Mufon ufo journal 1980 8. august

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Mufon ufo journal 1980 8. august

  1. 1. THEMUFON UFOJOURNALNUMBER 150 AUGUST 1980Founded 1967.OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF ftftAPOJV/ MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, INC.,$1.50NASA Viking photo-mosaic shows clouds on Mars, February 22,198O
  2. 2. IThe MUFONUFOJOURNAL(USPS 002-970)103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155RICHARD HALLEditorANNDRUFFELAssociate EditorLEN STRfNGFIELDAssociate EditorMILDRED BIESELEContributing EditorWALTER H. ANDRUSDirector of MUFONTED BLOECHERDAVE WEBBCo-Chairmen,Humanoid Study GroupPAULCERNYPromotion/PublicityREV. BARRY DOWNINGReligion and UFOsLUCIUS PARISHBooks/Periodicals/HistoryMARK HERBSTRITTAstronomyROSETTA HOLMESPromotion/PublicityTED PHILLIPSLanding Trace CasesJOHN F. SCHUESSLERUFO PropulsionDENNIS W. STACYStaff WriterNORMA E. SHORTDWIGHT CONNELLYDENNIS HAUCKEditor/Publishers EmeritusThe MUFON UFO JOURNAL ispublished by the Mutual UFONetwork, Inc., Seguin, Texas.Membership/Subscription rates:$15.00 per year in the U.S.A.;$16.00 foreign. Copyright 1980 bythe Mutual UFO Network. Secondclass postage paid at Seguin,.Texas. POSTMASTER: Send form3579 to avise change of address toThe MUFON UFO JOURNAL,103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas78155.FROMTHE EPITORThe contributions inthis issue from Australia,Japan, and othercountries around the globe help to demonstrate that UFOs are aninternational matter of concern. Also, we have it on reliableauthority that the Peoples Republicof China is organizinga UFOconference for exchange of information tentatively scheduled forlate 1980. The Center for UFO Studies has just published astatistical analysis of UFOs in Russia prepared by the SovietAcademy of Sciences (see Lou Parishs column). And, the officialFrench government group, GEPAN, sent a representative to theHouston, Texas, MUFON Symposium in June.During July, Quentin Fogarty — head of the news media crewinvolved infilming objects alsoseen visually and detected on radar inNew Zealand late in 1978 — visited in Washington, D.C., and metmost of the MUFON personnel inthe area.Considering allthe UFOevents "down under" in recent years, and the high quality ofinvestigation and reporting emanating from that quarter, wededicate this issue to our antipodal colleagues, and to the hope ofatruly international pursuit of the truth.In this issueAUSTRALIAN -INTERRUPTED JOURNEYS" 3By Bill ChalkerNEW VIEW OF PLEIADES 8By Richard HallUFO ABDUCTION CASES: A MINI-SYMPOSIUM 9By Richard HallPSIUFOLOGICAL PHENOMENA: UFOs AND THE PARANORMAL . 13By Mark L. MoravecABDUCTION CASE IN POLAND 16By Emilia PopikMUFON-NC FOURTH ANNUAL TRAINING CONFERENCE 18By George D. FawcettIN OTHERS WORDS 19By Lucius ParishDIRECTORS MESSAGE 20By Walt AndrusThe contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL aredetermined by the editor, and do not necessarilyrepresent the official position of MUFON. Opinionsof contributors are their own, and do not necessarilyrelfect those of the editor, the staff, or MUFON.Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON.Permission is hereby granted to quote from thisissue provided not more than200words are quotedfrom any one article, the authorof the articleis givencredit, and the statement "Copyright 1980 by TheMUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103Oldtowne Rd., Seguin.Texas" is included.
  3. 3. AUSTRALIAN "INTERRUPTED JOURNEYS"By Bill Chalker(© 1979 by Bill Chalker)(Presented at UFOCON4, Artarmon,Sydney, N.S.W., Australia, October14, 1979. The writer is a scientificconsultant for the Australian Co-ordination Section for the Center forUFO Studies and Director of UFOR(NSW), Lane Cove, NSW, Australia.)Interactions with the UFOphenomenon have occurred at manylevels. The most compellingfor scienceare those that are readily amenable totraditional scientificmethod. The areasof physical evidence and traces are onecase in point1, however other typesofaccounts seem to be opening up newvistas. One such area of enquiry iswhere the percipient of the UFOexperience does not have a total recallof events. The oversea experience hasnoted this loss oftotal recall or memoryloss in several types of UFO events.These have been mainly in the contactand so-called abduction genre. Theirvalidity has been a subject ofconsiderable debate, but this isa themeI will return to later.Until recently it has been noted,that upon first inspection, "we appearto have a complete absence of timeloss, abduction contact cases. KeithBasterfield, myself and others havedemonstrated that Australia does havea considerable body of entity accounts,and yet none of them demonstrativelyshow contact aspects about them. Itcan be shown that Australia has a largebody of evidental cases of theperipheral contact* type. Here I amreferring to the situation where awitnessencounters a UFO, anentity orsome kindred manifestation, and thensome manner of interaction takesplace, either in an objective orsubective way."2-3I indicated only 2 years ago that:"While we lack contemporary caseswhich demonstratively show amongother things the elements ofabduction,contact and time lapse, Australia,unbeknown to most researchersenjoyed a rich indigenous traditionofsimilar accounts. Here Irefer primarilyto the tribal initiation accounts ofaboriginal medicine men — men of"high degree" as A. P. Elkin aptly putsit.* These aboriginal "shaman" have apowerful and consistent tradition ofritualistic initiation, the elements ofwhich bare amazing similarities tomanymodem day UFO abduction andcontact accounts."4"Thus while a hidden body ofdataof the contact, abduction and time-lapse variety may exist in Australiatoday, we really only have a fewcaseswhich in certain aspect reflect thesefactors as well as remarkable aboriginaltradition of such cases. The latterbecause of their mystical shamanisticframework really eludes definitivecorrelations with the contemporaryUFO contact tradition."5In a manner often disconcertinglycharacteristic of the UFO subject, ourenquiries exhumed a number ofantipodean cases of the "interruptedjourney"genre. Bywayofaninterestingsynchronicity, the first of these (1971-Gladstone) came to my notice at thetime I was highlighting the apparentabsence of such cases6and earlyin thefollowing year (1978) Iwas caught up inan extended and ongoing investigationof another (1978 -Bakers Creek Falls).Since then a small but fascinating bodyof "interrupted journeys" has surfaced.The presence ofsuch stimuli as the film"Close Encounters of the Third Kind"and the burgeoning literature on thetheme cannot be clearly viewed as a•It is with much sad ness that Inote the passingof Professor Eton this year. While he is no longerwith us his extraordinary work on indigenousfolklore and Australian aboriginal culture, will nodoubt, be timeless.cause for the appearance of thesecases. Twoof the cases tobe presentedoccurred before the publicity thataccompanied the advent of "CE3K."What follows is a sampling of the"interrupted journeys" that haveappeared. Part Iwill describe these caseand Part IIwill try and makesome senseout of them.PART I: AUSTRALIAN"INTERRUPTEDJOURNEYS"CASE ONE: Gladstone-Rockhampton, Queensland, 1971. 7After finding out about thiscase in1977(I and others had heard many rumors ofa "teleportation" or "Hill" type case inthe Gladstone area for a number ofyears previous to this), two years ofinvestigation took my enquiries fromQueensland to Western Australia, thanas far afield as Finland and Sweden, tofinally return to Queensland. Ifinallymanaged to catch up with the originalwitnesses and although my enquiriesare still continuing, I am confident thatwhat follows is an accuraterepresentation of what happened.On the night of August 1, 1971, aFinnish couple, Ben and Helen K.*,were returning home after visitingfriends. The couple left Gladstone soonafter 11:35 p.m., having found no petrolstations opened. Theywerevery lowonpetrol, but decided to risk the trip toRockhampton, hoping to find an openpetrol station inone ofthe small centerson the way,before they ran out of fuel.The night was foggy and dark. Bymidnight they had arrived at CalliopeRiver. After passing overthe bridgeandbeginning to travel along the straightstretch of road that followed, theywerenext aware ofseeing a Caltex stationonthe left side of the road, north of MountLarcom, some 20 miles beyond the*Names and address on file (not for publication).
