INTRODUCTIONLITERATURE METHODOLOGY REVIEW FUTUREANALYSIS FINDING DISCUSSION CONCLUSION RESEARCH
Learning were needed from time to time to Objective: improve individuals in Through the interview by facing the challenges respondents, it able to represent among early stages of adulthood and make researchersTo investigate how adult understand the concept in Malaysia having their of informal learninginformal learning in their among adults in daily life Malaysia perspective. To understand the concept and theory ofinformal learning among early stage adulthood in Malaysia
5 culture held in Malaysia regarding learning: m Prefer group or family oriented activities m Concept of “we” is upheld at home or the workplace regardless of Learning Paradigm ethnicity; Merriam & Caffarella (1991) m Individualism is suppressed in r Behaviorist, favor of the “family unit‟ and to maintain harmony r Cognitive, m Loyalty to the group considered r Humanist to be a hierarchical society r Social and Situational m needs of the group is above the paradigms needs of the individual Corner (2009) build the Livingstone (2001), diagram of relation “any activity involving the pursuit of understanding, between formal knowledge or skills which learning, informaloccurs without the presence of learning, intentionalexternally imposed curricular learning and accidental criteria.” learning.
• Formal learning= Included hierarchicallystructures school and Relationship of types learninghigher institution systemthat runs.• Informal learning= described as the lifelongProcess that require someattitudes, skills, valuesfrom gaining theexperience, education andresources.• Intentional learning= Process of individual aimto learn something.•Accidental learning= Happens everydayactivities an individuallearns something thatindividual intended orexpected to that learning.
Scaling of individual according tothe learning types
Conversation been keep for the purpose analyzing Semi-Qualitative structured Research interviewedEarly stageadulthood 8 (20 – 39 Respondentsyears old)
Each section been summarized based on the respondents perception regarding9 sections informal learning
8 respondent been 9 section has been figureinterviewed out in aspect of: • Self • Family • Organization • Community Click here to get the full findings of informal learning interview session
Current employment informationPurpose: to understand the nature ofrespondents worksAccumulated around 40 to 45 hoursper week been spends in theworkspace
Able to gain Includes gaining They able to GAINPURPOSE IMPORTANCE within the knowledge improve organization and through informal themselves in Not followed the learning, doing their jobs formal courses computer skills & more efficient been provided by language skills and productive the organization also management after gain some skills. knowledge through the informal learning.
PURPOSE OUTCOME Most of the respondents To know the respondents not actively involved in the pattern of community that community. It had shown respondents have in their through the interview that surroundings. has been done. Most important things they gain through the community informal learning was improving social network and learn on public communication with people in the community.
Add household responsibilities which taking care of their pets Spend3 – 5 hours per day Include cooking, cleaning, home maintenance, budgeting, child/older care and etc.
Able to gain through the asking other people,reading, listening, practicing, watching television, surfing internet. For respondents, they feel informal Also through family, friends, learning was gaining new information,neighbor, other people and by own taking care their pets, music skills, learning language learning and also have learn through their experience Important: Learn on how to love other Language use creatures, computer skills, MALAY & ENGLISH environment issues, listening, learning through internet and also the religion.
Has give the list of specific kind of formal training Only 2 respondents have the structured formal courses. Courses: 1- Communication skills and public relation skills2-administration and human management training.
Some of jobs only needed to have theRegarding certification ascurrent job the minimumrequirements requirement toqualifications do the jobs.needed in doingtheir current jobs
Years born? Family Gender? background? Spouse Place ofqualification? Residence? Basic question Health Last works? problem? Country Occupation? born?
Respondent snot actively involved in 9 section been 8 female community thusEarly adulthood asked to determine respondents learning been20 – 39 years old their informal involved surround their learning workplace and house
Ahmad, N. Z. (n.d.). The Malaysian perspective of adult education. Retrieved November 29, 2011, from Scribd: http://www.scribd.com/doc/36737449/The-Malaysian-Perpective-of-Adult- Education Conner, M. (2009). Introduction to Informal Learning. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from marciaconner: http://marciaconner.com/intros/informal- learning/ Laporan Tahunan 2010: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia. (2010). Malaysia: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia. Livingstone, D. W. (2001). Adults informal learning: Definitions, findings, gaps and future research. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from University Toronto: https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/retrieve/4484/21adultsinformallearning.p df Tan, P. L. (2006). Approaches to learning and learning values: an investigation of adult learners in Malaysia. Retrieved November 25, 2011, from Qut e-Print: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/16295/