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  • 1. NEXUS NEW TIMES MAGAZINE Volume 11, Number 5 AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 UK/Europe edition Website: http://www.nexusmagazine.comLETTERS TO THE EDITOR.............................................4 SCIENCE NEWS: GLOBAL SCALING THEOR Y...........49 Comments on NEXUS-related topics, including a by Hartmut Müller, PhD. An understanding of chemtrails conspiracy going back to the 1960s, an logarithmic space sheds new light on the origin of encounter with the Egyptian Antiquities director, gravitation and sug gests ho w interplanetary and successes in treating AIDS in Africa. communication is possible using standing waves.GLOBAL NEWS.............................................................6 PROPHECIES FROM THE MEIER CONTACTS.............55 Groundbreaking news, including the Ve r n e s h o t By Michael Horn, and with contactee Billy Meier in hypothesis that may explain some impact craters, discussion with Quetzal, the Plejaren, on the new electric stun weapons that can target crowds, Henoch Prophecies. So many Plejaren predictions and the late September flypast of asteroid Toutatis. have come true that wed be wise to heed theirPEAK OIL REVISITED: CONFERENCE IN BERLIN......1 1 warnings of annihilation and learn to live together. By Michael C. Ruppert. Were on the brink of a THE TWILIGHT ZONE................................................63 global energy crisis as major oilfields decline in Strange tales from on and off our world. This issue p r o d u c t i v i t y, new infrastructure becomes too we present Linda Moulton Howes interview with expensive to build and demand continues to rise. former US naval intelligence officer C. B. Scott JonesDEATH BY MEDICINE—Part 1...................................17 on the UFO cover-up and need for disclosure. By Carolyn Dean, MD, ND, Martin Feldman, MD, REVIEWS—Books........................................................69 Gary Null, PhD, and Debora Rasio, MD. This "Sorcerers Apprentice" by Amy Wallace landmark analysis of thousands of studies reveals "Ayahuasca...The Vine of the Soul" by Joan Parisi Wilcox that mistakes made by the medical/pharmaceutical "The Book of Floating" by Michael Hutchison "Genesis of the Cosmos" by Paul A. LaViolette, PhD system are the leading cause of death in the USA. "Crop Circles: Evidence of a Cover-up" by Nicolas MontigianiTHE HIDDEN DANGERS OF SOY ALLERGENS..........25 "Primary Perception" by Cleve Backster By Kaayla T. Daniel, PhD. Since the mid-1990s, "Holistic Handbook of Sauna Therapy" by Nenah Sylver, PhD more soy content has been added to processed "Bushwomen: Tales of a Cynical Species" by Laura Flanders "Retrocognitions" by Wagner Alegretti food products than ever before. The rise in allergic "Sign Language of the Soul" by Dr Dale H. Schusterman reactions to soy is a major public health concern, "The Earth Chronicles Expeditions" by Zecharia Sitchin and GE soy is further complicating the problem. "Moon Landings: Did NASA Lie?" by Philippe LheureuxTHE MYSTERIOUS ORIGINS OF OIL.........................33 "The Emerald Modem" by Richard Leviton "Exopolitics" by Michel E. Salla, PhD By Siegfried E. Tischler, PhD. Oil is not formed by the decay of organic matter but is created by REVIEWS—Videos.......................................................76 hydrogenation processes deep within the Earth. So "Expressions of ET Contact: A Visual Blueprint?" (2003 Edition) "Expressions...: A Communication & Healing Blueprint?" are we still facing the end of the Age of Oil? REVIEWS—Music........................................................77PRIMARY PERCEPTION: THE BACKSTER EFFECT......41 "Bowmboï" by Rokia Traoré Interview by Derrick Jensen. When Cleve Backster "World Reggae" by various artists attached polygraph electrodes to a plant in 1966, "Taiko to Tabla" by Joji Hirota and Peter Lockett he obtained readings that indicated living cells tune "Incendio" by Incendio into and respond to their environment as well as to "Comfort Zone" by Ian Cameron Smith human emotions and intentions. NEXUS BOOKS, VIDEOS, ADS, SUBS...................87–96AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 1
  • 2. EditorialNEXUS MAGAZINE W ell, were still here! Despite the fears of many asteroid and gossip watchers, humanity Volume 11, Number 5 has survived another round of doomsday rumours. For those who came in late, Ill AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 explain briefly. Over the last few months, various alleged whistleblowers have PUBLISHED BY emerged, claiming to have knowledge of upcoming asteroid strikes upon Earth. A couple of these NEXUS Magazine Pty Ltd, Australia sounded most convincing, and the jury is still out on how much is rubbish and how much is real. EDITOR The first round of announced impact dates was late June, which yielded many meteorite showers Duncan M. Roads and impacts but no "big ones", obviously. According to these whistleblowers, this is just the beginning of more to come. I guess we shall see. However, there is one asteroid that we do CO-EDITOR Catherine Simons know has a near miss-date with Earth, and that is Toutatis, which will near-miss the Earth (we hope) on 29 September this year. I say "we hope" because Toutatis has a most erratic orbital path ASSISTANT EDITOR/SUB-EDITOR through the solar system. Remember, of course, that the worlds experts have already announced Ruth Parnell that if they do see a doomsday asteroid, they will not be telling us mere mortals about it! UK OFFICE ADMIN Back in the NEXUS office, we have so many great articles (again) for this issue that I could Marcus Allen just burst with enthusiasm over them. CONTRIBUTORS THIS ISSUE First up, we have a couple of articles on Oil, both of which should be widely read by anyone Michael C. Ruppert; Carolyn Dean, MD, ND, Martin Feldman, MD, Gary Null, PhD, trying to get a handle on geopolitics. Mike Ruppert is still pounding the podiums with his mes- Debora Rasio, MD; Kaayla T. Daniel, PhD, CCN; sage that global oil production has already peaked and we are now witnessing the scramble by the Siegfried E. Tischler, PhD; Derrick Jensen; superpowers to secure what is left—and attempt to get away with it in front of their competitors. Dr. rer.nat. Hartmut Müller; Michael Horn; Prof. Siegfried Tischler (whos to speak at the NEXUS Conference) examines the origin of oil. Linda Moulton Howe You probably think that oil comes from decaying dinosaurs and swamps, etc., but youd probably CARTOONS be wrong. Prof. Tischler has lifted the lid on a secret that not many people dare discuss. Phil Somerville Next we have "Death by Medicine", an article that should make everyones blood boil and COVER GRAPHIC should make medical professionals recoil in horror and disgust at themselves. You have probably John Cook, heard the rumours that more people die from medical mistakes than car accidents, etc. Well, the PRINTING statistics are much, much worse than that, and they apply to developed countries like the USA, Goodhed Print Group, Bicester, Oxon., UK Canada, Australia, UK, New Zealand, etc. In the USA, the figure is the equivalent of six jumbo DISTRIBUTION jets full of people dropping out of the sky every day—that is how many Americans alone are Seymours, London, UK killed by iatrogenic events. And many say this is still a conservative figure! The next time some- one dares to suggest that alternative medicine might be harmful, show them how harmful main- UK OFFICE - 55 Queens Rd, East Grinstead, West Sussex, RH19 1BG. stream medicine is and ask them to compare and contrast the choices. Ph: 01342 322854; Fax: 01342 324574 While we are on health issues, we have another article on a subject that most "alternative health e-mail address: publishers" still refuse to cover, and that is that soy products are causing major health problems Website: for more and more people. One of these problems is that increasing numbers of people, children included, are becoming dangerously and suddenly allergic to soy proteins (which are found in EUROPE OFFICE - PO Box 48, 1600 AA most processed foods these days). This is just another nail in the coffin for modern soy products. Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. Next, we have an article that will upset many vegetarians but will delight anyone who wants to Ph: +31 (0)228 324076; Fax: +31 (0)228 312081 e-mail address: believe in the fact that plants have consciousness and feelings. The article on Primary Perception goes much further than plants. Here we have Cleve Backster, the worlds foremost expert and HEAD OFFICE - Articles, Reviews, etc. PO Box 30, Mapleton, Qld 4560, Australia. inventor of the polygraph (lie detector), who went on to discover (by accident) that plants respond Ph: +61 7 5442 9280; Fax: +61 7 5442 9381 to human thoughts and feelings. The article is so amazing and has so many implications that I e-mail address: could fill a book of editorials with my excitement over it! Just be sure to read the article, and then ITALY OFFICE - c/- Avalon Edizioni, Piazza get his new book (see the review this issue). Life will never be the same again for you! Mazzini 52, 35137 Padova, Italy And speaking of life never being same again for you, what will you make of the Henoch Ph/Fax: +39 (0)49 912 6006 Prophecies article, I wonder? Last year I had cause to re-investigate some of the material from e-mail address: famous Swiss ET contactee Billy Meier, and I emerged with a sense of amazement at the ongoing USA OFFICE - 2940 E. Colfax, #131, events surrounding him. The predictions given to Meier that have come true are extraordinary, to Denver CO 80206 USA say the least, mainly because they have come true, often on the date given. In the article, you will Tel: 303 321 5006; Fax: 720 941 9352 see a list of predictions, and the subsequent verification of events and information. In light of E-mail: this, how seriously should we take the so-called Henoch Prophecies given to Meier? Once again, STATEMENT OF PURPOSE we read a series of prophecies where it is said to us that "Unless you human beings change yourNEXUS recognises that humanity is undergoing a course, these are the events you are steering towards..." The Henoch Prophecies are shocking,massive transformation. With this in mind, NEXUS depressing and challenging, and I publish them in the hope that enough people become aware ofseeks to provide hard-to-get information so as toassist people through these changes. NEXUS is not these possible futures and will thus avoid them.linked to any religious, philosophical or political And just because I havent mentioned the Science News article on Global Scaling Theory tillideology or organisation. now, doesnt mean it is not important, and ditto for Twilight Zone. Remember, everything I select PERMISSION-TO-REPRODUCE POLICY for publication has something in it that I believe is a piece of the big jigsaw puzzle of life.While reproduction and dissemination of the infor- So if you are interested in the meaning of life, once again I extend an invitation to come to ourmation in NEXUS is actively encouraged, anyone amazing three-day, two-evening NEXUS Conference in Brisbane on 24–26 September (justcaught making a buck out of it, without our express before Toutatis swishes by!). I would love to meet as many of you as possible there.permission, will be in trouble when we catch them! Duncan WARRANTY AND INDEMNITYAdvertisers upon and by lodging material with the Publisher for publication or authorising or approving of the publication of any material INDEMNIFY thePublisher and its servants and agents against all liability claims or proceedings whatsoever arising from the publication and without limiting the generality of theforegoing to indemnify each of them in relation to defamation, slander of title, breach of copyright, infringement of trademarks or names of publication titles, unfaircompetition or trade practices, royalties or violation of rights or privacy AND WARRANT that the material complies with all relevant laws and regulations and thatits publication will not give rise to any rights against or liabilities in the Publisher, its servants or agents and in particular that nothing therein is capable of beingmisleading or deceptive or otherwise in breach of the Part V of the Trade Practices Act 1974. All expressions of opinion are published on the basis that they arenot to be regarded as expressing the opinion of the Publisher or its servants or agents. Editorial advice is not specific and readers are advised to seek professionalhelp for individual problems. The publisher reserves the right to refuse any advertising material for any reason. © NEXUS New Times 20042 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 3. AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 3
  • 4. Letters to the Editor ...Chemtrails and Conspiracies personnel living there after retire- completed with HELP. One was I believe helps to bind our universe Interesting to read about the ment than anywhere else on the conducted in South Africa at an together and which enables us tochemtrail issue, as I have some info planet, due to the humidity and AIDS hospice, in which five out of keep these dense physical bodies ofyou may or may not be aware of. also the proximity to a safe under- six patients recovered. The one ours alive. I have always believed Years ago, whilst serving in the ground facility! problem patient had serious diar- this force to enter our dimensionRoyal Australian Air Force, I was My wife had pretty bad asthma rhoea and couldnt absorb much. via stars like our sun, but the ideaattached to No. 1 ARDU at at the time, so I decided not to sign The other trial was in Kenya that it may also emanate fromLaverton, Victoria, which by the on for another term at the end of with three people who were very black holes makes these awesomeway is now only grass, disused my enlistment after also learning weak and passing into AIDS. phenomena a lot more interesting.buildings (above ground, anyway), about the "other substances" being They are now all much better. I began to utilise this wonderfuland an old disused runway. used to test Australians immune None of these nine patients had force for healing purposes severalARDU stands for Aircraft systems, which were then and are ever taken any antiretroviral drugs. years ago to remarkable effect—Research and Development Unit, now still being deliberately sprayed It seems as if some AIDS which really amazed scepticaland I happened to be working into the air above us—for our patients develop serious diarrhoea me—but the thought of one dayalongside American pilots and air- "benefit", of course! and, with it, secondary nutritional having access to instruments whichmen who were here with the U2 So, way back in the late deficiencies that in themselves can precisely channel superlight fre-spyplane project. 1960s/early 1970s, I knew about prove fatal. quencies in a very practical way is Spyplanes, my arse! They sure the coming privatisation of our What these patients appear to truly exciting! I hope that daywere taking pictures, but not just of councils, resources, utilities and need is a very good multivitamin/ comes real soon.the enemy but of our landscape banks long before it was made mineral supplement and balanced Thanks again for your wonderfuland weather patterns, and whilst public and also about what the diet to correct these secondary defi- magazine, Duncan. Keep up theperforming this function they were powers-that-be had in store for us, ciencies. Naturally, they should good work.also spraying barium into the stra- but nobody believed what I was still receive the four key nutrients: Regards,tus clouds along with aluminium saying at union rallies and such. selenium, cysteine, tryptophan and Dave Dennis, davedenoz@oxide dust—for experimental sun- If you think that looks bad, it glutamine. effect, we were told. Yeah, gets worse, and so does the other There can be little doubt thatright! info I have kept silent about for AIDS is a nutritional disease One of the other functions I had years due to the non-disclosure caused by a virus. Getting the Hidden D-Day Historywas to be a supervisor at the clause I was forced to sign on my establishment to believe this is Dear Duncan: As the sixtiethAirmens Club after hours, which discharge papers. another matter. anniversary of D-Day approaches,brought me into social contact with I can say this, though. If Dr Len What is needed now is the sup- we ask your readers to spare asome of these airmen and their Horowitz had published his books port for a large (100-patient) scien- thought for genuine war veteransofficers, who rather took a liking to 30 years ago, more people in this tific study that cannot be ignored who choose not to belong to veter-our women enlistees not to men- country would have had a greater so easily. This is easy to say, but ans associations; their voice is sel-tion our wives and girlfriends, but perspective on what was happening difficult to fund. I have two possi- dom, if ever, heard.the thing they really took a liking to their countryside, and possibly ble locations for it. My father survived the entireto was our Aussie beer! So, being more would have done something Regards, siege of Malta, on small arms, airan inquisitive type, yours truly about it—who knows—and maybe, Harry Foster, Canada, and coastal defence, where he suf-always managed to get " e x t r a just maybe, we, instead of the fered malnutrition in one of theduties" so as to be around these military-medical-pharmaceutical [See Dr Harold D. Fosters two- most heavily bombed areas ofpeople, as they used to shoot off cartels, would still own our own part article, "AIDS: The World War Two.their mouths more than Aussies country. Selenoenzyme Solution" in NEXUS Later he was amongst the initialdid, especially after more Aussie I would like to write a book 11/01–2. Ed.] infantry assaults to invade Sicily,beer. about all this, or even a movie, but Italy and Normandy (on D-Day— I recollect being informed by an am only a pensioner and cannot Excitement over SuperLight Gold Beach). Each invasion wasofficer and at least two airmen, afford such luxuries, so Ill contin- Hi again, Duncan: Great article followed by ferocious inland bat-then serving with the U2 contin- ue to do my little bit educating peo- by John V. Milewski in NEXUS tles. He was awarded an impres-gent (and who had also befriended ple about their immune system and 11/03 about Superlight and chi, ki sive array of medals that he hasmy wife and me), that I should their blood, and how to beat the and o r g o n e, which have been never worn.move to north Queensland as soon coming plagues. And believe me known for millennia but are only After World War Two, ex-as possible so as not to be affected when I say theyve got some beau- just beginning to come to the atten- servicemen whod experiencedby the coming sprays in the next ties on the way—even bigger than tion of modern physicists via the continuous front-line action for thefew years—sprays to deliberately SARS! field of quantum physics. full six years generally wantedheat up our atmosphere to aid with Name withheld, Australia While SETI continues to waste nothing more to do with militarism.drought-producing climate change time and funds on attempting to Joining veterans associationsover central and eastern Australia AIDS Nutritional Treatment contact interstellar life using stan- would have been unthinkable.and parts beyond—and our gov- Dear Editor: I thought you dard radio waves, others like John The mass medias obsession withernment of the day knew all about might be interested in what has are exploring the real medium by stereotyping all war veterans asit! happened recently with the nutri- which mankind will one day open keen regimental patriotic "Why north Queensland?" I tional treatment for AIDS. communication with the rest of the association members discriminatesasked them, and the reply was that Since we were last in contact, universe. Not only that, but they and excludes many ex-servicethere were more American military there have been two small trials are exploring the very force which people, similar to my father (now4 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 5. ... more Letters to the Editor NB: Please keep letters to approx. 150 to 250 words in length. Ed.aged eighty-five), who have no Aggressively interrupting, he It would be rejected by orthodoxinterest in being part of a group or advised I read a chapter in his pre- ozlit/pdf/fed0014.pdf—a real find, medicine (the drug pushers).becoming regimental vious book devoted to Dr Hassan. saving us $370 each and being Regards,exhibitionists. Persisting, I asked, "What do reproduceable and easily searched. John E. Longbottom, DC Due to this narrow view, I you know of Dr Hassans report in So when people ask "How much (Retired), Australia,believe a lot of real issues are over-Excavations at Giza? He discov- is it to join UPMART?", I say, such as how the chil- ered an underground system of "Whatever it takes to change the [Dear John: I have an item indren of veterans who suffered colonnaded tunnels connecting a present system". Global News which may shed moresevere shell-shock appear to be complex of facilities from Giza to Although many join just for the light on the subject. Ed.]affected. It is as relevant today, C a i r o . This was reported in savings on rego, drivers licence,with the Iraq war, as with World English newspapers." I had his tolls, GST, etc., there are plenty Instant Wireless TransmissionWar Two. Studies have been con- attention then. who are ready to go to court to Dear Editor: In his fascinatingducted in The Netherlands and With a poker-faced look of fight for their rights. At the veryAustralia regarding this subject. blank credulity, Hawass replied, "I least, members learn their common articles, Rochus Boerner writes in "Suppressed Discoveries in There is also a fair amount of dont know anything about these law and constitutional rights.evidence, from survivors such as reports. Send me an email!" In solidarity, Physics—Part 2" [11/03]: "It mustmy father, that unfit men were Out of character (re challenges Sully/Noah, NSW, Australia, be understood that if the existencedeliberately kept in the front line tofrom revisionist adversaries), Zahi of instantaneous signals were con-hasten their demise to enable the did not disparage or angrily deny firmed, this would instantly invali- date relativity..."government to save on post-war discoveries attributed to Dr Hassan. Flu Vaccine Dangerswelfare costs. Sadly, these issues Given that Hawass had just shown Dear Sir or Madam: The phar- It undoubtedly is the result of theremain hidden in UK history, but numerous slides of himself person- maceutical companies have now absolute silence of the mass medialess so overseas. ally descending ancient shafts all manufactured a contagious disease. that Boerner does not know that Please check our website on over Egypt, reaching as far down As a self-employed health prac- this is exactly what has happened for as 300 feet, I must concur that titioner, I have read your articles on already.further details. Bushbys research does beg the the pharmaceutical and "illth" On 27 October 2001, in Bad Keep up the good work. question re both Zahis actual industry with great interest. Tölz (southern Germany) under Chris Powis, PO Box 147, knowledge and his authority for Chiropractors and other alterna- supervision of several scientistsWaltham Cross, Hertfordshire, "preserving and protecting Egypts tive health practitioners are well with Dr Hartmut Müller headingEN7 6HA, UK ancient past". aware of the pressure brought to the whole show, a telephone com- But, protecting it from whom or bear on society to reject us. munication between Bad Tölz andMysteries under Giza Plateau what—revisionist apocalypse? Before the turn of this new cen- St Petersburg based on gravitation FYI NEXUS: I picked up a Sincerely, tury, each winter there were per- waves was established. This is tun-newsstand copy of NEXUS on R. A. Koppang, Los Angeles, haps a half a dozen different ing in on a standing wave. There5/5/04, specifically for the California, USA patients who tested positive to was no electrosmog and no time"Ancient Cities Under the Sands of influenza. involved, and the communicationGiza" article [11/03]. Two weeks Our Common Law Rights During the winters of 2001 and lasted for more than a minutepassed. Dear Duncan: Thanks for the 2002, very few patients reacted (raum&zeit, no. 114, Nov–Dec Fortuitously, on 15 May 2004, article on common law and how it positive to the influenza test, even 2001).Supreme Council of Egyptian can empower us in these times of though they had positive symp- On 18 December 2003, the sameAntiquities Secretary-General Zahi loss of rights from the global gov- toms. About five patients reacted procedure was followed by theHawass himself came to town! ernment cabal. positive to the influenza vaccina- TIM research laboratory at DonauSynchronistically, Hawass availed As a member of UPMART with tion test—patients who had University, Krems (Austria), wherehimself for me to inquire directly alternative registration plates, we in received this vaccination as a communication during 40 min-about Tony Bushbys claim. New South Wales are now taking required by their employer, e.g., utes was established (16 code bits No respectable archaeocryptolo- the RTA to court to have our sys- nurses, or perhaps at the persuasion per second) without the use of agist would take Bushbys evidence tem made legal as in Victoria. This of their physician, particularly if cable or transmitter ( Raum undat face value, would he? Bushbys involves meetings amongst mem- they were an "older person". Zeit, no. 128, March–April 2004).case is impressive, but most credi- bers supporting each other in deal- During the same period, about Developments are going onbly verifiable is evidence attributed ing with police, writing legal 25 patients reacted positive to the apace, and the press stonewallsto Zahi Hawasss predecessor, Dr notices and holding practice court "flu vaccination" who had not been them. The finding is at least asSelim Hassan. So, I went right sessions, and also supporting the vaccinated. These patients had important as that of Marconi.down, tactfully asking Zahi face to national movement in different ref- been in contact with someone else Perhaps it would be a good idea toface about it. erendums on GST, petrol, legal who had been vaccinated only days take up contact with Dr Müller. Standing last in Zahis book- representation, food irradiation, etc. before. Sincerely yours,signing queue (one of his new We are also making This was my clinical observation Hans C. Moolenburgh, Haarlem,books, by the way, has three refer- more shareable to members, as in as I retired in April 2003; I have The Netherlandsences to Selim Hassan), I leaned database and chat rooms, etc. not any further clinical observa- [Thanks for the letter, Hans. Weover the table and said, "Dr We have just found the full tions to further this theory. are already in the process of con -Hawass, I wish to inquire about a Quick and Garran A n n o t a t e d Perhaps one of your reporters tacting Dr Müller about his work.specific detail from researches of Australian Constitution ( 1 1 7 0 can find more information on what See his article on Global ScalingDr Selim Hassan". pages) at the webpage are only my clinical observations. Theory in this issue. Ed.]AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 5
  • 6. MONSANTO HAS A possession of seeds or plants MONOPOLY ON LIFE containing a patented gene, theC ivil society and farmers organisations worldwidereacted with outrage on 21 May burden is on the farmer to prove that s/he is not infringing the companys monopoly the 5–4 decision by the "In Monsantos world, were allCanadian Supreme Court, affirm- criminals unless a court rules oth-ing Monsantos right to prosecute erwise," observes Silvia Ribeirofarmers who are found to have of ETC Groups Mexico office.GM crops growing on their land, "This will come as shockingwhether they wanted them or not. news to indigenous farmers in Monsanto Company accused Mexico, whose maize fields haveSaskatchewan farmers Percy and been contaminated with DNALouise Schmeiser of violating the from genetically modified plants,companys patent on genetically and to farmers everywhere whomodified canola (oilseed rape). are fighting to prevent geneticallyPercy and Louise did not want modified organisms from tres-Monsantos GM canola seeds that passing in their fields," saidinvaded their property, and they Ribeiro.did not try to benefit from the Monsantos newspaper ads inherbicide-tolerant trait in the GM Chiapas, Mexico, are alreadyseed (that is, they didnt spray warning peasants that if they areRoundup weedkiller), but still Monsanto extend to anything its genes get into, found using GM seed illegally, they riskprosecuted them for patent infringement whether plant, animal or human," said Pat fines and even prison.and demanded a portion of their income. Mooney, Executive Director of ETC "No doubt Monsanto will say this is aThe Schmeisers waged a courageous, Group, one of the interveners in the case. victory for their stockholders, but itsseven-year battle against Monsanto that The Canadian Court goes even further victory will be shortlived," said Patwent all the way to the Supreme Court. than notoriously monopoly-friendly US Mooney. "This ruling will unite farmers The Supreme Courts decision effectively patent law because it finds that a gene and others opposed to corporate control ofnullifies the Courts 2002 decision that patent extends to any higher organism that food and life, and galvanize civil society tohigher life-forms, including plants, are not contains the patented gene. "Under this take the issue out of the courts and back topatentable subject matter. According to the ruling, spreading GM pollution appears to politicians," said Mooney.21 May decision, a patent on a gene or cell be recognized as a viable corporate owner- (Source: ETC Group news release, 21 Maycan be infringed by a farmers use of a plant ship strategy," said Mooney. 2004, seed into which the patented material has Monsantos GM seed technologybeen incorporated. accounted for over 90% of the global area NEW STUN WEAPONS TO "Monsanto has won an inflatable patent planted with GM seeds last year. The TARGET CROWDStoday. They can now say that their rights Courts ruling means that if a farmer is in W eapons that can incapacitate crowds of people by sweeping a lightning- like beam of electricity across them are being readied for sale to military and police forces in the USA and Europe. At present, commercial stun guns target one person at a time, work only at close quarters and have no effect on vehicles. The new breed of non-lethal weapons can be used on many people at once and oper- ate over far greater distances. But the advent of wireless stun weapons has horrified human rights groups, who are appalled by the fact that no independent safety tests have been carried out, and con- cerned by their potential for indiscriminate use. Robin Coupland of the Red Cross says they risk becoming a new instrument of torture, and Brian Wood of Amnesty International says the long-range stun guns could "inflict pain and other suffering on innocent bystanders". (Source: New Scientist, 19 June 2004)6 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 7. ... GL BAL NEWS ... INDIAS GLOBAL TAKEOVER three hours television a day. Urine But now a team from Geomar, an earthA quiet metamorphosis is taking place in Asia as Indian companies buy up theirrivals abroad. Last year, Indian firms took samples taken at the beginning and end of the experiment showed a significant rise in melatonin levels, particularly among the sciences institute at Kiel University in Germany, has come up with a completely new type of geological catastrophe toover more than 75 international compa- younger children, by the end of the explain the death of the dinosaurs as wellnies. It started with acquisitions in the television-less week. As well as blacking as three previous mass extinctions. If theyinformation technology and related ser- out the video screens, parents were asked are right, the culprit was neither a mete-vices sector, but now it has spread far and to reduce the intensity of artificial lighting orite nor a flood basalt, but a colossalwide to cover other industries. in their homes during the experiment. underground explosion called a Verneshot In pharmaceuticals, Wockhardt has Melatonin is a hormone produced by the (named in honour of Jules Verne).bought CP Pharma of the United Kingdom pineal gland, a pea-sized organ just above The Verneshot hypothesis attempts tofor $10.85 million. Tata Tea, part of the the middle of the brain. Exposure to light explain a mystery that haunts the debateTata Group, Indias oldest industrial con- during the day inhibits its production, over why mass extinctions always seem toglomerate, has taken over Tetley of the which normally begins around 9 pm, with coincide with both continental floodUK, the worlds biggest teabag maker, for rising levels of melatonin in the blood basalts and meteorite impacts, when theUS$430 million—becoming the worlds making people feel sleepy. odds of these happening simultaneouslysecond-largest tea company in the process. Scientists are less certain about the role are vanishingly slim. Among the most publicised deals, Tata of the hormone in regulating the onset of In the past 400 million years, there haveMotors bought South Korean company puberty, an issue the Florence researchers been four major mass extinctions.Daewoos truck plant in that country. intend to pursue. In Western societies, the Between 380 and 364 million years ago,Reliance Infocomm, belonging to Indias arrival of puberty has advanced by about a the Frasnian–Fammenian extinction pulseslargest privately held business house, year since the 1950s, when television wiped out 60% of marine life. That wasReliance Group, took over Flag became common. followed by the biggest extinction of all,International, a major telecom network. It is the light from the TV set that is the when 96% of the worlds species disap- A recent report by Goldman Sachs, for supposed problem. Extra exposure to light peared at the end of the Permian, 251 mil-example, predicts that India will be the lowers production of melatonin, says lion years ago. There was another hugethird-biggest economy by 2050—just Roberti Salti of the University of Florence. die-off at the end of the Triassic, 201 mil-behind China and the US, in that order. (Sources: Independent, 27 June 2004; New lion years ago. And finally, 66 million In the UK alone, Indian firms have Scientist, vol. 183, issue 2454, 3 July 2004) years ago, the dinosaurs and numerousabout 440 investments/joint ventures, with other groups met their end at theIndia being the eighth-largest investor. VERNESHOT HYPOTHESIS MAY Cretaceous–Tertiary (K–T) boundary.Last year, the top 92 Indian-American- EXPLAIN IMPACT CRATERS Each of these events is associated withowned companies in the US generatedbusiness of $2.2 billion and provided full-time employment to about 19,000 in 2002. T he argument over what killed the dinosaurs has raged for 25 years and polarised into two opposing camps: those both a meteorite impact and a continental flood basalt. Yet even one such double whammy is highly unlikely, so could itThere are 1,441 Indian companies operat- who support a meteorite impact; and those really have happened four times ?ing in Singapore; of these, more than 450 who favour a prolonged bout of mega- Meteorite impacts large enough to trigger aare technology enterprises. volcanism—a "continental flood basalt". mass extinction are believed to occur less(Source: Asia Times Online, 22 June 2004, TV SCREEN LIGHT DEPRESSES SLEEP HORMONE IN CHILDRENE xposure to television can influence melatonin levels in children and possi-bly contribute to the premature onset ofpuberty, according to a study by scientistsfrom the University of Florence in Italy. The study found a 30% increase in lev-els of the sleep-regulating hormone in chil-dren who had abstained from watchingtelevision for a week. The findings are based on a study of 74children from the Tuscan town ofCavriglia who volunteered to foregotelevision, video games and computers fora week last month [May] in the interests ofscience. Aged between six and 12, thechildren normally watched an average ofAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 7
  • 8. ... GL BAL NEWS ...than once every 100 million years. MEDICAL IMPLANTS POWERED vaccines that were either identical orContinental flood basalts, meanwhile, hap- BY BODY HEAT slightly different to a strain of flu infectingpen roughly once every 30 to 50 millionyears and last for about a million years. Geomar team leader Jason Phipps A company in New York state is plan- ning to provide patients with an implantable power source that recharges ponies. The ponies given mismatched vaccine were more likely to become infected and to excrete live flu virus, andMorgan said that "the odds of a meteorite the battery of their medical implant (i.e., also stayed infectious longer than poniesimpact occurring at the same time as a con- pacemakers, defibrillators) using electricity with a well-matched vaccine.tinental flood basalt within the last 400 mil- generated by the patients own body heat. "The longer infectious period allows thelion years is around one in eight". But the By continuously recharging the batteries, virus more replication cycles and a greaterprobability of four of these coincidences it saves the patient from frequent surgery. chance to evolve," says co-author Jameshappening within the last 400 million years In some low power devices, it could even Wood. And when the researchers put theiris one in 3,500. replace the batteries altogether, making results into an epidemic model, they found A Verneshot event could trigger a such operations unnecessary. the risk of large outbreaks after using amagnitude 11 earthquake and eject as much The "biothermal battery", under develop- mismatched vaccine to be up to 1,000as 20 gigatonnes of rock into a "super- ment by Biophan Technologies of West times higher than after a well-matched vac-stratospheric" trajectory before crashing Henrietta, will generate electricity using cination (Proceedings of the Royal Societyback to earth, in some cases causing impact arrays of thousands of thermoelectric gen- B, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.2766).craters. erators built into an implantable chip. This kind of flawed vaccination may(Source: New Scientist, 8 May 2004) These generators exploit the well-known have allowed flu mutants to evolve in thermocouple effect, in which a small volt- vaccinated poultry in Mexico (N e w DNA STUDY SHOWS HUMANS age is generated when two of the junctions Scientist, 27 March 2004). The work also AND CHIMPS NOT SO SIMILAR between two dissimilar materials are kept raises further concerns about widespreadH umans and their closest relatives, chimpanzees, may be more differentthan geneticists have realised. A compari- at different temperatures. Todays pacemaker batteries last more than a decade before they need replacing. poultry vaccination in China. A virulent new bird flu devastated birds across East Asia this year and also killed 22 people.son of the chimpanzees chromosome 22 Biophan says the device it is aiming for (Source: New Scientist, 19 June 2004)with its human counterpart, chromosome will be able extend this to three decades by21, shows that just 1.44% of the chromo- continuously trickle-charging pacemaker BACTERIAL INTEGRATEDsomes 33.3 million DNA bases are differ- batteries. It might even be able to power CIRCUITS CAN SENSE TOXINSent. The study also revealed nearly 68,000insertions or deletions of DNA, most ofwhich were only a few bases long. some low-power pacemakers directly. (Source: New Scientist, 12 June 2004) U sing silicon chips to collect signals from specially altered bacteria, NASA-supported researchers at the But because each gene contains hundreds CONTAGIOUS FLU VACCINES? University of Tennessee have created aor thousands of bases, even these differ-ences are enough to alter more than 80% ofthe proteins produced by those genes, says T he dangers of vaccinating against flu if the vaccine is not a perfect match for the disease strain have been highlighted by device that can detect almost anything. Microbiologist Gary Sayler and colleagues have already used these devices, known asthe International Chimpanzee Chromosome a horse study. BBICs, or Bioluminescent Bioreporter22 Consortium (Nature 429:382). Andrew Parks team at the Animal Integrated Circuits, to track pollution.(Source: New Scientist, 29 May 2004) Health Trust near Newmarket, UK, tested NASA is interested in sensing contami- nants because spaceships are tightly sealed. Unseen fumes from scientific experiments or toxins produced by moulds and other biofilms can accumulate and pose a hazard to astronauts. BBICs can be crafted to sense almost anything: ammonia, cadmi- um, chromate, cobalt, copper, lead, mer- cury, PCBs, proteins, ultrasound, ultravio- let radiation, zinc—the list goes on and on. Microbes thrive in a wide range of envi- ronments, so its possible to design BBICs that can survive in extreme or highly conta- minated surroundings. "They can actually do their job sitting in things such as jet fuel/water mixtures," marvels Sayler. BBICs are useful on Earth, too. They can detect formaldehyde emitted by pressed wood furniture and moulds often implicated in sick building syndrome. "If this device works as planned, it could "The future isnt what it used to be." turn out to be a very inexpensive kind of8 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 9. ... GL BAL NEWS ...monitoring system," says Sayler. FROM BODY CLOCKS TO CHRONOTHERAPEUTICS Advanced BBICs could serve as bioter-rorism monitors, as a means to detect DNAradiation damage in astronauts, or as a C hronobiology, as the study of body clocks is known, has already produced some curiosities. If you want to bet on when you might give birth naturally, go for between 4 am and 6 am. If you have osteoarthritis, it will hit you worst in the earlydiagnostic tool for doctors. evening. Your risk of an asthma attack is 300 times higher between 2 am and 6 am.(Source: NASA Headlines, 10 June 2004, Each disease, it seems, strikes hardest at a time of its own choosing. It took decades of investigation for scientists to tease out the location of the bodys10jun_bbics.htm) master clock. Eventually, in mammals at least, it was narrowed down to a clump of just 20,000 cells in a part of the brain called the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), a part of the A CLOSE CALL WITH ASTEROID hypothalamus at the base of the brain. Within the cells, scientists found a series of TOUTATIS IN SEPTEMBER 2004? genes that switched on, off and back on again over a 24-hour period. This cycle has twoO n 29 September, a three-mile-long asteroid will make the closest predict-ed approach of any asteroid or comet to knock-on effects: firstly, to send electrical pulses into the nervous system; and secondly, to produce squirts of hormones. Both spread through the body like the chime of a clock.visit Earth in the next 30 years, say scien- Scientists have since discovered that while the SCN beats out a standard time for thetists at NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory body, each of our organs uses the signal to set its own individual clock, much as coun-Near-Earth Orbiting Programme Office. tries set their time by GMT. Many organs, such as the liver and kidneys, are typicallyThey predict the asteroid will come within on New York time—five hours behind our master body clock.963,000 miles of Earth—a very near miss. Many working at the forefront of chronobiology believe that medicine has missed a Asteroid 4179 Toutatis was named after trick by failing to take time variations into account. "Look at how we educate doctorsa Celtic/Gallic god, and is one of the and scientists. Theyre taught that the body is in a constant state over 24 hours, not thatlargest known Potentially Hazardous you get these cycles," says Michael Smolensky, an expert in body clocks at theAsteroids (PHAs) that approaches our University of Texas at Houston.planet on a Near Earth Orbit (NEO). The upshot is that many in the medical profession, though aware that physiology Close encounters with Venus, Earth, changes with time, do not appreciate the implications.Mars and Jupiter constantly alter the shape Many experts in the field are convinced that if doctors and pharmaceutical companiesof the asteroids path as it loops through the appreciated how diseases vary with time, they could significantly improve their treat-solar system every 3.98 years. On 31 ments. Studies have already shown that, in the case of certain diseases, taking drugs atOctober 2000, the asteroid passed less than different times has a marked influence on how effective they are.29 lunar distances from Earth. The 29 The revelation that drugs work better at certain times has raised deep concerns amongSeptember 2004 fly-past will come within some in the scientific community who believe that it undermines how common chemicalfour lunar distances of the Earth. tests are performed. Before a drug gets anywhere near a human, it is tested on animals, usually rodents. T o u t a t i s also has one of the strangest And your typical lab mouse is nocturnal. "It means weve been testing chemicals, androtations yet observed in the solar system. not just drugs, on animals whose physiology is 12 hours out of synch with our own,"Instead of spinning about a single axis, as says Foster. "Does this mean we need to redo all of our toxicity testing? Its not out ofdo the planets and the vast majority of the question."asteroids, it "tumbles" somewhat like a Foster believes that the pharmaceutical industry could benefit from investigating howrugby football when it bounces. time affects the workings of its drugs. Doing so could not only reveal the best time to At three miles long, it would present a take a drug, but also when not to take it. "Say you test a new anticancer drug and itterrible danger if it were to collide with the causes appalling side-effects and kills lots of animals. You decide you cant use thatEarth, although scientists at NASA say this drug, and move on to another one," Foster says. "But if that drug had been tested atis unlikely. It is travelling at a speed of another time, say 12 hours later, it may have caused very few side-effects. So it couldabout 20 miles per second, and if it struck well be the case that not only are we giving drugs that cause more damage than neces-an ocean it would unleash a "mega tsunami" sary, but we are missing out on other very valuable drugs because they are nasty at theor giant tidal wave that could reach around time they are tested."the entire globe, inundating millions of Despite emphasising the shortcomings, though, Redfern doesnt rule out chronothera-hectares of land, destroying coastal peutics. "There may well be conditions like cancer, asthma, cardiovascular disease andhabitations and killing perhaps millions of epilepsy where this is worth looking at," he says.people. "Its not like 10 years ago, when this was considered a bit off-the-wall. Its taken a lot If it hit land, it could annihilate an area more seriously now. We know it isnt fantasy."the size of Europe and raise enough dustinto the atmosphere to change the climate Further readingof the planet, causing a mini ice age that • Rhythms of Life, by Russell Foster and Leon Kreitzman, Profile Books, 2004, ISBNwould freeze crops, destroy plant life and 1861972350pre-empt a global famine. • Chronotherapeutics, by Peter Redfern, Pharmaceutical Press, 2003, ISBN 0853694885 An orbit simulation of the close • The Body Clock Guide to Better Health, by Michael Smolensky and Lynne Lamberg,approach of Toutatis is at http://neo.jpl. Owl Books, 2001, ISBN • Chronobiology, by Jay C. Dunlap et al., Sinauer Associates, 2003, ISBN 087893149X(Source: Ian Gurney, 5 February 2004) (Source: by Ian Sample, The Guardian, UK, 1 July 2004)AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 9
