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Mufon ufo journal   1990 11. november

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    Mufon ufo journal   1990 11. november Mufon ufo journal 1990 11. november Document Transcript

    • Mufon UFO JournalOfficial Publication of the Mutual UFO Network Since 1967Number 271November 1990$2.50THE "ROAD SHOT" REANALYZEDBy Bruce Maccabee, Ph. D.
    • MUFON UFO JOURNAL(USPS 002-970)(ISSN 0270-6822)103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155-4099 U.S.A.Telephone: (512) 379-9216DENNIS W. STACYEditorWALTER H. ANDRUS, JR.International Director andAssociate EditorTHOMAS P. DEULEYArt DirectorROBERT J. GRIBBLEDAN WRIGHTColumnistROBERT H. BLETCHMANPublic RelationsPAUL CERNYPromotion / PublicityDR. BARRY H. DOWNINGReligion and UFOsLUCIUS PARISHBooks & PeriodicalsLOREN GROSSHistorianT. SCOTT GRAINGREG LONGMICHAEL D. SWORDSStaff WritersTED PHILLIPSLanding Trace CasesJOHN F. SCHUESSLERMedical CasesLEONARD STRINGFIELDUFO Crash / RetrievalWALTER N. WEBBAstronomyNORMA E. SHORTDWIGHT CONNELLYDENNIS HAUCKRICHARD H. HALLROBERT V. PRATTEditor / Publishers Emeritus(Formerly SKYLOOK)The MUFON UFO JOURNAL ispublished monthly by the MutualUFO Network, Inc., Seguin, Texas.Membership/Subscription rates:$25.00 per year in the U.S.A.; $30.00foreign in U.S. funds. Copyright 1990by the Mutual UFO Network. Secondclass postage paid at Seguin, Texas.POSTMASTER: Send form 3579 toadvise change of address to theMUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas 78155-4099.IN THIS ISSUETHE CONTROLLERS: PART II Martin Cannon 3WAS MENZEL HIDINGSOMETHING? Michael Swords, Ph. D. 8GREEN FIREBALLS Erich A. Aggen, Jr. 10REANALYSIS OF PHOTO 19 Bruce Maccabee 11FLYING WINGS & DEEPDESERT SECRETS William F. Hamilton, III 15NEWSNVIEWS 17LOOKING BACK Bob Gribble 18LETTERS 20THE DECEMBER NIGHT SKY Walter N. Webb 21DIRECTORS MESSAGE Walt Andrus 24Copyright 1990 by the Mutual UFO Network, Inc. (MUFON), 103 Old-towne Road, Seguin, Texas 78155-4099 U.S.A.ALL RIGHTS RESERVEDNo part of this document may be reproduced in any form by photostat,microfilm, xerograph, or any other means, without the written permissionof the Copyright Owners.The Mutual UFO Network, Inc. is exempt from Federal Income Tax underSection 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. MUFONisa publicly sup-ported organization of the type described in Section 509 (a)(2). Donors maydeduct contributions from their Federal Income Tax. In addition,bequests,legacies, devises, transfers, or gifts are deductible for Federalestate and gifttax purposes ifthey meet the applicable provisions of Sections 2055, 2106,and 2522 of the code.The contents of the MUFON UFO JOURNAL are determined by the editor anddo not necessarily represent the official position of MUFON.Opinions ofcontributorsare their own and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor, the staff or MUFON.Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON. Responses to published articlesmay be in a Letter to the Editor (up to about 400 words) or in a short article (upto about 2,000 words). Allsubmissions are subject to editingfor style, clarity, andconciseness. Permission is hereby granted to quote from this issue provided notmore than 200 words are quoted from any one article, the author of the articleis given credit, and the statement "Copyright 1990 by the Mutual UFO Network,103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas 78155" is included.
    • THE CONTROLLERSPARTH By Martin CannonThats EntrainmentAficionados of the electronic buzz,i.e., the fans of consciousness-altering"mind machines," have long knownofa device called the "hemi-synch." Thisheadphone-like invention producesslightly different frequencies in eachear; the brain calculates the differencebetween these frequencies, resulting ina rhythmknownas the "binaural beat."The brain "entrains" itself to this beat,that is, the subjects EEG slows downor speeds up to keep pace with its elec-tronic running partner.38The brain has a "beat" of its own.This rhythm was first discovered in1924 by the German psychiatrist HansBerger, who recorded cerebral voltagesas part of a telepathy study.39He notedtwo distinct frequencies: alpha (8-13cycles per second), associated with arelaxed, alert state, and beta (14-30cycles per second), produced duringstates of agitation and intense mentalconcentration. Later, other rhythmswere noted, which are particularly im-portant for our present purposes: theta(4-7 cycles per second), a hypnogogicstate, and delta (.5 to 3.5 cycles per se-cond), generally found in sleeping sub-jects.40The hemi-synch, and related mindmachines, can produce alpha or thetawaves, on demand, according to theoperators wishes. Asuitably-entrainedbrain is much more responsive to sug-gestion, and is even likely to experiencevivid hallucinations.I have spoken to several UFO ab-ductees who describe a "stereophonicsound" effect, exactly similar to thatproduced by the hemi-synch, precedingmany "encounters." Of course, oneusually administers the hemi-synchvia headphones, but I see no reasonwhy the effect cannot be transmittedvia the above-described stimoceiver.Again, I remind the reader of the ab-ductee with an implant,just inside herear canal.Theres more than one way toentraina brain. Michael Hutchisons excellentbook, Mega Brain, details the authorspersonal experiences with many suchdevices: The Alphastim, TENS, theSynchro-energizer, Tranquilite, etc. Herecounts dazzling, Dali-esque hallu-cinations as a result of using this mind-expanding technology.Hutchison avoids an important ques-tion: What about the possibility of anoutside operator literally "changing ourminds" by altering our brainwaveswithout our knowledge or permission?If these machines can induce ahypnoticstate, whats to stop a skilled hypnotistfrom making use of this state?Granted, most of these devices re-quire some physical interaction with thesubject. But a tool called the Bio-Pacercan, according to its manufacturer, pro-duce a number of mood altering fre-quencies withoutattachment to the sub-ject. Indeed, the Bio-Pacer III (a high-powered version) can affect an entireroom. This device costs $275, accord-ing to the most recent price sheetavailable.41What sort of machine might$27,500 buy? Or $275,000? What ef-fects, what ranges might a million-dollar machine be capable of?The military certainly has thatsort of money, and theyre cer-tainly interested in this sort oftechnology, according to Michael Hut-chison. His interviewwith an informantnamed Joseph Light elicited some par-ticularly provocative revelations. Ac-cording to Light:"There are important elements in thescientific community,powerful people,who are very much interested in theseareas ... but they have to keep most oftheir work secret. Because as soon asthey start to publish some of these sen-sitive things, they have problems intheir lives. You see, they work onresearch grants, and if you follow theresearch being done, you find that assoon as these scientists publishsomething about this, their researchfunds are cut off. There are areas inbioelectric research where very simpletechniques and devices can have mind-boggling effects. Conceivably, if youhave a crazed person with a bit of atechnical background, he can do a lotof damage." 42"Wavie" FilesEvery Senator and Congressionalrepresentative has a "wavie" file. So domany state representatives. Waviesevenhave pled their case to private institu-tions such as The Christian Institute.43And who are the wavies?They claim to be the victims ofclandestine bombardment with non-ionizing radiation, or microwaves. Theyreport sudden changes in psychologicalstates," alteration of sleep patterns, in-tracerebral voices and other sounds,and physiological effects. Most peoplenever realize how many wavies thereare in this country.Are these troubled individualsseek-ing an exterior rationale for their men-tal problems? Maybe. Indeed, Im surethat such is the case in many instances.But the fact is that the literature onthe behavioral effects of microwaves,extra-low-frequencies (ELF) and ultra-sonics is such that we cannot blithelydismiss all such claims. And, despitethe censors heavy hand, we know fromthe available documents that the CIAhas involved itself with this researchsince the days of ARTICHOKE. TheDefense Advance Research ProjectsAgency (DARPA) has continued thiswork.What can low-level microwaves do tothe mind?According to a DIA report releasedMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • under the Freedom of InformationAct,44microwaves can inducemetabolicchanges, alter brain functions anddisrupt behavior patterns. PANDORAdiscovered that pulsed microwaves cancreate leaks in the blood/brain barrier,induce heart seizures, and createbehavioral disorganization.45In 1970, aRAND corporation scientist reportedthat microwaves could be used to pro-mote insomnia, fatigue, irritability,memory loss and hallucinations.46Perhaps the most significant workinthis area has been produced by Dr. W.Ross Adey at the UniversityofSouthernCalifornia. He determined thatbehaviorand emotional states can be alteredwithout electrodes, simply by placingthe subject in an electromagnetic field.By directing a carrier frequency tostimulate the brain and usingamplitudemodulation to "shape" the wave intomimicry of a desired EEC frequency,he wasable to impose a 4.5 Cycles PerSecond theta rhythmon his subjects, afrequency which he previouslymeasured in the hippocampus duringavoidance learning. Thus, he could ex-ternally condition the mind towards anadversive reaction.47(Adey has alsodone extensive work on the use of elec-trodes in animals.48) According toanother prominent microwavescientist,Allen Frey, other frequencies could—in animal studies — induce docility.49Adey and compatriots have compil-ed an entire library of frequencies andpulsation rates which can affect themind and nervous system. Some ofthese effects can be extremely bizarre.For example, engineer Tom Jarski, inan attempt to replicate the seminal workof F. Cazzamalli, found that a particularfrequency caused a ringing sensation inthe ears of his subjects, who then feltstrangely compelled to bite the ex-perimenters!50On the other hand, thediet-conscious may be intrigued by thefinding that rats exposed to ELF (extra-low-frequency) waves failed to gainweight normally.51For our present purposes, the mostsignificant electromagnetic researchfindings concern microwave signalsmodulated by hypnoidal EEC frequen-cies. Microwaves can act much like the"hemi-synch" device previouslyAccording to a. DIA report released under theFreedom of Information Act, microwaves can inducemetabolic changes, alter brain functions and disruptbehavior patterns.described, that is, they can entrain thebrain to theta rhythms.521 need not em-phasize the implications of remotelysynchronizing the brain to resonate ata frequency conducive to sleep, or tohypnosis.Trance may be remotely induced, butcan it be directed?Yes. Recall the intracerebral voicesmentioned earlier in our discussion ofDelgado. The same effect can be pro-duced by "the wave." Freydemonstrated in the early 1960s thatmicrowaves could produce booming,hissing, buzzing, and other in-tracerebral static (this phenomenon isnow called "the Frey effect"); in 1973,Dr. Joseph Sharp, of the Walter ReedArmy Institute of Research, expandedon Preys work in an experiment wherethe subject, in this case, Sharp himself,"heard" and understood spoken wordsdelivered via a pulsed-microwaveanalog of the speakers sound vibra-tions.53Dr. Robert Becker comments that"Such a device has obvious applicationsin covert operations designed to drivea target crazy with voices or deliverundetectable instructions to a pro-grammed assassin."54In other words,we now have, at the push of a button,the technology either to inflict an elec-tronic Gaslight,or to create a true Man-churian Candidate.Indeed, the former capability couldeffectively disguise the latter. Who willlisten to the victims, when theelectronically-induced hallucinationsthey recount exactly parallel theclassical signals of paranoidschizophrenia and/or temporal lobeepilepsy? Conversely, if the victimshave been directed to view their pro-gramming sessions in ufological terms,only the saucer aficionados would takethe claims seriously.Abductee implants would focus thiselectromagnetic energy. The father ofthe stimoceiver, Dr. J.M.R. Delgado,has recently conducted experiments inwhich he exposed monkeys to elec-tromagnetic fields, eliciting a widerange of behavioral effects. Fascin-atingly, when monkeys with brain im-plants felt "the wave," the effects weregreatly intensified. Apparently, thesetiny electrodes can act as an amplifierof the electromagnetic effect.55This last point is important toour "alien abduction" thesis.Critics might counter that anyburst of microwave energy powerfulenough to have truly remote effectswould probably also create a thermalreaction. That is, if a clandestineoperator propagated a "wave" from out-side an abductees bedroom, say, froma low-flying helicopter, or from a trucktravelling alongside the subjects car, thepower necessary to do thejob might besuch that the microwavewould cook thetarget before it got a chance to launderhis thoughts.Delgados workmay give us our solu-tion. Once an abductee has been im-planted, the chip-in-the-brain wouldactas an intensifier of the signal. Such anindividual could have any number of"UFO" experiences while his or herbed partner dozes comfortably.Helicopters and DiscsIs it possible, then, that the "mysteryhelicopters" which plague abducteesare actually part of a sophisticated elec-tromagnetic warfare system?Consider the common wisdom on thesubject. Most ufologists assume that theblack, unmarked helicopters reported(and even photographed) by BettyAndreasson-Luca and others servesome sort of surveillance purpose. Butthis explanation simply wont holdwater, as anyone who has studied thehistory of domestic espionage canplainly see.I invite the reader to read up on theMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • Is it possible that "my-stery helicopters" areac-tually part of a sophis-ticated electromagneticwarfare system?known surveillance programs con-ducted by our engines of nationalsecurity during the past few