INDIA & SOUTH ASIA
 
INDIA <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi , ( a former lawyer)  organizes protests .  </li></ul><ul><li>Believes in non-violent protest...
<ul><li>Led marches, protests, boycotts & withheld paying taxes to get independence </li></ul>
MAHATMA GANDHI <ul><li>“ WE MUST BE THE CHANGE WE WISH TO SEE ” </li></ul>
INDIA <ul><li>Gandhi called  MAHATMA  or “Great Soul”  </li></ul><ul><li>1919 Brits kill 100s & arrest Gandhi </li></ul><u...
GREAT SALT MARCH 1930
INDIA & PAKISTAN <ul><li>Conflict grows btw Muslim minority & Hindu majority.  </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims led by  Ali Jinna...
<ul><li>8/14/47 Indian empire gets independence & divided into 2 nations:  </li></ul><ul><li>India-  Hindu nation </li></u...
INDIA & PAKISTAN <ul><li>Millions flee. Hindus go to India & Muslims to Pakistan.  </li></ul><ul><li>Many die, including G...
KASHMIR <ul><li>Kashmir , area high in  Hindu Kush mtns btw India & Pakistan had problems .  </li></ul><ul><li>Good resour...
KASHMIR <ul><li>Kashmir has Hindu Prince & Muslim people. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan & India sends in troops to take over....
KASHMIR <ul><li>Violence starts in 2001 election </li></ul><ul><li>Pak hijacks India airliner.  </li></ul><ul><li>Ind troo...
AFRICA AFRICA
AFRICA <ul><li>Did not get independence after WW I . </li></ul><ul><li>Euro can’t afford </li></ul><ul><li>to keep troops ...
<ul><li>New leaders (many educated in US) believe  in  MARCUS   GARVEY. </li></ul><ul><li>He stressed  PAN-AFRICANISM:   u...
KWAME NKRUMAH <ul><li>1957: The Gold Coast(Ghana), 1 st  colony gets independence from GB w/ help of  KWAME NKRUMAH   who ...
<ul><li>17 by nations  by 1960.  </li></ul><ul><li>11 more  btw 1961-1965. </li></ul><ul><li>Guerilla warfare helps Morocc...
AFRICA SOUTH
<ul><li>White run govt.  </li></ul><ul><li>1950s:  AFRIKANNERS  (SA whites) decide to make stronger  segregation laws (sep...
<ul><li>1960-Students protest peacefully at Sharpsville, troops open fire ,  shooting kids in back .   </li></ul><ul><li>B...
<ul><li>NELSON MANDELA  leader of  AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS  (formed to get poli reform) is arrested for fighting for rig...
<ul><li>1993  President de Klerk  agrees to hold democratic elections (due to international pressure). </li></ul><ul><li>M...
NELSON MANDELLA
AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
ISSUES IN AFRICA <ul><li>1. single crop economy. ¾ live off of land.  </li></ul><ul><li>2.few factories, low literacy rate...
<ul><li>4.Must import technology & manufactured goods from West </li></ul><ul><li>5. bribery & corrupt officials </li></ul...
<ul><li>9.Fast urbanization- city growth leads to crime, overcrowding, pollution, not enough services.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
NIGHTMARE IN RWANDA
MASSACRE OF THE TUTSIS
 
<ul><li>Civil wars begin btw groups when too many ethnic groups  put together in one area.  </li></ul><ul><li>GENONICDE : ...
MIDDLE EAST
<ul><li>Armenia wanted ind & in 1915 Otto kills 600,000 people & deports 500,000  </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of  GENOCIDE  ...
<ul><li>IBN SAUD & est  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil Co. finds oil in  Persian Gulf bri...
ISRAEL PALESTINE
MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT <ul><li>Palestine est by Jews 1000s yrs ago, but driven out by Romans  </li></ul><ul><li>Occupied by ...
<ul><li>1917 Brits issue  Balfour Declaration , saying would support a national home for the Jews in Palestine  </li></ul>...
CONFLICT <ul><li>GB rejects proposals for Jewish state & limits immigration. </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions grow as 1000s of J...
PALESTINE <ul><li>1948: UN divides Palestine into Jewish & Arab sections.  </li></ul><ul><li>Jews start nation of  Israel ...
<ul><li>100,000s Arabs (mostly Muslim) flee.  </li></ul><ul><li>Several Arab nations invade.  </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs don’...
