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    Mufon ufo journal   1993 8. august Mufon ufo journal 1993 8. august Document Transcript

    • M U T U A L U F O N E T W O R KUFQJQURNALAUGUST 1993 ^ Miiiuimrn an* t?NUMBER 304 $3PROJECT ARGUS REPORT
    • M U F O N U F O J O U R N A LO F F I C I A L P U B L I C A T I O N OF THE MUTUAL UFO NETWORK S I N C E 1967AUGUST 1993oNUMBER 304CIRCLES CIRCUMSPECT?PROJECT ARGUS REPORTLUMINOSITY REPORTSANOMALOUS BLISTERSBRITISH 8. CANADIAN CROP CIRCLE LAYSAREA 51 ENCOUNTERDennis StacyMichael ChorostRalph NoyesCassandra McDonough 8Chad Deetken 9William Hamilton 14LETTERSABDUCTION RESEARCH NOTESNEWS &. VIEWSREADERS CLASSIFIEDSTHE SEPTEMBER NIGHT SKYCONFERENCE CALENDARJohn CarpenterWalter N. Webb171820212222THE DIRECTORS MESSAGE Walter AndrusCOVER — Electron scanning microphotography by CassandraMcDonough24MUFON UFO JOURNAL(USPS 002-970)(ISSN 0270-6822)103OldtowneRd.Seguin, TX 78155-4099Tel: (210) 379-9216FAX (210) 372-9439EDITORDennis StacyASSOCIATE EDITORWalter H. Andrus, Jr.COLUMNISTSWalter N. WebbJohn S. CarpenterART DIRECTORVince JohnsonCopyright 1993 by the Mutual UFO Network. All Rights Resen>ed.No part of this document maif Iv reproduced, in any form without the written permission ofthe Copyright Owners. Permission if herein/ granted to quote up to 200 words of any one arti-cle, provided the author is credited, and the statement. "Copyright 1993 by the Mutual UFONetwork. 103 Oldtowne Rd.. Seguin. Tews 7S155," is included.The contents of the MUFON UFO Journal are determined by the editors and do not necessari-li reflect the official position of the Mutual UFO Network. Opinions expressed are solely thoseof the individual authors.The Mutual UFO Network. Inc is exempt from Federal Income Tin under Section 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Reicnue Code. MUFON is a publicly supported orgiiniziition of the typedescribed in Section 509 (a) (21 Donors mai deduct contributions from their Federal IncomeTa. Bequests, legacies, devises, transfers or gifts are also deductible for estate and gift purposes,provided they meet the applicable provisions of Sections 2055, 2106 and 2522 of the InternalRevenue CodeThe MUFON UFO loumal is published monthly by the Mutual UFO Network, Inc.. Seguin,Tews. Membership/Subscription rates: $25 per year in the LI.S A.: $30 foreign in U.S. funds.Second classpostage paid at Seguin, TX.POSTMASTER: Send form 3579 to advise change of address to: MUFON, 103 OldtowneRd., Seguin, TX 7S155-4099.
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALC rop Circles continue to confuse and confound, although students of thesubject now seem sharply divided into two diametrically opposed camps.In the first are those who believe the phenomenon is a human one, in otherwords, that virtually all of the circles, but especially those plaguing southernEngland in recent years, are the product of human hoaxers. There is still somesupport in this camp for Terence Meadens "plasma-vortex hypothesis," but itseems to be slowly slipping. The second camp holds no clearly formulatedtheory of its own, it merely violently rejects the hoax and whirlwind explana-tion of events.CROP CIRCLES: SUSPECTOR MERELY CIRCUMSPECT?Indeed, the latters own "explanations" are oftencouched in such vague terms as to be essentially mean-ingless. Here is a recent typical example, taken from aslick brochure advertising a forthcoming conferenceand guided tour of the circles: "In spite of the contro-versy, one thing cannot be denied—when confrontedwith these overwhelmingly large symbols, one feels asense of awe, and the knowledge that we are not alone.There is some extraordinary mystery behind the crop cir-cles, and whenever the source is truly recognized, itwill be something of earth-shaking consequence...Youwill be able to walk into the fields and step into thesecircles, to experience the thrilling vortex of energy thatcreated them. This energy is particularly strong in thenewly created Crop Circles."Needless to say, the "thrilling vortex" the organizershave in mind is not the same one Meaden and his bandof merry meteorologists—or the hoaxers-only theo-rists—have in theirs. Cereology as such is not wholly toblame for the current confusion, but certainly it has toshoulder its share of the blame. For the most part—which is the better part of a decade—it has been long onspeculation and short on science. And much of its "sci-ence" has been suspect to say the least, the most glaringexample being been the "crystallized energy patterns"turned up by an English homeopathic laboratory andsummarily publicized in Crop Circles: The LatestEvidence, by Pat Delgado and Colin Andrews, the fol-low-up to their international bestseller, CircularEvidence.The best the second camp can do is to say that theCircles are so fundamentally strange and unique that a"higher intelligence" of some sort must of necessity beinvolved, though the nature of that intelligence remainsstudiously undefined. Suffice it to say, again, that theparanormalists arent talking human intelligence here.The mere assumption of intelligent behavior, however,sets off its own inevitable chain of speculation. If theCircles are intelligently created, then the shapes thusformed must be an attempt at communication, i.e., thesymbols themselves must represent some sort of lan-guage. Consequently, the Circlemakers must be trying totell us something, but what?And here agreement breaks down. As it turns out, onepersons guess is as good, better or worse than anothers.The Circles have been interpreted as both signs of doomand prophecies of promise, as the earth goddess Gaiacrying her heart out, as warnings against pollution andother human evils, as both harbingers of coming cosmicchanges and as heralds of the end of the world. Theyvebeen dowsed, plumbed, channeled and psychedelicized,not to mention associated with everything from ancientley lines and stone henges/circles, to UFOs, WilhelmReichs orgone energy, poltergeists and mysterious ani-mal mutilations. Depending on who you talk to, theirresidual "energy" can either heal the sick or make lamethe healthy. Even Star Wars and the hapless Hopi Indianshave been hauled into the Crop Circle debate at onetime or another.From my own now slightly jaundiced viewpoint, Ican only say this with any approximation of certainty:Everyone cant possibly be right. What we need is lessspeculation, not more. To that end we are reprintingseveral excerpts from the just released Report on theResults of Project Argus, edited by Michael Chorost.Partly funded by MUFON, Argus represents one of themost ambitious scientific undertakings yet in terms ofoverall Crop Circle phenomenology.Its findings — some of which are only provisional atbest — will be strenuously debated in the months andyears to come. The key concept to keep in mind, how-ever, is this: Argus found no obvious "smoking gun" thatwould definitively separate the wheat from the chaff. Itdid turn up an interesting avenue or two deserving of fu-ture research. We hope these will be pursued. We alsohope, in the meantime, that they wont be blown out ofall proportion by the paranormal camp.— Dennis StacyAUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PACE 3
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALPROJECT ARGUSREPORTNo smoking gun yet, but hints of microscopic & magnetic anomalies keep the crop circle wheel turningBy Michael ChorostIn the summer of 1992, Project Argus investigatedone of the most remarkable mysteries of the century,the sudden and baffling appearance of hundreds ofhuge, magnificent shapes — dubbed "crop circles" — inthe fields of England each summer. Made of grain flat-tened methodically to the ground in intricate patterns,they were a form of landscape art which quickly at-tracted worldwide attention. But the "artist" was un-known. Where did they come from? What agent orforce routinely generated them overnight? Could they beproducts of something other than human activity? Itseemed appropriate to seek to answer such questionswith the instruments and methods of science.Project Argus was preceded by at least three attemptsto study the phenomenon with scientific instruments.There were the "White Crow" and "Blackbird" surveil-lance watches organized by Colin Andrews and PatDelgado in 1989 and 1990, which used night-visionvideo cameras and human observers in an effort to cap-ture the formation of a crop circle on film. And therewas Project "Blue Hill," mountedby Terence Meaden in1991 in conjunction with Japanese universitiesto detectevidence of "plasma vortices" (Meadens proposed nat-urally occurring causative mechanism) by radar. Thegoal of all three was to record a crop circle event at themoment of formation. None succeeded as their orga-nizers had hoped, although all came up with a smallamount of equivocal data which could be interpreted as"hints" that a non-hoaxed phenomenon had been ob-served.Project Argus had the different objective of making aminute and extensive study of the soil and crops after anevent had occurred. Without requiring prior assump-tions about the agent which might be at work, it made asustained and well-instrumented investigationof a largenumber of events, undeterred by the probability thatsome would be hoaxes (and, indeed, sampling fromknown and suspected hoaxes for comparison). It drewtogether a number of physicists, biologists, and engi-neers, several of whom were prepared to accept thatwe might merely be witnessing the traces of human ac-tivity and/or "blind" natural forces, but whom wereready to lend their expertise for no more than the cost oftravel and accommodation.Briefly stated, the projects goal was to learn if somecrop circles exhibited physical effects which would bedifficult, if not impossible, to generate by casualhumanactivity. Indications that there might be such effects inthe form of short-lived radioactive residues in the soiland significantchanges to the crops had turned up late in1991, thanks largely to the dedicated work of MarshallDudley and Dr. W.C. Levengood. Slenderly basedthough these indications were, it was a scientific im-perative to follow them up on as large a scale as could bemanaged, using better equipment and a more exhaustivemethodology.P roject Argus was a joint effort initiated mainly bytwo organizations, the North American Circle(NAC) and the Centre for Crop Circle Studies (CCCS.)The CCCS was established in 1990 in England withthe aim of encouraging orderly scientificinvestigation.The NAC was established a year later in the UnitedStates, with the same goal. By the end of 1991, it wasbecoming clear that the two organizations had, betweenthem, accumulated enough scientific expertise to de-sign and carry out a joint research project. The CCCSgave the project £2,000 as seed money and committed it-self to logistical support, and a fundraising drive by theNAC brought the total funding to over $34,000 by May1992. Significant contributions were made in particularby the Robert Bigelow Holding Corporation, the Fundfor UFO Research and MUFON. Logistical needs suchas housing and ground transportation were quicklyarranged, and the project formally began its fieldwork inEngland on July 9th, 1992.Project Arguss array of experimental instrumentsand methods was as follows:• Electron microscopy to examine plant cell walls forevidence of unusual physical stresses or heat-relateddamage.• Gamma spectroscopy to examine soil for short-lived radioactive isotopes.• Gel electrophoresis to examine plant DNA for ev-idence of denaturation.• Fluxgate magnetometry to assess magnetic varia-tions in soil.• Studies of plant cell tissue to assess the effects ofthe flattening force on the plants.• Seed germinatioll trials to test growth rates ofseeds harvested within crop formations.• A scintillationcounter and geiger counter to detectabnormally high levels of ambient radiation.• Various electromagneticfielddetectors.• Visual analysis of "crop lays" for comparison ofcrop circles in different nations.• Recording of daily rainfall to correlate formationdates with weather conditions.PAGE 4 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALNo smoking gun that would absolutely rule outhuman Involvement was found, but Irregularitieswere discovered that are definitely worth pursuing.• Recordkeeping of reports of unidentified luminousaerial phenomena.• Support of surveillance and surveying operations.