Today’s Objectives• I will identify and distinguish between the four major groups of bio (organic) molecules.• I will articulate five key things about lipids and proteins.
Warm-Up1. What is the monomer of a nucleic acid?2. What two organelles are related to carbohydrates ?3. This an example of a___________. A. Sugar B. Protein C. Nucleic Acid
For each (bio) organic molecule, you NEED to know 5 things!1. AKA (other names): other names it can be called2. Monomer (building block): name of the monomer3. Purpose (what it does): job in our bodies4. Examples: things that are that organic molecule5. Related organelles: what organelle it has to do with
Purpose: What do proteins do?• Some control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes.• Some are used to form bones and muscles.• Others transport substances into or out of cells to help fight diseases.
Proteins• AKA: enzyme, polypeptide• Monomer: Amino Acid• Purpose: Do the work of the cell !!
Proteins• AKA: enzyme, polypeptide• Monomer: Amino Acid• Purpose: Do the work of the cell !!• Examples: enzymes, lactase, hemoglobin, insulin (suffix ‘ase’)
Proteins• Related Organelle: -Ribosome: makes proteins!
ProteinsThink!• What are the monomers of proteins called?• Give one example of a protein.
Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,Lipids, or Proteins?
Does the work of the cell- carries out different cell functions like fighting disease and transporting substances in and out of the cell
Carry genetic information
DNA and RNA
Fats and Oils
Energy Production and Storage
Wrap-Up1. What is the monomer of a lipid?2. Give two examples of proteins?3. Phosphatase is a __________. A. Lipid B. Protein C. Sugar