  4. 4. (Australia, Continued)Calliope River bridge! The station wasclosed, but after drivingsome 50 yardspast it, Ben K. became aware that hecould see "a green light at the levelofthe treetops" in the rear view mirror.His wife confirmed the presence of 2green lights.Then Ben K. said: "Suddenly wehad a feeling that we had been drivingstraight forward all the time. The roadseemed straight, foggy, andsurrounded by trees (in this area theroads are usually winding). And we hada feeling that we were repeating thesame words over and over again. Wethought we should have been arrivingatMount Larcom."Suddenly the couple saw a light totheir left and above them a circle oflights similarto the lightson a merry-go-round or carousel. The next thingtheysaw was the Port Alma road sign, some40 miles north of Calliope River.Immediately after this observation, thecouple found themselves at a railroadcrossing outside Rockhampton, about20 miles from Mount Morgan.Ben K. indicated: "We wonderedhow we had managed to get so far andwhy we had not seen anyvillageson theway. We should have seen at least fourof them. We felt that something strangehad happened to us. We were afraid. Itook a rifle out of the trunk and loadedit. We drove to Rockhampton with therifleon my knees. Our dog Candy whousually sleeps on the back seat wasafraid and wanted to come to the frontseat."In the middleof Rockhampton, thecouple found an open petrol station. Itwas there that the bizarre nature of thetrip really struck home. They wereshocked to find that the time was only15 minutes past midnight! Only 40minutes had passed since they had leftGladstone. At the average speed thecouple estimated they were driving,some 35 to 40 mph, the trip time wouldhave been in excess of an hour,probably closer to 2 hours. It seemedthat the couple covered the distance inalmost half the requiredtime and on topof that had no conscious recollectionofpassing through any villages.They onlyremembered the Caltex station and thePort Alma road sign.The service station attendant inRockhampton became very interestedat that. Then peculiar things werediscoverd on the car. The couples car(1971Valiant sedan) was covered with avery thin film of odorless oil. Theattendant could not identify it butsuggested itwouldbe used on "veryfinemachinery unknown to him." In thecorners of the oilcovered bonnet (hood- Ed.), 4 round marks, two in each rearcorner, were noticed. All wereidentical,being one eighth of an inch wide and 9inches in diameter. In the middle ofeach circle there was a spot — a oneinch solid circle. Oil traces ran in 2stripes from the circles towards thenose of the car. A defect in the duco,described as being burnt, was found onthe right hand side front of the bonnet(viewing site from in front of the car)above the headlight.The mystery deepened as thenumber of people gathering around thecar in curiosity, grew. Ben K. said:"After a while another driver came tothe station. He said he had passed usbefore the Calliope River. He couldntunderstand how we could have arrivedat Rockhampton before him.""Finally we went to the policestation and told our story. But theyoung officer said (after examining theoil and marks on the bonnet): All I cansay is that I have often fallen asleep atthe steering wheel and waken up after a200-300 mile." Beware ofsomnambulistic police officers in theRockhampton area!The couple wantedto contact the local newspaper but atthat hour it was closed. They drovearound Rockhampton for a while,withtheir car drawing stares whenever theystopped.In an effort to reconcile in theirown mind what happened, Ben K.states: "Slowly it dawned on us whathappened. As we were so concernedabout the petrol situation, UFOs liftedus from Calliope River past MountLarcom to the Caltex Service Station,and from there during a second lift viaPort Alma Junction to the railwaycrossing a couple of miles fromRockhampton." (Thats an excellentsolution to the petrol crisis today.)"We continued our trip around 3oclock and had 300 miles of foggydriving ahead of us. We were wishingthat UFOs would have come and helpus again, but that didnt eventuate.During the following day we did inspectour car more carefully and thoughtthatthe paint work had burned, lifting offinflakes. This want the case; as the oilmixed with dust had started to dry upitproduced this flaking. We tried andfound out the mixture of oil and dustwas water soluble. . . . "The experience on the night ofAugust 1-2,1971changed the coupleslife to a degree. They subsequently sawa number of UFOs and Helen K. hadseveral possibly related experiences oftelepathy (one in relation to a UFOevent8and precognition.An analysis was done on the"burnt" spot on the bonnet by FinnishUFO researchers and itwas concludedthat the site came in contact withextreme heat. Hypnotic regression wasalso attempted on the couple, however,nothing further was elicited. Each timeinduction and recall of that evening wasattempted, they would begin to shakeviolently. The hypnotist gave up theattempt.9CASE TWO: Moonie, Queens-land, 1977.10The "Balonne Beacon"newspaper of St. George, Queensland,described the following odd events initsMarch 17,1977 edition.The details maybe germane to our enquiries. Theincident took place in a very isolatedlocale, with onlyscattered homesteads:Two travellers from Brisbanereport an unnerving experience whenthey came under the attention ofa UFOnear Moonie last night.Jennifer Handsand Michael Noonan had pulled upabout 10:30 for an hours sleep a fewmiles this side of the township. Jenniferwoke to find the lights of their vehicleon, and asked Michael to switch themoff. About 12:30 the lights were onagain, but the battery was flat. Bothpeople reported a weird sensation: onawakening they felt they should notopen their eyes, and are convinced theycould not have done so anyway, assome force was holdingthem immobile.The weird electrifying sensation cantbe described, they said. Eventually,when they did open their eyes, astrange object with flashing lights washovering some distance away. Thisrose and also moved sideways beforezooming off on the approach ofa truck,which clutch-started their vehicle,which from theretoSt. George ranvery(Continued on next page)
  5. 5. (Australia, continued)erratically."The generator and lights wouldstop working and then come goodagain, the temperature gauge wouldrise high and then fall back to cold.Michael said it was hard to control attimes, as though a sideways force wasbeing exerted on it. There were alsounexplained noises in the back (its acovered ute) and in the panel work. Onarrival at St. George, they parked on aservice station forecourt and Jenniferwrote a letter to her mother telling ofthe experience. As a joke, they lookedup, and high overhead they could seeseveral UFOs among the stars. Michaelsaid near where they saw the hoveringUFO there was a very acrid smell,similar to that when a number of carbatteries are being charged in aconfined area. They also found astrange piece of material under thebonnet. This has been given to thepolice, to whom they have reportedtheir experience."Apparently several local residentsalso saw strange objects in the skyshortly before midnight. It is perhapsonly coincidental that the truckdriverwho assisted the young couple, with apush-start, apparently indicated thathis truck "did not behave as well" afterthe incident.11It is of interest that theSt. George area has long been a centerof UFO activity and came intoprominence more recently with the"shoot-out" incident.12CASE THREE: Bakers CreekFalls, NSW, 1978.« I described thestrange experience of Gary P.* on theOld Grafton Armidale road, duringJanuary 1978, in detail in UFOResearch (NSW)s publication,"Australian UFO Newsletter"14, thusonly a summary will suffice here.During the early hours of January10, 1978, Gary P. observed two UFOsabout 10miles out ofGrafton, along theOld Armidale Road. One ofthe objectsapproached and seemed to be slowlymoving down the side of a mountainside. It seemed to periodically issue a"shower of sparks." This sightingapparently lasted for about 20 minutes.It is the interim journey, thatfollows, that is of interest here. Gary P.found himself in his Kombi stopped on*Narne and address on file (not for publication).the road, at about 5 a.m. To his left wasan incredibly bright object, hoveringsome distance away in the direction ofBakers Creek Falls. How is it, that hefound himself in this position. I quotefrom my report:"Mr. P.s perception of time fromleaving Grafton, up until he findshimself at Bakers Creek Falls — adistance of about a hundred miles —iscertainly not clear. He thought the firstsighting out of Grafton occurred a longtime out of Grafton, but apparentlyafter retracing his route he is certainthat it occurred only about 10 minutesout of the town. He thoughtit was onlya few minutes after leaving the firstUFO sighting behind that he saw "agroup of hunters" gathered around afire beside the road, but hisreconstruction upon returning alongthat road, places these "hunters" agood %hour in time after this.Then hefelt it was 10 or 15 minutes before hefinds himself at Bakers Creek Falls. Hissecond trip along that road put it atabout an hour and a half. In fact hecannot even recollect driving thedistance between seeing the "hunters"and turning up at Bakers Creek Falls.Although it is common for people todrive long distances withoutrecollection of the trip, this particularroad would seemingly preclude it. Formuch of its distance it is dirt gravelsurface, which winds its way up intoplateau country. The road twists andturns and even when itfinallygiveswayto a bitumen surface, it still requirescomplete attention to travel it safely.Having driven up and down this roadmany times myself, I find it astonishingthat someone, not having travelled itbefore, would not have a vivid memoryof a fairly bad road. Infact without recallto total faculties, I would expect that aweary traveller would instead findhimself parting company with the roadin many places...."Mr. Ps recollection of the huntersand the surrounding locality may placeit at Tyringham — a small communityabout halfway between Grafton andArmidale. Here in 1973, I investigatedwhat appears to have been one of themost intensive UFO flaps everexperienced in Australia15. Mr. P. didnot stop and share his adventure withthe "hunters" as he felt he may havebeen ridiculed and the hour may nothave been amenable to safe roadsidemeetings with strangers. Shortly afterthis he recollects seeing "the same thingagain — these yellow objects out in apaddock," but he was not certain. Hecontinued on without any recall ofwhathappened untiljust outsideArmidale, atBakers Creek Falls.My interview with Mr. P. tells whathappened:"What happens was, nextrecollection was thatImstopped on theside of the road, and Im lookingout tothe left this time, and what Im lookingat is an incredibly bright...what Ithought was a chicken farm... And Imlooking at this thing and Iwaswatchingit for a good 10minutesand there wasnothing happening....! just couldntbelieve it, just how bright this thingwas....and I was about to take off....Iactually lined this — the chicken coop— (this thing) what I actually saw, wasthat the chicken coop moved!"After a lengthy diversion with anuncooperative "witness," Gary P. setoff into the paddock to get closer to theextraordinary object he was seeing.However as he got nearer, the objectseemed to retreat into the extensive fogthat surrounded it. Gary P. eventuallyfound his way to the Fallsarea and sawthe fog retreating out of the ravine.Suddenly the fog stopped and P. wasshocked to then see that the fog wasnow returning along its original pathtowards him. It quickly enveloped himreducing visibility to less than 10 feet.The returnof the fogwas accompaniedby a sound similar to that of avacuumcleaner. A column through the mistcould be made out above himwhere hecould see the sky.The fog then quicklydissipated alongwith the sound, leavingP. alone at the falls. He waited untilmorning then returned to the car.Standing at the car P. noticed what hedescribed as 2 "shockwaves" oneminute apart, which was like the wholearea was suddenly shaken. Thennormality; 7:05 a.m. and morning.For further details on Gary P.sexperience I direct you to my report.16.CASE FOUR: Balodonia, WesternAustralia, 1978.17A 30-year-old maletruck driver experienced the followingevents, while driving east of Baladonia,(Continued on next page)