• Recordkeeping of dates and locations of forma-tions.The first six of these objectives were accomplishedwith instruments situated in laboratories in the U.S. andU.K., using samples collected and processed by theProject Argus team. The rest were performed on-site byteam members using the appropriate equipment.SUMMARY OF FINDINGSProject Argus has not, at this writing, found the "smok-ing gun" clearly showing that some crop circles are notthe product of human activity. But it has ruled out sev-eral previously held hypotheses and, potentially moreimportantly, discovered some apparent regularities whichseem well worth following up. What it has found are thefollowing (each is discussed in greater detail in the 115-page Report on the Results of Project Argus: AnInstrumented Study of the Physical Materials of CropCircles, edited by Michael Chorost, and available fromNorth American Circle (NAC):A. A greater incidence of microscopic "blisters" onplants inside crop circles than in controls outside them.It is not yet clear whether this is due to the fact that theplants inside the formation experienced a differentregime of temperature and humidity than the controls, orto some more exotic cause (e.g. a "genuine" phenome-non). A number of unusual molds and types of cellulardamage were also detected.B. No evidence of anomalous radioactive traces in anyof the tested formations.C. No evidence of anomalous DNA degradation in anyof the tested formations.D. Results indicating that further testing with fluxgatemagnetometers may be productive, with due attentiongiven to potential sources of methodological error.Experiments appeared to show that soil within many ofthe formations tested had a higher degree of magneticflux intensity than the soil outside them. Notably, the oneknown hoax we were able to test did not show this ef-fect.E. The possibility that there are significant anomalies inplant cell tissues and seed germination rates relative tocontrols. Due to the complexity of living plant systems,and the methodological difficulties imposed by collect-ing samples under highly variable conditions, this re-search has progressed especially slowly.F. Hints that testing with electromagnetic detectors maybe productive. The ad hoc nature of the testing in 1992makes it necessary to undertake better testing in futureseasons.G. The continuing presence of complex crop lays informations in England and Canada. Formations in bothcountries exhibitedfeatures such as standing stalks, un-derlying lays, off-axis centers, and plant braiding.H. Rainfall data suggesting that some of the formationsin the immediate vicinity of Alton Barnes may havebeen made during or immediately after wet weather,which complicates the hoax theory.I. Several accounts of unidentified luminous events inthe low atmosphere resembling those which have beendescribed (occasionally with photographic collateral)in Dr. Terence Meadens Journal of Meteorology andJohn Macnishs video Crop Circle Communique.J. No success in photographic surveillance. A formationwhich was made within the theoretical range of thecamera went undetected, probably due to low light andan unfavorable camera-to-ground angle.K. The continuing existence of the phenomenon itself, inconsiderable numbers. George Wingfields databaselists 197 formations for Great Britain for the summer of1992 (published in Report as Appendix 11).W e thus have some potentially very interestingand significant data from our magnetic fluxscans and electron microscopy, and it is our hope thatoutside scientists competent in these areas will reviewour data and make comments.The absence of positive data in the other test regimesdoes not mean that the phenomenon must be a hoax. Asthe old adage goes, absence of evidence does not meanevidence of absence. It is entirely possible that we were,in those cases, looking for a real phenomenon in thewrong places. There were thousands of tests we couldhave run, but we could only select a few out of that hugeset. When facing the unknown, one must essentiallystart anywhere,since no prior research exists to indicatethe most productive paths. In (probably) ruling out ra-dioactivity and several other effects, the project did es-sential work which will save its successors considerabletime and expense.AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGES
    • MUFON UFO JOURNAL"LUMINOSITY"REPORTSBy Ralph NoyesProject Argus received a number of reports of uniden-tified luminous aerial phenomena:1. This story was told to us by one of the barmaids atthe Barge Inn, a pub at the south end of Alton Barnes.She related seeing an oddly moving, low-level red lightto the south of the pub late one evening about the week-end of July 11/12. It seemed to have been accosted by ahelicopter (thought to be military) and "shot off atgreat speed. On the following day police, visibly (andunusually) carrying arrest gear (truncheons, handcuffs)called at the pub and were said to have "been active" inthe neighbourhood.2. A "structured craft" was reported seen hoveringover a field to the west of Woodborough Hill, not farfrom Honey Street. This was told to us by StephenGreet and two women who were with him. The "craft"was said to have responded to flashed beams of light.The time and date told us by Greer was 0030 on themorning of Monday, July 27th. This event has been re-ported in detail by Chris Mansell in The Circular, vol. 3,no. 3 (October 1992), pp. 79. The Argus team subse-quently investigated a crop circle discovered in the im-mediate vicinity on July 30th (referred to in the labnotes as the "Woodborough Hill" or "Carson FarmCanal" formation.) Samples were collected for gammaspectroscopy (to be performed at Harwell), DNA analy-sis, magnetic susceptibility tests, seed germination tests,and tissue studies, etc. The DNA analysis and magneticsusceptibility tests were negative; the other test resultshave not yet come in.3. Stephen Greer also said that about an hour laterthere was another sighting of an (unstructured) "orangeglobe" to the south. When I suggested that this mighthave been an army flare (it was certainly seen above theskyline), the witness Sandra claimed that it "responded"to light signals when they flashed at it.4. We have a third-handstory that on the evening ofJuly 22nd, round about dusk, people standing onWoodborough Hill on what seems to have been the firstnight of Greers watch, saw a small, white object belowthe skyline in the direction of Milk Hill, roughly wherethe "Gods Telephone" event was reported the followingday on David Reads farm. In addition,the team leader(Michael Chorost) spoke to two policemen from thenearby town of Pewsey, who related having seen oddflashing lights immediately above the field, though theywere not sure of the exact date of their sighting. Theyfelt sure that it could not have been flashlights; onesuggested, tentatively, that the lights seemed to havebeen rotating.5. By far the best account of a luminosity is thatgiven by John and Julie Wakefield (no relation to GrantWakefield.) The two were members of the "Dreadlock"team who were controlling entry to the "Snail" forma-tion in East Field on the Carson farm. On the eveningofTuesday, July 28, they had driven their van towardPewsey and parked a little way round the corner atabout Ordnance Survey reference 130 623. They haddone so in order to find a quiet moment away from theother Dreadlocks to moke a tape-recorded letter to somefriends. The time was about 10:15 p.m. Rising from apatch of woodland towards the south (probably WilcotWithy Bed), they saw an orange globe, apparently self-luminous and well below the skyline. After a shortwhile this object ejected another, much smaller globe oforange light, which moved to the west and performed agyration before returning to the "parent" globe. Nosound was heard. The "parent" globe then winked out.Some minutes later, the same globe (or, conceivably, an-other one) was seen rising from Tawsmead Copse, fur-ther west and nearer to the road where John and Juliewere parked. This, too, sent out a smaller orange object.Three helicopters (presumed to be military) rapidly ap-peared from the south and converged on the object(s),which abruptly disappeared. This final event happenedaround 10:40 p.m.There are some associated events:A. On the following day, July 29th. the Argus teamwas told of the presence of two crop circle events onWest Stowell Farm, about 2 miles north of thepreviousnights sighting. It seems quite likely that they wereformed during the night of July 28/29th. The Argusteam collected soil samples on July 30th for radiationtesting and magnetic variance. The radiation tests werenegative. The magnetic variance tests results are not yetin. (The formation is referred to as the "Draycot FitzPayne I" formation in the lab notes.) Plant sampleswere collected by John and Julie Wakefield on the 29thand sent to labs for electron microscope examination ofthe tissues and DNA analysis. These revealed nothingout of the ordinary.B. Making enquires in the neighborhood of WestStowell Farm during July 29th, John and Julie weretold that there had been some disturbance among ani-mals at about the time of their sighting the previousevening. They were also given the unusual story that, atabout the time of the apparent intervention by the heli-copters, a closed-circuit intercom system (a "grannyalarm") in use at Draycot Manor Cottage (which lies be-tween the site of their sighting and the site of the cropcircle events) was heard by Mr. Kenneth Bryant — thePAGE 6 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNAL"granny watcher" that evening — to,utter the words,"Caution, police" or something similar.C. I made enquires myself in the neighborhood by adoor-to-door canvass on July 30th. I had three inde-pendent reports of a dog howling at Draycot Cottages atabout 11 p.m. on the evening of July 28th (butno reportsof other animal disturbance.) Mr. Kenneth Bryantsstory was given to me again by his wife, though she hadnot been present at the event herself.6. On another occasion, the night of July 22/23, Johnand Julie saw an orange globe low in the sky towards thewest. This was also seen by two other observers, Kevinand Kate, using a night sight (image intensifier). Thesighting lasted for about 5 minutes while the objectmoved slowly from south to north. Kevin and Kate re-port that it was, on occasion, below the skyline. Throughthe night sight a pulsating center, not visible to thenaked eye,could be detected within the much larger,hazy, orange "envelope." High in the sky at about thesame time Kevin and Kate also saw two small red lightsmoving in a manner which suggested they were notaircraft.7. Two members of the Project Argus team, SimonLyons and Michael Chorost, saw an aerial object which,if an airplane, was an unusual one.The following isChorosts description of it:We saw it on the night of August 17th-18th, at around1 a.m. on a calm, cool, cloudy night. The object traveledat about the same speed and appeared to be about thesame size as one would expect of a low-flying airplane.However, it made no sound. Visually,the object lookedlike a collection of brightly and irregularly flashinglights. I can perhaps best describe it by saying it lookedlike an airplane with too many running lights whichwere flashing too fast, and furthermore jumping aroundthe "body" of the object between sets of flashes. Each"set" of flashes (andthere were several sets of flashesgoing on simultaneously) appeared to start with one ortwo bright flashes, and then settle down into a steadystream of dimmer flashes before stopping. The fact thatseveral sets of flashes were always going on at onetime made the object appear to have a "syncopated"rhythm of flashing lights. There was no discernible pat-tern, though I would have said that there was a fastrhythm. I would guess that there were three or four setsof flashes going on at any given time. The flashes werewhite and yellow, which made it seem less likely thatthey were ordinary running lights. Weboth examined theobject through low-power binoculars, but could notgain any extra information on the objects shape. I hadthe fleeting impression that the lights could have beendimly illuminating some part of the objects surface at itsapparent "bottom."Through the night sight a pulsating center, not visi-ble to the naked eye, could be detected within themuch larger, hazy, orange "envelope."The object traveled in a straight line through the skyfrom west to east. Toward the east, it disappeared in abank of clouds before it reached the horizon. It wasvisible for about two minutes.Several members of the Argus team, including my-self, had seen a similar object several weeks earlier,during a nightwatch from the top of Woodborough Hill.It had taken the same trajectory and moved at the samespeed. It. too,made no sound. Busty Taylor, an experi-enced pilot, had been unable to identify the object.Both Simon and I had seen many airplanes, heli-copters, and satellites during our summer at AltonBarnes. What we saw did not appear to be any of thosethings.Ralph Noyes Is the Honourable Secretary of theCentre for Crop Circle Studies and was the Centresliaison with Project Argus. He Is also a past contrib-utor to these pages.UPDATEThe articles by Chorost, Noyes, McDonough andDeetken which appear in this issue have been reprintedfrom the Report on the Results of Project Argus: AnInstrumented Study of the Physical Materials of CropCircles, edited by Michael Chorost, of which theyrep-resent but a small portion. Ordering information for thecomplete 115-page report, partially funded by MUFON,can be found on page 13.While reports are sketchy as we go to press, its clearthat crop circles continue to appear in England thissummer, although, seemingly less concentrated in theAlton Barnes/Wiltshire area than they were last year.In other developments, Lord John Haddington, patronof the Centre for Crop Circle Studies, and GeorgeWingfield, formerly the Centres director of field in-vestigations and the editor of The Circular, have re-portedly purchased The Cerealogist, previously editedby John Michell. Presumably, Wingfield will take overas editor, beginning with the #10 (Harvest) issue.How many of the celebrated English circles are theproduct of human hoaxing remains a matter of somecontroversy, sure to be exacerbated by the publication ofJim Schabels Round in Circles (London, HamishHamilton), to be reviewed in a future issue of this jour-nal. The latter is part history, part confessional, asSchnabel admits to havinghoaxed several circle forma-tions on his own.AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 7
