A case study in offshore wind farm project management
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A case study in offshore wind farm project management

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A case study in offshore wind farm project management

A case study in offshore wind farm project management

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  • 1. Navigating the Offshore Shoals How Not to Go Aground in the Great Lakes Wolfe Island Shoals A Case Study in Offshore Wind Farm Project Management Pulling It All Together An Exercise in Permitting & Logistics Presented by: Andrew Chant/Uwe Roeper Infocast Freshwater Great Lakes Offshore Wind Conference July 19 - 21, 2010 Cleveland, Ohio
  • 2. What is Wolfe Island Shoals?
    • 300 MW Offshore Wind Facility under development by Windstream Energy Inc.
    • Approximate capital cost $1.5 Billion
    • Awarded PPA under Ontario’s Feed-in Tariff Program
    • Located eastern end of Lake Ontario, south of Kingston, west of Wolfe Island
    • Scheduled Mandatory Commercial Operations Date – September, 2014
  • 3. Location of Wolfe Island Shoals
  • 4. Highlights
    • 300 MW off-shore wind project with PPA, land & grid connection
      • Final stages of securing development financing for permitting & design
      • Total Projected CapEx = $1.5 Billion
      • Permitting & design in 2010 / 2011
      • Construction in 2012 / 2013
      • Lake Ontario, Canada
  • 5. ORTECH’s Role
    • Who is ORTECH?
    • Multidisciplinary renewable energy and environmental consulting firm
    • Active in renewable energy directly and through affiliates for over 10 years
    • Over 30 years of experience in atmospheric sciences
    • Through a related company, the original developer of Wolfe Island Wind facility completed by Canadian Hydro Developers, Inc., now TransAlta
    • Client base consists of financial institutions, infrastructure investors and private developers
    • Appointed Project Manager for Wolfe Island Shoals in May 2010
    • Strong emphasis on advanced wind resource assessment, permitting, O & M planning and costs, financial and economic analysis
  • 6. Project Schedule
    • Project Phases
    • Phase I – Pre-Bid/FIT Submission
    • Objectives: Evaluate Site
    • Obtain Access to Land
    • Prefeasibility Study
    • Preliminary Wind Studies
    • Very High Risk Seed Capital
    • Observations: Balancing act – Need to spend enough to prove site potential but minimize pain of write off if unsuccessful
    • Timing: 2008-2009
  • 7. Project Schedule – Cont’d
    • Phase II – Design, Permitting & Engineering
    • Objectives: Determine Project Scope
    • Begin Detailed Wind Data Collection & Analysis
    • Start Permitting Process
    • Do Preliminary Layout
    • Carry Out Lake Bed Soil Testing
    • Evaluate Turbine Options
    • Begin Successive Refinements of Budget & Schedules
    • Observations: High Risk Capital
    • Tasks Must be Undertaken Simultaneously
    • Phase Timing: 2010 - 2012
  • 8. Project Schedule – Cont’d
    • Phase III – Finalize Project
    • Select turbine
    • Optimize Layout
    • Complete Permitting
    • Execute TSA & OSA
    • Complete Financial Close
    • Make Turbine Deposit
    • Begin Foundation Construction
    • Observations: Construction Capital Has Less Risk
    • Timing: 2012-2013
  • 9. Project Schedule – Cont’d
    • Phases IV & V
    • Phase IV – Construction
    • Foundations Completed
    • Turbines Delivered to Lay Down Site
    • Underwater Cabling Completed
    • O & M Training Undertaken
    • Turbine Erection Completed
    • Commissioning Completed
    • Phase V – Commercial Operation
    • Operation to WTG Supplier
    • Cheques from OPA Begin to Arrive
    • Timing: 2013 - 2014
  • 10. Special Problems of Offshore Wind
    • Permitting
    • Engineering
    • Logistics
    • Turbine Selection
    • Marine Transport
    • Foundations
    • O & M
    • Crew Training
    • Provincial Content
    • Financing
  • 11. Permitting – More than the Usual Suspects
