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Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
Mufon ufo journal   1990 4. april
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Mufon ufo journal 1990 4. april

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  1. Mufon UFO JournalOfficial Publication of the Mutual UFO Network Since 1967Number 264April 1990$2.50^^^w^^^^^V>*a£^*?v]3»^SHiss&:;-aa^r^Li*L*^ **w*"*,w-^ .-• •.**^- "2e%%&&%$A GULF BREEZE "CROP CIRCLE"?Carol & Rex Salisberry Report
  2. MUFON UFO JOURNAL(USPS 002-970)- (ISSN 0270-6822)103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155-4099 USADENNIS W. STACYEditorWALTER H. ANDRUS, JR.International Director andAssociate EditorTHOMAS P. DEULEYArt DirectorMILDRED BIESELEContributing EditorANN DRUFFELContributing EditorROBERT J. CRIBBLEColumnistROBERT H. BLETCHMANPublic RelationsPAUL CERNYPromotion / PublicityMARGE CHRISTENSENPublic EducationREV. BARRY DOWNINGReligion and UFOsLUCIUS PARISHBooks & PeriodicalsLOREN GROSSHistorianT. SCOTT GRAINGREG LONGMICHAEL D. SWORDSStaff WritersTED PHILLIPSLanding Trace CasesJOHN F. SCHUESSLERMedical CasesLEONARD STRINGFIELDUFO Crash/RetrievalWALTER N. WEBBAstronomyNORMA E. SHORTDWIGHT CONNELLYDENNIS HAUCKRICHARD H. HALLROBERT V. PRATTEditor/Publishers Emeritus(Formerly SKYLOOK)The MUFON UFO JOURNAL ispublished monthlyby the Mutual UFONetwork, Inc., Seguin, Texas.Membership / Subscription rates:$25.00 per year in the U.S.A.; $30.00foreign in U.S. funds. Copyright 1990by the Mutual UFO Network.Secondclass postage paid at Seguin, Texas.POSTMASTER: Send form 3579 toadvise change of address to theMUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas78155-4099.FROM THE EDITORThis issue we catch up on our Current Case Log, Carol and Rex Salisberryreport on a strange swirl found in vegetation near Gulf Breeze, Florida, andall our departments make their regular appearances. Now, if we could justget back to our regular publishing schedule!Meanwhile, for those who have written in and found some of the new formatconfusing, a word about Bob Cribbles "Looking Back" column: The columnalways refers to the same month as the Journal in which it appears. Thus,in this issue, it begins with April of 1950 (forty years ago). A black box at thehead of a subsequent paragraph represents an entirely separate sighting, butone which also occurred in the same year (and month). Thereafter, only thechanges in years will be indicated, in bold type, as in 1955, 1960, 1965, andso on. Again, all incidents in a given column will have occurred during thesame month in which it appears, regardless of the year involved.IN THIS ISSUESWIRLED LANDING TRACE? Carol & Rex Salisberry 3MJ-12: REBUTTING A "REBUTTAL" Stanton Friedman 7NEWSNVIEWS 10IN OTHERS WORDS Lucius Parish 13CURRENT CASE LOG Dan Wright 14HISTORICAL NOTES: THOMAS MANTELL William E. Jones 18LOOKING BACK Bob Gribble 19LETTERS 21THE NIGHT SKY Walter Webb 22DIRECTORS MESSAGE Walt Andrus 24COVER PHOTOGRAPH Duane CookEditor & Publisher, Gulf Breeze SentinelCopyright 1990 by the Mutual UFO Network, Inc. (MUFON), 103 Old-towne Road, Seguin, Texas 78155-4099 U.S.A.ALL RIGHTSRESERVEDNo part of this document may be reproduced in any form by photostat,microfilm, xerograph, or any other means, without the writtenpermissionof the Copyright Owners.The Mutual UFO Network, Inc. is exempt from Federal Income TaxunderSection 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. MUFON is a publicly sup-ported organization of the type described in Section 509 (a)(2). Donorsmaydeduct contributions from their Federal Income Tax. In addition,bequests,legacies, devises, transfers, or gifts are deductible for Federalestate and gifttax purposes ifthey meet the applicableprovisions of Sections 2055, 2106,and 2522 of the code.The contents of the MUFON UFO JOURNALare determined by the editor anddo hot necessarily represent the official position of MUFON.Opinionsof contributorsare their own and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor, the staff or MUFON.Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON. Responses to publishedarticlesmay be in a Letter to the Editor (up to about 400 words) or in a short article (upto about 2,000 words). Thereafter, the "50% rule" is applied: the article authormay reply but will be allowed half the wordagc used in the response; the respondermay answer the author but will be allowed half the wordage used in the authorsreply, etc. All submissions are subject to editing for style, clarity, and conciseness.Permission ishereby granted to quote from this issue provided not more than 200words are quoted from any one article, the author of the article is given credit,and the statement "Copyright 1990 by the MutualUFO Network, 103 OldtowneRd., Seguin, Texas 78155" is included.
  3. SWIRLED LANDING TRACE?By Carol & Rex SalisberryThe Gulf Breeze plot continues tothicken. For additional recentsightings in the area, consult thisissues Current Case Log. Thefollowing report concerns itself witha circle of swirled grass first foundon November 15th of last year.Parallels, as well as differences,with the English "crop circle"phenomenon are obvious.There have been no reports of UFOsightings in the area of the possiblelanding site since 2 November 1989.However, it is possible that sightingshave occurred but have not beenreported. The Gulf Breeze Sentinelpublished a report of the finding of theswirl in the Thanksgivingweek issue,and itwas hoped that this articlemightstimulate the reporting of possiblesightings. One sighting was reportedfor the evening of 15 November,which was after the discovery of thepossible landing site was reported.ChronologyAt about 10:00 a.m. on 15November 1989, an unidentifiedcaller reported his discovery of a swirlin the grass at Shoreline Park toWEAR TV in Pensacola. Mr. GeneKirkconnell, an employee of WEAR,took the call and recorded theinformation.Mr. Kirkconnell related that thecaller had a spry, young, male voice,and guessed the callers age to be inhis 20s or 30s. The man related thathe had seen reports of swirls in thegrass having been found in Englandand believed that he might havediscovered one in Shoreline Park. Hegave directions on how to find theswirl and hung up withoutprovidinghis identity.Mr. Kirkconnell shared the informa-tion with Mr. Mark Curtis, also anemployee of WEAR, who haspreviously been active in reportingUFO phenomena for his employer.During the evening of 15 November,Mr. Curtis passed the information toMr. Ed Walters, a resident of GulfBreeze whose extensive UFO ex-periences have been reported toMUFON.During the morning of Thursday,16 November, Mr. Walters called theEditor of the Gulf Breeze Sentinel,Mr. Duane Cook, to report the swirl,and to request that Mr.Cook accom-pany him to find the site. Mr. Waltersstated to the investigators that he didnot want to visit the scene alonebecause of safety considerations,(there is a swampy area just to thenorth of the site which is probablysnake infested) and to avoid unduecriticism of himself, i.e., that he mightsomehow be responsible for the swirl.Mr. Cook and Mr. Walters tookcameras and a ladder to the scene toinspect the site and to take photos forthe newspaper. (Copies of thesephotos were provided to the in-vestigators and are included with thereport.) Mr. Walters also reported thediscovery of the swirl to Mr. CharlesFlannigan, Pensacola MUFON Direc-tor, who assigned the case to the in-vestigators. Mr. Cook and Mr. Waltersare the first visitors to the scene whohave been identified.At approximately 9:30 a.m. onFriday, 17 November, Mr. Walters, ac-companied by Mr. Robert Reid, a resi-dent of Ft. Walton Beach, againvisited the site. Mr. Reid attempted toduplicate the swirl in a grassy areasimilar to that of the original area. Avideo tape was made of this attempt.Additional color photos were made atthe same time.The investigators, in the companyof Mr. Ray Griffin of Gulf Breeze, firstvisited the site about mid-day onSaturday, 18 November. Photographswere made and an inspection of theimmediate area was accomplished,but it was evident that the initial con-ditions at the site had been com-promised by the numerous visitors tothe scene. The investigators went toEd Walters examines Gulf Breeze swirl site.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  4. the scene again on Monday, 20November, at about 3 p.m. with Mr.Donald Ledbetter, of the Santa RosaCounty Radiology Office. On Tues-day, 21 November, at about 1 p.m.the investigators again returned to thescene with Mr. Dan Mullins of theSanta Rosa County ExtensionService.Site DescriptionMr. WaltersDescription: When Mr.Cook and Mr. Walters searched forthe location, they had some difficultyin finding it. They at first thought thatthey would need to approach it fromthe swampy area to the north, butsoon gave that up as impractical.They next walked along the beachuntil they came to the signindicatingthe end of the park and as describedby the anonymous person who firstreported the swirl to WEAR.They searched around the im-mediate vicinity of the sign for a timewithout success and then widenedtheir search back to the east along theway that they had come. Mr. Cookwas the first of the two to find the swirland called Mr. Walters to the spot.Both were careful so as not to disturbthe scene and hamper investigation.Mr. Walters described the circle asbeing uniformly 7 feet 8 inches indiameter. The grass inside of the circlewas swirled in a consistent clock-wisedirection with the spirals becominggradually tighter toward the center.The center itself contained a clumpoffiner-bladed grass than the rest of thecircle, which was coiled very tightly.The grass outside of the circle wasundisturbed, with a sharp line ofdemarcation between it and the grassinside of the circle, which wasuniformly matted down. He could seeno evidence outside of the circle toindicate that it mighthave been man-made, e.g. a path leading to the siteor grass being trampled down fromthe use of equipment. He inspectedthe interior of the circle for physicalevidence of mans intervention andcould find none. He wasparticularlyattentive to the center of the circle andlifted the coiled grass (see photo) tosee ifthe ground had been disturbedby some physical object. They foundno evidence of same.When Mr. Walters and Mr. Reidreturned to the site on Friday, they at-tempted to make a swirl in grasssimilar to that where the originalwasfound, to assess the difficulty andfeasibility of such an effort. (This at-tempt was recorded on video tape.)Mr. Walters is convinced that itwould take significantly more effortthan they exerted to duplicate theoriginal swirl. The grass would not layflat but would spring back up as soonas pressure was taken off of it.Because of this attempt and the lackof other physicalevidence, he believesit improbable that the original swirlwas man-made.He also doubts that the swirl occur-red from natural phenomena, e.g., awhirlwind or a water spout, sincethere was no evidence of a track ofsuch phenomena arriving or leavingthe scene. He offers no other opinionon how the swirl could have beenmade.Mr. Cooks Description: Aroundmid-day on Thursday, 16 November,Mr. Walters called to relate the newsof the discovery and to ask that Mr.Cook accompany him to the scene.Mr. Cook agreed and they went toShoreline Park that afternoon to in-spect the site and to take photos.They had some difficulty in finding thelocation, but Mr. Cook eventuallyspotted it in the high grass. He couldsee no paths leading up to it or anyother man-made disturbances in thesurrounding grass.The swirl itself was a sharply de-fined circle in the high grass, with thegrass outside of the circle standing un-disturbed and that inside lying flat ina clock-wisespiral. The spirals of grassgradually tightened toward the centerwith the exact center (of much finergrass than the rest of the circle) coiledvery tightly. He observed andphotographed lifting the center coil tocheck for disturbances in the groundunderneath. He related that-neitherhe nor Mr. Walters could find anyevidence of physical disturbance tothe ground inside or outside of the cir-cle. Mr. Cook would offer no opinionas to how the swirl was created, butindicated that he isreluctant to believethat it was either man-made orcreated by weather phenomena.Mr. Reids Description: Mr. Reidreceived a call from Mr. Walters dur-ing the morning of 16 November, andagreed to accompany Mr. Walters tothe scene the following morning.They arrived at the park on Fridaymorning at about 9:30 a.m. and tooksome color photos and video tape ofMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  5. the site. Mr. Reid described the swirlas a sharply defined circle in the grasswhich they measured to be uniformly7 feet 8 inches in diameter.Outside of the circle the grass ap-peared straight and undisturbed whileinside it was uniformly matted downin a clock-wise spiral. The center ofthe circle, where finer bladed grasswas located, was coiled very tightly.He could see no physical distur-bance either inside or outside of thecircle to indicate that the swirl wasman-made, although he could see theindentations in the sand where Mr.Cook and Mr. Walters had used astep-ladder the day before whiletak-ing pictures. He and Mr. Walters at-tempted to create a swirl in a near-by patch of similar grass bytramplingit down with their feet, but even afterconsiderable effort he deemed theprocess to be unsuccessful.The grasswould tend to spring back up and notlay flat as in the case of the originalswirl.Mr. Reid does not believe that theoriginal swirl was man-made or caus-ed by weather phenomena sincethere is no physical evidence to in-dicate either. He could not, however,offer any other explanation as to howthe swirl was created.The InvestigationThe center itself contained aclump of finer-bladed grassthan the rest of the circle,which was coiled very tight-ly. The grass outside the cir-cle was undisturbed, with asharp line of demarcationbetween it and the grass in-side of the circle, which wasuniformly matted down.The investigators first visited thescene in the early afternoon of Satur-day, 18 November. It was apparentthat there had been numerous visitorsto the scene, since there was a pathleading from the beach to the site andthe grass around the swirl had beensomewhat trampled down. It was stillevident, however, that there was asharp line of demarcation between thestanding grass outside of the circle andthe flattened clock-wisespiral of grassinside. The center was still a tight coil,although it was apparent that the coilhad been disturbed by other persons.The center of the circle was located37 feet to the NNW from the closestpoint of the high water line on thebeach. It measured to be uniformly 7feet 8 inches in diameter. The grassesall seemed to be bent over at groundlevel although the ground was unevenwith the NW sector being slightlylower than the other area inside of thecircle. The growth of heavier bushesand foliage begins about 8-10 feet tothe NNW of the circle.A search for debris, which mighthave been ejected from the swirl, wasmade of the surrounding area. Twopieces of house-wall insulation werefound to the NNW at about 20 feetfrom the center of the circle. Thepieces were 4 x 12 inches and weresupported about a foot above theground by the underlying foliage.