GEOGRAPHY STANDARD
 
LOCATION : Describes  “Where is it?”   <ul><li>LATITUDE - imaginary lines that circle earth parallel to equator & measure ...
 
<ul><li>LONGITUDE -  lines run from pole to pole & measure distance  EAST  or  WEST  of  Prime Meridian  (O degrees longit...
 
<ul><li>GRID SYSTEM - lines of latitude & longitude cross one another </li></ul>
PARTS OF A MAP <ul><li>KEY - explains symbols on a map </li></ul>
<ul><li>COMPASS ROSE - shows cardinal directions: N, E, S, & W </li></ul><ul><li>intermediate also (NW). </li></ul>
<ul><li>SCALE - certain measurement on a map represents a certain measurement on earth’s surface. </li></ul>
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!   </li></ul><ul><li>All maps distort size, shapes & distances. </li></ul><ul><li>A map projection ta...
 
 
 
Place  describes “What's it like there ? (Don’t write) <ul><li>All places have  physical features  (land, soil, water, wea...
<ul><li>Resources have different values based on place, time, supply & demand. </li></ul><ul><li>renewable resources  - re...
<ul><li>Imports  resources/goods bought by a country </li></ul><ul><li>Exports -resources/goods sold to another country </...
<ul><li>Standard of living :  level of comfort & resources available to  a society or individual. Looks at:   Housing, mon...
<ul><li>Gross domestic product-  add up the value of all goods & services produced by citizens working inside or outside o...
<ul><li>3 .   Death rates : number of deaths per 1000 people </li></ul><ul><li>4.  Birth rates (fertility):  o avg # of ch...
 
<ul><li>5 . Literacy rates : Percent of pop who can read  (97% in US, 25% for men, %9.7 for womenNiger) </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Pop growth rates : add up   how many people are born and subtract how many die tells how much pop grows </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Population distribution - How people are spread out  </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of Earth’s land is populated ,  but 1/2...
<ul><li>Population density - avg # of people per sq mile </li></ul><ul><li>Canada-8 people per sq mile </li></ul><ul><li>B...
CINCINNATI ON THE RIVER
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Developed countries - produce many goods &  services, employ many workers. Have h...
<ul><li>People have a relationship with the environment: we adapt to & change the environment  (Light clothes in hot areas...
<ul><li>We change the Climate by burning fossil fuels, building dams & deforestation  ( cutting down trees ) </li></ul><ul...
FACTORY POLLUTION
SLASH AND BURN FARMING
<ul><li>MOVEMENT : People LEAVE and area to escape famine or religious or political conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>People MOV...
<ul><li>CULTURAL DIFFUSION-  spread of people, practices,  ideas, & goods from 1 culture to another </li></ul><ul><li>Fast...
<ul><li>URBANIZATION  growth of cities.  </li></ul><ul><li>People move to cities for jobs, education, healthcare, escape p...
<ul><li>Too many people creates crime, unemployment, pollution & strains facilities such as schools & hospitals </li></ul>...
URBANIZATION
OVERCROWDED CITY
<ul><li>REGION : We divide up world based on human or physical characteristics .  </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts often start ...
<ul><li>Nations with similar political, economic, & social systems have more cooperation </li></ul>
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G E O G R A P H Y S T A N D A R D

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G E O G R A P H Y S T A N D A R D

