NEXUS                                               NEW TIMES MAGAZINE                       Volume 7, Number 1           ...
EditorialNEXUS MAGAZINE                                               Wow—its almost the year 2000! I confess to deliberat...
DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000   NEXUS • 3
Letters to the Editor ...Shapeshifting Claims                     research into the existence of         ther clarificatio...
... more Letters to the Editor                                                                                            ...
UK GROCERY CHAIN BANS                                                                              WILDLIFE LAW OFFICERS A...
... GL                 BAL NEWS ...of Wildlife in North Carolina describes the    management and court escort duties for t...
... GL                   BAL NEWS ...   DR HULDA CLARKS COSTLY                       McCABE CLOSER TO FREEDOM             ...
... GL                   BAL NEWS ...                                                          WEATHER WARNING            ...
10 • NEXUS   DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
TRANSNATIONAL CONTROL OVER GLOBAL TRADE POLITICS                                  T                                       ...
predominant political blocs have joined forces within the World        material. One of its products is a recombinant bovi...
imposing pricing penalties on their goods and services. Since     for a WTO dispute panel on the Massachusetts law. 1 1 T ...
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  1. 1. NEXUS NEW TIMES MAGAZINE Volume 7, Number 1 DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 PO Box 30, Mapleton Qld 4560, AustraliaLETTERS TO THE EDITOR.............................................4 NEW SCIENCE NEWS.................................................53GLOBAL NEWS.............................................................6 Samuel Costin explains how his Unified Theory of Matter can be applied to electricity; and Hal Fox Our round-up includes revelations about food describes successes with new-energy experiments chain violations in Europe, and recent findings and the background to the cold fusion cover-up. about the erratic behaviour of El Niño since 1976. NIGHT OF THE RED SKY............................................57THE WTO MILLENNIUM BUG—Part 1....................1 1 By Tom Brown, Jr. In the 1920s, an Apache wise By Corporate Europe Observatory. Transnational man had a stream of prophetic visions that foretold corporations, in collusion with economic power the demise of humanity unless we changed our blocs, are using the World Trade Organization to ways. Two of these visions seem to have come true. gain control over less-industrialised nations. THE TWILIGHT ZONE................................................65REFINED SUGAR: THE SWEETEST POISON..............19 Paola Harris interviews former US Army intelligence By William Dufty. The consumption of refined operative Sgt Clifford Stone about his involvement s u g a r, or sucrose, could be a primary cause of with retrievals of crashed UFOs and his knowledge many physical and mental ailments due to its of the militarys interactions with alien races. leaching of the bodys nutrients. REVIEWS—Books........................................................69PSYCHIATRY: SHRINKING FROM THE TRUTH........27 "Experimenters Guide to the Joe Cell" by Alex Schiffer "The Stargate Conspiracy" by Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince By Rochelle Macredie. Psychiatry and psychology, "Biopiracy" by Vandana Shiva whether employing shock therapy, psychotropic "The Copper Scroll Decoded" by Robert Feather drugs or psychotherapy, have had questionable "Healers and Healing" by Roy Stemman success in curing or treating mental illness, yet "Liquid Conspiracy" by George Piccard "Breathing Free" by Teresa Hale these professions continue to enjoy high status. "Ancient Energies of the Earth" by David Cowan with Anne SilkHIDDEN ELEMENTS IN MUSIC & SOUND................35 "The Indigo Children" by Lee Carroll and Jan Tober "Hollow Planets" by Jan Lamprecht By Chev. Adrian Wagner. The Western musical "Remote Viewing" by Tim Rifat tradition was not sourced from the Greeks and "Giza: The Truth" by Ian Lawton and Chris Ogilvie-Herald Romans but, rather, it evolved from much older "Cosmic Crashes" by Nicholas Redfern influences in ancient Sumer, Babylon and Egypt. "The Monkey and the Tetrahedron" by David M. Jinks "The Secret Teachings of the Espiritistas" by Harvey MartinTHE JOE FUEL CELL: AN ORGONE TRAP?................41 REVIEWS—Product...............................................76 By Alex Schiffer. Believed to trap Orgone or life- "CellSensor" Cellular Phone/EMF Meter from TecHealth Corp. force energy, the so-called "Joe cell" is being used REVIEWS—Audiotapes................................................76 to power car engines and has the potential to "The Mystical Measurement of the Great Pyramids" by Isar Gregor revolutionise energy-generation systems. REVIEWS—Music........................................................77NEO-ASTROLOGY......................................................47 "Seventh Heaven" by Ian Cameron Smith "Moonsung" by Sheila Chandra By Anthony Craig. Statistical evidence for the "A Wish" by Hamza El Din harmonic influence of the planets on body and "Africa North" by various artists character types is allowing astrology to be "Stars to Share" by Samite reassessed in a new scientific light. NEXUS BOOKS, SUBS, ADS & VIDEOS................88–96DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 1
  2. 2. EditorialNEXUS MAGAZINE Wow—its almost the year 2000! I confess to deliberating long and hard about putting some "scare your socks off" prophecy special in this year 2000 crossover edition (notice I didnt say Volume 7, Number 1 DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 "end of the millennium" edition!). However, the growing number of doomsday scenarios in PUBLISHED BY circulation made me wonder whether NEXUS readers are reaching saturation point with NEXUS Magazine Pty Ltd, ACN #003 611 434 regard to speculation about the future. In the end, I decided to compromise with just one arti- EDITOR cle on the subject: a very interesting Apache prophecy (thanks, Stephanie!) which basically Duncan M. Roads says "Get your act together or perish!". Nothing like shock-tactics to get "movement" happen- CO-EDITOR ing, I suppose. Besides, I am certainly not alone in considering that humanity could stand to Catherine Simons get its collective act more together in terms of how we treat each other and ourselves. ASSISTANT EDITOR/SUB-EDITOR Speaking of which, if you are reading this editorial before 1/1/2000 then you have the good Ruth Parnell fortune to be able to contribute to an awesome planetary experiment. Many of you have prob- EDITORS ASSISTANT ably heard already that on the stroke of midnight, as it falls across this wondrous planet, peo- Richard Giles ple in their millions will be lighting candles, saying prayers, meditating, visualising, or doing OFFICE ADMINISTRATOR weird ceremonies—all calling for peace on Earth, an end to greed, an end to intolerance and, Janine Carmichael above all, focusing on a positive, harmonious future. Its easy: you can do the full candles- CONTRIBUTORS THIS ISSUE and-incense bit at home with a local bunch of like-minded well-wishers, or you can spare a Corporate Europe Observatory; William Dufty; Rochelle Macredie; Chev. Adrian Wagner; thought while celebrating with friends at some New Years Eve party—just do it. Theres Alex Schiffer; Anthony Craig; Samuel P. Costin; nothing to lose, and lots to gain! Hal Fox; Tom Brown, Jr; Paola Harris As always, we have another issue full of thought-provoking information. The opening item LAYOUT & DESIGN in Global News reflects what consumer power is capable of. If you dont want genetically Duncan M. Roads modified, chemically grown, aspartame-laced food, dont buy it. People-power can create our CARTOONS future, by your choosing where you spend your hard-earned money! That includes, by the Phil Somerville way, the money in your superannuation funds, trust funds, bank accounts, etc. Support ethical COVER GRAPHIC John Cook, jscook@ozemail.com.au investment companies, buy clean food, use your power to create a positive, cleaner future. PRINTING Now back to this edition. For the first time ever, weve been refused permission to reprint Warwick Daily News, Queensland, Australia an article. Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) members refused permission for us to reprint AUSTRALIAN DISTRIBUTION their article about the World Trade Organization (WTO), on the grounds that NEXUS is a neo- Newsagents Direct Distribution Nazi, anti-Semitic, right-wing extremist publication which also publishes articles on UFOs! HEAD OFFICE - All Correspondence To say I was shocked is an understatement. The people at CEO have always responded posi- PO Box 30, Mapleton, Qld 4560, Australia. tively in previous correspondence, virtually giving us blanket permission to reprint anything of Tel: (07) 5442 9280; Fax: (07) 5442 9381 theirs (see their article on the MAI in 5/03–5/04, for example), so long as we credited CEO. E-mail: editor@nexusmagazine.com Just as we were about to go to print, I sent them a courtesy e-mail, informing them of our New web page: www.nexusmagazine.com desire to reprint their excellent article on the WTO, only to receive the negative response as NEW ZEALAND OFFICE - PO Box 226, Russell, above. I indicated that it was now too late to stop the presses, and that they were horribly mis- Bay of Islands. Tel: +64 (0)9 403 8193; taken with their information about NEXUS. So here it is, but without their blessing! Fax: +64 (0)9 403 8196; The article on sugar is extracted from the amazing book (now out of print) called Sugar E-mail: nexusnz@xtra.co.nz Blues. There are not many things these days that blow my mind, but this book did/does! Its USA OFFICE - 2940 E. Colfax, PMB 131, been around for years, it is very hard to get, and it will shock you to your core! If you ever see Denver CO 80206 Tel: 303 399 6949 Fax: 303 754 4744 this book in a second-hand bookstore or the like, buy it immediately! Email: backoffice@earthlink.net We have a long-overdue article on the insanity of the psychiatric profession. If you want proof that we live in the "dark ages", just look at this pitiful industry and the havoc it causes.UK OFFICE - 55 Queens Rd, East Grinstead, West Sussex, RH19 1BG. Tel: +44 (0)1342 322854; For the "mad scientists" out there, we have another article on the Joe Fuel Cell (see NEXUS Fax: +44 (0)1342 324574; 5/05, 5/06). Believe it or not, there have been further developments and breakthroughs, so E-mail: nexus@ukoffice.u-net.com much so that a manual has now been written, detailing exactly how to build one yourself. BeEUROPE OFFICE - PO Box 372, 8250 AJ Dronten, warned: you will need time, some expertise and patience. Cold-fusion watchers will also The Netherlands. Tel: +31 (0)321 380558; appreciate the update in New Science News. Fax: +31 (0)321 318892; The articles on Music and Neo-Astrology seem to complement each other enormously. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE Both deal with the effects of vibrations and, to a degree, resonance. Resonance is the secret toNEXUS recognises that humanity is undergoing a achieving super-scientific breakthroughs, à la Nikola Tesla.massive transformation. With this in mind, NEXUS At this point, Id like you know just how much all of us here at NEXUS, not only inseeks to provide hard-to-get information so as toassist people through these changes. NEXUS is not Australia, but at our offices in Barbados, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands,linked to any religious, philosophical or political New Zealand, Poland, Sweden, the UK and USA, really appreciate your support and the enor-ideology or organisation. mously positive feedback that we continually receive. PERMISSION-TO-REPRODUCE POLICY And finally, in the closing editorial for the 1900s, I would like to express how much I wishWhile reproduction and dissemination of the infor- you all good health and happiness in all your future endeavours. I would normally say "Godmation in NEXUS is actively encouraged, anyone bless you all", but I remembered that we are already blessed by God—its just that we dontcaught making a buck out of it, without our express realise it as much as we probably should.permission, will be in trouble when we catch them! — Duncan WARRANTY AND INDEMNITYAdvertisers upon and by lodging material with the Publisher for publication or authorising or approving of the publication of any material INDEMNIFY thePublisher and its servants and agents against all liability claims or proceedings whatsoever arising from the publication and without limiting the generality of theforegoing to indemnify each of them in relation to defamation, slander of title, breach of copyright, infringement of trademarks or names of publication titles, unfaircompetition or trade practices, royalties or violation of rights or privacy AND WARRANT that the material complies with all relevant laws and regulations and thatits publication will not give rise to any rights against or liabilities in the Publisher, its servants or agents and in particular that nothing therein is capable of beingmisleading or deceptive or otherwise in breach of the Part V of the Trade Practices Act 1974. All expressions of opinion are published on the basis that they arenot to be regarded as expressing the opinion of the Publisher or its servants or agents. Editorial advice is not specific and readers are advised to seek professionalhelp for individual problems. © NEXUS New Times 1999/20002 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  3. 3. DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 3
  4. 4. Letters to the Editor ...Shapeshifting Claims research into the existence of ther clarification of your claims. Unethical Tests on Animals Dear NEXUS: I am reluctant "Jesus" could believe such clap- And finally, for the record, I Dear Editor: In NEXUS June-to interrupt this gathering of the trap. would like to point out that I have July 1999, there was an articleSir Laurence Gardner Sir Laurence dismisses the idea no problem believing in the exis - entitled "Exposure to pesticidesAppreciation Society, but Im of shapeshifting reptilians as tence of shapeshifting reptilian linked to hyperactivity" (Globalafraid that, in the interests of ridiculous, despite the endless aliens. I DO have a problem News, 6/04, p. 9). Reference wasaccuracy, I am compelled to do ancient and modern accounts, believing that Arizona Wilder made to research on male miceso, albeit for only a moment. while, at the same time, asking us (your star witness) saw Sir which, "they say...has direct Ivan Fraser claims in your to believe that fictional characters Laurence Gardner and Zecharia implications for humans".Letters to the Editor last issue like Jesus and Mary Magdalene Sitchin shapeshifting into reptil - Mice are the most commonlythat he "edited" my book, T h e (creations of the Roman Piso ian aliens at some satanic ritual used animals for testing andBiggest Secret... Mr Fraser was family) could seed bloodlines. where she was the Illuminati research, not because of theirmerely employed to proofread Are we now to believe, Sir High Priestess or whatever. similarity to humans but becauseThe Biggest Secret for typing and Laurence, that Jack and Jill, Thats all. Ed.] they are small, cheap and easy tospelling errors... Snow White and Cinderella also handle. Results from animal tests [I removed several paragraphs seeded bloodlines which should Planetary Alignment in May cannot be extrapolated to humansof unnecessary personal slander today be considered worthy of because of species differences. To the Editor: First, I compli-about Ivan at this point. Ed.] royal title? Should someone not Vivisection is a counterfeit sci- ment you on your magazine, He says that his "own launch a Royal Court of the Tom ence used as an alibi by the phar- which I regret I first heard ofresearch" is in line with that of and Jerry? maceutical industry and by so- Mr Fraser and others also con- only two years ago but have beenSir Laurence Gardner, docu- called medical researchers who stantly attack Arizona Wilder reading regularly ever since. I cannot be bothered or are inca-menter of Star Fire blood-drink- admire and respect your fearlessing rituals and head of the ancient without ever bothering to pable of using the more relevant research her background in any courage in disseminating infor- non-animal methods which areRoyal Court of the Dragon, mation on such a wide variety ofwhich is fronted by those who way. Arizona, whose Illuminati available. code name was, interestingly, subjects and topics which are at Advances in medicine areclaim ancestry from the "dragon" "Star Fire"—after the blood- times both