  • 10. 10 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 11. The one thing that every Middle Eastern leader, manager and planner who dreams of holding his country together fears now is that there will be a widespread uprising inspired by the perceived victory against Spain after [the bombing in] Madrid and Spains withdrawal from Iraq, that it might prompt much of the Muslim world to start attacking oil facilities everywhere. This is the way they see that has worked, to defeat the West and to avenge their grievances. May God help us all if that happens. As major oilfields Stability must come to Iraq. But how? — Anonymous Middle Eastern participant at the Third Conference of the Association continue to decline for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas, Berlin, Germany, May 2004 in productivity, as J une 21, 2004, Berlin and Los Angeles — From The Wilderness (FTW) began writ- ing about Peak Oil in the summer of 2002. It was much more difficult then to dis- new infrastructure cuss Peak Oil, what it means or how certain, quick and defiant was to be its arrival. Denial in many minds was so instant and overwhelming that only a trained eye is too expensive to could see its millisecond appearance before encountering the brick wall of a closed mind. build and as global By the spring of 2004, things had changed dramatically. This is both the good news and the bad news. In May 2004, I attended the Third Annual Conference of the oil reserves cannot Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas (ASPO) in Berlin, Germany. Although I have a great many friends in ASPO, I tend to leave these conferences feeling as though meet demand, we Ive had a big meal but am still hungry. Governed as they were by scientific protocols, the 2003 and 2004 conferences seemed to occur in vacuums. With the cool professionalism are on the brink of thats proper to scientific discourse, the conferences marshalled excellent resources of data and analysis while remaining eerily detached from political and economic developments a worldwide in the outside world—detached from 9/11, from violence and intrigue in Iraq, in Saudi Arabia, in West Africa, in Venezuela; detached from bitter conflict and bloodshed, and economic and from economic disintegration. social crisis. That disconnect was nowhere near as obvious in Paris in May 2003 as it was in Berlin a year later. From May 24, 2004, as people arrived for the conference, through to the final day on May 26, the hottest conversations were as much about what was going on in the headlines as about what was being discussed inside the room. The two didnt converge nearly enough. Peak Oil, Berlin, was almost twice as large as Paris had been. Many of the 250-plus attendees arrived on both mornings with papers under their arms containing stories about oil shortages and economic issues connected thereto. They tended to meet outside for drinks or meals, asking: "Have you seen the cover of the June 2004 National Geographic? Its Peak Oil!"; "Did you see the International Herald Tribune today on global production and supply?"; "Do you think the Saudis really can increase by Michael C. Ruppert production, or are they bluffing?"; "Did you see where Shell has downgraded its reserves, © June 2004 again!?"; "Did you notice that someone finally attacked a Saudi oil facility? Now the From The Wilderness Publications Saudis wont have to prove that they can increase production, either to their people or the All rights reserved markets. Its the perfect excuse." PO Box 6061-350 This had been no overnight development. For almost the entire year between the Paris Sherman Oaks, CA 91413, USA and Berlin conferences, the icons of the mainstream press—the ones known and employed Telephone: +1 (818) 788 8791 to mould public and business perception—had been acknowledging Peak Oils reality, Email: sometimes reluctantly, sometimes less than directly, but also sometimes very boldly. Website: CNN, the BBC, the New York Times, the Economist—dozens of media giants had begun to respond, like a giant ship turning slowly in the water. The ship had clearly changed course, but was it enough? Was it in time?AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 11
  • 12. In Berlin: Show versus Substance With bottle-brush drilling, when the water table hits the Present in Berlin for the ASPO conference on May 25 and 26 horizontal shaft, often without warning, the whole field iswere some newcomers, senior representatives from British virtually dead and production immediately drops off to almostPetroleum, ExxonMobil and the International Energy Agency nothing. As several at the conference noted, this is exactly what(IEA). They came as nobles called to a commoners court: polite, has already happened in Oman, Syria and Yemen.courteous, but waving their flags just the same, unperturbed by As William Kennedy, a UK observer at the conference, notedthe growing mess around them. If nothing else, their presence afterwards: "For the record, Ghawars ultimate recoverableserved as a reminder that Peak Oil was squarely on the table. reserves in 1975 were estimated at 60 billion barrels—byEven from their denials came startling revelations. ExxonMobil, Texaco and Chevron. It had produced 55 billion As the press reports describing a disintegrating world outside barrels up to the end of 2003 and is still producing at 1.8 billionrolled on, the debate inside still seemed removed from it all. It per annum. That shows you how close it might be to the end.felt strange to discuss Peak Oil in a purely data-driven way, while When Ghawar dies, the world is officially in decline."knowing how utterly it will shatter our growth-driven industrial No one, not even from the major oil companies or the economiccivilisation. camp, rose to defend Saudi Arabias claim that it could increase The big three of ASPO—Colin Campbell, Kjell Aleklett and production rapidly.Jean Laherrère—accompanied by the de facto star of the event, The BBCs Adam Porter ("Is The Worlds Oil Running Outinvestment banker Matthew Simmons, had their work cut out for Fast?", BBC News, June 7, 2004) nailed the IEAs Chiefthem; not with the audience but with those who had come to deny. Economist, Faith Birol, over his confident assertion that there is Natural gas issues facing Europe took up most of the first day. still plenty of oil:Two things quickly became clear on that account. Firstly, almost "In public, Mr Birol denied that supply would not be able toall of Europe, soon even perhaps Ireland, is going to become meet rising demand, especially from the buoyant economies in thedependent upon Russian natural gas to stay warm (Britain has just USA, China and India.become a net gas importer in the face of North Sea decline). "But after his speech, he seemed to change his tune.Secondly, Russia has much less natural gas than the economists "For the time being, there is no spare capacity. But we expectand bookkeepers have predicted. demand to increase by the fourth quarter Simmons asked rhetorically why [of the year] by 3 million barrels aanyone would stake their future on day.four large Russian fields that have "If Saudi does not increase "He pinned his hopes for an increasebeen shown to be in permanent in production squarely on troubleddecline. It was a good question, espe- supply by three million barrels Saudi Arabia.cially in light of the fact that a day by the end of the year, "If Saudi does not increase supplyLaherrère, with his renowned calcula- by three million barrels a day by thetions, concluded that natural gas we will can I say end of the year, we will candemand in Europe would grow at 6.4% will be very difficult. I say will be very difficult. Weper year, that the global natural gas will have difficult times. They mustcliff would hit by approximately 2030, We will have difficult times." invest.and that by 2050 there would be zero "But even Mr Birol admitted thatreserves left. He calmly announced Saudi production was about flat.that, as far as Russian gas reserves are Three million extra barrels a dayconcerned, there is a 50% difference between the technical data would mean a huge 30% leap in output in just a few months.on Russian gas and what he called the "political" data. Simmons "When BBC News Online followed up by asking if this giantpointed out that North America hit its natural gas peak in 1973 increase in production was actually possible rather than simply aand is now falling off the production cliff. desire, he refused to answer. You are from the press? This is not Presentations exploring liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports to for you. This is not for the press."the USA concluded what FTW already knew: the cost is tooexpensive, the lead-time too long, and the capital investment too Mistakes of the Energy Industrygreat to make much of a difference here. In his presentation, Matthew Simmons, CEO of Simmons and Everybody, even the giant German power companies like Co. International, the worlds largest investment bank, reeled off aRWE, talked about coal. Nuclear, at least for some, was also an litany of "mistakes" made by the energy industry over decades.option but there were no other viable near-term solutions He described some of these mistakes as: demand was neverpresented. Token representatives of hydrogen and alternative understood properly; supply was merely aspiration (not actualenergies made presentations—but for those who had looked at reality); decline curves became waterfalls; we didnt have enoughhard numbers, these were more show than substance. rigs (infrastructure); there was little fuel substitution; there were few technology gains.Saudi Arabia: The Hot Topic Simmons described these mistakes as cascading and Saudi Arabias promise to increase production to meet US and compounding over time, and suggested that the underlying causeworld economic needs was the hot topic. Much discussion and of all of them was the inherent assumption pushed by the financialhard data were devoted to the fact that Ghawar—the largest field markets that growth could possibly be infinite—when nothing elsein the world—is, along with all of Saudi Arabias other large in the physical universe is; when no organism or species has everfields, old and tired. In recent years, both water injection and so- avoided the cycle of growth, maturity and decline that governs thecalled "bottle-brush" drilling have been employed to maintain natural world.production, and both of these techniques tend to accelerate decline Colin Campbell, the "godfather" of the Peak Oil movement, withand damage the reservoirs. They are desperate measures. a bit of pique divided the conference presenters into three camps:12 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 13. the Surveyors, who report hard data and not abstract modelling; the FTW readers: West Africa, Middle East and South America. NotEconomists, who deny reality and assert that money produces one of those well-explored regions has anything near the two orenergy and not the other way around; and the Pretenders, "who three Ghawar fields we need to find immediately to avert a crisis.know full-well what the situation is but pretend otherwise for Assuming sufficient oil were found, how much money wouldshort-term political objectives". In the last camp he places Faith be needed to develop it and bring it to market? ExxonMobilsBirol of the IEA, supposedly the worlds energy watchdog. spokesman indicated that a global annual investment of US$530 Even Birol made his own startling revelations on the second day billion would be required. The IEAs Faith Birol stated that $16when he confirmed that another new trend, new since Paris, had trillion would have to be invested before 2030 to develop oil andbecome dominant. Many presenters from German and European gas reserves that, even he admitted, no one is sure exist.industry began listing a new priority for future energy planningthat I had not heard before. They all emphasised "energy security" Ali Samsam Bakhtiari: A Candid Assessmentas the top concern, or one of their most important concerns, for the Another fixture at ASPO conferences is Ali Samsam Bakhtiari,future. I checked my notes from Paris; I hadnt recorded its being Vice President of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). Amentioned once. That sounded military to suave and genial Persian on whose tribalme, at least in terms of building geostrategic land the first oil well in the Middle East wasalliances which always have military options drilled, Bakhtiari was doggedly followed byincluded. When confronted directly on that journalists and documentarians looking forpoint, the presenters retreated to assertions relevant quotations. Frequently in thethat what they really want are treaties and "The crisis is very, very company of Simmons, he remained availableeconomic agreements. "Well," I thought, throughout the conference. Bakhtiari is"what enforces those things?" near. World War III firmly in the camp of the Surveyors, warning Birol also hit hard on this point. Then he has started. It has about Peak Oil and convinced of itsengaged in a kind of irrational presentation certainty. It was he who, in Paris, droppedin which he put forth four points. The first already affected every the first hints to me and others that Sauditwo were telling. Firstly, he said the IEA is single citizen of the Arabia may have peaked in May 2003. Iabsolutely certain that there is enough ener- have come to call him "the Prophet Ali"—agy to guarantee economic growth until 2025. Middle East. Soon it label which makes him quickly blush andIn his next point, he said that (in light ofShells downward revisions and pend- will spill over to affect wave his hands in embarrassment. Like others from the region attendinging revisions from other major oil com- every single citizen of the conference, Bakhtiari brought newpanies) there is sufficient uncertaintyabout the true nature of stated world the world." warnings. He cited the data about sudden and unexpected declines as thereserves that a new "transparent" result of bottle-brush drilling in thereserve accounting system should be – Ali Samsam Bakhtiari region, and expressed his strong doubtsestablished to provide the needed trust Vice President that Saudi Arabia could increasefor the financial markets. In other National Iranian Oil Company production under any circumstances.words, his first point is meaningless. While a bit more reticent to express his Colin Campbell, seated on the panel fears about growing instability withinwith Birol, quipped, "If there were the region, he was more candid in histransparency, it would be clear that we assessment of the global energy picture.are at peak now and everything might Bakhtiari told the conference: "Thefall apart". Again, I thought of the crisis is very, very near. World Warheadlines and war and said to myself, III has started. It has already affected"Um, it already is". every single citizen of the Middle East. Soon it will spill over to British Petroleum and ExxonMobil also stepped through the affect every single citizen of the world. Syrias oil production islooking glass. After presenting a series of slides which almost in terminal decline. Yemen is following. Major Middle Easteveryone in the audience was quite capable of reading, BP producers, including Saudi Arabia, will peak soon or have alreadyspokesman Francis Harper, addressing the issue of "reserve peaked."growth", refused to answer two direct questions about how his Off the stage, he was even more direct. "The present war can-charts had just absolutely confirmed an imminent peak and not be confined to the Middle East. It will soon spill over to thedecline. He just didnt answer. He did say that "Reserve esti- rest of the world. The final implications will upset the globalmates are uncertain and can vary widely throughout field life". applecart." Later, ASPO founder Campbell speculated that BP is perhapsthe worst book-cooker of all the majors when it comes to reserves, Rimini and Uppsala Protocols: Ethical Managementand that there may be some large surprises coming as increasing Colin Campbell has begun the search, from a true expertspressure is put on the majors to produce transparent and verifiable viewpoint, for immediate, if admittedly incomplete, solutions. Incalculations. his final presentation, he submitted a draft of a plan to manage ExxonMobils G. Jeffrey Johnson, while saying that supply is decline ethically. Called the Uppsala Protocol (formerly thesufficient to satisfy growth until 2020, also admitted that current Rimini Protocol; see, Campbells simpledecline is at 4–6% per year. Economic growth is not possible proposal approaches Peak Oil from the perspective ofwithout increased energy production. When asked by me where humanitarian and egalitarian imperatives rather than marketExxonMobil is working feverishly to find new reserves, Johnson forces. Though simple in concept, the two proposals for futurerattled off a list of countries and regions already well familiar to consumption in the Uppsala Protocol may ultimately forceAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 13
  • 14. mankind to make a fundamental choice about what its moral drop. Millions in colder regions would freeze…""True North" really is. It was a tepid entry from the Post, but a start. The story relied As the conference ended, Campbell and others debated whether on generalities about peak and decline, to the exclusion of all theto take the conference to Brussels ("Broadway", as he called it), hard data that have surfaced over the last two years.home of the European Union, in 2005 or go to Portugal. I Simultaneously, it tried to give false comfort without foundation.couldnt help thinking, "What are you waiting for?" Just over a month before, on April 26, the Moscow Times had been a bit more direct. "G-7: Oil Price Threatens WorldThe World Awaits Confirmation Economy" was the headline, and the story minced no words: When I got back from the extended trip to Berlin, Cologne and "...In a statement released after talks in Washington, the G-7sToronto, it was like all the "real-life" things that werent men- central bankers and finance ministers singled out energy costs as ationed in Berlin had ganged up on me. My in-box was flooded risk to global growth. Crude oil prices are up about 37 percentwith Peak Oil stories from all over the world. The stories were from a year ago and have risen 11 percent to nearly 11-year highscoming out daily now; they seemed like pellets from a massive around $37 per barrel since the officials last met in Florida onshotgun blast which people had not yet realised had been Feb. 7.unleashed by only one trigger-pull and only one shooter. It had "It is obvious that rising oil prices can have a negative effect onalways been inevitable that, sooner or later, people, politicians world GDP growth, said US Treasury Secretary John Snow.and the markets would get it, perhaps all at once. It was the German Finance Minister Hans Eichel said the Organization of"later" possibility that scared most of us in Berlin. Petroleum Exporting Countries must live up to their responsibility If one scratched any surface in early June 2004, as the G8 for the global economy..."nations gathered in Georgia with energy and the Middle East as These stories were followed shortly thereafter by more whichtheir most pressing concerns ("G8 offers opportunity for Bush", edged dangerously close to the panic line. And all throughoutCNN, June 7), as gasoline prices con- May and June, webs of sophistry weretinued to rise, as a wave of terror spun forth by pundits who misrepre-attacks forced foreign technical service sented data with only one real intent: aworkers to flee Saudi Arabia, as SaudiArabia continued not to increase pro- "...conventional oil production desperate effort to "protect" the mar- kets. That effort had apparently failed.duction and as more data streamed in has already peaked and Some, like Sterling Burnett in asuggesting that it couldnt, one could is declining. For every Houston Chronicle Op Ed of May 29,almost feel panic lurking. blithely claimed that there is enough The biggest fear, however, subtly 10 barrels of conventional oil oil to last for 500 years. Not even theacknowledged by global policy-makers chief critics of Peak Oil would do that.and not-so-successfully masked, is consumed, only four new Others, like Victor Canto of theabout e n e r g y. On June 6, Peak Oil barrels are discovered." National Review ("Hubberts Holes",arrived in the Washington Post. In a June 4), said it was all a matter of eco-story titled "After the Oil Runs Out", nomics; need and price would produceJames Jordan and James Powell wrote: a painless substitution with some new "If youre wondering about the direc- energy source he wasnt quite able totion of gasoline prices over the long term, forget for a moment describe or hadnt fully researched.about OPEC quotas and drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Even the shameless George F. Will, writing in the New YorkRefuge and consider instead the matter of Hubberts Peak. Thats Post ("America After Oil", June 13), while not fully able to saynot a place, its a concept developed a half-century ago by a geol- that Peak Oil isnt real, suggested that everything is a function ofogist named M. King Hubbert, and it explains a lot about whats price and that throwing money at the problem would soften thegoing on today at the gas pump. Hubbert argued that at a certain blow, while at the same time offering an unfounded morsel ofpoint oil production peaks, and thereafter it steadily declines hope for the easily frightened by saying, "But, then, Alaska mayregardless of demand. In 1956 he predicted that US oil produc- have three times more reserves than originally estimated".tion would peak about 1970 and decline thereafter. Skeptics George, weve been there. Estimated reserves? Probablescoffed, but he was right... reserves? Proven reserves? Ultimately recoverable reserves? "It now appears that world oil production, about 80 million The kind of reserves that caused Shell to revise its "booked"barrels a day, will soon peak. In fact, conventional oil production reserve figures downwards four times in one year? (Canadianhas already peaked and is declining. For every 10 barrels of Broadcasting Co., May 24) The kind of reserves that caused theconventional oil consumed, only four new barrels are discovered. IEAs Chief Economist Faith Birol to state that a deep, new trans-Without the unconventional oil from tar sands, liquefied natural parency is needed in the reporting if we are to find out how muchgas and other deposits, world production would have peaked there really is? The kind of reserves that British Petroleum wasseveral years ago… forced to defend on June 14 (AP Business Wires), while warning "…Lost in the debate are three much bigger issues: the impact that new calculations might result in downward revisions? Theof declining oil production on society, the ways to minimize its kind of reserves that serve only to define share values and whicheffects and when we should act. Unfortunately, politicians and exist only in the minds of economists, brokers and stockbrokers?policymakers have ignored Hubberts Peak and have no plans to The kind of reserves which cannot and will never be pumped intodeal with it. If its beyond the next election, forget it. your gas tank, or be used to grow and transport your food, or get "To appreciate how vital oil is, imagine it suddenly vanished. you to work? The kind of reserves that prompted Business WeekVirtually all transport—autos, trucks, airplanes, ships and trains— to ask on June 21, "Why isnt Big Oil drilling more?", or Stevewould stop. Without the fertilizers and insecticide made from oil, Raabe of the Denver Post to write on June 13, "US Faces Realityfood output would plunge. Manufacturing output would also Check Over Oil", or Alex Berenson to write in the New York14 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 15. Times on June 12, asking why, for six years, Chevron Texacos "...the Federal Reserve has confirmed our Stock Market Crashstated oil reserves have risen while their production has steadily forecast by raising the Money Supply (M-3) by crisis proportions,fallen? Are we drilling more now and enjoying it less? Where is up another 46.8 billion this past week. What awful calamity dothe money for drilling coming from, as oil companies buy back they see? Something is up. This is unprecedented, unheard-ofshares, streamline and build up cash reserves? pre-catastrophe M-3 expansion. M-3 is up an amount that weve Duh! Big Oil isnt drilling more because they know there are never seen before without a crisis—$155 billion over the past 4no more large finds out there to drill in. More drilling doesnt weeks, a $2.0 trillion annualized pace, a 22.2 percent annualizedmean more supply. It means more holes in the ground. This is rate of growth!!! There must be a crisis of historic proportionswhat people like M. King Hubbert, Kenneth Deffeyes, Richard coming, and the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States isDuncan, Walter Youngquist, Colin Campbell, Kjell Aleklett, Jean making sure that there is enough liquidity in place to protect ourLaherrère, Richard Heinberg, Julian Darley, Matt Simmons and nations fragile financial system. The amazing thing is, the Fedsall of our colleagues have been warning about for years. actions mean they know what is about to happen. They are aware That is why I have taken such pains over the years to document of a terrible, horrific imminent event. What could it be?..."how the worlds economic system is hopelessly corrupt and We have to pay for $100 (or higher) a barrel of oil somehow.absolutely incapable of telling the truth. Yet, even so, there are Why dont we just print the money? Anyone who has heard of thestill signs that the thin veneer between outward confidence and damage done by inflation and hyperinflation to those least able tofear—between a half-truth which is really a lie and a whole truth cope with it should think back to Germanys Weimar Republic inwhich can lead to real solutions—is the 1920s. Perhaps they should alsoquickly dissolving. But until t h a t look ahead to future wars, as the USRubicon is crossed, until the Navy announced on Voice ofdeception and denial are overcome, America News on May 31 that it wasthere will be no real solution other deploying a US aircraft carrier battlethan continued war, bloodshed and It is what we are doing group to the Gulf of Guinea off thedestructive behaviour which are West African coast for a joint exer-blocking us from more peaceful, in the face of it that cise with our newfound friends—thelonger term and more humane is mankinds greatest tiny island nations of São Tomé andsolutions. Principe, which had just experienced George Bush and Dick Cheney challenge... a US-friendly coup.may have meant it when they said I no longer need to defend Peakthat the American way of life is not Oil and Gas. My assistance on thatnegotiable. But it most certainly is front seems wholly unneeded. Itson life-support and being sustained doing fine all by itself. It is what weby cruelty, brute force and lies. are doing in the face of it that is mankinds greatest challenge, and is the challenge of my futureThe Markets Just Cant Hide It Anymore work. On April 7, J. P. Morgan hosted a two-day private conference As if to punctuate this report and remind us of the great fearcall for its analysts and major investors, titled "Peak Oil: Fact or expressed by one attendee at the Berlin conference, on June 16Fiction?" FTW secured permission to get veteran investigative CNN reported that the security chief for all oil operations injournalist Suzan Mazur on the line to listen to that conference, and northern Iraq had been assassinated in an ambush as he left forwe reported on it to our subscribers. (I listened, too; see work that morning. This, but one day after another bombing of a major Iraqi pipeline. ∞morgan_oil.html.) Although Morgan barely stuck a toe into thewater, the mere fact that it had decided the subject was important About the Author:enough to address was a watershed moment. This, even as Michael C. Ruppert, an honours graduate in political science atBloomberg and Forbes were advising their more sophisticated UCLA (1973), is a former LAPD narcotics investigator who dis-readership about profit opportunities and likely consequences of covered CIA trafficking in drugs in 1977. He is publisher/editorPeak Oils arrival. That, of course, raised the unholy spectre of of the investigative newsletter, From The Wilderness. Seewild speculation that could cause untold human suffering as a for additional biographical,result of price gouging. news and sub scrip tion de tail s (the site is mi rrore d at It reminded me of the recommendation of Matthew Simmons in that oil futures and speculation should require a 50% mar- On November 28, 2001, Mike gave his first post–9/11 lecturegin requirement for investing in oil derivatives (futures). at Portland State University, Oregon, resulting in FTWs video, Finally, at long last, someone said it all in plain English on June The Truth and Lies About 9/11, which has sold more than13, 2004. On that day, the Seattle Times published an editorial by 10,000 copies (see review, NEXUS 9/05). Mikes new book,Scott Burns titled "Oil and S&P connection points to grim news Truth and Lies of 9/11: Americas Descent into Fascism at thefor stocks". Finally! End of the Age of Oil, will be available in late 2004. Mike was a Prior to this admission, CBS News MarketWatch issued a bul- speaker at NE XUS Con fere nc es i n Sydn ey in 200 2 andletin on May 26, saying that US new home sales had fallen Amsterdam in 2003 (video and DVD available from NEXUSsharply in April, and that was followed soon after on May 30 by a offices), and many of his articles have been published in NEXUSbulletin from another source, investment consultant Robert D. Magazine, most recently his 2002 interview, "Colin Campbell onMcHugh, drawing attention to a sudden and dramatic increase in Oil", in 10/01.Americas M3, credit-based, money supply ( The full te xt of this Peak Oil article i s at http: // – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 15
  • 16. 16 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 17. ABSTRACT A definitive review and close reading of medical peer-review journals and gov- ernment health statistics shows that American medicine frequently causes more harm than good. The number of people having in-hospital, adverse drug reac- tions (ADR) to prescribed medicine is 2.2 million [Lazarou, JAMA 279, 1998].1 Dr Richard Besser, of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in Analysis of available 1995 said the number of unnecessary antibiotics prescribed annually for viral infections was 20 million. Dr Besser, in 2003, now refers to tens of millions of unnecessary antibi- statistics reveals a otics.2, 2a The number of unnecessary medical and surgical procedures performed annually is 7.5 million.3 The number of people exposed to unnecessary hospitalisation annually is disturbing picture 8.9 million. 4 The total number of iatrogenic deaths shown in the following table [see next page] is 783,936. It is evident that the American medical system is the leading cause of that shows the death and injury in the United States. The 2001 heart disease annual death rate is medical 699,697; the annual cancer death rate, 553,251.5 [Abstract is continued on next page.] pharmaceutical INTRODUCTION Never before have the complete statistics on the multiple causes of iatrogenesis been system is the biggest combined in one paper. Medical science amasses tens of thousands of papers annually, each one a tiny fragment of the whole picture. To look at only one piece and try to under- cause of death and stand the benefits and risks is to stand one inch away from an elephant and describe everything about it. You have to pull back to reveal the complete picture, such as we have injury in the United done here. Each speciality, each division of medicine, keeps its own records and data on morbidity and mortality, like pieces of a puzzle. But the numbers and statistics were States. always hiding in plain sight. We have now completed the painstaking work of reviewing thousands and thousands of studies. Finally putting the puzzle together, we came up with some disturbing answers. Is American Medicine Working? At 14% of the gross national product, health-care spending reached US$1.6 trillion in 2003.15 Considering this enormous expenditure, we should have the best medicine in the Part 1 of 3 world. We should be reversing disease, preventing disease and doing minimal harm. However, careful and objective review shows the opposite. Because of the extraordinarily narrow context of medical technology through which contemporary medicine examines the human condition, we are completely missing the full picture. Medicine is not taking into consideration the following monumentally important aspects of a healthy human organism: (a) stress and how it adversely affects the immune system and life processes; (b) insufficient exercise; (c) excessive caloric intake; (d) highly by Carolyn Dean, MD, ND processed and denatured foods grown in denatured and chemically damaged soil; and (e) Martin Feldman, MD exposure to tens of thousands of environmental toxins. Gary Null, PhD Instead of minimising these disease-causing factors, we actually cause more illness Debora Rasio, MD through medical technology, diagnostic testing, overuse of medical and surgical procedures and overuse of pharmaceutical drugs. The huge disservice of this therapeutic strategy is © 2003–2004 the result of little effort or money being appropriated for preventing disease. Nutrition Institute of America, Inc. Website: Under-reporting of Iatrogenic Events As few as 5% and only up to 20% of iatrogenic acts are ever reported.16, 24, 25, 33, 34 This implies that if medical errors were completely and accurately reported, we would have aAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 17
  • 18. All the statistics above represent a one-year time span. ANNUAL PHYSICAL AND ECONOMIC COST OF Imagine the numbers over a 10-year period. Working with the MEDICAL INTERVENTION most conservative figures from our statistics, we project these Condition Deaths Cost Author 10-year death rates (see above). Hospital ADR 106,000 $12 billion Lazarou1, Suh49 Our projected statistic of 7.8 million iatrogenic deaths is more Medical error 98,000 $2 billion IOM6 than all the casualties from wars that America has fought in its Bedsores 115,000 $55 billion Xakellis7, Barczak8 entire history. Infection 88,000 $5 billion Weinstein9, MMWR10 Our projected figures for unnecessary medical events occurring Malnutrition 108,800 ---- Nurses Coalition11 over a 10-year period are also dramatic. Outpatient ADR 199,000 $77 billion Starfield12, Weingart112 Unnecessary Procedures 37,136 $122 billion HCUP3, 13 TEN-YEAR STATISTICS FOR UNNECESSARY INTERVENTION Surgery-related 32,000 $9 billion AHRQ85 Unnecessary Events 10-year Number Iatrogenic Events TOTAL 783,936 $282 billion Hospitalisation 89 million4 17.8 million Procedures 75 million3 13.0 million ANNUAL UNNECESSARY MEDICAL EVENTS STATISTICS TOTAL 164 million 30.8 million Unnecessary Events People Affected Iatrogenic Events Hospitalisation 8.9 million4 1.78 million16 These projected figures show that a total of 164 million Procedures 7.5 million3 1.30 million40 people, approximately 56% of the population of the United States, have been treated unnecessarily by the medical TOTAL 16.4 million 3.08 million industry—in other words, about 50,000 people per day. We have added, cumulatively, figures from 13 references ofABSTRACT (continued) annual iatrogenic deaths. However, there is invariably some We could have an even higher death rate by using Dr Lucien degree of overlap and double-counting that can occur in gatheringLeapes 1997 medical and drug error rate of three million. 14 non-finite statistics. Death numbers dont come with names andMultiplied by the fatality rate of 14%, which Leape used in birth dates to prevent duplication. On the other hand, there are1994,16 we arrive at an annual death rate of 420,000 for drug many missing statistics.errors and medical errors combined. If we put this number in As we will show, only about 5–20% of iatrogenic incidents areplace of Lazarous 106,000 drug errors and the Institute of even recorded. 16, 24, 25, 33, 34 And, our outpatient iatrogenic statistics112Medicines (IOMs) 98,000 medical errors (which may have a only include drug-related events and not surgical cases, diagnosticdrug error overlap with Lazarous study), we could add another errors or therapeutic mishaps. We have also been conservative in216,000 deaths, making a total of 999,936 deaths annually. our inclusion of statistics that were not reported in peer-review The enumerating of unnecessary medical events is very journals or by government institutions. For example, the Chicagoimportant in our analysis. Any medical procedure that is invasive Tribune of July 21, 2002, published an analysis of records fromand not necessary must be considered as part of the larger patient databases, court cases, 5,810 hospitals as well as 75iatrogenic picture. federal and state agencies which found 103,000 cases of death due Unfortunately, cause and effect go unmonitored. The figures to hospital infections, 75% of which were preventable.152 We doon unnecessary events represent people ("patients") who are thrust not include this figure, but report the lower Weinstein figure ofinto a dangerous health-care system. They are helpless victims. 88,000.9Each one of these 16.4 million lives is being affected in a way that Another figure that we withheld, for lack of proper peer review,could have a fatal consequence. was from the National Committee for Quality Assurances Simply entering a hospital could result in the following: September 2003 report which found that at least 57,000 people 1. In 16.4 million people, a 2.1% chance of a serious adverse die annually from lack of proper care for common diseases suchdrug reaction1 (186,000); as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease.153 2 . In 16.4 million people, a 5–6% chance of acquiring a Overlapping of statistics in "Death by Medicine" may occurnosocomial infection9 (489,500); with the Institute of Medicines paper that designates "medical 3 . In 16.4 million people, a 4–36% chance of having an error" as including drugs, surgery and unnecessary procedures. 6iatrogenic injury in hospital (medical errors and adverse drug Since we have also included other statistics on adverse drugreactions)16 (1.78 million); reactions, surgery and unnecessary procedures, perhaps as much 4. In 16.4 million people, a 17% chance of a procedural error40 as 50% of the IOM number could be redundant. However, even(1.3 million). taking away half the 98,000 IOM number still leaves us with iatrogenic events as the number-one killer at 734,936 annual TEN-YEAR DEATH RATES FOR MEDICAL INTERVENTION deaths. Even greater numbers of iatrogenic deaths will eventually come Condition 10-Year Deaths Author to light when all facets of health care delivery are measured. Adverse Drug Reaction 1.06 million (1) Most iatrogenic statistics are derived from hospital-based studies. Medical error 0.98 million (6) However, health care is no longer typically relegated to hospitals. Bedsores 1.15 million (7, 8) Today, health care is shared by hospitals, outpatient clinics, Nosocomial Infection 0.88 million (9, 10) transitional care, long-term care, rehabilitative care, home care Malnutrition 1.09 million (11) and private practitioners offices. Outpatients 1.99 million (12, 112) In the current climate of reducing health-care costs, the number Unnecessary Procedures 371,360 (3, 13) of hospitals and the length of patient stays are being slashed. Surgery-related 320,000 (85) These measures will increase the number of patients shunted into TOTAL 7,841,360 (7.8 million) outpatient, home care and long-term care, and the iatrogenic morbidity and mortality will also increase.18 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 19. much higher annual iatrogenic death rate than 783,936. Dr Leape, become as blurred as they are now, the business goals of industryin 1994, said his figure of 180,000 medical mistakes annually was influence the mission of medical schools in multiple ways". Sheequivalent to three jumbo-jet crashes every two days. 16 Our report did not discount the benefits of research but said a Faustian bar-shows that six jumbo jets are now falling out of the sky each and gain now existed between medical schools and the pharmaceuticalevery day! industry. Angell left the NEJM in June 2000. Two years later, in JuneCorrecting a Compromised System 2002, the NEJM announced that it will now accept contributions What we must deduce from this report is that medicine is in from biased journalists (those who accept money from drug com-need of complete and total reform—from deciding the curriculum panies) because it is too difficult to find ones that have no medical schools to protecting patients from excessive medical Another former editor of the journal, Dr Jerome Kassirer, toldintervention. It is quite obvious that we cant change anything if ABC News [June 12, 2002] that was just not the case, that therewe are not honest about what needs to be changed. This report are plenty of researchers who dont work for drug companies. 21simply shows the degree to which change is required. We are The report said that one measurable tie between pharmaceuticalfully aware that standing in the way of change are powerful phar- companies and doctors amounts to over $2 billion a year spent formaceutical companies, medical technology over 314,000 events that doctors attend. Thecompanies and special-interest groups with ABC report also noted that a survey of clini-enormous vested interests in the business of cal trials revealed that when a drug companymedicine. They fund medical research, sup- funds a study, there is a 90% chance that theport medical schools and hospitals and drug will be perceived as effective—where-advertise in medical journals. With deep as a non-drug-company-funded study willpockets they entice scientists and academics show favourable results 50% of the time. Itto support their efforts. Such funding can sway the balance of Our report appears that money cant buy you love, but it can buy you any "scientific" result you want.opinion from professional caution to uncriti-cal acceptance of a new therapy or drug. shows that The only safeguard to reporting these studies was if the journal writers remained unbiased.You only have to look at the number of vest-ed people on hospital, medical and govern- six jumbo jets That is no longer the case. Cynthia Crossen, a writer on the W a l lment health advisory boards to see conflict ofinterest. The public is mostly unaware of are now falling Street Journal , is the author of T a i n t e d Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in Americathese interlocking interests. For example, a 2003 study found that out of the sky (1996), a book about the widespread practice of lying with statistics. 2 2nearly half of medical school faculty Commenting on the state of scientificwho serve on Institutional Review each and every research, she said that "The road to hellBoards (IRB) to advise on clinical trial was paved with the flood of corporateresearch also serve as consultants to the day! research dollars that eagerly filled gapspharmaceutical industry.17 The authors left by slashed government researchwere concerned that such representation funding". Her data on financialcould cause potential conflicts of inter- involvement showed that in 1981 theest. A news release by Dr Erik drug industry "gave" $292 million toCampbell, the lead author, said: "Our colleges and universities for research;previous research with faculty has in 1991 it "gave" $2.1 billion.shown us that ties to industry can affectscientific behavior, leading to such The First Iatrogenics Studythings as trade secrecy and delays in Dr Lucien L. Leape opened medi-publishing research. Its possible that similar relationships with cines Pandoras box with his 1994 J A M A paper, "Error incompanies could affect IRB members activities and attitudes."18 Medicine" [Dec 21].16 He began the paper by reminiscing about Florence Nightingales maxim, "First do no harm". But he foundMedical Ethics and Conflict of Interest in Scientific evidence of the opposite happening in medicine. He found thatMedicine Schimmel (1964) reported that 20% of hospital patients suffered Jonathan Quick, Director of Essential Drugs and Medicines iatrogenic injury, with a 20% fatality rate. Steel (1981) reportedPolicy for the World Health Organization, wrote in a recent WHO that 36% of hospitalised patients experienced iatrogenesis, with aBulletin [Dec 17, 2001] that "If clinical trials become a commercial 25% fatality rate, and adverse drug reactions were involved inventure in which self interest overrules public interest and desire 50% of the injuries. Bedell (1991) reported that 64% of acuteoverrules science, then the social contract which allows research heart attacks in one hospital were preventable and were mostlyon human subjects in return for medical advances is broken".19 due to adverse drug reactions. However, Leape focused on his The former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine and Brennans "Harvard Medical Practice Study", published in(NEJM), Dr Marcia Angell, struggled to bring the worlds atten- 1991.16a They found that in New York State in 1984 there was ation to the problem of commercialising scientific research in her 4% iatrogenic injury rate for patients, with a 14% fatality rate.outgoing editorial, "Is Academic Medicine for Sale?" 20 Angell From the 98,609 patients injured and the 14% fatality rate, Leapecalled for stronger restrictions on pharmaceutical stock ownership estimated that in the whole of the United States, 180,000 peopleand other financial incentives for researchers. She said that grow- die each year partly as a result of iatrogenic conflicts of interest are tainting science. She warned that Why Leape chose to use the much lower figure of 4% injury for"When the boundaries between industry and academic medicine his analysis remains in question. Perhaps he wanted to treadAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 19
