In thisissueOctober 2008No. 486$4.00UFO JournalMcDonnell Douglas’sUFO Project 3The Woman withBlue Blood 9Misidentification ofcommon objectsin the sky 10Life elsewhere in theuniverse? 11Tri-State meeting 12Book reviewAlien Experiences 15Regular FeaturesDirector’s Message 2Calendar 13Statistical Report 14Stan Friedman:Sovereignty & the UFO 16Filer’s Files 18CMS Rankings 21Night Sky 24McDonnell Douglas studiedUFOs in the 1960s
No part of this document may be reproduced in anyform without the written permission of the CopyrightOwners. Permission is hereby granted to quote up to 200words of any one article, provided the author is credited,and the statement, “Copyright 2007 by the Mutual UFONetwork, 155 E. Boardwalk Drive, Fort Collins, CO 80525”is included.The contents of the MUFON UFO Journal are deter-mined by the editor, and do not necessarily reflect theofficial position of the Mutual UFO Network. Opinionsexpressed are solely those of the individual authors andcolumnists, and do not necessarily reflect the opinion ofthe editor or staff of MUFON.The Mutual UFO Network, Inc. is exempt from Fed-eral Income Tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the InternalRevenue Code. MUFON is a publicly supported organi-zation of the type described in Section 509(a)(2). Donorsmay deduct contributions from their Federal IncomeTax. Bequests, legacies, devises, transfers, or gifts arealso deductible for estate and gift purposes, providedthey meet the applicable provisions of Sections 2055,2106, and 2522 of the Internal Revenue Code. MUFONMUFON’S MISSION IS THE .SCIENTIFIC STUDY OFUFOS FOR THE BENEFIT OF HUMANITY THROUGHINVESTIGATION, RESEARCH, & EDUCATION.October 2008 Number 486Director’s MessageBy James CarrionJames CarrionMUFONUFO Journal(USPS 002970)(ISSN 02706822)Mutual UFO Network155 E. Boardwalk DriveSuite 300Fort Collins, CO 80525Tel: 970-232-3110Fax: email@example.comInternational DirectorJames Carrion, M.A.155 E. Boardwalk Drive, Suite 300Fort Collins, CO 80525Tel: 888-817-2220Fax: firstname.lastname@example.orgEditorSally Petersen, M.A.Tel: 888-817-2220Editor@mufon.comColumnistsGeorge Filer, M.B.A.Stanton Friedman, M.S.Gavin A. J. McLeodMUFON staff photographerNick RoeslerMUFON on the Internethttp://www.mufon.comMUFON Amateur Radio Net40 meters - 7.240 MHzSundays noon EST or EDSTis a Texas nonprofit corporation.The MUFON UFO Journal is published monthly bythe Mutual UFO Network, Inc., Fort Collins, CO. Periodi-cal postage paid at Versailles, MO.Individual Membership: $45/year U.S., $55 outsidethe U.S.Family members: $10 per person additionalStudent (18 years and under): $35 U.S. and $45outside the U.S.Donor: $100/year. Professional: $250/year. Pa-tron: $500/yearBenefactor (Lifetime Member): $1,500First class Journal delivery (in envelopes) U.S. andCanada only: $12/year additionalAir Mail Journal delivery to all other countries outsidethe United States: $35/year additionalChange of address and subscription or extracopies inquiries should be sent to MUFON, 155 E.Boardwalk Drive, Suite 300, Fort Collins, CO 80525.Postmaster: Send form 3579 to advise change ofaddress to: MUFON UFO Journal, 155 E. BoardwalkCopyright 2008 by the Mutual UFO Network. All Rights Reserved.Continued on page 22The UFO Phenomenon has somany layers that when you think onehas peeled away, three more layersseem to replace it. Part of this illusionrelates to the multiple aspects of thephenomena that overlap, blend andmasquerade as each other. Which UFOsrepresent our own exotic aircraft andwhich ones represent otherworldlytechnology? Since the Air Force isn’tgoing to fess up to what they areexperimenting with, we can onlyspeculate. One thing is for certain, themilitary industrial complex would loveto replicate the described flight charac-teristics of UFOs. What aerospacecompany would not like to be the firstto discover the secrets of antigravityand hold those patents? You canimagine that if such a discovery wasmade, it would soon be classified.Dr. Bob Wood, one of MUFON’sBoard of Directors, has an amazingstory to tell in this issue of the Journalabout how he proposed and participatedin one such UFOresearch projectwhile working ata major aerospacecompany. Bob’spassion for thesubject of UFOsis as strong todayas it was 40 yearsago and MUFONis fortunate tohave him on ourstaff.New Field Investigator ExamSharon and David MacDonald havecreated a new version of the MUFONField Investigator exam which willreplace the old exam immediately. Thenew exam matches the content of therevised version 5.0 Field Investigator2009 is 40th Anniversary Year for MUFON
3MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Continued on page 4By Dr. Robert M. Wood1MUFON Board of DirectorsIt began in 1966 when my boss, Raymon W. Hallet, wasasked to present a paper on behalf of McDonnell Douglas onthe occasion of the retirement of Air Force General BernardSchriever, the “inventor” of the ICBM, or IntercontinentalBallistic Missile. The Air Force was sponsoring a conferencewith aerospace contractors to predict the future of technol-ogy ten years hence, and each contractor had a differentscope. Ours was to predict how we would “get to orbit andback.” Thus, Ray asked me, his Assistant Director at thetime, whether I had any ideas about what he should talkabout. For some reason unknown to me, I said, “Ray, whydon’t you tell them how the alleged UFOs do it?” (UFOs hadbeen recently in the news.) He said, “That’s a great idea—why don’t you work on that?”So, I began to “work on it” by reading my first book onflying saucers, Don Menzel’s recent book2, The World ofFlying Saucers. Halfway through I concluded that the onlyway his explanations were making any sense was if hebasically ignored or distorted the testimony of the witnesses.money to get newbusiness. One time,they asked me aboutthe UFO topic duringa presentation duringour routine manage-ment review. I decidedto tell them what Iwas really thinking,and it went somethinglike this:“Well, you’reprobably not going tobelieve what I’mabout to tell you, butthe facts are that theUFOs are indeed alien craft, and they have figured out somesort of gravity control device as evidenced by their right-angled and high-g turns. So, the ONLY question in my mindis whether we are going to figure out how they work beforeor after Lockheed!” (They were a big competitor then.)When they asked what I recommended, I said I thought weshould put a couple of guys thinking about this full time onan R&D project. This was a very small percentage of themoney we were spending for new business, and they sensedthe possibility of big pay dirt too.To put this in context, the executives I was speaking towere men who had already taken huge risks to set up a newDivision of the Corporation, were involved in the pendingmerger (buy-out) by the McDonnell Corporation, and wereaware of the benefit of a proprietary gravity control device ifwe could figure it out.So, we opened up an account with an insipid title(Advanced Concepts) and internally called it the BITBRproject, which actually stood for the “Boys In The BackRoom” since two of the employees were able to occupy aroom that already had a tumbler lock on the door; it waslocated in the back of our area under a stairwell.I had already become involved in work outside theparadigms of normal science. My exposure to anomalyresearch was augmented by reading one of our ownengineers’s syntheses. Ted Gordon, an excellent engineeringmanager of the Saturn SIVB project (lunar mission 3rdstage)had written a book called Ideas in Conflict,3wherein heexposed me to a wide variety of anomalistic studies, includ-ing psychic evidence. This perspective caused me to be moreaccepting of the ridiculous claims of others, including oneMcDonnell Douglas studied UFOs in 1960sProject called BITBR for “‘Boys in the Back Room”I said, “Ray, Why don’tyou tell them how thealleged UFOs do it?”So I read more books, and pretty soon I had read 50 bookson the topic, devouring everything current in my spare time.In the meantime, I answered my boss’ question by doinga little analysis of how a charged toroid containing supercon-ducting electrons would be able to stay afloat in the earth’smagnetic and electrostatic fields. I don’t have a copy ofHallet’s final presentation to the Air Force, but some resultsare shown in reference 10 (Wood, 1993) of this article. Hesubsequently accepted a key management position at ourDouglas Nuclear facility in the state of Washington. My newboss, Joe Waisman, who replaced Hallet, was a no-nonsensehardware guy with a materials background, whose manage-ment style was to give me significant responsibility in manag-ing the new research and advanced technology organizationwe were in charge of, and I had been promoted to DeputyDirector.Management ApprovalMy job required me to have regular interactions withsenior management about the proper ways to invest ourBob Wood, circa 1968
October 20084 MUFON UFO Journalexceptionally innovative Chan Thomas, whom I hiredbecause he was a psychic who claimed to be in contact withsome ETs sometimes, and who also had espoused the claimsof “cataclysmic geology.”4With this background, we started a project to try toapproach developing a gravity control device, principle orevidence. Fortunately, I had a lot of things working for me.The company was in a growth mode. I had just been suc-cessful getting a higher score on our Independent Researchand Development evaluations by the Government, resulting inmore money. I had counsel from Dr. Darell B. Harmon—whowas already knowledgeable and interested in the UFO topic—that to be successful we would need to have a combinedtheoretical and experimental approach.We felt that someone should be reading the literature fulltime, and we much later hired Stan Friedman to do this andlook for clues in the UFO reports of the observables. We feltthat we should have an examination of physics theoriesoutside the norm, so Dr. Joseph M. Brown came on board,with a theory that the universe consisted of tiny particleswhich he called “brutinos.”5Later in the project, we were given leads to individualwitnesses, so we hired a retired detective, Paul Wilson, tointerview these witnesses, usually accompanied by anotherstaff member. Also, we needed to have a laboratory to dooccasional experiments, and it turned out that our departmentconsisted of a full spectrum of all the engineering disciplinesand had plenty of options for occasional small experiments.Only Brown, Thomas and Wilson were full time (andlater, Friedman); most of the other personnel were loanedfrom other departments to do specific tasks for the project.We usually met once a week to evaluate how we were doingand where we were going.During the project, I was asked to present a paper to theAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics atVandenberg Air Force base about R&D aimed at getting newbusiness, and I asked them if, instead, I could talk about“The Giant Discoveries of Future Science.”6They liked theidea, and so I presented for the first time my thoughts on theanomalies that UFOs seem to represent, together with someevidence for psychic powers (now called consciousness) andsome interesting work by my father that suggested that theplanets cause the 11-year solar cycle. This paper (which hadbeen approved by my management) was a big hit, and a yearlater I became the Distinguished Lecturer for the AIAA,visiting a number of sections to present it.The PersonnelEveryone who was full time understood that when thisproject was completed or canceled, they would be out of ajob. They all took it on anyway. I was approved to spendabout 10% of my time managing the project.1. Joe Brown focused on the theoretical work, looking atvarious theories that would permit faster than light travelbut always having his own theory at the front of hismind. I used him to ask conventional scientists in ourdepartment to verify our math and physics. He wasprobably the person I trusted the most about the sensitiv-ity and management of the project.2. Chan Thomas left when the project was terminated. Hehad such outlandish claims that even some in our owngroup had difficulty accepting him. For example, heclaimed that he trained some youngsters to guess 42McDonnell Douglas ProjectContinued from page 3Stan Friedman, circa 1969 Joe Brown, circa 2003Chan Thomas, circa 1967
5MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Continued on page 6playing cards right out of 47 in an ESP test; and he madean appointment with a UFO captain from Andromeda tomeet him one night near Joshua Tree (captain didn’tshow)7. Once, when I let Chan talk to an actual cus-tomer, he embarrassed us terribly when the guy called upand asked me why I hadn’t fired him long ago. His valueto me was his tremendously innovative mind. He was atotal “out of the box” thinker.3. Paul Wilson, the retired detective, was originally hiredto bring a forensic view to the project and perform anyinterviews required. He interviewed a number of peopleabout their sightings, but we really had only one inter-view of an abduction witness, and it was a good one.Later, we asked Paul to assemble an array of excellentstate of the art equipment for use in one of the companyvans, and go to the top of a mountain for a week toobserve and record UFOs.8Unfortunately, we selected amountaintop that had been active with reports earlier, butnot while he was there.4. Stan Friedman was already familiar with the UFOliterature. His task was to identify specific clues thatwould help us decide which technologies should bepursued. For example, did the frequent presence of largemagnetic fields suggest that we needed to think aboutsuperconducting experiments? Stan spent a lot of timetalking on the phone with colleagues and sources as partof his work. As I recall, Stan joined in June 1969towards the end of the project, not the beginning. Hewas a bit unique in that I particularly asked that he neverreveal that we hired him to work on UFOs at McDonnellDouglas. He honored that commitment until a releaseabout 1993 when we agreed it seemed like nobody caredanymore and I was retiring.5. Darell Harmon was a part-time consultant to theproject. Technically sound with a PhD in physics, hemade excellent suggestions to help keep us from goingdown blind alleys.6. Leon Steinert was a mathematician who broughtexcellent rigor to Brown’s conceptual thinking. Heconcentrated on the theoretical soundness, and becamequite familiar with theoretical physics issues of the day.7. We also had an experimentalist, Harvey Bjornlie, whowas very good at what he did and was quite open-minded. The excellence of the experimental work (whichunfortunately yielded null results) was essentially due tohim.8. In addition, I went out of my way to stay in touch withthe current literature and the movers and shakers in theUFO field at the time. I joined APRO (Aerial PhenomenaResearch Organization) and met Jim and CoralLorenzen. I joined MUFON’s predecessor MidwestUFO Network, publisher of Skylook, and subscribed tothe Flying Saucer Review as well as Fate Magazine,most of which fortunately arrived in brown paperwrappers.9. One time when Jim McDonald was coming to town togive a lecture, I revealed to him the existence of ourproject. He got very excited to think that some seriousand apparently competent people were working on thisproblem, and his intensity rubbed a bit off on to mewhen he told me that I ought to testify to the Congres-sional Hearings9that were taking place at the time. Idecided not to (although I did get a written invitation)after I heard my management say, “It is very rare thatsomething good happens from giving Congressionaltestimony.” It was my own decision to not testify.However, Jim McDonald did convince me to offer abriefing to the Condon Committee after it started.10Thisoccurred on October 13, 1967.The executives wereaware of the benefit ofa proprietary gravitycontrol device if wecould figure it out.10. Allen Hynek also came to town from time to time. JoeBrown and I went to Pasadena to hear his lecture and wealso met with him privately. Later, I invited him to cometo my home. However, I don’t believe I ever exposed thetotal scope of our project to him like I did to JimMcDonald. I subconsciously thought Allen might havebeen part of the cover-up, and he clearly hadn’t come tothe obvious conclusion that there were ET craft here,and someone ought to be figuring out how they work.Theoretical WorkThe majority of the theory was oriented towards that ofJoe Brown. His latest publication, The Grand Unified Theoryof Physics in 2004 (reference 5) is a refinement of the ideaswe were exploring then. In hindsight, it would have beenmuch more helpful for us to be looking at today’s Sarfatti orPuthoff theories about traveling faster than light. We did notseriously contemplate time travel either. Attempts made tohave Professor Feynman (an old acquaintance from myCornell days) of Cal Tech examine the Brown theories indepth were rebuffed by him. This same reference provides acurrent summary of Joe’s recollection of our BITBR projectas he recalls it, starting on page 118.
October 20086 MUFON UFO JournalI was working on an idea to unify some theoretical ideasby the examination of relationships between the fundamentalconstants, and Joe was of great assistance in this venture. Itis possible to write the few most accurately determinedphysical constants in the same mks units (meters, kilogramsand seconds) and with known error bars, and search for allcombinations of their powers that will yield exact relation-ships within the known probable errors. The accuracies ofthe values of mass of electrons, protons, charge on anelectron, speed of light (usually accepted as a definition), andPlanck’s constant were so good, however, that no usefulidentities emerge. If powers of pi and 2 are thrown in, somerelationships might emerge, but it’s been a long time sinceresult, and I think we got to 30,000 gauss or so. Thisexperiment was complete in July 1969.12In a second attempt to use magnetic fields, as I recall wecreated a suspended platform about a meter or so in size andmeasured whether there was any change in forces byspinning bar magnets in a number of different orientationswith respect to gravity. Again the result was null. This workwas completed in June 1970, at the conclusion of theproject.13Witness InterviewsPaul Wilson and Joe Brown conducted the first a inter-view in August 1968 with a female abductee, who had been acocktail waitress at a Las Vegas casino in 1958 and who livedin a trailer not far away from the bus stop. She was walkinghome after work at night and had to traverse a few hundredyards of desert. She encountered a man on the way. Heencouraged her to walk with him farther out into the desert,and as she stood there, in front of them a small light ball atthe bottom of a hollow puffed out a smoke-like ring, whichseemed to absorb the surrounding volume, and then the ballgrew larger. It did this several times, and soon she wasstanding in front of a craft. She said that as she crawled upthe ladder into the craft, it was very cold. When inside, shewalked around a spiral ramp, and saw something like liquidmercury in a pipe.The next thing she remembered was that she was on aroad in Texas, with no one believing her story. The remark-able thing about this case in my mind is that she claimed shegrew an inch or so after this encounter. However, this caseturned sour when she tried to prove that McDonnell Douglaswas involved in this interview. Fortunately, we had paid herin cash so there was no trail; it was no small feat to getlegitimate cash in an aerospace company like ours. I forgethow we got access to this witness, but I think it was througha known psychic (Sybil Leek) who had been perhapscounseling her on the abduction experience.This same witness had been interviewed a couple ofyears before by the Charles and Ann Druffel. I have tran-scripts of both interviews, as well as one by the LA MUFONSubcommittee done in 1975. This case has never beenwritten up, and we dropped it not only because of thevisibility issue but because—even if everything she had saidwas exactly true, it did NOT help us in design or theory ofmaking a craft, any more than a ride by Columbus in a Priuswould tell the scientists of 1492 how to make one.Paul did several other interviews in the summer of1968—many by phone—regarding anomalous observations.In effect, he was doing UFO report investigations butwithout any established procedures such as those nowpublished in our MUFON Field Investigator’s Manual.McDonnell Douglas ProjectContinued from page 5After entering thecraft, the next thing sheremembered was thatshe was on a road inTexas, far away fromher Las Vegas home.I’ve looked at the numbers. The values of the constants keepgetting better. Maybe it’s time to dust this idea off again. Tohis credit, Brown’s book (Brown 2004) does relate the finestructure constant to (sqrt(3pi/8)-1)2to an accuracy of 14ppm if corrected for a certain velocity ratio. This was arefinement of an early joint publication by Brown, Harmonand Wood.11This work is based on the inherent assumptionthat if a simple numerical relationship could be found toexpress the value of Planck’s constant (for example) as asimple combination of the mass and charge of an electronand the speed of light, it might provide significant intuition tothe underlying grand unifying theory. This work was activein 1969.Laboratory ExperimentsBesides the field observations, I remember two specificlab experiments. Since the observed UFO phenomena sooften indicated large magnetic fields, an obvious question iswhether the speed of light could be influenced by a largemagnetic field. Allegedly the speed of light is equal to 1/(square root of (permittivity x permeability). Therefore, itmight be possible that the magnetic permeability might affectthe measured speed of light. So, we looked at the speed of acoherent light beam when surrounded by the largest magneticfield we could get without using superconductors. Null
7MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Field ObservationsBoth Allen Hynek and Jim McDonald were excited aboutthe possibility of our developing a mobile van to be used forgoing out to the sites for UFO reporting. We brainstormed abit about what it should contain. As I recall we didn’t have alot of money, but we tried to get the use of a company vanequipped mostly from available laboratory equipment. Itturned out that we actually had to lease our own van andorder quite a bit of equipment. We had a spectrometer so thatwe could get a spectrum in real time if we had a stationarylight, a still camera, a movie camera with audio recording(this was well before inexpensive video cameras), and asensitive magnetometer. We outfitted the van, then sent PaulWilson with other personnel up to the top of Red Mountainwhere there had allegedly been numerous UFO reports (andnity to shake hands with Dan Fry14and other famouscontactees.UFO Literature ExaminationAll of the employees involved knew that Bob Woodthought that the UFOs were ET craft, and most of themknew that our goal was to find out how their travel systemworked. We had adopted Jim McDonald’s philosophy that theextraterrestrial hypothesis was the least unlikely, as he oftenstated publicly. When the final Condon Committee report15was published, we all took a crack at commenting on it, andthe files contain a several page review by Joe Brown, stillvery applicable today.16However, in retrospect, had this been a full time activityfor all of us, we could have:1. Made a list of all the reported phenomena required to beexplained in a travel/propulsion hypothesis2. Contemplated seriously the possibility that the Govern-ment cover-up was present and effective. I think JimMcDonald smelled this out just before he tried to commitsuicide the first time.173. Worried more about how physically traveling at manytimes the speed of light it was possible to avoid runninginto interstellar debris4. Considered the time travel possibilities and literature morecompletely5. Embraced the consciousness phenomena and literaturemore respectfully6. Begun to follow the abduction literature in detail.Well, that’s all hindsight, but what we did do was to lookaround for someone who was familiar with the UFO litera-ture so that we could begin to identify those characteristicsnormally associated with UFO reports. I don’t rememberwhether we had a long or a short list, but suddenly StanFriedman was on our payroll reading the UFO literature forus voraciously. For example, he put in a request for literatureon magnetoaerodynamics, and found that 90% of thereferences were classified. He was also the one who hadfound out about electromagnetic propulsion experiments forsubmarines. His careful assessment of the cases he reportedon was very refreshing.Covert ApplicationsThe only contact with the Government about the Projectcame towards the end in the spring of 1970, when there wasinterest expressed by one of the intelligence agencies. Thisresulted in a draft proposal to “mimic, imitate, or duplicatethe observables associated with UFOs.” We called thispotential opportunity Project Skylite, and prepared a gooddeal of technical information in anticipation of contractwork.18It never materialized with McDonnell Douglas to myknowledge.Continued on page 8Friedman requestedliterature on magneto-aerodynamics, but 90%of the references wereclassified.ball lightning?) and had them camp out for a week. (August1969)He came back with no significant report, but when weanalyzed the movie film there was an anomaly in a fewframes. After much puzzlement and speculation about whatkind of a UFO could have made these marks, we found out itwas the film maker’s logo! Very embarrassing, except onlyour group knew how stupid we felt.There was an unfortunate footnote to this trip, and thatwas that Paul Wilson, who had passed all of our routinephysicals upon employment, suddenly died of a heart attackplaying the piano after he had retired. Unfortunately, he hadtold his wife of his assignment to go to the mountaintop for aweek and she claimed that the extra stress of unloading theequipment caused the heart attack (which occurred monthsafter his termination from McDonnell Douglas and years afterthe trip to the mountain). She sued the company, and ratherthan defend the lawsuit, which we would have easily won,they decided to settle out of court for $25K perhaps partly inorder to avoid having to reveal why we were sending anemployee to the top of a mountain for a week. Actually, ourcover story was to study “ball lightning,” a still legitimateunexplained mystery phenomenon.In 1968 there was a contactee conference out at GiantRock, a traditional local gathering sponsored by George VanTassel. Several of us on the project couldn’t resist going outto see what real contactees looked like. We had the opportu-
October 20088 MUFON UFO JournalConclusion of the ProjectAs time went on, we had an obligation to report tomanagement what we were learning for the money we werespending, which turned in total at the end to be about$500,000, almost the same amount that the Condon Commit-tee spent of the Air Force’s money, but it was spread outover as many as four years. The negative experimentalresults on magnetism changing light speed or apparent weightwere not a plus, and the theoretical work had not yielded any“AHA!” either. The abduction case was not technically usefuland was a management problem, the instrumented vanyielded no anomalies, and all we could say for sure was thatwe knew how fast we were spending the money but had noclue about how close we might be getting to any break-through.Furthermore, a few good managers reporting to me werestarting to mumble about the project because they could haveused the money for their own department’s work, and ouradvanced technology department of several hundred engi-neers was very successful and competitive in winningcontract research and development. So, the consensus wasthat we should cancel the BITBR project, and we did, givingeveryone some time to find other outlets for their talents.In June of 1969 the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL)project of the Air Force, which we had won a year or soearlier, was cancelled. Our job was to build a space stationfor the Air Force, with most of the work classified. When wewere notified that the project was cancelled, hundreds ofpeople (maybe up to about 2000) were laid off right away.In addition, about a year after the MOL cancellation, Iwas personally assigned to help learn about radar so that wecould select and manage a radar contractor for the upcomingHardsite competition for ballistic missile defense. Shortlyafterwards, my career experience took me outside of the R &D management and put me in a sharply focused customer-oriented contract period learning all there was to learn aboutthe radar discrimination of ballistic missile reentry warheadsand their presumed lighter weight decoys. Thus ended any ofmy company time spent evaluating UFOs.Endnotes1During the time of this project, the author was an employee ofMcDonnell Douglas. This company and its new owner(Boeing) have never expressed subsequent interest in thiswork.2Menzel, D.H. and Boyd, L.G. 1963.The World of FlyingSaucers. Doubleday and Co., Inc. Garden City, NY.3Gordon, T. J. 1966. Ideas in Conflict. St. Martin ’s Press, NewYork, NY.4Thomas, C. 1965. The Adam and Eve Story. Emerson House,Los Angeles CA.5Brown, J. M. 2004. The Grand Unified Theory of Physics.Basic Research Press, 120 East Main Street, Starkville, MS.McDonnell Douglas ProjectContinued from page 76Wood, R.M. 1968. The Giant Discoveries of Future Science,Douglas Paper I-782,August 1968, presented March 19, 1968.Subsequently also published as “Giant Discoveries of FutureScience,” Virginia Journal of Science 21, No. 4. 1970.7Handwritten notes by Chan Thomas. Two pages datedOctober 1, 1968.8Hildreth, Final Report on the Program to Observe BallLighting Phenomena. Four pages dated September 1969.9U.S. House of Representatives. 1968. Symposium onUnidentified Flying Objects. US Govt. Printing Office,Washington DC.10Wood, R. 1993. “ALittle Physics…a Little Friction: a CloseEncounter with the Condon Committee.” International UFOReporter 18, No. 4, July/August 1993.11Brown, J.M., Harmon, D.B. and Wood, R.M. 1970. ANote onthe Fine Structure Constant. McDonnell DouglasAstronautics Paper MDAC WD 1372, Huntington Beach, CA.12Bjornlie, H. “Light/Magnetic Field Interaction Experiment,”eleven pages dated July 18, 1969.13Bjornlie, H. “RPM Experiment.” 21 pages dated June 17, 1970.14Fry, D., 1966. The White Sands Incident. Best Books, Inc.,Louisville, KY.15Condon, E. U. 1969. Scientific Study of Unidentified FlyingObjects. Bantam Books, NewYork, NY.16Brown, J. “Review of the Condon Report.” Five pages datedFeb. 4, 1969.17Druffel,A. 2003. Firestorm.Wild Flower Press, Columbus,NC. Page 492.18Wilson, P. “Charts Defining Parameters of Design.” Six pagesdated June 2, 1970.Dr. Robert M. Wood earned a Bachelor’s in AeronauticalEngineering from the University of Colorado, and a Ph.D. inphysics from Cornell with a minor in aeronautical engineeringat the Graduate School of Engineering there. His first profes-sional job was plotting the data for the jet vane deflection of V-2s being fired at White Sands Missile Range in 1946, and hislast position was developing new business for the InternationalSpace Station Project at McDonnell Douglas, where he wasemployed for 43 years, mostly in senior research and develop-ment management positions at the cutting edge of technology.His entire career has been in aerospace.Since retirement, he has applied his talents to forensicdocument authentication, and has been the executive producerof a television documentary about the evidence for the recoveryand retrieval of downed UFOs. His study of anomalies hasincluded a recent paper that strongly suggests that it was acomet, not a cow, that caused the Chicago and upstate fires ofOctober 1871, killing more people than the incident on 9/11.Bob enjoys making complex things seem simpler—either writtenand spoken—and he has diverse academic and intellectualinterests. He lives happily with his new wife in Newport Beach,California, belongs to two service clubs, the local MUFONorganization and MUFON International, Toastmasters and isactive in a United Methodist Church nearby.
9MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008By Warren AstonAs follow-up to my article “Are ExtraterrestrialsAlreadyAmong Us? A Review of HistoricalAccounts,” published inthe May, June and July 2007 issues of the MUFON UFOJournal, I have been referred to an account by veteranFrench Ufologist Jean Sider, entitled “The Woman with BlueBlood.”Briefly, it is as follows: In September 1932, a youngwoman suffered head injuries one evening when her carstruck a tree near a small village near Amiens in France. Twopassing motorists took the unconscious woman in their ownvehicle to a private hospital, whose director, Dr VictorPauchet, attempted to treat her. She was registered under thename of “Smith,” of English nationality. Discovering that herblood was a bluish color and not of any human blood type, asaline transfusion was given and the still unconscious womanplaced in a room with barred windows, guarded by a nurse.The woman vanishes inexpicablyUnaccountably, the night nurse was unable to remainawake, hours later discovering that the patient had vanished,leaving the bed neatly made and all doors still locked from theinside. The gendarmes came immediately and found that thecrashed car had also disappeared. Dr Pauchet was shaken byA chemist disappears when UFO is seen over his homeFinally, I add another story from my own childhood. Ashow called “True Tales of the Uninvited” or somethingsimilar, was broadcast on radio in the late 1950s or early 60s.One episode featured the story of a small village in Englandwhere a chemist moved into the village; becoming greatlyadmired and respected for his remarkable abilities concerningmedicines and cures. After some years he announced that hehad to leave and a strange lighted object was seen that nightflying over his home. Of course, he was never seen again.From memory this event happened in the 1920s or there-abouts.Perhaps a reader may recognize this story or the radioshow, which have so far eluded all my efforts to track themdown! I would also welcome hearing of any other accounts Imay have missed.Notes1. Jean Sider, “The Woman with Blue Blood,” was published inthe venerable French journal of ufology “Lumières dans lanuit”: LDLN n°376, mars 2005, and in Le Monde de l’Inconnun°313,mars-mai2005.You can find the original article, “La Femme Au Sang Bleu,” at:http://icietmaintenant.fr/SMF/index.php?topic=4110.0. It hasalso been incorporated also in one of the last books of JeanSider (pp. 254-261): Ovnis, Créateurs de l’Humanité. JMGEditions - Paris 2005. ISBN : 2-915164-44-4An English translation online could not be found.2. Daniel Reju, Fantomes et maisons hant (France: Belfond,1973):195-197.3. Jean Sider, Ovnis et createurs de l’humanite (Paris: JMG,2005): chapter 6.4. Ingo Swann, Penetration: the Question of Extraterrrestrialand Human Telepathy (Rapid City, SD: Ingo Swann Books,1998). An informative review of this book can be found onwww.courtneybrown.com under “reviews.”Warren Aston is a researcher and writer who divides histime betwen Australia and the U.S. He has been a UFO re-searcher for more than 30 years and is a former speaker at theannual MUFON Symposium and other conferences in the U.S.,the U.K. and Australia. email@example.comMore Extraterrestrials Living Among Us?The Mysterious Woman with Blue BloodThe chemist announcedhe had to leave thevillage, and that nighta strange lighted objectwas seen over his home.the experience which had no logical explanation. (1) A furtherpolice investigation was made in 1977, presumably on behalfof GEPAN, the French government UFO investigative bodyestablished that same year.This strange event was first published in a 1973 bookdealing with “phantoms” and haunted houses (2) and morerecently in a 2005 UFO book by Sider. He also alludes to amore recent case where a man in a South African hospitalwas found to have an unknown blood group and alsovanished in strange circumstances. (3)Remote-viewing pioneer Ingo Swann also encounteredapparent extraterrestrials in his covert operations, includingsome seemingly working with the US military. This is detailedin Swann’s 1998 book Penetration. (4)
October 200810 MUFON UFO JournalBy Tom ArnoldFew would argue that the primary purpose of MUFONis to investigate and document those cases where legitimateUFO sightings have occurred. This work is critical if thetrue nature of the phenomena is to be discovered. Thereforethe more reports we can identify as natural or manmade,the better our data will become. To that end, this articleprovides a simple guide to astronomical and artificial objectsto assist in the elimination of these objects as being trueUFOs.The AtmosphereEveryone knows that stars twinkle. This picturesqueeffect is actually distortion caused by the turbulence andthickness of the atmosphere coupled with its moisturecontent. The amount of twinkle is directly proportional tothe amount of distortion, the bane of all astronomers.If you look closely at the night sky, you will clearly seethat the closer to the horizon you look the more the starsappear to twinkle. That is because as you scan the sky fromdirectly over your head down toward the horizon, you willbe looking through an ever-increasing amount of atmo-sphere. To astronomers this is referred to as increasing AirMass. The highest Air Mass is on the horizon and thelowest is directly over your head, a point known as yourZenith. Therefore, celestial objects will twinkle least at yourZenith and most near the horizon.This same distortion caused by the atmosphere can beseen on any hot day driving down a long hot road. The roadin the distance will appear wavy and distorted as the heatrises from it into the atmosphere, making objects along theroad appear to wobble slightly. Moreover, in the earlyevening when cars have their lights on and the road is stillhot, distant vehicle lights can appear to change colorslightly.Acting like a lens, the atmosphere can make distantobjects look larger. It can also make distant objects looksmaller as well. In some specific conditions, you can evensee objects below the horizon. Clearly the atmosphere canproduce some very unusual effects that can easily createcircumstances where objects can be mis-identified.How does this apply to a UFO sighting? If someonewere to report an object at considerable distance thatappeared to be changing colors or even rotating, it would beprudent to first suspect that a star or planet was seen. Theatmospheric distortion can easily cause a distant object toappear to change color and even rotate as we have shown.An object near the horizon where the Air Mass is highestcoupled with turbulence and moisture should be our firstconsideration. Astronomers deal with this problem all thetime. It forces them to wait until their object of interest riseshigh enough in the sky to rise above this distortion near thehorizon.The PlanetsVenusThe moon is the brightest object in the night sky, and theplanet Venus is the next brightest object. Like the moon,Venus is bright enough that it can even be seen in the daytimeat certain times during the year. This makes it an object thatcould easily be reported as a UFO, especially if it is seenduring the daytime.If someone were to report a daytime sighting of anobject that looked like a distant disk which then disappeared,Venus would be my first suspect. This is because seeing adaytime celestial object requires looking in the right place atthe right time. If an observer is lucky enough to see a planetduring daytime, they may not be able to find it again if theylook away. You must be looking right at the object to be ableto see it. Moreover, the atmosphere plays a huge role herejust as we discussed previously. That means that everythingmust be right to be able to see a planet in the daytime.At night Venus can be so bright as to cast a shadow onthe ground. Again, coupled with a turbulent atmosphere,seeing a bright object such as Venus might generate manydifferent types of UFO reports. Together with autokinesis(spontaneous or voluntary movement of the body), yourbrain creates “movement” in a stationary object set on ablack background, like Venus at night. Therefore we have aperfect prescription for a UFO report.MercuryMercury is seen so seldom that most people don’trecognize it when it does appear. Because it is so close to thesun, it will never be very far from it in the sky. This placesan observation in either the east in the early morning sky justbefore sunrise or in the west in the evening sky just beforesunset.The planet will always appear as a red object near thehorizon. Because it is near the horizon, we are once againfaced with the problems of atmospheric distortion. As a redobject possibly changing colors in the distance, Mercurycould be easily mistaken for a UFO.Jupiter and SaturnAfter Venus, the next brightest objects in the sky areJupiter, then Saturn. Either of these could be mistaken as aUFO under the right conditions. Jupiter is bright enough to beseen in the daytime like Venus. Therefore seeing Jupiter hasthe same potential to generate UFO reports.Misidentification of Common Celestial andMan-Made Objects as Unidentified Flying Objects
11MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008MarsLike Venus, Mars has been provided as the explanationfor many UFO reports, probably due to its red appearance.The brightness of the planet varies greatly over the years, andduring close approach can be very bright indeed.Planetary ConjunctionsFor the sake of completeness, we should also discussanother potential celestial event that might be mistaken as aUFO or UFOs: a planetary conjunction. A conjunction occurswhen two or more planets appear to come close together inthe sky as seen from Earth. Normally this would be agrouping formed by Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn or any combi-nation of two.If someone is unfamiliar with the sky and not aware ofthe location in the sky where such a conjunction couldappear, they could easily mistake it for UFOs in formation.Although the planets won’t appear to move across the sky,they do provide an unusual sight in the night sky.StarsSiriusSirius is the brightest star in the sky. On a clear coldnight it can cast a shadow as can Venus. Under the rightconditions, it can appear to be a brilliant disk seen in thedistance. This is true for many of the brighter stars under theright conditions. Since stars range in color from white to blueto red, and other shades in between, stars can bemisidentified as various types of UFOs, especially whenatmospheric distortion is also a factor. That is why it isimportant to know as much about the sky as possible inorder to identify natural celestial objects that could bemistaken as UFOs.Meteors/Bolides and CometsMeteors and bolides are debris that burn up as they fallinto the atmosphere. Bolides are the larger, more brilliantmeteors which burn or blow up in a more spectacularmanner. Meteors and bolides are both composed of chunksof rock and dust left in the Earth’s orbit by passing comets.Several times during the year we experience meteor showersas the Earth passes through comet debris. At these times wecan potentially witness large numbers of these objectsstreaking across the sky.On any given night we can see sporadic meteors andbolides which are not associated with any yearly shower. Anyof these events have the potential to be bright and spectacularlasting only a few seconds. They have the potential to createsound effects that are most unusual in addition to theirawesome visual effects. The sound is usually a hiss as thematerial burns up. A sonic boom is also possible as thematerial falls through the atmosphere at supersonic speeds.The sighting of a bright meteor or brighter bolide cancertainly be reported as a UFO. But for all their brilliance andsound effects, they move in straight lines and last only a fewseconds.Comets are quite a bit different from meteors and bolides.These objects are the very material left over from thecreation of the solar system and appear as fuzzy objects inthe night sky, sometimes with visible tails that can stretch agreat distance across the cosmic dome. Although a cometmoves at great speed through the solar system, its movementacross the sky can’t be detected visually as you observe thecomet over a period of minutes. The motion of a cometthrough space can only be recognized as it is observed fromnight to night. The potential for a misclassification of acomet as a UFO is probably small. However we need to beaware of all possibilities.Satellites and SpacecraftProbably one of the more frequent types of potentiallymisidentified UFO sightings are satellites and spacecraft—earthly, not alien! Satellites and spacecraft manifest a con-tinuous motion across the sky in a single direction. Theynormally appear as star-like objects that can display someunusual characteristics. Clearly larger objects like the Inter-national Space Station will appear larger than a single point ofmoving light.Here are some of the more common effects that can beseen relative to satellites and spacecraft.1. An object suddenly brightens in a brilliant burst of light.This is a “flare” caused by the sun reflecting off a solarpanel on the object itself as it orbits the Earth.2. A blinking light moving across the sky. Many oldersatellites tumble in their orbit after their gyros fail, and asthey do, they catch a quick reflection from the sun. Thisis referred to as a “glint.”Continued on page 12Tom Arnold, in his observatory.
