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Mufon ufo journal   1993 12. december Mufon ufo journal 1993 12. december Document Transcript

  • M U T U A L U F O N E T W O R KUFO JOURNALDECEMBER 1993 ~J NUMBER 308 $3 ^anil
  • M U F O N U F O J O U R N A LO F F I C I A L P U B L I C A T I O N OF THE MUTUAL UFO NETWORK S I N C E 1967DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308"CRUISE-MISSILE" UFO DISAPPEARS Bruce Maccabee & Jeffrey SainioWRITING RIGHT Budd Hopkins 8E-T ARTIFACT TESTING Stanton T. Friedman 10LONG DISTANCE RUNNER: PART II Dennis Stacy 12MUFON VERSUS THE NEW AGE W. L. Garner, Jr. 13NEWS 8. VIEWS Fowler Award 14ABDUCTION NOTES (Coping Responses) John Carpenter 15THE UFO PRESS (UFO for Windows) Dennis Stacy 16MUFON FORUM Letters — David Gotlib 19EASTERN REGIONAL DIRECTOR CANDIDATES 20READERS CLASSIFIEDS 21THE JANUARY NIGHT SKY Walter N. Webb 22THE DIRECTORS MESSAGE Walter Andrus 24COVER ARTWORK CREDIT Wesley S. CrumMUFON UFO JOURNAL(USPS002-970)(ISSN 0270-6822)103Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, TX78155-4099Tel: (210)379-9216FAX (210) 372-9439EDITORDennis StacyASSOCIATE EDITORWalter H. Andrus,Jr.COLUMNISTSWalter N. WebbJohn S. CarpenterART DIRECTORVince JohnsonCopyright 1993by the Mutual UFONetwork. All Rights Reserved.No part of this document may be reproduced in any form without the written permission ofthe Copyright Owners. Permission is hereby granted to quote up to 200 words of any one arti-cle, provided the author is credited, and the statement, "Copyright 1993 by the Mutual UFONetwork, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas 78155," is included.The contents of the MUFON UFOJournal are determined by the editors and do not necessari-ly reflect the official position of the Mutual UFO Network. Opinions expressed are solely thoseof the individual authors.The Mutual UFO Network, Inc. is exempt from Federal Income Tax under Section 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. MUFON is a publicly supported organizition of the typedescribed in Section 509 (a) (2). Donors may deduct contributions from their Federal IncomeTax. Bequests, legacies,devises, transfers or gifts are also deductible for estate and gift purposes,provided they meet the applicable provisions of Sections 2055, 2106 and 2522 of the InternalRevenue Code.The MUFON UFOJournal is published monthly by the Mutual UFO Network, Inc., Seguin,Texas. Membership/Subscription rates: $25 per year in the U.S.A.; $30 foreign in U.S. funds.Second class postage paid at Seguin, TX.POSTMASTER: Send form 3579 to advise change of address to: MUFON, 103 OldtowneRd., Seguin, TX 78155-4099.
  • MUFON UFO JOURNAL"CRUISE-MISSILE" UFO DISAPPEARSBy Bruce Maccabee and Jeffrey SainioAside from shape, speed and lighting,the most unusual—and unbelievable—UFOcharacteristics which have been often reported are the "right angle" turns and the suddendisappearances of apparently solid objects in the clear sky.These characteristics are reponed bywitnesses who are, very likely, not completely accurate. Perhaps the turns were not perfectlyabrupt, they only appeared to be. Perhaps the objects did not disappear in the sense of materialobjects vanishing without a trace, perhaps they only appeared to vanish.DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 3 View slide
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALThe witness saw the UFO traveling north tosouth past his house on Pensacola Beach. Atfirst he thought it was a "fat, round-lookingcruise missile" from nearby Lglin Air ForceBase. Then it disappeared!Physics and technology as we know them indi-cate that it is physically impossible for massiveobjects to make instantaneousright angle turns orto seem to disappear by instantaneousacceleration to ahigh speed because of a fundamental property of mattercalled inertia, which is the "reluctance" of a massive ob-ject to change its state of motion.Because of inertia,rapidchanges in speed require powerful forces. An instanta-neous change in speed along a given direction would re-quire infinite forces. For this reason scientists have"solved" the problem of explaining UFO sightings whichdescribe these "impossibilities" by rejecting the reports,even though they have been made by credible people.Disappearances in the clear sky have been reportedsince 1947. The first official reference to the ability ofUFOs to disappear by rapid acceleration is in the draft ofan intelligence requirements memorandum written forBrigadier General Schulgen by Lt. Col. Garrett inOctober, 1947. This memorandum(released to the pub-lic in 1985) was written in response to General NathanTwinings letter of September 23, 1947, which said thatflying saucers are "real and not visionaryor fictitious"and which outlined reasons for collecting informationabout flying saucers.2Lt. Col. Garrett referred to sight-ings by "many competent observers including USAF-rated officers" and listed a number of "commonly re-ported features that are very significant." This list in-cludes "the ability to suddenlyappear without warningas if from an extremely high altitude" and "the ability toquickly disappear by high speed or by complete disin-tegration." (emphasis added) Sudden appearance anddisappearance could be two aspects of the same capa-bility: extremely high acceleration/deceleration: (Note:the suggestion that a flying saucer could disappear by"complete disintegration" indicates just how puzzledthe top Air Force officers were by the sightingreports.)I n the past some investigators,includingone of theauthors (Maccabee). have conjectured that an ob-ject accelerating fast enough (traveling many times itsown length in a second) might seem to the observer to"disappear." If the observer blinked at the time of the ac-celeration, the object could be out of the observerscentral field of view by the time the blink was finished.Up until now there has been no hard evidence toconfirmthe conjecture. Now, thanks to an astute witness whoprefers anonymity,3we have a videotape which pro-vides new informationrelated to the question of UFOdisappearance.The witness first saw the UFO at about 1:30 PM onMarch 24, 1993. It was travelingnorth to south past hishouse on Pensacola Beach. He thought it was a "fat,round-looking cruise missile" from Eglin Air ForceBase.4(Note: the Navy does occasionally launch realcruise missiles which pass over populated areas alongthe shore of the Gulf of Mexico near Pensacola,Florida!) A few minutes later he saw another (or thesame) one and this time he realized that it wasnt acruise missile. It was "crown-shaped with a bottomlayer.""1Since he had now seen it twice coming from thesame direction he decided to try to videotape it if itflew past again. He set up his 8mm videocamera (SonyCCD M8; fixed focus; 29° field of view)on his deck andpointed it in the direction which the "missile" had gone.The camera ran for two hours, the duration of the video-tape. Upon reviewingthe tape he saw only some heli-copters flying along the beach. The next day he set thecamera up again and "1 went into the house and went tothe bathroom. When I started to return to work —about1:30—I saw the UFO moving fast from the east. Thevideo camera caught it."4The video of the object lasts for 29 frames—almostone second—and shows an object which moved so fastthat its true shape was stretched and distorted by thespeed with which it passed from left to right through thefield of view of the camera. The actual speed is inde-terminate since the distance was unknown.However, byassuming that the altitude was constant and using pro-jective geometry we determined that the track of the ob-ject was not straight and that, if it was 1,000 ft awaywhen it was first picked up by the camera, then it prob-ably was traveling several thousand miles per hour (pro-portionally faster if at a greater distance).The witness next saw the crown-shaped UFO as itwas hovering southeast (about 160° azimuth, 40° ele-vation) of his house on March 31, 1993 at about 2:00PM. He ran to get his videocamera and three batteries(he didnt know which one was charged). He placedthe camera on the railing of his deck to steady it andturned it on. The UFO was substantially motionless.Inthe video one sees the tops of hazy clouds moving fromright to left, whereas the UFO image stays near thecenter of the field of view.The first battery ran out afterabout 40 seconds and he quickly replaced it, but thesecond battery was dead. He replaced that with the thirdbattery and videotaped the UFO for another 9 seconds orso at which time it suddenly disappeared so quicklythat the witness was startled and uttered an expletive(deleted).In replaying the video frame by frame the investiga-tors found that the disappearance was actuallytheresultof an extreme acceleration toward the right combinedwith a loss in contrast against the background sky. Theextreme acceleration made the motion impossible tofollow with the eye (or camera) and the high speed de-creased the time that the image spent at any point on thePAGE 4 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993 View slide
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALThe Polaroid picture shows that the crown-shaped UFO is really more like a layer cake,with the top cylindrical layer larger in diameterthan the bottom layer. There Is a red "hole" inthe bottom.focal plane. The decreased image time on the focalplane reduced the contrast with the background sky,making the blurred image very difficult to see on avideo monitor.About a week later (April 2, 10:15 AM) the witnessagain saw the UFO hovering near his house. This timehe knew that none of his videocamera batteries werecharged, so he ran for his Polaroid 600 camera. He wasable to take one picture from an outside stairwaylookingnearly straight upward at the object before it again "dis-appeared." This shows that the crown-shaped UFO re-ally is more like a layer cake with the top cylindricallayer larger in diameter than the lower layer. There is a"hole" in the bottom which is red. Figure 1 shows thefull frame picture, which includes a wall and a railingand a blowup of the UFO. Again the distance is notknown. If it were 1,000 ft. away then its maximum di-ameter was about 11 ft.The authors independently analyzed the video im-agery. The independentanalyses show that there was anextremely rapid acceleration. The specific results re-ported here were obtained using a VHS copy of the 8mm videotape, a Sony "shuttle"-type VTR and a 13-inchTV monitor. The images of the UFO are compact andvery easy to see up to the point where the accelerationbecomes large. There is a bright spot, which is probablya glint caused by sunlight reflected from the object,and darker areas near the bottom (darker than the back-ground sky). The image has a compact, nearlycircularshape with a width and height of 4 - 5 mm on the mon-itor screen.T ests carried out by investigators Bland Pugh andGary Watson provided the effective focal length(EFL) of the camera-monitor combination: 535 mm.The size, i, of the image therefore corresponds to an an-gular size of i/EFL = 0.008-0.009 radians. Multiplyingthe angular size in radians by the distance gives the ac-tual size as measured transverse to the line of sight.Unfortunately there was no triangulation during thissighting, so the actual distance is not known. However,if the object were 1.000 ft. away, then it was 8-9 ft.wide, and it was proportionally larger or smaller as theassumed distance is made larger or smaller.Once the acceleration begins the images becomestretched and difficult to see because of the contrast re-duction discussed above. In spite of the difficulty indetermining the boundaries of the blurred images, mea-surements were made of the distance from the rightside of the object in the last stationary frame to therightmost end of each succeeding image after the ac-celeration started. These measurements provide esti-mates of the (angular) distance traveled each frame timeof 1/30 second. (Experimentswith the camera confirmthat it has a 1/30 sec. exposure time at 30 frames per sec-ond). These distances increase as time goes on. Thereare five frames of data before the object leaves the fieldof view.The distance of the right edge of each image relativeto the right side of the image in the last stationary frameis plotted in Figure 2. The difficulty in determining theexact location of the right end of each elongated imageis indicated by the vertical line (error bar) at each datapoint. The continually increasing lengthsof the blurredimages indicate that the object underwent an unusuallylarge acceleration. In order to determine the nature of theacceleration the data were plotted on log-log paper: log(x) vs log (t),where x (verticalaxis) is the distance in mmstarting at the right side of the image in the last station-ary frame and t is the time in seconds (each frame timeis 0.033 seconds). The data, except for the first point, arequite well represented by a straight line with a slope of2. This line corresponds to the mathematicalrelation,x= At2. This is also mathematicallyequivalent to the"constant acceleration law," x = (1/2 )at2when we set A= (l/2)a, and where a is "the acceleration constant."(Note: the acceleration law, with a = 32 ft/sec2, or 9.8 me-ters/sec2, describes how massive objects fall near the sur-face of the earth, ignoring the effects of air resistance.)The solid line through the data points in Figure 2provides an estimate of the acceleration. The slope of theline corresponds to a = 8,500 mm/sec2on the TV screen.Combining this with EFL = 535 mm yields an angularacceleration of 15.9 rad/sec2transverse lo the line ofsight. In order to relate this to an actual speed one mustknow the distance. Since the distance is not known,one must assume a distance in order to estimate the ac-celeration. If the distance were only 1,000 ft. this wouldbe 15.900 ft/sec:or about 500 times the acceleration ofgravity! (If the object was moving some amount to-ward or away from the camera then the actual accelera-tion was greater than the value estimated here.) If thedistance were not 1,000 ft. the acceleration would belarger or smaller in proportion to the assumed distance(e.g., 31,800 ft/sec2at 2,000 ft).Motion which obeys the constant acceleration law isalso consistent with the following velocity equation: v =at, where v is the velocity. Hence after three frames(3/30 = 0.1 sec) the angular velocity was about 1.59rad/sec. At 1,000 ft. this would correspond to 1,590ft/sec, greater than the speed of sound at sea level (1,090ft/sec). By the time the object left the screen after 5frames (5/30 = 1/6 sec) it was moving at about 2.65rad/sec or 2,650 ft/sec if 1,000 ft. away and propor-tionally larger or smaller if it was at a greater or lesserdistance.DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGES
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALSuch extreme acceleration Immediately raisesseveral questions. How was the accelerationachieved in the absence of any apparent meansof propulsion (no rocket blasts, no explosions,no obvious electric or magnetic phenomena)?Why was there no noise associated with thedeparture (engine noise, sonic boom)? Whathappened to the occupants, If any?Such extreme acceleration immediately raises severalquestions. How was the acceleration achieved in theabsence of any apparent means of propulsion (no rocketblasts, no explosions, no obvious electric or magneticphenomena)? Why was there no noise associated withthe departure (engine noise, sonic boom)? What hap-pened to the occupants, if any? These are questionswhich have been asked repeatedly over the last nearlyfifty years. Because these questions have been based onvisual observations of possibly questionable accuracythey have generally been ignored by scientists. But now,with some "hard" data to go on, it appears that wemustconfront the ridiculous (by our standards) evidence thatphenomenal acceleration without the usual apparent ac-tion-reaction is possible.So far as we know, acceleration is a result of the ap-plication of a force to an object. However, a force doesnot "act alone:" a force on one object requires an "equaland opposite" force on some other object. This is the fa-mous "action-reaction" principle of Isaac Newton.Rockets work because the hot gas molecules, rapidly ex-panding out through the rear of the rocket, push hard—exert a force—on the rocket body before they areejected. Firing a bullet out of a gun is another exampleof action-reaction. Over a short distance in the barrel(inches) the force of expanding hot gases (the explodinggunpowder) accelerates the bullet to velocities so greatthat the bullet cannot be seen as it leaves the muzzle. Ifthe barrel of a gun were transparent so you could watchwhat happens, you would see the bullet "disappear"from the barrel as the gun itself kicked backward.The examples of the action-reaction principle at workin our flying machines should be contrasted with thevideo image of the UFO acceleration: there is no evi-dence of action-reaction occurring...no propellers, nojet exhaust...nothing. Yet, the fact that the UFO accel-erated somewhat uniformly,rather than just instantan-taneously achieving a high travel velocity, suggests thata force was applied.Where, then, did the UFO get the force to accelerate?What did it push against? Wasthere something invisiblein the sky pulling or pushing it? Did it have an invisiblejet-like exhaust? Trying to answer questions such asthese have led theorists to speculate that the UFO usesmagnetic fields to push against the earths magneticfield. However, even if one were to assume that ex-tremely high fields could be created by the UFO, thismode of propulsion is questionable because of the dipoleor multipole nature of magnetic fields (one tends to getrotation about an axis rather than linear motion of themagnetic body).Other suggestions are even more bizarre. If the iner-tial mass were reduced a smaller force could produce thesame acceleration. If it were possible to reduce the in-ertial mass to near zero, then a small amount of ejectedmatter or even photons of light (a light beam) couldpropel an object. Alternatively, some people have pro-posed warping space or travel into another dimension ortime travel. Unfortunately, "reduction of inertial mass,""space warp," "travel into another dimension," "timetravel," travel to a "higher plane of existence," andother similar terms have no operational meaning...that is,no one knows how to do these things,or even if they canbe done.Returning to the "right angle turns" mentioned atthe beginningof this paper, the discovery that UFOshave the capability of extreme acceleration provides apossible explanation for the abrupt changes in direc-tion that have been reported. To change direction theUFO would apply to itself, in some way, a deceleratingforce to arrest its motion in one direction whileapplyingto itself an accelerating force for a sufficient time toachieve the desired speed in the new direction. Theseforces would be of such extreme magnitude that to thehuman observer it would appear that the UFO "instan-taneously" changed direction.This videotape is not the only evidence of extremeUFO acceleration. Three previous still photos, all takenby Ed Walters in Gulf Breeze, Florida, have evidence ofUFO acceleration. The UFOs in two of these (January24, 1988 and March 8, 1988) were seen by Ed alone.-Both of these photos have the image of an "Ed-type" ob-ject which has linear streaks upward to the top of thepicture, as if the object zoomed upward while the cam-era shutter was open. The linear streaks decrease inbrightness in the upward direction indicating an accel-eration of the craft.The light depicted in Eds photo of January 8, 1990was seen at the same time by eight or so other wit-nesses.6The witnesses reported that the light was atthe center of a much larger circular object which wasseen as a silhouette against a background of dull greycloud cover. The object would alternately hover andthen dart to a new location not far away and hoveragain. Eds photo shows an overexposed compact imagewith a thick line extending rightward to the edge of thephoto. Since the camera was on a tripod the thick linemust have been made by the light as the object dartedaway to the right. The width and brightness of the thickline diminish with distance along its length, consistentwith the line being the image of an accelerating light.PAGE 6 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALThe acceleration is estimated to have been about fourtimes that of gravity.6Conclusion? A newly acquired video shows a UFO"disappearing." This video provides, for the first time,reasonably clear evidence that UFOs are capable of ex-treme acceleration and speed. The video does not answerthe question of how the acceleration and speed wereachieved.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe authorsthank the witness for providing the videosand the photo. We also thank Bland Pugh and GaryWatson for investigating the sighting, for providingneeded information and video copies and for carryingout important experiments with the witness camera.NOTES1. Document in the files of the National Archives.2. Document published in Scientific Investigation ofUnidentified Flying Objects, D. S. Gilmour, Ed., (the"Condon Report"), Appendix R, Bantam Books, NY(1969;).3. The witness is known to MUFON investigators.4. Letter from the witness to Maccabee.5. Walters, Edward and Frances, The Gulf BreezeSightings, Morrow Pub. Co. New York (1990).6. Maccabee, Bruce, "Not Just Another Evening Stroll,"available from the Fund for UFO Research, Box 277.Mt. Rainier, Md 20712Bruce Maccabee is a Navy laser physicist, former directorof the Fund for UFO Research and Maryland State Director.Jeff Sainio is a MUFON consultant in photographic analy-sis and Wisconsin State Director.FIGURE 2POSITION OF ACCELERATING OBJECTEOIO53Uduzi3//~~ 2/54 frames3 frames /2 frames ( 5 frames1 franc V V V /1 i] i 1 , i | i 1 I1 10.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.3TIME, secUFOs IN THE NEWSIn November, the New York Times and other newspa-pers reported the results of a Canadian psychologicalstudy of 49 UFO percipients which essentially con-cludes that such people were normal. In fact, com-pared to 127 control subjects, the UFO observersscored slightly higher in intelligence. Most of theUFO subjects were also described as relatively contentand anxiety free.Authors of the paper, which was published in theNovember issue of the Journal of AbnormalPsychology, were Nicholas Spanos, Patricia Cross,Kirby Dickson and Susan DuBreuil. The study wasconducted at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario.TABLOID TVAccording to the Wall Street Journal, the WeeklyWorld News, sister tabloid to the National Enquirer,may soon have its own TV series devoted to UFOs,aliens and other "far out" subjects, which can hardlybode well for scientific ufology.The program is a joint production between theEnquirer/Star Group, Inc. and Brandon Tartikoff, for-mer chairman of Paramount and NBC-TVSEntertainment unit. Two half-hour segments, tapedin Florida in November, have been purchased by CBSfor airing sometime next year. Depending on ratings,the program might become a regular series.GOVERNMENT SECRECYAs part of the Clinton administrations promise of amore "open" government, the Energy Department re-vealed that 204 previously unannounced nuclear testshad been conducted in Nevada between 1963 and1990.The Department also said that it had 32 milliondocuments awaiting declassification review.DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 7
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALWRITING RIGHTHow ToAvoid Common Grammar And Usage Errors In UFO ReportsBy Budd HopkinsGeorge Bernard Shaw once wrote that wheneveran Englishman speaks, his accent makes an-other Englishman hate him. He was referring, ofcourse, to the upper-class snobbism and the underclassresentment so deeply embedded in British society, dis-tinctions which language and accent so vividly reveal.For those of us privileged to have grown up here in theUnited States, such class distinctions are usually more amatter of embarrassment than pride.However, damaging prejudicial distinctions basedon race, gender and level of educational attainment ob-viously do exist here in our country. The last prejudice— regarding a persons educational background — canbe less of a handicap if one learns to write and speakwell. It is crucial to avoid the many common errorsthat point to educational inadequacies. No matter howclear the import of ones message, certain mistakes ofgrammar and usage can powerfully undercut its effec-tiveness.The skeptics almost always speak well, with the air ofa solid education behind them. The problem is that theirideas and reasoning are flawed and their belief systemsare absurdly rigid. All too often UFO investigators havethis situation backwards: their reasoning is logical, theirideas incisive and their belief systems flexible; it isonly their style of presentation which seems less thansolid. And so I offer this piece with the hope that thiscondition can be ameliorated and that we can learn toavoid a few common errors when reports are compiledand lectures prepared. The following is a mock UFOsighting account, containing some of the most frequentlycommitted errors:A REPORT ON A UFO PHENOMENA OVER SAN DIEGOThis important sighting occurred on October 31,1993. and the data it provides is very valuable. Thestory begins about 11:00 p.m.when Mr. Joseph Smithwas sitting in his living room watching TV. Then he sud-denly jumped, looked out the window and seen a large,red, oval-like object over the nearby trees. It didntmove — it just hoovered there while he watched inamazement. The UFO had red and yellow and blue ro-tating lights moving around its center. Mr. Smith calleda neighbor, Mr. Brown, and asked him to look out hiswindow because he needed someone to collaborate hisamazing story.A minute or so later Mr. Brown sees the huge craftfrom his front porch and described it the same way asMr. Smith. He was able to run outside because he hadjust came downstairs to answer the phone; thus he wasable to see the object clearly before it shot off at a terrificspeed.Mr. Smith told me that Mr. Browns description of thecraft was exactly like his; they both saw the same thing.Though neither man spoke to any other neighbors abouttheir joint sighting, Mr. Smith told me that he didntwant me to get the wrong idea. He wasnt trying to inferthat there werent other witnesses; he was sure thatother people would of had to have seen such a huge andbrightly-lighted-upUFO.This is truely a dramatic and strange phenomena.Mr. Smith and Mr. Brown — and probably some oftheir neighbors — are as much amazed by it as me.Neither the appearance of such a large, round, well-lighted up object, nor when it speeded off so incrediblyfast are in any way like the behavior of any knownair-craft.Whew! Now to repair the damage. First, the title ofthe sample report, and one of the most commonerrors UFO researchers make. Phenomenon is the sin-gular form of the word, and phenomena is the plural.Thus, one refers to the crop circle phenomenon and toabductions and sightingsas UFO phenomena. This is thekind of error which immediately earns the innocentUFO researcher the absolute contempt of the conven-tional scientist.In the first sentence another error appears, but it is onethat is so common as to be acceptable in many quarters.Technically, datum is the singular form and data is theplural. Thus, we should say "these data" or "this datum"if we are to be strictly correct. Scientistscharacteristi-cally employ these usages, though data as a singularform is more common with the public at large. Decide,when you write or speak, which group youre address-ing, and use the form which seems the more appropriate.Next, when one presents a narrative, decide on eitherthe present or past tense and stick with it. "Thestory be-gins..." should continue "... and Mr. Smith issitting..."