Why was there a need for a new government in 1787?
State governments
The First American Government <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation   </li></ul><ul><li>–  the first American constitution...
What worked under the Articles? <ul><li>Victory in the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
 
The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>National gov’t had  no power over the states  – states di...
The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Every state had its own currency  – yikes! </li></ul><ul>...
 
The Mount Vernon Conference
The Annapolis Convention
Shays’ Rebellion
An invitation …
THE FEDERAL CONVENTION May, 1787
<ul><li>PENNSYLVANIA STATE HOUSE </li></ul>
<ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>74 delegates from 12 states were chosen </li></ul><ul><li>55 attended at one time or anothe...
Who were “The Framers”? <ul><li>Most of the 55 delegates knew and respected each other  </li></ul><ul><li>3 had been at th...
<ul><li>7 had been governors, 9 would be governors </li></ul><ul><li>8 were judges; 2 would be Chief Justice of the Suprem...
WHY? <ul><li>“ for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation ” </li></ul>
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The First American Government

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From 2011 class on Articles of Confederation

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  • The First American Government

    1. 1. Why was there a need for a new government in 1787?
    2. 2. State governments
    3. 3. The First American Government <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>– the first American constitution </li></ul><ul><li>(a framework for a government) – </li></ul><ul><li>confederation - a loose alliance of states with a weak central government </li></ul>
    4. 4. What worked under the Articles? <ul><li>Victory in the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement of Western Lands </li></ul>
    5. 7. The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>National gov’t had no power over the states – states didn’t have to follow national agreements or resolutions </li></ul><ul><li>No national executive , no national judicial branch </li></ul><ul><li>Could not tax – could only ask for money, and states didn’t have to pay </li></ul>
    6. 8. The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Every state had its own currency – yikes! </li></ul><ul><li>9/13 to pass a law – tough! </li></ul><ul><li>13/13 to amend the Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate interstate trade or relations between states </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign countries weren’t respecting the new government </li></ul>
    7. 10. The Mount Vernon Conference
    8. 11. The Annapolis Convention
    9. 12. Shays’ Rebellion
    10. 13. An invitation …
    11. 14. THE FEDERAL CONVENTION May, 1787
    12. 15. <ul><li>PENNSYLVANIA STATE HOUSE </li></ul>
    13. 16. <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>74 delegates from 12 states were chosen </li></ul><ul><li>55 attended at one time or another </li></ul>
    14. 17. Who were “The Framers”? <ul><li>Most of the 55 delegates knew and respected each other </li></ul><ul><li>3 had been at the Stamp Act Congress, 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>8 had signed the Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>42 had served in the First and/or Second Continental Congresses, and/or the Confederation Congress </li></ul><ul><li>30 fought in the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>2 would be US Presidents, 1 would be a Vice President </li></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>7 had been governors, 9 would be governors </li></ul><ul><li>8 were judges; 2 would be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>2 were college presidents </li></ul><ul><li>29 were college graduates </li></ul><ul><li>34 had practiced law </li></ul><ul><li>20 helped write their state's constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>18 had worked or studied abroad - many were fluent in Latin, French, and other languages </li></ul><ul><li>Most were prosperous lawyers, businessmen, and plantation owners </li></ul><ul><li>Average age – 42 </li></ul>Who were “The Framers”?
    16. 19. WHY? <ul><li>“ for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation ” </li></ul>
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