Mufon ufo journal 1980 10. october


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mufon ufo journal 1980 10. october

  1. 1. THEMUFON UFOJOURNALNUMBER 152 OCTOBER 1980Founded 1967. OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF$1.50MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, INC. .Philip J. Klass, left, and Allan Hendry at Smithsonian Institution UFO SymposiumSeptember 6. (Photos: Thomas P. Deuley)-JF
  2. 2. I The MUFONUFO JOURNAL(USPS 002-970)103 Oldtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155RICHARD HALLEditorANN DRUFFELAssociate EditorLEN STRINGFIELDAssociate EditorMILDRED BIESELEContributing EditorIWALTER H. ANDRUSDirector of MUFONTED BLOECHERDAVE WEBBCo-Chairmen,Humanoid Study GroupPAULCERNYPromotion/PublicityREV. BARRY DOWNINGReligion and UFOsLUCIUS FARISHBooks/Periodicals/HistoryMARK HERBSTRnTAstronomyROSETTA HOLMESPromotion/PublicityTED PHILLIPSLanding Trace CasesJOHN F. SCHUESSLERUFO PropulsionDENNIS W. STACYStaff WriterNORMA E. SHORTDWIGHT CONNELLYDENNIS HAUCKEditor/Publishers EmeritusThe MUFON UFO JOURNAL ispublished by the Mutual UFONetwork, Inc., Seguin, Texas.Membership/Subscription rates:$15.00 per year in the U.S.A.;$16.00 foreign. Copyright 1980 bythe MutualUFO Network. Secondclass postage paid at Seguin,Texas. POSTMASTER: Send form3579 to avise change of address toThe MUFON UFO JOURNAL,103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas78155.FROMTHE EDITORWe includein this issue Ilkka Serras workshop paper from the1980 Houston MUFON Symposium discussing UFO research inScandinavia. V.-J. Ballester, Olmos contributes a valuableinternational bibliographyof source materials.The Smithsonian Institution UFO symposium September 6raised some expectations that UFOs might be reaching a newplateau of respectability and scientific attention. Althoughpublicinterest was surprisingly high, it is doubtful that the attitudes, ofscientists and officials were much influenced. News media coveragewas mediocre; without adequate news coverage, and without astronger focus on why UFOs deserve more serious attention, thesymposium is not likely to have much effect on the present impasse.In this IssueSMITHSONIAN UFO SYMPOSIUM 3By Richard HallSCANDINAVIAN WORKSHOP. . 5By Ilkka SerraHOW TO BUILD MODEL UFOs 8By Wayne LapprteCAN WE LEARN SOMETHING FROM VULCAN? 10By Dr. Louis WinklerBOOK REVIEW - UFOs: The Greatest Mystery 11AIDS TO THE UFO INVESTIGATOR: A BIBLIOGRAPHY . 12By Vicente-Juan Ballester OlmosCALIFORNIA REPORT - "A Night on the Mountain" 15By Ann DruffelIN OTHERS WORDS 19By Lucius FarishDIRECTORS MESSAGE . 20By Walt AndrusThe contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL aredetermined by the editor, and do not necessarilyrepresent the official position ofMUFON. Opinionsof contributors are their own, and do not necessarilyrelfect those of the editor, the staff, or MUFON.Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON.Permission is hereby granted to quote from thisissue provided not morethan 200 words are quotedfrom any one article,the author ofthearticle is givencredit, and the statement "Copyright 1980 by TheMUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin.Texas" is included.
  3. 3. OpinionSMITHSONIAN UFO SYMPOSIUMBy Richard HallOn Saturday, September 6, theprestigious Smithsonian Institutionsponsored an all-day UFO symposiumin Washington, D.C. A large crowd(400-500) filled the Baird Auditorium ofthe Natural History Museum, even atthe mind-boggling price of $30admission ($25 for SmithsonianAssociates). Flash bulbs poppedcontinously. Moderator Frederick C.Durant III,recently retired as a specialassistant to the Director oftheNationalAir & Space Museum, ruled with aniron hand and made the speakers stickto the tight schedule.In one corner were what PhilKlasscalled the "UFOpromoters": Dr. J.Allen Hynek, Dr. Bruce S. Maccabee,and Allan Hendry. In the other cornerwere what Maccabee, in his retort,called the "UFO demoters": PhillipKlass, Robert Scheaffer, and JamesOberg. The results were fairlypredictable; the "promoters" promotedand the "demoters" demoted.Dr. Hynek probably summed it upbest in a comment at the UniversityofMaryland the night before: "I dontknow of a single scientific problemthatwas ever solved bydebate, onlybyhardwork." He added, however, that adebate in such a prestigious forumcould help to stir up the interest thatwould allow the hard work to be done.Both sides were effective in whatthey set out to do. Drawing onexamples from the history of science,Hynekcautioned that the verypuzzlingnature of UFOs may be a signal thatsomething important is going on.Maccabee expressed "skepticism ofthe skeptics," illustratingcases wherethey have been inerror, and both mendiscussed strong cases as examples.Hendry, using slides, showed examplesof all the important case types. He alsoclashed strongly with Klass over someparticulars of cases, providingthe onlyreal fireworks of theday.Klass acknowledged that UFOscould not be anyones secret weapons,but also said they could not bespaceships since the U.S. radarnetwork is all-encompassing and theywould not go undetected.Nor could theU.S. government keep a secret forover30 years. He also said there were toomany UFO reports forspaceships to bea credible answer, a statement disputedby Scheaffer when his turn came tospeak. "One UFO moving from place toplace could cause many sightings,"henoted. Scheaffer then proceeded togive the most irrelevant talk of the day,linking UFObgists with people whostudy fairies, witchcraft, astrology, anda long list of other borderline sciencesor pseudosciences. "Which do youthrow out," he asked, "UFOs orphysics?"Oberg, while agreeing with Klassand Scheaffer that UFO reports havenot been proven to be somethingnewand important, left the door open acrack. He believesthat UFO reports dodeserve scientificattention for reasonsof serendipity, ifnothing else, and that ifthey are something real, they wouldclearly be of great import.But researchsuffers both from "shotgun skepticism"and blatant exploitation (citing theNational Enquirer as a prime example),not to mention unsophisticatedinvestigators. He does not think thatUFOs are real, but does not rule outthat someone could be flying hereacross space. He is particularlyperturbed by false claims of astronautsightings, some ofwhichhe believes arepropagated by a small group of low-level russian technologists.The major impression of thisobserver was that the level of dialogueSmithsonian panel, I. to r., Bruce S. Maccabee, J. Allen Hynek,James Oberg, F.C. Durant, Allan Hendry, Philip Klass, RobertScheaffer (photo: Thomas P. Oeuleyl
  4. 4. (Smithsonian, Continued)has changed little in 30 years, thatminds are made up, and that too muchtime is wasted arguing about "popufology" rather than about thehardcore cases. Whether or notextraterrestrial beings could reach theearth ifthey wanted to, or whether theywould want to, are totally irrelevantconsiderations. The honest answer tothese questions -- also affirmed byOberg — is that no one knows, andthose that pretend to know one wayorthe other are, in his words, "blowingsmoke." The choice of "throwing out"either UFOs or physics, posed byScheaffer, is of the sameorder. IfUFOsare unreal, they will change ourunderstanding of human behaviour; ifthey are real, they will change ourunderstanding of physics. Nonecessary contradiction between thetwo has been established. Futhermore,a theory or hypothesis ("extrater-restrial"), while obviously importantand relevant, should not takeprecedence over empirical investi-gation.It remains to be seen how muchthe symposium will "stir up." Due to thevisible public interest, the Smithsonianis considering publishing theproceedings. The Christian ScienceMonitor reported it on September 10.Time magazine had a reporter presentand a story was planned (it has notappeared as of this writing). Other areanews media, the wire services, andsome science magazines covered theevent. Depending on what they say,some new dialogue may result.SIX-YEAR UFO STUDY(From the Enterprise-Courier, Charleston, Mo. - Dec. 6, 1979)34 UFO Sightings in RegionCalled Incredible by PhysicistDr Harley Rutledge hasannounced part or the resultsof a ax-year scientific fieldstudy of Unidentified FlyingObjects he directed whilechairing the physcs depart-ment at Southeast MissouriState University in CapeGirardeauDuring that sn year periodthe professor sind ho and coworkers had exp*n^nced ISJsightings of l?4 IHh Helabelled 34 of il* sightings asincredible because the LTOsexhibited physical orbehavioral properties beyondknown man-madetechnologyRutledge. director ofProject Identification, aUniversity-based organizationof scientists, engineers,students. and amateurastronomers formed to studyUFOs, said that on 32 oc-casions UFOs seemed to reactto him and other Projectmembers "Its enough tomake you think someone Isplaying a game with us."Covering a large area ofSoutheast Missouri, the fieldstudy has extended 30 milesnorth of Si Louis, n mileswest of the Mississippi Kiver,and into IllinoisThe Project has lagged 38sightings of 37 UFOi nearPiedmont, where the studybegan in April. 1973; 17sightings of 19 UFOs nearFarming!on. and 104sightingsof 117 UKOs near theMississipi River along a 70mile stretch from PerryvilletoSikeslon But 48 lightings of50 UFOs were from within ornear the city limits of CapeGirardeau itself. "Often UFOshave hovered over or near thecity." Rutledge said.In once case a CapeGirardeau girl reported beingchased by a small dec flyingat treetop level. It temporarilyblinded the girl by flashing abright light down upon her asshe reached the door of herhome. Two witnesses vendedthe experience.Rulledge reports ttjet manyof the UFOs were observed inmotion and 41 UFOs changedmotion by starting, stopping,or changing direction In somecases hovenng lights streakedacross the sky in a fraction ofa second at low altitude andeven under a cloud coverRutledge has observed a lightmake an instantaneous right-angle turn, the light switchingoff 20 seconds later "If thatwas an object having mas>,that kind of turn IB im-possible," Rutledge em-phasized "But Ive seen a lotof things that looked im-possible "Of the 174 UFOs observedby Project members, 88 havebeen mere balls of light. Fivewere seen to turn on, 47 turnoff, while 36 turned on and off.Six different colors-have beenobserved • SO off-white. 27amber. 21 white, 7 red. 5yellow, and two lights were agreen color. Five lightschanged color.Seven craft have been ob-served, including two duoand a bullet-shaped objectOne of the discs wasobservedin daylight by Rutledge fromhis office at the UniversityThe bullet-shaped object, alsoobserved in daylight, changedcolor and vanished.Contrary to popularrepresentations of UFOs ontelevision and in the movies,only three UFOs observed byRuiledg* and his crews madesound.Eighteen sightings occurredin daylight and IB more atduik. These 36 sightingsconstitute nearly one-fourththe Project totals and underconditions where sunlightwould have illuminated anycrafl in the sky."Im not the only one seeingthese things." Rutledgepointed out. During the 153sightings, 622 persons havebeen present, representingmore than 30 Project mem-bers and well over a hundreddifferent persons as spec-tators. That averages aboutfour persons present persighting. "Howcould any UFOstudy, or single sighting, bebetter documented thanthis?" he asks.Rutledge promises that soonhe will release more startlingresults from Project data tothe public. "In the beginning,we formed thisorganization toseek the truth and present it tothe public." Rutledge stated."At first I was reticent todescribe some of our in-credible experiences for fearof ridicule. We have beencareful not to make un-substantiated claims."UFO WEEKENDDuring the weekend of theSmithsonian UFO Symposium,separate programs were sponsored byor jointly operated by the Fundfor UFOResearch, the Center for UFO Studies,and Citizens Against UFO Secrecy. Ata press conference Friday, September5, members of all three groupsjoined ina call for the government to turn overmilitary reports to civilian groups afterproper security screening and to allowformer government employees to talkabout their sightings.On Friday evening, Dr. J. AllenHynek spoke at the University ofMaryland; after his talk, a paneldiscussion included Dr. Bruce S.Maccabee, Stanton Friedman, andRichard Hall. On Saturday evening, theFund for UFO Research sponsored aprogram at the American Universitywhere the speakers were StantonFriedman and Capt. William Startup,airline pilot from New Zealand. Capt.Startup described his experienceswhile flying the plane on the night ofDecember 31, 1978, when the moviefilms were taken of objects also seenvisually and tracked on radar.MUFON was represented byBruce Maccabee, Maryland StateDirector, and Richard Hall.D D D DThe Committee of skeptics led byphilosopher Paul Kurtz, informallyknown as the "Committee to RepealAnomalous Phenomena," was wellrepresented at the Smithsonian UFOSymposium. All three skeptics on thepanel are associated with the group.Kurtz travelled to Washington at theirinvitation especially for the occasion.
