Russian Revolution

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Russian Revolution

  1. 1. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV : strict ruler who relied on army & huge govt to hold power. </li></ul><ul><li>Had 4 daughters, 1 son </li></ul><ul><li>Wife ALEXANDRIA was German </li></ul><ul><li>Alex kept him cut off from events during war </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE CZAR & FAMILY
  4. 4. ROMANOV FAMILY
  5. 5. CZAR NICOLAS
  6. 6. ALEXANDRA
  7. 7. THE LOVE STORY <ul><li>I never dreamt that our married life would have been so perfect, such utter happiness you have brought me. Alexandra’s letter to Nicholas, 20 September 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>(don’t write) </li></ul>
  8. 8. ANASTASIA
  9. 9. THE GIRLS <ul><li>Anastasia, </li></ul><ul><li>Tatiana, </li></ul><ul><li>Maria </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Olga </li></ul>
  10. 10. ALEXEI
  11. 11. ALEXANDRA & RASPUTIN <ul><li>Alex was under the influence of GRIGORI RASPUTIN , a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a holy man. </li></ul><ul><li>Supposedly could stop bleeding of son Alexei </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE ONE AND ONLY RASPUTIN
  13. 13. MORE PROBLEMS <ul><li>Rasputin helped Alex make bad decisions, causing military & eco disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>People upset w/ Czar. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocrats kill Rasputin . </li></ul>
  14. 14. DON”T WRITE: LISTED AS WEAKNESSES IN PACKET <ul><li>Russia not ready for WWI. No weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Czar had no military training, </li></ul><ul><li>no competent military leaders </li></ul><ul><li>no armament </li></ul><ul><li>industry </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The DUMA , (legislative body), met March 12 th 1917 even though Czar had gotten rid of Duma </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a provisional govt & asked Czar to step down . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>MARCH REVOLUTION -10,000 female factory workers strike in Petrograd, upset w/ bread rationing. </li></ul><ul><li>Call for general strike. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers sent to stop it, end up joining in. </li></ul>
  17. 17. MARCH REVOLUTION
  18. 18. <ul><li>New Provisional Govt headed by ALEXANDER KERENSKY </li></ul><ul><li>Made mistake of staying in WWI, upseting peasants workers. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The SOVIETS - city councils of workers & soldiers, challenged new govt over decisions </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>VLADIMIR LENIN was the leader of the Bolsheviks (Communists) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Believed in book COMMUNIST MANIFESTO by </li></ul><ul><li>KARL MARX . </li></ul><ul><li>Proletariat (poor workers) will overthrow bourgeoisie (rich owners) </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Most Bolsheviks were were lower class </li></ul><ul><li>& had new radical ideas. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Bolsheviks want: </li></ul><ul><li>1. violent overthrow of </li></ul><ul><li>govt. </li></ul><ul><li>2. control of Soviets </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lenin saw Provisional </li></ul><ul><li>govt as chance for </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks to take </li></ul><ul><li>over </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Bolsheviks promise to end war, redistribute land to poor, give factories to committees & govt power to Soviets (the councils ). </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>By Oct 1917, Bolsheviks have a majority in Moscow & Petrograd Soviets (led by Leon Trotsky ). </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Bolsheviks seize Winter Palace on Nov. 6 th & destroy Provisional Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>All Russian Congress of Soviets meets in Petrograd, but Lenin fakes turning over power (kept </li></ul><ul><li>it for himself) </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Bolsheviks (now called Communists ) </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave Germany land to get out of war humiliating Russia : Poland, Finland, Ukraine & Baltics. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Many oppose Communists </li></ul><ul><li>(Cossacks, </li></ul><ul><li>liberals, </li></ul><ul><li>socialists). </li></ul><ul><li>Allies send </li></ul><ul><li>troops & supplies to fight Communists. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>April1918: Royal family jailed. Murdered on July 16 th </li></ul><ul><li>( or are </li></ul><ul><li>they?) </li></ul>
  30. 30. COMMUNIST RED ARMY <ul><li>1918-1921: Communist Red Army fights against Anti- Communist White Army . </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>By 1920, White army is defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>Communists take over Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan & Armenia </li></ul>
  32. 32. RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR
  33. 33. <ul><li>REASONS FOR COMMUNIST SUCCESS : </li></ul><ul><li>Communists used WAR COMMUNISM - govt control of banks, industry, wheat & centralization of govt to get supplies for army. </li></ul>
  34. 34. THE CHEKA <ul><li>Used Red secret police – called the CHEKA - to destroy anyone against the new govt. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky was brilliant </li></ul><ul><li>Had single-minded purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-communist disorganized & not united </li></ul><ul><li>Allies were hated for supporting anti-communists </li></ul>

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