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALBlow-up of cover photographDiscussion of Anomalies: BlistersThe most dramatic of the structural effects is the formation of the blisters, the cause of whichmay be due to several conditions: 1) some unforeseen and unreported weathering effect that iscommon to wheat, 2) a systemic reaction by the plant tissues to being in a lodged position,3)the result of microbial action, or 4) a physical reaction to whatever forces formed the circle. Theorigin and/or cause of this force is unknown,and cannot be discerned from the data at hand.The fact that the blisters appear on some of the control samples does not preclude thepossibilitythat the forces which created the circle formation also created the blisters; the controls weregenerally taken 30 paces in all directions away from the formation, and thus could havebeen exposed to the force in a collateral manner, resulting in partial modification of theplant. By the same token, however, the presence of blisters on the controls forces the consid-eration that the blisters are a normal structural characteristic of wheat that has been heretoforeundocumented in the literature. Each possibility carries equal weight.The possibility that the blisters are produced by heat or electromagnetic radiation cannot beoverlooked, but neither can it be proven. There was no physical evidence of starch granule dam-age found in any of the samples and no carbonization present to indicate extremely hot tem-peratures in the environment. With no evidence to back it up, the heat theory is just another pos-sibility.It must be noted that, in some cases, storage carbohydrates in the form of starch granules arelocated inside the hypoderm cells, and at times these granules can press out against the cellwalls, creating the distinct impression of a rounded body in the pericarp. Although in the pic-tures displayed here, this situation is not an explanation for what is seen, the protrusion of starchgranules from the pericarp is common and should be considered when interpreting data of thiskind.— Cassandra McDonoughPAGES NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALCOMPARISON OF BRITISH& CANADIAN CROP CIRCLELAYSAs it turns out, crop circles arent the same world round in terms of complexity, numbers and other traits.By Chad DeetkenIn addition to the test conducted in the fields and labs,a comprehensive physical description of the forma-tions was needed. Unusual and complex featuresmay provide insight into the nature of the creative en-ergy. Because I had three years of experience investi-gating Canadian crop circles, I was chosen to undertakethese observations and compare features from bothcountries whenever relevant.Making my findings public gives rise to a dilemma.Positive results from electronic surveillance or lab-analysis would be difficult if not impossible for hu-mans to duplicate. However, by giving details of phys-ical anomalies, there was a chance that hoaxers couldmaster some of these features and use them to confuse ordiscredit researchers. In the end though, we decided tomake available all evidence which we believe to besignificant.In assessing the following information, it should benoted that my observations in both England and Canadawere made late in the season when plant growth had vir-tually ceased. This fact is important because, after acertain point in their growth stage, crops progressivelylose the capacity to recover (e.g. straighten up again) af-ter having been flattened. Early in the growing seasonthe plants are green, supple and still active, while late inthe season they have become dry, brittle, and unable torecover after being physically damaged.I have not found visual appearance to be a determin-ing factor of authenticity. However, I am inclined tobelieve that the more features a formation displays, thehigher the likelihood of it being genuine.GENERAL FEATURESPattern of LayFrom the perspective of overall appearance, there aretwo types of crop formations. The first is one in whichstalks are pressed so neatly and evenly to the groundthey look as though they have been groomed into place.This formation glistens and glimmers in the sunlight,dramatically emphasizing the pattern of lay. Others dis-play an unruly or untidy look. Stalks have partiallysprung up again or never properly went down in the firstplace. They do not flow perfectly parallel to each othernor do they lie at the same height which allows soil toshow through.Some factors that may account for this appearance arethe type and density of the crop, humidity at the time ofthe event and quality of soil. Uneven, insufficient or ex-cessive application of the energy involved in the circlemaking process may also dramatically affect appear-ance.A possible example of excessive energy occurred atAlvena, Saskatchewan in 1990. This 11 foot circle witha "doughnut" of standing crop in the center had charac-teristics which suggested chaos. The application of en-ergy seemed to have been so excessive that the stalkswere pressed abnormally flat to the ground, "accor-dioned" into lightning-bolt configurations, and woveninto one another so that no direction of swirl was dis-cernible (diagram 1).* The circle was distinctly darkerthan the surrounding field. Unfortunately, no lab facili-ties were available at the time to determine if the dark-ening was due to charring or fungal growth.Sequence of ConstructionIt would seem logical that the steps of construction,particularly in a large formation, should follow a ratio-nal sequence. Sequence can be determined by notingwhich stalks are on top of others at the points wherepaths, rings and circles intersect. For instance, in a for-mation involving numerous circles joined by paths, theprocess should begin at one end and finish at the other,or perhaps, start in the middle and work toward theends. Frequently, this is not the case.One is more likely to find the process starting at arandom point, skipping back and forth, adding a circlehere, a path there, a ring over there. Imagine an artistpainting a picture. Rather than executing the work in onecontinuing stroke, the artist will lift the brush numeroustimes, adding details here and there until the painting iscompleted. The order of construction may vary from for-mation to formation but the implications are of a se-quence, unlike one a person working on the groundwould choose to follow.Last years findingsby Chorost and Stanley Morcomthat "construction lines" under the lay do not follow a ra-tional sequence, support the above observations.Although I saw no signs of complex construction linesthis year in England, I did find many cases of paths ornarrow bands running under the circle lay. Some endedat the center of the circles while others stopped partway, often narrowing to a point. Construction lines inCanada are nonexistent because formations tend to befairly simple.* Due to space considerations, not all of the original ac-companying diagrams or photographs have been repro-duced here.AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 9
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALDiagram 2Standing StalksThis is a fairly common feature both in England andCanada but was especially prevalent in Albertan cir-cles in 1991. Instead of all stalks being pressed down,varying numbers of single stems are somehow unaf-fected by the circle making process and left standing.The number of standing stalks can range from just a fewto many hundreds. They are not set in any sort of apattern such as a spiral, or in certain areas of the circlebut are randomly dispersed throughout the formation.In a set of four 17 to 38 foot diameter circles atWarner, Alberta in 1991, many hundreds of standingstalks were found in each (diagram 2). Obviously, thegreater the number of individual standing stalks, theless distance between them. Anyone attempting to cre-ate this effect using an implement would have to use avery narrow one indeed since the stems in some forma-tions stand just inches apart.There is little chance that stalks knocked down thislate in the season could have stood up again. A stalk atharvest time is dry and brittle, its head heavy with seed.Once it goes down, the severity of the kink at the pointof bend in addition to the weight of its seeds, eliminatesany possibility that it could stand again, by whatevermeans.Stalks Bent Above Ground LevelClusters of stems or individual stalks are sometimesleft standing but are bent at heights ranging from severalinches to as much as a foot or more above ground.Often the bent portions point in a direction other thanthat of the swirl (diagram 3). This feature is commonlyfound in circles both in Canada and England.HumpsOccasionally one discovers an area where the lay ap-pears to flow over an object such as a rock or a clumpofsoil. However, on lifting or parting the stalks, nothingbut a pocket of air is found. More commonly found inEngland and more noticeable when the lay is thick.Diagram 3Standing Rows at Tram LinesWhere tram lines intersect crop formations, one oftensees a single row of standing stems along the edge of thetire tracks (diagram 5). It is not a factor in Canada sincethere are no tram lines.Ovoid and Off-Axis FormationsMost circles and rings are imperfect. That is, they appearas though they were drawn freehand, slightly out of roundor off center. Sometimes the imperfection is extreme.In Lethbridge, Alberta in 1991, one of three circles inan L- shaped formation was found to be extremely el-liptical. Althoughthe circle was otherwise well formed,it measured 13 feet in length but only 9 feet across.In Albertville, Saskatchewan in 1992, a ringed circlemeasuring 36 feet in diameter was only 2 inches out ofround. However, its axis was completely off center.From the swirl center to the outer perimeter of the ringmeasured 21 feet, while the distance from the samecenter in the opposite direction was only 15 feet.Another peculiarity was that the width of the ring was 27inches at the "heavy" side of the formation, but only 15inches at the "light" side. It was as if a round fluid objectspinning on its axis had become unbalanced, causing thebulk of the contents to go to one side (diagram 6).Gap SeekingWhen formations are intersected by trams or borderedby areas of wind damage, the flattened stalks from theformation will tend to enter the gap area. This phenom-enon was first noted by Delgado and Andrews in themid 1980s.One could imagine that the creating energy is like asphere of compressed air that moves in a straight line tomake a path or rotates to create a circle. As it passes overPAGE 10 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALDiagram 5a gap in the standing stalks, such as a tram, the com-pressed air has a tendency to escape into this avenue oflesser pressure, pulling some of the stems with it. Thisfeature is commonly seen in English crop circleswhereas in Canada it is limited to the occasional excep-tionally wide drill row.BandsMany circles display a band of stalks around theirperimeters distinct from the rest of the lay. The width ofthe band can be from a few inches to several feet andmay swirl in the same direction as the rest of the circleor contrary to it. Bands appear almost like a wreatharound the outside of a circle. While circle patternsmay range from radial to tight swirls, the stalks in a bandlie parallel to the circle perimeter. I have seen somebands on top of the circle lay while others are found un-derneath. (See photo next page.)The most recent formation in Albertville,Saskatchewan was a classic example of a band laying ontop. The circle was swirled counterclockwise with a 6"wide band in the same direction laid on top like awreath. At Draycot Fitz Payne n, the band ran in the op-posite direction. There was no overlapping of lay,thoughthere were areas of turmoil like that of opposing watercurrents occasionally swirling into each other.Bare Tram LinesNormally, when tractor trams intersect a formation,theyare covered by the fallen stalks of crop. However, Ihave seen a number of cases in which tram lines inter-secting a formation are not covered over by fallen stalks.Two good examples were at the Tawsmead Copse"Venus" formation and the Ogbourne St. George for-mation. To achieve this effect, the stems nearest theedge of the tramline, which normally would be layingacross, instead have gone down parallel to it. StalksDiagram 6progressively further away from the tram lie at increas-ing angles until they are again consistent with the rest ofthe lay.MultipleLayeringMultiple layering is a common phenomenon and variesin complexity from two to five or more layers. Simpleexamples are when a path flows over or under anotherfeature, creating two layers. Sometimes when liftingthe surface layer of stalks, one finds another layer run-ning in a different direction underneath.In more complex examples such as at Ogbourne St.George, I found as many as five different layers. Thesewere not like sheets, one on top of the other, but ratherindividual bunches of stems lying in different direc-tions, intertwined or interwoven with each other. Thebest way to describe this is to say it is much like theweaving of cloth. It is difficult to understand how this ef-fect could be achieved as a random natural act. A pre-viously mentioned example of individual stems, notbunches, woven in this manner was found at Alvena,Saskatchewan.Areas of "Turbulence"Another significantfeature is the occasional discovery ofareas of varying sizes which show varying amounts of"turbulence." In one such area at the Tawsmead Copse"Venus" formation it seemed as if something physicalhad interfered with the general flow of the wheat, muchlike a rock would alter the flow of a stream. The distur-bance appeared in a large area adjacent to a section ofwind damage and where the lay crossed a tram line. Inthe center of this area of turbulence was a thick pile ofwheat heads created by stems all falling toward onepoint so that the heads lay in a heap.AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 11