  6. 6. (Australia, Continued)at about 4 a.m., February 5, 1978:"While driving west approximately20-30 miles east from Baladonia, Iobserved a large spotlight comingtowards me, coming from the westgoing east. I thought it was anothervehicle, so I put my high beam on andoff several times, but the other light didnot change. Then I could see a largediamond-shaped light coming towardsme (No. 1). It had red, blue, green andyellow lights reflecting off the roaddirectly below it. The white lightmomentarily blinded me, so I dontknow whether itwent directly overheador veered to one side of me. Then Istopped the truck and got out. Butcouldnt see anything. After a coupleofminutes I started drivingagain. I startedlooking around when I noticed a rounddull white light (No. 2) or object on myright hand side which wasapproximately 2-3 inches in diameter,also travelling the same speed as mytruck. I then stopped and the objectstopped. I started driving again, thenthe object moved again. Then itdisappeared when I drove intoBaladonia. About five minutes, itreappeared on my left hand side. Istopped, then another truck stoppedwhich was coming from the west to seeif I was alright. I asked if he could seeanything, but the object haddisappeared."I started driving, then itreappeared left again. I switched mytruck headlights off (while driving) thenthe object went from a round shape toan elongated shape (No. 3) which wasapproximately 17 inches by 8 incheshigh. It was a dull white colour withblack segments (windows?). About oneor two minutes later I switched myheadlights on again, then the objectdisappeared. About /4 to /2 an hourlater, it reappeared on my right handside as a round shape again.About 4:30a.m. as the sky grew brighter, the objectdisappeared."This account is fairly interestingfrom a number of points, but we alsofind that the driverexperienced "a lapseof memory" for approximatley 3 - 3/2hours, immediately preceding the UFOevent. There are some gaps in thisaccount due to illegible parts of theoriginal account"When I left Boarder Village I wasfully clothed. When I drove pastthrough Nidura, but Icount remember anything betweenand miles eastof Baladonia, except for, I remembertalking to somebody about inventingsomething (somebody wanted me totake credit for their invention, but Iwouldnt agree) also I rememberspeaking with 2 voices. Next thing Iremember was 4 miles east ofBaladonia, where Istopped my truck torefuel it, when Inoticed thatIstill had onmy tee-shirt and Amco jacket and onlymy jockets, but my shorts wereelsewhere in the truck cab. Ididnt pickup any hitch hikers or have anybodyelse with me on the trip from east towest."CASE FIVE: Lawitta, Tasmania,1979.18A young man was drivingthrough Lawitta, near New Norfolk, atabout 9:50 p.m., on February 5, 1979,when the bonnet of his car was litup byan intense white light from overhead.The car radio went dead, the lightswentout and the engine stopped. Later thatnight the man was found by police in aHobart city street. They went to speakto him because he had no lights on hiscar. The man did not know who he was,where he had come from, or where helived. The police searched him, foundhis address on personal papers andtook him home. The man boardedwithfriends who took him to Royal HobartHospital, where he was said to besuffering from shock. He had a highpulse rate. When doctors shone a lightinto his eyes, the young man started torecall what had happened at Lawitta. hestated that after the car stalled he spent10 to 15minutes tryingto get it started.He could not recall driving to Hobart.The man declined to get involved inanyfurther investigations.PART II: "INTERRUPTEDJOURNEYS" - THETRADITION, THE PRE-SENT, AND THE FUTUREThe Australian events describedinPart I and others19seem to relfect avariation of the far better documentedclose encounter cases. Some of themhint at being the stuff of "abduction"stories and such purported "alieninteractions" seem to hold considerableprominence, particularly in theAmericas.The stature that such accountshold can be directly attributed to thefamous Hill case20, which largelyestablished the "abduction"precedent, in contemporary times.Considerable and diverting work hasbeen carried out on historicalantecedents of worldwide folklore.21.The story told by the Hillsincorporates a close encounter, aperiod of "time-loss" and an attendantmystery. The nature of the events thathad befallen the New Hampshirecouple duringthis time period is pivotalin significance to thisaspect ofthe UFOmystery. Under hypnotic regressionBetty and Barney Hill told a story ofbeing abducted, taken on board a UFOand examined. The validity of thisinterpretation on these events and themany others that followed isthe subjectof this part. What follows is ofconsiderable relevance for under-standing and assessingthe "interruptedjourney" genre.John Fuller indicated: "A dualidentical psychosis (a folie a deux) issubstantially excluded by the absenceof other characteristics of this rarepsychosis, nor was there any otherevidence of psychosis. A jointfabrication is also substantiallyexcluded. The two remainingpossiblities would appear to be:(1) A totally real and trueexperience(2) An experience which had beenso affected by the accompany-ing emotional state as toproduce some perceptive andillusory misinterpretations —as embodied in the dreamhypothesis."Dr. Benjamin Simon who carriedout the Hill regressions stated:22"I wasultimately left with the conclusion thatthe most tenable explanation that theseries of dreams experienced by Mrs.Hill, as the aftermath of some type ofexperience with an Unidentified FlyingObject or some similar phenomenon,assumed the quality of a fantasiedexperience. But the whole thing couldnot be settled inan absolute sense. Thecase could be safely left as it stood,especially in view of their improvement.We would remain in contact, and timemight eventually bring out a more(Continued on next page)
  7. 7. (Australia, Continued)complete picture."Since the Hill case entered thepublic domain, numerous other casesof the "interrupted journey" and"abduction" genre have appeared.23Much of the alleged physicalevidenceindicated to be supportive of theseaccounts is hotly debated24. Forexample, the "star map" featured intheHill story is seen from two extremes.Some see it as extraordinary evidence.Others deem it as largely spurious. Infact, even Jacques Vallee recently wenton record to criticise the correlation ofthe "star map" with the Zeta Reticulisystem. He somewhat unkindlyreferred to it as "Zeta Ridiculous"25.The controversy can be largelyresolved into 3 camps:(1) The experiences are possiblyobjectively real. The strongestproponents of this hypothesis are theLorenzens and their organizationAPRO. Itisto theircredit that theyhavegathered an extraordinary body of dataand attempted to confirm thelegitimacy of the accounts beyondhynotic regression with "lie detector"tests and psychological evaluations.Leo Sprinkle and James Harder havedone most of the work in this area.26(2) The accounts are hoaxes ormisinterpretations. The mainproponents of this hypothesis arePhillip Klass and the late Dr. DonaldMenzel. Their arguments, particularlythose of the former, largely revolvearound the "weapon" of characterassasination27.(3) The experiences are largely ofapsychological nature. This hypothesisreceived its strongest lift from thefascinating work of McCall and Lawsonwith "imaginery abductees." Inconjunction with other studies28thistype ofworkhas effectively provided anexcellent calibration of "regression"information. The correspondence of"imaginary" and "real" abudction and"interrupted journey" type experiencesare impressive and indeed thesimilarities with other types of"journeys" and experiences ("outof thebody experiences," "pseudo death"accounts, etc.29) are food for thought.Psychological phenomena such as"time-gap," hypnagogic andhypnapompic imagery30are now beingoffered as possible explanations. Thework of Targ and Puthoff on brainhemisphere duality as an explanation ofthe extremes of information from"standard" to "exotic" inthese typesofsituations is particularly illuminating31.The perspectives given by thewide-ranging argumentsforand againstthe validity of these types of cases,requires the researcher to exerciseconsiderable care in the retrieval ofinformation. The researcher should—(a) approach these types of caseswith an open mind and at firstattempt to gain as muchinformation as possible on thatpart of the experience which isextant in conscious recall. Wecould do no better to gain a goodperspective of these types of casesby familiarising ourselves with theavailable literature. Fuller32,Lorenzen33and Fowler34arerecommended for "testing thewater."(b) If a "time loss" is highlightedcare should be undertaken in theway in which we approach it.Sprinkle35has provided anexcellent starting point for thosewho are considering hypnosis andsimilar methods of "memory"retrieval. The quality oftechniqueis of paramount importance here.An experienced practitioner, whoshould be qualified, accompaniedby an experienced investigatorwell steeped inthe shortcomingsofthe hypnotic regression techniqueand a qualified psychologist aredesired. Interpretation of theinformation gained under suchinvestigations should be cautiousand well considered.(c) Harold Cahn of APRO hasprovided an interestingmethodofdiscriminating between "true" and"false" hypnotic regressioncases, which involve monitoringthe bodily direct currentpotential.He indicates that the DCpotentialcurve correlates with tranceinduction. This will assist theinvestigator in assessing whetherthe subject is validly in a deeptrance duringa hypnoticsession36.(d) These types of investigationsshould be supplemented with asmuch supportive information aspossible. Sprinkle again indicatescertain things that can beundertaken ("lie-detection"through polygraph testing andpsychological assessment)37. Thecontroversial use of psychologicalstress evaluation (PSE) has alsobeen suggested as worth trying.It can be seen that while"interrupted journey" accounts mayoffer some opportunities of assessingthe extremes of interactions with theUFO phenomenon, sorties byinvestigators into this "murky field"should be only undertaken if they arefully aware of the total picture. Thisarea of information retrieval brings usinto the domain of the human mindsability to articulate interactions withapparent inexplicable manifestations. Itis the experienced UFO researcherwell-versed in this field who will be bestable to evaluate the type of informationgained through this type of informationretrieval. Only time will tell whether itwill give us more insights into thehuman mind or into the UFOphenomenon. Could it be that itwill doboth?NOTES & REFERENCES1. "Physical Evidence for UFOs in Australia —Apreliminary studyof the physicaltrace experiencein Australia" by Bill Chalker (UFOCON 4,1979).2. "Beyond the CE3 down under" —Notes on theApparent absence of contact, time lapse andabduction cases in Australia, by Bill Chalker(UFOCON 3, 1977).3. /bid, p. 2-3 (1868, Parramatta); p. 3-4 (1972,Mooraduc Road — Maureen Puddy); p. 4 (ca.1973, Springwood); p. 4-5 (ca. 1974 — theCanberra "snails" case — Heather X.) and p. 5(1974, Goulburn area).4. Ibid., p. 6-8. See Elkins, "Aboriginal Men ofHigh Degree"& Eliades "Australian Religions"&"Shamanism."5. Ibid.6. Ibid.7. "Ufoaika"; "Suominewspaper",3/1973,p. 12&13, translation by Ikka Serra, UFO Finland;personal communication from originalpercipients (B. Chalker)8. Ben K.returned from night shift at approx. 2:30a.m. Helen, his wife, woke up from a deep sleep2:55 a.m. and walked out into the dark night.150yards away in the direction of the woods, sheobserved a bright yellow light between tree topsand the ground. It did not illuminate thesurroundings. After standing there for a minute(Continued on next page)