October 200812 MUFON UFO Journalwww.alliesofhumanity.org(Book 1 FREE online)MUFON2006DVD:MVSummersonThe Alien Agenda and the Ethics of ContactAvailablefromNKL,1-800-938-3891The Allies Of HumanityBooks 1 & 2By Marshall Vian Summers“It is a very difficult situation to bethe race that is discovered to bethe natives of a new world.”3. A moving star-like object suddenly disappears. Thishappens when the satellite enters the Earth’s shadow.One second it is clearly visible and the next it is gone.4. Multiple objects are seen moving together at constantspeed and direction. This is often seen when the SpaceShuttle is approaching the International Space Station.You will clearly see two large bright objects movingtogether. Another good example of this would be theSpace Shuttle and the Hubble Space Telescope. Therewill be one more final mission the Hubble this fall. So beon the lookout for sightings that might be mistaken forthese two US spacecraft.The key observation with any satellite or spacecraft isthat the motion will always be steady and in a single direction.ConclusionIt has often been said that eyewitness testimony in acourt of law can get a person executed. This is quite true.Many ask, “…. if you can be convicted of a crime onpersonal testimony, then why can’t that suffice for provingthe existence of a UFO?” The reason is that science requiresa far more exacting standard than the law. Scientific proofrequires repeatable experiments, testable material, and peer-reviewed observations.The vast majority of our data is personal testimony. Wecan only hope that this will lead to the type of evidencenecessary to meet the exacting requirements of science.Therefore we must be able to present the best and mostscientifically documented data possible in order to one daydiscover the nature of the enigmatic UFO phenomena.I believe that many within this organization would agreethat to finally be able to prove the origin of UFOs may quitepossibly be the most important discovery in the history ofmankind. To that end, data collection, analysis and a greatdeal of perseverance are the keys that will one day providethe answers we all seek.Tom Arnold is a MUFON Field Investigator and Astronomer.He has served as director of several planetariums and currentlylives in Oklahoma City.Contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org .Misidentification of Objects in SkyContinued from page 11Call MUFON headquarters 970-232-3110Now accepting VISA & MasterCard formerchandise and membership.Also order online at http://store.mufon.comMembership questions?Change of address?First Tri-State MUFON Meeting HeldState Directors Richard Moss (MN), Kurt Pfleger (ND) andLorna Hunter (SD) joined together to present their first Tri-StateMUFON informational meeting on September 27, in Fergus Falls,Minnesota.The meeting was attended by an enthusiastic group of 25,the youngest being merely 10 years old. Several of the attendeesrelated personal accounts of their experiences with UFOs andBigfoot, and one read from a family member’s diary account of aharrowing experience with a glowing craft.Richard Moss presented the first in a series of six presenta-tions entitled “UFO: The Secret that keeps itself,” which coveredthe history of UFOs from cave drawings through KennethArnold. He also informed the group about MUFON—its briefhistory, what we do and why we do it—and the importance ofmembership. All three State Directors fielded questions from theaudience—the usual concerning UFOs, but also questions aboutcrop circles, decapitated goats, and strange birds with enormouswingspans all of which have been reported in the area recently.Attendees left armed with business cards, magnets, bro-chures, literature, and membership applications for themselvesand to share with friends. The next bi-monthly Tri-State meetingwas planned for Nov. 22, 2008. This meeting was a success!State Directors Richard Moss (MN), Lorna Hunter (SD) KurtPfleger (ND) host first Tri-State meeting in Minnesota.
October 200814 MUFON UFO JournalVolunteers wantedMUFON is creating a Field InvestigatorTraining team to design and develop a FITraining Program based on the new FieldInvestigator Manual (FIM) and related mate-rial. One must be a Certified Mufon FieldInvestigator and a MUFON member in goodstanding to be considered as a member ofthe team.If you are interested in being part of thisworking group please contact Chuck Reever,Director of Investigations, at:email@example.comTel: 530.582.8339MUFON Members Message Boardmufonmembers.proboards55.comPassword: Hynek1947(case sensitive)Leave a Legacy to MUFONAllow your work to live on. . .Please remember MUFON in your will. In addition tomonetary bequests, you can also donate your UFO casefiles, books, periodicals, etc. Don’t let your valuable re-search end up at a flea market or estate sale.Please contact MUFON HQ at 970-232-3110 formore information.CMS continues to amass sightingreports from around the globe. InSeptember 2008 there were 559sightings reported to MUFON throughCMS from the following countries:Country Number ofReportsUNITED STATES 469CANADA 21UNITED KINGDOM 19AUSTRALIA 8MEXICO 5PUERTO RICO 4FINLAND 4GERMANY 3SWEDEN 3COLOMBIA 2INDIA 2NEW ZEALAND 2PAKISTAN 1IRELAND 1BRAZIL 1PHILIPPINES 1TONGA 1SINGAPORE 1ÅLAND ISLANDS 1ECUADOR 1NIGERIA 1TURKEY 1SPAIN 1HONDURAS 1GUATEMALA 1ARGENTINA 1NETHERLANDS 1TOTAL: 557Monthly Statistical MUFON Report for September 2008Within the United States the distributionby State was as follows:State Number ofReportsCalifornia 64Pennsylvania 34Texas 32Colorado 23New York 22Florida 22Indiana 20Arizona 19Illinois 17Michigan 17Ohio 17Kentucky 14Nevada 12Missouri 11Oklahoma 10Massachusetts 10New Jersey 10Louisiana 10Oregon 9Wisconsin 8South Carolina 7Virginia 6Washington 6New Mexico 6Montana 6Georgia 6Maryland 5North Carolina 5Tennessee 5Nebraska 5New Hampshire 4Minnesota 3Maine 3Utah 3Alabama 2Alaska 2Iowa 2WestVirginia 2Mississippi 2Connecticut 2Idaho 1Vermont 1Rhode Island 1Kansas 1North Dakota 1There were 20 Landings,Hoverings or Takeoffs reported and 37Entities observed.