decades.We now possess a growing literatureon illegal programs such as COIN-TELPRO, CHAOS and GARDENPLOT, in which the FBI,the CIA andthe military violated both their chartersand our constitutional liberties as theyspied on dissident movements. The sinsagainst the citizenry were, and, nodoubt, still are, many and depressing.We read of mail interference.Bugging.Telephone taps. Undercover operatives.Agents provocateurs.But — where are the helicopters?As a moments thought will tell you,helicopters would prove cumbersomeand inefficient in a domestic sur-veillance operation. They draw atten-tion. Theyre highly expensive. Otherespionage methods could retrieve muchmore data with far fewer problems.So why do UFO abductees, and notother alleged victims of home-grownspookery, report continual helicopterharassment? If the choppers arent thereto survey the scene, men they mustserve some other purpose.What better way to bring an EMRdevice to the proposed EMR victim?Rex Niles CaseIn this regard, the bizarre story ofRex Niles and his sister (not named innews accounts) may shed interestinglight on a variety of abductee cases,particularly that of Betty and BarneyHill.56Niles, the high-rolling owner ofa Woodland Hills defense subcon-tracting firm (RexRep)was fingeredby authorities investigating defenseindustry kickbacks. He became an ex-traordinarily cooperative witness inthe investigation, until he was targetedby his enemies, who allegedly usedpsychoelectronics as harassment.The following excerpt from the LosAngeles Times article on Niles is par-ticularly compelling:"He [Niles] has produced testimonyfrom his sister, a Simi Valley womanwho swears that helicopters haverepeatedly circled her home. Anengineer measured 250 watts ofmicrowaves in the atmosphere outsideNiles house and found a radioactivedisc underneath the dash of his car."A former high school friend, LynSilverman, claimed that her home com-puter went haywire when Niles steppedclose to it."No aliens in this story, yet howsimilar it is to tales of alien abduction!Here we have the low-flyinghelicopters, in a case where elec-tromagnetic interferenceis the clear im-plication.57The haywire electronicsequipment is also frequently en-countered in putative abduction cases:I have spoken (independently) to threewomen who claimed to have been ableto disturb or shut off televisions andstereos simply by walking past thedevices; one woman even claimed shehad switched on her TV simply bypointing at it!But the radioactive disc is especial-ly intriguing. As former FBI agent TedGunderson recently explained to myassociate, Alexander Constantine,magnetic radioactive discs have longbeen used by the clandestine servicesas cancer-inducing "silent killers," i.e.,as tools of assassination.Not only that. The disc calls tomindone little-remembered detail of the Hillcase: the dozen-or-so circular "shinyspots," each the size of a silver dollar,found on the trunk of her car directlyafter the abduction. A compass needlereacted wildly when placed near thesespots. Could they have marked the loca-tion where an electromagnetic orradioactive device, similar to that foundby Niles, was placed on the car? (Sucha device might have been held to thespot magnetically, hence the circularimpressions.) If so, then the disorient-ing EMR could have helped induce theHills "UFO sighting."Screen MemoriesThe question arises: If mind controlis a reality, why would its victims speakof aliens?I suggest that a hypno-programmed"UFO" cover story effectively solvesthe most nagging drawback of the ear-ly brainwashing research. I refer to the"disposal problem," i.e., the questionof what to do with the victims. Duringthe 1950s, the Company resorted todistressing, but characteristic, tactics:They disposed of their human guineapigs by incarcerating them in insaneasylums, by performing icepicklobotomies, and by ordering "executiveactions."10A more sophisticated solu-tion had to be found.The scientists researched an elegantanswer: Make the victim forget whathad happened."Amnesia was a big goal," confirmsVictor Marchetti, who points out itsusefulness in dealing with contractagents: "After youve done it, the agentdoesnt even know what hes done ...you send him in, he does the job. Whenhe comes out, you clean his headout."59The big problem: Despitehypnotically-induced amnesia, therewould be memory leaks, snippets of therepressed material would arise spon-taneously, in dreams, as flashbacks,etc.A proposed solution: give the subjecta "screen memory," a false story; thus,even if he starts to recall the material,he will recall it incorrectly.Even the conservative hypnosisspecialist Martin Orne notes that:"A S [subject] who is able to developgood posthypnotic amnesia will alsorespond to suggestions to rememberevents which did not actually occur. Onawakening, he will fail to recall the realevents of the trance and will insteadrecall the suggested events. If anything,this phenomenon is easier to producethan total amnesia, perhaps because iteliminates the subjective feeling of anempty space in memory."60Not only would the screen memoriesfill in the uncomfortable blanks in thesubjects recollection, they would pro-tect against revelation. One fear of theMKULTRA scientists was that a hypno-programmed individual used as, say acourier, could be un-programmed byanother hypnotist, perhaps working forMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • the enemy. Thus, the MKULTRAscientists decided to instill multiple per-sonalities —multiple cover stories, ifyou will — to confuse any "unauthor-ized" hypnotist.61One case using this techniquecentered on an assassin named LuisCastillo, who, after his capture in thePhilippines, was extensively de-briefedand studied by experts in the employof the National Bureau of Investigation,that countrys equivalent to our FBI.Castillo was discovered to have had atleast four separate personalities hyp-notically instilled; each personalitycould be triggered by a specific cue.The main hypnotist involved with thiscase labelled these hypnotic alter-egos"Zombie states." The report on the casestated that "The Zombie phenomenonreferred to here is a somnambulisticbehavior displayed by the subject in aconditioned response to a series ofwords, phrases, and statements, ap-parently unknown to the subject dur-ing his normal waking state."Upon Castillos repatriation tothe United States, the FBIclaimed that he had fabricatedthe story. In his book, Operation MindControl, Walter Bowart makes a con-vincing case against the FBIs claims.Certainly, many aspects of the Castilloaffair argue for his sincerity, includinghis hypnotically-induced insensitivity topain,62his maintenance of the story (orstories) even when severely inebriated,and his apparently programmed suicideattempts.If Castillo told the truth, as I believehe did, then he manifested bothhypnotically-induced multiple per-sonality and pseudomemory. Theformer remains controversial; the lat-ter has been repeatedly replicated in ex-perimental situations.63This point is vitally important forstudents of the abduction phenomenon.We cannot assume the accuracy of ab-duction descriptions given duringsubsequent hypnotic regression.Moreover, we cannot even assume theaccuracy of spontaneously-arisingrecollections (i.e., abduction memoriesnot elicited through hypnotic regres-sion). Indeed, responsible skeptics haveWe cannot assume the accuracy of abduction descrip-tions given during subsequent hypnotic regression.Moreover, we cannot even assume the accuracy ofspontaneously-arising recollections.argued that hypnotic regression mayprove inadvertently harmful, in that itmay lock in place a false remembrance.(Note, however, that other psychiatricprofessionals consider hypnotic re-gression the best technique, howeverflawed, in unlocking amnesia.64For mypart, I maintain an ambivalent andcautious attitude toward the use of hyp-nosis in abductee work.)Granted, it is all too easy for thedebunkers to cry "confabulation" todismiss hypnotic testimony which doesnot conform to our preconceptions ofthe possible; I do not intend to makethis same error. Whenever skeptics of-fer the phenomenon of pseudomemoryto rationalize abduction claims, theycite experimental situations in whichpseudomemory was originally createdby a hypnotist.65These experiments cannot be cited as proof that an individualabductee spontaneously conjured up afantasy (which just happens to cor-respond to the details of hundreds ofsimilar "fantasies".) Rather, labora-tory studies of pseudomemory creationprove my point: Pseudomemory can beinduced by previous hypnosis.66In other words, an abductee may talkof aliens, when the reality wassomething else entirely.The otherworldly "screen memory"could also prove extremely usefulshould the "controller" wish to induceanti-social behavior. We commonlyassume that such behavior cannot behypnotically incurred. But exceptionsto this rule have occasionally foundtheir way into the courtroom; one suchcase, which led to the incarceration ofthe hypnotist, was the Palle Hardrupaffair.This incident occurred in Denmarkin 1951.67Palle Hardrup robbed a bank,killing a guard in the process, and laterclaimed that he had been instructed todo so by the hypnotist Bjorn Nielsen.Nielsen eventually confessed to havingengineered the crime as a test of hishypnotic abilities.The most significant aspect of this in-cident concerns the "pose" Nielsenadopted to work his malicious designs.During the hypnosis sessions, Nielsenhypnotically suggested that he wasHardrups "guardian angel," repre-sented by the letter X. Hardrup testifiedthat "There is another room next doorwhere Nielsen and I go and talk on ourown. It is there that my guardian spiritusually comes and talks to me. Nielsensays that X has a task for me."One of these tasks was arranging forHardrups girlfriend to have sex withthe hypnotist. The other tasks, as men-tioned, included robbery and murder.Nielsen convinced his victim that "X"wanted the robbery funds to be used forworthwhile political goals. The end,Hardrup was told, justified the means.Thus, we have one possible means ofovercoming the proposition that hyp-nosis cannot induce anti-socialbehavior. If a hypnotist lacks scruples,and has access to a particularly suscep-tible subject, he can induce amisperceived reality. Actions which wewould abhor in an everyday contextbecome acceptable in specialized cir-cumstances: A citizen who could nevercommit murder on a suburban streetmight, if drafted into an army, kill onthe field of battle. In hypnosis, the mindbecomes that battlefield. In the wordsof Dr. John Watkins:"We behave on the basis of ourperceptions. If our perceptions of asituation can be altered so as to causeus to misconstrue it, or to develop afalse belief, then our behavior in rela-tion to it will be drastically altered. Itis precisely in the area of changingperceptions that the hypnotic modalitydemonstrates its most powerful effects.Hallucinations, both under hypnosisand posthypnotic, can easily by inducedin the suggestible subject. He can bemade to ignore painful stimuli, be ap-parently unable to hear loud sounds,MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • and "see" individuals who are not pre-sent [my italics]. Moreover, attitudesand beliefs can be initiated in himwhich are quite abnormal and oftencontrary to those which he previouslyheld."68Compare the Hardrup scenario tothat encountered in the typcial contacteecase, in which alien "guardians" con-vince their victims/subjects that the en-counter will eventually serve someunspecified "higher purpose." Indeed,in my interviews with abductees whohave established a "long-term" relation-ship with their visitors, I have foundthat some of them originally believedthemselves in contact with Hardrup-likeangelic guardians. Only in recent yearswas the "angel" pose discarded and thetrue "alien" form revealed.Final ThoughtsPress and public now regard ab-ductees as tony curiosities; yet science,for the most part, still banishes theirtales to the domain of the damned, asCharles Fort defined damnation. So toowith claimed victims of mind control.The Voice of Authority tells us thatMKULTRA belongs to history; likeHasdrubal and Hitler, it threatenedonce, but no more. Anyone insistingotherwise must be silenced by glib ra-tionalization or selective inattention.Yet these two topics — UFO abduc-tions and mind control — have more incommon than their mutual ostraciza-tion. The data overlap. If we could chartthese phenomena on a Venn diagram,we would see a surprisingly large in-tersection between the two circles of in-formation. It is the overlap I seek toaddress.Once other abduction researchershave been educated in the ways ofMKULTRA (and this article is intendedas an introductory text) they may notethis pattern as well. If so, we may thenproceed to write a revisionist historyofthe phenomenon.Until then, we must, of course, ad-mit that the mind control hypothesiscannot (yet) explain all. For example,any thoughts I might have on the per-sistent reports of alien genetic ex-perimentation would be highly spec-lative. Nor have I addressed the obviousquestions of the landing traces andthird-party UFO sightings which attendsome abduction cases (though I shalloffer some comment on these subjectsin future efforts).Nevertheless, the MKULTRAhypothesis does cover an impressiveamount of territory.As we have seen, our "controllers"scenario explains the reports of ab-ductee intracerebral implants (par-ticularly reports involving nosebleeds),unusual scars, "telepathic" com-munication (i.e., externally induced in-tracerebral voices) concurrent with orfollowing the abduction encounter,allegations that some abductees hearunusual sound effects (similar to thosecreated by the hemi-synch and cognatedevices), haywireelectronic devices inabductee homes, personality shifts,manipulation of religious imagery, andmissing time. Needless to say, the thesisof clandestine government experimen-tation readily accounts for abducteeclaims of human beings "working"with the aliens, and for the governmentharassment that plays so prominent arole in certain abductee reports.By no means do I claim to have"solved" the abduction riddle. Indeed,whenever I have spoken before au-diences I have always insisted that mylisteners examine the entire