fascinating and terri- made in spite of animal experi-"royal" bloodlines—the blood- drinking rituals she conducted in fying. ments, not because of them; inlines, I would suggest, which a mind-controlled state—has The two articles by Mr Richard fact, they are a major cause ofwere seeded by the reptilianAnunnaki. more guts in her smallest digit Noone in vol. 6, nos 2 & 3, titled human and planetary ill-health, But, astonishing as this may be than Mr Fraser and Co. will have "The Hammer and the since agrichemicals, food addi-to Mr Fraser, the fact that both he if they live to be a thousand. Pendulum", prompted me to tives, household cleaners andand Sir Laurence Gardner say the He, Sir Laurence Gardner, obtain reviews of his book pharmaceutical drugs, with theirsame things is no confirmation Duncan Roads and NEXUS can 5/5/2000, Ice: The Ultimate adverse side-effects, have allwhatsoever that their research is go on for as long as they like dis- Disaster. I gather that the major been tested on animals.true and accurate. missing and ridiculing the exis- factor in the disaster which he The billions of dollars spent I note with interest that Sir tence of shapeshifting reptilians predicts will be the alignment of annually in torturing animalsLaurence ridicules the idea that among the elite "Grail" blood- the five planets Mercury, Venus, would be better spent on preven-those of the "dragon" bloodlines, lines through which they operate, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn with the tative medicine, educational pro-as he calls them, are actually rep- but if they only opened their eyes Sun, Moon and the Earth next grams encouraging people totilian crossbreeds and sometimes and minds (wont hold my breath) May. If I understand it correctly, adopt a healthy lifestyle, and sci-shapeshifters. He notes how such they would see the fantastic evi- this is based on the assumption entific research directly relevantstories were rife in the ancient dence to confirm that this bizarre that this alignment will increase to humans.world, but says it is "difficult to story is true. the gravitational pull on the Yours sincerely,comprehend in these more level- That evidence is hurtling Earth, significantly increasing the Sheila Edwards, Dubai,headed times" that "anyone towards you like a runaway centrifugal forces exerted on the brianed@emirates.net.aebelieved such nonsense". truck, and you are all going to Earths crust. Well, unfortunately, Sir have to eat so much humble pie I wrote to my brother in Refined Sugar is a Drug!Laurence, endless numbers of you will need life membership of England concerning this predic- Dear Editor: Thanks forpeople all over the world are hav- Weight Watchers. tion, since he has always had an NEXUS. Id like to see you doing the same experience today of David Icke, Ryde, Isle of interest in such matters. In reply, an article on refined sugar andseeing those of the "dragon" Wight, England, UK he pointed out that the gravita- how it affects the brain and body.bloodlines shapeshift, just like [Dear David: I am still wait - tional forces of attraction Millions of people are depressed,the ancients did, and what I find ing to see the "fantastic evi - between the Earth and the five yes, using Prozac, etc., but nohard to comprehend is how you dence", or hear from any of the planets will in fact be less than one asks why.can be so astonishingly ignorant "endless numbers of people...see - half of one per cent of the normal Why? Partially because we eatof this. If, indeed, you really are. ing those of the dragon blood - variation in the gravitational too much refined sugar. Sugar I further find it difficult to per- lines shapeshift". attraction between the Sun and affects the pancreas, causing it toceive that the obvious diversion I also note that the only person Earth, which occurs every six be overstimulated and causingand smokescreen about these doing the "attacking" at your months. In this respect, the effect the islets of Langerhans tobloodlines coming from "Jesus" website discussion areas is your - of the alignment will not there- secrete large amounts of insulin.can go on being promoted by a self. Surely your "research" can fore be significant. In return, the insulin floods theman who claims expertise in his- stand up to a bit of well-meaning Yours sincerely, bloodstream, eating up much oftory and genealogy. Or how any - scrutiny, without your resorting H. O. Ewart, hoewa@clear. the necessary blood sugar. Theone who does the most minimal to insulting those who seek fur - net.nz brain has to have one-third of the4 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  5. 5. ... more Letters to the Editor NB: Please keep letters to approx. 100-150 words in length. Ed.bodys blood sugar or it cannot putative HIV testing procedures Water-Fuelled Car Feedback a slave in the fields. I assure you,function correctly. (PCR/viral load/genetic) are non- Dear Duncan: Firstly, thank contrary to bogus news reports, Blood sugar (made by fresh specific, non-standardised and you for a great magazine. I have Texas prisoners are not coddled.fruits, vegies, grains, fish, meat, non-reproducible; different test been an keen reader for some On the contrary, the treatment Ilegumes) is the only fuel for the kits give different results; and years now, and enjoy every issue. am subjected to would have ani-brain! People cant think clearly, different countries have different I am particularly interested in mal rights activists screamingare depressed, have ADD, poor criteria as to what constitutes an articles on alternative energy bloody murder if I were in fact andecision-making abilities, insecu - HIV-positive result. sources—which brings me to the animal and not a human being.rities, fatigue, irritability, even There are 60 conditions which subject matter. I remain locked in my small,suicidal tendencies, etc., because are known to produce an HIV- In the Oct-Nov 1996 issue austere cell 161 hours each week,their blood sugar is imbalanced positive result, including hepati- (3/06) you published an article by year in and year out. I amfrom eating too much r e f i n e d tis, flu and autoimmune diseases. a Carl Cella about a water-fuelled allowed out of my cell for onesugar. When the brain process The HIV tests do not, and can- car engine, including drawings. I hour each day to walk around inbecomes tampered with, thought not, test for HIV because such a have seen no further mention of it a small, cage-like enclosure andprocesses become fragmented. hypothetical retrovirus has never by your magazine or in Letters to to shower. I have no cell partner,Then come the body problems. been isolated. the Editor. Do you know if any no radio, no TV, no family, noSo much to say! Dont we need Prof. Gordon Stewart et al. readers built one and did it work? contact with the outside world.to let the people know the truth wrote in The Lancet (21 August Is there an updated infopack? My only escapism from thisof what sugar is doing to them? 1999): "...why has HIV never And what about the "Joe phe- mind-numbing boredom is Im putting on the 2nd Annual been isolated by electron nomenon"? through reading. However,Eggshell to Iron, a natural health microscopy or gradient ultracen- Some feedback by readers who books and magazines are veryexpo on how sugar affects the trifugation from co-culture cellu- may have built these devices scarce in prison, especially infor-brain and body and how to be lar material from any African would, Im sure, be of great inter- mative and enlightening ones.responsible for our health natu- est to many of your followers The ones that are available are patient?" Or anybody else world-rally! Its on February 26, 2000. worldwide. Thanks again for a read over and over again until wide? The fact is that HIV par- Sugar companies dont want great magazine; shame there are they simply disintegrate from ticles have never been seen, iso-the public to know what refined only six per year! constant handling.sugar does. Degenerative dis- lated or recovered from uncul- tured blood or plasma. Syd Appleby, syd@ants.net.au TDC allows us to receiveeases have skyrocketed. Sugar [Dear Syd: Weve had no fur - books and magazines in throughconsumption by the average Prof. Gordon Stewart also ther info on or about Carl Cella. the mail. This leads to why I amAmerican has risen from l e s s argued in Current Medical As for the Joe fuel cell, see the writing to you personally. Pleasethan one pound of sugar a year Research and