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHY STANDARD
  2. 3. LOCATION : Describes “Where is it?” <ul><li>LATITUDE - imaginary lines that circle earth parallel to equator & measure distance North & South of Equator . </li></ul><ul><li>Equator lies at 0 degrees latitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Poles at 90 degrees N & 90 S. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>LONGITUDE - lines run from pole to pole & measure distance EAST or WEST of Prime Meridian (O degrees longitude). </li></ul><ul><li>Measure 180 degrees each direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines NOT same distance apart ( closer near poles ) </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>GRID SYSTEM - lines of latitude & longitude cross one another </li></ul>
  5. 8. PARTS OF A MAP <ul><li>KEY - explains symbols on a map </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>COMPASS ROSE - shows cardinal directions: N, E, S, & W </li></ul><ul><li>intermediate also (NW). </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>SCALE - certain measurement on a map represents a certain measurement on earth’s surface. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!! </li></ul><ul><li>All maps distort size, shapes & distances. </li></ul><ul><li>A map projection takes a round earth & </li></ul><ul><li>puts it on </li></ul><ul><li>a flat </li></ul><ul><li>surface . </li></ul>
  9. 15. Place describes “What's it like there ? (Don’t write) <ul><li>All places have physical features (land, soil, water, weather, plants & animals) & human features - kinds of people, activities, religions, languages </li></ul>
  10. 16. <ul><li>Resources have different values based on place, time, supply & demand. </li></ul><ul><li>renewable resources - replace themselves naturally or can grow continuous supplies </li></ul><ul><li>non-renewable resources - can not be replaced </li></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><li>Imports resources/goods bought by a country </li></ul><ul><li>Exports -resources/goods sold to another country </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependent - countries rely on each other for goods & services due to lack of resources. </li></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Standard of living : level of comfort & resources available to a society or individual. Looks at: Housing, money education, healthcare . </li></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>Gross domestic product- add up the value of all goods & services produced by citizens working inside or outside of a country </li></ul><ul><li>Per capita income -how much money </li></ul><ul><li>per person a </li></ul><ul><li>region earns </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>3 . Death rates : number of deaths per 1000 people </li></ul><ul><li>4. Birth rates (fertility): o avg # of children per woman (2 in US, 7.46 in Niger </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>5 . Literacy rates : Percent of pop who can read (97% in US, 25% for men, %9.7 for womenNiger) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Infant Mortality - number of deaths per 1000 live births (6 in US, 118 in Niger ) </li></ul>
  16. 23. <ul><li>Pop growth rates : add up how many people are born and subtract how many die tells how much pop grows </li></ul><ul><li>When rates are equal, 0% pop growth </li></ul>
  17. 24. <ul><li>Population distribution - How people are spread out </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of Earth’s land is populated , but 1/2 is mtns, deserts & unlivable. Most live near water (rivers, lakes, oceans). </li></ul>
  18. 25. <ul><li>Population density - avg # of people per sq mile </li></ul><ul><li>Canada-8 people per sq mile </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh- 2320 per sq mile . </li></ul>
  19. 26. CINCINNATI ON THE RIVER
  20. 27. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Developed countries - produce many goods & services, employ many workers. Have hi levels of housing, education, food </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries - don’t have modern tech. Lack money, resources, & skilled workers. Poor edu, little food or healthcare </li></ul>
  21. 28. <ul><li>People have a relationship with the environment: we adapt to & change the environment (Light clothes in hot areas, irrigation in the desert) </li></ul>
  22. 29. <ul><li>We change the Climate by burning fossil fuels, building dams & deforestation ( cutting down trees ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution -unclean elements in environment </li></ul><ul><li>(land, air or water). </li></ul>
  23. 30. FACTORY POLLUTION
  24. 31. SLASH AND BURN FARMING
  25. 32. <ul><li>MOVEMENT : People LEAVE and area to escape famine or religious or political conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>People MOVE to gain land, political or religious freedoms, money, education, jobs, </li></ul><ul><li>healthcare. </li></ul>
  26. 33. <ul><li>CULTURAL DIFFUSION- spread of people, practices, ideas, & goods from 1 culture to another </li></ul><ul><li>Faster due to improved communication </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBALIZATION - world interacts & no longer contained within political borders </li></ul>
  27. 34. <ul><li>URBANIZATION growth of cities. </li></ul><ul><li>People move to cities for jobs, education, healthcare, escape poverty’, $$$$ </li></ul>
  28. 35. <ul><li>Too many people creates crime, unemployment, pollution & strains facilities such as schools & hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>As countries industrialize, face more growth. </li></ul>
  29. 36. URBANIZATION
  30. 37. OVERCROWDED CITY
  31. 38. <ul><li>REGION : We divide up world based on human or physical characteristics . </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts often start over resources & political boundaries </li></ul>
  32. 39. <ul><li>Nations with similar political, economic, & social systems have more cooperation </li></ul>
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