range of ab-duction speculation, from Klass toHopkins.I therefore eagerly await criticismfrom those rankled by this theory, andhere express gratitude for the helpfulattacks I have already received. I askonly that my critics refrain from in-tellectual laziness. Mere difference inworld-view does not constitute a validargument: God is found in the details.Needless to say, I seek no converts,for I am not myself completelyconvinced.But — should any ufologists doubtthat clandestine operators can induceaseries of highly-disorienting "alien en-counters," I ask these skeptics to con-sider one key name: Paul Bennewitz.Notes38. Michael Hutchison, Mega Brain (NewYork: Ballantine, 1986) 199-201; Gerald Oster,"Auditory Beats in the Brain," ScientificAmerican, September 1973.39. Marilyn Ferguson, The BrainRevolution(New York: Taplinger, 1973) 90.40. Ibid, 91-92. The presence of delta in awaking subject can indicate pathology.41. Bio-Pacer promotional and price sheet,available from Lindemann Laboratories, 3463State Street, #264, Santa Barbara, CA 93105.42. Hutchison,Mega Brain, 117-118. CompareLights observations about "the grant game" toSid Gottliebs protestations that nearly all "mindcontrol" research was openly published.43. Interview, Sandy Monroe of the LosAngeles office of the Christie Institute.44. Ronald I. Adams and R.A. Williams,Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation(Radiowaves and Microwaves) Eurasian Com-munist Countries, (Defense IntelligenceAgen-cy, March 1976.) Brodeur notes that much of thework ascribed to the Soviets in this report wasactually first accomplished by scientists in theUnited States. Keeler argues that this report con-stitutes an example of "mirror imaging," i.e.,parading domestic advances as a foreign threat,the better to pry funding from a suitably-fearfulCongress.45. Keeler, "Remote Mind Control Tech-nology."46. R.J. MacGregor, "A Brief Survey ofLiterature Relating to Influence of Low Inten-sity Microwaves on Nervous Function" (SantaMonica: RAND Corporation, 1970).47. Keeler, "Remote Mind Control Tech-nology."48. Larry Collins, "Mind Control," Playboy,January 1990.49. Allan H. Frey, "Behavioral Effects ofElectromagnetic Energy," Symposium onBiological Effects and Measurements of RadioFrequencies/Microwaves, DeWitt G. Hazzard,editor (U.S. Department of Health, Educationand Welfare, 1977).50. L. George Lawrence, "Electronics andBrain Control," Popular Electronics, July 1973.51. Susan Schiefelbein, "The InvisibleThreat," Saturday Review, 9/15/79.52. E. Preston, "Studies On the NervousSystem, Cardiovascular Function and Ther-moregulation," in The Biological Effects ofRadio-Frequency and Microwave Radiation,edited by H.M. Assenheim (Ottawa, Canada:National Research Council of Canada, 1979)138-141.53. Robert O. Becker, The Body Electric(New York: William Morrow, 1985) 318-319.54. Ibid.55. Kathleen McAuliffe, "The Mind Fields,"Omni Magazine, February 1985.56. Los Angeles Times, March 28, 1988.57. RaymondFowler, The Andreasson Affair,Phase Two (Reward, 1982). This book includesrare photographs of the unmarked helicopterswhich have plagued this abduction victim andher family.58. Martin A. Lee and Bruce Schlain, AcidDreams (Grove, 1985) 8-9.59. Johns Marks interview with Victor Mar-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • chetti, December 19, 1977 (Marks files).60. Martin T. Ome, "On the Mechanisms ofPosthypnotic Amnesia," The International Jour-nal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis,1966, vol. 14, 121-134. Ornes work with post-hypnotic amnesia was funded by NIMH, the AirForce Office of Scientific Research, and the Of-fice of Naval Research. I should like to hearwhat innocent explanation, if any, the Air Forcehas to offer to explain their interest in post-hypnotic amnesia. Orne, the reader will recall,was a primary source for Philip Klass UFO Ab-ductions: A Dangerous Game.61. Bowart, Operation Mind Control,242-243.62. Always the best indicator of whether ornot hypnosis is genuine; I cant understandwhyOrne didnt use this test in the Bianchi case.63. Herbert Spiegel, "Hypnosis andevidence: Help or hindrance," Ann. N.Y. Acad.Sci.; 1980, 347, 73-85.64. See, for example, William Kroger, Hyp-nosis and Behavior Modification (New York:Lippincott, 1976) 21-22.65. See especially Philip Klass, UFO Abduc-tions: A DangerousGame (Buffalo: PrometheusBooks, 1988) 60-61. Orne, interviewed here,makes reference to the work summarized in hisarticle "The use and misuse of hypnosis incourt" (International Journal of Clinical Hyp-nosis, 1979, vol. 27, 311-341.)66. Klass argues that ufologists, in conduct-ing hypnotic regression sessions, inadvertentlycue their subjects. A close reading of his textreveals that he never proves or claims that such"cues" have taken place in any individual in-stance; he simply believes that cueing mighthave occurred. Had Klass been more willingtodeal with abductees directly, he might havefound evidence of cause and effect; as it stands,his argument really amounts to no more thana suggestion. For all that, I find his ideas regard-ing the runningof "clean" hypnotic regressionsessions potentially valuable.67. The story has been told many times. SeeTurner and Christians The Killing of Robert F.Kennedy, 207-208; also Peter J. Reiter, Anti-social and Criminal Acts and Hypnosis(Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas,1958).68. John G. Watkins, "Antisocial behaviorunder hypnosis: Possible or impossible?" Inter-national Journal For Clinical and Experimen-tal Hypnosis, 1972, vol. 20, 95-100.WAS MENZEL HIDING SOMETHING?By Michael D. Swords, Ph.D., ConsultantProbably everyone in the UFOcommunity, except raw ama-teurs like myself, realizes thatthe famed "original" UFOscientific-debunker had his own UFOexperience, which he dutifully reportedto the Air Force. It was on the 12th ofMay 1949, and it happened while Dr.Menzel was being chauffeured betweenHolloman Air Force Base andAlamogordo, New Mexico, where heoften engaged in solar observations...although since he frequented a Col-orado observatory to "also" do thisselfsame work, one must, at least,wonder what his real duties there were.In his early debunking book, entitledsimply Flying Saucers (1953), Menzelfreely discussed his sighting. He says:"I was in the back seat of anautomobile, being driven towardAlamogordo and admiring the fullmoon as it rose over Sacramento Peaktoward the east. A few degrees northof the moon, I noticed what seemed tobe a bright star, and then a second starappeared not far from the first. Casual-ly, I assumed that they were Castor andPollux in the constellation Gemini.Then, very suddenly, I realized thatGemini was a winter object; the twostars had to be something else."Like most astronomers, I amalwayshopeful of finding a nova-a star that hasexploded and thus become exceptional-ly bright. I rapidly opened the windowof the car for a better look. To my sur-prise I could bring neither of these ob-jects into clear focus, although nearbyAntares was quite sharp."Both hazy disks shone with a slight-ly bluish light. They were, in a sense,flying simply because they wereelevated. Suddenly alive to the fact thatI was seeing something unusual,I askedthe driver to stop. We climbed out ofthe car just in time to see the saucersliterally fade away as mysteriously asthey had appeared. I reported the oc-currence in detail to the Air Force"(pages 3-4).Later, Menzel went on to say that "alayer of haze, perhaps disturbed andtilted by the moving car (!), probablycaused the trick reflections of themoon" (page 38). The explanation tothis naive reader seems a bit contrived,but let us look further. What didMenzel actually report to the Air Forceat Holloman vis-a-vis the text descrip-tion above?Much of Menzels book descriptionaccurately follows the UFO report, orat least does little violence to it. Afew items seem (conveniently?) left outor downplayed. Menzel estimated thatthe objects were at least 180miles awayand nine miles from each other. So onewonders at the power of the auto inwhich he was riding, sufficient todisturb this distant "layer of haze" ashe suggests in his text write-off. Thehazy disks do not "fade away" in theofficial report like good cloud reflec-tions should, but rather "suddenlydisappear" and "vanish in a moment."Menzel knew that he wasnt dealingwith "Moon-dogs" or similar opticalphenomena, as the objects were belowand to the North of the Moon, both onthe same side, and not in line. The fur-ther one was marginally brighter thanthe closer. He says "there is a bareprobability that the patches wereclouds, but the behavior was unusualto say the least. The whole phenomen-on is puzzling." (my emphasis). Menzelhimself observed the event, consideredclouds, hazes and optics, and almostentirely rejected them. As an aside, thetext reports the color-tinge as bluish ...the Holloman report as "greenish";perhaps to add no fuel to the then-still-puzzling "green fireball" mystery?Well, this is hardly enough to ac-cuse Menzel of anything but data-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • manipulation and intellectual dishones-ty, but those are two pretty goodcharacter references for a governmentdisinformer.I find another feature of this earlybook intriguing. Menzel bashes andmocks, mocks and bashes, but all witha level of high-culture intellectualismwhich leaves you grudgingly admiringthe man. His qualities of breadth ofknowledge and style make one almostwish that he had better imitators today.At least one could learn somethingabout history, culture and sciencereading Donald Menzel. But the pointof intrigue in the book is this: after allthe bashing and mocking, what does hetell you to do? Fill out an elaboratereport when you see a UFO and sendit to him or Air Technical IntelligenceCenter at Wright-Pat. "They will beglad to get such information."Really? And you know, if Roswellhappened, I wouldnt doubt it a bit.One last thing, just for fun, aboutDonald Menzel and his texts. In his lastbook, The UFO Enigma, written withDr. Ernest Taves (1977), the two doc-tors continue their UFO bashing in thestyle Menzel made famous. In the bookappears a section near and dear to myown heart, "The Question of Extrater-restrial Life." In this chapter Menzelrehashes his thinking published earlierin the Graduate Journal of the Univer-sity of Texas in 1965. It describes whatthe extraterrestrials will be like. Whatprompted Menzel to initially write uponthis subject I can only guess, but myguess is this:Best GuessIn 1964, MenzeFs colleague, paleon-tologist George Gaylord Simpson,authored a scathing critique of the ideaof extraterrestrial intelligence in anessay, "The Non-prevalence ofHumanoids." Simpson was apparentlymiffed, if not horrified, at the excessiveamount of research funding going intoextraterrestrial exploration. He wroteto say that such funding was anespecially colossal waste as no in-telligent extraterrestrials existed outthere to find. (Simpson viewed theromantic pull of exobiology as thetrump card of those pushing spaceexploration).Menzels 1965 "reply" appears con-ceptually intact (with additions) in theMenzel-Taves book. What I find cur-ious about it is this: Donald Menzel wasa very bright man. He knew that all anexobiologist needed to be enthusedabout was "life," and if possible, "in-telligent life," but as to what form itcame in, who cared? Nevertheless, onno (then) good scientific grounds, andopposed by two giants of biology(Simpson and Theodosius Dobzhan-sky), this is what Menzel said:"What will these superbeings be like?We speculate that they will probablylive on land or perhaps be amphibious.They will probably have limbs forlocomotion. They will possess a mouthand digestive tract resembling those ofsome terrestrial organisms. Their eyesand ears will occur in pairs near themouth, where they served their primi-tive ancestors in the detection and cap-ture of food. They will probably standupright, though they may be quite dif-ferent from terrestrial primates. Wespeculate that their brains will be,relative to ours, large."We do not believe that the fund-amental molecules, A, T, G, and C willdiffer much from those we have onEarth, no matter where they are foundin the universe" (page 205).It may have been that Menzel justwanted to directly refute Simpson,"authority-to-authority," for somereason. Perhaps the two disliked oneanother, who can say? But a confron-tation without facts, and playing in theother scientists authoritarian ball parkseems a poor strategy, when a com-promise (intelligent non-humanoid life-essentially Carl Sagans position) wouldseem sufficient. Why did Menzel feelthe urge to state his speculations on"humanoid ET form"? Maybe it wasjust some irrational vision of the natureof things that he had ... maybe hed ac-tually seen a more concrete vision ofthe nature of things some years before.But why write about it? Again, whoknows? In one view, what was the risk?Any secret project was successfully"dark"; Menzel was apparently a totaldisbeliever in UFOs; what connectionscould be made? What was there to begained? A littleego-trip, a secret bit ofone-ups-manship, a remarkable "pre-diction" if they ever did openly revealthemselves? All of this is mere "mid-night speculation, at least until theRoswell investigation and its "analyticalsecret project" come to light. But it isnot heroically difficult to see DonaldMenzel as an intelligent, highly-placedand militarily-loyal man who knewmore than he was willing to say in print,and manipulated what he did know todebunk the extraterrestrial reality ofUFOs while supporting the concept ofhigh-tech humanoid extraterrestrials.Returning to the question which is thetitle for this small speculative piece:Did Donald Menzel behavelike he washiding something? Well ... yes.UFONEWSCLIPPINGSSERVICEThe UFO Newsclipping Service willkeep you informed of all the latestUnited States and World-Wide UFOreports (i.e., little known photographiccases, close encounters and landingreports, occupant cases) and all otherUFO reports, many of which are car-ried only in small town and foreignnewspapers.Our UFO Newsclipping Serviceissues are 20-page monthly reports,reproduced by photo-offset, con-taining the latest United States andCanadian UFO newsclippings, withour foreign section carrying thelatest