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W O R L D  W A R  I I
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W O R L D W A R I I

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  • 1. WORLD WAR II
  • 2. <ul><li>Hitler believes Germ should build a great empire (the THIRD REICH ) </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Need more land to East (Russia) & Slavic peoples should be used as slaves to build 3 rd Reich </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!! </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler creates new air force March 9, 1935. </li></ul><ul><li>Begins military draft (Against Treaty Of Versailles) . </li></ul><ul><li>Fr, GB warn </li></ul><ul><li>Germ, but </li></ul><ul><li>do nothing . </li></ul>
  • 5. HITLER INVADES THE RHINELAND <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler knows they won’t use force. </li></ul><ul><li>Invades RHINELAND </li></ul><ul><li>March 1936 </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE! Fr won’t act w/o GB. </li></ul><ul><li>GB doesn’t support using force ( b/c Germ owns Rhine any way ) </li></ul>
  • 7. THE UNHOLY ALLIANCE <ul><li>Hitler & MUSSOLINI (Italy) become allies, b/c they believe must create big empire </li></ul>
  • 8. MUSSOLINI & HITLER
  • 9. <ul><li>1936: Germ & It sign treaty recognizing poli & eco interests called the Rome-Berlin Axis. . </li></ul><ul><li>Invades Ethiopia w/ Germ support, angering GB & FR </li></ul>
  • 10. AUSTRIA <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!! </li></ul><ul><li>1937, Hitler threatens to invade Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>Aus Chancellor put Nazis in charge of govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt then “invites” Germ troops to come in & maintain order. </li></ul><ul><li>Annexed March 13, 1938 </li></ul>
  • 11.  
  • 12. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!! </li></ul><ul><li>Next goal: destroy Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Demands Germ be given SUDENTENLAND (NW Cz) on Sept 15, 1938. </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Policy of APPEASEMENT - belief that if you satisfy demands of unhappy nations, then unhappy powers will be content & there will be peace </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Fr, GB, Germ & It meet at MUNICH CONFERENCE. France & GB appease Hitler & give him Cz. </li></ul><ul><li>( See chart above for rest) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler promises to make no more demands. BIG LIE! </li></ul><ul><li>Cz abandoned </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>Neville Chamberlain , GB Prime Minister, says “ This will create peace for our time” </li></ul>
  • 16. MUNICH CONFERENCE
  • 17. <ul><li>Hitler thinks Euro weak & won’t stop him. Took over rest of CZ 1939 & d emands </li></ul><ul><li>Polish port of </li></ul><ul><li>DANZIG. </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>GB & FR realize they need Soviets to stop Nazis & negotiate w/ USSR </li></ul>
  • 19. <ul><li>ON Aug 29, 1939 Hitler & Stalin (USSR) sign Nazi-Soviet Non - Aggression Pact , promising not to attack each other (to prevent a 2 front war) </li></ul>
  • 20. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
  • 21. <ul><li>Pact gave Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>E.Poland & Baltics </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>Hitler invades Poland Sept 1, 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 3, GB & FR declare war. </li></ul>
  • 23. JAPANESE PATH TO WAR <ul><li>Sept 1933: Japan attacks Manchuria for resources. </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations sends investigators . </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>US warns Japan that economic SANCTIONS (economic restrictions to enforce laws) will be used unless Japan w/draws to old borders </li></ul>
  • 25. <ul><li>Big Dilemma! </li></ul><ul><li>Japan must decide what they need more: Indochina’s </li></ul><ul><li>resources or US’s oil & iron </li></ul>
  • 26. <ul><li>Germany’s fast attacks shock world. </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks were called BLITZKRIEG (lightening war). </li></ul><ul><li>Planes bomb, </li></ul><ul><li>followed by tanks </li></ul><ul><li>rolling in, & then </li></ul><ul><li>foot soldiers </li></ul>
  • 27. GERMAN PANZER TANK
  • 28. THE BLITZKRIEG
  • 29. <ul><li>On 9/28/39, Poland surrenders & Germ & Soviets divide it up. </li></ul><ul><li>On 4/9/40, Hitler uses Blitzkrieg against Norway & Sweden . </li></ul>
  • 30. <ul><li>On 5/10/40 attacks the Netherlands, Belgium & Fr . </li></ul><ul><li>Main assault thru Luxembourg & ARDENNES FOREST . </li></ul>
  • 31. ARDENNES FOREST
  • 32. <ul><li>Tanks roll through weak French Maginot line (line of concrete defenses) & around to Paris </li></ul>