Opinion article this issue. Ed.] know that a complimentary sub-100 years ago, to o v e r 1 5 5 (13[10]:627-634, 1997): "At pre- scription to your magazine, orpounds per year! Get the clue? sent there is no scientific basis Reading for Sanity perhaps some back issues orIt is a drug! for using these tests to prove HIV Dear NEXUS: Please let me whatever, would not only lighten It is the most abused drug in infection." my burden but countless others At the Geneva World AIDS introduce myself. My namesAmerica! Now becoming abused Jerry W. Hamilton; Im 48 years as well.throughout the world! Please Conference 1998, Day One Prisoners who are unfortunate Session, "HIV Testing: Open old, and presently incarcerated bylook into this. Thank you. the Texas Department of enough to be housed in isolative Most sincerely, Questions on Specificity", it was lockdown can only check out one stated: "The meaning of current- Corrections (TDC). And, no, Im Adele Sugarholic (Once not some serial killer or rapist. library book per month. We can-depressed; now off sugar for four ly used HIV tests is unknown and not check out magazines or urgent reappraisal is required." Im a casualty of the so-calledyears; no more depression! "drugs war" being waged here in newspapers from the prisonThank God for some willpower!), To date, Robert Gallo, Prof. library, even though we are America. Refusing a 25-yearBRO126@aol.com Luc Montagnier, Dr Jay Levy, allowed to receive magazines and plea agreement offered by the [Well done, Adele, and good Prof. Richard Tedder, and Prof. District Attorney, I opted for a newspapers through the mail.timing on your letter: note the Robin Weiss have not proven jury trial. I was subsequently Since I am indigent, my povertyarticle this issue. Ed.] that HIV exists as an convicted of possession of a con- precludes me from being able to isolated/purified retrovirus. It is trolled substance; to wit, a gram pay you for a subscription.Fraudulent HIV Testing therefore unethical, misleading of cocaine. The same jury sen- For at least in the ensuing Dear Editor: Dr Val Turner and irresponsible to promote tenced me to 60 years in prison. hours I spend reading, I am lifted("The Yin and Yang of HIV", overtly fraudulent HIV testing. That was back in 1985. I have above and beyond my inner pain,Part 3, NEXUS 6/06) is correct in Anyone requiring further infor- been locked up ever since. I weariness and chronic loneliness.his arguments that there is no sci- mation can contact our group at mention this only in the hope that I thank you in advance for yourentific evidence that HIV exists. the following address. youll understand my situation. time and consideration on thisIt logically follows that all HIV Yours faithfully, TDC is one of the few prison request.testing procedures must be with Alex Russell, Assistant Editor, systems that does not pay their Jerry W. Hamilton #479571,halted. Continuum Magazine; The Group prisoners even a token wage for Hughes Unit, Rt Box 4400, I recently initiated the Group for Scientific Analysis of working. Since Ive been locked Gatesville, TX 76597, USAfor Scientific Analysis of Fraudulent HIV Testing, 4A up, my parents have passed [Dear Jerry: Youre now onFraudulent HIV Testing, to Hollybush Place, Bethnal Green, away, thus leaving me with no- our subscriptions list! We sendempower people to make E2 9QX, UK, tel +44 (0)171 one on the outside to help me out NEXUS for free, upon request, toinformed choices concerning the 6133909, fax +44 (0)171 financially. At this writing, I am many prisoners around the worldfraudulent science behind so- 6133312, e-mail continu@ confined to isolative lockdown, a and will continue doing so for ascalled HIV antibody testing. All dircon.co.uk 6x9 cell, for refusing to work as long as we can. Ed.]DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 5
  6. 6. UK GROCERY CHAIN BANS WILDLIFE LAW OFFICERS ASPARTAME SWEETENER CRACK DOWN ON HUNTERST he UK grocery chain, Iceland, has announced that it is banningaspartame, the artificial sweetener I n March 1999, 40 officers, divid- ed into 10 four-man teams,better known as NutraSweet, from swooped in with helicopters in aits own-label foods. pre-dawn raid to seize six suspects The move follows growing con- in Dorchester County, MD, USA.cerns among consumers about a The principal suspect, Robertpossible link between the sweetener Gootee, was hauled from his bedand brain tumours. These concerns, and led away in chains. His wifespread on the Internet, are hotly dis- was not allowed to call anyone, andputed by NutraSweets owner, the her neighbours were not allowed toGM food giant Monsanto. come in to comfort her for four- Aspartame is consumed by 250 and-a-half hours.million people worldwide and has Apparently the armed raid wasbeen used in low-calorie food and preceded by a four-year investiga-drinks such as Diet Coke for 20 tion. But what kind of offenceyears. In the US alone, 20 billion could have precipitated such drasticcans of soft drink—most containing action?NutraSweet—are consumed each Gootee was charged with: pos-year. underwater explosions that triggered mini session of an undersized striped bass; Iceland was the first "green" grocer to tidal waves at Whangaparaoa, just north of striped bass out of season; untaggedban GM foods from its lines. Its unique Auckland, in 1944 and 1945, the N e w striped bass; possession of summer floun-stand against aspartame is being closely Zealand Herald reported on 25 September. der out of season; failure to tag and checkwatched by its larger supermarket rivals. Professor Leechs work was considered deer within 24 hours; and possession of a(Source: The Sunday Times, London, 25 so significant that US defence chiefs said loaded weapon in a vehicle. The agentsOctober 1999, www.sunday-times.co.uk) that if the project had been completed involved were from the state and US Fish before the end of the war, it could have and Wildlife Service. And the target forTSUNAMI BOMB SECRET IS OUT played a role as effective as that of the the raid was the Golden Hills Hunt Club.T op-secret wartime experiments were conducted off the New Zealand coastto perfect a tidal-wave bomb, believed to atomic bomb. Details of the tsunami bomb, known as Project S e a l, are con- tained in 53-year-old top-secret documents Gootee, the club treasurer, was hauled away with such "evidence" as deer and duck mounts and a framed photograph ofbe potentially as effective as the atomic released by the New Zealand Ministry of his retriever bringing in a duck.bomb. Foreign Affairs and Trade. Eventually, 24 other club members were Thomas Leech, an Australian professor (Source: Sunday Times, Perth, Western charged with related offences, includingat Auckland University, set off a series of Australia, 26 September 1999, p. 32). failure to wear sufficient fluorescent orange clothing while hunting. Are US forests being turned into police states? A report in the September 1999 issue of the usually low-key Field & Stream Magazine would suggest as much: "Looking for firepower, firefights and other fun stuff? Forget the SEALs; Fish and Game is the place to be. "Wardens may be watching too many cop shows. How else can one explain why increasing numbers of them seem to reject their workday reality and the routine of dealing with essentially law-abiding peo- ple in favor of a world in which the every- day sportsman is an ex-army commando ready for a shoot-out or a high-speed car chase? "Recruits to wildlife law enforcement now spend more time learning how to break down the doors of alleged poachers than how to differentiate the various species of sunfish. The April 1999 issue6 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  7. 