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The Legislative Branch
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The Legislative Branch

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  • http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/R41647.pdf
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/politicalhumor/1/0/u/n/3/112th-Congress.jpg
  • http://pewforum.org/uploadedImages/Topics/Issues/Government/112thCongress-graphic.png
  • Transcript

    • 1. The United States Congressestablished in Article I of the Constitution
    • 2. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESSTHE POWERS OF CONGRESS THE ORGANIZATION ANDMEMBERSHIP OF CONGRESS
    • 3. ALLLEGISLATIVE POWERS
    • 4. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS SENATE HOUSE Congress is bicameral, which means it contains two housesa direct result of the Great Compromise
    • 5.  Intended to represent the people representation based on population considered the lower house lower prestige 435 members, each serving a 2 year term Also 5 nonvoting members all seats are up for re-election every 2 years each state has at least 1 member representative seats are redistributed or reapportioned after every 10 year census Qualifications - 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, live in the state that they represent
    • 6.  Intended to represent the states representation based on equality considered the upper house higher prestige 100 members, serving a 6 year term terms are staggered each state has 2 members - this does not change Qualifications - 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that they represent
    • 7. Representatives represent individual districts Senators represent the entire state
    • 8. The powers of Congress are limited by the ConstitutionThere are three types of congressional powers DELEGATED or ENUMERATED IMPLIEDNONLEGISLATIVE
    • 9. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17) Taxing power (1,8,1) Borrowing power (1,8,2)Commerce power (I,8,3 - it’s big!) Currency power (I,8,5)
    • 10. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)War and military power (I,8,11-15) Bankruptcy power (I,8,4) Other powers – Copyrights, Lower Courts, Weights and Measures, Naturalization, D.C.
    • 11. powers not specifically written in the Constitution powers that are necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
    • 12. ELASTIC CLAUSEit allows Congress to stretch its power
    • 13. Congress can set up a Post Office (it is enumerated in the Constitution)But what about stamps?
    • 14. COMMERCE PURSE
    • 15.  Investigate (both houses) Impeach (House impeaches, Senate holds trial) confirm Presidential appointees and treaties (Senate does this)
    • 16. SPEAKER OF THE HOUSEMAJORITY MINORITY LEADER LEADERMAJORITY MINORITY WHIP WHIP REST OF HOUSE
    • 17. VICE PRESIDENT PRESIDENT PRO TEMPOREMAJORITY MINORITY LEADER LEADERMAJORITY MINORITY WHIP WHIP REST OF SENATE
    • 18. JOURNAL (I, 5, 3) SALARY (1, 6, 1) PRIVILEGES & BENEFITS (1, 6, 1)PENALTIES – Censure and expulsion (I, 5, 2)
    • 19. THE 112 th CONGRESS
    • 20. HOUSE SENATE435 members 100 members242 Republican 47 Republican192 Democratic 51 Democratic1 vacant seats 2 Independent (aligned with Democratic Party)356 male 82 male78 female 18 female44 African Americans 0 African American26 Hispanic Americans 3 Hispanic Americans9 Asian Americans 2 Asian Americans1 Native American 0 Native American