(not was sitting). "...He jumps..." (not jumped), and soon. Simple consistency is the rule.Next, a grating but all too common problem of tense:"he seen." The proper usage for the past tense is "hesaw." "I, you, he, she,they saw." The past perfect tenseis "I, you, he, she,they had seen." Oval-like is another,different kind of error. Oval is an adjective and as suchit is sufficient merely to say "an oval object.""Hoovered" is, of course a misspelling — not thesubject of this piece —but I includeit here, misspelled,PAGES NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALto suggest a common mispronunciation.Hover should bepronounced like lover, but never like hoover. If you de-scribe a craft as hoovering, you may get an unexpectedchuckle because youre using the popular English termfor cleaning a carpet.A less than clear description comes next, and I offerit as an example of the need to reduce the ambiguities inour accounts. The term rotating lights implies lightsthat spin on their centers, the way a helicopters rotorspins. If you mean to describe the lights as seeming totravel around the circumference of a UFO, then youshould say the lights rotate around the ship. They arenot, within themselves, rotating lights.Next, an extremely embarrassing, but all-too-commonerror, the use of collaborate when you mean corrobo-rate. To collaborate means "to work together" or "to co-operate treacherously." Thus, if Mr. Smith and Mr.Brown collaborate on their story, cooperative planningis implied and that suggests a hoax. On the other hand,to corroborate means "to confirm" or "to make morecertain." Here, since the independentaccounts of the twowitnesses support one another, the proper word is cor-roborate.In the second paragraph there is, again, a painfulmix of present and past tenses. Worse, in the second sen-tence we read that Mr. Brown "had just came down-stairs." The proper usage is, of course, Mr. Brown "hadjust come downstairs." The same problem in a slightlydifferent form occurs in the next sentence: "they bothseen the same thing." Had seen is, of course, the correctphrase.Next, a nearly ubiquitous problem, the confusion be-tween imply and infer. To imply is "to signify, mean orsuggest." On the other hand, to infer is "to derive by rea-soning, to conclude or tojudge from evidence." The cor-rect usage is this: "Mr. Smith was not tryingto imply thatthere werent other witnesses..." Infer is absolutelywrong in this context. To understand these two words,this sentence may help: "From the way the UFO flew,the witness inferred it was under intelligent control, butby his sarcasm, the skeptic implied the witness was ly-ing."Another common error: "...other people would ofhad to..." This mistake really comes from a mis-writingof common speech forms; we mean to say "other peoplewould have had to," but when we talk, we often contract.Would have becomes wouldve which then gets writtenphonetically as would of. Take note.[n the next paragraph, though 1do not want to stressthis kind of error, I slipped in just one common mis-spelling. Truely should, of course, be truly, and in thisfirst sentence phenomena as a singular noun makes itssecond incorrect appearance. The next common error oc-curs in the phrase "they are as amazed as me." Theproper pronoun is / — "as amazed as /." When in doubt,continue in your mind the unspoken remainder of thesentence, which in this case goes like this: "They are asamazed as I am amazed." If youve incorrectly usedthe pronoun me, our example would sound like this:"They are as amazed as me am amazed." Your ear willtell you the truth in thesesituations.T he last sentence in our dreadful UFO sighting reportcontains a vast and depressing collection of errors,a cacophonous coda of confusion. First we have a majorlack of parallelism.The conjunctions neither-nor mustbe followed by parallel parts of speech. But here, the twoforms are grossly out of sync: "Neither the appear-ance" is followed by "nor when it speeded off."Appearance is a noun and when it speeded off is aclause incorrectly substituting for the required parallelnoun. (On top of this error, there is yet another — theverb should be sped off.) One can undo the damage bypairing "the appearance (of the craft)" with "the way (itsped off)." or something similar,but as it is, the wordingis a disaster. Again, let your ear tell you the truth. If yousay "neither the appearance," then follow it in yourmind with this: "nor the...( whatever noun you wish)."Ive added one last awkwardness to the injuries Ivepreviously inflicted, in the phrase well-lighted-up object.Well-lit object is not only more graceful, but it savesspace, too. Economy counts.A few final suggestions. When you write an article ora report or prepare a lecture, read the manuscript aloudand have someone else go over it for you — preferablysomeone who reads a great deal and is not afraid tosuggest improvements. I edit myself by reading overwhat Ive written, paragraph by paragraph again andagain. Then I read it aloud to myself, quietly and behindclosed doors, of course, lest friends and neighbors thinkeccentricity has become my permanent state. Then Ihave a trusted friend, with experience in editing, care-fully check it once more.Nothing comes easy in life, least of all smoothlyflowing, accurate and graceful prose. We all make em-barrassing mistakes. But in the context of UFO research,we must also realize that, one way or another, were inthe public eye. The last thing we need is a gaggle ofCSICOPPERs chortling over our writing mistakes, re-joicing in the false perception that these errors givethem license to bury the UFO phenomenon beneaththeir snobbish contempt. Lets not give them that chance.Lets write (and speak) as well as we possibly can.UFOs, MJ-12 AND THE GOVERNMENT:A Report on Government Involvement inthe UFO Crash Retrievals (113 pages)by Grant Cameron and T. Scott GrainPrice: $19 plus $1.50 for postage and handling.Order From. MUFON, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, TX 78155-4099JDECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 9
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALE-T ARTIFACT TESTINGTesting for tfie extraterrestrial origin of an alleged artifact may not be as easy as it first appears. Dos and Don ts.By Stanton T. FriedmanBased upon the enormous amount of researchdone in connection with the recovery of crashedflying saucers in New Mexico, it appears at leastpossible that pieces of wreckage may come into thehands of UFO researchers. Rumors have persisted that atleast some of the hundredsof GIs who were involved inthe recovery operations may have picked up souvenirs.For example, dentist John Kromschroeder was handed apiece of very strange material in the late 1970s by PilotPappy Henderson. As life winds down for those in-volved in these 1947 events, one might indeed be facedwith the problem of evaluating a piece of such wreck-age. The question is how to go about it.ASSUMPTIONSOne of the silliest suggestions is that a piece of wreckagefrom an ET spacecraft would have to be made from el-ements not known on earth. One merely tests for allknown elements (not such an easy task). If none showup, then the specimen is of ET origin. It is implied thatif the specimen contains elements known on Earth, it isnot of ET origin. What is crazy here is that such a sug-gestion has actually been made by astronomer CarlSagan. Yet, it is the astronomers who have been tellingus for decades that their spectroscopic and other mea-surements of light radio waves, paniculate radiation,etc. coming to Earth from the distant and near solarsystem environment, reveal only the elements and com-pounds we already know. We are assured that physicsand chemistry are the same out there as here, so Saganssuggestion is absurd.WHAT TO LOOK FOR?I think it is reasonable to look for physical, electrical,thermal and mechanical properties that are of impor-tance in the construction of specialized equipmentable to perform functions that we cannot duplicate,even though made of elements we know. Compositionof the material is important, but wont answer mostquestions.Obvious properties to determine are melting point,density, hardness and grain structure, along with tensileand creep strengths, thermal and electrical conductivityand magnetic susceptibility, both as a function of tem-perature and in different directions within the sample.It is very important to note that many of todaysmaterials have properties that could not even havebeen determined 100 years ago, including radioactivi-ty, superconductivity and fissionability. We could nothave measured isotope ratios, parts per billion of vari-ous dopants or contaminants, or properties at a fewdegrees above absolute zero.Development of better superconductors over the past35 years gives us some clues. The phenomenon of su-perconductivity was discovered in 1911. There werelimits in terms of critical temperatures and criticalmag-netic fields that greatly limited the utilization of thevery special characteristic of zero resistance to the flowof an electrical current.One breakthrough occurred in the early 1960s whichsubstantially raised the temperature, still very cold, towhich certain hard superconductors would remain su-perconducting and enormously increased criticalfields.A few years back, whole new families of oxide super-conductors were discovered. These had critical temper-atures so high that liquid nitrogen could be used makingthe cost of construction far easier and cheaper than ifliq-uid helium were still required. The peak temperaturestayed near the same value for several years, and yetonce again a breakthrough has recently been made andthe temperature is moving up again. In all cases the el-ements of which the superconductors were made wereones native to Earth. It is the recipe that matters. Theoryhas, in general, lagged behind experiment. There is alsoa long way from lab testing of a small piece ofexcitingnew material to the manufacture of miles of wire at areasonable cost and with no defects.O ne must reasonably expect that different pieces ofa flying saucer perform different functions.Microintegrated circuits and turbine blades do verydif-ferent things and operate at very different temperatures.One key factor in the design of any airborne system, noless spaceborne, is weight. Thus, often the design crite-ria is not cost or efficiency, but rather computing powerper unit weight, or energy production per unit weight.1was made particularly conscious of this with regard tothe development of space nuclear power systems.Pounds per kilowatt, not efficiency was the concern.One reason is that excess heat normally must be even-tually radiated to space. The amount of heat radiated perunit area goes as the 4th power of the temperature.Thus, doubling the temperature of the radiating surfacedecreases the required area (and weight) by a factor of16.An important concern is whether the piece ofwreckage is from a structure or from a specializedelectronic or other component whose function wemight not even know. Fiber optics and windows areboth made of glass.PAGE 10 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFOJOURNALAn important concern is whether the piece ofwreckage is from a structure or from a special-ized electronic or other component whosefunction we might not even know. Fiber opticsand windows are both made of glass.It should also be stressed that any study of thedevelopment of technology shows that technologicalprogress almost invariably comes from doing thingsdifferently in an unpredictable way. A nuclear reactoris not just a better furnace. A laser is not just a betterlight bulb. A microintegrated circuit is not just a bettervacuum tube. This concept is very important becausethere is a strong tendency to claim that certain objec-tives are impossible, when what is actually meant isthis particular method of accomplishing a particularobjective doesnt work. It may be impossible to gofaster than the speed of sound with a propeller-drivenairplane. Trips to the moon with single stage rocketsconstructed similarly to the very heavy German V-2rockets would not have been feasible. Limiting theacceleration of a moon rocket to 1 G would rule outsuch a mission with our rockets.I t is also very important to realize that the mode ofpreparation of material can have an enormousimpact on its properties. Boiled steak and broiled peasmight well turn off restaurant patrons. Recent work,for example, suggests that the properties of certainsteels can be substantially improved if they are pre-pared in a high electric field which seems to orient thegrain structure in new ways. Nitrogen ions can beaccelerated into the surface of a material to greatlyincrease hardness. This gives very different resultsthan adding nitrogen to the material when it is beingsmelted or rolled or drawn.What characteristics would be particularly importantfor a piece of the outer skin of a saucer? One wouldthink that surface hardness, high strength to weight ra-tios, and resistance to oxidation, corrosion and heatingwould be of particular importance. Electrical properties(such as conductivity as a function of temperature)might also be important if the vehicle used some sort ofexternal electromagnetic propulsion system and/orwanted to control its radar profile.WHO TESTS AND HOW?Suppose one has a small piece of material ostensiblyrecovered at the Corona site, and wants to test theseproperties. Where should one go? Before selecting atesting laboratory, I believe that certain criteria mustbe met.