British, Australian, New Zea-land and other foreign press reports.Also included is a 3-5 page sectionof "Fortean" clippings (i.e., Bigfootand other "monster" reports). Let uskeep you informed of the latest hap-penings in the UFO and Forteanfields.For subscription information andsample pages from our service, writetoday to:UFO NEWSCLIPPING SERVICERoute 1 - Box 220Plumerville, Arkansas 72127MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • GREEN FIREBALLSBy Erich A. Aggen, Jr.In September of 1959, Donald H.Robey, design specialist forGeneral Dynamics Corporation,presented a theory to account forthe phenomenon of slow moving greenfireballs. Said fireballs were objects ofvarious sizes which decelerated tospeeds of a few hundred miles per houror less at altitudes of a few miles. Theyexhibited several unusual character-istics, includingerratic flight patterns,metallic appearance at high altitudes,fuzziness at low altitudes, sphericalshapes, short periods of visibility andprimarily green luminosity.1During the great Leonid MeteorShower of November 12, 1833 (themostremarkable shower on record), peculiarobjects movingtoo slowlyto be regularmeteors were sighted. In the same year,luminous stationary UFOs were seenemitting radiant streams of light overNiagara Falls. In February of 1913,several hundred fireballs were sightedcrossing the sky over New York; inJanuary of 1949, a pilot observed agreen fireball entering the atmosphereover New Mexico; on the 2nd ofFebruary 1952, a yellow-green fireballwas seen in the sky over Trenton,Texas; on September 18, 1954, an enor-mous green fireball passed slowly overColorado and New Mexico; in Marchof 1958, a green-tailed fireball wasobserved over Oakland, California; andin 1972, on August 10th, a hugemulticolored fireball was seen by manypersons in the western states.23Green fireballs were sighted so fre-quently over New Mexico between theyear 1948 and 1949 that the U.S. AirForce became concerned. In Februaryof 1949, a conference was called at LosAlamos to study the phenomenon. Asa result of that study, the USAFs Cam-bridge Research Laboratory initiatedProject Twinkle in September of 1949,in an attempt to identify the fireballs.Only one of three proposed cinethe-odolite (tracking camera) stations wassubsequently set up, owing to a lackof equipment, personnel and funding.No fireballs were ever photographed ortracked and the project was terminatedin the early 1950s.One of the more spectacular fireballsightings occurred on July 19, 1956, inArkansas City, Kansas. The KansasState HighwayPatrol said a ball of firetraveling east at a high speed had beenpicked up by radar at the U.S. NavalAir Station in Hutchinson, Kansas.Brian Coyne, the City Editor of theArkansas City Daily Traveler reportedthat a brilliant tear-shaped object with"prongs," or streams of light, sprayingdownward was sighted shortly aftermidnight. A second object was sightedabout 1a.m. The prongs of bright lightwere observed first as directed towardsthe earth and then extending from thesides of the object. The head of the ob-ject was described as being green orbluish-green in color. Several othersuch objects were also observed.4According to Donald H. Robey, someslow fireballs could be "cometoids,"objects in a physical state betweenmeteoroids and comets. They arebelieved to be chunks of matter and/or"ices" which have been frozen at ex-tremely low temperatures in the depthsof space. They are assumed to be piecesor parts of comets. These frozen chunksof matter are thought to contain sourcesof thermal and luminous energy and areconsidered to be unstable.Cometoids mayoriginate when com-ets captured by Jupiters extremelypowerful gravitational field pass tooclose to Jupiter. The comets woulddisintegrate into thousands of tinyfragments under the tremendousgravitational stresses. The resultantcometoids wouldthen be thrown nearerthe Sun, where Earth would be in aposition to attract many of them. Mostof the smaller cometoids wouldsublimate from solar radiation in adecade or less. Larger cometoids wouldsurvive longer, perhaps a century ormore.Quantitative studies have shown thata solid sphere of frozen ice waterenter-ing the atmosphere at a speed of 6.9miles per second can survive anddecelerate to terminal speeds withoutbeing completely destroyed. Comet-oids, however, are not composed ofpure ice water. The ice matrix of com-etoids is composed of many differentelements. Some materials in thematrixwill volatilize before others. This pro-cess causes cavities to form. At thesame time the ice will melt and refreezeto form a hard, glassy outer shell.5Cometoids entering the Earthsatmosphere at a slight angle tothe local horizontal, and with arelatively low speed (9 to 10miles persecond), could possibly produce UFO-like phenomena. The cometoidswouldbe subjected to intense ablation fromatmospheric friction. Depending ontheir original configurations, the com-etoids could end up as spheres, discs,cylinders or other shapes. During theperiod of atmospheric ablation, com-etoids may have super-cold ice struc-tures which fill with hot gases due tothe volatilization of various materials.These gases would tend to shoot outthrough holes in the frozen shell. Thiscould cause the cometoid to wobble orotherwise behave in an erratic manner.Depending on their composition, thesehot gases would also cause the com-etoid to glow in one or more colors.Nitrogen, for example, would producea brilliant green glow.Being so close to Jupiter, Mars isthought to have attracted many com-etoids. The Moon may also have sus-tained many cometoid impacts. Robeyhas suggested that the object whichstruck the Earth on June 30, 1908, inthe Tunguska River Basin in Siberia,was a cometoid. However, this theoryis not supported by other evidencewhich indicates that the TunguskaOb-ject wasa huge metallic cylinder whichchanged course twice before crashingMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • to Earth. Interestingly, the "acorn-shaped" Kecksburg, Pennsylvania UFOof December 9, 1965, was also deter-mined to have altered its flight pathat least twice before falling to Earth.The Kecksburg object was describedas a fireball by ground observers insix states and Canada. Obviously, notall fireballs can be explained as com-etoids, meteors or other naturalphenomena!67Another intriguing theory that mayaccount for cometoids and cometoid-like objects is the hypothesis that wherethe asteroid belt is now, there once mayhave been a double planet system. Ac-cording to this theory, one of the planetswas destroyed and the other flew freeof the destroyed planets gravitationalattraction, becoming the fourth planetfrom the sun - Mars. The Martian sur-face was cratered and pitted by thetremendous explosion. It pulled twosmall chunks of the destroyed planetwith it, which subsequently becameDeimos and Phobos.The flight of Mars from an old orbitinto a new one brought in its wakehuge clouds of debris, meteor particlesand possible cometoids which thenliterally "rained" on the Moon andEarth after being flung free of Mars.This theory would explain why theMoon is more cratered on one side thanthe other. The great Arizona Meteorcrater may also havebeen formed at thistime.Jupiter possibly collected some smallsatellites, along with Saturn. Everyplanet would have assumed more ellip-tical orbits than they had before. Mars,Pluto and Mercury, having once beensatellites, would then have followedeven more elliptical orbits than theothers. Originally, their orbits had beenalmost circular, the result of their for-mation by a swirling cloud of gas thatcondensed. This theory is highly con-jectural, but it provides some interestinganswers to questions about the forma-tion of the solar system.Cometoids, in the end, may ultimate-ly explain a small number of UFOreports. They certainly provide theUFO researcher with additional in-formation to utilize in analyzing uni-que astronomical and atmosphericphenomena.References1. Robey, Donald H. "An Hypothesis on theSlow Moving Green Fireballs." Journal ofBritish Interplanetary Society, Vol. 17,1959-60.2. White, C.J. & Blackburn P.B. The Elementsof Theoretical and Descriptive Astronomy.New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1920.3. Persinger, Michael A. & Lafreniere, Gy-slaine F. Space-Time Transients and UnusualEvents. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, Inc., 1977.4. San Diego Evening Tribune, July 19, 1956.5. Robey, Donald H. Astronautica Acta. 1959,5, 224.6. Story, Ronald D. The Encyclopedia ofUFOs.New York: Doubleday Company, Inc., 1980.7. Gordon, Stan. "The Kecksburg UFOCrash." MUFON UFO Journal, September1989.8. Sachs, Margaret. The UFO Encyclopedia.New York: Perigee Books G.P. PutnamsSons, 1980.9. Spickler, Ted. "Close Encounters of aFireball Kind." MUFON UFO Journal, May1990.Aggen, of Kansas City, Missouri,is a MUFON State Section Director.REANALYSIS OF PHOTO 19 SUPPORTS WALTERS STORYBy Bruce MaccabeeLaser physicist Maccabee is Director of the Maryland-based Fund for UFO Research,Box 277, Mt. Rainer, MD, 20712.In his initial testimony regardingthe "Road Shot" (photo 19), Ed Wal-ters reported that he had been drivingalong highway 191-B at about 6:00 p.m.on January 12, 1988 when a brilliantwhite light suddenly entered the cabof his truck. This caused him to losesome sensation of feeling in his handsand forearms. He said that he momen-tarily lost control of the truck andswerved to the left hand side of theroad and then onto the left sideshoulder.As this was happening he observeda UFO moving above and ahead of himand, as he managed to stop the truckon the left shoulder, the UFO washovering several hundred feet aheadover the road. Ed said he had hisPolaroid camera with him in the truck.He grabbed the camera and took thepicture (photo 19). But then he realizedthe object was moving and he had theimpression that it was going to comeback and hit him with the white beamagain. He immediately crawled underthe truck where he would be completelyshielded. Unfortunately, his legs werestill protruding as the UFO did, indeed,shine the white beam down on himagain.The complete story of the Road Shot(and Eds other sightings) is told inhisbook, The Gulf Breeze Sightings (Mor-row, NY, 1990). This is a must-read foranyone who wants to understand thehistorical context of photo 19,the stereophotos of May 1 (which will be refer-red to later) and all of the Gulf BreezeSightings. Technical analysis is pro-vided in "A History of the Gulf BreezeSightings," (updated version availablefrom the Fund for UFO Research). Forthe purposes of this discussion thedescription given above of how photo19 happened to be taken is sufficient.Initial AnalysisDuring the initial analysis of photo19, in the spring of 1988, it was assumedMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • Although the illuminated area is highly elongated,there is no physical reason why such an area couldnot be produced by a UFO(or by a conventionallight source).that the bright irregular image withinthe image of the road was the reflec-tion of light from a non-uniformlyradiating source withinthe glowing bot-tom of the UFO, and that the UFO wasactually over the reflection. This seem-ingly reasonable assumption allowedthe size of the UFO to be estimated inthe following way:First, the location of the reflectionwas determined by projecting asightingline across the road in the direction ofa "tree bump" in the skyline that ap-pears above the image of the UFO. Asa person walked along the sightinglinefrom the camera position toward thetree bump he crossed the road and ac-tually walked through the location ofthe reflection. Since the reflection im-age partially obscured the yellow linein the road, it was assumed that wherethe sighting line crossed the yellowlinewas the approximate location of thereflection, and hence the approximatelocation of the UFO. Measurementsmade on the site yielded a distance ofabout 185 feet from the camera towhere the sighting line crossed theyellow line. When this distance wascombined with the size of the UFO im-age on the film the size of the actualUFO could be calculated. It was foundto be about 7.5 feet across the bottombright area, about nine feet high andabout 12 feet across the mid-section.The calculation of the UFO size isthe extent of the analysisthat has beenpublished to this date. However, in anunpublished calculation done during thesummer of 1988,1 used the ReflectionImage to estimate the size of the il-luminated area on the road.A simplified calculation showed thatit had to be quite long in the dimensionalong the line of sight. In fact, Iestimated it to be about 80 feet long,if its center were 185 feet from thecamera. Although this was a surpriseto me, I simply attributed this to lightcoming out from the bottom of the UFOin a non-circular pattern at very flatangles (i.e., nearly horizontal). Thisseemed odd, but it certainly didntviolate physics.Recently, Rex and Carol Salisberry,in re-evaluating the Walters sightings,carried out an independent analysis ofthe Reflection Image in photo 19. Be-ing unaware of my 1988 calculation ofthe elliptical spot on the road, they pro-ceeded from another assumption. Theyassumed, for unstated reasons, that lightcould only come downward from theUFO in a direction roughlyparallel tothe (nearly) vertical axis of the UFO.Combining this assumption with myestimate of the bottom diameter (7.5feet) they concluded that, if the UFOwere real, then it would illuminate aspot on the road that would be onlyslightly larger than the bottom of theUFO itself. That is, they claimed thatthe illuminated spot on the road wouldhave been nearly circular and onlyabout 7.5 to eight feet in diameter.They then used simple photogram-metric and trigonometric calculationsto predict what the size of the Reflec-tion Image should be under theirassumptions. They predicted that theReflection Image should appear as avery thin line in photo 19. Since it is,in fact, a very "fat" line (measured ver-tically), it disagrees with their predic-tion. Hence, they claimed that theReflection Image could not have beencaused by an actual reflection in theroad, since to do so would be a "vir-tual physical impossibility" (Salisberry,"Interim Report on the Reopening ofthe Walters UFO Case," September 23,1990). The discovery of this "physicalimpossibility" led them to further con-clude that the Reflection Image musthave been faked (by double exposure),with the logical consequence that thewhole photo, the story, etc. were allfaked.It is of great importance to note thattheir result follows directly (after somesimple math) from their assumptionthat light from the UFO could onlytravel downwards (roughly)parallel tothe axis. If they had allowed for thepossibility that light could travel out-ward from the bottom of the UFO atvery fiat angles, then they would haveseen that the spot on the road could bemuch larger than the bottom of theUFO. This is the result I obtained inthe summer of 1988.ReanalysisMy reanalysis of photo 19 is basedon the assumption that the ReflectionImage really was caused by lightreflected from the road. Starting fromthis assumption, I have estimated thenearest and farthest points of the re-flection. The distances from the camerato these points were estimated by com-bining on-site measurements on thephotographs.By measurement, it was found thatthe sighting line from the cameratoward the tree bump crosses the nearedge of the road at a distance of about90 feet from the camera, and the faredge of the road about 490 feet fromthe camera. The illuminated spot on theroad lies between these two distances.Using photogrammetric techniques in-volving angles that are determined bymeasurements on the photographs, Iestimated that the closest point of theilluminated area to the camera (thelowest point of the Reflection Image)was about 180 feet away, and the far-thest point was about 305 feet away.