  • 20. lightly. If Leape had instead calculated the average rate among million patients are injured in US hospitals each year, and approx-the three studies he cites (36%, 20% and 4%), he would have imately 280,000 die annually as a result of these injuries.come up with a 20% medical error rate. The number of fatalities Therefore, the iatrogenic death rate dwarfs the annual automobilethat he could have presented, using an average rate of injury and accident mortality rate of 45,000 and accounts for more deathshis 14% fatality rate, is an annual 1,189,576 iatrogenic deaths, or than all other accidents combined."23over 10 jumbo jets crashing every day. At a press conference in 1997, Dr Leape released a nationwide Leape acknowledged that the literature on medical error is poll on patient iatrogenesis, conducted by the National Patientsparse and we are only seeing the tip of the iceberg. He said that Safety Foundation (NPSF) which is sponsored by the Americanwhen errors are specifically sought out, reported rates are Medical Association. (Dr Leape is a founding member of the"distressingly high". He cited several autopsy studies with rates NPSF.) The survey found that more than 100 million Americansas high as 35–40% of missed diagnoses causing death. He also have been impacted directly and indirectly by a medical mistake.commented that an intensive care unit reported an average of 1.7 Forty-two per cent were directly affected and 84% personallyerrors per day per patient, and 29% of those errors were knew of someone who had experienced a medical mistake.14potentially serious or fatal. We wonder: what is the effect on Dr Leape at this press conference also updated his 1994 statis-someone who daily gets the wrong tics, saying that medical errors in in-patientmedication, the wrong dose, the wrong hospital settings nationwide, as of 1997,procedure; how do we measure the could be as high as three million and couldaccumulated burden of injury, and when the cost as much as $200 billion. Leape used apatient finally succumbs after the 10th error 14% fatality rate to determine a medical errorthat week, what is entered on the death This brings up the death rate of 180,000 in 1994. 1 6 U s i n gcertificate? Leapes base number of three million errors, Leape calculated the rate of error in the obvious question: the annual deaths figure for 1997 could be asintensive care unit. First, he found that eachpatient had an average of 178 "activities" who is reporting much as 420,000 for in-patients alone. This does not include nursing home deaths or peo-(staff/procedure/medical interactions) a day, medical error? ple in the outpatient community dying ofof which 1.7 were errors, which means a 1% drug side effects or as a result of medicalfailure rate. To some, this may not seem likemuch, but, putting this into perspective, Usually it is the procedures.Leape cited industry standards where a patient or the patients Only a Fraction of Medical Errors0.1% failure rate would mean: in avia- surviving family. Are Reportedtion, two unsafe plane landings per day Leape, in 1994, said that he was wellat [Chicagos] OHare airport; in the US aware that medical errors were notMail, 16,000 pieces of lost mail every If no one notices the being reported.16hour; or in banking, 32,000 bankchecks deducted from the wrong bank error, it is never According to a study in two obstet- rics units in the UK, only about oneaccount every hour. reported. quarter of the adverse incidents in the Analysing why there is so much units is ever reported, for reasons ofmedical error, Leape acknowledged the protecting staff or preserving reputa-lack of reporting. Unlike a jumbo-jet tions or for fear of reprisals includingcrash, which gets instant media cover- lawsuits.24age, hospital errors are spread out over An analysis by Wald and Shojaniathe country in thousands of different [2001] found that only 1.5% of alllocations. They are also perceived as adverse events result in an incidentisolated and unusual events. However, the most important reason report, and only 6% of adverse drug events are identified proper-that medical error is unrecognised and growing, according to ly. The authors learned that the American College of SurgeonsLeape, was—and still is—that doctors and nurses are unequipped gives a very broad guess that surgical incident reports routinelyto deal with human error, due to the culture of medical training capture only 5–30% of adverse events. In one surgical study,and practice. only 20% of surgical complications resulted in discussion at mor- Doctors are taught that mistakes are unacceptable. Medical bidity and mortality rounds.25 From these studies, it appears thatmistakes are therefore viewed as a failure of character, and any all the statistics that are gathered may be substantially underesti-error equals negligence. We can see how a great deal of "sweep- mating the number of adverse drug and medical therapy under the rug" takes place, since nobody is taught what to do This also underscores the fact that our mortality statistics are actu-when medical error does occur. Leape cited McIntyre and ally conservative figures.Popper, who said that the "infallibility model" of medicine leads An article in Psychiatric Times [Grinfield, April 2000] outlinesto intellectual dishonesty with a need to cover up mistakes rather the stakes involved with reporting medical errors. 26 The authorthan admit them. There are no grand rounds on medical errors; found that the public is fearful of suffering a fatal medical error,there is no sharing of failures among doctors, and no one to sup- and doctors are afraid they will be sued if they report an error.port doctors emotionally when their error harms a patient. This brings up the obvious question: who is reporting medical Dr Leape hoped his paper would encourage medical practition- error? Usually it is the patient or the patients surviving family. Ifers to "fundamentally change the way they think about errors and no one notices the error, it is never reported.why they occur". Its been almost a decade since this ground- Janet Heinrich, an associate director at the US Generalbreaking work, but the mistakes continue to soar. Accounting Office which is responsible for health financing and One year later, in 1995, a report in JAMA [July 5] said: "Over a public health issues, testifying before a House subcommittee on20 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 21. medical errors, said that "The full magnitude of their threat to the • giving doctors more time to spend with patients: veryAmerican public is unknown". She added that "Gathering valid effective, 78%;and useful information about adverse events is extremely diffi- • requiring hospitals to develop systems to avoid medical errors:cult". She acknowledged that the fear of being blamed and the very effective, 74%;potential for legal liability played key roles in the under-reporting • better training of health professionals: very effective, 73%;of errors. The Psychiatric Times noted that the American Medical • using only doctors specially trained in intensive care medicineAssociation is strongly opposed to mandatory reporting of med- on intensive care units: very effective, 73%;ical errors. 26 And if doctors arent reporting, what about nurses? • requiring hospitals to report all serious medical errors to aIn a survey of nurses, they also did not report medical mistakes state agency: very effective, 71%;for fear of retaliation.27 • increasing the number of hospital nurses: very effective, 69%; Standard medical pharmacology texts admit that relatively few • reducing the work hours of doctors-in-training to avoiddoctors ever report adverse drug reactions to the Food and Drug fatigue: very effective, 66%;Administration.28 The reasons range from not knowing such a • encouraging hospitals to voluntarily report serious medicalreporting system exists to fearing being sued because they errors to a state agency: very effective, 62%.prescribed a drug that caused harm. 2 9 However, it is thistremendously flawed system of voluntary reporting from doctors DRUG IATROGENESISthat we depend on to know whether a drug or a medical Drugs comprise the major treatment modality of scientificintervention is harmful. medicine. With the discovery of the "germ theory", medical Pharmacology texts will also tell scientists convinced the public thatdoctors how hard it is to separate drug infectious organisms were the causeside effects from disease symptoms. of illness. Finding the "cure" forTreatment failure is most often attrib- these infections proved much harderuted to the disease and not to the drug If hospitals admitted to than anyone imagined.or the doctor. Doctors are warned the actual number of errors From the beginning, chemicalthat "Probably nowhere else in pro- drugs promised much more than theyfessional life are mistakes so easily and mistakes, which is about delivered. But far beyond not work-hidden, even from ourselves". I t 30 20 times what is reported, ing, the drugs also caused incalcula-may be hard to accept, but not diffi- ble side effects. The drugs them-cult to understand, why only one in they would come under selves, even when properly pre-20 side effects is reported to either intense scrutiny. scribed, had side effects that couldhospital administrators or to the be fatal, as Lazarous study1 showed.FDA.31, 31a But human error could make the situ- If hospitals admitted to the actual ation even worse.number of errors and mistakes, which isabout 20 times what is reported, they would come under intense Medication Errorsscrutiny.32 Jerry Phillips, associate director of the Office of Post- A survey of a 1992 national pharmacy database found a total ofMarketing Drug Risk Assessment at the FDA, confirmed this 429,827 medication errors from 1,081 hospitals. Medicationnumber: "In the broader area of adverse drug reaction data, the errors occurred in 5.22% of patients admitted to these hospitals250,000 reports received annually probably represent only 5% of each year. The authors concluded that a minimum of 90,895the actual reactions that occur."33 Dr Jay Cohen, who has exten- patients annually were harmed by medication errors in the countrysively researched adverse drug reactions, commented that because as a whole.37only 5% of adverse drug reactions are being reported, there are, in A 2002 study showed that 20% of hospital medications forreality, five million medication reactions each year.34 patients had dosage mistakes. Nearly 40% of these errors were It remains that whatever figure you choose to believe about the considered potentially harmful to the patient. In a typical 300-side effects from drugs, all the experts agree that you have to mul- patient hospital, there were 40 errors per day.38tiply that by 20 to get a more accurate estimate of what is really Problems involving patients medications were even higher theoccurring in the burgeoning "field" of iatrogenic medicine. following year. The error rate intercepted by pharmacists in this A 2003 survey is all the more distressing because there seems study was 24%, making the potential minimum number ofto be no improvement in error reporting, even with all the atten- patients harmed by prescription drugs 417,908.39tion on this topic. Dr Dorothea Wild surveyed medical residentsat a community hospital in Connecticut. She found that only half Recent Adverse Drug Reactionsof the residents were aware that the hospital had a medical error More recent studies on adverse drug reactions show that thereporting system, and the vast majority didnt use it at all. Dr number may have increased compared with the 1994 figure (pub-Wild said this does not bode well for the future. If doctors dont lished in Lazarous 1998 JAMA article). A study published inlearn error-reporting in their training, they will never use it. And February 2003 [Ann. Int. Med.] followed 400 patients after dis-she added that error reporting is the first step in finding out where charge from a tertiary care hospital (hospital care that requiresthe gaps in the medical system are and fixing them. That first highly specialised skills, technology or support services).baby step has not even begun.35 Seventy-six patients (19%) had adverse events. Adverse drug events were the most common at 66%. The next most commonPublic Suggestions on Iatrogenesis events were procedure-related injuries at 17%.40 In a [2002] telephone survey, 1,207 adults were asked to indi- In an NEJM study [April 17, 2003], an alarming one-in-fourcate how effective they thought the following would be in reduc- patients suffered observable side effects from the more than 3.34ing preventable medical errors that resulted in serious harm:36 billion drug prescriptions filled in 2002.41 One of the doctors whoAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 21
  • 22. produced the study was interviewed by Reuters and commented private practice either acquiesce to their patients demands forthat "With these 10-minute appointments, its hard for the doctor these drugs or spend valuable clinic time trying to talk patientsto get into whether the symptoms are bothering the patients". 42 out of unnecessary drugs. Dr Wolfe remarks that one importantWilliam Tierney, who editorialised on the NEJM study, said that study found that people mistakenly believe the "FDA reviews all"given the increasing number of powerful drugs available to care ads before they are released and allows only the safest and mostfor the aging population, the problem will only get worse". effective drugs to be promoted directly to the public".46 The drugs with the worst record of side effects were the SSRIs, Continued next issue...the NSAIDs and the calcium-channel blockers. Reuters alsoreported that prior research has suggested that nearly 5% of hospi- About the Authors:tal admissions—over one million per year—are the result of drug • Carolyn Dean , MD, ND, since 1979 has worked as a med-side effects. But most of the cases are not documented as such. ical doctor, naturopath, acupuncturist, herbalist, homoeopath,The study found one of the reasons for this failure was that, in consultant, inventor, herbal formulator, researcher, activist, advo-nearly two-thirds of the cases, doctors couldnt diagnose drug side cate and writer. She has written several books, hundreds of arti-effects or the side effects persisted because the doctor failed to cles, appeared on countless radio and television programs,heed the warning signs. including ABCs The View, promoting nat- ural healing and the individuals right to take responsibility for their own health. SheMedicating Our Feelings is health adviser and writer for www.yeast- We only need to look at the side effects of,,antidepressant drugs, which give hope to adepressed population. Patients seeking a By 1995, and She lives in New York City and can be contacted viamore joyful existence and relief from worry, drug companies had her website, and anxiety fall victim to the messages She is the main author of this article.blatantly displayed on TV and billboards. tripled the amount of • Martin Feldman, MD, is a board-certi-Often, instead of finding relief, they fall vic- money allotted to fied neurologist and Assistant Professor of Neurology at Mount Sinai Medical Centertim to myriad iatrogenic side effects of anti-depressant medications. direct advertising of in New York City. He is the author of 63 peer-reviewed journal articles and is at the Furthermore, a whole generation ofantidepressant users has resulted from young prescription drugs to forefront of understanding modern advancespeople growing up on Ritalin. consumers. in medical science.Medicating youth and modifying their • Gary Null has a PhD in human nutrition and is the host of the longest-emotions must have some impact on The majority of running syndicated radio show onhow they learn to deal with their health and nutrition in the USA. Hefeelings. They learn to equate copingwith drugs and not with their inner the money is spent has published over 71 books, includ- ing the New York Times best-sellersresources. As adults, these medicated on seductive Get Health Now! and Power Aging.youth reach for alcohol, drugs or evenstreet drugs to cope. According to television ads. He is also the producer of numerous award-winning documentaries aboutJAMA [Aug 22–29, 2001], "Ritalin acts health and lifestyle. He is the foundermuch like cocaine".43 of the Natural Living Running Club, Mood-modifying drugs, such as and has competed as a world-classProzac or Zoloft, are marketed in such a athlete. In 1975 he founded the not-way as to make them not only socially for-profit corporation, Nutritionacceptable but almost a necessity in Institute of America, Inc. Dr Null cantodays stressful world. be contacted via his website, • Debora Rasio, MD, is a physician practising alternative med -Television Diagnosis icine in Rome, Italy. She is also an oncologist who has written In order to reach the widest audience possible, drug companies extensively on cancer. Dr Rasio provided some of the initialare no longer just targeting medical doctors with their message research for this paper.about antidepressants. By 1995, drug companies had tripled theamount of money allotted to direct advertising of prescription Editors Note:drugs to consumers. The majority of the money is spent on Due to space constraints, we are unable to publish the endnotesseductive television ads. From 1996 to 2000, spending rose from accompanying this article (apart from including some brief details$791 million to nearly $2.5 billion [NEJM, Feb 14, 2002]. 44 Even within the text). Instead, we have posted them with the article onthough $2.5 billion may seem like a lot, the authors comment that our website, Readers withoutit only represents 15% of the total pharmaceutical advertising Internet access can request a copy of the endnotes from their near-budget. According to medical experts, "there is no solid evidence est NEXUS Office.on the appropriateness of prescribing that results from consumers This article is copyright © 2003–2004 Nutrition Institute ofrequesting an advertised drug". However, the drug companies America, Inc. (NIA), all rights reserved, and is reprinted by kind permission. No further duplication or distribution of this article ismaintain that direct-to-consumer advertising is educational. permitted without the express written permission of NIA. For fur- Dr Sidney M. Wolfe, of the Public Citizen Health Research ther information regarding NIA, and for the full text of the article,Group in Washington, DC, argues that the public is often misin- visit For more articlesformed about these ads.45 People want what they see on television relating to alternative health and nutrition, visit the library at Garyand are told to go to their doctor for a prescription. Doctors in Nulls Natural Living website, • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 23. THE RISE IN SOY ALLERGIES S oy is one of the top allergens—substances that cause allergic reactions. In the 1980s, Stuart Berger, MD, labelled soy one of the seven top allergens—one of the "sinister seven". At the time, most experts listed soy around tenth or eleventh— bad enough, but way behind peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, shellfish, fin fish and wheat. Today, soy is widely accepted as one of the "big eight" that cause immediate hypersensitivity reactions.1–4 Allergies are abnormal inflammatory responses of the immune system to dust, pollen, a The huge rise in food or some other substance. Those that involve an antibody called immunoglobulin E allergic reactions to (IgE) occur immediately or within an hour. Reactions may include coughing, sneezing, runny nose, hives, diarrhoea, facial swelling, shortness of breath, a swollen tongue, diffi- soy is in line with culty swallowing, lowered blood pressure, excessive perspiration, fainting, anaphylactic shock or even death.4–9 the increasing use Delayed allergic responses to soy are less dramatic, but are even more common. These are caused by antibodies known as immunoglobulins A, G or M (IgA, IgG or IgM) and of soy products in occur anywhere from two hours to days after the food is eaten. These have been linked to sleep disturbances, bedwetting, sinus and ear infections, crankiness, joint pain, chronic processed foods fatigue, gastrointestinal woes and other mysterious symptoms.4–9 Food "intolerances", "sensitivities" and "idiosyncrasies" to soy are commonly called during the 1990s, "food allergies", but differ from true allergies in that they are not caused by immune sys- and should be tem reactions but by little-understood or unknown metabolic mechanisms. 7–9 Strictly speaking, gas and bloating—common reactions to soy and other beans—are not true aller- regarded as a major gic responses. However, they may serve as warnings of the possibility of a larger clinical picture involving allergen-related gastrointestinal damage. public health PROFIT vs RISK concern. The soybean industry knows that some people experience severe allergic reactions to its products. In a recent petition to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Protein Technologies International (PTI) identified "allergenicity" as one of the "most likely potential adverse effects associated with ingestion of large amounts of soy products". Yet PTI somehow concluded that "the data do not support that they would pose a substantial threat to the health of the US population".10 This statement is hardly reassuring to the many children and adults who suffer allergies to soy products. And it ignores a substantial body of evidence published during the 1990s showing that some of these people learn for the first time about their soy allergies after experiencing an unexpectedly severe or even life-threatening reaction. Severe reactions to soy are rare compared to reactions to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and by Kaayla T. Daniel, PhD, CCN shellfish, but Swedish researchers recently concluded that "Soy has been underestimated © 2004 as a cause of food anaphylaxis" (Foucard T., Malmheden Yman, I., A l l e r g y 1 9 9 9 , 53(3):261-265).11 From Chapter 23 of her book The Whole Soy Story: The Dark Side A BAD HAMBURGER of Americas Favorite Health Food The Swedes began looking into a possible soybean connection after a young girl (NewTrends Publishing, 2004) suffered an asthma attack and died after eating a hamburger that contained only 2.2 per Website: cent soy protein. A team of researchers collected data on all fatal and life-threatening reactions caused by food between 1993 and 1996 in Sweden, and found that the soy-in- the-hamburger case was not a fluke and that soy was indeed the culprit. They evaluatedAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 25
  • 24. 61 cases of severe reactions to food, of which five were fatal, and Controversy has raged since the 1920s as to whether or notfound that peanut, soy and tree nuts caused 45 of the 61 reactions. babies could be sensitised to allergens while still in utero. In 1976,Of the five deaths, four were attributed to soy. The four children researchers learned that the foetus is capable of producing IgEwho died from soy had known allergies to peanuts but not to soy. antibodies against soy protein during early gestation, andThe amount of soy eaten ranged from one gram to 10 grams— newborns can be so sensitised through the breastmilk of the mothertypical of the low levels found when soy protein is used as a that they later react to foods theyve "never eaten".23, 24 Familiesmeat-extending additive in ready-made foods such as hamburgers, who need to take these precautions seriously include those withmeatballs, spaghetti sauces, kebabs and sausages or as an extender known peanut and/or soy allergies, vegetarians who wouldin breads and pastries. otherwise eat a lot of soy foods during pregnancy or breastfeeding, When soy is "hidden" in hamburgers and other "regular" foods, and parents considering the use of soy infant formula.people often miss the soy connection. And allergic reactions to Because the numbers of children with allergies to peanuts aresoy do not always occur immediately, making cause and effect increasing, we can expect to see greater numbers of children andeven harder to establish. As reported in the Swedish study, no adults reacting severely to soy. Peanuts and soybeans are mem-symptoms—or very mild symptoms—occurred for 30 to 90 min- bers of the same botanical family, the grain–legume type, and sci-utes after the consumption of the food containing soy; then the entists have known for years that people allergic to one are oftenchildren suffered fatal asthma attacks. All had been able to eat allergic to the without any adverse reactions right up Other children at risk for an undetecteduntil the dinner that caused their deaths. but potentially life-threatening soy allergy The Swedish study was not the first to include those with allergies to peas, limareport "fatal events" after eating soy. Food beans or other beans, a diagnosis of asthma,anaphylaxis is most often associated with rhinitis, eczema or dermatitis, or familyreactions to peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish and members with a history of any of those dis-occasionally fish or milk, but soy has its eases. Reactions to foods in the same botan-own rap sheet. Anaphylactic reactions to ical family can be cumulative, resulting inbread, pizzas or sausage extended with soy symptoms far more severe than eitherprotein date back at least to 1961. Allergic reactions alone.25–32Subsequent studies have confirmed that therisk may be rare but is very real.12–20 to soy do not SOYS ALLERGENIC PROTEINS The increasing amount of "hidden" soy always occur Scientists are not completely certain whichin the food supply is undoubtedly responsi- components of soy cause allergic reactions.ble for triggering many allergic reactions immediately, They have found at least 16 allergenic pro-not attributed to soy. Frenchresearchers who studied the frequency making cause and teins, and some researchers pinpoint as many as 25 to 30. Laboratories reportof anaphylactic shocks caused by effect even harder immune system responses to multiplefoods reported that the food allergenremained unknown in 25 per cent of to establish. fractions of the soy protein, with no particular fraction being the most con-cases. They noted the prevalence of sistently antigenic, i.e., capable of"hidden" and "masked" food allergens causing the production of an anti-and stated that they saw "a strikingly body.33–36increased prevalence of food-induced Some of the most allergenicanaphylactic shock in 1995 compared fractions appear to be the Kunitz andto a previous study from 1982". 2 1 Bowman–Birk trypsin inhibitors. FoodThis period coincided with a huge processors have tried in vain toincrease in the amount of soy protein deactivate these troublesome proteinsadded to processed foods. (In fact, completely without irreparablythe amount has continued to rise. Per damaging the remainder of the soycapita consumption of soy protein increased from 0.78 g/day in protein (see chapter 12). Having failed to accomplish this, the soy1998 to 2.23 g/day in 2002, according to industry estimates industry has decided to promote these "antinutrients" as cancerobtained by the Solae Company which, in March 2004, filed a preventers. To date, its proof remains slim, although cancerpetition seeking FDA approval of a health claim for soy protein statistics might improve if enough people died from anaphylacticand cancer reduction.21a) shock first. None of these studies has attracted much media attention. Nor Although extremely rare, death from allergic reaction to trypsinhave health agencies issued alerts. For example, Ingrid inhibitor has been a matter of public record since the N e wMalmheden Yman, PhD, of the Sweden National Food England Journal of Medicine carried a report in 1980. 37, 38 TheAdministration and co-author of the study, wrote to the Ministry Kunitz trypsin inhibitor has been identified as one of three allergicof Health in New Zealand at the request of an allergy sufferer. components in soy lecithin—a soy product often consideredTwo years before the article (first published in Swedish) came out hypoallergenic (i.e., it has diminished potential for causing anin English, she informed the agency that children with severe allergic reaction) because it is not supposed to include any soyallergy to peanut should avoid intake of soy protein. To be on the protein, but invariably contains trace amounts.39safe side, she further advised parents to make an effort to "avoid Soybean lectin—another antinutrient now promoted as a dis-sensitisation" by limiting consumption of both peanuts and soy- ease preventer—has also been identified as an allergen. 4 0beans during the third trimester of pregnancy and during breast- Whenever there is a damaged intestinal lining or "leaky gut", soyfeeding, and by avoiding the use of soy formula.22 lectins can easily pass into the bloodstream, triggering allergic26 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 25. reactions (see chapter 14). Indeed, this is very likely because bothHIDDEN DANGERsoy allergens and saponins (an antinutrient discussed in chapter People allergic to soy protein face constant danger. Hidden soy15) can damage the intestines. exists in thousands of everyday foods, cosmetics and industrial Histamine toxicity can also resemble allergic reactions. In products such as inks, cardboards, paints, cars and mattresses.allergic persons, mast cells release histamine, causing a response The four Swedish fatalities are only the best known of thousandsthat strongly resembles an allergic reaction to food. In cases of of reported cases of people who experienced severe allergic reac-histamine toxicity, the histamine comes ready-made in the food. tions to soy after inadvertently eating foods that contained soy-This is most often associated with reactions to cheese and fish, butbean proteins.54–56soy sauce also contains high levels of histamine. Researchers Of 659 food products recalled by the FDA in 1999, 236 (36 perwho have calculated the histamine content of foods consumed at a cent) were taken off the market because of undeclared allergens.typical oriental meal report The three factors responsible forthat histamine intake may eas- the undeclared allergens were:ily approach toxic levels.41 omissions and errors on labels PARENT WARNING! (51 per cent), cross contamina-PROCESSING MATTERS tion of manufacturing equip- The way that the soybean is ment (40 per cent), and errorsgrown, harvested, processed, HIDDEN SOY – HIDDEN SOY ALLERGIES made by suppliers of ingredi-stored and prepared in the ents (five per cent). It wasntkitchen can affect its aller- If your child is allergic to peanuts, you must inspectors, however, butgenicity. Raw soybeans are eliminate all soy as well as all peanuts from your ticked-off US consumers whothe most allergenic, while old- childs diet. Your childs life may depend upon fingered 56 per cent of thefashioned fermented products it. undeclared allergens.57(miso, tempeh, natto, shoyu Take care, even if your child has never reacted During 2002, the Canadianand tamari) are the least. Food Inspection Agency poorly to soy in the past. Some sensitive chil-Modern soy protein products (CFIA), which takes soy aller-processed by heat, pressure dren have "hidden" soy allergies that manifest for gies seriously, recalled bagels,and chemical solvents lose the first time with a severe—even fatal—reaction doughnuts, rolls, pizza andsome of their allergenicity, but to even the low levels of "hidden" soy common- other items containing unde-not all. Partially hydrolysed ly found in processed food products. Those at clared soy protein.58 Althoughproteins and soy sprouts, the highest risk suffer from asthma as well as agencies in many countrieswhich are quickly or minimal- peanut allergy. claim to be stepping up effortsly processed, remain highly Other risk factors are other food allergies, a to enforce labelling laws,allergenic.42, 43 family history of peanut or soy allergies, a diag- enforcement is difficult even The industry newsletter, when officials make it a prior-The Soy Connection , states nosis of asthma, rhinitis or eczema, or a family ity. The chief problem is thatthat highly refined oils and history of these diseases. few methods reliably detect andlecithin "are safe for the soy- quantify minute amounts ofallergic consumer".44 (Source: Letter from Ingrid Malmheden Yman, allergens in foods. 59 Unfortunately, many aller- PhD, Senior Chemist, Sweden National Food Even when soy-containinggic persons who have trusted Administration, to the New Zealand Ministry of ingredients are accurately listedsuch reassurances have ended Health, 30 May 1997) on food labels, consumers mayup in the hospital. Highly sus- easily miss the soy connection.ceptible people cannot use A 2002 study of 91 parents ofeither safely. Adverse reactions children allergic to peanuts,to soy oils—taken either by mouth as food or via tube-feeding— milk, egg, soy, and/or wheat revealed that most parents failed torange from the nuisance of sneezing to the life-threatening danger identify allergenic food ingredients correctly, and that milk andof anaphylactic shock.45–51 soy presented the most problems. Only 22 per cent of the parents If soy oil and lecithin were 100 per cent free of soy protein, with soy allergies correctly identified soy protein in seventhey would not provoke allergic symptoms. Variable conditions products. The researchers concluded, "These results stronglyand the quality control and processing methods used when the support the need for improved labelling with plain-Englishvegetable oil industry separates soybean protein from the oil make terminology and allergen warnings as well as the need for diligentthe presence of at least trace amounts of soy protein possible, education of patients reading labels".60even likely. Though healthier in many respects, the cold-pressedsoy oils sold in health food stores can be deadly for the allergic CLEARING THE AIRconsumer. They may contain as much as 100 times the amount of Allergic reactions occur not only when soy is eaten but whentrace protein found in the highly refined soy oils sold in soybean flour or dust is inhaled. Among epidemiologists, soy-supermarkets.52, 53 bean dust is known as an "epidemic asthma agent". From 1981 to Soy protein is likely to appear in margarine. Above and beyond 1987, soy dust from grain silo unloading in the harbour ofany stray protein that remains after the processing of the soy oil, Barcelona, Spain, caused 26 epidemics of asthma, seriously jeop-soy protein isolates or concentrates are commonly used by food ardising the health of 687 people and leading to 1,155 hospitalisa-manufacturers to improve the texture or spreadability of these tions. No further epidemics occurred after filters were installed,products. This occurs most often in low-fat or "low t r a n s" but a minor outbreak in 1994 established the need for diligentproducts (see chapter 6). monitoring of preventive measures.61, 62AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 27
