To receive the full benefit of this course, the staffof the Montgomery County Public Library stronglyrecommends attending in person. Individualassistance with each exercise is provided in class aswell as a Question & Answer session with ourinstructors.
Objectives:• Become familiar with the use of computer accessories such as the keyboard and mouse.• Learn to navigate within the computer desktop & understand the function of icons.• Be able to navigate the internet.
The Desktop The graphics on the left are called icons and allow you to access programs on the computer. The Windows icon at the bottom of the screen opens the Start Menu, which is another way you can access programs. Start MenuStart menu
Using a Mouse• The mouse allows you to navigate the computer screen. When you are on the desktop, the mouse is represented by a white arrow called the cursor. It also may be seen on the computer as a straight flashing line.• The mouse has two areas. The left area is generally used for issuing commands to your computer. The right area is used to access special menus.• To open a program, press down on the left-mouse twice in rapid succession, known as a double-click.• Scrolling up and down the computer screen is done by rolling the wheel on the mouse or moving the mouse on the table.
Using the mouse• To practice using a mouse, please log on to: www.seniornet.org/howto/mouseexercises
Using the keyboard• The keyboard allows you to enter text on the computer. Keyboard layouts vary slightly but have this basic design.
Keys you will use frequently are:• ENTER : used to tell the computer to follow a command or start typing a new line.• SPACE : used to add spaces between words.• TAB : add multiple spaces when typing. When on the internet, this key will move you from one box to the next.• SHIFT : capitalizes words or gives you access to the commands or symbols at the top of each key.• CTRL : used for shortcuts.• BACKSPACE & DELETE : used to erase characters when typing.
Using the keyboard:• To practice using the keyboard, please log on to: www.freetypinggame.net/play15.asp choose the beginner level, game #9
Software• Software refers to the instructions that tell the computer what to do. You may hear software referred to as a program or an application.• Different software programs allow you to do different tasks. For example, Internet Explorer allows you to open web sites on the internet.• To open an application on your computer, click on the Start Menu or you can open it from the desktop if there is an icon for that program. Remember an icon is a picture representing the program.• A program may not be immediately visible in the Start Menu if it is stored in a file. Computers are like a filing cabinet, programs are sometimes stored in files to keep them organized.
Software Practice• Practice navigating the computer by opening a program called Notepad, which allows you to type & save information.• To get to this program, click on the Start Menu, then click on All Programs. This gives you a list of programs on the computer. Now scroll with the mouse until you see a folder called Accessories & click on it. Your screen will look like this.• Now click on Notepad to open it.
Software Practice cont.Let’s look at the Notepad screen. Somesymbols that are common for manyprograms are:Minimizecloses the window but leaves theprogram open at the bottom of the screenRestoreChanges the size of the windowExitCompletely closes the program
Software Practice cont.• Many programs have a similar file menu. To open the file menu, just click on the word File for the following options:• NEW: allows you to make a new Notepad document.• OPEN: will access documents you have already created.
Software Practice cont.• SAVE/SAVE AS: allows you to store a copy of the document you just created to the computer or a storage device.• PAGE SETUP: is where you change the margins or spacing.• PRINT: will open an new screen that asks you how you want to print your document.• EXIT: closes the program. If you have not saved your document, you will be asked if you want to save it when exiting.
Software Practice cont.• Practice typing a few words in Notepad and then saving the document to this computer.• When you click Save, you will see this prompt. You can tell the computer where you want to save the file at the top of the screen. Just leave the file in Documents.• Name the document here and then press Save.• Write down what you named your practice document so we can use it later and close Notepad with the X button.
How to do a search on the computer• Suppose you forgot where you saved the file that you just created. Open the Start Menu and at the bottom you will see a box you can type in.• Type in the name of your file and the top of the Start Menu will show files that match that name.
Using the Internet• The Internet is a worldwide connection of computers with information stored on web pages. You need an internet provider to access the internet (the company you pay for internet service) and a web browser to open web pages.• A web browser is just a program that opens the internet on your computer. The web browser we will be using is Internet Explorer and is represented by this icon.
Using the Internet cont.• A web site is a collection of web pages.• Each web site has its own address. If you know the address of the web site you are looking for, just open the web browser and type in the address.• If you don’t know the address, you need to go to a web site that searches the internet called a search engine. There are many of these but the one we will use is Google.
Internet Practice• Double click on the Internet Explorer icon and you will see this screen.• When you open Internet Explorer, it automatically goes to your home page. Here at the library, the home page is the library website. The home page for your home computer will be different.• At the top of screen, you will see a box that contains the web address of the site that is open called the address bar. This site’s address is www.youseemore.com/mtsterling.• This box is where you will enter the web address if you know it or the web address of the search engine you will use. Enter this address: www.google.com.
Internet Practice cont.This is the Google search engine. The cursor automaticallygoes to the empty search box where you will type.
Internet Practice cont.Type in Medline Plus and you will get a list of results like this.
Internet Practice cont.Websites ending in .com are commercial sites so they may not beaccurate. Web addresses that end in .org or .gov are more likely tohave accurate information because they are created by government ornon-profit organizations.Scroll down to the result for Medline Plus and double-click on the titlein blue. Links for websites appear in blue on Internet Explorer, this linkwill take you to the web page for Medline Plus, which is a governmentpage for health information.
Internet Practice cont.Most web pages have a search box that searchesfor phrases just on their page. Try practicingsearching on this page here.