EGYPT
GAMAL ABDUL NASSER
NASSER & EGYPT <ul><li>GAMAL ABDUL NASSER  took control of Egypt (50s) </li></ul><ul><li>Took Suez Canal from GB & FR & is...
EGYPT & ISRAEL <ul><li>1967 Nasser blockades Israel’s shipping on Suez </li></ul><ul><li>June 5, 1967 Israel launches air ...
ANWAR SADAT <ul><li>Nasser dies 1970.  </li></ul><ul><li>ANWAR SADAT  new leader of Egypt.  </li></ul><ul><li>1973 launche...
OPEC <ul><li>1960: oil rich countries join together to control supply & pricing of oil. </li></ul><ul><li>OPEC (Organizati...
OPEC <ul><li>Increase & decrease production for price control , ( affects economies around the world )  </li></ul>
ORGANIZATION of PETROLEUM Exporting Countries
<ul><li>1964 (PLO)  Palestinian Liberation Organization  forms to create Arab state.  </li></ul><ul><li>Led by  Yassir Ara...
<ul><li>Arabs become more aggressive leading to  INTIFADA  or uprising ( which lasts thru the 1980s). </li></ul><ul><li>19...
PLO <ul><li>Arafat made head of PA & PLO recognizes Israel as nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Many upset . </li></ul><ul><li>New...
INTIFADA
PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY
AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI & IRAN
IRAN <ul><li>AYATOLLAH  RUHOLLAH KHOMEINI  replaces govt w/  THEOCRACY - govt based on religious law.  </li></ul><ul><li>A...
SADDAM & IRAQ
SADDAM HUSSEIN & IRAQ <ul><li>1979  HUSSIEN  takes power.  </li></ul><ul><li>Major tension btw  Iraq (Sunni Muslims) & Ira...
<ul><li>1990- Iraq invades </li></ul><ul><li>Kuwait for oil.  </li></ul><ul><li>Treats people badly </li></ul>
<ul><li>UN tells Saddam to pull out. US invades in Operation Desert Storm </li></ul><ul><li>US & UN troops defeat Iraq in ...
IRAQ TODAY <ul><li>US troops return to Iraq in March 2003  over Iraq’s support of terrorism, human rights abuses & WMD. </...
 
AFGHANISTAN & OSMA BIN LADEN <ul><li>After WWII, king of Afghanistan had gets kicked out.  </li></ul><ul><li>New leaders t...
<ul><li>USSR invades & occupy for 10 yrs.  </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to w/draw by US & Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Warring ...
<ul><li>Sets up strict Islamic control & has major human rights abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Support terrorism, including   OS...
<ul><li>STILL HUNTING FOR OSAMA </li></ul>
WORLD TRADE CENTER TOWERS
9/11/01 TIMELINE <ul><li>** 8:45 AM    Plane crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center.   </li></ul><ul><li>*...
TIMELINE <ul><li>   **9:21 AM    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) halts all flights at U.S. airports.  It is the ...
TIMELINE <ul><li>**10:10 AM    A portion of the Pentagon collapses. </li></ul><ul><li>**10:10 AM    Plane crashes in Somer...
TIMELINE <ul><li>** 1:44 PM    Five warships and two aircraft carriers are ordered to leave the U.S. Naval Station in Norf...
THE FLIGHTS <ul><li>American Airlines Flight 11 From:  Boston, Massachusetts To: Los Angeles, California Lives:  92 people...
FLIGHTS <ul><li>American Airlines Flight 77 From:  Washington, D.C. (Dulles Airport) To: Los Angeles, CA Lives:  64 people...