(These distances could easily be offby10 feet either way because of the lowprecision in measuring the actualboun-dary positions of the images.) Similar-ly, the width of the illuminated area wasabout eight feet.Thus the spot on the road was ap-proximately a thin ellipse with the longaxis running along the sighting line tothe UFO. (These calculations did nottake into account the slight downwardslope to the road from the centerlinetoward the edge. To take this into ac-count would require a muchmore com-plicated analysis and a very accuratesurvey of the road. If the downwardslop were to be taken into account itMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • FIGURE 1 RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ROAD SHOT SCENENOT TO SCALE-CAMERADISTANCES IN FEETTOP VIEWILLUMINATED AREA90 180 305 490would likely decrease by a smallamount the calculated length of the il-luminated area.)Although the illuminated area ishighly elongated, there is no physicalreason why such an area could not beproduced by a UFO (or by a conven-tional light source). Thus this analysisshows that the Reflection Image is nota "virtual physical impossibility" andit cannot be used as proof that photo19 is hoaxed. However, the analysisdoes raise the question of how thehighly elongated illuminated area mighthave been produced.One way would be for the UFO to beover the far end of the reflection, forexample, and emanating a very ellip-tical (in cross-section) beam in thedirection of Eds truck, but pointeddownward so that it hit the road. Alter-natively, the UFO might be over thecenter of the illuminated area, directinglight downwards and both toward andaway from the truck. Yet a thirdpossibility is that the UFO is fartheraway from the truck than the illum-inated area and is directing a beamdownwards and toward the truck. It isthis last possibility which I find mostinteresting.It is important to realize that aprevious assumption can be arbitrari-ly rejected. Previously, I and othershadassumed that the UFO was actuallyover the illuminated spot on the road.With this assumption it was possible tocalculate the size of the UFO based onthe image size and on the measureddistance to the reflection (assumed tobe rather compact and centered about185 feet away). Thus the assumptionwas necessary for the previous analysis.However, it was not justifiable sincethe distance to an object cannot(generally) be estimated from a singlephotograph.The distance to an object can becalculated from a stereo pair of photo-graphs, however, and Ed obtained justsuch a pair on May 1, 1988. The detailsof this sighting are in Eds book. Theinformation which is important here isthat, using a stereo camera with atwofoot baseline, Ed photographed twoUFOs, the larger of which looks likethe UFO in the Road Shot (see Edsbook for further details). These stereophotos also have images of lights whichwere at a known large distance. The im-ages of the distant lights allowed thecameras to be calibrated for parallax.After the calibration had been done itwas found that the UFO was about 475feet away (over water!) and nearly 15feet in diameter across the bottom.Thus its width was nearly twice thevalue which I had originally estimatedfor the Road Shot UFO (about 7.5 feet).Assume, now, that the size of theRoad Shot UFO was the same as thesize of the large May 1UFO. Since theimage size corresponds to a bottomdiameter of 7.5 feet at 185foot distance,then it also corresponds to a diameterof 15 feet at about 370 feet.If the UFO were actually 370 feetfrom the camera (but still over the road;the sighting line crossed the far side ofthe road at 490 feet), then the UFOwould have been 65 feet from the far-thest point of the reflection (at 305 feetfrom the camera). Hence the only waythe light could get from the UFO to theilluminated spot on the road would beif the UFO projected a beam of light65 feet toward the truck, but downwardat a slight angle so that the beam hitthe road. The color of the ReflectionImage suggests that this beam of lightMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • was white or pale yellow.Light SourceA reconstruction of the Road Shotscene, with the illuminated spot be-tween the camera and the UFO, ispresented in Figure 1. This reconstruc-tion can explain a puzzling fact aboutthe Reflection Image: its high level ofbrightness. Under the previous assump-tion that the UFO wasdirectly over thereflection, I carried out tests with apowerful, 100,000 candlepowerspotlight shining directly down onto theroad. This reflection of the beam on theroad made film images that were much,much less bright than the ReflectionImage. Hence I had to assume that therewas an extremely intense (much, muchmore than 100,000 candlepower) sourceof light within the UFO.This new reconstruction can ex-plain the brightness of theReflection Image quite easilywithout resort to extremely intense lightsources within the UFO. It is wellknown that virtually any surface, evena rough black surface like a road, cangive a strong reflection in the forwarddirection when illuminated by light ata grazing angle. This is thephenomenon of forward gloss (a rough,diffuse reflector becomes nearly aspecular reflector at grazing incidence).This particular case, with the beamfrom the UFO hitting the road at a flatangle (several degrees) and the cameraviewing the illuminated area at a flatangle (about a degree), is virtually "op-timized" for the forward gloss effect.Experiments with a spotlight havecon-firmed this effect at the site of the RoadShot. Hence it is reasonable toconcludethat the Reflection Image is a result ofa moderately intense beam of light,likethat from a powerful flashlight, pro-jected downward at a slight angle fromthe UFO, incident at nearly a grazingangle on the road and reflected in thedirection of the truck.Although the photograph itself pro-vides no information which wouldallow us to choose which is the actualsituation (e.g., UFO over the center ofthe reflection, UFO at the far end ofThis new reconstruction can explain the brightnessof the Reflection Image quite easily without resortto extremely intense light sources within the UFO.the reflection, UFO beyond the reflec-tion, etc.), the context of the situationdoes provide enough supplementary in-formation to suggest a choice.Ed described being hit by a whitelight before he ran off the road. He saidthat after he took the Road Shot heclimbed under the truck because hethought the UFO was going to zap himagain with the white light. (He saysthatthe UFO did just that while he wascrawling under the truck.) What mighthave caused him to think that the UFOwas going to direct the white light athim again? Could it be that the whitelight was contained within a beam fromthe UFO and that Ed realized that thebeam was hitting the road just ahead ofhim after he took photo 19?Perhaps thewhite spot on the road, made by thebeam, started moving slowly toward thetruck just after Ed took the picture.Under these circumstances, he mightwell have concluded that the object wasgoing to try to hit him again with thebeam.Although there is no directphotographic evidence that the Reflec-tion Image was made by a white beamon the road, the preceding discussionshows that the existence of such a beamwould be consistent with Eds story andwith the brightness of the ReflectionImage. The existence of a beam alsoallows the UFO to be further from thetruck than the reflection, and this, inturn, means that the UFO in the RoadShot could have been the same size aswas the "large size Type 1UFO" in theMay 1 stereo photos.ConclusionThe preceding analysis shows that theshape of the Reflection Image is not a"physical impossibility" and hencedoes nor prove the Road Shot is a hoaxas claimed by Rex and Carol Salisberry.A reconstruction of the Road Shotscene based on this reanalysis supportsEds story by demonstrating that theReflection Image may actually havebeen caused by the white light, whichEd described, in the form of a beamprojected from the UFO toward thetruck.Note: Photo 14 also has an Reflec-tion Image underneath the image of theUFO. The Reflection Image is quitenon-circular and can be explained in amanner similar to the explanation of theReflection Image in photo 19.The Gulf Breeze, FLUFO EncountersBy Donald M. WareThis 7700 word report will bemailed complimentary to the first 300people who submit a stamped self-addressed envelope with 45 centspostage attached to:Donald M. Ware662 Fairway AvenueFt. Walton Beach, FL 32548-1752(This applies to the U.S.A. only.Foreign subscribers should write to Mr.Ware to make other arrangements.)MUFONAmateur Radio Net80 meters — 3.990 MHzSaturday, 10 p.m.40 meters — 7.237 MHzSaturday, 8 am.10 meters — 28.460 MHzThursday, 8 p.m.10 meters — 28.470 MHzSunday, 3 p.m.All times Eastern Standardor DaylightMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • FLYING WINGS AND DEEP DESERT SECRETSBy William F. Hamilton IEAs a State Section Director in the Antelope Valley, California area for the past three years, Hamiltonhas been investigating reports of anomalous aerial objects. He is now a MUFON Field Investigatorin Glendale.The Antelope Valley of California isthe site of the fastest growing communi-ty of the Golden State. The reason forthe burgeoning of the population is onlypartly due to the expansion of theAerospace industry in the windy townof Palmdale. Lower home prices andcleaner air have also attracted manyhomebuyers who are willing to put upwith the longer commute.Antelope Valley is also home of AirForce Plant 42, Northrop, Lockheed,McDonnel-Douglas and Rockwellplants, as well as occupying a positionsouth of Edwards Air Force Base nearthe little town of Rosamond and northof Palmdale and Lancaster.Strange aircraft are no strangers tothis part of the desert. Overflights ofthe SR-71 Blackbird (no longer flying),the Bl-B bomber, the Stealth B2, andthe Stealth fighter F-117A have beenobserved by residents of the valley. Butresidents have been disturbed by other,more bizarre aeroforms that demon-strate performance characteristics notcommon to advanced military aircraft.I have been investigating sightings inthe Antelope Valley for three years now,but sightings in the area have only beenbrought to national attention recentlyby an article in Aviation Week andSpace Technology (1). The article men-tions several sightings of triangular-shaped aeroforms. These wing-shapedaircraft are of unknown origin. A dif-ferent aircraft which produces athunderous roar has also been spotted.The Air Force would not confirm ordeny that the aircraft were new conceptwarplanes.The article also alludes to "tech-nologies that outstrip those nowemployed by engineers charged withdeveloping more traditional, current-generation aircraft," adding "there issubstantial evidence that another familyof craft exists that relies on exotic pro-pulsion and aerodynamic schemes notfully understood at this time."I phoned the writer of the article, BillScott, to discuss the sightings he re-ported and to compare them with onesI have investigated and recorded inmyfiles. Bill is senior engineering editorfor Aviation Week, has a backgroundas a flight test engineer and is agraduate of the U.S. Air Force TestPilot School.Scott admitted that the "exotic" pro-pulsion he made reference to in the ar-ticle may be an anti-gravity propulsionunit. He had heard of these craftsstrange ability to move at extremely lowspeeds (15-25 mph) and then acceleraterapidly to supersonic velocities. Hehadalso visited Rachel, Nevada, in thehopes of viewing the glowing disks seenby several witnesses over the GroomMountains, adjacent to the sprawlingNevada Test Site.BoomerangOn October 26, 1988 while living inthe Antelope Valley, my neighbors Kenand Katy saw a large boomerang-shaped craft between 8:35 p.m. and8:45 p.m. that was estimated to be600+ feet in span, and was apparent-ly traveling only about 20-30 mph. Asecond and identical large object joinedbehind the first one. The trailing boom-erang was followed by approximate-ly 15-20 disk-shaped objects in forma-tion. The last one in formation had alight that alternately flashed yellow andred. Two additional witnesses saw theboomerangs pass over the valley froma side-view to the east. These boom-erangs were also sighted in the town ofFresno later that same evening.I had heard the low-pitched droningof one of the objects as it had passedalong my rear property line. My atten-tion was distracted by a pick-up truckthat was pacing the objects and shin-ing a spotlight in their direction. Theobjects rose in altitude to clear theTehachapi Mountains to the north, fly-ing directly over a secret Northropunderground installation that is housedin the