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Fair Use

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  • 1. + Educational Fair Use & Creative Commons Chris Taylor
  • 2. + Fair Use Law of 1976 Copyright Use” within the law “Fair of Temple University’s Focus Guidelines
  • 3. + Guidelines by the Media Education Lab at Temple copyright policies for educational use The are usually overstated in regards to infringement code or guidelines do not address all The the parameters of fair use literacy education- “the Media transformative uses of copyright material in media literacy education that can flourish only with a robust understanding of fair use” (pg. 4).
  • 4. + Definition of Fair Use (Temple pg. 5) gives limited property rights to “Society creators to encourage them to produce culture; at the same time, we give other creators the chance to use that same copyrighted material, without permission or payment, in some circumstances.” Right of the User (Instructors) Copyright laws are not specific about Fair Use therefore it is flexible for the user (pg. 6)
  • 5. + Four Considerations that Judges make concerning Fair Use (Temple pg. 6) of the use Nature Nature of the work used Extent of the use Economic effect
  • 6. + Two Key Questions in the Eyes of the Law (Temple pg. 6) the unlicensed use “transform” the “Did material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original?” “Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?”
  • 7. + What does this mean for educators?  Copyrighted material should be available for their activities and those of their learners  Educators “are aware of the increased vigilance with which copyright owners are enforcing their rights” (pg. 4).  “Those who want to claim the benefits of fair use have a rare opportunity to be open and public about asserting the appropriateness of their practices and the justifications for them” (pg. 5).
  • 8. The Principles described by the + Media Lab at Temple University (pg. 10-13) Educators may use material from the full range of  copyrighted sources and make them available to learners  Educators may integrate copyrighted materials into curriculum materials  Share effective examples of teaching about media and meaning with one another including lessons and resource materials  Educators should be free to enable learners to incorporate, modify, and re-present existing media objects in their own classroom work  Educators design assignments so that students have the opportunity to distribute their work
  • 9. + Creative Commons Founded in 2001  Works along side copyright laws but allows people to  modify their copyright to best suit their needs The body of work that is available to the public for free  and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing Some rights reserved   Allows one to keep their copyright while allowing certain uses of their work Great opportunity for educators to create content and  publish it while maintaining some control of its use This organization allows the distribution of content for  free
  • 10. + Six Types of Licenses that Educators may obtain Type Characteristics Attribution Allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation Attribution Share Alike Allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms Attribution No Derivatives Allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you
  • 11. Six Licenses Continued + Types Characteristics Attribution Non-Commercial Allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially Must acknowledge you and be non- commercial They don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike Allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially and it must credit you The new creation must have the identical terms Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Most restrictive of the licenses allowing redistribution “Free advertising” license Allows others to download your works and share them with others as long as they mention you and link back to you They can’t change the works in any way or use them commercially
  • 12. + Examples of Creative Commons The Alamo by: Kevin Trotman Gettysburg by: Pat Henson Our Friend, Albert by: photo-gator
  • 13. + Resources  Educational Fair Use  Center for Social Media: School of Communication American University. The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education. Media Education Lab: Temple University. Centerforsocialmedia.org/medialiteracy  Creative Commons  Creative Commons. http://creativecommons.org/  FlickR. http://www.flickr.com