  8. 8. (Australia, Continued)she claims she heard an inner voice (ostensiblytelepathy) saying, "Go to bed, dont walk towardthe light."Helen turned and started to go back tobed, but then returned to her original viewingspot, only again to begreeted bythe "inner voice"urging her to go to bed. This time she did.9. Personal communication from originalpercipients (B. Chalker). Further investigationsare to be made.10. "Batene Beacon", March 17, 1979; personalcommunication with editor of paper (B. Chalker).11. Ibid.12. UFOR (Qld); national papers, etc.; personalinvestigations (B. Chalker).13. Personal investigation (Bill Chalker withDavid Reneke, UFOR (NSW), see "A strangeEncounter at Bakers Creek Falls" by B. Chalker,p. 6-12, "Australian UFO Newsletter", No. 54 &55, July-August, 1979.14. Ibid, now called "Australian UFOResearcher," published by UFO Research(NSW), P.O. Box 6. Lane Cove. NSW, 2066,Australia.15. "The Tyringham Dundurrabin UFO Flap" byBill Chalker (personal investigation).16./btf. (14).17.Courtesy ofJeff Bell,UFOR(WA) and ACOS.18.Courtesy of TUFOIC & ACOS. See also the"Mercury Hobart", Feb. 17, 1979.19. A number of other accounts have come tolight, however, these are either still underinvestigation or have not yet been confirmed.Itshould be noted that even Quentin Fogartyclaims that a "time warp" occurred during NewZealand TV film UFO incident on December 31,1978 (personal communication (B. Chalker); seealso Australian Playboy)20. "The Interrupted Journey" by John G. Fuller21. See forexampleJacques Vallees"Passport toMagonia"22. Ibid. (20).23. See "Abducted" by Coral & Jim Lorenzen(APRO, 1977).See also "The Andreasson Affair"by Raymond Fowler (1979) for a detailedinvestigative account of a "classic" abductionexperience.24. See for example Klass "UFOs Identified."25."Messengers ofDeception" byJacquesVallee(1979).26. See APRO Bulletin & also "Abducted", Ibid.(23).27. Ibid. (24).28. "What we can learn from imaginaryabductees" by Alvin A. Lawson, MUFON UFOJournal (1977).29. See works by D. Scott Rogo, Charles Tart,Raymond Moodys "Life After Life" (1975), etc.30. Hypnagogic imageryas a possible mechanismfor UFOs has been popular amongst Frenchcivilian researchers. Here in Australia, KeithBasterfield has writtenan excellent paper on the"imagery" hypothesis; "A Possible PsychologicalExplanation for certain close encounters with theUFO Phenomena" by K. Basterfield, UFO(SA)Inc. Newsletter,No. 33, Sept.-Oct. 1978. See alsoGuerins comments on this hypothesis in FSR,Vol. 25, No. 1 (1979, p. 11-13.)31. "Mmdreach" by Targ & Puthoff (1977).32. Ibid. (20); (33) Ibid. (23); (34) Ibid. (23).35."Hypnotic Time Regression Procedures in theInvestigation of UFO Experiences" by R. LeoSprinkle, Ph.D. in Lorenzens (1977), Ibid. (23).36. "Use of Hypnosis to discriminate True andFalse UFO Experiences" by Harold A. Cahn,Ph.D. APRO Bulletin, March, 1979.37. Ibid. (23).NEW VIEW OF PLEIADESBy RichardHallMUFON has received newinformation from reliable sources inSwitzerland who have studied the BillyMeier photographs and other material(now in the book "UFO...ContactFrom the Pleiades") since 1976. Whenviewed in 1976, before publication,"Some of the UFOs (photos) had asomewhat ragged edge, as if they hadbeen cut out and superimposed uponthe background. Several showed aUFO in front of a tree with LakePfaffikon in the background. Mrlocated the exact spot from which thephoto was taken, but there was no tree.When confronted with this inexplicablefact Mr. Meierclaimed that the tree hadbeen dematerialized after the picturewas taken!"Other discrepancies noted by theSwiss investigators:One of the pictures allegedlyshows the Horsehead Nebula in Orionas Meier flew past it in space; "Since ithas a diameter of several light years theabsurdity of such a claim is obvious.Moreover, the picture coincidesexactly, including the foreground stars,with terrestrial photos of that nebula."One of the out-pf-focus picturesused by Meier was traced to its originalsource, a drawing of the interior of afuturistic space station published in amagazine. Examined side by side, thetwo pictures were identical.The "Talmud Immanuel," claimedby Meier to be the true New Testamenthidden until recently, proved to beLuthers version of the New Testamentwith added passages exhibiting thesame style as the Semjase manuscript(Meiers alleged space "source") and"exactly the same stylistic errorscharacteristic of Mr. Meiers German.""Mr. Meiers photo No. B 212purports to show the passage way fromone universeintoanother.Actually, itisa reproduction of a picture in theSmithsonian (magazine), Feb. 1976, p.62-69."One of the investigators, ascientist, observes that, "No contacteecan refrain for long from making someremarks about topics in astronomy,cosmology, and astrophysics...in theassumption that one can discuss thesesubjects without any familiarity withscience. Mr. Meier is no exception."Among the naive statements cited asexamples were Meiers claim that theearth is 646 million years old and thatthe moon originated "near the MilkyWay."The report also notes that "one ofthe most grotesque episodes" involvesMeier being transported back intimetomeet Jesus, with Jesus playingthe roleof an admirerofMeiers intelligenceandother outstanding qualities. "Mr.Meier," it isconcluded, "evidentlyhasapathological need for recognition."8
  9. 9. UFO ABDUCTION CASES: A MINI-SYMPOSIUMBy Richard HallEarlier this year a survey wasconducted among a small group ofprofessionals in medical,psychological,and behavioral science fields todetermine current thinking about UFOwitnesses who have reported beingabducted by seeminglyalien humanoidbeings. The respondents, mostlymembers or consultants of the MutualUFO Network or the AerialPhenomena Research Organization,were:Richard F. Haines, PhD,Experimental Psychology/PhysiologyBarbara D. Peter, AssistantProfessor of Psychiatric Mental HealthNursingPeter Rank, M.D., Medicine/RadiologyR. Leo Sprinkle, PhD, Psychology/Counseling & TestingRon Westrum, PhD, SociologyGrey Woodman, M.D., PsychiatryAll believed that the reportedexperiences were at least partly "real,"in the sense of describing an actualshocking experience, but mostthoughtthat the witness might beunconsciously fabricating part of thestory. They were asked to choosewhich of the following four hypothesesthey felt was most applicable, or tosuggest alternatives:(a) basically true experiences, insome cases emerging only underhypnosis because they are represseddue to shock (or deliberate memoryblocks induced by the aliens)(b) some realshocking experience,perhaps an encounter with humanoidbeings, but story/message content isunconscious fabrication, combining"raw materials" already existing in thatpersons mind, incomprehension,projected fears, etc., in an attempt torationalize the experience.(c) wholly fantasy experiences,with content drawn basically from thatpersons personal or social awarenessof UFO reports(d) conscious fabrications for one— or a mix — of motives such asmoney, notoriety, and attention-seekingAll chose either hypnothesis (a) or(b). Two (Sprinkle and Woodman)chose (a) "basically true experiences."Three (Haines, Rank, and Westrum)chose (b) some real experiencecombined with unconsciousfabrication. Rank added thathypothesis (a) "is attractive in a fewinstances." One (Peter) said "(a) or (b)are possibilities." (Some alternativeinterpretations are quoted below).Question 2 proposed thattranscripts of hypnotic regressionsessions seemed to indicate occasionalprompting of the subjects by theinvestigator or the hypnotist. Theywere asked to comment on this,and onthe efficacy of hypnosis as aninvestigative tool in abduction cases.Most expressed severe cautions aboutthe use of hypnosis, but felt it could beof value if properly applied.HAINES: BasicallyIagree that a great majorityofpast hypnotic regression reports involvingpeopleclaiming UFO entity contact/abduction/etc, areso plagued by inept, poorly planned sessions andcarried out by persons of highly questionablemotives that they are almost worthless as reliable"data." Their chief effect may only have been togreatly raise the noise level, makingit that muchharder to extract a real signal...if there is one. Ibelieve that hypnosis isa very valuabletool whenits practitionerisclinically trainedand sensitive toits limitations.PETER: If an individual has repressed anexperience because the conscious memorywould be too painful, then hypnosis isanexcellentway to relieve the power of repression. It is arespected modality in the field of psychiatry,ifused as a fact-finding, not a prodding modality.The individual is highly suggestive and he mightuse suggestions from the hypnotist to fill in gapsfrom the memory of his experience that arentnecessarily true.RANK: It is well known that hypnotic subjects willfabricate stories in order to please the hypnotist,and this fact clouds hypnosis as a tool for therecovery of memory. On the other hand, it isalsoknown that real events can be recalled underhypnosis with chilling and precise accuracy...(forexample, by lawenforcement agenciesincriminalinvestigations)...!thinkhypnotic regression mightcontinue to be used and the data interpreted verycautiously.SPRINKLE: I believe that hypnotic timeregression procedures are useful inexploring theUFO abduction memories, or impressions. Idoubt that the forthcoming information can beused as evidence to conclude that a physicalabduction and examination occurred; however,the effects of hypnotherapeutic procedures canbe evaluated in terms of the relief, acceptance,and certainty on the part of the abductee that theexperience was "real." The change in the livesofthe abductees isa meaningful criterion,alongwithbackground investigation, psychiatric evaluation,polygraph examination, and interviewprocedures.WESTRUM: I think prompting witnesses in suchcases is inexcusable unless it is absolutelynecessary for their mental health in the minds ofcompetent professionals. Imuch prefer cases likethe Andreasson case where the hypnotist is not aUFOIogist. I know from Harder and Maack thatthe Kentucky case (January 1976) wascompletely ruined because of leading questions.(Editors note: the Kentucky case had been citedin the question as an example of promptingprimarily because Len Stringfield showed one ofthe witness drawings of humanoids as reportedby others before she had "recalled" seeing anysuch thing.)WOODMAN: I think hypnosis is a useful tool butthe individual has to be evaluated as a totalpersonality with attention paid to his pre-incidentpersonality and experiences as well as theimmediate post-incident functioning.Unfortunately people under hypnosis are verysuggestible and thus it is a double-edged sword,and if a good story is expected by the hypnotistthe subject may pick this up consciously or eventelepathically and oblige.Question 3 asked whether theconcept of "folie a deux" is relevant inshared abduction cases, and whatevidence would tend to rule it out in agiven case. ("Folie a deux" is a labelgiven to psychotic symptoms orparanoid delusions shared by two ormore persons who have close(Continued on next page)