• The lab should be a certified or licensed lab for thetests that are to be done.• It must have performed those tests often and on manydifferent materials so that direct comparisons with "con-ventional" materials are feasible.• The lab must be willing to sign off on test resultswith a full description of the techniques and equipmentused, the standards employed, reproducibility and ac-curacy, and so on.• The lab must be willing to maintain a no-release pol-icy on whatever test results are made.• In advance of testing there must be detailed discus-sions of destructive and non-destructive tests and whattechniques will be used, if necessary, to subdivide thesamples. Obviously a destructive test requiring the use ofthe entire available sample would be foolish.• A protocol should be worked out in advance as tothe sequence of testing. Thus a sample may be usedfor several non-destructive tests, hardness, density,etc., before being used for a destructive test. Certaintest results may suggest a different sequence and newtests.I t should be obvious from the above comments thatsamples should be examined and tested by licensedcommercial laboratories under the direction of very ex-perienced materials specialists. Having a professor havea graduate student check things out would seem to vio-late all the rules, especially if they say, as has been thecase in the past. "Oh, of course you cant use my name."Test results without full information are, frankly, al-most worthless.Also it seems necessary that assurance be provided allalong the way that no test samples can be clandestinelyremoved, replaced, withheld or substituted for. Perhapsthis means keeping a videotape record of what is hap-pening.It should be noted that fissionable materials such asU-235 and plutonium are considered accountable mate-rials. Custodians must know how much of each is lo-cated where at all times. Standard specialized proceduresare used by the International Atomic Energy Agency, forexample, to prevent diversion of these valuable materi-als to clandestine nuclear weapon programs.Agreement must, of course, be reached prior to test-ing on the intellectual property rights. Who can publishthe data? Will there be any release prior to publication ina technical journal such as Science or Nature which re-quire peer review? The cold fusion fiasco demonstratedthe need for peer review prior to publication as opposedto publication via press release.Perhaps the most important step to be taken beforetesting begins is to have a detailed discussion with theContinued on Page 14DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 11
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALWe spoke in this space last time about the current status of ufology—in some waysnow more popular than ever— and the implications, good and bad, of same forthe future of UFO studies. We spoke about the need to find allies out there in theworld at large, particularly within the scientific community, and cited the case of StevenAftergood, chair of the section on Government and Secrecy for the American Federation ofScientists. What we didnt address was how such alliances might be forged and maintained,if not actually nurtured, to our own mutual benefit.THE LONG DISTANCE RUNNER:PART IIB efore continuing, let me explain why I didnt giveout Aftergoods address in the last issue. For onething, I didnt want the poor man suddenly besiegedwith letters from true believers uttering, in effect, nowthat were on the same page about the governmentcover-up of UFOs, what are we going to do about themillions of Americans being abducted every year, theunderground bases harboring captured flying saucers,and the secret treaty between our own government andaliens-from-wherever which permits such abductionsto continue? You know all the rumors.The fact of the matter, of course, is that we arent onthe same page with most members of the Federation ofAmerican Scientists, at least as far as UFOs are con-cerned. That doesnt mean we dont share similar con-cerns or that we shouldnt support one another when andwhere possible. The same is true of most of our con-gressional representatives, along with many members ofthe media and the military. But as long as we regardeveryone in science, journalism and government as ourintransigent enemies by definition,the more we isolateourselves and our subject of study from the mainstreamof American thought,save as a topic for the more sen-sational tabloids.Unfortunately, with the approach of the WesternMillennium, the "tabloidizing" of the UFO phenomenonis only going to get worse. Increasing apocalyptic andend-of-an-age thinking can only result in a growing cli-mate of increased expectations, a demand for heavenly"revelations" that cant possibly—or simply wont—be fulfilled, if past UFO "behavior" is any indication.Indeed, while ufology is likely to "profit" in the shortrun from its inevitable association with New Age mil-lennial aspirations, its just as likely to suffer in thelong run. Why should anyone in government, theAmerican Federation of Scientists or NASA bend overbackwards to ally themselves with the scientific study ofUFOs if the latter is publicly perceived, by and large, asmerely another New Age cult, high on impending de-liverance from above, whose main form of afterhoursentertainment is listening to channeled knowledge re-ceived from ethereal extraterrestrial entities? Of coursethey want to maintain their distance, if for no other rea-son than to retain their own credibility.Again, the question is how do we forge a wider al-liance with the American public at large? How do we getourselves taken seriously by government, the mediaand science? The answer is simple, although not obvi-ous, because it flies in the face of common sense. Oneway to get ourselves taken more seriously may be toavoid the subject of UFOs altogether.Those members of the American Federation ofScientists who support the panel against governmentsecrecy, for instance, are engaged in a crusade againstbureaucratic secrecy on principle, not because they be-lieve their government is necessarily hiding the truthabout extraterrestrial spaceships. Those members of themedia who run up against a stonewall in their pursuitofclassified documents dont feel themselves threatened byimminent abduction by a UFO—they feel threatenedbecause theyre routinely denied access to informationofseveral stripes. Similarly, many members of Congressfeel thwarted and outraged not because the governmentlies about its knowledge of UFOs, but because it lies tothem, period.Inasmuch as we can support these other "disaffected"segments of society we should, even if it means bitingour own tongues. Ask your congressman: "Forget aboutUFOs, what happened at Roswell? If it was a 45-year-old secret project that crashed, just tell us." Now whatabout Groom Lake and Area 51? "Forget the rumors ofretrieved flying saucers, whats going on? With theCold War over, why does the Air Force need to seize an-other 3900 acres of public land adjoining the NellisAFB Test Range?" What about the Paul BennewitzAffair? "Forget the rumors of UFOs, why was the AirForce Office of Special Intelligence passing apparentdoctored documents to a citizen of the United States inthe first place, presumably resulting in the latters virtualnervous breakdown?"All sorts of issues relevant and common to science, themedia and the day-to-day operations of the politicalbody can be raised and supported by the UFO commu-nity without ever once resorting to the subject of UFOs,or without demanding that the answers from our publicofficials necessarily address the UFO question head-to-head.Continued on Page 14PAGE 12 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALMUfON VERSUS THENEW AGE:Is your local group part of a scientific investigation — or potential pickingsfor a cult mentality?By W. L. Garner, Jr.I n the last couple of years, MUFON meetings, publi-cations, and conversations at all levels have seen anescalating tempo of controversy between the "pseudoscientists" on one hand and the new age psychics" onthe other. Like a festering wound, the controversy isbeginning to affect MUFONs effectiveness and repu-tation. Unfortunately, many of the noisy antagonists onboth sides are venting their emotional wants and have lit-tle or no concern for MUFONs stated purpose or thescientific method.MUFON purports to be an internationalscientificorganization that believes a concentrated scientific studyby dedicated investigators and researchers will providethe ultimate answer to the UFO enigma.A scientific or-ganization dedicated to scientific study must establishand must demand adherence to protocols for its investi-gators and researchers, or its reports and conclusionssimply become more meaningless babble. Personal be-liefs are threatened only to the extent each individualchooses to expose his beliefs to the available scientificevidence.The scientific protocols for the MUFON FieldInvestigator (Fl) are well established in the MUFONField Investigators Manual, the essence of which islaid out in Chapter II, "The Field Investigators Code ofEthics." Properly documenting the evidence is an es-sential scientific first step. Simply stated, the FIs pri-mary responsibilityis to identify and document the ev-idence as objectively as possible without causing anyharm to the percipient or others. It is not to publicize theincident or to pass final judgment on the evidence or thepercipient. Thus, every effort should be made to recorda percipients experience exactly as that person experi-enced it. In practice, the FI first must make a decision asto whether there is the potential for acquiring enoughfactual evidence to justify the time and expense he/shewill spend acquiring and documenting it. If he/she de-cides to proceed, there are provisions in the protocol thatprovide the investigator an opportunity to question or ex-press doubt about any part or all of the evidence re-ported, but he/she must not ignore or change any part ofthat evidence.Protocols for scientific researchers in the various dis-ciplines are much more complex and demanding, andusually require extensivetraining in each particular dis-cipline. Protocols for the scientific method began inmathematics with rules for logic, stemming from theprotocol that all propositions which are not themselvesself-evident must be derived from others that are self-ev-ident. From this simple beginning with clear-cut an-swers, protocols have become far more complex, en-compassing, and difficult as the scientific method hasbeen applied to more and more areas of nature and life.UFOs, extraterrestrial aliens, abductions, telepathy,out-of-body experiences, etc., are all valid areas for sci-entific investigation, but scientific investigation de-mands the protocols of specific research objectives,techniques, and proofs. One or more individuals es-pousing grandiose revelations may sound authentic andcompelling, but without scientific validation it is uselessgossip. One major hurdle in investigatingthese types ofclaims is the necessity for independent confirmation(feedback); without it nothing is scientifically estab-lished. Another is the patience and self-discipline toavoid jumping to conclusions until enough scientificevidence is in to be able to draw valid conclusions.T he human mind is still the greatest mystery, capableof creating or wiping out memories, biomedicalconditions and even whole personalities. These changescan result from a wide variety of traumas, and some-times from just wishes, desires or needs. Interactionswith entities or extraterrestrial aliens may or may not beone of the causes. Those of you who have sufferedthrough the terminal illness of a loved one, or who haveworked with the results of childhood trauma, may havewitnessed some of these psychological manifestations.Science is just beginningto scratch the surface in tryingto understand the reality behind all of this.For MUFON to be a viable scientific organizationthere must be continuous,aggressive efforts at all levelsto keep all activities directed toward scientific objectives.At the level where activities are directed primarily to-wards the investigation of alleged UFO incidents, thatmandate is comparatively simple to pursue. The proto-cols for that are laid out in the MUFON FieldInvestigators Manual. At any level where activities aremore involved with public relations, meetings, and pub-lications, that mandate is infinitely more difficult.Keeping discussions, meetings, and publications aimedtowards improving scientific skills and understanding ismuch harder, particularly if you also want to keep it at-tractive for a wide variety of members.The conflict between MUFONs stated objectivesand the New Age proponents practices are most obvi-ous at meetings. Personal, even if sincere, tales of oth-erworldly experiences presented as unquestionable, fac-tual events may improve attendance, but they add littleor nothing to anyones scientific understanding of what-ever may be going on, or to the skills needed to investi-DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 13
