ACE - School Leadership
   Assessment for Learning,
    Assessment for Impact




     Dr Muavia Gallie (PhD)
      10 Sep...
1.2 Misguided Indicators




                           3




 1.3 Focus on Learning




                           4




...
2.1 Peter Senge
          The Fifth Discipline, 1990


 “In the long run, the only
   sustainable source of
 competitive a...
2.3 Extrinsic vs Intrinsic
              Motivation




                                                         7




   ...
2.5 The Laws of the Fifth Discipline
 1.    Today’s problems come from yesterday’s “solutions”;
 2.    The harder you push...
2.7 Systems Thinking
• The conceptual cornerstone that
  underlies all of the five learning
  disciplines;
• A discipline ...
2.9 Personal Mastery
• The spirit of the Learning
  Organization;
• Organizations learn only through
  individuals who lea...
2.9.2 Structural Conflict




                                       15




    2.10 Mental Models
• Why Best Ideas fail;
...
2.11 Shared Vision
• A Common Caring;
• A shared vision is a vision that
  many people are truly committed to
  and it ref...
2.11.2




                                               19


                                                    19




...
2.12 Team Learning
• The fundamental learning unit is
  the team;
• Alignment - it is a necessary
  condition before empow...
2.12.2




                                         23


                                                23




       2.1...
2.14 Eleven characteristics of LO
                                      Pedlar et al 1995
  1.        A learning approach ...
2.16 LO Scorecard: Logic Model




                               27




2.17 The Learning Organisation
★ Encourages Conti...
3.
 Teaching
as Learning
                               29




3.1 Learning Activity Components




                      ...
3.2 Types of Learning Outcomes




                          31


                               31




3.3 Teaching and L...
3.4 Assessment Task Type




                         33


                              33




   3.5 Assessment Task
   ...
3.5 Task Roles & Interaction




                        35


                             35




      3.6 Task Tools



...
3.7 Assessment Techniques




                                         37


                                              ...
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MGSLG Assessment for Learning and Impact

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MGSLG Assessment for Learning and Impact