October 200816 MUFON UFO JournalPercePtionsPercePtionsPercePtionsPercePtionsPercePtionsBy Stanton T. FriedmanStanton FriedmanLetter to Dr. Mary G. Dietz, EditorPolitical Theory, Northwestern Univer-sity.Thank you very much for havingthe courage to publish the paper“Sovereignty and the UFO” by Wendtand Duvall in the August issue (Ref. 1).I also appreciate their courage inspeaking out on the very importanttopic of UFOs. As an industrial nuclearphysicist I have, since 1967, lecturedon the topic “Flying Saucers ARE Real”at more than 600 colleges and over 100professional groups in all 50 states andnine Canadian provinces. There is noquestion that there is enormous campusinterest in the subject and, as a matterof fact, great acceptance of factualdata. I check all my audiences and findthat fewer than 2% have read any ofthe five major scientific studies which Idiscuss at the beginning of my lecture.Certainly they are correct to use theword TABOO in academia with respectto the topic of ufology, though therehave been 10 PhD theses done con-cerned with UFOs. (Listed in Ref. 2).Unfortunately, as I discuss in Chapter10 of my new book Flying Saucers andScience (Ref. 3) TABOO also applies tothe major news media who assumethat, if some flying saucers were alienspacecraft, they would know about it.However, I must disagree withthree claims made in the article. One isthat there have not been any scientificstudies. The first study I speak about inmy lectures is Project Blue BookSpecial Report Number 14 (Ref. 4). Ithas 240 charts, tables, graphs and mapsand information on 3,201 sightings.Allare categorized as something or othersuch as balloon, astronomical, aircraft,and most importantly UNKNOWNS,and Insufficient Data. Unknowns aredefined as “Those reports of sightingswherein the description of the objectand its maneuvers could not be fitted tothe pattern of any known object or phe-nomenon.” The quality of each reportwas evaluated as well. No sightingcould be listed as an UNKNOWNunless all four final report evaluatorsagreed, though any two could list it asanything else.Tables 1 and 2 summarize some ofthe most important results. Note thatunsurprisingly the better the quality ofthe report, the MORE likely the sightingis to be listed as UNKNOWN. Inaddition, a Chi square statistical analysiswas done on the basis of six differentobservable characteristics such ascolor, shape, apparent size and speedetc. It was found that the probabilitythat the UNKNOWNS were just missedKnowns was less than 1%. Duration ofobservation was also greater for theUNKNOWNS than for the Knowns.Another study of note is “TheSymposium on UFOs” (Ref. 5) held bythe House of Representative Committeeon Science and Astronautics on July 29,1968. It has 246 pages of testimonyfrom six scientists who appeared inperson and six more of us who pro-vided written testimony only. The 71page paper (Ref. 6) by Dr. James E.McDonald includes information on 41outstanding cases.2. The second area in which I mustdisagree is the notion thatthe government has notsecuritized UFOs. Toillustrate we have theRobertson Panel estab-lished in 1953 by the CIAto do a quick review ofProject Blue Book andmake recommendations.Their report was classi-fied SECRET for wellover a decade. One oftheir recommendationswas that organizationslike Disney should beused to help debunk the subject. BlueBook Special Report No. 14 wascompleted in 1955 by the BattelleMemorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio,yet its name isnot in thereport. Neitherare the authors’names. A clearindication ofSecuritization isthe fact that thereport was notdistributed.However, apress release ofOctober 25, 1955, was given very widedistribution. It didn’t even give the titleof the report. Surely some reporterwould have asked about reports 1-13,all of which were classified. Here is adefinitive statement in the release by theSecretary of the Air Force, Donald A.Quarles: “On the basis of this study webelieve that no objects such as thosepopularly described as flying saucershave overflown the United States. I feelcertain that even the unknown threepercent could have been explained asconventional phenomena or illusions ifmore complete observational data hadbeen available.”TABLE 1. Categorization of UFO ReportsDesignation Number PercentageBalloon 450 14.0Astronimical 817 25.5Aircraft 642 20.1Miscellaneous 257 8.0Psychological 48 1.5ManifestationsInsufficient Information 298 9.3UNKNOWN 689 21.5TOTAL 3201 100.0Sovereignty and the UFO
17MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Note from Table 1 that the percent-age of UNKNOWNS was 21.5%, not3%, and that the cases listed as Insuffi-cient Information totaled another 9.3%and were not included in the UN-KNOWNS. In short the governmentlied. As far as I have been able to learnno journalists noted the misrepresenta-tion.All annual USAF end-of-year BlueBook statements after that weredeceptive with such tricks as excludingcases “still under evaluation” from thestatistics and automatically listingunexplainable one-witness cases asInsufficient Information no matter thecompetence of the observer.The Freedom of Information Acthas helped reveal clear evidence ofsecuritization. FBI director J. EdgarHoover told many people who inquiredabout the FBI findings on UFOs thatthey were not involved. Yet opticalphysicist, Dr. Bruce Maccabee obtainedmore than 1,500 pages of FBI UFOfiles (Ref. 7). The CIA claimed theironly role was with the Robertson Panel.Citizens Against UFO Secrecy managedto obtain about 800 pages of formerlyclassified (none above Secret) CIA UFOdocuments and a list of 79 UFOdocuments from other agencies. Thesecould not be released. Eighteen werefrom the National Security Agency. TheNSA was ordered by Federal CourtJudge Gerhard Gesell to do a full filesearch. They found a total of 239 UFOdocuments (160 from the NSA) butJudge Gesell ruled on November 16,1980, that none could be releasedbecause “The public interest in disclo-sure is far outweighed by the sensitivenature of the materials and the obviouseffect on national security their releasemay well entail.” The TOP SECRET +NSAAffidavit to the judge justifying thewithholding was 75% blacked out.About 16 years later the NSA releasedthe 160 TOP SECRET UMBRA UFOdocuments. Unfortunately all the pageswere completely whited out except forone or two lines because of supposedSources and Methods informationprotected by law. The NSA had in itssearch also found 23 TOP SECRETUFO documents from the CIA whichsupposedly hadn’t been found by theCIA in its search. It took me five yearsto obtain a few of these. Several pageswere entirely blacked out except foreight trivial words.Perhaps the best evidence forintensive government securitization isthe statement by USAF General CarrollBolender dated October 20, 1969. Hehad been asked to review Project BlueBook in light of the Condon Reportsrecommendation earlier that year that itbe cancelled. He had no previousconnection with the project. I verifiedwith him this shocking statement:“Moreover, reports of UFOs whichcould affect national security weremade in accordance with JANAP (JointArmy NavyAir Force Publication) 146or Air Force Manual 55-11 and are notpart of the Blue Book System.” Twoparagraphs later after noting that if BlueBook were closed, the public wouldhave no official place to which to reportUFO sightings: “However, as alreadynoted, reports of UFOs which couldaffect national security would continueto be handled through the standard AirForce procedures designed for thispurpose.” Note that obviously flightsover military bases where nuclearweapons were stored would be consid-ered a national security problem.Furthermore, it is clear that the majorsophisticated systems available formonitoring flights of truly unidentifiedflying objects are those operated by theUS government such as the AerospaceDefense Command radar and variousspy satellites operated by such agenciesas the National Reconnaissance Office.Blue Book did not have a need to knowfor such data. The NRO’s very exist-ence was classified for many years. Itsannual black budget has been estimatedat 10-20 billion dollars. No governmentagency makes public reports of howmany sightings of “uncorrelatedtargets” they have obtained of objects inthe sky and what was done about them.Furthermore, as reported in “ShootThem Down” (Ref. 8), official ordershad been issued in 1952 to militaryinterceptor pilots to shoot down UFOsif they didn’t land when instructed todo so. An Air Force general admittedthat more than 300 had been scrambledafter UFOs. Strangely neither theWashington Post nor the New YorkTimes carried this information. As notedin Chapter 4 (“The CosmicWatergate”)of Reference 3, much more can be saidabout the official government cover upor securitization. For example, theofficial USAF information sheet sent toany who make inquiry is a masterpieceof misrepresentation. It took me fivepages as given in TOP SECRET/MAJIC(Ref. 2) to demonstrate all the misrep-resentation and clever propaganda.Finally, as the scientist who in 1978began the intensive civilian investigationof the so called Roswell Incident ofJuly 1947, I must strenuously protestthe notion that this was just a con-spiracy theory. There is a plethora offirst hand testimony from those in-volved at the time and from contempo-rary media coverage (well beyond thefront page of the Roswell Daily Recordso often displayed). Recollections ofRoswel” (Ref. 9) contains the filmedtestimony of 26 first hand witnesses,TABLE 2. Quality EvaluationAll Sightings Unknowns Insuf. Info.Rating # % # % # %Excellent 308 9.6 108 35.1 12 3.9Good 1070 33.4 282 26.4 33 3.1Doubtful 1298 40.5 203 15.6 150 11.6Poor 525 16.4 96 18.3 103 19.6TOTAL 3201 100.0 689 21.5 298 9.3%Continued on page 20
October 200818 MUFON UFO JournalFiler’s FilesFiler’s FilesFiler’s FilesFiler’s FilesFiler’s FilesBy George FilerDirector, MUFON Eastern RegionGeorge FilerChina — Path of the Dragons orLey LinesBecause of the Olympics thissummer, people are opening their eyes tothe wonders of China that include DragonPaths, sometimes called Ley Lines orenergy lines, that connect sacred placesand seem to be the ancient flight paths ofUFOs. Stone Age man throughout theworld built stone monoliths, pyramids,and giant mounds along the Dragon Pathsor Ley Lines.The Chinese apparently saw themaneuvering UFOs in ancient times overcertain places and called them the Pathsof the Dragons or Lung mei. In China,mounds like that at Silbury Hill in Englandwere erected upon the Paths of theDragons.Flat pyramid near Xi’an. Was it aUFO landing site? (Photo fromwww.unexplainedearth.com.)There are numerous pyramids andmausoleums around the city of Xi’an inNorthern China. The largest pyramid inthe region is that of Empress Wu, of theTang Dynasty. Empress Wu was the firstfemale leader of China and her tomb isexceedingly large, almost a full kilometer(3000 ft) tall.The UFOs apparently used these linesof energy for navigation or as a sourceof energy. In China the male energy iscalled Yang of the White Tiger who rulesover sharp rocks, steep mountains andhigh ridges. The Yin or female energy ofthe Blue Dragon rules lower hills and thegently rolling countryside. The ancientChinese believed that these Dragon Pathscovered the entire Earth. Mounds andstanding stones were erected to mark thePath of the Dragon. These straight linesseem to follow the UFO flight paths overlakes, mountains, oceans, above stonecircles, standing stones, and pyramids orhills.Over the centuries Chinese engineersbuilt their roads along the Dragon Paths,while the Romans built their own roadson top of the old straight tracks of theLey Lines they found in Europe and theMiddle East. Some 40,000 stonemonoliths mark the Ley Lines in Europe.That is one reason that so many of theold