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALOne or more Individuals espousing grandioserevelations may sound authentic and com-pelling, but without scientific validation It Isuseless gossip.gate such claims. It is not even an acceptable method ofdocumenting these incidents. At its best, it risks psy-chological damage to fragile personalities, both speakersand attendees, for the sake of attendance. At its worst, bydefinition it turns your organization into a cult.The director who plans your meetings and issuesyour publications has a narrow and difficult path to fol-low. The difference between presenting a controversialexperience as part of a training program to improve in-vestigators skills versus presenting it as entertainmentor recruitment may be difficult for some to fathom; but,when scientific objectives and standards are sacrificedfor entertainment by unverified propaganda, your grouphas already begun the transformation from a scientificorganization into a cult.Mr. Garner is MUFONs State Director for Louisiana.ARTIFACT - Continuedfrom Page 11head of the testing laboratory or a team of his experts,whose expertise would be invaluable. The problem isan interdisciplinary one, requiring a great deal ofexperience so that one doesnt, for example, test dirtspectroscopically instead of using agricultural testprocedures.One must also note that the intelligence and mili-tary agencies of the U. S. government have clearlydemonstrated their very strong desire to cover up sub-stantive material about flying saucers. Therefore, it isto be expected that they would try to obtain any sam-ples, to prevent publication of test results, and perhapsto intimidate those who possess the sample and thosedoing the testing. Our security must be excellent. Inaddition, considerable care must be taken as to howthe news of any truly exciting test results should bebroken. The implications of proof of ET Visitor realityare significant and numerous.Nuclear physicist Friedman lives in New Brunswick,Canada, when he isnt on the UFO lecture circuit. He isco-author with aviation writer Don Berliner of Crash atCorona, published by Paragon House.RUNNER - Continued from Page 12By not couching our questions in such confronta-tional terms—UFOs: yes or no!—we may find that wecan learn more than we thought we could. We may alsofind that we had more friends than we first thought.— Dennis StacyFOWLER RECEIVES AWARD(Washington, D.C.) The Fund for UFO Research an-nounces that Raymond Fowler has received the organi-zations Isabel L. Davis Memorial Award for 1993.With the award comes a check in the amount of $1,000.Fowler is a veteran UFO investigatorand author ofsix books on the UFO subject. "The 1993 publication ofRay Fowlers The Allagash Abductions, an importantand carefully documented case, caps a productivecareerof over 30 years," said Fund Chairman Richard Hall."Fowler has set investigation standards, first forNICAP, and later for MUFON. His six UFO books in-clude three on The Andreasson Affair, culminating withThe Watchers (1990). His work has greatly enhanced ourknowledge and understandingof UFOs."The Isabel L. Davis Memorial Award was estab-lished in 1986 "to recognize long-term accomplish-ments and excellence in promoting rational inquiry intoreported UFO sightings and related phenomena."Isabel Davis was a pioneer in the field of Ufology.She was a co-founder of Civilian Saucer Investigation ofNew York and a frequent contributor to the organiza-tions high-quality newsletter.She is perhaps best known for her outstanding in-vestigation and report, co-authored by Ted Bloecher,on the famous Kelly-Hopkinsville (KY) entity case,which was published by the Center for UFO Studies.She was also a valued staff member of the NationalInvestigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena. In1979, she was one of the founders of the Fund for UFOResearch. Ms. Davis passed away in 1984.Nominations for the 1993 Isabel Davis Award weremade by the Executive Committee of the Fund for UFOResearch. The recipient was chosen by the Funds sup-porters. UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICE ^The UFO Newsclipping Service will keep you informed of allthe latest United States and World-Wide UFO reports (i.e., littleknown photographic cases, close encounters and landingreports, occupant cases) and all other UFO reports, many ofwhich are carried only in small town and foreign newspapers.Our UFO Newsclipping Service issues are 20-page monthlyreports, reproduced by photo-offset, containing the latest UnitedStates and Canadian UFO newsclippings, with our foreign sec-tion carrying the latest British, Australian, New Zealand andother foreign press reports. Also included is a 3-5 page sectionof "Fortean" clippings (i.e., Bigfoot and other "monster" reports).Let us keep you informed of the latest happenings in the UFOand Fortean fields.For subscription information and sample pages from our ser-vice, write today to:UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICE"V Route 1-Box 220 •Plumerville, Arkansas 72127 fPAGE 14 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MLJFON UFO JOURNALJohn Carpenter"Coping Responses and Credibility"MYTH#I:"Aliens always abduct mentally stable people."T he notion that alien life forms could possiblydetectin advance how psychologically sound any indi-vidual is and alwaysbe able to make an accurateselec-tion is an extraordinary concept. For an otherworldlybe-ing to always be able to predict how any human being isgoing to react emotionally or choose to cope is highlyunlikely. Research into UFO abductions has indicatedthat there are frequent reports of "tests" or "stagedevents" to elicit emotional responses from abductees.When these abduction participants react, there is fre-quently a subtle acknowledgement that the subjects didwell by just responding with intense emotions. Thisimplies that they have not understoodour human emo-tions well and have undertaken a study of this unex-pected or less known variable—as any sensible scientistwould—if indeed this is the assumed logic of their ac-tions. There are many abduction accounts in which thelittle grays have reacted with apparent surprise at suddenemotional displays made by captive humans. The crea-tures tend to "stand back" or simply leave at such mo-ments; they do not challenge the feelings. It thereforeseems unlikely that they could be superior in the emo-tional assessment of humans prior to an abduction.As researchers and mental health professionals wehave constantly stressed our assessments of sanity andnormality among abductees to establish credibility forthe phenomenon. However, how many experiencershave not coped well and lapsed into dysfunctional cop-ing behavior such as alcoholism, drug abuse, delin-quency, overeating, gambling, or explosive and detri-mental displacement of anger? How many have buriedtheir confusion, anxiety, anger, and fear in these ways foryears without knowing the source of their irritations?How many personalities have been shaped by years ofsilent intrusions upon the mind and emotions of thesehumans?Will these unfortunate people be judged as havingless credibleencountersbecause they are alcoholicsorpoorly coping individuals? We cannot judge the natureof their original incidents by simply assessing their pre-sent level of functioning. Researchingthe encountersmay be next to impossible due to dysfunctional behav-ior and fragility in coping ability. But we should not con-clude that their encounters are created by theirpresent-day coping deficiencies. Skeptics will claim that thealcoholism, for example, manufactured the anomalousevent. In fact, the opposite is more believable—that thebizarre experience led the witness to drinking exces-sively as a dysfunctional method of coping. Nor shouldwe conclude—without a careful investigation of thefacts—that their experiences are imagined or self-serv-ing. We would be naive to assume that all abductees willcope well, given time—and that all would even make therevealing connection to UFOs in order to begin appro-priately processing their unresolved feelings, phobias,and non-productive behaviors.MYTH #2:"Abductees that cannot withstand public scrutiny are lesscredible."The second line of trouble is the public ridicule, de-bunking, and disbelief that overwhelms the experiencerwho may be barely managing their emotions under suchpressure. We have seen some publicized cases breakdown certain witnesses into psychotic episodes, erraticbehavior or claims, and depression with withdrawalinto seclusion. The skeptics gleefully make their claimsof "hoax" or "insanity" as these witnesses crumble un-der the intense weight of public scrutiny. Can we evenbegin to know how that pressure would feel? Are we toconclude that their encounters are not real just becausethey fail to survive these kinds of pressures? The publictypically makes an instantaneous assessment based on amedia critique or brief witness interview (shaped byediting, of course). Those words and images are un-likely to represent the individuals entire experienceand full range of emotions, but, like a timely snapshot,this is what will be recalled.MYTH #3:"All Abductees who speak on TV, at conferences, or sellbooks have not suffered badly and just like attention."On the other end of this discussion are those experi-encers who are seen and assessed by the public—eventhe UFO community—as "coping too well to have beengenuine abductees." Judged as attention-seekers, bookpeddlers, or New Age "crusaders," these individualsare often only seen and known to the public in the latterstages of their years of coping. Coping is a process.Many of these same abductees struggled for years, pri-vately, trying desperately to comprehend the confusion,mixed feelings, and anguish of having their perception ofreality shattered forever. Documenting their experiencesand personal growth in book form has become a thera-peutic catharsis—a way of organizing, releasing, andgaining some form of control over their feelings, whilehopefully helping someone else out there with their pri-vate disclosures.This handful of advocates, bravely speaking pub-licly to sincerely promote the existence of this wide-Continued on Page 19DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 15
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALIh^UECLERESSUFO for Windows—"This Planets MostComplete Guide to Close Encounters"Software Marketing Corporation. Phoenix, AZ,$29.90Reviewed by Dennis StacyT hat commercial computer software developers havefinally discovered UFOs is not so surprising: that ittook them so long is. Actually, a DOS "digital book" -UFO Research in Australia and New Zealand — ap-peared down under last year, although it left a lot to bedesired. Essentially, UFO Research was little more thanone long scrolling text file; it lacked onscreen graphicsand had only rudimentary search capabilities, and ofcourse was limited to southern hemisphere cases.UFO For Windows takes full advantage of theWindows GUI, or Graphical User Interface, aMacintosh-like shell that sits atop the antiquated DOScommand line structure. To run UFO youll need anIBM PC or compatible, Windows 3.1 and at least 2MBof Ram. The program ships on four 3.5-inch diskettes. ACD-ROM version with video clips (and presumablysound) is also being advertised at the same price, butwas unavailable at the time of review.Two products are actually involved here, one beingthe program itself, and the other of course being theprograms content, that is, the UFO information beingdisseminated to the general public. It gets better markson the former than the latter, although the material pre-sented isnt nearly as outright sensational as it might be,considering that the two primary sources for same ap-pear to be Jim Dilettoso and Lt. Col. Wendelle Stevens,who is described on the back of the package as beingwith "United States Air Force Technical Intelligence."On the other hand, its not as good and reliable as itcould be, either. I suspect that Stevens supplied most ofthe pictures from his immense photo collection, includ-ing, as one might expect, several of Billy Meiers UFOs,and that someone else (Dilettoso?) did the final writing.Both crop circles and animal mutilations are simplysubsumed to be part and parcel of the UFO phenome-non; in fact, crop circles account for almost all of thecases covered since 1980, which is a definite disap-pointment. What happened to the Cash-Landrum,Hudson River Valley and Belgium UFO cases? For thatmatter, what happened to a general introduction to theUFO phenomenon in general?On the other hand, the program itself is a realcharmer. After installation it opens with four windows orindividual screens showing, a finder map in the upperleft-hand corner