  10. 10. (Abductions, Continued)emotional ties, typicallya parent/child,two siblings, or husband/wife. Thetheory is that the dominantmemberofthe pair induces the same symptomsinthe relatively passive or submissivepartner.)HAINES: Shared abduction experiences veryprobably evoke highly common socioculturalresponses as are found in the same family. Onepossible "test" that this is not so would seem tocall for independent verification of all the eventsinvolved....PETER: To establish folie a deux,there isneed forevidence of dependency before the incidentand aneed for evidence of dominance by one individualover another. One should also examine whetherthere is consistency in the story after theindividuals are separated for any length of time.The absence of these factors would tend to ruleout folie a deux as the cause.RANK: Folie a deux may certainlyexplaincertainkinds of psychopathology in which twoindividuals develop their delusions around theUFO phenomenon. This is of course obviouslytrue. It also points the way to a largergeneralization, specifically that alreadyestablished psychiatric and psychologicalmechanism will be observed in off individualswhether or not they have a close encounter orabduction experience. (Dr. Rank goes on to notethat psychiatrists, in general, have no firm graspof the UFO problem and will tend tocome up withpsychological mechanisms for the behavior andinformation obtained inpsychiatric interviews, aswell as in non-UFO situations where theprecipitating event has been very real —Editor.)SPRINKLE: (Noting that he is not trained inpsychiatry, Dr. Sprinkle observed only that) Ihave found no indication of folie a deux in myinvestigations of 5 pairs and 2 trios ofabductees.WESTRUM: This certainly can occur in somecases, although in others (like the Minot, N.D.case — see The Edge of Reality, "The Night anOccupant Was Shot") itjust doesnt seem toholdup. One must consider that a person who has agenuine amnesia and no repressed memory willtry to fill the gap —and "significant others" maybe very important in doing this. (See Podolsky inBibliography.)WOODMAN: A folie a deux fantasy developsover a period of time — it is really an hystericaldelusion, which evaporates when the twopeopleconcerned are separated over a period of a weekor two. As one would expect, it is usually motherand daughter — in which the mother is psychotic(and stays psychotic) and the daughter has theinduced delusion, which evaporates onseparation.Question 4 mentioned thephysical after-effects exhibited byabduction claimants (bum marks, skinlesions, weakness, headaches...)10characterizing them as "stigmata."-How can these be evaluated, and whatis the known range of parallelpsychogenic effects?HAINES: I believe that "stigmata" are aphenomenon as old as mankind, indeed, modemman may have lost a good dealofhis ability to self•generate such signs. Sometimes I think suchphysiological symptoms (clinically verified) liealong the same continuum as our unconscious,i.e., that they may simply reflect another form ofhuman communication from being to being. Ifitistrue that we have only the ability to communicateverbally about SO to 75% of our totalcommunication ability I ask, what are the otherforms? And why are there others? A silentphysiognomy change (e.g., stigmata) might wellserve this purpose. And,ifUFO entitiesexist andtry to communicate with us, perhaps they aremerely using an age-old means...which we havelong since forgotten or, more properly,voluntarily let go of in favor of rapid verbalpatterns.PETER: The influence of the mind over thephysical body is limitless. Diagnosis of the organ— and emotional diagnosis — are needed todetermine the psycho-physiological pathology.RANK: All of the physical after-effects aboutwhich I have read can either be self induced,faked, or psychologically induced in a veryprofound way, such as "stigmata." Therefore,none of these alleged physical after-effects isconclusive.SPRINKLE: I am not trained in medicalprocedures; my only comment is that UFOinvestigators can record these claims;encourageparticipants to seek medical attention; encouragesome medical practitioners to become UFOinvestigators!WESTRUM: Some of this may be the result ofinjuries, etc., suffered duringthe amnesic period;some of it may be due to hysterical symptoms,which can be quite impressive. All of it could beexplained by ordinary medical principles, but thecontent of the memories from case to case isremarkably similar. On the other hand,considering the enormous fear which thememories seem to generate, their origin may bepsychogenic, but related to the original stimulus— i.e., encounter with something scary. As for"burn marks," I dont think these could bepsychogenic.WOODMAN: Presumably these are the somaticequivalent ofanxiety,although some mayactuallybe the result of some force field applied to theindividual — bum marks and skin lesions may beexamples of the latter. It would be fascinating toadminister psychological test instruments(projective) if any such abductee had previouslybeen evaluated by such.Question 5 asked for "the mostessential and basic methods thatshould be appliedfor proper analysis ofabduction reports." There wasconsiderable overlap in the responses,so the following is a generalized list ofrecommendations.Guidelines1. Isolate, protect, andemotionally support the subject (S).Determine his or her mood andoutlook.2. Try to involve professionallytrained psychologists or psychiatristsearly in the investigation.3. Carefully plan a systematic andgentle probing into the allegedexperience.4. Establish the basic facts of thestory as soon as possible withoutinducing strainonS.HaveSwrite downor tape record allconscious memoriesprior to hypnosis.5. With professional help,investigate and record both thephysical and emotional history of Sbefore and after the incident.6. Note secondary "gains" orbenefits accruing to S as a result oftelling the story, or not.7. Determine Ss interpretation ofthe meaningof the event.8. Keep careful records of allcommunications to and from S.9. suggested investigative tools:a. Objective hypnosis avoidingleading or suggestivequestionsb. psychiatricevaluation and/orpsychotherapyc. polygraphd. EEG and general neurologicalexaminatione. psychological stressevaluation (PSE)f. biofeedback usingautonomicnervous system reponses toevaluate Ss progress in self-awarenessOther Ways of Looking At ItThe question requestingalternative explanations for abductionreports elicited some interestinganswers, and insights:HAINES: (Not having been personnally abductedand lacking an adequate pseudo-materialisticexplanation) I am largely left with my own searchfor an intuitivegraspofwhat may cause this highly
  11. 11. personal experience which isknown as the"UFOabduction." It stiQ seems beyond our reason.While Ido not want to accept the fantastic storiesby others I have no a priori reason for notaccepting at least some of them. We 0) mustmaintain as strategically flexible a position aspossible..thus mycurrent choiceofhypothesis(b).PETER: Reports of abduction can follow atraumatic experience or can be a product of theindividuals break from reality in which he/shedescribes being controlled by other people (acharacteristic of psychosis) — symbolic of theindividuals lack of control. But whythe individualuses the UFO experience is an unknown.RANK: The essence of most abductionexperiences is identical, even if the abducteesinterpretation is in some ways very personal.There is no sensible reason to assume that mostpeople...have fabricated this informationbecause, in a psychological sense, there is nosubstantial secondary gain. Indeed, in manyinstances there is distinct loss of real assets toindividuals after they reported such anencounter.vSPRINKLE: (Although I favor the "basically trueexperiences" hypothesis) I recognize thepossibility that some abduction reports may bedue to other conditions, e.g., "shockingexperiences," "fantasy experiences," and"conscious fabrications." However, in my workwith approximately 50 persons, using hypnotictime regression procedures, I have found noindication of hoax, lie, fantasy production,neurotic or psychotic reaction, etc., or other"known" condition, which might account for aOaspects of the abduction experiences.WESTRUM: Myalternative —Inmost abductioncases, we know only twothings:that there wasanamnesic period under hypnosis,associated with aUFO sightingand that there are memories whichcan be elicited in relation to this amnesic periodunder hypnosis. In some other cases there are inaddition feelings of fear or physical symptoms.Two things must be explained: (1) where did theamnesia, often for a whole carload of people,originate and (2) where did the content of thememories come from? I think part of the answerto (2) rests with the witness and his/her socialenvironment. Ithink it isquite possible, however,that there is a core of events whichmightbe dueto alien intelligences; these same intelligencesmight also explain the amnesia. It is the amnesia,however, which is the most difficult to explain,since the witness can continue driving the car orwhatever. Nothingadvanced so far to explainthisamnesia isconvincing to me. What wereally needto do is investigate cases like the Minot, N.D.,case more thoroughly — where you have fourunrelated adults, who all become amnesic at thesame time and who (apparently) have similarmemory contents regarding the incident. (SeeHynek & Vallee, 1975, in Bibliography, chapter5.)Question 6 asked for referencesin the psychological/psychiatricliterature that would be helpful toabduction case investigators. Theresponses are compiled here into aBibliography which, with the guidelines,provides useful research material.BIBLIOGRAPHYSome Books and ArticlesReporting UFO Abduction CasesBarry, Bill. Ultimate Encounter,PocketBooks, N.Y., 1978. (The TravisWalton case).Bondarchuk, Yurko. UFO Sightings,Landings and Abductions,Methuen Publications,Agincourt,Ontario, 1979. (David Seewaldtcase).Calker, Bill. "Australian InterruptedJourneys," MUFON UFOJournal, No. 150, Aug. 1980Fowler, Raymond. The AndreassonAffair, Prentice-Hall, N.J., 1979.Fuller, John G. the InterruptedJourney, Dial Press, N.Y., 1966.(Barney and Betty Hill case).Hartman, Terry A. "AnotherAbduction by Extraterrestrials?,"MUFON UFO Journal, No. 141,Nov. 1979. (Toni and Darryl M.,Oregon case).Hind, Cynthia. "Mystery at Mindalore,"MUFON UFO Journal, No. 134,Mar.-Apr. 1979. (S. African case:follow-up in No. 140, Oct. 1979).Hopkins, Budd."PossibleAbduction inNew York State," MUFON UFOJournal, No. 137, July 1979.Hynek, J.A. & Vallee, J. The EdgeofReality, Henry Regnery Co.,Chicago, 1975. (Minot, N.D., caseinvolving four adults).Lorenzen, C. & J. Abducted!Confrontations with Beings FromOuter Space, Berkly Press, N.Y.,1977.Niemtzow, R. & Schuessler, J. "CE-IDin Tyler, Texas: Nightmares orReality?," MUFON UFO Journal,No. 139, Sept. 1979.Sprinkle, R.L."Progress Reports: TheKentucky Abduction," Inter-national UFO Reporter, Mar.1977."Investigation of the AllegedUFO Experience of Carl Higdon,"in Haines, R.F. (ed.) UFOPhenomena and the BehavorialScientist, Scarecrow Press, N.J.,1979."UFO Contactees: CaptiveCollaborators or CosmicCitizens?," Proceedings of 1980MUFON UFO Symposium(Mutual UFO Network).HypnosisHall, Richard. "Hypnotism andAbduction Cases," MUFONUFOJournal, No. 123, Feb. 1978Hendry, Allan. The UFO Handbook,Doubleday, N.Y., 1979. (Chapteron hypnosisand abductees).Lawson, A.H. "Hypnosis of ImaginaryUFO Abductees,"Journal of UFOStudies, vol. I, no. 1, 1979.Nelson, Willard D. "Hypnosis VersusUFO Realities," MUFON UFOJournal, No. 148, June 1980.Sprinkle, R.L. "Some Uses of Hypnosisin UFO Research," Frying SaucerReview Special Issue No.3("UFOPercipients"), Sept. 1969."Hypnotic and PsychicAspects of UFO Research,"Proceedings of 1976 CUFOSConference (Center for UFOStudies)... "What AreThe Implicationsof UFO Experiences?," Journal ofUFO Studies, vol. I, no. 1, 1979.(Includes discussion of hypnoticprocedures).Clinical ConsiderationsBlake, J.A. "The Social DynamicsofUFO Multiple Witness Reports,"MUFON UFO Journal, No. 126,May 1978.Freedman, A.M.et al. ComprehensiveTexfboofc of Psychiatry, 1975.Freedman, Kaplan & Sadook. TheModern Synopsis of Psychiatry.Gralnick, A. "Folie a Deux,"Psychiatric Quarterly, 16:230,1942.Kolb. Modem Clinical Psychiatry,1977.Podolsky, "Amnestic Syndrome," inEncyc/opedia of Aberrations,Philosophical Library, N.Y., 1953.Schwartz, Berthold. "Psychiatric andParapsychiatric Dimensions ofUFOs," in Haines,R.F.(ed.) UFOPhenomena and the Behavioral(Continued on next page)11
