chromosphere is part escape such massive bodies, which (in thewhich are the effect of electric currents. of this discharge. (Unconsciously, it theory) are attractors only. And yet, theSunspots, prominences, coronal mass seems, the correct electrical engineering particles of the solar wind continue toejections and a host of other features require term was applied to the Suns corona.) accelerate past Venus, Earth and Mars.ever more complicated guesswork on behalf Correspondingly, the highest particle ener- Since these particles are not miniatureof the fusion model. But this is the way an gies are not at the photosphere but above it. "rocket ships", this acceleration is the lastanode in a coronal glow discharge behaves! thing one should expect! In the electric model, the Sun is the Solar Temperatures According to the electric theorists, a"anode" or positively charged body in the The electric theorists see the Sun as a weak electric field, focused on the Sun,electrical exchange, while the "cathode" or perfect example of this characteristic of better explains the acceleration of thenegatively charged contributor is not a glow discharges—a radical contrast to the charged particles of the solar wind.discrete object but the invisible "virtual expected dissipation of energy from the Electric fields accelerate charged particles.cathode" at the limit of the Suns coronal core outward in the fusion model of the And just as magnetic fields are undeniabledischarge. (Coronal discharges can Sun. witnesses to the presence of electric cur-sometimes be seen as a glow surrounding At about 500 kilometres (310 miles) rents, particle acceleration is a good mea-high-voltage transmission wires, where the above the photosphere or visible surface, sure of the strength of an electric field.wires discharge into the surrounding air). we find the coldest measurable tempera-This virtual cathode lies far beyond the ture, about 4,400 degrees K. Moving Continued on page 48AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 47
  • 48. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCE DOES THE EARTH HAVE A SOLAR UMBILICAL CORD? Continued from page 47 J anuary 2005 was a stormy month—in space. With little warning, a giant spot materialised on the Sun and started exploding. Between 15 and 19 January,sunspot 720 produced four powerful solar flares. When it exploded a fifth time on A common mistake made by critics of the electric model is to assume that the radial electric field of the Sun should be20 January, onlookers were not surprised. not only measurable but also strong enough They should have been. Researchers realise now that the 20 January blast was to accelerate electrons toward the Sun atsomething special. It has shaken the foundations of space weather theory and pos- "relativistic" speeds (up to 300,000 kilome-sibly changed the way astronauts are going to operate when they return to the tres per second). By this argument, weMoon. should find electrons not only zipping past Scant minutes after the 20 January flare, a swarm of high-speed protons our instruments but also creating dramaticsurrounded Earth and the Moon. Thirty minutes later, the most intense proton storm displays in the Earths night sky.in decades was underway. But as noted above, in the plasma glow "Weve been hit by strong proton storms before, but [never so quickly]," says solar discharge model the interplanetary electricphysicist Robert Lin of UC Berkeley. "Proton storms normally develop hours or field will be extremely weak. No instru-even days after a flare." ment placed in space could measure the This one began in minutes. radial voltage differential across a few tens Proton storms cause all kinds of problems. They interfere with ham radio com- of metres, any more than it could measuremunications. They zap satellites, causing short circuits and computer reboots. the solar wind acceleration over a few tensWorst of all, they can penetrate the skin of spacesuits and make astronauts feel sick. of metres. "An astronaut on the Moon, caught outdoors on January 20, would have had But we can observe the solar wind accel-almost no time to dash for shelter," says Lin. The storm came fast and "hard", with eration over tens of millions of kilometres,proton energies exceeding 100 million electron volts. These are the kind of high- confirming that the electric field of theenergy particles that can do damage to human cells and tissue. Sun, though imperceptible in terms of volts "The last time we saw a storm like this was in February 1956." The details of that per metre, is sufficient to sustain a power-event are uncertain, though, because it happened before the Space Age. "There ful drift current across interplanetary space.were no satellites watching the Sun." Given the massive volume of this space, According to space weather theory (soon to be revised), this is how a proton the implied current is quite sufficient tostorm develops. It begins with an explosion, usually above a sunspot. Sunspots are power the Sun.places where strong magnetic fields poke through the surface of the Sun. For rea- Look for more details on the drift cur-sons no one completely understands, these fields can become unstable and rent, solar magnetic fields, nuclear reac-explode, unleashing as much energy as 10 billion hydrogen bombs. tions and many other features of the Sun in From Earth we see a flash of light and X-rays. This is the "solar flare", and its the upcoming Pictures of the Day atfirst sign that an explosion has occurred. Light from the flare reaches Earth in only http://www.thunderbolts.info. ∞eight minutes. Next, if the explosion is powerful enough, a billion-ton cloud of gas billows away [Note: This article, dated 27 April 2005, isfrom the blast site. This is the coronal mass ejection (CME). CMEs are relatively copyright © 2005 Thunderbolts.info. Theslow. Even the fastest ones, travelling at 1,000 to 2,000 km/s, take a day or so to full text of this article, with text links, canreach Earth. You know a CME has just arrived when you see auroras in the sky. be viewed at http://www.thunderbolts.info/ En route to Earth, CMEs plough through a lot of gaseous material, first in the Suns tpod/2005/ arch05/050427sun.htm.]atmosphere and then out in interplanetary space. You thought space was empty?No. The void between planets is filled with protons and other particles from the Additional Readingsolar wind. Shock waves in front of the CME can accelerate these protons in our See also these Pictures of the Day:direction—hence the proton storm. • Arc Lamp in the Sky "CMEs can account for most proton storms," says Lin, but not the proton storm of http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/20 January. 040729solar.htm According to theory, CMEs cant push material to Earth quickly enough. So, back • Stellar Nurseriesto the drawing board. But if a CME didnt accelerate the protons, what did? http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/ "We have an important clue," says Lin. When the explosion occurred, sunspot 040727stellar-nurseries.htm720 was located at a special place on the Sun: 60 degrees west longitude. This • Electric Starsmeans "the sunspot was magnetically connected to Earth". http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/ He explains that the Suns magnetic field spirals out into the solar system like 040922electric-stars.htmwater from a lawn sprinkler. (Why? The Sun spins like a lawn sprinkler does.) The • The Iron Sunmagnetic field emerging from solar longitude 60 degrees W bends around and inter- http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/ 041006iron-sun.htmsects Earth. Protons are guided by magnetic force fields, so on 20 January there was • Solar Tornadoesa superhighway for protons leading all the way from sunspot 720 to our planet. http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/ "Thats how the protons got here," speculates Lin. 041015solar-tornado.htm How they were accelerated, however, remains a mystery. • Kepler Supernova Remnant(Source: NASA, 10 June 2005, http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2005/10jun_ http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/newstorm.htm) 041103supernova.htm48 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 49. Smashing the Myth that "All Crop Circles Are Hoaxes" D uring the twilight days of 1998, small articles tucked away in the nether regions of the British press quietly announced "Unknown Force Was Behind Corn Circles, Claims Hoaxer". This dramatic U-turn by the surviving member of the infamous Doug and Dave duo—the English sexagenarians who from 1991 misled the world with tales of their crop-flattening prowess with planks of wood— illustrates that the hand of man materialised in crop circle lore long after the real Experiments with phenomenon had manifested. Although hoaxers claim to have orchestrated the phenomenon in 1978, unpublished evi- plants and sound dence at the time showed approximately 200 sporadic reports of crop circles around the world throughout the 1900s, with dozens of eyewitnesses reporting crop circles forming in have produced a matter of seconds as far back as 1890. Several highly descriptive accounts were even documented in 1678 by Robert Plot, then curator of the Ashmolean Library in Oxford, effects similar to England. If hoaxers are responsible for crop circles, then they appear to have mastered the art of time travel, in which case it is they who ought to be under scientific scrutiny. those analysed in To date, some 10,000 crop circles have been catalogued in 29 countries worldwide, and and around crop their anomalous features continue to defy human replication: plants bent an inch above the soil, their cellular structure altered, their stems lightly burned around the base; alter- circles, suggesting ations to the crystalline structure of the affected soil; evaporation of groundwater; alter- ation of the local electromagnetic field; and dowsable, long-lasting energy patterns, not to that particular sonic mention hundreds of measured effects on the human biological field. So much, then, for two guys and a piece of wood. But thanks to a virtual embargo on frequencies could the coverage of research throughout the media, a popular myth has developed that all crop circles have been nothing more than a prank with a plank. By definition, a hoax is a be creating these forgery, and a forger requires an original from which to copy. So what is this "unknown force" that creates genuine crop circles? One answer may lie with sound. beautiful, mysterious designs. Sound and Sacred Geometry Traditionally, sound has been considered a prime universal force in the creation of matter. This concept is echoed in all faiths and traditions: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God", so the Bible, the Qran and the Rig Veda remind us. In a similar way, Hopi and Navajo religious traditions assert that, in ancient times, shamans could utter words onto sand and create patterns not dissimilar to the Hindu mandalas—those geometric paintings held to be expressions of vibrations from the unseen Universe. Consequently the Eastern faiths, Islam in particular, chose this sacred geometry to express the image of God. In the 12th century these geometric principles were encoded in the design of Gothic cathedrals, and their application is now known to enhance these buildings sonic effects. Geometry, sound, resonance and vibration are fundamental to our supposedly physical by Freddy Silva © 1997–2005 world. When the primeval Hindu sound, the "OM" (from which is derived our modern term "hum"), is sung into a tonoscope (a device for converting the human voice into Email: lovely272@earthlink.net visible form), it is possible to see geometric shapes attributed with "sacredness". Under the microscope, even atoms are seen as harmonic resonators, and their structures are The Crop Circular website: composed of geometric rhythms whose proportions are similar to the mathematical http://www.lovely.clara.net intervals governing the notes of the music scale. For example, the gap between the notes C and G—a musical fifth—can be represented geometrically as a pentagram. As the expression of number in space, geometry is inextricably linked to sound, sinceAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 49
  • 50. the laws of the former govern the mathematical intervals that the Pythagorean Table, it defines the exact relationships betweenmake up the notes in Western musical scales, also known as musical harmonics and mathematical ratios (see figs 2a, 2b).diatonic ratios. Physical reality, it seems, is governed by But it was a convincing crop circle etched in barley atgeometric arrays related to sound frequencies. Goodwood Clatford, England, in 1996—which had its plants bent One of the mathematical minds studying crop circles was the six inches from the top—that gave the proverbial nod to sound,late Professor Gerald Hawkins. In February 1992 he published an for here was a representation of a cymatic pattern (see fig. 3).interesting challenge to the half a million subscribers of Science Cymatics is the study of sound waves and their interaction withNews. Prof. Hawkins had studied the work of Euclid, a Greek physical substances. One of its modern pupils was Swiss scientistmathematician of the third century BC, whose treatises on mathe- Hans Jenny who, throughout the 1950s to 1960s, painstakinglymatics pretty much form the basis of our knowledge today. He captured on film the effects of sound as it interacted with powdersused the principles of Euclid to prove that four geometric theo- and liquids. He observed how sound vibration created geometricrems can be derived from the relationships of design elements in shapes: a low frequency produced a simple circle encompassedcrop circles. More significantly, he by rings, whereas a higher frequencydiscovered a previously unknown increased the number of concentricfifth theorem from which he could Cymatics is the study of rings around a central circle. As thederive the other four. Euclid himself frequencies rose, so too did thehad not written it in his 13 treatises sound waves and their interaction complexity of shapes, to the pointon mathematics, and yet Prof. with physical substances. where tetrahedrons, mandalas andHawkins showed that a gap existed in other sacred geometric forms couldEuclids work where logically it Low frequencies produce a simple be discerned.ought to have fitted. circle encompassed by rings, Just as the Egyptians had once Despite an open challenge to the described geometry as "frozenhigh IQ readership of Science News , whereas higher frequencies music", so Jenny now enabledno one was able to create this fifth increase the number of concentric humanity to see it. Jenny also pro-theorem. Needless to say, it came as rings around a central circle. vided a physical