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  6. Attempt by Cook and Walters to recreate swirl.Subsequently, a search for similardebris was made for a distance of 500yards along the beach. Only oneother incidence of debris supportedby the underlyingfoliage was found.This again involved housing insulationof the same type, and a larger quan-tity of the insulation material wasfound lying on the ground just to thesouth of the second location.It is noteworthy that the GulfBreeze/Pensacola area sufferedsevere storms during the night of 15November which could account forthe presence of the debris as it wasfound.No RadiationMr. Donald Ledberter of the SantaRosa County Radiology Office wastaken to the scene during the after-noon of 20 November to check forresidual radiation. A CD 700 Meter,manufactured by the Victoreen Instru-ment Company of Cleveland, Ohio,was used. The instrument was lastcalibrated in June of 1988 and freshbatteries were installed prior to thesurvey. A background check wasmade in a ten foot circle around thecenter of the swirl. No evidence ofresidual radiation was detected.Mr. Dan Mullins of the Santa RosaCounty Extension Service was takento the scene during the afternoon of21 November. When he first saw theswirl he remarked that it appearedthat it might have been caused by awhirlwind. He later admitted,however, that he had never personallyexamined a swirl caused by a whirl-wind and could not now state that awhirlwind was the cause of the swirlin question.He thoroughly examined thegrasses both inside and outside of theswirl and could find no damage toeither roots or stems of the plants. Healso noted that even the blades on thegrass were intact which would nothave been probable had the grassbeen flattened by a physical object ofsome sort. He took numerous soilsamples from both inside and outsideof the affected area and a report willbe submittedto the investigators whenthe analysis is completed.The investigators last visited the siteon Monday, 27 November. The grassesin the original swirl were still flatteneddown and appeared to be alive andhealthy. The grasses in the swirl createdby Mr. Walters and Mr. Reid haverecovered significantly toward theiroriginal vertical positions. Whenfirst made this swirl bore only slightresemblance to the original and noweven that is gone.Mr. Cook was interviewed in his of-fice at the Gulf Breeze Sentinel on 28November. Mr. Walters was inter-viewed briefly in-person at ShorelinePark on 20 November and twice bytelephone. Mr. Reid was interviewedbytelephone on 30 November. Mr. Cur-tis, Mr. Kirkconnell and others were in-terviewed by telephone. The photos at-tached to this report were provided byMr. Cook and Mr. Walters.The investigators have seen swirlssimilar to this one on Dead MansIsland (on the north side of GulfBreeze) during the summer and fall of1988. They took scant notice of themat the time since they were not theninvolved with MUFON and UFOinvestigations.The investigators agree with thethree primary witnesses that, althoughit might be possible for this swirl to havebeen man-made, the probabilityof such origin is slight. The probabilityof the swirl being caused by weather,phenomena is also judged to besmall,in that the circlejust seems too perfectto be the product of mother nature. Awhirlwind or water spout would haveneeded to arrive and depart with greatprecision to achieve the results inevidence.No conclusions can be drawn fromthe debris found in the immediateareaof the swirl. There is a highprobabilitythat it was deposited in the bushes dur-ing the storm of 15 November or aprevious one. Ifthe material had beendeposited during the formation of theswirl, it would be difficult to hypothesizea trajectory since the debris is of suchlow density.Evaluation: Unknown, Significant(Possible Landing Trace)MUFONMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  7. MJ-12: Rebutting a "RebuttalBy Stanton T. Friedman99Iam frankly astonished atRobert Todds 35-paragraph"MJ-12 Rebuttal" (Ref. 1)with itsrepeated ad hominem at-tacks and its massive misrepresenta-tion of both my views and the factsconcerning MJ-12. It seems strangeindeed that the only one of my manypapers (Ref. 2-9) referenced is a briefprogress report (Ref. 9) to the FundFor UFO Research not even intendedfor publication!Surely no reasonable person canconsider Todds tirade as a "rebuttal,"which would make it a refutation ofarguments made by me, not of falseones dreamed up by Todd and put inmy mouth. Let me be specific aboutsome of his false charges.• Todd claims that I want and ex-pect people to believe that: a) Ele-ments within MJ-12had me undersurveillance; b) MJ-12 ordered the CTmemo stolen; c) MJ-12 ordered theCT memo planted; d) thatMJ-12then went to Ethiopia to pick uppostcards; and e) that MJ-12 flew toNew Zealand to mail these postcards!!What an imagination,since I havewritten none of these. The post officebox 189 was added to the postcard.I would think that Todd is aware thatpostcards can be sent from one placeto another in envelopes.• Todd further claims that Mooreand Shandera (M/S) werent at theNational Archives (NA) to find the CTmemo. They were certainly therebecause the postal cards (read to meover the phone as we tried to solvethe riddles thereon) and my inputstrongly indicated they should go toWashington, DC. They did not realizethat the "Box189, Addis Ababa" wasa tipoff to Box 189 in which thememo was found.Todd neglects to mention that Ivisited the Archivesin March of 1985,and had a number of subsequent con-versations with Jo Ann Williamsonand her boss, Edwin Thompson,Director of the Records Declassifica-tion Division at the NA, as well as withEd Reese. Todd doesnt mention thatthere were at least half a dozen4-person teams of USAF reservists,with the highest possible clearances,spending many months reviewing theUSAF HQ Intelligence files, includingBox 189, and in Top SecretFacilitieswhere they could bring briefcases;that the box was first handled just 2weeks after the death of the lastreputed surviving MJ-12 member,and last handled less than 2 weeksbefore it was reviewed by M/S.This is all spelled out in my 30-page1989 MUFON Conference paper(Ref. 4) whichTodd never references.The insertion, then, of a one pageonionskin memo by a highly clearedUSAF person is no big deal. Toddselaborate fictional confabulationis ab-surd. M/S called me the day thememo was discovered and read it tome.• Todd claims that M/S and Ihadlong ago identified the most likelyMJ-12 people. Nonsense. DonaldMenzels name on the list was a shockthat made us very wary of the docu-ment, as demonstrated by the factthat it was not released when receivedin Dec. 1984, or even after thediscovery of the CT memo in Julyof1985, but rather in the Spring of1987.• Todd claims that M/S/F seemto feel that ifa document cant be pro-ven fake, then it must be real. My ar-ticles clearlyindicatethe opposite, andsuggest that proving the anti-arguments wrong does not make thedocuments genuine, as I have writtenover and over. I have not said theMJ-12 documents are genuine.• Todd amazingly claims that theEisenhower Library believes the CTmemo is a fake! I have madenumerous visits to the EL, and havehad considerable correspondence andphone conversations with them aswell as with the NA which quotes theEL. No such claim has been made!I must also give the EL and the NAcredit for changing one of theirearlierclaims (Ref. 10) that all of RobertCutlers carbon copies were done onpaper with a certain watermark, afterI pointed out several onionskin Cutlermemo copies having no watermark.They do make mistakes.• Since Todd has never been to theEL or NA, it is perhaps not surpris-ing that his tirade about finding otheronionskin copies on the same water-mark paper as the CT memo andrelated comments is so foolish.I will repeat what I have publishedelsewhere: that the ELdoes not haveall the NSC materialsfrom the Ike era,and that what it does have totals atleast 250,000 pages, much of whichhas not yet been reviewed forclassification and istotally inaccessible.The titles of file folders are includedin 11 different "finders aids,"totalling,as I recall, over 100 pages. One canorder at most 18 archive boxes at atime. Only one box can be opened ata time, and only one folder can betaken out of a box at a time.Often an entire box would containonly withdrawal sheets, each listing,in very brief form, 10 or 12 docu-ments still classified. If one wants aspecific document classificationreviewed, (i.e., Lay-to-Cutler memo,secret, July 16, 1954, 1 page) onelists it on long form. Within a weekor two the EL will file a formal requestfor mandatory classification with theappropriate agency (CIA, FBI,or,worst of all, the NSC). Typically, theaverage response time for the NSC is2.5 years!Finally, on March 6, 1990, I re-ceived my first response dealing withthe one-page Lay-Cutler, July 16,1954, formally secret message I re-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  8. 8EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENTNATIONAL SECURITY COUNCILWASHINGTONMarch 1?, 1953MEMORANDUM FOR THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCILSUBJECT; Rocommendations Regarding the NationalSecurity CouncilAt tho direction of the President his enclosedletter and its attachments consisting of a memorandum for thoProaidont from Mr. Cutler and his report on tha subject arecirculated herewith for the Information and guidance of thoNational Security Council. Special attention is called to thethird paragraph of the Presidents letter, atoput vhichMr. Cutler vill confer vlth you individually,JAMES 3. LAY, Jr.Executive Secretaryect The Secretary of tha TnoasuryThe Acting Director of Bofonco MobilizationTho Chairman^ Joint Chiefs pf StaffTho Director of Central IntelligenceThe Director, Cureau of tho Budget;EDMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  9. Donald Menzels name wasa shock that made us verywary of the document.quested in February of 1988. This isthe date of the "previously scheduledmeeting" noted in the CT memo. TheCT memo isdated July 14, 1954, thesame date on which Lay (who Ibelieve prepared the memo) met withEisenhower at 2:30 p.m., and thenhad a brief telephone conversationwith him at 4:35 p.m.The message (transmitted elec-tronically by White House Secretary,General Paul Carroll) reviewed theitems discussed at the July 15 NSCmeeting and concludes with these twolines: "Hope you will recuperate, restand enjoy yourself for few days beforereturning. Will try to have everythingtidy and not too much pressure uponyou when you arrive." ClearlyCutlerand Lay were in touch and Lay washandling things for Cutler.Since the briefing says "one-of-one," it hardly seems likely that a copyof it or anything else connected withMJ-12 would be at the EL. No ar-chivist there has gone though all ormost of the EL NSC material. Sincemuch of the materialin the NSC filesis still classified, and the EL search ofTodd involvedonly a modest sampleof unclassified materials, it is not verylikely that the EL would find much forthe time in question.Perhaps I should mention that theEL had also been unable to find acopy of one of the other two Cutler-Twining memos found at the Libraryof Congress ManuscriptDivision, norof a memo Dr. Menzelclaimswent toEisenhower, nor of a TS memo datedApril 6, 1959, noted in a censored TSmemo-to-file