  12. 12. (Abductions, Continued)Scientist, Scarecrow Press, N.J.,1979.Sears, R. "Functional AbnormalitiesofMemory," Psychological Bulletin,vol. 33, no. 4, April 1936.Sims, A. et al. "Folie a Quatre," Br. J.Psychiatry, 130: 134-8, Feb. 1977.Solomon, J.G. et al, "Mother Son Foliea Deux: A Case Report," J. C/in.Psychiatry, 39(11): 819-20, Nov.1978.Stengel, E. "On the Aetiology of theFugue States," Br. J. of MentalScience, vol. 87, no. 369, Oct.1941.Tucker, L.S. "Mother Son Folie aDeux: A Case of AttemptedPatricide,"Am.J. Psychiatry, Oct.J977.Whitty, C. & Zangwitt, O. Amnesia,Butterworths, London,1966.POST SCRIPTWe hope these participants, andreaders with similar qualifications, willcontinue the dialogue and comment onthe interesting ideas raised. The pagesof the Journal are open for furtherdiscussion.Two questions occurred to me:(1)Couldnt sodium pentothal ("truthserum") be usefully applied — perhapsmore reliably than hypnosis — inseeking the truth ofanabduction story?Nitrous oxide? (2)Is there a significant— perhaps crucial — difference in themethodology of hypnosis as commonlypracticed by therapists, as opposed tocriminal investigators?Therapists are trying to help then-patients cope with personallydisturbing problems. Perhapsprompting the patient might even bedesirable in certain circumstances,wherein the ultimate "truth" of someexperience is not the central issue. InUFO applications, the desirable style ofhypnosis may be more akin to thatpracticed in criminal investigations inwhich the central purpose is to obtainmore accurate detail from repressedfactual information. Could it be thathypnotherapists are (quite naturally)more oriented toward "helping" than"truth-seeking?" Ifso, this would be animportant consideration.Note that Dr. Benjamin Simon (Hillcase hypnotherapist) stresses thewords "patients" and "therapeutic12THE NIGHT THE STARSCHANGED PLACES(Remembrances of L.R. Lindbladas recorded by his daughter, Norma)The world isso different from whatit was when Iwas bom July21,1903, inTexarkana, Arkansas. Growing up inaborder town in a rural area during thattime was hard work and a lotoffun. Wemade our fun. Hunting and fishing tookup a lot of time.Tracking, catching, andcaring for a variety of wild animalsprovided us boys with excitement andkept us out of doors. A good wolf or foxhunt could easilylast three or four days.As the years went by our greatestpleasure continued to be to layout onahill under the stars talkingand listeningto the dogs trail.In the earlyfall about the year 1936the circus came to town.Our wivesandchildren were pleasantly occupied sosix of us slipped away for a good foxhunt. It was a clear chilly night and thesky looked full of stars. They lookedlarge like the evening star — bright,and close. We were about 12 mileswestof the city inBowie County,Texas, andit was getting on towards midnightwhen we settled down to listen to themusic of the chase. Suddenly wenoticed something we had never seenbefore. In a huge circle just above ourheads the stars were changing place.One star woulddart over acrosstheskyand stopsuddenly. Then another wouldgo another direction and stop. Wewatched this for 30 or 40 minutes and itlooked like all the stars in the circlechanged places one at a time. Thensuddenly it was over.Nowadays people spend theirtimeindoors lookingat TVand talkingaboutweird things like Bigfoot, people fromouter space, and UFOs. I just cantbelieve in things like that. I would haveto see one before I would believe it.procedure" while observing thathypnosis only provides a pathway tothe patients subjective truth. It seemscrystal clear from his statements thatthe central issue to himwas "helping,"not "truth-seeking." How important isthis distinction in the outcome ofhypnosis applied to abduction cases?BOOK REVIEWStrangers Among Us, by RuthMontgomery (New York: Coward,McCann & Geoghegan, 1979), $9.95UFO information from psychicsources mayor maynot beyoursaucerof tea. If it is, youll certainly want toread Chapter 10 entitled "Extrater-restrials" in this intriguing book. Andeven ifits not, the chapter is introducedwith a well-reported and previouslyunpublished CE I observed in 1951 byRichard and HelenByrdof aprominentVirginia family.By automatic typing, her guidestold this popular prognosticator thatthe UFO was real, and not of PlanetEarth. From other areas of the galaxythey travel by means of vibratoryenergies beyond our presentcomprehension, and are re-assembledin the earths atmosphere. The sentientbeings who operate these vehicles onscientific missions are in a totallydifferent stage of advancement, welearn. Although they intend no harm,UFOs are sometimes lethal in theiractivities when too near to humans.The Air Force isaware ofthesevisitors,stated the guides, and is"lessthan openin its reports." While a fewextraterrestrials have occupied earthbodies for a widening ofunderstanding,they are not bent on conquest.During the next two decades, theearth will be studied by increasingnumbers of UFOs, we are told. It lieswithin the powers of man to preventWorld War III, but not a cataclysmicshift in the earthsaxis ofrotationwhichis to occur around the turn of thecentury. This last prophecy runs like athread throughout the book.How accurate is Ruth Mont-gomerys information? Time will tell,but we dont have to wait for theapocalypse. Should the 1980presidential election turn out in thesurprising manner her sources predict,perhaps we should give them someserious consideration indeed.Meanwhile, Strangers Among Us willbe intriguing, thought-provoking, andno doubt best-selling.—David L.Dobbs
  13. 13. PSIUFOLOGICAL PHENOMENA:UFOs AND THE PARANORMALBy Mark L. Moravec(Presented at UFOCON 4, Artarmon,Sydney, N.S.W., Australia,October14,1979. ©1979 by Mark L. Moravec.)"...in Ufology the rule is to think ofeverything and to believe nothing." —Aime Michel,1969.Over recent years, many UFOresearchers have increasingly focusedtheir attention on what I term"psiufological" phenomena: thosecases where UFO and paranormalevents apparently overlap. Someclaimthat this type of case holds the key tounlock the UFO mystery. Othersclaimthat such cases are unreliable anddistract us from proving the physicalreality of UFOs. The only way todetermine what viewpoint is correct isby thoroughly investigating andresearching reports of psiufologicalevents. The aim of this paper is topresent an overview of psiufologicalphenomena, hypotheses thay mayexplain such events, and someimplications for investigation.Psiufological phenomena can besplit up into a number of categories:1. MENTAL COMMUNI-CATIONS. In these cases, a personclaims to have received mentalcommunications from a source that isusually identified as a UFO entity. Thecommunication may be receivedbefore, during, or after a UFOencounter and through a variety ofmodes including apparent telepathy,automatic writing, trance-states, orvisions.In the simplest case, a witnessmayreport that "something" made himlookup, and there above himwas a UFO. Anumber of hypotheses may explain thisreaction:(1) It isjust a coincidence that thewitness happened to look upatthe timethe UFO was present.(2) The witnesss own, naturalESP made him aware of theUFOs presence.(3) The UFO intelligencedeliberately made its presenceknown to the witness bymeans of a telepathically-transmitted signal.In more complex cases, thewitness may receive a communicationpredicting future events or acommunication consisting of heavy,philosophical cum spiritual concepts.An example of mentalcommunicationin the UFO context is the Frankston,Victoria, case of 25 July, 1972. Mrs. M.Puddy observed a blue, disc-shapedobject while driving along theMooraduc Road. She lost control of hercar whichslowed to a halt by itself. Shebecame aware ofan inaudible "voice" inher mindwhichsaid: "Allyour tests willbe negative. Tellthe media we mean noharm. You now have control." Thewitness experienced apparitions ofalleged UFO entities in the followingyear (Basterfield, 1977: Magee, 1972).In this type of case, the"communication" may be explicableas:(1) An unconscious fantasyincorporating previousknowledge of UFO cases(cf,hypnotic regression cases).(2) A "symptom" of psycho-pathological behaviour (cf,paranoid schizophrenia)triggered by a personal crisisunrelated to the UFOexperience.(3) A "symptom" of psycho-pathological behaviourtriggered by a traumatic UFOexperience.(4) A telepathic communication tothe witness from the UFOintelligence.Hypotheses (1)and (2)may be lesslikely if it can be shown that objective,physical UFO events have occurred.Our present levelof knowledge may beinadequate to enable us to differentiatebetween hypotheses (3) and (4).However, perhaps the content of thecommunication may give us a lead.2. POLTERGEISTS. Poltergeists(literally "noisy spirits") usuallyinvolvethe unexplainedmovements of objects.Most parapsychologists hold the viewthat poltergeists center around aperson who unconsciously uses hispowers of psychokinesis (mind overmatter) to take out his frustrations onthe physical environment. Poltergeistsmay interact with UFOs in severalways. A UFO witness may have had ahistory of poltergeist disturbances priorto his UFO sighting, or he may find thathis residence issuddenly"invaded" byapoltergeist subsequent to his UFOexperience. At the flap level,UFOs andpoltergeists may be witnessed in thesame geographical area over a shorttime-span. UFO cases involving the"levitation" of the witness or hisvehiclecould conceivably also involvepoltergeist effects. An example of anapparent UFO-poltergeist interaction isthe Wooler, Ontario, Canada, case of2July, 1968. Fred and Wayne Coulthardobserved an object with rotating redlights which agitated the familys horsesand cats. Less than 2 hours later,poltergeist disturbances began in thehouse and continued for several days.A window shattered; cards, spoons,and a glass were thrown around; and astrong odor ofroses was detected in thekitchen (Greystone, 1969).Assuming hoaxes have been ruledout, the following hypotheses mightexplain the UFO-poltergeist type of(Continued on next page)13