  5. 5. SCANDINAVIAN WORKSHOPBy Ilkka Serra(MUFON Representative for Finland)(Following are excerpts from Mr.Serras prepared paper, whichincluded a history of UFO research inFinland, Sweden, Norway, andDenmark.)Believe it or not, but organizedUFO research did not begin inFinlanduntil the 1960s. There are two reasonsfor this. First, the geographical reason.Finland iswayup north inthe Europeanneck-of-the-woods. It is far away fromthe European centers of action. Andsecond, the reason related to ournational character and the officialattitude. The Finnish people are veryquiet and introverted by character.What about the official attitude? Atfirstglance it seems to be similar to theintentional silence that has beenreported in several countries, but ifyoudig deeper in the silence you find outthat it is not really intentional. It issimply the result of slow bureaucraticaction. In fact, there has been no officialattitude so far. It has taken a lot ofenergy to get active UFO researchgoing inFinland.But wehave taken thisas a challenge and we have succeeded.The first organization wasfoundedin 1960 in the city of Porvoo. It wascalled the Flying Saucer Club andconsisted mostlyof active persons fromHelsinki. The second organization, theInterplanetarian Society, was foundedon November 21, 1962. The firstpresident of the organization was aclergyman, the Reverend ArviMerikallio, and the center of operationwas Helsinki. This organization had avery challenginggoal. The Society wasfounded for the purpose of spreadingUFO information to the Finnish people.This was such an important job that weregard this organization as the pioneerof the field, even though it was thesecond organization and not the firstone. These pioneers thought UFOswere most probably spacecraft built bypeople from outer space, and theythought it was possible that the spacepeople had a message to allof us.The Interplanetarian Societystarted to grow, and in the fall of 1963the Society published its firstmembership magazine. Twoyearslaterthe Society had as many as 100members. This may not seem likemuch, but for a scarely populatedcountry like Finland it is a hell of a lot.The same portion ofpopulation here inAmerica would mean as many as 7,300people. However, there was also onesetback. The president, the ReverendArvi Merikallio, declared itwas againsthis beliefsto continue as a member andhe resigned. Other talented forcescontinued his work.In 1967 the organization began topublish the Vimana magazine. Theword Vimana is from the Sanskritlanguage and itmeans a flying craft. Themagazine was published at a slow pace,four times a year, but itturnedout to beextremely efficient in spreading theinformation. A couple of local brancheshad also started active operation bynow, one in the city of Turku and theother in the city of Oulu.But the following year, 1968, wasperhaps the most important year forFinnish UFO research. The backboneof modern UFO research in Finland,Mr. Tapani Kuningas introducedhimself to the members by organizingthe first scientific study of pastsightings. The material he accumulatedduring the study was also the rawmaterial forhisfirstbook,"UFOs in theSkies of Finland." Since then he haspublished several books.When the first Americanastronauts landed on the moon in 1969,the Finnish UFO research peoplepresented a request for UFO reportson the nationwide radio network. Therequest resulted in about 400 lettersand the amount of members in theInterplanetarian Society climbed up to300, whichhereinAmericawould meanIlkka Serraapproximately 22,000 members. Theamount of UFO sightings was alsogradually increasing.In 1970 Mr. Tapani Kuningas waschosen president of the Inter-planetarian Society. New requests forUFO reports were published in severalUFO books. In 1971 a large UFO wavetook place in Finland. And the firstcommercially operating magazineswere founded. Thefirstone, UFO Time(Ufoaika in Finnish), went bankruptafter a few years, but the second,ULTRA magazine began to feature allaspects of the New Age, not onlyUFOs. At the moment ULTRAmagazine is the leading New Agemagazine in the Scandinaviancountries. Once or twice a year themagazine publishes new requests forUFO reports.However, what goes up mustcome down. The second half of the1970s was a downhill ride for theInterplanetarian Society. The Society(continued on next page)
  6. 6. (Workshop, Continued)was officially dissolved last year (1979).But why did it happen? The majorreason was the founding of UFOResearch of Finland, which I represent,on April 29, 1973. There were severalreasons for this. The country had acouple of dozen localorganizations andclubs, but they were not able tocooperate. The members had noguidelines for operation and there was ageneral need for a more scientificmethod of research. And since theInterplanetarians had already done thepioneering work it was ,time tointroduce some new ideas. Mr.Kuningas was chosen chairman of thenew organization, and from the verybeginning the organization startedholding UFO conferences and specialeducation weekends for members.The publication of our quarterlyreports was commenced inspring1974,both in Finnish and in English. In July1975 we started cooperation with theSwedish U.R.D.Foundation inorder todevelop computerized sighting reports.The report form was first made inSwedish and later translated intoFinnish and English. In the fall of thesame year we mailed an informativeletter to the President of Finland, Mr.Urho Kekkonen, hoping to gain publicrecognition for UFO research. In 1975itwas time for a new UFO wave and theamount of sighting reports increased.Now it was time to start a deeperScandinavian co-operation. In spring1978. the First Scandinavian UFOConference was held in Norway. Aspecial program for informationexchange between the Scandinaviancountries was agreed upon. Last yearIwas chosen chairman of the UFOResearch of Finland. Mr. TapaniKuningas continued his services asvice-chairman.I could summarize our history bysaying the following. UFO Research ofFinland receives about 100 sightingreports annually. We mail our quarterlyreports to 20 carefully selectedaddresses around the world. We haveapplied for grants from several funds,but so far in vain. And at the momentwe have almost 100members, some ofthem investigators and some supportmembers. We have not been able togain public recognition or publicsupport, but once again, we take it as achallenge and we believe we can do it inthe future.The Greatest AchievementsOne of the major achievements ofUFO Research of Finland waspublication of the radar-visual sightingby military pilots on April 12, 1969, atnoon. The story goes like this:The pilots mission was to performan orientation flight above the Poriairport inwestern Finland.The weatherwas sunny and at an altitude of 3kilometers there was a strong 100 knotwind from the north. Another militaryofficer was sitting beside him in hisplane.After receiving instructions fromthe Rissala air control the pilot guidedhisplane tothe runway.Nowhe and theother man heard a radio conversationbetween a Fouga fighter plane and thetraining officer on the ground.The officer: "Hey 286, discontinueyour mission and go to see what those 7balloons above you really are — over."The;plane: "Roger, discontinued.Ill go and see them."The officer: "They seem to bestationary above the airfield. Iguess thealtitude would be something like 1500 to3000 meters. There seem to be 7 ofthem."The plane: "Roger, Iwill climb up."At this moment the major witnessturned his plane on the runway to seethe balloons better. He saw 7 yellowballoon-shaped objects hoveringabovethe airfield as if observing something.Now the Fouga fighter plane began toapproach the balloons and the radioconversation continued.Air control: "We can see themhere at the air control."The radar officer: "The radar isobserving them."The training officer: "286, this isyour officer, they seem to move slowlydue north, yeah, I think theyare gonnaleave you, you wont catch them anymore. They are disappearing in thenorthern skies."A few seconds later the sameobjects were observed in Vaasa, whichis about 180 kilometers north of Pori.The speed must have been enormous,and they were flying against heavywinds so they could not have beenballoons. And itcould not have been anhallucination since it was confirmed byradar.The publicity that we havereceived has contributed to the factthat as many as 40 Finnish-languageUFO books have appeared inour bookstores. Most of them have beentranslations from foreign books, but thelocal writers have also published anumber of volumes.UFO Research of Finlandhas alsocontributed to the making of the firstFinnish-language UFO documentarymovie. The one-hour movie was madeby Mr. Raimo Miekka and Mr. OivaNieminen and it was completed only afew weeks ago.Our greatest achievements in thefield of research have been the UFOfragment case from Kallavesi Lake in1964 and the Suonenjoki metal retrievalcase from last year. The fragment casehas been published in MUFON UFOJournal and the Suonenjoki case hasbeen introduced inour quarterly reportnumber 3/79. No natural solution hasbeen found for the UFO fragment. Itwas neither a geological entity nor ameteorite. As far as the Suonenjokicase is concerned, itcontains 12photosof a mini-ufo and four landing traceareas with pieces ofmetaland some redliquid in them.One member on our board ofdirectors, Mr. Urpo Hayrinen, anengineer, has created a theory aboutthe possible source of UFO energy.UFO energy may be produced byfusion. First you make positrons in ameson field and when the positronscollide with electrons they combine andmake gravitons. And graviton energy isUFO energy. If you want to controlgraviton energy you can do it by usingmagnetic fields. It sounds simple, but itfits with all the EM effects that havebeen observed around UFOs. Patent ispending here in the United States. Asfar as other theories and ideas areconcerned, we believe that there areseveral explanations to UFOphenomena and one of them is mostlikely parapsychic.There is one interesting aspect inour international contacts. We havemanaged to create a continuingdialogue with East Europeaninvestigators. We have contacts with(Continued on next page)
