THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS SENATE HOUSE Congress is bicameral, which means it contains two housesa direct result of the Great Compromise
Intended to represent the people representation based on population considered the lower house lower prestige 435 members, each serving a 2 year term Also 5 nonvoting members all seats are up for re-election every 2 years each state has at least 1 member representative seats are redistributed or reapportioned after every 10 year census Qualifications - 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, live in the state that they represent
Intended to represent the states representation based on equality considered the upper house higher prestige 100 members, serving a 6 year term terms are staggered each state has 2 members - this does not change Qualifications - 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that they represent
Representatives represent individual districts Senators represent the entire state
The powers of Congress are limited by the ConstitutionThere are three types of congressional powers DELEGATED or ENUMERATED IMPLIEDNONLEGISLATIVE
Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17) Taxing power (1,8,1) Borrowing power (1,8,2)Commerce power (I,8,3 - it’s big!) Currency power (I,8,5)
Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)War and military power (I,8,11-15) Bankruptcy power (I,8,4) Other powers – Copyrights, Lower Courts, Weights and Measures, Naturalization, D.C.
powers not specifically written in the Constitution powers that are necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
ELASTIC CLAUSEit allows Congress to stretch its power
Congress can set up a Post Office (it is enumerated in the Constitution)But what about stamps?