Roman roadways link together ancientstone monuments. These old pathwaysare dated from 10,000 to 4,000 BC.In China, hundreds of burial mounds,pyramids, and stone monuments wereerected to mark the Dragon Paths andmen were given the job of mapping outthe lines of the Dragon Paths. Evenbuildings and people’s homes weredesigned to take advantage of the favorableDragon energy, and to dissipate the badenergies. This practice is referred to asFeng Shui. The influence of these DragonPaths was considered so serious that anylandscape that was found to beinharmonious with the path of the Dragonwas respectfully altered. This sometimesmeant that mountain-tops were flattenedor sharpened.Most pyramids orhills had the topsflattened so thatUFOs could havelanded.Several ofthese Paths of theDragon convergein ShensiProvince innorthern Chinawhere hundredpyramids and mounds have beendiscovered that date back thousands ofyears.The inner chambers of pyramids andmegaliths are thought to act asaccumulators of the Dragon energy andstimulate healing of the mind and bodyand create spiritual awareness.In China the Dragon Paths practiceof Feng Shui by which the location andorientation of houses and tombs wasdetermined by Feng Shui experts,recognized that certain powerful currentsand lines of magnetism or Dragon Pathsrun invisibly through the landscape andover the whole surface of the earth. TheFeng Shui master employed a circularmagnetic compass, which was markedoff in rings containing data relating todirections and how a building should beerected. The harmony of Dragon energiesensured good fortune.The compass itself appears to be acopy of the discs flying in the sky. UFOsare known to give off magnetic energythat can be picked up by a compass. Acompass points north unless a UFO isnearby and causes deflection of theThe layout of a typical Feng Shui compass
19MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Continued on page 20pointer. Getting too close to the propulsionsystem of a UFO can be harmful tohumans. These factors plus the Earth’snatural magnetism likely led to thedevelopment of Feng Shui compass.Some of the Dragon Paths run underthe water from China to Japan and anunderwater city was discovered in 1997near Okinawa complete with roads and apyramid. It has been dated by researchersat Ryukyu University to have been athriving city around 10,000 BC. When yousee the flying Red Dragons of Chinaremember most Chinese believe thatextraterrestrial civilizations exist andflying dragons once roamed the skies.Arizona - UFO and the Hot AirBalloonMARICOPA – Dirk Vander Ploegwrites: I received this report from LarryBunker, a UFO Digest [reader] who stateson March 9, 2008, he was on his way towork at 9:01 AM, watching a hot airballoon through his sunroof and decidedto snap a few shots with his cell phone.He said, “I was on my way to work…stuck my hand through the sun roof ofthe car and fired saved and fired andsaved... put the phone camera away andlooked at them later to see I had [captured]more than what was visible to my nakedeye.” I have enlarged the object. It appearsto be definitely a solid object and highlycontrasted due to the position of the sun.The image was enhanced withAdobePhotoshop using the variations tool. Thereappears to have an energy fieldsurrounding the object. This is verycharacteristic of authentic unidentifiedflying objects (UFOs). Larry only saw thehot air balloon and was totally amazed tosee the unknown object in the photos.Thanks to Dirk Vander Ploeg atwww.ufodigest.comFlorida -TriangleFORT LAUDERDALE – At around10.15 pm on September 19, 2008, myneighbor was sitting on a chair outsidewhen a strange object passed over himgoing south about 1,500 feet west of theFort Lauderdale airport west of I-95crossing the landing and takeoff way. Itwas a triangular shaped object with whitelights underneath and no noise was heardfrom this thing heading for Miami. Wenever saw any plane [flying] north-south[before], always east-west or west-east.I include a drawing of it.At 1.30AM,I called TV Channel 7 News to see ifsomeone had reported something similarbut they said no. Thanks to MUFONCMS.Illinois - Notched Disc at O’HareTerminal in DaylightCHICAGO-O’HARE – While waitingin the lobby at AA Gate K-7 at ChicagoO’Hare Airport, my wife noticed a disc-shaped object hovering at an altitude ofseveral hundred feet outside the terminal’slarge glass windows to the WSW at 7:01pm, on August 4, 2008. She called myattention to it and several other peoplerushed to observe the estimated 30–40foot in diameter object as it wobbled butdeliberately moved to our left (NNE)between Concourse K and L toward themain body of Terminal 3. It took about60 seconds to enter and exit our field ofview.Its distinctive peripheral protrusions,like notches on a gear, were its primaryidentifying feature to me. It was dull gray(my wife noticed orange/rust) with anundulating movement. It traveled lowunder the cloud ceiling. We laughed andmoved closer to the windows and I toldmy wife to try for a phone camera shotbut she couldn’t manage it in time.Anotherlady asked “what in the world is such abig flying hubcap doing out there.” Otherslooked and turned their heads in disbelief.Prior to the sighting there was verylittle aircraft activity in this wing ofO’Hare. There was a burst of aircraftactivity after the object departed and alarge storm moved in at 7:30 pm. Anaircraft appeared to be disabled during the7:00–8:00 pm period. Tornado warningsand high winds followed and passengerstook shelter in the tunnels of O’Hare. Wefinally departed on AA 1058 to Orlandofrom Gate K-15 at about midnight. I ama 61-year-old geologist with 30 years ofinternational experience, an amateurastronomer, and IUFOC attendee formany years. Thanks to Peter DavenportDirector http://www.ufocenter.com/New Jersey - Shooting StarUNION BEACH – I was hanging outwith my friend last night when I saw thisshooting star. I didn’t know what it wasthen all of a sudden it changed directionand blasted off some where else. I noticedthe object because it was a bright starkind of thing and it was moving very fast.Then it made a 90 degree turn and wasgone. It was moving fast across the skyand then made a quick turn, the fastestturn I ever saw. When I saw it said, Ohmy god, then I realized it was a ufo. Ilost sight of it because it zoomed off.Thanks to MUFON CMS.New Jersey – Lost Time EventFORT DIX – I was 14 years old in1967, I was riding with my Mom, littlebrother and sister in our 1967 Oldsmobileconvertible on the way to the Jersey shorein Beach Heaven which was a few hoursdrive from our Trenton home. In a barrenstretch of road in the Pinelands we all sawan enormous object, so large I could notsee the ends, I saw just the belly of the
October 200820 MUFON UFO JournalNote: These Filer’s Files reports arepresented in order to keep readers informedof some of the vast number of sightings be-ing reported. However, these cases havenot been officially investigated, unlessnoted.This month’s Filer’s Files include ex-cerpts from File #33, August 13, 2008 andFile #39, September 24, 2008.Filer’s Files is copyrighted 2008 byGeorge A. Filer, all rights reserved. Sendyour letters to firstname.lastname@example.orgFiler’s FilesContinued from page 19many now deceased. These includeMajor Jesse Marcel, the IntelligenceOfficer for the most elite militaryorganization in the world in 1947, the509thComposite Bomb Group, based inRoswell. They dropped the atomicbombs on Japan in 1945 and two morein the Pacific in 1946. Another veryimportant witness was retired generalThomas Jefferson DuBose, Chief ofStaff in July 1947 to Brigadier GeneralRoger Ramey, head of the 8thAir Forcewhich included the 509th. He testifiedto taking a phone call from GeneralRamey’s Commander, GeneralClements McMullen, in Washington,DC, telling him, after the famous pressrelease hit the media, to get the pressoff their back [“I don’t care how youdo it] send some of the wreckage toWashington with one of your colonelcouriers, today, and never talk aboutthis again, not even with Roger Ramey.That is an order. Do I need to put it inwriting?” “No, sir.” There is a gooddeal more about Roswell in Crash atCorona: The Definitive Study of theRoswell Incident (Ref.10) and in anupdate chapter of Ref. 3.There is a huge amount of materialon which to base other papers andother PhD theses.Stanton T. Friedmanfsphys@rogers.comwww.stantonfriedman.comReferences1. Wendt, Alexander and Raymond Duvall.“Sovereignty and the UFO,” PoliticalTheory. August 2008. 36:4, pp. 607-633.2. Friedman, Stanton T. TOP SECRET/MAJIC. 2ndEdition 2005. Marlowe andCo., New York. 296 pp. $17.25 fromUFORI, POB 958, Houlton, ME 04730-09583. Friedman, Stanton T. Flying Saucersand Science. 2008. New Page Books,Franklin Lakes, NJ. 320 pp. $19.00 fromUFORI.4. Project Blue Book Special Report No.14, October 1955, 250 pp. $25 fromUFORI (8.5x11)5. Symposium on UFOs, House Committeeon Science and Astronautics, July 29,1968, 246 pages. Testimony from 12scientists. http://www.ufoevidence.org/topics/governmentstudies.htm6. McDonald, James E. “CongressionalTestimony (1969).” 71 pp. $10 postpaidfrom UFORI.7. Maccabee, Bruce. UFO/FBI Connec-tion: The Secret History of the Govern-ment Coverup 2000. Llewellyn Publica-tions, Woodbury, MN. 216 pp.8. Feschino, Frank Jr. Shoot Them Down.2007. 395 pp. $30 from UFORI.9. Recollections of Roswell. 1990. DVD151 minutes. First hand testimony from27 Roswell witnesses. $20.00 fromUFORI.10. Berliner, Donald and Stanton T.Friedman. Crash at Corona: TheDefinitive Study of the RoswellIncident. 2ndEdition 2005. CosimoBooks, New York. $15.50 from UFORI.Friedman: Sovereignty and UFOsContinued from page 17craft. Mom pulled over to watch a deadsilent object float barely above tree leveland it did not make a sound. We huddledtogether. The crickets stopped whistling.One of the craft’s lights focused on usand it stopped directly above us. Iremember how it lit my mom’s skin, anunusual light not like florescent orincandescent or neon but more liketoday’s LEDs except a thousand timesmore intense. As fast as it came it wasgone, with smaller crafts zipping aroundit, as we continued to the shore anexcessive amount of military truckspassed us. We were right outside of FortDix military base. What struck me wasinstead of the soldiers looking at us or atground level they all looked up. We knewit was about what we saw.This was before everyone had cellularphones and when we got to the shorehouse mom called dad who was still inTrenton. She told him what we had seenand then came our realization of the timegap. Over six hours had passed and wecan account for only ninety minutes,that’s the normal drive time. My dadinstructed us not to say anything toanybody and the secret was kept until2000.I was living in California and mybrother called me home to New Jersey tohelp care for our dying mother. I askedher if she remembered and she did, everylittle detail exactly as I did, so did mybrother and sister. My mother seemedrelieved to retell the story, but she askedme something strange, “Did they hurtyou?” We all noticed that we all have thesame scoop mark on our legs, and a patchwhere no hair grows on the other. I hadmedical problems and the doctor noticedscars in my organs from previoussurgeries. Not odd except for the fact thatI never had any surgery. The blue lightappeared in my life several times over theyears, once on the NJ turnpike withfireballs, once in my Hollywood homewith a flickering man and witnessed bymy partner, and again camping in remotewoods. I figured it to be Saint Elmo’s fireuntil I realized it occurred too many timesfor me to witness that rare light so often.Today I am frail and sick withcomplications that cannot be diagnosed.I believe my conditions to be related tothat event. Thanks to MUFON CMS.