  • 26. Reports of the epidemic in Barcelona led epidemiologists in Rare reactions to soy have also occurred in asthmatic patientsNew Orleans to investigate cases of epidemic asthma that using inhalers with bronchodilators containing soy-derivedoccurred from 1957 to 1968 when more than 200 people sought excipients. Bronchospasms with laryngospasms and cutaneoustreatment at Charity Hospital. Investigations of weather patterns rash have occurred even in patients who were otherwise notand cargo data from the New Orleans harbour identified soy dust affected by soy allergy.70from ships carrying soybeans as the probable cause. Noassociation was found between asthma epidemic days and the FUDGING STATISTICS ON SOY INFANT FORMULApresence of wheat or corn on ships in the harbour. The For years, the soy industry billed soy formula as "hypoaller-researchers concluded, "The results of this analysis provide genic". Herman Frederic Meyer, MD, of the Department offurther evidence that ambient soy dust is very asthmogenic and Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago,that asthma morbidity in a community can be influenced by categorised soy formulas as "hypoallergic preparations" in hisexposures in the ambient atmosphere".63 1961 textbook, Infant Foods and Feeding Practice, and named The first report of "occupational asthma" appeared in the Mull Soy, Sobee, Soyalac and Soyola products as goodJournal of Allergy in 1934. W. W. examples.71Duke described six persons whose Over the years, the soy industry hasasthma was triggered by dust from a promoted this and similar misinformationnearby soybean mill and predicted that in advertising, labels and educational lit-soy could become a major cause of erature by ignoring relevant studies inallergy in the future.64 Today it is well Soy formula is a far from favour of largely irrelevant studies basedestablished that soybean dust is an optimal solution for on guinea pigs.72, 73occupational hazard of working in As late as 1989, John Erdman, PhD, abakeries, animal feed factories, food bottle-fed infants who are researcher honoured in 2001 by the soyprocessing plants, and health foodstores and co-ops with bulk bins. Dust allergic to dairy formulas. industry for his "outstanding contribu- tions to increasing understanding andexplosions are a safety hazard at awareness of the health benefits of soysoybean processing plants.64–68 foods and soybean constituents", claimed Most victims develop their "occupa- "hypoallergenicity" for soy in thetional asthma" over a period of time. In American Journal of Clinical well-documented case, a 43-year-old woman spent six years A subsequent Letter to the Editor corrected his misinformation.74,75working at a food processing plant, in which soybean flour was The soy industry today has shifted from claiming hypoaller-used as a meat extender, before she developed asthma. Symptoms genicity for soy to minimising its extent. That has been fairlyof sneezing, coughing and wheezing would begin within minutes easy, for no one seems to know quite how many sufferers thereof exposure to soy flour and resolve two hours after the exposure are. Estimates are rough at best because diagnoses of allergyceased.69 include anything from parental complaints of spitting, fussiness, colic and vomiting to laboratory provings using RAST and ELISA tests, to clinical challenges and elimination diets. THE MARGARINE CONNECTION Because the tests are not completely reli- able and anecdotal evidence tends to be Allergies to pollen dust, dander and foods are on the increase taken lightly, many cases are not counted. wherever margarine replaces butter. Thats the conclusion of Finnish The figures cited most often delineate 0.3 to researchers who found that children who developed allergies ate less 7.5 per cent of the population as allergic to butter and more margarine compared with children who did not cows milk and 0.5 to 1.1 per cent as allergic develop allergies. Nearly all commercially marketed margarines are to soy. However, evidence suggests that made with soy oil. soy protein is at least as antigenic as milk The study showed that children with eczema, dermatitis and other protein, especially when gastrointestinal itchy skin conditions consumed an average of 8 grams of margarine complaints and delayed hypersensitivity (non-IgE) reactions are taken into for every 1,000 calories compared to 6 grams among children account.76–81 without allergies, and 9 grams of butter compared to 11 grams of On the soy industry website "Soy and butter or more among the children without the allergies. Human Health", Clare Hasler, PhD, of the Laboratory testing revealed that the allergic children had a higher University of Illinois Urbana, Champaign, ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fat and a lower percentage of picks the low 0.5 per cent figure and claims myristic acid (an indicator of saturated fat intake) than children that soy protein is rated 11th among foods without allergies. They also showed lower levels of the EPA/DHA in terms of allergenicity.82 polyunsaturated oils found in fish. This may have been true in the 1970s (her source is dated 1979), but soy is widely The inescapable conclusion: butter is better. acknowledged as one of the "big eight" (Source: Dunder, T., Kuikka L. et al., "Diet, serum fatty acids and today. atopic diseases in childhood", Allerg 2001, 56(5):425-428) Indeed, one prominent researcher puts soy in the "top six" and another in the "top four" foods causing hypersensitivity reactions in children.83, 8428 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 27. Soy formula is a far from optimal solu-tion for bottle-fed infants who are allergic to FORMULA FOR DISASTER:dairy formulas. The plant oestrogens in soy AROUND THE WORLD WITH SOY ALLERGIEScan interfere with proper development ofthe infants thyroid, brain and reproductive Allergic reactions occur to soy formula in children all over the world,systems. Soy formula also falls short as a particularly those affected by other allergies:solution to cows milk allergy (see chapter • Victoria, Australia – Soy milk allergies in 47 per cent of 97 children22 and elsewhere in this article). with cows milk allergies; Symptoms such as diarrhoea, bloating, • Berlin, Germany – Soybean allergies in 16 per cent of children withvomiting and skin rashes sometimes go atopic dermatitis;away when infants are switched from dairy • Bonn, Germany – Soybean allergies in 10 per cent of children with sus-formula to soy, but the relief is usually only pected food allergy;temporary. In many infants, the symptoms • Milan, Italy – Soybean allergies in 17 per cent of children with foodreturn with a vengeance within a week or intolerance; soybean allergies in 21 per cent of 704 atopic children;two. • Rome, Italy – Soy allergies found in 22 per cent of 371 children with As Dr Stefano Guandalini, of the food allergy;Department of Pediatrics, University of • Malmö, Sweden – Soybean allergies in 35 per cent of infants withChicago, writes, "A significant number of cows milk allergies;children with cows milk protein intolerance • San Diego, USA – Soybean allergies found in 25 per cent of infantsdevelop soy protein intolerance when soy sensitive to cows milk;milk is used in dietary management".85 • Bangkok, Thailand – Soybean allergies in 17 per cent of children Interestingly enough, researchers recently sensitive to cows milk;detected and identified a soy protein com- • Thailand – Soy allergies in 4 per cent of 100 asthmatic children;ponent that cross-reacts with caseins from • New Haven, CT, USA – Soy and milk allergies found in 62 per centcows milk.86 Cross reactions occur when and soy and gluten allergies found in 35 per cent of infants and childrenfoods are chemically related to each other. with multiple gastrointestinal allergies; Adverse reactions caused by soybean for- • Ohio, USA – Sensitivity to soy formula found in 5 per cent of 148mulas occur in at least 14 to 35 per cent of children with respiratory allergies.infants allergic to cows milk, according toDr Matthias Besler of Hamburg, Germany, (So urce: Literature review on Dr Matth ias Beslers website,and the international team of allergy spe-; for full citations, seecialists who help him with the informative endnotes 110–121)website, Dr Guandalinis helpful website, This has led some physicians to recommend starting infants off topic2128.htm, reports the results from birth on soy formula. This does not stop a tendency toof an unpublished study of 2,108 infants and toddlers in Italy, of develop food allergies. As C. D. May, of the Department ofwhich 53 per cent of the babies under three months old who had Pediatrics, National Jewish Hospital and Research Center,reacted poorly to dairy formula also reacted to soy formula. Denver, put it, "Feeding a soy product from birth for 112 days didAlthough experts generally attribute this high level of reactivity to not prevent a brisk antibody response to cow milk introducedthe immature—hence vulnerable—digestive tract of infants, this subsequently, comparable to or greater than the antibody responsestudy showed that 35 per cent of the children over one year old seen when cow milk products were fed from birth".91who were allergic to cows milk protein also developed an allergyto soy protein. In all, 47 per cent had to discontinue the soy BOWELLED OVERformula.88 People diagnosed with "allergic colitis" suffer from bloody Infants who are allergic to dairy formulas are allergic to soy diarrhoea, ulcerations and tissue damage, particularly to theformulas so often that researchers have begun advising paediatri- sigmoid area of the descending colon. The leading cause in infantscians to stop recommending soy and start prescribing hypoaller- is cows milk allergy, but 47 to 60 per cent of those infants reactgenic hydrolysed casein or whey formulas. the same way to soy formula. Curiously, inflammatory changes in A study of 216 infants at high risk for developing allergies the mucus lining of the intestines appear even in infants who seemrevealed comparable levels of eczema and asthma whether they to be tolerating soy: no diarrhoea, no hives, no blood in the stoolwere drinking cows milk formula or the more "hypoallergenic" or other obvious allergic signs. One study showed that clinicalsoy formula. reactions occurred in 16 per cent of the children on soy formula, Upon conclusion of the study, the message was clear: only but that histological and enzymological intestinal damage occurred"exclusive breastfeeding or feeding with a partial whey in an additional 38 per cent of the children. This second grouphydrolysate formula is associated with the lower incidence of showed damage to the intestinal cells and tissues as viewed underatopic disease and food allergy. This is a cost-effective approach a microscope and through blood tests, indicating increased levelsto the prevention of allergic disease in children".89 of xylose (an indigestible sugar used to diagnose "leaky gut" and No one can make a good argument that soy formula is other intestinal disorders). The researchers also found depletedhypoallergenic, but many still say that its soy proteins may be less levels of sucrase, lactase, maltase and alkaline phosphatase—sensitising than cows milk proteins. When babies develop soy evidence that the infants digestive capacity was compromised,intolerance, the blame tends to go to earlier damage done to the their stress levels were increased and immune systemsintestines by cows milk protein.90 challenged.92AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 29
  • 28. Most gastrointestinal problems connected to soy formula Soy-induced enterocolitis, for example, will resolve after sixinvolve non-IgE delayed immune reactions.93 However, local IgE months to two years of strictly avoiding soy. 105 As families ofreactions may contribute to these problems by triggering the for- allergic youngsters know, keeping soy off the dinner table and outmation of immune complexes that alter the permeability of the gut of the meals and snacks provided at daycare centres and schoolsmucosa. As C. Carini, the lead author in an Annals of Allergy can be challenging. Even in non-vegetarian families, soy is ubiq-study published in 1987, wrote, "The resultant delayed onset uitous in the processed food supply. As a result, sensitisation tosymptoms could be viewed as a form of serum sickness with few soy has increased, is not necessarily outgrown, and can either re-or many target organs affected".94 emerge or develop later in life. The babys small intestine is at special risk. Scanning electronmicroscopy and biopsies have revealed severe damage to the FRANKENSOYS MONSTERsmall intestine, including flattening and wasting away of the pro- Soy allergies may also be on the rise because of geneticallyjections (known as v i l l i) and cellular overgrowth of the pits modified (GM) soybeans. The York Nutritional Laboratories in(known as crypts). Allergic reaction may not be the sole cause the UK, one of Europes leading laboratories specialising in foodhere, as the observed destruction dovetails with that caused by soy sensitivity, found a 50 per cent increase in soy allergies in 1998,antinutrients known as lectins and saponins, with the lectins possi- the very year in which genetically engineered beans were intro-bly doing double duty as allergic proteins (see chapters 14 and duced to the world market. Yorks researchers noted that one of15). Villi are the projections clustered over the entire mucous sur- the 16 proteins in soybeans most likely to cause allergic reactionsface of the small intestine where nutrient absorption takes place. was found in concentrations higher by 30 per cent or more inFlattening and atrophy of the villi lead to malnutrition and failure Monsantos GM soybeans. The York researchers sent their find-to thrive, with a clinical picture very ings to British Health Secretary Franksimilar to that found in children and Dobson, urging the government to actadults afflicted with coeliac dis- on the information and impose anease.95–97 instant ban on GM food, pending fur- Coeliac disease is a serious malab- ther safety tests being conducted. Drsorption syndrome most commonly Michael Antonion, a molecularassociated with gluten (a protein frac- Soy allergies may also be on pathologist at Guys Hospital in cen-tion found in wheat and some other the rise because of genetically tral London, observed: "This is a verygrains) and dairy intolerance. Few interesting if slightly worrying devel-people know that there is also a con- modified (GM) soybeans. opment. It points to the fact that farnection with soy. Some adults with more work is needed to assess theircoeliac disease experience diarrhoea, safety. At the moment, no allergyheadache, nausea and flatulence even tests are carried out before GM foodson a gluten-free diet when they eat a are marketed and that also needs to betiny amount of soy. And a study of 98 looked at."106, 107infants and children with multiple gas- People allergic to GM soybeanstrointestinal allergies revealed that 62 per cent had both soy and may not even be allergic to soy. The culprit can be foreignmilk allergies and 35 per cent both soy and gluten.98, 99 proteins introduced into the soybean. People allergic to Brazil nuts but not to soy have shown allergies to GM soybeans in whichOUTGROWING SOY ALLERGIES Brazil nut proteins were inserted to increase the level of Allergy specialists say that "most" young children "outgrow" methionine and improve the overall amino acid profile of soy.108their sensitivities. 100 This makes sense—to a point. If infants Scientists say that such problems can be prevented by doingdevelop soy allergies because of immature digestive tracts and IgE-binding studies, by accounting for physicochemicalimmune systems, the risk of developing a soy allergy would characteristics of proteins and referring to known allergendecrease with age and many children would outgrow their soy databases. That might have identified the Brazil nut problem, butallergies. Yet other studies—even by the same authors—reveal there is no way to assess the risk of de novo sensitisation, whichthat only a minority of subjects outgrows them. happens when experiments generate new allergens.109 ∞ One study showed that only 26 per cent of children sufferingfrom soy, egg, milk, wheat and peanut allergies lost their hyper- READERS SURVIVAL GUIDE:sensitivity after one year. While peanut—soys even more aller-genic relative—may have skewed those results, another study KICKING SOY OUT OF YOUR LIFEfound that only two out of eight infants outgrew soy allergies after25 months.101–103 And many children who "successfully" outgrow food allergies T hose who are allergic to soy must exclude all soy from their diets. This can be a challenge. Soy lurks in nearly everything these days, even in products where we would not reasonablydevelop respiratory allergies. A study of 322 children showed expect it. In the USA, its in Bumblebee canned tuna, Chefthat only six per cent still experienced food sensitivity after five Boyardee Ravioli, Hersheys chocolate, many of the Baskinyears, but 40 per cent of those children "grew into" respiratory Robbins 31 flavours, McDonalds and other fast-food burgers,allergies. This was true for milk, egg, chocolate, soy and cereals, some Pizza Hut pizzas, many luncheon meats, most breads,in that order.104 Yet this study is often cited as proof that most muffins, doughnuts, lemonade mixes, hot chocolate, some babychildren "successfully" outgrow their allergies. foods, and tens of thousands of other popular products. Children are more likely to outgrow allergies to cows milk or If you absolutely must keep soy out of your life or that of yoursoy than allergies to peanuts, fish or shrimp, but will continue to children, memorise the following:react to them if they eat these foods often enough. And treatment Continued on page 79of these allergies requires total exclusion of the offending food.30 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 29. The Hidden Dangers of Soy Allergens Continued from page 30 • Cross-contamination occurs. the industrial products that may be green Improperly cleaned pans, plates, utensils for the environment but deadly for highly • Soy goes by many aliases. F o o d and cutting boards at restaurant or delis, allergic persons.processors are less likely to list the three- bins at health food stores or vats at the fac- • Kiss with care. Finally, someone wholetter word "soy" than a technical term such tory can contaminate food with traces of is exquisitely sensitive to soy could dieas "textured vegetable protein (TVP), soy. All it takes is a bit of old soy oil or from contact with the lips of someone who"textured plant protein", "hydrolysed soy protein residue to trigger severe reac- has just eaten soy. Unlikely as this mightvegetable protein (HVP)", "vegetable tions in people who are highly susceptible. seem, it has happened with peanuts, soysprotein concentrate", "vegetable oil" or • Soy may be in the package as well as even more allergenic relative. ∞"MSG (monosodium glutamate)". its contents. Soy protein isolate used inIngredient lists also include words such as the manufacture of paperboard boxes can About the Author:"lecithin", "vegetable oil", "vegetable flake off and migrate into food. In the Kaayla T. Daniel, PhD, CCN, is thebroth", "bouillon", "natural flavour" or future, some foods may be shrink-wrapped author of The Whole Soy Story: The"mono-diglyceride" that do not necessarily, in an edible soy-based plastic. Dark Side of America’s Favorite Healthbut are likely to, come from soy. • Soy can be breathed in as well as Food (NewTrends Publishing, 2004). She • Food labels and ingredient lists eaten. Expect soy dust in some bakeries is a board-certified clinical nutritionistchange. Check them every single time. and shipyards, and in the bulk bin aisle of and a health educator who teaches class-Manufacturers can switch the ingredients your health food store. es and workshops on disease prevention,used in food products without warning. • Soy may be in your pills. Vitamins, optimum health and maximum longevity.Allergic consumers need to check the labels over-the-counter drugs and prescriptions Dr Daniel can be reached through herevery time they make a purchase and ask may contain an unwanted dose of soy. website, ingredients every time they eat at a Beware of pills with soy oil bases, vitaminrestaurant or purchase food at a deli. To E derived from soy oil, and soy compo- Editors Note:make things easier, many allergic people nents such as isoflavones. The inhaler Due to space constraints, we are unablecarry cards listing foods on their "no" lists. Atrovent is just one of many pharmaceuti- to publish the endnotes for this article. • Products may be mislabelled or con- cal products containing unexpected soy. Interested readers can see them at ourtain undeclared soy. The only solution here • Soy is the latest thing in just about website,,is to hope and pray, and make your own food everything. Soy inks, paints, plastics, car- or request a copy of them from anyfrom scratch using known ingredients. pets, mattresses, cars, etc. are just a few of NEXUS Office.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 79
  • 30. 32 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 31. THE LIFE CYCLE OF GAIA T hirty years ago, the newly discovered concept of plate tectonics1 offered a self- contained and rational explanation of the evolution of the Earth. Within this model it is axiomatic that the Earth of "now" represents the "cooled-down" remnants of a formerly molten blob of cosmic matter that segregated into a nickel-iron core, a ferrous-metal-siliceous mantle and an alkali-metal-siliceous crust. That kind of thinking had developed over the 19th and 20th centuries—the time when As suggested by Darwinism had turned the living world into something that was always progressing towards optimisation in form and function. Nothing that "is" could ever be ideal, as it is Prof. Thomas Gold, "on its way" to perfection.2 Also inherent in this understanding was that the inanimate crude oil is not the parts of the world were evolving.3 What wide-eyed students never really catch onto is the fact that, at best, the top 0.05% result of decayed of the "thickness" of the inanimate world can be seen; the other 99.05% (if not more) is permanently the realm of more or less educated guesswork. With that, geoscience is surely organic life but is the most esoteric of all "hard" sciences, and vast doses of "belief" (in theories) on the one hand and "cognitive dissonance"4 (to be able to disregard factual data) on the other are created by required for a geoscientist to "function". Within the model of plate tectonics, the lighter continental (crustal) plates "raft" on the hydrogenation heavier oceanic (crustal) plates. The new science of palaeomagnetics showed in the 1960s that the rocks which make up the floor of oceans are magnetised in accordance with processes, as the magnetic field of the Earth prevailing at the time the rocks were formed. A symmetri- evidenced by cal pattern of opposed magnetic polarisation exists on both sides, away from mid-oceanic ridges. This proved two things: (a) the Earths magnetic field undergoes periodic polar helium isotopes, reversals, and (b) the Earth was not "created" at any one time but it is still "forming". Iceland "sits" on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is living proof of the constant creation of deep within the new oceanic crustal material by way of volcanic eruptions. New crust (chiefly formed in the Atlantic Ocean) is dipping under the lighter continental plates to get "consumed" in Earth. what is called the asthenosphere.5 The circum-Pacific "Ring of Fire" fits neatly into this "metabolic" (circular) model by effecting compensational destruction. The "motor" for all this activity is, according to the basic tenets of plate tectonics, the thermal "activity" of the inner parts of the Earth (driven by radioactive decay). "Hot spots" "wander" around, leaving submarine volcanoes in the worlds oceans that generate volcanic islands. Ever since the 1970s, when British atmospheric scientist and inventor Jim Lovelock began urging a more holistic approach to Earth sciences, scientists have been considering the interactions of the different spheres of Gaia (the "living Earth", named after the Earth Goddess of ancient Greece). by Siegfried E. Tischler, PhD The Earth is manifestly differentiating: what comes up in the volcanoes does get incor- © May 2004 porated into the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and—not to forget—the biosphere. What is dragged back into the asthenosphere in subduction zones is a quite different mix Visiting Professor of elements; the remainder is being incorporated in the continents along the mountain University of Graz, Austria belts which form behind the subduction zones where the excess oceanic crust is being RIAU University, Indonesia dragged back into the mantle. One of the most important elements in the life cycle of Gaia is carbon. Carbon has three naturally occurring isotopes. Carbon-12 constitutes 98.89 per cent of all carbon atoms and Email: serves as the standard for the atomic mass scale. Carbon-13 is the only magnetic isotope, which makes it very important for structural studies of compounds containing carbon.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 33
  • 32. Carbon-14 is produced by cosmic ray bombardment of nitrogen in by simple rote learning and repetition of a canon, selected by thethe upper atmosphere; it is radioactive, with a half-life of 5,760 learned elders of the religion of "progress".years. The amount of carbon-14 remaining in historical artefacts What we call "crude oil" is a complex mix of compounds ofcan be used to estimate their age. basically hydrogen and carbon; all other chemical elements pre- The textbooks which deal with the composition of the Earth sent are, in terms of volume, of no real significance. The complexgrapple with a most fundamental problem: there is a serious hydrocarbon chains are fragile constructs and are stable onlydeficit of carbon 6 involved in the "metabolism" of the Earth. The under conditions resembling those that all life (as we have comecarbon which "comes up" is only partially reabsorbed into the to know it) can tolerate. This places a set of physico-chemicalbowels of the Earth. Part of it gets absorbed into the skeletons of conditions on the presence of hydrocarbons which are the realmorganisms as calcium carbonate (limestone, mostly in the form of of organic chemistry, the chemistry of carbon compounds.coral reefs; to a lesser amount as debris of exoskeletons, termed One would have thought that hydrocarbons (being mans bestlumachelles) and the biomass, which is largely made up of car- friend; after all, they let men drive macho hot-rods and cruisebon. Volumetrically there is no balance! around in "blues mobiles") and the other form of carbon, dia- What is even more detrimental to our understanding of the car- monds (being a girls best friend), would make carbon compoundsbon cycle is the fact that colossal amounts the best-known anything in existence.of carbon—in the form of methane gas, It came as a big surprise to everyone—CH 4—are escaping from the Earth, if not especially organic chemists—when thelargely unnoticed then undocumented. "buckyball" (the C 6 0 molecule; correct Thomas Gold (see endnote 14) describes name, Buckminsterfullerene), a hithertohow earthquakes are preceded and accom- unknown crystalline form of carbon, waspanied by massive outbursts of methane discovered in 1985 by Rick Smalley (Shell(cause of the fires that are commonly asso- According to the Chemical Company, USA) and Haroldciated with tremors; animals get restless or Kroto (microwave spectroscopist,agitated before earthquakes, arguably accepted theory of University of Sussex, England). 8 Neitherbecause they can sense methane escaping). oil formation, organic Smalley nor Kroto was a mineralogist; both In the presence of methane, water freezes of them were from "outside" the field. Thisat 7° Centigrade above zero. As water is matter living in the is of particular relevance in the present con -densest (most heavy) at +4° C, there is a oceans sinks to the near every ocean bottom where the In 1953, British astronomer/cosmologistmethane which escapes the Earth into bottom and then Fred Hoyle provided a theory 9 t othe oceans (that make up 70 per cent decays there (under explain why the solar process cannotof the Earths surface) is collected as produce some 30 per cent of themethane ice.7 anoxic/euxinic known chemical elements (as is indi- The estimated amounts of methane conditions) to form cated by spectrographic investigationsice are such that, piled up on the area of the Sun). Cosmic hydrogen cloudsof Austria, they would reach up some crude oil. (each atom consisting of one proton,11,600 kilometres (or some two per neutron and electron) aggregate until,cent of the distance to the Moon). due to gravitational pressures, temper-This does not include the vast atures in the interior reach about fiveamounts of methane ice which are million degrees and protons are mov-trapped in the permafrost regions of ing with enough energy to fuse on col-the globe. liding and form deuterons. Deuterons These vast amounts of carbon do (cores of hydrogen-2) in turn combinenot enter any carbon-balance with protons to form helium-3. This isestimates (on either side of the equation), so why take them the helium isotope, with three protons and three neutrons in itsseriously? core. According to the accepted theory of oil formation, organic mat- Helium-3 does not interact with protons, but laboratory experi-ter living in the oceans sinks to the bottom and then decays there ments have shown that two helium-3 nuclei can fuse and produce(under anoxic/euxinic conditions) to form crude oil. While this helium-4 (the helium isotope with four neutrons in its core), eject-might be happening to some extent in the Black Sea (which to all ing the two surplus protons. The net result of this proton–protonextents and purposes is closed off from the worlds oceans by the chain is the conversion of four atoms of hydrogen into one atom ofDardanelles and is the "type region" for euxinic environments), helium; what in effect happens is that neutrons are "captured". Thethere is no present-day example of this happening anywhere on process of element "building" by way of neutron capture reachesthe surface of the Earth. This contradicts the geoscientific princi- iron (atomic number 56), the most stable of all elements, and thenple of "actualism" which says that "the present is the key to the the solar process stops for lack of energy.past". Astral bodies akin to our Sun go through several stages, the last of which is the supernova. This is when a sun runs out of hydro-ELEMENT-BUILDING IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM gen fuel and gravitationally collapses. This implosion yet again We have had no reason to believe in any other "theory" (we raises temperatures and pressures until they transgress a thresh-should better say "hypothesis", as a theory requires empirical old10 where the accumulated energy leads to explosive release. Inproof of an hypothesis) other than "consensus logics", which has this process (during which far greater energies are involved thanelevated the paradigm of oil formation to the same ludicrous, all- in the solar process), all the other naturally occurring chemicalencompassing status that the evolutionary principle has attained elements are produced and the cycle of stellar history begins34 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 33. anew. The results of supernova explosions form a cloud which "geological evolution" of the Earth is not a function of the coolingattains angular momentum. of the formerly molten astral body, but rather a function of the In a way already described by Kant and Laplace some 200 ongoing equilibration of what initially may well have been a cos-years ago, planets form by accretion of matter. The results of the mic refuse dump. Gravitational accretion, aided by asteroidsupernova explosion will get separated in accordance with their impacts, is held responsible for the thermal processes indicated bymass as they are propelled away for distances in accordance with the geological record.their mass. The inner planets will be small "stony" (heavy)bodies, while with distance they become bigger but are made up THE REAL ORIGIN OF CRUDE OILof ever lighter materials—the "gas giants" in the outer reaches of The conventional wisdom was established over the 19th centurythe solar system.11 and is based primarily on geophysical data, i.e., the refraction of As our solar system contains all the known naturally occurring shock waves caused by earthquakes (and, of late, also the tremorschemical elements, it has evidently gone through a supernova caused by man-made explosions) on discontinuities of materialsstage and is hence a second-generation cosmic formation. of different density within the bowels of the Earth. All this evi- That is about as far as our factual knowledge of the cosmic dence is of an indirect nature and is in the main a "truth" that hashistory of the solar system goes. emerged from the consensus of generations of scientists who have added innumerable props to an age-old, inductively derivedHELIUM IN EARTHLY MATTER "thought model", where wish was the father of ideas. Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe showed by way Whatever solid evidence there really is, is denigrated and notof spectrosopy that a major portion of all matter in the Universe is considered (as it is outside the "paradigm"). When Thomasof organic nature.12 In light of this, Professor Thomas Gold of Samuel Kuhn wrote The Structure of Scientific Revolutions,16 heCornell University argued that a similar proportion of the matter probably wanted to write a diagnosis. Some are left to wonder aswhich later aggregated to form our planet must have been of to why it is now administered as nature as well! One of his crucial arguments relates to the Thomas Gold showed that when we think of the biosphere, weisotopic composition of helium in earthly matter. tend to do so in terms of what we can see, not even considering Although helium occurs in the Earths atmosphere only to the the possibility that what we know to be the Earth may be "alive"extent of one part in 200,000 (0.0005 per cent), and small as well. 17 His concept of the deep, hot biosphere holds that whatamounts occur in radioactive minerals, meteoric iron and mineral we usually consider the biosphere may not even be half of all thesprings, great volumes of helium are found as a component (up to life on Earth!7.6 per cent) in natural gas (methane, CH4). Drill holes going down to a depth of some 5,000 metres into the The common helium isotope, helium-4 (4He), "probably comes crystalline core of the Scandinavian Shield within the (asteroid)from radioactive alpha emitters in rocks" (E n c a r t a® impact structure at Siljan in Sweden, and into a similar environ-Encyclopedia, 2002). Encyclopaedia Britannica (in its online edi- ment in Canada, yielded both crude oil and viable bacteria fromtion) is slightly less cryptic on the origin of helium: "The helium that depth! The rocks, either of igneous provenance or in a highlythat is present on Earth is not a primordial component of the Earthbut has been generated by radioactive decay. Alpha particles,ejected from the nuclei of heavier radioactive substances, arenuclei of the isotope helium-4". Radioactive alpha radiation is hence not an electromagneticphenomenon but consists of particle beams! "Know-it-all" sci-ence "decreed" in 1959 that "Alpha particles are of little signifi-cance because the outer layers of the skin prevent these radiationsfrom penetrating into the body" (Encarta Encyclopedia, 2002), sonobody has unduly worried about this ever since. On planet Earth at sea level, helium occurs in the atmosphere as5.4 parts per million of total air. The proportion increases slightlyat higher altitudes. About one in 700,000 parts of atmospherichelium consists of helium isotope 3 (3He), now thought to be aproduct of the decay of tritium,13 a radioactive hydrogen isotope ofmass 3. Most atmospheric helium is isotope 4 (4He). Whenorganisms breathe in air, they take in this isotopic mix of 3He and4He; when organisms die, their remains contain that mix of heliumisotopes. The year 1987 saw one of the most significant advances ofmeaningful cosmology (which was based on fact, rather than theusual fancy) when Thomas Gold, the inventor of radioastronomy,applied to our "little blue-green planet" the results of his decade-long quest to unravel the mysteries of space.14 He advanced theconcept of the "deep, hot biosphere".15 Implicit in this model for the formation and evolution of theEarth is that the Earth was never a molten, homogeneous cosmicbody which then segregated into different spheres according todensity and/or the crystallisation temperatures of minerals duringthe "cooling" of the body. Gold argues that what we call theAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 35
  • 34. metamorphosed state, during their formation would have complex hydrocarbon molecules. Hydrogenation is a reactiondestroyed any organic materials with which we are familiar. If that combines hydrogen with unsaturated organic compounds"oil" were formed in the decay of surface organisms, how (hydrocarbons). Unsaturated organic compounds have at leastwould it ever get down into the regions where it can be found one pair of carbon atoms connected by a double or triple When an unsaturated compound is treated with hydrogen at a In his earlier book, The Millennium of Methane (see footnote suitable temperature and in the presence of a catalyst (some14), Gold presented data on the isotopic composition of the heli- substance which has to be present during a chemical reactionum content of the methane (natural gas) which accompanies crude without being materially involved in it, such as finely dividedoil. Were this oil derived from the remains of "normal" organ- nickel, platinum or palladium), the multiple bond between theisms that live in what we usually consider the biosphere, then the carbon atoms is broken and a hydrogen atom attaches itself tohelium present in trace amounts should have the isotope mix of each carbon atom. For example, when ethylene (C 2 H 4 ) is3He/4He that occurs in the atmosphere—not the 4He which is hydrogenated, the product is ethane (C2H6).observed to emanate from the inner parts of the Earth in rift zones Hydrogenation is also used with more complicated molecules,and from volcanoes and other environments that are linked to the yielding a great variety of synthetic products that are important indeeper parts of the Earth. Gold provides a wealth of analytical the laboratory and for to show that helium associated with crude oil (via the asso - The Bergius process—named after the German chemistciated methane) has an isotopic composition commensurable Friedrich Karl Rudolph Bergius (1884–1949; Nobel Prize winnerwith a "deep" origin! in 1931)—is used on a large scale in many The physical impossibility of any "normal" parts of the world where petroleum resourceslife existing at the pressures and temperatures are low. It utilises coal and coal tar as a start-prevailing at a depth of five kilometres and ing material. The coal, mixed with a heavythe trace amounts of isotopic helium occur- oil, is ground to a fine paste and heated withring with the methane associated with crude Hydrogenation hydrogen, under pressure, in the presence ofoil are conveniently not considered when the"going paradigm" of oil formation is dis- processes of some sort, The resulting oil is further hydrogenated, and a catalyst composed of metallic sulphides.cussed. The bacteria living within the Earth operating within the a third hydrogenation yields gasoline. Onederive energy from reductive processes (of tonne of coal yields about 304 litres (aboutmethane and to a lesser extent of sulphates) bowels of the Earth, 80 gallons) of gasoline.rather than from oxidative processes, like all seem to be a far more The Fischer–Tropsch process (named afterother "normal" life upon Earth. its developers, the German chemists Franz "Extremophile" life is found everywhere likely mode of Fischer and Hans Tropsch) was used exten-that researchers care to look—in nuclear formation of crude oil sively in Germany in the 1930s to pro-reactors, volcanic vents, deep-sea duce synthetic petroleum and dieselgrabens, even in space!18 This is not a than what the fuel. It uses a mixture of carbon"modern" phenomenon. Paul Rincon apostles of the religion monoxide and hydrogen gases with a(BBC News Online, 22 April 2004) catalyst containing nickel, cobalt orreported that researchers have found of "fossil fuel" are modified iron.evidence for early life on Earth having sermonising Hydrogenation processes of somethrived in submarine lava flows. sort, operating within the bowels of theMicrobes broke down volcanic glasses us with. Earth, seem to be a far more likelyin pursuit of sustenance in "pillow mode of formation of crude oil thanlavas" of the Barberton Mountainland in what the apostles of the religion ofsouthern Africa as long ago as 3.5 "fossil fuel" are sermonising us with.billion years. By metabolising these This would explain why there is oilmaterials, they left behind tubular found in places such as:structures within which are traces of • the Californian coast, which is over-organic carbon. Modern such structures also contain nucleic acids lying a subduction zone (where the Pacific oceanic crust dipsand increased traces of carbon and nitrogen—the key elements of under the North American continent) and is in close proximity tolife. the San Andreas fault zone, one of the most mobile regions of the The textbooks on the genesis of crude oil 19 all regurgitate the Earths crust (this might not be a "despite", but a "because" type of"story" that had seemed to make sense when "Colonel" Drake relation);drilled a hole near Titusville in Pennsylvania in the fateful year of • the Bight of Biafra, where the African continent is fractured1859.20 His brief had been to prospect for salt—but he discovered eastwards as is evidenced by geomorphology;oil! There being coal seams in the general area led to an immedi- • on the other side of the Atlantic, off the Brazilian coast, whereate knee-jerk reaction of know-it-all science: the oil had to be a oil-producing wells drilled in some of the deepest water to datesegregation from the coal, which because of its content of fos- make a complete mockery of the "going paradigm" as well;silised wood had to derive from plant matter. • the Muglad Basin in Somalia, which is rather close to the East In the more than 150 years since, there has been not a single African graben, along which the eastern parts of Africa are sepa-experiment that has succeeded in "creating" oil from plant (or rating from the rest of the continent;animal) matter! 21 Despite this, institutionalised geoscience keeps • the Highlands of Papua New Guinea, a still-active orogentelling its students that oil is "fossil fuel" and has derived from the (region of mountain building);remains of organic matter. • the North Sea, where an impact structure dubbed "Silverpit"22, Chemists have long since known how to synthesise more dated at roughly the same age as the Chicxulub impact structure36 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 35. off the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, i.e., 65 million years old, is in Real scientists use terminology in order to define precisely theclose proximity to an oil-producing region; more fickle aspects of their work, while the "cash and carry" • the Indonesian Archipelago, which is one of the most mobile scientific enterprise of modern times uses terminology to excludezones of the Earth; oil is produced in many parts. unwanted outsiders who could possibly upset the paradigms. Peer None of the above-listed regions has significant sedimentary review of academic publications used to be self-censoring toformations which could act as "source rocks" or even "host exclude methodologically unsound research from the". What they do have in common is the fact that they are Of late it ensures that the paradigms are adhered to, and thishighly mobile parts of the Earths crust or are close to structures introduces an entirely different kind of censorship. The consensuswhich penetrate deep into the inner parts of the globe. of the learned elders of whatever scientific discipline regarding It would seem reasonable to assume that these structures the permitted results of research stifles the progress of science. Aprovide for channelways along which oil, which is forming case in point: rapid progress "happens" in fields like informationconstantly in the equilibration of the inner parts of the Earth, technology or genetic engineering—disciplines so new that theyescapes to the surface. The "connection" of crude oil with life, it have neither a paradigm nor ethical guidelines to keep themseems reasonable to argue in this light, is entirely different from sliding from bottomless immorality into criminality.what is currently assumed: oil does not form from life, but thehydrocarbons from the inner parts of the globe support life in THE END OF OIL?the deep, hot biosphere! At this point, this essay comes full circle. By calling oil "fossil fuel", a "macro" is working on the cognitive faculties of peopleBETWEEN A ROCK AND A HARD PLACE who are "empowered" by the combustion of hydrocarbons. As a "hard-rock" exploration geologist for over a quarter of a Anything "fossil" is by definition finite, and when the oil industrycentury, the author has worked on five continents and has had continues to presage "the End of Oil" it surreptitiously massagesinnumerable opportunities to discuss the mind of the "power-hungry" per-the matter with oil geologists over son on the street. The closer thedistilled hydrocarbons. Most of these "finite" resource of "fossil fuel" getsdiscussions ended in shouting The presently en vogue to its predicted "end", the easier it ismatches and ad hominem attacks. Not paradigm of "oil formation" is to justify a turning of the price spi-one of the above-cited arguments has ral. In this way, the individual isever been considered as relevant to little more than an apodictic tricked into unquestioningly accept-the matter under discussion. This is religious dogma. The voicing of ing any price at the pump, whilereminiscent of the line which the Pope entire nations see nothing wrong infollowed when it came to "the Passion any doubt as to its veracity is simply going on the warpath toof the Christ": "It was as it was"! The presently en vogue paradigm of tantamount to professional ensure they remain "powerful". The history of the 20th century"oil formation" is little more than an suicide for oil industry could be rewritten in terms of all theapodictic religious dogma. Thevoicing of any doubt as to its veracity professionals... wars having been simply the means to the end of getting at the quantitiesis tantamount to professional suicide of oil required to keep "develop-for oil industry professionals; ridicule ment" of the world going at the mostis dished out to other scientists and distasteful remarks are profitable pace. My article titled "Big Oil and the War on Drugsreserved for all those who have no "special knowledge". and Terrorism" [NEXUS, vol. 11, no. 4] outlined an alternative This is reminiscent of the tactics of the Propaganda Minister of way of stringing together the military conflicts of the last century.the Third Reich, Dr Josef Goebbels, who elevated the working While the high and mighty were simply ordering their subjectsknowledge of bricklayers to an art form: "The harder you throw into World War I, the Second World War was the result of massthe plaster, the better it will stick!" As regards the paradigm of oil hysteria and brutal manipulation. After the first round of whole-formation this then reads: "The bolder the lie, the more credible it sale mass slaughter, the world said "Never again!", but 20 yearsis!" later the "Fuehrers" of mankind proved to have the historical German philosopher Professor Jürgen Habermas demands all memory capacity of the common fruit fly. As "effective" as theparticipants in intellectual discourse to possess "participant League of Nations was after World War I in assuring that thereknowledge".23 In doing so, he deprives the majority of mankind would be no next global war, the United Nations organisationof one of its most fundamental rights: to have a say in formed at the end of World War II was similarly useless. What itexistentially important matters. When Thomas Kuhn (cf. endnote achieved in effect was that the founders of both these institutions15) "installed" the concept of paradigms by way of a "macro" (a were able to retain their economy on a war footing continuouslymaterialised algorithm) into the software of modern thinking, he by "regulating" the arms (usage) industry.effectively did for academia what Habermas did for mankind in When entire nations get herded into the boxcars of trains head-general: issue everybody with a "gag order"! ing for oblivion in modern times, as always there is "sound scien- In this way, academia is dumbed down, just like the general tific evidence" produced to justify even the most outrageouspublic is said to be too stupid to possibly be able to understand actions. In 1956, Shell geologist M. King Hubbert predicted (cor-"science". By telling everybody to mind their own business, rectly as it turned out) that US oil production would peak in theacademia is just as brutally divided into mental cages as mankind early 1970s and then begin to decline. Was the political reality ain general. This also flies in the face of the democratic principles. coincidence? The 1973 war over Palestine let the oil price climbAcademic specialists (the ones "in the know") advise elected into the lofty regions that made the exploitation of the recentlyofficials on policy. In effect, many existentially fundamental discovered vast oil reserves in the North Sea a viable proposition.matters are decided totally undemocratically. 24 K. S. Deffeyes did similar work to that of Hubbert on global oilAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 37
