a. CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV: autocrat: all power rests w/ strict ruler. Relied on army & huge govt to hold power.b. Had 4 daughters, 1 son & wife ALEXANDRIA• *Alex was German & kept him cut off from events during war
MOREPROBLEMS •Rasputin helped Alex make bad decisions, causing military & eco disaster &making people angry w/ Czar. •Aristocrats kill Rasputin.
PROBLEMS:1.Too big! 125 mil people, little communication2. Russia not ready for WWI. Few weapons & few factories3. Czar had no military training, few competent military leaders, major losses4. Out of date farming, poor working conditions5. 90 % poor, uneducated serfs6. Lost war w/ Japan in 1905
Bloody Sunday (don’t write)• No political parties, no constituion• In Jan 1905, 200000 people went to place with petition for better working conditions, legislature, vote & freedoms. They sang “God Save the Tsar” & were led by a priest)• Soldiers open fire, kill 500-1000?• Duma created
• The DUMA, (legislative body), met March 12th 1917 even though Czar had gotten rid of Duma• Set up a provisional govt & asked Czar to step down.
•MARCH REVOLUTION- 10,000 female factory workers strike in Petrograd, upset w/ bread rationing.•Call for general strike.•Soldiers sent to stop it, end up joining in.