  • 33. http://www.maginot-line.com/ang/c_sommaire.htm
  • 34. <ul><li>Splits Allies in half, trapping FR & GB on Dunkirk beaches </li></ul>
  • 35. <ul><li>6/22/40 - </li></ul><ul><li>Fr sign armistice & Germ occupies 3/5 of France. </li></ul><ul><li>Germ set up authoritarian regime </li></ul>
  • 36. <ul><li>Brits ask US for help. </li></ul><ul><li>US passed </li></ul><ul><li>NEUTRALITY ACTS & cannot take sides </li></ul>
  • 37. <ul><li>Hitler must invade Britain by air. </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1940 LUFTWAFFE (air force) bombs bases, industry & cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Brits fight back with air raid plans & Royal Air Force. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler gives up May 1941 </li></ul>
  • 38. LUFTWAFFE
  • 39. <ul><li>Hitler thought Brits waiting for Soviet help </li></ul><ul><li>6/22/41- Hitler invades USSR. </li></ul><ul><li>1800 mile attack, (Russians burn supplies, factories, </li></ul><ul><li>but many captured </li></ul>
  • 40. INVASION OF RUSSIA
  • 41. <ul><li>By Nov: Germans took the Ukraine, close to Moscow and Leningrad. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard winter hits early, Germans freeze & strong Rus resistance stops Germ . </li></ul>
  • 42. <ul><li>Dec. 7, 1941 Japan attacks US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to destroy Pacific fleet. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought US would accept Japan’s domination of Pacific </li></ul>
  • 43. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
  • 44. <ul><li>KAMIKAZE (divine wind) were suicide pilots. </li></ul>
  • 45. <ul><li>Japan took over much of SE Asia & W Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>US declares war Dec. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Joins the ALLIES </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declared war on US </li></ul>
  • 46. A VIEW OF USS SHAW
  • 47. THE AIRFIELD
  • 48. THE USS ARIZONA
  • 49. <ul><li>Japan took over much of SE Asia & W Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>US declares war Dec. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Joins the ALLIES </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declared war on US </li></ul>
  • 50. <ul><li>New alliance- US, GB, & USSR are GRAND ALLIANCE </li></ul><ul><li>Agree to focus on military, not political issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Will fight until AXIS POWERS (Germ, It, Japan) have UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER - no conditions attached. </li></ul>
  • 51. <ul><li>women enter workforce. </li></ul><ul><li>Some serve as nurses or WACS. </li></ul>
  • 52. <ul><li>GENERAL ERWIN ROMMEL (Desert Fox) controlled North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Trapped & defeated by Eisenhower </li></ul>
  • 53. <ul><li>It & Germ armies surrender in May 1943 . </li></ul>
  • 54. <ul><li>Hitler goes after Stalingrad (industrial center). -worst battle of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Many starve during siege, but Nov 1942-Feb 1943 Soviets counterattack, encircling Germs & cutting off supplies during winter. </li></ul>
  • 55. <ul><li>Germ 6 th army surrenders </li></ul><ul><li>& HITLER GIVES UP ON RUSSIA </li></ul>
  • 56. BATTLE OF STALINGRAD
  • 57. <ul><li>Russian factory workers are sent to the front lines to defned Stalingrad (Volgograd) </li></ul>
  • 58. At the same time as the war in Europe there is fighting in the Pacific: <ul><li>BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA - 5/7/42- US stops Japan’s advance to Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Midway Island 6/4/42 US destroys Japan’s navy. </li></ul><ul><li>Big TURNING POINT!!! </li></ul>
  • 59. BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA
  • 60. <ul><li>DOUGLAS MACARTHUR - US-move into Philippines thru S. Pacific Islands </li></ul><ul><li>A combo of US marines & navy move across Pacific to attack Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>held islands, </li></ul><ul><li>by island hopping . </li></ul>
  • 61. <ul><li>Winston Churchill calls Italy “Soft underbelly of Europe “ </li></ul>
  • 62. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Allies move into Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Muss removed </li></ul><ul><li>from power. </li></ul><ul><li>King Victor Emmanuel offers to surrender </li></ul>
  • 63. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Germs free Mussolini & set up puppet Germ state in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Germ sets up defenses, takes Allies until 6/4/44 to take Rome </li></ul>
  • 64. <ul><li>Allies open 2 nd front & invade Fr from GB thru English Channel </li></ul>
  • 65. <ul><li>Allied Forces under GEN DWIGHT EISENHOWER land at NORMANDY on 6/6/44- aka D-DAY & retake France </li></ul>
  • 66.  
