Judicial

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  • Judicial

    1. 1. THE JUDICIAL BRANCH <ul><li>The Federal Court System </li></ul><ul><li>established in Article III </li></ul>
    2. 3. The Federal Court system is established in the Constitution <ul><li>The jurisdiction , or authority to hear and decide a case, is also established </li></ul><ul><li>(III, 2, 1) </li></ul>
    3. 4. The Federal Courts have jurisdiction over the following areas <ul><li>the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>federal laws </li></ul><ul><li>law of the high seas </li></ul><ul><li>disputes involving the U.S. Government </li></ul><ul><li>disputes between states, or citizens of different states </li></ul><ul><li>disputes involving foreign governments </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYTHING ELSE GOESTO THE STATE AND LOCAL COURTS </li></ul>
    4. 6. THE LOWER FEDERAL COURTS <ul><li>District Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Courts of Appeals </li></ul>
    5. 7. District Courts <ul><li>federal courts where lawsuits are begun </li></ul><ul><li>at least 1 per state </li></ul><ul><li>district courts handle most of the Federal Court System's work (90%) </li></ul><ul><li>district courts have original jurisdiction : the authority to hear cases the first time </li></ul>
    6. 9. Courts of Appeals (Circuit courts) <ul><li>these courts only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>appellate jurisdiction </li></ul>
    7. 11. Additional courts <ul><li>Military courts </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial courts </li></ul><ul><li>US Tax Court </li></ul><ul><li>Claims courts </li></ul>
    8. 12. THE U.S. SUPREME COURT <ul><li>the highest court in the land </li></ul>
    9. 13. The Supreme Court rarely has original jurisdiction - almost all of the cases that come to the Supreme Court are from appeals
    10. 14. The Justices <ul><li>9 Justices, including a Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>appointed by the President, they hold their terms until they die, resign, or are impeached </li></ul><ul><li>very powerful, very prestigious </li></ul>
    11. 15. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review <ul><li>this allows the Court to review any law and decide if it is unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>From Marbury v. Madison , 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>but only if the law comes to the Court in a case </li></ul>
    12. 16. The Supreme Court is the final authority on the Constitution and the laws of the United States.
    13. 17. How can a Supreme Court decision be overturned? A new decision by the Court A constitutional amendment
    14. 18. MAKING A RULING
    15. 19. MAKING A RULING MAJORITY OPINION DISSENTING OPINION CONCURRING OPINION
    16. 20. INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTION Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint Loose Interpretation vs. Strict Interpretation

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