THE JUDICIAL BRANCH   <ul><li>The Federal Court System </li></ul><ul><li>established in Article III </li></ul>
 
The Federal Court system is established in the Constitution <ul><li>The  jurisdiction , or authority to hear and decide a ...
The Federal Courts have jurisdiction over the following areas <ul><li>the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>federal laws </li...
 
THE LOWER FEDERAL COURTS <ul><li>District Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Courts of Appeals </li></ul>
District Courts   <ul><li>federal courts where lawsuits are begun </li></ul><ul><li>at least 1 per state </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts) <ul><li>these courts only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts </li></ul><ul>...
 
Additional courts <ul><li>Military courts </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial courts </li></ul><ul><li>US Tax Court </li></ul><u...
THE U.S. SUPREME COURT   <ul><li>the highest court in the land </li></ul>
The Supreme Court rarely has  original jurisdiction  - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are from app...
The Justices   <ul><li>9 Justices, including a Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>appointed by the President, they hold their...
The Supreme Court has the power of   judicial review   <ul><li>this allows the Court to review any law and decide if it is...
The Supreme Court is the   final authority   on the Constitution and the laws of the United States.
How can a Supreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision by the Court A constitutional amendment
MAKING A RULING
MAKING A RULING MAJORITY OPINION DISSENTING OPINION CONCURRING OPINION
INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTION Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint Loose Interpretation vs. Strict Interpretation
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  • Judicial

    1. 1. THE JUDICIAL BRANCH <ul><li>The Federal Court System </li></ul><ul><li>established in Article III </li></ul>
    2. 3. The Federal Court system is established in the Constitution <ul><li>The jurisdiction , or authority to hear and decide a case, is also established </li></ul><ul><li>(III, 2, 1) </li></ul>
    3. 4. The Federal Courts have jurisdiction over the following areas <ul><li>the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>federal laws </li></ul><ul><li>law of the high seas </li></ul><ul><li>disputes involving the U.S. Government </li></ul><ul><li>disputes between states, or citizens of different states </li></ul><ul><li>disputes involving foreign governments </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYTHING ELSE GOESTO THE STATE AND LOCAL COURTS </li></ul>
    4. 6. THE LOWER FEDERAL COURTS <ul><li>District Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Courts of Appeals </li></ul>
    5. 7. District Courts <ul><li>federal courts where lawsuits are begun </li></ul><ul><li>at least 1 per state </li></ul><ul><li>district courts handle most of the Federal Court System's work (90%) </li></ul><ul><li>district courts have original jurisdiction : the authority to hear cases the first time </li></ul>
    6. 9. Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts) <ul><li>these courts only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>appellate jurisdiction </li></ul>
    7. 11. Additional courts <ul><li>Military courts </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial courts </li></ul><ul><li>US Tax Court </li></ul><ul><li>Claims courts </li></ul>
    8. 12. THE U.S. SUPREME COURT <ul><li>the highest court in the land </li></ul>
    9. 13. The Supreme Court rarely has original jurisdiction - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are from appeals
    10. 14. The Justices <ul><li>9 Justices, including a Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>appointed by the President, they hold their terms until they die, resign, or are impeached </li></ul><ul><li>very powerful, very prestigious </li></ul>
    11. 15. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review <ul><li>this allows the Court to review any law and decide if it is unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>From Marbury v. Madison , 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>but only if the law comes to the Court in a case </li></ul>
    12. 16. The Supreme Court is the final authority on the Constitution and the laws of the United States.
    13. 17. How can a Supreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision by the Court A constitutional amendment
    14. 18. MAKING A RULING
    15. 19. MAKING A RULING MAJORITY OPINION DISSENTING OPINION CONCURRING OPINION
    16. 20. INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTION Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint Loose Interpretation vs. Strict Interpretation
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