    • MUFON UFO JOURNAL;lff:«ltrffiW^lBanJJoiiml at Albertville.CAUSES FOR SUSPICIONA priority when arriving at a new formation is to ascer-tain whether one is the first to enter. Sometimesevidenceis found which casts doubt on the authenticity of a for-mation. While suspicious evidence does not rule outauthenticity, it reduces the inclination to invest a largeamount of time and energy on sampling and analysis.A case in point is the Draycot Fitz Payne II formationat West Stowell Farm. Upon arriving, we noticed a nar-row path through ten feet of standing crop between aroadway and a tram which one had to reach in order toaccess the field. Entering the formation, we noted thefeatures were not impressive.The lay was not flat to theground, giving it a messy appearance. In the center ofthe circle was a bare spot looking as though it had beenthoroughly walked on, although there were no dis-cernible footprints. Also, a thin ring of standing stalksseveral feet in from the edge of the circle looked asthough an implement had rolled around the perimeter,accidentally leaving this stripstanding.Most suspicious of all were splotches of mud on thesurface of the flattened plants in the key and around aportion of the circle. The soil was quite soft the night theevent occurred because of a steady rain. The splotcheswere spaced at regular intervals and indicative of leftfoot, right foot placement. It is conceivable these markswere made by an animal. More likely though,they wereleft by a person who either created the formation orwalked into it in the early morning. In any case, thecombination of these signs ruled out spending muchmore time here.FORMATIONS WITH SINGULAR PECULIARITIESThe "Phantom Tractor"One day we received a report of strange tractor turns inthe middle of a field near Milk Hill. After flying over itwith Busty Taylor, we decided it warranted closer ex-amination. What farmer, after all, would needlesslymake turns in the middle of his field, thereby causingunnecessary damage to his crop?Upon entering the field it became evident that thesewere not tractor turns at all but the circle makers imi-tating a tractor. The lay was perfect, the stems were notcrushed and we found no impressions of any kind in thesoil. Had a tractor been involved, tire imprints wouldhave been quite prominent in the soft soil. Also, thecurvature of the turns did not quite match those made byreal tractors at the end of fields. Here, when a tractormakes too wide a turn, the stalks are severely crushedand not pushed down in a neat pattern. Tire imprints areeasily noticed. This formation, which was only yardsaway from an earlier formation, was also closely exam-ined by Montague Keen and Ralph Noyes, among oth-ers. From his own farming experience, Keen stronglyendorses these comments, and could see no way inwhich the markings could be reconciled either with ra-tional farming procedure or the physical limitationsandfunctions of turning tractors.A Cleared "Black Line "at a Formation at WhitchurchIn a Celtic Cross formation at Whitchurch, I found a thindark linejust a few inches wide beginning at the edge ofthe formation and meandering across the entire length ofthe field. Closer examination showed that along thisline, most of the stalks had been severed at a 45 degreeangle.What made the line so visible is that the cut edges, thesevered portions and some stems left standing had turnedblack. Nearby stalks broken by animals or other causeshowever, had not blackened. Electron microscopy indi-cated the blackening was due to fungal growth, andthat the cuts were probably from animal teeth.The "FlattenedPorcupine" FormationAt the end of August, 1992 near the village ofMilestone, Saskatchewan, farmer Joseph Rennick dis-covered an irregular rectangular formation 22 by 63feet in his wheat field. It looked as though a round objectabout 22 feet in diameter had come down at an angleand skipped like a flat stone on water, leaving threePAGE 12 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFOJOURNALrough impressions. He had never seen a crop circle be-fore and suspected the cause to be wind damage. He be-came more intrigued when he noticed the affected areahad a counterclockwise swirl. Then, something evenstranger caught his eye.There, in the middle of the formation, lay a very flatand very dead porcupine. It bore no signs of wounds orphysical damage but had obviously been pressed downby a weight or powerful force. He estimated the animalhad lain there for at least 7 days but showed no sign ofdecomposition and did not smell.A mature porcupine weighs about 25 Ib. and stands atleast 12 inches tall. This one had been pressed threeinches thick, its legs extending out like an "x".Furthermore, a skid mark in the soil embedded withbroken quills showed the creature had been dragged byforce from the perimeter of the formation into the center.Its quills were oriented in the same direction as theswirled wheat.At the time of this discovery, the soil in the fieldwas soft and muddy but in the formation, it was so hardthat it was difficult to dig into the soil with a trowel. Itappeared that it had been dried out. The imprint of eachstem was clearly visible in the hard ground.Furthermore, the crops in the field were still slightlygreen and the seeds very full, yet in the formation thestalks were dry and brittle and the seeds shriveled likeraisins.Unfortunately, by the time Mr. Rennick notified me orthought of having an autopsy done on the porcupine, ithad decomposed too much to be of any value. However,plant, quill and soil samples are presently being analyzedin laboratories.One may wonder why after 10 years of not findingdead animals in crop formations, suddenly there areseveral cases (an incident in 1989 involvinga dead butnot flattened porcupine in a crop circle, not far from thecurrent case, has just come to light).The answer may liein the fact that the unfortunate victims are porcupines.Most animals, given the slightest warning of impendingdanger, will fly or scurry away. The porcupine, however,stays put, relying on its sharp quills for defense.The Severed CircleAt the time of this writing (Nov. 18, 1992), a new addi-tion to the original formation was discovered. This wasa horseshoe shape about 15 feet by 30 feet, and less than7 days old, placed adjacent to the original formation.In early November 1990 farmer Mike Shawaga ofAlvena, Saskatchewan reported to me that he had justdiscovered another circle near his house (diagram 13). Ihad been there two months before studying 5 eleven footcircles, each with a "donut" of standing crop in the cen-ter . This one had a new twist.It was the same size as the others, but instead of the"donut" center, it had standing crop which came to aDiagram 13wirt»a erfpoint like a cone. Also, instead of a chaotic woven lay. itwas neatly swirled.The odd thing about this circle was that it had "comedown" on a barbed wire fence which divided it into 1/3and 2/3 portions. The 1/3 section which should havebeen on the other side of the fence, had instead been sev-ered and reattached to the opposite side of the 2/3 por-tion. In addition, it must have "flipped over" because itsswirl was clockwise, compared to the counterclockwisedirection of the larger portion.Mr. Deetkens article has been reprinted with thekind permission of Michael Chorost, editor of the"Report on the Results of Project Argus: AnInstrumented Study of the Physical Materials of CropCircles." The complete 115-page, Illustrated,Indexed report is available from Chorost by writingNorth American Circle, P. O. Box 61144, Durham,NC, 27715-1144. The price In dollars for both theU.S. and Canada Is $11; add $2 for overseas surfacepostage or $5 for airmail. Make checks payable InU.S. dollars to "North American Circle."MUFON Amateur Radio Net8.0 meters—,3.978MHz — Saturday, 8 p.m.40 meters— 7.237 ;MHz— Saturday, 8 a.rn,20 meters — 14-264 Mnz — Thursday, 10 p.m.10 meters—28.470 MHz — Sunday, 3 p.m.Alternate if 10 meters is dead ] .20 meters— 14.264 MHz — Sunday, 3:15 p.m.All times Eastern Standard or Daylight : SAUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 13
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALAREA 51 ENCOUNTERTwo UFO researchers in search of "Old Faithful" find more than they bargained for!By William F. HamiltonThey call it the Ranch, Watertown, or Dream-land. It is part of a vast military reserve in cen-tral Nevada, where the countrys most advancedaircraft, including the U-2 and SR-71 spy planes, havebeen flight-tested, using the long runway at GroomLake. Since 1989 and the release of Robert Lazarsstory of back-engineered alien spacecraft at Area S-4,a few miles south of Groom Lake at the base of thePapoose Mountains, hundreds of visitors have come tothe Little AleInn in Rachel, Nevada, and what iscalled the Mailbox Road to look for the glowing lightsof UFOs that appear beyond the Jumbled Hills.Indeed, many witnesses claim to have seen classicUFOs and dozens of photos and videos support theirclaims.PRELUDE TO MISSING TIMEI met Pamela in 1991. She had several encounterswith alien life forms at her house near Rosamond,California, at the base of the Tehachapi Mountains.She remembers having an encounter in June 1990with a small cardboard-colored entity resembling aGray. This entity was wearing a form-fitting one-pieceblack suit. She was standing on the stairs of her sum-mer deck arguing with this entity in the early hours ofthe morning. It was neither her first or last encounter. Ihave detailed some of her experiences in the January1992 issue of this Journal.I have had one or two encounters of my own. Themost distinctive took place on May 8, 1981 inArizona. I remember three little white-skinned beingsappearing at the foot of my bed while I was in ahypnogogic state. When they departed suddenly, apungent odor of ozone permeated the air of the bed-room.I have been investigating abductions since 1976and am familiar with many types of experience withvarious entities. However, never did I dream thatPamela and I would experience missing time together!I am well aware that abduction reports have gener-ated a backlash from the public sector from authoritieslike Carl Sagan and Dr. Robert Baker. They wouldlike to dismiss these encounters as hypnopompic hal-lucinations or some other almost reasonable psycho-logical category in order to avoid dealing with thepossibility of physical events which carry much moreprofound implications. I am also aware of the fact thatwitness exposure to UFO material tends to "contami-nate" the individuals recounting of events and lessensthe value of witness testimony. In that case, one mayconsider that my testimony is super-contaminatedby abackground of 40 years researching this subject. Onthe other hand one might also consider that I have had40 years to observe, reflect on, and evaluate UFOexperiences. Bearing this in mind, then, here is ourstory.BRIGHT LIGHTS OVER THE DESERTPamela and I headed for Rachel, Nevada on Tuesday,March 16, 1993. After stopping in Las Vegas to pickup Ektar 1000 high-speed film for my camera fromthe Camera Center on Eastern, we headed north onhighway 93, also known as the Great Basin Highway.I estimated our arrival at the Little AleInn at around 6p.m. We actually arrived at around 5:45 p. m.While traveling on highway 93 we decided to snappictures