  7. 7. (Workshop, Continued)Yugoslavia, Poland, and RussianEstonia. We have also become expertson Russian rocket launchingsthat takeplace at Plesetsk near the Finnishborder. We can tell Russian rocketsfrom real UFO phenomena.UFO Research of Finland wouldlike to see a widening of internationalinformation exchange. We believe thatafter each major research project theinvestigators should publishthe results,not only as articles in magazines, but asinternational information letters maileddirectly to similar organizations in othercountries. My organization operatesaccording to the principleof direct mailand we hope that other organizationswill follow our example.We believe that an internationalUFO organization should operatewithin the framework of the UnitedNations, since independentinternational organizations are given aconsultative status at the U.N. If thenew organization would only performconsultative duties, it would notstumble to the differences of opinion inthe international UFO researchcommunity. In short, we believe thatdirect mail and a lowprofile work at theU.N. are the keys to a better future ofUFO research.SwedenThe pioneering organization inSweden has been UFO-SVERIGE(UFO SWEDEN). Its members can becongratulated for a couple of greatachievements: The team-work solutionand the UFO Sweden Support Fund.They have based all work on theactivities of local teams. There are atleast 3 persons in each team. And theSwedish people can make donations tothe UFO Sweden Support Fund.The people of UFO Sweden hopethat the joint endeavours within theinternational UFO movement will leadto a better understanding of the UFOphenomena. In small countries like theScandinavian countries there is a needfor closer contacts, with bigger andstronger organizations in foreigncountries. UFO Sweden is lookingforward to a wideningof internationalinformation exchange.The U.R.D. Foundation is thesecond major UFO organization inSweden. It is scientifically oriented andit has been in operation for about 4years. The greatest achievements areas follows: The systematic andstatistical research method for findinganswers to the questions "Isthere reallysomething?" and if so "What is it?" Thecomputerized sightingreport, accesstoan IBM 370 computer, systematictraining scheme supported by a trainingmanual, the idea that there must be agreatest common denominator for allUFO cases, and the beginningof jointScandinavian investigation effortsbased on U.R.D. methods.The U.R.D. Foundation believesthat goals must be defined, the workneeded to achieve the goals must bespecified, resources mustbe organized,and international cooperation mustlead to, harmonization andstandardization. Maybe an Inter-national Committee for UFO Researchis what we need.Norway and DenmarkIn Norway the nationalorganization is called the Norsk UFOCenter (Norwegian UFO Center).Their greatest achievement is the factthat they have created a continuingdialogue with the Norwegian militaryofficials.The major Danish organization iscalled SUFOI (Scandinavian UFOInvestigation). It was the first UFOorganization in all the Scandinaviancountries. Itwas founded in 1957 and atfirst it operated as an umbrellaorganization for all Scandinaviancountries. This sort of pioneeringworkwas extremely valuable. Later onSUFOI has concentrated on domesticcases even though they still havemembers in Norway. At the momentSUFOI has as many as 6,000 members.The same portion of population here inthe U.S. would mean a total of half amillion members.UFO research in the Scandinaviancountries is surprisingly lively. We havehad limited resources, but we havebeen able to make it work. We all hopeto see a deeper internationalcooperation inthe future, both betweenthe various organizations and withinthe framework of the United Nations.STATUS OF VOYAGER SPACECRAFT,JUNE 9,1980(Source: NASA Release No. 80-83)Spacecraft distance from kmEarth miSpacecraft distance to kmSaturn miSpacecraft distance kmtraveled since launch miSpacecraft velocity km/secrelative to Earth mphSpacecraft velocity km/secrelative to Sun mphDate of Saturn Encounter(closest approach)Voyager 11,217,563,695756,559,008206,443,636128,278,1291,894,947,3121,177,465,66445.3101,42920.846,509Nov. 12, 1980Voyager 21,040,456,637646,509,788421,041,958261,623,3451,661,572,2881,032,453,15241.693,08517.639,350Aug. 27, 1981
  8. 8. HOW TO BUILD MODEL UFOsBy Wayne LaporteOn January 9, 1967, two teenagebrothers, Dan and Grant Jaroslaw, toldlocal news reporters they hadphotographed a discoid-shaped UFOwhich hovered for 10 minutesbehindtheir house in Mt. Clemens,Michigan.The photos showed a discoid with a tailand antenna in the rear of the craft.Tree branches were quite visible in theforeground. The clarity of the photosalong with the fact that the UFO wasseen only a mile from Selfridge AirForce Base brought a quickinvestigative response from the AirForce.Dr. J. Allen Hynek, than aconsultant with the Air Forces ProjectBluebook, was quoted in REALmagazines 1967 Flying SaucersPictorial as saying,"Analysis so far doesnot show any indicationof an obvioushoax. The striking thing to me is thesimilarity these pictures have to otherphotos I have seen and also to verbaldescriptions Ive taken from ostensiblyreliable people. To the best of myrecollection, even the antenna shownon the back has been previouslyreported, as has the tail structure "(InDr. Hyneks Edmund Scientific tape-casette program "UFO/IFO," he sayshe was only partially convinced of thephotos being genuine.)But, was this an aunthentic photocase? No. Years later, one of thebrothers wrote Dr. Hynek andconfessed that they had hoaxed theencounter by photographing a modelon a very fine thread. Their motive—they merely wanted some attention.Now we have improved photoanalysis techniques, includingcomputer enhancement analysis, tohelp "weed out" such hoaxes.Nevertheless, its possible to createsome astounding fakes if one is well-skilled in model building andphotography. The intent of this reportis to brief investigatorson how easy itisPhoto by Wayne LaPorte inspired by recent controversy on theMeier caseto build UFO models. Hopefully, thisknowledge will helpon any photo cases.And, this information will also enable aninvestigator to build a UFO model forthe den, home library, or special publicdisplays.Currently, there are two plasticinjection molded UFO hobby kitsavailable at most hobby stores.Lindberg Products, Inc., 8050 N.Monticello Avenue, Skokie, IL 60076makes a 6-inch diameter discoid modelmolded of "glow-in-the-dark" plastic.Ithas a bubble canopy and comescomplete with a "little green man."Monogr?.m Models, Inc., 8601Waukegan Rd., Morton Grove, IL60053 manufactures a 7l/2" diametermodel (inone inchequals six feet scale)of the bell-shaped UFO in "TheInvaders" TV series. The kit comeswith both a humanoid crew andhumans (MIB or abductees!) The topcan be removed to reveal a detailedinterior.Monogram also makes a modelofthe Flying Sub from the TV series"Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea."Built as is, itlooks remarkably like someUFOs that have been seen rising outofthe sea.Monogram also markets a modelof the Cylon Base Star from the TVseries "Battlestar Galactica." Theupper and lower discoid-shapedsections can be assembled separatelyto make two UFOs.Also, Monogram puts out a kit ofthe U.S.S. Skipjack atomic submarinewhich can easily be converted into acigar-shaped UFO model. Onlythe twohull halves need be glued together.However, to create a bluntexhaust endwill requireuse of a hobbyrazor saw orhot knife. Use either one of these toolsto remove the rear tip to simulate anexhaust port at the tail end.Many arts and crafts stores stockclear plastic vacuformed transparentdomes, bubbles, and spheres. By8
  9. 9. (Model UFOs, Continued)trimming and joining these parts withsheet plastic stock, many differenttypes of half-moon, saturn-type,discoids, and bell-shaped craft can bebuilt. Scissors or an Xacto knife will berequired to cut the plastic. Cut edgescan be sanded smooth with wet-drysandpaper. Liquid plastic cementshould be used to glueparts together asregular plastic tube cement has atendency to eat through thin plastic.Finally, the assembled model should bespray painted silver. Testors makes avery good silver spray paint available insmall spray cans.Also, many craft stores stock alarge selection of balls,cones,eggs, andcones made of styrofoam. Theseshapes can be spray painted orairbrushed to simulate "glowingUFOs."Plastic LEGGS hosiery containersmake excellent egg-shaped UFOs.Half-moon UFOs can be created byusing the half-sections and adding sheetplastic bottoms to the half-sections.Many ,hobby stores sell modelrocket parts which includenose conesand body tubes ofdifferent sizes. Theseparts can be used to make conical andcylindrical UFOs.Spherical craft can be modeled byspray painting hard rubber ballsor pingpong balls. Windows in the ping pongballs can be made by drilling holes witha power drill or hobby motor tool.Airborne "flying saucer" photohoaxes can be accomplished bythrowing hubcaps, frisbees, frisbeeswith vacuformeddomes glued to them,or weighted scratch-builtUFO modelsmade of vacuformed domes. And, amanufacturer of gas-powered modelairplanes has just marketed a gas-powered UFO!Anyone with a basic knowledgeofelectronics and carpentry canconstruct a homemade vacuformmachine using a home vacuumcleaneras a vacuumpump.This device allows aheated piece of plastic (which in aheated state islike a sheet of rubber) tobe sucked over a mold until it cools toform a rigid plastic shape conforming tothe original mold. Pots, pans, dishes,bowls, or shapes carved out of balsawood can be used as molds. This takessome time and skill to do, but theNEW MOVIE "HANGAR 18"DEPICTS UFO RETRIEVALSunn Classics Productions, headquartered in Salt Lake City, has released afilm --fiction-entitled "Hangar 18" surmising whatwouldhappen ifthe governmentretrieved aflyingsaucer. It surmises that a vast cover-up woulden<=ue, withviolentrepressive action toward those in the know. A few years ago Sunn Classics wasworking on afactual documentary to feature reported "retrieval"cases. Whytheyswitched to fiction, and what effect this will haveon efforts to ascertain the truth, isnot known.Contributing Editor Mildred Biesele visited Sunn Classics headquarters,talked to representatives, and obtained still photographs from the movie, one ofwhich is shown here. ChuckSellier, president ofSunn Classics, recently describedtheir use of computers to determine what people want to see, and people werefound to be very interestedin UFOs. "They believe thatflyingsaucers exist, theybelieve that the government has come kind ofcontact withflyingsaucers, and theypresume that ifthe government had, they would not teli anyone,"he said. "Almost80% of the populationbelieves literally in those statements."Sellier also reported that the Defense Department refused to cooperatewiththem, and suggested "they might seek an injunction to keep us from making thepicture." The company was forced to find an abandoned Air Force base as aproduction site; other scenes were shot in the mountainsaround Salt Lake City.,,v,ii..c**to-..*«..w«.~-. ua^j^^ AUtNS NASA n-fpactoeh [P&nQiQ toiiwW mews Mongol lfl "models developed can be very realisticlooking.The appearance of UFO modelscan be enhanced by installing miniaturelamps, light emitting diodes, and fiberoptics. Lighted models photographedin low light conditionswhile suspendedby fishing line can produce veryauthentic-looking UFO photo hoaxes.The realism of scenes from manycurrent sci-fi movies attest to what askilled modeler and photographer cando. Asimpletechniqueisto photographthe UFO hangingon a string or fishingline, make a blow-up of the photo,airbrush out the string and add haze,and then re-photograph the touched-upphoto using a close-up lens. (Seeaccompanying photo. "Dust swirl" onground created by airbrush.)