  1. 1. ACE - School Leadership Assessment for Learning, Assessment for Impact Dr Muavia Gallie (PhD) 10 September 2009 MGSLG - Benoni Office 1 1.1 Focus on Teaching 2 1
  2. 2. 1.2 Misguided Indicators 3 1.3 Focus on Learning 4 2
  3. 3. 2.1 Peter Senge The Fifth Discipline, 1990 “In the long run, the only sustainable source of competitive advantage is your organization’s ability to learn faster than its competition.” 5 2.2 6 3
  4. 4. 2.3 Extrinsic vs Intrinsic Motivation 7 2.4 A Learning Organisation ★ “Organization where people continually expand their capacity to create the result they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning how to learn together” - Senge 1990; ★ “A learning organization is an organization skilled at creating, acquiring and transferring knowledge, and at modifying its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights.” Garvin 1993; ★ A learning organization is an organisation that has an enhanced capacity to learn, adapt and change.” Gephart et al 1996. 8 4
  5. 5. 2.5 The Laws of the Fifth Discipline 1. Today’s problems come from yesterday’s “solutions”; 2. The harder you push, the harder they system pushes back; 3. Behavior grows better before its grows worse; 4. The easy way out usually leads back in; 5. The cure can be worse than the disease; 6. Faster is slower; 7. Cause and effect are not closely related in time and space; 8. Small changes can produce big results - but the areas of highest leverage are often the least obvious; 9. You can have your cake and eat it too - but not at once; 10. Dividing an elephant in half does not produce two small elephants; 9 11. There is not blame. 9 2.6 Components of Learning Organisation 1. Systems thinking; 2. Personal mastery; 3. Mental models; 4. Building shared vision; 5. Team learning The Fifth Discipline = Systems Thinking 10 5
  6. 6. 2.7 Systems Thinking • The conceptual cornerstone that underlies all of the five learning disciplines; • A discipline for seeing wholes; • Seeing structures that underlie complex situations; • Seeing interrelationships rather than linear cause and effect chains; • Seeing processes of change rather than snapshots. 11 12 6
  7. 7. 2.9 Personal Mastery • The spirit of the Learning Organization; • Organizations learn only through individuals who learn; • Individual learning does not guarantee organizational learning, but without it, no organizational learning can occur; • Personal Vision; 13 2.9.1 Creative Tension 14 7
  8. 8. 2.9.2 Structural Conflict 15 2.10 Mental Models • Why Best Ideas fail; • Conflict with deeply held internal images of how the world works; • Mental models determine how we take action; • Mental models are so powerful - because they affect what we see. 16 8
  9. 9. 2.11 Shared Vision • A Common Caring; • A shared vision is a vision that many people are truly committed to and it reflects their own personal vision; • Helps establish overarching goals; • Provides a rudder to keep the learning process on course when stresses develop. 17 2.11.1 Getzels and Guba Model (when Role meets Systems Theory) 18 18 9
  10. 10. 2.11.2 19 19 2.11.3 Five Basic Assumptions of Effective Schools 1. The central purpose of a school is to teach; 2. The school is responsible for providing the overall environment; 3. Schools must be treated holistically in terms of instruction (unity); 4. The most crucial characteristics of a school are the attitudes and behaviours of the teachers and staff; 5. The school accepts responsibility for the success and failure of the academic performance of20learners - all learners are capable of learning. 20 10
  11. 11. 2.12 Team Learning • The fundamental learning unit is the team; • Alignment - it is a necessary condition before empowering the individual will empower the whole team. 21 2.12.1 Aligning the Team A B C 22 11
  12. 12. 2.12.2 23 23 2.13 Five Building Blocks (Garvin 1993) 1. Systemic problem solving; 2. Experimentation with new knowledge; 3. Learning from experience; 4. Learning from the experience and best practice of others; 5. Transferring knowledge quickly and efficiently throughout the organization. 24 12
  13. 13. 2.14 Eleven characteristics of LO Pedlar et al 1995 1. A learning approach to strategy; 2. Participatory policy making; 3. Information for learning at employee’s fingertips; 4. Formative accounting and control; 5. Internal exchange of ideas and information; 6. Rewards for flexibility; 7. Enabling structures with supportive systems; 8. Boundary workers as environmental scanners watching for change outside the organization; 9. Inter-organizational learning; 10. A learning climate; and 11. Self-development opportunities for all. 25 2.15 LO Assessment Tools Authors Tool Content Methodology Watkins and Dimensions of LO Leadership, structures, Self-assessment (i.e. Marsick Questionnaire systems, communication, Organizational members technology assess the organization against criteria). Likert scale format. Pedler, Characteristics of a LO Leadership, structures, Self-assessment. Likert Burgoyne, systems, communication, scale format. Boydell technology, learning methods Dioxin Learning Competencies Communication and Self-assessment. Likert Organizational Survey Information systems scale format. Nevis, DiBella Organization Learning Team learning, vision/ Assessment by researchers. and Gould Inventory strategy/ structure Likert scale format. communication Richards and learning Organization Learning processes, mission/ Self-assessment. Likert Goh Survey vision, processes, systems, scale format. 26 leadership 13
  14. 14. 2.16 LO Scorecard: Logic Model 27 2.17 The Learning Organisation ★ Encourages Continuous Learning ★ Promotes Access to Learning ★ Maximizes Information Sharing ★ Increases Flexible Access to Training ★ Works Efficiently Using Interactive Relationships ★ Sees the Big Picture ★ Shares a Common Vision 28 14
  15. 15. 3. Teaching as Learning 29 3.1 Learning Activity Components 30 30 15
  16. 16. 3.2 Types of Learning Outcomes 31 31 3.3 Teaching and Learning Models 32 32 16
  17. 17. 3.4 Assessment Task Type 33 33 3.5 Assessment Task Technique 34 34 17
  18. 18. 3.5 Task Roles & Interaction 35 35 3.6 Task Tools 36 36 18
  19. 19. 3.7 Assessment Techniques 37 37 Thank You! You can download this presentation from www.slideshare.net - search “Muavia Gallie” 38 19

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