  14. 14. (Paranormal, Continued)(1) At the flap level, if the massmedia are givingwide coverageof one unusual phenomenon(UFOs), they will also tend toreport other u n u s u a lphenomena (poltergeists),thus, creating a spuriouscorrelation.(2) The close encounter UFOexperience triggers oramplifies psi abilities such aspsychokinesis which ismanifested unconsciously as apoltergeist.(3) Both poltergeists and UFOsare temporary, physicalmanifestations unconsciouslyproduced by paranormalmeans by the central witness.(4) Both UFOs and poltergeistsare manifestations of anintelligence external to man.(5) A witness with poltergeistdisturbances is psychic andpsychic people are more likelyto see a UFO existingbeyondthe normal sensory range.Hypothesis (3) implies an internal,person-centered cause; hypothesis (4)implies an external cause; andhypotheses (2) and (5) imply an inter-action between internal and externalcauses. Since poltergeists involveobjective, physical events, UFO-poltergeist cases are potentially of highevidential value.3. APPARITIONS.Apparitions arehallucinatory experiences of the visualkind involving the human figure.Apparitions gain significance when theyexhibit correspondences with externalevents or with the experiences of otherpercipients. Most parapsychologistsbelieve that apparitions arecommunications received via ESPwhich become conscious through ahallucinated experience. Apparitionsand UFOs may interact in much thesimilar way as poltergeists and UFOs,except that in apparition cases we areapparently dealing with subjectiveexperiences. The UFO witness mayhave seen apparitions prior, during, orafter his UFO experience. UFOs andapparitions may also be seen in thesame locality. An exampleof a possible14UFO-apparition interaction is theMarch 1975 events at a highland farm inTasmania. A man observed twosoundless, flashing lights, beneathwhich was a yellow glow dimlyilluminating the ground. The lightsspeeded upwards at a steep angle. Inthe same month, two shootersobserved an apparition on the samefarm. One described it as a woman inthe dress of the last century and whichglided up steps; the other described itas an area of oval light which pulseduntil it faded away to nothing. Therewere other sightingsof apparitions andnocturnal lights at the same locale(TUFOIC, 1977).Possible explanations for UFO-apparition cases are:(1) At the flap level, a spuriousmedia correlation.(2) Hypnopompic (intermediatestate between sleep andwakefulness) or hypnagogic(between wakefulness andsleep) imagery.(3) A "symptom" of psycho-pathological behaviourtriggered either by a personalcrisis or a traumatic UFOexperience.(4) A telepathic communicationmanifesting as a visualhallucination) from the UFOintelligence.(5) Amplification of psi abilities(manifesting visually) by aUFO experience.(6) A witness of apparitions ispsychic and psychicpeople aremore likely to see a UFOexisting beyond the normalsensory range.4. PARANORMAL HEALINGS.In some cases, paranormal healingsappear to be directly associated withUFOs. An example is the case of Dr."X" which began on 2 November, 1968,in southeastern France. Dr. "X", abiologist, observed the approach oftwored and silver, luminescent, disc-shaped objects. The two objectsmerged into one, and shone a whitespotlight on the witness. The objectthen "dematerialized" with a "bang."Afterwards, the witness realized thatboth a painful, three-day-old axewound(from chopping wood) and a 10-year-old Algerian War wound hadcompletely healed. The witness alsoexperienced premonitions, mentalcommunications, and poltergeistdisturbances subsequent to hissighting(Michel, 1969).There appear to be three mainalternatives to explainUFO-associatedhealings:(1) In some cases, the complaintitself was psychosomatic andwas "cured" by suggestionafter the UFO event.(2) Healingsof short-term woundsmay have been speeded up byelectromagnetic radiationfrom the UFO.(3) A paranormal healing wascarried out by the UFOintelligence.5. GHOSTLIGHTS."Ghostlights"are small lights which usually occurclose to ground level and tend toreappear in the same location. I haveincluded ghostlights as a type ofpsiufologjcal phenomenon since theyappear to fit both the classifications ofaUFO (unidentified, airborne light)and ahaunting (recurrent, localizedmanifestation). Australias mostfamous ghostlight is undoubtedly theMin-Min Light which reportedlyfrequents the Boulia district ofwestern Queensland. It has beendescribed as a glary, green ball of lightwhich moves 5-10 feet above theground at an estimated 10 mph(Lamond, 1937; Cusack, 1975).Ghostlights may be:(1) Misidentiftcations of naturalphenomena such as wind-blown mists; phosphorescencein marshes; perceptualalterations ina non-illuminatedvisual field ("cerebral grey");clusters of luminescentinsects; light refraction effects;ball lightning or otherelectrical discharge.(2) Psychokinetic or poltergeisteffects unconsciouslyproduced by an individual.(3) Non-physical apparitions/ghosts.(Continued on next page)
  15. 15. (4) Small, physical UFOs("remote-control probes").Implications for InvestigationI have looked at five categories ofpsiufological phenomena andhypotheses which may explain suchcases. Some of these relatively bizarrecases mayemanate from psychological-ly disturbed people, so it is certainlydesirable to have the participation ofspecialists in psychology andpsychiatry where possible. Some casestudies may also be aided by theapplication of hypnotic regressiontechniques by competent hypno-therapists.Meaningful research requires anadequate base of thoroughlyinvestigated and documentedpsiufological cases. The properly-equipped investigator needs to knowhow to investigate paranormalexperiences as well as "down-to-earth"UFO events. To this end, I havedesigned a detailed questionnaire tosupplement the standard UFO reportform. The questionnaire for UFO/Paranormal cases covers theparanormal phenomena dealt with inthis paper as well as generalpsychological and physiologicalreactions and witness background.Recommended guides to investigatingparanormal events are SPR (1968) andGreen (1976).Probably the most importantfactors which the investigator ofpsiufological cases needs to payattention to, are:1. The witnesss prior knowledgeof UFO and paranormalphenomena. This is a criticalfactor in determining hoaxes,the influence of overactiveimaginations or potential rawmaterial for hallucinations.2. The witnesss previous andsubsequent paranormalexperiences, if any. This is animportant factor in evaluatingthe apparent connectionsbetween UFOs and paranormalevents.3. Whether or not any objective,physical manifestations havetaken place. If objective,physical events have takenplace, we can be reasonablycertain that the reportedexperiences are not solelypsychopathological orhallucinatory in origin.Finally, I would be interested inhearing about any psiufological casesthat other investigators come across,for possible inclusion in a projectedAustralian catalogue of such cases.REFERENCESBasterfield, K. An Australian Catalogue of CloseEncounter Type Three Reports. Supp. 3.Jan.1977.Cusack, F. (Ed.)Australian Ghosts. Sydney:Angus and Robertson, (1967), 1975Green, A. Ghost Hunting, St. Albans: Mayflower,(1973), 1976.Greystone, W. "Canadas UFO Poltergeist." InBeyond Condon, FSR special issue no. 2, June1969, pp. 66-70.Lamond, H.G. "The Min-Min Light." In Walkout,,1 Apr. 1937.Magee, J. "UFO over the Mooraduc Road." InFlying Saucer Review, vol. 18,no. 6, Nov.-Dec.1972, pp. 3-5.Michel. A. "The strange case of Dr. X." In UFOPercipients, FSR special issue no. 3, Sep.1969,pp. 3-16.SPR. Notes for Investigators of SpontaneousCoses, London: Society for PsychicalResearch, 1968.TUFOIC. Annual Report for 1977, Hobart:Tasmanian UFO Investigation Centre,1977.Comments and inquiries may be addressed toMark L. Moravec, 26 Minnamurra Place, PymbleNSW 2073, Australia.^-^^^^^p^^ •jm/FOJV/Both Bill Chalker and MarkMoravec have alluded tohypnopompic and hypnagogiceffects (during transitions betweensleep and wakefullness), which arerelevant to interpretation of somereported UFO events. Many yearsago while residingin an apartmentinWashington, D.C., Iwas taking a napduring a Sunday afternoon. As Istarted to wake up Iperceived — orthought I did — small animatedfigures not unlike the popularconception of fairies dancing on thewall adjacent to my bed. Iwas quitestartled, and my heart beat fast as I"popped" awake to investigate.Within a few seconds I was able todiscover the stimulus, and the real(i.e., correct) interpretation of what Iwas perceiving: dancing spots ofsunlight filtered through treebranches outside my window.Perhaps not enough has been saidabout the tendency for the humanmind to try to organize stimuli ofunknown origin into familiar orrecognizable patterns, especiallywhen in a soporific state. Exactlywhy I "chose" miniature humanoidforms is unclear to me, but I did.—Richard Hall.HENRY CO. LOCAL, New Cutl«,R - March 20, 1980U.F.O/sSightedIn New CastleMrs. Anna Ricketts, New Castle.reported to the Local Monday thaton Sunday. March 9, at about 9p.m., she was disturbed by barkingdogs and when she looked out theback of her house she saw in heryard, about fifty feet from thehouse, a strange, very bright objecthovering motionless about twentyfeet from the ground.Because of the brightness of theobject, the best she could tell of theshape was that it looked like a pipercub without wings. Protruding fromthe bottom of the craft were at leastthree antenna-lookingslicks, slight-ly at an angle, pointing toward theground.At one time, Mrs. Rickelts wentinto the backyard to get a closerlook. She awakened her husband.Wilson, who accompanied her to theback porch, but by then the objecthad moved in a northwesterly direc-tion toward Sulphur Road, shootingstraight up, then down, and atirregular angles, before disappear-ing from sight. At no time did theysee this object touch the ground.While still on the porch, waitingto see what would happen next.another object, which could havebeen sitting on the ground or closela it toward Sulphur Road, wassighted. This object appeared, to bemuch smaller and had variouscolored lights showing.Mrs. Ricketts called the StatePolice but the objects were gone bythe time an officer arrived. She hasbeen reluctant to mention thisphenomenon before now. If anyonehas also seen strange crafts in thrcounty, please call the Local.15