connection to thea slight shock when it materialised as creation of crop circles Id been look-a 160,000-square-foot crop circle at ing for, since many of the vibrationalLitchfield, England, in 1995 (see fig. 1). patterns captured in his photos mimicIncredibly, the theorem did not appear overtly, and, just like the their designs: from the simple circle surrounded by concentricchallenge laid by Hawkins, the Circlemakers required it to be rings, typical of early 1980s designs, to the tetrahedron and thedecoded from within their own design. complex star fractals of the 1990s (see fig 4). By their nature, the crop circle theorems produce diatonic Visually, then, the connection is undeniable. But what evi-ratios, so a link now exists between crop circles and musical dence links sound and crop circles at a physical level?notes, which are the by-product of sound frequencies. And by1995, crop circles bearing unmistakable physical associations Sonic Effects in the Field and in the Laboratorywith sound began to appear. One contained a curious ratchet fea- • Audible soundture from which is extracted a musical diagram, the Lambdoma, Many accounts exist of a trilling sound heard by the 80 reporteddating to the ancient Egyptian mystery schools. Also known as witnesses to crop circles forming. This unusual noise, which sounds like a cross between a cicada and a waterfall, was captured on magnetic tape in 1989 during a night watch of a field at Cheesefoot Head, England, by a group of researchers. It was duly sent to NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, where it was brought to the atten- tion of Robert Weiss, the man who had previously analysed the famous Watergate tapes. He concluded that the noise was not related to any type of bird or insect, and due to its looping, rhythmic nature it appeared to be of intelligent, mechanical origin. Further, it contained a frequency of 5.0–5.2 kHz. Later that summer, the trilling sound was captured again—this time by a BBC cameraman whilst recording an interview inside a crop circle. A few seconds after its appearance, it rendered his US$55,000 camera useless. According to the technicians who later rebuilt the equip- ment, the sound frequency had interfered with the circuitry to such a degree that the camera would not work after that episode. Interestingly, many latter-day Australian Aborigines relate to this trilling sound. During their ceremonies to contact their "sky spirits", a specially shaped piece of wood called a bora is attached to the end of a long string andFigure 1: Crop circle at Litchfield near Dunley, Hampshire, UK, formed 4 July 1995. whirled, creating a noise practically identical to the cropPhotograph © Steve Alexander 1998. circle sound. It was later discovered that not only have50 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 51. crop circles appeared in Australia, they have also manifested on plants by subjecting them to different tones. Exposure tothroughout Aboriginal myths, just as their geometries have heavy metal music made the plants tilt in the opposite direction orappeared in ancient Aboriginal rock paintings. die, whereas classical music lulled the plants to lean toward the But back to that 5 kHz connection, since it has taken me on a speakers. But in the case of Hindu devotional music—the typejourney of extraordinary connections, particularly regarding the played by the sitar player Ravi Shankar—the stems bent in excessway in which sound interacts with plants and soil. Back in the of 60º to the vertical, perhaps the closest any human has ever1950s, American agricultural researcher George Smith found that come to recreating that right-angle bend common to plant stems inexposing corn to sound frequencies produced a higher heat con- genuine crop circles.tent in soil as well as a slight burnt appearance in the plants. Such Interestingly, applications of Indian devotional song to plantseffects are consistent with the during the 1930s at Annamalaisoil of crop circles, where the University, India, also showed aaffected area appears noticeably number of similar biophysicaldrier—in some cases, baked— changes to those whichcompared with the rest of the occurred in plants collectedfield, even despite overnight from crop circles and analysedrain; the same applies to the by Dr Levengood."slight burning" at the base of Sound as one energy sourcecrop circle stalks. Oddly capable of creating crop circlesenough, Smith speculated at the now becomes very feasible.time that particular sound fre- But what type of sound coaxesquencies also increased molecu- plants to bend and lie down bylar activity in plants. applying firm and gentle pres- Three decades later, such sure and, given the intricacyactivity was indeed discovered and complexity of latter-dayin plant samples taken from patterns, with a fine degree ofcrop circles. Tests performed precision?since 1989 by Michigan-basedphysicist Dr W. Levengood • Ultrasoundconsistently show how the Figure 2a: Crop circle at Andover, Hampshire, UK, formed July 1995. Interestingly, ultrasound isenergy creating crop circles capable of interacting withaffects seed embryo and plant physical elements to such angrowth and elongates the plants incredible degree. It can benodes, even altering the pattern aimed like a laser beam, andof their crystalline structure. specific frequencies can be The sudden and abnormal focused to cause certain kindsgrowth in plants affected by the of molecules to vibrate whileenergy of crop circles was others nearby are left unmoved.attributed by Levengood to The higher the frequency ofmicrowaves. However, ultrasound, the greater its abili-microwaves have the ability to ty to be directed. This requiresrender biological systems frequencies in the high MHzsterile, and an overdose will range, such as those detectedeven kill organisms. Crop circle for over a decade inside cropplants, on the other hand, are circles. The readings generallycertainly alive and well, so there hover in the vicinity of 260–320is another answer. MHz. However, the frequen- Already conversant with dis- cies inside them appear tocoveries by Russian scientists increase each year, and relativethat certain sound frequencies to the increase in their geomet-noticeably affected the growth ric complexity. This mirrorsof plants and seeds, Mary Jennys experiments, whichMeasures and Pearl Weinberger show that a relationship existsexperimented with sound at the between the complexity ofUniversity of Ottawa through- cymatic geometries in propor-out the 1960s. They succeeded Figure 2b: Pythagoras Circular Lambdoma, which contains all musical tion to the dispensed sound fre-in accelerating growth in wheat, ratios. Diagram © Robert Faulkrod. quencies. In other words, thebut the sound also produced a resonant effect in the plants cells, higher the frequency, the greater the geometric intricacy.thereby affecting their metabolism. And the frequency applied Such extremely high frequencies are known to affect states ofwas identical to the crop circle trilling noise: 5 kHz. awareness and consciousness in humans, and visitors to crop for- Perhaps the greatest connection linking sound to the manifesta- mations often report this.tion of crop circles lies in their greatest anomaly: the permanent Such effects are traditionally associated with sacred spaces—bending of the plants stems. In 1968, laboratory experiments at stone circles in particular—and it is interesting to note that ultra-Temple Buell College, Colorado, measured the effects of music sound has been detected at stone circles and standing stones inAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 51
  • 52. England. When tuned in the MHz range, ultrasound preventsdamage to sensitive tissue, so its healing properties are today usedin the treatment of muscular ailments. Again, this mirrors thefolklore of sacred spaces—and as far as crop circles are con-cerned, hundreds of people have also reported healings. Onelong-time sufferer of Parkinsons disease stopped shaking. A manwith a retinal eye tumour, 99 per cent malignant, saw the tumourshrivel away after contact with crop circles; this case is clinicallydocumented in New Hampshire, and the patients doctor remainsat odds to explain this.• Infrasound Below 20 Hz, sound becomes infrasonic, and such frequenciesinfluence biological processes. And here lies the direct connec-tion to crop circles. Experiments throughout the 1980s at the Princeton EngineeringAnomalies Research (PEAR) Laboratory demonstrate that theacoustic power of infrasound, when combined with high pressure,boils water inside a cavity in one nanosecond. As water heats, it expands; and in the case of crop circle plantsand their water-filled stems, a close look reveals tiny holes in theirnodes (the plants "knuckles"), indicating that the superheated Figure 3: Graphic of crop circle at Goodworth Clatford, near Andover,water has blown outwards. The bases of the stems are made sub- Hampshire, formed June 1996. From www.cropcircleconnector.com.tle like molten glass by the heat, leaving the now top-heavy plantsto collapse into their new horizontal position. Since this action greater the effect, and 18 Hz is the lowest safety threshold below(called "vapour cavitation") creates local temperature increases of which the pressure formed by infrasound is known to produce dis-hundreds of thousands of degrees for a fraction of a second, it is ruption to chromosomes.now not difficult to see how millions of gallons of groundwater Every northern summer, crop circle plants of every variety arecan disappear within and around the perimeter of a crop circle or sent to Dr Levengood for blind-testing, and some sampleswhy the plants attain their slightly burnt appearance. inevitably show unmistakable disruption to their chromosomes. Combine this with Levengoods discovery of microscopic blow- Yet give him samples from man-made designs and he finds some-holes in the plants cell-wall pits (indicating the rapid boiling of thing remarkable: perfectly normal plants!water inside the plant), and everything starts to fall into place. Infrasound is also capable of atomising water molecules, Psychic Questing with the Circlemakerscreating a fine mist, and farmers in England and Canada have So, who is in control of this "technology" that is manifestingwitnessed columns of mist rising from within newly arrived crop these euphonious crop circles? In England, one highly respectedcircles. psychic individual inadvertently vectored information about the Finally, the lower the operating frequency of infrasound, the origin of crop circles during a trance session. Her name is Isabelle Kingston. Psychic ability is undoubtedly the hardest practice to prove because of the social barriers placed in front of the quest for its understanding, the biggest of all being ridicule. Yet since the 1950s, Soviet parapsy- chologists have systematically established the sixth sense as a valid means of communication. What gives Eastern scientists the edge is their deep-rooted understanding that nature is composed of both the seen and the unseen, and that many of its phenomena—like ultrasound, infrasound and the greater portion of the light spectrum—lie beyond our five limited senses of perception. In Bulgaria, psychic abilities have proved so useful that they have been applied throughout education and medicine. In the West, despite lack of public acknowledgement, the employment of psychics is becoming more commonplace than one might think. Psychics are today employed in successfully locating geological faults, in crime solving, even in predicting earthquakes. The military has admitted working with psychics, both in remote viewing and in remote influencing of policymakers, so something obviouslyFigure 4: Crop circle at Milk Hill, near Alton Barnes, Wiltshire, formed August 1997. works.Photograph © Steve Alexander 1998. The information vectored by Isabelle Kingston in52 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 53. 1982 came from the Watchers, a universal group consciousness sound. This relationship is applied in Buddhist mandalas, whosewho appear throughout history, serving as helpful guides to elaborate geometries are used to alter states of consciousness.humanity during its times of tumultuous change. As the Shining Perhaps it is not by coincidence that crop circle designs mirrorOnes or Els, they are featured throughout ancient Egyptian texts. these intricate patterns, just as they bear an uncanny familiarity toThey also facilitated the building of Europes tallest mound, Jennys materialisations of sound.Silbury Hill ("Sil-bury" means "hill of the shining beings"). If sound vibrations are creating crop circles, is it not possible The problem with the information received by Isabelle was that, that they can arouse the individual at a spiritual level? After all,at the time, few knew what a "crop circle" was, so when the its through music that whole human experiences are celebratedWatchers said they would provide signs of their purpose in the and carried on from generation to generation. It is very probablefields at Silbury Hill within seven days, no one in Isabelles group that the very shape of the human ear—more specifically, theknew what to expect. Seven days later, a group of five crop cir- cochlea—is a spiral constructed according to the harmonic lawscles arranged like a Celtic cross manifested at the base of the of tone, just as the same spiral shape is the primary form from5,000-year-old sacred site. which thousands of crop circles have sprung. In succeeding years, Isabelle would be provided with further Music is a carrier for social change: the effect of Handelsinstructions ahead of time as to the circles locations and physical music is believed to have reversed the lax moral values prevalentattributes. Their appearance was often closely followed by mili- throughout early Victorian England, just as the anarchic overtonestary helicopters which seem to be able to pick up their electro- of Punk music corralled disillusioned youth into fighting anmagnetic fingerprint on radar. Establishment that held no tolerance for The main purpose behind the glyphs, we those who stepped outside its rules.are told, is to feed information into the The effects on peoples awareness afterplanets subtle energy grid, thus providing contact with crop circles is similarly docu-human beings with the tools that will help mented. In 1990, a pictogram at Altonthem wake up to their responsibilities as co- Barnes sported the trident of Neptune orcreators and achieve their greater potential. If sound is one of the Shiva—figures traditionally associated with To some, the message may seem somewhat transformation. Ironically, it was throughsimplistic, even utopian, yet there is no doubt formative principles exposure to this unique crop circle that mil-that we are living in times of great upheaval, behind