WORLD WAR ONE
REASONS FOR WAR1. MILITARISM or  aggressive preparation for  war grows.• Mili leaders develop war  plans & stock supplies....
REASONS FOR WAR2.Europe divided into many  alliances & the big 2 were: a. Triple Alliance – Italy,    Austria-Hungary &   ...
REASONS FOR WAR3. Imperialismled to competitionfor colonies to get controlof resources.Germ had little while Br & Fr had a...
• 4. NATIONALISM:desire for own nation grows.•many ethnic groups want freedom from the states in which they live.
•1914: Serbia wants to create Slavic state, but Aus-Hun against it
•June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to A-H throne & wife Sophia visited Sarajevo, Bosnia.
•BLACK HAND (Serbian terrorist group who want Bosnia free),try to kill Franz.• Tried a bomb & failed.•GAVRILLO PRINCEP sho...
DON’T WRITE!!!!•Aus-Hun doesn’t know if Serb govt involved• Want to attack.•Afraid of Russia•Turn to Germ for  help.
Germ EmperorKaiserWilhelm IIgives “BLANKCHECK”,promising fullsupport ofAus-Hun, evenif Rus getsinvolved
WAR BEGINS!!!• Serbs turn down AUS-  Hun demands•A-H declares war on Serbs July 28th, 1914
WAR BEGINS!!!    • Czar Nicholas      II of Rus      orders partial      MOBILIZATION      (assembling      troops &      ...
WAR BEGINS•Russia’s war plans say to fight Germ & Aus-Hun, Czar Nicholas must mobilize against both.•Czar orders full mobi...
WAR BEGINS!!!•Ger sees mobilization as act of war & declares war on Russia.
•German Gen Alfred Von Schlieffen plan calls for a 2 front war & makes Germ invade Belgium to attack France to get Russia ...
•Ger declared war on France on Aug. 3 , 1914  rd
DON’T WRITE•Germ told Belgium (neutral) to let troops pass through
•Aug. 4th, 1914, Great Brit declares war on Germ for violating Belgium’s neutrality.• GB part of alliance  w/ Fr & Rus(Tri...
1. Franz Ferdinand (next leader of Aus-Hun) assassinated by Serb terrorists the Black Hand 6/28/142. Aus-Hun gets Blank Ch...
5. Germans see mobilization as act of war. Declares war on Russia6. German Schlieffen plan makes Germ invade Belgium & Fra...
WAR BEGINS•Govt spreads PROPAGANDA- ideas used to influence public opinion for or against a cause-• helped to create hatre...
• Western Front-Mostly in Fr• Schlieffen Plan says go  thru Belgium to circle Paris,  trapping Fr.• Ger stopped at 1st Bat...
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?  v=lJXAcl8D51Y (failure of the Schlieffen  plan
WESTERN FRONT• Both sides dig trenches• New technology• (Poison gas, tank, plane,   mortars, machine   gun, zeppelin)• Lit...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9iR0xJW-Fk
BATTLE OF THE SOMME     (July 1916)
NO MAN’S LAND
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?  v=o8DH0YtRQMc&feature=related
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?  v=SXtsiqrhqsU Opening scenes All quiet
EASTERN FRONT
•Eastern Front (other side of Germany)- Very mobile, w/ huge losses of life. 1. Rus is beaten in E.   Germ & suffers major...
3.Italy joins Triple Entente (now called the ALLIES w/ GB, FR, RUS) in 19154.Germ pushes Russians back into Russia w/ heav...
• US neutral• GB blockades  Germ w/ navy• Germ uses  unrestricted  submarine  warfare (will  shoot down  any ship)
•May 7, 1915 Germ sinks LUSITANIA, a BR passenger liner, killing 1000 (128 Americans)•Germ stops subs, afraid USA will joi...
• Jan. 1917, ADMIRAL HOLTZENDORF talks KAISER into using unrestricted sub warfare & blockades again to break stalemate
•HOLTZENDORF promises Kaiser Wilhelm II that Brits will starve before US acts• “I give your majesty my word  as an officer...
