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2. 2. Definition of reading rate the speed at which youread, which is measured in words per minute. kecepatan ketika Andamembaca, yang diukur dalam kata per menit.
3. 3. Reading rateThis is not about trying to read as FASTas you can . . . . . . It is about learning to read as effectively as you can
4. 4. Relationship between Rate and Comprehension An increase in rate has been paralleled by an increase in comprehension.
5. 5. why reading rate is required? In college, you have more to read and less time Reading too slowly reduces comprehension Reading too slowly does not stimulate your brain and decreases interest in the text Reading 500+ wpm is attainable
6. 6. Test your reading speed Open your text book at random; Put a little mark by one line; When I tell you to start reading, read from that mark and keep going until I say stop; Dont try to speed read. Just read normally so we can find your present reading level; When I say stop, stop right away and mark the end of the line where you stopped.
7. 7. Test your reading rate!Okay, now for some math: Count the number of words in ten lines and write that down; now divide that number by 10. That is the average number of words per line. Write it down; now count the number of lines you read and write it on a piece of paper. Write it down; multiply that number by the number of words per line, and you have roughly how many words you read. Write down the number you get You read for five minutes. Divide the total numbers of words you read by 5 and you have your words- per-minute. Write it down.
8. 8. Assessing your findings 150 wpm Insufficient 250 wpm Average general reader (too slow for college) 400 wpm Good general reader (the minimum for effective college-reading) 600 wpm Strong college reader 1000 wpm Excellent
9. 9. Reading rate Type Speed range Reading purpose Type of material Analytical Under 100 Detailed Poetry, wpm Comprehension; argumentative analyze; writing evaluate Study 150–250 wpm High Textbooks, comprehension library research and high recall Casual 250-400 wpm Moderate Novels, comprehension paperbacksAccelerated Faster than Overview of Reference casual material, rapid materials, location of novels, specific fact nonfiction
10. 10. Main causes of slower reading  word-by-word reading;  slow perceptual reaction time, i.e., slowness of recognition;  vocalization—habitual or for comprehension;  Inefficient eye movements;  Regression;  faulty habits of attention and concentration;Sandra Jamieson, Drew University, 2005  lack of practice in reading—especially large amounts;  fear of losing comprehension;  habitual slow reading;  poor evaluation of which aspects are important and which are unimportant;  the effort to remember everything rather than to remember selectively.
11. 11.  There are three main factors involved in improving reading speed: (1) the desire to improve, (2) the willingness to try new techniques, and (3) the motivation to practice.Sandra Jamieson, Drew University, 2005