  • 67. <ul><li>6/5/44- Stormy, men waiting in lSTs. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans nervous. Radio stations bombed, Luftwaffe grounded, telephone lines cut. Thought no invasion would occur </li></ul><ul><li>Commanders away attending a war game subject was naval assault on Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>At Calais, German radar picks up signals when Brits drop aluminum foil form planes & send up reflector balloons to look like troop transports </li></ul><ul><li>US & Brits launch parachute and glider drops behind beaches </li></ul>
  • 68. <ul><li>6. Beaches at Normandy given code names: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno & Sword. Utah & Omaha taken by US, rest by Brits & Canadians. Use clickers to find way in dark </li></ul><ul><li>7. 1:11 AM germ general gets phone call. Word reaches Rommel at </li></ul><ul><li>2:15 AM, but doesn't </li></ul><ul><li>believe this is the </li></ul><ul><li>invasion. Sent message </li></ul><ul><li>to Runstedt </li></ul>
  • 69. <ul><li>8. 2:55 sends message to Berlin.but not sure if attack is atNormandy or Calais. At 4:15, knows its Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>9. Sends message to Jodl, asking for reserves. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Jodl wakes up 6;30 & DENIES order. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Too late. 150,000 men, 1500 tanks, 5300 ships land. Huge success. Many die in the attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Good thing because one week later, Germans launch V-1 rockets on England and V-2s later. Flew up to 120 miles altitude and could not be stopped. </li></ul>
  • 70. D-DAY INVASION
  • 71. OMAHA BEACH
  • 72. TRYING TO GET TO SHORE
  • 73. JUNE 6 th , 1944
  • 74.  
  • 75. BATTLE OF KURSK <ul><li>On July 12 th , Luftwaffe & artillery units bombed Soviets. </li></ul><ul><li>SS Divisions “were astonished to see masses of Soviet armor advancing towards them”. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Kursk was the largest tank battle. </li></ul>
  • 76. <ul><li>Soviets move west & take Ukraine, Baltics & Warsaw by 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Enter Berlin in Apr 1945 & swept thru Hungary, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>& Bulgaria </li></ul>
  • 77. <ul><li>Hitler moves into bunker. </li></ul><ul><li>Commits suicide April 30, 1945, 2 days after Mussolini killed </li></ul>
  • 78. <ul><li>5/7/45 Germany surrenders!! </li></ul>
  • 79. Russians on the Reichstag
  • 80. <ul><li>1945: HARRY S TRUMAN debates whether to use atomic bomb . </li></ul><ul><li>If US invades Japan, millions die or if US uses bomb, US does not know what damage it might do. </li></ul>
  • 81. HARRY TRUMAN
  • 82. <ul><li>8/6/45 drop bomb on HIROSHIMA , & NAGASAKI 3 days later. (levels cities, many die) </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Hero Hito surrenders. </li></ul><ul><li>Dropped by Paul Tibbets </li></ul>
  • 83. HIROSHIMA
  • 84. LITTLE BOY
  • 85. Fat Man
  • 86. Designation Mk-I &quot;Little Boy &quot; Mk-III &quot;Fat Man&quot; Width 28 in. 60.25 in. Length 120 in. 128 in . Weight 8,900 lb. 10,300 lb. Yield 15 - 16 Kt 21 Kt
  • 87.  
  • 88.  
  • 89.  
  • 90. Whats left of the city
  • 91. CAPTAIN PAUL TIBBETS
  • 92. NAGASAKI
  • 93. Emperor Hirohito
  • 94. AUDIE MURPHY
  • 95. VICTORY !!!
  • 96. WAR DEAD <ul><li>Total Servicemen worldwide: 16,112,566 </li></ul><ul><li>6-10 million in concentration </li></ul><ul><li>camps </li></ul><ul><li>20 million to </li></ul><ul><li>50 million </li></ul><ul><li>civilians </li></ul>
  • 97. World War II Memorial
  • 98. <ul><li>http://videopunks.com/index.php?name=Video&op=view&video_id=18 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.metacafe.com/watch/160126/a_small_atomic_bomb/ </li></ul>
  • 99. <ul><li>Oct. 1 - last day - judges announced verdicts - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 given death: Goring, von Ribbentrop, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Rosenberg, Franck, Frick, Streicher, Sauckel, Jodl, Seyss-Inquart, Bormann (were hung Oct. 16, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goering committed suicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 given life: Raeder, Hess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 given 20 yrs: Baldur von Schirach, Speer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 given 15 yrs, 1 given 10 yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 acquitted: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 more at Nuremberg - 175 convicted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 Germans convicted - 250 death </li></ul></ul>
  • 100.  

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