The Legislative Branch

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  • http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/R41647.pdf
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/politicalhumor/1/0/u/n/3/112th-Congress.jpg
  • The Legislative Branch

    1. 1. The United States Congress established in Article I of the Constitution
    2. 2. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS THE POWERS OF CONGRESS THE ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERSHIP OF CONGRESS
    3. 3. ALL LEGISLATIVE POWERS
    4. 4. Congress is bicameral, which means it contains two houses a direct result of the Great Compromise HOUSESENATE THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS
    5. 5.  Intended to represent the people  representation based on population  considered the lower house  lower prestige  435 members, each serving a 2 year term  Also 5 nonvoting members  all seats are up for re-election every 2 years  each state has at least 1 member  representative seats are redistributed or reapportioned after every 10 year census  Qualifications - 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, live in the state that they represent
    6. 6.  Intended to represent the states  representation based on equality  considered the upper house  higher prestige  100 members, serving a 6 year term  terms are staggered  each state has 2 members - this does not change  Qualifications - 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that they represent
    7. 7. Representatives represent individual districts Senators represent the entire state
    8. 8. The powers of Congress are limited by the Constitution There are three types of congressional powers DELEGATED or ENUMERATED IMPLIED NONLEGISLATIVE
    9. 9. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17) Taxing power (1,8,1) Borrowing power (1,8,2) Commerce power (I,8,3 - it’s big!) Currency power (I,8,5)
    10. 10. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17) War and military power (I,8,11-15) Bankruptcy power (I,8,4) Other powers – Copyrights, Lower Courts, Weights and Measures, Naturalization, D.C.
    11. 11. powers not specifically written in the Constitution powers that are necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
    12. 12. it allows Congress to stretch its power ELASTIC CLAUSE
    13. 13. Congress can set up a Post Office (it is enumerated in the Constitution) But what about stamps?
    14. 14. COMMERCE PURSE
    15. 15. Investigate (both houses) Impeach (House impeaches, Senate holds trial)  confirm Presidential appointees and treaties (Senate does this)
    16. 16. MINORITY LEADER MAJORITY LEADER SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE MAJORITY WHIP MINORITY WHIP REST OF HOUSE
    17. 17. PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE MINORITY LEADER MAJORITY LEADER VICE PRESIDENT MAJORITY WHIP MINORITY WHIP REST OF SENATE
    18. 18. JOURNAL (I, 5, 3) SALARY (1, 6, 1) PRIVILEGES & BENEFITS (1, 6, 1) PENALTIES – Censure and expulsion (I, 5, 2)
    19. 19. THE 113th CONGRESS
    20. 20. 80 male 20 female 355 male 78 female 0 African American 3 Hispanic Americans 2 Asian Americans 0 Native American 44 African Americans 26 Hispanic Americans 9 Asian Americans 1 Native American 45 Republican 53 Democratic 2 Independent (aligned with Democratic Party) 233 Republican 200 Democratic 2 vacant seats 100 members435 members SENATEHOUSE

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