•    April 1917    US enters    war over    unrestricted    sub warfare      &    Zimmerman     telegram!
•Became TOTAL WAR-complete mobilization of resources & people.•Women take over jobs in factories
•Euros went to PLANNED ECONOMIES- systems run by govt agencies that expanded powers to meet needs such as: drafts,regulate...
•Don’t write!•1918 better for Allies w/ arrival of US troops
•Germ GENERAL ERICH VON LUDENDORFF gambles & planned 1 big offensive on Western Front
•Get w/in 50 miles of Paris, but stopped at 2 Battle of Marne  nd
2 Battle of the Marnend
GERMANY LOSES•Germ forced back by US troops•Sept 29, 1918, Gen. Ludendorff says war is lost.•Allies won’t make peace w/ Ge...
• Kaiser William II  gives up & flees.• AUS-Hun fell  apart & new nations emerge*Freidrich Ebert,  new temp leader  announ...
END OF THE WAR      •Jan 1919,       27 ALLIED       nations       meet to       make final       settlement
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCEProblems at PARIS PEACE  CONFERENCE (1919) due to  secret treaties & own selfish  interests• Russia ...
WOODROW WILSON• WOODROW  WILSON-US  pres- presented  14 Points to  Congress to take  to meeting. He  said they  should:
14 Pointsa.reach peace openly & reduce weaponsb. Create a “general association of nations” to guarantee independence. (Lea...
• DAVID LLOYD GEORGE – Brit  Prime minister wants  Germ to be punished & pay for  crimesGEORGES CLEMENCEAU –  premier of F...
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE• Jan. 25, 1919.  League of  Nations created  (US DOES NOT  JOIN due to  Versailles).
• Demands Germ: 1.be stripped of  weapons 2. pay  REPARATIONS-  damages to pay for  war 3. create a buffer  area btw FR & ...
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE• Jan. 25, 1919.  League of  Nations created  (US DOES NOT  JOIN due to  Versailles).• Compromises  ...
• TREATY OF VERSAILLES-  signed w/ Germ. Most  important. 5 others  signed• Germ unhappy w/ Article  231, which is War Gui...
MUST DO THE FOLLOWING:1.pay reparations2. reduce army to 100,0003. get rid of air force &   reduce navy4. return Alsace & ...
• Map of Europe redrawn due  to Treaty.a.Aus-Hun, Serbia & Ottoman  Empire goneb. Rus (USSR) & Germ  smaller
c.   Finland, Latvia,     Estonia,     Poland,     Lithuania,     Czechoslovaka     Austria,     Hungary &     Yugoslavia ...
d. Br take Iran & Palestine. Called a MANDATE when nation officially governed by another nation, but not owned by them
• The financial cost of the war  amounted to almost $38 billion for  Germany• Britain spent $35 billion,• France $24 billi...
WORLD WAR I CASUALTIES:       AMERICAN• Battle deaths: 53,402• Other deaths in service:  63,114• Non-mortal wounded:  204,...
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
World War I
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World War I

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World War I

  1. 1. WORLD WAR ONE
  2. 2. REASONS FOR WAR1. MILITARISM or aggressive preparation for war grows.• Mili leaders develop war plans & stock supplies.• Refuse to change plans for anything & were basis for all decisions.• Drafted men. Armies
  3. 3. REASONS FOR WAR2.Europe divided into many alliances & the big 2 were: a. Triple Alliance – Italy, Austria-Hungary & Germany b. Triple Entente- France, Great Britain & Russia
  4. 4. REASONS FOR WAR3. Imperialismled to competitionfor colonies to get controlof resources.Germ had little while Br & Fr had a lot
  5. 5. • 4. NATIONALISM:desire for own nation grows.•many ethnic groups want freedom from the states in which they live.
  6. 6. •1914: Serbia wants to create Slavic state, but Aus-Hun against it
  7. 7. •June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to A-H throne & wife Sophia visited Sarajevo, Bosnia.
