Russian revolution

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Russian revolution

  1. 1. RUSSIANREVOLUTION
  2. 2. a. CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV: autocrat: all power rests w/ strict ruler. Relied on army & huge govt to hold power.b. Had 4 daughters, 1 son & wife ALEXANDRIA• *Alex was German & kept him cut off from events during war
  3. 3. THE CZAR & FAMILY
  4. 4. ROMANOV FAMILY
  5. 5. CZAR NICHOLAS
  6. 6. ALEXANDRA
  7. 7. THE LOVE STORY • I never dreamt that our married life would have been so perfect, such utter happiness you have brought me. Alexandra’s letter to Nicholas, 20 September 1898 • (don’t write)
  8. 8. ANASTASIA
  9. 9. The girls: Anastasia, Tatiana, Maria & Olga
  10. 10. ALEXEI
  11. 11. ALEXANDRA & RASPUTIN•Alex was under the influence of GRIGORI RASPUTIN, a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a holy man & could supposedly stop bleeding of son Alexei
  12. 12. THE ONE AND ONLY RASPUTIN
  13. 13. MOREPROBLEMS •Rasputin helped Alex make bad decisions, causing military & eco disaster &making people angry w/ Czar. •Aristocrats kill Rasputin.
  14. 14. PROBLEMS:1.Too big! 125 mil people, little communication2. Russia not ready for WWI. Few weapons & few factories3. Czar had no military training, few competent military leaders, major losses4. Out of date farming, poor working conditions5. 90 % poor, uneducated serfs6. Lost war w/ Japan in 1905
  15. 15. Bloody Sunday (don’t write)• No political parties, no constituion• In Jan 1905, 200000 people went to place with petition for better working conditions, legislature, vote & freedoms. They sang “God Save the Tsar” & were led by a priest)• Soldiers open fire, kill 500-1000?• Duma created
  16. 16. • The DUMA, (legislative body), met March 12th 1917 even though Czar had gotten rid of Duma• Set up a provisional govt & asked Czar to step down.
  17. 17. •MARCH REVOLUTION- 10,000 female factory workers strike in Petrograd, upset w/ bread rationing.•Call for general strike.•Soldiers sent to stop it, end up joining in.
  18. 18. MARCH REVOLUTION
  19. 19. • New Provisional Govt created by Duma headed by ALEXANDER KERENSKY• Gave freedom of assembly speech press, vote• Made mistake of staying in WWI, upsetting peasants, workers.
  20. 20. •The SOVIETS- city councils of workers & soldiers, challenged new govt over decisions
  21. 21. VLADIMIRLENIN was theleader of theBolsheviks(Communists)
  22. 22. • Believed in book COMMUNIST MANIFESTO by KARL MARX which said Proletariat (poor workers) will overthrow bourgeoisie (rich owners)
  23. 23. •Most Bolsheviks were lower class & had new radical ideas.
  24. 24. •Bolsheviks want: 1. violent overthrow of govt. 2. control of Soviets 3. Lenin saw Provisional govt as chance for Bolsheviks to take over
  25. 25. Bolsheviks promise to end war, redistribute land to poor, give factories to committees & govt power to Soviets (the councils).
  26. 26. •Oct 1917, the Bolsheviks had a majority in 2 important Soviets (Moscow & Petrograd, led by Leon Trotsky).
  27. 27. • Bolsheviks seize Winter Palace on Nov. 6th & destroy Provisional Govt.• All Russian Congress of Soviets meets in Petrograd, but Lenin fakes turning over power (kept it for himself)
  28. 28. • Bolsheviks (now called Communists)• Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave Germany land to get out of war humiliating Russia : Poland, Finland, Ukraine & Baltics.
  29. 29. •Many oppose Communists (Cossacks, liberals, socialists).•Allies send troops & supplies to fight Communists.
  30. 30. •April 1918 royal family jailed. Murdered on July 16th(or arethey?)
  31. 31. COMMUNIST RED ARMY • 1918-1921: Communist Red Army fights against Anti- Communist White Army.
  32. 32. • By 1920, White army is defeated. & Communists take over Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan & Armenia
  33. 33. RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR
  34. 34. WHY DID THE COMMUNIST REDS WIN?• Communists used WAR COMMUNISM- govt control of banks, industry, wheat & centralization of govt to get supplies for army.
  35. 35. THE CHEKA Used Red secret police – called the CHEKA- to destroy anyone against the new govt.
  36. 36. • DON’T WRITE• Trotsky was brilliant• Had single- minded purpose• Anti-communist disorganized & not united• Allies were hated for supporting anti-communists

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