from Gordon Gray,same date and relating to anunspecified 5412/2 (Covert) activity.The primaryjob of EL archivists isto retrieve Archive boxes for re-searchers, not to paw through hugefiles in vaults. Perhaps Todd isunaware that all EL file folders are intypically 6" wide, covered archiveboxes, not in file drawers, and thatone only sees Xerox copies of cen-sored items.One of Todds worst misrepre-sentations, however, relatesto the security markings onthe CT memo and on others from theNSC. TOP SECRET RESTRICTEDSECURITY INFORMATION is on CT(Todd neglects the SI). On a letterfrom Eisenhower to Cutler datedMarch 17, 1953, are typed "RestrictedSecurity Information" at the top,"Restricted" at the bottom and, rub-ber stamped in large letters, "CON-FIDENTIAL at both top and bottom.On a memo to the NSC from Lay,same date, are rubber stamped"RESTRICTED" in big letters and"SECURITY INFORMATION" insmall letters at the top and "CON-FIDENTIAL" top and bottom in bigletters. (See previous page.)There is no downgrading stamp,only the declassification dated2/18/82 on both items. Based onmy own extensive experience withthe combination of "SECRET RE-STRICTED DATA" and "ConfidentialRestricted Data," if the documentshad been downgraded during theirworking life from Confidential toRestricted SI, there would have tohave been a downgrading stamp onthem. IfConfidential can be used withRestricted Security Information, thenso can SECRET and TOP SECRET.Perhaps I should add that anybodyreviewing thousands of documents atthe EL or NA, or the other 12 Ar-chives I have visited, quickly becomesaccustomed to a huge variety ofsecurity markings. The size of thetype, whether printed or rubberstamped, the location on the paper,whether Top or Bottom or just one,all vary. Not being either psychic, asTodd seems to be, nor apsychiatrist,I cannot provide an explanation forTodds (to use his words) "grossdeception, gross incompetence,spurious evaluations and assess-ments" or lack of objectivity.Considering Todd has never beenresponsible for classified material, norvisited any archives, his lack offamiliarity with procedures, documentmarkings, etc., might be forgiven.I can find no excuse however, forthe ad hominem attacks, nor for hisobvious great distress concerning thedocuments. Me thinks he doth pro-test too much ... "sound and furysignifying nothing."References1. Todd, G. "MJ-12 Rebuttal" MUFONUFO Journal, No. 261, Jan. 1990, 17-20.2. Friedman, ST. "MJ-12: The EvidenceSoFar" International UFO Reporter,Sept. /Oct. 1987, pp. 13-20 (included inRef.8).3. Friedman, ST. "The Secret Life ofDonald H. Menzel" International UFOReporter, Jan./Feb. 1988, pp. 20-24 (in-cluded in Ref. 8).4. Friedman, ST. "UPDATE ON OPERA-TION MAJESTIC-12" MUFON 1989 Interna-tional UFO Symposium, Las Vegas,Nevada,20 pages, 14 ref., included in item 8 andpublished in MUFON 1989 Symposium Proc.,pp. 82-112. (includes MJ-12 Documents).5. Friedman, ST. "MJ-12 DebunkingFiasco" International UFO Reporter, May-June 1988, pp. 12-17. (included in item 8).6. Friedman, ST., Moore, W.L. "MJ-12 andPhil Klass: What are the Facts?" Proceedingsof MUFON 1988 International UFO Sym-posium, June 1989 pp. 205-235.7. Friedman, ST. "Debunkinga Debunker"1988, 14p., 17 Ref., $3.00 fr UFORI, POB3584, Sta. B., Fredericton, NB Canada E3A5H1.8. Friedman, ST. 90 page collection reMJ-12 "Update on Operation Majestic 12." In-cludes Ref. 2, 3, 4, 5 and other documents,and much more. $10. from UFORI.9. Friedman, ST. "FUFOR ProgressReport" MUFON UFO Journal, No. 257,Sept. 1989, p. 16, 17.10. Williamson, J.A. "Reference Report onMJ-12 (revised)," May 9, 1988 National Ar-chives, Military Reference Branch.CHANGE OF ADDRESSMEMBERS/SUBSCRIBERSAdvise change of address(include county andphone no.) to:MUFON103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155-4099MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  10. 10MacArthur, Hazards of SpaceMacArthurs MarkIn the November 1989 issue of theJournal, I misadvertently malignedfellow ufologist Don Ecker. Review-ing his appearance on the "Larry KingLive!" TV show, I questioned whethercertain remarks Ecker attributed to thelate General Douglas E. MacArthurhad in fact ever been made.MacArthur, as you may remember,has frequently been quoted in theUFO literature as warning that thenext war would take place betweena unified Earth and an extraterrestrialinvader, or words to that effect. Thequote reportedly occurred in the con-text of a speech made to the May1962 West Point graduating class.Ecker reiterated this point on theKing show, and I wrote that you couldsee his credibility (and by extension,that of ufology) running down themicrophone wire and into the floor.(Guest host Pat Buchanan, sym-pathetic to that point, seemed takenaback, and strongly objected to thestatement, saying he had a framedcopy of the MacArthurspeech hang-ing on his wall, and no such sen-timents were expressed therein.)I asked Journal readers to write inand settle the issue once and forall.Did MacArthur, or didnt he?The results are in, and clearly I oweMr. Ecker an apology for havingpublicly questioned his sources.Several readers sent in the entiretranscript of the graduation speech,including the Generals own publishedrecollection in his autobiography,Reminiscences (McGraw-Hill, 1964).Pennsylvania state section director,attorney Lance Payette, providedwhat is probably the best summaryofMacArthurs remarks (pages 423-26):"We deal now not with things ofthis world alone, but with the il-limitable distances and as yet un-fathomed mysteries of the universe.We are reaching out for a new andboundless frontier."We speak in strange terms: ofharnessing the cosmic energy; ... ofultimate conflict between a unitedhuman race and the sinisterforcesofsome other planetary galaxy; of suchdreams and fantasies as to make lifethe most exciting of all time."Robert Todd furnished a copy ofthe original speech, as did CharlesHuffer of Arkansas. But West Virginiastate section director Ted Spickler pro-vided the best commentary."Within the context of the rest ofthe speech," he wrote, "this slightremark seems of no significance forus today relative to the UFO issue. Isaw no hint elsewhere in the book thatUFOs were on his mind at all andsuspect that he was onlycontinuingthrough on a thought that momentari-ly carried him into outer space. Wemay just as well get cranked up aboutH. G. Wells and his novels, or anypublic figure expressing somecuriousity about dealing with extrater-restrials at some point in the far dis-tant future."There were probably others whocontributed as well, whose names Ihave neglected to mention, and towhom I also apologize.But Jim Moseley (who once metMacArthur) did write to add that evenif the good General hadnt made theutterance in question, itcertainlycor-related with his thinking at the time."He was obssessed by that sort ofthing," says Moseley.So let the record show: I stand cor-rected, and MacArthurreally did saywhat Ecker said he said.Space HazardsFrom the It-Doesnt-Hurt-to-SpeculateDepartment, comes thisinteresting lit-tle item from the pages of EnglandsNew Scientist Magazine ("This Week,"March 3, 1990, pg. 24).It seems space travel may be morehazardous than previously suspected.In fact, a round-trip to Mars, whichwould involve almost 18 months indeep space, could conceivablyexposeastronauts to lethal doses of cosmicrays and other energetic radiation.Cosmic rays are made up mostlyofprotons, charged particles that packenough energy to break up moleculesand even "mutate" genes. In fact,some scientists theorize that cosmicrays are essential to the evolution oflife on a planet like the Earth; themutations that prove fruitful even-tually advance life forms. A constantbombardment of cosmic rays, how-ever, would prove fatal for most life.As it is, our atmosphere shields usfrom the constant flood of the majori-ty of such particles.In space, no such shield exists.Aluminium is known to absorb cosmicrays to an extent, but only at the costof giving off secondary radiation in theprocess. Astronauts enclosed in analuminum tube would actually beconfined inside a deadly neutron flux.Ordinary water seems to be the bestdefensive bet, but this would requirea four-inch thick layer betweenastronauts and outer space.Theoretically, the resultingcancer ratewould be increased only two percentabove Earth norms. Anotherdrawback? Water is also notoriouslyheavy.Shielding against violentsolar flaresis even more problematic and lesslikely. But even ifboth these problemswere licked, the dilemma ofmicrogravity would still remain tothreaten future spacefarers.Microgravity refers to the conditionsof little or no gravity encounteredonce one leaves the comfy confinesof ones home planet. While lack ofweight may prove beneficial for a fewesoteric manufacturing processes,prolonged exposure seems in themain dangerous for humans. Thebiological response to microgravity, inmost cases, appears time-dependent,that is, the more time spent in space,the greater or more pronounced theconsequences.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  11. 11These consequences range fromsimple space sickness, due to loss ofsense of balance, to a decrease in thenumber of red blood cells and bloodvolume, even to changes in how theheart pumps blood, and demineraliza-tion of bone. Muscles atrophy fromthe lack of resistance.Other effects may be more subtleand may affect different tissues andorganisisms in different ways.Bacteria, for example, seem to dividemore rapidly and reveal an increasedresistance to antibiotics.Among the eukaryoticcells (thoseof higher organisms), however, thereis less division, and the way cellsspecialize is altered. The proliferationof lymphocytes, those cellsthat attackinfection, may be depressed by asmuch as 90 percent.A long trip through deep space, inother words, appears to take its tollon living organisms. So, maybe as theconspiracists claim, the Earth really isa StopnGo on the galactichighway,and humans little more than a fastfood snack.The saucers stop over for a night,fill their protective tanks with water,pick up a few blood donors withoutpermission, extract a few sex cells atthe same time, and continue on theirmerry way. "Nice little place," theymutter as they speed out of sight. "Idgive it two stars, for sure. But dontdrink the water."Worse, as well as more logical,scenarios could be imagined, Im sure.But this particular exercise explainswhy they never stick around for anylength of time. How long, after all, doyou hang around a conveniencestore? It does make me wonder,though, where theyre off to in sucha hurry. Youd think theyd at leaststop and smell the roses on occasion.An alternative,of course, is that alllife forms, even little gray ones, mayhave a hard time surviving the perilsof life in space.U.S. SecretsCan the government and/or itsmilitary intelligence agencies actual-ly keep a secret, as Stanton Friedmannever tires of reiterating? Thenumbers, at least, certainly seem tobe in their favor. As of the end of thelast fiscal year, according to one re-cent report, government "censors"wielded top secret, secret or confiden-tial rubber stamps almost 7 milliontimes. The actual figure, derived bythe Information Security OversightOffice, and as determined by depart-ment head Steven Garfinkel, comesto 6,796,501.Interestingly, this represents a 35percent decrease in the number ofsecrets per year since the last suchsurvey. According to the April 5,1990, AP Dallas Morning News arti-cle from which Im drawing, "nearlyall the decline came when the Navydecided itreally didnt originate moresecrets than the rest of the govern-ment put together."The article leaves us tantalized,rather than satisfied, since the Navyhas long been associated, seeminglyuncharacteristically, with the UFOphenomenon in general, and certainhigh levelrelated projects in particular.Why were they singled out as specialoffenders?Unfortunately, the article offers lit-tle insight into ongoing machinations.Perhaps one of our readers would liketo write for the final report and informus in greater detail?The AP release does go on to saythat there are two basic kinds ofsecrets so stamped: original andderivative. Garfinkel said that therewere some 500,000 of the former,and approximately 6.3 million of thelatter.Keyhoe Award(WASHINGTON, D.C.; April2, 1990)— A two hour television documen-tary on Unidentified Flying Objectshas won first place in the Donald E.Keyhoe Journalism Award competi-tion, sponsored by the Fund for UFOResearch.The documentary, entitled "UFOs:The Best Evidence," was produced byGeorge Knapp, news director atKLAS-TV, Las Vegas, NV. "This two-hour special took an in-depth look atthe current state of UFOlogy, itsstrengths and weaknesses, and atsome of the most controversial UFOcases, documents and individualresearchers, in an attempt to evaluatewhether UFOs are real — and if so— what they are," said Knapp."The special originally aired as anine-part series in our nightlynewscasts. The response to the serieswas so great that we made it into aspecial program," Knapp added."The documentary was one of thebest-produced television programs onthe subject of Unidentified Flying Ob-jects," concluded the Keyhoe Jour-nalism Award Panel. "It was especiallyimpressive because it was put togetherby a local television station. But moreimportant was the fact that it was agood piece of investigative jour-nalism."The panel for the award competi-tion consisted of: Don Berliner, avia-tion writer; Richard Hall, editor; andFred Whiting, public relations ex-ecutive and former broadcast jour-nalist. Berliner, Hall and Whiting aremembers of the Board of Directors forthe Fund for UFO Research, a non-profit organization based in Washing-ton, DC.The first place winner in the jour-nalism competition will receive a cashaward of $1,000.Second place went to Kim Opatka,Staff Writer for the Latrobe (Penn-sylvania) Bulletin, for her six-partseries on UFOs published May 1-4,1989. "The series was aimed atfostering a better publicunderstandingof the UFO phenomenon and atabolishing misconceptions associatedwith the field and persons who haveclaimed sightings," said Opatka.Another local television newsseries, "UFOhio," produced byWBNS-TV, Columbus, OH, was rank-ed third by the competition judges.The entry, which dealt with a week-long series of reports dealing withUFO activity in Ohio, was submittedby reporter Tom Berman. The stationalso conducted a telephone poll onUFOs, which resulted in more than16,000 responses.Runners-up in the award competi-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  12. 