crop circles, lions around the world felt transformed, justand whatever choices we are making as a col- as images of crop circles today continue tolective will affect generations to come. What it is not surprising that enlighten the awareness of those who comeis already certain is that the tens of thousandsof people who have come into contact with these formations are into contact with them. If sound is one of the formative principlescrop circles have taken with them a leaving psychological behind crop circles, it is not surprisingmore positive world-view, and thischange in perception is quietly seeping impressions on those that these formations are leaving psy- chological impressions on those whoseinto the everyday world. whose antennae are antennae are extended and receptive to The Watchers spoke of technology their tune. ∞yet to be deciphered from the glyphs extended and receptive(spinning disc and antigravity devices to their tune. About the Author:based on the designs are being devel- Freddy Silva is a writer and art directoroped as I write), and how the patterns who has researched crop circles andare connected to all ancient sacred sites sacred spaces from a multidisciplinaryvia subtle energies. It has since been point of view since 1990. He is todaydiscovered that all genuine crop circles one of the worlds leading experts on these subjects as well as a bestsellingindeed lie at the crossroads of invisible author. His comprehensive bookelectromagnetic pathways which criss- Secrets In The Fields: The Sciencecross the entire globe, linking all sacred And Mysticism of Crop Circlessites. (Hampton Roads, 2002; reviewed in NEXUS 9/06) is available They also spoke of the designs being essentially created from his website, The Crop Cir cular, atthrough thought processes sent from other levels of awareness. http://www.lovely.clara.net. The original version of this article,These vibrations transform into sound and light as their frequen- with accompanying colour photographs, can also be viewed atcies are slowed down by our atmosphere and the laws of the phys- his website. Mr Silva is a scheduled speaker at the NEXUSical world. Indications of these processes would eventually be Conference in Brisbane on 23–25 September.discovered in the plants and the soil by people whod be commu-nicated with at a subtle level of exchange. Further Reading • Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird, The Secret Life of Plants, AllenThe Sound of Transformation Lane, Penguin, 1974 The musical scale, constructed on the harmonics of sacred • David Tame, The Secret Power of Music, Destiny, 1984 • Hans Jenny, Cymatic, Basillius Presse, 1972geometry and now found within the framework of crop circles, • Robert Lawlor, Sacred Geometry: Philosophy and Practice, Thamesrepresents the mathematical structure of the soul of the world & Hudson, 1982, 1994because it embodies the essence of the Universe. So its no coin- • Joachim Ernst Berendt, Nada Brahma, Destiny, 1983cidence that a large percentage of crop circles can be identified • Valerie Hunt, Infinite Mind, Malibu, 1989with, and by, ancient cultures who to this day honour their histo- • Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder, Psychic Discoveries Behind theries through song and music, their healing rituals performed with Iron Curtain, Prentice-Hall, 1970AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 53
  • 54. 54 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 55. Photographic Evidence of UFOs Landing on Capitol Hill, Washington, DC A s I write this article in June 2005, the official American policy of plausible deniability, distraction and public dissuasion regarding UFOs is now more than 50 years old. This policy is currently supported by nearly all politicians, Pentagon officials and members of the media regardless of their political or July 1952 was religious affiliation. The policy began to emerge in 1942, due to increasing numbers of military encounters with UFOs during World War II. However, the current policy didnt famous for a UFO achieve its mandate until the year 1952, as dramatically growing numbers of UFO sight- flypast over ings worldwide were viewed by a range of responsible American leaders as the beginning of a possible alien invasion. Washington, DC, In 1952, during the month of July, many of the worlds newspapers reported that dozens of strange, spherical, glowing, unidentified aircraft were sighted by hundreds of and sightings eyewitnesses above the nations Capitol. These objects had registered on radar as they flew over Washington, DC, and F-94 jets were scrambled to intercept but they were easily exactly half a outmanoeuvred by the UFOs. The UFOs reportedly were loitering in the area for many hours through the night on at least two occasions and were able to appear and disappear century later on mysteriously at will. Capitol Hill within There were very few photographic images taken of those events, but they are impressive. And yet, when those strange, glowing, unidentified aircraft returned again restricted airspace exactly 50 years later in July 2002, only a few media sources reported a brief but failed UFO intercept by F-16s. Most Americans had no idea that this was just the tip of the confirm that the US iceberg. In fact, the events that occurred during 2002 were even more enigmatic than those of Government is still 1952 because of the incredibly clear, high-resolution, night-time photographs that were not prepared to taken. Colour images captured on high-speed film by a professional photographer show conclusively that during the month of July 2002, on 4th and 16th, there were a number of divulge what it UFOs flying over the restricted air space of the Capitol Building and the Washington Monument. And as incredible as it sounds, they provide evidence that on July 16, UFOs knows about UFOs. encircled and landed on the Capitol Building roof and the surrounding park area late that night! Heres what happened. On July 16 at approximately 12.30 am, a professional photogra- pher from Washington, DC, was shooting an album cover for a recording artist using the Reflecting Pool and Capitol Building as a background. Based on the photographers testi- mony and the two images that he took, there were no other people on the Capitol Building grounds at that time. However, what is clear from these two images is that there were at least five UFOs that penetrated restricted air space in that location. At least two of these vehicles actually landed for a brief period. As that was occurring, one of the other UFOs by Robert Stanley entered the Reflecting Pool and submerged while yet another UFO hovered nearby over © UNICUS Magazine, June 2005 the water, emitting an eerie-looking energy field that reflected light beneath it. The DC photographer captured all of these images with a Nikon F-5 camera equipped 1147 Manhattan Avenue #43 Manhattan Beach, CA 90266, USA with a very expensive, distortion-free, AF-ED 600-mm F2.8 lens mounted on a tripod. The exposure time was one-fifteenth of a second on high-speed film, ISO 1600. The ISO Website: meter on the camera was set at 1200 to slightly overexpose the film and increase the over- http://www.unicusmagazine.com all density of the image. After taking the two pictures in front of the Capitol Building, the DC photographer then moved to a different location on the edge of the Capitol Buildings Lower Senate Park.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 55
  • 56. they warped out, or whatever they did, and went back to wherever they came from in the time of that exposure. At that point there is an image that shows a centre set of UFO formations in lateral and upward motions. I felt that I was caught in the thrust of something...like I was hit by a mist, but there wasnt any moisture. Soon after that, I noticed I had very fine, pinhole- sized burns in my fingernails...and my arms felt like they were charged with some kind of energy." More UFO Sightings in 2002–03 Just 10 days later, on July 26, 2002, Fox News correspondent Shepard Smith reported: "The night-time skies over the nations Capitol came alive with blue andOn July 16, 2002, a blue sphere-shaped UFO lands briefly on the Capitol Building roof (lower right of orange lights streaking across the sky, sodome), then takes to the air. (Photo © WGA 2002) say a lot of panicked people who called in to a radio station; no joke here. American He estimates that 20 minutes elapsed before he took the next fighter jets in hot pursuit... NORAD [North American Aerospaceand final shot of the evening. That images exposure time was 3.5 Defense] confirmed to Fox News that two F-16s did scramble, butminutes. Hovering in the sky, just above a commercial building, found nothing! A mystery in the sky above Andrews Air Forcethere are a number of UFOs, some grouped in a triangular Base...thats the one the President uses."formation. Near the ground there are two UFOs in the distance. Fox DC correspondent Brian Wilson continued the story. "ItsHowever, floating in the air in front of the DC photographer, there fair to say, Shepard, that there are a lot more questions thanare two oval-shaped, semi-transparent spheres of energy that he answers at this point, but something strange was going on in thebelieves were UFOs equipped with some type of advanced optical Maryland night sky. Here is what we know. At 1.00 am, thestealth device. The amount of alien activity that took place that folks at NORAD saw something they couldnt identify innight was mind-boggling. Maryland airspace, not far from the nations Capitol [ restricted The large formation of UFOs parked above the building emitted airspace]. The track it was taking caused them some concern, soa strange energy. The highly complex signature of their energy they scrambled two DC Air National Guard jets to check thingsfields was clearly captured on the film due to the long exposure out. Now, DC Air National Guard confirms that two F-16s fromtime and their close proximity to the camera. Just prior to leaving the 113th Wing were vectored to intercept whatever it was thatthe area, the UFOs generated a "wormhole" in space. NORAD was worried about.Unfortunately, this incredible image came at a price. The DC "However, when the pilots got where they were supposed to be,photographers fingers were burned by radiation and took about a they said they didnt see anything when they arrived on the scene.year to heal. NORAD would not provide details about the exact location, direc- During one of our conversations, he explained: "I was posi- tion or speed of the object they were tracking. Independently, ationed underneath these objects. And according to my images number of folks who live in Waldorf, Maryland, which is not far from Andrews Air Force Base and not far from the nations Capitol, called local radio station WTOP to say that, at about the same time, they witnessed a fast-moving, bright blue light in the sky. They claimed that the light was being chased by military jets. One witness told the radio station that the jets were right on its tail: As the thing would move, a jet was right behind it. "An investigation is underway. But National Guard spokesman Captain Sheldon Smith said: We dont have any information about funny lights. By the way, this just happens to be the 50th anniversary of a series of still-unexplained sightings over theUFOs over the Washington Monument and Capitol Building, July 4, 2002. (Photo © WGA 2002) nations Capitol, a story that made banner- headline news in 1952. Shepard, well con- tinue to watch for this." Meanwhile, that same night, a father and son in Arlington, Virginia, had gone outside to get their cat off a ledge outside a second- floor window around 1.15 am. They were56 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 57. both looking up at the side of the house, wondering how to get wrote: "I was in my bathroom of my apartment on U Street, NW,their cat down, when two circular white lights flew over their DC, looking out the window, when I saw a helicopter with itshouse. They estimated the UFOs were about the size of a baseball searchlight on as it cruised at about 400 feet elevation movingheld at arms length. The UFOs were visible for about two min- west to east over the S Street, NW, area. This is a normal thing toutes before moving off, but soon came back again. see in my hood. I just paid attention because it had the This time, both UFOs stopped close by—and that was when the searchlight on, which is generally only used when they arefather and son realised the spheres were small. Both UFOs looking for bad guys on the ground.stopped for a second, and then one of the objects flew away at a "However, the searchlight of the helicopter went directly overright angle to its previous path of flight. The other object what appeared to be a very large swarm of bees. I thought thisremained motionless for about five seconds before continuing on was very strange, not only to see such a swarm at that altitude butpretty much its original direction. These were two separate also that these objects must have been a lot larger than bees to seeobjects flying in tandem at first, and them that distinctly from about 1/8 milethen separately. They were clearly away and approximately 400 feet up!under intelligent control. "The helicopter continued on its way Four months later, on November 11, as if it did not see anything. Nor did it2002, the DC photographer captured But what if I told you that a fix its light onto the strange swarm. Soanother amazing night-time photograph I began looking more closely at thisof a small UFO. This object was a "swarm" of UFOs passed over "swarm", which was cloud-like butmetallic sphere about the size of a golf our nations Capitol as recently seemed to have the distinct shape of aball that silently defied gravity. It liter- very large triangle. It was the size of aally floated over the head of a beautiful as Monday, May 2, 2005, at football field and was much larger thanblonde model before swiftly moving 8.45 pm Eastern Time? any aircraft. The wind was blowingoff. west to east at about 10 mph (the One year later, in November 2003, yahoo.com weather page said it wasFox News reported that Air Force NW 10 mph that night). Either way,fighter jets had once again been the wind was not blowing westerly—scrambled and that the White House had briefly been evacuated which makes my next point even stranger. The clouds in the skyon November 20 after "birds" or possibly "disturbances in the were either standing still or moving toward the east.atmosphere" tripped radar that keeps watch on restricted airspace "This group of objects started to cruise south toward thearound the complex. National Mall. At this point I yelled for my wife to come to the According to Fox News, Federal Aviation Administration bathroom. Get in here now! You have to see this weird thing inspokesman William Shumann said: "Its a false radar target. the sky! I pointed it out to her and she watched with me as weWhen the NORAD fighters got to the location of the alleged tracked it moving east to west over The Mall, over theviolation, they found nothing." NORAD is the command centre Washington Monument, toward the Lincoln Memorial, and offfor the defence of American and Canadian airspace. Shumann toward the Pentagon area.explained how "flocks of birds or atmospheric disturbances mighthave caused the false radar reading, whichwas initially thought to be a plane flyingwithin five miles of restricted airspacearound the White House". He said: "Itsone of those electronic gremlins that popup, but there was no aircraft there."Swarm over the Capitol in May 2005 So, should we just forget what happenedin 1952 and again in 2002 and 2003? Thoseevents are behind us now and no one wasseriously injured, right? But what if I told you that a "swarm" ofUFOs passed over our nations Capitol asrecently as Monday, May 2, 2005, at 8.45pm Eastern Time? According to an eyewit-ness, a fleet of UFOs once again passedthrough restricted airspace undeterred. Below is the amazing account that wassent to me by a friend of the DCphotographer. I spoke with him on the A closer look at the three lights over the Washington Monument, July 4, 2002. (Photo © WGA 2002)phone 24 hours after the event and he wasstill in shock from what he had observed.This man, whom I call "the graduatestudent", is highly intelligent and verycredible. He is working on his PhD inanthropology at a Catholic university. HeAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 57