  8. 8. •BLACK HAND (Serbian terrorist group who want Bosnia free),try to kill Franz.• Tried a bomb & failed.•GAVRILLO PRINCEP shoots both
  9. 9. DON’T WRITE!!!!•Aus-Hun doesn’t know if Serb govt involved• Want to attack.•Afraid of Russia•Turn to Germ for help.
  10. 10. Germ EmperorKaiserWilhelm IIgives “BLANKCHECK”,promising fullsupport ofAus-Hun, evenif Rus getsinvolved
  11. 11. WAR BEGINS!!!• Serbs turn down AUS- Hun demands•A-H declares war on Serbs July 28th, 1914
  12. 12. WAR BEGINS!!! • Czar Nicholas II of Rus orders partial MOBILIZATION (assembling troops & supplies & making them ready for war).
  13. 13. WAR BEGINS•Russia’s war plans say to fight Germ & Aus-Hun, Czar Nicholas must mobilize against both.•Czar orders full mobilization on July 29th, 1914.
  14. 14. WAR BEGINS!!!•Ger sees mobilization as act of war & declares war on Russia.
  15. 15. •German Gen Alfred Von Schlieffen plan calls for a 2 front war & makes Germ invade Belgium to attack France to get Russia (written in 1894)(think aboutalliances)
  16. 16. •Ger declared war on France on Aug. 3 , 1914 rd
  17. 17. DON’T WRITE•Germ told Belgium (neutral) to let troops pass through
  18. 18. •Aug. 4th, 1914, Great Brit declares war on Germ for violating Belgium’s neutrality.• GB part of alliance w/ Fr & Rus(Triple Entente)
  19. 19. 1. Franz Ferdinand (next leader of Aus-Hun) assassinated by Serb terrorists the Black Hand 6/28/142. Aus-Hun gets Blank Check from Germany 7/5/143. Aus-Hun declares war on Serb 7/28/144. Russia Mobilizes army on 7/ 29 – 31/14 against both Aus-Hun & Germ
  20. 20. 5. Germans see mobilization as act of war. Declares war on Russia6. German Schlieffen plan makes Germ invade Belgium & France to get Russia7. Germany declares war on France 8/3/148. Great Britain declares war on Germany 8/4/14
  21. 21. WAR BEGINS•Govt spreads PROPAGANDA- ideas used to influence public opinion for or against a cause-• helped to create hatred & support for causes.• Most believe war will end in 2 weeks or less
  22. 22. • Western Front-Mostly in Fr• Schlieffen Plan says go thru Belgium to circle Paris, trapping Fr.• Ger stopped at 1st Battle of Marne (Sept. 6-10, 1914).• Fr troops sent in taxis to front line in red uniforms.
  23. 23. • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=lJXAcl8D51Y (failure of the Schlieffen plan
  24. 24. WESTERN FRONT• Both sides dig trenches• New technology• (Poison gas, tank, plane, mortars, machine gun, zeppelin)• Little movement• Many deaths• Bad conditions
  25. 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9iR0xJW-Fk
  26. 26. BATTLE OF THE SOMME (July 1916)
  27. 27. NO MAN’S LAND
  28. 28. • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=o8DH0YtRQMc&feature=related
  29. 29. • https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=SXtsiqrhqsU Opening scenes All quiet
  30. 30. EASTERN FRONT
  31. 31. •Eastern Front (other side of Germany)- Very mobile, w/ huge losses of life. 1. Rus is beaten in E. Germ & suffers major losses2.Aus-Hun defeated by Rus
  32. 32. 3.Italy joins Triple Entente (now called the ALLIES w/ GB, FR, RUS) in 19154.Germ pushes Russians back into Russia w/ heavy losses(Russia out of war)5. Bulgaria joins w/ Germ & Aus-Hun. (now Central Powers)6.Serbs destroyed in Sept ’15*Ottoman Empire joins CP
  33. 33. • US neutral• GB blockades Germ w/ navy• Germ uses unrestricted submarine warfare (will shoot down any ship)
  34. 34. •May 7, 1915 Germ sinks LUSITANIA, a BR passenger liner, killing 1000 (128 Americans)•Germ stops subs, afraid USA will join war.