12tion included:• Patricia S. Wren, Bureau Chief,Okanogan County, The WenatacheeWorld, Okanogan, WA, for her arti-cle, "Locals Still Believe in the DuleyLake UFOs," published February 2,1989;• Pat Moore, reporter for the LaCrosse (Wisconsin) Tribune,for "UFOSighting Hot News," published Oc-tober 15, 1989;• Jeff Holt, reporter for the Har-rison (Arkansas) Daily Times, for hisarticle, "Residents Describe Sightingsof UFO," published November 18,1989;• And Barry E. Taff of Los Angeles,CA, for his article "Anatomy of anEBB, " published in Vol.4, No. 3,1989, UFO magazine.The UFO Journalism Award isnamed after Donald E. Keyhoe,author of five books and a number ofnewspaper and magazine articles onthe UFO phenomenon. A major inthe U.S. Marine Corps and formeraide to Charles Lindbergh, Keyhoewas former director of the National In-vestigations Committee on AerialPhenomena and one of the firstpro-minent individuals to call attention tothe U.S. Governments apparentcover-up of information on UFOs. Hepassed away in November 1988.Entries for the second annualcom-petition are now being accepted forthe best article or story published orbroadcast on UFOs in 1990. Thedeadline for entries is February 1,1991. To receive an entry form,con-tact the Fund for UFO Research,P.O.Box 277, Mt. Rainier, MD 20712;phone (703)684-6032 (voice or fax).— Don BerlinerFund ReportThe latter half of 1989 proved to bea period of unprecedented activity forthe UFO communityand for the Fundfor UFO Research. In an effort to pro-vide the most timely informationpossible, this report covered the finaltwo quarters of the year.The most significant publicdevelopment was the October 9TASS account of a UFO landing inVoronezh, USSR, about 300 milessoutheast of Moscow and the ap-pearance of unusual-looking aliensinthe town park. The event waswitnessed by a group of children. TheFund immediately received more than50 media inquiries, which resulted in22 interviewswith a number of newsoutlets, including the Cable NewsNetwork. The Fund is attempting toestablish contacts within the SovietUnion to get more information on thisstartling new development.Meanwhile, Stanton Friedmans ex-cellent behind-the-scenes research in-to the Roswell case received com-mendable attention by NBC-TVs"Unsolved Mysteries" program onSeptember 20. The broadcastresulted in more than 50 new leadsin the case, which Mr. Friedman is in-vestigating in connection with hisresearch into the "MJ-12" documentsand personalities. His research is be-ing supported by a $16,000 grant pro-vided bythe Fund — the largest evergiven by a private organization in UFOhistory. Because of these newdevelopments, hisreport (which hadbeen expected bythe end of the year)will be finalized early in 1990.Fund Chairman Bruce Maccabee,Ph.D., an optical physicist andrecognized expert in UFO photoanalysis, is examining severalvideotapes of alleged UFOs shotrecently on opposite sides of theworld. A Japanese video of a"Saturn-shaped" UFO made duringa daytime sighting has tentativelybeen categorized as "unidentified,"and efforts are underwayto compareit with a similar object photographedin 1975. In the meantime, we arefacilitating the analysisof a UFOcap-tured on videotape by a member ofthe Dutch Ministry of Defense whileon vacation in Spain earlier in theyear.Even before the TASS account andthe NBC-TV report on the Roswellcase, the Fund had circulated a newscolumn on the UFOphenomenon tomore than 8,000 newspapers acrossthe USA, resulting in scores of in-quiries from the public for moreinformation.The Funds Board of Directors ap-proved two grant requests duringthisperiod: to Marge Christensen for$1,450 to support the publicationofa report, Using Concepts From UFOStudies to Teach Science and CriticalThinking, to the National ScienceTeachers Association Conference onDecember 2, 1989; and $400 to NigelWatson for an analysis of "mysteryhelicopters" in England. Mrs.Christensens report, co-authored byRichard Haines, Ph.D., JohnSchuessler and Michael Swords,Ph.D., is now availablefrom the Fundfor a contributionof $25 or more, aslong as supplies last.The Fund also is pleased to an-nounce the availability for the first timeof The Gulf Breeze Sightings by EdWalters and Frances Walters, with aforeword by Budd Hopkins. Thislong-awaited report was preparedwith the assistance of Dr. Maccabee,whose analysis of the photos, hasreceived critical acclaim throughoutthe UFO community. Specialautographed copies of this just-published work, which is likely to bea classic in UFO literature, are nowavailable for $21.95.The Executive Committee ispleased to welcome John Brand-enberg, Ph.D., a physicist living inthe Washington, DC area, as anAlter-nate Member. Dr. Brandenberg hasbeen involved in the Mars ResearchProject to analyze photographs ofanomalous objects photographed onthe surface of the Red Planet. The Ex-ecutive Committee feels his scientificbackground will make a splendidcon-tribution to our efforts.As noted in an earlier fundraisingappeal, the Fund for UFO Researchfaces the possibilityof beingwithoutresources to deal with new develop-ments in the field, such as the Sovietlanding case, the availability of UFOphotographs and videotapes foranalysis and continuingresearch in-to the Roswellcrash and governmentinvolvement in the UFO question. Allof our funds are committed to on-going projects. If you have not yetresponded to the appeal for contri-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  13. 13butions, please do so as soon aspossible, so we can keep you in-formed of excitingnew developmentsin UFO research in the weeks andmonths ahead.Adamski: "Pure Fiction?"As those aware of UFO history know,the publication in 1953 of FlyingSaucers Have Landed by DesmondLeslie and George Adamski was anevent of exceptional importance tothe publics awareness of UFOs.Because the controversy whichfollowed Adamskis writings continuesto this day, it may be of some valueto put the comments of one of hisalleged scientific witnesses on record.I located this longtime San Diego resi-dent, Gene Luther Bloom, after hav-ing by chance again read Adamskisreferences to him on pages 174through 177 of Flying Saucers HaveLanded.What Adamski wrote: "Then late in1949 four men came into the cafe atPalomar Gardens ... One of thesemen was Mr. J. P. Maxfield, andanother was his partner, Mr. G. L.Bloom, both of the point Loma Navy(sic) Electronics Laboratory near SanDiego ..."They asked me if I wouldcooperate with them in trying to getphotographs of strange craft movingthrough space ..."They said they were going up tothe top and ask forthe same coopera-tion from the men at the bigObservatory."1asked them then where I shouldlook to be most likely to see thestrange objects which they wereask-ing me to try to photograph ... Themoon was decided upon as a goodspot for careful observation."Thus, when the military requestedmy cooperation in trying tophotograph strange objects movingthrough space, with the aid of my6-inch telescope, Iwas more than will-ing ..."And it was not too long after thismeeting that I succeeded in gettingwhat I deemed to be two good pic-tures of an object moving throughspace ..."Some days later Mr. Bloomstepped into the place ... I handedhim the two photographs which I hadtaken. I asked him to pass them onto Mr. Maxfield for examination andfor the records. He said he would."In my interview with him on July19th, 1988, Mr. Bloom said that heand his colleague, the now deceasedJoseph Maxfield, had only stoppedat the cafe where Adamski worked tohave lunch before continuingto theHale Observatory to discuss subjectshaving nothing to do with UFOs. Hesaid further that they were not thereto ask for George Adamskiscoopera-tion, and that until meeting him didnot even know of his interest infly-ing saucers. He added that neither henor Maxfield instructed Adamski onhow to photograph the saucers, nordid they accept any photographs fromhim for analysis by the Naval Elec-tronics Laboratory or for any otherpurpose.Mr. Blooms final comment to mewas that "Everything Adamski wroteabout us was fiction, pure fiction."— Eric HerrIn OthersWords ...Lucius ParishAre some UFOs actually livingcreatures? Strange as that may sound,there are some reports which suggestthis possibility. Speculations on thistheory may be found in the March 6issue of NATIONALENQUIRER.The March issue of FATE containsan article on abductee Betty Hillsclaim that a UFO "landing area" ex-ists near her home in New Hamp-shire. Betty isapparently not the on-ly one who has seen strange thingsat this location. April FATE has areport on a British UFO sighting of1977.The "Anti-Matter/UFO Update"section in the March issue of OMNIhas Paul McCarthys profile of theTREAT (Treatment and Research onExperienced Anomalous Trauma)project to investigate reports of UFOabductions.Zecharia Sitchins fourth book, THELOST REALMS, is now available inan Avon paperback edition. Continu-ing what he calls the "Earth Chron-icles" series of books, Sitchin ex-amines South / Central America In-dian legends and mythology for tracesof extraterrestrial visitations. All of Sit-chins books are well worth your time.Volume 1, Number 1 of IF, theBulletin of the Intruders Foundation,has just been released. It contains ar-ticles by Budd Hopkins, David M.Jacobs, IF Editor Penelope Franklinand abductee Rosemary Osnato. IFpromises to be a very interestingperiodical and is available for $25.00per year from: Intruders Foundation- P.O. Box 30233 - New York, NY10011.Forthcoming books of possible in-terest include: UNEXPLAINEDMYSTERIES OF THE 20TH CEN-TURY by Janet & Colin Bord (Con-temporary Books; March; $12.95) -COSMIC LIFE-FORCE by Sir FredHoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe(Paragon House; March; $16.95) -CONFRONTATIONS by JacquesVallee (Ballantine; April; $19.95) -TIME TRAVELby John Macvey (In-dependent Publishers Group [Scar-borough House]; May; $16.95) -AGAINST GRAVITYby Ed McCabe(Warner Books; June; $22.95) - OUTTHERE by Howard Blum (Simon &Schuster; August; $19.95).Have a ViewpointTo Express?The Journal welcomes clipsand comments. Send to:MUFON103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, TX 78155-4099MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  14. 14Current Case LogDan Wright, InvestigationsThe following summarizes casereports received from December 1989through March 1990 that were welldocumented, and which may repre-sent significant ufological events.Unless noted, no sound, vibration orodor was detected.• Log #891204: 11/2/89. 9:40p.m. event in Gulf Breeze, Florida,in-vestigators Carol and Rex Salisberry.A teenage brother and sister, walkinghome from a convenience store,noticed two lighted bell-shaped discsmoving swiftly nearby. As they stoppedto stare, the vehicles likewise haltedand hovered. The teens again startedwalking and the objects resumed theirflight, only to hover once more seem-ingly in response to the witnessesstopping. Momentarily these sped outof sight and a third identical disc ap-proached, then dropped below atreeline at which point a hummingsound was detected. Racing home,they convinced their mother to gooutside. She also heard the sound,which continued for over a minute,though nothing further was observed.Dogs in the vicinity barked until thehumming ceased. The surface of allthree was described as blue-gray.White light shone on the bottom ofeach of the first two, while the under-side of the third displayed brighteryellowish light. The total duration wasestimated as five minutes.• Log#891205: 11/15/89.discovery in Gulf Breeze, Florida, in-vestigators Robert Reid, Carol andRex Salisberry. An unidentified callerto WEAR-TV (Pensacola) gave direc-tions to an unusual mark in a weedyarea of Shoreline Park. Upon refer-ral from WEAR,the Gulf Breeze Sen-tinel editor and a companion locatedthe site. Investigators were then calledin. The site, a clockwise swirl ofdepressed weeds, was uniformly 7feet 8 inches in diameter. The vegeta-tion was coiled tightly at the epicenter.No footprintsor other imprints werefound under the depression orleading up to the site. No debris wasfound outside the site which couldlogically be associated with adowndraft. An attempt to manuallyduplicate the effect in a nearby standof weeds was unsuccessful. Aradiological test conducted five dayslater offered no extraordinaryreadings. (See the article, "SwirledLanding Trace?" in this issue for ad-ditional details and photographs.)