saddle of the mountains. I hadbeen up to the guard gate of the installa-tion earlier that year, investigatingmysterious lights seen around that area.We have now recorded the presenceof strange glowing orbs that seem toemanate from that facility. These orbsseem to cast a brilliant gold lumines-cence without the light reflecting off thesurrounding mountain terrain! The orbsalso make the same gravity-defyingmanuevers as other UFOs.In June of 1989, a security guard onpost at Air Force Plant 42 observed asilvery object in the vicinity of a Bl-Bdoing touch-and-goes on the landingstrip. He had seen the object move in-to a stationary position over the landingfield. He also reported seeing threemetallic spheres flying over thePalmdale control tower. Control towerpersonnel acknowledged his report.These spheres are reported to be thesame as the glowing orbs seen at night.On November 18, 1989 a witnessobserved a large boomerang-shapedobject described as a black mass mov-ing silently over Ave. J-4 and SierraHighway in downtown Lancaster, at ap-proximately 7:42 p.m. Its size wasestimated to be 600-900 feet in span.The black mass had lights of low in-tensity, about the brilliance of stars,outlining its airframe. Off the left tipof the giant object was a silvery metallicdisk about 30-40 feet in diameter whichMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • shone by reflected ground light.The same witness saw another diskon the night of May 21, 1990, travelingin a SW-NE trajectory, have a near-collision with a KC-135 from PalmdaleAirport as the plane circled over Ave.J-4 in Lancaster. The plane was ob-served to rock its wings as if the pilotwere trying to avoid collision or wasjust startled by such a near pass of thefast-moving disk.Another Lancaster resident reportedseeing three triangles with red lightsaround their perimeters passing on awestward course between EdwardsAFB and the Tehachapis around thenight of October 3, 1990. This witnesswas watching the "Hard Copy" televi-sion report on the Belgium sightingsonthe night of October 25th, when sheglanced out the windowto see anothertriangle moving around north of Lan-caster for about ten minutes. This onehad bright white lights at the cornersof the triangle and manueveredslowly.Artificial GravityAccording to the hypothesis ofartificial-gravity field (AGF) propul-sion, the mass of the craft is renderedvirtually inertialess with respect toplanetary gravity fields. An AGF im-parts uniform and simultaneous ac-celeration to all particles of mass com-posing the craft and crew. The AGF isalso said to create an envelope from theplanetary atmosphere which is boundto the craft and moves with the craft.This has the effect of reducing shockwaves and eliminating sonic boomswithin the earths atmosphere. Accord-ing to "black world" engineers I havetalked to in confidence concerning theseaeroforms, we havebeen developing thetechnology of field propulsion. Suchtechnology is being researched anddeveloped in classified subterraneanfacilities. Is the existence of thistechnology being gradually leaked toaviation editors and UFO investigators?Only time will tell.One strange story I have heard is thatNorthrop and General Electric haveconstructed an Alien Replicated Vehi-Continued on page 21Whether spacecraft of extraterrestrial origin oradvanced military prototypes, of this there is nodoubt: strange aircraft continue to fly over theCalifornia deserts."3VSMALL FLYING TRIANGLEBIG BOOMERANGARV SAUCERPLANFORMS OF AEROSPACE CRAFT SEENOVER ANTELOPE VALLEY, CALIFORNIAMUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • News ViViews ... POII, Fuller outAstronaut PollIn January 1990, MUFON courage-ously polled all present and former U.S.Astronauts asking whether they wouldendorse a call for a Congressional in-vestigation into official handling of theUFO phenomenon. On October 6,1989, Dr. Brian OLeary, formerAstronaut (selected by NASA July 26,1967) issued a press release calling forsuch an investigation.No present Astronaut responded tothe poll, whereas 11 former Astronautsdid. The 11 respondents all said no. Oneof the respondents didnt have thecourage to sign his name, though itwould not have been made public if heso desired. It seems present Astronautsmust be under some restraints to pre-vent them from responding.To those who responded, MUFONthanks and respects their right to theiropinions. However, this writer does notrespect comments disparaging of Dr.OLeary and his credentials. AstronautStuart A. Roosa, for example, said"OLeary was not an astronaut becausehe didnt fly 50 miles above Earth."Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan said"OLeary takes advantage of a short-lived association." Astronaut Walter M.Schirra said "OLeary is a phony, hav-ing resigned from a training group."Astronaut Deke Slayton said "hiscredentials are zero."When OLeary was designated anAstronaut by NASA it was not thennecessary to have flown any missions,50 miles above Earth or otherwise.NASA has the right to set out newcriteria to become an Astronaut. It isrepulsive to the law to make newcriteria operate retroactively. Onlytotalitarian nations, not subject to thebalancing mechanisms of the law, arefree to revise history to meet changingcircumstances. Dr. Brian OLeary wasan Astronaut, has the right to say so,and is due an apology from thosenamed above.NASA says there are now 91 currentand 56 former Astronauts.— Robert H. BletchmanDirector of Public RelationsMUFONTHE NEW YORK TIMES OBITUARIES FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9. 1990John Fuller, 76, Writer on the Unexplained, DiesBy EDWIN McDOWELLJohn Fuller, a playwright,documen-tary film producer and author ofmanybooks about the unexplained, diedWednesday at the Norwalk (Conn.)Hospital. He was 76years old and livedin Weston, Conn.His wife, Elizabeth, said he died oflung cancer.For all his versatility, Mr. Fuller wasbest known for books about unidenti-fied flying objects, the occult and near-disasters. "The Ghost of Flight 401,"published in 1976, was made into atelevision movie starring Ernest Borg-nine. "The Interrrupted Journey"(1966), about a couple inPortsmouth,N.H., whounderhypnosis relatedetailsof having been taken aboard a spaceship and interviewed by its humanoidoccupants, became a television moviestarring James Earl Jones and EstelleParsons.Mr. Fullers last book, "The Pack"(1989), about rats taking over after anuclear meltdown, is his only novel.John Grant Fullerwas born in Phila-delphia on Nov. 30,1913, and graduatedfrom Lafayette College in 1936.For thenext 25 years he worked in radio andtelevision and was at various times awriter, director or producer of suchshows as "20th Century," "Du PontShow of the Week," "The Garry MooreShow," "Candid Camera" and "TheGreat American Dream Machine."Mr. Fuller wrote two Broadwayplays: "The Pink Elephant" (1953), atwo-act comedywith Steve Allen in therole of a rebellious ghost writer for apolitician, and "Love Me Little" (1958),a comedyadapted by Mr. Fuller from anovel by AmandaVail, the pen nameofWarren Miller.Mr. Fuller wrote a column for TheSaturday Review of Literature from1957 to 1967, during which time hewrote several books, including "Inci-dent At Exeter" (1966), an account ofstories told by people in Exeter, N.H.,about flying saucers.That experience started Mr. Fulleron a long line of books on similar orrelated subjects: "Arigo: The SurgeonWith the Rusty Knife" (1974), "TheAirman Who Would Not Die" (1979)(1968), "We Almost Lost Detroit"(1975) and "The Poison That FellFrom the Sky" (1978),about the after-effects of a chemicalplant explosion in1976 near the Italian town of Seveso.Mr. Fuller was sometimes criticizedby reviewers for not using footnotes innis books and for what they judged wasthe implausibility of his topics. But asJeff Greenfield wrote in The New YorkTimes Book Review in reviewing "ThePoison That Fell From the Sky," Mr.Fuller "keeps raising the most unset-tling of questions." Moreover,even be-fore passage of the Freedom of Infor-mation Act, he had a facility for some-how obtaining Government documents,which he incorporated in some of hisbooks.In addition to his wife, Mr. Fuller issurvived by their son, Christopher, alsoof Weston; three sons from a previousmarriage, John G., of Toronto; Geof-frey, of New Haven, and Judd, of NewYork, and a sister, Carol Chambers.A memorial service will be held at 4P.M. Monday at the Unitarian Churchn Westport, Conn.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • Looking BackSob GribbleNovember 1950• The and UFOmovement in the U.S. wasjoined by oneof the countrys most influential com-mentators, Drew Pearson, who wrotein his "Washington Merry-Go-Round"column on the 25th, that the UFOdisease had reached epidemic propor-tions and because of that fact he couldno longer ignore the phenomenon, in-forming his readers that the military hadassured him there was no such thing asa flying disc-type craft, especially spaceships stuffed with midgets from theplanet Venus. According to the story,Pearson had been granted access to AirForce UFO files which showed that themilitary had checked each case with theutmost care.• Dozens ofexcited residents atPasco,Washington, reported that they watcheda shiny "cigar-shaped" object in thevicinity of the Hanford atomic plantnear sundown on the 21st. Atomic andmilitary authorities maintained they had"no reports" of anything irregular.Perry Torbergson, managing editor ofthe Columbia Basin News, and JackAnderson, his city editor, were amongthose who said they watched the craftfor eight minutes. "It was shaped likea cigar and glistened brightly," Tor-bergson said. "Anderson, myself andeverybody on Pascos downtown streetswatched it for a full eight minutesbefore it disappeared in its southwest-erly course." Anderson added: "Nearlyeveryone I talked to seemed to agreethat it stopped and hung in the air."• 1955 About 6 p.m. onthe fifth,Reverend Kenneth R. Hoffman andhis wife were driving toward Cleve-land, Ohio Airport when they sightedbright lights in the sky. As the ministerstopped the car, he saw that the clusterof lights was attached to a large object."It was like two saucers," ReverendHoffman said. "The upper-most wasinverted and resting on the edges of thelower one. An intense white light shonefrom eight, large rectangular windowsvisible on the perimeter of the craft,casting a beam of light downward atabout a 45-degree angle from each win-dow. The light rays were so bright thatwe could see the air dust in them,"Hoffman said.The body of the vehicle appeared tobe metallic, and was a pearly or grayaluminum color. Since the apparentdiameter of the craft was wider than theroadway, Hoffman estimated the actualsize must have been 100 feet wide,distance about a half mile away andabout 500 feet above the highway. Afterhovering for about ten minutes, the discmoved westward and disappeared.Neither of the witnesses heard anysound from the craft.• A UFO in the form of a globeofwhite light returned recognition signalswith a Piper airplane over Desert HotSprings, California, about 6 p.m. on the14th. Gene Miller, pilot of the plane andmanager of the Banning Municipal air-port, and his passenger, Dr. LeslieWard of Redlands, sighted the objectwhile returning from a chartered flightto Phoenix, Arizona. Miller said hefirst thought the object was an airlinerand blinked his lights twice as arecognition signal. The fiery globe flip-ped its lightout twice in answer. "Whenthe globe blinked out, there was totaldarkness," Miller said. "There were noposition lights or red and green lightsto indicate an aircraft."Miller said the strange object con-tinued travelingtoward his plane. Abouta mile away from the object, Millerswitched his landing lights three timesand received a similar return signal. "Atthat moment the object really surprisedus," Miller said. "It suddenly backedup in mid-air, clear over the hills andwent toward the top of Mount SanGorgonio, disappearing from sight."The airport manager said that hissighting took place four days beforeDesert Hot Spring residents reportedthat a mystery object blazed across thesky on the 18th and burned on theslopes of Mount San Gorgonio. "I dontknow whether there is any connection,"said Miller, "but its certainly weird."• 1960 Mr.andMrs. R.D. Coff-man were driving to a lake on theirfarm near Henderson, Kentucky,about1:30 p.m. on the 17th, when they spot-ted a mysterious object soaring high inthe sky over the Baskett Valley area. Itsbehavior called for closer inspection,so Mrs. Coffman used the binocularsshe was carrying to bring it closer. Thestrange object was flying noiselessly,was orange with a brown and blackbase. There were no markings. As theCoffmans watched, the strange objectperiodically gave off a strangesubstance that would blossom with thewind and spread over a wide area. Asthe substance settled to the ground theyfound it to be similar to a spider webthat would disintegrate rapidly. TheCoffmans watched the object for severalminutes, then it moved away at a highrate of speed.• 1965 Onthe ninth, thenightofthe great NE blackout, numerous UFOswere sighted over New brk state. Afterlanding his single engine plane at Han-cock Airport at Syracuse, New York,during the blackout, Deputy City Avia-tion Commissioner Robert Walsh saidthat "a strange thing happened. I wassitting on the ground near the runwaywith others when we sawa sudden ballof fire south of us. It appeared to beabout 100 feet in the air and 50 feet indiameter." About ten minutes later,Walsh said, the group saw another ballof fire answering the same description.Weldon Ross, a part-time flight in-MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • structor with the Syracuse FlyingSchool and his student, James Brook-ings, reported seeing a "ball of orange-reddish fire which flared up bigger thana house fire." Ross said he and Brook-ings were moving toward Hancock Air-port and were over Three Rivers "whenthe lights went out. We were over thehigh line (high voltage electric powerline) when we saw the fire flash. Itlooked like a barn fire, a barn full ofhay, and lasted for perhaps 10seconds."Ross pinpointed the spot as three orfour miles east of Cicero, about wherethe "high line crosses the South BayRoad." It gradually dwindled.A Camillus housewife and three ofher children reported they sawa "huge,dome-shaped" fireball in the sky justbefore the lights went out. Mrs. DeweyBoshers said a mushroom-type ball oflight appeared in the southeastern sky.The light ascended, then began to moveforward. As it did so, the city lightsdimmed. Then the fireball movedbackward and disappeared in a flash,simultaneous with the loss of electriclight. Another Camillus woman, Mrs.Everett B. Jones, said she saw a hugeball of fire hovering over CamillusPlaza shortly after the lights went out.Actor Stuart Whitman vowed thatduring the blackout two UFOs pulledup outside his hotel window in NewYork city and the occupants com-municated with him and admitted theywere responsible for the blackout.Whitman was a serious-minded actor,who swore he was dead sober justbefore dawn when the occupants com-municated with him. "... They gaveoffa strange luminescent light. So Icouldnt see if there were portholes orwho was in them. Then I heard themspeaking to me as if they were on a loudspeaker. They spoke to me in English.I dont know why they picked me as acontact. But Ill swear on a Bible thatI saw them out there and that they talkedto me."