opposite a case description, belowwhich is a longer section of accompanying text, to theleft of which is an associated graphic in the great ma-jority of cases. Some 500 cases are covered in varyingdegrees of detail.Searching for a particular case is a snap and can bedone in several ways. Cases can be menu-listed by topicor date and then selected, or they can be opened simplyby clicking on one of the dots on the map. If the mapseems too small you can enlarge it to a full screen andthen zoom in on even smaller sections for additionalcontrol and choice. Images can be enlarged to an entirescreen, too, but theyre of such low resolutionto beginwith that itshardly worth the exercise. Graphics andtext can both be pasted to the Windows clipboard for im-port into other programs. Bravo, Windows! It may notbe the ground-level-up GUI that the Macintosh operat-ing system is, but itsa wonder that it runs on top ofDOS in any form at all, let alone as miraculouslyas itdoes.In the final analysis, UFOfor Windows is a better ad-vertisement for what can be done with computers thanfor what can be learned about UFOs. It is, however, aninteresting, if flawed first approach, and some of youwill wish to check it out,just to see how it can be done.I got my copy out of the Tiger Software catalog, Tel:(800) 888-4437. Postage is an additional $5.95.Ive also seen another piece of UFO software re-cently advertised, Explore: The UFO Phenomenon byExploration Publishing, in the Electronics Boutique cat-alog, but when I last called the program wasnt yetavailable. The price is listed as $49.99, EBs telephonenumber is (800) 800-0032."LIES OF THE MIND"Time MagazineWe first published an article on the so-called FalseMemory Syndrome by Dr. David Gotlib in the Julyissueof the Journal, in which the author warned that the FMSwas "like a locomotive coming down the track, straightat us." The train has been chugging for some time on thetabloid TV shows, but I suppose, now that Time hasmade the subject "official," that it can at least be said tohave pulled into the station."Lies of the Mind" is part of a Time special report onthe status of contemporary psychoanalysis. (A puzzledSigmund Freud is on the cover.) Subtitled "Repressed-memory therapy is harmingpatients, devastating fami-lies and intensifying a backlash against mental-healthpractitioners," the article is written by Leon Jaroff.Jaroff is a CSICOP fellow-traveller, Randi apologist,and, if memory serves, the former editor of anotherTime-Life publication, the science magazine Discover,which I mention only for your infotainmentbenefit.PAGE 16 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALThose who claim to have been ritually abused bysatanic cults also tell ofmissing fetuses" andburied bodies, but the courts and law enforce-ment officials keep asking a simple question:"Where are the skeletons?"The article itself is straight forward reporting, andthere is even a box by another reporter on theabductionphenomenon, "It Came From Outer Space," on page56, which quotes both Hopkins and Jacobs. Its notquite as detailed a treatment of False Memory Syndromeas two earlier articles which appeared in Vanity Fair andThe New Yorker, but it gets the job done, so to speak.The main thing to remember, and the main point of in-terest for ufologists. is that proponents lumpabductionsinto the FMS stew along with many accounts of child-hood sexual abuse and ritual satanic cult abuse.I am one of those who happens to think that there arephenomenological parallels between all three types of re-ports, not only in the context of the content of the ac-counts themselves, but in how such accounts are rou-tinely investigated. As far as abductionsare concerned.I personally would like to see a lot less emphasis on re-gressive hypnosis,and a great deal more emphasis on in-dependent, physical verification, but mine is probably aminority opinion among the UFO communityat large.Whether you agree or not, the current debate over theFalse Memory Syndrome is indeed the hottest topic ofthe day among therapists and other mental-health pro-fessionals in general, and will profoundly affect how thepublic at large perceives the abduction phenomenon.As a sort of third party to the debate, it would behooveufologists to bone up on the basics of the argument,and the Time article (along with the proceeding one onFreud and psychoanalysis) is as good a place to begin asany.At issue is the nature of memory itself, the humanre-sponse to trauma, and the question of whether or not re-peated unpleasant childhood experiences can be suc-cessfully repressed, only to erupt later in life (and ifso, howl). The psychiatriccommunityseems to be di-viding into two hostile camps over these and relatedissues. As much as "abductionology" might prefer to beleft out of the fray, that now seems unlikely if notpatently impossible. Like it or not, we are reduced to theposition of having to prove the physical existence of"Satan," or, at the very least, hordes of invading ex-traterrestrial demons, if we expect to be takenseriously.Its not an envious situation,obviously. And its cer-tainly not a case that can be proved by anecdotal ac-counts, the sole confirmation of which is typically hyp-notically retrieved, however many of same we amass.Those who claim to have been ritually abused by sataniccults also tell of "missing fetuses" and buried bodies, butthe courts and law enforcement officials keep asking asimple question:"Where are the skeletons?"Regardless of how one feels about the subject, thewarnings to be derived from the False MemorySyndrome debate are abundantlyclear and loud. Withouta bona fide bag of bones, some practicing abductiontherapists are inevitablyscheduled for an unwanted ap-pearance in court, as sure as the sun rises in the east andsets in the west. In fact, its already happened to onewest coast therapist who probably now wishes therereally was a skeleton in his closet.1993 Keyhoe Journalism AwardFund for UFO ResearchThe Fund for UFO Research, a nonprofit scientific or-ganization based in Washington, D.C., announces cashawards for the best articles or stories published or broad-cast in 1993 concerning the subject of UnidentifiedFlying Objects.The award was established in 1989 to honor thememory of Major Donald E. Keyhoe, a retired MarineCorps pilot and former director of the NationalInvestigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena. Maj.Keyhoe was an aide to Charles A. Lindbergh after theaviator made the first solo, non-stop flight from NewYork to Paris in 1927. During the 1930s, Keyhoe was afreelance writer whose work appeared in such publica-tions as The Nation, The Saturday Evening Post andReaders Digest. He passed away on November 29,1988.The recipients of the 1992 Donald E. KeyhoeJournalism Award were:• Christopher Evans of theCleveland, OH, Plain Dealer,for an article describing a U.S. Coast Guard investiga-tion into the March 4, 1988, landing of anunidentifiedflying object;• Annette Gillespie of the Bradenton, FL, Herald, whowrote about the UFO abduction phenomenon; and• Dawn Shurmaitis, a reporter for The Times Leaderof Wilkes-Barre, PA, for a detailed examination ofUFO activity and interest in the subject throughout thestate.The three winners shared a cash award of $850.Eligibility RequirementsAny journalist working for a newspaper, magazine, radioor television station whose story on UFOs was pub-lished or broadcast between January 1 and December 31,1993, is eligible to enter the competition. In order to beconsidered, the story must be submitted with an entryform, signed by the principal author of the story, and anewspaper or magazine clipping, audio cassette orvideotape on VHS format. Foreign language storiesDECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 17
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALmust be accompanied by an English translation in orderto be considered.A winning entry will be one which—in the opinion ofthe judges—makes the most significant contribution topublic understanding of the UFO phenomenon. Entriesshould emphasize scientific research. Possible topicsmay be, but are not limited to: the U.S. Governments in-volvement in the UFO subject; the phenomenon of UFO"abduction" cases; or investigations into eyewitness re-ports of UFO sightings. Awards are made without regardto any particular theory about the source of the UFOphenomenon.The deadline for submissions is February 1, 1994.The panel will make its decision by April 1. Entriesshould be mailed to:Journalism AwardFund for UFO ResearchP.O. Box 277Ml. Rainier, MD 20712To receive an entry form or an information package onthe UFO subject, call Don Berliner at (703) 684-6032.UFO ABDUCTIONS IN GULF BREEZEBy Ed and Frances WaltersAn Avon Paperback BookScheduled for release in mid-December1993S ince the publishing of The Gulf Breeze Sightingsand the resulting publicity, I have received thou-sands of letters from all over the world. Most are fromUFO witnesses who send me reports and photographs ofwhat they saw. This has been a truly amazing and hum-bling experience.Are all the UFO photographs actually true UFOs? Idont know but many of the daytime shots show struc-tural details and interaction with the surrounding areasuch as shadows, illuminationon clouds, etc.Four years ago as the onslaught of letters began, Inoted that many people had questions about my hypno-sis sessions with Dr. Dan Overlade. What had I dis-covered? Plus, almost everybody wanted to know ifthere had been further UFO sightings since my last en-counter, May 1, 1988, as described in the book. This wasreason number one for Frances and me to write our fol-low-up book, UFO Abductions In Gulf Breeze.At first I rejected any more of the public spotlight andrefused to write a follow-up book. Being fair game as apublic figure was a shocking experience. Some of thelies uttered by debunkers were truly extraordinary. Theysent out fake UFO photographs, planted a UFO model,and attacked my character without conscience. But astime passed, the fake photograph debunking plot was ex-posed by none other than Jim Moseley. The UFO modelwas examined and conclusively proven by witnesses,Mr. & Mrs L. Thomas, to have been built almost twoyears after I took photographs of the real UFO.I passed four lie detector tests with three different ex-aminers, but even so, the debunkers to this day pro-mote their rumors and lies. And that is the second reasonwe decided to release the new book.What is the book about? It presents an exacttranscriptof the hypnosissessions as videotaped by Dr. Overlade,along with several chapters written by the now deceasedDr. Overlade to whom I dedicated the book.The second half of the book concentrates on scores ofUFO sightings documented by a local research teamand witnessed by hundreds of people at a time.Is this the last word on Gulf Breeze? Certainly not;the debunkers have already gathered their forces to at-tack the ongoing UFO sightings as being emergencyflares, and of course, a massive hoax. But unfortunatelyfor the debunkers, the Gulf Breeze UFO sightingscon-tinue with some amazing day time and night time video-taped encounters.Daily my mail box is filled with letters from wit-nesses which I try to answer. My sincere thanksto all ofyou for your continued support.— EdWaltersMORE GOOD WRITING HINTSDont use no doublenegatives.About them sentence fragments.Try to not ever split infinitives.Verbs has to agree with their subjects.Between you and I, case is important.Correct spelling is essentail.When dangling, watch your participles.Use your apostrophes correctly.Avoid cliches like the plague.Dont use commas, that arent necessary.Proofread you writing.And of course, never use a proposition to end asentence with!— Supplied by Mike Stacy, a professional translator.MUFON 1993INTERNATIONAL UFOSYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS"UFOs: The Emergence of a New Science"PRICE:$20 plus $1.50 for postage and handling.ORDER FROM:MUFON, 103Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, TX 78155-4099PAGE 18 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFOJOURNAL.Letters to Mufon UFO JournalFPP NO FANTASYJohn Carpenters comments on "Fantasy PronePersonality" (FPP) in the October 1993 issue of theMUFON UFO Journal are highly inaccurate.First, Carpenter says that Keith Basterfield created theterm Fantasy-Prone Personality (FPP). In the paper"UFO Abductees and Contactees: Psychopathology orFantasy Proneness" (Professional Psychology 1991:22(3). 215-22), Basterfield and his co-authors clearly citeS.C. Wilson and T.X. Barber as originallydescribingFPP. They also identify preliminary research by J.R.Hilgard as contributing to the concept, and work by S.Myers and H. Austrin, and S.J. Lynn and S.W. Rhue, assupporting Wilson and Barbers original findings.Second, Mr. Carpenter states "[FPP] is only discussedin UFO-related articles and research." In fact, a quickscan of my files (as well as the references from theBasterfield article above) shows there are numerous pa-pers on FPP in the mental health literature, includingjournals such as British Journal of Clinical andExperimental Hypnosis, Journal of Personality andSocial Psychology, International Journal of Clinicaland Experimental Hypnosis, and American Psychologist.Of all the citations I have come across, only theBasterfield article deals primarily (if at all) with UFOabductees and contactees.Third, FPP does not appear in "Diagnostic andStatistical Manuals of Disorders" because it is not adisorder, but a psychological construct, thought to be re-lated to those of "imaginative involvement" and "ab-sorption."1 agree with Mr. Carpenter that the FPP construct byitself is insufficient to explain away every abductioncase. However, FPP is neither discredited, nor dead,nor buried, as Mr. Carpenter asserts. If we want otherprofessionals to stop reflexively taking a dismissiveorreductionist approach to the abduction phenomenon weshould resist the temptation to do the same with thework of others, at least withoutfirst seriously studyingthe body of work we are addressing.