  10. 10. CAN WE LEARN SOMETHING FROM VULCAN?By Dr. Louis Winkler(MUFON Consultant in Astronomy)(The following note is based on anarticle by Dr. Winkler entitled "Vulcanand Other 19th Century UFOs" whichwon "Honorable Mention" in the 1980competition sponsored by the GriffithObservatory of Los Angeles, forwritings in popular astronomy. Thearticle will eventually appear in theGriffith Observer.)Vulcan has long been classifiedamong the strange phenomena, andCharles Fort included commentary andsource references regarding the objectin his collected works. More specificassociations of Vulcanand UFOs havealso been made, especially in the listingby Jacques Vallee as part of FlavioPereiras collection of early UFOphenomena. Pereiras valuablework isa relativelyobscure publicationentitled"O Livro Vermelho Dos DiscosVoadores"whichappeared during 1966in Sao Paulo.The 19th century was an era ofdiscovery for astronomy involvingnearly 100 new objects in the solarsystem, including comets, asteroids,moons of planets, and the planetsNeptune and Vulcan. During thiscentury numerous professionalastronomers thought they sawVulcan,which often appeared as a small, blackdisk slowly crossing the face of the sun.It allegedly had an orbit well containedwithin the orbit of Mercury, but theplanet has never been confirmeddefinitively. Although Vulcan is unlikemodem UFO accounts of vehicles orencounters, there may still besomething to glean regarding theassociated psychological phenomena.Many competent astronomers not onlythought they saw Vulcan but were alsoinvolved inother unusual observations.The following is a brief account ofthesefrailties of the mind where the individualis faced with critical decisions ofrealityor illusion.The central figure in the Vulcan10affair was the prominent Frenchastronomer, U.J.J. Leverrier, whowasgiven principal credit for the discoveryof Neptune in 1846. His highlyrespected reputation in the field ofcelestial mechanics and conviction ofthe existence of Vulcan helped swaymany to believe in Vulcan also. IfLeverrier was able to predict theexistence of a new planet withthe aidoftheoretical astronomy, why not asecond planet in a similar fashion? Inaddition to the many observations ofVulcan made by others, Leverrier waslinked to other unusual observationswhen in 1864 he filed a report with theprestigious French Academy ofScience of a phenomenon occurring inthe sky. His report consisted of threeletters from witnesses regarding a"large, luminous torpedo shapedobject," which is similar to some of ourmore modern UFO reports.Apparently Leverrier never made anyunusual observations himself since histime was consumed as a theorist andadministrator.The person who triggered theintensive search for Vulcanin 1859 wasE. Lescarbault, a French physician andamateur astronomer. Although manybefore Lescarbault saw unexplainedsmall, dark disks cross the sun, the airof discovery was strong and Leverrierfelt that Lescarbault had seen an intra-Mercurial planet.So Leverrier made anannouncement to the French Academyof Science, urging observers to searchfor an intra-Mercurial planet.Lescarbault not only thought he sawVulcan in 1859 but he also thought hesaw a nova in 1885, which at the timewas a candidate for being only thesecond nova to be discoveredtelescopically. This candidacy,however, was quickly terminatedwhenit was discovered that Lescarbaultmistook the planet Saturn forthe Nova.Among the astronomers whomade early observations of small, darkdisks transiting the sun was F. von P.Gruithison. In 1819 he made five suchobservations which many otherastronomers later took as observationsof an intra-Mercurial planet. And itapparently did not bother too manypeople that in 1821 and 1822 Gruithisonalso saw clouds on the moon as well asurban developments in progress with"streets, buildings and fortifications."Of course with our modem directexploration of the moon we find noatmosphere or sign of life orarcheological remains of cities.It is unlikely that the aboveobservers or others confused theirsmall, round spots with sunspotsbecause sunspots are identified bytheirirregular shape arid shadowy peripheralstructure. Further, sunspots reappearabout one month later as the sunrotates, but these small, round spotsdid not. Possibly their observationswere of a residual ring of material closeto the sun. It was only in 1977 thatUranus was shown to have rings, andonly in 1979 that a ring of Jupiter wasdiscovered. But, if there was ringmaterial about the sun during the 19thcentury it is difficult to explain whynone is detected now.A German astronomer, J.G.Galle,was the first to see the planet Neptunein 1846 with the guidance of Leverrierscalculations, and he received the RedEagle medal for his contribution. Galle,however, went on to make one of themost bizarre astronomical observ-ations ever recorded inthe professionaljournals. In 1873 he and others saw a"meteor that first appeared to emergeand separate itself from the disk of theplanet Mars and enter ouratmosphere." Another astronomer, H.Sage, who also observed thephenomenon said "the planet appearedas ifit was breaking up and dividingintotwo parts." Not only is Mars still in onepiece, distance and time considerationsof the "meteor" indicate that the speed
  11. 11. BOOK REVIEWUFOs: The Greatest Mystery, byHilary Evans (New Jersey: ChartwellBooks, Inc.), 1979; 94 p. (Oversizebook produced in England, printed inHong Kong.)When I rounded up the other two1979-vintage members of this genre ofUFO book for a reviewintheMUFONUFO Journal (Jan. 1980), thisparticular volume had escaped myattention. Now, thanks to a bit ofserendipity duringmyrecent canvass ofa Waldens Book Store in NewportNews, Va., Im able to remedy theomission. For stowed on the lowershelfof a display table were three copies ofMs. Evanss work, each bearinga salessticker reading "$4.95." Even beforeheading to the checkout counter, Iwasabuzz with hopes of rendering astudious comparison of thiscompletionof the trilogy. "On a scale of 1 to 3,"asked my daughter, Gretchen (whomIdeploy as a UFO-book scout when Ienter a book store in herneighborhood), "how will you rate thisone?"Before answeringher, letme giveyou a rundown on contents andpackaging.The text accompanying thesecolorful illustrations — bothphotographs and drawings — beginswith a poem by an 11-year-old witnessto a UFO sighting.To reduce an ages-old, worldwide mystery to the level ofpoetry is no mean feat, of course; butthats just what the author sets out todo, either consciously or sub-consciously — a disarming literarydevice, to say the least, and one thatallows and encourages the reader tosuspend any preconceived notionsabout the reality of reported UFOencounters. Its the poetry of theobserver from afar, casting notjudgment but perspective upon herchosen subject.Ms. Evanss commentary on whatshe terms the "six shades ofstrangeness" — lights, shapes, radarobservations, and boardings — is amodel of restraint in these days ofextremist mouthings by pro and conUFO theorists. Her Fortean-philosophic approach is maintainedthroughout, and renews the readerscommitment to Charles Fortstraditionof enlightened skepticism in journeyingthrough the tricky landscape ofcontemporary UFOIogy, whether onebe a novice traveler (to which this bookseems aimed) or a seasoned explorer.The scenery along the wayincludes several classic historiesselected, summarized, and illustratedto pose a thesis: "If these people sawwhat they said they saw, then theseobjects, whatever they are, mustsurelybe the most remarkable phenomenaever reported by anyone, anywhere, atany time." Amongthe landmarksofthiseclectic, chronological journey are theprophetic insights of the early science-fiction writers, the case for "naturalcauses," the "airship" invasion of 1897in America, the foo fighters/ghostrockets era, the KennethArnold saga,the Capt. Mantell death, the contacteeheyday (including the dubiouscontribution of that shameless shamanof saucerism, George Adamski). Of thecontactee clan, Ms. Evans ponders:What motivation lies behind theirextraordinary claims? Somebody certainlyis being taken for a ride, but who?Thoughsome acquireda short-lived celebrity, and afew made a little money from books andlecturing, by and large the contactees madeno worthwhile material gains. Rather itseems as though the phenomenonrepresents another aspect of that strangepsychological compulsion which spurs somany people to make false confessionswhen a particularlysensational murder isreported by the media,or to report visionsof the Blessed. Virgin. It is not deliberate. . deceit, not calculated greed for fame orfortune —just a lonely impulse, part comicand part pathetic.From that discussion, the authorproceeds to the question of"conspiracy" to account for the worldgovernments reluctance to take theUFO matter seriously. Then she dipsfurther into the controversy by servingup a desciption of the "Three Men inBlack" post-UFO encountersyndrome.What gives this encyclopedicstudy its enduring quality is itswillingness to ask the hard questions—hard not just for the "nonbeliever" inUFO reality, but also for the "truebeliever," that person who zealouslyclings to the flimsiest threadsofUFOrictheory or thesis. Indeed, the books lastseven topics are framed as questions onthe possible origin of the pesky UFOs:"Natural phenomena? Here on Earth?From under the ocean? Extrater-restrial? All in the mind? Alternative(Continued on page 17)(Vulcan, Continued)of light was exceeded, violatingEinsteins special theory ofrelativity.Two noteworthy Americanastronomers who participated inobservations of Vulcan were J.C.Watson and L. Swift. In 1869 Watsonreceived the Lelande medal fordiscovering numerous asteroids, whileSwift discovered 14 comets from theyear 1877 to 1899, making him one ofthe most prolific comet discoverers inthe historyof astronomy.But inspiteoftheir observational skills each saw anobject in the vicinity of the sun during atotal eclipse in 1877which he thought tobe Vulcan. Although it could bededuced from their observations thatthey saw different objects; and werethus implying that there were twoVulcans, neither admitted to error inobservation. It is likely that each ofthese observers mistook stars in rhevicinity of the sun for Vulcan during thetime of the eclipse.During the 19th centurythere wasan air of expectation ofdiscovery in thesolar system causingmany to see anon-existent planet and possibly otherillusionary phenomena. And amongthese observing vignettes of Vulcanthere is a thread of thought which isremindful of our modem UFOs. In the20th century there is an air ofacceptance of interplanetary travelsince astronauts have set foot on themoon, and scientists have landedinstruments on Mars and Venus, andmade flybys of Mercury and Jupiter.Could the expectation of further extra-terrestrial travel produce over-interpreted visual sightingsof UFOs? Ifthe analogy between 20th centuryUFOs and 19th century Vulcan holds,then we should expect a significantproportion of the UFOs authenticatedby ufologists to be illusionary.11