  • 58. "Now, mind you, this is exactly the route the airplanes use to Do our current leaders in Washington, DC, know about thisenter DC airspace to land at Washington National Airport. One issue? Clearly, part of their job is to know whats going on, andproblem, though: the planes must approach from west to east— most are briefed daily from a variety of sources.the exact opposite of what this thing was doing. And this thing One such source is the aforementioned photographer who haswas about 15 times or more the size of a 747...easily! It also lived and worked in Washington, DC, for many years. He is anemitted what appeared to be a faint light—which could have been intelligent, patriotic American who felt it was his duty to reportcity light reflecting off of it, but it did seem to be generating this what had happened to the proper authorities. Thats why he wentvery faint light, almost like it was shimmering, or some weird to the Capitol Building a few days after the evening of July 16,phasing of light, like when you are seeing a heat mirage off of hot 2002, and met with members of the detective division of theasphalt. Then it simply faded off into the distance and out of our Capitol Police. He patiently showed them the UFO images he hadview. taken on July 4 and 16 and explained the nights events. After "Again, it was huge, appeared to have a triangular shape, some careful consideration, the detectives told him "no crime tookthough the mirage-like shimmering somewhat distorted this, had a place" and therefore they would not make a report. Undeterred,possible illumination effect and was moving against the wind at a he next sent copies of his photographs and a detailed report to thegood speed. It mustve been moving pretty fast, since it covered Office of the President, but he received no reply. He thenground from Logan Circle area to the Capitol Building area, contacted officials at the Pentagon. Not surprisingly, there hasacross The Mall toward the Lincoln been no official response as yet. He thenMemorial and then off to the Pentagon area, submitted his work to National Geographicall within a matter of minutes. Yes, the F- and eventually met with an assistant art16s can do that even quicker, I know, but director who was very excited about thethis was not moving at 10 mph as the wind pictures. The DC photographer did not hearwould suggest if it were a cloud, nor was it back from him for a month, and when hemoving in the same direction of the other called National Geographic to inquire aboutclouds! Okay, so you tell me what the hell By the mid-1950s, his pictures he learned that the assistant artthis was?" director had been fired. Historically, the official answers to this the US Government When I spoke by telephone with the publicquestion have been: (a) temperature inver- had concluded that the relations officer for the Capitol Police aboutsion layers; (b) weather balloons; (c) ball the events that transpired on the night of Julylightning; (d) swamp gas; (e) gremlins; (f) publics potential to 16, 2002, I was told: "We can neither con-meteors; (g) birds; and (h) stars. panic due to waves of firm nor deny if a report exists on this event." When I asked if the Capitol Police areNational Security Issues UFO sightings was the on duty all night, he replied: "Security Now, compare the May 2, 2005, only clear and present personnel are stationed around the areaevent to what occurred just nine days at all times and security cameras are onlater. The FAA revoked the pilots danger to national all the time for surveillance of thelicence of a Pennsylvania man whoflew his two-seater Cessna into security. Capitol Building and surrounding grounds." Finally, I wanted to know ifWashington, DCs restricted airspace any representatives worked in theon May 11, causing a highly emotional Capitol late at night after the building isevacuation of the White House and closed to the public. The officerCapitol Building mid-afternoon. Just explained: "Members do conduct busi-how serious was this event? NORAD ness at night and will work as late assent two F-16s and a Black Hawk heli- required."copter to intercept one Cessna. During the course of my investiga- The FAA said the flight instructor tion of this incredible case, I have dis-has had his licence revoked and must wait at least a year to apply covered an immense amount of material regarding UFOs andfor a new one and start over with flight school lessons. Because Washington, DC. As a result, a book entitled Capitol Offence:the instructor was the only licensed pilot in the aircraft, he was Alien Incursions of Restricted Airspace, written by myself and theresponsible for the restricted airspace violation. According to DC photographer, will be published later this year. If you or any-FAA spokesman Greg Martin: "Its an extraordinary action that one you know has further information regarding this case, pleasereflects how seriously we view violations within restricted air- contact me at rstanley@socal.rr.com. ∞space." The big question regarding this ongoing alien incursion of About the Author:restricted airspace is: at what point does a UFO, or swarm of Robert M. Stanley is a writer and researcher specialising inUFOs, represent a threat to national security? Clearly, a two- technology trends. His article on Robert Krupas "FireStorm"seater Cessna aircraft is considered a threat to national security. spark plug was published in NEXUS vol. 12, no. 2, and hisWhy not a UFO? Perhaps it is because UFOs have not taken any interview with space technology consultant David Adairovert hostile action toward us...yet? appeared in NEXUS vol. 9, no. 5. But by the mid-1950s, having studied the matter for years, the This article is copyright © 2005 UNICUS Magazine, 1147US Government had concluded that the publics potential to panic Manhattan Avenue #43, Manhattan Beach, CA 90266, USA.due to waves of UFO sightings was the only clear and present Robert Stanley can be emailed at rstanley@socal.rr.com.danger to national security. And thus began the official denial, Visit the UNICUS Magazine website at http://www.unicus-distraction and dissuasion regarding this matter. magazine.com.58 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
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  • 61. THE BREITENWINNER CAVE area, "Preden-" is not a word used; rather, it • Back to before Roman times and for a EXPLORATION IN 1535 may come from Flat German, which is long time after, the area was settled byD ear Sir: Following your request for spoken in the far north of Germany. Slavic people called "Wendish" (Wenden further information subsequent to • It is unclear if this text is the original, in German), equivalent to "Sorbs" the publication of this article in but, if so, the style and words used are not (Sorben). With the eastward colonisationNEXUS June–July 2005 [12/04], I would consistent with the time when it was pub- of the Franks after 800 CE, Germanic peo-like to provide some facts which may be lished. For comparison, I also include a ple increasingly settled there too, living inhelpful. Amberg is a medium-sized town copy of a text published in 1552, which reasonable coexistence and indicated by(approximately 50,000) in northeastern despite the archaic font can be read by many place names ending in -thal, -dorf,Bavaria in Germany. Since the 13th cen- most German-speakers but certainly is not -hausen, -ing, etc. However, typical Slavictury it has been a centre of trade to Bohemia even close to what the Buchner account names remained, such as those ending in(Czech Republic), the border of which provides. -winn, -wind, -a, -is, -itz. It is interestingtoday is about 100 km away. It is situated to note that the Romans called todayson the eastern border of the Frankonian Historical/geographical background Augsburg "Augusta Vindelicorum", theJura, a limestone formation well known for • There is a cave called "Holloch" ("hol- Wendish "Augusta". Also the noble familyits many caves and mining activities back to low hole"), close to another one called of Windischgrätz, royal in both the Austro-prehistoric times. For more detailed infor- Hungarian Empire and the Holy Roman "King Otto Cave", close (about three miles)mation on the area, I have included a copy Empire of the German Nation, has its roots to a village called Breitenthal and two vil-of a current road atlas. in exactly the same area. lages called Kirchenwinn and • These Slavic tribes were renowned for Reicherstwinn, in an area about 12 kmInconsistencies of the article their mining skills and at the time of the • "...citizens of the town of Amberg set southwest of Hohenburg. With an early Buchner publication in 1535 may haveoff to a mountainous area three miles dis- start from Hohenburg, these caves could be been marginalised and taken up living intant from Amberg." There is no village of reached by early/mid-morning. Breitenthal caves and abandoned mines. This accountsPredenwind within this distance of the could have been called "Breitenwinn" in for the encounter with the female "ghost".town, and one has to question why the the past. Alternatively, this may point to a It is also undisputed that the Jura cavesgood citizens had to stay overnight in simple mix-up of place names. had been occupied even before NeolithicHohenburg just to cover three miles. • The caves are just outside a restricted times; so, not surprisingly, even fossilised • The cave is called "Breitenwinner military training area which was estab- bones in great quantities may be found.Cave", supposedly because it is near the lished in the first half of last century I conclude by agreeing that the "ignorantvillage of Predenwind. I think it is fair to (Hohenfels Truppernübungsplatz), and I will not believe this story" but equally alsoconclude that Breitenwinn and Predenwind went to both caves when I spent time with those who have some understanding ofare one and the same location, "Preden-" the military. Holloch is like an elongated history.being an old form or local dialect of the gate through the mountain, whereas the Best regards,High German "Breiten-". However, from other is known to be quite extensive under- Peter L. Zeidler, Richmond, Victoria,my knowledge of the dialect spoken in the ground. AustraliaAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 61
  • 62. THE TWILIGHT ZONEMASS SIGHTINGS OF UFO FLEET Some time later, Governor Beltrán feet and its air speed approximately 30 OVER XALAPA, MEXICO returned to the stage and, looking again to mph. It "floated" and did not fly, as itA mass UFO sighting took place on Friday 24 June 2005 in Xalapa,Mexico. This stunning event was the sky, realised the UFOs were still there. So he took the microphone again and began counting the objects—one, two...thirteen, obviously had insufficient airspeed to fly. (I am a physicist and an FAA-licensed pilot.)witnessed by Xalapas governor, Fidel fourteen—to the smiles of the people. I could clearly see its underside, as it wasHerrera Beltrán, members of his staff, The enigmatic flying objects remained illuminated from the fading sunlight to themany officers of the Xalapa police almost static in the sky, in a formation west. I estimated that the machine wasdepartment, newspapers and television describing a triangular pattern in perfect about 60 feet wide, 80 feet long and 10 feetreporters and many people gathered at Casa alignment for almost 30 minutes. thick at the rear. Under its belly, there wasVeracruz for an official ceremony for the a straight line going from its leading tipdelivery of new police patrol cars to the (Source: By Santiago Yturria, 25 June 2005, toward the centre of the aft edge of thepolice department. via http://www.rense.com/general66/massive. fuselage, which was perpendicular to its The amazing incident took place at 10.30 htm) [direction of] travel. This straight edgeam, causing commotion, excitement and clearly showed its shape to be three-some alarm among the people and officials. ENGLISH WORDS IDENTIFIED dimensional. The straight line showed that Just after Governor Beltrán finished a ON BLACK TRIANGULAR CRAFT! its belly was V-shaped, much like the hullspeech inaugurating the new units, hisattention was called by his officials whowere signalling to the sky where a strange O n 9 April 2005, I saw what I believe to be a UFO in Comanche County, Texas, at 9.12 pm local time. of a speedboat. This machine was directly over me and I was alone in the middle of nowhere, there-spectacle was appearing. That evening, I was walking back to my fore I felt quite "uneasy". It made no A fleet of at least 14 unknown flying motor home after wild boar hunting in an threatening moves whatsoever, but I aimedobjects shocked the entire gathering at unpopulated area that I lease for hunting. my rifle at it and through the riflescope,Casa Veracruz who, pointing to the sky, The sky was clear, the wind was calm and which was set on 8.5 power, I could clearlyscreamed "OVNIs, OVNIs!" in a tremen- the sun had just set. The sky was growing see surface detail in explicit detail.dous state of excitement. The police offi- a darker and darker blue straight above and The machines surface detail appeared tocers were also