• Log #891206: 9/28/89. 8p.m.event over Tillamook Bay, Oregon,investigator Skip Schultz. Nine report-ing witnesses (and possibly dozensofothers) observed a circle of lights,each light consisting of a ring andtransparent center, moving slowlynorthward over the bay. An apparentthin line was observed connecting thelights. No other outline was positive-ly identified. Separately, brilliantflashes of light were seen intermittent-ly in the same area. Collateral con-tacts with military bases and a com-mercial airport ruled out conventionalaircraft as a resolution. The durationwas 15 minutes for the observationsof individual scattered witnesses and45 minutes in total.• Log #900103: 10/24/89, 6:15a.m. event in northern Indiana, in-vestigator Franklin Reams. A com-mercial airline crew in flight en-countered a boomerang-shaped vehi-cle passing overhead. A vertical beamof light shone downward from theunderside of the object. The objectpassed from view in 30 seconds.Radio communication during the in-cident was confirmedby otherairlinepersonnel.• Log #900104: 12/21/89, 12:30a.m. event in Pensacola, Florida, in-vestigator Rex Salisberry. A man wasdriving across the Pensacola BayBridge on his way home from workwhen he spotted a dark cylindrical ob-ject moving very slowly in the neardistance and opposite direction,perhaps 200 feet over the water. Abright beam emanated from its front.Two or three red blinking lights werecentered on the underside. Totallength was likened to an airliner. Hav-ing slowed hisauto, the witness never-theless passed out of view after 5minutes. Collateral contacts withmilitary and civilian authorities failedto resolve the incidentbut establishedthat the path indicated is off limits toair and ship traffic.• Log #900105: April 1987, late-night event in Pensacola, Florida, in-vestigator Joe Barron. A womanreturned to bed after a bathroom visitand momentarilybecame aware of abrilliant light in the room. She thensaw a column of white light (a rain-bow of colors within) protruding downthrough the ceiling, within whichfloated a 3-3V2 foot humanoid. Thebeing, suspended near the ceilingthroughout, was described as havingan oversized head, grey skin, no hair,black almond-shaped eyes, a slitmouth, nostrils without a discerniblenose and long arms. It wore a tight-fitting jumpsuit of dark olive "fuzzy"material which extended over bothhands and feet. The woman leapt outof bed, turned on a lamp, and en-gaged the being in a fixed starewithout communication for severalminutes. Finally, she yelled "Get outtahere!" Immediately, the beam beganMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  15. 15to "boil" and the entity exhibited aclimbing/swimming motion as itascended through the ceiling. [Note:The witness, alone and with familymembers, has experienced paranor-mal incidentsthroughout her lifetime.]• Log #900208: 1/20/90, 1:20a.m. event near Boyle, Mississippi, in-vestigator James Scarborough. Aman was driving home from workwhen he approached aslow-movingsilvery object at treetop height overthe road. As he neared, he discerneda disc 40-50 feet in diameter. A creasein the surface near the rounded topwas the only variation in an otherwisecone-shaped exterior. Two rows ofnumerous lights, each in ablue-blue-green pattern, shone steadily. Onerow was situated near the base, theother along the perimeter of the flatbottom. The object picked up speedand paced just above and in front ofthe auto for 2-3 miles, movingrepeatedly left and right to avoidlarger trees along the roadside.Abruptly the cars engine, lights andinstruments died. The man pulled toa halt and watched as the disc con-tinued down the road, then executeda smooth turn and climbed out ofsight. He was then able to restart theengine and found the electricalsystemoperating normally. Duration wasestimated as 4 minutes. [Note: Thewitness had previously reportedsighting an identical vehicle on10/24/88. See illust]• Log #900216: 1/22/90, 6 p.m.event near Mountain Home, Arkan-sas, investigator Lawrence Willett. Afarmer was tending his stock when henoticed flashing lightsin the distance.He called his wife and children out-side. As they watched, a large, darkblimp-shaped object passed slowlyand nearly overhead. Clusters of red,green and white flashing lights wereat either end, whilea separate clusterwas seemingly attached to a horizon-tal cable at one end. When almost outof sight, the object turned and re-traced its route, dropping lower andaiming powerful searchlightsangular-ly to the ground. It then continuedLog #900208 (1/20/90event near Boyle, MS)on a straight path until lost from view.The familys two dogs barkedcon-tinuously while the vehicle was near-by. Total duration was approximately20 minutes. Calling a nearby airport(without radar), the family was toldthat no large aircraft was in the area.• Log #900217: 6/10/79, 12a.m.event in Quirpon, Newfoundland, in-vestigator Michael Strainic. As a manstepped outside his home, he wasgreeted by a 100-foot-long objecthovering over the vacant house nextdoor. The bottom view was describedas teardrop shaped with a flat under-side and dull metallic surface. A pro-minent "tail fin"protruded upward atone end. Near the base was a rowofpink, rectangular lights that pulsatedcontinuously. A blue flashing light wascentered at the rounded top. A lowhumming sound was easily detected.After about one minute, the objectbegan rotating to the right,remainingat a level attitude. With a sudden burst(estimated 150 mph), it moved offThe being, suspended nearthe ceiling throughout, wasdescribed as having an over-sized head, grey skin, nohair, black almond-shapedeyes, a slit mouth, nostrilswithout a discernible noseand long arms.laterally with the sound of gusty windand was lost in the distance in 30-40seconds. Having heard her husbandscall to come outside, the wife joinedhim in time to see the receding lights.• Log #900221: Spring 1988,9p.m. event near Gulf Breeze, Florida,investigators Caroland Rex Salisbeny.A woman was driving when she cameupon a dark "arrowhead" (or possiblyboomerang) shaped object moving atjogging speed just above nearby tree-tops. Its wingspan was estimated at150+ feet, while from the roundednose to the apex of a flat-V rear edgeappeared in excess of 100 feet.Floodlight-sized round white lightsbordered the entire perimeter. Thewoman slowed and noticed otherdrivers slowing and stopping. Thevehicle then passed slowly and direct-ly over her car, and through her opensunroof she realized the undersidecomprised sections/panels ratherthan a continuously smooth surface.She drove on, continuingto see itinher rearview mirror until out of range.Duration was 3-5 minutes.• Log #900302: 10/20/89, 5:10a.m. event ensuing near Huntsville,Arkansas, investigatorsEdward Mazurand Lucius Farish. Two women weredriving toward a distant town whena large, glowing red-orange oval ap-peared just over the ground andwithin 100 feet over a field and beganpacing them. Within minutes, twovertical columns of white shone withinthe oval. One of these repeatedlymoved right and left within the oval"like a windshield wiper." The driverlowered the (power) rider window,and her companion snapped the firstof several photos. They then stoppedthe car, and the light/object haltedalso. After a moment, it "almost disap-peared." They drove off, only to havethe unknown reappear and proceedalongside. With the distraction, theymissed their intended turn and sodrove on to the next town before turn-ing around, at which point the objecthad again disappeared.Starting back down the highway,the driver needed to stop to regatherMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  16. 16herself. Pulling to the shoulder, herrider spotted the intruderdirectlyoverthe car. It proceeded over a nearbymobile home, and the ridertook morephotos. Driving away, the object pacedtheir auto once more, turning withthem onto the intersecting road.Nearing their destination, it disap-peared, then reappeared at otherlocations. A crackling sound washeard, a black streak seen, then theanomaly vanished withoutmovingin-to the distance. Total duration was I1/?hours. [Notes: Initial examination ofthe photographs was inconclusive. Inthe ensuing weeks, both women suf-fered severe fatigue, irritability, lack ofconcentration, repeated nightmares,and an altered sense of realityconsciousness.]• Log #900304: 10/23/89, 2:30p.m. event near Smithfield, Illinois,investigator Poe Clark. Two womenwere driving when they spotted anobject over the road perhaps aquarter-mile ahead. Described as acylinder less than 20 feet long, theobject was essentially white with adarker bottom and a haze surround-ing the upper portion. The driverstopped, and for the next fewminutesthey watched the object as it barelymoved in the near distance. Afterbe-ing blocked by a nearby tree for 3-4minutes, the object reappeared andglided slowly and angularly into thesky, entering one of the few cloudsand was not seen again. Total dura-tion was 8 minutes.• Log #900305: 10/11/89, 11:30p.m. event near Crestwood, Ken-tucky, investigators Scott Tipton andJames Delehanty. A man was awak-ened by his dog and, after inspectingthe home, observed four lights/objectsoutside, the nearest within 500 yards.Each consisted of a ring of pink-amber twinkling lights and movedslowly at separate elevations untilout of sight. Duration was 16 min-utes.• Log #900310: 2/24/89, 8 p.m.event in Butler, Pennsylvania, in-vestigator Stan Gordon. During aThe light, at first stationary, began to move quickly in theirdirection with a loud continuous roar. The object, passinghigh and almost directly overhead, was described as largeand "triangular,"with rows of red and green lights at therear. The vehicle seemed to sparkle along the edges.neighborhood electrical blackout, aboy looked out the window and no-ticed a low, bright white light in thenear distance. His mother went out-side for a better look. Thefamily dogbegan barking and running in circles.The light, at first stationary, began tomove quickly in their direction witha loud continuous roar. The object,passing high and almost directlyoverhead, was described as large and"triangular" (or boomerang/arrow-head), with rows of red and greenlights at the rear. The vehicle seemedto sparkle along the edges. Themother and son watched until itmoved out of view. Duration was aminute or less.• Log #900316: 9/27/89, 4:20p.m. event near Tillamook, Oregon,investigator Gene Elliott. Alerted byher young granddaughter to some-thing unusualoutside, a woman con-fronted a disc hoveringjust above theground near her farmhouse. Perhaps20-30 feet in diameter, its shape waslater drawn as an inverted toy top andthe surface described as "almosttransparent." A bright yellow-whitelight shone at two opposing pointsalong the flat bottom. Asthe womanapproached to within 30feet, a door-way opened, revealingahuman-likebeing of average height, with blondhair, fair skin, and blue eyes, dressedin a silvercoverall. At a windownextto the door was a "bigfoot" creature,seemingly seated and visible from thechest up. For the next fewminutes,the woman stared at thetwo, gainingthe impression that the "human" wasattempting (unsuccessfully) to com-municate. Then, the vehicle and be-ings vanished instantly(i.e. without ac-celerating beyond viewing range).[Note: The woman is employed as apsychic and claims to have hadperiodic encounters with UFOs and"bigfoot" creatures throughout herlife.]• Log #900318: 11/4/89, 1 p.m.event in Pensacola, Florida, in-vestigators Carol and Rex Salisberry.A couple was driving across a bridgewhen they noticed a dull grey,unlighted disc (in the shape of in-verted pie tins) hoveringabout a milesdistance over the bay. The rotatingobject was thought to be approx-imately 20 feet from top to bottom,with a diameter likened to the lengthof a commercial blimp. At one pointduring the 2-3 minute observation,itbegan wobbling and darting shortdistances while proceeding generallytoward the shore. Fishermen andothers in the area did not appear tonotice the anomaly. When across thebridge, the husband departed the carbut did not spot the source again.• Log #900319: 1/12/90, 8:35p.m. event in Gulf Breeze, Florida, in-vestigators Carol and Rex Salisberry.Six adolescents were climbing treesand playing when they spotted halfa mile or so away a dull metallic disc,perhaps 20 feet in diameter, withpeaked upper and lower domes. Asteady red light was centered at thetop, a steady bluish light at the bot-tom. Around the middle were rec-tangular lighted windows plus a fewwhite lights which rotated rapidlyaround the circumference. The youthsbegan walking toward the object,gaining the impression that it recededand halted in unison with theirmovements. The object was eventual-ly lost beyond a treeline in thedistance. Duration of the sighting wasvariously estimated from,2-5 minutes.MUFON UFO JOURNALNo. 264 April 1990
