Technology Innovation in Africa 2012 Heri Rakotomalala - OpenIt4Africa
Challenges?• Under-developed technology community• Difﬁcult access to ﬁnancing• Poor access to global innovation networks• poor Government support• ... the worst: biases!
In the past two years• Networks, investors, education: Omidyar network, MEST, Savannah Fund, VC4Africa meetups• Infrastructure development: Mobile and Broadband Internet• Gov initiatives to boost creativity and innovation• Universities
A growing number of innovation centers• iHub in Nairobi,• ActivSpaces• iceaddis• Jokkolabs• Burundi Business Incubator, Cairo Hackerspace, Co-creation Huyb Nigeria, Wennovation Hub Nigeria, Akendewa, etc.
Real Numbers• 91% of sub-Saharan Africans own a mobile phone• 71% send 3 or more text messages per day• 12% access the Internet on their mobile at least once a day• ... but 55% “not comfortable” using a computer
Internet Users in Kenya 2010 2011 200,000 10,500,000
Uganda Kenya Tanzania Rwanda Internet 4m 10.5m 5m 1.2m users Internet 12% 26% 11% 12%penetration Mobile 600,000 4,700,00 500,000 1,200,000penetration
Landscape• Innovation centers: iHub (Nairobi), iceAddis (Addis Abeba), Hive Colab (Kampala)• IDEOS Phone (Android phone for the African Market)• 649 million mobile subscribers +86m in 2012• +81% growth mobile data consumption• Center of the global mobile money revolution• Leading events and conference: PIVOT25, DEMO AFRICA
IDEOS from HUWAEI $100 Smartphone, now $70 +400,000 units sold in Kenya
Mobile application development• Google Africa has launched the Google Android Developer challenge, with the winners getting $25,000 for their apps• a dynamic, competitive market• Savannah Fund, incubators, meetups & events• $40 million to $165m (2013) in mobile value added services
M-PESA•UDDI•M-PESA processed a total volume oftransactions $17,21 billion, well pastWestern Union. Can send money to70 countries, 900 businesses, 25 banks• Partnership with over 37,000registered agents for low-cost retailbaking: “Banking through yourshopkeeper.”• Based on local needs (micro-billingand ﬂexible payments)
Opportunities• Services in North America (FB, tripadvisor) are also popular ... but:• open source, open government, mobile government• mobile health, mobile education• ﬁnancial services (utility and bill payments, mobile to bank)
Balance of Power From West to East• Young / old• Growth (world’s fastest growing economies) / Contraction• New markets and needs / Saturated markets• Mobile / Computer• Breaking the status quo / Maintaining the status quo
Future: Access to global innovation networks?• Bring networks to Africa: • OpenIt4Africa: the launchpad of tech projects for Africa • Coders4Africa• Expose/export African innovation and enginuity to international markets• Facilitate ﬁnancing, networking, skills transfer
Ressources• whiteafrican.com• openit4africa.org• afrinnovator.com• coders4africa• appafrica.com• iHub blog