VICTEMS <ul><li>Victims came from more than 90 countries around the world. The following are the number of people who died...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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India & South Asia

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India & South Asia

  1. 1. INDIA & SOUTH ASIA
  2. 3. INDIA <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi , ( a former lawyer) organizes protests . </li></ul><ul><li>Believes in non-violent protest or CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE - (refusal to obey unjust law) to get independence. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Led marches, protests, boycotts & withheld paying taxes to get independence </li></ul>
  4. 5. MAHATMA GANDHI <ul><li>“ WE MUST BE THE CHANGE WE WISH TO SEE ” </li></ul>
  5. 6. INDIA <ul><li>Gandhi called MAHATMA or “Great Soul” </li></ul><ul><li>1919 Brits kill 100s & arrest Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Led Salt March in 1930, urging people to make salt, which was against British law (shows non-violent resistance) </li></ul>
  6. 7. GREAT SALT MARCH 1930
  7. 8. INDIA & PAKISTAN <ul><li>Conflict grows btw Muslim minority & Hindu majority. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims led by Ali Jinnah want a separate Muslim state in Pakistan </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>8/14/47 Indian empire gets independence & divided into 2 nations: </li></ul><ul><li>India- Hindu nation </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan -Muslim nation . </li></ul>
  9. 10. INDIA & PAKISTAN <ul><li>Millions flee. Hindus go to India & Muslims to Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Many die, including Gandhi, (assassinated on 6/30/48) </li></ul><ul><li>Several areas stay indep. </li></ul><ul><li>Each choose which nation to join </li></ul>
  10. 11. KASHMIR <ul><li>Kashmir , area high in Hindu Kush mtns btw India & Pakistan had problems . </li></ul><ul><li>Good resources there & also major rivers of region begin here . </li></ul>
  11. 12. KASHMIR <ul><li>Kashmir has Hindu Prince & Muslim people. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan & India sends in troops to take over. </li></ul><ul><li>UN steps in & divides Kashmir .(2/3 to India & 1/3 to Pakistan). No one happy. Series of small wars occur. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990s, both nations get nuclear weapons. </li></ul>
  12. 13. KASHMIR <ul><li>Violence starts in 2001 election </li></ul><ul><li>Pak hijacks India airliner. </li></ul><ul><li>Ind troops kill people in camps & tests long range missiles </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 2001, 1 million troops line up along border. </li></ul><ul><li>Still ongoing struggle . </li></ul>
  13. 14. AFRICA AFRICA
  14. 15. AFRICA <ul><li>Did not get independence after WW I . </li></ul><ul><li>Euro can’t afford </li></ul><ul><li>to keep troops </li></ul><ul><li>in colonies </li></ul><ul><li>after WWII </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>New leaders (many educated in US) believe in MARCUS GARVEY. </li></ul><ul><li>He stressed PAN-AFRICANISM: unity of African people </li></ul><ul><li>Stress African </li></ul><ul><li>heritage </li></ul>
  16. 17. KWAME NKRUMAH <ul><li>1957: The Gold Coast(Ghana), 1 st colony gets independence from GB w/ help of KWAME NKRUMAH who later became leader </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>17 by nations by 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>11 more btw 1961-1965. </li></ul><ul><li>Guerilla warfare helps Morocco, Mozambique, Angola & Tunisia </li></ul>
  18. 19. AFRICA SOUTH
  19. 20. <ul><li>White run govt. </li></ul><ul><li>1950s: AFRIKANNERS (SA whites) decide to make stronger segregation laws (separating races) called APARTHEID . </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>1960-Students protest peacefully at Sharpsville, troops open fire , shooting kids in back . </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks not allowed to participate in govt, hold certain jobs, must live in separate </li></ul><ul><li>homelands. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>NELSON MANDELA leader of AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (formed to get poli reform) is arrested for fighting for rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Nations boycott </li></ul><ul><li>SA & ban SA </li></ul><ul><li>from Olympics. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>1993 President de Klerk agrees to hold democratic elections (due to international pressure). </li></ul><ul><li>Mandela elected Pres. ( jail time 26 years </li></ul>
  23. 24. NELSON MANDELLA
  24. 25. AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