7. ... GL BAL NEWS ...of Wildlife in North Carolina describes the management and court escort duties for the The web news service where Jim Keithboot camp that would-be officers go Home Office. named the source has become inaccessiblethrough in that state: Relentless physical On the "down" side, one of the compa- since his death.exercise, material training and plenty of nys high-profile blunders occurred in 1990 Danny Casolaro died in August 1991 inbarracks inspections are the norm for the when the IRA penetrated Group 4 security Martinsburg, West Virginia, of what wasfirst two weeks of wildlife recruit at the Royal Overseas League in central said to be suicide. He was investigatingschool...this includes 40 hours of firearms London and taped a Semtex device in a the theft of a super-surveillance softwaretraining as well as many hours mastering plastic lunch box beneath the lid of the called PROMIS, involving Justicedefensive tactics to disarm suspects." speakers lectern, timed to explode during Department officials and a shadowy inter- The piece goes on to explain that the an international conference on terrorism. national group he called "the Octopus".rationale used by many agencies for such The conference was organised by the Two congressional investigations intoofficial militancy is a claim that game war- Institute for the Study of Conflict and the PROMIS case (also known as thedens are "seven times more likely to be Terrorism (ISCT) and was attended by del- Inslaw case, after the name of the companykilled during an assault on the job than any egates from the FBI, the CIA as well as that created PROMIS) recommended thatother type of law officer". representatives of the British intelligence, Casolaros death be investigated as a homi- The trouble with that statistic is that police and military establishment. cide. Keith and Thomas obtained the notesthere is no basis for it in fact. According (Source: Intelligence, no. 105, 18 October that Casolaro left behind and made themto the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in 1999, p. 3) the basis of their book, The Octopus, pub-1997 sixty-five law enforcement officers lished by Feral House in 1997.of all kinds nationwide were killed in the OCTOPUS CONSPIRACY Jim Keith fell from a stage at theline of duty. Not one was a warden. CLAIMS ANOTHER LIFE? Burning Man arts event in Black Rock,(Source: By Joseph Farah, 10 September1999, WorldNetDaily.com) T he co-author of the book, The Octopus (about a writer who died mysteriously investigating an international conspiracy), Nevada, north of Reno, his home town, and broke his knee. He went to the Washoe Medical EUROPEAN SECURITY GROUP has died under mysterious circumstances. Hospital there, and died during surgery on TO GUARD THE PENTAGON Jim Keith, who co-wrote The Octopus with September 7 at 8.10 pm when a blood clotE uropes largest privately owned securi- ty company, Group 4 Securitas BV,has won a multimillion-dollar contract Kenn Thomas, based on the notes of writer Danny Casolaro, died at Washoe Medical Hospital after going in for knee surgery. entered one of his lungs. In addition to co-authoring The Octopus, Keith wrote many other popular books onwith the US Department of Defense (DoD) Rumours suggest that Keith was killed conspiracy topics, including M i n dto provide computer-based security and after revealing the name of the physician Control/World Control, Black Helicoptersaccess to the Pentagon. who claimed Princess Diana was pregnant over America, Casebook on Alternative 3 Group 4 Securitas, which describes itself at the time of her death. and OKC Bomb.as "world leader in access control", will "I have long noted the connections A tribute page to Jim Keith can be foundprovide more than 1,000 remote monitor between the Octopus story and the death of at www.umsl.edu/~skthoma/urls.htm.units (RMUs) to scan more than 50,000 Diana," says Keiths co-author, Kenn (Source: Kenn Thomas, Editor, Steam-smart cards—carried by over 23,000 civil- Thomas. shovel Press, USA, 14 September 1999)ian and military employees in one of thelargest office buildings in the world, with40 kilometres of corridor and 3,700,000square feet of office space—using itsexclusive multinode system, compatiblewith all card types, to provide high-securi-ty card access. The RMUs can operate independently ofthe central data control server if communi-cation is lost, retaining the capability torecognise invalid passes. Group 4 is registered in the tax-freehaven of Willemstad, the capital ofCuraçao in the Dutch Antilles, and current-ly operates in more than 40 countries, withan estimated workforce of 80,000 and anannual turnover in excess of US$1,200million. Group 4 provides manned and electronicsecurity for Irish Government buildings,including the Department of Justice. In theUK, the company is responsible for prisonDECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 7
  8. 8. ... GL BAL NEWS ... DR HULDA CLARKS COSTLY McCABE CLOSER TO FREEDOM research ethics committees. Trials should LEGAL BATTLEW hat happened to Dr Royal Raymond Rife, Dr Stanislaw Burzynski and A fter 547 days in prison, Ed McCabe was released and transferred to a halfway house in Miami, Florida, on 6 be registered, he argued, to inform patients, clinicians and other decision-makers about trials in which they could participate, toother pioneers in medicine has finally hap- October 1999. prevent costly research duplication and topened to medical research scientist Hulda Ed McCabe is the man who publicised promote multicentre trial collaboration.Clark, PhD, ND. oxygen therapies in North America and in "A substantial problem remains," he said, As many NEXUS readers will know, Dr many countries around the world through "because studies with disappointing or neg-Hulda Clark has helped thousands of peo- public talks and his book, O 2 x y g e n ative results are less likely to be submittedple around the world cure themselves of Therapies: A New Way of Approaching for publication."many ailments and diseases. Her approach Disease. In the spring of 1997, the United Dr Chalmers presented several examplesis to remove exposure to solvents and to States Department of Justice and the of such biased underreporting of research.remove parasites from the body. Internal Revenue Service launched an A randomised trial of the class-I anti- On 20 September, Dr Hulda Clark was inquiry into Ed, putting his life under a arrhythmia drug lorcainide with acutearrested in San Diego. She was subse- magnifying glass. He was arrested on 7 myocardial infarction, carried out in 1980,quently held in a prison in Santee, waiting April 1998. remained unreported for 13 years. Theextradition to Indiana where she is charged Please send correspondence to: Ed increased death rate in the lorcainide groupwith practising medicine without a McCabe, c/o 9845 NE 2nd Ave, Miami was thought to be a chance finding, and thelicence—a class C felony with a penalty of Shores, FL 33138-2350, USA. use of class-I antiarrhythmic drugs general-two to eight years in prison. (Source: Oxygen Therapies website, ly increased. The patients in her clinic in Mexico— www.oxytherapy.com) "At the peak of their use in the latemost of them terminally ill, but getting bet- 1980s," said Dr Chalmers, "it was estimat-ter under Dr Clarks supervision—had to be CALL FOR REGISTER OF ALL ed that class-I antiarrhythmic drugs givensent home to try to do the protocols on their CLINICAL TRIALS to people with heart attacks were causingown. Dr Clark was escorted from prison on 4October and arrived in Indiana on 6 F ailure to report the results of ran- domised trials constitutes scientific and ethical misconduct, according to Dr Iain between 20,000 and 70,000 premature deaths every year in the United States alone. This yearly total of deaths is of theOctober at 2.30 am. A hearing was held at Chalmers, director of the UK Cochrane same magnitude as the total number of9.00 am and bail was set at US$10,000. Dr Centre. Dr Chalmers and the editors of the Americans who died in the Vietnam War."Clark was offered a plea bargain with a fine British Medical Journal and the L a n c e t Dr Chalmers welcomed the launch of anif she pleaded guilty, but she pleaded not have called for an international register of online register of randomised, controlledguilty. The trial will be held on 2 February all clinical trials to be established. trials (www.controlled-trials.com) but2000. Dr Chalmers said that "prospective regis-(Source: Dr Clark Research Association, tration and public access to the results of warned that the comprehensive registration8135 Engineer Road #2748, San Diego, CA all randomised trials should be required by of planned, ongoing and unpublished con-92111, USA, tel 1800 220 3741 [toll-free in organisations responsible for protecting the trolled trials is unlikely to happen "unlessUS], fax +1 [858] 565 0058, website public". These organisations should there is legal clout".www.freedrclark.com/) include drug licensing authorities and (Source: British Medical Journal 319:939, 9 October 1999, www.bmj.com/cgi/content/ full/319/7215/939/a) FOOD CHAIN FILTH 1 For at least six months in the cattle feed factory at the Caillaud plant in northern France, excrement from staff toilets was plumbed into the production line. Between August 1998 and March 1999, 15 to 20 tonnes of human and other sewage sludge was mixed each week into feed for chick- ens, pigs and sheep. Workers revealed last week that blood from carcasses was also swept into the stinking swill. "Every time they clean the filters, the smell is so bad that it makes you want to vomit," said Bernard Guillard, a 52-year-old worker at the factory in Javené, Brittany. (Source: The Sunday Times, London, 31 October 1999, www.sunday-times.co.uk)8 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  9. 