signalling to the sky, won- stars were beginning to show... be covered with well-fitted tiles, much likedering what these unknown flying objects I had my rifle set up with a high-tech the ceramic tiles used on the US spacecould be. Leupold optical sight (scope), which is shuttle. Newspaper reporters were taking photos extremely accurate and highly specialised Then, in the fading light, I noticed aand the television crew videotaped the for great light-gathering ability and per- distinct marking. This marking wasentire spectacle. Governor Beltrán took the forms best in low-light conditions. The absolutely shocking, as I could actuallymicrophone and said jokingly: "It seems scope magnifies the target image with great read it! It was white print outlined in blackthe Martians have arrived!" sharpness and definition and the magnifica- on a red arrow pointing toward a rectangle After some minutes, Governor Beltrán tion is adjustable from 4.5 to 14 times that of sorts...something rectangular that Icontinued reviewing the new police patrol of the natural image. cannot define, but I clearly could read theseunits while the attention of the people was Upon my return to the motor home, I words, "EMERGENCY RELEASE anddivided between the official act and the was tired after a long walk. I had carried RESCUE". In the same place were otherUFO spectacle. quite a bit of equipment with me. I sat on a words that appeared too fuzzy to read. I chair, took my eyeglasses suspect that these words were "PULL off and towelled my face, as FOR..." it was already becoming hot Instantly I realised that this was a mili- in Texas. tary machine and no "flying saucer". I felt While I rested, without much better, as I knew that these were sur- my glasses on, I noticed face details that were intended to help res- three very "unfocussed" cuers gain access to remove the pilots on lights to my south and these board in the event of a crash. lights were moving toward I kept the crosshairs on the centre of the me. Immediately I put my aircraft as it disappeared into the darkness, glasses back on and saw but as I realised it was "one of ours" and it what I believe was a UFO. was not a threat to my personal safety (I The object approached think) I put the rifle safety back on. from the south-southwest, I can see, however, that others may have and while moving north- "defensively" shot at it—and that may have northeast it passed almost resulted in a crash of the vehicle. directly overhead, making no sound whatsoever. (Source: From a UFO report posted on 16 "Droughts been bad, so Ive only got I estimated its altitude to April 2005 at http://www.nuforc.org/ a bunch of cropless circles this year." be somewhere about 800 webreports/043/S43465.html)62 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 63. THE TWILIGHT ZONE BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE BEGINS reserved facilities of the Brazilian Airspace made during the so-called Operation DISCLOSURE ON UFOs Defence Command (Comando de Defesa S a u c e r, an official program of UFOF riday 20 May 2005 was an historic day for ufology in Brazil and in the world.The Brazilian Air Force (FAB), for the Aérea Brasileiro, or COMDABRA), an even more sensitive installation that con- trols the entire air defence situation in the investigation by the military that took place from September to December 1977 and has been fully covered by specialised UFOvery first time in its history, officially country and surrounding areas of the press around the world.received a committee of top UFO Atlantic Ocean and South America. In this The third case was "The Official Nightresearchers to openly discuss sightings in facility, the UFO researchers were given a of UFOs in Brazil", a very significantthe country and fully examine classified full briefing on the top aspects of aerial group of events that happened in MayUFO documents in two separate military defence of the country. 1986, when 21 objects of over 100 metresfacilities in Brasilia, the federal capital. It was in this facility that its own in diameter jammed Brazilian air traffic "We want to have all information on the commander, Brigadier Atheneu Azambuja, control systems over mainly Rio desubject, which has been withheld by us for admitted to the UFO researchers how Janeiro, São José dos Campos and Sãosome decades, fully released to the public concerned the Brazilian military is about Paulo, and several jets were sent to inter-through the UFO community," declared the UFO phenomenon. Azambuja also cept the intruders but without any success.Brigadier Telles Ribeiro, chief of the gave details of COMDABRA procedures The Brazilian Air Force representativesBrazilian Air Force communication centre. and openly admitted that the country has at those meetings then admitted that The Brazilian Government, through the systematically detected and registered ufology is serious business and theyBrazilian Air Force, has finally decided to UFOs in the country—labelled as "H broadly recognised the activity of UFOcome forward and recognise UFO research traffic"—since 1954. research by the civilian UFO community.as a genuine activity. After detailed explanations of They also guaranteed that further steps This is a direct result of the intense pres- COMDABRA activities, Brigadier are about to be taken to let the researcherssure made by the campaign "UFOs: Atheneu Azambuja gave full access for the examine the entire military UFO files in aFreedom of Information Now", a move- first time to the civilian UFO researchers to more comprehensive way.ment started by the Brazilian U F O examine three different folders with classi- Plus, it was promised that a committee ofMagazine in April 2004. The campaign fied UFO information—cases from the spe- military and civilian UFO researcherswas launched by the Brazilian Committee cific dates of 1954, 1977 and 1986. would start operating very soon,of UFO Researchers (CBU), composed of The first case was that of an aircraft pur- coordinated by the Brazilian Committee ofsix UFO civilian researchers: Claudeir suit of a UFO over the ocean shores of UFO Researchers. ∞Covo, Marco Petit, Rafael Cury, Reginaldo Paraná State.de Athayde, Fernando Ramalho and A. J. The second file was much more (Source: By A. J. Gevaerd, Editor of UFOGevaerd. important. In the folder containing the M a g a z i n e, Brazil, and head of the Details of the campaign in both 1977 documents that could be examined by Brazilian Committee of UFO ResearchersPortuguese and English can be consulted at the UFO researchers there were dozens of (CBU), posted 23 May 2005, emailwebsites http://www.ufo.com.br and cases of UFOs in the Amazon, with an gevaerd@ufo.com.br, websitehttp://www.ufo.com.br/secrecy.php. amazing number of pictures—over 100— http://www.ufo.com.br) The approach of the Brazilian military tothe CBU committee started last February,10 months after the campaign began, with aphone call from a Brazilian Air Forcespokesman, Major Antonio Lorenzo, and aformal invitation to a visit and a chat insome Air Force headquarters in Brasilia. Two meetings between the civilian UFOresearchers and the military took place onFriday 20 May, and the first was in theheadquarters of the Integrated Centre of AirDefence and Air Traffic Control (CentroIntegrado de Defesa Aérea e Controle deTráfego Aéreo, or CINDACTA), a verysensitive facility. For over two hours, the researchers weregiven lectures on the procedures conductedat CINDACTA and had the chance to visitair traffic control rooms and understandhow UFOs could be detected by Air Forcepersonnel. From left: A. J. Gevaerd, Fernando Ramalho, Roberto Beck, Marco Petit, Rafael Cury and Claudeir The second and more important meeting Covo outside the offices of the Integrated Centre of Air Defence and Air Traffic Control (Centrotook place just after this one at the very Integrado de Defesa Aérea e Controle de Tráfego Aéreo, or CINDACTA) after their two-hour visit.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 63
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  • 65. REVIEWS ourselves, and includes snippets of wisdom or not, so we may as well call them from remarkable people who have learned "nanobes". Signs of calcium build-up in the from direct heart perception—Goethe, for body can be a signal of impending disease Reviewed by Ruth Parnell instance, who studied plant metamorphosis. including tumour development, but if theyreTHE SECRET TEACHINGS OF PLANTS Buhner suggests that biognosis, this so bound up in the disease precondition,by Stephen Harrod Buhner "knowledge of life", is an inherent aspect of what would happen if we could dissolveBear & Co., USA, 2004 our humanness and something we all have them? Or should we be tackling the nanobesISBN 1-59143-035-6 (318pp tpb) the capacity to develop; so he provides exer- that are at the heart of these calcium phos-Availability: Australia— Brumby Books, tel cises to help us become more attuned and phate deposits? better able to "gather knowledge from the Breakthrough clinical studies are going on(03) 9761 5535; USA—Inner Traditions, heart of the world" about everything from around the world, utilising combinationshttp://www.innertraditions.com comprising the chelator EDTA, the antibiot- our physical selves to the environment atI n this insightful study of the natural world, herbalist and poet Stephen Buhner arguesthat science will not progress if it continues large. In reality, this heart intelligence is a way of being and it allows an intimate sense ic tetracycline and a cocktail of "nutraceuti- cals". The authors argue that if success is of connectedness with nature. being had in reversing the symptoms of theto rely on analytical, linear, reductionist, most intransigent diseases of our times, then Experiment with Buhners advice anddeterministic and materialistic modes of doctors should be much better informed by youre bound to feel and be more alive!cognition. The way forward is through an health authorities about their benefits andholistic, intuitive, "depth" mode that is more these treatments should be widely available.in line with how indigenous peoples gain THE CALCIUM BOMB by Douglas Mulhall and Katja Hansen Its not so long ago that the bacterial sourceknowledge of the world around them. His of stomach ulcers was discovered.intention is to open us up to the idea that the The Writers Collective, Rhode Island, USA, 2005 Theres much to be learnt about prevention,heart is an organ of perception and intelli- too, in this "explosive" book. (Also seegence, a brain that feels, that operates in ISBN 1-59411-101-4 (228pp hc) Mulhalls article in this issue.)physical, mental, emotional and spiritual Availability: The Writers Collective, telplanes. Native peoples and sensitive indi- 800 497 0037 (toll free in North America);viduals through the ages have been able to Amazon.comlearn directly from plants—that is, theylearned the uses of plants as medicines fromthe plants themselves, not through mere trial O ne thing thats common to Alzheimers disease, arthritis, cancer, heart disease, psoriasis and a host of other illnesses is cal-and error—and to do so they had to use cification: the build-up of calcium phos-heart-centred perception. phate deposits in the blood, blood vessels or For the sake of explanation Buhner takes organs. Until fairly recently, these depositsan analytical approach in the first half have been noticed but ignored as having a("Systole") of The Secret Teachings of role to play in the disease process itself.Plants, but he discusses information thats at So whats behind this calcification?the cutting edge of science, dealing with the According to authors Douglas Mulhall andnonlinearity of nature, self-organisation of Katja Hansen, writing in The Calciumlife and bioenergetics as well as specifics of Bomb, the invaders at the heart of thesethe heart as a multidimensional organ. deposits are "nanobacteria"—although The second half ("Dystole") takes us on an theyre so microscopic that even the frontierinward journey into nature and the nature of scientists arent sure whether theyre bacteriaAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 65
  • 66. REVIEWSBIG OIL AND THEIR BANKERS IN with an MS in environmental studies, exam- not until 1995 that, on the suggestion ofTHE PERSIAN GULF ines their exploits in securing markets and Terence McKenna, he teamed up with Aztecby Dean Henderson revenues but with reference, too, to their and Mayan scholar John Major Jenkins toDean Henderson (self-pub.), USA, 2005 global networks in intelligence and terrorism bring this material to a wide audience .ISBN 1-57558-000-0 (451pp tpb) as well as in arms and narcotics trading. One of the fascinating things about theAvailability: Dean Henderson, 1706 However, Henderson goes further (perhaps codex—and the translation is included inDiane Street, Papillion, NE 68046, USA, too far for some readers) to include his takes this book—is how it corresponds with what on the origin and spread of Freemasonry, on could be termed "perennial philosophy": aemail loccoperros@yahoo.com "visionary ascent literature" found in many the so-called "Protocols of the Elders ofT he Illuminatis plan to control the worlds resources and implement a globalisedeconomy is well on track, although new Zion" and on the Illuminatis connection with the allegedly reptilian Anunnaki "gods" traditions around the world from the kabbal- istic, gnostic and alchemical to the teachings linked with ancient Sumer (and popularised of Gurdjieff. In the final chapter, Jenkinsfinancial and military alliances may still be in extreme conspiracy lore by author David compares the Pyramid of Fires conceptsemerging as the elite move their pieces on with those of Taoism and Hinduism. The Icke). Overall, an extraordinary exposé ofthe grand chessboard. The power behind basic premise is that personal sacrifice is a the powers and events that are exacting athis centuries-old (if not millennia-old) cabal heavy toll on us, the people. necessary prerequisite for spiritual growth.set on dominating the world is a group of"Eight Families" with the familiar nameRothschild at the top of the pyramid, joined PYRAMID OF FIRE: The Lost Aztecby other key European and American bank- Codexing families. Certainly many researchers by John Major Jenkins & Martin Matzhave written at length about their centuries- Bear & Co., USA, 2004long power plays, but Dean Henderson ISBN 1-59143-032-1 (175pp tpb)assembles a staggering amount of detail in Availability: Australia—Brumby Books, telthe one place and makes some surprising (03) 9761 5535; USA—Inner Traditions,connections about these power players in http://www.innertraditions.comBig Oil and their Bankers..., while acknowl-edging the contribution of these researchersthroughout his commentary and in his T he Pyramid of Fire is a "lost" Aztec codex (hieroglyphic manuscript) which