• Late in the evening of the29th,young Kevin Davis and Gary Jardineobserved a UFO with a blinking reddome near Springhill, Nova Scotia,Canada. The craft had portholes andemitted an exhaust and hummingsound. As the young men watched, along bar-like object emerged throughthe largest porthole, re-entered the vehi-cle, then emerged a second time. Then"something like smoke" came from thelarge craft "and sparks flew upward."The snow in the area was blown aroundand some of the bushes were flattenedas the object ascended out of sight.• Seaman IanKinsey, ofHerMajes-tys Coastal Service, was on his 2 a.m.to 4 a.m. watch on the 30th at the Corn-wallis station, located about 125milesSW of Springhill,Nova Scotia. About3 a.m., he spotted a yellow, oval-shapedobject sitting on the nearby beach. Thecraft was "lit up" but not glaring. Afterwatching the vehicle for about fiveminutes, a sliding door opened on theside of the craft, emitting a white light.Then a small, cigarette-shaped objectentered the larger vehicle through thedoor. The large craft ascended, "slowlycruised over the mountains and wasgone." Kinsey said that as the vehicletook off, it pushed "rocks, logs andother material" away from the centerof the beach.• 1975 The North American AirDefense Command (NORAD) admit-ted it tracked a UFO on radar on thellth and then scrambled two AmericanF-106 fighter jets to intercept themysterious object. Although the jetfighters failed to make contact with it,several other mysterious objects werespotted from the ground the same mor-ning hovering in the skies over Ontario,Canada. But, only one UFO was pick-ed up on radar. Among the witnesseswere seven police officers, military per-sonnel from the NORAD radar base atFalconbridge, Ontario, and civilianresidents in the area.Capt. Gordon Hilchie, director ofpublic affairs for the 22nd NORADRegion Control Center at North Bay,Ontario, Canadian NORAD head-quarters, said: "This is the first timethat NORAD has been on the recordas saying, Yes, we saw this so-calledUFO at the same time people outsidewere saying they saw it, too. " Lt. Col.Brian Wooding, director of the 22ndNORAD Region Control Center said:"We get quite a few UFO reports, butto my knowledge this is about the onlyone weve actually seen on radar, andthe only time weve gone to the pointof scrambling interceptors. The jetswere scrambled because the indicationswere there was something very evidentto a large number of people, andbecause we did manage to get some sortof radar sighting."Del Kindschi, a spokesman forNORAD headquarters in ColoradoSprings, Colorado said that the jetswere scrambled from Selfridge AirForce Base near Detroit, Michigan,at 10:45 a.m. He said the UFO wastracked intermittently on radar for sixhours. Asked if it is normal procedureto scramble jets after UFOs, Col.Wooding replied: "Only if we havesomething that indicates a chance ofmaking a possible interception." Capt.Hilchie said that the UFO trackedon radar was first spotted 25 to 30miles south of the radar site. He saidit zoomed upward from 26,000 feet to45,000 feet, "stopped awhile, and thenmoved up very quickly to 72,000 feet."First reports of the eerie-lookinglights in the sky came at 3 a.m. fromresidents of Sudbury, Ontario, 15 milesSW of the Falconbridge radar station.Excited callers reported to police thatthe brilliant lights, hovering low in thesky, suddenly shot straight upward attremendous speed. Regional Police In-spector Frank Singer said two of his of-ficers sighted four objects, three sta-tionary and one moving in a jerky, cir-cular motion. At Falconbridge, thecommanding officer, Maj. RobertOliver, said that he and five others atthe base saw three mysterious objectsin the sky. "I got a call from my opera-tions officer about 6 a.m. and we wentup the hill, and lo and behold, therewere three bright yellow objects. Weviewed these objects through binocularsand werent able to make any identifica-tion at all."Maj. Oliver declined to discuss thereports of sightings he had receivedfrom local people and citizens of thearea. "I feel it is important that wereceive reports on UFOs, and I dontContinued on page 22MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • LETTERS ... Gulf Breeze Six; CirclesDear Editor:Regarding "Gulf Breeze Capture" inMUFON UFO Journal Number 267,July 1990: Carol and Rex Salisberrymet with four of the six former Armymembers in Gulf Breeze on Saturday,August 11, 1990 for almost two hours.The four iterated what they had saidpublicly to the media at the time oftheirreturn to Gulf Breeze a fewdays earlier.They apparently have chosen GulfBreeze as a convenient central locationat which to regroup while planningfortheir future.The six had been studyingthe Bible,particularly Revelations, as a loose knitgroup and had become quite religious.They claim to have not been membersof any religious group or cult. Becauseof what were possibly para-normalevents, they all suddenly got the urgeat the same time to get out ofGermany,which they did. They relate that similarevents have continued to occur in Ger-many since their departure.They came to the Gulf Breeze areato visit friends and to sort out what theywere going to do, i.e., turn themselvesin to the Army, hide out in the hills, etc.It is interesting that they were arrestedby the local police for a faulty tail lighton which they had just spent $30 tohave fixed. Reports in the local mediahave indicated that they may have cometo Gulf Breeze to meet with EdWalters,which they firmly deny. They claim tohave had slight knowledge of Waltersuntil they heard his comments con-cerning them on local TV. They claimto have read one of Bill Coopersreports and found in it some bearing onwhat they had been studying in the Bi-ble. Because of this, they had hoped tomeet with Cooper at some point todiscuss this with him.They relate that the experience whichtriggered their compulsion to leave Ger-many had nothing to do with theirjobsor the U.S. Army. They claim to havehad good attitudes toward their work inthe Army and repeated several timesthat they had to leave Germany and notthe Army. They claim to knownothingof a so-called "End of the World"group. They also claim to know nothingof the identity or location of any Anti-christ or anything about a scheduled"Rapture." They credit a mis-interpretation by the sister of one of thegroup as the source of these errors inreporting by the media.They hope to jointly issue a publicstatement soon to clarify why they leftGermany and other matters. In summa-tion, the media and others may haveex-aggerated a simple AWOL case out ofproportion with the facts, which is notuncommon, particularly in Ufology.— Rex C. SalisberryNavarre Beach, FLDear Editor:There are still doubtless people whobelieve that the earth is flat, but onewould not expect to find the MUFONUFO Journal lending its correspond-ence columns to such pleas. Similarly,I am surprised to find Paul Fullers let-ter (August 1990) advocating Dr.Meadens now totally discreditedPlasma Vortex theory as the agencybehind the Crop Circle phenomenon.The summer of 1990 saw a complete-ly new phase in the developing com-plexity of the Crop Circles with the ad-vent of highly articulate "pictograms"in the English grainfields. Enclosed isa photograph of one such formationfound near Alton Barnes on July 12.Meadens theory fails entirely toexplainthe precise geometry, the increasingcomplexity, the rapidly increasingnumbers, the extraordinary variety ofnew and definite shapes (of an ap-parently symbolic nature), and a wholehost of other aspects of the Circlesphenomenon.My discovery in June that a gianttriple-ringed Circle near Devizes had"grown" an additional fourth outer ringof 1000 ft. in circumference, one weekafter the original formation appeared,seems to indicate that the Circles areproduced by energy fields which re-main in situ, and can be reactivated,rather than by any singular meteorolog-ical event as Dr. Meaden would haveus believe. As far as the vast majorityof Circles researchers are concerned,his Plasma Vortex theory is complete-ly dead and buried.It is all very well for Fuller to can-vas 32 meteorologists opinions regard-ing the Circles when most of these peo-ple are unaware of the facts and havenever visited a crop circle. I have metmany serious people who hold equal-ly untenable ideas about the Circleswith equal conviction; their commondenominator has almost always beenthat none had ever visited or inspecteda Circle formation for themselves. Evenwithout such first hand experience, Ihave little doubt that those learnedmeteorological gentlemen would soonrevise their views were they just to lookat the photographs of the 1990 pic-tograms, which can be seen in two newbooks on the Circles, The Crop CircleEnigma (Gateway Books), and TheUFO Report 1991 (Sidgwick andJackson).Readers may remember that PaulFuller and Jenny Randies recently(June1990) made the extraordinary claim that"UFO research in its own right is nowdead and has become part ofmeteorology." The most appropriate re-joinder to such a crass pronouncementis perhaps the German saying: "Gegendie dummheit Hampfen die Goffervergebens," which means roughly thateven the Gods struggle in vain againststupidity.— George WingfieldSomerset, UKHave a ViewpointTo Express?The Journal welcomesclips and comments.Send to:MUFON103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, TX 78155-4099MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • The Night SkyWalter N. WebbDecember 1990Bright Planets (Evening Sky):Brilliant Mars is well up in the east at dusk and is moving westward in Taurusbelow the Pleiades. It still rivals Jupiter in brightness early in the month butthen begins to dim somewhat as the Earth pulls away from our neighbor. Stillshining at -1.6 magnitude in mid-December, the red world makes a nicetelescopic target. Look for Mars 3° below the full moon on the 1st and 2°belowthe gibbous Moon on the 28th.Jupiter (-2.4), in Cancer, rises in the ENE about 8 PM in midmonth. Thegiant is brightening toward an opposition next month.Saturn (0.6), in Sagittarius, lies very low in the SW at dusk, setting about 6:30in mid-December.Bright Planets (Morning Sky):Mars sets in the NW as twilightbegins. Jupiter is high in the WSW at dawn.Meteor Shower:The morning of the 14th sees the Geminid meteors at their climax, radiatingfrom near Geminis star Castor at a rate of about one meteor per minute. TheGeminids are relatively slow, bright, white streaks with short paths. Thereis no Moon to interfere this year.Moon Phases:Full moon — December 2Last quarter — December 8New moon — December 16First quarter — December 24Full moon — December 313oTwo full moons in one month and two perigees (Moon closest Earth) in a singlemonth. Last time this occurred was May 1988; next time August 1993.December 2 full moon perigee is nearest Moon of 1990 and closest in manyyears.The Stars:In midevening, while the star patterns of summer and autumn advance pastthe meridian into the western sky, the bright luminaries of the winter seasonascend higher in the east.Look for the Winter Circle in the SE —Sirius, Procyon, the Twin StarsPolluxand Castor, Capella, Aldebaran and Rigel.Jupiter and Mars are the two bright interlopers on either side of the circle— the former not far from the Twin Stars, the latter near Aldebaran, the righteye of Taurus the Bull. The V-shaped Hyades cluster marks the face of theanimal, while another star cluster, the Pleiades, indicates a spear-wound inthe bulls shoulder. The Hyades stars are moving together through space, headedtoward a point east of Orion the Hunter; Aldebaran is not a member of thecluster.See how many of the Pleiades you can glimpse with the unaided eye. In adark sky, you should see at least six of the stars arranged in a small dippershape. Binoculars and telescopes revealscores more in this popular little cluster.Finally, the Double Cluster ofPerseus, located between the "J" ofPerseus and the "M" of Cassiopeia, canbe viewed with the naked eye at its bestnow high in the north. With a telescope,the twin patches are resolved intohun-dreds of stars each. The Double Clusteris much farther away from us (7,000 and8,000 light years) and much younger(several million years old) than eitherthe Hyades or Pleiades.FLYING WINGS, Continuedcle (ARV) and privately displayed it toa limited audience at Norton AFB onNovember 12, 1988. If we have madea continuous study in secret of aliencraft since 1947, then it is likely thatwe have developed a replica at thisstage. The Norton ARV was depictedas a typical flanged saucer, but other"manta ray" shapes are conceivable.The Aviation Week article surmisesthat the triangular aircraft are possibleprototypes of the Navy A-12 aircraft,but I wonder how many prototypes areneeded when at least three were seenflying soundlessly in formation over theAntelope Valley? Also the 11sightingsreported in the Aviation Week articleinclude the boomerang sightings of1988. These big boomerangs shouldbelong in a separate category. Witnessesare very impressed by their size andslow movement.Whether spacecraft of extraterrestrialorigin or advanced military prototypes,of this there is no doubt: strange air-craft continue to fly over the Califor-nia deserts, giving mute testimony tothe very real existence of UFOs.Reference1. Aviation Week and Space Technology,October 1, 1990. "Multiple Sightings ofSecret Aircraft Hint at New Propulsion, Air-frame Designs."MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • MESSAGE, Continueddirectly associated with HUFON,Houston UFO Network, Inc. MUFONreceived a complimentary set as a sam-ple for our library. Each page of thenewspaper is reproduced in a 8/2 by11inch format, which makes the type sizequite small, but readable. (A magnify-ing glass would be an asset for ease ofreading.)BACK, Continuedwant to turn people off by talking aboutthem. I think both the United States andCanada collect this information,and Ido believe they investigate the moreserious ones." Told that the UnitedStates government claims it no longerinvestigates UFOs, Major Oliver said:"I find that very strange, because in ac-cordance with the normal proceduresI classified the UFO report going toColorado Springs as secret. A littlewhile later U.S. Air Force Gen. DanielJames, commanding general ofNORAD, came back through channelsand asked me to declassify the report.Apparently General James wanted toprovide the information to people whowere interested in it."On January 20, 1979, a spokesmanfor the National Research Council saidthat the UFOs sighted over Ontario onthe llth were layers of crystallized icein the atmosphere.