9. ... GL BAL NEWS ... WEATHER WARNING before 1976, but nothing like the post-19762 While many were shocked about revela- tions that human sewage had beenadded to French cattle feed, residents from A piece of fossilised coral, dated at 125,000 years old, looks as if it could period. He has examined in detail the "return period" for El Niños, both in the ancient coral and modern meteorological and coral records,the village of Saxthorpe, north Norfolk, transform our understanding of El Niño—the and found that, in the modern record, prior toEngland, who live close to Great Farm, Pacific Ocean phenomenon that is the cru- 1976 the dominant return period for El Niñoknow that for years British cattle have been cible of much of the worlds climate. was around six years. That was also the caseeating silage that has been cultivated on Dan Schrag, who is based at Harvard in the 65-year time-slice in his ancient coral.land laden with sewage. Universitys Department of Earth and But the post-1976 record shows a peak return Great Farm has three lagoons which are Planetary Sciences, discovered the coral while period at 3.5 years. The implication is thatlined with black polythene and can each holidaying in Indonesia recently. the cycling of El Niño was highly stable over Until recently, climatologists looked on El hundreds of thousands of years, but hashold about a million gallons of sewage Niño as an aberration in the tropical Pacific, changed fundamentally in the past quarter-sludge. "Its like a dark porridge with a of only passing interest to the outside world. century.thick, grey crust covering it," said Aubrey But in the past two decades, it has become the The crucial question is what lies behind thisPoberefsky, 62, who lives in Saxthorpe. "fifth horseman of the Apocalypse", a bringer change. Has El Niño been disturbed by some"Its full of bacteria and chemicals, but they of devastating floods, fires and famine from external factor, such as global warming, or ishave been putting thousands of gallons of it Ethiopia to Indonesia to Ecuador and a sender it simply on a short-lived, exuberant joyride?onto the fields." of weird weather around the world. One way to check, says Schrag, is to look(Source: Sunday Times, 31 October 1999) It has been appearing more frequently, with for signs of recent warming in the ocean. effects that last longer than ever. Its activity Together with Tom Guilderson from3 The Belgian Government has also admitted that human and animal wastewas being mixed into animal feed until is unparalleled in the historical record. And yet nobody could be sure if this is a perfectly Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, he has recently pointed out that the normal blip, or an alarming consequence of unique signature of the post-1976 El Niños isearly 1999. The countrys farm minister human-induced climate change. down to a very specific warming of surfacewas responding to a television report which For climatologists, EI Niño is the flywheel waters in the eastern Pacific during the coldsaid sludge from slaughterhouses and toi- of the worlds climate, a redistributor of heat season. This area of ocean is a constant bat-lets had ended up in Belgiums food chain. and energy that kicks in when the regular cir- tleground between warm waters at the surface The VTR television network also report- culation systems cannot cope. In normal and cold waters that well up from the deep.ed that waste from slaughterhouses, toilets times, the winds and waters flow across the Most of the time the upwelling is dominant.and showers was mixed in with animal tropical Pacific from the Americas in the east But during El Niños, when warm waters washfeed in Belgium. to Indonesia in the west, driven by the Earths across the Pacific from the west, the rotation. In the tropical heat, the water warms upwelling is shut off. What seems to have(Source: Sightings website, 22 September as it goes. The result is the gradual accumula- happened is that this shutoff has become near1999, www.sightings.com) tion of a pool of warm water around permanent. Indonesia that can be 40 centimetres higher Since 1976, water at the surface in the east- NATURAL LIGHT IMPROVES and several degrees warmer than water on the ern Pacific has been richer in carbon-14, STUDENT TEST SCORES other side of the ocean. This cannot last and, showing that deep water is not welling up asA study of three American school dis- tricts suggests that one good way toraise test scores is to let the sunshine in. typically every three to seven years, this warm water breaks out and flows back across the surface of the ocean. As the pattern of much as before. Upwelling normally keeps the eastern Pacific cool, maintains the normal trade winds and so suppresses the outbreak ofThe study, done by a California energy- ocean currents shifts, so do the wind and air El Niños. Reduce the upwelling and the sys- pressure systems associated with it—and with tem is permanently primed for an EI Niño.consulting firm, may be the best evidence them, the weather. So the wet rainforest cli- Schrag concludes that the post-1976 changeyet to support the commonsense notion that mate of Indonesia drenches the normally arid in the thermocline may be responsible for thenatural light helps people work better. Pacific islands and often reaches the coastal increase in the frequency and intensity of El Investigators with the Heschong Mahone deserts of the Americas. Meanwhile, Niño events since then.Group rated the districts elementary Indonesia and much of Australia dry out. Does any of this matter beyond the Pacificschools on the amount and distribution of But scientists have been uncertain about Ocean? As climatologists discover more andlight in their classrooms. They then took a how far back El Niño goes. Reliable climate more about the workings of the oceans andstandardised test result, and after control- and ocean records cover only a century or so; atmosphere, they realise how central El Niñoling for other factors that affect test perfor- delving further requires an alternative source is to the functioning of the entire climatemance (e.g., family income) they found of information. system. Schrags chunk of coral pushes back the The Indian Ocean shows its own post-1976that students exposed to the most daylight date of the first recorded El Niño by more shift. Analysis of weather statistics from thealso had significantly higher test scores. than 100,000 years, to before the last ice age. remote Chagos Archipelago, by Charles In Seattle, students in light-filled schools In a paper due for publication shortly in Sheppard of the University of Warwick,scored 9 to 13 per cent higher on maths and Geophysical Research Letters, Schrag and his found that around the mid-1970s average airreading tests than those with the least light. colleague Konrad Hughen will reveal their temperatures abruptly rose by a degree, while In a related study, Heschong Mahone analysis of the isotopic signature of the annual cloud cover shrank by 50 per cent.looked at 108 stores in an unnamed retail growth layers inside the Sulawesi coral, and Is the shift in El Niño the long-soughtchain and found that those with skylights use it to plot the pattern of the ancient El "smoking gun" that will convict greenhousehad 40 per cent higher sales on average. Niños. According to Schrag, the pattern of El gases of causing climatic mayhem? Niño events revealed in his 125,000-year-old (Source: From an article by Fred Pearce,(Source: www.abc.net.au/news/newslink/ coral looks exactly like the modern period New Scientist, London, 9 October 1999)nat/newsnat-14oct1999-26.htm)DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 9