21MUFON UFO JournalOctober 2008Field Investigator’s Corner: CMS RankingsMUFON Field Investigators ManualNEW!! Version 5.0The official Mutual UFO Networkguidelines for in-depthUFO investigationMember:$45.00Non-Member:$55.00Shipping and handling is additional.Order online at: www.mufon.com/invmanual.htmRank State Director Weighted Assigned CompletedRank (50/50)By Chuck ReeverMUFON Director of InvestigationsHere is September’s CMS RankingReport for all State Directors. Con-gratulations to Richard E. Moss(Minnesota), Lorna Hunter (SouthDakota), John Ventre (West Vir-ginia), Jim King (Iowa), Tracey C.Smith (Kansas), and Donald R.Burleson (New Mexico) for being at100%! The top 10 State Directors arehighlighted.The report is based on our twomeasures of UFO Investigationeffectiveness: assigning reports within72 hours of receipt, and completing allinvestigations within 90 days of beingassigned.The “Assigned” column is a six-month running average of the numberof cases assigned within 72 hoursdivided by the total number of casesreceived in that six month period. The“Completed” column is the number ofcases completed beginning sixty-two(62) days back and going back sixmonths from there (for a total of eightmonths back) divided by the totalnumber of cases reported in the sameperiod. The “Weighted Rank” is justthe average of the two columnsexpressed as a percent.State Directors can improve theirscores by being sure to assign allcases within 72 hours, and to follow upwith their Field Investigators to ensureall reports are completed within 90days. To be considered complete, areport must have been investigatedand placed in one of the three com-pleted status codes (Unknown, Hoaxor IFO) by the State Director.If you have any questions or needhelp with your investigations pleasecontact me, Chuck Reever, at 530-414-4341 or 530-582-8339 or via e-mail at email@example.com .1 Minnesota Richard D. Moss 100 % 28/28 28/282 South Dakota Lorna Hunter 100 % 2/2 2/23 West Virginia John Ventre 100 % 21/21 20/204 Iowa Jim King 100 % 13/13 29/295 Kansas Tracey C. Smith 100 % 16/16 21/216 New Mexico Donald R. Burleson 100 % 35/35 49/497 Florida Bland Pugh 99 % 118/119 153/1538 Texas Kenneth E. Cherry 98 % 214/219 389/3919 South Carolina Cheryl Ann Gilmore 98 % 25/25 29/3010 California Ruben J. Uriarte 98 % 88/90 117/11811 Pennsylvania John Ventre 97 % 146/147 98/10212 Georgia Walter Sheets 93 % 27/28 32/3513 Indiana Jerry L. Sievers 93 % 124/125 97/11114 Colorado Leslie H. Varnicle 89 % 77/78 77/9515 Illinois Samuel Maranto 86 % 89/97 58/7116 Utah Elaine Douglass 86 % 14/14 13/1817 California Georgeanne Cifarelli 86 % 143/146 169/22318 Michigan William J. Konkolesky 80 % 61/86 66/7419 New Jersey George A. Filer, III 79 % 19/27 37/4220 Washington Marilyn Childs 79 % 39/54 52/6021 Arizona George C. Parks 77 % 54/81 65/7322 Louisiana Michael D. Sandras 76 % 15/15 12/2323 Massachusetts Greg S. Berghorn 73 % 24/48 56/5824 Kentucky Earle T. Benezet 72 % 22/24 16/3025 Ohio William Jones 68 % 48/58 37/6826 Oklahoma Charles L. Pine 65 % 6/17 25/2627 Nebraska John C. Kasher 60 % 5/11 9/1228 New York James G. Bouck, Jr. 51 % 72/79 10/8729 Oregon Thomas Bowden 50 % 33/61 30/6330 New Hampshire Peter R. Geremia 43 % 3/7 4/931 Tennessee Eddie Middleton 43 % 4/24 26/3732 North Carolina George E. Lund, III 42 % 12/36 30/5933 Wyoming Richard Beckwith 42 % 4/7 2/734 Wisconsin Timothy G. Whiteagle 41 % 20/31 6/3335 Arkansas Norman D. Walker 30 % 6/12 2/1936 Nevada Mark Easter 29 % 3/44 26/4937 Maryland Sheila Smith 27 % 3/32 15/3338 Connecticut Erik Kubik 27 % 13/26 1/2139 Alabama Roy E. Patterson, Jr. 25 % 0/14 6/1240 Missouri Bruce A. Widaman 16 % 11/35 1/4341 Hawaii Puuloa M. Teves 7 % 1/7 0/942 Maine John Selman 5 % 1/10 0/1943 Virginia Susan L. Swiatek 0 % 0/29 0/3244 Rhode Island Richard Lynch 0 % 0/5 0/845 North Dakota Kurt Pfleger 0 % 0/4 0/546 Delaware Ralph P. Flegal 0 % 0/1 0/0
October 200822 MUFON UFO JournalDirector’s Messagecontinued from page 2November Night SkyContinued from page 24Other Celestial PhenomenaDaylight Saving: Daylight SavingTime Ends on November 2ndunder thenew standard adopted in most AmericanStates and most Canadian provinces.Meteor ShowersSouth Taurids: The South Tauridswill peak on November 4th-7th. This isa minor meteor shower which will befurther weakened by the presence ofthe full Moon.North Taurids: The North Tauridswill peak on November 12th. The NorthTaurids are also a minor meteor showerwhich will also be diminished by thepresence of the nearly full Moon.Leonids: Peaking on November 17th(Friday).The Leonids meteor shower isprobably the most famous meteorshower of all after the high hourly ratesof a few years ago. This shower is theresult of the Earth’s passage throughthe dust and debris left by the comet55P/Tempel-Tuttle. Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle returns to the inner solar systemevery 33 years. Each time it passesthrough our part of the solar system, itleaves a trail of dust along its path.These small grains of dust become thebright and beautiful meteors in ourskies. In 2006 the Leonids will certainlynot be at meteor storm levels, but thereis a reasonably good chance we’ll seesomewhat higher than average hourlyrates, as many as 150 per hour, due tothe Earth’s passage through a duststream left duringComet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle’s1932 passagethrough the innerSolar System.Unfortunately theMoon will interferewith observationthis year.Planets and Bright StarsConjunction of the Moon, Mercury,Venus, Antares, Mars and JupiterConjunctions and OccultationsNovember 1st: Venus 3 degreesnorth of the Moon.November 3rd: Jupiter 1.9 degreesnorth of the Moon.November 21st: Saturn 6 degreesnorth of the Moon.Interested in the UFO Phenomenon?Chat with Others Live!www.ufoforum.orgManual. Please contact MUFON HQ firstname.lastname@example.org for a copy of the newexam. Sharon and David will alsoassume responsibility for grading thecompleted Field Investigator exams.MUFON’s 40thAnniversary andSymposiumThe year 2009 will mark the 40thanniversary of the founding of MUFONand will also be the occasion ofMUFON 40thAnnual International UFOSymposium. Whereas we had originallyannounced that the Symposium wouldbe held in Chicago in 2009, theMUFON Board of Directors hasdecided to hold the Symposium inDenver instead. The Symposium will beheld August 6–9, 2009 at the DenverTech Center Marriott hotel. You shouldmake your travel plans in advance forthis very special occasion. More detailson the 40thAnniversary Celebration atthe Symposium will be forthcoming inthe Journal and on the MUFON website.Position AnnouncementsDavid MacDonald is the new FieldInvestigator Exam CoordinatorAssistant State DirectorsDavid MacDonald is the newAssistant State Director for the state ofKentucky.Chief InvestigatorsMax Mitchell is the new ChiefInvestigator for the state of Tennessee.State Section DirectorsFloyd Krebs is the new SectionDirector for Covington and NorthernKentucky.New Field InvestigatorsRobert Upson of Royal PalmBeach, Florida; John Jenner ofSpringfield, Illinois; Leah Jenner ofSpringfield, Illinois; Terri White ofPalmserston North, New Zealand;Jorge Santana of San Antonio, Texas;Robert Plute of Port Angeles, Wash-ington; Gary Christianson ofSammamish, Washington.