  17. 17• Log #900322: 1/1/90, 6:30 p.m.event in Gulf Breeze, Florida, in-vestigator Vicki Lyons. While cross-ing a bridge, two women noticed abrilliant white, elliptical light above andahead of them. Reachingthe far side,they~followed the source down aresidential street. The object wasdescribed as basically elliptical, 10 feetor so in diameter, with red lights onone end. It moved in a seeminglyer-ratic pattern over the treetops over theroadway, then was lost from view.They drove to a shoreline park andspotted it again over the water. Thewomen continued to watch itsmovements until the presence ofanother auto with male passengersprompted them to leave. Total dura-tion was estimated to be 25 minutes.• Log #900323: 8/14/89, 9:20p.m. event in Gulf Breeze, Florida, in-vestigator Arthur Hufford. A couplewas taking a walk near their homewhen they noticed a disc of con-siderable size in the indeterminatedistance. A brilliant, steady white lightshone at the top, while the flat bot-tom was encircled by alternatingredand green (or blue) lights whichflashed sequentially.The object was"bobbing" up and down and movedleft and right repeatedly. After 3-4minutes, they ran back home to gettheir auto in order to drive closer.However, upon their return there wasnothing in sight.• Log #900324: 1/8/90, 6:30 p.m.event in Gulf Breeze, Florida, in-vestigator Vicki Lyons. Ed and Fran-cis Walters were taking an eveningwalk when they noticed a red glowhovering high overhead. They ranback home and, after placing briefcalls to local MUFON investigatorsand other interested parties, Edreturned to the area with a camera.Within minutes, four other adults andone teen arrived on the scene. Severalphotos were taken with two cameras.The object was described as a darkdisc or oval with "boiling" red light(s)centered underneath, surrounded bysmaller whitish lights. After a fewmore minutes all lights were ex-tinguished, and moments laternothing was visible. The photos werethereafter submitted for analysis.• Log#900325: Approximate7/15/88, 10:45 p.m. event in GulfBreeze, Florida, investigator BootsEckert. Twoteenage girls were outsideidentifying constellationswhen a dullgreyish disc appeared from behind acloud, moved back behind the cloud,then descended in a zigzag patternwithin 500 feet of the witnesses. Theobject was described as about 10 feetin diameter and six feet high, with arow of square or rectangular unlightedwindows around the middle. Runningback to the house, they turned andsaw a blue beam emanating from theunderside. After finding a pair ofbinoculars, they returned but foundnothing. Duration was estimated asless than a minute. [Note: One of thewitnesses related that, later in thesummer, she experienced a bedroomintrusion.]• Log #900327:2/5/90, 6:30p.m.event in Pensacola, Florida, in-vestigators Carol and Rex Salisberry.A mother and daughter were outsidetheir home when they sawa pulsatingred light moving erratically in thedistance. Half an hour later, the hus-band was about to get inhis car whenhe noticed a disc perhaps 1,000 feetoverhead. He called to the others,who joined him in time to see itreceding. The object was 20 feet orless in diameter, with a deep redpulsating light on the bottom andtwo white steady lights at the top. Itmoved at a gradual speed beyondtrees and out of sight. Duration of thesecond observation was 20 secondsor less. [Note: the family had reportedsightings in the previous two years.]• Log #900328: 10/9/89, 5:45p.m. event near Tunica, Mississippi,investigator James Scarborough. Acropduster was flying to an assign-ment when he spotted an aluminumcolored spheroid, estimated to be 300feet or more in diameter, rapidly ap-proaching from the distance. The ob-ject passed diagonally and below hisplane at an estimated 800-900 mphat a half-mile or greater distance. NoE-M effects were noted. Duration wasestimated as 15 seconds or less.[Reminder to MUFON investigators:The original materials comprising acase report should be sent to ourSeguin, Texas headquarters. A copyof the entire report is to be sent forevaluation to the Deputy Director,228 S. Fairview, Lansing, Michigan48912. Only those case reports whichhave been evaluated and determinedcomplete will be included inMUFONs computerized record forcomparative analysis.]Calendar of UFO Conferences for 1990April 21 & 22 — Northern California UFO Conference - Fort Mason Center, San Fran-cisco, California.April 28,29 & 30 — Fourth European Rencontres de Lyon UFO Congress - Lyon, France.(Sponsored by Association DEtude Sur Les Soucoupes Volantes.)May 11, 12 & 13 — 271h Annual National UFO Conference - Holiday Inn Oceanside,Miami Beach, Florida.iJune 28, 29, 30 — 10th Rocky Mountain Conference on UFO Investigations - Universityof Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.July 6, 7,8 — MUFON 1990 International UFO Symposium - Pensacola Hilton, Pensacola,Florida.July 14 & 15 — Phantoms of the Sky - Ufology into the 90s - Sheffield Library Theatre,Sheffield, England.October 13 & 14 — The UFO Experience - Ramada Inn, North Haven, Connecticut.MUFON UFO JOURNALNo. 264 April 1990
  18. 18HISTORICAL NOTES: THOMAS MANTELLBy William E. JonesJanuary 7, 1948 is one of thoselandmark dates in the annals ofufology that will forever be a part ofeach new comprehensive history ofthe subject. On that date CaptainThomas Mantell was leading a flightof Air National Guard F-51 fighterplanes near Godman Air Force baseat Fort Knox, Kentucky. Having beenalerted to the presence of an uniden-tified object in the sky overhead, theGodman flight controllers radioedMantells flight and requested thatthey investigate the object whichcould easily be seen from the base.One plane was low on fuel and itlanded, but the others went up toobserve from a closer viewpoint. Asthey closed in, the object appeared tospeed away and climb higher. Sincethe planes had no oxygen on board,which would permit high altitude fly-ing, they had to break off theirpursuit.Captain Mantell, however, ap-parently excited by the prospect ofclosing in on this stranger in_the sky,continued to climb. Reports of theevent indicate that he described theevents as follows: "The thing looksmetallic and itstremendous in size."As Mantell flew higher, he was ap-parently overcome by a lack of suf-ficient oxygen, lost consciousness,and his plane went into a dive andcrashed. Mantell was killed.ConjectureThe details of this event have beenminutely described in numerous ar-ticles and books elsewhere. Conjec-ture on what really happened hasbeen circulatingever since. Did Cap-tain Mantell, an experienced fighterpilot, confuse the planet Venus for alarge metallic object, as the govern-ments Project Sign concluded he did?Was the object really a large Skyhookballoon, something at least impliedbythe objects conelike shape? DidMantell die as a result of oxygen star-vation, or was he killed either acciden-tally or on purpose by consciousdesign?The answers to these and otherrelated questions are unknown, atleast to the general public, and arelikely to remain so. What we do know,however,, at least as far as the news-paper reading public is concerned, isthat this was the first time someonewas killed pursuing a "flying saucer."History was made. As history,however, there is a related story muchless well known. The only otherreference to it I have been able to findwas in an article by Donald E.Keyhoe, "The Flying Saucers AreReal," which appeared in the October1949 issue of True Magazine.Albert R. "Jack" Pickering was acivilian air controller at LockbourneAir Force Base, south of Columbus,Ohio, that January day in 1948. Hewas working in thedirection-findingstation off of the north-south runwayabout one mile from the controltower. Jack had been an air trafficcontroller with the military for fouryears before taking this civilian job.Hehad a two-year associate degree inengineering and a pilots license withan instrument rating. He was familiarwith military and civilian aircraft.It was approximately ten minutesafter 7 p.m.when Jack had an ex-perience that he would never forget.It was dark. The sky was completelyovercast with a ceiling of 1200 feet.There was a 10 mph southwest windand the night was not particularlycold, as Jack remembers. There wasno snow on the ground.Pickering was inside the stationshack, lying on his back on a cot look-ing out the window. The airtraffic thatevening had not been heavy, and hewas listening to a local AMradio sta-tion. The volume was turned downlow, so that he would not miss anycalls from inbound aircraft on his airtraffic radio. There were no lights onin the shack except for those on theradio dial.Suddenly, Pickering saw somethingcome down through the overcast nearor right over the runway. He waslooking up at a 30-degree angle.Pickering described what he saw asfollows: "Down through the overcastcame this great big round red object."For a second or two he thought it wasan aircraft falling in flames; it was red-orange in color. Then he realizedthatthis was not what he was seeing.InterloperJack jumped off the cot and grabbedfor the telephone to call the tower. Hedidnt have time. The tower called himfirst, wanting to know what was overhis station. The telephone had a longcord, so he stepped out the door toget a better look at this strangeinterloper.The object appeared to be a perfectsphere. It made no sound. It didntchange color. It had no windows,wings, fins or an exhaust. (Later,AirForce investigators asked himspecifically about whether an exhausttube and/or "a rocket tail" was visi-ble.) It appeared to be completelysmooth. Given the known heightofthe cloud ceiling, the object appearedto Pickering to be "bigger than a onecar garage, but not as big as my twocar garage."The object came down through theovercast and stopped. Itstayed in thislocation for approximately four to fiveminutes. It moved around slightly,never quite holding its position forlong. The amount of movementdidnt seem to cover more than 100square feet. During this time JackMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  19. 19tried without success to contact anyincoming aircraft.Suddenly the object made a com-plete circle of the entire base. It re-turned to a bit southwest of where itstarted and stopped "like it had runinto a wall." Given the size of the base,Jack estimated later that the objecthad to have accelerated to a speed inexcess of 1000 miles per hour.The object remained at this pointfor a short time, then drifted near theedge of the base, a little past the endof the runway. It descended vertical-ly to the ground, where it remainedfor ten to fifteen seconds, then rosevertically to just under the overcast.Curiously, no light seemed to be caston the bottom of the clouds. For threeor four minutes it remained in thislocation. By now Pickeringhad con-tacted an aircraft coming in fromWright Field to the west. The aircraft,which was several milesout,probablyover West Jefferson, Ohio, reportedthat nothingcould be seen. Before theaircraft got any closer, the object wentback up into the overcast toward thenorthwest and disappeared.Later, Jack went out to the areawhere the object had descended, butfound nothing on the ground that ap-peared to have been caused by itstouchdown.There were at least four witnessesto this event: Pickering, an Air Forcecaptain in charge at the tower, andtwo other civilian employees. Overthe next two weeks or so, the threecivilians were flown to Wright Field onthree separate occasions where theywere questioned separately by at leastfive Air Force officers. Jack does notremember their names. A report wasprepared of his interrogation, whichhe signed. He believes it wasclassified. He was told not to talkabout the sighting, which he did notdo for many years afterwards.This was not the only UFO relatedevent of the day, however. Earlier,Jack had heard most of the Mantell-related radio conversations as theyoc-curred. He does not know how thiswas done or why. It was unusual tohave tower conversations relayed inthis manner, but it may have beendone because it was so unusual.The conversations may have beentaped. MantelPs reports were heard upuntil the crash, along with relatedtransmissions from Kentucky foralmost an hour afterwards. He thinksMantell said at one point, "I am clos-ing in. Its gigantic and metallic." The word "gigantic" may have been"monstrous," but he didnt think so.My own interview with Jack was in1977, so he was remembering backover 29 years.The Mantellcase has receded intohistory. A lot of changes have cometo the UFO scene since then, makingwhat was an exciting event at the timeseem tame by comparison. In manyways, however, we are no closer tosolving the UFO mysterynow than wewere in 1948. This footnote to theMantell case was Jack Pickerings con-tribution to our history. Like ThomasMantell, Pickering is no longer withus.Copyright 19S9 fry William JonesLooking BackBob GribbleApril 1950 • Flying over thecoastof Venezuela on the second, a DC-3airliner piloted by John Power andAngel Delgado made its wayuneventfully on course and on time.Suddenly, the aircraft began to shakeviolently from a shock wave. Bothpilots tightenedtheir grip on the con-trols and raised their heads in time tosee a "huge machine" streak pastabout 2000 feet away. Powers said tothe press after landing: "It was anenormous apparatus ofaerodynamicform similar to an immense turtle andI have no doubt that this machinewasguided."