— David Gotlib, M.D.Toronto, Ontario(Dr. Gotlib is the editor of BAE, the Bulletin ofAnomalous Experience, 2 St. Clair Avenue West, Suite607, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 1L5.Letters to the Journal should be addressed to theeditor, Dennis Stacy, Box 12434, San Antonio, TX78212.DIRECTORS MESSAGE - Continued from Page 23band for several weekends, David believes that the fre-quency 7.233 MHz each Saturday morning at 0930MDT (1630Z) would be the most conducive time for theconvenience of both time zones and minimum foreignbroadcast interference. Since this is the first announce-ment in the Journal, W6LEV will inaugurate this net onJanuary 8, 1994 at the prescribed time as the Net ControlStation on 7.233 MHz single side band. We invite all ofour MUFON amateur radio operators to check in tothis new net. The feasibility of organizing a 75 meter netis pending.MYTHS - Continued from Page 15 •spread mystery, are doing what they believe is important.For most it is a peak in their adjustment to a new real-ity—to take great personal risk in order to speak fromthe depths of their feelings in hopes of helping others. Tofairly assess them one must know of their completejourney through fear, pain, confusion, self-doubt, andterror—not just what you observe in a few public mo-ments at the finish.I wish to thank many of you for your kind letters ofsupport as I come to the end of my first year of writingcolumns for this journal. Merry Christmas to all. Maywe all be kinder and more humane to each other in thecoming year as we all continue our difficult work on thisquest for truth.UNITED NATIONS VIDEOOn October 2, 1992, a UFO presentationwas made atthe United Nations in an effort to reopen Decision GA33/426. The two-hour VHS video tape includesMohammad A. Ramadan, StantonT. Friedman. JohnF. Schuesslerand Robert H. Bletchman. Tapes of thismonumental UN presentation may be purchased byPostal Money Order, personal check made payablethrough a U.S. bank or U.S. cash for $19.95 plus $2for p.&h. to MUFON, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin,TX 78155-4099, U.S.A.MUFONET-BBS NETWORKMembers Communication LinkAustralia — U.S. — Canada — South AfricaData No. 512-556-2524 8 - N -1DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 19
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALEASTERN REGIONAL DIRECTOR ELECTIONThree very qualified candidates have been nomi-nated for the position of Eastern Regional Director onthe MUFON Board of Directors for a four-year term.Each gentleman has agreed to fulfill the position to thebest of his ability if elected. Photographs of Dana M.Schmidt and David F. Webb appeared in the November1993 issue of the MUFON UFO Journal. A photographof George A. Filer appears with this article. A short bi-ography of the three candidates in alphabetical order fol-lows, so that you may become acquainted with theirqualifications before voting.GEORGE A. FILERMr. Filer graduated from Bradley University with aBachelor of Science Degree, in 1976 he received anMBA from Central Michigan University and in 1977from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Aretired Major in the U.S.A.F., Mr. Filer has accumulat-ed 5,000 hours of flying time, visited 65 countries,and worked as an Intelligence Officer conductingthousands of briefings to general officers. He ispresently the Director of Marketing for Auditec, Inc.Since joining MUFON in 1988, George has succes-sively served as a Field Investigator, State SectionDirector, Assistant State Director and is presently theNew Jersey State Director. He first became interested inUFOs as a high school student, when a German scientistfriend told about her closeup sighting at White SandsProving Grounds. While in the Air Force, he chased aUFO and believes they are manned by intelligent lifeforms. George has interviewed 50 abductees and regu-larly speaks on the subject of UFOs .DANA M. SCHMIDTMr. Schmidt obtained a B.S. degree in Engineeringfrom the University of Michigan in 1962 and a JurisDoctor Degree from George Washington University in1965. Dana is employed as a Patent Counsel forEastman Kodak Co. He is a member of the Bars ofIllinois, Michigan, New York, and the U.S. PatentOffice.Dana has been the State Section Director forRochester, NY and the surrounding counties since1980. He had his first sighting of UFOs in 1957 inPeoria, IL. Mr. Schmidt was a member of NICAP andCUFOS before joining MUFON. He has investigatednumerous UFO sightings, including New York "cropcircles" and those with unusual photographs. Danaorganized the annual upstate NY MUFON meetings atAuburn for the past five years and has developed acorps of experienced Field Investigators for theRochester area. He has represented MUFON onnumerous radio and TV talk shows about UFOs. Also,he has worked with abduction investigators utilizinghypnotic regression.DAVID F. WEBBMr. Webb has a B.S. degree in Physics and is employedas a research scientist in the Boston, MA area special-izing in space physics research. He has been active inUFO research and case investigations since I960. Afterjoining MUFON in 1974. he has successively held thepositions of Massachusetts and New Hampshire StateDirectors and Eastern RegionalDirector on the MUFONBoard of Directors. He has also been a field investigatorfor both APRO and NICAP and a member of theSociety for ScientificExploration.David Webb specializes in the collection and analysisof CE III Reports, including abduction cases. He main-tains HumCat, a computer-based catalog of CE-III re-ports (formerly co-chairman with Ted Bloecher). He isalso affiliated with CUFOS which published his booklet1973 - Year of the Humanoids. He is the author of about15 UFO articles and papers, and has presented invitedlectures at numerousUFO conferences. Mr. Webb was afeatured speaker at MUFONs International UFOSymposium in Ann Arbor. MI in 1976.Deadline for voting Is January 31, 1994Only members in the Eastern Region composed of thefollowing states may vote for this prestigious position:ME. VT. NH, MA, CT, RI, NY, PA, NJ, DE, MD. WV,VA, NC. SC. GA, FL, PR. and VI. A ballot has been en-closed in this issue of the Journal for your convenience.Please detach, vote for one candidate, affix yoursigna-ture, and mail promptly. If a family membership ex-ists, each member may vote on the same ballot identi-fying the person you are voting for and signing yourown name. It is imperative that each member votespromptly so the ballots will be returned to MUFONheadquarters in Seguin, TX by January 31, 1994. Thisprestigious position is only one of the four MUFONBoard of Directors elected by the membership that theyrepresent. These gentlemen need your support, thereforedo not allow the Christmasholidays to deter you fromvotingimmediately.PAGE 20George A. Filer, Candidate for Eastern Regional DirectorNUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALFREE READING LIST & other sources of reliable informationon the UFO phenomenon, including more than 50 book titles, or-ganizations & publications. Also lists 45 publications (hooks,reports, videotapes & govt documents) offered by the Fundfor UFO Research. Send name & address to: Fund for UFOResearch, P.O. Box 277-M, Mt. Rainier,MD 20712.AREA 51 VIEWERS GUIDE: Detailed milepost log ofNevadaHvvy 375, home of Black Mailbox& many UFO reports. Viewingsites, back roads, services, maps, references, $15 + $3.50 prioritypostage. Glenn Campbell, HCR Box38, Rachel, NV 89001.(702)729-2648.CRASH COLLUSION is Your Quarterly Guide to the Fringe.We publish serious articles on such uncommon topics as UFOs,Weird Science, Conspiracies, Altered States and more. A sampleissue is $4.00. Please make checks payable to: Wesley Nations.P.O. Box 49233, Austin. TX 78765.SUBSCRIBE TO THE ISLANDERNEWSPAPER, your UFOconnection in Gulf Breeze. One year subscription,52 issues bymail, $18. Limited number "Gulf Breeze Sightings*magazinestill available, $2.00+$1.50 postage. The Islander, P.O. Box 292,Gulf Breeze, FL 32562.VIDEO/AUDIO TAPES ON UFOs, crop circles, aviation mys-teries, near-death experiences, Face on Mars & other fascinatingtopics. Free list & sample newsletter from The EclecticViewpoint, Box 802735-M, Dallas, TX 75380. Future lecturehotline (214) 601-7687.NEW VIDEOS—Budd Hopkins: "Hidden Memories: Are You aUFO Abductee?" (92 mins); Brian OLeary: "The SecondComing of Science" (90 mins), $29.95 ea. "UFO Secret: TheRoswell Crash" (75 mins), "UFOs: The Secret Evidence" (110mins), $39.95 ea + $4 shipping/$l ea. additionaltape. LIGHT-WORKS, P.O. Box 661593MU5, Los Angeles, CA 90066. (800)795-TAPE.tTAMPA. FL. Feb. 19-20: "Do We Have Visitors From theUnknown? Scholarly Study of Extraterrestrial Intrusions."Holiday Inn. Linda Howe, Dr. John Mack, George Knapp, JohnCarpenter, YvonneSmith, Skye Ambrose, others. $50 until Feb.12, $55 after. Banquet, workshops optional. Call (417) 882-6847or write TRIAD Research Conferences, 4033 S. Belvedere,Springfield, MO 65807.SAN DIEGO, CA, MARCH 26-27: "Is There Hard EvidenceforExtraterrestrial Visitations?" Hotel Del Coronado. BuddHopkins, John Mack, John Carpenter, George Knapp, ColinAndrews, Skye Ambrose, more. $50 until March 19, $55 after.Banquet, workshops optional. Call (417)882-6817 or writeTRIAD Research Conferences, 4033 S. Belvedere, Springfield,MO 65807.NEW ORLEANS UFO CONVENTION: March 11-13. FeaturesDr. Raymond Moody. Colin Andrews, Linda Howe, BuddHopkins, Dr. Bill Roll, Bob Oechsler. Donald Ware, abducteesScott Maas, Katharina Wilson & Debbie Jordan. Workshops,networking, abductee support available. Call PROJECTAWARENESS for information (904) 432-8888 24 hrs/day orwrite P.O. Box 730. Gulf Breeze, FL 32562.TAMPA UFO CONVENTION: May 20-22. Six intriguing lec-tures & 7 fascinating workshops by Dr. Scott Jones, Dr. KarlaTurner, Dr. Michael Grosso, Stanton Friedman, Budd Hopkins.Dr. Raymond Moody, Zecharia Sitchin, Betty Andreasson Luca& others. Sponsored by Project Awareness. For complete infor-mation call (904) 432-8888 24 hrs/day or write P.O. Box730, GulfBreeze, FL 32562.ESCORT INTERVIEW—I will pay $25 for a photocopy of theinterview of Dr. Edward Condon that was published in theApril 1968 issue of Escort magazine. Eric Herr, P.O. Box 15044,San Diego, CA 92175.SPECTACULAR 1993 GULF BREEZE VIDEO. 2 hrs of rawfootage over Gulf Breeze, Florida. A must see UFO extrava-ganza. $25 to Gulf Breeze Raw. UFON Jim Gialpis, 50 SleepyHollow Road, Niantic,CT, 06357.NEW AREA 51 BOOKLET. 21 pages. "The Secrets of Area51." Discover what is really beingtested in Nevada. Includes cri-tique of Campbells "Area 51 Viewers Guide." All latest find-ings. Author Jon Erik Beckjord. Send a mere $5 to UFO, Bigfoot& lessie Museum Project. Box 2534, Malibu, CA 90265.PHOTO IDs $3.89 (send no $$, SASE for info): UFO CuriousContact Service (coded names), info, SASE. "Alien PresenceAnalysis," $3.00, "Suggested UFO Contact Protocols &Procedures," $2.00, postpaid, money order only to: MutualInterests MU10, P.O. Box 10(141, Scottsdale, AZ 85271.THE UFO EXPERIENCE. Audiotape & videotape proceedingsof six annual conferences. Researchers, contactees & abducteesincluding Betty Hill, Budd Hopkins, Whitley Strieber, ColinAndrews, George Knapp, John Mack. Charles Hickson, BettyAndreasson, Jerry Clark, Walt Andrus, John Timmerman,Stanton Friedman, "Kathie Davis." Omega Communications,P.O. Box 2051-A, Cheshire. CT 06410, USA.UNITED NATIONS LECTURES: Hoagland & Andrews haverecently made a big deal of this, but in reality be advised that thisis merely the U.N. Parapsychology Club, and if one lecturesthere, one is not addressing the U.N. General Assembly in anyway, shape or form. Sorry, folks. Jon Erik Beckjord.UFO CONFERENCE MAIL LIST: Project Awareness, sponsorof the 1993 Gulf Breeze UFO Conference, will be holding con-ferences across the country, presenting information on all aspectsof the UFO phenomena. To obtain a brochure on all conferences,write to: Project Awareness, P.O. Box 730, Gulf Breeze, FL32562. or call 1-904-432 8888.41" ALIEN FULL FRONT wall hanging sculpture, cast in resinand fiberglass reinforced. Wall hanging UFO SET relief sculp-tures, cast in resin. 8 1/2" Plaster ALIEN BUST. Write to TAY-LOR STUDIO 7307 Beaty Avenue, Fort Wayne, IN 46809.READERS CLASSIFIEDS: To place your own personal ad inthis section simply enclose a check for $15 for each issue of theJournal in which you wish it to appear. Limit 50 words, please.Acceptance is at the discretion of the editors and in no way im-plies endorsement by the Mutual UFO Network, its Board ofDirectors or the Journal. Send sample, ad copy and check ormoney order (payable to MUFON) to Dennis Stacy, Box 12434,San Antonio, TX 78212.DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 21