    • Federal Ministries & Agencies
    • Transport Canada
    • St Lawrence Seaway Authority
    • Coast Guard
    • Fisheries & Oceans Canada
    • RCMP
    • CBC
    • NRCan
    • Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency
  • 12. Permitting – More than the Usual Suspects - Continued
    • Provincial Ministries
    • MNR
    • MOE
    • MOEI
    • OPA
    • Ministry of Culture
    • Ministry of Transport
  • 13. Permitting – More than the Usual Suspects - Continued
    • Other Potentially Interested Parties
    • International Joint Commission
    • Homeland Security
    • US Coast Guard
    • USAF
    • NYPA
    • US Army Corps of Engineers
    • FAA
    • NRA
  • 14. Wolfe Island Shoals – Boundary & Connection Point
  • 15. Permitting Constraints - 1
    • Set Backs & Boundaries
  • 16. Permitting Constraints – 2
    • Airports & Air Bases
  • 17. Permitting Constraints – 3
    • Buffers & Turbine Layout
  • 18. Permitting Constraints - 4
    • Layout & Water Depth
  • 19. Permitting Constraints – 5
    • Ship Wrecks & Nesting Areas
  • 20. US Army Creates World’s Worst PowerPoint Slide
    • A New Standard of Excellence?
  • 21. Permitting Constraints – The Mash Up
    • A Contender
  • 22. Engineering
    • Soil Testing
    • Wind Data Collection
    • Foundation Design & Construction
    • Collector Systems & Underwater Cabling
    • Transformer Station Location
  • 23. The Importance of Soil Testing Photo Courtesy of Advanced Offshore Solution
  • 24. Conventional Off-shore Design
    • Conventional Turbine (eg. Siemens 2.3/93, GE 3.6/107 or Vestas V90/3MW)
    • Wolfe Island shoals: 5m (15’) to 20m (60’) water depth (2 km to 10 km from shoreline) similar to existing projects
    • Limestone rock bottom suitable for proven foundation design: Drilled monopile (tentative)
    • Conventional underwater cable (34.5 kW) with substation and on-shore grid connection (230 kW)
    • Proven Technology: Existing 200 MW Wolfe Island on-shore wind farm also uses underwater cable (230 kW) to go from island to grid on mainland (installed 2009). Underwater cables common for islands in Lake Ontario.
  • 25.
    • Turbine Selection
    • WTG Nameplate Capacity
    • Reliability
    • Logistics
    • Availability of Port Facilities
    • Transportation to Port
    • Access to On Shore Cranes
    • Scheduling
    • Size of Laydown Area
    • Shared Facilities
  • 26. Required Port Facilities Photo Courtesy of Advanced Offshore Solutions
  • 27.
    • O &M
    • Costs
    • Waterborne Access to Turbines
    • Planned Maintenance
    • Turbine Performance Monitoring
    • Parts and Component Inventories
  • 28.
    • Marine Transport
    • Availability of Special Purpose Vessels
    • National Shipping Restrictions: US Jones Act, Canada Coastal Shipping Act
    • Marine Crane Availability
    • Transportation of Partially Assembled WTGs
    • Possible Solution: Convert existing self unloader.
  • 29. European Marine Transport Photo Courtesy of Advanced Offshore Solutions
  • 30. Typical Great Lakes Self Unloader
  • 31.
    • Crew Training
    • Safety Issues
    • Inclement Weather
    • Subcontractors
    • Housing
    • Provincial Content
    • European Expertise
    • Turbine Selection
    • Underwater Cabling
  • 32. Financing
    • Comparison to On Shore
    • Capital Costs
    • PPA Pricing
    • Portfolio Financing
    • Use of Tax Benefits
  • 33. Summary
    • Difficult but not impossible
    • Requires careful planning and execution
    • Special problems give rise to market opportunities for Ontario & Great Lakes suppliers
    • Possible opportunity to supply services to neighbouring Great Lakes states
    • There are no insurmountable problems that are not opportunities.
    • “ Yes we can!”
  • 34. Contact Information
    • To Review Presentation see Infocast Website or www.ortech.ca
    • For Further Information Contact:
    • [email_address]
    • 905-822-4120 ext 463
    • or [email_address]
    • 905-822-4120 ext 248
  • 35. Thank You for Your Attention