  25. 26. ISSUES IN AFRICA <ul><li>1. single crop economy. ¾ live off of land. </li></ul><ul><li>2.few factories, low literacy rates, few skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>3. hi pop growth (3% per yr) high birth rates & death rates </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>4.Must import technology & manufactured goods from West </li></ul><ul><li>5. bribery & corrupt officials </li></ul><ul><li>6. Huge droughts create FAMINE - lack of food </li></ul><ul><li>7. Uneven resources. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Poverty </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>9.Fast urbanization- city growth leads to crime, overcrowding, pollution, not enough services. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Aids- 300 mil by 2040. 8% of continent. ¾ of Nairobi </li></ul>
  28. 29. NIGHTMARE IN RWANDA
  29. 30. MASSACRE OF THE TUTSIS
  30. 32. <ul><li>Civil wars begin btw groups when too many ethnic groups put together in one area. </li></ul><ul><li>GENONICDE : killing a specific ethnic group: </li></ul><ul><li>RWANDA - Hutus kill 500,000 Tutsis on a rampage in 1994. Killed w/ machetes, fire & torture. </li></ul>
  31. 33. MIDDLE EAST
  32. 34. <ul><li>Armenia wanted ind & in 1915 Otto kills 600,000 people & deports 500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of GENOCIDE or deliberate mass murder of a racial, poli or cultural group. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called ETHNIC CLEANSING. </li></ul><ul><li>Otto collapses at end of WWI . </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>IBN SAUD & est Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil Co. finds oil in Persian Gulf bringing $$$ to area. </li></ul>
  34. 36. ISRAEL PALESTINE
  35. 37. MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT <ul><li>Palestine est by Jews 1000s yrs ago, but driven out by Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Occupied by Muslim Palestinians for 100s yrs </li></ul><ul><li>British Mandate </li></ul><ul><li>in 1900s </li></ul>
  36. 38. <ul><li>1917 Brits issue Balfour Declaration , saying would support a national home for the Jews in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Jews begin to move back to Palestine ( believing </li></ul><ul><li>to be promised land ). </li></ul>
  37. 39. CONFLICT <ul><li>GB rejects proposals for Jewish state & limits immigration. </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions grow as 1000s of Jews arrive . </li></ul><ul><li>ZIONISM - </li></ul><ul><li>movement to </li></ul><ul><li>make a home for </li></ul><ul><li>the Jews grows </li></ul>
  38. 40. PALESTINE <ul><li>1948: UN divides Palestine into Jewish & Arab sections. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews start nation of Israel on May 14, 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs see this as betrayal . </li></ul>
  39. 41. <ul><li>100,000s Arabs (mostly Muslim) flee. </li></ul><ul><li>Several Arab nations invade. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs don’t recognize Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Massacres, bombings, occur for years </li></ul>
  40. 42. EGYPT
  41. 43. GAMAL ABDUL NASSER
  42. 44. NASSER & EGYPT <ul><li>GAMAL ABDUL NASSER took control of Egypt (50s) </li></ul><ul><li>Took Suez Canal from GB & FR & is supported by US </li></ul><ul><li>Nasser promoted PAN-ARABISM -Arab unity, to improve standard of living, but oil r ich nations don’t want to share wealth </li></ul>
  43. 45. EGYPT & ISRAEL <ul><li>1967 Nasser blockades Israel’s shipping on Suez </li></ul><ul><li>June 5, 1967 Israel launches air strikes on Egypt & armies break thru blockade & occupy Sinai Peninsula, West Bank of Jordan River & Golan Heights </li></ul>
  44. 46. ANWAR SADAT <ul><li>Nasser dies 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>ANWAR SADAT new leader of Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>1973 launches attack on Israel , ending in 1974 ceasefire </li></ul>
  45. 47. OPEC <ul><li>1960: oil rich countries join together to control supply & pricing of oil. </li></ul><ul><li>OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ) includes: UAE, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Libya, Kuwait & more. </li></ul>
  46. 48. OPEC <ul><li>Increase & decrease production for price control , ( affects economies around the world ) </li></ul>
  47. 49. ORGANIZATION of PETROLEUM Exporting Countries
  48. 50. <ul><li>1964 (PLO) Palestinian Liberation Organization forms to create Arab state. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Yassir Arafat who used terrorism </li></ul>
  49. 51. <ul><li>Arabs become more aggressive leading to INTIFADA or uprising ( which lasts thru the 1980s). </li></ul><ul><li>1993 PLO & Israel reach agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>Create Palestinian Authority </li></ul><ul><li>which gave self rule in certain areas </li></ul>PLO & INTIFADA
  50. 52. PLO <ul><li>Arafat made head of PA & PLO recognizes Israel as nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Many upset . </li></ul><ul><li>New militant groups such as HAMAS rise on both sides & use terrorist tactics. </li></ul>
