Uttarakhand , formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in
the northern part of India.
The "Land of the Gods“.
Uttarakhand is mainly known for its natural beauty of
the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai.
Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 km² of which
93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest.
Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and the
Yamuna, originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand .
These two pilgrimage, Badrinath and Kedarnath form
the Chota Char Dham lies in Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand is well known for his Chota Char Dham
From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand
and near by received heavy rainfall .
The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375
A multi-day Cloudburst ,centered on the state of
Uttarakhand caused devastating Floods and
This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the
height of 3800 meters , and eruption of the Mandakini
river which led to heavy floods near
Gobindghat, KedarDome, Rudraprayag
district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Western
Nepal ,and acute rainfall in other near by regions of
Delhi, Haryana, Uttar-Pradesh and some parts of
A cloudburst is an extreme amount of
precipitation, sometimes with hail and thunder, which
normally lasts no longer than a few minutes but is
capable of creating flood conditions.
Meteorologists say the rain fall rate equal to or greater
than 100 mm (3.94 inches)per hour is a cloudburst.
The associated convective cloud, can extend up to a
height of 15 km above the ground.
HOW DOES CLOUD BURST
Rapid precipitation from clouds is possible due to
precipitation process in which large droplets can grow
rapidly by coagulating with smaller droplets which fall
Hilly areas are more prone to cloud burst:
CAUSES OF CLOUD BURST
CAUSE HUGE DISTRACTION,
LOSS OF TO HUMAN LIFE.
The Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially termed a
natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedented
heavy monsoon rainfall.
However, the true causes of the epic tragedy is growth of :
Unchecked rapid increase of roads,
Multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and
unplanned construction are the reason for landslide.
Also Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams that
disrupt water balances and this also triggered the
More than 220 power and mining projects are running
in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.
Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for
these projects leading to major disasters in the state.
Deforestation is also one of the most important factor
of Uttarakhand disaster, which causes frequently
Human impact-580 people were dead and over 3000
people were still missing ,
The worst affected area
Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal
districts are initial assessments which suggested that
around 300,000 people have been affected, 50,000
displaced and roughly many villages in the interior of
the hilly state remain cut off due to landslides.
Kedarnath Valley : One of the worst affected areas
which was only accessible by helicopters.
Bad weather could also disrupt the restoration of
infrastructure and cause roads that have been cleared
to become choked again.
Although the temple withstood the severity of the
floods, the temple complex and surrounding areas
were destroyed by the flood, resulting in the death of
several thousands of pilgrims and local people.
All the shops and hotels were destroyed and all roads
Number of people took shelter inside the temple for
hours together , until Indian army airlifted them to
At present the area is only accessible by air and
establishing the narrow roads and the foot bridges will
Also barring the temple everything around remains in
shambles which needs restoration work and as hinted
by the Uttarakhand Chief Minister that it will take at
least 2 years (Approximately), during which no yatra is
possible at all.
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Indo-
Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel have so far
rescued 32,772 people from different areas of
Uttarakhand following landslides and floods, Of the
32,772, including pilgrims and residents, 26,538 were
rescued by ITBP while 6,234 were evacuated by NDRF
Uttarakhand floods: ISRO defends
role in rescue operations
Defending its role in the rescue operations in the
flood- ravaged Uttarakhand, ISRO had played its role
in the largest rescue operations in the country, saving
thousands of lives
The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border
Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National Disaster
Response Force (NDRF), Public Works Department and
local administrations worked together for quick rescue
Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue
Helicopters were used to rescue people.
ITBP jawans distribute medicines to stranded pilgrims
during Uttarakhand rescue operation.
Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF
base camp in Dharasu.
By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers
the Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and
the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36
From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of
Flying a total of 2,137 sorties, and
Dropping landing a total of 3,36,930 kg of relief
material and equipment.
Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of
the affected areas and announced 1000 crore (US$160
million) aid package.
In this rescue operation one helicopter was crashed
and 20 bodies were found on the site.
The woods have been brought to the site with the help
of helicopter for the funeral of the people who died in
the Uttarakhand flood.
SEVERAL STATE GOVERNMENT ALSO
ANOUNCED FINACIAL ASSISTANCE:
Uttar Pradesh Government 25 crore,
The governments of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi
10 crore each,
The governments of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat,
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 5 crore each.
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE :
The US Ambassador to India extended a financial help
of USD $150,000 through the United States Agency.
Also US announced that the US will provide further
financial aid of USD $75,000.
822 Deaths were occurred in flood. (Official
1800 People were missing.
2232 housings were damaged.
154 Bridges were damaged.
1520 Roads were damaged.