  35. 35. • Jan. 1917, ADMIRAL HOLTZENDORF talks KAISER into using unrestricted sub warfare & blockades again to break stalemate
  36. 36. •HOLTZENDORF promises Kaiser Wilhelm II that Brits will starve before US acts• “I give your majesty my word as an officer, not one American will land on the continent”
  37. 37. • April 1917 US enters war over unrestricted sub warfare & Zimmerman telegram!
  38. 38. •Became TOTAL WAR-complete mobilization of resources & people.•Women take over jobs in factories
  39. 39. •Euros went to PLANNED ECONOMIES- systems run by govt agencies that expanded powers to meet needs such as: drafts,regulate import/exports, ration food,control prices, wages &rent control
  40. 40. •Don’t write!•1918 better for Allies w/ arrival of US troops
  41. 41. •Germ GENERAL ERICH VON LUDENDORFF gambles & planned 1 big offensive on Western Front
  42. 42. •Get w/in 50 miles of Paris, but stopped at 2 Battle of Marne nd
  43. 43. 2 Battle of the Marnend
  44. 44. GERMANY LOSES•Germ forced back by US troops•Sept 29, 1918, Gen. Ludendorff says war is lost.•Allies won’t make peace w/ Germ imperial govt
  45. 45. • Kaiser William II gives up & flees.• AUS-Hun fell apart & new nations emerge*Freidrich Ebert, new temp leader announces Armistice is signed Nov, 11,
  46. 46. END OF THE WAR •Jan 1919, 27 ALLIED nations meet to make final settlement
  47. 47. PARIS PEACE CONFERENCEProblems at PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE (1919) due to secret treaties & own selfish interests• Russia can’t come• Germ not invited• Run by BIG 3- US, FR & GB.• Big battle btw them
  48. 48. WOODROW WILSON• WOODROW WILSON-US pres- presented 14 Points to Congress to take to meeting. He said they should:
  49. 49. 14 Pointsa.reach peace openly & reduce weaponsb. Create a “general association of nations” to guarantee independence. (League of Nations)c.Must create democracies & self-determination (right of each people to have own nation).
  50. 50. • DAVID LLOYD GEORGE – Brit Prime minister wants Germ to be punished & pay for crimesGEORGES CLEMENCEAU – premier of France says Fr suffered most, needs security. Wants fines, land, and no weapons
  51. 51. PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE• Jan. 25, 1919. League of Nations created (US DOES NOT JOIN due to Versailles).
  52. 52. • Demands Germ: 1.be stripped of weapons 2. pay REPARATIONS- damages to pay for war 3. create a buffer area btw FR & Germ called Rhineland.
  53. 53. PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE• Jan. 25, 1919. League of Nations created (US DOES NOT JOIN due to Versailles).• Compromises made.
  54. 54. • TREATY OF VERSAILLES- signed w/ Germ. Most important. 5 others signed• Germ unhappy w/ Article 231, which is War Guilt Clause, stating Germ admits guilt for war.
  55. 55. MUST DO THE FOLLOWING:1.pay reparations2. reduce army to 100,0003. get rid of air force & reduce navy4. return Alsace & Loraine,5. Sections of E. Germ given to create Poland.6.Germ along Rhineland now a DMZ, (no weapons)
  56. 56. • Map of Europe redrawn due to Treaty.a.Aus-Hun, Serbia & Ottoman Empire goneb. Rus (USSR) & Germ smaller
  57. 57. c. Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Lithuania, Czechoslovaka Austria, Hungary & Yugoslavia created
  58. 58. d. Br take Iran & Palestine. Called a MANDATE when nation officially governed by another nation, but not owned by them
  59. 59. • The financial cost of the war amounted to almost $38 billion for Germany• Britain spent $35 billion,• France $24 billion,• Russia $22 billion,• USA $22 billion• Austria-Hungary $20 billion.• In total the war cost the Allies $125 billion• the Central Powers $60 billion
  60. 60. WORLD WAR I CASUALTIES: AMERICAN• Battle deaths: 53,402• Other deaths in service: 63,114• Non-mortal wounded: 204,002• Living vets as of 2000: 2,416
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