of some of the scenery to use up the slowspeed film in my Chinon ZoomCam. Some of thehigher mountains around the Parahnagat Valley werecapped with white blankets of snow. Yellow flowerswere Spring-blooming along the roadside. We were ina good mood.We stopped at Mailbox Road near mile marker 29on highway 375 to snap additional pictures. The sur-rounding mountains had already hidden the sun for theday. A little further up the road just before mile mark-er 26 I noticed a large dirt pull-out. I was determinedto return to this pull-out later in the evening.We arrived at the Little AleInn and greeted Pat andJoe Travis. Pat recognized me instantly, and both ofthem were happy to see us since our last visit. Copiesof my book, Cosmic Top Secret, were stacked on theshelf and offered for sale. I picked up a new book,"Area 51" Viewers Guide, written by GlennCampbell, an itinerant computer programmer who hassettled in Rachel to study the strange stories of thisregion and map out the area. Later, we were intro-duced to Glenn, an affable young man. We were eagerto swap information, but food was also a priority. Weordered dinner and talked. I also booked a room in atrailer for the night so we could take an early morningtrip out to the viewing site and would not have todrive far to get some additional rest.We placed our suitcases in the trailer and leftRachel sometime after 7:45 that evening and headedeast on 375.1 decided to travel no faster than 50 mphas this was open range and cows still wandered ontothe road in the early evening. When we got to milemarker 17 up on Coyote Summit at about 8:13, wespotted a security vehicle, a large green Bronco,PAGE 14 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALparked off the other side of the road facing Rachel. Itsamber front lights were on. We continued slowly untilwe reached mile marker 26. Passing this, I started tolook for the dirt pull-out on the right and when I spot-ted it, pulled off the highway about fifteen to twentyfeet with my truck facing the skyglow of Las Vegasdue south.I switched off the lights of my pickup truck and assoon as my eyes adjusted to the darkness thatenveloped the Tikaboo Valley, I got out to look at thestars. Though it was partly cloudy, I could clearlymake out the Big Dipper, Orion, Sirius, the Pleiades,and Arcturus. I could also see the craggy outlines ofthe Jumbled Hills and the Groom Mountains againstthe faint skyglow. It wasnt as cold as I expected and Ionly wore a pull-over sweater. As soon as I saw thelights of a vehicle coming down Coyote Summit, I gotback in the truck. The first object I spotted in the skywas an aircraft with its positional lights and strobeblinking as it moved away from Groom Lake towardthe southeast. Nothing exciting there. Pamela com-mented that the vehicle from the west was gettingcloser and she wanted to see if it was the securityvehicle we had seen earlier at mile marker 17. We hadfirst spotted its lights coming down from the summitat about 8:21.When the vehicle passed us at 8:30, we were cer-tain it was the same one we had seen on the summit. Itwas now heading east on 375. I was looking at mywatch at 8:31 and asked Pamela how long she wantedto stay and skywatch since we wanted to return in theearly morning hours to see "OldFaithful." Glenn hadtold us that he thought that "OldFaithful" was just a737 from Las Vegass McCarran airport that ferried inworkers to Groom at the same time each morning, butwe wanted to come out and see for ourselves if thatwas the case or whether it was something else.We talked for about five minutes when we spotted alight about ten or fifteen degrees to the left of ourheading. We both had 10x50 Bushnell binoculars. Ilooked at the light through my binoculars and saw asmall, round white light above a small round amberlight. At this time, I speculated that we might be look-ing at a security vehicle that was anywhere from 3 to 6miles from our position, but I could not think of a roadthat was located where this light was emanating from.We talked for additional minutes. Pamela was relatingthis story about a healer who had come from Sedona,Arizona to find a man named "Jim" in Rachel. Jimwas Pat Traviss grandson and he had been in an acci-dent. We talked for another five or six minutes whenwe spotted another ground light to our right. I lookedat it through binoculars and it seemed to be on or nearthe Groom Road and casting a beam on the ground.We decided that I should keep an eye on the light onthe right while Pamela kept an eye on the originallight which now appeared to be below our line of sightWhen I looked back and raised my camera to snap apicture of this oncoming object, It had again trans-formed into two or three bright orbs and was quick-ly closing distance. I remember saying they werecoming to get us.and was casting a fan-shaped glow into the air.Wetalked another three to five minutes when Pamela said,"Something is happening. Look back at the firstlight."E vents started happening fast. The first light ap-peared to be an object the size of a bus withsquare light panels lifting off from the ground! Thepanels appeared to glow amber and blue-white. Theobject was tilting to the right. Then the lights rapidlyresolved into two glowing orbs or discs of brilliantblue-white light that steadily increased in brilliance.These lights became so bright they hurt my eyes andwere still getting more brilliant with time. I had to putdown my binoculars, but Pamela kept hers trained onthese baby suns as they started to move toward us. Myheart started to palpitate and my adrenaline was rush-ing as this lighted object appeared to be on a collisioncourse for my truck. These bright orbs were clearlyflying over the desert. The lights did not bounce overthe mounds of sand and sagebrush. I reached for mycamera behind the seat and felt it snag, so I divertedmy eyes to free it. Pamela said that at this point theorbs transformed again into a ring of multicoloredlights that moved in a "digital" counter-clockwise rev-olution around what now appeared to be a disc. WhenI looked back and raised my camera to snap a pictureof this oncoming object, it had again transformed intotwo or three bright orbs and was quickly closing dis-tance.I remember saying that they were coming to get usand Pamela asking why I was so scared. I had to snapa picture fast, so I snapped it before exiting the truck.The automatic flash went off with light bouncingagainst the windows, but I felt that the objects bright-ness could not fail to register on my Kodak Ektar 1000film.Then confusion reigned. As I finished snapping thepicture and exiting the truck at the same time asPamela, I had not removed my eyes from the orbswhich now appeared east of us as automobile head-lights traveling west on 375.That was clearly impos-sible! I had not seen these lights move from a southbearing to an east bearing and neither had Pamela.This car made a gentle whooshing sound as it passedby us, but made no motor sounds or tire sounds on thepavement. We watched its tail lights change in intensi-ty as it whisked away toward Coyote Summit. Thiswas no ordinary car. Pamela saw gold-speckled paintand white-walls on an older, long American car. IAUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 15
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALglanced at my watch. It was 9:15. No way! It shouldhave only been about 8:50 at the latest. What hap-pened?I was angry. I told Pamela that the vehicle we sawcould not possibly be driving across the desert to oursouth, then appear abruptly as if coming from the east.And a ring of lights does not transform itself into a carin normal reality. We discussed this all the way backto the Little AleInn. We went into the bar for a drink,talked with Pat for a few moments, then went to ourtrailer.I tried to get to sleep around 11:30 that night. At1:46 the next morning I awoke with a yelp. I haddreamed that a dark human-like form was examiningme and had hold of my left ankle. Pamela had alreadyawakened, asking how long we would be gone. Shesometimes talks in her sleep, but this time it also hadawakened her. I wanted to go back to the site eventhough it was a little too early for "Old Faithful." Weeventually went back to mile marker 26, arriving by3:30 the morning of March 17th (St. Patricks Day).We slept for awhile, then my watch alarm awoke meat 4:30 to start looking at the southern sky for "OldFaithful." At precisely 4:50, we spotted it. It was aglowing amber-gold light without strobes, rotatingbeacons or other conventional aircraft lighting. It wasin view for about five minutes and seemed to descendon Groom Lake. It did not appear to be a 737 or otherconventional aircraft, but it did not execute any extra-ordinary aerodynamic maneuvers.REGRESSION SESSIONSAfter more rest back at the trailer, we left Rachelaround 12:30 in the afternoon and returned to LasVegas to find a room. We checked in at a Super 8Motel on Koval Lane, and after dinner I called JohnLear. He seemed insistent that we come up to see himfor awhile so we did. When we got there, we told himour story. He asked if he could regress me under hyp-nosis as he thought I looked a little stressed-out fromthe previous nights adventure.John was only attempting to hypnotize me for thirtyminutes or so to help relax me and decided not to taperecord the session. The session lasted one hour andthirty-five minutes and Pamela ended up taking twen-ty-four pages of notes. I recalled the period of disori-entation we had in the incident, and as it unfolded Isaw the craft stop above us, brightly illuminating theground, the truck, and us in its glare. Then I seemed tohave ascended through the bottom of this craft andwas met by a being walking out of the bright interiorlight. Actually, he had just stepped through a brilliant-ly lighted interior wall of the craft.This being was gray in color and about six feet tall.His eyes had what appeared to be black plastic shieldsslanting in insect fashion around his egg-shaped head.He had on a two-tone gray suit, with a lighter gray VQuaylar as drawn by Bill Hamilton.in the front, and a black belt with a black tube on hisright side. There was a triangular symbol (actuallygiving the impression of a tetrahedron) enclosing ahelical coil on the left breast of the suit. His long armsended in four long fingers. His face was a mask ofnon-expression, yet he communicated with me inblunt, concise phrases. I was concerned about Pamela,but he showed me her frozen form on the ground. Offto her left side was a small gray creature as if postedon station. I was confused. She was the abductee, sowhy was he taking me inside this craft? He indicatedit was my turn and I needed an adjustment and Iwould learn some things.He took one arm and escorted me gently inside adome-like room that was evenly and brightly illumi-nated in all directions. In the center of this room was atilting metal table which he placed me against. It tiltedback about thirty degrees from the vertical. In front ofme, projecting out from the curving wall, were whatappeared to be a row of small computer screens. Iknew that this table was a sophisticated sensor andwas registering my thoughts,emotions and physiologywhich were displayed on these screens. This beingidentified himself as Quaylar. Quaylar had replacedmy leg at the ankle back onto the tilt tables surface atone point. This process lasted about five minutes. Thetelepathic or mind-sharing process allowed me accessto a great deal of information that wasnt simply com-municated. Quaylar returned me to the exit and Ijump-floated to the ground about fifteen or twenty feetbelow. When I resynched, I saw the phantom carPAGE 16 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALInside the van, two men dressed entirely In blackwith black baseball caps on their heads, subjectedher to Intrusive procedures. She remembered seeingelectronic Instruments Inside the van as well asautomatic rifles.lights. Was this a signal to my subconscious thatsomething odd intervened in the missing-time period?Another idea that impressed me strongly underhypnosis was that the missing-time or missing-memo-ry state was caused by a phase shift in time. The timefrequency in the field of this object was not in synchwith our normal earth time frequency, giving us a con-scious gap in memory.I did not wait to follow scientific procedures andhave Pamela and I hypnotized separately on differentoccasions, though we did do this later. We tried todocument all that we could. I took a daytime photo ofthe pull-out from the same truck angle as the nightshot of the object to show the view from our angle ofbearing and the desert scrub the object was travelingover.When I hypnotized Pamela Thursday night, March18, more details emerged. Pamela remembered beingfrozen outside of the craft and the little Gray standingat her side. She also reports a painful buzzing in herleft ear. Up to this point of separation, our descriptionof events agrees completely except for the brief periodof time when I went to snatch my camera from behindthe seat. She then recalls a narrow, pencil-thin beam