• UFOs buzzed theheadquarters ofAir Force Intelligence at Dayton,Ohio,on the fourth. At first they were justbrilliant pointsof light in the dark sky,but then they took on an increasedglow and attracted the attention ofsome people driving home at 5 a.m.The witnesses watched as two lights,one behind the other, entered theat-mosphere at an incrediblespeed, thensuddenly stopped in mid-air directlyover Dayton. Then they moved to apoint directly over Wright PattersonAir Force Base, stopped, then wentinto a high speed vertical climb andwere out of sight in a couple ofseconds. Later, two more lights ap-peared over Dayton, and maneu-vered over the area until dawn.• Thefollowing report was sub-mitted by First Officer Robert Man-ning, Trans-World Airlines Co-Pilot:"I sat at the controls of an airliner2000 feet over Indiana about 6:20p.m. on the 27th and watched an ob-ject so shapeless it was disconcerting,overtake our plane and cruisealongside, only half a mile away. Iveheard of UFOs, too, so I watched itseveral minutes before I said a word.I wanted to be sure it was really there— and it really was. It glowed a dullred, like the gas stack of a refinery.But it moved right along with us at185 miles an hour, creeping up fromour right rear until it was about a halfa mile away, off our right wing. Onlythen did I ask my pilot, Capt. RobertAdickes, if he saw anything. He no-ticed it, too. We rang for ourstewardess, Miss Gloria Henshaw,and she saw it. She went back andasked the passengers, and they saw it."It was definitely an object, it keptright up with us. And most importantof all,we could see that it was mov-ing in relation to lights on the ground.We watched it fly parallel to us forseven or eight minutes.I couldnt tellits shape, but Id guess it was roughly50 feet across. Then Adickes saidLets get a better look, and we turnedto the right to fly closer. As soon aswe did that, the object increased itsspeed and seemed to turn also, awayMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  20. 20from us. Then it descended andseemed to disappear among the lightsof South Bend. When it was allover,Adickes went back to the passengersand asked them what, if anything,theyd seen. Those on the right sideof the plane described to him justwhat wed watched: an object likenothing any of us had ever seen orheard of before."• 1955 Four members oftheGround Observer Crops were on dutyat Rockford, Illinois, on the eighthwhen they spotted an unidentified ob-ject near their post at 9:30 a.m. Theyimmediately reported the object to theAir Defense Filter Center in Chicago.Within a few minutes three Air Forcejet fighters were on the scene, and, ac-cording to the three GOC members(all business men from the Rockfordarea) the jets fired on the mysterious-object, causing it to explode. Beforethe explosion, however, the threeGOC members said that a smallerround object shot out of the side ofthe "parent" device, then passed thejets, in horizontal flight, turned onedge, and went into a high speedver-tical climb, disappearing from view.A few seconds prior, the sound ofjet fighters had been heard by JohnC. Gregory, executive secretary of theWinnebago County Civil DefenseCouncil. Hurrying to the top of theCity Hall building, he saw the jets con-verge on their target, as did dozensof other witnesses: Air Force person-nel moved in quickly and warned theGOC members to say nothing aboutthe incident.At the Rockford Register,a quick call was made to OHare Fieldat Park Ridge. The editor was told thatthe pilots had fired on a weatherballoon which had been launchedfrom Minneapolis. There was nomention of the object that streakedpast the fighters, nor was there anyexplanation for the amazingattack ona weather balloon over a populatedarea. On July 28th, Air Forcespokesman, Captain Robert C. White,said: "... We know of no instancewhere a military aircraft has fired onany unidentified object. Our aircraftdo not fire on balloons, nor wouldthey fire on any target in aresidentialarea unless we were invaded by anenemy force."• 1965 Anine-year-old rural NewLondon, Minnesota, boy said he sawa UFO about 5 p.m. on the 26th. Atthe same time, his father heard aneerie noise that the youth said wascaused by the object. Gary Green saidhe saw a black machine descendnoiselessly to within a few inches ofthe ground, then raise a "stick"resembling an antenna or periscope.The noise then ensued. His fatherdescribed the sound as somewhatsimilar to a siren, but different. It waseven at first, then changed pitch in aslow, warblingmanner. Gary said thatafter a minute or two, the protrusionwas retracted and the noise ceased...Then the craft lifted slowly to theheight of a barn. Then "zoom, it wasgone." The disc was about 200 feetaway, and looked like two tablesaucers placed rim to rim and aboutfive feet in diameter.• George Hall watched inamaze-ment as a spherical-shaped craftlanded NW of Westfield, Penn-sylvania, about 2 a.m. on the 29th.The glowing~-sprTere then elevated anantenna-like projectile covered withflashing red lights. Seconds later theperiscope device lowered and thecraft disappeared over a nearby hill.Hall said the sphere was six or sevenfeet in diameter.• 1975 From 1:45 a.m. until sunriseon the third, law enforcement officersin five counties in SE North Carolinapursued a V-shaped craft with twospotlights. First spotted by Lumbertonpolice, the vehicle was traveling200-300 feet above the ground,heading north along 1-95. Nearby St.Pauls officers were contacted to be onthe lookout for the craft. Two St.Pauls officers headed south on U.S.301 in their squad car to meet themysterious vehicle. They sported itabout 10 miles north of Lumbertonas it appeared to take off from openground at 1:50 a.m. "We first saw thisbright light behind the trees. The lightwent off in a few seconds, then thecraft came towards us," officerMcPherson said. The vehicle dartedabout, making right angle turns andaccelerating rapidly. "Itwas a brilliant,silent moving vehicle."Reports from Hoke County fol-lowed the sighting by St. Pauls of-ficers. The time was shortly after 2a.m. Officers in Hoke described thecraft as a V-shaped, lighted vehicle.From Hoke the vehicle traveled intoCumberland County, then intoSampson County where it was spot-ted by Patrolman Jim Driver andJohn Hayes. Driver said the craftpassed over him about 100 feet abovethe ground, without sound. Hayes, inanother section of the city, reportedseeing the vehicle about 200 feet fromthe ground and said it was some 40to 50 feet in length, and was bathedin a blue tint. About 5:50 a.m. thecraft was sighted in Elizabethtown inBladen County. Citizenssaid the vehi-cles "searchlights" bathed the towninlight.Approximately 100 sightingswererecorded on the night of the third. Nofewer than nine law enforcementof-ficers reported seeing eight craftsimilar to the V-shaped vehiclesreported earlier. Newton Grove PoliceOfficer John Hayes spotted a V-shaped craft moving at low altitude.As it passed over some pecan treeshe could hear a slight hummingsound. It appeared to have awingspan of about 50 feet and hadan effect on his police radio. WhiteLake Police Chief Gary Moore had anextended confrontation with abrilliantly lit vehicle about 8:45 p.m.Moore said he was driving about 50mph when the craft "came down" and"the whole side of the road litup likeit was daylight. I went on about 300yards, stopped my patrol car, got out,looked in the air and the light was sobright I had to look away. I got a setof binoculars out of the car and Ilooked up at it. Then Igot an airplanelanding light that I carry in my patrolcar and I shined it up there. I blinkedthe light at it, and it blinked back.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  21. 21Moore added that after the vehicleblinked, it "went straight up and out"at about 200 miles per hour. Mooredescribed the craft as V-shaped. Itlitup an area of about 500 feet on eitherside of the road and made no sound.Asked how he felt during the time ofobservation, Moore said, "I couldntsay anything for a second or two. Isaid ifthey want me, theyre going tocome and get me, but they didntseem to want me."• Witnesses continued to flood lawenforcement agencies with theirsighting reports on the fourth andfifth. In an apparent desperate at-tempt to discreditthe reports, UnitedPress International — in a nationallydistributed story — quoted an un-named official federal source as say-ing an "experimental, delta-wing"air-craft was responsible for the sightingsof the V-shaped craft. The story wasimmediately followed by a statementfrom the Federal Aviation Administra-tion that no test flights were beingmade in the sighting areas at the timethe UFOs were spotted.The knockout blow to the UPI storycame when Bill Cline, an intelligenceofficer from Seymour Johnson AirForce Base arrived on the scene inLumberton. He said allthe reportsofthings seen in North Carolina definite-ly indicate something unusual. Askedpoint blank whether he thought wewere dealing with somethingmanufactured on this planet he said,"No, I do not."Letter to the Editor...Dear Editor,Ive been interested to read the ar-ticles and letters in response to mypaper on UFO abductions that ap-peared in the May issue of yourjour-nal. I appreciated havingthe feedbackI received — even when it was critical— and found some commentaries(e.g., John Whites) very constructiveindeed.Nevertheless, I had no intentions totry to respond, especially to mycritics,because I felt that I had already beengiven enough space to have my sayand had no interest to engage in pro-bably fruitless debate. I have beenforced to change my mind, however,because of the commentaries of someof the abductees who have written toyour journalto express their anger withme. I will not claim that what I will saynext will be sufficient to assuage theiranger, but I do feel that some of themat least have failed to understand whatI went to some pains not merely tostate but to emphasize in my originalarticle. In my opinion — and I hopein theirs — had they understood mecorrectly, they would not have hadreason to accuse me of the "crimes"with which I seem to have beencharged. I may turn out to be wrongin my views, but nothing I said de-means the experiences of abducteesor is meant to minimize the sufferingthey have endured.Forgive me a few quotes frommyself — but they serve to show howmuch distortion my perspective hasalready been subjected to. First, as tothe reality of these experienceswhichI am held to deny: "Whatever UFOabductions may be, they represent asubjectively real experience . . . tothose who undergo them . . . It is nogood to dismiss all this as attention-getting fantasy." In my article, when Idiscussed the imaginal realm, I stressedthe events it addresses are perfectlyreal: "The most important attribute ofthe imaginal realm . . . is that it isontologically real."I dont know how many readersassumed — despite my clear statementto the contrary — that imaginalis notto be equated with imaginary. Indeed,I would invite you to repeat that state-ment ten times so as to stamp it in!Just because I am not persuadedthat abductions are engineered by ex-traterrestrial beings doesnt mean Idont think these experiencesare real.Of course they are real — but whatreality is, is not the straightforward issuethat many people may suppose. If itwere, we would have consensus, notcontroversy, over how to interpretabduction episodes.Second, some abductees seem tothink I am unaware of or unsym-pathetic to their suffering. Let me againfirst rebut this misconception by a cou-ple of quotes: "UFO abductions (are)deeply upsetting to the persons whoundergo them. The phenomenon criesout for our respectful, if perplexed,attention — as the individuals whohave been subjected to these ex-periences cry out for our help, com-passion and understanding." "UFOabductions are not funny and thosewhose lives are dislocated by themdont deserve to be laughed at." Ivetalked to and heard from enoughabductees to know that for many ofthem their experiences have been asource of deep trauma; I have nothingbut respect for those, such as BuddHopkins, who have addressedthemselves to their needs. I regret anymisunderstandings or bruised feelingsthat my words may have caused anyabductee, who have already sufferedenough, but at the same time I mustcategorically deny that, though I maybe proved to be wrong about thesource and nature of their experiences,I am unsympathetic to what they havehad — and continue — to endure.Like them, I, too, am trying to under-stand this experience and it heartensme to know that at least some ab-ductees who have written to me thinkthat, after all, I "may be on the righttrack."It would take another articleto replyto allthe objections that various writershave raised about my interpretation ofabductions; but the ones brought upby the abductees themselves whosecomments were published were, I felt,the most important to be addressed.I hope that my remarks here haveserved to reassure them on sometroubling points while at the same timeclarifying my own position regardingthe reality I accord to the experienceswhich have so profoundlyaffected theirlives.- Kenneth Ring, Ph.D.Storrs, CTMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  22. 