THE      JUDICIAL      BRANCHThe Federal Court System established in Article III
The Federal Court system  is established in the      Constitution            The jurisdiction,              or authority t...
The Federal    Courts have  jurisdiction overthe following areas                     the Constitution                     ...
THE LOWER FEDERAL        COURTS District  CourtsCourts of Appeals
District Courts• federal courts where lawsuits are begun• at least 1 per state• district courts handle most of the Federal...
Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts)• these courts only hear  cases that are appealed  from lower courts• appellate jurisdic...
Additional courts   Military courts  Territorial courts   US Tax Court   Claims courts
THE U.S. SUPREME COURT                 the               highest               court in                  the              ...
The Supreme Court    rarely has originaljurisdiction - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are       fr...
The Justices      9 Justices, including a Chief Justiceappointed by the President, they hold their terms     until they di...
The Supreme Court has the power of          judicial review   this allows the Court to      review any law and           d...
The Supreme  Court is thefinal authority     on the  Constitutionand the laws of   the United    States.
How can aSupreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision  by the Court A constitutional   amendment
MAKING A RULING
MAKING A RULINGMAJORITY   CONCURRING   DISSENTING OPINION     OPINION     OPINION
INTERPRETING THE     CONSTITUTIONLoose Interpretation vs.  Strict Interpretation Judicial Activism vs.  Judicial Restraint
Judicial
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  • Judicial

    1. 1. THE JUDICIAL BRANCHThe Federal Court System established in Article III
    2. 2. The Federal Court system is established in the Constitution The jurisdiction, or authority to hear and decide a case, is also established (III, 2, 1)
    3. 3. The Federal Courts have jurisdiction overthe following areas the Constitution federal laws law of the high seas disputes involving the U.S. Government disputes between states, or citizens of different states disputes involving foreign governments EVERYTHING ELSE GOESTO THE STATE AND LOCAL COURTS
    4. 4. THE LOWER FEDERAL COURTS District CourtsCourts of Appeals
    5. 5. District Courts• federal courts where lawsuits are begun• at least 1 per state• district courts handle most of the Federal Court Systems work (90%)• district courts have original jurisdiction: the authority to hear cases the first time
    6. 6. Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts)• these courts only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts• appellate jurisdiction
    7. 7. Additional courts Military courts Territorial courts US Tax Court Claims courts
    8. 8. THE U.S. SUPREME COURT the highest court in the land
    9. 9. The Supreme Court rarely has originaljurisdiction - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are from appeals
    10. 10. The Justices 9 Justices, including a Chief Justiceappointed by the President, they hold their terms until they die, resign, or are impeached very powerful, very prestigious
    11. 11. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review this allows the Court to review any law and decide if it is unconstitutional From Marbury v. Madison, 1803 but only if the law comes to the Court in a case
    12. 12. The Supreme Court is thefinal authority on the Constitutionand the laws of the United States.
    13. 13. How can aSupreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision by the Court A constitutional amendment
    14. 14. MAKING A RULING
    15. 15. MAKING A RULINGMAJORITY CONCURRING DISSENTING OPINION OPINION OPINION
    16. 16. INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTIONLoose Interpretation vs. Strict Interpretation Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint
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