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Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
Judicial
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Judicial
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Judicial

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  • http://faculty.smu.edu/jkobylka/SupremeCourt/SC2000Term.gif
  • Transcript

    • 1. THE JUDICIAL BRANCHThe Federal Court System established in Article III
    • 2. The Federal Court system is established in the Constitution The jurisdiction, or authority to hear and decide a case, is also established (III, 2, 1)
    • 3. The Federal Courts have jurisdiction overthe following areas the Constitution federal laws law of the high seas disputes involving the U.S. Government disputes between states, or citizens of different states disputes involving foreign governments EVERYTHING ELSE GOESTO THE STATE AND LOCAL COURTS
    • 4. THE LOWER FEDERAL COURTS District CourtsCourts of Appeals
    • 5. District Courts• federal courts where lawsuits are begun• at least 1 per state• district courts handle most of the Federal Court Systems work (90%)• district courts have original jurisdiction: the authority to hear cases the first time
    • 6. Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts)• these courts only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts• appellate jurisdiction
    • 7. Additional courts Military courts Territorial courts US Tax Court Claims courts
    • 8. THE U.S. SUPREME COURT the highest court in the land
    • 9. The Supreme Court rarely has originaljurisdiction - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are from appeals
    • 10. The Justices 9 Justices, including a Chief Justiceappointed by the President, they hold their terms until they die, resign, or are impeached very powerful, very prestigious
    • 11. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review this allows the Court to review any law and decide if it is unconstitutional From Marbury v. Madison, 1803 but only if the law comes to the Court in a case
    • 12. The Supreme Court is thefinal authority on the Constitutionand the laws of the United States.
    • 13. How can aSupreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision by the Court A constitutional amendment
    • 14. MAKING A RULING
    • 15. MAKING A RULINGMAJORITY CONCURRING DISSENTING OPINION OPINION OPINION
    • 16. INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTIONLoose Interpretation vs. Strict Interpretation Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint

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