ofblue-white light coming out of the bottom of the craftand striking her right eye just to the right of the pupil.And indeed, there is a spot on the right side of the irisat the 9 oclock position where the beam struck. Shealso remembers seeing two men observing her from avan on the highway. She actually states that the littleGray walked her away from the direction of the van tothe other side of the truck to hide her from view. Shealso recalls details about the phantom car that we sawafter the gap in time.On Thursday, April 1, Pamela was regressed againby hypnotherapist Yvonne Smith. This time Pamelaremembered being taken aboard the white van she sawon the highway. The van had an antenna on the roof.Inside the van, two men, dressed entirely in black withblack baseball caps on their heads, subjected her tointrusive procedures. They administered some dropsin her right eye and placed an odd instrument into herleft ear canal. She remembered seeing electronicinstruments inside the van as well as automatic rifles.She also recalls that these men admonished her not tospeak about her experiences. She did not see the littleGray during this period, nor does she remember exact-ly how she was placed back in position by our truck.We had additional regression sessions with LeslieFreeman, a psychologist and hypnotherapist whoworks with our local MUFON group in Los Angeles.Details of what came out of these sessions are toonumerous to recount here.I have had others report missing-time experiencesin the Tikaboo Valley. My impression is that this hasnothing to do with test flying discs from Area S-4.Something alien resides in this section of Nevada andhas found an interest in visitors who come to watchthe skies around Area 51.The author Is the Director of Investigations forMUFON, Los Angeles.Letters to Mufon UFO JournalCOMPLICATION FACTORHas the community of ufological researchers and ana-lysts finally become so factionalized that no effectiveprogress is possible in the effort to clearly delineate thecentral issues in the field? Are more resources wasted onvocal and public recrimination and metalogically falla-cious argument than are devoted to objective research,measurement and scientific debate?The answers would both appear to be affirmative,in the view of this outside observer. Although theJournal does not presume to be the sole voice of the re-search community at large it would appear to be themost widely circulated. My expectation is that manywho are not involved directly in ufological research butwho do follow its published literature have gotten thesame impression from articles, letters, and editorialsprinted in the Journal over the past several months. Asurvey of the contents of the Journal published betweenMarch of 1992 and March of 1993 (a period chosensimply because I had access to these issues) tends to sup-port the impression that researchers are foundering in asea of contention and tangential issues. While con-structive disagreement, based upon rules of scientific de-bate, can be healthy, it seems that the field of ufology isespecially stricken and adversely impacted by its nega-tive effects.Premise: People see extraordinary things which ap-pear to have external reality, and some aspects of thesesightings defy simple explanation. Its difficult to argueover a statement like this. However, it, or somethingvery like it, is probably the only inarguable statementone can make about the study of the UFO phenomenon.(If it were not for the fact that this premise is reinforcedevery day, around the world, by continued sightings, Iand presumably many others would turn away fromthis field of inquiry.) Ufology s loss of focus occurswhen one attempts to proceed from this major premise.AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304Continued on Page 23PAGE 17
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALABDUCTION NOTESJohn Carpenter 0 °; _„_ ^ ,.„. „..___ .„ l_.~ ,._ JEXPLANATIONS (PART ONE):"Healthy Skepticism vs. Psychological Denial"As researchers of the abduction phenomenonwe constantly find ourselves inching our waythrough what feels like an endless labyrinthof mirrors — never quite certain of what reality truly is.Reality is typically defined from all that we have previ-ously learned through years of exploration and study,and we have done fairly well researching that which wecan see and touch. But we are in our infancy in regard tocomprehending all that we cannot see or touch.The entire field of UFO research is basically forced todeal with a mystery that is not normally in our grasp orwithin our ability to study under a microscope or in alaboratory setting. The bizarre data from reliable peopleregarding abductions by UFO entities pushes our notionsof reality even further over the edge. The mere sugges-tion of people passing whole through walls, being liftedby light beams, and never seen by neighbors whileoth-ers are placed in "suspended animation" is enough tocause anyone to want to turn and run back to nice, safe,secure, and predictable forms of reality such as latenight reruns of "I Love Lucy!" It is human nature toavoid any unknown which could cause a threat or dis-ruption to our secure manner of thinking or living. Wehumans like to have matters under control and in order.Science has proceeded cautiously to gather knowl-edge in an orderly fashion so that we can put life intopredictable patterns — and thus more under control.Challenges to these accepted "norms" can be scary; anychange in thinking involves risks. Resistance to changeis demonstrated in the psychological process of denial —the refusal to look at, study, or be willing to accept a po-tentially unsettling alteration to ones existence. Thetendency then is to minimize, discredit, dismiss, or ig-nore such challenges to our comfortable way of orga-nizing our world.There is a clear difference between denial and skep-ticism. I welcome the challenging ideas that some skep-tics thoughtfully offer because they force me to reex-amine more closely my own research. This is healthyand productive in order to study all aspects and possi-bilities of this phenomenon. But there are others whocall themselves "skeptics" whose minds have already de-cided what they need to believe. They are best knownfor their (1) criticism without productive feedback, (2)character assassinations, (3) broad and often vague gen-eralizations, (4) lack of first-hand investigation or ex-perience, and (5) offering of weak "explanations" thatsound plausible to the public but rather amusing to se-rious researchers. This is not skepticism, this is blatantavoidance or denial. Science is supposed to study the un-known carefully — not be afraid to look at it or discussit — even if it does have unsettlingor monumental im-plications for mankind. Those who need to disbelievehave a right to do so for their own peace of mind.Perhaps the "skeptics" who are publicly quoted oughtto be those who are actually involved on the front linesof abduction research. I would like to see thosecom-monly-quoted persons such as astronomer Carl Sagan oraviation writer Philip Klass actually sit through the pri-vate sessions and emotional processes of one hundredabductees before they publicly dismiss them as "hallu-cinatory" or "attention-seeking". When did either Saganor Klass obtain psychology degrees in order to havethe right to explain to the public the psychologicalsources of abduction accounts? Do I therefore have asimilar right to express my uninformed opinions aboutthe nature of comets for publication in the New YorkTimes?I n the June 27th edition of the USA Today WeekendMagazine, the cover story on UFO abductions man-aged to quote Robert Baker, a University of Kentuckyprofessor emeritus, saying that "its very easy for twopeople to have the same kind of hallucinatory experienceat the same time, then reinforce each other." This is anincredible statement when I review my own fourteenyears of direct clinical practice with thousands of hos-pitalized psychiatric patients. Hallucinations are a privateand internally-generated set of distortions representativeof the individuals dynamics and personal issues. Theyare not easily shared. There is a rare delusional disorder(called Folie a Deux) in which two persons in a symbi-otic relationship may develop similar delusional be-liefs. This is hardly the case with Skye Ambrose (centralfigure of this same feature article) and her casual ac-quaintance, "Jennifer," who were happily returning froma professional conference in beautiful Aspen, Colorado.They did not have any need for a disruptive experi-ence. They were amazed at what they witnessed and de-scribed to each other objectively. They both claimedthey never removed their seat belts or ever got out of thecar. They were irritable after their two hours of "missingtime" and did not want to talk about it with each other.Robert Bakers public remarks make no clinical senseoverall or in the examination of the case outlined inthe article.It is my understanding that Robert Baker has notworked with any "abductees" firsthand. In fact he is anacademic or classroom psychology professor rather thana clinical or direct practice psychologist. This distinctionis important because the general public just hears theword "psychologist," You would not let your gynecolo-gist perform open-heart surgery for your cardiac surgeonjust because they are both medical doctors, would you?In general the media is not as careful as to whom theywill quote in order to balance an articles viewpoints. WePAGE 18 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFOJOURNALIsnt It interesting how many different culturesspeak of some kind of small and mysterious entitywhich magically Intrudes into the lives of humans?must look carefully at the experience and credentials ofthose being quoted before assuming they truly speak inan informed manner for the actual research being done.Let the abduction researchers speak for the research.Armchair theorists and other outsiders can propose the-ories, hypotheses, and research ideas but should not bestating conclusions publicly, having not performed anyresearch! (Of course they will, and the media will stillquote them as well.)"Skeptics" like Baker and Sagan often point to folk-lore as an explanation for modern abduction scenarios.Baker says, "Abduction delusions abound in folklore.Since the Middle Ages, people have been abducted bydragons, ogres, leprechauns, and faeries. Theyre notcrazy; theyre the victims of waking dreams (fallingasleep or coining awake in altered states of mind)..." Inthe same case example of Skye Ambrose and "Jennifer"neither one had any need for a faerie, leprechaun, oralien to disturb their trip home from the conference inAspen. They were not falling asleep; their hearts werepounding and adrenalin flowing as they watched theball of light and light beams come near their car. Neitherone made any claims of being abducted by anythingthat night. And could they have actually shared thesame hypnogogic (falling asleep) delusions whenneitherwas falling asleep or reporting any such imagery?C arl Sagan feels he also is scoring points with thefolklore notion in his March 7. 1993 ParadeMagazine article, "Are They Coming For Us?" He sug-gests that the following account from 1645 strength-ens the folklore explanation. "A Cornish teenager, AnneJeffries, was found groggy and crumpled on the floor.Much later she recalled being attacked by little men, car-ried paralyzed to a castle in the air, seduced and re-turned home. She called the little menfaeries. The nextyear she was arrested for witchcraft." It would havebeen unlikely that she would have used the term "alien"or thought about "space visitors" in 1645. In the culturalcontext of her time in history these words may havebeen her best effort to describe her experience. There isenough evidence to indicate that there is some kind of areality to the abduction phenomenon. There is a strongsuggestion that it has been around to some degree atleast since Biblical times. It would make more sense thatthis inconceivable, misinterpreted, and confusing type ofUFO experience would have been viewed and describedin a wide variety of ways over time. It would have stim-ulated many legendary tales and magical stories acrossthe world as people would try to comprehend their un-usual experiences and attempt to ascribe some kind ofmeaning which could provide some form of explanationmore acceptable to the general public.Original tales of faeries and leprechauns told ofnaughty little entities that abducted children and adultsfor hours. Over time the public image of a leprechaunhas been embellished with more loveable clothes, apipe, and an impish, more likeable mannerof behavior.Isnt it interesting how many different cultures speak ofsome kind of small and mysterious entity which in-trudes magically into the lives of humans?Did folkloredevelop similar themes and imagery by coincidence,or was there a set of unexplained human experiencesproviding the foundation for the tales over time?What stimulatesthe creation of particular myths andlegends brings my thoughts to the charming tale ofPeter Pan. Here we have a small, thin, boyish figure —who never grows larger or older —floating in the bed-room window of the childrens nursery night afternight.He is accompanied by a small bouncing ball of light af-fectionately named Tinkerbell. He gains their trust, hasthem think "happy thoughts," and entices them to floatout the window with him to go visit a wondrous place.There, in Never-NeverLand, adolescent Wendy is in-troduced as a "mother" to a group of odd-looking chil-dren who have never known what it is like to feel amothers emotions. Upon their return home, Wendys fa-ther catches a glimpse of the golden ship as it disappearsin the sky and is stunned. He makes the intriguing re-mark, "You know, I have the strangest feeling that Iveseen that ship before, a long time ago ... somewhere inmy youth."(Next: "Explanations, Part Two: Connections withSexual Trauma, False Memories, etc.")Mr. Carpenter Is MUFONs Director of AbductionResearch. He can be contacted in writing at 4033 S.Belvedere Ct.,Springfield, MO 65807.UNITED NATIONS VIDEOOi October 2,•1992, a UFO presentation was made atthe United Nations in an effort to reopen Decision GA33/426. The two-hour VHS video tape includesMohammad A. Ramadan, Stanton T. Friedman, John F.Schuessler and RobertH. Bletchrnan. Tapesof thismon-umental UN presentation may be purchased by PostalMoney Order, personal check made payable through aU.S. bank or U.S.cash for $19.95 plus$2 for p.&h. to MU-FON, 103 Oldtowne Rd, Seguin, TX 78155-4099, U.S.A.MUFONET-BBS NETWORKMembers Communication Link— Australia — U.S. — Canada—Call for the BBS nearest you! FAX: 901-785-4819Data No.901-785-4943 8 - N -1AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 19
