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  • 1. due to the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centers found throughout the state.
  • Precipitation is whenchemical reaction takes placein the formation of a solid in asolution or inside anothersolid during a chemicalreaction or by diffusion in asolid.


  • 1. 9/18/2013 1
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Uttarakhand , formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.  The "Land of the Gods“.  Uttarakhand is mainly known for its natural beauty of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai.  Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 km² of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest. 9/18/2013 2
  • 3. CONTINUED…  Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and the Yamuna, originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand .  These two pilgrimage, Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham lies in Uttarakhand.  Uttarakhand is well known for his Chota Char Dham  Kedarnath.  Badrinath.  Gangotri.  Yamunotri. 9/18/2013 3
  • 5. NATURAL REASONS…  From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand and near by received heavy rainfall .  The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375 percent.  A multi-day Cloudburst ,centered on the state of Uttarakhand caused devastating Floods and Landslides. 9/18/2013 5
  • 6. NATURAL REASON…  This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 meters , and eruption of the Mandakini river which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, KedarDome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Western Nepal ,and acute rainfall in other near by regions of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar-Pradesh and some parts of Tibet. 9/18/2013 6
  • 7. CLOUD BURSTING  A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation, sometimes with hail and thunder, which normally lasts no longer than a few minutes but is capable of creating flood conditions.  Meteorologists say the rain fall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (3.94 inches)per hour is a cloudburst. The associated convective cloud, can extend up to a height of 15 km above the ground. 9/18/2013 7
  • 8. 9/18/2013 8
  • 9. HOW DOES CLOUD BURST HAPPENS?  Rapid precipitation from clouds is possible due to precipitation process in which large droplets can grow rapidly by coagulating with smaller droplets which fall down slowly.  Hilly areas are more prone to cloud burst: 9/18/2013 9
  • 11. MAN-MADE REASONS  The Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.  However, the true causes of the epic tragedy is growth of :  Tourism,  Unchecked rapid increase of roads,  Hotels,  Shops, and  Multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and unplanned construction are the reason for landslide. 9/18/2013 11
  • 12.  Also Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams that disrupt water balances and this also triggered the action disaster. 9/18/2013 12
  • 13. CONTINUED…  More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.  Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state. 9/18/2013 13
  • 14. MAN-MADE CAUSE  Deforestation is also one of the most important factor of Uttarakhand disaster, which causes frequently landslide. 9/18/2013 14
  • 15. CAUSES!!! NATURAL MANMADE  Cloud Bursting.  Flood.  Landslide.  Roads destabilizing mountains.  Threat from dams (Hydel projects)  Deforestation.  Tourism (Resorts, Hotels)  Infrastructure. 9/18/2013 15
  • 16. EFFECTS  Human impact-580 people were dead and over 3000 people were still missing ,  The worst affected area Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal districts are initial assessments which suggested that around 300,000 people have been affected, 50,000 displaced and roughly many villages in the interior of the hilly state remain cut off due to landslides. 9/18/2013 16
  • 17. EFFECTS  Kedarnath Valley : One of the worst affected areas which was only accessible by helicopters.  Bad weather could also disrupt the restoration of infrastructure and cause roads that have been cleared to become choked again. 9/18/2013 17
  • 18. KEDARNATH TEMPLE  Although the temple withstood the severity of the floods, the temple complex and surrounding areas were destroyed by the flood, resulting in the death of several thousands of pilgrims and local people.  All the shops and hotels were destroyed and all roads were broken.  Number of people took shelter inside the temple for hours together , until Indian army airlifted them to safer places. 9/18/2013 18
  • 19. MAJOR CHALLENGE  At present the area is only accessible by air and establishing the narrow roads and the foot bridges will be crucial.  Also barring the temple everything around remains in shambles which needs restoration work and as hinted by the Uttarakhand Chief Minister that it will take at least 2 years (Approximately), during which no yatra is possible at all. 9/18/2013 19
  • 20. RESCUE OPERATION  National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Indo- Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel have so far rescued 32,772 people from different areas of Uttarakhand following landslides and floods, Of the 32,772, including pilgrims and residents, 26,538 were rescued by ITBP while 6,234 were evacuated by NDRF personnel. 9/18/2013 20
  • 21. Uttarakhand floods: ISRO defends role in rescue operations  Defending its role in the rescue operations in the flood- ravaged Uttarakhand, ISRO had played its role in the largest rescue operations in the country, saving thousands of lives 9/18/2013 21
  • 22. RESCUE OPERATION…  The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.  Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions.  Helicopters were used to rescue people.  ITBP jawans distribute medicines to stranded pilgrims during Uttarakhand rescue operation.  Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF base camp in Dharasu. 9/18/2013 22
  • 23. RESCUE OPERATION…  By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and  11 helicopters,  the Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and  the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters. 9/18/2013 23
  • 24. RESCUE OPERATION  From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of 18,424 people,  Flying a total of 2,137 sorties, and  Dropping landing a total of 3,36,930 kg of relief material and equipment. 9/18/2013 24
  • 25. AFTERMATH  Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1000 crore (US$160 million) aid package. 9/18/2013 25
  • 26. RESCUE OPERATION  In this rescue operation one helicopter was crashed and 20 bodies were found on the site. 9/18/2013 26
  • 27. RESCUE OPERATION  The woods have been brought to the site with the help of helicopter for the funeral of the people who died in the Uttarakhand flood. 9/18/2013 27
  • 28. SEVERAL STATE GOVERNMENT ALSO ANOUNCED FINACIAL ASSISTANCE:  Uttar Pradesh Government 25 crore,  The governments of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi 10 crore each,  The governments of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 5 crore each. 9/18/2013 28
  • 29. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE :  The US Ambassador to India extended a financial help of USD $150,000 through the United States Agency.  Also US announced that the US will provide further financial aid of USD $75,000. 9/18/2013 29
  • 30. STATICS  822 Deaths were occurred in flood. (Official estimation).  1800 People were missing.  2232 housings were damaged.  154 Bridges were damaged.  1520 Roads were damaged. 9/18/2013 30
  • 31. 9/18/2013 ‹#›