Japan

989 views
880 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
989
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
64
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
35
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Japan

  1. 1. IMPERIAL JAPAN
  2. 2. <ul><li>By 1800, TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE had ruled for 200 years & kept Japan isolated. </li></ul><ul><li>Other nations want to trade </li></ul>
  3. 3. MATTHEW PERRY <ul><li>1853: US fleet under Commodore. Matthew Perry lands in Tokyo w/ letter from Pres. Milliard Fillmore </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Asks for better treatment of shipwrecked sailors & open relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan says NO </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Perry comes back w/ bigger fleet. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s leaders argue. </li></ul><ul><li>Make CONCESSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>or political </li></ul><ul><li>compromises . </li></ul>
  6. 6. TREATY OF KANAGAWA <ul><li>Under military pressure, agree to TREATY OF KANAGAWA </li></ul><ul><li>Opens up ports & sets up American consulate . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Samurai warriors dislike openness. </li></ul><ul><li>Form Sat Cho alliance & forced shogun to promise to end contact w/ west. </li></ul><ul><li>Sat Cho attack </li></ul><ul><li>Shogun collapses & </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor restored . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>SAT CHO distrust west, but need change. </li></ul><ul><li>MUTSUHITO , new emperor, under control of SAT CHO. </li></ul><ul><li>Known as MEIJI or enlightened ruler . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Leaders take land from Daimyo, (local lords), but named them governors of </li></ul><ul><li>territories </li></ul><ul><li>called </li></ul><ul><li>PREFECTURES . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Ito Hirobumi sent to other nations to study govts over next </li></ul><ul><li>20 years </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Create new govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor is figurehead & Prime Minister ran country. </li></ul><ul><li>2 house </li></ul><ul><li>legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>Very authoritarian </li></ul><ul><li>(strict direct control) </li></ul>
  12. 12. ECONOMICS <ul><li>Improve ECONOMICS : Govt provides training, improves transport & communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Set up businesses & </li></ul><ul><li>then turn them over </li></ul><ul><li>to private ownership . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Adopted American edu system. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent brightest to study abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Taught western ideas & loyalty to family, community </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Military - Strengthen army, add modern weapons & </li></ul><ul><li>require military service. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Japan expands to get resources, mkts & labor. (IMPERIALISM </li></ul><ul><li>Fights China for Korea 1894 </li></ul>
  16. 16. JAPAN EXPANDS <ul><li>China loses & gives independence to Korea & Taiwan to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>1904 go to war w/ Russia over Korea </li></ul>
  17. 17. JAPAN EXPANDS <ul><li>Russia loses gives land to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan annexes Korea </li></ul><ul><li>What’s next? </li></ul>

×