• 1980 About 6:50 p.m. onthe third,a small aircraft had just taken off fromOzona, Texas, and was about 1,000 feetoff the ground when the pilot spotteda glowing object coming from the di-rection of Sonora at a very high rate ofspeed. It was long in shape and pointedon both ends. About six miles out ofOzona, the object separated into twoparts and the back section moved intoa position directly under the front sec-tion and the two objects passed theplane. They were both the same intensi-ty of light. As the pilot watched the ob-jects move over Ozona their glow disap-peared. Instantly, the airplane enginestalled and all of its lights went out.A few seconds later the glowaroundthe objects reappeared. The planesengine started by itself and its lightsA STATEMENT BY KENNETH A. WONG, J.D.MUFON Director of Legal Affairs"I welcome this opportunity to serve the Board and the MUFON member-ship as Director of Legal Affairs to assist in our common pursuit of answersto this most fascinating enigma. While free time is all too scarce for eachof us, I can think of few other avocational pursuits that are asthought-provokingas the study and investigation of the UFO phenomenon.Most of us are well aware of the intriguing and currently active events oc-curring in both Western Europe and North America; among other media, Timemagazine and the Wall StreetJournal have reported on these ongoing mysteries.Therefore, your continued interest and volunteer efforts in support ofMUFON come at a time when irrefutable confirmation of other-world interac-tion may soon be revealed, whether that information comes by way of even-tual government disclosures or, by the revelatory actions of intelligences thatare external to and supersede the controls and preferences of terrestrialgovernments.We therefore share a profoundand enduringtrans-national interest with ourMUFON colleagues worldwide, and since mankind may be on the brink ofa new perception of himself and his part in Creation, I hope you will sharemy view that this is a most exciting time to be alive, curious and open-minded."came on. Both objects then dropped toa loweraltitude and moved away towardthe Mexican border. Five additionalwitnesses on the ground also observedthe objects. Later that same evening thatcould have been the same objectwas observed in the middle of U.S.Highway 87, SE of Sterling, Texas, andabout 75 miles north of Ozona. The ob-ject was sitting on the highway andlunged upward to avoid being hit by acar occupied by two women.MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • MESSAGE, Continuedrecently made two appointments to herNew Mexico team. Eugene L. Nieriis the new Assistant State Director andRichard Rowlette became the StateSection Director for Bernallilo Coun-ty, both living in Albuquerque.Jean Waller reorganized her Okla-homa state investigative team by mak-ing the following new appointments orreassignments of responsibilities:Richard D. Seifried, former Ohio StateDirector, to Oklahoma State Directorof Investigations; Gary L. Sherard(Miami) to cover Ottawa, Delaware,Craig, Rogers, Mayes and NowataCounties; Charles R. Veith (Tahle-quah) for Cherokee, Adair, Muskogee,Sequoia and Wagner Counties; CharlesL. Pine (Oklahoma City), formerMichigan State Section Director, toCaddo, Canadian, Grady and McClainCounties; Virginia "Ginna" A.Meyer (Norman) for Cleveland, Lin-coln, Oklahoma and PottawatomiCounties; Mamie B. Russell (Snyder)to Comanche, Cotton, Greer, Harmon,Jackson, Kiowa and Tillman Counties;and Stanley Ed Manske, J.D. (BoiseCity) State Section Director for Beaver,Cimarron and Texas Counties. Mr.Manske is also a Consultant in Law forMUFON. Jean Byrne, R.N. (Norman)is Oklahomas State HypnotherapistConsultant and is actively involved inabduction cases.Francis L. Ridge, Indiana StateDirector, promoted two field in-vestigator trainees to State SectionDirectors after they passed their fieldinvestigator examinations. They areDavid P. Cook (Whitestown) for BooneCounty and Samuel R. Stoneking(Holton) for Ripley County. ThomasP. Deuley, Texas State Director, ap-proved the following two State SectionDirectors: Robert X. Gonzalez(Kingsville) for Kleberg, Kenedy andJim Wells Counties; and Charles J.Dewey (Denton) for Denton and CookCounties.Other new State Section Directors ap-pointed during the past month are TomSullivan II (Marshall, Mich.) forCalhoun, Branch and KalamazooCounties; David W. Sugarek (Cor-dova, So. Car.) for Orangeburg,Bamberg and Barnwell Counties;William E. Jones, J.D. (Columbus,Ohio) for Franklin and Fairfield Coun-ties; Robert M. Hendrickson, Jr.,Ph.D. (Livingston, Montana) for Park,Sweet Grass and Gallatin Counties;Evelyn Schurman (Edgeworth, Perm.)for Allegheny County; Dan P. Sharver(Modesto, Calif.) for Stanislaus, Mer-ced and San Joaquim Counties; JohnC. Kasher, Ph.D. (Omaha, Neb.) forDouglas and Sarpy Counties. W.E.Jones, J.D. is also a new ConsultantinLaw and a longtime UFO researcher.James Y. Lin, Ph.D. (Palm Harbor,Fla.) became a new Consultant inPsychology (Hypnotherapist). Eightnew Research Specialists joinedMUFON this past month. They areCassandra M. McDonough, M.S.(College Station, Texas) in FoodScience and Technology; Michael M.Chorost, M.A. (Durham, N.C.) inEnglish and Crop Circles; Linda C.Keith, M.A. (Pittsburg, Calif.) forPsychology; Jorge F. Rey, M.S.W.(Jackson Heights, NY) in Psychology(also a Psychotherapist); Mark G. Ben-ton, Sr., M.S. (Lakewood Calif.) inAerospace Engineering; Joseph B.Burch, M.S. (Charlottesville, Virginia)in Electrical Engineering; David L.Kettles, M.A. (Coraopolis, Penn.) inPublic Administration (also an airlinepilot); and John Steven Dyer, M.S.(Columbia, Maryland) in AppliedBehavioral Science.Field Investigator ExamsShirley A. Coyne, Michigan StateDirector, has advised that 27 memberspassed the Field Investigators Ex-amination during the past month,whichis the largest monthly performance.Any Field Investigator Trainees whofeel they have prepared themselves totake the exam should contact their StateDirector or write to MUFON inSeguin, Texas for the 100question testand blank answer sheet. After com-pleting the "open book" exam, theanswer sheet must be mailed to ShirleyCoyne at the address included with theinstructions. State Directors that needa supply of Field Investigators Examsmay obtain same from MUFON head-quarters in Seguin.UFO ReportEd Walters and Dr. Sterling Kerrwill be joining the UFO publicationfield with the introduction, hopefullyin December 1990, of the UFO Report,an eight-page monthly newsletter on thelatest UFO information for the layman.The TV advertising campaign hasalready started in 100cities across theU.S.A. and will be extended as financesare made available. The price of thenewsletter is $29.95 and may be orderedfrom Ed Walters, P.O. Box 715, GulfBreeze, FL 32562-0715. The subscrip-tion price will include the 90-secondsegment of the video tape made by EdWalters in the schoolyard behind hisformer home. (VHS)Old Newspaper UFO ArticlesFor collectors of old and rarenewspapers articles on UFO history, anew source has now been madeavailable. The articles included in thisfile are from two Texas newspapers, theWaco News-Tribune and the WacoTimes-Herald. Both papers combinedforces each Sunday to print the WacoSunday Tribune-Herald.The reproductions are of the entirepage and are one quarter of theiroriginal size. In order to preserve theoriginal newspapers, half-size sub-masters were made of each page con-sisting of three parts which, whenassembled, produced the copies of thiscollection.These articles are being offered as aset. The dates range from July 1, 1947to October 26, 1955. There are 11 two-page articles and 14one-page articles,though you may find that some dateshave multiple articles on the topic. Ofparticular interest are numbers 5, 8, 12and 26. For additional copies pleasecontact: R.W.M., 10904 ScarsdaleM210, Houston, Texas 77089. To coverthe cost of reproduction and labor in-volved please remit $1.00 per article($25.00) per set. This is a project in-Continued on page 22MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990
    • IXnectors OVfesscujeWalt Andrus1991 UFO SymposiumThe theme for the MUFON 1991 In-ternational UFO Symposiumto be heldJuly 5, 6 and 7 at the Hyatt RegencyOHare at OHare International Airportnear Chicago is "UFOs: The Big Pic-ture," hosted by Tom Stults and IllinoisMUFON. Confirmed speakers will beRalph Noyles (England), crop circles;David M. Jacobs, Ph.D.,abductions;Gene Phillips, ancient astronauts; Lin-da M. Howe and John Altshuler,M.D.. cattle mutilations, and JohnCarpenter, M.S.W., clinical hyp-notherapy. More will be announced asthey are confirmed. A contract has beensigned with American Airlinesto be theofficial carrier for the symposium,which also includes American Eagleflights to Chicago from the contiguous48 states. Hawaii, Puerto Rico and theVirgin Islands. The host committee iscomposed of Judy Stults, GeneralChairperson; Paul Fisher, Treasurer;Dave Knapp, computerization; andRon Wolf, TechnicalAdvisor.1992 UFO Symposiumin AlbuquerqueThe MUFON 1992 InternationalUFO Symposiumwill be held in Albu-querque, New Mexico, hosted byTeresa Brito-Asenap and New Mex-ico MUFON. Preliminary plans areunderway to select a downtown hotelsite and to confirm the dates for 1992.Even though New Mexico is in theWestern Region, Albuquerque will beconvenient to all of North Americasince it is on the eastern edge of theregion.1971 Midwest UFOConference ProceedingsThe UFO Study Group of Greater St.Louis reprinted a limited edition of the1971 Midwest UFO Conference Pro-ceedings to commemorate a recentUFO conference in St. Louis with thepermission of the Mutual UFO Net-work. This was the first published pro-ceedings, since the 1970 UFO Con-ference in Peoria, Illinois was onlyaudio taped. Moderated by John F.Schuessler, the theme for the 1971con-ference was "UFOs - Defiance toScience" and was held at the HolidayInn-North near the airport in St. LouisMissouri on June 12, 1971.Published speeches by the followingpeople are included in this "collectorsitem": John F. Schuessler, "Introduc-tion" Walter H. Andrus, Jr., "TheMidwest UFO Network (MUFON)";Hayden C. Hewes and Hal Crawford,"The Alien Intruders"; Sherman J.Larsen, "Documentation: EvidenceofGovernment Concern"; Ted Phillips,"Landing Traces: Physical Evidencefor the UFO"; William H. Hunkins,"Geomagnetism and UFO InducedDisturbances - An Aid to Detection";Stanton T. Friedman, "UFOs - Mythand Mystery"; and Leonard H.Stringfield, "The Anatomy of UFOEvidence."Fifty copies of the 115-page bookwere purchased by MUFON from theUFO Study Group of Greater St. Louisfor resale to people desiring the firstpublished MUFON proceedings fortheir library. The suggested price was$10, however MUFON is selling themfor $8 plus $1.50 for postage and handl-ing as long as the supply lasts. Ordersreceived after the 50 copies have beendepleted will be credited as an exten-sion of the individuals annual MUFONmembership unless other arrangementsare specified.New OfficersIt is an extreme pleasure to announcethat Kenneth A. Wong, J.D.. a prac-ticing attorney living in Costa Mesa,CA, has accepted the position of Direc-tor of Legal Affairs on the MUFONBoard of Directors. He will coordinatethe large staff of MUFON Consultantsin Law and provide legal direction andconsultation to the Mutual UFO Net-work, Inc. Board of Directors. He is amember of a large law firm with officesin Santa Ana, Los Angeles, Pamonaand Santa Barbara, Calif.Noel Herbiet of Port Elizabeth,South Africa has officially been ap-pointed Representative for SouthAfrica, working in conjunction withCynthia R. Hind, Continental Coor-dinator for Africa. Hugh B. Horning,a retired DuPont Co. employee residingin Wilmington, DE, was promotedfrom State Section Director to StateDirector for Delaware when Robert M.Hendrickson, Ph.D. moved to Mon-tana. Mr. Homings photograph andannouncement of his appointment ap-peared on the front page of The NewsJournal in Wilmington (A GannettNewspaper) in an article by PhilMilford, Staff reporter on September24, 1990. As a result of this article andthe fine work of Hugh Horning, 12newField Investigator Trainees have alreadyjoined MUFON. Mr. Homingsphotograph was published in the Oc-tober 1990 issue of the MUFON UFOJournal.Michael A. Lewis, former WyomingState Director, volunteered to be theState Director for Alaska after movingto Chugiak, AK, replacing BirchPavelsky in Fairbanks, who was thetemporary State Director. Donald A.Johnson, Ph.D. appointed Susan VanSlooten to be the Assistant State Direc-tor for the northern New Jersey coun-ties and George Filer will continue toadminister to the southern New Jerseycounties in order to facilitate meetingsand training sessions. Teresa Brito-Asenap, New Mexico State Director,MUFON UFO JOURNAL No. 271 November 1990