  51. 53. INTIFADA
  52. 54. PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY
  53. 55. AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI & IRAN
  54. 56. IRAN <ul><li>AYATOLLAH RUHOLLAH KHOMEINI replaces govt w/ THEOCRACY - govt based on religious law. </li></ul><ul><li>All laws based on KORAN ( Islam’s religious book ). </li></ul><ul><li>Very strict. Not a US ally. </li></ul><ul><li>Militants take 52 Americans hostage </li></ul>
  55. 57. SADDAM & IRAQ
  56. 58. SADDAM HUSSEIN & IRAQ <ul><li>1979 HUSSIEN takes power. </li></ul><ul><li>Major tension btw Iraq (Sunni Muslims) & Iran (Shiite Muslims) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq attacks Iran in a brutal war. </li></ul>
  57. 59. <ul><li>1990- Iraq invades </li></ul><ul><li>Kuwait for oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Treats people badly </li></ul>
  58. 60. <ul><li>UN tells Saddam to pull out. US invades in Operation Desert Storm </li></ul><ul><li>US & UN troops defeat Iraq in a month, but Saddam left in power . </li></ul><ul><li>Hoped people of Iraq would overthrow Saddam </li></ul>
  59. 61. IRAQ TODAY <ul><li>US troops return to Iraq in March 2003 over Iraq’s support of terrorism, human rights abuses & WMD. </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam removed from power. </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing </li></ul>
  60. 63. AFGHANISTAN & OSMA BIN LADEN <ul><li>After WWII, king of Afghanistan had gets kicked out. </li></ul><ul><li>New leaders try to create new govt </li></ul>
  61. 64. <ul><li>USSR invades & occupy for 10 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to w/draw by US & Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Warring rebel groups fight for control </li></ul><ul><li>TALIBAN gets </li></ul><ul><li>control in 1996 </li></ul>
  62. 65. <ul><li>Sets up strict Islamic control & has major human rights abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Support terrorism, including OSAMA BIN LADEN </li></ul>
  63. 66. <ul><li>STILL HUNTING FOR OSAMA </li></ul>
  64. 67. WORLD TRADE CENTER TOWERS
  65. 68. 9/11/01 TIMELINE <ul><li>** 8:45 AM    Plane crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center.  </li></ul><ul><li>**9:03 AM    Plane crashes into the south tower of the World Trade Center.  </li></ul><ul><li>**9:17 AM    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) shuts down all New York City area airports. </li></ul>
  66. 69. TIMELINE <ul><li>  **9:21 AM    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) halts all flights at U.S. airports.  It is the first time in history that air traffic has been halted nationwide. </li></ul><ul><li>**9:43 AM    Plane crashes into the Pentagon.   Evacuation begins immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>**9:45 AM    The White House evacuates. **10:05 AM    The south tower of the World Trade Center collapses. </li></ul>
  67. 70. TIMELINE <ul><li>**10:10 AM    A portion of the Pentagon collapses. </li></ul><ul><li>**10:10 AM    Plane crashes in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. </li></ul><ul><li>**10:22 AM    The State and Justice Departments, as well as the World Bank are evacuated. </li></ul><ul><li>**10:28 AM    The World Trade Center’s north tower collapses. </li></ul><ul><li>**10:45 AM     All federal office buildings in Washington, D.C. are evacuated. </li></ul>
  68. 71. TIMELINE <ul><li>** 1:44 PM    Five warships and two aircraft carriers are ordered to leave the U.S. Naval Station in Norfolk, Virginia to protect the East Coast.   **4:10 PM    Building 7 of the World Trade Center collapses. </li></ul>
  69. 72. THE FLIGHTS <ul><li>American Airlines Flight 11 From:  Boston, Massachusetts To: Los Angeles, California Lives:  92 people on board Crashed into North Tower of World Trade Center at 8:45 AM United Airlines Flight 175 From:  Boston, Massachusetts To: Los Angeles, California Lives: 65 people on board Crashed into South Tower of World Trade Center at 9:03 AM </li></ul>
  70. 73. FLIGHTS <ul><li>American Airlines Flight 77 From:  Washington, D.C. (Dulles Airport) To: Los Angeles, CA Lives:  64 people on board Crashed into the Pentagon at 9:43 AM </li></ul><ul><li>United Airlines Flight 93 From:   Newark, New Jersey To: San Francisco, California Lives:   45 people on board Crashed into rural Pennsylvania (southeast of Pittsburgh </li></ul>
  71. 74. VICTEMS <ul><li>Victims came from more than 90 countries around the world. The following are the number of people who died at each site: </li></ul><ul><li>World Trade Center:       2,823 presumed </li></ul><ul><li>confirmed dead (includes airline passengers) </li></ul><ul><li>Pentagon        125 (not including plane victims) Flight 11                         92 people on board Flight 175                       64 people on board Flight 77                         64 people on board Flight 93                         45 people on board </li></ul>
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