was probably painted in the latter half of the(unnumbered) endnotes (though an index 15th century and has been protected by thewould have been helpful). Mazatec of Mexico ever since. However, in Tales of conspiracy and corruption are writ 1961, the American visionary poet Martylarge on every page, so much so that its hard Matz, having lived in Mexico off and onto single out any particular episode in recent since the late 1950s, was initiated intoor distant history that is worse than the next. Mazatec secret knowledge by a shaman, don Fascinating background is provided byBut the theme running through the book is Daniel, who read/performed the codex text Matz, with a short story on his search forthat of the "Eight Families" who have the to him for transcription in the native Paititi—the legendary paradise city that ends"Four Horsemen" of oil do their bidding; Nahuatl. Matz also transcribed the original the spiritual quest—and an unfinishedthese are the giant oil/resource companies pictographic form and translated the text novella structured upon all 13 pages of theExxon-Mobil, Chevron-Texaco, BP-Amoco into English. Apart from sharing the content codex (Matz died in 2001). Interestingly,and Royal Dutch/Shell. Henderson, a politi- with his fellow Beat poets, he guarded the the 13th page of Matzs codex was missingcal activist, organic farmer and columnist codex translation for many years, and it was until Jenkins was able to transcribe it from a66 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 67. recording Matz made in the early 1960s with REVIEWS the French state could have been duplicated trine. The fact that Jesus had siblings at allJack Kerouac! Theres additional commen- in any nation where a maverick who goes is a cause of embarrassment for the Romantary on the codex lines by Jenkins, who is against the status quo comes up against the Catholic Church, he notes, because it threat-convinced the codex has mantric power and full force of a corrupt police force, a com- ens the doctrine of virgin birth and Jesusrelevance for our times. promised judiciary and powerful corporate mother Marys perpetual virginity. interests. And yet Le Ribaults story is a tri- It was James who was embroiled in ideo-THE COST OF A DISCOVERY umph over adversity, for hes back in Ireland logical battles with Paul, and Bütz arguesby Loïc Le Ribault producing his famous G5 formula without that Pauls interpretations, which became theLLR-G5 Ltd, Ireland, 2003 (first published being persecuted and, with his supporters, is foundation of the Christian Church, were atin French in 1998) making a difference to peoples lives. One odds in many ways with the teachings ofISBN n/a (488pp tpb) person can indeed help change the world, Jesus. James desire to retain Jewish lawAvailability: LLR-G5 Ltd, c/- Ross Post but at what personal cost? and practices while upholding the ministryOffice, Castlebar, County Mayo, Republic of Jesus lost out to Pauls zeal to take the THE BROTHER OF JESUS AND THE mission to the Gentiles, and the sack ofof Ireland LOST TEACHINGS OF CHRISTIANITY Jerusalem in AD 70 cemented the split.I f you followed Martin J. Walkers story of the persecution of French forensic scientistLoïc Le Ribault in our last two issues, you by Jeffrey J. Bütz Inner Traditions, USA, 2005 But the memory and teachings of James have been kept alive as an undercurrent over ISBN 1-59477-043-3 (220pp tpb) the last 2,000 years, quite separate from themay be interested to read The Cost of a Roman Church, as Bütz explains.Discovery. This is Le Ribaults memoir of Availability: Australia—Brumby Books, tel His hope is that the insights that Jameshis life in forensics as well as in developing (03) 9761 5535; USA—Inner Traditions, provides on his brother Jesus could help healthe G5 organic silica compound that has so http://www.innertraditions.com the rifts between Christianity, Judaism andriled the French authorities and the big phar-maceutical companies. It was first pub-lished in French in 1998, but Le Ribault has P robably the most overlooked and sup- pressed figure in the early Christian Church was James, younger brother (but not Islam. His book is another in a growing movement thats changing our perspectives on historical and religious traditions.updated it for his 2003 English-language the only one) of Jesus. According to authoredition, although it was released before his Jeffrey Bütz (a Lutheran minister, theologi-imprisonment in Switzerland in November cal scholar and an adjunct professor of2003 and France in early 2004. world religions at Penn State University), it His recollections of his forensic research was James, not Peter, who was the leader ofare intriguing, although this work, too, the fledgling Jewish Christian movementbrought on several battles with the authori- from the time of Jesus crucifixion.ties as he was not prepared to toe the line. Highlighting some key scholarly investiga-One interesting aside in his coverage of the tions into the historical Jesus as well asgrim forensic cases hes been involved with canonical and apocryphal writings, Bützis his analysis of the videotape of the "live" maintains that breakthroughs in understand-executions of the Ceausescus of Romania. ing come by analysing the figures in the Its a tragedy of our times that visionary, context of their essential Jewishness. Heinnovative and dedicated scientists like Le agrees that studying the life and works ofRibault are so persecuted instead of praised James (Yaakov) can give insights into thefor providing answers for the ills that ail us true teachings and story of Jesus—and howand our societies. However, his battle with theyve been covered up by dogma and doc-AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 67
  • 68. REVIEWSTHE TRUE MEANING OF THE this truth. Furthermore, he says, the quest of the Matthew tree goes from Solomon,DA VINCI CODE the Knights Templar was bound up in ensur- Davids eldest and royal son, while in Lukeby Robert Pope ing that the wisdom of this code would not it goes from Nathan, the prophet-priest whoThe Science-Art Research Centre of be lost. In this escapade through the was another of Davids sons. There wereAustralia, Inc., 2005 philosophies of the ages, Pope reassesses two Marys and Josephs, he says, as well asISBN 0-9577784-7-3 (155pp tpb) our technocentric society and posits a better two Jesus/Messiah contenders who were aAvailability: Australia— The Science-Art way to achieve true democracy and peace. year apart in age, so these stories of theResearch Centre of Australia, Inc., PO Box childhood of Jesus are describing the lives773, Murwillumbah, NSW 2484, email of two different people, he maintains. Thepope@science-art.com.au "two Jesuses" concept is recorded in various apocryphal and gnostic texts, was known inB y adhering to a mechanistic world view, Western civilisation is on a path toextinction, says Science-Art philosopher the Arab world, was portrayed in certain paintings of the Renaissance era, and wasRobert Pope. The ancient knowledge passed confirmed in the so-called Dead Sea Scrollson by the Greeks upheld a survival science, that were found at Qumran in 1947.a "Saviour science" that was misinterpreted In fact, Nesfield-Cookson is a student ofby Leonardo da Vinci but was privately Rudolf Steiner, who in 1908–09, decadesunderstood by Isaac Newton. before the scrolls were found, publicly dis- Da Vinci was an "unbalanced genius" cussed this dichotomy. However, Steinersaccording to Professor Pope, and by contention was that during the reputed miss-"inadvertently" obscuring the "principle of ing three days in the Temple, the wisdomcreation" he helped bring into existence a and cognitive abilities of the Solomon Jesusmechanistic mindset that is now accelerating were transferred to the more sensitive, soul-a global crisis of destruction. He made the ful, 12-year-old Nathan Jesus in a magicalultimate mistake by suggesting that all of the THE MYSTERY OF THE TWO JESUS ceremony that fulfilled the prophecies, butuniverse could be made visible to human CHILDREN and the Descent of the with the result that the former was depletedperception—and yet the Greeks, and other Spirit of the Sun of his life-force and died. The fact that inci-ancients before them, identified with a uni- by Bernard Nesfield-Cookson dents like this were passed on and recordedversal reality in which harmonious, invisible Temple Lodge, UK, 2005 in Renaissance art adds weight to theatomic movement generated divine wisdom. ISBN 1-902636-65-1 (82pp tpb) authors argument that there was an esoteric In response to popular novels like Dan Availability: Temple Lodge, undercurrent so strong that it was kept flow-Browns The Da Vinci Code, Pope hopes to http://www.templelodge.com ing through the centuries.set the record straight by returning to the heres an underground mystery tradition Nesfield-Cookson says that Steiner alsoatomistic philosophy of the ancient Greekscholars such as Plato and Philo. Platos T that holds that there were two Jesus chil- dren. The two completely distinct genealo- drew on the wisdom of ancient Persia and India, suggesting that what happened in theworld view is much more akin to a holo- gies given in the canonical gospels of Temple between the Solomon and Nathangraphic reality, Pope argues. The "true Matthew and Luke lend support to this lines was a fusing of the Zarathustra andmeaning of the code", he suggests, relates to notion, says UK author and educator Buddha streams of wisdom. He shines aatomic movement creating evolutionary wis- Bernard Nesfield-Cookson. light on the mystery of the "descent of thedom, and he points out some classic exam- He contends that the genealogies of spirit of the Sun" in this thoughtful reassess-ples of Renaissance art that communicate Matthew and Luke split after King David; ment of biblical and spiritual history.68 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 69. UFO CRASH IN BRAZIL: A Genuine REVIEWS medical hospitals, and from military person- that some drugs prescribed for these mentalUFO Crash with Surviving ETs nel involved in the retrieval support the case disorders contain caffeine, and thus canby Dr Roger K. Leir for contact. Dr Leir believes that what hap- exacerbate an existing caffeine allergy.The Book Tree, San Diego, USA, 2005 pened in Varginha is among the most impor- Welcome to the Dance is Whalens harrow-ISBN 1-58509-105-7 (150pp tpb) tant UFO events ever, especially as it ing story of struggling with a confusing setAvailability: The Book Tree, tel 1-800 700 involved direct human interaction with of physical and psychiatric symptoms and8733 (toll-free in North America), website ETs—true close encounters of the first kind. waking up to and learning to deal with her He also draws parallels with the 1947 situation. The foreword is by Dr A. Hoffer,http://www.thebooktree.com president of the International Schizophrenia alleged UFO crash at Roswell, New Mexico.A land of colour and contradiction, Brazil is no stranger to UFO and paranormalactivity and has had its fair share of truthful There are many bizarre moments and amazing scenes in Dr Leirs UFO Crash in Foundation, who says that at least 40 per cent of schizophrenic patients have food Brazil, and enough travel highlights to make allergies—a statement which supports theclaims and cruel hoaxes surrounding these you think seriously about visiting Brazil— call for more research to be conducted inphenomena. News of one particularly these areas, including into allergies to caf- for the land and the people, not the aliens!unusual ET-related incident in July 1996 in feine and its metabolites such as theo-the city of Varginha, north of São Paulo, phylline. And lets not forget: caffeine isntcaptured the headlines and hit the radars of WELCOME TO THE DANCE: Caffeine Allergy—A Masked Cerebral Allergy just found in cups of coffee but in softmost ufologists around the world. and Progressive Toxic Dementia drinks, chocolates and even teas. The caf- Dr Roger Leir, who conducts research on feine anaphylaxis that Whalen underwentUFO phenomena and has a particular focus by Ruth Whalen, MLT was like being chronically drugged onon the physical evidence for alien implants Trafford Publishing, Canada, 2005 amphetamines, altering perceptions,(his book The Aliens and The Scalpel was ISBN 1-4120-5000-6 (423pp tpb) thoughts and actions.reviewed in NEXUS 6/03), has been Availability: Trafford Publishing, If you think you may have a caffeineintrigued for years by this case. The famous http://www.trafford.com allergy youd be well advised to investigateVarghina incident involved a crashed UFOand a couple of surviving aliens who inter-acted with the populace for a short time I t was not until 1999, some 27 years after she first showed symptoms, that lab tech- nician Ruth Whalen was diagnosed with the literature on the subject, and Whalen provides extensive listings.before being hunted, captured and whisked severe caffeine allergy/toxicity. Apparentlyaway by the Brazilian military, possibly she had developed a sensitivity to caffeinewith covert US military complicity. as a child (whose parents drank lots of In any case, it wasnt until 2002 that Dr strong coffee), and although shes now got itLeir managed to travel to Varginha to check out of her system she still has to be carefulout the evidence, or what was left of it, for of going into anaphylactic shock should shehimself. With help from contacts in the even be around coffee bean aroma.Brazilian UFO research world, he tracked Embarking on a research effort, she dis-down and interviewed a number of eyewit- covered that her symptoms were similar tonesses to the strange incidents—including classic signs of schizophrenia and bipolarpeople whod not previously met each other disorder, and yet she had a hard time con-but whose stories have uncanny similarities. vincing doctors and psychiatrists that theirStatements obtained in interviews from three treatments werent helping her; they onlyyoung girls who encountered one of the made her worse and forced her into a psy-aliens, from medical staff on duty at the chiatric ward for a while. She also learnedAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 69