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALWalter N.WebbJanuary 1994Bright Planets (Evening Sky):Although Venus moves into the evening sky January 16. itwont be seen away from the Suns glare until the end of nextmonth.Saturn (magnitude 0.9), in Aquarius, is low in the SW atdusk, setting in the W shortly after 7 PM in midmonth. The lu-nar crescent lies above the ringed planet on the 14th. Towardthe end of January, tiny elusive Mercury approaches to within1-1/2° of Saturn (on the 31st).Bright Planets (Morning Sky):Jupiter (-1.9), in Libra, rises in the E about 1:30 AM in mid-January. The gas giant swings around to the S at dawn. Thecrescent Moon is below Jupiter on the 6th.Moon Phases:Last quarter—January 4New moon—January 1 1First quarter—January 1 9Full moon—January 27COThe Stars:During the midevening the wondrously bright constellation ofOrion the Hunter confronts the Bull Taurus in the S. the V-shaped Hyades outliningthe angry animals face. In the bullsshoulder the little dipper-shaped Pleiades cluster denotes aspear wound inflicted by Orion. The Pleiades, Hyades, andbeautiful Orion Nebula in the hunters sword all merit the ob-servers attention at this season.The delicate Pleiades is a relatively young star cluster, havingcondensed from a gaseous nebula less than 100 million yearsago. Although several hundred stars actually comprise thegroup, only 6 can be seen normally with the naked eye. (OneArizona observer claims that he spotted 20 withoutoptical aidin the clear desert air!) Binoculars reveal 30 to 50 stars in thecluster. Increasing magnification adds more and more to thetotal.The Hyades constitutes a moving cluster of older (800 millionyears) stars. This group drifts eastward through space andeventually will converge toward a point east of Orions redstar Betelgeuse. Aldebaran, the right eye of the bull, is not amember of the cluster. The orange star is more than twice asclose to us than the Hyades and merely lies in front of thecluster from our viewpoint.The middle "fuzzy star" in Orions sword (located below histrio of belt stars) is actually the spectacular Orion Nebula.Marvelous to behold in binoculars or a telescope, the objectglows from the impact of intense ultraviolet radiation emittedfrom a tiny star cluster in the center of the cloud. Four of thesehot young (8 million years) stars are easily visible in a smalltelescope, forming a trapezoid-shaped pattern called theTrapezium.January 22-23,1994 — "Are There Intelligent Life Forms OutThere?" Sunburst Hotel & Conference Center, Scottsdale, Arizona.Call 417-882-6847 or write TRIAD Research Conferences, 4033 S.Belvedere. Springfield, MO 65807.February 19-20 — Tampa. FL. Holiday Inn. "Do We Have VisitorsFrom the Unknown?" Call 417-882-6847 or write TRIAD ResearchConferences. 4033 S. Belvedere, Springfield, MO 65807.March 11-13 — New Orleans UFO Convention, New OrleansAirport Hilton. For information call (904) 432-8888 or write P.O. Box730, Gulf Breeze, FL 32562.March 26-27 — San Diego, CA, Hotel Del Coronado. "Is ThereHard Evidence for Extraterrestrial Visitations?" Call (417) 882-6847or write TRIAD Research Conferences, 4033 S. Belvedere,Springfield, MO 65807.May 20-22 — Tampa UFO Convention, Holiday Inn, Tampa, FLInternational Airport. For information call (904) 432-8888 or writeP.O. Box 730, Gulf Breeze, FL 32562.July 8,9 & 10 —MUFON 1994 International UFOSymposium,Hyatt Regency Hotel on Town Lake, Austin, Texas. Theme: "UFOL-OGY: A Historical Perspective " For details see Directors Messagein this issue of the Journal.Wall hanging sculpture of 41 inch tall Entity bv RobertA. Taior, Fort Wane, IN.PAGE 22 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993
  • MUFON UFO JOURNALDIRECTORS MESSAGE - Continued from Page 24Eight new Research Specialists volunteeredtheir ex-pertise this month. They were: Jesse F. Taylor, Ph.D.(Minneapolis, MN) in Education Administration;RayR. Roberts, M.S.(Franklin, WI) in Botany; PatriciaDell Higgins, M.S. (Tulsa, OK) in Counseling; AndreasG. Veneris, M.S. (Champaign, IL) in ComputerScience; Donald D. Heacock, M.S.W. (Shreveport,LA) in Social Work; Charles H. Herold, M.S. (RoundRock, TX) in Computer Science; Martin A. Reid, M.A.(Keremeos, BC, Canada) in Theology and SalGiacomazzo, M.S. (Wilton, ME) in Computer Science.MUFON 1994 SYMPOSIUMThe theme for the MUFON 1994 International UFOSymposium is "UFOLOGY: A Historical Perspective,"commemorating MUFONs 25th anniversary and sym-posia. It will be hosted by Texas MUFON at the HyattRegency Hotel on Town Lake in Austin, Texas, on July8, 9, and 10.Ellen R. Stuart, State Director, is servingas the host chairperson. Special events are being plannedto celebrate MUFONs silver anniversary.Several of the speakers will draw from the historicalaspects of Ufology in their presentations. They areJames A. Harder, Ph.D. (APRO), Richard H. Hall(NICAP), John F. Schuessler (MUFON), and RobertO. Dean (military) from Tucson, AZ. Other speakersconfirmed are George Wingfield (English CropCircles); George Knapp (Russian UFO Files);Rev.Barry H. Downing, Ph.D.. author, minister, and con-sultant; Michael Lindeman from Santa Barbara, CA;Ed Dames, President of Psi-Tec (Remote Viewing);Yvonne Smith (Abduction Cases), Karla Turner, Ph.D.(Author of Into The Fringe); Vladimir Rubtsov, Ph.D.(MUFON Representative in the Ukraine, C.I.S.), andRichard F. Haines, Ph.D. (A Review of Multiple UFOCases).ALASKA HAS FIRST STATE MEETINGNorman Mark, Alaska State Director, arranged forAlaskas first state meeting and their first newsletterby meeting at the Anchorage Hilton Hotel on October 3,1993. In attendance were Birch Pavelsky, AssistantState Director, and new State Section Directors GlenHarper and Rose Eckhoff. There were three majorphases to the meeting: (1) An exposure to each mem-bers interest in and introduction into MUFON; (2) Adiscussion of the goals and expectations for MUFONInternational, MUFON Alaska, and each member indi-vidually; and (3) Discussion of ways to interface withthe community at large, given the existence of consid-eration popular cynicism on the subject of UFOs. Thesepeople are to be commended for literally breaking theice (andsnow) by traveling to Anchorage in a statethat has twice the geographical area of Texas.MUFON WEST VIRGINIAThe University of West Virginia not only has a topranked football team this year, but is a state that isgrowing in membership under the tutelage of Dr. TedSpickler, State Director. Dr. Spickler attended his firstMUFON UFO Symposium in Akron, Ohio, in 1974,where he was favorably impressed with the organization.Issue number 1of their "Very Occasional Newsletter forMembers of the Mutual UFO Network in West Virginia"was mailed during the Fall of 1993, edited by TedSpickler. Gregg Knight (Wallace, WV) is the AssistantState Director.EASTERN REGIONAL DIRECTOR ELECTIONThe names and qualifications of the three candidatesnominated for Eastern Regional Director are containedin a separate article in this issue of the Journal. Thedeadline for the mail ballot is January 31, 1994.This isan opportunity for all members in the Eastern Region ofStates to vote for the person you feel will best representyou on the MUFON Board of Directors. Please votenow while it is fresh in your mind (see ballot insert).SEASONS GREETINGSThe front cover of the Journal represents a personalChristmas card to all of our members throughout theworld from the MUFON UFO Journal staff and theMUFON Board of Directors. We want to wish eachand everyone a very Merry Christmas and a HappyNew Year. MUFON is celebrating itsquarter-centurythis year and following with a silver anniversary sym-posium in Austin,Texas, on July 8, 9, and 10, 1994. Wewant to express our thanks and gratitude to our membersfor making MUFON the worlds largest UFO inves-tigative organization. We look forward to many morefruitful years together as we accept the challenge to re-solve the greatest mystery of the space age—the UFOphenomena. We are indebted to Wesley S. Crum for thecover artwork.NEW WESTERN MUFON AMATEUR NETSeveral amateur radio operators in the western region ofstates have expressed an interest in organizing a MU-FON net to cover Mountain and Pacific time zones.The subject was revitalized during Walts November14th participation in the "Area 2000" radio talk show onLas Vegas, NV radio KDWN, hosted by Art Bell andsponsored by the Robert Bigelow Foundation. A sev-enty-five meter net was discussed at that time when itwas found that Art Bell was also a ham radio operator.Prior to this date David A. Eckhardt (W6LEV) inAlbuquerque, NM was invited to organize a forty meternet for the western states. After listeningto the 40 meterContinued on Page 19DECEMBER 1993 NUMBER 308 PAGE 23
  • MUFON UFO JOURNAL.DlRECIQKSjMESSACEWalter Andrus 0 ° . °•- • - !NEWS FROM AROUND THE NETWORKMUFON ANNUAL AWARDEach year MUFON honors a person in Ufology whotheir colleagues select for having made the most out-standing contribution to the advancement of the UFOphenomenon during the past five years. The distin-guished recipient will be presented with an engravedplaque and a monetary award of $500 from MUFON.Candidates may live anywhere in the world and do nothave to be members of the Mutual UFO Network to beelected for this prestigious award.In order not to influence the election, but to rely en-tirely upon the individuals recognized accomplish-ments, only the candidates name and state will be listedin alphabetical sequence. The following candidates werenominated for this honor: Edith Fiore, Ph.D. (CA),John Ford (NY),Stanton T. Friedman (NB, Canada).Cynthia Hind (Zimbabwe, Africa), Budd Hopkins(NY), Linda M. Howe (PA), Pat Marcattilo (NJ).Dennis Stacy (TX), Leonard H. Stringfield (OH),Doris Upchurch (TX), and Donald M. Ware (FL).The balloting and election will be conducted by mailvia a postcard or letter in the U.S.A. Members in foreigncountries should use air mail for their ballots. Please se-lect one person from the above list who you feel de-serves this award for their outstandingwork in scientif-ically advancing the UFO phenomenon. If a familymembership is involved, each person may vote on thesame ballot, indicating their choice and signing theirname to the letter or postcard. The deadline for receipt ofballots to MUFON in Seguin, TX has been extended toDecember 31, 1993. Announcementof the 1993 awardwinner will appear in the February 1994issue of theMUFON UFO Journal. Please vote now while the sub-ject is fresh in your mind. A significantly large popularvote is essential if MUFON is to continue this annualaward.MUFONET-BBS NETWORKJohn Komar has relinquished the MUFONET-BBS toPete Theer to fill the role of administrator. His data lineis (512) 556-2524 and home telephone number is (512)556-2746. This network has members in Australia,Canada. South Africa, and the United States. It is aclosed network for MUFON members only, however itdoes have a public access.MUFON AMATEUR RADIO NETDue to the inherent poor propagation of radio signalsas-sociated with sunspot cycles, the ten and twenty meteramateur network frequencies have been so unreliablethat these nets are being temporarily discontinued. Theonly MUFON amateur radio net that will meet regularlyis the long-standing net on 40 meters—7.237 MHz eachSaturday morning at 8 a.m. Eastern Standard or DaylightTime.NEW OFFICERSAfter exemplary service to MUFON since 1971, StanGordon has submitted his resignation asPennsylvaniaState Director for personal family reasons. He will con-tinue as a UFO researcher and investigator in theWestmoreland County area. Paul G. Johnson, Ph.D., aChemistry Professor living in North Versailles. PA, andState Section Director since 1977 has accepted the re-sponsibility for State Director for Pennsylvania. Dr.Johnson is also a Consultant in Biochemistry. Carlos J.De Leon, Ph.D.(Hatillo, PR) a Consultant inHypnotherapy and a member since 1988 has been pro-moted to State Director for Puerto Rico replacing JorgeMartin. David and Ann Deg (Sioux Falls, SD) were se-lected by Davina M. Ryszka to be her Co-AssistantState Directors for Eastern South Dakota.The following people have been appointed StateSection Directors by their respective State Directors:C. L. "Chuck" Brooks (Sioux Falls, SD) forMinnehaha County; Joyce L. Murphy (Granbury, TX)for Hood and Somervell Counties; Frank E. Pagnani,MA (Laurel Springs, NJ) for Camden County: WilliamC. "Bill" OBrien (Woodstock, GA) for Cherokee andBartow Counties; Ronald A. Lamp! (Santa Cruz, CA)for Santa Cruz, Monterey, and San Benito Counties;Robert E. Haven, M.S.(Fresno, CA) for MaderaCounty; J. Glen Harper, J.D. (Anchorage, AK) for theAnchorage Area; Rose Eckhoff,. R.N. (Nome, AK) forthe Norton Sound Area; Virginia M. Tilly, M.A. (GrandRapids, MI) for Kent and Ottawa Counties (Virginia isalso MUFONs Director for Public Education and ahypnotherapist); Wallace R. "Bob" Mohr (Bethany,OK) for Oklahoma, Lincoln, Logan, and PayneCounties; Tom R. Belanger (West Bloomfield, MI) forOakland County; W. Scott Gibson (Palm City, FL) forMartin and St. Lucie Counties; Joseph G. Jordan(Cocoa, FL) for Brevard County; James B. Calvin,Ph.D. (Waterville Valley, NH) for Franklin County:Warren E. York (El Paso, TX) for El Paso andHudspeth Counties; and Lois A. Kimberlin, M.S.(Chapman, KS) for Dickinson and Clay Counties.CONSULTANTS AND RESEARCH SPECIALISTSA former Consultant Roger W. Wescott, Ph.D.(Southbury, CT) is noted for his work in Linguisticsand provided analysis on the author of the MJ-12 docu-ments. Other consultants joining MUFON this pastmonth were Evelyn M. Fuqua, Ph.D. (Rocklin, CA) inPsychology and Earl Edwards, J.D.(Tempe, AZ) inLaw.Continued on Page 23LPAGE 24 NUMBER 308 DECEMBER 1993