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WASTE  MANAGEMENT  IN THE  MEDICAL  CENTER
 

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER

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WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER OF UNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA ...

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER OF UNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA

A presentation Done by the 1st Year Students (Group 1) of the Department of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura for the Environmental Chemistry Assignment..

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    WASTE  MANAGEMENT  IN THE  MEDICAL  CENTER WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER Presentation Transcript

    • WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER OFUNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA
      © Group 01
    • GROUP MEMBERS
      R.A.S.Pushpakumara -As 2010131
      S.N.Weerathunga -As 2010177
      G.C.D.R.Fernando -As 2010045
      H.R.T.Senadeera -As 2010149
      Shalika Medan
    • MEDICAL CENTER OF USJP
      • Medical center is governed by the UGC of Sri Lanka.
      • This provides health care facilities to registered students, academic staff as well as the non-academic staff.
      • Services provided are:
      • Diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses and minor injuries
      • Accident related procedures
      • Referral to Specialists
      • Immunizations
      • Dental care & Pharmacy
    • MEDICAL CENTER STAFF
      • Chief medical officer
      • Two medical officers
      • One dental doctor
      • Three nurses
      • One dental nurse
      • One PHI
      • Three assistants
      • Two pharmacists
      • Ten health laborers
      • Two sanitary laborers
    • MATERIALS USED IN THE MEDICAL CENTER
      • Syringes
      • Needles
      • Scalpels & other blades
      • Gauze – 100 yards per month
      • Cotton – 10 rolls per month
      • Plasters
      • Tablets & Capsules
      • Vaccines & sera
      • Gloves & masks
      • Chemicals
    • CATEGORIZATION OF WASTE
    • Current waste management practices
      • Non hazardous wastes - removed by the contractor.
      • Expired tablets - Keep records and deep buried within the premises.
      • Sharps & infectious waste - open burn within the premises.
      • Sputum waste from the dental - treated just after generation by adding an infecting agent and send to a sealed pit within the premises.
      • Human waste - water sealed latrine system.
      • Sink water
      • Sink water generated from the dressing room - dispose in to a water sealed toilet pit.
      • Other sink water connected to normal waste water collection system.
    • Environmental Impact
      • Direct health harm:
      • Community
      • Environment
      • People working in health center
      • Patients attending the health center
      • Indirect health harm:
      • community
    • Modifications To Improve Current Situation …
      • University health center can go for a drum incinerator instead of open burning.
      • When burning waste in a pit, use fuel to accelerate the burning and ensure that all waste is completely destroyed.
      • To reduce the generation of pharmaceutical waste, stocks of pharmaceuticals should be inspected periodically and checked for their durability.
      • Pharmaceuticals Should be returned to the regional officers of the Medical Supplies Division for proper disposal.
      • A process to inert the Pharmaceuticals should be carried out as mix with cement and lime before buried.
      • Blood samples can give to the medical college to use as culture media.
      • All the health workers put on heavy duty gloves while dealing with infectious waste specially sharps.
      • Design a safer disposal box for infectious waste.
      • Design a spill kit to manage spilt waste.
      • Segregation of waste according to the color code used in health care waste management.
    • Recommendations
      • Get help of the ministry to train the staff & for the Provision of health care treatment facilities.
      • Should change the attitude of students and the staff.
      • Fill waste bags ¾ full only & when they are to be tie up, should keep an air space on the top of the garbage.
      • Never overfill sharps containers before safe disposal.
      • Hazardous waste symbol should display on the yellow bag.
      • Recycling procedures should be implemented to minimize the quantity of waste generated.
      • Further studies are needed to have a more accurate description of the waste composition.
      • Standards for treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes yet to be developed.
      • Possibilities for returning old pharmaceuticals to the producer or handling them to a special collection system for possible subsequent use could be explored.
      • Select staff to supervise waste disposal and burning.
      • Different types of hazardous HW should be treated appropriately.
    • References
      • Mr. D. M. Yothirathne,
      PHI, USJP.
      • Dr. Hettiarachchi,
      Chief Medical Officer,
      Health Center,
      USJP.
      • Mr. JanakaPerera,
      Pharmacist,
      Health Center,
      USJP.
      • Mr. O. B. Amarathunge,
      Staff Nurse,Health Center,
      USJP.
      • Health Care Waste Management National Policy – Sri Lanka Ministry of Health and Indigenous Medicine Draft Version – October 2001.
      • www.who.int
      • Technical guidelines on solid waste management in Sri Lanka - Hazardous Waste Management Unit, Pollution Control Division, CEA.
    • THANK YOU !