  12. 12. AIDS TO THE UFO INVESTIGATOR: A BIBLIOGRAPHYBy Vicente-Juan Ballester Olmos(Guardia Civil,9,D-16, VALENCIA-20, Spain)This is a preliminary bibliographycovering references to publishedworkson methods, techniques, systems, andinformation which may assist the UFOresearcher in the isolation and studyofthe unidentifiable residue of the generalUFO phenomenon input from anobjective viewpoint.This paper is being published withthe double purpose of providingsources of information to ufologists andrequesting additional items fromreaders in order to enlarge andcomplete this list. In particular,references are sought on analyses oftraces, EMeffects, radioactivity, sound,ionization of the air, etc., on methodsdesigned to capture objectivedata fromthe reported raw information, and, ingeneral, on every topic in which thepresent subject isdivided.Suggestions to modify theproposed classification of the entiresubject will also be considered, as wellas any offer to contribute to a formalpublication of this bibliography, as acollection of abstracts of paperscontained herein.The author keeps similarbibliographies on statistics, detection,propulsion, orthoteny, etc.IDENTIFICATION OF STIMULI"UFOs and Artificial Satellites," E.R.Smith, FSR, VII, 5, September-October1961, 6-11."How to Select Significant UFOReports," Jacques Vallee, FSR, XI, 5,September-October 1965, 15-18."Craters: Their Origin andElucidation," Alan W. Sharp, BUFORAJournal, I, 7, Winter 1965, 9-12."Visual Perception of UFOs," A.Durham and K. Watkins, FSR, XIII, 3,May-June 1967, 27-29; and 4, July-August 1967, 24-26."Radar and the Observation ofUFOs,"Roy H. Blackmer, Scientific Study ofUnidentified Flying Objects, Daniel S.12Gillmor, editor, Bantam Books, NewYork, January 1969, 655-716."Signalisation lumineusedesavions," J.Derache, LDLN, XIV, 112, June 1971,19."Une lumiere dans le couchant...,"Michel Monnerie, LDLN, XVI, 128,October 1973, 26."General Concepts and Terms Relatedto Visual Observation of AerialObjects,"RichardF.Haines,TheAPROBulletin, XXIII, 1,July-August 1974,7-8,3, November-December 1974, 7-9;May1975, 4-6;XXIV, 4, October 1975, 6; 5,November 1975, 5-6; and 6, December1975, 4-5."Signalisations des avions," MichelMonnerie, LDLN, XVII, 137, August-September 1974, 25."Airplanes-UFOs or IFOs," Richard F.Haines, The APRO Bulletin, April 1975,5-6."Un specialiste fait le point sur lasignalisation aerienne des aeronefs,"M.Vial, LDLN, XVIII, 147, August-September 1975, 24-25."Psychological and Biological Aspectsof Viewing Very Bright Objects,"Richard F. Haines, Proceedings of the1976 CUFOS Conference, CUFOS,Evanston, Illinois, May 1976, 89-96."Nous sens: leurs possibilites et leurslimites," Michel Bougard, INFORE—SPACE, Les Temo/ns, first specialissue, December 1977, 38-55."La depuracion preliminar en eltratamiento cientifico de la informacionreferente a OVNIS," Roberto E.Banchs, STENDEK, IX, 32, June 1978,42-44."OVNI, b a l l o n s - s o n d e s . . . n econfondez pas," Marcel Parniere,APPROCHE, 20-21, 1979, 6-9."Atmospheric Phenomena Log," JohnArmitage, Journal of Transient AerialPhenomena, I, 1, July-August 1979,22-23.THE STUDY OF WITNESSES"The Applied Assessment of CentralNervous System Integrity: A Methodfor Establishingthe Creditability of EyeWitnesses and Other Observers,"Sydney Walker, Symposium onUnidentified Flying Objects, UnitedStates Goverment Printing Office,Washington, D.C., 1968, 152-174."Establishing Observer Creditability:AProposed Method," Sydney Walker,Symposium on Unidentified FlyingObjects, United States GovernmentPrinting Office, Washington, D.C.,1968, 185-189."Psychological Stress Evaluator,"NICAP, UFO Quarterly Review,October-December 1973, 12-18."Reliability Assessment of EyewitnessTestimony," Ron Westrum, EasternMichigan University, Ypsilanti,Michigan, March 1974. Personalcommunications."Hypnotic Regression of AllegedCE-IIICases: Ambiguities in the Road toUFOs," Alvin H. Lawson, Proceedingsof the 1976 CUFOS Conference,CUFOS, Evanston, Illinois, May 1976,141-151; FSR, XXII, 3, 1976, 18-25,published October 1976."UFO Witnesses and FieldInvestigators," Richard F. Haines, FSR,XXI, 6,1975,8-11, published April 1976."What Can We Learn from Hypnosis ofImaginary Abductees? Alvin H.Lawson, 1977 MUFON UFOSymposium Proceedings, MUFON,Seguin, Texas, July 1977, 107-134; TheMUFON UFO Journal, 120,November1977, 7-9,and 121, December 1977,7-9."Hypnotism and Abduction Cases,"Richard Hall, The MUFON UFOJournal, 123, February 1978, 8-9."How Can Hypnosis Be Used in UFOAbduction Cases?," H. Kent Newman,APA Symposium, Toronto, 28August1978; International UFO Reporter, 3,10/11, October-November 1978, 19.(confirmed on next page)
  13. 13. (Bibliography, Continued)"Hypnosis of Imaginary UFOAbductees," Alvin H. Lawson, APASymposium, Toronto, 28 August 1978;International UFO Reporter, 3, 10/11,October-November 1978, 20-21."Trance Figures," Allan Hendry,OMNI, July 1979, 32 and 136."The Ethical Ufologist," Berthold E.Schwarz, MAGONIA, 1,Autumn1979,13-14."Witnesses of UFOs and OtherAnomalies," Ronald M.Westrum, UFOPhenomena and the BehavioralScientist, Richard F. Haines, editor,The Scarecrow Press, Inc., Metuchen,N.J., 1979, 89-112."Psychiatric and ParapsychiatricDimensions of UFOs," Berthold E.Schwarz, UFO Phenomena and theBehavioral Scientist, Richard F.Haines, editor, The Scarecrow Press,Inc., Metuchen, N.J., 1979, 113-134."Limitations ofHumanVerbalBehaviorin the Context of UFO-RelatedStimuli," Michael E. Persinger, UFOPhenomena and the BehavioralScientist, Richard F. Haines, editor,The Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, N.J.,1979, 164-187."Evoked Potentials: A Better LieDetector?", John F. Schuessler, TheMUFON UFO Journal, 138,August1979, 17."Brain Potentials: Signaling Our InnerThoughts, Psychology Today. March1979.RESOLVING OBJECTIVESIGHTING DATA"Analyse spectrale de la lumiereemisepar les M.O.C.," Michel Monnerie,LDLN, XII,99, April 1969, 22."Un goniometre de poche," MichelMonnerie, LDLN, XVI, 126, June-July1973,27."Ideas for an ExperimentalApproach,"Claude Poher, Proceedings of the 1976CUFOS. Conference, CUFOS,Evanston, Illinois, May 1976, 221-230."L etude spectrographique duPhenomene OVNI," Pierre Vieroudy,LDLN, XIX, 160, December 1976, 21-25; and Claude Poher, LDLN, XX, 162February 1977, 26-27. ."UFO Appearance Recognition andIdentification Test Procedure," RichardF. Haines, UFO PHENOMENA, I, 1,1976, 39-53, published July 1977."Pour mesurer les hauteursangulaires," Enqueteur 1318, LDLN,XX, 165, May 1977, 33-34."The Alphabet of UFO Reports," J.Webber, Proceedings-2nd NationalResearch and InvestigationsConference-1976, BUFORA, London,1978."Des spectres d OVNI," PierreVieroudy, LDLN, XXI, 172, February1978, 29-31; and Michel Monnerie, 31-32."Le GEPAN et 1 etude du phenomeneOVNI," GEPAN, GEPAN-CNES,Toulouse, February 1979."UFOs and Apparent Size," WayneLaporte, The MUFON UFO Journal,137, July 1979, 16-17."Estudio de la cinta grabada por JavierBosque," Alberto Adell y PedroRedon, STENDEK, IV, 13, June 1973,3-18."Nuevos aspectos tecnicos sobre elcaso de Javier Bosque," Alberto Adell,Ponencias fecnicas del primercongreso nacional de Ufologia,STENDEK-CEI, Barcelona, February1978, 31-41."A Note on Infrasonic UFO Detection,"The APRO Bulletin, XXIII, 1, July-August 1974, 8-9."Reconstruction of WitnessesExperiences of Anomalous Phenome-na," Roger N. Shepard, UFOPhenomena and the BehavioralScientist, Richard F. Haines, editor,The Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, N.J.,1979, 188-224.UFO MANUALSGuide de Ienqueteur, SOBEPS,Brussels, 1974.Field Investigators Manual, RaymondE. Fowler, editor, MUFON, Seguin,Texas, June1975.Manual del ufologo, Alberto Adell,Editorial 71/2, Barcelona, 1979.UFO Investigation — A FieldInvestigators Handbook, RogerStanway and Jenny Randies, editors,BUFORA, London, February1979.The UFO Handbook, Allan Hendry,Doubleday, New York, 1979.Observing UFOs, Richard F. Haines,Nelson-Hall, Chicago, 1980, 300 p.RECORDING OF UFOPASSAGE ON FILM"The Presentation of PhotographicReports," J.M. Adams, FSR, VII, 3,May-June 1961, 18-20."Observational Evidence ofAnomalistic Phenomena," Robert M.L.Baker, The Journal ofthe AstronauticalSciences, XV, 1, January-February1968, 31-36; Symposium onUnidentified Flying Objects, UnitedStates Government Printing Office,Washington, D.C., 1968, 177-182;UFOs — A Scientific Debate, CornellUniversity Press, Ithaca, New York,1972, 190-210."More Light on the Heflin UFO Case,"John R. Gray, FSR, XV, 2, March-April1969, 24-28."Flying Saucer Over Cluj, Romania,"Florin Gheorghita, FSR, XV, 6,November-December 1969, 12-16; andG. Delcorps, LDLN,XIV,114, October1971, 22-25; and F. Gheorghita, XV,116, February 1972, 15-16."Photomicrography: A Way to SalvageFilm Images of UFOs," Robert B.Klinn, Proceedings of the 1976 CUFOSConference, CUFOS, Evanston,Illinois, May 1976, 133-140."On the Possibility That theMcMinnville Photos Show a DistantUnidentified Object (UO)," Bruce S.Maccabee, Proceedings of the 1976CUFOS Conference, CUFOS,Evanston, Illinois, May 1976, 152-163."Observational Data of an AnomalisticAerial Phenomena," William H.Spaulding, FSR, XXII, 1, 1976, 12-17,published May 1976."Ufology and the Digital Computer,"William H. Spaulding, Proceedings ofthe 1976 CUFOS Conference,CUFOS, Evanston, Illinois, May 1976,234-250, .1976 MUFON SymposiumProceedings, MUFON, Seguin, Texas.June 1976, 42-52."Mibdentungen and Falschungenfotografischer Aufnahmen imZusammenhang mit UFOs," H.Malthaner, Ungewohnliche Gravita-tions-Phanomene, MUFON-CES,Feldkirchen-Westernham, WestGermany, 1976, 22-23."Informatipnsausschop fotografischenAufnahmen mit nich identifiziertenHimmelsobjekten (NHO)," A.Schneider, Unerklarliche Himmel-serscheinungen Aus Alterer UndNeuerer Zeit, MUFON-CES,Feldkirchen-Westerham, WestGermany, 1977, 179-283."The Analysis of UFO Photographsand Films as Evidence," Robert Digby,(Continued on next page)
  14. 14. (Bibliography, Continued)and Investigation Conference, 1976,BUFORA, London, 1978.Interesante fotografie de un OVNI enBariloche," Daniel Rojo and DanielMoreno, UFO PRESS, III, 12,July 1979,26-29."Photographic Surveillancefor UFOs,"W.T. Powers, FSR, XIV, January-February 1968, 14-15, 17."Photographic Sky Coverage for theDetection of UFOs," Thornton Page,Science, 160, 14 June 1968, 1258-1260."Letters," D. Herbison-Evans, Science,161, 27 September 1968, 1297."The UFOscope," anonymous, FSR,XIV, 6, November-December 1968,25-27."Instrumentation of UFO Searches,"Frederick Ayer II, Scienfic Study ofUnidentified Flying Objects, Daniel S.Gillmor, editor, Bantam Books, N.Y.January 1969, 761-804."Cours de photographic astro-nomique," Michel Monnerie, LDLN-Contact Lecteurs, XII, 100 bis, July1969, 10; XIII, 102 bis, January 1970,8-12; 1, March 1970, 6-7;2, May 1970, 11-12; and 3, July 1970, 4-6."Cine-Theodolite and E-M Detectors,"G.L. Bernier, SPACELINK, VI, 2January 1970, 17."Short Exposure Astro-PhotographyUsing Extended DevelopmentTechniques," Robert Halliday,MUFOB, III, 5, November 1970, 51-55."Observation photographiquedu ciel,"Rene Hardy, LDLN, XIII, 109,December 1970, 17."Resufo selargit," Michel Monnerie,LDLN, XV, 119, August 1972, 21-23;XVI, 122, February 1973, 24-26; 123,March 1973, 24-25; and 127, August-September 1973, 26-27."Courrier Resufo," Michel Monnerie,LDLN, XVI, 125, May 1973, 24-26."UFO/VECTOR: Multi-PurposeInstrument Console," PSI--Journal ofInstrumented UFO Research, I, 1,October 1975, 7-8."La station automatiquepour detectorles OVNI," SVEPS, Le Nouueau Defides OVNI, Claude Bourret, France-Empire, Paris, 1976, 259-266."The Operation Argus Concept: ANew Look at UFO Event Sharing andData Sharing," Ray Stanford,Proceedings of the 1976 CUFOSConference, Center for UFO Studies,14Evanston, Illinois, May 1976, 259-265."Tecnicas modernas de posibleaplicacion para la deteccion nocturnade OVNIS," Jose Thomas Ramirez yBarbero, STENDEK, VII, 26,December 1976, 31-35."A Technilogical Approach to UFOs,"Ray Stanford, •International UFOReporter, II, 8, August 1977, 5-7.Los OVNI y la evidencia fotografica,Guillermo Roncoroni y GustavoAlvarez, Cielosur Editora S.A.C.I.,Buenos Aires, January 1978.