  • 36. production, predicting it to "peak" between 2004 and 2008.25 About the Author: It seems hard to dismiss a connection between American Austrian-born Dr Siegfried E. Tischler received his PhD ingeopolitical posturing (and unilateral action) and this kind of Geosciences in 1977 from Leopold-Francis University, Innsbruck. Since then, he has worked on five continents as a geoscientist inthinking. academia (with the Austrian Mining University), in government (as This time around, it is the oil reserves of the Argentina– Director of Mining in Transkei, a former South African "Homeland"Falklands Shelf, discovered in the late 1970s (which were the rea- where he established a Geological Survey Department), and inson for the Falklands War), which require an oil price hike of vast industry (as a mineral exploration management consultant).proportions to justify the gigantic investments to put this resourceIn 2001, he took on an assignment as Visiting Professor in the(rumoured to be 10 times the size of that of Saudi Arabia) into Department of Sociology, University of Graz, Austria, to teachproduction. Ethics of Science within the framework of a course dealing with the management of crises and catastrophes, offered to post-gradu-DEPLETED URANIUM AND THE IRAQI OILFIELDS ates within senior positions in government and industry. Since Only lateral thinkers will ever grasp the probable reason for May 2003, he has been a Visiting Professor at the University ofturning Iraq into a nuclear waste dump. When the truth about the Riau, Indonesia, setting up a Centre for Ethics of Science. He has joined PT Multi Nuansa Harmoni as Director Utama in order toeffects of using depleted uranium26 (DU) ammunition hits home, market his technologies for the oil service industry and the region,the second-largest (commonly known) oil reserves of the globe and is presently based on Batam Island,will remain in the ground. Indonesia. Nobody will risk having their children born Dr Tischler is happy to receive and reply toanophthalmic (without eyes) or even without a When the truth about comments emailed to, or with fused fingers or other For a more detailed biography, visitunspeakable birth defects. the effects of using Andy Kershaw reported for the UK depleted uranium (DU) Dr Tischler will be speaking about global oilIndependent from Basra, southern Iraq, on 1 politics and related subjects at the NEXUSDecember 2001 about the ghastly effects of ammunition hits home, Conference in Brisbane in September 2004.DU munitions on the health of the local the second-largest oil Endnotespopulation. reserves of the globe 1. Dewey, J., "Plate Tectonics", Scientific During the Gulf War, the USA and UK American 226:56-68, 1972.pounded the city and its surroundings with will remain in the 2. This is very much in keeping with monotheistic96,000 depleted-uranium shells; soon after, ground. thinking which turns the human earthly presencechildren were born there with grotesque into waiting in an ante-room of otherwordlycongenital abnormalities. paradisiacal bliss. The administrators of "- From 1991 (the end of the Gulf war) Nobody will risk isms" (religious, political or scientific) makeuntil 1994, the Basra Maternity Hospital a good living out of the sale of "tickets tosaw 11 congenital anomalies; in 2000, having their children ride"...there were 221 such abnormalities. The born without eyes or 3. Windley, B.F., The Evolving Continents, Wiley & Sons, New York, ISBN 0-471-hospital treated 15 children with without a brain, or 99475-8, 1977.leukaemia in 1993; in 2000, it treated 4. American psychologist Leon Festingersixty. with other unspeakable proposed in 1957 a "theory of cognitive dis- A study of the families of 251 Gulf War birth defects. sonance", according to which emotionalveterans in Mississippi has revealed that homoeostasis is established when the percep-67 per cent of all children fathered by tions agree with expectations. Wheneverthese soldiers after their tour of duty in contentedness is not possible to achieve inIraq were born without eyes or ears, or any other way, then perception is "filtered".even without a brain, and with grotesque congenital abnormalities See also Milton, R., Forbidden Science, Fourth Estate, London, ISBN 1-85702-302-1, 1994. finds under "cognitive dissonance"(Dr Lauren Moret, environmental geologist, San Francisco Bay a whole litany of new and newest literature on the Internet. (The con-View, 11 July 2001). cept has again been recognised as relevant!) These reports have not been quoted by other news media, but 5. David Pratt cites multiple examples of evidence from a wide rangehave been buried under "more interesting" news.27 of geoscientific disciplines to show that "plate tectonics" is far from the According to Larry Johnson, writing in the Seattle Post- all-embracing geodynamic paradigm that it has become over the lastIntelligencer (4 August 2003): "The Pentagon and the United quarter of the 20th century, and he advises a more circumspectNations estimate that the US and Britain used 1,100 to 2,200 tons approach to the subject. See Pratt, D., "Plate Tectonics: A Paradigmof armor-piercing shells made of depleted uranium during attacks Under Threat", Journal of Scientific Exploration 14(3):307-352, ISSNon Iraq in March and into April 2003—far more than the 0892-3310/00, 2000. 6. Ehrlich, Paul R., Anna H. Ehrlich and J.P. Holdren, Ecoscience:estimated 375 tons used in the 1991 Gulf War." Population, Resources, Environment, Freeman, San Francisco, ISBN 0- When similar reports of the results on public health after the 7167-0567-2, 1972. This is a curious book: a totally incomprehensiblesecond "gang rape of Iraq" surface from Iraq itself and the nations problem is described in everyday language in a way to make it seem-that have made up the "gang", there will be signs sprouting up at ingly "go away"...petrol pumps: "We sell only gasoline produced from oil certified 7. Krenvolden, K.A. and L.A. Barnard, "Hydrates of natural gas inas NOT FROM IRAQ". continental margins", in Watkins, J.S. and C.L. Drake (eds), Studies in With that, the vast oil reserves of Iraq will stay in the ground, Continental Margin Geology, Amer. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Memoirthe resulting price hike will turn the Argentina–Falklands Shelf 34, 1982, pp. 63-144. That this data was available over 20 years agointo a porcupine of oil rigs, and mankind will be waiting for the Continued on page 80next chapter in the history of "Big Oil". ∞38 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 37. The Mysterious Origins of Oil Continued from page 38 Gaia may hide. More about all this can be friendly"), ECON, Düsseldorf, 1987. found at 15. Gold, Thomas, "The Deep, Hotshows science to be irresponsible and politics newplanets. Biosphere", Proceedings of the Nationalto be criminal. For more data, see also: Ellis 12. Hoyle, F. and C. Wickramasinghe, Our Academy of Science, USA 89:6045, 1992. ItEvans, J.C. and D. Wynn Williams, "A Great Place in the Cosmos: Life did not begin on should be mentioned here that in this paperLake under the Ice", Nature 381:644-46, 2000; Earth – it arrived from space and is still arriv- Gold draws attention to the fact that such ideasStone, R., "Russian outpost readies for other- ing, Phoenix, London, 1993. have been "textbook" wisdom in the USSR forworldly quest", Science 279:658-61, 1998. 13. Tritium 3H is a radioactive isotope of decades. With the takeover of the former8. Aldersey Williams, H., The Most Beautiful hydrogen. It has a half-life of 12.43 years and Eastern Bloc and especially its oil industry byMolecule: The Discovery of the Buckyball, J. decays by beta emission to helium-3 (3He). Western capital, this knowlege has largelyWiley & Sons, New York, 1995. The name of Tritium is produced naturally by the interaction "disappeared" from academia in the formerthe mineral honours architect R. Buckminster- of cosmic rays with nitrogen and oxygen, Second World. Prof. Igor Hrusecky, ChairmanFuller, who popularised geodesic domes. mainly in the upper atmosphere. Tritium exists of the Department of Geophysics and9. Hoyle, F., The Nature of the Universe, Basil in the atmosphere in the form of tritiated water Hydrocarbon Potential, University ofBlackwell, Oxford, 1953. molecules (HTO) and is transferred from the Bratislava, Slovak Republic, alerted the author10. This is termed the "Chandrasekhar limit" atmosphere to the Earths surface through to this in February 2001. This kind of thinking(or, in the popular vernacular, "event hori- vapour exchange and rainfall. The involve- is eminently more rational than the "going par-zon"): any mass greater than 1.4 solar masses ment of tritium in the hydrological cycle adigm" in Western academia; it can be provedwill not explode into a supernova, but implode makes it an excellent transient tracer for track- experimentally and does not require any deusto form an all-consuming "black hole". ing water movement in natural water systems. ex machina. That it is not permitted even to be11. Interestingly, Uranus orbits the Sun at an By the late 1950s and early 1960s, large quan- considered as an alternative shows Westernoblique angle which does not fit with the tities of anthropogenic tritium were delivered (geo-) science as a fraudulent enterprise driven"going paradigm" of planet formation. Reuters to the atmosphere by the thermonuclear by special interests.reported in June 2002 about the discovery of weapons tests. This anthropogenic signal com- 16. Kuhn, T.S., The Structure of Scientifican entity akin to our solar system around 55 pletely masked the small quantities of naturally Revolutions, University of Chicago Press,Cancri, a star within the constellation Cancer produced tritium. Tritium is used as a tracer in Chicago, 1962. By some 20 years later, para-(at some 41 light-years or 41012 km distance chemical and biochemical research. digms had become the slogan in science; and itfrom Earth) which can be seen with the naked 14. Gold, Thomas, Das Jahrtausend des can be shown that they are little more than theeye. Three "gas giants" orbit 55 Cancri (as in Methans. Die Energie der Zukunft – effect of academic nihilism which has turnedour solar system); in a position analogous to unerschöpflich, umweltfreundlich ("The science and art into pure formalisms. "TheMars, Earth and Venus, there is a "void" (of Millennium of Methane – The Energy of the crustification of thinking along pre-determinedfactual knowledge?) within which another Future: inexhaustible, environmentally schemata, the suffocation of new ways of80 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 38. The Mysterious Origins of Oil Continued from page 80 "evolutionary principle" and Russia finally 23. Habermas, J., Theorie des kommunikativen subdued the Ukraine and gained control over Handelns ("Theory of Communicativethinking under mountains of alpha-numeric the oil-rich region of the Caucasus (and in the Action"), Frankfurt/Main, 1981, 2, the prohibition of creativity by the force process caused the exodus of millions of 24. The manifest idiocy of genetic engineeringof the canon sometimes permit haphazardly Askhenazi Jews, which resulted in the "Jewish would never have come to be if democraticoutstanding achievements—which mostly, problem" of Europe). principles had been at work. Would a medicalhowever, just hide the fact that they are based 21. This is not a singularity: in 1952, the doctor (being cognisant of his Hippocraticon naught." Kraus, W., Nihilismus heute oder Urey–Miller process, where a mix of methane, oath) ever let a bioengineer loose? Can aDie Geduld der Weltgeschichte ("Nihilism or water vapour and other gases thought to have mathematician, in the knowledge of GödelsThe Patience of World History"), Fischer been prevalent in the primordial atmosphere theorem, ever be sure? This list could beVerlag, Frankfurt/Main, ISBN 3-5962-4348-3, was subjected to electrical discharges, resulted extended ad infinitum or ad absurdum...1985, p. 19. Some 50 years earlier, Sergyei in deposits of amino acid–like substances. 25. Deffeyes, K.S., Hubberts Peak: TheNilus deposited the Protocols of the Learned This was considered proof for the "origin of Impending World Oil Shortage, PrincetonElders of Zion with the British Museum. They life" on Earth. That not all of the necessary University Press, ISBN 0-6910-9086-6, 2001.postulate that the Goyim (non-Jews) are not "building blocks of life" were formed in this 26. Depleted uranium (DU) in armour-pierc-led by the practical use of unbiased historical way made the concept unworkable, and most ing ammunition externalises elegantly one ofreview, but follow theoretical routines without damning was the fact that all those constructs the cost factors of nuclear power generation:critical appreciation of consequent results. were dextro-rotary, while all such organic for- mations are levo-rotary! As this would have natural uranium ore is 96% 238U; only the(Who does not wonder whether T.S. Kuhn hada ghostwriter?) utterly destroyed "the story", it was hardly ever meagre rest is the highly radioactive (and fis-17. Gold, Thomas, The Deep, Hot Biosphere, reported! sionable) 235U. The enrichment leaves theCopernicus, New York, 1999. 22. In August 2002, Simon Steward (BP, useless 238U, an alpha-ray emitter with a half-18. Horikoshi, K. and W.D. Grant (eds), Aberdeen) and Philip Allen (Production life of some 4.5 billion years, as highly danger-Extremophiles: Microbial Life in Extreme Geoscience, Banchory) reported in Nature ous toxic waste. The high atomic weight ren-Environments, Wiley Series in Ecological and (418:520, 2002) that some 140 kilometres east ders 238U ideally suited as tipping for tank-Applied Microbiology, Wiley-Liss, ISBN 0- of the mouth of the Humber River in England buster weaponry. Tungsten would serve the4710-2618-2, 1998. lies an impact structure, christened "Silverpit", same purpose, but it is not freely available as19. Ex pluribus unum: Hyne, N.J., Geology which was created some 60 to 65 million years waste.for Petroleum Exploration, Drilling and ago in the North Sea (simultaneously with the 27. That was the Larry King Live epoch whenProduction, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1984. Chicxulub structure off the Yucatán peninsula DNA was of interest only in terms of blood on20. In that same year, the Red Cross was which is held responsible for the extinction of fences (from OJS?) or stains on Monicas bluefounded, Wallace and Darwin advanced the the dinosaurs). dress (from WJC?).AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 81
  • 39. S ometimes it happens that a person can name the exact moment when his or her life changed irrevocably. For Cleve Backster, it was early morning on February 2nd, 1966, at 13 minutes 55 seconds of chart time for a polygraph he was administer- ing. One of the worlds experts on polygraphs and the creator of the Backster Zone Comparison Test (the standard used by lie detection examiners worldwide), Backster had threatened the subjects well-being in the hope of triggering a response. The subject had responded electrochemically to this threat. The subject was a plant. Since that time, Cleve Backster has conducted hundreds of experiments showing that Cleve Backsters plants respond to our emotions and intents, as do severed or crushed leaves, eggs (fer- 1966 discovery that tilised or not), yogurt, scrapings from the roof of a persons mouth, sperm and so on. Hes found that if he placed oral leukocytes (or white blood cells removed from a persons living cells tune into mouth) into a test tube, the cells would still respond electrochemically to the donors emo- tional states, even when the person was out of the room, out of the building or out of the and respond to their state. Ive wanted to speak to Cleve Backster since I first read about his work when I was a environment as well kid. He sparked my imagination, and it is not too much to say that his observations on February 2nd, 1966, changed not only his life but my own. He verified an understanding as to emotions and I had as a child, an understanding that not even a degree in physics could later eradicate: that the world is alive and sentient. intentions is still Nonetheless, when I went to talk to him I did not allow my enthusiasm to overwhelm revolutionising our my scepticism. I was excited yet dubious as he placed yogurt into a sterilised test tube. He clamped the tube in place, inserted two sterilised gold electrodes and turned on the understanding of recording chart. We began to talk. The pen wriggled up and down, and seemed to lurch just as I took in my breath to disagree with something he said. But I couldnt be sure. consciousness and When we see something, how do we know if it is real or if we see it only because we wish so much to believe? communication. Cleve left to take care of business elsewhere in the building. I tried to fabricate anger, thinking of clearcuts and the politicians who legislate them, thinking about abused chil- dren and their abusers. The line manifesting the electrochemical response of the yogurt remained perfectly flat. Fabricated emotions either dont count or its a sham—or some- thing else was terribly wrong. Perhaps the yogurt was not interested in me. Losing interest myself, I began to wander around the lab. My eyes fell on a calender, and on closer inspection I saw it was actually an advertisement for UPS. I felt a sudden surge of anger at the ubiquity of advertisements, and then realised, "My god, what was that? A spontaneous emotion!" I dashed to the chart and saw a sudden spike correspond- ing to the moment Id seen the calender. Then more flat line. And more flat line. And more. Again I began to wander through the lab, and again I saw something that triggered Interview with Cleve Backster an emotion. This was a poster showing a map of the human genome. I thought of the Human Genome Diversity Project, a monumental study hated by many traditional indige- by Derrick Jensen nous peoples and their allies for its genocidal implications. Another surge of anger, © 1997–2004 another dash to the chart and another spike in the graph from instants before Id started to move. Such are the moments of revolutionary insight. Email: I spoke with Cleve Backster 31 years and 22 days after his original observation, a full Webpage: continent away in San Diego from the office on Times Square in New York City where he had once worked and lived. backster.html Derrick Jensen (DJ): Im sure youve told this story a million times, but can you say again how you first noticed the reaction in a plant?AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 41
  • 40. Cleve Backster (CB): The initial observation that happened on Immediately I understood something important was going on.February 2nd, 1966, involved a dracaena cane plant I had back in There were no alternate explanations. There was no one else inthe lab in Manhattan. I wasnt particularly into plant culture; its the building, nobody else in the lab suite, and I simply wasntjust that there was a going-out-of-business sale at a plant store on doing anything that would provide a mechanistic explanation.the ground floor of the building I was in, and the secretary bought From that split second, my consciousness hasnt been the same.a couple of inexpensive plants for the office. One was a rubber My whole thought process, my whole priority system, has beenplant and the other was this dracaena cane. I had done a satura- devoted to looking into this.tion watering of these plants—putting them under the faucet andwatering them until water ran through completely—and I was EXPERIMENTS IN ATTUNEMENTcurious as to how long it would take the moisture to get to the top. CB: After that first observation, I talked to scientists from dif-I was especially interested in the dracaena because the water had ferent fields, trying to get them to explain to me within their disci-to climb a long trunk and then to the end of these long leaves. I plines what was happening. It was totally foreign to them. So Ithought if I put something that measures resistance at the end of a started to design an experiment in greater depth to explore what Ileaf—the galvanic skin response section of the polygraph, and I soon began to call "primary perception".had those sitting all over the place because we were running a DJ: Primary perception?school—a drop in resistance should be recorded on the paper as CB: I couldnt call what I was witnessing extrasensory percep-the contaminating moisture arrived between the electrodes. tion, because plants dont have most of the first five senses to start That, at least, is the cover story. Im not sure if there was with. This perception on the part of the plant seemed to takeanother, more profound, reason. It could be that somebody at place at a much more basic, or primary, level. Thus the name.another level of con- Anyway, whatsciousness was nudging emerged was anme into doing this. I experiment in whichdont know. But curios- I arranged fority about watering seems shrimp to beto have worked out as a dropped automati-reasonable explanation cally at randomof why I did it. intervals into sim- Next, I noticed some- mering water, whilething on the chart that recording the reac-resembled a human tion of plants at theresponse on a poly- other end of the lab.graph. In other words, DJ: How did youthe contour of the pen tell whether thetracing was not what I plants were respond-would expect from ing to the death ofwater entering a leaf, the shrimp or to yourbut instead what I would emotions?expect from a person CB: It is verytaking a lie-detector test. very hard to elimi-Lie detectors work on Kombucha culture tracing, 2002 (from Cleve Backsters book, Primary Perception) nate the intercon-the principle that when nection between thepeople perceive a threat to their well-being, they physiologically experimenter and the plants being tested. Even the briefest asso-respond in predictable ways. If you were conducting a polygraph ciation with the plants—just a few hours—is enough to let themas part of a murder investigation, you might ask a suspect, "Was it become attuned to you. Then, even though you automate theyou who fired the shot that was fatal to so and so?" If the true experiment and leave the laboratory, and even though you set aanswer is yes, the suspect will fear getting caught lying, and elec- time-delay switch for random intervals, guaranteeing you aretrodes on their skin will pick up the response to that fear. entirely unaware of when the experiment starts, the plants will So I began to think about how I could threaten the well-being of remain attuned to you, no matter where you go.the plant. First I tried putting a neighbouring leaf in a cup of At first, my partner and I used to go to a bar a block away, andwarm coffee. The plant, if anything, showed what I now recog- after a time we began to grow suspicious that the plants were notnise as boredom: it just kept trending downward. Then, at 13 responding to the death of the brine shrimp at all, but instead tominutes 55 seconds of chart time, the imagery entered my mind of the rising and falling levels of excitement in our conversations.burning the leaf I was testing. I didnt verbalise, I didnt touch the Finally, we came up with a way around this. We had someoneplant, I didnt touch the equipment. The only new thing that could else buy the plants and store them in another part of the buildinghave been a stimulus for the plant was the mental image. Yet the we didnt frequent. On the day of the experiment we went to theplant went wild. The pen jumped right off the top of the chart. holding area, brought the plants in, hooked them up and left. This I went into the next office to get matches from my secretarys meant the plants were in a strange environment, they had the pres-desk and, lighting one, made a few feeble passes at a neighbour- sure of the electrodes, they had a little trickle of electricity goinging leaf. I realised, though, that I was already seeing such a satu- through their leaves, and theyd been deserted. Because they wereration of reaction that more change wouldnt be noticeable any- not attuned to us or to anyone else, they began "looking around"way. So I tried a different approach: I removed the threat by tak- for anything that would acquaint them with their the matches back to the secretarys desk. The plant calmed Then, and only then, did something so subtle as the death of theright back down. brine shrimp get picked up by the plants.42 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 41. DJ: Do plants become attuned over time only to humans, or do CB: I was on an airplane once, and had with me a little battery-they become attuned to others in their environment as well? powered galvanic response meter that I could hook to electrodes. CB: Ill answer that with an example. Often I hook up a plant I had the aisle seat, and I can still remember the poor guy strappedand just go about my business, then observe what makes it in next to the window. Just as the attendants started servingrespond. One day back in New York City I was making coffee. lunch, I pulled out this meter and said to him, "You want to seeThe coffee maker we had in the lab was a dripolator, where you something interesting?" I put a piece of lettuce between the elec-put a teakettle on, boil the water, pour it in and it drips down. We trodes and when people started to eat their salads we got somenormally didnt empty the teakettle but just topped it off later. reactivity, which stopped as the leaves went into shock. Then IThis particular day, however, I needed the teakettle for something said, "Wait until they pick up the trays, and see what happens".else and so I poured the scalding water down the sink. The plant When attendants removed our meals, the lettuce got back its reac-being monitored showed huge reactions. It turns out that if you tivity. The point is that the lettuce was going into a protectivedont put chemicals or very hot water down the sink for a long state so it would not suffer. When the danger left, the reactivitytime, a little jungle begins to grow down there. Under a micro- came back. This ceasing of electrical energy at the cellular levelscope its almost as scary as the bar scene in Star Wars. Well, the ties in, I believe, to the state of shock that people, too, enter inplant was responding to the death of the microbes. extreme trauma. Ive been amazed at the perception capability DJ: Plants, bacteria, lettuce leaves...right down to the bacterial level. One sample CB: Eggs. I had a Doberman Pinscher for aof yogurt, for example, will pick up when while, back in New York, and I used to feedanother is being fed. Sort of like, "That ones "I couldnt call what him an egg a day. One day I had a plantgetting food. Wheres mine?" That happens I was witnessing hooked up to a large meter ordinarily used towith a fair degree of repeatability. Or if you display galvanic skin response. This meanstake two samples of yogurt, hook one up to extrasensory that instead of churning out miles of chartelectrodes and drop antibiotics in the other, the perception, because paper, which can get pretty expensive, I couldelectroded yogurt shows a huge response at the plants dont have most Thison the meter anyIlarge feeding in reactivity. see changeothers death. And they neednt even be the particular time was the dog, andsame kind of bacteria. of the first five senses as I cracked the egg the meter went crazy. I The first Siamese cat I ever had would only to start with. thought, "Whats the connection betweeneat chicken. My partners wife would cook a cracking an egg, and the plant in the otherbird and send it to the lab. Id put the car- "This perception on room getting all whippy?" That startedcass in the refrigerator and pull off a piece hundreds of hours of monitoring eggs.each day to feed the cat. By the time Id the part of the plant Fertilised or unfertilised, it doesnt matter;get to the end, the carcass would be pretty seemed to take place at its still a living cell, and plants perceiveold and the bacteria would have started to when that continuity is broken. Eggs, too,build up. One day I had some yogurt a much more basic, or have the same defence mechanism. If youhooked up; and as I got the chicken out of primary, level. Thus threaten them, their tracing will go flat onthe refrigerator to begin pulling off strips the name, primary you. Then, if you wait about 20 minutes,of meat, the yogurt responded. Next, I put they come back.the chicken under a heat lamp to bring it to perception."room temperature... RESULTS WITH HUMAN CELLS DJ: You obviously pamper your cat... CB: After working with plants, bacteria CB: I wouldnt want the cat to have to and eggs, I started to wonder how animalseat cold chicken! Anyway, heat hitting the would react. Of course, you cant holdbacteria created huge reactions in the yogurt. your cat or dog still for long enough to do meaningful monitoring. DJ: How do you know you werent influencing this? So I used scrapings from the roof of a persons mouth. But I was CB: At the time, I was going through a phase where I used pip only able to get short-term readings, nothing long enough to drawswitches constantly. I had them set up all over the lab. Whenever conclusions. I thought then that Id try sperm, which would be theI performed an action, I hit a switch which placed a mark on the ideal single human cell, capable of staying alive outside the bodyremotely located chart. That way I could later compare the and certainly easy enough to obtain.reaction of the yogurt, which I was unaware of at the time, to In this observation, the sample from the donor was put into awhatever was happening in the lab. Once again, when I turned test tube with electrodes, and the donor was separated from thethe chicken over, I got these huge reactions from the yogurt. sperm by several rooms. Then the donor inhaled amyl nitrate— DJ: And another when the cat starts to ingest the chicken? you know, poppers, that young people talk about—which when CB: Interestingly enough, bacteria appear to have a defence used conventionally is supposed to dilate vessels and stop peoplemechanism such that impending danger causes them to go into a from having strokes. Just crushing the amyl nitrate caused a bigstate very similar to shock. In effect, they pass out. Many plants reaction in the sperm—and when the donor inhaled, the spermwill do this as well. If you hassle them enough theyll go insensi- went wild.tive, almost like a flat line. The bacteria apparently did this, So here I am, seeing single-cell organisms on a human level—because, as soon as the unfriendly bacteria hit the cats digestive sperm—that are responding to the donors sensations, even whensystem, the signal went out. There was a flat line from then on. they are no longer in the same room as the donor. There was no DJ: Dr Livingston, of "Dr Livingston, I presume" fame, was way, though, that I could continue that research. It would havemauled by a lion. He later said that during the attack he didnt been scientifically proper, but politically stupid. The dedicatedfeel pain, but was instead blissed out. He said it would have been sceptics would undoubtedly have ridiculed me, asking where myno problem to give himself up to the lion. masturbatorium is, and so on.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 43
  • 42. Then, at a meeting in Houston, I met a dental researcher from advanced spiritually. It also could be that we are approaching athe Texas University School of Dentistry who had perfected a place where we may be able to safely enhance our perception. Imethod of gathering white cells from donors mouths. This was think more and more people are openly working in these so fargreat. It was politically feasible, easy to do and required no med- marginalised areas of research.ical supervision, as would have been necessary with white cell For instance, have you heard of Rupert Sheldrakes work withextraction directly from blood. dogs? He puts a time-oriented camera on both the dog at home Once that hurdle was out of the way, I started doing split-screen and the associated human at work. He has discovered that evenvideotaping of experiments, with the chart readout superimposed for people who come home from work at a different time eachat the bottom of a screen showing the donors activities. We day, at the moment the person leaves work the dog at home headsfound that a person could be 10 blocks away, or even 20 miles for the door.away, and we still got reactions. DJ: How did you monitor over distance? REACTIONS FROM MAINSTREAM SCIENTISTS CB: We took the white cell samples, then sent the people home DJ: How has the scientific community received your work?to watch television. I would have preselected a program that CB: With the exception of scientists at the margins, likewould elicit an emotional response from them—for example, Rupert Sheldrake, it was met first with derision, then hostility,showing a veteran of Pearl Harbor a documentary of West Pacific and mostly now with silence.enemy aircraft attacks—and then I taped At first they called primary perception "theboth the program and the response of their Backster effect", perhaps hoping they couldcells. What we found was that cells outside ridicule the observations away by namingthe body still react to the emotions you feel, them after this wild man who claims to seeeven though you may be miles away. things that have been missed by mainstream The greatest distance weve tested has been science. The name stuck—and becauseabout 300 miles. Brian OLeary, who wrote "We took the white cell primary perception cant be readily dismissed,Exploring Inner and Outer Space , left his samples, then sent the it is no longer a term of contempt.white cells here in San Diego, then flew At the same time the scientists werehome to Phoenix. On the way, he kept care- people home to watch ridiculing my work, the popular press wasful track of different things that aggravated television... paying very close attention to me, withhim, carefully logging the time of each. The dozens of articles and portions of books, suchcorrelation remained over distance. as The Secret Life of Plants. I never asked DJ: The implications of all this... "What we found was for any of the articles to be done, and I have CB: Yes, are staggering. We get two never profited from this work. Peopledifferent kinds of bacteria very much in that cells outside the have always come to me, requestingsync with each other. We get plants body still react to the additional information.responding to our intent. We get plants Anyway, the botanical communityresponding to the death of other crea- emotions you feel, was getting pretty upset. They wantedtures. All my work, which consists of even though you may to get to the bottom of all this "plantfile drawers full of this kind of very nonsense", so at the 1975 Americanhigh quality anecdotal data, has shown be miles away." Association for the Advancement oftime and again that these creatures— Science meeting in New York City theybacteria, plants and so on—are all fan- planned to resolve the issue. Arthurtastically tuned in to each other. Galston, of Yale University, a well- Now, as you get to humans, this capa- known botanist, got together a selectbility gets lost. In one observation after group of scientists to try, in my opinion,my lecture at Yale University, graduate to neutralise the work. This is a typicalstudents monitored a plant and simulta- response by the scientific community, toneously hassled a spider, put their hands around it and stopped it "compare notes" regarding controversial theories. The yearfrom running away. When they moved their hands away, they before in Chicago, they focused on Immanuel Velikovsky, whosaw a reaction in the leaf being monitored the instant before it ran, wrote Worlds in Collision. I had already learned that you dont goapparently right as it was making the decision. Thats a type of into these things to win; you go in to survive. And I was able tohigh-quality observation I have seen repeatedly. do that. And human cells, too, have this primary perception capability, Theyve now got to the point where they cant counter thebut somehow it gets lost; somehow with humans it doesnt surface research Im doing, and so their strategy has been to just ignoreat the conscious level. It makes you wonder if we have lost that me, hoping Ill go away. Of course, thats not working, either.capability, or if we ever had such a talent. DJ: What is their main criticism? Ive come to the conclusion that when a person has evolved CB: The big problem, and this is a big problem as far asspiritually enough to handle these other perceptions, she or he will consciousness research in general is concerned, is repeatability.become properly tuned in. Until then, it may be best not to be The events Ive seen must be spontaneous. If youve thought themtuned in because of the damage we cause by mishandling the out in advance, youve already changed them. It all boils down toinformation received. a very simple thing: repeatability and spontaneity do not go Sometimes we have a tendency to see ourselves as the most together, and as long as members of the scientific communityhighly evolved life-form on the planet. Were very successful at overemphasise that aspect of scientific methodology, theyre notintellectual endeavours. But these may not be the ultimate scales going to get very far in consciousness research. I am sure of which to judge. It could be that there are others who are more That is precisely what has held it back for years.44 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 43. As related to my initial observation in 1966, not only is spon- culture is really all about. For scientists to give up predictabilitytaneity important but so is intent. You cant pretend; it just wont means they must give up control, which means they must give uphappen. If you say you are going to burn a leaf on the plant and Western culture, which means its not going to happen until civili-dont mean it, nothing will happen. So you cant pretend regard- sation collapses under the weight of its own ecological a threat to the plants "well-being", nor can you plan when Okay. We are faced with several options. We can believe youworking for repeatability. are lying, and so is everyone else who has ever experienced this. Young people know that spontaneity and repeatability dont go We can believe that what you are saying is true, and that thetogether. I hear constantly from people in different parts of the whole notion of repeatability—and in essence, then, the wholecountry, wanting to know what to do to cause plant reactions. I direction of the scientific method—needs to be reworked, as welltell them: "Dont do anything. Go about your work; keep notes as the whole notions of consciousness, communication, percep-so later you can tell what you were doing at specific times, and tion and so on. Or we can believe that you are mistaken. Is therethen transfer that to your chart recording of tracing changes. But a possibility that youve overlooked some strictly Cartesian,dont plan anything, or the experi- Baconian, mechanistic answerment wont work.". The individu- for your observations? I readals who do this often discover their somewhere that one scientistsown equivalent to my initial obser- response to your work was thatvation, and they often get first prize there must be a loose wire inin science fairs, etc. But then they your lie detector.get to Science 101, where theyre CB: In 31 years, Ive foundtold that what they have already all my loose wires. No, I cantexperienced is not important. see any mechanistic solution. There have been a few attempts Some parapsychologists believeby scientists to replicate my work Ive mastered the art of psy-with the brine shrimp, but these chokinesis and that I move thehave all been methodologically pen with my mind—whichinadequate. When they learned would be a pretty good trickthat they had to automate the unto itself—but that overlooksexperiment, they merely went to the fact that Ive automated andthe other side of a wall, then used randomised many of the experi-closed-circuit television to watch ments to where Im not evenwhats going on. aware of whats going on until Clearly, they werent removing later when I study the resultingtheir consciousness from the exper- charts and videotapes.iment. It is so very easy to fail at The conventional explana-that experiment—and, lets be hon- tions have worn pretty thin.est, some of the scientists who Static electricity is one explana-attempted to reproduce it were tion proposed. That one gotrelieved when they failed, because printed in H a r p e r s. If youto have succeeded would have been scuffle across the room andto go against the body of scientific touch the plant, you get aknowledge. response. But, of course, I sel- Finally, I just gave up trying to dom touch the plant during peri-fight scientists on this because I ods of observation—and in anyknow that even if the experiment case, that response would befails, the people attempting it will totally different.still see things that will change DJ: So what is the signal thattheir consciousness. That means is picked up by the plant?they will never be the same. CB: I dont know. I dont I get people coming up now that believe the signal, whatever it The historic dracaena plant, still thriving in the lab in 2002.would not have said anything 20 is, dissipates over distance, (Photo from Primary Perception, 2003)years ago. They often say, "I think which is what wed get if weI can safely tell you now how you really changed my life with were dealing with an electromagnetic phenomenon. I used towhat you were doing back in the early 70s". These are scientists hook up a plant, then take a walk with a randomised timer in mywho didnt feel they had the luxury back then to rock the boat for pocket. When the timer went off, Id return home. The plantfear that their credibility, and thus grant requests, would have always responded the moment I turned around, no matter the dis-been affected. tance. And the signal from Phoenix was just as strong as if Brian OLeary were in the next room. I feel comfortable in saying dis-BIOSIGNALLING AT THE QUANTUM LEVEL tance doesnt denigrate the signal. DJ: The emphasis on repeatability seems anti-life, since life Also, weve attempted to screen the signal using lead-lined con-itself is not repeatable. And that emphasis is incredibly important tainers and other materials, but weve found we cant screen it out.because, as Francis Bacon made clear, repeatability is inextricably This makes me think the signal doesnt actually go from here totied to control. And control is fundamentally what Western sci- there, but instead is manifesting in different places, not having toence is about. Or forget Western science; control is what Western travel to be there.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 45
