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Reasons of Land Constraint
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Reasons of Land Constraint

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My Geography project on reasons of land constraint

My Geography project on reasons of land constraint

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Reasons of Land Constraint Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Land Constraint Muaz and Chan Wei
  • 2. What is land constraint?
    • In recent decades, the world's population has been growing rapidly and therefore there is an increasing demand of land for housing, farming and the building of industries. We say that the demand for land is increasing.
    • However, the total amount of land available in every country is limited.
    • Thus, there is scarcity of land or shortage of land to be developed for various uses.
    • As a result, there is a limit to the amount of land we can develop for various uses. We refer this as land constraint .
  • 3. Reasons for Land Constraint
    • Land constraint occurs when there is insufficient of land.
    • We need to have land for residential houses, factories, malls, offices, etc.
    • As we use up the land, we have little left more and land constraint occurs.
  • 4. Reasons for Land Constraint
    • There are 2 main reasons of land constraint:
      • rising demand for land
        • Population growth
        • Increasing demand for housing
        • Growth of industries
        • Development for transport systems
        • Increasing demand for arable land
        • Increasing demand for recreational spaces
      • limited supply of land
  • 5. Rising demand for land
    • Population Growth
    • As a result of rapid population growth, more land is needed for human activities.
    • However, all areas have the maximum number of people that can support without straining its supply of resources for future use.  
  • 6. Increasing demand for housing
    • A growing population will lead to an increase in demand for housing.
    • More land will have to be used to build houses for people.
    • In Singapore, new housing estate have been developed like Punggol and Sengkang to meet the in the increasing demand for housing.
  • 7. Growth of industries
    • A way to do so is by developing more manufacturing industries and businesses.
    • In Singapore, manufacturing industries currently take up over 10 % of Singapore's total land area.
    • To expand these industries, more land is needed.
    • The need to provide jobs for a growing population is an important concern for countries worldwide.
  • 8. Development for transport systems
    • As country develops, roads and railways have to be built.
    • A good transport network is important for the movement of goods and raw materials, as well as to enable workers to travel between their homes and workplaces.
    • In some cities, over 20 % of the total land area is set aside for transport such as roads, railways and parks.
  • 9. Increasing demand for arable land
    • To produce food to feed their increasing populations, countries have to look for more arable land.
    • Arable land is land which is suitable for the growing of crops but is in short supply.
    • Over 4/5 of the Earth's land surface is unsuitable for growing crops as it is too hot, too cold, too dry for infertile.
  • 10. Increasing demand for recreational spaces
    • With more people, more recreational spaces will have to be provided.
    • Land is needed for swimming pools, parks, golf courses & theaters.
  • 11. Limited supply of land
    • Land makes up only 30 % of the Earth's surface.
    • Areas like swamps, marshes and low-lying coastal areas are flooded with water, while deserts are too dry.
    • Land can also be damaged through mining or poor farming practices.
  • 12. Limited supply of land
    • Land is suitable for human uses, not all of it is available as they may be reserved for certain uses, like water catchment areas.
    • These are usually areas of forest that collect and rainwater into reservoirs.
  • 13. Limited supply of land
    • Land is also set aside for military purposes- like training areas for soldiers.
    • In Singapore, military training and water catchment areas take up more than ½ of the total land.
    • That leaves a limited area of land for other purposes like industry and housing.
  • 14. The End