(Coleccion Nueva Dimension.)ANALYSIS OF TRACES"A Report on the Investigation ofMagnesium Samples From a UFOExplosion Over the Sea in the UtatubaRegion of Brazil," Olavo T. Fontes,Flying Saucers, Coral E. Lorenzen,Signet Books, New York, 1966, 104-145; and D.R. Saunders and R.R.Harkins, UFOs? Yes!, Signet Books,New York, 1968,170-174;and ScientificStudy of Unidentified Flying Objects,Daniel S. Gillmor, editor, BantamBooks, New York, 1969, 94-97; andJacques Scornaux, LDLN, XIX, 158,October 1976, 5-9; and LDLN, 160,December 1976, 26-27; and MichelBourron, LDLN, XXI, 174, April 1978,3-6."Wide Range Field Detector andSurvey Instrument," Jerry Johnson,DATA-NET Report, IV, 1, January1970, 6-7."Green Water from Saapunki," FSR,XVII, 4, July-August 1971, 26-27; and"The Saapunki UFO," AhtiKaravieri,5, September-October 1971, 23-26."UFOs and E-M Radiation," G.G.Doel, BUFORA Journal, HI, 4,Autumn1971, 4-6."Estudio de la cinta grabada por JavierBosque," Alberto Adell y PedronRedon, STENDEK, IV, 13, June 1973,3-18; and "Nuevos aspectos tecnicossobre el caso de Javier Bosque,"Ponencias tecnicas del primercongreso nacional de Ufologia,STENDEK-CEI, Barcelona, February1978, 31-41."Echantillonnages sur les sites datterrissages pour analysesmineralogiques," L.-L. R., LDLN,XVIII, 145, May 1975, 24-25."Carces (Var) le 10 fevrier 1975," M.Losa, LDLN, XVIII, 146, June-July1975, 12-14."Progress on an Instrumented FieldStudy," Mario DeSario and Jeffrey L.Kretsch, Proceedings of the 1976CUFOS Conference, CUFOS,Evanston, Illinois, May 1976, 50-61."The Use of Thermoluminiscence forthe Evaluation of UFO Landing SiteEffects," Edward J. Zeller,Proceedingsof the 1976 CUFOS Conference,CUFOS, Evanston, Illinois, May 1976,301-308."Monitoring for Radioactivity aChallenge," Tommy Roy Blann,SKYLOOK, 102, May 1976, 12-13."Angel Hair...Under Analysis," AllanHendry, International UFO Reporter,II, 8, August 1977, 4 and 8, and III,3,March 1978."A Physical Trace Doth Not A CE IIMake," Allan Hendry, InternationalUFO Reporter, II, 9, September 1977,4, and III,3, March 1978."Thermoluminiscence Measurementsof Soil Samples Affected by a UFO,"Geoff Stevens, CUFOS Bulletin,Spring 1978, 1and 3-6; and K. Robertsand G. Stevens, FSR, XXIV, 3, 1978,18-21, published November 1978."Laboratory Tests: Baleia and otherCases," in"HumanoidsEncountered atBaleia," Hulvio B. Aleixo, FSR, XV, 1,January-February 1969, 12-13."Trancas, como cartabon del analisiscomparado," Los OVNIS ante laCienca, Oscar A. Galindez, CADIU,Buenos Aires, September 1971,78-107."Metal Identification," JohnSchuessler, The MUFON UFOJournal, 131, October 1978, 13."Identification of Crash Sites," John F.Schuessler, The MUFON UFOJournal, 132, November-December1978, 18.Acronyms used: FSR for FlyingSaucerReview, and LDLN for Lumieres dansla Nuit.MUFON103 OLDTOWNE RD.SEGUm,TX 78155
  15. 15. I"ByAnnDruffelA NIGHT ON THE MOUNTAINOccasionally, the unexplainedevents which we, as UFO researchersinvestigate on behalf ofother witnesses,are manifested before our own eyes.When this occurs, we are inmost casesunprepared and startled, just as anyother witness. Regrettably, ufology hasnot yet reached the stage whereresearchers have at their disposalproper tracking and documentingequipment to fully record a UFO event.The following incident, whichseems in my opinion to fit peripherallyinto an "unidentified flying object"classification, occurred on September7,1978.1have waited this longto reportit because it was controversial evenamong the four researchers whowitnessed it. However, recently otherUFO researchers in this area haveurged that it be published. The eventindicated that there are possiblyconuentiona/ objects flying in our skieswhich cannot, under ordinarycircumstances, be positively identifiedas conventional.Our-"night on the mountain" andits subsequent events began as a resultof interviews held by MUFONinvestigator Morrey Allan and myselfwith Douglas Kriese, an 18-year-oldsecurity guard who reportedly viewedan "apple-colored" glowingobject landnear a manufacturing plant in.Sylmar,California.1In the course of ourprolonged investigation, Kriese relatedto us that a group of his friends and he1. See MUFON UFO Journal, March 1978,"California Report" column.had seen a bright, blinking beam oflightenvelop their pick-up truck on anisolated stretch of mountain road innearby Little Tunjunga Canyon.Kriese reported that he andseveral other young people traveled upthe severely-rutted fire road late atnight. Four miles off the main pavedhighway, they parked their vehicle on awidened place .in the road, where a flatpiece of ground formed a sort ofplateau.Suddenly, at about 11:00 p.m., abright flash of light descended upontheir truck, startlingthem. Kriese couldsee the brilliant white light relfected onthe hood. The light repeated flashingwith frequent but irregular rhythm.None ofthe group could see the sourceof the light, except that it seemed tocome directly from the sky above.Fearfully, they sped back down thechuck-holed road as fast as they could.The light followed their truck precisely,flashing periodically. Each time, theglow streamed over their car, as iftraveling in perfect unison with them.As soon as they turned onto the pavedmain highway, the light disappeared.Kriese could remember no soundsaccompanying the strange light.Intrigued by this first incident, thegroup of young people went back atleast twice to check itout. Each time, atabout 11:00p.m. the light reappeared,flashing down upon their vehicle, andthe incredible chase down themountain would begin anew. Always,the light abruptly left them as theyreached the paved highway which ledfurther down the mounain to the settledcommunities below.Rather hesitatingly, Kriese saidthat the last of these incidents wasabout one month prior to the date ofthereported Sylmar landing (March 6,1977), whichwould place it sometime inFebruary 1977. On this last occasion,the group experienced what seemed tobe a time lapse of about 15 minutesduring their frantic ride down the fireroad, chased by the brilliant light. Oneof the young men had noticed the timethe light appeared, and it seemed that ithad taken their vehicle about 20minutes longer than usual to make thetrip down to the paved highway.Kriese made no claims regardingthis apparent lapse of time. The ideaofhypnotic regression was suggested tohim as a possiblemeansofclarifying theincident, and the young guard seemedamenable toward this. Later, however,he withdrew from any furtherinvestigation, and contact with him waslost. There are two possible reasonsbyKriese ceased his cooperation: Eitherthe landing report made by Kriese onMarch 6, 1977,was frowned upon bythe security company for which heworked, or members of his familyresented the investigators interest intheirson.Whatever Krieses reasons,Morrey Allen and I were fascinated byhis report of the regularly recurringnature of the chasing light anddetermined to check out the situationourselves. The bitter night chill ofwinter and torrential rains of thefollowing spring prevented speedy(Continued on next page)15
  16. 16. (California Report, Continued)followup, and the fire road waswashedout in places during subsequentflooding.Finally, however, on September 7,1978, a group of four investigators tooktwo cars up the same dirt road Kriesehad pointed out to us. In one car wereAllen, his daughter Mickey, andmyself. In the secnd car were RaymondBayless and D. Scott Rogo, well-knownSouthland psychic researchers whowere interested in UFOs and theinherent parapsychological aspectsapparent in many reports.About 4 miles up the unpaved fireroad, we reached the wide place in theroad which had been described byKriese. We parked the two cars off theroad about 200 feet apart (pointeddown the trail for a quick getaway)andwaited. We oriented our directions bythe stars and watched the sky.The evening was clear, crisp, anddark. The moon, still increscent stage,was not visible. There was absolutelyno source of light from any direction onthe darkened road. By walkingabout 50yards to the south we could see, downthe steep mountainside, the farawayfoothill communities.We were at about5,000 feet, and the lights clumpedtogether like spilled displays ofindustrial diamonds. It was cold in theopen, however, even though it was stillsummer, for the unrestrained windbrought the chill factor down to wintrystandards. We decided to wait in thecars.Sometime around 10:30, fromAllens car, we sighted a yellowish lightof first degree magnitude rising abovethe low horizon in thenorth-northeast.It took an easterly course as it creptslowly upward, at an angular speed ofabout 3degrees during 10 minutes.Thiscourse negated our first impressionthat it might be a star. We wereexpectant, and Allen, Mickey, and Itook turns flashing a light toward it inhopes of attracting attention. Oursignals produced no reaction, andpresently to the rightofthe brightlight agroup of three smallerwhite lightswereseen rising alongside it. Itwas then thatit became apparent that the brightobject was Capella, and the smalleraccompanists were the "kids" of "thegoat." Although not circumpolar at our16latitude, Capella has enough of anortherly declination to appear to berising up and eastward (for a shortwhile). It was a rare and unexpectedtreat for inveterate citydwellers.We settled back to await 11:00p.m. As that hour approached, wesuddenly saw a bright yellow light in thewest. When first seen, it was aboutmagnitude —1 but quickly grew in size.In about a minute it was approximately70 degrees elevation and aboutmagnitude —5. Through the openwindows of Allens car we heard amuted but unmistakable sound of ahelicopter, flying about 1,000 feet abovethe terrain. The only lighting on theotherwise invisible body ofthe craft wasa curious "smear" of golden-yellowlight. No other identifying lights werevisible.The smeared light is difficult todescribe, and even among the fiveobservers there was controversy aboutit. Rogodid not see anything odd aboutthe yellow light, and feels the onlyunusual thing about the helicopter wasthe lack of blinking lights.However, therest of the observers felt that the yellowlight, ragged but yet self-contained,wasnot part of any normal lighting for anykind of aircraft. The only way I candescribe the effect as Isaw itisthis: takethe incandescence of a burning bulbfilament, color it golden, and smear itlike paint on the hull of a flying craft. Asthe helicopter flew in a straight pathcloser toward us, we could see that thesmeared light covered a largeportionofthe hull and did not relfect light onto theunlit portion.On a whim I signalled thehelicopter with my flashlight. Almostimmediately, Allenscar in which threeof us were sitting was flooded byabeamof bright light, bluish-white in color. Itcame from the craft above us, but wewere too startled to watch the action.We drew in our heads like startledturtles.Bayless, sitting in Rogos carbehind us, saw the light beam streamdown, extending perhaps 50 feet outonto the vegetation on each side of theroad. But curiously, Bayless thoughtthat the beam, which was sustained fora short time butnot confined to aquick,sudden flash, had been directed towardRogos car instead ofAllens.He did notremember seeing Allens car bathed inlight at any time and, like us, saw onlyone manifestation of the light beam.The light went out quickly and wasnot repeated. Leaping from our cars,we saw the