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALFUND QUARTERLY REPORTEfforts to investigatethe Roswell UFO crash case con-tinued during the first quarter of 1993. The Fund forUFO Research received and eventually approved a pro-posal by Karl Pflock, a former deputy assistant secretaryof defense and currently a full-time researcher/writer, toconduct further research into the case. The grant willsupport general investigationcosts and a field investi-gation trip to New Mexico to interviewadditionalwit-nesses and to obtain documentaryevidence.During thisperiod, the Fund also approved a proposalto support the research expenses of Leonard Stringfieldinto reported UFO crash/retrieval cases. The amountof support will be up to $1,200 in 1993.On February 6, the Fund sponsored the first of whatmay be a series of conferences on the UFO abductionphenomenon. Fifty-five persons attended the invitation-only suburban Washington, DC, conference, includingabduction researcher Budd Hopkins and 20 "experi-encers" — a dozen of whom participated in a lengthypanel discussion on the phenomenon. The conferencewas coordinated by board member Richard Hall, whohas been conducting a local abduction investigationef-fort. (Halls report on the five-year investigation. TestingReality. A Research Guide for the UFO AbductionExperience, is now available from the Fund. Write fordetails.)Also during this period, the Executive Committeeapproved a proposal submitted by John Kasher, Ph.D.,professsor of physics and astronomy at the University ofNebraska at Omaha, to analyze a videotape shot onboard the space shuttle Discovery in October 1991,which he believes shows truly anomalousobjects insteadof ice particles (as maintained by NASA). Dr. Kasherproposes to use two graduate students and a $17,000work station to conduct the analysis. The committeeagreed that the proposal was a worthwhile project andvoted unanimously in favor of providing Dr. Kasherwith up to $400.A panel consisting of board members Don Berliner(an aviation and science writer), Richard Hall (abstrac-tor/editor), and Fred Whiting (former broadcast jour-nalist) selected winners of the 1992 Donald KeyhoeJournalism Award competition, which is sponsored bythe Fund. The winners were:• First Place: Christopher Evans of theClevelandPlain Dealer for his article describing a U.S. CoastGuard investigation into the March 4, 1988, landing ofan unidentified flying object on a frozen Lake Erie,near Fairport, OH. Evans received a $500 cash prize.• Second Place: Annette Gillespie, staff writerofthe Bradenton, FL, Herald, who wrote about the UFOabduction phenomenon, with four articles featuring lo-cal abduction witnesses who described their experi-ences. Gillespie received a $250 award for her entry.• Third Place: Dawn Shurmaitis, a reporter for TheTimes Leader of Wilkes-Barre, PA, for a detailed ex-amination of UFO activity and interest in the subjectthroughout the state. Shurmaitis received a $100 prize.• Honorable Mention: Robin Hart, Living SectionEditor of the Foothill Leader in Glendale, CA, for an ar-ticle about a UFO "abductees" support group; and LauraLee Janssen, reporter for the Williamsport, PA Sun-Gazette, for an article on a local UFO sighting report.Fund for UFO ResearchBox 277Mount Rainier, MD 20712TRIAD FOUNDATIONUFO researchers and enthusiasts now have an organi-zation dedicated to providing forums for the profes-sional presentation of information and ideas about UFOsand related subjects. The Triad Research ConferenceFoundation, in partnership with the Bigelow Foundation,has begun organizing conferences across the UnitedStates in an effort to bringresearchers, professionals, andthe general public together for educational exchanges re-garding the UFO phenomenon. "The emphasis is onquality," says Denise Carpenter, a Triad foundingmem-ber. This is a serious subject that deserves a serious andprofessional setting for discussion," she adds.Susan Bedell, another founding member of Triad,agrees. "Were not interested in presenting an off-the-wall circus. You can look at the credentials of our speak-ers and see that."Triad can bring it all to the area in which you live.Conference information is available by calling (417)882-6847 or by writing to:Triad Research Conference Foundation4033 South Belvedere CourtSpringfield, MO 65807MUFON 1993INTERNATIONAL UFOSYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS"UFOs: The Emergence of a New Science"PRICE:$20 plus $l .50 for postage and handling.ORDER FROM:MUFON, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, TX 78155-4099PAGE 20 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALFREE READING LIST & other sources of reliable informationon the UFO phenomenon, including more than 50 book titles, or-ganizations & publications. Also lists 45 publications(books,reports, videotapes and governmentdocuments) offered by theFund for UFO Research. Send name & address to: Fund forUFO Research.P.O. Box277-M, Mt. Rainier, MD 20712.AREA 51 VIEWERS GUIDE: Detailed milepost log ofNevadaHwy 375, home of "Black Mailbox" & many UFO reports.Viewing sites, back roads, services, maps, references. $15 +$3.50 priority postage. Glenn Campbell, HCR Box 38. Rachel.NV 89001.UFO ENCOUNTERS: Worldwide coverage of UFO sightings,abductions, crop circles, mutilations, govt cover-ups, inter-views, book reviews & more! 20-page monthly publication.$17.95/yr U. S., $30 foreign. Make check payable to AztecPublishing, Box 1142, Norcross, GA 30091.TEN "CLASSIC" UFOs DRAWN IN AutoCAD (Computer-Aided Design) from photographs. Accurate to the nearest thou-sandths of an inch. Orthographic projectionsof each UFO withcase descriptions: McMinnville, Barra Da Tijuca. Stock,Trindade, Gulf Breeze, Meier (3), UMMO, Adamski. $14.00from Erich Aggen. Jr., 4319 Holmes, Kansas City, MO 64110.September 17-19: MIDWEST CONFERENCE ON UFO RE-SEARCH will be held at the Quality Inn north of .Springfield,Missouri at 1-44 & Glenstone.Speakersinclude Budd Hopkins.George Knapp. Dr. Jesse Marcel, Jr., Linda Howe, MichaelLindemann, Dr. Jack Kasher, Colin Andrews, Rev. BarryDowning & panel of abduction participants including DebbieJordan (Kathie Davis of Intruders). Call (417) 882-6847 formore info or write MIDWEST, 4033 S. Belvedere, Springfield,MO 65807."THE UFO EXPERIENCE" annual conference speakersrecorded live on audio & video. Betty Hill, Whitley Streiber,Budd Hopkins, Stanton Friedman, Linda Howe, William Moore,Betty Andreasson& dozens of other researchers, contactees &abductees reporting their findings & experiences.OmegaCommunications, Box 2051, Cheshire, CT 06410, USA.The Houston UFO Network Inc. meets the first Friday of everymonth, 7:30 pm. Holiday Inn, 1-10 & Silber. This dynamic or-ganization has 130 members and numerous areas of active re-search, including an abductee support group & electronic bul-letin board & speakers like Bill Hamilton on September 3rd.(713) 850-1352.JENNA ORIONS ET EXPERIENCES with 4 different alienspecies, 201 spaceships, beaming up—story by telephone. Dr.John Mack of Harvard has investigated Jennas encounters. 17topics numbered 1010 to 1025, 3-4 mins. each, $1.49/min., 18 orolder. (900) 678-3647. or call STAR LINE for free list. (800)966-9668.HUMAN REACTIONS STUDY: George D. Faweetts uniquefour-year study of "Human Reactions to UFOs Worldwide"(1940-83) covers 31 distinct human reactions to UFOs in over 24countries. Available for $7.90 (includes p&h) from ArcturusBooks, 1443 S. E. Port St. Lucie Blvd.. Port St. Lucie, FL 34952.GULF BREEZE UFO CONFERENCE Oct 22-24. PensacolaBeach. FL. Speakers: Dr. John Mack (Conference Advisor),Dr. Michael Zimmerman. Dr. Judith Miller, Dr. Susan Fox,Budd Hopkins, Stanton Friedman, Robert Dean, JohnCarpenter, Leah Haley. Info: Box 730, Gulf Breeze,FL 32562 orcall Vicki Lyons at (904) 432-8888.CROP CIRCLE T-SHIRTS ! Experience & show your delightwith this amazing phenomenon. 100% cotton, hand-screened inwhite on blue, black, green, purple, pumpkin shirt, M-L-XL,$17.95 -f $3.50 p&h in USA. Brochure, Visa/MC. Fax: (303)298-9114. Ron Russell, Box4307, Denver, CO 80204.EARTH CHANGES/DETAILED PREDICTIONS given toJenna Orion. Topic #s 1024 & 1025. Jennas Mission, Topic1017; Jenna & Dr. John Mack/Harvard, Topic 1022. Why ETsAre Here, Topic 1011. (900) 678-3647, $1.49/min., each topic 3-4 mins. 18yrs or older. Free topics list (800) 966-9668.UFO CURIOUS CONTACT SERVICE! Meet others like your-self! Coded names. For info, SASE to Mutual Interests, MU3,Box 10041. Scottsdale,AZ 85271.UFO EXTRAVAGANZA! The 3rd Annual International UFOCongress, Film Festival & "EBE Awards" will convene fromNovember 29 to December 5 in the Las Vegas Showboat Hotel.Dont Miss! For details write Robert Brown, 4266 Broadway,Oakland, CA 94611 or call (510) 428-0202. FAX: (510) 654-7802.UFOLOGIST & TELEVISION HOST (deceased) hascollec-tion of varied UFO books by various authors. Also,varied mag-azine collection, space & UFO only. All used, but in excellentcondition. (Magazines 1975-1993). For availability & price list,write: E.T. Monitor. Box 310, Windsor, PA 17366. EncloseSASE.READERS CLASSIFIEDS: To place your own personal ad inthis sectionsimply enclose a check for $15 for each issue of theJournal in which you wish it to appear. Limit 50 words, please.Acceptance is at the discretion of the editors and in no way im-plies endorsement by the Mutual UFO Network, its Board ofDirectors or the Journal. Send sample, ad copy and check ormoney order (payable to MUFON) to Dennis Stacy. Box 12434,San Antonio. TX 78212./ UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICE VThe UFO Newschppmg Service will keep you informed ofall the latest United States and World-Wide UFO reports (i.e.,little known photographic cases, close encounters and landingreports, occupant cases) and all other UFO reports, many ofwhich are earned only in small town and oregn newspapers.Our UFO Newsclippmg Service issues are 20-page month-ly reports, reproduced by photo-offset, containing the latestUnited States and Canadian UFO newschppmgs. with our for-eign section carrying the latest British, Australian, NewZealand and other foreign press reports. Also included is a 3-5page section of "Fotiean" clippings (i.e . Bigfoot and other"monster" reports). Let us keep you informed of the latest hap-penings in the UFO and Fortean fields.For subscription information and sample pages from ourservice, write today to:^ UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICEV Route 1- Box 220 • Plumerviile, Arkansas72127^UFOs, MJ-12 AND THE GOVERNMENT:A Reporton GovernmentInvolvement inthe UFOCrash Retrievals (113 pages)by Grant Cameron and T. Scott GrainPrice $19 plus $1 50 for postage and handling.Order From MUFON. 103Oldtowne Rd , Seguin, TX 78155-4099^^1AUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 21
