The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Announcements <ul><li>Review Day will be Thursday!! </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz will be Friday!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiz...
Agenda- Monday, January 30, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Geosphere” </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (LIA) </li><...
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe   the composition and structure of the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Define  geosphere, cru...
Warm Up (Jan. 30) <ul><li>How do nonrenewable and renewable resources differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Define biodiversity. What ...
The Earth as a System <ul><li>The Earth is an integrated system that consists of rock, air, water, and living things that ...
The Earth as a System
The Earth as a System <ul><li>Hydrosphere =  all of the water on or near the Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of...
The Earth as a System <ul><li>Geosphere  =  solid part of the Earth that consists of all rock, the soils, and sediments on...
The Earth’s Interior <ul><li>Scientist use  seismic waves  to learn about Earth’s interior. </li></ul>
The Earth’s Composition <ul><li>Scientists divide the Earth into three layers:  the crust, the mantle, and the core. </li>...
The Earth’s Composition <ul><li>Core  =  the central part of the Earth below the mantle. </li></ul>
The Earth’s Composition
The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>The structure of the earth can be divided into five layers based on physical properties. Tho...
The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>Asthenosphere  =  the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere </li></ul><...
The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>Outer Core =  a dense liquid layer made up of super-heated molten lava </li></ul><ul><li>Inn...
Wrap Up (Jan. 30) <ul><li>What was one fact that you  Learned  today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most  Interesting  th...
The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Agenda- Tues., January 31, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch and Label Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Short Video :...
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe   the composition and structure of the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Define  geosphere, cru...
Warm Up (Jan. 31) <ul><li>List the three layers that form the  Earth’s composition  and tell one fact about each layer. </...
Sketching and Labeling <ul><li>You will sketch  a diagram on the next slide, and you will add necessary artistic features ...
Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Agenda- Wed., February 1, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up –  10 minutes to finish up diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Geosphere”….con...
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe  the Earth’s tectonic plates. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain   the main cause and effects o...
Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Tectonic plates  =  blocks of lithosphere that  consist of the crust and the rigid, outermost part...
Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Tectonic plates  may separate, collide, or slip past one another producing large forces. </li></ul...
Earthquakes <ul><li>Fault =  break in the Earth’s crust where blocks of the crust slide past one another </li></ul><ul><li...
The Energy of Earthquakes <ul><li>Magnitude =  the measure of energy released by an earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>The  smal...
Where Do Most Earthquakes Occur? <ul><li>The majority of earthquakes  take place at or near tectonic plate boundaries. </l...
Volcanoes <ul><li>Volcano =  a mountain built from magma, or melted rock, that rises from the Earth’s interior to the surf...
Global Effects of Volcanic Eruptions <ul><li>Large volcanic eruptions  contain clouds of volcanic ash and sulfur rich gase...
The Effects of Wind and Water Erosion <ul><li>Erosion  =  the process in which materials of the Earth’s surface are worn a...
The Effects of Wind and Water Erosion <ul><li>Examples of  Wind Erosion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong winds on deserts and...
Wrap Up (Feb. 1) <ul><li>Why is Earth Science important? List two interesting reasons from the video. </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Announcements <ul><li>Today will be a Make-Up Day!! </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz will be MONDAY!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiz...
Agenda- Thurs., February 2, 2012 <ul><li>Complete diagrams if you were absent and missed this  graded  assignment. </li></...
Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Announcements <ul><li>Monday will be your test Review Day!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will play Review Jeopardy! </li></ul>...
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The Geosphere (ecology jan.30 - feb. 3)

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The Geosphere (ecology jan.30 - feb. 3)