craft, still with a broad,smear of golden-yellow light coveringwhat now seemed to be the backbottom portion of the hull, leisurelyflyoff straight to the east. By the timewepiled out ofthe cars,the craft was about70degrees high inthe east. It had takenonly a fewseconds to travel 40degrees.Still there were no other identifyingor navigationallights visible. It traveleda straight easterly course awayfrom usand disappeared in apparently normalfashion into the distance. Shortlyafterward, we headed for our, respective homes.What kind of helicopter flieswithout proper navigational lights? Noflashing white strobe lights, or red orgreen lights,or any color of navigationallights, blinking or steady. Only thatsmear of golden light along the hull, thelike of which I had never seen before.Allen later suggested that the "smear"might be luminous paint, perhaps ameans of recognition by persons whofor reasons of their own prefer not touse conventional, legally required, andeasily recognized lighting. But thesmear looked too brilliant to beordinary luminouspaint.I do not mean to suggest that thecraft was one of the so-called "mysteryhelicopters" of UFO fame. Except forthe odd lighting, its flight behavior wasnormal. Convinced that we had seenwhat Kriese had described, Allen and Ifelt rewarded for the experience, eventhough the craft had not chased our cardown the fire road ina headlong chase.But this brought up another minorpuzzling point.Why should the truckinwhich Kriese and his buddies traveledbe harrassed by repeated flashes oflight as they sped down the unpavedroad? It was suggested that the craftpursued Kriese and his friends becausethey seemed to be runningaway. Ourtwo cars, sitting stationary on the sideof the fire road, apparently warrantedno more than a cursory glance fromwhoever piloted the craft. Since wedidnot run away, and because we were intwo cars instead of one, did the pilotofthe craft decide that we were notsignalling for help? Whatever, it seems
  17. 17. (California Report, Continued)we did not warrant furtherinvestigation.I continued to puzzle, however,over the manner inwhichthe helicopterimmediately flooded the position of ourcar without first searching for theprecise spot. This aspect is what hadpuzzled Kriese also, how the light beamprecisely hit their x:ar every time itflashed on, even when traveling downthe bumpy, uncertain road.Why didnt Kriese report hearingnoise from the direction of the flashinglight? Young people sitting in cars atnight talk, laugh, and make all sortsofcommotion. The soft whir of the high-flying chopper must have goneunnoticed, especially during their noisyconfusion which broke out each timethe light beam flooded their vehicle.My subsequent efforts to identifythis strangely-lit craft met with nosuccess. Contacting the local FAA onlyconfirmed what we alread knew — thatreadily visible and recognizable flyinglights are legally required on allhelicopters, military, police, sheriff, firedepartment, and private alike. Themost logical explanation seemed to bethat the helicopter was a regularsurveillance craft for the forestryservice in the area.I called the AgricultureDeparment, which conducts forestryservices for the Angeles CrestMountains, and learned that there areno regular night surveillance flightsfrom this department. The only timehelicopters fly over the mountains onbehalf of the Forestry Service is in thecase of brush fires. The local SheriffDepartment sometimes patrols in themountains above Tujunga, but usuallynot at night.There are helicopters fromthe Los Angeles Police Department,other city police departments, andmilitary and private helicopters whichtravel at night over the mountainsand/or foothills, but allof these, withoutexception, are required by the FAA tobear proper and easily recognizablelighting.In speaking with Mr. Yarbrough, -Fire; Management Officer for theTujunga District of the ForestryService, I was unable to obtain anyuseful information as to the possibleidentity of the chopper we viewed onSeptember 7, 1978. Besides the puzzleof the lack of proper lighting, he statedthat usually helicopter pilots, whenusing their searchlights, have to searcharound a bit with their light beamsbefore precisely focusing them on aspecific target.Therefore, this apparently normalhelicopter contains two puzzlingaspects: its curious lighting and itsability to pinpoint an object 1,000 feetbelow with instantaneous success.In spite of our continued curiosity,no return trips have been made byinvestigators to that lonely wide spot inthe road 5,000 feet above the citylights.Without adequate surveillanceequipment, what would be gained?Could a camera with . tripod andtelephoto lens capture a picture of thecraft? What would a spectrogram of theyellow-golden light reveal? Where is theequipment, the time, and the funds forsuch research? For the time being, ournight on the mountain will have toremain as it is — a blend of identifiedand unidentified, an unsolved mystery.A final question. If unmarkedhelicopter(s) with illegal lighting travelboldly and repeatedly over themountains east of the heavilypopulatedLos Angeles Basin, are other aircraft,equally enigmatic, flying over otherareas of our country? Do they belong,perhaps, to some type of governmentalauthority which declines to obey FAAlaws? Could this be a partialexplanation, at least, to some "UFO"reports?(Book Review, Continued)universe? Menace or miracle?" Andfinally, the authors invitation to joininthe exploration ofthose issuesendsin aquestion:Man is pushing back the frontiers ofknowledge faster now than ever in hishistory, and though someofus stillcontinueto behave with appalling stupidity, as awhole the human race seems to beincreasing in wisdom as well as in know-how. Many today would scorn thesuggestion that the UFO has a vital part toplay in that development. Yet man has.always increased his knowledgeby solvingthe problemswhich perplexedhim: intryingto solve the problem of the UFO — surelythe most perplexing phenomenon which, has ever confronted man —he may have toredraft established laws of physics, rethinkexisting notions of space and,time,makewhatever changes to the structure of hisknowledge that have to be made toaccomodate this new phenomenon, and inI Mark R. HerbstrittAstronomyNotesTHE SKY FOR OCTOBER 1980Mercury — Although greatestelongation east (25degrees) occurs onthe 10th (E.S.T.), this is a veryunfavorable elongation. At best theplanet stands 7 degrees above thesouthwestern horizon at sunset.Venus — It rises about 3% hoursbefore the sun, and is well up in thesoutheast at sunrise. It passes 0.3degree south of Regulus on the 4th, and0.5 degree north ofJupiter on the 30th.Mars — It is very low in the southwestat sunset, and sets less than 2 hourslater. On the 2nd, it passes 1.0 degreesouth of Uranus, and on the 24th, itpasses 4 degrees north of Antares.Jupiter — In Virgo, it rises about 2hours before the sun, and is low in theeast at sunrise.Saturn — In Virgo, it rises about 1%hours before the sun, and is low in theeast at sunrise.The Orionid Meteor shower occursfrom the 18th to the 23rd.MOON PHASES (E.S.T.)New Moon — October 8 at 9:50 p.m.First Quarter — October 16at 10:47p.m.Full Moon —October 23 at 3:52 p.m.Last Quarter — October 30 at doing take a vital step forward inknowledge and understanding. Perhapsthat isthe secret ofthe UFO: perhaps itisasum scribbled oh a blackboard, seeminglymeaningless to our eyes, but designed bysome great teacher to stretch our mindsalittle further?So now, Gretchen, back to yourquestion: on a scale of 1to3,where doIplace this contribution to graphicUFOlogy? Ill answer .this way: letshope that by the time you try your handat UFO-book reviewing you will havebeen schooled in the art ofsidestepping such irrelevantcomparisons.-Larry W. Bryant17
  18. 18. (Directors Message, Continued)agencies inthe past when a person wasdealing with sensitive issues. YourDirector is soliciting from Journalreaders one of the posters advertisedby Ancient Astronauts magazine, sinceit appears doubtful that I will receiveone from the original source.At first it may appear that thebubble has been broken, since thisexplanation implies that one set of thephotographs has a logical answer. Mr.Stringfield has been totally aware of theprobable source of the photographsand why someone or some agencywould desire to discredit the researchhe has done in the retrieval cases.Leonard has advised your Director thatthe photographs were delivered to himby a person who secured them from asecond party that is a member of anintelligence agency. With thisknowledge, most investigators wouldprobably cease and desist furtherresearch into the photos, but this hasnot deterred Mr. Stringfield. Len isexploring every scientific avenue todetermine the authenticity of thephotographs by securing theprofessional advice of medical people,photographers, zoologists, andbiologists, who are conductingextensive tests. Their results, to date,have been very enlightening on thepositive side, therefore theinvestigation continues.The September 30th issue of theGlobe, a weeklytabloidfeatureda storytitled "Photos of dead alien exposeUFO cover-up." More than fortyphotographs of a wrecked UFO and itscharred pilot were given to Charles J.Wilhelm, Dennis Pilichis, and WillardMclntyre by a veteran navyphotographer who has kept themsecret for 32 years. Mr. Wilhelm, aMUFON State Section Director livingin Fairfield, Ohio, released two of thephotos for publication in the GLOBE,purported to show a charred body,allegedly that of a UFO pilot whocrashed in northern Mexico, about 30miles south of Laredo, Texas, in 1948.These photographs will require thesame painstaking investigationthatMr.Stringfield has conducted in hisresearch to determine theirauthenticity. Are these allegedphotographs a "break through" incrash/retrievals, or do they constituteasystematic pattern to discredit theparties involved? Only concentratedand detail study will reveal the truths.. Two new State Section Directorswere appointed since the last issue ofthe Journal. Dana M. Schmidt, J.D., apatent attorney, residing at 47 AspenDrive, Rochester, NY 14625, hasresponsibility for the New Yorkcounties of Monroe, Wayne, andOntario. Greg Long, a former fieldinvestigator in Colorado now living inWashington State, has been assignedthe counties of Franklin, Benton, andWalla Walla. A former school teacher,Greg is now employed as a technicaleditor. His address is 50 Jadwin, #114,Richland, WA 99352. David G. Walley,525 West End Avenue, New York; NY10024, has volunteered as a ResearchSpecialist.Stanton T. Friedman and his familyhave moved from Hayward, Calif., tothe capitalcityofNew Brunswick.Theyhave established a residence at 110Kings College Road, Fredericton, NBE3B 2E7, Canada. Stan has beeninvited to represent MUFON as theProvincial Director for both NewBrunswick and Nova Scotia. He hasadvised that the producer of his film"UFOs Are Real" has changed the titleto "Alien Encounter," but still has notreleased the movie to the theaters. Itisavailable from your local Fotomatoutlet on one-half inchvideo tape underits originalname for either VHS or Betareproduction.We are extremely proud toannounce the publicationofa newbookcompiled by George M. Eberhart,MUFON Staff Librarian,titled"A Geo-Bibliography of Anomalies: PrimaryAccess to Observations of UFOs,Ghosts, and Other MysteriousPhenomena." This is a culminationofmany years of research byMr. Eberharton paranormal experiences covering20,000 separate events from across theUnited