  16. 16. ABDUCTION CASE IN POLANDBy Emilia Popik(Edited by Richard Hall)(Investigated and reported by EmiliaPopik, an editor inGdansk, Poland, andnow MUFON Representative forPoland.)The witnesses, Miroslaw Goralskiand Krzysztof KobusofSztum, Poland,contacted Ms. Popik on September 21,aware of some articles she had writtenabout UFOs. She put them in twoseparate rooms and interrogated themseparately.On the previous day Goralski hadasked his friend Kobus to help himspade his garden, and they finishedabout 9:00 p.m. Goralski went to awater tap to rinse off the shovels andKobus had entered the summer houseand lit a cigarette. Goralski suddenlyspotted a silver delta-shaped thing thatseemed about to crash and explode, sohe yelled to his friend and dropped tothe ground, covering his head with ashovel. Kobus heard the yell and cameout to see what was happening.Abovethe flower bed within the fenced gardenplot he saw a "ring" with thick white"flames" around it, like a dense light,except that the sky and clouds werevisible throughit. Goralskiwas lying onthe ground. The ring was slpwlydescending.Goralski, looking from a differentangle, saw itas an object like "twosilverdeltas connected by a cross."Both men experienced a squeakingor"high frequency" sound in their heads;Goralski termed the sound"unbearable." Together, they walkedcloser to investigate. They suddenlyfound themselves engulfed by a dense,white "fog" and illuminated by brightlight. Goralski had been carrying a16Emilia Popik is an editor inGdansk, Poland. Her interestsinclude Biblical exegesis,myths, and parapsychologyshovel, but now he noticed that it wasgone. They described their nextimpressions separately.Kobus: Feeling "totally petrified,"he propped himself against one of threeprism-like objects; it was soft andcomfortable like an armchair, henoticed that Goralskis face wasdistorted and his knees bent, as if hewere experiencinggravity effects.Goralski: Feeling euphoric ratherthan frightened, he felt a force pressingon him and briefly had the impressionofan elevator going up at high speed.Then it stopped. He began askingquestions of what he supposed wereunseen entities, but there was noanswer. Each time the sound ceasedfora moment. When he asked what theyknew about integrated circuits ortransistors, there was an answer:"Nothing." "What is matter?," hepersisted. An answer came: "The mostimportant attribute of matter is itsability to pervade through othermatter."Kobus: Still seated in the"armchair," he saw a flood of colors—red, black, blue, yellow — then afterchanging to gray the display stopped.His head was like a computer;thoughtsand ideas were flowing intohis brain asif from an external source. He sawGoralski turn and lean out of the "fog"at a steep angle, as if leaning out awindow watchingsomething. When helooked down at his "armchair" again,itwas gone. He was sitting on nothing,but he did not fall. He, too, began askingquestions and experienced a visualdisplay like a time channel,with peoplein costumes of bygone days.Goralski: When he leaned over hefound himself looking down on histown, with a clear viewof familiar lakes,the main street and lightsalong it. Thenhe was abruptly deposited back in hisgarden, falling or jumping from a heightof about 30 cm. Kobus felt as ifa chairhad been pulled out from under himandhe fell on his bottom and rolled onto hisback in the garden.Nothing looked different in thegarden. The summer house was open,and the missingshovel was lying on theground. Goralski ran home, arrivingabout 9:30 p.m., and searched for thekey to the garden gate and cottage; ititwere there, it would mean the eventswere unreal. But the key was still in thecottage door back in the garden. Thetwo men, perplexed, stayed at thecottage talking until early the followingmorning. When they tried to tell theirfriends what had happened, they werelaughed at. So they decided to contactMs. Popik.After thorough interrogation, Ms.Popik arranged for psychologicaltesting at the local university on March1 and 2.Only Kobus showed up,and heunderwent several hours of tests byaneminent psychologist who devisedspecial tests for the occasion. Afinalreport ispending. Earlier,soon after theevent, both men had taken standardpsychological tests, which revealednormal personalities with no inclinationto lie.D
  17. 17. A FAINT ECHOOF THE TRUTHBy Lucius FarishJames E. Obcrgs paper, "QualityControl of the UFO Data Base: SomeSuggested Techniques," in the 1980MUFON UFO SYMPOSIUMPROCEEDINGS, refers (p. 125) towhat is called "a typical UFO reportinvolving • the Echo satellite." Thesighting, by yours truly and anotherwitness ("B.M."), occurred on theevening of May 20, 1965. A sightingreport was submitted to both NICAPand APRO at the time.By omittingpertinent details of theobservation, Oberg "concludes" thatthe object was actually Echo n in its#6380 orbit. He states that the figuresfor this particular orbit "fit the UFOposition and direction quite nicely." Ifind it significant that he does notmention the time of the sighting in hisattempt to pass off the report as justone more erroneous observation whichwas thought to be a UFO.As Istated inmy initial report, I hadobserved the Echo IIsatellite(as well asnumerous others) on several occasionsand was >thoroughly familiar with itsappearance. The object which "B.M."and I saw some 15 years ago, wasdecidedly not Echo D or any other man-made satellite, whatever else it mayhave been. The object definitelystopped its movement entirely at onepoint while I was observing it (easilydetermined by observing the star fieldthrough which it was passing) and,according to "B.M.", it had halted atintervals during the time he watched it(approximately 10 minutes) before hearrived at myhome to tell me about theobject.Agreed, the sighting is not aspectacular one, by any means, andprobably does not deserve the spacedevoted to it by either Oberg or myself.It is, at best, merely one more"nocturnal light" report. However,Obergs flat statement quoted in thefirst paragraph is totally incorrect.1980 MUFON SYMPOSIUM TAPESCassette tapes of the llth Annual MUFON UFO Symposium, Houston,Texas, are available from Liberty Audio & Film Service, 2820 Hull Street,Richmond, VA 23224. Lifetime guarantee with free replacement upon return tosupplier.Price: $5.00 each, $7.00 for double tapes (*). Add 10%for postage andhandling. Check, VISA, or Master Charge. Order by number:1. Project VISIT (Schuessler, Kissinger, and Andrus)3. Unified Field Theory & UFOs (Monteith)*5. Workshop: Sandinavian Research (Serra)6. Quality Control of UFO Data Base (Oberg)7. Instruments/Resolution of Transient Phenomena (Stanford)*8. Workshop: Advanced Propulsion (Holt . . . )*9. Workshop: Kirlian Photography (Cusack)11. Close Encounters Medical Injuries Analysis(Niemtzow)12. UFO Contactees (Sprinkle)14. UFOCAT & Two New Ideas (Merritt)15. GEPAN: French UFO Research (Babits)16. Flying Saucer Technology (Friedman)UFO DATA MARTNote: This service is available freeto individual MUFON subscribers, butnot to commercial dealers. We reservethe right to reject notices that are not inaccord with our editorialpolicies. Youmay remain anonymous (codednotices) and responses will be relayedprivately, or if you prefer we willpublishyour name and address for directcontact. For coded notices, directresponses to Richard Hall, Editor,MUFON UFO Journal, 4418 39th St.,Brentwood, MD 20722.Send all noticesto the editor at this address.WANTEDCopies of 1972 & 1974 MUFONSymposium Proceedings. State price,(code: A-80-1)$25 offered for one copy of the 35mm color photograph taken by RoberChilderhose on August 23, 1956.(Photo appears in black & white oncover of UFOs Identified, by PhilipKlass.) Contact Eric Herr, 6250StanleyAve., San Diego, CA 92115.SALEOld copies of Flying SaucerReview. One 1955, several 1957, many1960s. Make offer, (code: A-80-2)INFORMATIONInvestigation reports of UFOabduction cases requested for specialMUFON report. Contributors willreceive full credit in report. Send toRichard Hall at above address.8th Air Force or other World WarII foo-fighter reports requested. DonBerliner, 1202 S. Washington St.,Alexandria, VA 22314.Anyone with information aboutphysical traces associated with UFOlandings please contact Ted Phillips,P.O. Box 615,Sedalia, MO 65301.UFO reports requested fromaircraft spotters on U.S. coasts duringWorld War II. (code: A-80-3)17
  18. 18. MUFON-NC FOURTH ANNUALTRAINING CONFERENCEBy George D. FawcettMUFON of North Carolina held itsfourth annual training conference inWinston Salem on Saturday, June 21and Sunday, June 22,1980. This yearsconference, hosted again by officersand members of the Tar Heel UFOStudy Group of Winston Salem, waschaired by Mrs. Gayle C. McBride,assistant MUFON-NC state directorfrom Germanton.All four major UFO groups inU.S.A. were represented: Dr. WillySmith a physicist from CUFOS inNorcross, Georgia; W.E. BingGarthright, head of an analyticalstudies group from NICAP inWashington, D.C.; Thomas P. Deuley,an APRO and MUFON investigatorfrom Ft. Meade, Maryland; and HenryH. McKay, a MUFON provincialdirector from Ontario, Canada. Otherout of state UFO representatives camefrom Pennsylvania, South Carolina,and Georgia. Over 60 investigators,researchers, members and guests ofMUFON-NC were present from 20towns and cities in North Carolina.Henry H. Morton ofWadesboroservedas Master-of-Ceremonies.The speakers and subjectsincluded —Joseph N. Eubanks, a MUFONField Investigator and State SectionDirector, on "The First AllegedAbduction in North Carolina", anabduction of a housewife in ruralRaleigh, N.C. thatoccurred on April24,1979."Diamagnetism," a theory toexplain the propulsion systems ofUFOs, presented by HenryH.Morton,an electronic researcher and aMUFON Field Investigator fromWadesboro. Mortondescribed howhistheory of diamagnetism wouldexplainthe maneuvers, electro-magneticfrequencies, lights, sounds, odors, andradiation residue and effects found inUFO encounters.18Wayne Laporte, a facilitiesindustrial engineer and MUFON StateSection Director, gave a slidepresentation titled "UFO Occupants",which covered the appearance ofvarious occupants and their interactionwith UFO witnesses worldwide, manyof whom have become "silentcontactees" over the years.George D. Fawcett, MUFON-NCState Director, gave a report on"Human Re-Actions to UFOs" basedon a two-year study of such reactionsfrom UFO eyewitnesses in over 30countries and all 50 states. The re-actions ranged from serenity and calmto fear and blind panic and frompersonality changes to deathsattributed to various UFO encounters,etc.Jim Ingle, a chief criminalprosecutor and deputy sheriff of theLincoln County Sheriff Department,recounted his "CE IIIExperience" thatoccurred in 1957, when he served withthe U.S. Air Force at Georges AirSculpted head of humanoid byGayle McBride fphoto: DennisBeck)Force Base near Victorville, California.At 9 p.m. a circular UFO withwindowsdropped down from the sky at a rapidspeed and then hovered near his mobilehome. Ingle noted a silhouetted bustofa "small occupant" lookingdown athimthrough one of the windows. The UFOduring the encounter cast "a circleofbluish light" on the ground around thewitness, before it lifted up and movedaway at a rapid speed. Ingle wasbadlyfrightened by his experience.Wayne LaPorte, another slidepresentation, "Anatomy of a UFOWindow-the Seismic Connection."Don Roberts, a MUFON FieldInvestigator from Columbia, SouthCarolina, a report titled "Retrievalsofthe Third Kind", which covered therecovery of crashed UFOs and theirdead humanoid occupants. Robertsalso covered some of the recent CIA-UFO links uncovered by members ofthe Ground Saucer Watch in Phoenix,Arizona, through their recent Freedomof Information lawsuit against the CIA.Dan J. Duke, a MUFONContributing Subscriber and aPsychology Professor at AppalachianState University in Boone, apresentation on "Psychology ofHumanTestimony Under Hypnosis". Dukepointed out that hypnotically aidedrecall may produce either accuratememories or at times may facilitate thecreation of pseudo memories orfantasies that are accepted as real byUFO witnesses and the hypnotist alike.He emphasized that there is no knownway of distinguishing with certaintybetween actual recall and pseudomemories except by independentverification. Duke told how "demandcharacteristics" and "authorativefigures" play both a conscious andunconscious role inUFO investigationsunder hypnosis and must be guardedagainst.(Continued on next page)

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