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  • 1. IMPERIAL JAPAN
  • 2.
    • By 1800, TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE had ruled for 200 years & kept Japan isolated.
    • Other nations want to trade
  • 3. MATTHEW PERRY
    • 1853: US fleet under Commodore. Matthew Perry lands in Tokyo w/ letter from Pres. Milliard Fillmore
  • 4.
    • Asks for better treatment of shipwrecked sailors & open relationships.
    • Japan says NO
  • 5.
    • Perry comes back w/ bigger fleet.
    • Japan’s leaders argue.
    • Make CONCESSIONS
    • or political
    • compromises .
  • 6. TREATY OF KANAGAWA
    • Under military pressure, agree to TREATY OF KANAGAWA
    • Opens up ports & sets up American consulate .
  • 7.
    • Samurai warriors dislike openness.
    • Form Sat Cho alliance & forced shogun to promise to end contact w/ west.
    • Sat Cho attack
    • Shogun collapses &
    • Emperor restored .
  • 8.
    • SAT CHO distrust west, but need change.
    • MUTSUHITO , new emperor, under control of SAT CHO.
    • Known as MEIJI or enlightened ruler .
  • 9.
    • Leaders take land from Daimyo, (local lords), but named them governors of
    • territories
    • called
    • PREFECTURES .
  • 10.
    • Ito Hirobumi sent to other nations to study govts over next
    • 20 years
  • 11.
    • Create new govt.
    • Emperor is figurehead & Prime Minister ran country.
    • 2 house
    • legislature.
    • Very authoritarian
    • (strict direct control)
  • 12. ECONOMICS
    • Improve ECONOMICS : Govt provides training, improves transport & communication.
    • Set up businesses &
    • then turn them over
    • to private ownership .
  • 13.
    • Adopted American edu system.
    • Sent brightest to study abroad
    • Taught western ideas & loyalty to family, community
  • 14.
    • Military - Strengthen army, add modern weapons &
    • require military service.
  • 15.
    • Japan expands to get resources, mkts & labor. (IMPERIALISM
    • Fights China for Korea 1894
  • 16. JAPAN EXPANDS
    • China loses & gives independence to Korea & Taiwan to Japan.
    • 1904 go to war w/ Russia over Korea
  • 17. JAPAN EXPANDS
    • Russia loses gives land to Japan.
    • Japan annexes Korea
    • What’s next?