22The Night SkyWalter N. WebbMay 1990Bright Planets (Evening Sky):Jupiter (magnitude -1.9), in Gemini, shines brightly in the west at dusk andsets about 11:30 PM daylight time in mid-May. The crescent Moon lies on-ly 2° above the planet on the 26th.Bright Planets (Morning Sky):The trio of Venus (-4.0), Mars (0.6), and Saturn (0.4) still can be seen atdawn low in the east, ESE, and south, respectively. Saturn rises first aroundmidnight, followed by Mars about 3 AM and Venus at 4 AM. The Moonis only 1.5° below Saturn on May 15. The ringed planet begins retrograde(westward) motion on the 5th.Meteor Shower:The gibbous Moon hampers viewing of this years May Aquarid shower onthe mornings of May 4 and 5. Nevertheless, an observer may see occa-sional bright yellow meteors streaking swiftly out of Aquarius in the eastin the predawn sky.Cornet Austin:Earlier predictions for Comet Austin reaching zero magnitude have dimmed.New comets are notoriously fickle objects and dont always follow the curvesforecast for them. Still, Austin could be visible to the naked eye at around2nd magnitude in late April and somewhat fainter early in May. Knowledgeof itsexact position against the stars, and the use of binoculars will improveyour chances of seeing the fuzzy object.In early May the comet moves north of the Great Square of Pegasus andclimbs higher each morning in the eastern dawn sky. (Look an hour or sobefore sunrise.) It comes within some 23 million miles of Earth on the 25th.Comet Austins revised positions (1950 coordinates): Apr. 24, R.A. Oh 43m,Dec. +35° 44; May4, 23h 48m, +35° 07; 14th, 22h 28m, +28° 35;24th, 20h 12m, +06° 49.Space Telescope Update:The Hubble Space Telescope was successfully deployed on April 25 by thespace shuttle Discovery.Moon Phases:First quarter — May 1Full moon — May 9coLast quarter — May 17New moon — May 24First quarter — May 31The Stars:The Big Dipper, high in the north, is centrally located in the late eveningsky and serves as a handy built-in pointer system for finding many springtimeconstellations. First of all, a line through the two stars (Dubhe and Merak)on the end of the bowl carries you to a spot near Polaris the North Star,which is the end of the Little Dippers handle. The stellar pair (Megrez andPhad) on the other side of the bowl points in the opposite direction toRegulus, the heart of Leo the Lion. The BigDippers handle traces a curvesouthward to the bright orange star, Arcturus, in Bootes the Herdsman.And another curved line extended an equal distance from Arcturus farthersouth takes you to blue-white Spica in Virgo the Maiden.As we catch our last glimpse of the winter stars in the west — Procyon,Pollux and Castor, and Capella —that sky symbol of summer, the Sum-mer Triangle (Vega, Deneb, Altair),has begun to appear above the NEhorizon.UFONEWSCLIPPING SERVICEThe UFO Newsclipping Servicewillkeep you informed of all the latestUnited States and World-Wide UFOreports (.e., little known photographiccases, close encounters and landingreports, occupant cases) and all otherUFO reports, many of which are car-ried only in small town and foreignnewspapers.Our UFO Newsclipping Serviceissues are 20-page monthly reports,reproduced by photo-offset, con-taining the latest United States andCanadian UFO newsclippings, withour foreign section carrying thelatest British, Australian, New Zea-land and other foreign press reports.Also included is a 3-5 page sectionof "Fortean" clippings (i.e., Bigfootand other "monster" reports). Let uskeep you informed of the latest hap-penings in the UFO and Forteanfields.For subscription information andsample pages from our service,writetoday to:UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICERoute 1 - Box 220Plumerville, Arkansas72127Budd HopkinsFeatured speaker at MUFON1990 Symposium in Pensacola.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  23. 23MESSAGE, Continuedwork, the symposium will be hostedby Pensacola MUFON with Vicki P.Lyons, General Chairman; Charles D.Flannigan, State Director; Carol andRex Salisberry, Co-State SectionDirectors; and Donald M. Ware,Eastern Regional Director.Speakers scheduled and theirspeech titles are the following: Ed-ward and Frances Walters (GulfBreeze, FL), "Current Gulf BreezeEvents"; Reverend Barry H. Down-ing, Ph.D. (Endwell, NY), "ET Con-tact: The Religious Dimension"; BuddHopkins (NewYork, NY), "UFO Ab-duction Cases in the Gulf Breeze,Florida Area"; John L. Spencer(Harpenden, England), "The Dif-ferences Between Perception ofUfology in America and Europe";Robert L. Hall, Ph.D. (St. Michaels,MD), "On Mass Panic and OtherFavorite Myths"; David A. Gotlib,B.Sc, M.D., (Toronto, Canada), "WhoSpeaks for the Witness? Medical andEthical Issues in AbductionResearch";Brian OLeary, Ph.D. (Phoenix, AZ),"UFOs, Extraterrestrials and the NewScience"; Rima E. Laibow,M.D.(Dobbs Ferry, NY), "ExperiencedAnomalous Trauma: New Directions";Donald R. Schmitt (Hubertus, WI),"New Revelations from Roswell";Carey H. Baker, newspaperpub-lisher (Rainsville, AL),"The FyffeAlabama Experience"; John E.Brandenburg, Ph.D. (Alexandria,VA), "TheRainbow Declaration andHuman Destiny in the Cosmos"; andAntonio Huneeus (New York, NY)"Red Skies: The Great 1989 UFOWave in the U.S.S.R."The Pensacola Hilton is located at200 East Gregory St.,Pensacola, FL32501. Special room rates of $55 pernight (1to 4 occupancy) are available.Make your reservations directly withthe hotel by calling (904) 433-3336.The Hilton will provide free shuttleservice to and from the PensacolaRegional Airport.A "Get Acquainted" Receptionwith hors doeuvres will be held Fri-day evening, July 6, from 6 to 9 p.m.Cost: $5 per person before June 1;advance reservations are required. Acash bar will be available. The formalspeaking portion of the symposiumwill consist of five sessions; three onSaturday, July 7, from 9:00 a.m. to10:30 p.m. and two on Sunday, July8, from 10:00a.m. to 5:00 p.m. withbreaks for meals. The advance regis-tration fee for all five sessions is $35before June 1 and $40 thereafter.Vicki Lyons has advised that advanceregistrations are exceeding expecta-tions as of this date. A nearby hotelhas been reserved for the overflowwhen the Pensacola Hilton is fullybooked. It is recommended that youmake your reservations at the hoteland advance registration as soon aspossible. Individual sessions will be onspace available basis at $10 perper-son per session, paid at the door.A chartered bus tour of UFO sitesin the Gulf Breeze area is scheduledfor Sunday morning, July 8, from8:30 to 10:00a.m. Advance reserva-tions for the bus tour are required; busfee: $12 per person before June 1.Delta Airlines is the official airlinefor the 1990 Symposium. Delta is of-fering 40% off regular coach faresand 5% off their lowest availablefare.Seniors (age 62 or older) get an ad-ditional 10% off the lowestavailablefare. To get these discounts, you mustcall: 1-800-768-5463; ask for Reaganor Sue at Gulf Breeze Travel and tellthem that you are coming to theMUFON Symposium.Send advance registration form orletter with your check to: Art Hufford,2300 Hallmark Drive, Pensacola, FL32503. Make your check payable to:MUFON 1990 Symposium.In addition to the symposium, apress conference is scheduled for Fri-day, July 6 at 1:30 p.m. for thespeakers who have already arrived.Dan Wright isplanninga meeting forState and Asst. State Directorsor theirauthorized representatives forFriday,July 6 at 10:00 a.m. and continuing,until about 4 p.m. The MUFON Cor-porate Board of Directors Meetingisscheduled for Sunday morning, July8th from 9:00 a.m.till noon.Western RegionalDirector ElectionThe term of Paul C. Cerny, thepresent Western Regional Director onthe MUFON Board of Directors, willsoon expire according to corporatebylaws. Filling this important positionfor the western states is a wonderfulopportunity for a person with leader-ship abilities, dedication to resolvingthe UFO phenomenon, and timeresources. Experience as a State orState Section Director are valuableat-tributes, however enthusiasm andavailable time are also certainly signifi-cant assets in successfully fulfilling thisprestigious position. Since it is strict-ly a volunteer position, anyone in-terested in being considered shouldwrite to Walt Andrus to expresstheirinterest and desire. An election will beconducted by ballot by the membersin the western states of WA, OR, CA,ID, NV, UT, AZ, MT, WY, CO, NM,AK and HI:The candidates must alsoreside in one of these states.MUFONAmateur Radio Net80 meters — 3.990 MHzSaturday, 10 p.m.40 meters — 7.237 MHzSaturday, 8 am.10 meters — 28.460 MHzThursday, 8 p.m.10 meters — 28.470 MHzSunday, 3 p.m.All times Eastern Standardor DaylightComing in future issues .• Frederick Taylor on Crop Circles• Martin Cannon on Mind Control & Abductions• Walter Webb, Bob Gribble & More ...MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990
  24. ^DirectorsWalt AndrusNational UFO Information WeekThe Sixth National UFO Informa-tion Week has been scheduled forAugust 12-19, 1990. This will be anideal opportunity for State and StateSection groups to set up photo ex-hibits, displays and booths for re-ceiving UFO sighting reports andpresenting closed circuit TV showingof UFO documentaries in shoppingmalls and libraries. Advance planningis required in order to reserve spacein these facilities and to construct theexhibits and displays. MargeChristensen, Director of PublicEducation, heartily endorses this pro-gram in order to take advantage of theresurging interest in UFOs.MUFON AwardThe Annual MUFON Award plaquefor the most outstanding contributionto Ufology in 1989-1990 will bepresented at the MUFON 1990 Inter-national UFO Symposium in Pen-sacola, Florida on July 7, 1990. On-ly members of the Board of Directorsmay nominate candidates for thisprestigious recognition. However,anyone may recommend a person forthe award by submittingthe name oftheir candidate, along with a writtenparagraph stating their accomplish-ments, and mailing same to one ofthe Board of Directors listed in the1989 symposium proceedings, orJennie Zeldman.The actual contributionor work isnot confined to the calendar year of1989-90, but may include significantaccomplishments duringthe past fiveyears. The Fund for UFO Researchwill provide a $500 cash award to therecipient. The deadline for receivingnominations from Board Members isApril 28, 1990 in Seguin, Texas. Aballot will be enclosed with the May1990 issue of the MUFON UFO Jour-nal so all members and subscribersmay vote for their choice from thecandidates proposed.New OfficersIt is obvious that educated inrdividuals are becoming more andmore interested in resolving the UFOphenomenon, especially if the num-bers of new Consultants and ResearchSpecialists recently volunteering theirservices are any indication. Thefollowing individuals became Con-sultants this month: Laszlo Steiner,Ph.D. (Santa Rosa, CA) in AgricultureEconomics; Cran Lucas, Ph.D.(Shreveport, LA) in Genetics; Earl B.Knick, Ph.D. (Melbourne, FL) inElectrical Engineering; Stuart Ap-pelle, Ph.D. (Rochester, NY) in Ex-perimental Psychology; David J.Brandis, D.D.S. (Springfield, IL) inDental Surgery; David B. Cheek,M.D. (Santa Barbara, CA) Physicianand Hypnotherapist; Robert B.Koser, M.D. (Bradenton,FL) inMed-icine; Paul Drallos, Ph.D. (Albuquer-que, NM) in Physics: Robert L.Auchenbach, J.D. (Harleysville, PA)in Law; and William F. Kopta(Downers Grove, IL) in Law. NewResearch Specialists this month are:Laura G. Lietz, M.A. (St.Joseph, MI)in Counseling-Psychology; Linda J.Brandis, M.A. (Springfield, IL) inCultural Anthropology; Bruce L.Opal, M.S. (Baton Rouge, LA) inComputer Science; and Louisa S.Ewing, M.A. (Taylors,SC) in Educa-tion (History).Donald M. Ware, Eastern RegionalDirector, has promoted Charles D.Flannigan (Pensacola, FL) to StateDirector for Florida. Henry H. McKay,Canadian Regional Director, ap-pointed Michael J. Strainic (Van-couver, BC) to Provincial Director forBritish Columbia, replacing JohnMagor due to illness. S. ChristopherEarly, State Director for Georgia,selected Nedd D. Mockler, M.S.(Lilburn, GA) as his Assistant StateDirector in addition to his duties asState Section Director for Gwinnett,De Kalb, Rock and Walton Counties.The following people were selectedto become new State Section Direc-tors: Mark E. Blashak, Virginia StateDirector, appointed Don W. Lovett,(Mechanicsville, VA)for Hanover andKing William Counties; and BiffDowney (Richmond,VA) for Henricoand Chesterfield Counties. CharlesD. Flannigan, Florida State Director,promoted Carol and Rex Salisberry,to replace himself, as Co-State Sec-tion Directors for Escambia and San-ta Rosa Counties and Lois Wilson,R.N. (Tallahassee, FL) for Leon, Jef-ferson, Gadsen and Wakula Coun-ties. Teresa Brito-Asenap, StateDirector for New Mexico, approvedthe appointment of Bridget AnnRiser (Santa Rosa, NM) forGuadalupe County. Skip D. Shultz,Oregon State Director, selected CarloJ. Sposito (Portland, OR) forMultnomah County. Doris Up-church (Corpus Christi, TX) was pro-moted by Thomas P.Deuley to StateSection Director for Nueces andPatricio Counties in Texas.MUFON 1990 SymposiumThe theme for the MUFON 1990International UFO Symposium inPensacola, Florida is"UFOs: The Im-pact of E.T. Contact Upon Society."It will convene on the weekend of Ju-ly 6, 7 and 8 at the beautiful Pen-sacola Hilton Hotel, only a few milesfrom the Gulf Breeze sightings thathave continued for over two years.Sponsored by the Mutual UFO Net-Continued on page 23MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 264 April 1990

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