  • 44. This ties to my feelings about time of transmission. I suspect DJ: The whole notion of cellular or at least bodily memory isthat it takes no time for the signal to travel. There is no way, familiar to any athlete. When you practise, you are trying to buildusing Earth distances, that we could test this because if the signal up memories in your muscles.were electromagnetic it would travel at the speed of light; biologi- CB: The brain might not even be part of that delays would consume more than the fraction of a second it DJ: I was a high-jumper in college, and I knew that if I werewould take for the signal to travel. The only way to test this conscious I would miss the jump. I had to get my mind out of thewould be in outer space. way. The same is true in basketball. If the game is on the line, I get support in this belief—that the signal is neither time nor the last thing you want to do is think about it. You want yourdistance dependent—from some quantum physicists. There is muscles to do what they do.something called the Bell theorem, which states that when an CB: When I got out of the navy, around 1945, I started whatatom at a remote location changes its spin, an atom here will was at the time the largest weightlifting gymnasium here on thechange instantly as well. West Coast. We all understood that a part of our work was to All this, of course, places us firmly in the territory of the meta- focus on the muscle cells, asking them to get bigger—cellularphysical, the spiritual. Think about prayer or meditation. If you communication with those muscles, asking them what they want,were to pray to God, and God was hanging out on the far side of and telling them what you want.the galaxy and your prayer travelled at the speed of light, your DJ: Im also thinking about articles Ive read on thebones would long since be dust before God physiological after-effects of emotionalresponded. But if God, however you define trauma—child abuse, rape, war. A lot ofGod, is everywhere, the prayer doesnt have research shows that trauma imprints itself onto travel. different parts of your body. A rape victim DJ: Im sorry if I am being dense. Lets might later feel a burning in her vagina;get real concrete. You have the image of someone who was abused late at night mightburning the plant... "I think Western science have trouble falling asleep—for purely CB: The image, yes. Not words. physiological reasons. DJ: And distance doesnt matter. So what overexaggerates CB: If I bump myself, I explain to theprecisely happens in that instant? How does the role of the brain body tissue in that very area what happened.the plant react? I dont know how effective that philosophy is, CB: I dont claim to know. In fact, I have in consciousness. but it cant hurt.attributed a lot of my success in being still DJ: Lets push this notion of conscious-active in this field—in having not been neu- ness further. Have you done some work alsotralised—to the fact that I make no claim "Consciousness could with what would normally be calledto that very thing. In other words, if Igive a faulty explanation, it doesnt mat- exist on an entirely inanimate materials? CB: Ive shredded some things andter how much data I have or how many different level— suspended them in agar-agar. I get elec-quality observations Ive made; themainstream scientific community will on the etheric level, tric signals, but not necessarily relating to anything going on in the environ-use the incorrect explanation to throw for example." ment. Its too crude an electroding pat-out my data and observations. So Ive tern for me to decipher. But I do sus-always said that I dont know how this pect that consciousness goes much,happens. Im an experimentalist. Im much further.not a theorist. Also, in 1987 I participated in a University of Missouri program whichCONSCIOUSNESS REDEFINED included a talk by Dr Sidney Fox, then DJ: Im still confused. What is con- connected with the Institute forsciousness, then? The capacity for Molecular and Cellular Evolution at theplants to perceive intent suggests to me a radical redefinition of University of Miami. Dr Fox had recorded electric signals fromconsciousness. protein-like material that showed properties strikingly similar to CB: You mean it would harm the notion of consciousness as modern, living cells. The simplicity of the material beingsomething humans have a corner on? observed and the self-organising capability being displayed sug- DJ: Or other of the so-called higher animals. Because plants gests to me a biocommunication capability present at the very ear-dont have brains, they cannot, according to Western thought, liest states in the evolution of life on this planet. If true, who orhave consciousness. what would be communicating with this material? CB: I have a whole book upstairs on the consciousness of the Of course, the Gaia hypothesis—the idea that the Earth is aatom. I think Western science overexaggerates the role of the great big working organism with a lot of corrections built in—fitsbrain in consciousness. Consciousness could exist on an entirely in nicely with this. The planet is going to get the last word con-different level—on the etheric level, for example. Some very cerning the damage humans are inflicting upon it. Its only goinggood research has been done on remote viewing; that is, describ- to take so much of the abuse going on, and then it may well burping conditions at a distant location. More good research has been and snort a little, and a good bit of the population may not bedone on survival after bodily death. All of it points toward the around any more. I strongly suspect that nature has a way of han-notion that consciousness need not specifically be correlated with dling abuse. I dont think it would be a stretch to attribute itsgrey matter. That is another straitjacket we need to rid ourselves defence strategy to a kind of planetary intelligence. The planetof. The brain may have some things to do with memory, but a will handle it, perhaps a bit more severely than we would like. Itstrong case can be made that much memory is not stored there. would be nicer if we took care of the problems, but...46 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 45. REACTION FROM RUSSIAN & EASTERN SCIENTISTS them to miss this fundamental attunement that is happening all DJ: How has your work been received in other parts of the around us, and only for so long are they going to be able to pre-world? tend its the result of "loose wires". CB: The Russians have always been very interested. I remem- DJ: If your work were tomorrow to be commonly accepted andber in 1973 I was asked to be the chair of the man–plant–animal acted upon, not only by people experientially but by the scientificcommunication section of the first International Psychotronic community, what would that mean?Association meeting in Prague, Czechoslovakia, and a number of CB: It would mean a radical rethinking of our place in themainstream Russian scientists attended—some claiming that they world. I think were seeing it already. There are some places nowcame all the way down from Moscow to hear my talk and to inter- where insurance companies are paying for alternative medicines.view me for additional details. I found them very open and And the acceptance of Deepak Chopra, who lectures on the veryknowledgeable—not like here, where many people are afraid to things were talking about here, is a big step. Now that thistouch these areas of research. In many ways, they seemed much acceptance has started—even to a limited extent—it will continuemore attuned to spiritual concepts than most scientists in the to pick up momentum. Im seventy-three now, and even in myWest. This may be because of the cor- days I think Ill see a revolution inner that people in the West have been perspective.put into by organised religion. I went to a meeting in Sri Lanka last I dont believe that organised religion December, which had people fromhas done a very good job. Its supposed India, Pakistan, a couple of hundredto tell you in a meaningful way where from Taiwan and about that many fromyou came from, what youre doing here mainland China. Everyone got alongand where youre going, and in my beautifully, speaking the common lan-opinion it fails on every one of these guage of alternative medicine. Therecounts. This leads, so far as I am con- were very few US scientists there,cerned, to our present sorry state where, which is both unfortunate and take medical care as an example, we We in the United States are holdouts,are faced with an awful lot of people but that will not last much longer. Wewho are tired of living and afraid of cannot forever deny that which is sodying. And so billions of dollars are clearly there. ∞spent to keep them in that state oflimbo. They certainly arent happy, yet About the Interviewer: Derrick Jensen is the author of Atheyre so unprepared for death, so Language Older Than Words, Theunassured as to what will happen to Culture of Make Believe, and manythem in the dying process that there other books including, most recently,seems nowhere for them to turn. Welcome to the Machine: Science, DJ: How are you treated in the Surveillance, and the Culture of Control.Indian subcontinent and the Far East? He writes for the New York Times CB: Whenever I encounter Indian Magazine, Audubon, Sun Magazine andscientists—Buddhist or Hindu—and we The Ecologist, among many others. Youtalk about what I do, instead of giving can read more about him and his workme a bunch of grief, they say, "What at you so long?" My work dovetails Derrick Jensens interview was first published as "The Plants Respond: Anvery well with many of the concepts Interview with Cleve Backster" in Sunembraced by Hinduism and Buddhism. Magazine, July 1997. DJ: What are we as Westernersafraid of? About the Interviewee: CB: Maybe the question is, "Why Cleve Backster founded The Backster Cleve Backster and his assistant test thearent Western scientists working on Research Foundation, Inc. in 1965 to dracaena plant in 1966. (Photo from website,this more?" I think the answer is that if expand on his polygraph work which he started in the late 1940s. Since 1966 hewhat I am observing is accurate, manyof the theories weve built our lives on need complete reworking. has also been conducting extensive research into biocommunica-Ive known biologists to say, "If Backster is right, were in trou- tion. His work is featured in the bestselling book, The Secret Lifeble". It takes a certain kind of character and personality to cope of Plants, by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird (Harper & Row, 1973), and The Secret Life of Your Cells, by Robert Stonewith that. (Whitford Press, 1989). His only book, Primary Perception: The big question I think we need to ask our Western scientific Biocommunication with Plants, Living Foods, and Human Cellscommunity is the one the Hindu and Buddhist scientists ask me: (White Rose Millennium Press, 2003) is reviewed in this issue."What took you so long?" Scientists and that whole community Mr Backster teaches at the Backster School of Lie Detection andin general are caught in a difficult place because, in order to main- is an international speaker on biocommunication. He is on thetain our current mode of scientific thought, they must ignore a teaching faculty at the California Institute for Human Science andtremendous amount of information. And more of this information serves on the advisory board of the Institute of HeartMath inis being gathered all the time. I think were going to see a shift in Boulder Creek, Colorado.the near future. People in scientific pursuits are stumbling all He can be contacted at The Backster Research Foundation, Inc.,over this biocommunication phenomenon; it seems impossible, 861 Sixth Avenue, Suite #403, San Diego, CA 92101, USA, web-especially given the sophistication of modern instrumentation, for site – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 47
  • 46. 48 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 47. SCIENCE AN INTRODUCTION TO A Scientific Gold Mine labour-divided, mega-industrial scientific GLOBAL SCALING THEORY The scientific division of labour according community. by Dr Hartmut Müller © 2004 to the example of large-scale industries also The first indication of the existence of this had its positive consequences ("Nothing is scientific goldmine came from biology. AsN ature continues to amaze us with an so bad that it wouldnt be useful", as an old a result of 12 years of research, Cislenko almost infinite variety of phenom- Russian saying goes). published his Structure of Fauna and Flora ena. Man has been searching for The physical compatibility of completely with Regard to Body Size of Organismscenturies to find the principle that "holds the different mathematical models made it nec- (Moscow, 1980). His work documents whatworld inside together". Today we are closer essary to bring precision of physical mea- is probably the most important biologicalto the solution of this puzzle than ever surements to unprecedented heights. discovery in the 20th century. Cislenko wasbefore. Over decades a priceless, colossal able to prove that segments of increased database was accumulated. It contains the species representation are repeated on theThe "Sacrament" of Physical spectral lines of atoms and molecules, the logarithmic line of body sizes in equalMeasuring masses of the elementary particles and intervals (approx. 0.5 units of the decadic From the time of Galileo and Newton we atomic nuclei, atomic radii, dimensions, logarithm).have known and studied properties that are distances, masses and periods of revolution The phenomenon is not explicable from acommon to all material phenomena: space, of the planets, moons and asteroids, the biological point of view. Why shouldtime and motion. These are physical physical characteristics of stars and galaxies, mature individuals of amphibians, reptiles,properties, which explains why physics and much more. fish, birds and mammals of different speciesholds a fundamental position among all of The need for measurements of the high- find it similarly advantageous to have athe natural sciences. est precision promoted the development of body size in the range of 8–12 centimetres, Till the end of the 20th century, physics mathematical statistics which, in turn, made 33–55 centimetres or 1.5–2.4 metres?dealt with the exploration of quantitative it possible to include precise morphological Cislenko assumed that competition in therelationships between these fundamental and sociological data as well as data from plant and animal kingdoms occurs not onlyproperties and their derivatives. In the cen- evolutionary biology. Ranging from ele- for food, water and other resources, but alsotre of its epistemological paradigm was mentary particles to galactic clusters, this for the best body sizes. Each species tries tophysical measuring, becoming something scientific database extends over at least 55 occupy the advantageous intervals on thelike the "sacrament" of scientific production. orders of magnitude. logarithmic scale, where mutual pressure of At the same time, this paradigm brought Yet, despite its tremendous cosmological competition also gives rise to "crash zones".about the end of the ancient student–master significance, this database did not become However, Cislenko was not able to explainrelationship between natural sciences and the object of an integrated (holistic) scientific why both the crash zones and the overpopu-mathematics. In the academic enterprise of investigation until 1982. The treasure lying lated intervals on the logarithmic line aretoday, the mathematician only develops the at their feet was not seen by members of the always of the same length and occur at equalmodels. It is the physicist (chemist, biolo-gist, geologist) who decides which of themodels matches the measurements and getsapplied. As a result of this division oflabour, mathematics became more and more"instrumentalised" and hence isolated fromits intellectual source—the natural sciences. And so it was that physics itself wasdemoted to a mere interpreter of models andideas that got completely out of touch withreality—and this to an ever greater extent.Today, to calculate a modern physical model"up to last digit" and verify it by measure-ment is possible only for the most simplifiedcases. P h y s i c a l laws have degenerated tonothing more than hair-splitting; physicalfacts independent of a model they describe Table 1hardly exist anymore.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 49
  • 48. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCEdistance from each other; nor could he fig- Say we have measured 12 cm, 33 cm and that most natural systems will avoid.ure out why only certain sizes would be 90 cm. Choosing as the standard measure Growing crystals, organisms or populationsadvantageous for the survival of a species (etalon) 1 cm, we will get the number that reach the limits of such sections on theand what these advantages actually are. sequence 12…33…90 (without measure- logarithmic line either will grow no more or Cislenkos work caused the German scien- ment unit or, as the physicist would say, will begin to disintegrate, or else willtist Dr Hartmut Müller to search for other with unit 1). The distances between these accelerate growth so as to overcome thesescale-invariant distributions in physics, as numbers on the number line are 33 – 12 = sections as quickly as possible.the phenomenon of scaling was well known 21 and 90 – 33 = 57. If we were to choose The Institute for Space Energy Researchin high-energy physics. In 1982, he was another measuring unit such as the ell, with in memory of Leonard Euler (Institut fürable to prove that there exist statistically 49.5 cm, the number sequence will be Raum-Energie-Forschung, IREF) was alsoidentical frequency distributions with loga- 0.24…0.67…1.82. The distance between able to prove the same phenomenon inrithmic, periodically recurrent maximums the numbers has changed. It is now 0.67 – demographics (stochastic of worldwidefor the masses of atoms and atomic radii as 0.24 = 0.42, and 1.82 – 0.67 = 1.16. On the urban populations), in economics (stochasticwell as the rest masses and life-spans of ele- logarithmic line, the distance will not of national product, imports and exportsmentary particles. change; no matter what measuring unit we worldwide) and in business economics (sto- Müller found similar frequency choose, it remains constant. In our example, chastic of sales volume of large industrialdistributions along the logarithmic line of this distance amounts to one unit of the nat- and middle-range enterprises, stochastic ofthe sizes, orbits, masses and revolution ural logarithm (ln) (with radix e = worldwide stock exchange values).periods of the planets, moons and asteroids. 2.71828…): ln 33 – ln 12 = ln 90 – ln 33 = The borders of "attractive" andBeing a mathematician and physicist, he did ln 0.67 – ln 0.24 = ln 1.82 – ln 0.67 = 1. "repulsive" segments on the logarithmic linenot fail to recognise the cause of this Physical values of measurement therefore of scales are easy to find because they recurphenomenon in the existence of a standing own the remarkable feature of logarithmic regularly with a distance of three naturalpressure wave in the logarithmic space of invariance (scaling). So, in reality, any scale logarithmic units. This distance also definesthe scales/measures. is a logarithm. the wavelength of the standing pressure It is interesting that natural systems are wave: it is six units of the natural logarithm.The Logarithmic World of Scales not distributed evenly along the logarithmic By its anti-nodes, the global standing What actually is scale? Scale is what line of the scales. There are "attractive" pressure wave replaces matter on the loga-physics can measure. The result of a physi- sections which are occupied by a great rithmic line of scales and concentrates mat-cal measurement is always a number with a number of completely different natural ter in the node points. Thus in the transitmeasuring unit, a physical quantity. systems; and there are "repulsive" sections from wave peak (anti-node) to wave node, there occurs a tendency of fusion; while at the transition from node point to anti-node, disintegration tendencies arise. This process causes a logarithmic periodical change of structure. Packed and unpacked systems alternately dominate on the logarithmic line of measures at distances of 3k, i.e., 3, 9, 27, 81 and 243 units of the natural logarithm. Sound Waves in Logarithmic Space as Cause of Gravitation The existence of a standing density wave in logarithmic space explains, for the first time in the history of physics, the origin of gravitation. The global flow of matter in the direction of the node points of the standing density wave is the reason for the physicalThe distribution of matter in the logarithmic space of scales (above) in first phenomenon of gravitational attraction.approximation has the fractal dimension of Cantor dust (below left), but is deformed Thus particles, atoms, molecules, celestialhyperbolically in the proximity of a node point (below right) bodies, etcetera—the scales/measures of which stabilise in the node points of the standing pressure wave—become gravitational attractors. In physical reality, therefore, the standing density wave in the logarithmic space of scales also manifests as a global standing gravitational wave. In consequence, theThe continued fractional structure of the distribution of matter in logarithmic space exact identity of value for inert and gravita-ensures that the concentration of matter in the proximity of the node point increases tional masses of physical bodies (as it ishyperbolically. claimed by physics today), independent of50 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 49. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCEthe bodys density or material, can occur physical effect of a phase shift in space— Node points of a standing wave in loga-only in the exact node points of the global termed a "propagating wave"—will arise. rithmic space, however, are particular scalesstanding density wave. The rate of this phase shift (phase velocity) is which have different frequencies assigned to So far, systematic measurements to verify always finite and dependent on the medium. them. In order to calculate these frequen-this postulate of Global Scaling Theory have In contrast, phase velocity of a standing cies, it is necessary to acquaint oneself withnot been carried out. However, the Institute wave between two adjacent node points is the mathematical foundations of Globalof Solid State Physics at Friedrich Schiller zero because all particles oscillate in phase. Scaling Theory.University is preparing freefall experiments This gives rise to the impression that the(pseudo Galileo tests) at the Bremen gravity wave "stands". In each node point, the phase The Physics of the Number Linetower in order to determine the possibility of actually bounces 180 degrees—so phase The world of scales is nothing else but thematerial-related violation of the equivalence velocity is theoretically infinitely high. It is logarithmic line of numbers known toprinciple, with a hitherto unmatched preci- precisely this property that makes standing mathematics at least since the time of Napiersion of < 10-13. waves so attractive for communication. (1600). What is new, however, is the And the Satellite Test of fundamental recognition that theEquivalence Principle (STEP), number line has an harmonic structureplanned for 2004, aspires to an obser- which is itself the cause for thevational limit of c. 10-18. At a height of standing pressure wave.550 kilometres, comparisons will be The existence of a standing Leonard Euler (1748) had alreadymade of acceleration velocities of shown that irrational and transcenden-four different pairs of test masses density wave in logarithmic tal numbers can be uniquely repre-moving on an almost circular solar-synchronous orbit (see w e b s i t e space explains, for the first sented as continued fractions in which all elements (numerators and denomi- time in the history of physics, nators) will be natural numbers. InThe "Sound Barrier" of the the origin of gravitation. 1928, Khintchine succeeded in pro- viding the general proof.Universe In the theory of numbers, this means Standing waves can only form if the that all numbers can be constructedmedium in which they propagate is from natural numbers, the universalbounded. Consequently, the existence of principle of construction being thea standing density or pressure wave in the Standing Waves as Carrier Waves for continued fraction. All natural numbers 1, 2,universe means that the universe is limited Information Transmission 3, 4, 5, … in turn are constructed from primeby scale. At the universes lower horizon of Standing waves do not transmit energy; numbers, these being natural numbers whichscale, density of matter reaches a maximum; they merely pump energy back and forth cannot be further divided without remainder,at its upper horizon, it reaches a minimum. within half a wavelength. Half a wave- such as 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 23, 29, 31,The two horizons constitute the universes length is completely sufficient—even for … (traditionally, 1 isnt classed as a prime"sound barrier". At precisely these phase interplanetary communication—if we are number, although it fulfills all criteria). Thetransitions, pressure waves are reflected; dealing with standing waves in logarithmic distribution of prime numbers on thethey will overlap and form standing waves. space. number line is so irregular that no formulaA standing wave can only exist for any The wavelengths of standing density had been found which would perfectlylength of time if the medium is permanently waves in logarithmic space are 2 x 3k, i.e., describe their distribution—until the Theoryprovided with energy from outside. This 6, 18, 54, 162 and 486 units of the natural of Global Scaling was able to solve thismeans that our universe is in a constant logarithm. Half a wavelength, therefore, exchange with other universes. corresponds to 3, 9, 27, 81 and 243 units. The distribution of numbers is indeed Standing waves are very common in These are relative scales of 1.3 and 3.9 and very irregular, but only on the linear numbernature because every medium is limited or 11.7 and 35.2 and 105.5 orders of line. On the logarithmic number line, largebounded, be it the water of the oceans, the magnitude. gaps of prime numbers recur in regularair of the Earths atmosphere or the radiation Exactly in these intervals, node points intervals. Gauss (1795) had already noticedfield of the Suns atmosphere. Standing occur. Hence, node points mark scales relat- this. Thus, the set pi(n) of prime numberswaves excite the medium into natural oscil- ing as 1:20, 1:8103, 1:5.32 x 10 11, 1:1.5 x up to the number n can be approximated bylations and, due to the fact that the ampli- 1035 and 1:3.4 x 10105. Within the scope of the simple formula, pi(n) = n / ln n.tude of a standing wave is no longer time these scales, communication between two The reason for this phenomenon is thedependent but only space dependent, these adjacent node points is possible. existence of a standing density wave on theeigenvibrations will move in sync across the The ability to modulate a standing wave is logarithmic number line, the node points ofwhole medium. confined to its node points, because it is this density wave acting as number attrac- A wave occurs whenever an oscillating only in the immediate proximity of the node tors. This is where prime numbers willparticle in a medium excites adjacent points that energy can be fed into or taken "accumulate" and form composite numbers,particles into vibrations so that the process from a standing wave. If it is a standing i.e., non-primes, such as the seven non-propagates. Due to the viscosity or elasticity wave in linear space, the node points are primes from 401 to 409. Hence a "primeof the medium and the inertia of the particles, simply locations in which attachment of an number gap" will occur in this place.their oscillation phases differ and the external oscillatory process is possible. Precisely where non-primes (i.e., primeAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 51
  • 50. NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCEclusters) arise on the logarithmic number Natural Standard Measures: The Key chain systems. In 1982, Müller showed thatline, there it is that matter concentrates on to Global Scaling the distribution of matter in logarithmicthe logarithmic line of measures. This isnt Exact knowledge of the harmonic struc- space also has a continued fraction structure.magic; it is simply a consequence of the fact ture of logarithmic space is the gateway to This structure provides that the concentra-that scales are logarithms, i.e., "just" global scaling. In order to open the gate, one tion of matter increases hyperbolically in thenumbers. needs the key: natural standard measures proximity of node points. So the logarithmic line of scales is (see table 1 on opening page). In first approximation, the distribution ofnothing else but the logarithmic number Natural standard measures are themselves matter in the logarithmic space of scales hasline. And because the standing pressure values of node points. In the node point of a the fractal dimension of Cantor dust, but iswave is a property of the logarithmic standing wave, vibrations do not occur; there being deformed hyperbolically in the prox-number line, it determines the frequency of is stillness. This is why natural standard imity of a node point (see illustration).distribution of matter on all physically measures have a high degree of stability. The mathematical aspect is to be found incalibrated logarithmic lines—the line of The rest mass of the proton remains stable the realisation that not only is it possible toratios of size, that of masses, of frequencies, over a minimum of 1030 years. For the same represent every number as a continued frac-temperatures, velocities, etc. tion, but the distribution of numbers on Now, in order to find a node point on the logarithmic number line altogetherthe logarithmic line, one only needs the Exact knowledge of the can be represented as such.number line (that everybody knows) and harmonic structure of This mathematical aspect hasa natural standard measure with which immediate physical consequences:to multiply (calibrate) the number line. logarithmic space is the wherever one works with numbers—be itThe wavelength of the standing density gateway to global scaling. in the natural sciences, sociology orwave on the logarithmic number line is economy—one will encounter theknown. The distance between adjacent In order to open the gate, phenomenon that there are certainnode points is three units of the natural attractor values that all systems, totallylogarithm. Thus it is easy to calculate one needs the key: independent of their character, prefer, andall nodal values X n by the simple natural standard measures. that the distribution of these attractorformula Xn = Y x exp(n) (Y being a values along the logarithmic number linenatural standard measure, n = 0, + –3, + follows a (fractal) continued fraction rule.–6, + –9, …). reason also, the speed of light in a vacuum This continued fraction rule "contains" Frequency values of node points are, for constitutes a rather obstinate value. The physics, chemistry, biology and sociologyexample, 5 Hz (n=–54), 101 Hz (n=–51), existence of stable natural standard measures insofar as these disciplines work with scales2032 Hz (n=–48), 40.8 kHz (n=–45), 820 is the physical basis of a natural metrology (real numbers), i.e., insofar as measurementskHz (n=–42), 16.5 MHz (n=–39), 330.6 on which Global Scaling Theory rests. are made. Many results of complicatedMHz (n=–36), etc. The frequency ranges large-scale measurings therefore can be rela-around 5 Hz, 100 Hz, 2 kHz, etc. are predes- Continued Fractions as a "World tively easily pre-calculated within the frametined for energy transmission in finite media. Formula" of Global Scaling Theory; for example, the This is also where the carrier frequencies In 1950, Gantmacher and Krein proved temperature of the cosmic microwave back-for information transmission in logarithmic that the spatial distribution of free-moving ground radiation, whose value cannot bespace are located. Frequencies that occur particles in linear oscillating chain systems larger than Tp x exp(–29) = 2.7696 K; thenear a node point are not just very common can be described by a continued fraction rest mass of the neutron m n = m p xin nature but are also used in technological (see below). Terskich (1955) was able to exp(1/726) = 939.5652 MeV, as well as theapplications. prove the same for non-linear oscillating rest masses of other elementary particles. Creations Melody In the context of Global Scaling Theory, the hypothesis of the Big Bang appears in a new light. A propagating shock wave (pres- sure wave) in linear space (the echo of the hypothetical primeval explosion) is not the cause of cosmic microwave background radiation, but a standing pressure wave in logarithmic space is. It is also responsible for the fractal and logarithmic scale-invari- ant distribution of matter in the entire uni- verse. It created the universe as we know it, and recreates it continually. It is the cause of all physical interactions and forces— gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear Continued on page 8252 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 51. An Introduction to Global Scaling Theory Continued from page 52 quantum mechanical phenomena, but consti- Editors Note: tutes the basis for a totally new telecommu- If readers notice discrepancies in the figures in The Logarithmic World of Scales section,fusion and nuclear decay. It is the cause of nications technology which was publicly these can be accounted by allowing forthe topological three-dimensionality of lin- demonstrated for the first time on 27 recurring numbers.ear space, of left-right asymmetry as well as October 2001 in Bad Tölz, Germany.of anisotropy of time. All of these phenom- G-Com® technology is still in its infancy Referencesena are physical effects which arise at the (a first language modulation succeeded in • For more information on Global Scalingtransition from logarithmic into linear space. July 2001), but in two important aspects it is Theory, see raum&zeit, Special No. 1, ISBN 3- already far superior to any other convention- 934-196-17-9, and visit the websiteNeighbours in Logarithmic Space al means of information transmission. The standing wave in logarithmic space Firstly, a modulated standing gravitational • A good introduction to Global Scaling Theorynow allows us to communicate across astro- is at wave can be demodulated in any location on • Cislenko, L.L. (1980), Structure of Fauna andnomical distances, practically without time Earth, on the planet Mars, or even outsidedelay. How is this possible? Systems in lin- Flora with Regard to Body Size of Organisms the solar system at the very same moment in (in Russian), Lomonosov University Press,ear space that lie very remotely from each time, thus making distances and transmis- Moscow, http://www.raum-energie-other can be very close to each other within sion times meaningless. Secondly, no .the logarithmic space of scales. Our Sun • Euler, Leonhard (1748), "Sur la vibration des waves are generated or transmitted, which isand Alpha Centauri are four light-years cordes", Mem. de lAccad. Sci. Berlin 4:69-85. why G-Com technology does not requireaway from each other in linear space, while • Gantmacher, F.R. and M.G. Krein (1960), aerials, satellites, amplifiers or the logarithmic space of scales they are "Oszillationsmatrizen, Oszillationskerne undimmediate neighbours. Once this is under- This launches a new era of telecommuni- kleine Schwingungen mechanischer Systeme",stood, its not too difficult to create the phys- cations—free from electric smog. ∞ Akademie Verlag Berlin.ical conditions that will make communica- • Müller, Hartmut (1982), "Die Skaleninvarianz About the Author: physikalischer GröBen stabiler Systeme alstion in logarithmic space possible. Dr rer. nat. Hartmut Müller is Director of the globales Evolutionsgesetz", Biophysikalischer Two electrons on the same quantum level Institute for Space Energy Research i.m. Allunionskongress, Band 2, Pushzino beithat may be thousands of kilometres apart Leonard Euler (Institut für Raum-Energie- Moskau.are found in practically one and the same Forschung, IREF) in Wolfratshausen, • Waser, Andre, "The Global Scaling Theory:point within the logarithmic space of scales. Germany. For more info, see IREFs website A short summary", 2001, revised 2004,The fact explains not just a whole range of at • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 52. 54 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 53. Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt M any people are still unaware of the amazing story of "Billy" Eduard Albert Meier, the now 67-year-old Swiss man whose voluntary, face-to-face con- tacts with extraterrestrial humans have been going on for the past 62 years. For many years, Meier was dismissed by sceptics as a fraud and hoaxer. But the recent failure of the top professional sceptics organisation CFI-West, in Los Angeles, So many of the to duplicate even one of his "easily duplicated" UFO photos or film segments, followed by the sudden retraction by magician/debunker James Randi that the case is a hoax, has Plejaren predictions resulted in much deserved, renewed interest in the case. given to Swiss In addition to producing the clearest photos, films and video of UFOs ever taken, as well as other physical evidence, for the past 48 years Meier has published the most specif- contactee Billy ic, prophetically accurate, scientific and world-event-related information of any known source. Before you consider the prophetic information below, please note that from his Meier have come 251st Contact on February 3, 1995, Meier published advance warning of the US attack on Iraq, the increase in Islamic terrorism to follow, the appearance of SARS, the spread of true, that wed be "mad cow disease", the renewed public concern over chemical warfare, and the near acci- dent at the nuclear power plant near Lyon, France (which occurred in August 2003). All wise to heed the of this information and more from the 251st Contact was also published in Guido Moosbruggers book, And Yet They Fly!, in September 2001—well before any of the fore- warning that told events occurred. terrible things will Combine this unprecedented evidence and all of the following with the still irrepro- ducible, scientifically authenticated physical evidence, and you may understand why this befall humanity and remarkable one-armed man, who has been the target of 19 documented assassination attempts, stands at the centre of the most important story in all of human history. our planet if we In the following article I give the numbers and dates of specific contacts between Billy Meier and the Plejaren, and then an overview of the information contained in each cant learn to live contact. The items titled "Corroborated" show the dates and sources of the earliest corroboration of Meiers information found by the researchers. It should be noted that together. Genesis III published much of the material in volumes 1–4 of Message from the Pleiades, with the earliest copyright being 1979—the date by which almost all of the information was in the possession of the investigative team. While I present only a brief overview of the information in the specific contacts, I hope that each contact will be published in its entirety in the near future. Except where attributed to Meier, the Plejaren are the source of the information. Absence of Erroneous Prophetic Information If, as some people might think, Meier somehow guessed or fabricated all of this specific, by Michael Horn © 2004 prophetically accurate information, it would be logical to assume that there would have to be an even more enormous body of randomly generated erroneous information. Post Office Box 5163 Unfortunately for the sceptics, there simply is no such voluminous body of inaccurate Playa del Rey, CA 90296 work. And its easy to prove this, since most of the information validated so far has been USA culled from a couple of thousand pages of the earliest English translations of the Contact Reports, published by Meier primarily between 1975 and 1979, with additional informa- Email: tion excerpted from contacts in the 1980s and 1990s. Let me also add that there are still Website: thousands of pages of untranslated German texts and some unofficial English translations that contain additional, already published, prophetic information awaiting scrutiny.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 55