  • 70. REVIEWS POWERDOWN: Options and Actions Heinberg rejects "business as usual" as the for a Post-Carbon World solution and suggests that a combined strate- by Richard Heinberg gy of Powerdown and Building Lifeboats New Society Publishers, Canada, 2004 may preserve the best of what we have ISBN 0-86571-510-6 (208pp tpb) achieved while easing us out of a dire fate. Availability: New Society Publishers, Heinberg concludes that small-scale, sus- http://www.newsociety.com tainable, decentralised communities that nurture individuals and preserve their cul- I ndependent "information worker" Richard Heinberg wonders how many more warn- ings about impending environmental and ture while protecting the environment hold the answer for humanity to weather the com- economic crises do we have to have in order ing challenges—but it means much sacrifice to make changes to stave off the coming and effort on our part. energy famine and socio-economic melt- This is an alarm call for urgent action if down. Briefly restating his Peak Oil argu- were to avoid decades of war, economic ment from The Partys Over (see 10/04), in collapse and environmental catastrophe. Powerdown he proposes strategies to cope with the resource depletion, climate change, COCONUT CURES population pressures, declining food produc- by Bruce Fife, ND tion, unsustainable debt levels and interna- Piccadilly Books, Colorado, USA, 2005 tional instability about to overwhelm us. ISBN 0-941599-60-4 (256pp tpb) Availability: Piccadilly Books Ltd, http://www.piccadilly books.com I f ever there were a true cure-all, coconut would have to be it. Its water, meat, milk and oil are prized in the Asia-Pacific region for its benefits in health, healing and longevity, and its fibre is useful in a range of applications. Literally, a coconut a day can keep the doctor away for peoples in the trop- ics and, for that matter, anywhere. Coconut Cures is nutritionist and naturo- pathic doctor Bruce Fifes follow-up to his bestselling book The Healing Miracles of Coconut Oil (Piccadilly, 2001; see review in NEXUS 9/02). Fife has done much to edu- cate the public about the healing properties Regarding this predicted energy famine, of the medium-chain saturated fats found in Heinberg believes that fossil fuels are non- coconut products, and his new book has an renewable and their supplies finite, and that abundance of advice on how to make the the signs are already here that the rate of most of this gift from nature. global oil extraction has peaked and will People who partake of coconut are less start to subside within the next few years, prone to coronary artery disease, stroke, regardless of any technical advances in arthritis, asthma, diabetes, Alzheimers dis- exploration or recovery. Yet our demand for ease, auto-immune disease, psoriasis, cancer oil knows no bounds. This is obviously and many other illnesses compared with the unsustainable, and Heinberg thinks that general population. some form of collapse is now inevitable, As a food, coconut is nutritious, safe and though perhaps industrialised societies can can be taken freely; it promotes absorption do something to choose the form it takes. of other foods, particularly fat-soluble vita- He presents and analyses four options that mins (A, D, E, K) and minerals (calcium, demonstrate "the constraints and opportuni- magnesium, iron). It also has powerful anti- ties of our unique moment in time": Last pathogenic, anti-inflammatory and immuno- One Standing, or the path of competition for regulating properties. remaining resources; Powerdown, the path Fife advises on treatments for specific ail- of cooperation, conservation and sharing ments using the products of the coconut; (including development of alternative ener- these are inexpensive, accessible and time- gy sources and more equitable resource dis- honoured alternatives that you can introduce tribution); Waiting for a Magic Elixir, where into your regime without having to resort to wishful thinking, false hopes and denial dis- pharmaceuticals. And forget about facelifts: tract from the hard work to avert a catastro- applying coconut oil and partaking of phe; and Building Lifeboats, the path of coconut can reduce wrinkles and combat community solidarity and preservation, which assumes that our civilisation cannot ageing! For those who can get hold of fresh be salvaged in anything like its present form. coconut, Fife has some fabulous recipes for making your own coconut-based products.70 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 71. FORBIDDEN HISTORY REVIEWS This is a rollicking ride through history inedited by J. Douglas Kenyon the process of being rewritten (although,Bear & Co., USA, 2005 again, navigation would have been helpedISBN 1-59143-045-3 (322pp tpb) by the inclusion of an index).Availability: Australia— Brumby Books, tel(03) 9761 5535; USA—Inner Traditions, COLLAPSE: How Societies Choose tohttp://www.innertraditions.com Fail or Survive by Jared DiamondT he US-based bimonthly journal Atlantis Rising has been plugging away withalternative views on ancient history and Allen Lane/Penguin, 2005 ISBN 0-7139-9862-8 (575pp tpb)mysteries for a decade or more. Now, its Availability: http://www.penguin.comeditor, J. Douglas Kenyon, has compiled acollection of essays from its pages thatreflect a growing body of knowledge that M any societies have failed in the past, but a handful have succeeded in pros- pering for millennia. So what can we learnquestions the usual arguments and suspects, from their experience and how can we applyand applies some lateral thinking to our old- it to societies today so that we dont repeatest conundrums on such questions as where mistakes? In Collapse, his epic analysis ofwe come from and where we are going. the changing fortunes of civilisations ancient The contributors are mavericks in their and modern, Jared Diamond acknowledgesfields but are carrying on with expanding the that many cultures have disintegrated due toenvelope despite the occasional ridicule and environmental crises—most of which have,extreme tactics from critics in academia. at least in part, been self-induced.Several of them youll have encountered Diamond identifies eight categories ofbefore in the pages of NEXUS, whether in processes through which past societies haveour feature or science pages or reviews. brought on unintended ecological suicide: deforestation and habitat destruction, soil problems, water management problems, overhunting, overfishing, effects of intro- duced species on native species, human pop- ulation growth and increased per-capita impact on people. He adds four more cate- gories for today: human-caused climate change, environmental build-up of toxic chemicals, energy shortages and full human utilisation of the Earths photosynthetic capacity. Its claimed that most of these 12 threats will become globally critical within the next few decades. Diamond uses diverse examples from past and present societies, treating them with his As well as Kenyon himself, contributors hard-hitting, down-to-earth perspective toinclude: Will Hart, on the futile search for encourage us to connect with the rhythms ofmissing links; Peter Bros, who exposes the nature that produce times of abundance andscientific myth of the ice age; Robert then scarcity. The chapters cover a broadSchoch, whose geological analyses confirm spectrum from the vanished Anasazi of thethe Sphinx is much older than Egyptologists Four Corners of southwestern USA to ourbelieve; Rand Flem-Ath, who wonders modern-day, drought-ridden Australia.whether alignments of ancient monuments Ultimately, Diamond takes a positive notehave something to do with the Earths shift- by stressing that our environmental, eco-ing crust; and Christopher Dunn, who specu- nomic and social problems are not insur-lates that the ancient Egyptians built the mountable but can be solved if we choose toGreat Pyramid as a power plant. start solving them. However, part of our Touched on by various of these contribu- choice must involve a realistic assessment oftors are Velikovskys catastrophe theories, our modern consumer values and livingSchwaller de Lubiczs secret wisdom standards, for we cannot continue treadinginsights, Michael Cremos forbidden archae- roughshod over the environment if we wantology work, John Michells research into the to survive into the future. He also takes aAtlantean dimensions of megalithic pot shot at corporations who put so muchEngland, Paul LaViolettes and John Major pressure on fragile environments, but pointsJenkinss heralding of a superwave from to more enlightened alternatives involvinggalactic centre, and Wal Thornhill and stewardship. Then again, theres not tooDavid Talbott on the electric universe (see much you can do about an asteroid impactDavids items in Science News this issue). on our planet. Sometimes, collapse just isnt your fault at all! A powerful, timely book.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 71
  • 72. REVIEWS CIRCLE SPEAK: A Journey into the STAIRWAYS TO HEAVEN: Heart of Crop Circle Country The Practical Magic of Sacred Space Reviewed by Duncan Roads © 2005 New Land Films (217mins) © 2004 Awaken Productions (54mins) Produced by Laurence Newnam Produced and written by Freddy SilvaTHE CHARLIE HALL STORY: An Availability: New Land Films, PO Box Availability: Freddy Silva, emailInterview with Charles J. Hall by Paola 32660, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA, lovely272@earthlink.net, websiteLeopizzi Harris and David Coote website http://www.circlespeak.com http://www.lovely.clara.netProduced by Paola Leopizzi Harris© 2005 www.paolaharris.it (150mins)Availability: Paola Harris, via her website T his film comes with high praise from virtually all the leading luminaries from the crop circle research field (pardon the G othic cathedrals, 200-tonne rocks, stand- ing circles, crop circles, sacred geome- try and cymatics are all woven together inhttp://www.paolaharris.it pun). I have to agree that it is the most this excellent documentary. comprehensive documentary on the subject Freddy is to be congratulated on such pro-A t the beginning of this millennium, Charles James Hall, a physicist andinformation technology specialist, took that is "out there". In the process of covering the history of this phenomenon, fessionalism, considering he wrote, pro- duced and directed this film. His choice ofadvantage of a period of musical scores is alsounemployment to write his great—and I had to keepthree-volume autobiogra- reminding myself that Iphy. Large portions of his was not watching a UK TVwritings are devoted to a documentary.record of his real-life expe- This is a very informativeriences with ETs. He titled film which asks lots ofhis book series Millennial questions and suggestsHospitality (see 12/02) and some intriguing answers.published it as fiction to For example, I liked theprotect the names of people thoughts at the end of thehe worked with. He states film, where it is suggestedunequivocally that the that the energy used to cre-events actually took place. ate crop formations could This historic video interview conducted in likely be affecting the deep2003–2004 is the first to put Charles Hall on the producers introduce us to all the main water aquifers under that part of the planet;the record and on the map. As a weather- characters—believers, sceptics, circle- and using the concept of water being able toman in the US Air Force, he was assigned to makers and researchers alike. The film retain memory, it is considered that thethe desert ranges in the vicinity of the skilfully skirts all the personal politics, but whole planets water could be receivingfamous, super-secret "Dreamland" and Area still manages to capture the "big picture" of information in the form of frequencies.51. Hall not only claims to have witnessed all that has transpired since the late 1980s. Stairways to Heaven also links in withinteraction between "tall white" aliens and It has excellent graphics and production Freddys excellent book Secrets in the FieldsUS military officials, but that he ended up quality, and heaps of interview clips with (see 9/06), which explores the role of soundplaying a simple yet significant role in this everyone involved. All angles of explana- in the formation of these intriguing designsjoint terrestrial–ET project. It is a fascinat- tion are covered and great scientific detail (see his article in this issue).ing study of protocol and human–ET inter- appears where it is needed. This film is truly a visual and mental feastaction on an exopolitical level. A must-have for all croppies! that will leave you wanting more.72 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 73. REVIEWS Walker), has blazed a trail of mantra across the globe. The album topped the new age charts at Amazon.com as soon as it was Reviewed by Richard Giles released. Its time has come.ECHU MINGUAby Miguel "Angá" Díaz DIVINE DEVOTIONWorld Circuit, UK, 2005 (59mins) by Sacred EarthDistributors: Aust—MRA, tel (07) 3849 Sacred Earth Music, Aust, 2004 (56mins)6020; UK—World Circuit, tel (0)1689 Distributors: Australia— New World870 622, http://www.worldcircuit.co.uk Music; Sacred Earth Music, website http://www.sacredearthliving.infoP ercussionist Miguel "Angá" Díaz made his reputation with Irakere, a leadingCuban jazz ensemble, and started playing on I n Australia, its always encouraging to see local artists doing well. This album byAfro-Cuban All-Stars projects in the late Sacred Earth is another of devotional music1990s. His solo debut is World Circuit with a difference. Sublime vocals by Penelabels most unusual Cuban fusion project to (Prem Ayliah) provide a beautiful, heartfeltdate. Band members on Echu Mingua sound, and the elegant flute playing byinclude Cachaito on bass, flautist Magic Jethro combines to create a very warm,Malik and DJ Dee Nasty. The CD has four Earth-connecting musical experience. Thefine pianists: Irakeres leader Chucho embracing, liquid, angelic sounds of theValdés, Roberto Fonseca (of Ibrahim Ferrer female voice especially on tracks three andfame), David Alfaro (Afro-Cuban All-Stars) four, together with acoustic guitar backing,and Rubén González. Malian Baba Sissoko are a real feast. Their first album,is a guest on vocals and ngoni. A funky and Pamanyungan (2003), was awarded "Albumunusual album of unique Cuban jazz. of the Year" by the Queensland Recording Association. This second release is destinedSPIRIT OF HAVANA to be another success.by KargoNew World Music, UK, 2005 (54mins) TANTRA OF SOUND HARMONIZERDistributors: Australia—NWM, tel (02) by Jonathan Goldman & Andi Goldman9565 4522; UK—NWM, tel 01986 Spirit Music, USA, 2005 (56mins)891600; Europe—MCC, tel +49 4102 Distributors: USA—Spirit Music, tel 800898202; USA—NWM, tel (303) 415 246 9764 (toll free in USA), website1040, http://www.newworldmusic.com http://www.healingsounds.comT he sounds of Cuba have become very much a part of the world music scene O ver the years weve reviewed several albums to be used as tools to open up the chakras and improve brain balance andsince the Buena Vista Social Club hit theheadlines in the late 1990s (see NEXUS harmony. This one uses a system called5/02). This album of Cuban music blends SynchroSound that balances brainwaves andthe Cubanismo rhythms with a touch of the body. It contains sacred sound, toning,strings and piano and musical synth patterns chanting psycho-acoustic frequencies and sound texture to create a profound tool forthat add an ethereal sound. Pleasant music healing and communication. Jonathanwith a good Cuban and sometimes Spanish Goldman is known worldwide for his soundfeel, but it may not satisfy those fans of the healing work and has released a book to gotrue Buena Vista genre. Theres much more with the album. The CD itself comes with aof a Spanish influence thats enticing. 16-page booklet to explain its processes.DAKSHINAby Deva PremalPrabhu Music, UK, 2005 (55mins)Distributors: Aust—New World Music,tel (02) 9565 4522; UK—Prabhu Music,http://www.prabhumusic.com,http://www.MitenDevaPremal.comT he goddess of song must have smiled upon Deva Premal early in life as she isnow one of the biggest minstrels of devo-tional sounds in the West. Her albums (seeNEXUS 10/04) sell well throughout theWestern world. The new album Dakshina,with her rendering of traditional mantras in anewer devotional style, with a richly layeredproduction (with help from Miten and KitAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 73
