Definitions• Training of Trainers: A training session to that introduces participants to the skills related to developing and conducting effective training.• Facilitation skills: they are skills which encourage involvement by showing interest in the learners and making them feel free to comment and ask questions. It helps you to obtain feedback from the learners about how the training is being received.• Learning styles: The different ways an individual perceives and processes information.• Training methods: these are approaches for teaching the content. They provide means for the learner to learn specific training content that has been outlined and keeps the learner involved in the training so that learning is enhanced. They include: case study, group discussion, reading, structured exercises and trainer presentation.
Definitions• Training aids: These are materials, both visual and written, or both, that support the training methods chosen. They include: video, handouts, flipcharts, transparencies, and multimedia slides etc.
Pedagogy vs. Androgogy CHILDREN ADULTS• Rely on others to decide • Decide for themselves what what is important to be is important to be learned learned • Need to validate the• Accept the information being information based on their presented at face value beliefs and experiences• Except what they are • Except what they are learning to be useful in their learning to be immediately long term future useful• Are relatively “ clean slates” • Have much past experience• Not a knowledgeable upon which to draw-may resource to teacher or fellow have fixed view points classmates • A knowledgeable resource to the trainer and fellow learners
Principles of Adult Learning• Focus on “real world” problems• Emphasize how the learning can be applied• Relate the learning to the learner’s goals• Relate the materials to the learner’s past experiences• Allow debate and challenge of ideas• Listen to and respect the opinions of learners• Encourage learners to be resources to you and to each other• Treat learners like adults
Adults prefer learning situations which…• Are practical and problem centered• Promote their positive self esteem• Integrate new ideas with existing knowledge• Experiencing Applying• Process Exercises (Putting the newly learned behavior into practice)• Unlock sentiments (Sharing personal reactions)• Link with real World• Publish Results (Discussing patterns and dynamics)• Generalize• Experiencing (Acting, Doing)• Drawing Lesson (So What)• Show respect for the individual learner• Capitalize on their experience• Allow choice and self direction
Experiential Learning Cycle Step 1: Experiencing (Acting, Doing) Experiencing Step 2: Unlocking Sentiments Content Monitors (Sharing personal reactions) Applying Exercise ProcessingStep 5: Linking with Step 3: Publishing Result real World (Discussing patterns and dynamics) Generalising Step 4: Drawing Lesson (So What)
Roles of a Trainer transmits information about a subject to an The Expert Role audience designs or plans the learning experience or theThe Planning Role learning environment guides or directs the learning situation often The Instructor telling the learner what to do responds to the learners needs and lends guidance The Facilitator and support Resource Person provides materials and information to the learners learns along side the trainee. Mutually plans the The Co-Learner learning goals The Model Role models or influences behaviour and values
Facilitation SkillsIt bridges the gap between content and reality
Types of Facilitation Skills• Attending• Observing• Listening• Questioning
Tips for Giving a Great Training Session• Prepare, prepare, prepare …• Make sure that physical setting is as comfortable as possible• Be an exciting facilitator• Present meaningful and useful information• Use active learning techniques• Provide an environment of mutual respect and support• Gather data relevant to your class• Make use of all resource available to you