  10. 10. 10 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  11. 11. TRANSNATIONAL CONTROL OVER GLOBAL TRADE POLITICS T he World Trade Organization (WTO), in the first four years of its existence, has built up a dark environmental and social record. Large transnational corporations (TNCs) have been the satisfied beneficiaries of its treaties, while communities and small farmers around the world have suffered from WTO-promoted free trade. This outcome is hardly surprising, as corporate lobby groups have been closely Transnational involved in the shaping of many of the WTO agreements. The WTOs model of economic development is increasingly identified as being incom- corporations are patible with ecological sustainability. In its rulings in trade disputes on bananas, beef hor- using global power mones and numerous other products, the WTO has put trade above all else, overruling environmental, social, consumer and health considerations. blocs and the Despite the increasing backlash against the WTO and its treaties, the European Commission (EC) hopes to expand further the scope of the bodys mandate, as well as its WTOs dispute power, through the proposed WTO Millennium Round (which would start in November at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle, USA). Armed with its newly adopted system in their rhetoric to win over NGOs, the European Union (EU) continues to fashion its internation- al trade policies around the economic interests of European-based corporations. In its attempts to control campaign for the Millennium Round, the Commission has been freshening up its connec- tions with European industry and encouraging corporate networks to provide input the resources and towards EU negotiating positions. This symbiotic relationship, which was solidified dur- economies of ing negotiations on the WTO Financial Services Agreement in 1997, has now been com- plemented with a far vaguer parallel process of dialogues with civil society. developing THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATIONS POWERS countries. Governments should interfere in the conduct of trade as little as possible. 1 — Peter Sutherland, former Director General, GATT With the conclusion of the Uruguay Round of the GATT negotiations on 15 December 1993, crucial decision-making powers with the potential to impact billions of people were bestowed upon the World Trade Organization. Today, with a membership of over 130 countries, the bodys mandate is greatly expanded from that of its predecessor, the General Part 1 of 2 Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Moving beyond its historic role of setting tar- iffs and quotas, the WTO now deals with non-tariff barriers to trade (such as health and environmental standards) as well as every imaginable regulation that might somehow dis- tort or obstruct the free flow of goods and services. Despite its outwardly democratic appearance due to its policies of equal participation by all member states in consensus-based decision-making, the WTO is extremely undemoc- ratic and opaque. Although developing countries represent the majority of the worlds by Corporate Europe nations and peoples, they have very little say in the negotiation process. Lack of financial Observatory © 1999 and human resources, discussions between the most powerful countries behind closed Prinseneiland 329 doors and, most importantly, very strong pressure from the US and the EU often force 1013 LP Amsterdam developing-country governments into accepting deals very much against their interests. The Netherlands Despite a generous layer of feel good pro-globalisation rhetoric, the goals of the EUs Tel/fax: +31 30 236 4422 international trade and investment policies remain brutally inflexible. Its policies are E-mail: ceo@xs4all.nl propelled by a hunger for unfettered market access for European-based TNCs and the Website: www.xs4all.nl/~ceo dismantling of local regulations in order to create a so-called global level playing field. A similar logic governs the policies adopted by other major global powers, and theDECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 11
  12. 12. predominant political blocs have joined forces within the World material. One of its products is a recombinant bovine growthTrade Organization to dismantle barriers to trade and investment hormone (rBGH), used by large-scale dairy farmers in the US toin the less industrialised nations. The EU and the US prepare increase the milk production of their cows. Other naturaltheir common positions bilaterally within the Transatlantic hormones such as oestradiol and testosterone are also commonlyEconomic Partnership (TEP) and within the so-called "Quad", used by US cattle farmers. In 1995, 90 per cent of US cattle werecomprising the US, the EU, Japan and Canada. treated with some type of growth hormone. As Josh Karliner observes in The Corporate Planet: "To a In January 1989, the European Union, applying the precaution-large degree, the triad of Japan, EU and US can be seen as three ary principle, deemed safety claims by US industry unconvincinglarge corporate states, at times cooperating, at times competing and imposed a ban on the import of hormone-treated beef andwith one another to promote the interests of their rival transna- milk. The ban also applied to producers within the EU. Intionals across the globe."2 response to strong lobbying by Monsanto, the US National As the millennium draws to a close, a number of high-profile Cattlemens Association, the US Dairy Export Council, thetrade disputes between the EU and the US have placed the WTOs National Milk Producers Federation and other interest groups, theunique implementation powers in the spotlight. The WTOs then US Trade Representative Mickey Kantor initiated action insharpest teeth are its dispute settlement body and its cross-retalia- the WTO against the EU ban on beef hormones.4tion provisions, both of which enable it to force nations to comply On the EU side, industry groups such as FEDESA (the primarywith WTO rules. The increasing number of controversial rulings lobby organisation for the European animal health productsin which the WTO dispute settlement body has upheld corporate industry) and the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industryinterests over those of people and the envi- Associations (EFPIA)—both members ofronment has severely tarnished the WTOs EuropaBio, the primary biotech lobby groupimage. in the EU—pressured the Commission to lift Within the WTO system, any member In early May 1997, a the ban, which was affecting European com-state can complain to the dispute settlement panies as well. In chorus with their US coun-body about any other members policies or three-person WTO terparts, they argued that there is alwayslaws that are perceived to restrict the free dispute settlement panel some risk with food involving genetic modi-flow of trade. If the panel—composed of fication or hormone treatment.unelected bureaucrats—finds a government ruled that a nine-year ban Pressure from consumer protection organi-guilty of non-compliance with WTO agree- imposed by the European sations and other NGOs made thements, the offending country must change Commission realise that the lifting of its banits legislation or face retaliatory trade sanc- Union on hormone- on hormone-treated beef and milk was ations by the complaining party, even in sec-tors unrelated to the dispute. The offending treated beef was illegal body of evidence suggesting that certain nat- political hot potato. Supported by a growingcountry may also face heavy financial under WTO rules. ural and synthetic hormones are linkedpenalties. to rising incidences of cancer, the During the first four years of the Commission decided not to lift its ban,WTOs existence, the dispute settle- The ruling, which despite the WTO ruling.ment mechanism has been invoked The preliminary decision in the dis-predominantly for disputes between overturned an important pute over hormone beef is the first rul-the EU and the US. Its first decisions consumer health law, ing, thus far, based on a three-year-oldprovide a disturbing picture of what WTO agreement known as the Sanitarycan be expected in the future. During caused outrage and Phytosanitary Agreement. Thisthis first four-year period, there were throughout Europe. agreement requires that restrictions177 cases in which a country chal- based on food health and safety belenged a law or practice of another based on scientific evidence, andcountry by invoking WTO rules. The accepts internationally agreed stan-majority of these cases could have dards, such as those decided within thebeen settled without interference by UN system, as a justification for takingthe WTOs dispute settlement body. Eighteen of the 