  • 54. CONTACT PREDICTIONS CORROBORATED What Does It Mean to Us? Meier and his extraterrestrial friends seem to be able to predict,A s you read (and research) the following, please consider the possibility that the extraterrestrials and Meier are i.e., accurately calculate, the results of causal actions known to attempting to offer us assistance in solving the very seri- them, originating from humanity and/or nature and the cosmos.ous problems we face. And they have made it clear that certain prophesied (undesired) events can still be changed for the better—if humanity recognises• 7th Contact, February 25, 1975, and 35th Contact, its errors and makes sufficient effort in the correct, positive direc-September 16, 1975: tion to alter those outcomes that can still be changed. Connection of A-bomb testing, explosions to ozone damage; In the 215th Contact, known as the Henoch Prophecies, specialhigh-frequency "elementary radiations" unknown to terrestrial emphasis was placed on America and the very times we are in.scientists; damage to Earths rotation, magnetic disturbances, (These prophecies are contained in the 2004 book, And Still Theypolar displacement; contribution of bromine gases to ozone Fly!) More recent comments by Meier have also carried harshdamage; penetration of UV through holes, killing micro-organ- and heavy warnings about the current American administrationisms and leading to disruptions in food chain, genetic mutations and leadership and the danger of its leading the world into a cata-and other long-term negative effects for humans and the planet. clysmic Third World War. Considering the credibility the Corroborated: November 29, 1988, with report published by Plejaren have established with their track record of accuracy sinceLawrence Livermore National Laboratories announced this at least 1975, it would be wise for us to give serious consideration"new discovery": "Atom Bomb Testing Tied to Ozone to their warnings about the future. Of course, it is up to eachDepletion". interested person to do the research necessary to determine the Corroborated: 1991, when National Public Radio confirmed accuracy and authenticity of the Meier Contacts for themselves.the connection between bromine gases and ozone layer damage. Should the most important event in human history—contact Corroborated: February 24, 1992, Los Angeles Times , between an Earth human and extraterrestrial humans—actually"Ozone Hole Damages Food Chain". have occurred, then we might realise that this is less about UFOs and extraterrestrials than it is about us—and our future survival.• 29th Contact, July 7, 1975, and 31st Contact,July 17, 1975: Contact involved specific information about Venus, unknown THE HENOCH PROPHECIESat the time, including composition of atmospheric gases, surface Presented by Quetzaltemperatures, depth of clouds, wind speeds, atmospheric pres- 215th Contact, Saturday, February 28, 1987, 2.09 amsure, colouration, variation in terrain, etc. © Billy Meier/FIGU 2002–2004 Corroborated: October 1975 and August 1976, confirmedby probes from the USSR and USA respectively. Quetzal: …Before I give you a clear account of the prophecies C o r r o b o r a t e d : February 1981 ; USGS [US G e o l o g i c a l of Henoch, I would like to point out that prophecies are alwaysSurvey] was producing a topographical map of Venus which, as changeable and can be changed for the better if man makes posi-discovered by the investigative team, further confirmed the tive changes in his thoughts, feelings and actions, leading to thatdetails Meier had published five years earlier. which is better and positively progressive. Prophecies always rest upon specific causes; these again result in certain effects, whereby• 31st Contact, July 17, 1975: these effects can be changed at any time if only the preceding Semjase informed Meier that Mt Chimborazo, Ecuador, is the causes are changed in their form. Therefore, it is possible that neg-highest mountain on Earth, contrary to Meiers belief that it was ative or evil prophecies do not have to be fulfilled if the precedingMt Everest. causes will be purposely changed in a manner that positivity and Corroborated: June 1996 in Earth magazine, 21 years later. good develop instead of negativity and evil. However, this does not apply to predictions, as these rest upon• 45th Contact, February 25, 1976: events that cannot be changed, are inevitable and surely and defi- Semjase (Meiers extraterrestrial female contactor) warned nitely will occur in the future. Predictions rest upon a preview andhim that our extraction of petroleum and natural gas from the thus on a direct viewing of the future, and have to do with neitherEarth, the damming of waters and construction of huge cities are prophecy nor with calculation of probability. So when I make amajor factors contributing to increased earthquake/volcanic portion of Henochs prophecies for the third millennium known toactivity. you, it does not mean that they have to be fulfilled, because the Corroborated: June 27, 1990, in The Good Life newspaper prerequisite of fulfilment in each case would be that the already(now defunct), Los Angeles: "Earthquakes, Oil Interact". existing causes continue to exist as also continue to be created in• 115th Contact, October 19, 1978: the future so that a fulfilment of the prophecies can come to pass. Meier described existence of Jupiters rings, saying they are Thus, provided that human beings of Earth will become reason-composed mainly of dust, particles, sulphur ions flung off by able, the possibility exists that by a reasonable change in the wayvolcanoes on Io; described Io as the most volcanically active of thinking as well as a reasonable development in feeling and anbody in the solar system, and smooth, level-surfaced with no equally reasonable way of acting, everything changes for the betterwater; described Europa as ice-encrusted; Jupiter said to have 17 and positive, whereby prophecies do not have to be fulfilled."actual" moons (Plejaren dont consider that all of Jupiters satel- However, if this transformation does not occur, a very evil, wickedlites meet their standards for moons); described nature of and negative time lies ahead for the Earth and its entire populationJupiters huge funnel-shaped storm. in the coming new millennium. Corroborated: March 5, 1979, NASAs Voyager 1 probe dis- Billy Meier: Since the Second World War, the thoughts, feel-covered the rings of Jupiter, that Io is the most volcanically ings and actions of the human being of Earth have changed much towards the positive and good, but all that achieved is not enough Continued on page 58 in my opinion, as the great transformation towards the better has56 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 55. not been achieved yet, neither by the mighty of this world nor all West against the East. Many deaths will be inflicted upon the peo-of mankind of Earth itself. In the years gone by, you have made ple by fighter and bomber aircraft, and bombs and rockets willmany predictions and calculations of probability as well as men- destroy and annihilate smaller and larger villages and cities.tioned prophetic facts concerning the economic, military and polit- The people will be completely powerless against all this and willical situation on Earth, whereby I was requested to spread this live through 888 days of Hell on Earth, suffering hunger andinformation—which I indeed have done. Governments and news- plagues which will claim even more lives than the war itself. Thepapers, radio stations as well as TV stations and many private per- time will be severe as never before experienced on Earth.sons worldwide were informed by me. But the entire effort did not Ultimately, nothing can be bought or sold any longer. All provi-achieve anything, because up to now mankind has carried on in the sions will be rationed; and if a human being steals even a smallold manner and has paid no attention whatsoever to prophecies, piece of bread, he/she will have to pay for it with his/her life.predictions and calculations of probability. Many waters will mix with human blood and turn red, as once in And the same will most likely be the case in the future, when I the past the Nile in Egypt turned red with blood.receive permission from you in the coming time to spread the And it will be that the fanatics of Islam will rise up against theprophecies of Henoch for the third millennium. But, nevertheless, countries of Europe and all will shake and quiver. Everything inI feel that Henochs message for the future must be made known the West will be destroyed; England will be conquered and thrownand distributed, because somehow it may bear fruit yet. down to the lowest level of misery. And the fanatics and warriors Quetzal: You apparently never give up hope. Your optimism is of Islam will retain their power for a long time. However, not onlyhonourable and deserves to be heard by human beings, but the way Europe will be affected but ultimately all the countries and peoplesthings have developed throughout this century there is not too of the Earth, as the great horror expands to a war that will encom-much hope that human beings of pass the entire world.Earth will come to their senses and After the turn of the millennium,heed your words. This will then be the papacy will exist only a shortthe case only when the prophecies If the human being of Earth period. Pope John Paul II is the thirdprove to be true or, even worse, have continues to live in the same way as from last in this position. After him,already come to pass. Probably only he has done up to now—forming his only one additional pontificate willthen will the time come when the follow. Then a Pontifex Maximusdefamations against you will end in thoughts and feelings in the same follows who will be known as Petrusregard to your contacts with us, manner, indulging in the same Romanus. Under his religious rule,although they will long continue to be actions as he has hitherto—then the the end of the Catholic Church willvehemently disputed by your enemies come, a total collapse becomingas well as by pathological know-it- words of the prophecies of Henoch inevitable. That will be the beginningalls and critics who dismiss them as could not be any clearer. of the worst catastrophe that will everswindle, lies and fraud. The full truth have befallen the human beings andabout our contacts with you will be the Earth. Many Catholic clerics,proven in the distant future, and then priests, bishops, cardinals and manymankind will accept our help we offer through you—even when others will be killed and their blood will flow in streams. But alsothey erroneously assume we come from the seven-star system the reformed version of Christianity will become just as infinitelyknown to human beings of Earth as the Pleiades. [The Plejaren small, as does Catholicism.claim to live in the Plejares, an altered time-space configurationabout 80 light-years beyond the Pleiades. MH] Horrifying weapons and a possible world war Billy: Semjase and Ptaah already explained this to me. But tell Due to the fault of scientists, enormous power will be seized byus now what the new millennium will bring to human beings of the power-hungry and their military, their warriors and terrorists,Earth and the planet Earth according to the prophecies of Henoch. and power will be seized as well through laser weapons of many Quetzal: I will do that in a moment, but I would like to explain types, but also via atomic, chemical and biological weapons. Alsobefore beginning that I am not authorised to give exact indication concerning genetic technology, enormous misuse will occur,of years in an official manner. because this will be unrestrainedly exploited for the purposes of If the human being of Earth continues to live in the same way as war, not lastly due to the cloning of human beings for warring pur-he has done up to now—forming his thoughts and feelings in the poses, as this was practised in ancient times with the descendantssame manner, indulging in the same actions as he has hitherto— of Henoch in the regions of Sirius.then the words of the prophecies of Henoch could not be any However, this will not be all of the horrors; as besides theclearer. genetic technology and the chemical weapons, far worse and more The point in time at which these prophecies will begin to be dangerous and more deadly weapons of mass destruction will befulfilled will be when a Pope will no longer reside in Rome. All of produced and will be used. The irresponsible politicians willEurope will then fall victim to a terrible punishment by evil unscrupulously exercise their power, assisted by scientists andpowers. The Christian religion will collapse and the churches and obedient military forces serving them, who together hold a deadlymonasteries will end up in ruins and ashes. sceptre and will create clone-like beings which will be bred in a Monstrous forces will be created by science and will be released total lack of conscience and will be scientifically manipulated toby the military forces and armies as well as by terrorists, causing become killer machines. Division by division and devoid of anygreat destruction. Millions and even billions of people will be feelings, they will destroy, murder and annihilate everything.killed by acts of terrorism, by wars and civil wars; and finally, in The USA will set out against the Eastern countries ahead of allsome parts of the world, every third human being, and, in other other financial states and simultaneously she will have to defendplaces, every fourth human being, will lose his or her life. The herself against the Eastern intruders. In all, America will play thenations of the East will rise against the nations of the West, the most decisive role, when in the guise to strive for peace and toAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 57
  • 56. Continued from page 56 fight against terrorism she invades many countries of the Earth, bombs and destroys everything and brings thousandfold deaths toactive body in the solar system and that Europa is covered in the populations. The military politics of the USA will likewiseice—five months after Meier published this information. know no limits, as neither will their economic and other political Corroborated: September 15, 1998, Cornell University sci- institutions which will be focused on building and operating aentists confirmed particulate composition of rings from Jupiters world police force, as it is the case already for a long time [sic].moons (first theorised by astronomers on August 2, 1995). But that will not be enough, and, in the guise of a so-called peace-Meiers information is 20 years ahead of Cornells. (While sci- ful globalisation, American politics will aspire to gain absoluteentists believe that the source of the particulate matter is explo- control of the world concerning supremacy in economy.sions caused by meteorite strikes on the moons surfaces, Meiers And this will point towards the possibility that a Third Worldinformation seems more accurate, i.e., matter being explosively War could develop from it, if human beings as a whole will notpropelled from volcanoes at speeds up to 2,300 km/hour to finally reflect upon reason, become reasonable and undertake theheights of 180 km is more likely the true source of most particu- necessary steps against the insane machinations of their govern-late-forming rings.) ments and military powers as well as their secret services, and call Additional information from the 115th Contact was acciden- a halt to the power of the irresponsible who have forsaken theirtally given to lead investigator Col. Wendelle Stevens, USAF responsibility in all areas.(Ret.), and shown by him to Maj. Rudolph Pestalozzi, USAF If this does not happen, many small and great nations will lose(Ret.) and Mr O. Richard Norton, former director of the their independence and their cultural identity and will be beatenFlandreau Planetarium, Tucson, Arizona. down, because the USA will gain predominance over them and Witnessed by the three men, the information was secured until with evil force bring them down under her rule. At first, manyafter the following specific, predicted events occurred: countries will howl with the wolves of the US, partially due to fear • Jonestown massacre (Nov 18, 1978) of American aggressions and sanctions, as will be the case with • Overthrow of the Shah of Iran (Jan 1979) many, many irresponsible [ones] in Switzerland and Germany but • Chinese invasion of North Vietnam (Feb–Mar 1979) also of other countries. In part, others will join in because they • Iran Hostage Crisis (Nov 1979–Jan 1981) will be forced somehow to do so or will be misled by irresponsible • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (Dec 1979) promoters of American propaganda. • Terrorist attack on Iranian Embassy, London (Apr–May Finally, many Asian, African and European states will rise up 1980) against the American hegemony, once they recognise that the • Abdication of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands (Apr 1980) United States of America is only taking advantage of them for pur- • Death of Tito of Yugoslavia (May 4, 1980) poses of war, conquest and exploitation. In this way, many coun- • Mount St Helens eruption (May 18, 1980) tries will become puppet states of America before reason and reali- • Assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (Oct sation will emerge in the responsible ones of governments and in 31, 1984). many of the population, resulting in a turning away from the USA. However, the great war will hardly be avoidable because the• 1978: human beings of Earth will probably not accept the directions In a Wasserman publication, Meier foretold the launch of a towards the better, therewith towards true love, true freedom andtelescope at end of the 1980s that would make unfathomable real peace, striving instead only towards wealth, pleasure and rich-discoveries in space, and wrote that a comet would be discov- es and for all manner of material values and unrestricted power.ered in the late 1980s to early 1990s; it would be named Thus, huge and deadly formations of tanks will roll across theToutatis, and may threaten Earth in September 2004.. countries while fighter planes and rockets sweep through the air Corroborated: April 1990, Hubble telescope was launched. and bring death, ruin, destruction and annihilation to countries and Corroborated: 1989, French astronomers discovered a comet people.[asteroid], named it Toutatis, and predicted it would come clos- If the Third World War will actually happen—as calculationsest to Earth on September 29, 2004. and observations appear to indicate to be probable now and also• 1978, 1992: during the approaching few decades—then, as now, the civilian In his book, Existing Life in the Universe, Meier stated that population will above all have to bear the brunt of the enormousthere are two small planetary bodies outside Plutos orbit; he suffering in tremendous numbers in this entire catastrophe and, lastcalled them Trans-Pluto and Uni, and said scientists will discov- but not least, the fault of the irresponsible scientists who byer them in the not-too-distant future. cloning will create human machines for military purposes, devoid Corroborated: July 3, 2001 and October 7, 2002, the BBC of conscience and feelings, and will create immensely deadly andreported that scientists have discovered a new planet beyond all-annihilating computer-like weapons. At the same time, thePluto. danger could become reality that the human combat machines, the military clones, will gain their independence and under their own• 150th Contact, October 10, 1981: management will bring death, devastation, destruction and annihi- Meier discussed information concerning the 29 actual moons lation to the human beings of Earth and to the planet.of Saturn, and the origins of moons from asteroids. The entire planet will become an arena of unparalleled suffering, Corroborated: November 2000, scientists announced the dis- which will never have existed before on Earth up to that time. Thecovery of 12 additional moons orbiting Saturn, bringing the cruel happenings will last about 888 days and cause civilisation to"official" total to 28, just one shy of what Meier reported almost collapse. Yet, the terrible scenario will continue, and epidemics20 years earlier; scientist corroborates the likelihood that moons and various diseases as well as enormous famine will be spreadoriginate from asteroids. among the people, while the economy of the world will totally col- lapse and there will be no possibility to produce any goods. All Continued on page 60 foods and medications will be rationed.58 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 57. The insanity of war will extend not only across the land, but the terrible catastrophe which has ever been recorded, evil militarydisaster will equally be spread to the oceans, into the atmosphere, powers will wreak havoc with computerised and nuclear, biologi-even into outer space. But there will also be settlements under the cal and chemical weapons, whereby it will also happen that com-ocean that will be developed in the course of the future and these puterised weapons become independent and cannot be controlledwill be attacked and destroyed, claiming the lives of many thou- any longer by human beings. Overall, this is the most importantsands of people. However, a certain maelstrom of destruction will part of Henochs prophecies.also originate from the undersea facilities; because in the cities atthe bottom of the ocean, groups of submarine pirates will be Epidemics, conflicts and disastersformed which will burst upwards from the depths of the ocean and Billy: There is still more to it; at least that is what you told me.will become involved in destructive actions of combat with naval Quetzal: You are untiring; so I will point out a few moreunits on the surface. important facts of the prophecies. As of now, new epidemics have And at this time, the possibility could become reality that spread among the people of Earth; however, as Henoch prophe-extraterrestrial forces intervene against the Western industrialised sied, quite a number of further epidemics will follow. Not onlycountries, because these will be responsible for the extreme and AIDS will occur worldwide in the 1990s, but also epidemics suchenormous disaster of the coming evil times. These extraterrestrial as the so-called "mad cow disease", i.e., BSE, out of which differ-forces will give up their anonymity and their state of secrecy and ent strains of Creutzfeldt–Jakob syndrome will develop, lastingwill assist those who are being terrorised by the irresponsibly act- well into the new millennium. Also, an epidemic known as Ebolaing Western countries, should this will cause many deaths, as well aspossibility become reality. other unknown epidemics and dis- In addition, apocalyptic natural cat- eases which will sporadically arise inastrophes will occur which will cause epidemic proportions and will be newall of Europe to shake and tremble; The insanity of war will extend to the human being, causing greatbut Europe will continue to exist, not only across the land, concern.even after having suffered enormous However, most of the evil will bedestruction. but the disaster will equally brought about by politics. France and be spread to the oceans, into Spain become involved with eachDestruction in North America other in armed conflicts, and even Far in the West, it will be different; the atmosphere, even into before World War Three will havethe United States of America will be a outer space. broken out. Yet France will not onlycountry of total destruction. The engage in armed conflicts with Spain,cause for this will be manifold. With for within her great unrests will arise,her global conflicts which are contin- leading to upheavals and civil war, asuously instigated by her and which will [will be] the case in Russia andcontinue far into the future, America is creating enormous hatred Sweden. Especially in France and Sweden, machinations as wellagainst her, worldwide, in many countries. As a result, America as dictatorial regulations of the European Union will cause muchwill experience enormous catastrophes which will reach propor- unrest and many uprisings; but also crimes committed by gangstions barely imaginable to people of Earth. The destruction of the and organised criminal elements in these countries will causeWTC, i.e., the World Trade Center, by terrorists will only be the unavoidable civil wars.beginning. In addition, significant tensions will arise between the native cit- Yet all the apocalyptic events will not only be brought about due izens and immigrants from foreign countries, who as a rule alsoto the use of unbelievably deadly and destructive weapons—such observe religious beliefs different from those of the native popu-as chemical, laser and others—and by cloned murder machines; lace. And in the end, this will lead to severe conflicts. Hatredbut in addition to this, the Earth and nature, maltreated to the deep- against strangers, foreigners and people of different religiousest depths by the irresponsible human beings of Earth, will rise up beliefs will be the order of the day, as well as the rise of neo-and cause destruction and bring death onto the Earth. Enormous Nazism, terrorism and right-extremism. Conditions similar to civilfirestorms and gigantic hurricanes will sweep over the USA and war will be in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and claimbring devastation, destruction and annihilation, as this from time many lives.immemorial never before will have happened [sic]. The Soviet Union will be dissolved in this decade or at the latest Not only will America, but also all other Western industrial by the beginning of the next. The man decisive for this action willcountries which still live at the beginning of the new millennium in be Mikhail Gorbachev. But this will not lead to rest, because thethe delusion that they could dominate and rule over underdevel- new Russia will continue its longstanding conflict with China overoped nations, i.e., Third World countries, will not only soon lose Inner Mongolia, with the result that Russia will lose a portion ofinfluence over these but must defend themselves against them. this territory to China. And China becomes dangerous, especially According to the prophecies of Henoch, the truth about industri- to India, as also at this time China maintains uneasy relations withalised countries is that they only seem to appear to be true civilisa- her. China will attack India; and if biological weapons are used,tions, but in fact they are not; because more and more, at the end of around 30 million human beings will be killed in the area of andthe 20th century and at the beginning of the third millennium, they around New Delhi alone. However, this will not be the end yet—will disregard all true love, true freedom and true wisdom as well because the effect of biological bombs and missiles, etc., used can-as true peace along with all values of humaneness and all values of not be controlled at that time, and terrible epidemics unknown upmens and womens true being. to that point in time will arise and will spread quickly to many But not even all the terrible happenings will hinder the USA in areas. Also Pakistan will allow herself to be misled to instigate acontinuing to proceed with her actions against all countries. Even war against India, which will be especially dangerous in view ofwhen the North American continent will be stricken by the most the fact that both countries are developing atomic weapons.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 59
  • 58. Continued from page 58 Wars and devastation in Europe and North America Yet Russia will not rest and will attack Scandinavia, and in• 215th Contact, February 28, 1987: doing so will embroil all of Europe. And months before that, a ter- Known as the Henoch (or Enoch) Prophecies, this contact rible tornado will have swept across northern Europe, causingcontained a forewarning of the destruction of the World Trade great devastation and destruction. It must still be stated that theCenter (WTC) by terrorism, the series of worldwide wars that Russian attack will occur during the summer, in fact, starting fromthe US would subsequently launch, and military actions involv- Arhangelsk. Denmark will not be dragged into the war, due to theing Russia, China, France, Germany, Spain, England, insignificance of this country. Yet Russia will not be satisfied withScandinavia and many Third World and other countries. this action of war, as her will for expansion will be ravenous. And C o r r o b o r a t e d : September 11, 2001 , the WTC was consequently Russia will launch a military attack against Iran anddestroyed; the United States has already attacked Afghanistan Turkey and will conquer these two countries in bloody fighting,and Iraq as of the time of this writing. causing enormous destruction.• 235th Contact, February 3, 1990: In the Russian expansionist mentality will also be included the Warned of earthquake in California and eruption of the drive to gain control of the Middle Eastern oil deposits as well asRedoubt volcano in Alaska for February 28, 1992. to gain control of the southeastern region of Europe. Therefore, Corroborated: The Upland quake occurred on that precise she will also invade the Balkans and conquer these countries theredate; and the Redoubt volcanic activity began on February 21 in enormous battles, causing ruthless and devastating destructionand continued through February 28, with more activity follow- with many in March. This will be at the time that tremendous natural disasters will hit Italy and its people, causing severe hardship. But this will also be• 241st Contact, February 3, 1992: at the time when Vesuvius could become active again and could This contact contained specific corroborated warnings about: spread tremendous havoc. At the same time, a war will shake Italy • Landslide in Brazil, March 1992: occurred March 18, 1992; and claim many human lives as well as cause great destruction. • Nuclear accident in Russia during the third week of March: Destruction of war will descend on the northern countries as occurred March 27, 1992; strong military forces will invade them from the East and will pil- • Landers earthquake in Los Angeles for April 23 or 24, 1992: lage and murder as well as use bombs and missiles, like hail com- occurred April 22, 1992; ing down, and hitherto unknown weapons of laser- and computer- • Eruption of Mt Etna, Italy, in April 1992: reported April 15, controlled types which will destroy and annihilate everything, 1992; whereby the first target will be Hungary and after that will follow • Eruption of Cerro Negro, Nicaragua, in April 1992: Austria and northern Italy. Switzerland will also be severely occurred April 9–12, 1992; affected, but will not be the actual target; this will be France and • Earthquakes in Germany–Holland–Belgium area for April Spain. However, the main objective of the aggressors will be to 1992: occurred April 13, 1992; bring all of Europe under their military control, and for that pur- • Earthquakes in China–Burma (Myanmar) April 1992: pose France will be selected to be the headquarters. occurred China–Burma border April 23, 1992. France will not only be invaded by the aggressors from the out-• 249th Contact, June 13, 1994: side, but will also be conquered from within as a result of collabo- Still speculative: In response to a question Meier asked rative forces and other forces. This can be envisioned as being theregarding "mad cow disease", Ptaah stated that "BSE pathogens many foreigners of a different religion living in France at that time,cannot be destroyed by simply cooking the meat and other and specifically Islam, which will be this force working from with-items, or by producing meat meal", and that the temperatures in. Once France has fallen, a war to conquer Spain and Englandnecessary for killing the disease-causing prions would need to will take place. Subsequently, an alliance with the forces of thebe "as high as 700°C [1292°F], and possibly even up to 1000°C aggressors will be formed, which will invade Scandinavia.[1832°F], for previously mutated pathogens that have existed for For all these French-based military operations, the weapons ofsome time now". Our scientists have been raising their own mass destruction stored in the arsenals of France will be used andestimates as to the temperatures necessary to destroy the dis- cause evil devastation, destruction and annihilation. The aggres-ease-causing prions and are now more closely approaching the sors from the East will force the French Army to join their militarytemperatures that the Plejaren, Ptaah, stated. forces and lead a war of conquest against the northern countries of Europe, invading and conquering Sweden and Norway.• 251st Contact, February 3, 1995: Subsequently, these northern countries will be annexed by Russia. This contact contains startling information regarding techno- Military forces will also attack Finland, whereby many will belogical developments such as hybrid warriors created by mixing killed and an enormous destruction will be caused.human and pig DNA. People will have biochips attached to At the same time, as a civil war rages in Germany, an enormouslytheir nerve endings, and Meier warned of ominous biochipping bloody revolution will break out in England which will claim morewith links to Deep Space Platform satellites and supercomputer. lives than will be claimed by the civil war in Germany. And Corroborated: Human–pig DNA experiments have begun inthe last several years; people are starting to get "chipped". because England and Ireland have been at war for a long time Still speculative: Creation of half-human/half-machine already, due to the IRA and the police and military forces ofbeings, clones and androids; discoveries that conclusively con- England, the result will be (because this feud will continue up tofirm existence of previous human life on Mars; rectification of that time) that this revolution will spread out to all of Ireland,the "ageing" and "aggression" genes; Plejaren warnings of deep- especially affecting Northern Ireland. Many lives will be lostimpact scenario, and need for a defence system for incoming during a civil war in Wales, where differences between variousobjects. parties will arise before the Third World War. Welsh and English — Michael Horn forces will clash especially near Cymru, and claim many lives and cause great destruction.60 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 59. But death, destruction and annihilation will not only rage in Civil wars and anarchy in AmericaEurope but also in America, where much suffering will have to be Yet the misery on Earth will continue, as two terrible civil warsendured and many deaths as well as destruction and annihilation will break out in America, whereby one will follow the other.will be. America and Russia will have the most terrible weapons Afterwards, the United States of America will break apart andof mass destruction at their disposal—a fact which is already the deadly hostility will prevail among her, which then leads to thecase to a certain extent today—and will clash with violent force division into five different territories; and it cannot be preventedagainst each other at that time of conflict, whereby Canada will that sectarian fanatics will play a dictatorial role.also be dragged into this conflict. The source of this conflict will Anarchy will be the worldwide condition that will prevail andsubstantiate the Russian attack on the American State of Alaska torment human beings over a long period of time, as human beingsand against Canada. will also be tormented by the many epidemics and diseases, many This conflict will result in mass killings of human beings as well of them new and unknown to human beings and for this reasonas devastating destruction, annihilation and epidemics, etc., which incurable. Due to this fact, the bodies of many human beings willmankind of Earth will never have seen and experienced up to that slowly and miserably decay, while unbearable pain will also occurtime. Not only nuclear, biological and chemical weapons will be as well as blindness and terrible respiratory problems that lead toused en masse, but also enormously deadly systems of computer- suffocation. The consciousness of many human beings willcontrolled weapons that are only in the beginning stages of devel- become impaired and succumb to feeblemindedness and insanity.opment today, or will be invented and constructed during the third And all these gruesome occurrences will be traceable to biologicalmillennium. and chemical weapons, which are the cause of not fast, but grue- some and slow deaths; and this will also occur due to the use of rayWorldwide natural catastrophes and frequency weapons which are already being developed today. As already mentioned, enormous Finally, the words of Henoch maynatural catastrophes and rolling walls be specifically mentioned, whichof fire and violent hurricanes will ...two terrible civil wars will break include that mankind of Earth, in pur-rage all across America, while, in out in America, whereby one will suit of technology for mass destruc-addition, all the terrible effects of war tion and greed for power, hatred,will bring thousandfold deaths, follow the other. Afterwards, the vengeance and riches, will ignore alldestruction and annihilation. United States of America will values of Creation and will trampleAmericas largest cities will be upon all values of love, wisdom, free-absolutely destroyed, and firestorms break apart and deadly hostility dom and peace, as ancestors of thewill cause great disaster and misery. will prevail among her, which then Henoch lineage have done before, to Severe earthquakes and volcanic leads to the division into five plunge the world into screaming mis-eruptions will also belong to that ery, death, destruction and annihila-time, and these will cause much suf- different territories... tion and into the most severe catastro-fering and misery and deaths besides phes mankind of Earth will ever haveenormous destruction and devasta- experienced. ∞tion, as all of nature and the planet itself will rise up against theinsanity of human beings on Earth. However, tornadoes, earth- About the Author:quakes and volcanic eruptions will not only rage in America, but Michael Horn is the authorised American media representativealso in Europe and in the rest of the world. for the Billy Meier Contacts and has researched the case for These activities have already begun at the present time, also dur- over 25 years. He is a lecturer, writer and frequent guest oning the past decades—with the exception that they will become radio and TV. Michael is scheduled to speak at the Bay Area U F O Expo in San Francisco in August and at theincreasingly more devastating in the future. And man of Earth is Unconventional Convention in Las Vegas in November.guilty for the most part today, as also in the future it is man whowill destroy the entire environment—all of nature, the atmosphere, Editors Note:water and all the resources of the planet. The information here is just a fraction of that given to Billy And through this, a shifting of weight inside the Earth takes Meier. For more details, and for the complete text of theplace, caused for example by the creation of gigantic lakes by Henoch prophecies, visit the website and by creating hollow caverns due to the exploitation of The Henoch Prophecies are copyright © 2002–2004 Billypetroleum and gas, etc. And thereby unnatural inner-Earth move- Meier/FIGU (Freie Interessengemeinschaft für Grenz undments are created, which also lead to unnatural tectonic effects and Geisteswissenschaften und Ufologiestudien [Free Community ofcause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, which also in turn cause Interests in Fringe and Spiritual Sciences and Ufological Studies),enormous climatic changes, resulting in horrendous tornadoes of Semja se S ilv er Sta r Ce nter, CH-84 95 S ch midrüti Z H,devastating proportions which in the end will set their destructive Switzerla nd . For mo re information , g o to we bsiteenergies free on the entire world. All of this will lead to increas- The complete Henoch Prophecies, as wellingly horrible floods and unusually massive snowfalls which will as more predictions from the 251st Contact, can be found inadvance to the southern countries and finally even to the equatorial Guido Moosbruggers 2004 book, And Still They Fly! (the sec-regions, because through the insanity of human beings the Earth ond edition of And Yet They Fly!, 2001). Both the book and the new DVD, The Meier Contacts – The Key To Our Futurehas begun unnoticeably to spin [strangely] as a consequence of Survival (see review, NEXUS 11/03), are available directly fromatomic explosions inside and on the surface of the Earth. And this, or contact Michael Horn, PO Boxwill be the reason that the planet will slowly but surely enter an 5163 , Pla ya del Re y, California 9 02 96 , US A, ema ilextraordinary spinning orbit around the Sun, while the first phase Also see Michael Hesemanns interview,is already occurring, which causes a change in climate, leading to a "Billy Meiers ET Contacts Are Real, Says His Son", in Twilightnew ice age. Zone, NEXUS 7/02.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 61
  • 60. 62 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 61. GOVERNMENT WHISTLEBLOWER Truman in the 1940s. seemed to have insider knowledge about C. B. SCOTT JONES ON One of the speakers was C. B. Scott how the ET presence might be manipulated UFO SECRECY Jones, PhD, who worked in US Naval and used by the United States government. An interview by Intelligence in the 1960s to 1970s. Later, For more background, see websites at the Linda Moulton Howe © April 2004 from 1985 until 1991, Scott Jones worked end of this interview with C. B. Scott as a Special Assistant to US Senator Jones.The Chinese told me over and over again Claiborne Pell, the then Chairman of the — Linda Moulton Howeof the amount of evidence they have from Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Drwhich they conclude that the ET phenom - Scott Joness goal was to find out what C. B. Scott Jones (CBSJ): W eenon is real, in the sense that there are other governments and scientists knew absolutely know that our country, thereal, tangible craft penetrating their air - about the UFO phenomenon. At the top of United States, has a determined policy ofspace. his research list were the Soviet Union and secrecy, silence, denial and misinformation — Dr C. B. Scott Jones, former US Naval China and the implied knowledge of on this [UFO phenomenon]. So, the big Intelligence officer, Special Assistant in German rocket scientist Dr Werner von question for me and many others is: UFO Research for US Senator Claiborne Braun. "Why?" Pell, 1985–1991, Founder of the Center for Dr von Braun began his work in the Linda Moulton Howe (LMH): I s n t Applied Anomalous Phenomena (1985), United States after World War II under that why a focus on Werner von Braun the Human Potential Foundation (1989), Project Paperclip, in which German rocket going back into the 1940s and Project and the Peace & Emergency Action experts were brought to America to create a Paperclip in the United States is important, Coalition for Earth (PEACE) (2003) space rocket program similar to what they because he seemed to provide some had been doing in Peenemünde, Germany. insights about why this government mightDr Werner von Braun and the UFO Their base of operations was White Sands perpetuate a policy of silence when heCover-up Missile Range, west of Alamogordo and knew for a fact that we were dealing withG aithersburg, Maryland, USA, April Roswell, New Mexico. Von Braun served something that fell into the non-human 21, 2004 — This past weekend at from 1960 to 1970 as the first Director of category? the X-Conference, the focus was on the Marshall Space Flight Center. He was CBSJ: Yes, the basis for the Werner vonAmerican government knowledge of an most noted for directing the development Braun comment—and thats about 20 yearsextraterrestrial presence on Earth and the of the giant Saturn V rocket that carried ago. This was after he had been in the US acover-up of that knowledge. men to the Moon for the first time in 1969. long time and actually was in the twilight of There has been a policy of silence and Scott Jones thinks that Werner von his life; he was a dying person. A protégédenial about ETs and advanced technolo- Braun not only knew about the extraterres- he had selected, Carol Rosin, in an inter-gies in the interest of national security trial presence and discs flying rapidly over view has given us this information. He toldsince at least the presidency of Harry S. their White Sands rocket experiments, but Carol that he had been in meetings in whichAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 63
  • 62. THE TWILIGHT ZONE me was "Special Assistant" and no one ever asked what that really meant, which was fine. But they obviously made their own assump- tions as to what the Special Assistant to the Chairman of the US Senate Foreign The original Project Paperclip team photographed at Fort Bliss in White Sands, New Mexico, in the 1940s. Dr Werner von Braun is sixth from the right in the front row. (Photo is courtesy of the Smithsonian Museum.) R e l a t i o n s Committee was.the strategy, the corporate strategy—and its the funding for that came from the Ministry So, perhaps they were overgenerous inalleged that it wasnt just his corporation, of Defence and their intelligence communi- sharing things, but I certainly appreciatedwhich was Fairchild, but a conglomerate— ty, the KGB and the GRU. And they iden- whatever their expectations were.was this. It is essential to keep the income tified their sources of funding to me I was frequently used as a messenger boypump for the military–industrial complex because they were interested—I think for in every country that I went to, becauseprimed and going to make sure that we have the obvious reason—first of all to ascertain they knew of my relationship with Senatoradequate enemies. He ticked off to Carol if this [UFOs] was something coming from Pell—the Russians less than the Chinese.that essentially here is the list. Watch for NATO, from the United States. Were these The Chinese did it repeatedly.this: things that were penetrating their airspace If they had a heartburn that they wanted • first the Soviet Union, but that will still another threat to their national security eased, they would say, "Look, when you collapse; and a provocation? get back to Washington, we want you to • then terrorism and crazies in other I think they very quickly countries; realised that they could deter- • then asteroids; mine the difference between a • then extraterrestrials. U2 and naval aircraft pene- Thats an extraordinary list, and I must trating their borders and thensay on reflection that everything has been later on other satellite and air-mentioned as a potential enemy or threat by craft when they came online,the United States, except extraterrestrials to versus the ETs and the UFOsthis point. that came over. I asked them, "What do you think is theForeign Assignments motivation? What is the LMH: In the work that you did with intent of these intrusions, notSenator Claiborne Pell, where you were only in your country butassigned to explore the world to find out around the world?" Theywhat was going on with research in other confessed they had no ideagovernments efforts to understand what the intention was.whatever this phenomenon is, did you find LMH: But it underscoresthere were other countries—maybe China, that this is a global phenome-Russia, France—who were ready to non, that it is being seen bydisclose what they knew and the United thousands of people aroundStates was the only obstacle between their the planet on an ongoing basissaying to the world public, "We know we in every country. Can youare not alone"? describe what you learned CBSJ: That intrigued me, what I ran from what you called "theinto. First of all, when I first went into the bear of a scientist" in Russia?Soviet Union—this was before their blood- CBSJ: That was interest-less revolution—the scientists I dealt with ing. Since I was working for Dr Werner von Braun, the German rocket scientist brought to the United States after World War II to head Projectand the research directors knew they were Senator [Claiborne] Pell, who Paperclip at White Sands Missile Range. Project Paperclipgoing to have a revolution. was then Chairman of the was the US governments assembly of dozens of German And they literally offered me stacks of Senate Foreign Relations physicists to create an American space rocket program astheir classified reports. We would have Committee, that gave me the German scientists had been producing in Peenemünde,huge stacks of their reports over years of entrée to places around the Germany, during the reign of Adolf Hitler. (Photographtheir official government involvement, and world. The title he had given date and source are unknown.)64 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 63. THE TWILIGHT ZONEtell Senator Pell this and lets clean this up something. And I think the message from CBSJ: Linda, I dont know technicallyor have that stopped or get this going." It the hero scientist of the Soviet Union…you whether we are or not. If in fact theywas easy for me to say I was glad to do put it together. He knew where I was and emanate on a frequency spectrum that wethat, and that kept the relationship warm he knew what we had been talking about can monitor, the answer certainly must beand ongoing. for two days. "Yes". But I suspect there may be I was in the Institute of Theoretical LMH: UFOs... frequencies in spectrums we dontProblems, and the Director told me late one CBSJ: Thats right. So I dont think he recognise. It might be a dimensional thing,afternoon, "Tomorrow there is going to be came principally to talk about a phased- and I dont think we know how to check forsomething new to the agenda. A very array radar in any other context than UFOs. frequencies in this dimension and then shiftsenior scientist, a hero of the Soviet Union, And I think what the translation should to another dimension to check forwants to meet with you." frequencies there. I asked, "What does he want to meetabout?" China Waits for America to Make Now, we had been meeting for two The Chinese told me over and First ET Disclosuredays on the subject of UFOs at that over again of the amount of LMH: What was the most provoca-time. evidence they have from which tive information that you ran into in He said, "He will tell you." China? He was a huge man, and when he they conclude that the ET CBSJ: The Chinese can be veryswept into the room his presence just phenomenon is real, in the sense direct, bless them for that. They justtook over and people pulled back from simply told me it was "an outrageoushim. I held my ground as best I could, that there are real, tangible craft and transparent lie that you come toand he got right up in my face and it penetrating their airspace. China and allege that you dont knowwas a finger-pointing monologue on what your own country is doing in thesehis part. He was telling me that the [UFO] fields"—essentially, "How dareantiballistic missile treaty that had just you go to our people in the militarybeen completed was completely unfair, and have been was that this radar is important attaché and our embassy in Washington,our insistence that the Soviet Union take to us—the Soviet Union and the United DC, and say you would like to meet seniordown a large phased-array radar was not States. people in the following academies andjustified. And if I had had my wits about me, I institutes who are doing the important He said, "This is an important radar. It is should have asked, "What is the frequency research in UFOs and psychic phenomena,technically not in violation." of this radar picking up UFOs?" unless you have a responsibility and And I said, "I can imagine that you are I think then he would have answered the knowledge of what your own country wasupset as a scientist and I imagine the question. He assumed that I was smart and doing with it!"military is upset because your diplomats would figure it out. I think he would have I was never able to convince them that Igave it away." dialogued with me if I had brought that up. was not among the anointed, and that kept And he agreed with that. LMH: Are we tracking certain me away from their most senior people So I asked him, "What do you want me frequencies that we know are linked to very whom I knew and identified. But theyto do?" specific kinds of extraterrestrial aerial craft? simply would not let me get to them. And he said, "I want you to tell SenatorPell how unfair and how unnecessary andwrong this is." I did that when I got back toWashington. I told my boss and he said,"Lets go to the [Senate Foreign Relations]committee." So, I told the Soviet expertson the committee about this and they justshrugged and said they didnt know what hewas so mad about. It was some time later…actually, I wasreviewing my notes. I tried to take noteswhile I was there because so much wasgoing on and I thought it would be poorform to have a tape recorder. So I wouldtake notes and scribble as I did. So I wasreviewing the notes, and while I had hired agood technical translator—I was confidentthat he was as good as he was advertised tome—[I wondered if] I had missed what hehad said or the translator had missedAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 65