States, as well as Canada andGreenland. Biological, physical, andmeteorological mysteries are examinedfrom lake monsters to spontaneoushuman combustion. Parapsychology isrepresented by cases of poltergeist,clairvoyance, precognition, psychicphotography, and many other psychicprocesses. Phenomena suggestingalternative realities such as ghostscommunications with the dead, andclose encounters with UFOs areincluded.The book is indexed in such ageographical manner that finding aparticular event, or a particular kind ofevent, becomes a simple task. This isthe first, .and the only, case-by-casebibliography ever devoted to thesestrange events. This 1114 paged book,priced at $59.95, was published byGreenwood Press, Westport, Conn.,and London, England, and releasedAugust 1980. George had access to allcopies of SKYLOOK and the MUFONUFO Journal, starting from September1967 to the present. He hasacknowledged the help of the followingMUFON members in his book: LuciusParish, Robert G. Neeley, Jr., andWalter H. Andrus, Jr.After three years of publishingproblems, Thomas E. Bearden,MUFON Consultant in NuclearEngineering, has published his newbook titled "The Excalibur Briefing" inwhich he explains paranormalphenomena. Mr. Bearden presented apaper at the 1979 MUFON UFOSymposium in San Francisco andsubmitted a published paper for the1980 MUFON UFO SymposiumProceedings, so many readers arefamiliar with his work. Colonel Beardenendeavors to show precisely whatUFOs are and how they are formed,what the bioenergy is in Hieronymusdevices, thought photography, psychicsurgery, and psychokinetics. Heexplains the strange cattle mutilations,and shows that UFO waves preciselyfitpredictions for the future. This is aStrawberry Hill Press/Walnut Hillpaperback book with 266 pages ofexplanations, drawings, andphotographs that may be purchased for$8.95 by writing to Tom Bearden, 1902Willis Road S.E., Huntsville,AL 35801.As announced in the September1980 issue of the MUFON UFOJournal, the 1981 MUFON UFOSymposium will be held July24,25, and26, 1981, at Kresge Auditorium atMassachusetts Institute of Technology(M-I.T.) in Cambridge (Boston), Mass.,hosted by MUFON of Massachusettswith Joe Santagelo, Eastern RegionalDirector, serving as chairman.D18
  19. 19. Lucius ParishIn Others WordsThe September 2 issue ofNATIONAL ENQUIRER containsLeonard Stringfields comments on thevarious descriptions of UFO entitieswhich have been reported through theyears. An excerpt from THEROSWELL INCIDENT by CharlesBerlitz and William L.Moore appearsinthe September 16 ENQUIRER issue.The August 26 issue of THE STARreports on the widespread UFOsightings inArgentinaon June 14,1980.A wave of UFO reports from theHillsboro, N.H., area is detailed in theSeptember 9 issue. A three-part seriesof articles by Dr. J. Allen Hynek isfeatured in the September 16, 23, and30 issues of THE STAR.Harry Lebelson contributes the"UFO Update" column in SeptemberOMNI, discussing the theories of thelate Dr. Carl Jung and how they mightpertain to UFO contactee reports.James Obergs column in the OctoberOMNI is largely devoted to the ValJohnson case from Minnesota,suggesting that the possibilityof a hoaxor prank cannot be ruled out.The contents of October UFOREPORT includes articles by JeromeClark, Jim Miles, Stanton Friedman,Ronald Edwards, and others. Topicscovered includethe "crashed saucers"reports, UFO ground effects, UFOfilms, the California "airships" of 1896,etc.The October issue of FATE hasanarticle by Robert K.G. Temple, "InDefense of THE SIRIUS MYSTERY,"which is a response to James Obergsskeptical •look at the Templebook/theory (FATE, November 1978).Temple concludes his article by saying,"In my view, it is pointless to attacksomeone in print unless you cansubstantiate what you are saying. SinceOberg cannot do so, we need notconcern ourselves with his criticisms ofTHE SIRIUS MYSTERY." The lack ofsubstantiation in the various "super-skeptic" charges is also demonstratedby a long refutation of an Obergarticleon Velikovsky in the October issue ofASTRONOMY.A couple of interesting articles onphantom submarines and Bigfoot canbe found in the #19 issue of TRUEUFOs & OUTER SPACEQUARTER-LY, but most of the other material isrehash and/or non-UFO-related. Thesame could be said for the #12 issue ofIDEALS UFO MAGAZINE and the #9issue of UFO UPDATE, although thelatter publication does have a fewitemsof interest.Well-known astronomer Dr.Robert Jastrow contributes an articleon UFOs to the November/Decemberissue of the "new" SCIENCE DIGEST.Although Dr. Jastrow draws no firmconclusions on UFO visitations, hedoes not rule out the possibility ofhighly advanced extraterrestrials beingresponsible for some of the reports.Attempting to keep up with whatused to be the INTERNATIONALUFO REPORTER seems to be asdifficult as keeping up with UFOs! TheIUR ceased publication, with plans topublish a column of UFO news in eachbi-monthly issue of PROBE. After twoissues, that publication has now foldedand the "IUR"material has been shiftedto SECOND LOOK (now re-titl«dFRONTIERS OF SCIENCE). It willnow (supposedly) appear in each issue. of that magazine. Stay tuned for ournext installment in this continuingsaga!Weve heard them for 30 years,those fascinating, but apocryphal,stories of how UFOs supposedlycrashed in Mexico or Arizona or NewMexico or any one of a fewdozen otherlocations. Mostly,theyve been just that— stories. But, did something actuallyhappen near Roswell, New Mexico, in,July 1947, which served as aninspiration or starting point for all therumors? This is the theme of the newbook by Charles Berlitz and William L.Moore, THE ROSWELLINCIDENT.The authors contend, on the basis oftheir extensive research into the story,that a UFO did crash in the NewMexico desert, with its remains(including alien humanoids) beingconfiscated by the military and taken toWright Field(nowWright-Patterson AirForce Base), Ohio.The book is marred by theinclusion of unverified material (thoughnot necessarily information pertainingdirectly to the books central theme),but when the authors stick to theevents which allegedly occurred nearRoswell, they provide some fascinatingdata. There is no proof that crashedsaucers exist, but there is certainlyenough information to strongly suggestthat they do. THE ROSWELLINCIDENT makes for highly interestingreading. It is available for $10.00 fromGrossett & Dunlap, Inc., 51 MadisonAvenue, New York, NY 10010. If youprefer an autorgraphed copy, thesemay be obtained from William L. Mooreat P.O. Box 1845, Prescott, AZ86302. Add $1.25 for postage andhandling.MUFON103 OLDTOWNE RD.SEGUIN,TX 7815519
  20. 20. DIRECTORS MESSAGE w *Walt AndrusOn October 11,1980, a "MUFONMini-Symposium" was held at the MainAuditorium Building, at the CountyFairgrounds in Sonora, Calif., chairedby Marvin Taylor, Assistant StateDirector for Northern California. Thefeatured speakers were J. Allen Hynek,Ph.D., Director of CUFOS; ThomasGates, MUFON Consultant inAstronomy; Paul Cerny, WesternStates Regional Director; and MarvinTaylor. MUFON ofNorthern Californiafollowed this fine event by sponsoringDr. J. Allen Hynek in a lecture onOctober 16, 1980, at the CivicAuditorium in Redding,Calif., arrangedby Paul Cerny. With superb publiceducation of this nature, it isunderstandable why MUFON hasmore members in California than inany other state.Each time Leonard Stringfieldappears on a radio or televisionprogram, MUFON receives a deluge oforders for his monograph titled "TheUFO, Crash/Retrieval Syndrome"Status Report II: New Sources, NewData published by the Mutual UFONetwork, January 1980. ($5.00postpaid from MUFON). Hisspecialized work in this exciting fieldcontinues to produce- positive results.On August 21st, Len provided thisbriefup-date by telephone. He now has 18first-hand witnesses who allegedly haveseen the alien bodies. Ofthese 18,threenew witnesses said theysaw live bodies,one claimed to have seen three bodiesbeing loaded into an ambulance,another saw one in Hawaii in 1944,while yet another reported havingobserved a single body at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio.Before these new witness reportsmay be accepted as authentic, eachmust be checked out thoroughly.However, it is gratifying to know thatpeople are now willing to come forwardand disclose what they have seenprovided that their names are notreleased to the press. As an exampleofthe investigation that must take placeconcerning every report, I quote frommy Directors Message inthe July 1980issue of The MUFON UFO Journal. "Abombshell was dropped at thesymposium when Leonard H.Stringfield, author of The UFOCrash/Retrieval Syndrome announcedthat he had brought eight photographsshowing apreserved body ina glass boxwith possibly nitrogen gas circulatingwithin the container. These allegedphotographs are prints, both in blackand white and color, given to him by aperson from an intelligence agency ofthe U.S. government."Leonard did not allow thesephotographs to be reproduced by thenews media, since their authenticitywas still under investigation. StantonFriedman, MUFON Consultant andWilliam "Bill" Moore, State SectionDirector in Prescott, Arizona,continued their research into thesequestionable photographs and havefound a logical source. The front coverof the November 1977 issue of"AncientAstronauts," published by Country-wide Publications, Inc. in New YorkCity featured a replica of one of thephotographs under the caption "Thehumanoid found in cryogenicsuspension within the SECRETCHAMBERS BENEATHTHE EMPIRESTATE BUILDING."A subsequent advertisement in thesame magazine has the following quote:"This is the startling photograph of abeing discovered and carefullyphotographed by the governmentbeneath the streetsofNew YorkCity.Ithas become the most controversial andsought after indisputable physicalevidence thus far,inthe search to provethat there once existed on Earth anancient civilization far superior to ourown. By special arrangement with NewYorks finest color litographers we arenow offering a laser-sharp 4 colorreproduction (24" x 36") printed onChampions Krome Kote paper andliquid laminated to enhance andpreserve the prints fine quality foraeons to come." The ad goes on tosay"Dr. L.K. Barnes, who has been intelepathic contact with ancientAtlanteans via the Vortex ofKnowledge (Cayces Vortex) claimsthat he shall disclose the origin of thisearth-shaking find in the next AncientAstronauts."Since I do not subscribe to thismagazine, I do not know if the articlewas published as promised. YourDirector responded to theadvertisement in order to secure this"magnificent 2 ft. by 3 ft. full colorreproduction of this incrediblediscovery" by sending a check for $7.00to the publishers of the magazine.Several months have elapsed, thecheck has not been cashed, andMUFON has not received this"fantastic photograph." Dennis W.Hauck, former editor of"Official UFO"and "Ancient Astronauts," resigned hisposition with CountrywidePublications,when the owners decided that theywould change their format fromlegitimate UFO reports, submitted byestablished investigators, to "purefiction" generated by fictitious writers.Your Director is confident thatsomeone has photographed this posteror a "cropped"version of the magazinecover and submitted same to LeonardStringfield as a cruel joke. A moreserious implication could be an attemptby someone to discredit Mr.Stringfields fine work to date bymaking a public disclosure of theoriginof some of his eight photographs. Thisis a technique used by intelligence(Continued on Page 18)