  • 74. Breaking the Silence: Bilderberg Exposed Continued from page 16 Tempers boiled over momentarily when tandem, or if it would be a NATO a French Bilderberger, raising his voice, operation. The question was directed atregime change can be attractive because it told Kissinger that "an attack on Iran will NATO Secretary-General Jaap G. de Hoopis "less distasteful than diplomacy and less escalate out of control". According to Scheffer. Another European Bilderbergerdangerous than living with new nuclear sources working for the CIA and the spe- wanted to know how the US was planningstates". However, he noted: "There is only cial unit of the US Army charged with pro- to cope with three wars simultaneously,one problem: it is highly unlikely to have tecting the US delegation at Rottach-Egern, referring to Iraq, Afghanistan and now Iran.the desired effect soon enough." both the CIA and the FBI are in open revolt The reader should be reminded that there against the Bush White House. are now 150,000 US troops deployed inA Possible Attack on Irans Nuclear A member of the Greek Parliament asked Iraq who are unable to move to anotherFacilities Eival Gilady, strategic adviser to Israeli theatre of operations because of effective The presence of US General James L. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon: "What would resistance tactics. The Israeli delegationJones, Supreme Allied Commander happen if Iran were to retaliate?" Someone was pressed to answer if Israel is preparedEurope, and Retired US Army General pointed out that even if the United States or to use nuclear weapons against Iran. TheJohn M. Keane at the Bilderberg meeting Israel were to show restraint in their use of answer was incoherent.in Germany suggested to us that the next tactical nuclear weapons, an attack on What is so terrifying about Iran as astage of the conquest is about to begin. Irans nuclear facilities would surely not theatre of operations is that, according to An American neo-con at an afternoon only engulf neighbour states, raising the our deep sources (both of whom belong todrink-fest said he was convinced that the likelihood of a broader war, but also the Bilderberg group), there are two"Iranian opposition movement" will unseat succeed in creating a nuclear disaster alternative dates set for the invasion. Thethe mullahs. Nicolas Beytout of Le Figaro through nuclear radiation spilling over a earliest possible date would be in theexclaimed: "You dont really believe that!" wide area. "deadest of summer", some time in August,A tall, bald, well-dressed Swiss gentleman, As a follow-up question, someone asked: and the other alternative is a late autumnbelieved to be Pascal Couchepin, head of "How much of this war has to do with campaign. This substantially confirms thethe powerful Department of Home Affairs, America doing its utmost to prevent Iran information provided by Scott Ritter, thereplied reflexively that it will only succeed from becoming a regional power?" A ex-Marine turned UNSCOM weaponsin having the Iranians rally behind their French Bilderberger wished to know if the inspector, who stated that "George W.government. He ended by saying: "You impending attack on Iran would involve the Bush has signed off on plans to bomb Irandont know Iranians." United States and Israel working in in June 2005" (Aljazeera, 30 March 2005),74 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 75. Breaking the Silence: Bilderberg Exposed Continued from page 74 out, terrorism hasnt been confined to the amongst them Philippe Camus, President Iraq theatre of operations but has escalated of the European Aeronautic Defence andalthough he did go on to clarify that the across Asia, Africa and most of the Middle Space Company (EADS), Donald GrahamJune date suggests that the US and Israel East. of the Washington Post and General Jamesare "in a state of readiness". A blonde woman, believed to be Thérèse L. Jones about the near-future test-firing of Delpech, Director of Strategic Affairs for Indias Agni 3 intermediate-range ballisticRussian vs American Foreign Policy the Atomic Energy Commission, said that missile capable of carrying nuclear Policy discussion began with a European unilateralist policy actions by the US will warheads. General Jones added that such aexpert on international relations pointing only succeed in alienating friendly nations weapon would greatly increase Indiasout that over the next several years Russia and emboldening enemy combatants. "US capabilities because, according to the four-is poised to assert itself and increasingly is not all-powerful. It must coordinate its star general, Indias strategic deterrents willchallenge Bush Government foreign policy policy with other great powers to achieve be able to strike targets deep insidegoals. its ends." neighbouring China. In fact, Dr M. Someone openly asked the committee if An oil expert believed to be from Britain, Natarajan, head of the prestigious Defencethe world is safer today than in 2001 and if possibly Sir John Kerr of Royal Dutch Research and Development Organisationit will be safer in four years time. A Shell, focused on the oil pipeline from (DRDO), said as much two weeks later onDutchman responded by saying there is lit- Siberia to northern China. The 17 May in New Delhi.tle doubt that the hand of international ter- Bilderbergers openly wondered at therorism has been substantially strengthened medium-term repercussions of this deal. The 2005 German Electionsby the US Governments heavy-handed pol- An American investment banker asked just The Bilderbergers also discussed how toicy in the Middle East. A Danish how much oil is expected to flow through dust off the "boring" image of AngelaBilderberger wondered about what had this pipeline. Another member of the oil Merkel, Germanys "future leader", aheadhappened to the US promise to take a cartel offered 65–80 million tonnes per of the German elections on 18 Septemberlower-key approach in Iraq—referring to year as a ballpark figure. 2005.the heavy-handed tactics employed by A short, oversized male BilderbergerAmerican troops in the siege of Fallujah, Indias Missile Tests offered an opinion that in order for thewhich played an important role in alienat- During Saturday night cocktails at the widest cross-section of the German publicing a large cross-section of moderate Arab bar, neo-con Richard Perle was seen and to accept Merkel (leader of the Christianstates. Additionally, the Dutchman pointed heard talking to a group of Bilderbergers, Democratic Union opposition) asAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 75
  • 76. Breaking the Silence: Bilderberg ExposedContinued from page 75 owned by the Bilderbergers. It has been Through lies and obfuscations, the groups policy since its inception in Bilderbergers are desperately trying to foistChancellor, it would be important to give a 1954 to own both horses in the race. onto the unwilling world population a total-new definition to the term "family values". For the record, every US President itarian One World Government, a singleGerman Bilderbergers well versed in the belongs to the Bilderberg group or its inter- global currency and a syncretic universalconservative Bavarian collective psyche locked sister organisation, the Council on religion.believe that Merkel, a divorcee with a doc- Foreign Relations. Although Bush Junior Those of us who care deeply about thetorate in physics, doesnt have a "reliable" didnt personally attend the meeting in future of politics—domestic andenough image to attract sufficient votes in Rottach-Egern, the US Government was international—cannot afford to ignore thethis staunchly conservative area of the well represented by William Luti, Richard fact that the grimly political One Worldcountry. According to people within Perle, Dennis Ross and Allan Hubbard. Government is no longer merely a shadowearshot of the discussion, the idea "in the subculture. It has, in fact, emerged as theup-coming campaign would be to stress the Towards a One World Government dominant force in world affairs. ∞importance of families rather than marriage History teaches by analogy, not identity.as an institution". The historical experience is not one of stay- About the Author: Bilderbergers pushing Gerhard ing in the present and looking back; rather, Daniel Estulin is an award-winning inves-Schroeder aside in favour of a new candi- it is one of going back into the past and tigative journalist who has been researchingdate could very well signify that, after three returning to the present with a wider and the Bilderbergers for over 13 years. He wasyears of strife between American and more intense consciousness of the restric- one of only two journalists who witnessedEuropean Bilderbergers over the war in tions of our former outlook. and reported (from beyond the heavilyIraq, the secret society is ready to move If democracy is the rule of the people, guarded perimeter) the super-secr etforward with a much- revised and more then secret government agendas and Bilderberg meeting at the Dorint Sofitelcohesive policy. It must be remembered sinister, influence-peddling cliques which Seehotel in Rottach-Egern, Munich, Bavaria,that Schroeder, along with French stand for cunning selfishness are Germany, on 5 to 8 May 2005.President Chirac, was one of the most incompatible with it. The whole idea of Mr Estulin can be contacted by email atvociferous European critics of the US-led clandestine spheres of influence waging d.estulin@ctconsultoria.com. The full textIraq intervention. secret campaigns is therefore foreign to the of his article, including the list of partici- Both Schroeder, representing the left, notion of democracy and must be fought pants, and other Bilderberg stories are avail-and Merkel, representing the right, are with zealous determination. able at http://www.onlinejournal.com.76 • NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005
  • 77. Britains Secret War in Antarctica Continued from page 44 Britain knew about the Nazis secret atomic Endnotes 1. Admiral Byrds press release, 12 November weapons programmes which, in turn, 1946.Navy had been won by the Kreigsmarine, helped the RAF bomb the Nazis secret 2. El Mercurio, 5 March 1947; Admiral Byrdand that the story had been suppressed in research station at Peenemünde in the interviewed by Lee van Atta.the Western press for fear of stimulating Baltic Sea. The Germans were at a loss to 3. Former British SAS officer, documenting theGerman resistance. Only one destroyer how the British had even heard about it, let 1945–46 Neuschwabenland campaign.was reputedly spared and the Captain was alone been able to bomb it. 4. Le Monde, 18 July 1945.reported as declaring, "May God help me, 5. Hart, Basil Liddell, History of the Secondmay I never again encounter such a force".8 Continued next issue... World War, Cassell, London, p. 410.Though the story has been suppressed and 6. ibid., p. 411.the British Government would never admit About the Author: 7. Pravda, 16 January 2003, citing a confidentialto the event, rumours of the naval battle are James Robert is a civil servant with an letter from Scheffer to Bernhard. The letter, datedwhispered amongst ex-servicemen—but agency of the UK Ministry of Defence, as 1 June 1983, was seized by Special Services, well as a World War II historian and whom a German source claims were from the for-alas, very little of the rumour is writer. He has travelled extensively mer German Democratic Republic (GDR) andsubstantiated. sent at the USSRs behest. The missing U-boats were part of the throughout North Africa and Europe to investigate mysteries of Britains secret 8. The Captain cited by El Mercurio and DerAntarctic jigsaw puzzle that Britain had Weg has never been named, nor has the story been wars. With a family from a military back-been putting together since the Nazis first given any credence by the British Navy. ground, and with German sources givingsent Admiral Ritscher on his Thule- 9. The Intelligence network performed wonders many so-called "myths" credence, he hassponsored polar mission. And with for the Allies, especially after the capture of an set a personal mission to delve deeperBritains Intelligence network—the SOE into the strange, suppressed, little-known Enigma machine with decoding documents on 9(Special Operations Executive) and the SIS May 1941; the German U-110 was captured by and anomalous activities that were con- HMS Bulldog and HMS Aubretia of the 3rd(Secret Intelligence Service)—providing ducted before, during and after the warvirtually all the information to the Allied Escort Group. The Germans never discovered the against Germany. "Britains Secret War in fact that Britain had broken their "unbreakable"Forces via the E n i g m a m a c h i n e9 and its Antarctica" has been taken from his forth- codes. However, it was Britains fortuitous cap-immense European spy network during the coming book that will document some of ture which painted the full picture and helpedWar, the picture was appearing slowly. his investigations. complete the jigsaw puzzle, thus compelling them One prime example of Britains James Robert can be contacted at to take the possibility of a Nazi Antarctic havenIntelligence excelling was in how much james-robert@hotmail.co.uk. seriously before others did. The World’s top "FREE STUFF" website • The world’s first Synchronistic Luck System • Join the VANUATU EXPATS CLUB for free • Ocean-front land in booming Vanuatu • The Volatility option trading program • The ultimate in mind-power manuals Spectacular thought-provoking material for NEXUS readers http://www.mindtech.com.vu ANNOUNCING Now you can listen to NEXUS - on the internet www.RadioNexus.com.au RadioNexus.com is now online 24/7 No special software requiredAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2005 www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS • 77