  1. 1. The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
  2. 2. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Announcements <ul><li>Review Day will be Thursday!! </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz will be Friday!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiz will cover all material from last week up until Wednesday of this week. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember to review your notes at least 10-15 minutes each night!! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Agenda- Monday, January 30, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Geosphere” </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (LIA) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw and Label Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure </li></ul>
  5. 5. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe the composition and structure of the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Define geosphere, crust, mantle, core, lithosphere, and asthenosphere </li></ul>
  6. 6. Warm Up (Jan. 30) <ul><li>How do nonrenewable and renewable resources differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Define biodiversity. What does it mean when we say “loss of biodiversity”? </li></ul><ul><li>Who or what is the major source of pollution to our environment? </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Earth as a System <ul><li>The Earth is an integrated system that consists of rock, air, water, and living things that all interact with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists divided this system into four parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Geosphere (rock) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Atmosphere (air) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hydrosphere (water) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Biosphere (living things) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Earth as a System
  9. 9. The Earth as a System <ul><li>Hydrosphere = all of the water on or near the Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of this water is in the oceans and makes of 75% of the globe. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biosphere = part of the Earth where life exists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A thin layer at the Earth’s surface that extends from 9 km above the Earth’s surface to the bottom of the ocean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is made up of the geosphere, the atmosphere, and the hydrosphere. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Earth as a System <ul><li>Geosphere = solid part of the Earth that consists of all rock, the soils, and sediments on Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The geosphere is mostly located in the Earth’s interior . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere = mixture of gases that make up the air we breathe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly all these gases are found in the first 30 km above Earth’s surface. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Earth’s Interior <ul><li>Scientist use seismic waves to learn about Earth’s interior. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Earth’s Composition <ul><li>Scientists divide the Earth into three layers: the crust, the mantle, and the core. </li></ul><ul><li>Crust = the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the mantle. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The crust makes up less than 1% of Earth’s mass. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mantle = the layer of rock between the Earth’s crust and core. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The mantle makes up 64% of Earth’s mass. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Earth’s Composition <ul><li>Core = the central part of the Earth below the mantle. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Earth’s Composition
  15. 15. The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>The structure of the earth can be divided into five layers based on physical properties. Those layers are: lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere, outer core and inner core. </li></ul><ul><li>Lithosphere = the solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The lithosphere is divided into pieces called tectonic plates. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>Asthenosphere = the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The asthenosphere is made of mantle rock that flows slowly, which allows tectonic plates to move on top of it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mesosphere = the lower part of the mantle beneath the asthenosphere </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Earth’s Structure <ul><li>Outer Core = a dense liquid layer made up of super-heated molten lava </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Core = a dense, solid inner layer made mostly of the metals iron and nickel </li></ul><ul><li>The inner core and outer core make up about 33% of the Earth’s mass. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Wrap Up (Jan. 30) <ul><li>What was one fact that you Learned today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most Interesting thing about today’s class? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you Apply or use the information that you learned today? </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
  20. 20. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Agenda- Tues., January 31, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch and Label Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Short Video : “Why Earth Science?” </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (based on short video) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe the composition and structure of the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Define geosphere, crust, mantle, core, lithosphere, and asthenosphere </li></ul>
  23. 23. Warm Up (Jan. 31) <ul><li>List the three layers that form the Earth’s composition and tell one fact about each layer. </li></ul><ul><li>Which layer of the Earth’s structure is divided into huge pieces called tectonic plates? </li></ul><ul><li>Which layer of the Earth’s structure is made mostly of mantle rock that flows slowly ? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Sketching and Labeling <ul><li>You will sketch a diagram on the next slide, and you will add necessary artistic features and colors. Be Creative and Neat! </li></ul><ul><li>You will label the following: crust, mantle, core, lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere, outer core, and inner core. </li></ul><ul><li>You will add no more that TWO facts from your notes about each feature that you label. For example : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crust = thinnest outermost layer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= makes up less than 1% of Earth’s mass </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
  26. 26. The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
  27. 27. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Agenda- Wed., February 1, 2012 <ul><li>Warm Up – 10 minutes to finish up diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Geosphere”….cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Short Video : “Why Earth Science?” </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (based on short video) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe the Earth’s tectonic plates. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the main cause and effects of earthquakes and volcanoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how wind and water alter the Earth’s surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Define tectonic plates and erosion. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
  31. 31. Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Tectonic plates = blocks of lithosphere that consist of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle and glide across the underlying asthenosphere. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continents are located on and move around tectonic plates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major tectonic plates = the Pacific, North American, South American, African, Eurasian, and Antarctic plates </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Tectonic plates may separate, collide, or slip past one another producing large forces. </li></ul><ul><li>These large forces occur along the plate boundaries and cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mountains to form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>earthquakes to shake the crust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>volcanoes to erupt </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Earthquakes <ul><li>Fault = break in the Earth’s crust where blocks of the crust slide past one another </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes are a series of ground vibrations that occur when stressed rocks break along a fault. </li></ul>
  34. 34. The Energy of Earthquakes <ul><li>Magnitude = the measure of energy released by an earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>The smallest magnitude that can be felt is 2.0 , and the largest magnitude ever recorded is 9.5 . </li></ul><ul><li>Magnitudes greater than 7.0 cause widespread damage. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Where Do Most Earthquakes Occur? <ul><li>The majority of earthquakes take place at or near tectonic plate boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past 15 million to 20 million years , large numbers of earthquakes have occurred along the San Andreas fault in California , where parts of the North America plate and the Pacific plate are slipping past one another. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Volcanoes <ul><li>Volcano = a mountain built from magma, or melted rock, that rises from the Earth’s interior to the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanoes are often located near tectonic plate boundaries where plates are either colliding or separating from one another. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the world’s active volcanoes on land are located along tectonic plate boundaries that surround the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Global Effects of Volcanic Eruptions <ul><li>Large volcanic eruptions contain clouds of volcanic ash and sulfur rich gases. </li></ul><ul><li>Those clouds may spread across the upper atmosphere and reduce sunlight that reaches the Earth’s surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced sunlight = decrease in average global surface temperature. </li></ul>
  38. 38. The Effects of Wind and Water Erosion <ul><li>Erosion = the process in which materials of the Earth’s surface are worn away and transported from one place to another by a natural agent such as wind and water </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Water Erosion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean waves erode coastlines to form cliffs or plateaus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers flow and carve deep gorges in rocky landscape. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. The Effects of Wind and Water Erosion <ul><li>Examples of Wind Erosion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong winds on deserts and beaches blow soil away very quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong winds erode soft rock such as sandstone and hard rock such as granite. </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Wrap Up (Feb. 1) <ul><li>Why is Earth Science important? List two interesting reasons from the video. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the scientist call who study the Earth? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some the environmental issues that humans will have to face or solve ? </li></ul>
  41. 41. The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
  42. 42. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  43. 43. Announcements <ul><li>Today will be a Make-Up Day!! </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz will be MONDAY!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiz will cover all of the information from class this week and your diagrams. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow, we will play Review Jeopardy!! </li></ul>
  44. 44. Agenda- Thurs., February 2, 2012 <ul><li>Complete diagrams if you were absent and missed this graded assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Active Reading worksheet. This will be due at the beginning of class tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Study for your test or work on A-Plus. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Diagram of Earth’s Composition & Structure
  46. 46. The Geosphere Ecology I Mr. Nettles
  47. 47. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  48. 48. Announcements <ul><li>Monday will be your test Review Day!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will play Review Jeopardy! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quiz will be TUESDAY!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiz will cover all of the information from class this week and your diagrams. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today, you will complete a crossword puzzle about plate tectonics, using the Internet as a resource. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Active Reading” assignments are due from yesterday. </li></ul>

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