177 disputes protective trade measures. Since the UN Food and Agriculturewere settled by a binding panel decision, and another 18 are cur- Organization (FAO) deemed the hormones to be safe, the WTOrently being examined by the WTO panels.3 panel ruled that the EUs ban was unjustified and should be lifted. The following two case studies are examples of how the busi- This ruling sets a dangerous precedent for national consumerness groupings use the WTO system to pursue their interests at health and safety protection laws. Many experts believe that vari-the expense of people and the environment. ous EU measures, such as those regulating other animal products, may now also be challenged by the US and other nations.5 The• US Industrys Beef with European Consumers process of whittling away consumer protection laws and regula- In early May 1997, a three-person WTO dispute settlement tions in Europe and elsewhere for the sake of industry will thuspanel ruled that a nine-year ban imposed by the European Union continue unabated unless steps are taken to reverse this trend.on hormone-treated beef was illegal under WTO rules. The rul-ing, which overturned an important consumer health law, caused • Massachusetts-Burma Law: Human Rights Overruledoutrage throughout Europe. In the United States, individual states and communities have Over the past decade, Monsanto, the US-based TNC which long expressed their political leanings through the enactment offormerly produced chemicals, has restyled itself into a life science selective purchasing laws. These laws pressure transnationalcorporation, leaning heavily on the manipulation of genetic corporations to cease doing business with repressive regimes by12 • NEXUS DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000
  13. 13. imposing pricing penalties on their goods and services. Since for a WTO dispute panel on the Massachusetts law. 1 1 T h e1996, for example, Massachusetts has imposed a 10 per cent Commission has also been criticised by the European Tradepenalty on goods and services provided by companies with finan- Union Confederation and the International Confederation of Freecial interests in Myanmar. Formerly known as Burma, Myanmar Trade Unions for ignoring human rights abuses in Myanmar. Yet,is renowned for the brutal human rights abuses imposed upon citi- according to an EU spokesman: "Breaking WTO rules doesntzens by its illegitimate military government. To date, Siemens, help anyone. The key thing in this case is the United States fail-Unilever and several Japanese companies are among those that ure to honour its international commitments."12have been penalised by the Massachusetts legislation, and the lawwas cited as one of the main reasons for Apple Computers with- TNC INVOLVEMENT IN WTO NEGOTIATIONSdrawal from Myanmar.6 Transnational corporations have thus far been the main benefi- The Massachusetts-Burma law has come under attack both on ciaries of WTO agreements. This is hardly surprising, as in manythe US domestic front and internationally, particularly in the EU cases they have directly influenced the positions of the most pow-and Japan. The National Foreign Trade Council (NFTC), a coali- erful WTO members during the negotiation of these agreements.tion of some 600 US-based manufacturers and financial institu- This was certainly the case during the Uruguay Round of GATTtions, has taken the state of Massachusetts to court over the law.7 negotiations, when the bulk of the WTO agreements were shaped.Oil companies such as Texaco and Mobil have expressed their In addition to bringing Southern countries under the GATT andconcern about the impact of such laws on their activities in its discipline, and putting new issues on the trade agenda, theMyanmar and other dictatorial regimes. Uruguay Round granted Northern TNCs expanded access to Seeking to distance itself from charges that the NFTC places developing-country markets. The seven-year Round, whicheconomic interests above human began in 1986, helped Northernrights in Myanmar, a front group countries and their corporations tocalled USA Engage was set up with achieve further liberalisation inthe assistance of Anne L. Wexler, 8 Transnational corporations have sectors where they had an advantagehead of the Washington-based (such as in services), and alsoWexler Group consultancy. 9 U S A thus far been the main beneficiaries introduced intellectual propertyEngage was officially introduced at of WTO agreements. rights and other protections for TNCan April 1997 press conference, activities.where it portrayed itself as a "broad- The most strenuous lobbying tookbased coalition representing This is hardly surprising, as in many place in the United States. Not onlyAmericans from all regions, sectors did individual companies vie forand segments of our society".10 The cases they have directly influenced general trade liberalisation and thegroup promptly began an intensive the positions of the most powerful opening up of markets, but industrylobbying campaign in Washington, WTO members during the coalitions were also created to pushDC, against selective-purchasing for the inclusion of certain issueslaws and other economic sanctions negotiation of these agreements. under the GATT regime. For exam-placed on corporations based on ple, the Coalition of Servicesocial and environmental objectives. Industries lobbied for a new trade In Europe, European Round Table regime for services 1 3 and theof Industrialists (ERT) companies, including Ericsson, Unilever Intellectual Property Committee worked to get the TRIPs (Trade-and Siemens, also viewed the Massachusetts law as a dangerous Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) agreement on theprecedent to be quickly crushed. Industry mobilised its forces to agenda. Industry influence was also evident in the composition ofpressure the European Commission to challenge the US govern- the US delegation: the vast majority of members were from thement to drop the Massachusetts law. Failing that strategy, corpo- corporate world.rations urged the initiation of action in the WTO. Japanese During the first years of the Uruguay Round, European busi-heavyweights such as Mitsubishi, Sony and Nissan—some of the ness lobby groups were not intensively involved in negotiations.biggest losers in the Massachusetts law—applied the same pres- EU industry launched a serious lobbying effort only when negoti-sure to the Japanese government. ations came to a deadlock over the agreement on agriculture. It thus came as no surprise in October 1998 when the European According to former ERT Secretary-General Keith Richardson:Union and Japan requested the creation of a WTO dispute panel, "What we tried to say to governments is: whatever the difficul-arguing that the Massachusetts law was discriminatory and in vio- ties are, the most important thing is to get the overall deal,lation of WTO rules on government procurement. Although the because that will bring benefits to the whole of European busi-EU suspended the WTO panel in February 1999 (perhaps as a ness. And the total picture is more important than the individualconciliatory move in its bitter banana war with the US govern- difficulties. Its quite a difficult message, and the only way youment), it has threatened to revive the case if the US federal gov- really do it is with face-to-face meetings."14ernment does not take action against Massachusetts. While the ERT focused on national governments, UNICE, the The Massachusetts-Burma case brings up many critical ques- European industrial employers confederation, worked closelytions about national and local sovereignty and the precedence of with the European Commission to bring the negotiations to atrade over social and environmental objectives. It also highlights close. UNICE analysts chewed all of the proposals over carefully,some of the inequities in the current balance of power within the before spitting industrys positions back to the Commission.EU. In September 1998, the European Parliament passed a reso- The following two case studies, on the TRIPs and the Financiallution calling upon the Commission to put an end to all trade, Services agreements, show in more detail how transnational cor-tourism and investment by EU-based companies in Myanmar. porations have worked to shape WTO agreements to their ownThe resolution also criticised the Commissions decision to call preferences.DECEMBER 1999 – JANUARY 2000 NEXUS • 13

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