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALSeptember 1993Bright Planets (Evening Sky):Jupiter (magnitude -1.7)and Mars (1.6)pair up in Virgo onthe 6th, the latter less than a degree below its much moreconspicuous companion. (Jupiter is 21 times brighter.) Bothare very low in the W in the early evening twilight and setabout an hour after the Sun (midmonth). The lunar crescentjoins the pair on the 17th 5° above Jupiter.Saturn (0.5), retrograding in Capricornus, lies low in theESE at dusk. It moves across the southern sky during thenight.Bright Planets (Morning Sky):Venus (-4.0) rises in the E about 4 AM in mid-September.The resplendent planet is only 0.4° above the star Reguluson the 21st.Saturn sets in the W about 4 AM in midmonth.Vesta and the Helix:The 335-mile-diameter asteroid Vesta was opposite the Sunon August 28 and remains bright enough (at 6th magnitude)in Aquarius to be visible in binoculars. It passes only half adegree above the Helix Nebula on September 11 and 12. Atleast a small telescope is required in order to view the Helixas a dim circular patch. Called a planetary nebula, it is thelargest and nearest of this class of gaseous objects (half theapparent diameter of the full moon) and is located atR.A.22h 30m, Dec. 20° 48 (notfar from the Sth-magnitude starUpsilon Aquarii and some 10° SE of Saturn).Moon Phases:Last quarter—September 9New moon—September15*First quarter—September 22Full moon—September 30 (")*Extra high tides for several days after Harvest MoonThe Stars:Even though autumn arrives officially September 22, theSummer Triangle maintains its lofty position high in the Sduring mid-evening hours. The upsidedown Flying HorsePegasus, which includes the Great Square, rises higher inthe SE, while Scorpius disappears in the SW. In the N theBig Dipper descends toward the horizon.The hazy band of the Milky Way now passes overhead atmidnorthern latitudes for its finest evening viewing of theyear.UFO CONFERENCES FOR 1993September 11 & 12 — Third Annual New Hampshire MUFONConference, Yokens Convention Center, Route 1, Portsmouth, NH.For information write to NH-MUFON P.O. Box 453, Rye, NH 03870or call (603) 436-9283 or (603) 673-3829.September 17-19 — Midwest Conference on UFO Research,Quality Inn, just north of I-44 and Glenstone, Springfield, MO. Forinformation call (417) 882-6847 or write to Midwest UFOConference, 4033 So. Belvedere Ct, Springfield, MO 65807.September 24-27 — 5th Annual National New Age Conference,Holiday Inn, Phoenix, Arizona. For information call (602) 230-5381.October 9-10 — The UFO Experience. Holiday Inn, North Haven,Connecticut. For information contact John White, OmegoCommunications, P. O. Box 2051. Cheshire, CT 06410.October 15,16 & 17 — National UFO Conference, Days Inn inBordentown, New Jersey, just off Exit tt7 of the New JerseyTurnpike. For further information write to Pat Marcattiho at 138Redfern St., Trenton, NJ 08610.October 16-17 — Houston UFO Research Conference at theWyndam Worwick Hotel. Call (417) 882-6847 for information.October 22-24 — Gulf Breeze UFO Conference "The Search forAnswers," Clarion Suites Convention Center, Pensacola Beach,Florida. INFO: Call Vicki Lyons at (904) 432-8888 or write P. O. Box730, Gulf Breeze, Florida 32562.November 13 — The Second Delaware UFO Symposium: 10a.m.to 4:30 p.m. at Copeland Lecture Hall, Wmterthur Museum andGardens, suburb of Wilmington, DE. For reservations call (302)328-3804 or (302) 737-6127.November 28 -.December 5 — Third International UFO Congress,Film Festival and "EBE Awards." Las Vegas Showboat HotelConvention Center, Las Vegas. Nevada. For further informationwrite to Robert Brown, 4266 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94611 or call(510)428-0202.=:;•/;Victor LourencoPAGE 22 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALDIRECTORS MESSAGE - Continued from Page24to submit their name to either their respective state di-rector or Walt Andrus in Seguin as a candidate forthis vacancy by September 15, 1993, so an electionmay be conducted by mail. This prestigious position isonly one of the four MUFON Board of Directors electedby the membership they represent.Eastern Region State Directors should discontinuesending their UFO sighting reports to Mr. Ware, butinstead mail them to Jerold "Ron" Johnson, MUFONDeputy Director of Investigations. 12700 Silver Creek,Austin, TX 78727, until such time as a new EasternRegional Director is elected.BOARD APPROVES ABDUCTION TRANSCRIPTIONPROJECTOn July 4, 1993, the MUFON Board of Directorsvoted to financially approve and support the MUFONAbduction Transcription Project managed by Dan R.Wright, Project Coordinator, not to exceed $4,000.This will be a joint project with the Fund for UFOResearch (FUFOR), chaired by Richard H. Hall, andthe Mutual UFO Network. Since this is a MUFON pro-ject, MUFON has pledged 51% and FUFOR 49%. If theprogram is discontinued for any reason by Mr. Wright,ownership of the computer equipment purchased will re-vert to MUFON. Mr. Hall has prepared a formal writtenapproval for this transaction. MUFON recently pur-chased a laser printer for Mr. Wright to reproduce thetranscription reports. Dan Wright is to be commendedfor his insight into helpingleading hypnotherapiststran-scribe their hundreds of hours of audio tapes of abduc-tion cases. Of course, the roses are owed to the team ofwomen who have been actually doing the painstakingtranscribing. We thank you generous ladies for yourmuch appreciated work.MUFON 1997 SYMPOSIUMMichigan State Director Shirley Coyne has submit-ted a bid to host the MUFON 1997 International UFOSymposium in Ann Arbor, MI. If approved, this wouldbe the third meeting in Michigan, having hosted the1976 and 1986 affairs. Bids are being invited from theEastern Region for 1996 and the Western Region for1998. The MUFON 1994 International UFOSymposium will be hosted by Texas MUFON at theHyatt Regency Hotel on Town Lake in Austin, TX onJuly 8, 9 and 10. Special plans and speakers are beingplanned to recognize MUFONs 25th anniversary (sil-ver) and symposia. Ellen R. Stuart, State Director,will be the host chairperson.LETTERS - Continued from Page17For instance: This premise does not lead logically tothe conclusion that (a) sightingsare caused by machinesoperated by extraterrestrials, nor does it even infer that(b) human beings are being physically (or psychically)abducted against their will for whatever nefarious pur-poses. What tortuous inferential trail takes us from see-ing strange objects to being, as Charles Fort postulated,someones property? Its as if the ufologists were delib-erately attempting to complicate the issue. The literatureis replete with heated debate over precisely how manyangels (aliens?) can dance on the head of a pin, when thesimple fact of the existence of angels has not been for-mally established. This "Complication Factor" has afrustrating effect on anyone who attempts to understandthe current state of ufological inquiry and results.I would challenge the editors and contributors to theJournal to consider the following actions:1. Analyzethe sightingsdatabase(s) and publish a re-port on the number, and detailed characteristics, ofsightings which were later found to have conventionalcauses.2. Publicly regard the verity of data obtained viahypnosis as suspect.3. Refuse to publish articles and letters consistingsolely of ad hominem argument.Why these questions? Because acting on them wouldaddress a criticism that objective students of the subjecthave (or should have), and it is the fact that scienceadvances not only by successive stages of proof, but alsoby stages of disproof. Regarding item 1, if there arehalf a million sightings in the databases, and all butone can be proved to have a conventionalcause, then re-searchers are finally getting close to some definitiveanswers. This is a key concept: If only one case survivesanalysis, then that is the case to which you should assignall your resources in the struggle to understand why itsurvived the hypothesis-test process! Item 2 is importantbecause many fee! that this investigativemethod is notonly capable of giving flawed results, but that uncon-trolled use will eventuallycost many witnesses and re-searchers their credibility. With respect to item 3: Onlylogical forms of debate should be allowed in a journal ofostensibly scientific inquiry. When one point of view isso strong and well presented, and its supporting data areunassailable, it all too frequently causes the weaker sideto mount an attack on the person representing thestronger point of argument. Such debate proves nothingand advances our understandingnot a whit.In conclusion let me say that the Journal is clearly ful-filling its mission to provide a forum for the creation andexchange of ideas: my observations are provided in thatspirit of intellectual exchange.—Jeff RawlingsYellville, ARAUGUST 1993 NUMBER 304 PAGE 23
    • MUFON UFO JOURNALDIBLEGXQR:S,MESSAGEWalter Andrus 0 ° °NEWS FROM AROUND THE NETWORKMUFON ANNUAL AWARDEach year MUFON honors a person in Ufology whotheir colleagues select for having made the mostout-standing contribution to the advancementof the UFOphenomenon during the past five years. The distin-guished recipient will be presented with an engravedplaque and monetary award from MUFON. Candidatesmay live anywhere in the world and do not have to bemembers of the Mutual UFO Network to be nominatedfor this prestigious award.The logistics of nominating and voting for candi-dates worldwide requires adequate time for the Journalto arrive at the far comers of our planet, thus a revisedtime schedule has been adopted. Please submit the nameof your candidate with a paragraph elaborating uponhis/her accomplishments to warrant receiving this recog-nition. All nominations must be received in Seguin,Texas, by September 1, 1993. It is recommended thatmembers in foreign countriesuse airmail for their nom-inations. This is your opportunity to express your ap-preciation and a personal thank-you to the person you sohighly regard for their Ufologicalaccomplishments.Please submityour nominations promptly so that a list ofcandidates may be published in the September 1993 is-sue of the Journal. A postcard or letter election willensue with the winner being announced in the December1993 issue. Please mail your nomination now while it isfresh in yourmind.MUFON 1993 SYMPOSIUMThe 24th Annual MUFON International UFOSymposium in Richmond,Virginia,exceeded all previ-ous attendancerecords. For those of you who were un-able to attend, the MUFON 1993 International UFOSymposium Proceedings (304 pages) are available fromMUFON in Seguin, Texas, for $20 plus $1.50 forpostage and handling. The proceedings include the pa-pers of all speakers except Jorge Martin, whose exten-sive paper arrived too late to be published prior to thesymposium.Due to the exorbitant cost proposal by an independentcontractor to videotape the symposium speakers, thecontract was cancelled just prior to the meeting for ob-vious financial considerations with no possibilityof se-curing a more reasonable bid for the services from an-other contractor. Sales of videotapes of past sympo-siums have been done at a financial loss, therefore it wasa management decision to decline the bid of thecon-tractor who obviously wanted to take advantage of anopportunity. Various attendees made audio tapes at theirown discretion.NEW OFFICERSVictor Lourenco (Mississauga, ON),ProvincialDirector for Ontario, Canada, has promoted TomTheofanous (Toronto. ON) to be his AssistantProvincial Director and selected Drew A. Williamson(Toronto) to become the Provincial Section Directorfor the greater Toronto area. Charles D. Flannigan(Pensacola, FL), Florida State Director, appointed JamesM. Bosworth, M.S.(Gainesville,FL) as State SectionDirector for Alachua County and a Research Specialistin Entomology and Bio-Chemistry.After developing a fine team of investigators in south-ern California. John S. Weigle (Ventura, CA) has re-linquished his position as State Section Director forVentura and Santa Barbara Counties. In an electioncon-ducted by Mr. Weigle on June 25, 1993, the memberspresent at their regular meeting unanimously electedMichael J. Evans (Simi Valley, CA) as their new StateSection Director. The new State Section Director forNew Castle County in Delaware is Jay J. Winslow.CONSULTANTS AND RESEARCH SPECIALISTSNew consultants in Clinical Psychology volunteeringtheir expertise were Delbert G. "Del" Dobyns, Ph.D.(Taipei, Taiwan) and Rex P. Haire, Ph.D.(Martin, TN).Ivan A. White, D.D.(Waterloo, NY) has rejoined MU-FON as a Consultantin Theology and Field Investigator.Three new Research Specialists joined MUFON thispast month. They were Richard Saucier, M.S. (BelAir, MD) in Physics; Carolyn M. Schinzel, M.L.S.(Deltona, FL) in Library Science; and George VanDam, M.S.(San Angelo, TX) in Geology.EASTERN REGIONAL DIRECTOR ELECTIONIn an unprecedented election, Donald M. Ware wasvoted to be removed from the MUFON Board ofDirectors effective June 1, 1993.This has created a va-cancy on the Board for the position of Eastern RegionalDirector. Candidates are being solicited immediatelyfor a full four-year term. This is an opportunity forpre-sent state directors, assistant state directors, and otherleaders in the Eastern Region to accept greater respon-sibilities within the Mutual UFO Network. The EasternRegion is composed of the following states: ME, VT,NH, MA. CT, RI, NY, PA, NJ, DE, MD, WV, VA, NC,SC, GA, FL, PR and VI. The Regional Director iselected by the members within the above states. Any in-terested and qualified person is invited and encouragedContinued on Page 23PAGE 24 NUMBER 304 AUGUST 1993