  • 64. THE TWILIGHT ZONE I guess the important thing with the Remote Viewing Sheds Light on in the exploitation of whatever was gar-Chinese came from the Minister for 1908 Tunguska Explosion nered from [Roswell] if you start out that IForeign Affairs. In a casual moment, he n his efforts to get more truth about the this is from a time-travelling vehicle ratherlamented how sad he was that the exchange UFO puzzle, Scott Jones hired a remote than this is from a ship that somehow gotof information between our countries on viewing group that had originally here…and these pieces of hardware we willthe subject of UFOs had stopped. trained in a classified Defense Intelligence independently exploit and see what we can I said, "I am not familiar with that program and later sold remote viewing as learn from them. If you put it in a differentexchange. What are the additional an investigative tool in the civilian world. context and say this is part of a time-traveldetails?" Scott wanted to learn more about the vehicle, what else can we learn from the Then I think he realised he should not June 30, 1908, explosion above the ground same things that have been exploitedhave said what he did, and he sort of mum- in Tunguska, Siberia, that incinerated trees already?bled his way out of it. in an 18-mile-diameter circle around LMH: Could we in the US government The reason this is important is...I think it ground zero. Whatever blew up was so learn how to operate that technology andhas been somewhat validated by the extra- strong that, beyond the 18-mile [29-kilo- literally go backwards or forwards in time?ordinary 1999 report that came out of metre] burned circle, thousands of trees CBSJ: I dont know if it is bi-directionalFrance [COMETA; see website link were knocked down over a 25-mile [40.2- or not. I think I heard at this conference itbelow], in which they say in one part of the km] radius. If the explosion had occurred is only back in time. If thats the case, thenreport that there is an allegation that there over a city, the effect would have been cat- the travellers that are coming here are com-is a special relationship between the United astrophic for all the people living there. ing from our future.States and whatever this phenomenon is. To date, the most common hypothesis And of course, that brings a greatThe Chinese told me over and over again has been that a large meteorite blew up potential. If it is a future in all areas, theyof the amount of evidence they have from above Tunguska in 1908. But when Scott are more technologically advanced, morewhich they conclude that the ET phenome- Jones had the remote viewers, led by Ed psychologically, emotionally and spirituallynon is real, in the sense that there are real, Dames, concentrate on the historic event, advanced, then they truly have some gifts totangible craft penetrating their airspace. they got a different answer… share with us. ∞That issue is essentially settled with them. — LMH I said, "This being the case, why dont About the Author: Linda Moulton Howe is a graduate of Stanfordyou make a public announcement and tell C. B. Scott Jones: Three out of five University, USA, and has a Masters Degree inthe world about this reality?" remote viewers came up with UFOs, a ship Communication. She has worked as a science And there was a short silence and he in trouble. There was an explosion— and environment reporter for radio andsaid, "China will be a quick second after perhaps the demise of a ship having real television, and edits the Earthfiles.comthe United States makes the technical difficulties. website. Her film documentaries, A Strangeannouncement." Now I am beginning to seriously Harvest and Strange Harvests 1993, explored That again suggests there is a belief or consider that the ships observed in the the worldwide animal mutilationsunderstanding that the responsibility for the Roswell event were a time-travel vehicle. I phenomenon. Her books include An Alienfirst announcement comes from the United dont have the physics background to make Harvest, Glimpses of Other Realities – Vol. I:States. And I dont understand this, Linda. an argument for this. Facts & Eyewitnesses, Glimpses of OtherI do not know what the basis of this is. To me, it would make a huge difference Realities – Vol. II: High Strangeness (reviewed in NEXUS 5/05) and Mysterious Lights and Crop Circles (Paper Chase Press, USA, 2000–01, reviewed in 8/05). Over the years, Linda has contributed many articles to NEXUS, most recently in 11/01 and 8/05. Lindas investigations have taken in such diverse subjects as crop circles, the chupacabras mystery, humanitys hidden history, and the evidence for UFOs and ETs, including research into the alleged Roswell UFO crash fragments and government knowledge and cover-up of non-human intelligences interacting with our planet. See her website,, for further information. Website References • • • X-Conference/jones_supplement.htm • "None of the food here has been genetically modified, but some of the staff have." History/SP-4201/ch1-3.htm66 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 65. REVIEWS the other is about jealousy, self-obsession Knowledge, about the Qero tribe of the and hypocrisy. Writing it was her way of Peruvian Andes (see review in 6/03). settling the past and moving on in her life. Her introduction to plants with psychedelic Reviewed by Ruth Parnell Wallace realised an important lesson that qualities came in the USA in 2000, whenSORCERERS APPRENTICE: is applicable to us all: be true to our own she imbibed ayahuasca tea under ritual con-My Life with Carlos Castaneda power, and dont put others up on a pedestal ditions. The protocols in the week leadingby Amy Wallace and then submit to their manipulations. up to the ritual were strict for good reasons,Frog Ltd/North Atlantic Books, USA, 2003 and included eating a very plain vegetarian AYAHUASCA: The Visionary & diet and abstaining from sex. What JoanISBN 0-58394-076-6 (421pp hc) experienced with this "entheogen" was notAvailability: North Atlantic Books, Healing Powers of the Vine of the Soul by Joan Parisi Wilcox just literally gut-wrenching but mind-blow- ing, to say the least. Ultimately, through Park Street Press, USA, 2003T he spiritual teachings of Yaqui Indian sorcerer don Juan, as told by his appren-tice Carlos Castaneda, captured the attention ISBN 0-89281-131-5 (229pp tpb) Availability: Inner Traditions website, this and other subsequent experiences in Amazonia, she got to the core of her deepest being, dispelling illusions and becoming oneof a generation of people who wanted to with the Vine of the Soul—a plant that is, inexplore lifes magic and mysteries. It didntseem to matter too much whether don Juanactually existed or whether he was the fig- E xperiencing the sacred Amazonian plant brew, ayahuasca, has become a popular pursuit among "underground" spiritual seek- reality, a highly sentient being. Wilcoxs book is a record of her and her fellow travellers visionary journeys andment of Castanedas lively imagination. ers, and this ancient sacred practice is indeed insights. The shamans would concur that if Author Amy Wallace (daughter of best- legal in its native Amazonia. This powerful, one is privileged enough to be able to tapselling novelist Irving Wallace) was among visionary concoction is not something that into hidden experiential knowledge, there isthe adoring fans, and met Castaneda through should be taken lightly; emetic episodes are a responsibility to share it around. Wilcoxher father in 1973 when she was seventeen. often part of ingesting this potent biochemi- has fulfilled her mission admirably.Their acquaintanceship continued over the cal drug, compounded by the effects of ayears until she was finally drawn into the DMT-rich catalyst plant that acts like a lightinner circle of his devotees in the early to the power of ayahuasca.1990s and became one of his lovers until a Author Joan Parisi Wilcox warns this teayear before his death in 1998. should only be ingested under strict ritual Sorcerers Apprentice is Wallaces roller- conditions, overseen by an ayahuasquero, orcoaster memoir of her life with (and after) healing master, who sings/plays the sacredCastaneda and the "witches" who made up songs, icaros, during the process. Anyonehis coterie, and its not quite the tale of contemplating exploring this route must be"impeccability" and "enlightenment" that sure of his/her intentions and not get stuckmight be expected. Its a warts-and-all on psychic phenomena that may be part ofaccount that takes the reader through the the process. When experimenting with suchheights and depths of being in an unequal a mind-expanding psychedelic as this, thepower relationship with a brilliant but explorer still needs to be grounded.flawed guru/philosopher who could be cruel A former English literature academic and aand kind, abusive and loving, fraudulent and professional writer, she is no stranger tobrutally frank. Its a morality tale that on the shamanic traditions. Readers may remem-one hand is about the spiritual quest but on ber her book, Keepers of the AncientAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 69
  • 66. REVIEWSTHE BOOK OF FLOATING: Now on the mend, he attests to a power of Tarot and had the insight that it describedExploring the Private Sea floatation that hed not contemplated the science of system genesis—the processby Michael Hutchison before—as a gateway to pure awareness, by which ordered forms or systems springGateways Books and Tapes, Nevada City, pure being, enlightenment, the eternal pre- into being—and was amazed to learn thatCA, USA, 1984, 2003 sent, just as the spiritual sages describe. modern systems principles were knownISBN 0-89556-118-2 (268pp tpb) Hutchisons story gives incentive to new thousands of years ago. Genesis of theAvailability: Gateways Books and Tapes, recruits as well as lapsed floaters to get into Cosmos (and its predecessor) is his bringing the tank and go with the flow. together of ancient scientific wisdom that has been hidden in myths and folklore.M ichael Hutchison did his first series of floats in a flotation tank in 1982 for anarticle he was writing for New Yorks GENESIS OF THE COSMOS: The Ancient Science of Continuous LaViolette says that the creation science of antiquity conceives all physical form (whether animate or inanimate) to be sus-Village Voice (13 July). Like so many oth- Creation tained by an undercurrent of process—a fluxers of his generation, hed been inspired by by Paul A. LaViolette, PhD of vital energy that permeates all space.Dr John Lillys books and the film Altered Bear & Company, USA, 2004 (first pub- He suggests that ancient systems of knowl-States—and curiosity got the better of him. lished in 1995 by Park Street Press as edge, including the I Ching, the Sumerian Hutchison was so taken by the benefits of Beyond the Big Bang) and Egyptian mysteries, the Tarot andfloating and encouraged by the testimony of ISBN 1-59143-034-8 (373pp tpb) astrology, encode a highly sophisticated sci-other floaters that he spent a year research- Availability: Inner Traditions website, ence of cosmogenesis, though he concedesing the subject from scientific, medical andpsychological perspectives, culminating in that not all traditions have the same degree of detail. Our 21st century cosmology canthe 1984 publication of The Book ofFloating. (During the 1990s he edited the D r Paul LaViolette is one of those rare scientists who dares to move across disciplines and make connections that others only advance by a paradigm change that involves reanimating this ancient knowl-seminal MegaBrain Report.) Two decades edge, he argues in this cutting-edge classic.later, Hutchisons work is still relevant in his dont see so easily. After graduating inexplanations of how flotation works, e.g., physics and systems science, he spent thevia brain waves, biochemistry, biofeedback, subsequent years conducting research invisualisation, and how floating can be used, astronomy, climatology, cosmology,e.g., for deep relaxation, pain relief, self- geology, mythology and theoretical physics,hypnosis, superlearning, improvement of among other subjects. Hes written manyathletic performance, weight loss and free- papers touching on these fields, and severaling oneself from habits and addictions. books including Earth Under Fire (1997) The book has been reprinted but with a and The Talk of the Galaxy (2000) (seefinal chapter which Hutchison wrote in reviews in 5/02 and 8/02, plus article, "A2003—four years after he had a terrible fall Galactic Superwave Hazard Alert", in 8/02).that left him paralysed from the neck down. This edition is a re-issue of his 1995After a few months of hospitalisation he Beyond the Big Bang, published a year afterdecided the only thing to help him through his Subquantum Kinetics—a new approachhis ordeal was to enter into deep meditation, to subatomic physics based on chemistry,so before long he found he could get into the not mechanics, and process rather than staticsame state of "no mind" that he experienced structure. While LaViolette was developingin his most profound floating moments. his theory in the 1970s, he came across the70 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 67. CROP CIRCLES: REVIEWS Montigiani notes that HPM technology has environment journalist Derrick Jensen.Evidence of a Cover-up been an open secret for decades, but sug- Four years in the writing (due to newby Nicolas Montigiani gests the British may have made significant developments in the process), PrimaryCarnot, USA, 2003 (first published in advances with it that coincided with the Perception documents Backsters amazingFrench as Crop Circles, Manoeuvres dans increasing sophistication of the pictogram discoveries of attunement in the cellular,le ciel, Editions Carnot, Chatou, France) designs around 1990. It may be no coinci- microbial, plant and animal kingdoms toISBN 1-4050-4103-X (197pp tpb) dence that the majority of circles appear stimuli from humans and the surroundingAvailability: USA—Carnot USA Books, near military bases in the UK and, on a less- environment. Who would think that a kom- er scale, in allied countries. bucha culture could react by going "off the; UK— This is another far-out approach thats sure chart" when Backster (briefly a CIA agent inRoundhouse Group, website to disturb not just the cosmically inclined. the late 1940s and a hypnotist before that) was viewing a scene from the filmF rench–American professional photogra- pher Nicolas Montigiani proposes a verydifferent theory on the formation of crop cir- PRIMARY PERCEPTION: Biocommunication with Plants, Living Conspiracy Theory that alluded to CIA experiments in hallucinogens and sensory Foods and Human Cells deprivation? After this, youll never feel thecles in this book. Before getting to the same way again about the eggs, yogurt, aci-point, he succinctly reviews the history of by Cleve Backster White Rose Millennium Press, Anza, CA dophilus capsules and fresh fruit and vegeta-cerealogy, the rise of cult, ufological and bles held captive in your fridge, and youNew Age groups as well as hoaxers, and the USA, 2003 may be forced to reassess the "vibes" youserious attempts made by independent ISBN 0-9664354-3-5 (168pp tpb) give out in your everyday life.researchers and scientists to analyse the phe- Availability: Websites http://www.prima- Backsters pioneering biocommunicationnomenon, e.g., studying the broken nodes of; experiments are also adding to the evidencewheat stems. He dismisses hypotheses con-cerning hoaxers (except in a small percent-age of cases), cosmic intervention, plasma I f you read The Secret Life of Plants (by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird) years ago, you may remember the opening that confirms the advanced level of scientific knowledge and wisdom of the ancients.vortex energies and Earth energy lines. story of Cleve Backster, who first attached a Instead, Montigianis conclusion is based set of polygraph electrodes to a plant leaf inon the research of a French defence scientist 1966 and thus initiated a revolution in our(who uses the pseudonym, Jean-Paul Piton) understanding of biocommunication.that crop pictograms are the work of a secret Mr Backster is still going strong, and so isBritish (and possibly joint US) military the Dracaena plant he tested all those yearsdefence program—utilising a high-powered ago. So is his work in lie detection, and hemicrowave (HPM) generator and cannon to still teaches at the school he founded in thedirect the invisible energy beam to the field early 1960s. At last, hes written his firstbelow according to pre-programmed instruc- book. It touches on his life story, and detailstions for the design. A balloon or dirigible many of his landmark experiments up to ascould serve as a platform for reflecting the recently as 2002. While hes had such anbeam or producing it via an on-board gener- influence on our changing scientific para-ator. In his experiments, Piton directed laser digm, theres been all too little written aboutbeams and microwaves at ripening wheat him and he remains an unsung hero—whichand was able to duplicate the effects seen in is why were running a rare interview thiscrop circles using the microwaves. issue, conducted in 1997 by well-knownAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 71
  • 68. REVIEWSTHE HOLISTIC HANDBOOK OF Not everyone should take a sauna, though, Chapters are devoted to women who holdSAUNA THERAPY and Dr Sylver summarises the medical con- cabinet and sub-cabinet positions: Nationalby Nenah Sylver, PhD ditions (e.g., some cardiovascular problems) Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, GWBsThe Center for Frequency, NY, USA, 2004 which are contraindicated; she suggests communications director Karen Hughes,ISBN 0-9672491-7-1 (337pp tpb) readers check with a sauna-aware medical Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman, LaborAvailability: The Center for Frequency, practitioner before proceeding. In the last Secretary Elaine Chao, EnvironmentPO Box 952, Stone Ridge, NY 12484- chapter, her focus is on detox programs, Protection Agency head Christine Todd some of which are used by doctors in the Whitman, and Interior Secretary Gale Ann0952, tel +1 (845) 687 0963, website Norton. The final chapter, "Sisters", profiles enviro-medical field. Shes certainly con- Dr Lynne Cheney (wife of VP Dick), who vinced me of saunas therapeutic benefits.I hadnt realised the healing power of the sauna until I came across Nenah Sylvershandbook. Sauna therapy has been practised BUSHWOMEN: headed the right-wing National Endowment for the Humanities from 1986 to 1993 and Tales of a Cynical Species has played an influential social engineeringfor thousands of years (a Mayan sweat role; and Laura Bush, whose espousal ofhouse thats 3,000 years old was discovered by Laura Flanders Verso/New Left Books, UK, USA, 2004 Afghani womens rights was a cover thata few years back), and for good reason. arguably served to justify more bombing.This therapeutic body-heating technique ISBN 1-85984-587-8 (342pp hc) Most of these high-profile "Bushwomen"works up a sweat that helps eliminate toxins Availability: Verso Books, website have turned their backs on the very libertiesfrom the system. It also helps maintain that allowed them to get ahead, so theres agood health and prevent onset of disease. Sauna therapy has a strong cultural follow-ing in Europe, particularly in Scandinavia, T his eye-opening book from San Francisco–based author, journalist and radio talk show host Laura Flanders shows strong thread of hypocrisy through their eye- brow-raising stories. The sideline details Flanders gives also make this a must-readand Sylver aims to win over those who arent up the complicity of various women sur- before the 2004 US presidential election!familiar with it or have some aversion to rounding George W. Bush in an agendaperspiration or nudity. (Dr Sylver is also the thats set to oppose all sorts of rights—author of The Handbook of Rife Therapy, whether for women, minorities, workers orreviewed in 9/05, and the article on the environment. The American public has"Poisonous Products" which we ran in been poorly informed on the background,7/02–03 under the name Nina Silver.) vested interests and rise to power of these Starting off with a look at the history of the women, and Flanders lifts the veil of deceit.sauna, Dr Sylver then explains the physiolo- The introduction, "Winning Women",gy of perspiration, how deliberate sweating explains the role of these women in bringingcan produce powerful results, and what sorts a female face to the Republican Partyof compounds—biological wastes, heavy (attracting more women voters) and a Farmetals, organic chemicals—are released Right Bush Administration whose brutalwhen we sweat. Types of heat—dry or policies masquerade under the banner ofhumid—are discussed, as are the best mate- "compassionate conservatism". Packed withrials and heating system to incorporate into a alternative historical context and comment,sauna chamber if you decide to build one. Bushwomen leads with a brief analysis ofWhile she doesnt give construction plans, Floridas Secretary of State Katherine Harrisshe provides photos and includes details in and her part in the 2000 election violationsher extensive resources section. that swept George W. Bush to power.72 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 69. RETROCOGNITIONS: REVIEWS This is not an easy read, even for those The mudras have meaning for the nervousAn investigation into the memory of familiar with Western and Eastern descrip- system and the consciousness, and the fin-past lives and the period between lives tions of the psychospiritual realms. The ter- gers and their parts are associated with par-by Wagner Alegretti minologies, originating from Portuguese- ticular organs, glands/chakras and systemsIAC, Miami, Florida, USA, 2004 language sources, require some getting used of the body as well as cosmic principles and to, so the glossary and index are essential. elements of nature. Each hand/finger posi-ISBN 0-9702131-6-6 (295pp tpb) Even so, with chapters titled Holosoma, tion (illustrated throughout the book and inAvailability: International Academy of Consciential Energy, Existential Seriality the appendices) causes a specific stimulus inConsciousness, and Extraphysical Society, readers may feel the nervous system and biochemistry as wellT his treatise is the territory of the serious seeker into metaphysical domains. Itsthe result of many years of study into psy- challenged. This material is comprehensive and insightful and expands our understand- as a change or movement in the energy sys- tems that envelop the body. Because body, ing of the myriad layers of consciousness. mind and soul are in fact one, the mudraschospiritual phenomena, put together by can also awaken and stimulate different (Note that Alegretti and his IAC colleagueWagner Alegretti, a dedicated consciousness areas of consciousness. Nanci Trivellato are speakers at the NEXUSresearcher who follows in the steps of This book will take some study for those Conference in Brisbane in September.)Brazilian doctor/healer/seer Waldo Vieira. unfamiliar with the Kabbalah, but the timeSince the 1980s hes been involved in organ- taken will be worthwhile for the benefits thisisations associated with Dr Vieira, most SIGN LANGUAGE OF THE SOUL by Dr Dale H. Schusterman system of knowledge and self-healing canrecently the International Academy of provide. Many of the balancing and healingConsciousness (see NEXUS 11/03 for "Out- The Writers Collective, Rhode Is., 2003 ISBN 1-932-133-05-4 (270pp hc) exercises take only minutes to perform yetof-body Experience" by the IACs Sandie have profound, long-lasting results, as DrGustus, and also Twilight Zone 6/05). Availability: Website Schustermans patients attest in the case The central theme of Alegrettis book con- studies presented throughout the book.cerns retrocognition: recollection of pastlives on Earth and even on other planets, butalso of time spent between lives and what all M any years ago I came across a mind- expanding text on the esoteric science of mudra—the use of specific hand and fin-this can reveal about our true soul purpose ger positions and gestures to connect withand evolutionary potential in this life. The the bodys own energy flow—from thebook focuses not on personal stories but on Buddhist perspective. To see it displayed inthe theoretical framework that can help elu- the iconography of Buddhist, Hindu andcidate the intradimensional experiences that even Christian traditions was fascinating.can be accessed as part of spiritual progress. Now Im intrigued to find a healing-oriented Alegretti says that as well as evolutionary approach that combines these Eastern ges-benefits such as healing group karma, there tures with mudras, symbols and words fromare many therapeutic benefits possible from the Jewish mystical tradition—especially theretrocognitive experiences, including remis- Tree of Life of the Kabbalah.sion of/relief from physical illnesses, help in In Sign Language of the Soul, chiropractorovercoming traumas and phobias, and assis- and kinesiologist Dr Dale Schustermantance with relationships. To aid us in self- reveals key aspects of this wisdom traditionretrocognitions, he outlines a number of and gives exercises, words and symbols forpreparatory steps and technical procedures accessing and activating the pathways of thethat he recommends be followed. Tree of Life, the cosmic blueprint.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 73
  • 70. REVIEWS THE EARTH CHRONICLES MOON LANDINGS: Did NASA Lie? EXPEDITIONS: by Philippe Lheureux Journeys to the Mythical Past Carnot, USA, 2003 (first published in by Zecharia Sitchin French as Lumières sur la lune, Editions Bear & Company, USA, 2004 Carnot, Chatou, France) ISBN 1-59143-036-4 (243pp hc) ISBN 1-59209-041-9 (211pp tpb) Availability: Inner Traditions website, Availability: USA—Carnot USA Books,; UK— Roundhouse Group, website T his new book from author/scholar of the ancient world Zecharia Sitchin is a record of expeditions hes led in the Old and New Worlds to explore ancient myths, examine anomalous artefacts and confirm T he controversy over whether NASA landed men on the Moon during the Apollo missions continues to this day. In that the gods of legend did physically visit Moon Landings, French computer specialist the Earth. And while his conclusions are not Philippe Lheureux presents more than 100 always certain or even correct, due to lack of NASA photographs of these lunar missions data on these artefacts, his research trails, containing anomalies and inconsistencies, fieldwork and ways of thinking about his and draws on the input of astronomers, pho- findings are still trailblazing. tographers and other specialists to try to In travels from Mesopotamia and Egypt to explain these discrepancies. After analysis, Mexico, Sitchin makes connections which in most cases the unexplained elements suggest either that trans-Atlantic routes were remain: such as anomalous shadows, reflec- operating 5,000 years ago or that cosmic vis- tions and lighting; lack of dust on the lunar itors flew across oceans and seas to impart modules landing pads (when Apollo 11 astronauts noted the landing had stirred up a lot of dust); and seemingly impossible boot- prints and tyre tracks on the lunar surface. Lheureux presents several hypotheses about the photos: e.g., that they are real; they were touched up for PR purposes; they were redone in the studio because the origi- nals were somehow spoiled in the first mis- sion; they were faked in a top-secret base in Arizona, and the astronauts only orbited and did not land on the Moon; and that NASA could not reveal what the astronauts saw (i.e., the Moon already colonised by ETs). These hypotheses need more back-up evi- dence, but Lheureux has no hesitation in stating his preferred versions. However, he leaves it up to readers to draw their own conclusions and do their own research. knowledge to several cultures at contempo- The UFO question is given some space, raneous times in antiquity. starting with an alleged ham radio recording Sitchin dates the beginning of the Olmec of Armstrong and Aldrin talking to Houston "mother" civilisation of Mesoamerica to about the "visitors" and "spaceships" they 3000 BC, and suggests the huge carved saw shortly after they "landed" on the Moon. heads depict the Africans who accompanied Theres also discussion of NASAs strange the winged god Thoth after he left Egypt emblem for the Apollo missions, featuring a around that same time for the New World! rocketship leaving Earth and passing in front Some of the Olmec carvings have uncanny of the constellation Orion before landing on similarities with images from ancient the Moon. Also discussed are transient Sumeria that contain astronomical data. lunar phenomena, seen by telescope long Time travel tunnels under Jerusalem, UFO before the Apollo missions, which could be evidence on top of Mt Sinai, a Sumerian natural events or perhaps the result of ET goddess-as-astronaut in the ancient city of activity. Finally, were shown anomalous Mari, and back-packing spacemen in features on the lunar surface that are sugges- Mexico are all part of Sitchins territory. So, tive of artificial creation (some craters are too, are ruins of Troy, Crete, Turkey and shaped like triangles and polygons) and even Syria. Each chapter focuses on a major the presence of ET military bases! mystery and includes illustrations, maps and Maybe well get to the bottom of these photos (plus a big section of colour plates). mysteries one day. Meantime, scientists Theres much food for thought and inspira- should not dismiss these anomalies but tion in these glimpses into lost history. investigate them with an open mind.74 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 71. THE EMERALD MODEM REVIEWS Vedic. Leviton gives keys and meditationsby Richard Leviton for tapping into the Earths power and deep-Hampton Roads, USA, 2004 ening our link with the planet and her mythi-ISBN 1-57174-245-X (592pp tpb) cal dimensions at these sacred places. WeAvailability: Hampton Roads Publishing can even learn how to plug in without physi-Company, cally having to be at the sites! This book is definitely in the "out there" category, yet isI n The Galaxy on Earth (reviewed in 10/03), visionary author Richard Levitonintroduced us to sacred sites and landscape firmly centred "in here", in the heart.features around the globe within the frame- EXOPOLITICS: Political Implicationswork of a metaphysical matrix. In The of the Extraterrestrial PresenceEmerald Modem, he reveals more specifics by Michael E. Salla, PhDabout the Earths interactive energy body Dandelion Books, Tempe, AZ, 2004and how we are inherently linked to it and ISBN 1-893302-56-3 (268pp tpb)the cosmos, even if we dont realise it. Availability: Dandelion Books, website Apparently the planet is designed to be http://www.dandelionbooks.netinteractive, even to require us to interactwith it, and Leviton has identified at least 85different features of the Earths energy body T he extraterrestrial presence in all its forms is with us, so information about it should be publicly disclosed and its politicalwhich he says are the Earths subtle "organs" and social ramifications openly discussed.and can serve as instruments for raising So argues Michael E. Salla, PhD, researcherhuman consciousness. in residence at the American Universitys Center for Global Peace, in Exopolitics. This former Assistant Professor in the uni- versitys School of International Service has gone out on a limb despite the negative reac- tions from his academic peers to his thesis on ET presence on this planet. With a background in international poli- tics, policy-making and conflict resolution, Dr Salla posits that the existence and influ- ence of ETs is at the core of international and domestic conflict, yet this is completely overlooked by conventional policy-makers, who thus make decisions based on false premises. Its time for 70 years of official non-disclosure, disinformation, intimidation and tampering with evidence to be over- turned—and the study of exopolitics is rele- vant for how well cope with the revelations. To Leviton, the worlds sacred landscapes Dr Salla discusses the history of the UFO/are teeming with geomythic features, mean- ET cover-up, particularly in the USA, asing that the myth, a real event, actually hap- well as the various "conspiracy theories"pened at the site. When seen through clair- that abound and present a challenge to poli-voyant eyes, the landscape, the mythological cy-makers and politicians. He delves intorealms and the cosmos are dynamically pre- the legacy of Nazi Germany and its linkssent and linked via a universal energy code. with ETs and subterranean civilisations, sug- The planetary structure can be seen as an gesting that the Nazis during WWII set upetheric geometric crystal with energy path-ways and sacred sites at intersections. These secret bases in Antarctica and Southserve as access points, akin to Chinese America—bases which still exist!acupuncture points or even an Internet com- He draws on the testimony of insiderputer modem, where we can plug into the whistleblowers, several of whom havepower of the Earths energy grid—and we worked and/or communicated telepathicallycan do so because we are designed accord- with aliens. Many of the names will being to the cosmic energy matrix. Leviton familiar from the pages of NEXUS. In fact,suggests we need to reestablish our link so regular readers may remember Dr Sallaswe can liberate the original Light-bearer, article on the alleged Iraqi Stargate, pub-Lucifer, turn on the global Emerald modem lished in NEXUS 10/03. In his book, heand tune into the galaxy. looks further into the search for ancient This highly esoteric book is also a journey ET/UFO technology as a prime motivationthrough some of the worlds great mytholo- for the US-led war on Iraq.gies and systems of knowledge, including We need to prepare for open interactionGreek, Egyptian, Arthurian, Kabbalistic and with ETs, and Dr Salla argues for having policies to facilitate this new openness.AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 75
  • 72. REVIEWS becomes clear that as contact between "us" and "them" progresses, more and more Reviewed by Duncan Roads information is being transmitted. Amongst the many people featured by EXPRESSIONS OF ET CONTACT: A Mary Rodwell in these documentaries, most Visual Blueprint? (Revised 2003 Edn) are currently of the opinion that there are Produced by Bradley De Niese; directed many life-forms "out there" that are trying to by Mary Rodwell, RN, Australia, 2003 assist humanity—now, more than ever. This Format/running time: all formats, 52mins assistance can take many forms; however, it is obvious that most of the assistance is via EXPRESSIONS OF ET CONTACT: A information packets transmitted to "us". It is Communication & Healing Blueprint? up to us to decide what to do with the infor- Produced by Bradley De Niese; directed mation. Some use it for healing, as in the and narrated by Mary Rodwell, RN, 2004 example of Adrian Dvir, the Israeli scientist Format/running time: all formats, 81mins working with an ET medical team (see Prices: $35.00 each (includes GST + Twilight Zone, NEXUS 11/02, and book postage in Australia; for overseas prices review in 10/06); others receive technical or see website, mathematical information that is way above Availability: Mary Rodwell, 33 Watsonia their personal understanding. Road, Gooseberry Hill, WA 6076, Australia, tel/fax +61 (0)8 9454 3702; or try the nearest NEXUS Office S teering a path through the minefield of UFO "politics" (or beliefs, should I say), is never easy if you want to stay friends with all the various factions. In the "abduction" field alone, there are those still angry at the idea that ETs abduct and experiment upon us without consent. This anger, I notice, tends to colour their views of the experience and is based upon the feeling of being powerless in these situations. However, there is another, more broad- minded, viewpoint where the experiencer or abductee (eventually) handles the situation Yet obviously it is still early days in the without trauma, feels more able to "control" "getting to know you" process, so a lot of the the experience, and often ends up receiving information relayed to humans is still very practical information. One of the interesting basic, i.e., what "they" look like, what "they" aspects of those in this category is that two- are like, and how our "reality" is but one of way communication of a less-impeded zillions of valid but different realities. nature can often occur. This is something The interviews are most interesting and that seems to result over time, especially for compelling. And the artwork "does things" those whose experience was a rude interrup- to you when you look at it. The paintings of tion to reality. However, there are those the ETs or aliens ("beings" is probably the who have been interacting with other better word) are just rivetting. One gets the beings/aliens/ETs since birth (maybe even "feeling" of what the being is "like" just by before?), as you will see on these videos. looking at these paintings—a result of the These people dont necessarily have the trau- extra information packets transmitted to the ma and, accordingly, they are able to receive artist, perhaps? The accompanying music is and convey some remarkable information. very well selected/inspired to suit the amaz- These Expressions of ET Contact videos ing artwork and graphics. are two of the most amazing documentaries These videos are definitely not for con- spiracy buffs. No smoking guns, nothing to you will ever watch. I dont count myself as determine goodies from baddies or who their being a "sensitive" person at all, but I can New World Order contacts are, and angry assure you that I felt things "shifting inside anti-shapeshifters may also come away dis- of me" as I watched the videos. In fact, at appointed. Instead, these videos are more in least 15 minutes of one video that I watched the category of "spiritual awakening", but I dont remember a thing about! this is a result of the content and (probably) I am sure viewers will also be surprised at not the intention of the producers. the large number and variety of different Highly recommended viewing! life-forms visiting and interacting with us. It76 • NEXUS AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004
  • 73. REVIEWS percussion instruments in a wonderful fusion of world music. A memorable album of intricate percussion. Reviewed by Richard GilesBOWMBOI INCENDIOby Rokia Traoré by IncendioTama Records, Australia, 2003 (60mins) New World Music, USA, 2003 (51mins)Distributors: Aust/NZ— MRA Distributors: Aust—New World Music,Entertainment, tel +61 (0)7 3849 6020; tel (02) 9565 4522; UK—New WorldUK—Indigo Records, website Music, tel +44 (0)1986 781682; USA— New World Music, tel (303) 415 1040, http://www.newworldmusic.comT he country of Mali has produced some wonderful artists, and Rokia Traoré is noexception. Her voice is rich in the spell- P assion and fire are at the heart of Spanish guitar, and this self-titled albumbinding sound of an artist who has mastered from Incendio means "fire" in Spanish. Theher field. With Bowmboï, her third album, sounds of up-tempo Spanish guitar comeshe won the Critics Award for 2003 Album from Jim Stubblefield with Jean-Pierreof the Year in the BBC Radio 3 World Durand and Liza Carbe, who also plays bassMusic Awards. Rokia uses traditional and synthesiser. Liza and Jean-Pierre alsoinstruments and approaches to carry her produce and engineer the album. This isstrikingly original songs. The words are full very modern Spanish with some fastof messages of hope and comment on the flamenco as well as songs of dreamy,human condition. A mesmerising voice romantic Spain. Charlie Bisharal doeswith an amazing range, touching the heart. marvellous violin on two tracks. If you enjoy good, foot-stomping Spanish music,WORLD REGGAE youll love tapping your heels to various artistsPutumayo, USA, 2004 (54mins) COMFORT ZONEDistributors: Aust—MRA Entertainment, by Ian Cameron Smithtel (07) 3849 6020; UK—Pinnacle Rhythmist Productions, Harbord, NSW,Imports, tel 01689 870622; USA— Australia, 2004 (61mins)Putumayo, tel 1888 7888 8629, website Distributor: Rhythmist Productions, tel +61 (0)2 9939 6517, websiteN o self-respecting record collection would be complete without CDs of therelaxed, rhythmic music of reggae. And if I an Cameron Smith is back with another album and has made the leap into a neweryou thought reggae was only found in field for him: a smooth jazz guitar soundJamaica, think again! Putumayo has and a touch of blues mixed with his own sig-released a collection of offerings from reg- nature, liquid grooves. Theres some verygae bands around the world with this new relaxed piano courtesy of Yen Wyndanceralbum. It includes groups from France, and cool sax by Blaine Whittaker andIndia, Algeria, Brazil, Nigeria, UK, Ivory Macdonald Hamilton. Ians guitar work isCoast and Cameroon. The irresistible, rocky very laid-back, and his album would find itssounds of swaying music and lyrics of social perfect niche on a cosy evening with goodcommentary make this a must. wine or for a quiet party with friends. Thoroughly recommended.TAIKO TO TABLAby Joji Hirota and Pete LockettArc Music Productions, East Grinstead,West Sussex, UK, 2004 (58mins)Distributors: UK—Arc Music, tel +44(0)1342 328567, website ete Lockett is one of the more versatile percussionists in Europe, having workedand toured with dozens of top bands. Hisbackground in percussion from the Indian,Brazilian, Cuban, African and Celtic tradi-tions gives him diverse skills. Joji Hirota,whose talents are in Japanese percussion andshakuhachi, has played at various WOMADfestivals over the years. Together the two ofthem produce and play an amazing array ofAUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2004 NEXUS • 77